Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Wladimir Ivanov

    Dear Andrea:
    The gang of Lattice LLC ( Krivit, Larsen, Widom, “Mary Yugo”= George Lawrence Hody, Gary Wright= Gary Watkins) are complaining in the blogosphere that you did not allow them to come to visit your tests: they comply that you did not allow them to spy ! ( Ha,ha,ha)
    How do you comment this?
    Wlad

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Ivanov:
    I never comment on our competitors and I do not approve the term ” The gang of”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat
    to find comments of this blog published today in other posts than this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  4. Robert Sini

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the publication of your patent, which is the status of the theory behind the so called Rossi Effect?
    What do you think of the electron capture as an explication of the LENR?
    Thank you,
    Robert

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Sini:
    I have just finished to study ” Quantum Theory of Tunnelling” of Prof. Mohsen Razavy. Now: if you study this book and the book of Prof. Norman Cook “Models of the Atomic nucleus”, there is already the theory that can explain the Rossi Effect. As Prof. Focardi said: ” To understand LENR it is not necessary try to write exotic things, it is already all there, in the Physic texts: we have just to study better what has been written.”. Reading what I was writing, I understood that I was just copying the work of these great Professors, plus the unpublished work of Prof. Suffritti of the University of Sassari ( Italy). Therefore, I just scrapped my papers.
    About the clownerie of the “electron capture”: it is totally groundless: anybody serious knows that electron capture can happen only in atoms with strong excess of protons and this situation does not exist in LENR. It is just an easy pseudo-theory to resolve difficult problems without a serious and very difficult study.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    p.s. Forgot to say: another important pillar is “Nuclear Models” of Greiner-Maruhn. In these 3 books you have all the theoretical work done. The rest is experimentalism and industrialization.

  6. John

    Hi Andrea,

    Lithium is quite expensive and not as abundant on earth, do you think that your Ecats will be more competitive than other energy resources – solar, wind?

    Thanks

    J

  7. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    Lithium is enormously abundant and extremely cheap, if you consider the amount we use in an E-Cat, or even in one billion E-Cats. Read the numbers in the Lugano report.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Dear
    Prof. David H Bailey ( Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory- Ret.- and University of Davis, California)
    Prof. Jonathan M. Borwein ( University of Newcastle, Australia, Math laureate)
    Thank you for your unbiased and very intelligent article on LENR published by the Huffington Post.
    I am making my daily 16 hours inside the 1 MW plant in operation inside the factory of a Customer and your honest, unbiased and well informed article has given solace to my work, that I hope will be useful for something.
    I do not know if at the end of this year of R&D and tests on course we will have positive or negative results, but I know that if we will have positive results the merit will be also of your encouragement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    The Huffington Post talks of us:

    http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/8052326

  10. Peter Wolstenholme

    Frank Aclkand: interesting to see that Brian Josephson wrote something on the Nature web site. I can not find it. One of their 17 blogs, perhaps? Please send us a few clues or even a link.
    Peter W.

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Wolstenholme:
    Please see the comment of Frank Acland today at 5.44 p.m.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is the link to the comment by Brian Josephson ( Nobel Laureate) on Nature: http://www.nature.com/news/the-week-in-science-21-27-august-2015-1.18224 (scroll to the bottom of the page)

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you ! I am honoured of the attention that Brian Josephson, a Nobel laureate as you reminded us, is donating to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Karine

    Mr Andrea Rossi:
    In the text of your US Patent is written that your apparatus has reached COP 6. Beyond any nominalism, this fact is essential to understand the substance of the patent. You have smartly made an all-substance patent, avoiding useless theoreticisms.
    As somebody has already said here, you are a master.
    Karine

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Karine:
    Thank you very much.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea:
    Prof. Brian Josephson ( a Nobel laureate) has written on the website of Nature about your US patent.
    Regards,
    Frank Acland

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Jeff Jeffrey

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi:
    The Nobel Prize Brian Josephson has written an article on the website of Nature about your patent.
    Congratulations!
    Jeff

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Jeffrey:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Joe Travis

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Here is my interpretation of the Magritte painting: what counts is the substance of a thing, not how it is named: your patent discloses a process and an apparatus that is what it is, independently from how you call it.
    Godspeed,
    Joe

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Joe Travis:
    You got it! it is exactly my interpretation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Gary Hitchens

    De Rossi:
    Can you give an update as for today?

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Gary Hitchens:
    Today, at 09.10 a.m. of Friday Aug 28th, the 1MW E-Cat is stable, the E-Cat X is in construction. No troubles, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations for the accepted patent. Concerning the reference to Magritte’s painting (showing a pipe, with a text “this is not a pipe” in French written below it). As you said, everyone can understand art as he wants. I understand it in the following way:

    A painting of a pipe is not itself a pipe, because is only a painting. Therefore, if a painting is very good and looks very much like a real pipe, it can meaningfully carry a subtitle “this is not a pipe”.

    Patent application of LENR is not itself LENR, because is only a patent, a commercial device. Therefore, if a LENR patent is very good, maybe it mentions only chemical reactions; remembering also that one property of a good patent is that it is acceptable by the patent office.

    best regards, /pekka

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your interpretations, mine is different, but interpretations are subjective.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. toussaint

    Dear andrea Rossi

    Could it be possble in a near future to have a photo of your “new baby” the ECAT X?

    Kind regards.

    Toussaint françois

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Of course! As soon as we will have a product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Tom Conover

    Thank you for the reply Andrea, I will try lithium carbonate first, and as always, insure safety instructions are followed and consult with my team as needed.
    Tom

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Good luck !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Francis

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The 60 and more patents you are working on are continuations of the US Patent already allowed to you, or are related to new apparatuses and particulars of your technology?
    Thank you,
    Francis

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Francis:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is this a clue? https://www.flickr.com/photos/instructo/5022481780

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    What do you think?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , even if your birthday is past few months, we can still celebrate the recent patent.
    Congratulations to the solo with the battery.
    To the readers of the newspaper I say do not miss this cute video.

    Andrea Rossi LIVE from shipping container
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mK7rrmgbugo&feature=youtu.be

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link from the University of Missouri. Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    hello Dr. Rossi what you think of the results obtained by the University of Missouri ?

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bz7lTfqkED9Wa1dqb2c5eWI0U0k/view?pli=1

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    When Riccardo Muti saw this video purported by your link he proposed me to become the percussionist of the Orchestra of the Theater La Scala of Milan. Really, I am not joking.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Michele Rupp

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Fantastic your comment referring to the painting of Magritte ” This is a pipe”!
    But it is very difficult to understand, many will miss the meaning. Maybe this is what you want…
    Cheers,
    Michele

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Michele Rupp:
    Watching a painting everybody can draw the insiration proper for his attitude.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Tom Conover

    Hello Andrea,

    This is not a pipe dream!

    I’m back to working on a test E-Cat, based on the new information. I see you referred to powder for all three elements Li Ni and LAH, but I can’t find 100% pure Li in powder, just in metal form.

    Would this (below) be something equivalent to your comments for Li powder?

    1) Lithium Tetraborate, 99.8% FORMULA: Li2B4O7
    (Trace Metals Basis), Certified, 100g
    For Research & Development
    Not for drug, human, animal, or food use

    Certificate of Analysis:
    Appearance white granular powder
    Assay (by metals basis, dried) 99.8%
    Identity by ICP analysis Conforms
    Identity by X-Ray diffraction Conforms
    Loss on drying <0.1%
    Melting point 930 Deg C
    Total metallic impurities (ppm) (Al) <10 (Ca) 5 (Cr) 10 (Co) <30 (Cu) 10 (Fe) <30
    (Mg) 3 (Mn) <5 (Na) 20 (Ni) <10 (P) 50 (Pb) 20 (Si) 30

    CAS: 12007-60-2

    I hope so very much. Please, a simple yes or no is fine to help me. Thank you for the wonderful descriptions and drawings of the device in the patent!!!!

    Godspeed,

    Tom

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I am very sorry, but I cannot give answers on an issue that is object of a pending patent that I am preparing and I cannot give either positive or negative answers, for obvious reasons. You can make your tests and try. Be careful: these powders are very dangerous if improperly manipulated. Either you are an expert, or work assisted with a laboratory expert, to avoid serious consequences under the safety point of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. mladend

    Dear Andrea,

    Your recent comment that e-cat could operate beyond nickel melting point made me think about one application which could have a significant impact on the world’s CO2 production. Quoting one source: “the cement production is a major source of carbon dioxide emissions: five percent (!) of the global total.” (http://www.ghgprotocol.org/feature/chinese-cement-companies-accounting-co2-emissions).

    During cement production, clinkering temperatures reach 1400-1500 °C which, I was presuming, was beyond temperatures obtainable by e-cat. Now, I am hopeful.

    Have you consider a possibility of using e-cat in cement production? For sure, even if used only for preheating, the CO2 reduction compared to the current process could be tremendous. If it is technically feasible to use e-cat in the cement production, a cement production facility which uses e-cat should be quite profitable because ~30% of cement cost is energy (http://www.lafarge.com/04022008-Activities-Details_cement_business-en.pdf).

    I must say that I am not in cement industry. I was just thinking about possible applications of clean and cheap thermal energy.

    Btw, congratulations on finally obtaining the patent!

    Best regards,

    Mladen D.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Mladend:
    Your insight is intelligent and is worth an analysis: I am not a cement expert too, so I have to think about that, even consulting experts of the sector.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find also today on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments of this blog published on other posts than this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. James Rovnak

    Andrea congradulations again on you new patent. You truly deserve the protection & the fuel composition should make replicationist happier. Enjoyed Hank Mills comments on ECW today & offered the following comments on an idea for a driver for the heating & EM stimulation of the LENR process – only you know what works well.

    Hold on, this is waiting to be approved by E-Cat World.
    Still think he employs alternating currents in his heaters to start & grow local LENR sites for power generation. Those who have tried unidirectional coil heater current flow have not been very successful at replication, if at all. A simple bidirectional stepper motor circuit could apply such alternating pulses with amplitude of pulse controlling power input & pulse width control providing frequency content to stimulate the LENR process. Similar to the L289N motor driver board used by electronics hobbiest! IMHO again!
    Cheers & have a nice day – got idea for stepper motor circuit helping grandson program Arduino Bluetooth car for learning exercise. Grand kids are the greatest Andrea.

    Jim

  46. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you also for the update.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Normand

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Obviously your US Patent is related to the E-Cat! You have set up a strategy that is a masterpiece, avoiding any phrasing that could make things complicated and maintaining a low profile line that has made the patent be allowed for all the essential issues; now, with the 60 or more patents you are making in continuation you will assess all the particulars. A masterpiece, congratulations. You are not just an inventor, you are a master enterpreneur, as few had understood till now.
    Godspeed,
    Normand

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Normand:
    What is imporant is that we are working hard, to allow the investments necessary for the huge manufacturing concern we are setting up (F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    While congratulations of obtaining a US patent for a fluid heater, I read nothing of note within the patent that mentioned a nuclear reaction. LENR was not mentioned. Only some chemical reactions. Nor did I read anything about the total thermal output level (i.e., 1MW)? Although the patent alluded to a COP of 6.

    I found interesting the comment that the nickel was more of a catalyst than a fuel component. Quite a change since four years ago. Comments?

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Look carefully to the famous painting of Magritte: ” This is a pipe”.
    Think about that. No, think well about that: I mean it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. orsobubu

    Andrea, here’s a gift to inspire you in the effort of continuously improve your creature!
    —————-
    Hubble’s view of the Twin Jet Nebula, taken in 1997, using the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2:

    http://www.spacetelescope.org/images/opo9738a/

    And the same star taken yesterday, with the addition of the Imaging Spectrograph:

    http://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/hubble-sees-the-wings-of-a-butterfly-the-twin-jet-nebula

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Fantastic images,
    Thank you very much also on behalf of our Readers for your gift.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Bernie Morrissey

    Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations to you and your team on getting your patent approved. This is well dreserved for all of your long hours and hard work. The whole world will benefit with the Ecat.

    Bernie Morrissey

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Thank you for your kind words! Anyway, a big work remains to be done before what you wish is made ( F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    A heart felt Congratulations on your hard earned and well deserved patent. Having cut a trail, perhaps the additional patents in process will find an easier path. We can hope. Right?

    Just how hard earned was this patent?
    Having asked the question, many will think of the 3 years, 100′s and possibly 1000′s of hours, the legal battles and large sum$ of legal costs to reach this point.

    Before that came many years of 16 hour days of long hard work and dedication. But these words don’t really give due justice to all the personal & financial sacrifices involved & more. Cheap energy somehow no longer seems so cheap, but something with a very exacting cost. Perhaps some patents should come with a Gold Marathon medal and Commemorative plaque.

    OK, Maybe we delay the Commemorative plaque for now(F9), But if positive, then it should be molded in Platinum.

    Warm regards to you & your team.
    Dan C.

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    The many patents I am working on related to upgradings of the Rossi Effect mean an enormous work. That’s all I can say.
    The patent we got granted has been filed for in March 2012 and granted on August 2015, moreless 3 years and a half of very hard work with the Attorneys I worked with, many work hours of them and me, discussions with the Examiners ( the process has been very difficult and engaging). Three years and a half of very hard work, with enormous anxiety and hundres of meetings with the attorneys. All the ( many) objections of the examiners had to be dealt with not without precision. My team of Attorneys has made a fantastic work.
    About the celebrative issue: I don’t need a plaque: for me it is bearer of full solace to look at the ribbon of the USPTO on the cover of my patent. This view, for me, is equipollent to the view of the Monalisa of leonardo Da Vinci for a classic art amateur… It is the most important achievement of my life, because the USA have recognized my invention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. bwhipple

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I have just read about your doctoral thesis and am greatly encouraged that we share a deep interest in the relation between fundamental physics and the study of objectivity. Is your thesis available in English?

    I would like to send you a PDF of my recent paper, ‘The Origin of Motion, Space, Time and Geometry’ which may be of some interest to you and N. Cook. How can I send you a PDF? I can’t seem to find a way to do that.

    Thank you kindly for your patient help.

    Brent Whipple

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Bwhipple:
    Please send your paper as by means of a comment to this blog, wherein you can put a link to it. My doctoral thesis was in Italian, because I made my doctorate in the “Università Degli Studi” of Milan ( Italy).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. alessio bardi

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am a chemical engineer involved in the reasearch field of an energy company. I have been following your updates on e-cat with exciting interest for about 2 years and I recently have got interested in LENR phenomena.
    Since the interest of energy companies in energy storage is tremendously increasing, I would like to address to you a question: do you think is it possible to think about a “reverse E-cat” device to be applied in energy storage?
    Best regards
    A.B.

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Alessio Bardi:
    Interesting question: can you explain more in detail, to allow me to think better about it ? I have not experience in the field of energy storage, therefore I’d like to understand better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    Did you read this article? It has been among the first to break the news of the patent.

    http://animpossibleinvention.com/2015/08/25/rossi-has-been-granted-us-patent-on-the-e-cat/

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. renatoestri

    Dear Andrea,
    heartiest congratulations for this huge success,
    after years of work, they have recognized the
    validity of your efforts.
    All will be grateful for this further milestone
    you gave to the LENR technologies progress.
    Ad Maiora !
    Renato

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Renato Estri:
    Thank you for your kind encouragement to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations with the patent. I also admire the fact that you did dare to not just install an ordinary 1 MW plant, but to install in parallel 4*250kWatt units, and this proves that you take every opportunity to try to improve your product. Not to mention, of course, the revolutionary hot E-cat X. I wish you all success with it. (F9)

    Kind Regards,

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Very kind, thank you from our team. That’s what an R&D is aimed to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you have a reasonably fast Internet connection and computer you may be be able to leave (figuratively) your shipping container and re-visit the Taj Mahal here: http://www.airpano.com/ . Just type ‘Taj Mahal’ (or ‘Italy’ etc) at the top of the page in the Search field and enjoy. While it’s not quite like being there it’s not too bad IMO.

    Regards,
    Peter Metz

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    Fantastic. I’m sure our Readers too will take advantage of your gift to us. This said, there is no way to feel the spirit of the Taj Mahal without going there physically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Steve Kirkland

    There once was a Cat from Lugano
    Who dared take on the Status Quo

    His skeptics scoffed at “Cold Fusion”
    and his arrogant delusion,

    “twas promptly ridiculed all the way to the Banco!

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Kirkland:
    Thanks, but the skeptics are useful for evolution. They too have a duty, albeit sometimes written on an agenda.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    My very warm congratulations with you long wanted US Patent!
    Finally they recognized the value of what you are doing and progress is not being delayed by IP issues. Just one question, if I may ask: Do you believe that replication of the Rossi effect by others can now easier be done, so science will kick in?
    Keep them running!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard Mc Ek:
    Doubtless the patent discloses important information that surely will help experts of the art to replicate the effect, as already has been done.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Suhas R from India

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Congratulations and Celebrations
    Wishing You Great Success
    With Warm Regards
    Suhas R

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Suhas R from India:
    Thank you, Suhas from India: I will never forget the effect made on me by the Taj Mahal, when I visited it: I consider it the most beautiful building of the world, of all the times. Everybody should visit that magnificence, at least once in the life. No photography can render the sensation it gives to the visitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Andrea Rossi

    To the readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find easier other comments published in these days on this blog, but in other posts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. mikea

    Congratulations Andrea. May God bless you more. Thank you for giving me hope for the future of humanity.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Mikea:
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande ( di UDIN):
    He,he,he…of course, the encouragement from people like you is important for our team.
    Thank you and
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Congratulations to you and your team on great patent/trade secret strategy, not only are you a great inventor, you are a great entrepreneur!

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Important to receive this comment from you!
    Thank you,
    Andrea

  81. David Schwartz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am stunned from the intelligence of your patent strategy, really worth of a Napoleon, as D.Travchenko said; now, having, as you say, more than 60 other patents on course of application for upgradings you are going to make the life for your competitors very hard. Congratulations, you are a Master.
    David

  82. Andrea Rossi

    David Schwartz:
    I am just working and learning from my ( many) mistakes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you, but we have a lot of work to do before talking of revolution. I just hope to reach a reliable and useful product. And make jobs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations for the patent.
    My heart is full of joy for the good news. It’s the best gift I’ve received for my birthday (yesterday).
    Is the patent enough for you to feel safe about your IP ?

    What about ECat-X? Is the new Madame ready to “heat” the road ?

    God bless you

    Marco

    PS. Coincidence, Mark 11.24 is one of my favourite verse too.

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Happy Birthday !!!
    Surely the patent helps with the IP.
    The E-Cat X is in construction ( after the 2 former have been burnt) and by the end of this week it should be ready for the go. We all hope it will hit the road, I mean go on the shelves. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for the precise citation of Mark 11.24

  86. Thomas Edison once said” people that fail did not realise how close they where to success before they gave up”. I am so glad you did not give up Mr Rossi

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for the smart citation from Thomas Edison I totally agree upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. RobertoM

    Congratulations Andrea !! The revolution is even closer !!! Best Regards

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto M.:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In order to approve your patent application, did the patent examiner(s) need to:

    1. Witness a working E-Cat
    2. See data from a working E-Cat
    3. Both

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is more complex. The procedure to arrive to the concession of a patent is very complex and implies a long and detailed exchange of remarks and further informations respectively between the examiners and the inventor with his attorneys. The procedure is lasted almost 3 years, between the date of the application and the date of the publication of the granted version of the patent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Congratulations Dr. Rossi, after so much work coming satisfactions. Now begins the second industrial revolution .

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    I love the version of the patent that you have linked, with the USPTO seal on it!
    To see the future I need that cristal ball that Amazon still is not delivering. It competes with the E-Cats as for the availability off the shelf ! ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Congratulations for your granted patent and your immense work.

    In this patent (§ 33), you state that « nickel acts a catalyst for the reaction, and is not itself a reagent ».

    On the other hand, in the Lugano report, the ash analysis reveals that Ni-58 is turned into Ni-62.

    Does it mean that nickel, as a catalyst, still undergoes some transmutations ?

    Many thanks

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    The issue you raised is contingent to another patent we are working upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Con tanta tenerezza e gioia ed infinita simpatia mi sembra che anch’io faccia parte della squadra che amorevolmente ogni qualtanto venga citata per le 16 ore giornaliere che Vi proponete all’interno dello stabilimento . Rammentate comunque , non siete i soli , anch’io ho lavorato per più di 60 anni per 12 ore al giorno senza festività . Ancora felicitazioni per il successo di qualche Brevetto che Vi è stato accettato . FORZA ! Ciao Andrea e squadra . Giannino di Udin .

  97. orsobubu

    Yahoo! This is a very complex machine! My strongest congratulations, Andrea, you are at the top of the world! As usual, I cannot establish if this capitalistic achievement of yours is another step closer or farther from communism in perspective… Anyway I expect great developments from the hard work of your team and your investors! Thank you all!

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Yahoo! You returned to write to us! Do it permanently!
    The only real communism is in the work of a team, like ours, that operates in harmony to make a product that can be useful to mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you willing to discuss or answer questions about the content of the patent?

    If not, I’ll shut up. I’ll also advise everyone else in an upcoming article of mine to stop asking questions as well. If getting this patent granted doesn’t allow for “slightly” more open discussion (within the confines of the patent published and not totally undisclosed matters), nothing ever will.

    There are just a lot of us hoping – since you have IP protection now – you could clarify a few issues discussed in the patent. A few answers from you could help a lot of replicators.

    Regardless of your willingness to comment about topics discussed in the patent, this is a huge milestone. Congratulations.

    Hank

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Your questions are related to further patent applications we are working upon related to the upgrade of the technology.
    Every patent is part of the global IP of our concern and, while the patent disclosures have to be elaborated by means of an immense work with our attorneys, such work is continuing for many other issues that will be disclosed in the next patent applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Alessandro Coppi

    TERRA!!!!!!

    You brought us into a new World!

    Alessandro Coppi

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    We are still in the middle of a tempestous ocean. A lot of work has still to be done to arrive to see the earth.
    Thank you anyway for your wish.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Italo R.

    To paraphrase another great event, we can say:

    “This is a big step for a Man but, above all, one giant leap for mankind”

    Congratulations
    Italo R.

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    This is just an enormous work made by a team of dedicated persons who believe in what they are doing. St Mark Evangelist wrote ” when you pray God for something, be sure that you will get it, and you will have it”: I pray everytime I wake up to be able to help to make of the E-Cat something really useful for them who need help. The merit of our achievements is not mine, but of our great team and from the help that God knows from where arrives in the most difficult moments of our work and that arrived in all the most terrible moments of my life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. BroKeeper

    Dear Commodore Rossi,

    You have vanquished the sea monsters to the new world. Congratulations! Congratulations to your crew!
    BroKeeper

  106. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    The monsters are still there, but we are not impressed: too much work to do to find the time to be impressed by the monsters.
    Thanks from the Crew and “Commodore” ( he,he,he)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. John

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congrats on the patent! Do you feel safer about your IP now? The competition can’t find a way to circumvent the patent and not pay royalties, right? Will this signal the beginning of a new era of openness?

    Best Regards,

    -John

  108. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    This patent is part of the IP and many other patent applications are incoming. I am working on 64 patent applications right now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Gian Luca

    dear A
    This is the best answer to the
    all unbeliever…….thanks to F9 & Prof. Focardi.
    Grazie Andrea. This is a great moment for you and all italian people.

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Thank you, now we have to work to turn all this into jobs and products.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Robin Wyrick:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the patent! It is truly significant – the first LENR patent of a real world practical energy producing system!

    Two questions. Since you have a patent now, I beg of you to answer!

    1 – The wording about how many times to preheat the nickel is not clear. It says, “to for times.” Does that mean two to four times or twenty four times? At what temperature range?

    2 – The ratio of catalyst (nickel) to lithium and LAH determines the reaction rate.

    A) What does raising the ratio of pure lithium to LAH do to the reaction rate?

    B) Does the aluminum in the LAH increase or decrease the reaction rate?

    C) What type of pure lithium is used? Lithium hydroxide?

    D) Does pressure inside the fueled core matter in this setup? Does it need to reach very low pressures? With 30% LAH, I’m guessing the pressure is high.

    Since you have patent protection now, I plead with you to please elaborate on these issues.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    In the patent we have disclosed all the issues related to the specific system and apparatus.
    More patents are in preparation related to other issues. I will answer to questions related to what has been disclosed, not obviously to issues that are subject of further patents concerning the upgrade of the invention.
    For this reason you will find the possible answers. Give me some minute, I have an urgency inside the plant right now ( 08.35 p.m. of August 25th).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Nicola

    Dear Andrea,

    it’s a great pleasure to witness this historical moment, reward of many of your past efforts. As someone said, if you follow the path God gave you, success will arrive almost inadvertently, in any moment…

    I wish you and your Team 1000 of these patents!

    Warm hugs,
    Nicola

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola:
    Thanks from al of us of the Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Christos Stremmenos:
    Obviously I am honoured to receive this comment from a scientist that has worked with Prof Focardi and has been among the most important pioneers of this science.
    God bless you, dear Prof. Christos Stremmenos!
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  117. Tom Conover

    Congratulazioni , Andrea ! Possa tu vivere a lungo e prosperare gentile signore!

    Tom

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you, Tom! Likewise to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Obtaining a U.S. Patent is a major accomplishment.
    Congratulations!
    Wishing you continued success.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Dear Mr. Rossi:

    What can I say that has not been already said about the milestone that is being granted a patent in the USA. My Congratulations, you know you have the support from all over the world, I’m a Chilean follower of the LENR Saga and as closely as possible paying attention to your developments since February 2011, so in many ways this recognition from an official source is a huge achievement of which I ask you permission to feel part of.

    My Best Regards!!

    Camilo Urbina, From Arica, Chile.

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Curbina:
    Absolutely, you will be part of. Contact us as soon as you read that we have started the production (F9).
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Kevin Hawthorne

    Congratulations on the e-cat patent!

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin Hawthorne:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    Thanks, too kind!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Hi Andrea:

    A quick question, but only if you feel it is appropriate to address the matter. If not please send to trash.

    In very general terms, is your success in finding a method for generating substantial quantities of excess heat based:

    A) Principally, on a careful consideration of your knowledge of nuclear processes and logically deducing what might well stand a chance of working? or:

    B) Principally, on trying all kinds of experiments with all kinds of substances in many combinations, finally finding a combination that worked?

    If it reflects both, would you like to make a guess as to what proportion each contributed?

    The first of the above reflects an astonishingly superior level not only of knowledge but also of understanding. (The difference between knowledge and understanding is, in my opinion, often underestimated!) The second reflects a remarkable degree of tenacity!

    Thank you.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Christos Stremmenos

    Joy equal to yours created in me the news of the happy outcome of the recognition of your work …
    Congratulations also for historical reasons.
    Ch. Stremmenos

  129. Robyn Wyrick

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the wonderful news!! I wish you every success.

    Cheers,

    Robyn

  130. Martyn Aubrey

    Wonderful News Dr Rossi!
    Many Congratulations to you and your team.
    Your long hours and hard work are really starting to pay back!!
    Good Luck for your future progress.
    Happy Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Very kind, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Dear Mr. Rossi

    Gratulation for you granted US PTO Patent!
    This is a big step forward for you, your Team and the whole LENR field!

    One question: Now where you have an IP Protection on one of your LENR inventions (I guess an older not competive one with your current developments), are you able to help replicators like MFMP to achieve some positive results?
    This would be earth shaking!

    Not talking about the confidence such a replication would bring to you and your Team!

    Thanks for all you are doing!

    barty (Admin @ LENR Forum)

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Barty:
    I think the best help will come from the E-Cat in commerce (F9).
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Stephen

    Fantastic news about the patent! Congratulations. After all your hard work getting it right you really deserve it.

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you from my Team and me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    BRAVO! for this US patent on the E-Cat, wonderful acheivement !!

    I wish you all the best

    Kind regards

    Toussaint françois

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Merci beaucoup, Francois!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Silvio Caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for this new important step ahead in your work.
    I think it was the most difficult.
    Regards

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Thanks and great wishes to you and al the team of 22 Passi ( Ciao, Daniele!)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Dear Andrea,

    Massive Congratulations on your long sought Patent for the Rossi Effect and the ECAT technology. You are well worth it.

    Please tell your readers that we have launched the new website ECAT.com with the Patent published.

    Best regards,
    Dr. Magnus Holm
    Hydro Fusion Ltd

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Magnus Holm:
    Thank you for the useful link.
    Warmest Regards and…ad majora!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. How about that!!

    Congratulations

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Buck

    Andrea,

    congratulations to you and the team.

    Now that you have a patent, can you give a sense of scale to the COP of the E-Cat. The approved patent suggests the need for 1 kilowatt hour to generate 6 kilowatt hours in SSM. Do you think COPs in excess of 20 are reasonable and sustainable?

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Let’s finish the R&D on course. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Dave K

    Andrea,

    Congratulations and well done! The tide seems to be turning!

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Dave K:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Andre Blum

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Congratulations on obtaining the US patent from a long time follower.
    Looking forward with much confidence towards E-Cat X.

    Best regards,
    Andre

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Andre Blum:
    You bet!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    First of all “Congratulazioni” for the E-Cat Patent you obtained.
    If possible i have a question:
    Do the patent cover the new E-Cat X structure also?
    Thanks and regards, Giuseppe

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Brent Whipple:
    Thank you for your congrats!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Gherardo

    Dott. Rossi,
    Complimenti !!!
    Your patent is a great step toward public acknowledgment.
    Gherardo

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Neri Accornero:
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Silvye Maritain

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I saw your patent approved by the USA Patent Office:
    BRAVO!
    Syivie

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Silvye Maritain:
    Thank you for your kind encouragement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    Your patent has been granted by the USA: great, congratulations. Great achievement.

  159. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. DTravchenko

    Doctor Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations, your patent has been awarded from the United States Patent and Trademark Office!
    Now your steategy is clear: you filed the patent that all of us knew to concentrate on it the fire of the enemies, while this one, more complete, was navigating to the port: under the strategic point of view you are a veritable Napoleon, ha,ha,ha!
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  161. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Thank you for the congratulations, now we have a big work to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the patent awarded by the US Patent Office! There were some rejections prior to this award — how did you turn things around?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Working, studying, discussing.
    Thank you for your important congratulations. This is an achievement of all of us of the LENR family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As I understand your postings, you envision the eCat-X being eventually available to residential use providing both electric power and heating. You previously posted that Carnot-based electricity production will not happen for residential applications. Can you please clarify?

    a. The eCat-X potentially can produce electrical power without the usual Carnot Cycle approach to electrical power generation?
    b. You envision the eCat-X being used in a local community electrical power generation capability?
    c. You envision the eCat-X being used in a community based heating and distribution system (e.g., several residences are heated using a single eCat-X based facility)?

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I did not say what you write. I cannot give data related to the new E-Cat X until the R&D on it is at an advanced status.
    Therefore:
    a. premature
    b- premature
    c- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, did you read this interview about a Russian experiment ?

    Infinite Energy: Report of Excess Heat and Neutrons from Russian Experiments by Sergei Tcvetkov

    http://www.infinite-energy.com/images/pdfs/Tcvetkov.pdf
    This protocol is based on Titanium deuteride and gas permeation.

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1941-Infinite-Energy-Report-of-Excess-Heat-and-Neutrons-from-Russian-Experiments-by-S/

    Report of Excess Heat and Neutrons from Russian Experiments
    Sergei Tcvetkov Work in Nurnberg Shows Encouraging Results with Titanium and Deuterium
    Marianne Macy has been doing oral histories relating to the cold fusion since 2007. She is writing a book on cold
    fusion’s start to the present day. She reports on new energy, integrative medicine and social/business issues.

    Tcvetkov wrote:
    Right now with my protocol I can give you exact figures. Here are the results of my measurements. This protocol reflects the latest experimental results. The figures reflected are the most recent. The excess heat, the calculated excess heat, is deuterated titanium at 573 degrees, the sum of COP is 1.789 Joules, or 1 degree per gram…131 Kj…For the time of 190 seconds this amounts to 695 Watts. The extended power for the heating of the sample is calculated at 153 W. That means that the excess power coefficient is 224. This is the data coming from one of the experiments.

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you. As you know, I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Paul

    Andrea,

    How many spent e-cats have you gone through in the last 6 years?

    I’d venture to say you could probably fill a fairly large pet cemetery.

    Paul

    p.s. Save some for the museums.

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I burnt 118 E-Cats, from what I can read in my notes, bigger or smaller. I conserved some of them, but cannibalized most of them to recover the materials still useful…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Evelyne Knapp

    Dr Rossi:
    What about your theoretical paper in preparation?

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Evelyne Knapp:
    It is not ready, I did not yet receive enough supportive peer reviewing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments that today arrived in other posts of this blog. Strangely, today I found comments only fishing them out of the spam, where I could, and published in other posts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Donovan Milas

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the new E-Cat X working again? Reparation made?

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Donovan Milas:
    No, not yet. I hope to put in operation the new one by the end of this week or the beginning of the next.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Jackson Alexidor

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you give an idea of the price that the domestic E-Cat could have?
    Jackson

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Jackson Alexidor:
    We will make possible that the E-Cat will be paid back after one year with the money saved respect normal consumes. This is our target. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Sharleen Gorden

    Andrea Rossi:
    Are you continuing to stay 16 hours per day inside the factory where is installed the 1 MW E-Cat? How is going “She” today?
    Cheers,
    Sharleen

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Sharleen Gorden:
    Yes, it is necessary. Right now, at 06.40 of Monday August 24th, the 1 MW E-Cat is working stable. Night of study in view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Paul

    Andrea,

    The low temperature MW plants will not be commercialized until the Beta test is complete.
    The E-Cat X needs further testing and certification before commercialization.

    Which device will satisfy its requirements for commercialization first?

    Paul

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The low T 1MW E-Cat. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Based on your response, I gather the 1MW eCat line and the eCat X line will be independent. Each line will grow and be modified as the market dictates. This assumes:

    a. You have sufficient manufacturing capabilities to independently produce each line to the level the market requires.
    b. Both lines generate sufficient profit margins to warrant their continuation.

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a- yes
    b- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. toussaint

    Dear andrea Rossi

    I hope that the rebuilt of the ECAT X will be strong and durable.

    Does the development of the ECAT X will retard the commercialisation of

    the megawatt plant after the one year test?

    Kind regards

    Toussaint François

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    No, absolutely: the 1 MW E-Cat and the E-Cat X are two completely different things, to be manufactured independently. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Francesco Boldrini

    I’d like to thank you for the advices and the suggestion, that i warmly accept, thank you again,
    Francesco

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Francesco Boldrini:
    Thanks to you and your father for your kind attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Jonh

    Charlie Sutherland

    The current grid structures have Extra high voltage (EHV), high voltage (HV), medium voltage (MV) and low voltage (LV) grids. Having the E-cat generating electricity at localized points of demand will render EHV, HV, and MV grids useless and redundant. All we need is a thin LV grids for sharing the loads at low voltage locally. So the effect is still profound and immediate once Andrea roll his e-CATS out. Same thing will happen if you have Tesla powerwall/powerpack + Rooftop solar (getting cheaper and cheaper) but Andrea’s e-CAT will be much more competitive in all aspects.

    http://www.teslamotors.com/en_AU/powerwall

    John

  188. Francesco Boldrini

    PPS the smile is creepy

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Francesco Boldrini:
    I want to give you a suggestion, though: in your years of education in the high school, it is better that you study the basics of Physics as they are in the text books your Professor has chosen to teach the matter. First, learn the bases as well as you can, let alone for now the LENR. Don’t put the cart ahead of the horses. Study as much and as well what your Professors teach to you, for now.
    I don’t think is a good idea to study LENR in High School; I think it is much better you study as well as you can the matter as it is explained in the textbook, because it is contingent with your actual level of preparation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Lakisha Madkin

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    There are many rumors regarding your relationship with Industrial Heat: can you explain how is now your relationship with your American Licensee , to dissipate the rumors or give information about them?
    For the good of all, we hope you are working well with what you always called your “great team”.
    Cheers,
    Lakisha

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Lakisha Madkin:
    I am not a rumorist and I am spamming the B.S. I am receiving on the matter. The relationship between Industrial Heat and Leonardo Corporation is perfect as always and my work with my great Team grows up in harmony. I will spam all the next comments that will arrive on the matter, because there is no reason to talk about B.S.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Jonh

    Charlie Sutherland

    “August 19th, 2015 at 5:07 PM
    It seems the grids will probably be around longer than I had first envisioned. If your new E-Cats can produce more electricity than is necessary for a single household, selling this excess energy back to the grids might be an option. Here in NC, the power companies are required to buy it if you have it in the approved configuration.

    The first E-Cat powered folks will be able to take advantage of this. As more try to get on this bandwagon, the practice will be discouraged. But, by then the acceptance of E-Cats will be more universal, and the practice of getting off the grids will foment, and coincide with, their eventual demise.”

    The current grid structures have Extra high voltage (EHV), high voltage (HV), medium voltage (MV) and low voltage (LV) grids. Having the E-cat generating electricity at localized points of demand will render EHV, HV, and MV grids useless and redundant. All we need is a thin LV grids for sharing the loads at low voltage locally. So the effect is still profound and immediate once Andrea roll his e-CATS out.

    John

  193. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How are things inside the container at the moment? Are you rebuilding the E-Cat X, how is the 1MW plant behaving?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Now it’s 08.05 p.m. inside the plant, it is working stable: I am working here with my great Team. The E-Cat X is in re-construction and I am convinced we have resolved the problem. If God wants, we should be close …it is very promising.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  195. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you discuss some of the differences between the older eCat and the newer eCat-X?

    1. Fuel composition – same or changed/improved?
    2. Size – same, smaller, larger?
    3. Output level?
    4. Control subsystem – same or different?

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- confidential
    2- smaller
    3- too soon to give this information
    4- different
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I missed it! Thank you very much, very useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Stephen

    Hi Andrea. I very much enjoyed your joint paper with Norman Cook On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat that you published in April this year. It was a great joint work. I was so impressed by Normans method for visualising and explaining the physical phenomena in the atomic nucleus that I brought his book straight after. I should read it again soon.

    Norman Cook is very intersting man too I should read his other books some day my wife is a linguist who studied emotion in speech and I just found out he even has a book touching on that subject that’s amazing.

    Warm Regards to all of you
    Stephen

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Francesco Boldrini

    Hi Dr Rossi, I am Francesco Boldrini, I am a student and I would like to ask you a bunch of questions since I am very interested in your energy catalyzer project and I would like to do my 5th exam topic on this. Right now I’m going to attend the 4th year of high school, I am aware that you cannot specify tecnical details of the e-cat but still hope this project will be a bit less top secret by the time I will attend my exam; me and my father followed the studies on the e-cat since almost the very beginning and we were there when you and Sergio Focardi demonstrated that the machine was working in an early conference, here in Italy.
    I will wait for an answer here or, if you have time that would be better ,on my mail,
    Best regards,
    Francesco.
    PS i wrote this in English so that everyone can understand easily my comment. :)

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Francesco Boldrini:
    You can find all the information you need for a research to be presented at your school on
    http://www.leonardocorp1996.com
    and
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    and in all the links there reported.
    Much material you will find on this very blog ( more than 24 000 comments and about 1 000 links, with about one thousand of pages related to tests.
    Also on the Journal of Nuclear Physics you will find good articles on the subject.
    Good luck and Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi and Readers,

    Lo and behold, there is a second edition to “Quantum Tunneling”. There is a high probability that there is new information in this latest version.

    http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/8901#t=toc

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  203. Paul

    Would not nickel loaded with interstitial hydrogen atoms have a higher spring constant and thus higher resonant frequencies than unloaded nickel?

    (Think hydrogen embrittlement.)

    Paul

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The exclusion principle of Pauli bars two atoms to occupy the exact same space with the exact momentum, whatever the resonant frequency and the period.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Paul

    Andrea,

    If two atoms periodically occupy the exact same space with the exact same momentum at a very high resonant frequency, would Heisenberg’s Uncertainty principle allow components of one nucleus to tunnel through time into the other nucleus?

    Paul

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I cannot comment on this issue, either in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Stephen

    Thanks for the reference to the Quantum Theory on tunnelling by Mohsen Razavy. It’s amazing to me how there is always more to read and always more to learn, there is always another layer and always more to discover. This book is another one of those for me. I start to feel a little humble in what I don’t know but also a little excited about it.

    This year I have enjoyed and look forward to reading your posts daily and it gives me great hope thinking about the potential. I wish you and your team all the best for the tests and developments in the coming months and years ahead.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your comment: I agree with you. Did you read also”Models of the Atomic Nucleus” of Norman Cook ? I think is the base to start from.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  209. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, What are Synchrophasors ?
    If tou want to know, Google:
    SYNCHROPHASORS
    Click on:
    How Synchrophasors are bringing the Grid into the 21st Century

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    You already gave instructions to find on Google what are synchrophasors: a system that will allow to the operators to have data related to voltage and frequency in different locations to optimize the distribution at the due time in the due location. What the consequences on the E-Cat? Soon to be said, but a more intelligent power distribution system will affect positively any kind of energy source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the useful link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi and Readers,

    Here is an online copy of Quantum Theory of Tunneling by Mohsen Razavy U. of Alberta (2003).
    World Scientific Publishing

    There are a number of universities using this as part of related course material. Please don’t reuse without citing the source.

    http://www.classe.cornell.edu/~ib38/tmp/reading/photocathodes/mc/Quantum_Theory_of_Tunneling_Razavy.pdf

  213. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    I am studying this very interesting book, that I suggest to all our Readers that are trying to find theoretical bases for LENR. I think it contains important mathematical bases, worth to be studied with great attention, in particular for the equations of the chapters 2,3,4,5.
    The book is:
    “Quantum Theory of Tunnelling”, by Moshen Razavy , University of Alberta ( Canada), Singapore 2003.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have mentioned that over the course of running the 1 MW plant you have made various repairs and corrections, and I am sure you have gathered valuable information from all you have done on the plant.Right now you have your team on hand 24/7 to fix problems as they happen, but this will not be possible in the broad marketplace.

    At the point these plants go into production (F9), do you think you will have been able to make modifications that will prevent the problems you have had to deal with from reoccurring?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. That’s what the R&D is made for. F9 copied.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    will the E-Cat-X produce both heat and electricity ?
    Since the total power I think is constant, removing electricity will reduce the amount of usable heat. Is it right?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot give the technical data related to the performance of the E-Cat X before the R&D will be completed. We are still in a preliminar phase to reach the reliability of the device.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    Thank you for the very interesting link. Good luck to the inventors: obviously “diamonds from the sky” is a hyperbole: what they get from carbon dioxide are C-nanofibers, not diamonds. It’s a shame, though: I had prepared the reverse umbrella already…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It sounds like putting the E-Cat X into production will also require the manufacturing of this new material in significant amounts, if you are planning for large scale manufacturing. Do you see this as a big challenge?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, because when we make a new material we think also how to industrialize it and how much it costs in view of mass production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Jennifer Adams

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you describe in three words what are elementary particles in quantum mechanics?
    There is a quest with friends of mine, help me to win.
    Thanks,
    Jennifer

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Jennifer Adams:

    Waves in Fields.

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Sorry to hear that you had troubles with one of the reactors of the 1 MW plant. I hope you were able to repare it? Did it take a lot of time?
    You also said the E-cat X was broken. When do you expect to startup the modified one?
    I was also wondering why you think paticulary that very hot reactor can be introduced in the domestic world quickly. Can you explain that? When you talk about direct electricity production are you talking about watts or is it in excess of that?
    Good luck with all your work, keep healthy and thank you for answering.
    Gerard.

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    As I said, to repair the reactors and other parts of the plant now and again is the normality here, due to the fact that this is the first industrial real application of LENR in the History of technology.
    We will start up the new E-Cat X probably at the end of the next week, because we have to produce a new material that does not exist in commerce to resolve the problem that popped out.
    This attitude to make materials that do not exist is a legacy of a visit I made in the NASA concern od Huntsville, Alabama, during a meeting with their scientists: I saw their laboratory where they told me they make things that do not exist in commerce, because they have particular problems that cannot be resolved with the existing materials. I thought ” This is exactly the kind of lab I need”.
    The technological characteristics of the E-Cat X will be published when the R&D on it will have been completed, and at that point will also be explained why it is more fit for household applications.
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Chema

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    It seems that there is a new hardening technique for metallic products (cheaper, greener and better) that maybe could be useful for improving your devices.

    http://www.newswise.com/articles/reducing-wear-and-tear

    Chema

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Chema:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. It seems the grids will probably be around longer than I had first envisioned. If your new E-Cats can produce more electricity than is necessary for a single household, selling this excess energy back to the grids might be an option. Here in NC, the power companies are required to buy it if you have it in the approved configuration.

    The first E-Cat powered folks will be able to take advantage of this. As more try to get on this bandwagon, the practice will be discouraged. But, by then the acceptance of E-Cats will be more universal, and the practice of getting off the grids will foment, and coincide with, their eventual demise.

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    ” I have a dream” ( Martin Luther King).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Do you consider the ongoing test with customer to also be radiation safety proof, that will help in the certification process, since you and your team will have worked in close contact with the E-Cats for over a year?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    You got a point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Gian Luca

    Carissimo A.

    http://oilprice.com/commodity-price-charts?1&page=chart&sym=CLU15&name=Crude Oil WTI
    today the WTI oil it’s border line on 40$
    Wich is your opinions?
    Is it possible to relation with LENR?
    Thanks

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Absolutely not!
    Oil price has always been a roller coaster wagon, depending on infinite factors: for example now the fracking oil and gas discovered in the USA in enormous deposits has lowered the price, together with a decrease of a hydrocarbons consume caused by lower levels of industrial production in the last 3 years in all the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    When refering to the E-Cat X, should those of us who write articles about this technology call it a Nickel-Hydrogen based reactor any longer?

    The Rossi Cook Paper gave a bold defintion of the E-Cat, calling it a Ni-LiAlH4 system. Does that definition still apply to the E-Cat X?

    I guess the burning question is if this thing still contains Nickel. If not, I would advise giving it a new name all together – not just the E-Cat X.

    If it uses Tungsten, I’d call it the Phoenix, because it arose from the ashes of burnt out hot cats.

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills
    Sorry, I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  235. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Do you still hope to try for the certification in October of 2015?
    2) Can you share with us any comment the certification agent made recently?
    (to give you and us more hope on this topic…) Thank you, and

    Godspeed,

    Tom

    (misc reference below …)
    Now it is 06.45 p.m. of Sunday August 9 2015. An important date.
    What I am seeing now is very, very, very good. It could be the leader for the very massive production. We will go directly from our tests to the market. If what I am seeing now goes on, in October will be tried the safety certification.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- It is too soon to answer to this: I never said we’d go for certification in October 2015 for certain
    2- No, I cannot, it is under NDA
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Back in 2011 when you had your first design for a domestic E-Cat, you reported that safety certification was a big challenge, and still it is not available. Now you are working on E-Cat X, do you expect the same years-long waiting time for certification, after finalize a product design?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    NO, if the test on course on the 1 MW E-Cat finishes well I suppose the certification time also for the small units will be “catalyzed” . I hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. clauba

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    since you are working so hard, have you enought time
    to answer to all us?..or do you have a proxy answering
    team?
    For the last case how many persons?
    Thank you
    Best regards

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Clauba:
    I answer personally. It’s a pleasure and an important source of information for me.
    During my 16 hours in the plant I have time for this, when we have not an emergency or a repair to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the suggestion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  242. Giuseppe

    Andrea,
    How much governments know about ecat and your work.
    You are going to do a world revolution, is impossible to think that government didn’t follow you daily!
    Regards, Giuseppe

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I do not know.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  244. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You recently burnt out an E-Cat X. How much input power is needed to burn out a dummy E-Cat X (i.e. one without a charge)? Knowing the power used to unintentionally melt an E-Cat X, you could then calculate the ‘CORN’ performance (Coefficient of runaway Negative performance). ;)

    Continuing Positive Regards and best wishes for Positive Results,

    Joseph Fine

  245. Dima Redko

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope teporary downloading of 1MW to 750KW power will not spoil the results of the 1-year long test on course, nor delay the planned industrial production?

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Dima Redko:
    It is normal that we have to make repairs, now and again.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Jon,

    The way I would approach the analysis is stating the question:

    What are the potential cost savings for an eCat replacing natural gas?

    Assumptions:

    Natural gas cost: $8USD per 1000 cubic feet of natural gas
    Natural gas efficiency: 50% (typically 50% of the heat goes up the chimney)

    Amount of eCat produced energy in one year: Eecat = 1MWH/hr * 24 hr/day * 365days/year = 8,760 MWh

    Required amount of natural gas to produce 8,760 MWh of useful energy = 8,760 MWh * 3,412,141.63 BTUs/MWh * 1,000 cubic feet of natural gas/1,000,000 BTUs / 0.5 (thermal efficiency) = 59,780,721.36 cubic feet of natural gas

    Natural gas cost / year: 59,780,721.36 cubic feet * $8USD / 1000 cubic feet = $478,245.77USD

    Andrea Rossi: Close enough for government work is an American slang term used to convey the idea that this is a rough estimate. It has nothing to do with asking the Government to take any action. Engineers might say, a “rough order of magnitude” estimate.

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your comment, it makes sense; I confirm, though, what I wrote in my answer to Jon.
    Thank you for teaching me the “close enough for government work” saying: I did not know it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Jon Soderberg

    Dear Mr Rossi
    Will you please confirm for me if my numbers are correct or close enough for government work

    1 MWh = 3,412,141.63 btu
    1000 Cubic ft of Natural Gas = 1,000,000 BTU
    1000 cubic ft of gas for commercial use in the US = 8$ (as of may 2015)
    8$ x 3.41MBTU = $27.28
    $27.48 x 24 hrs/day = $654.72
    $654.72 x 365.242 days/year = $239,142.20

    Does this equal approximately what your Ecat will offset in cost if your customer was using natural gas to heat his factory?
    Respectfully
    Jon Soderberg

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Jon Soderberg:
    Your math is correct ( just take advice of the fact that the price of natural gas is not stable), but to answer to the question you made in the last line of your intelligent comment I need to wait for the end of the R&D and tests on course. The final results could be positive, but could be also negative. The costs associated to the E-Cat depend also on its reliability and duration in time, not only on the COP related to the energy consumed and the price of the charge. I, honestly, think it is too soon to ask a government to work on the hypothesys of an E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. Curiosone

    Andrea Rossi:
    Update of today?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  252. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Update at 07.40 p.m. of Tuesday August 18.
    E-Cat 1 MW: downloaded to 750 kW of power for reparation of a reactor. Another working night looms up.
    E-Cat X ( second prototype): burnt, as the first one, but we have understood well where is the problem, so we are making another one that very likely will be very reliable. I hope.
    From inside the plant,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  253. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Will be possible within one year to buy an E-Cat to heat a house and turn on the lights ?
    All for you, you for all!

  254. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I hope yes. The E-Cat X promises well. I hope future will come soon enough, while we work for it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  255. JCRenoir

    Hello Dr Rossi:
    I read on the books of Mats Lewan and Vessela Nikolova that during the first half of your life you have been an enterpreneur in the field of energy: do you think this enterpreneurial experience will be useful for you to industrialize the E-Cat?
    Cheers,
    JCR

  256. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Yes. Mainly the mistakes I made are useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  257. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Since a lot of time you do not make conferences, interviews, you do not show your work and to most questions you answer ” sorry, I cannot comment on this”.
    How do you think you will have success, acting like this?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  258. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Success = (a + b) – vc^2
    wherein:
    a = work
    b = study
    v= speed of the lips
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  259. Hank Mills

    For the record, if Nickel is not used in the E-Cat X, my guess is that the charge consists of lithium hydroxide and Tungsten powder. Tungsten has a greater electrical conductivity than nickel and a much higher melting point. This could allow for arcing between lithium covered particles to take place more easily. The arcing due to the electric field Iinduced by the squarewaves could ignite the lithium hydrogen plasma and induce fusion. The alpha particles produced could keep the plasma ionized and keep the reaction self sustaining. The removal of aluminum would allow for more nuclear reactions and hence more alpha particles. I think the aluminum is useless except as a getter for oxygen and other atmospheric gases.

  260. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Obviously, I do not make comments related to the charge, either in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  261. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    If the Ecat-X can operate above Nickel melting point, then we can assume that the Nickel grain size does not matter anymore… Does it? Does the isotopic composition still matters? Is the Ni-64 enrichment (or so, not sure of the isotope) still necessary?

    Regards, Marco.

  262. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    I cannot give information related to the charge, in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  263. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, the test period of 1 MW plant has recently passed the half time, and surely you make day by day your technical and economic evaluations.
    I am not asking about COP values, but can you already cut in half the F9 key and tell us if TILL NOW and overall you have had positive results?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  264. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I am not allowed to anticipate any evaluation before the final report.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  265. Hank Mills

    A few thoughts.

    My understanding of the charge is the sum of fuel (nickel and LiAlH4) placed in the reactor core.

    From recent statements we can assume:

    1) Another element has been added to the charge with a higher melting temperature than all other components.

    2) This element is a critical fuel component – much more so than Nickel, Lithium, Aluminum, or Hydrogen. It must be, due to the fact that the standard Ni-LiAlH4 mix can continue producing heat at over 2000C in melt down mode.

    3) For all other reactions to stop when this new element melts, it must either have total control over all other reactions or Lithium, Aluminum, and Nickel are not present in the new mix.

    In conclusion, logic dictates that this new element added to the fuel mix is far superior to nickel or lithium in previous E-Cat designs. I would also assume that it may make up almost the entire charge (except for hydrogen).

    If the E-Cat X stops producing heat when this metal melts the E-Cat X cannot be defined as a predominently nickel based system.

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight: obviously you know that I cannot comment in positive or in negative what you suppose.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you say “charge” are you referring to:

    a. The fuel components only or
    b. The fuel components and a containing enclosure?

    If , then we must conclude there is a fuel component with a melting temperature higher than the melting temperature of nickel.

    If , then are we to assume the reaction will dissapate when it is no longer contained?

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting about the intrinsic safety of the e-cat.

    1. Are you saying that it is not possible for your reactors to operate after the melting point of the charge is reached?
    2. Has the charge changed due to your R&D process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  270. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  271. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the past, one of the “safeguards” of eCat technology was that the reaction would cease once the melting point of nickel was reached. This appears to no longer be a limitation. Is the new version of eCat technology therefore less safe? What limits the thermal operation of the new eCat technology?

  272. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The E-Cat is still intrinsecally safe due to the melting point of the charge, even if it is higher than the melting point of nickel.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  273. Boris

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    in his linkedin page Jean-Francois Geneste, Vice-President Chief Scientist at Airbus Group affirms to have reached a “Major breakthrough in the field of energy”. Reading the pos we understand that this is just a “major theoretical breakthrough in the field of “energy creation”" done by him alone ( he do not cite any research group. We also modestly learn that this fantastic discovery will be announced in a meeting sponsored by Airbus itself and that in the opinion of the author:
    “Against all expectations, it is proved that there is potential room for cold fusion or so in a breakthrough approach of building a “burner” and making a (new) fuel. As a consequence, even if the burden of proof remains to cold fusionists to experimentally prove, at least, they are right, on a theoretical point of view, I completely revert the burden of proof to orthodox physicists who now will have to prove the non-existence of cold fusion, if they can, since they have been claiming it for years if not decades.”
    I would like to make some comments if possible:
    1) This way of announcing results is not scientifical, and not even usual for a serious industry as Airbus
    2) This type of writing in a professional social network like LinkedIn may sound like an insult to other scientist both “orthodox” and “reform”(LENR) physicist.
    3) Is an enormous omissis to ignore the results obtained by you, the Uppsala-Bologna group and all other scientists, experimental proof, or at least strong indication, of LENR existence is already present.

    As a final note let me say that if an industry like Airbus would reach such an important result I think that it would keep it as an industrial secret to develop new products, so my feeling is that behind this impressive announce there is nothing sound and real.

    As any scientist would do I also searched if there are any publication in theoretical or experimental physics by him cited in Research Gate or any other scientific search engine and found none.

    There are just few book in french with no international edition:
    Logique de défense: 30 idées en 200 pages
    Bénévent
    May 2008
    Ainsi marchait l’humanité
    Bénévent
    2009
    Politique industrielle: des idées neuves pour demain
    IRES
    2010
    Physique: de l’esprit des lois
    Cépadues
    2010
    Petit traité de philosophie moderne du libre arbitre
    Kindle
    2011
    La Gifle Chinoise (The Chinese Slap)(Link)
    Wonderdice

    Last title is a book of Science / Politics Fiction.

    Maybe I’m wrong but I would classify his claim as SCAM that try to damage serious scientist like you that have realized a real and working product.

    I would be curios if what he has written in his LinkedIn page reflects official opinions and point of view of AIRBUS group, but I think that the interest of that Company about LENR has been triggered by you and the ECAT.
    Sincerely, Boris

  274. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    Thank you for your comment. We have analyzed carefully the patent application of Airbus, as well as we analyzed with attention all the patent applications made in the field.
    As I said many times, I never comment the work of our competitors, but I study carefully what they write and what they say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  275. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    is the e-cat X able to operate above the melting point of nickel?

    Does the present e-cat X produce enough electricity to power a light bulb? I think this would be a tremendous accomplishment.

    As always thank you for your answers.

  276. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    We are working on that direction and the E-Cat X is very promising. Yes, the E-Cat can also work above the melting point of Ni.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you were doing your original research, did you consider or investigate beryllium as an additive? It seems like a logical choice due to the efficacy of lithium. Any thoughts?

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot answer to tis kind of questions, either in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If, in your research, you have discovered a way to generate electricity directly from an E-Cat, would that become a R&D priority over developing ways to generate electricity via steam turbines, or using other intermediate technologies (e.g. Stirling engine)?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  280. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    They are not alternatives, but different kind of applications.
    Not priorities, just specific fields, like in QM: there are fields for different forces and you can’t substitute one to another, just consider each of them for their specific interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  281. toussaint

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This video of eric Dollard might interest you.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-wYuYog7b0

    Kind regards

  282. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Thank you for the information-link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  283. Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Thank you again for all your many thoughtful comments to your readers.

    Can you tell us the following about the new e-cat x

    1. Approximate dimensions

    2. Weight

    3. Whether it uses any materials not found in earlier e-cats?

    Thanks,

    Bob

  284. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    1- premature ( smaller)
    2- premature ( lighter)
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  285. Paul

    Andrea,

    Approximately 4 billion battery cells are manufactured and consumed each year.

    I fear that (initially) no matter what price you sell your E-Cat X’s at, supply and demand will raise the price significantly.

    Paul

  286. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We are working to make the economy scale good enough to maintain low and popular prices. As I said, a strong work is on course related to the manufacturing in the world. F9. Leonardo’s strategy will start to be understood in due time and it is complex, encompassing IP, manufacturing and sales organization. I never talked about it, because of the premature situation. Let us work. What is known about Leonardo Corp strategy right now is the tip of an iceberg, but it is totally useless to make serious talks about it before F9 is resolved. Many members of our international Team are working on it, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  287. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeper:
    You got it!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Aso, now I see; I bow to the master. Allow me to interject: humans cannot yet conceive existence without time and space depending on final positive/negative test results. :)
    Thank you.
    BroKeeper

  289. Andrea, I am a resident of Raleigh, NC and have been an obsessive follower of reports concerning your progress. To date I have only lurked, but I feel compelled today to tell you how thrilled I am that North Carolina will play a host role in this accomplishment. I am a fan of the Wright Brothers, who toiled in obscurity as well, years after announcing their success (and flying regularly in NC and their hometown). So, I must ask, have you read David McCullough’s new best seller on the Wrights, and perhaps found some comfort and encouragement therein? Love to grab a bite one day, maybe Cafe Luna on Hargett for some linguini and clams?

    Salute, sir!

  290. Andrea Rossi

    George Howard:
    Thank you for your delightful words.
    Thank you for the suggestion: I will start reading the new very interesting book of David Mc Cullogh’s on the Wright Brothers in the next days, during the long nights in the plant.
    I have been many times in the Cafè Luna, for obvious reasons, and I will comply.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  291. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have revised the calculations of Drs. Seshavatharam and Lakshminarayana starting from the most abundant Ni58.
    In the analysis of ashes, supposing you have made it by mass-spectrometry, have you analized chemically the 59 atomic mass?
    Might be the longlived Ni59 involved in Rossi Effect?

    Greetings.

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Yes, please go to the Lugano report for the results of the SIMS ( secondary ions mass spectrometry). I cannot add further information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  293. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    I followed your advice and kept asking my Fish Bowl crystal ball the same question: ”will the E-Cat lead to a grid-less society”. Strange, I got both “positive” and “negative” oscillating answers (very fishy). It appears it is running off a type of QM Rossi Effect. Or perhaps an answer is pending until Christmas. :)
    BroKeeper

  294. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    Is your crystal ball electrically powered ?
    If yes: it does not answer because it belongs to an existential system wherein the grid is intrinsecally unavoidable: it cannot conceive a grid free existence, as well as humans cannot conceive existence without space and time.
    If not, it cannot conceive, for the same reason, a grid.
    This is why it did not answer: your questions are out of the system of knowledge it can conceive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Without regards to the MWh issue, do you plan to measure the mass of the 250kW eCat reactors at the end of the testing? Or do you believe it to be a waste of time and why?

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Surely the mass will be measured, as well as it has been measured when we charged the E-Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Should the test in progress prove successful, how long do you think it will it take you to transition from the testing phase to production and sales phase?

    I am wondering if your team is actively preparing for commercialization right now, or if those preparations will start only when the test is completed.

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Believe me: we are working very strong to prepare the manufacturing in massive quantities of the E-Cats, even if we still have brakes pulled due to the fact that we still do not know if the final results of the tests on course wil be positive or negative. How much time will be necessary, assumed F9>0 ? Not easy to say, but we will not lose time. Somebody will be very surprised about the speed of our action.
    F9.
    By the way: now it is 09.40 p.m. of Sat Aug 15, I am in the plant, the 1 MW E-Cat is stable, the E-Cat X is still very promising. This shortens by 1 day the distance from the OTS day ( OTS = Off The Shelf).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Your comment about 1 gram of matter to energy = 25mwh of energy (E=MC2 Albert Einstein) inspired me to ask you to remember Marie Curie and Albert Einstein forever with your wonderful new inspiration that is still working today! (Thank you for the update.) The first model provided (#1) you with even more inspiration so you created model #2 of the new E-Cat. So then (Marie Curie + Version 2 {MC2}) and/or (Albert Einstein {E=MC2}) gives you the perfect new name for your creation: The E-Cat:MC2. This is an appropriate model number configuration from a marketing perspective too. I hope you and your team agree that this honors your predecessors properly!

    Yours truly,

    Tom

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thanks for your kind words.
    Allow me: megawatthour should be written MWh: M= Mega, m= milli; W is from the name of Dr Watt, the scientist. Not a very important issue, but today is “Feriae Augusti”, time to rest and reflect.
    Chance to wish Buon Ferragosto to my fellow Italians ( I ignore if August 15th is a holiday outside Italy, where it is a religious celebration of the “Immacolata” and is derived, as I said above, from the Roman pagan celebration of the Feriae Augusti, in honour of the emperor Augustus).
    About the name of our product: thank you for your suggestion, but we’ll stick on ” E-Cat X”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    E = mc**2
    M = 1 gram
    C = 2.99792E+10 cm/sec
    E = 8.988E+20 ergs
    1 erg = 1.0E-7 Joules
    E = 8.9876E+13 Joules
    1 Joule = 2.7777778E-10 MWH
    E = 24.965E+3 MWh

    What’s a factor of 1,000 among friends? He, he…

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he..
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels, Arnie:
    C’m on: 1 g of matter entirely converted into energy gives 25 MWh of energy (from Einstein equation).
    Start from here, which is simpler, and remake your math.
    You can get solace, anyway, because what you wrote means you are well educated: education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Estimate the Mass Loss of a 250 kW eCat reactor Running for 350 days

    Time in seconds = 350 days * 86400 sec / day = 3.024E+7 sec
    1 gram of matter completely converted into energy yields 8.9876E+13 Joules
    a 250kW eCat reactor outputs 0.25E+6 J/sec
    Total energy output of one eCat operating for 350 days = 0.25E+6 * 3.024E+7 J = 7.56E+12 Joules
    Total mass converted to energy = 7.56E+12 J / 8.9876E+13 J/gram = 0.08412 grams
    or approximately 1/10 of a gram of matter is lost.

    I assume you measured the mass of the eCat reactor(s) before beginning the test? Assuming a 5 kilogram mass for a 250kW eCat reactor, then the ratio of the mass lost to the starting mass would be around 1.7E-5. A difficult measurement plus environmental factors might overshadow the mass change (i.e., moisture, oxidation, other factors).

  305. Marco

    The target of the Tesla batteries is to go off grid, having solar panels and/or wind turbines, and optionally a generator when low on wind and sun… I know that in Italy is forbidden by law to go off-grid because of taxes on energy production, but in more advanced countries this should be convenient, otherwise Elon Musk did not mass produce the tesla batteries…
    I am talking of a couple of 10Kwh Tesla batteries backed up by an Ecat to power an entire house… Not just a tv!

  306. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your insight, but the situation is much more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  307. lars

    Dear Andrea,
    do you think from what you have seen so far from E-cat x that it will give enough power for one unit to cover a household need or do you think it will have smaller applications?

  308. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    I cannot yet give data related to the E-Cat X. By the way, in this moment, 7.40 a.m. of Saturday August 15, I am working with it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  309. Arnie

    Dear mr Rossi.
    In your answer to Steven you mention information already well known that makes his calculations incorrect. When using the well known formula e=mc2 I also get the astonishing answer 0.08 grams of mass loss for each reactor.
    (250000x60x60x24x350/300000000^2)x1000 (for result in grams)
    Perhaps you are referring to the total amount of fuel used? Or what information are we missing?
    Thank you for the efforts you make to satisfy our curiosity!

  310. Andrea Rossi

    Arnie:
    Just remake the math, starting from E= mc^2.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  311. Fred Mann

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you read on Ecatworld the press release of Airbus, that sustains the theoretical bases of your work in the LENR?
    You meved the giants! Congratulations,
    Fred

  312. Andrea Rossi

    Fred Mann:
    Thank you for the information. I am very curious to read the theory from Airbus and surely the fact that our work has moved this coossal concern honours us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  313. Ian brown

    Dear Charlie Sutherland
    I was a HV grid engineer and took the brave step of change to become a telecom test engineer before it’s all too late to adapt to “the brave new world”.

    Thanks for your insight
    Ian

  314. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you successfully complete the 350 days of operation at 1 MW thermal output using the four 250kW eCat reactors, I estimate that each eCat reactor will have lost about 1/10 of a gram of mass. Do you think you will be able to measure that difference? What is the approximate mass of the 250kW eCat reactor unit?

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot give information about the charge, but allow me to tell you that your calculation is pretty wrong. Remake the equations… using the information already well known.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulation to you and your team on getting to the half-way point in your 1 year operational test. At this point even if the test ultimately does not meet operational goals (F9 etc) it looks like you and your team have achieved something the world has never seen. My question is even if the results eventually are negative, do you think that will there be a detailed report of the results? Even a failure can be quite astonishing.

    Thank you and I hope everything continues well with the 1MW plant.

    Sincerely,
    Peter Metz

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    I suppose a report will be made.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  318. Paul

    Andrea,

    Only if the battery you are charging is currently powering the car.

    Paul

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Good point.
    Warm Regards
    .R.

  320. Paul

    Andrea,

    You do not need to certify it as an automotive powertrain, just as a battery charger.

    What does it matter if you recharge a battery in your garage or when you are parked at work or when you are driving down the road?

    Paul

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    If the E-Cat is in operation while the car goes to charge its battery, it is part of the powertrain. Totally different is the issue if you make the recharge at home.
    F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    E-Cat, LENR, and the innovations that will, I believe, rapidly come upon us all will render the Grids of the world obsolete. The Grids represent the last centralized concentration of power and and political influence we shall see for quite a while.

    Portable, self-starting, LENR generators of convenient sizes and configurations for their particular use will be everywhere on the market and all the rage. The final stages of civilization or lack thereof will be upon us.

    The regulators can mandate the survival of the girds to their hearts’ content, but that will not save them. Think of what clever people will do with their portable generators and how little work will be necessary to purchase the fuel cells that keep them alive and running. And think of what those generators will soon do for ordinary folks who now toil for the things they will soon provide.

    It will be most difficult to hold on to intellectual property rights from the millions of free folks who will eventually determine they do not need the governments of the world to provide anything or guarantee those particular property rights. Governments will not be able to govern. Free Energy freely obtained and completely portable will turn loose the curiosity and innovations of ordinary folks and strip away the powers of the states.

    Yes, there will be change. I have no idea where it will eventually take us.

    Welcome to the “Brave New World”

    All the Best,

    Charlie

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Dear Andrea,

    All jokes aside, I absolutely understand the path you and your team are following. But, I’m nearly 75, and I just want to see this thing of yours working before I croak.

    Your necessary deliberate pace gives me more anxiety than my soaring in hazy weather did last week when I couldn’t find the field. Good thing I saw the tow plane make her approach. Whew!

    Charlie

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Paul

    Andrea,

    Could you run a e-cat X in the trunk of your car (Tesla, Nissan Lief, Volt, Toyota Prius Plug-in), or would getting rid of the excess heat be a problem?

    Paul

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The excess heat is not the issue. The issue is the certification ( not less than 20 years).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  328. Anthony Mason

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think politics could make easier useful your equations?
    Anthony

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony Mason:
    “…we have to divide up our time between our politics and our equations. But to me our equations are far more important, for politics are only a matter of present concern, while a mathematical equation stands for ever” ( Albert Einstein )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How does the 1 MW plant perform at the moment? Am I right that today is day 175 of its run (based on your comment of July 7th, when you said it had run for 136 days so far)?

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Now it’s 11 a.m. of August 14t .
    The 1MW E-Cat is working well, even if we have to make corrections now and again. About the time elapsing you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    The subject of a grid-less society often comes up. Not having your crystal ball yet could you foresee, using your intuitive powers, a possibility the E-Cat could evolve our electrical dependence to a distributive one within this century? If so wouldn’t an electrical feedback loop be warranted.

    By-the-way I found an inexpensive crystal ball in the pet shop that has given me very good 50% reliability to negative or positive answers. On top its model number is labeled “fish bowl”.
    BroKeeper

  333. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    Take your crystall ball from the pet shop, dial on it ” what to do with an E-Cat in a gridless society” an get your answer. As a bonus you can also ask about the weather on next Christmas Day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    Some time ago some of us asked you to produce an Ecat with a battery that is used to start and sustain the reaction and as a buffer. Aside of the problems of DC current, that can be solved with an inverter, you stated that for safety reasons the input power for the Ecat must be provided from the grid.
    My question is that when the Ecat will go on the shelfs, everyone can buy the components to do a closed loop of battery-inverter-Ecat-generator-battery, so why not produce and sell directly a final product like this?

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    For the same reason why nobody buys a battery to be connected to an inverter to power a TV set or any other household appliance: it would be a pointless waste of money and energy. Could be useful in remote situations, where no grid is available, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Richard Elstrom

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have a dream: an E-Cat that makes light and heat in every house.
    I dream this can happen before I pass on: I am 79 years old.
    If there is one man in the world able to make true this dream, that man is you.
    Godspeed,
    Rick

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Richard Elstrom:
    If we are lucky, your dream is not impossible.
    The E-Cat X seems good. F9: dream or nightmare?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. James Rovnak

    Andrea questions on when (ssm) LENR exists. My point to MFMP is that any power over input power can be considered (ssm) LENR power generation, whether or not it can continue itself without external power is another question. I think Parkhomov experienced 8 minutes on his shutdown of continued (ssm) which must have been there before his shutdown extinguished it. Surely your (ssm) exists to some extent as you move your power up/down in the Hot E-Cat

    Dialogue on MFMP site for reference:

    James Andrew Rovnak Think Freethinker should be using a current input profile similar to Logano PCE 380 to stimulate formation of (ssm) LENR in his nicely done experiments just to see if that higher freq EM is necessary for initiation, control & power profile ramping.
    James Andrew Rovnak’s photo.
    Like · Reply · Yesterday at 12:46am

    James Andrew Rovnak Current pulses on left in above picture of PCE 380 & spectrum on right during Rossi’s Lugano long term test.
    Like · Reply · Yesterday at 12:47am

    Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project The Lugano had no self sustain mode, it just had varying drive.
    Like · Yesterday at 12:16pm

    James Andrew Rovnak Anything power above input power I would consider (ssm) LENR mode, but will check this with Rossi.
    Like · 13 hrs

    Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project The pulses of power are to balance thermal convection and radiation losses that are not balanced by any potential generation of heat in the core. In any SSM there would be no need to apply power (other than for regulation of runaway somehow, or for balancing) unless the temperature dropped below a minimum operating threshold.

    Hope this is clearer?

    Jim

  339. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thak you for your insight.
    Maybe your definition has right of citizenship.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Peter Forsberg

    He He, I see! I like your sense of humor.

    Regards

    Peter

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    anyway, an explication was past due, thank you for your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. James Rovnak

    Andrea would one consider any power above input power operation in (ssm) LENR mode and with that LENR power generating? I know if you back off input power & (ssm) residual remains? What would be your distinction?

    Question came up on MFMP today. Would you consider Lugano as being partially in (ssm) LENR mode during power holds?

    https://www.facebook.com/shares/view?id=1016535955043770

    Jim

  343. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I do not understand what you say. Can you explain better?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    If I remember well, some time ago you stated that for safety reasons, the Ecat should not be fed with his own output energy, but fed from the electric grid.
    Once on the shelfs, one can buy an Ecat, producing heat and electricity, buy a Tesla battery, an inverter (the Tesla battery comes without it) and build his own loop.
    Why do not sell it directly?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  345. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    I am confused: what do you mean, exactly ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  346. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you tell me what F9 means? I have missed this finer point.

    Wishing you continued good results of your hard work.

    Peter

  347. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Thank you for your question, probably shared by many Readers: F9 is born as a joke, eventually became a shortcut that stands for ” Disclaimer: the results of the tests on course could finally be either positive or negative”.
    A Reader of us, in a comment months ago, proposed, joking, to dial “F plus a number” to get the mantra of the disclaimer, and I complied saying: ” OK, from now on instead of that phrase we will just say F9.
    Thank you for your kind wishes. We are working strongly to get the success: F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  348. AlbertN

    Dear Dr.Rossi,
    Assuming the results are positive you have stated that you will go into production. This will cost money … lots of money. Where will this investment come from? Any thoughts on going the route of a publicly traded company (selling shares etc.) or is getting private investment not a problem.

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    Obviously the investments will be huge. This is why the defense of the Intellectual Property is crucial. If the Intellectual Property is conserved, the necessary investments will be made from whom it will concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the “something else” that you mention that E-CatX has over the other cats:

    Does it make it easier 1) to manufacture? 2) to certify? 3) to protect its IP?

    Is that why it makes you more optimistic about the timeline for it going on shelves? F9 of course.

    Warm regards,
    Patrick

  351. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    I would say all the three. F9 of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  352. Franz Von Goetz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am following your work since your first steps with Prof. Sergio Focardi and it seems to me that at last you arrived to a breakthrough: can you confirm that we should have a consolidated 1 MW plant by the beginning of 2016 and a new Hot Cat X off the shelf by the end of 2016? Is this scheduling realistic?
    Cheers,
    Franz Von Goetz

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Franz Von Goetz:
    If the tests on course will have positive results yes, your forecast is realistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the new Hot-Cat come from mostly:

    1. Analysis and evolution
    2. Serendipity
    3. A vision (or a nightmare)
    4. Something else

    Since you state that it will be used fore home-applications, does this also mean that in contrast with the former devices, even intentional tampering by skilled technicians will be impossible to make this new Hot-Cat dangerous without destroying it mechanically ? (Indirect control of the Rossi-Effect)

    Do you plan to work with deadlines for the commercialization ? Or are there still too many “if” ‘s ?

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    3.
    All the other questions are premature. You are right: too meny ifs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. lars

    Dear Andrea,
    can you tell us anything of how much watts the new e-cat x initially produces for the first tests?
    is it hundreds of watts or milli watts or even kilo watts?

  357. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    I cannot give this kind of information before a reasonable period of tests and R&D.
    The Ecat-X is very promising, that’s all I can say now, but promises are not maintained, now and again.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  358. Paul

    Andrea,

    With regards to “F9″,

    Negative is positive if you do not discriminate against extraneous roots:

    -1 = i^2 = SQRT(i^4) = SQRT(1) = 1

    Paul ;o)

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes, but parity can become negative if during the inversion of the spacial coordinates the sign of the wave function changes ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you still seeing what you saw on August 9th, 2015?
    Do you still hope to try for the certification in October of 2015?
    Can you sell the E-Cat(MC/X) within 180 days after the certification is granted in 2015?

    May your kittens purr for you!

    Tom

    (misc reference below …)
    Now it is 06.45 p.m. of Sunday August 9 2015. An important date.
    What I am seeing now is very, very, very good. It could be the leader for the very massive production. We will go directly from our tests to the market. If what I am seeing now goes on, in October will be tried the safety certification.

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At one point you said you would have a 1 year test of a Hot Cat in your container. Now E-Cat X has been developed, will you be testing it for a full year?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It depends how the R&D will work out. At the moment it is impossible to know how much time will take to make a product mature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. James Rovnak

    Andrea there is a lot of speculation over at Frank’s E-Cat World so I thought I would add a few wild seat of the pants guesses – probably all wet but here they are & only you would really know what is happening now!

    Hold on, my guess is waiting to be approved by E-Cat World.

    “I think just maybe the Ni isotope formation energy release is driving some hydrogen ions back into the electron stream (SPP) around the Ni surface hot spots & as an alternating EM field is necessary to get into the (ssm) LENR generation mode my wild guess is around 30 hz so it will work in the other direction to force H ions to generate electrical conduction energy. So Rossi collects this in his external circuit & conditions it for electrical power generation. Must still be generating some thermal energy is my guess for radiant power also. Note a high concentration of hydrogen ions in the Ni lattice is necessary to support the Ni nuclear isotope generation process with subsequent release of thermal energy. The Li 7 neutron also supplies its lighter bound nuclear neutron to the process as it becomes Li 6.”

    Well, have a nice evening & enjoy “The Concert” one great movie. I also like “Andrew Lloyd Webber – The Royal Albert Hall Celebration” DVD 2001 no less!

    Jim

  365. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight, that I obviously cannot comment.
    I am glad you enjoyed “The Concert”. Thank you for the suggestion about Andrew Lloyd Webber.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre Carbonelle:
    We have measured by ourselves and by third certification parties since 2009 the radiations outside the E-Cat, and nothing has been detected beyond the background values.
    I am working on these experiments since more than 20 years… and I have been always not just kept close to the E-Cats, I have been kept attached to the E-Cats. The energy produced inside the E-Cats is turned into heat. My theory is that this is due to the reverse Mossbauer effect, even if this theory is still under study and calculation. Obviously, the theory can be wrong, but the measurements cannot be wrong, because made thousands of times along years and never had exceptions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am just very curious about the progress of your tests. Can you tell us if you are happy or perhaps extremely- or not so happy with the 1MW plant and the E-Cat X ?
    Thank you for your continuous effort in keeping us informed and your effort for building a future for our childern and grand childern!
    Gerard.

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard Mc Ek:
    Our Team is working on both the E-Cats. The fact that we work on them means that it is worth to do the job. The 1 MW E-Cat is an industrial plant, already in operation in the factory of a Customer and producing energy for an industrial activity, not for laboratory R&D: this, in itself, is an important achievement, because it is the first time in History that a plant with this kind of technology is put at work in a productive concern. The E-Cat X is a prototype which is going through laboratory very promising tests. In both cases the final results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It is common practice to have internal names for projects within a company to facilitate internal communications. I suspect this is why you named this new reactor such. I see no disrespect intended, in fact, probably out of honor for her great deeds.

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You are totally correct. By the way: in my last answer to Alexvs, I made a very misterious mistake, promptly corrected when a Reader sent to me an email underlining the error in my comment after one hour or so: I intended to write ” Madame Curie”, but I wrote “Maria Walewska”: I have no idea from where this name arrived: this name simply was not in my head! Sorry for the mistake, that has been corrected as soon as I have been informed of this weird error.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Pierre Carbonnelle

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    When Roentgen discovered the X-Rays, nobody was aware of the health risks they presented. Some people may try to slow down sales of E-cat based on health concerns. As long as we don’t know how the E-cat really works, any side effects are indeed possible.

    How do you plan to address this concern ? Will you show data from test animals kept close to the 1 MW plant in operation ? Will you present a theory of its operation based on conventional physics, showing that it is harmless ?

    Thanks in advance for your reply.
    PC

  372. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    You are such a teaser. If the kitty just plugs in and creates 300 watts per hour and feeds back into the grid I would have an electric bill of about zero dollars per month. Certainly if I plugged in two of them! Don’t tease us to tears, give us a clue, kind sir! All this teasing is giving me a mumbojumbo brain freeze.

    BTW, I am getting repeated results (runaways!) using LAH+Ni @ 850c-950c. Trying to tame my kitties, but they are frisky.

    Warm regards,

    Tom

  373. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    We are working to make possible to put the E-Cats on the shelves.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  374. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    Regarding the name of the new reactor I insist: You are not holding the due respect to Mme. Curie (nee Maria Sklodowska).

    Sorry if I hurt your sentiments.

    Greetings

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    As I said, we did not have intention to give any name to it but “E-Cat”. We all know perfectly the immense importance of Madame Curie and we gave to this initial program her name for commemoration, not for disrespect. This said, from now on, let’s call our new prototype ” E-Cat x”, where X will be substituted by a number when and if it will go in commerce.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. For systems with high binding energies, however, the missing mass may be an easily measurable fraction. Once the system cools to normal temperatures and returns to ground states in terms of energy levels, there is less mass remaining in the system than there was when it first combined and was at high energy.

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Dyson:
    But this decrease of mass cannot come from single runaway quarks: in the case you propose the systems are restituting the mass lent to them sometime before for some reason. Quarks remain confined by their colors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. Steve Kirkland

    Perhaps a “naming rights” game is in order! I hereby submit: The House-Cat!

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Kirkland:
    He,he…no, the name will be just E-Cat, followed by a number, hoping it will not be limited in the counting like the Capeti of Sartre.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. Bud Carpenter

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it theoretically possible separate quarks from each other inside a proton or a neutron, using a super-powerful LHC ?
    Thanks,
    Bud

  381. Andrea Rossi

    Bud Carpenter:
    No, it is not possible: the attraction between two quarks becomes stronger the more they are pulled apart. You can visualize this effect if you think to a spring: the more you pull its ends away from one another, the more they are pulled to return in the initial position from the spring: consider the ends to be the quarks and the spring to be the force of the gluons that keep the quarks close. Theoretically, if you arrive to break this spring, you get two new ends, which means two new couples of quarks, but you will never be able to separate a single quark.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  382. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    What is the meaning, if any, of the name “M.me Curie” (sic) you have given to the new reactor? I feel uncomfortable with these name games.

    Once the new reactor be released I suggest “Lise Meitner”, “Lise” or “Meitner”. I think she has not been fairly honoured apart from the transuranic Meitnerium.

    Greetings

  383. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    For now ‘Madame Curie’ is just a provisional nickname.
    The commercial name will be E-Cat followed by a number.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  384. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    In the past you often talked about the Tesla Dream.
    With the new “M.me Curie” are you getting closer to this Dream?
    Giuseppe

  385. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the 1MW plant performing after the most recent repair?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  387. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Update at 10 50 a.m. of August 11: the 1 MW E-Cat is stable. So far…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , did you read the heat generation above break-even from laser-induced fusion in ultra-dense deuterium?
    what do you think about it?
    http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/adva/5/8/10.1063/1.4928572

    VI. CONCLUSIONS
    The laser-induced nuclear fusion process in ultra-dense deuterium D(0) gives a heating power
    at least a factor of 2 larger than the laser power into the apparatus, thus clearly above break-even.
    This is found with 100-200 mJ laser pulse-energy into the apparatus. No heating is used in the system,
    to minimize problems with heat transfer and gas transport. This gives sub-optimal conditions,
    and the number of MeV particles (and thus their energy) created in the fusion process is a factor of
    10 below previous more optimized conditions. Several factors lead to lower measured heat than the
    true value, and the results found are thus lower limits to the real performance. With the optimum
    source conditions used previously, a gain of 20 is likely also for longer periods.

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link. I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. BroKeeper

    Dr. Rossi,

    Your enthusiasm is infectious. When you get excited we all get excited with you.

    It’s been as if we were passengers on an adventurous ride fairing across the precarious ocean and winds with another Italian discoverer 525 years ago to a new world.
    Like Cristoforo Colombo with his dependable crew on the Santa Maria, Pinta and Nina you and your team have been negotiating an ocean of scientific paradigms.

    With you, as our captain of vision, we also have been tossed by the waves of uncertainty and winds of skeptical scorn and opposition sailing on three vessels to a brave new world just now peering above the horizon. No matter the final end thank you for this awesome voyage.
    BroKeeper

  391. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    Thank you for your simpathy and for your poetry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Italo R.

    A lot of curiosity about the new kitten. And it seems to be magic!
    What about calling it “Magi-Cat”as I have already read in the web?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    because there is nothing of magic. It’s science, not magic. Maybe wrong science ( in this case you will not see it in the market) or right science: in this case no mumbojumbo-tango: you will just buy it and put it in operation. I do not know, now, either which will be true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    M.me meep
    vrumm vrumm, Me go fast, I smell rubber burning,

    There’s a lesson here. Location, Location, Location
    When installing the M.me in your Tesla, please be sure there is at least 16 inches between the M.me and your tires.

    Very warm regards,

    Dan C.

  395. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Brick by brick, otherwise the wall crumbles down…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  396. Gian Luca

    Dear Andrea
    it is possible to say that this last object (M.me Curie), at the same power, the same size as the others? Could it be considered as a portable object ? With the right standardization can be transferred from one house to another?
    Thank you

  397. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    I will give data related to it when we will have more consolidated results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  398. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Is the new Hot-Cat intended to provide domestic electricity via direct electricity production?

    Thank you

  399. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    As I said in my response to Frank Acland and to yourself the characteristics and the applications of the new Hot Cat will be published after due R&D will have been done. Now it is too soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  400. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response and patience with my questions. If I may ask one more question on this subject.

    Is it correct to now make a distinction between the ‘traditional’ Hot Cat and the “M.me Curie”?

    The ‘traditional’ Hot Cat could be useful for industrial application, including driving steam turbines?

    The “M.me Curie”, something new, different, not industrial?

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  401. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  402. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know this is early, but is your hope that the new Hot Cat will eventually be able to:

    a) Provide electricity for domestic use
    b) Provide heat for domestic use
    c) Both

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  403. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is too soon to answer, let us make our R&D on it. While LT E-Cat and Hot Cat have been tested for years, the new born is just making the first steps. This time, when we will explain it, there will not pass much time before the distribution. No more mambojumbo-tango.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  404. Fyodor

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    I just wanted to follow-up to your answer to Mr. Acland. Are you saying that the new Hot-Cat is NOT suitable for generating electricity via steam turbines or that it is suitable for electricity generation via turbines?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  405. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    I confirm: The new Hot Cat is NOT a substitute of the “Lugano” Hot Cat or of the low temperature E-Cat. It is a completely different thing. While the Hot Cat and the LT E-Cat will be destined to industrial applications, the “M.me Curie” will be destined to a completely different kind of utilization, very much popular. I will give more details, obviously, only after we will have made enough tests to see if it is reliable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  406. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You write the new Hot Cat is “not idoneous for industrial applications or centralized heat distribution”. Does this mean it is not suitable for generating electricity via steam turbines?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  407. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, among other things.
    The 1MW E-Cat are two totally different things for totally different duties.
    Besides, the 1 MW E-Cat is close to complete the R&D cycle, while the new Hot Cat is just beginning with it.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  408. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thanks for your previous answer.

    You wrote : “the new Hot Cat, named “M.me Curie” (…) could be the leader for the very massive production.”

    Does-it mean your 250 KW module will not be mass produced before this new leader ?

    Best regards

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    Wrong: the low temperature E-Cats have an employment the Hot Cats cannot be applied to.
    Please read also the answer I gave several minutes ago to Frank Akland.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  410. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea , la Tua del 09/08 delle 17,45 indirizzata a Alexvs è per davvero entusiasmante . Se questa scatola di scarpe ( come diceva Focardi ) è proprio quello che traspare leggendo tra le Tue righe , sarà un miracolo epocale senza precedenti !!! Auguro a tutta la Tua squadra un immenso di felicità !!! Giannino di Udin
    Dear Andrea: if this shoes-box maintains its promises the developments will be bearers of great enthusiasm: congrats to your Team!

  411. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Thak you from our great Team, ( F9 !!!!)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  412. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Would a significant technological breakthrough with the Hot Cat, like the one you have described (F9) mean that your low temperature technology you are using with the 1 MW plant would be obsolete?

    Would your plans to commercialize with your low temperature E-Cats be put on hold or stopped if this Hot Cat breakthrough is confirmed?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Absolutely not: the low temperature E-Cats have a totally different kind of employment that with the Hot Cat should not be possible.
    The new Hot Cat will affect the domestic and totaly different kinds of application, while they are not idoneous for industrial applications or centralized heat distribution, which is the market sector of the 1MW low temp E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You wrote : “the new Hot Cat, named “M.me Curie” (…) could be the leader for the very massive production. We will go directly from our tests to the market (…).”

    Don’t you think it would be more prudent to test in operational conditions this new version for say one year, as the 250 KW module is currently being tested, before going to market ?

    Best regards

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    Thank you for your suggestion. Surely we are going through an intense work of tests before its presentation to the public. What I wanted to say is that, differently from what we made for the former models, we will not make any public test of it until it will not ready for the commercialization. In other words, when it will be exposed to public tests it will be already on the shelves.
    All the work of evolution, test, R&D, safety certification will be done internally. When we will disclose it, anybody will be able to buy it. No more mumbojumbo-tango ( Hey, Thomas Florek: what about writing a tango about the mumbojambo of the sceptics? That could be a jingle, when the time will come! He,he,he).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. toussaint

    Dear andrea Rossi

    Did you repair the 250 kw module?

  417. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. Gian Luca

    Dear Readers:
    The real news for all the persons that are interested to the work related to the E-Cat is what Andrea Rossi said: “I am working with it, it is a real revolution. Is important. Works very strongly and I am very optimist” (Ecatnews).
    I am very happy to hear these words.
    From the tests of Lugano Andrea he has never exceeded in emphasis.
    Great news coming?

  419. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    You are right: I think something very important is coming, but maybe I am wrong. We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  420. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    With full awareness of the (F9)

    If direct energy production is possible,
    Would this be in addition to using the heat for a steam turbine or would this direct energy production process rob from the heat production.

    Note I’m not implying over-unity, merely an overall higher conversion efficiency to electricity from the 2 paths.
    I would imagine you would just be taking from 1 to give to the other, But I thought I would ask if you thought there may be an overall gain..

    Kind regards,

    Dan C.

  421. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thank you for your itelligent comment, but I am not able to answer so far. Long and appropriate tests have to be done and it is all but sure the effect you are talking about. My strong optimism to the new Hot Cat is not due to this perspective: please read my last alswers to Frank Acland.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  422. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, very exciting news about “Madame Curie” !!
    But someone fears that this new Hot-Cat can generate muons, with danger to your health, as happened to Madame Curie last century …
    Kind Regards

  423. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We measure permanently the radiations outside theE-Cat and no ionizing radiation above the background has ever been ever detected.
    My health, thanks to God, is perfect. The surgery I got on July 20 was only for an inguinal hernia that exited for excess of physical fatigue.
    The great scientist Dr Curie ( commonly referred to as “Madame Curie”) is dead not for muons, but because she manipulated radioactive atoms, without knowing their dangerousness ( due to the scarce if not zero knowledge of the effects on health at those times).
    We do not use or produce radioactive materials and to not emit out of the E-Cats any ionizing radiation, as it has been measured in all the tests we made in the last 6 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  424. Chris Beall

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Thank you for your answer to my question on the HT2 resistor hookup. Paging back and forth through the report, I had, as you surmised, confused the description in one section with the photo in another.

    1. Referring again to Figure 10, I deduce that the white wire connected to the device provides some sort of feedback to the controller, so that it can adjust the duty cycle (or perhaps the waveform) of the power being delivered to the resistors. Is this correct? If not, what is the function of the white wire?

    2. In the HT2 test, the input to the controller is 3-phase. Is this a requirement or could the controller be designed to accept single-phase power? I am thinking here of what is typically available in US residential buildings.

    Regards,
    Chris Beall

  425. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Beall:
    It is soon to enter in these applicative particulars, nor I can yet give description of the energy supplied, but I can anticipate that the E-Cats will be able to supply the amount of heat necessary with no redundance. The answer to your question is in itself. Provided the final results will be positive, because, at the state of the art, I must repeat that the final results of the tests on course could be negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  426. Paul

    Andrea,

    I am overjoyed to hear the tests of the M.me Curie E-cat is producing optimistic results.

    Did you change the reactant mix from the last run to optimize direct electric production?

    Paul

  427. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  428. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for the interesting news about the new version of the Hot Cat. Can you tell us why you are so impressed with it (so far)? Compared to previous Hot Cat versions, does it have:

    1. Higher temperatures
    2. Longer periods of self-sustain
    3. Higher COP
    4. Better power density
    5. Something else

    Many thanks!

    Frank Acland

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 yes
    5 yes
    F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  430. Çhris Beall

    Dr. Rossi,

    I am having trouble visualizing the E-CAT technology in a domestic residential environment. I’d be interested in your thoughts on this (assuming the test results are positive).

    There are two potential residential opportunities, new construction and retrofits into existing dwellings. There is a big difference between the output temperature and startup time of an E-CAT and conventional heating systems such as oil or gas-fired burners.
    For new construction this might be handled by including a large-capacity heat store, allowing the E-CAT to ‘charge up’ the store with heat that could then be gradually removed to meet the heating requirements of a dwelling (similar to using batteries to store PV or wind-generated electricity).
    Adding such a heat-storage capability to an existing dwelling could be more problematic, unless it can be made quite compact.
    In either case, the cost of the heat storage would become an integral part of the cost of using an E-CAT for domestic heating.

    E-CAT usage to generate electricity would face the same issue, though electricity storage is by now pretty much in the mainstream for PV / wind systems (and the electricity could then be used to provide heat in many climates). But this raises the problem of excess heat. Heat-to-electricity conversion is, to my knowledge, not particularly efficient, with excess heat lost in the process. That heat has to go somewhere. We don’t need it, on average, to be added to the environment, and it wouldn’t be helpful to keep it in the dwelling in August in the southern US.

    So assuming you have a cheap, compact heat + electricity generator, how do you foresee making it useful to the average homeowner?

  431. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have the acute feeling that you are technically ready with the 1Mw plant, being your efforts dedicated to tune the direct electricity E-Cat generator. Am I wrong?

    Greetings

  432. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Now it is 06.45 p.m. of Sunday August 9 2015. An important date.
    You are not wrong, but I must repeat my mantric disclaimer: the final results could be positive, but also negative. About the direct production, I have news related to the new Hot Cat, named “M.me Curie”.
    I am working with it, it is a real revolution. Is important. Works very strongly and I am very optimist. Now we must test its duration. The performance is very interesting. I want to be clear: it is too soon to give data, it could have problems, but what I am seeing now is very, very, very good. It could be the leader for the very massive production. We will go directly from our tests to the market. If what I am seeing now goes on, in October will be tried the safety certification. I am like a coach of tennis that looks at a kid 4 years old playing and says: ” this is the future Federer”. Big , big hope. The result of an enormous R&D, working 16 hours per day.
    I have gone off the trail of your question, but I think you don’t mind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  433. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr Rossi: Why did you or your customer or IH decide on a year test rather than a six month test? Wouldn’t six months be adequate to answer all developmental questions?

  434. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Because we agreed upon the fact that one year is the minimum indispensable to be sure to collect consolidated data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  435. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    So as I understand your response, the 1MW thermal plant can, if needed, provide more than 1MW of thermal power, such as in a surge requirement, but it is designed for continuous 1MW output of thermal power. Is this essentially correct?

  436. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, you are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  437. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Have you heard any recent news about the experiments and activities of Giuseppe Levi and associates?

    Best Regards, Christopher Calder

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    No, I did not, but I assume that, being University activities, they are suspended for the Summer holidays; I expect the Professors will resume their work in September.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Vivienne Chabod

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The massive production will be made also for the 1 MW E-Cats or just for the domestic?
    Vivienne

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Vivienne Chabod:
    We will start with the industrial, that already have been properly safety-certified.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. Paul

    Andrea,

    Since only one reactor seems to break at a time (same reactor?), would it not be advantageous to have a spare 250 kW reactor waiting in the wings?

    Are the older style smaller reactors plumbed to work simultaneously with the new 250 kW reactors?

    Paul

  442. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes, we already are making another one…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  443. Italo R.

    If the fault is not in the reactor but in some external equipment, (for example defective weldings or leaking gaskets) it should be easy fixing them and prevent it from happening again.
    The important thing is that the reactor is working properly.
    Kind Regards
    Italo R.

  444. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    You are right: this test is useful also to refine the engineering, correcting problems that pop up only when you make real and long operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  445. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “4 x 250 kW E-Cats, to produce the MWh/h as per contract, plus a section of 52 E-Cats with a max power of 15 kW”. Can all the E-Cats be used to produce 1.78 MW of thermal power or are there other factors that preclude this from occurring (besides the control system)?

  446. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion: I am not an expert of the field of Icebergs, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  447. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Please consider the following application for future eCats.

    Icebergs can present a possible danger to not only shipping (e.g., Titanic) but to oil platforms, etc. The larger ones are tracked and their projected courses are published. According to Wikipedia, their mass is around 100,000 to 200,000 metric tonnes or about 100,000 to 200,000 cubic meters of ice. Could a 100MW eCat thermal (low temperature) unit negate the iceberg?

    Heat of Fusion of water = 334.774 J/gram.
    1 cubic meter of ice = 1000 kg = 10**6 grams
    Energy needed to melt one cubic meter of ice = 335 MJ
    Melting rate = 3.35 sec per cubic meter of ice for a 100MW eCat unit
    Time to melt a 200,000 metric tonne iceberg = about 700,000 sec or about one week.

    Time to actually melt will be longer depending on thermal transfer efficiency. Maybe twice as long.

    So a detected iceberg that is projected to strike an oil platform could theoretically be melted by an eCat unit given a week or two advanced notice. A 100MW eCat unit could be composed of 400 250kW reactors – not an unreasonable number.

    Another alternative would be to tow the iceberg so its path would no longer strike a fixed installation such as an oil platform. Also a long time effort.

  448. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The limit is posed by the Customer, that in this factory needs a thermal power of 1 MW, otherwise, theoreticallly, the plant could erogate the full power, even if this wouldn’t be the smartest way to operate. Better always have a good reserve.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  449. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, the reactor that has problems is the same of the last time?
    The fault is of the same type already happened?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  450. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes, same reactor; the break is related, but not the same.
    I cannot give information about this. We are working right now (00.42 a.m.) to repair.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  451. Jacques Dubas

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can we have an update of the 1 MW E-Cat and the M.me Curie Hot Cat?
    Cheers,
    Jacques Dubas

  452. Andrea Rossi

    Jacques Dubas:
    Now it’s 07.20 p.m. of Saturday August 08. The new Hot Cat ( M.me Curie) will be put again in operation tomorrow morning. The 1 MW E-Cat is giving troubles that I cannot disclose with one 250 kW E-Cat. Should be repaired by tomorrow morning, otherwise we will activate the reserve. Tonight we will have to work on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  453. Dyson

    Doctor Rossi:
    All the decisions of the board of directors of Leonardo Corp are made in collaboration with all the licensees?
    Thank you,
    Dyson

  454. Andrea Rossi

    Dyson:
    Of course, the strategy in their specific Territories will be agreed upon together, along the provisions of the specific agreements.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  455. My main business is based on renewable energy but lately I have been torn about telling client to invest in large scale solar and wind because I can see that LENR could dominate in this area very quickly especially when investors are spreading their investments over 20 years. I can still see a role to be played by solar and wind in the small scale in homes as it is a very simple maintance free technology for at least the near term. I was wondering Mr Rossi for your opinion.

    Thank you

  456. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I must be honest and clear: I am repeating continuously that our technology is under examination along the test on course in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat. Until the tests will not have been completed I cannot give answers like the one you are asking. My suggestion is: take in serious consideration the E-Cats only when we will sell them massively. About our competitors, obviously, I cannot talk.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  457. Kim Dunn

    Dear Andrea:
    I agree with what you answered to Ing. Michelangelo De Meo. You do not need political sustain as well as you do not need to convince biased sceptics. Once your E-Cats will be on the market your success and your credibility will be totally independent from any other consideration, scientific or not. Bill Gates made Microsoft exactly along a path similar to the one you have chosen.
    What counts for us is that you sell good E-Cats in all the world. All the other chatters of sceptics, detractors and the idiots that pursue your past, good or bad as it might be, are not significant.
    Godspeed,
    Kim Dunn

  458. Andrea Rossi

    Kim Dunn:
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  459. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    In my experience, from an economics standpoint, a working company needs to hire one employee for each $250,000 to $500,000 of yearly sales that company produces. Therefore if you sell an average of 500 megawatt devices per year you will need 1000 to 2000 employees to properly maintain all necessary functions. Even with a robotic production line, the necessary administrative and support personnel will probably require a large number of employees. Have you taken the necessary steps to acquire these people if within the next 6 months your tests are positive and you move to manufacture and distribute your output?
    Personnel regards.

  460. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    The numbers are not right, but the issue is valid. We are organizing the production as well as all the outsourcing system.
    It is not simple.Besides, before we have completed the tests we cannot start the investments. We are in a transitory situation.
    Anyway we are studying the problem. I can add that the outsourcing system has been well organized, also foreseing the possible variables.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  461. Joe

    Daniel,

    I thank you for the graph and the interesting discussion. Very enlightening. The advent of the E-Cat should help tremendously in preventing a runaway warm climate.

    All the best,
    Joe

  462. Andrea Rossi

    Joe:
    Please remember that the tests of the E-Cat are on course and that the results could turn out to be negative. We are doing our best to obtain good results, but it is premature to formulate positive statements.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  463. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Re Omar Sivori, what a great name, for those who remember the great soccer player of the same name.
    Question: in the Team making the tests on the 1 MW E-Cat in the factory of the customer of IH are there both persons of Industrial Heat and of Leonardo Corporation working together?
    Thank you and regards,
    Patrick

  464. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Obviously, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, we inform you that on August 7 was asked the Italian University and Research Minister Stefania Giannini, why not respond to the numerous queries made ​​on LENR? She said it will be activated immediately .
    The question is at minute 13:50.

    https://www.radioradicale.it/scheda/450195/filodiretto-con-il-ministro-stefania-giannini

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information, but I do not think that political support will be of any help for the LENR. The only real support can come exclusively from the diffusion of the E-Cats in the market. All the rest will be vain chattering, ending up with the usual sceptic mumbojumbo. As you see I never react, anymore, to all the stupidities around, not to lose precious time to make a product ready for a massive market. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. AlbertN

    Dear Dr.Rossi,

    You said recently, ‘I am betting my life on a result that is not granted’. You seem to be putting a lot of pressure on yourself. We all wish the results to be positive of course, but what happens if, unfortunately, the results are negative? What then? Do you keep trying new stuff/give up/retire? Have you given this possibility some thought …?

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    I fight to win.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Oscar Magnusson

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- can you confirm if Leonardo Corporation holds totally the Intellectual Property of the so called Rossi Effect?
    2- did Leonardo Corporation sell the IP to any Licensee for some territory?
    3- did Leonardo Corporation make agreements to sell licenses for the manufacturing and/or sell the E-Cats for limited territories?
    Thank you if you can answer.
    Oscar

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Oscar Magnusson:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Omar Sivori

    Dear Andrea,
    probably you do not remember, but you invited me to play foot ball in the beach of the hotel Summit in Gaeta ( Italy) in the August 1982, and I told you I needed to rest and declined. Now I repent, because to play with you would have been an honour: congratulations for your enormous work for all of us. You will win at last.
    Cheers,
    Omar

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Omar Sivori:
    Yes, I remember perfectly! My team lost 8-1 against the team of the employees of the hotel and we had to pay the supper to them. Fortunately the wager did not include dishes cleaning.
    Nice times, nice place!
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Jouni Tuomela

    Hello Mr. Andrea Rossi.

    I just felt like giving You a hug, for your tremednous efforts for the mankind. Here it goes:
    H U G !!!

    Your exercising (physical) efforts seem just unbelievable, in addition the hard work you do inside the containers.

    All the best for You,
    Though I felt quite disappointed some time ago when first hearing of the 1MW Cat made of the thousands of those smaller Cats…!

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Jouni Tuomela:
    Thank you for your kind words and care.
    As a matter of fact, the 1 MW E-Cat has been designed strategically to have 4 x 250 kW E-Cats, to produce the MWh/h as per contract, plus a section of 52 E-Cats with a max power of 15 kW each to be employed as a reserve in case of failure of one or more of the 250 kW E-Cat during its/ their reparation. As you see, they are redundant, and this redundance has been foreseen to be conservative. I had to be conservative, because if this plant fails I will be destroyed from any existing side. It is a matter of life or death. And I am not joking. Therefore the strategy of this plant has been designed foreseeing any kind of attack from any point. Nevertheless, when I wake up to go to make my job, I pray God to save me for another day. I do all I can, the rest depends on Him. This is why I have to work 16 hours per day, so, at least, whatever happens, I will be able to say to myself and to Him that I did all I was able to do: negative results are still and always behind the corner in the dark of a technology that has still to be confirmed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. gian

    Dal sito EGO OUT di Peter Gluck:

    Инициирован процесс разработки полномасштабной программы исследований НЭЯР
    http://lenr.seplm.ru/novosti/initsiirovan-protsess-razrabotki-
    polnomasshtabnoi-programmy-issledovanii-neyar

    La scienza ufficiale russa si muove?
    Official Science is alert in Russia?

    All’ Occidente rimane Andrea Rossi?
    We have just Rossi?

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    The wonderful work of Parkhomov has been able to move the fertile scientific ground in Russia.
    We are doing what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Alicia Gutierrez

    Dear Andrea:
    Will you give us fom this blog information about the new “M.ma Curie Hot Cat”?

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Alicia Gutierrez:
    You bet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you are doing well. I had a few questions about your ongoing work

    1. Does the new Hot-Cat design have higher power output? Is there any relationship between having higher temperatures and power density? It would seem intuitive that something that is hotter would be releasing more heat, but it doesn’t sound like that relationship actually plays out since you have high power/lower temperature E-cats?

    2. You mentioned that the 250KW E-cats were the only built reactors that worked reliably. Do you have a good understanding of why these worked when others did not? Are you confident in your ability to mass produce other 250KW reactors that work as well.

    3. Are there any plans in the forseeable future to build larger (100KW, 250KW) hot-cats that can be used for industrial electricity production?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions. I hope that you give yourself a break and get some rest over the weekend.

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    1- I will give data for these issues after the tests on the new Hot cat will have been done
    2- I did not say the others did not. I said the others are spared as reserves
    3- To answer to this question I need the cristall ball, but, as you surely well know, I didn’t receive it from Amazon…yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Albert Ellul

    Following your comments on a daily basis I find that with respect to time your comments have a more or less linear increase in subdued optimism, as in Y=aX+b where Y=optimism and X is time.

    Wish you luck.
    God speed.

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Yes, the integral makes sense, otherwise I’d not stay here to give my life for nothing. Nevertheless, the final results could be either positive or egative. I am betting my life on a result that is not granted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. Robert Curto

    Dr.Rossi, If E-Cat can produce Electricity more economically then:
    Solar, only produces Electricity when the Sun shines.
    Wind, only produces Electricity when the Wind blows.
    They want to buy 175 GW (175,000 MW) in 7 years.
    Maybe you can build a Factory in India, to produce the 700,000 Tigers needed.
    This Factory could also supply neighboring Countries.
    The shipping cost alone saved would be enormous.
    India would welcome you with open arms, and a big pocketbook.
    Google:
    INDIA EYES 175 GW OF RENEWABLE ENERGY BY 2022
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for your insight. As a matter of fact, the application of the Carnot cycle to the Hot Cats is not far from realization, provided the final results of the tests on course will be good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi you wrote about the 250 kW reactors:
    “..the Four in operation are the only working after a series of failed prototypes ….”

    It seems therefore that it is difficult to build such reactors. Have you already passed the stage of the prototypes?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  486. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The 4 x 250 kW E-Cats are working, as you know, along a 350 days test and R&D. After the tests will have been completed, we will know if they are mature to become a product, but I must remind you that we know that the final results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Joe,

    You wrote:

    Just a personal question: (August 6th, 2015 at 7:01 PM)

    Since climate is a balance of radiative forcings, would you prefer a warmer Earth now and in the indefinite future, so as to prevent the next glaciation; or would you prefer a cooler Earth (restricting CO2 emissions, etc) and risk a glaciation which some scientists contend would have already begun were it not for human activity of the last few centuries or even millennia?

    My answer:

    I certainly would not want to live during an ice age, so if a world that is a little bit warmer can avoid it, I prefer the warmer world, but, of course, without runaway climate. And they wrote that 300ppm (which only is 20ppm more than the natural interglacial maximum) is sufficient to avoid an ice age in the next 50.000 years (=50kyr in their notation), to which I completely agree (see further), but we now already have 400ppm in the atmosphere, which is 120ppm extra above the natural interglacial maximum of 280ppm, that in turn is only 100ppm more than the 180ppm we had during the last ice-ages.

    So, to be very honest, I was amazed that they have put so much attention to it in the latest report (of 2013), but maybe that was because sceptics asked a lot of questions about it?

    P.S. Here is a link to an interesting article and clear explanation of the theory of Milankovitch:

    http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Milankovitch/

    With a very rough, but important figure included:

    http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Milankovitch/Images/orbital_variation.gif

    I mention this, because in 2003 I used exactly that very rough figure to find out (only as an ‘educated guess’ or rough estimate) if there was a risk to go into an ice-age during the next 100.000 years, and my conclusion was that there were 3 critical points (see minimums of obliquity, the curve in the middle of the above figure): one after about 10.000 years, another after about 50.000 years, and the last one after about 90.000 years, but as the eccentricity (see the curve below in the above figure) during the next 100.000 years remains below the present value of 0.017, I concluded that only the last (and deepest) minimum (after 90.000 years) of the curve in the middle of the above figure (= the obliquity) was dangerous. But of course, this was only a rough estimate or rough ‘educated guess’, also because I only compared with the last ice-age, and not with previous ones. But knowing this, you understand that it is not a surprise to me that the experts, who have much more (and much more accurate) data at their disposal, conclude that there’s no risk for an ice-age during the next 50.000 years, because based on the above very rough data, and compared with only the last ice-age, I come to the same conclusion, even at the normal interglacial value of 280 ppm of CO2 in the atmosphere, so their maybe was no risk at all, and we probably don’t need extra CO2 in the atmosphere to avoid it… ;-)

    Nevertheless, the above also shows how sensitive the equilibriums of climate and environment on our beautiful planet (blue marble seen from space) are.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  488. Joe

    Daniel,

    Again I thank you for the work you put into this response.

    Just a personal question:
    Since climate is a balance of radiative forcings, would you prefer a warmer Earth now and in the indefinite future, so as to prevent the next glaciation; or would you prefer a cooler Earth (restricting CO2 emissions, etc) and risk a glaciation which some scientists contend would have already begun were it not for human activity of the last few centuries or even millennia?

    All the best,
    Joe

  489. Andrea Rossi

    Kelly:
    As I said, the surgery I got is archeology. I am perfectly well, returned as before the hernia came out. I swim 30 minutes every day and go with my bike for 1 hour every day. Thanks to God, I got back totally my physical efficiency and this is important for my work, that is made by inspiration, but also and mostly by perspiration ( Edison)
    Thank you for your kind care,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Of a 250 kW module, Are these of a single reactor core or is it an assembly of reactors somewhat like layers of fuel rods evenly spaced within.

    I see that you have been directing your followers to rossilivecat.com to see all posts & comments in 1 place.

    Something that may be of interest to some. On rossilivecat.com, you can click on the underlined date/time “August 5th, 2015 at 5:01 PM”

    This will take you to the original comment on JONP or you can obtain the link to do so if one wanted to embed it in their blog.

    Kind regards,

    Dan C.

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thak you for the suggestion.
    About the 250 kW E-Cats: description and data will be given after the end of the tests on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Paul

    Andrea,

    How many 250 kW Tiger e-cats have been built to-date?

    Paul

  494. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The four in operation are the sole working after a series of failed prototypes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. Kelly Lensington

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    How is your health now? You had surgery on July 20, how are you after 18 days? We are worried because you did not any convalescence and returned to work the day after the surgery, which is crazy!
    Can you swim again half hour per day as you used to do?
    Cheers,
    Kelly

  496. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi and readers,

    Please look at the following article by David French from two years ago that discusses the power density of the sun.

    The Sun, of course, runs much longer than a year on a single charge, or we wouldn’t be having this discussion.

    Please compare with the power density of the 1 MW plant (4 Tiger version).

    http://coldfusionnow.org/power-equivalent-to-the-sun-we-already-have-it/

    Very warm regards,

    Joseph Fine

  497. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Could you tell us the approximate mass of Nickel your 250 KW Tiger reactors consume per year?

    Best wishes
    FM

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    This information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. AlbertN

    Dear Dr.Rossi,

    I am glad to hear that the repairs have gone well and all is back to normal. I have a few questions.

    1- How many of your team had to be waken up? How many had to lose a good night sleep? Hehe.
    2- You have praised your team many times. In the last six months has it grown/reduced/same in size?

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    1- two
    2- same
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Perry Dalton

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give an update about how the E-Cats will be going in the moment when you will read this question?
    Cheers,
    Perry Dalton

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Perry Dalton:
    Now it’s 08.45 a.m. of August 6.
    All reparations made, now She is working regular, no troubles so far. Saturday we will re-start the “M.me Curie” version of the new Hot Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, what size could have a future plant of 1 MW made with only 4 Tigers?
    You probably will not need to use a container like the actual.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The block of 4 Tigers can be reduced to the following dimensions ( in meters): 2.0 x 1.0 height 1.5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Ivan Idso

    Dr. Rossi,

    My local utility has a contract to provide 50,000 pounds per hour of steam to a major medical center for heating and cooling. Can you relate this to MW from your plants?

    Keep up the good work!!!

    Ivan Idso

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    If I have understood, you are asking how many MW of power are necessary to produce 50,000 lbs of dry steam.
    If my understanding of your question is correct, to produce with our industrial E-Cats 50,000 lbs of steam we need 60 modules of 250 kW of power each.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  507. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Joe

    You wrote:

    (August 5th, 2015 at 6:19 PM)

    One more question:
    If the lower concentrations of atmospheric CO2 in the glacial periods only serve to amplify the cooling trends already started by extraterrestrial sources (Milankovitch cycles, etc), how can abnormally high concentrations of CO2, like we have today, prevent the onset of further glacial periods, since CO2, for whatever reason, is drawn down at the start of glacial periods?

    My answer:

    That’s just a matter of the influence of ‘radiative forcings’ on the energy balance of the planet. For a definition of RF (Radiative Forcing) and EFR (Effective Radiative Forcing, a new concept that they use since the latest report): see ‘Box 8.1 Definition of Radiative Forcing and Effective Radiative Forcing’ (in Chapter 8 of the latest Report):
    (P.S. this is the last time I copy a text out of the pdf-files of the report, because I cannot simply copy-paste, but have to edit, and this is too much time-consuming ;-) :

    Box 8.1 | Definition of Radiative Forcing and Effective Radiative Forcing

    The two most commonly used measures of radiative forcing in this chapter are the radiative forcing (RF) and the effective radiative forcing (ERF). RF is defined, as it was in AR4, as the change in net downward radiative flux at the tropopause after allowing for stratospheric temperatures to readjust to radiative equilibrium, while holding surface and tropospheric temperatures and state variables such as water vapor and cloud cover fixed at the unperturbed values.

    ERF is the change in net TOA downward radiative flux after allowing for atmospheric temperatures, water vapour and clouds to adjust, but with surface temperature or a portion of surface conditions unchanged. Although there are multiple methods to calculate ERF, we take ERF to mean the method in which sea surface temperatures and sea ice cover are fixed at climatological values unless otherwise specified. Land surface properties (temperature, snow and ice cover and vegetation) are allowed to adjust in this method. Hence ERF includes both the effects of the forcing agent itself and the rapid adjustments to that agent (as does RF, though stratospheric temperature is the only adjustment for the latter). In the case of aerosols, the rapid adjustments of clouds encompass effects that have been referred to as indirect or semi-direct forcings (see Figure 7.3 and Section 7.5), with some of these same cloud responses also taking place for other forcing agents (see Section 7.2).

    Calculation of ERF requires longer simulations with more complex models than calculation of RF, but the inclusion of the additional rapid adjustments makes ERF a better indicator of the eventual global mean temperature response, especially for aerosols. When forcing is attributed to emissions or used for calculation of emission metrics, additional responses including atmospheric chemistry and the carbon cycle are also included in both RF and ERF (see Section 8.1.2). The general term forcing is used to refer to both RF and ERF

    This figure gives an overview of these ‘radiative forcings’ (in Watt/m², relative tot the pre-industrial situation in 1750), that influence the energy balance of the planet:

    http://www.ipcc.ch/report/graphics/images/Assessment%20Reports/AR5%20-%20WG1/Chapter%2008/Fig8-17.jpg

    And the whole of Chapter 8 is dedicated to it:

    http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_Chapter08_FINAL.pdf

    So, because of the presence of extra CO2 in the atmosphere (in the troposphere near the surface), and because of the enhanced greenhouse effect that is related to it (extra absorption of infrared radiation, that is otherwise reflected by earth to space, but is now captured by the CO2 in the troposphere), there’s a positive radiative forcing (in Watt/m²) attributed to it, and this compensates for the negative radiative forcing due to slow orbital changes of the earth (cycles of Milankovitch), so that a possible starting of an ice-age is inhibited (at least for a while), or even completely prevented.

    And there’s a lot written about it in Chapters 5 and 6 in the report:

    (the last time I copy out of these pdf-files, because it’s not simply copy-paste, but I have to edit it, and this is very time-consuming)

    From the ‘executive summary of Chapter 5′:

    It is virtually certain that orbital forcing will be unable to trigger widespread glaciation during the next 1000 years. Paleo-climate records indicate that, for orbital configurations close to the present one, glacial inceptions only occurred for atmospheric CO2 concentrations significantly lower than pre-industrial levels. Climate models simulate no glacial inception during the next 50,000 years if CO2 concentrations remain above 300 ppm. {5.8.3, Box 6.2}

    5.8.3 Next Glacial Inception (page 435 of chapter 5):

    Since orbital forcing can be accurately calculated for the future (see Section 5.2.1), efforts can be made to predict the onset of the next glacial period. However, the glaciation threshold depends not only on insolation but also on the atmospheric CO2 concentration (Archer and Ganopolski, 2005). Models of different complexity have been used to investigate the response to orbital forcing in the future for a range of atmospheric CO2 levels. These results consistently show that a glacial inception is not expected to happen within the next approximate 50kyr if either atmospheric CO2 concentration remains above 300 ppm or cumulative carbon emissions exceed 1000 PgC (Loutre and Berger, 2000; Archer and Ganopolski, 2005; Cochelin et al., 2006). Only if atmospheric CO2 content was below the pre-industrial level would a glaciation be possible under present orbital configuration (Loutre and Berger, 2000; Cochelin et al., 2006; Kutzbach et al., 2011; Vettoretti and Peltier, 2011; Tzedakis et al., 2012a). Simulations with climate–carbon cycle models show multi-millennial lifetime of the anthropogenic CO2 in the atmosphere (see Box 6.1). Even for the lowest RCP 2.6 scenario, atmospheric CO2 concentrations will exceed 300 ppm until the year 3000. It is therefore virtually certain that orbital forcing will not trigger a glacial inception before the end of the next millennium.

    From Chapter 6 Box 6.1.

    Box 6.1 | Multiple Residence Times for an Excess of Carbon Dioxide Emitted in the Atmosphere

    On an average, CO2 molecules are exchanged between the atmosphere and the Earth surface every few years. This fast CO2 cycling through the atmosphere is coupled to a slower cycling of carbon through land vegetation, litter and soils and the upper ocean (decades to centuries); deeper soils and the deep sea (centuries to millennia); and geological reservoirs, such as deep-sea carbonate sediments and the upper mantle (up to millions of years) as explained in Section 6.1.1.1. Atmospheric CO2 represents only a tiny fraction of the carbon in the Earth System, the rest of which is tied up in these other reservoirs. Emission of carbon from fossil fuel reserves, and additionally from land use change (see Section 6.3) is now rapidly increasing atmospheric CO2 content. The removal of all the human-emitted CO2 from the atmosphere by natural processes will take few hundred thousand years (high confidence) as shown by the timescales of the removal process shown in the table below (Archer and Brovkin, 2008). For instance, an extremely long atmospheric CO2 recovery time scale from a large emission pulse of CO2 has been inferred from geological evidence when during the Paleocene–Eocene thermal maximum event about 55 million years ago a large amount of CO2 was released to the atmosphere (McInerney and Wing, 2011). Based on the amount of CO2 remaining in the atmosphere after a pulse of emissions (data from Joos et al. 2013) and on the magnitude of the historical and future emissions for each RCP scenario, we assessed that about 15 to 40% of CO2 emitted until 2100 will remain in the atmosphere longer than 1000 years. These processes are active on all time scales, but the relative importance of their role in the CO2 removal is changing with time and depends on the level of emissions. Accordingly, the times of atmospheric CO2 adjustment to anthropogenic carbon emissions can be divided into three phases associated with increasingly longer time scales.

    Phase 1. Within several decades of CO2 emissions, about a third to half of an initial pulse of anthropogenic CO2 goes into the land and ocean, while the rest stays in the atmosphere (Box 6.1, Figure 1a). Within a few centuries, most of the anthropogenic CO2 will be in the form of additional dissolved inorganic carbon in the ocean, thereby decreasing ocean pH (Box 6.1, Figure 1b). Within a thousand years, the remaining atmospheric fraction of the CO2 emissions (see Section 6.3.2.4) is between 15 and 40%, depending on the amount of carbon released (Archer et al., 2009b). The carbonate buffer capacity of the ocean decreases with higher CO², so the larger the cumulative emissions, the higher the remaining atmospheric fraction (Eby et al., 2009; Joos et al., 2013).

    Phase 2. In the second stage, within a few thousands of years, the pH of the ocean that has decreased in Phase 1 will be restored by reaction of ocean dissolved CO2 and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) of sea floor sediments, partly replenishing the buffer capacity of the ocean and further drawing down atmospheric CO2 as a new balance is re-established between CaCO3 sedimentation in the ocean and terrestrial weathering (Box 6.1, Figure 1c right). This second phase will pull the remaining atmospheric CO2 fraction down to 10 to 25% of the original CO2 pulse after about 10 kyr (Lenton and Britton, 2006; Montenegro et al., 2007; Ridgwell and Hargreaves, 2007; Tyrrell et al., 2007; Archer and Brovkin, 2008).

    Phase 3. In the third stage, within several hundred thousand years, the rest of the CO2 emitted during the initial pulse will be removed from the atmosphere by silicate weathering, a very slow process of CO2 reaction with calcium silicate (CaSiO3) and other minerals of igneous rocks (e.g., Sundquist, 1990; Walker and Kasting, 1992). Involvement of extremely long time scale processes into the removal of a pulse of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere complicates comparison with the cycling of the other GHGs. This is why the concept of a single, characteristic atmospheric lifetime is not applicable to CO2 (Chapter 8).

    Box 6.1, Table 1 | The main natural processes that remove CO2 consecutive to a large emission pulse to the atmosphere, their atmospheric CO2 adjustment time scales, and main (bio)chemical reactions involved.

    Processes Time scale (years) Reactions

    Land uptake:
    Photosynthesis–respiration 1–102 6CO2+ 6H2O + photons →C6H12O6+ 6O2
    C6H12O6 + 6O2 →6CO2+ 6H2O + heat

    Ocean invasion:
    Seawater buffer 10–103 CO2+ CO3²- + H2O ↔ 2HCO3−

    Reaction with
    calcium carbonate 103–104 CO2+ CaCO3+ H2O →Ca2++ 2HCO3−

    Silicate weathering 104–106 CO2+ CaSiO3→CaCO3+ SiO2

    Box 6.1, Figure 1 | A percentage of emitted CO2 remaining in the atmosphere in response to an idealised instantaneous CO2 pulse emitted to the atmosphere in year 0 as calculated by a range of coupled climate–carbon cycle models. (Left and middle panels, a and b) Multi-model mean (blue line) and the uncertainty interval (±2 standard deviations, shading) simulated during 1000 years following the instantaneous pulse of 100 PgC (Joos et al., 2013). (Right panel, c) A mean of models with oceanic and terrestrial carbon components and a maximum range of these models (shading) for instantaneous CO2 pulse in year 0 of 100 PgC (blue), 1000 PgC (orange) and 5000 PgC (red line) on a time interval up to 10 kyr (Archer et al., 2009b). Text at the top of the panels indicates the dominant processes that remove the excess of CO2 emitted in the atmosphere on the successive time scales. Note that higher pulse of CO2 emissions leads to higher remaining CO2 fraction (Section 6.3.2.4) due to reduced carbonate buffer capacity of the ocean and positive climate–carbon cycle feedback (Section 6.3.2.6.6).

    I hope this explains enough.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  508. Joe

    Daniel,

    I thank you for the detailed response.

    One more question:
    If the lower concentrations of atmospheric CO2 in the glacial periods only serve to amplify the cooling trends already started by extraterrestrial sources (Milankovitch cycles, etc), how can abnormally high concentrations of CO2, like we have today, prevent the onset of further glacial periods, since CO2, for whatever reason, is drawn down at the start of glacial periods?

    All the best,
    Joe

  509. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the explanation of the backup plan. Do you think in the future it might be easier and less complex to have one or more tigers as backups, rather than lots of smaller E-Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, because they will be born in that perspective. Probably, from now on the industrial E-Cat will be made by 250 kW modules, as a consequence of the tests on course, provided the same tests will give positive results at the end of this 350 days cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. Marcel Baumann

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    I follow your amazing startup project for a very long time now (at least 3years).
    I admire your achievments and I hope that the success will be for you and for humanity.
    I wanted to ask you, if the president of the US or some official representative has ever contacted you and if your share more background information to them, so they have a chance to beeing prepared for the day when a new energy source becomes available?
    Regards
    Marcel

  512. Andrea Rossi

    Marcel Baumann:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    In this moment it is important that we exploit our technology at the maximum possible level to give the maximum possible contribution to the policy started by the President related to the global warming issue.
    The important now is to bring our production to the real market. We have on course a very strong work to prepare for that the E-Cat, but the situation does not allow me to give more information, because it is still possible that the tests on course will give negative results. All the rest is confidential and I cannot give information in positive or in negative, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  513. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said recently that when one of the 4 tigers was shut down for repair, that the plant produced only 750 kW/h per hour. So it sounds like the smaller reactors did not come on automatically to supply the missing heat. Is this correct?

    Is there ever a time when the tigers (some or all) and the 100+ smaller E-Cats (some or all) are running at the same time?

    Thank you!

    Frank Acland

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, you got it: I try not to consume the reserves, to maintain them intact in case of serious failure of one or more “Tigers”. For short reparations it is not necessary to turn on the reserve. That is my safety boat if the ship sinks. This is the strategy. As a consequence of this strategy, we do not use the reserve together with the fighting “division”. We turned it on for several days at the beginning of the test, just to check it working, then turned it off and used only the 4 x 250.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Anna Green

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I never have seen a man work as much as you and with so much dedication. If the test will end up positively, you will have merited it beyond any doubt.
    God be with you.
    Anna

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Anna Green:
    Thank you, I share your kind words with my Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. James Rovnak

    Andrea some thoughts & comments on (ssm) LENR today, especially of Bob Cook’s on Vortexl – Bob & I are headed in the same direction, be it right or wrong, you probably have a better idea with your many years of actually developing this wonderful new process/product:
    Comments on Peter’s blog today:
    I like Bob Cook’s ideas posted on vortexl today & our thoughts are much alike in this area of dynamic B fields initiating, spreading/or decreasing & controlling (ssm) LENR power generating spots in current Rossi & successful replicators work to date.
    Bob comment today on vortexl:
    “LENR on a ChipJones–

    The SSP’s are very exciting with their huge magnetic local B fields which can
    change, rapidly touching (creating) many different resonances influenced by the
    B field. It promises engineering control of the energy states of the local
    coherent system as a function of time–just what a good LENR device needs to be
    practical.

    And. IMHO, the changing B field creates the coupling associated with the
    coherent system’s spin state, all during the small time increment the
    appropriate resonances occur, to allow the transition of mass energy to phonic
    energy and/or low frequency EM energy.

    This is basically what NMR devices do with brut force—yet mundane–magnetic
    coupling to accomplish nuclear spin energy transitions of relatively small
    magnitudes AND CORRESPONDING SMALL MASS CHANGES OF A NUCLEUS UP AND DOWN.

    The small magnitude transitions are consistent with what is seen in LENR
    experiments, as well as, Rossi’S industrial device. Gammas from classic,
    uncoupled (except within a nucleus) nuclear energy transitions are not apparent
    in any significant quantity in LENR. Neutrons that have significant energy
    resulting from two or few particle reactions also are not evident, since
    conservation of linear momentum is not involved when spin mass energy and
    associated angular momentum are the parameters that are conserved, IMHO.

    Understanding the very short, if any, time constants for the coherent system
    will be key in designing useful systems. This may well be the crux of
    understanding the “new physics” of LENR.

    Bob Cook. ”

    Jim IMHO Axil

    Jim Very interested in what Axil will have to add to these thoughts also. Wish you were free to help in our thought process with your long experience in actually making things happen.

  518. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight and update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Your comment is not arrived to this blog, but to the email of the JoNP, anyway you asked if we have one container for the small E-Cats and one for the 4 x 250 kW.
    Answer: no, we have in the same container two sections, one with the small E-Cats and one with the 4 Tigers, each section with a power of 1 MW. The strategy consists in using the 4 tigers, maintaining as a reserve the small E-Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Joe,

    This is the second part of my answer to your question of August 4th, 2015 at 5:42 PM

    I first repeat you question:

    Joe wrote:

    Daniel De Caluwe,

    If having higher concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere of a planet results in higher temperatures; and, conversely, having lower concentrations of CO2 results in lower temperatures; how does Nature remove enough CO2 from the atmosphere to cause an Ice Age

    My answer: (second part)

    In my previous message (= the first part of my answer) I explained already that it is NOT the CO2 that ’causes’ an ice age, and I repeat that first (small) part of my previous answer, because it is most important of all:

    In my previous answer I wrote:

    First, and most important of all, it’s not the variation of CO2 concentration that causes the ice ages, no, the glacial/inter-glacial cycles are mainly (at least these of the last 400.000 years) caused by orbital variations (i.e. (slow) cycles of Milankovitch, that cause a change/variation in the incoming solar energy), and in these (slow) natural cycles, CO2 concentration changes (only) AMPLIFY (and not cause!) orbitally-induced climate changes on glacial/inter-glacial time-scales

    But I also promised you to give an update of my previous answer by referring also to the present (and most recent) 5th assessment report of 2013 (IPCC).

    Their answer to your question ‘how nature does remove CO2 from the atmosphere’ during an ice age can be found in Chapter 6 of the report, of which there is a direct link on their website:

    http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_Chapter06_FINAL.pdf

    And in that link, you should read chapter (sub-chapters included) ’6.2.1 Glacial–Interglacial Greenhouse Gas Changes’ from page 480 to page 482 (figure 6.5 included!)

    And here is a separate link tot the important figure 6.5.: (It is explained in the text):

    http://www.ipcc.ch/report/graphics/images/Assessment%20Reports/AR5%20-%20WG1/Chapter%2006/Fig6-05.jpg

    So that’s the answer to your question, and here I only copy their summary (included in the pdf-file of chapter 6 of the report (IPCC)):

    6.2.1.1.7 Summary

    All of the major drivers of the glacial-to-interglacial atmospheric CO2 changes (Figure 6.5) are likely to have already been identified. However, Earth System Models have been unable to reproduce the full magnitude of the glacial-to-interglacial CO2 changes. Significant uncertainties exist in glacial boundary conditions and on some of the primary controls on carbon storage in the ocean and in the land. These uncertainties prevent an unambiguous attribution of individual mechanisms as controllers of the low glacial CO2 concentrations. Further assessments of the interplay of different mechanisms prior to deglacial transitions or in glacial inceptions will provide additional insights into the drivers and processes that caused the glacial decrease of CO2.

    Because several of these identified drivers (e.g., organic matter remineralization, ocean stratification) are sensitive to climate change in general, improved understanding drawn from the glacial–interglacial cycles will help constrain the magnitude of future ocean feedbacks on atmospheric CO2. Other drivers (e.g., iron fertilisation) are involved in geoengineering methods (see Glossary), such that improved understanding could also help constrain the potential and applicability of these methods (see Section 6.5.2).

    But remember, in this case (glacial/interglacial cycles due to slow variations of the orbital parameters (eccentricity, obliquity and precession) of the earth in her movement around our sun (i.e. cycles of Milankovitch)), the change of the CO2 content in the atmosphere, is an amplifying consequence, but not a cause of these glacial/inter-glacial cycles.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  521. domenico canino

    Please dr.Rossi, build two other tigers of 250 kwh/h and add these to the plant of the customer, with a system of automatic replacement, in case of failure of one of the original four. It’s a simple redundancy system. If and when there is a failure of one of the original four tigers, the ausiliary unit automatically starts and replace the one with problems. You and your team, have all the time to control the problem of the unit , while the plant doesn’t loose power. And so you can sleep all the night, because we need you to stay well.

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for the attention to our work.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  523. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you recently have spoken about reparations of 250kW reactors.
    Can you tell us if these reparations were within the reactor or in mechanical / electrical / electronic auxiliary components?

    Kind Regards
    Italo R.

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The problems were outside the reactors.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  525. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have noticed that the comments have nothing to do with the matter to be commented. I use to read most of them with attention finding this one highly interesting. Did the theory exposed by the authors drive you to the New Hot Cat conception?

    Greetings

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    No, it did not. Nevertheless, I share your opinion: this paper is very interesting, written by two high profile nuclear physicists from India.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Joe,

    You wrote: Daniel De Caluwe, If having higher concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere of a planet results in higher temperatures; and, conversely, having lower concentrations of CO2 results in lower temperatures; how does Nature remove enough CO2 from the atmosphere to cause an Ice Age, since the factors responsible for initially placing the CO2 in the atmosphere (eg biological activity, volcanic activity, fires due to lightning strikes) never cease to exist?

    My answer: As I was not involved anymore in climate-change discussions during the last 8 to 10 years, and as this is a very complex question in climate science, I normally should leave this question to experts in the field op paleo-climate, more precisely experts in the field of (variations in atmospheric CO2 during) glacial/inter-glacial cycles.

    Nevertheless, with some effort, and referring to the ipcc reports, I think I still can give a reasonable answer to your question, or at least an indication in what direction the answer can be found, and because I based my past climate discussions (already 8 to 10 years ago!) on the third assessment report of 2001, I will refer to that report in this message, but later, in another message, I will try to give an update to the 5th and last assessment report of 2013.

    Lets start:

    First, and most important of all, it’s not the variation of CO2 concentration that causes the ice ages, no, the glacial/inter-glacial cycles are mainly (at least these of the last 400.000 years) caused by orbital variations (i.e. (slow) cycles of Milankovitch, that cause a change/variation in the incoming solar energy), and in these (slow) natural cycles, CO2 concentration changes (only) AMPLIFY (and not cause!) orbitally-induced climate changes on glacial/inter-glacial time-scales

    Let’s look up in the third assessment report of 2001 what the climate scientists wrote about it:

    To start with a summary, read paragraph ’3.3.4 Implications’ in this link:

    (See: http://www.grida.no/publications/other/ipcc_tar/?src=/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/108.htm#334 ):

    3.3.4 Implications

    The Vostok record of atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic climate is consistent with a view of the climate system in which CO2 concentration changes AMPLIFY orbitally-induced climate changes on glacial/inter-glacial time-scales (Shackleton, 2000). Changes during the present inter-glacial (until the start of the anthropogenic CO2 rise) have been small by comparison. Although complete explanations for these changes in the past are lacking, high-resolution ice core records establish that the human-induced increase of atmospheric CO2 over the past century is at least an order of magnitude faster than has occurred during the preceeding 20,000 years.

    And to dig a little deeper, read paragraph ’3.3.2 Variations in Atmospheric CO2 during Glacial/inter-glacial Cycles’ on this page:

    ( See: http://www.grida.no/publications/other/ipcc_tar/?src=/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/107.htm )

    ‘…the Vostok ice core is the best available for the glacial/inter-glacial time-scale and covers the past four glacial/inter-glacial cycles (420 kyr) with a resolution of 1 to 2 kyr (Petit et al., 1999; Fischer et al., 1999). The general pattern is clear (Figure 3.2d): atmospheric CO2 has been low (but 180 ppm) during glacial periods, and higher (but 300 ppm) during interglacials. Natural processes during the glacial-interglacial cycles have maintained CO2 concentrations within these bounds, despite considerable variability on multi-millenial time-scales. The present CO2 concentration is higher than at any time during the 420 kyr period covered by the Vostok record…

    and

    The terrestrial biosphere stores 300 to 700 Pg more carbon during interglacial periods than during glacial periods, based on a widely accepted interpretation of the 13C record in deep-sea sediments (Shackleton, 1977; Bird et al., 1994; Crowley, 1995). Terrestrial modelling studies (e.g., Friedlingstein et al., 1995b; Peng et al., 1998) have reached the same conclusion. Thus, the terrestrial biosphere does not cause the difference in atmospheric CO2 between glacial and interglacial periods. The cause must lie in the ocean, and indeed the amount of atmospheric change to be accounted for must be augmented to account for a fraction of the carbon transferred between the land and ocean. The mechanism remains controversial (see Box 3.4). In part this is because a variety of processes that could be effective in altering CO2 levels on a century time-scale can be largely cancelled on multi-millenial time-scales by changes in CaCO3 sedimentation or dissolution, as discussed in Section 3.2.3.1.

    and

    Orbital variations (Berger, 1978) are the pacemaker of climate change on multi-millenial time-scales (Hays et al., 1976). Atmospheric CO2 is one of many Earth system variables that show the characteristic “Milankovitch” periodicities, and has been implicated as a key factor in locking natural climate changes to the 100 kyr eccentricity cycle (Shackleton, 2000). Whatever the mechanisms involved, lags of up to 2,000 to 4,000 years in the drawdown of CO2 at the start of glacial periods suggests that the low CO2 concentrations during glacial periods amplify the climate change but do not initiate glaciations (Lorius and Oeschger, 1994; Fischer et al., 1999). Once established, the low CO2 concentration is likely to have enhanced global cooling (Hewitt and Mitchell, 1997). During the last deglaciation, rising CO2 paralleled Southern Hemisphere warming and was ahead of Northern Hemisphere warming (Chapter 2).

    During glacial periods, the atmospheric CO2 concentration does not track the “fast” changes in climate (e.g., decade to century scale warming events) associated with Dansgaard-Oeschger events, although there are CO2 fluctuations of up to 20 ppm associated with the longer-lived events (Stauffer et al., 1998; Indermühle et al., 2000) (see Chapter 2 for explanations of these terms). During the last deglaciation, atmospheric CO2 concentration continued to increase, by about 12 ppm, through the Younger Dryas cold reversal (12.7 to 11.6 kyr BP) seen in Northern Hemisphere palaeoclimate records (Fischer et al., 1999; Smith et al., 1999). Palaeo-oceanographic evidence shows that the Younger Dryas event was marked by a prolonged shut-down of the thermohaline circulation, which is likely to have been triggered by the release of melt water into the North Atlantic. Similar behaviour, with a slight rise in CO2 accompanying a major Northern Hemisphere cooling and shutdown of North Atlantic Deep Water production, has been produced in a coupled atmosphere-ocean model (Marchal et al., 1998). The observed CO2 rise during the Younger Dryas period was modest, suggesting that atmospheric CO2 has, under natural conditions, been well buffered against abrupt changes in climate, including thermohaline collapse. This buffering is a direct consequence of the large reservoir of DIC in the ocean.

    Also, an interesting study (July 25, 2006) about the same subject, was this:

    http://www.virginia.edu/topnews/releases2006/20060725icesheets.html

    Ice Sheets Drive Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels, Inverting Previous Ice-Age Theory, New Study Shows

    In a later message, I will try to give an update of this from the 5th and last assessment report (IPCC) of 2013.

    Kind Regards,

  528. Joe

    Daniel De Caluwe,

    If having higher concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere of a planet results in higher temperatures; and, conversely, having lower concentrations of CO2 results in lower temperatures; how does Nature remove enough CO2 from the atmosphere to cause an Ice Age, since the factors responsible for initially placing the CO2 in the atmosphere (eg biological activity, volcanic activity, fires due to lightning strikes) never cease to exist?

    All the best,
    Joe

  529. Glenn Forrester

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain with your “in a nutshell” style how bosons are turned into fermions by the Higgs Boson?
    Thank you,
    Glenn Forrester

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Glenn Forrester:
    Too simple to be so simple, but just to give an idea: spontaneous break of Symmetry ( Global Symmetry) shows non zero values vacuum fields, among which there lurks the Higgs Field; Higgs Field breaks the Local ( Gauge) Symmetry: the Higgs Field is not supposed to interact with massless e.p. ( Bosons), but, concatenating Feynman diagrams, massive virtual e.p. fill up the gap between the Higgs Field and massless particles, which in this case are the Bosons W+, W- and Z^0, so that they are turned into Fermions.
    Note: I think Bosons and Fermions should have to be written with capital initial, because they come from Bose and Fermi, the Indian and Italian nuclear physicists respectively discoverers of Bosons and Fermions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Andrea Rossi

    This morning at 2 a.m. we had again a problem to one of the four 250 kW reactors. We lost the 25% of the production until 4 p.m. ( a couple of hours ago), when the reactor has been put again at work.
    Normal behavior regarding the rest of the plant. The “M.Me Curie” Hot Cat is not yet ready. In few words: a battle day. Now we are looking at the computers to check that all is set. The Murphy Law is enforced by the fact that problems happens always between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., when I am in the plant alone, apart the officers of the security. I spend the nights with the fatigue clothes to be ready to dive in the plant. Therefore for me is a sadistic solace to phone at 3 a.m. to my teamsters, saying ” We have a problem, please come here asap” ( he,he,he).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  532. Brad Beaver

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Please give us an update! What happened in the last 24 hours?
    Cheers,
    Brad

  533. James Rovnak

    Andrea very interesting post on Padua Reheat test cool down period today by me 356 on persistent heat in last hot spot area – Think some persistent LENR showing up?

    “”It is great that Triac circuit worked that well and nothing really failed.

    Today there was a moment, when I started the cooling process, but hot spot on the left side didn’t changed temperature for long time as it was powered by something else. Everything including average of L decreased temperature by more than 100°C.

    So there were really interesting phenomenons, but we can’t still be sure what really happened.

    Cell is maybe little bit bent, wire at the ends seems to be good. There are no cracks visible. So it looks like before the run.”

    Hot spot persisting far into shutdown. I mentioned yesterday that hot spot was wandering during Padua Reheat testing from side to side on fuel element & that I thought (ssm) LENR was trying to take hold & possible grow, but the unidirectional current flow through the heating coil did not seem to be helping. I still believe that had it been possible to reverse power source leads to coil via solid state relays at various frequencies the test might have presented a replication of Lugano significance. The current pulses would look much like those shown in the Lugano report in the PCE 380 picture.

    Jim

    PS Hope you had a chance to via Smothers Brothers visit to the Boston Pops years ago!

  534. Paul

    Andrea,

    With regards to retrofitting coal burning power plants, as long as the plant is still burning some coal, the current permits are valid. You are just adding technology to reduce the plant’s carbon emissions.

    Paul

  535. Dear Dr. Rossi,
    To avoid confusion:
    1- who is the owner of the Intellectual Property related to the E-Cat and the so called Rossi Effect?
    2- who will decide the global industrial and commercial strategy for the E-Cats?
    3- who will manufacture the E-Cats?
    4- who will sell the E-Cats?
    Wishing you good health and the best of luck with your important invention.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    1- Leonardo Corporation
    2- the Board of Directors of Leonardo Corporation, in collaboration with the Licensees on the base of their specific agreements and Territories
    3- Leonardo Corporation and the Licensees that have also the manufacturing license
    4- Leonardo Corporation and the commercial Licensees in their Territories
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Aclkand:
    Both modes are possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  538. James Rovnak

    Andrea some nice work by Ecco at MFMP on finite element simulation of magnetic fields in & near their fuel elements. http://www.quantumheat.org/index.php/en/home/mfmp-blog/499-how-the-get-the-right-catalyst Note finite element anlysis by Ecco on magnetic fields in & around fuel elements. I believe their controlled oscillations lead to initiation & control of LENR process?

    IMHO Jim

    I think me356 unidirectional current in last test did not stimulate (ssm) LENR process to very observable levels. However hot spot was seen to shift many times during their long duration run. Just maybe local LENR was trying to take hold & if some solid state relays could have been programmed to switch polarity on coils at various frequencies they would have had a much more successful test. That would have better replicated square wave current pattern shown in Lugano report & which I believe are necessary to initiate & control & either spread or reduce LENR active areas in replicator’s expeeriments.

    Well have a nice day Andrea, in the 90 hear in Boston & if you care for a little Boston music try this performance from the past & pay close attention to the very end & piano players instructions to Tommy. https://youtu.be/FrU_C7toDJk

    Jim

  539. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. gian

    Ringrazio per la tua cortese risposta.
    Mi attendevo che dopo la grossa rivelazione
    degli alti valori di COP raggiunti in regime SSM,
    tu potessi dare alle migliaia di tuoi sostenitori
    altre piccole ma preziose informazioni.
    Comprendo le tue buone ragioni.

    Senza voler infrangere i vincoli della riservatezza
    posso chiedere se:
    in questi giorni i grandi Hot Cats richiedono minor
    assistenza dei loro più piccoli, ma più numerosi
    fratellini?
    Madame Curie è tornata a dare le soddisfazioni del suo
    debutto?
    Con sempre viva simpatia e stima i nostri più cordiali saluti.
    _____________________________________________

    Thank you for your kind response.
    I expected that after the big revelation of the
    high COP values achieved under SSM,
    You could give tto the thousands of your supporters
    other small but valuable information.

    Without breaking the bonds of confidentiality
    I ask if:
    these days the great Hot Cats require less
    care of their smaller but more numerous
    brothers?
    Madame Curie is back to give the satisfactions of his
    debut?
    Always with great sympathy and respect
    our most cordial regards.

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    The maintainance is the same between Cats and Tigers.
    M.me Curie is still in remaking process: by the end of this week we should have it in operation.
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  542. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible for the 1 MW plant to be in ‘partial’ SSM — meaning that some reactors are in SSM, while other are in non-SSM?

    Or is it the case that in SSM, the whole plant is self-sustaining?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  543. Peter Forsberg

    Thank you!

    The Rossi effect can surely reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, but remember that you usually remind everyone on this blog that all sources of energy will still be needed in the future regardless of ECat success. And also remember that the test result of ECat may still be negativt or positive. So time will tell if we will have to move back into the caves or not based on IPCC recommendation. :-)

    Do you know what some people wrote on blogs after the announcement that an Ebola vaccine had been developed? “Looks like the world will not be saved after all!”. The environmental movement is not healthy when it leads to a hate of mankind.

    Best Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    I totally agree with this comment of yours,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    I do not agree that it is good to cultivate anti life sentiments among mankind. To live is to produce CO2. With every breath I exhale I produce C02. With every activity I do I produce CO2 via the fossil fuels I burn. While I write this, my computer and the internet indirectly consumes fossil fuels. If I drive to work my car produces CO2. So to live is a crime? Do we have to move back into the caves? This thinking will cause a lot of unnecessary hardship for all of us. I can recommend you to read the books Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged for a different perspective on mankind.

    Based on the evidence I have seen I think that there are other factors that drive the climate more that humanity. And there is also no such thing as a normal climate. The climate has always changed during the history of the earth. Why do you want it to be static? Do you think humanity can via some knobs keep it static? I promise you that we cannot.

    Anyways, I hope we both live long, so we can experience if AGW was a folly or if it was correct. And I also wish you the best of luck with the ongoing tests and the new Hot cat.

    Best Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Your considerations are valid too. I think that this issue must be considered with equilibrium and good sense, without exaggerations in one sense or the other. It has been a positive step, though, to start an action to reduce, within acceptable limits, the production of inorganic carbon. I understand that there is the drama of the jobs bound to coal mining, but this too is an issue that can be resolved by technological retrofitting. When I proposed to retrofit coal fueled power plants with a system of E-Cats, I have been told that it is practically impossible due to permissions and authorizations bound issues: maybe to ease the retrofitting authorizations could be an intelligent compromise.
    Thank you for your wishes, heartly returned to you for your academic career.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. gian

    La notizia è vecchia ma è sempre utile ricordare.

    http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/feb/26/biofuels-rubbish-eu-road-transport

    Affermi sempre che il risultato delle prove in corso può essere positivo o negativo.
    Vuoi almeno confermarci che l’effetto Rossi non solo esiste, ma che sicuramente fornisce un COP maggiore di 3?

    Abbi cura della tua salute. è il primo imperativo per il successo dell’ E-CAT.
    Saluti al calor bianco.

    ———————————
    Always you affirm that the results of the ongoing trials can be positive or negative.
    Will you at least confirm that the Rossi effect not only exists, but it certainly provides a COP greater than 3?

    Take care of your health. It is the first imperative for the success of the E-CAT.
    E-cat white heat greetings.

  548. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    First and foremost, thank you for your continue attention to our work.
    I will be able to give information related to the COP after the end of the 350 days test on course. As you know this is the policy that has been chosen and I cannot change it.
    Obviously, I sympathise with you and with everybody anxious to know the results. I am on your same page.
    One thing I can say: I am not here, inside the plant, 16 hours per day, included Saturdays and Sundays, not even thinking about holydays, to sharpen the tips of the pencils.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  549. Daniel De Caluwé

    @ Peter Forsberg,

    You wrote: What do you mean by “excess of inorganic C”? The CO2 you are referring to is what builds plant’s bio mass. How can there be an excess? How do you define the excess? Can we have too many green plants? Isn’t it better with more greenery when the worlds population is growing? There have been many times in the history of the planet where CO2 levels were higher as I am sure you know.

    My answer: See: http://www.grida.no/publications/other/ipcc_tar/?src=/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/fig3-2.htm (fig. d) and fig. e); source: IPCC scientific basis (working group I), third assessment report 2001)

    i) We have to go back 23 to 24 million years to find CO2 levels (in the atmosphere) above the level we have now (about 400 ppm), and as far as I know, this is longer than our species, the homo sapiens sapiens exist in nature. Do you want to go back to a time where only monsters were living in the seas and the oceans?

    ii) Look now at figure d): At least during the last 400.000 years (and maybe more), the level of CO2 balanced between 180 ppm (during Ice-ages) and 280 ppm (Interglacials, periods between Ice-ages, only 100 ppm more), so, during at least that period (the last 400.000 years, and maybe more), we had a predictable behaviour of the level of CO2 in the atmosphere, and the concentration remained between a very narrow band (only 100 ppm difference between Ice-ages and Interglacials), but what happened since 1750 (since the industrial revolution): As the CO2 level now is already 400 ppm, we’ve put an extra amount of 120 ppm (= already more than the difference between Ice-ages and interglacials) in the atmosphere, and if we do nothing, the concentration will rise further, above levels we only had before 23 tot 24 million years ago, longer than our species, the homo sapiens, exists.

    So, the ‘excess’ you asked for, is already 100 to 120 ppm, the same difference as between Ice-ages and Inter-glacials.

    iii) CO2 is a well known greenhouse gas, and we know that already since the research of John Tyndall (1820 – 1893), and as the oceans are forced to take up more CO2 (they are put under an atmosphere with rising CO2 levels), there’s also the problem of the dangerous acidification of the oceans, that causes a change in the kind of plankton, and the kind of fish, if any. So we’re also changing the environment of the oceans…

    iv) The amount of CO2 that we put in the atmosphere is far more than the land and the oceans can take up (in the nineteens, only half of what we discharged into the atmosphere was taken up, but as most is taken up by the oceans and the seas, and as the capacity of the oceans to take up more CO2 is reducing very quickly, we get a serious problem: the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere rises far too quickly, much more than the land and the oceans can uptake).

    Kind Regards,

  550. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you mean by “excess of inorganic C”? The CO2 you are referring to is what builds plant’s bio mass. How can there be an excess? How do you define the excess? Can we have too many green plants? Isn’t it better with more greenery when the worlds population is growing? There have been many times in the history of the planet where CO2 levels were higher as I am sure you know.

    Scientist in collaboration with polititians often make the mistake of trying to conserve the world as it is. But the world is constantly changing (panta rei). Of course human activity will change the world in many ways, but that is nothing wrong. We must adapt to changes, instead of trying to conserve the world as it is, because the latter is impossible.

    Best Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Again thank you for your comments.
    In a nutshell: when you burn a hydrocarbon ( therefore oil, coal, gas) you turn the organic C of the hydrocarbon into inorganic Carbon Dioxide. This is the excess we produce.
    I agree perfectly with you on the fact that the Earth produces inorganic C and I have been in past strongly sceptic about the global warming as an effect of human activity, but the last studies and calculations have convinced me that human activity is not irrelevant. You are right saying that we have to adapt to new scenarios of surviving necessities, it is true that, independently from us, panta rei; but it is exactly for this reason that we have to invent technologies that help us to leverage our surviving chances . The integrals related to the increase of global warming in function of the increase of hydrocarbons burning are impressive. Maybe human activity is not the main cause of the global warming, but it is beyond any doubt among the causes, therefore to implant in the cultural DNA of mankind the necessity to reduce the burning of hydrocarbons is useful, even if maybe not absolutely resolutive. Obviously I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readres:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today in posts of this blog different from this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  553. Dear Andrea,
    Have followed your efforts since early 2011. Your latest breakthroughs on the Hot Cat of over 1300 degC and larger reactors are huge in practical terms IMO. Awesome actually.
    You used to be looking for suitable companion generators. Maybe you are aware of the Capstone Turbine generators made in CA and sold widely.
    These have been modified in at least two occasions to run, through heat exchangers, with concentrated solar heat and from combustion heat of gases generated by wood gasifiers. Seems to me they are a natural for companions to your LENR reactors. They have high Power to weight, high reliability and low maintenance; are available in several sizes from 30 KW to over 5 MW in gangs. They have been in the market for many years now and a known quality. Disclosure: Yes I am a shareholder.
    Vern

  554. Andrea Rossi

    Vern Henneman:
    Thank you for your honest and useful comment.
    I take notice of what you suggest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  555. Paul

    Andrea,

    Depending on the billing practices of the local electrical utility company, you may be able to save your customer more money by synchronizing the non-ssm periods with the less expensive off-peak periods of the day.

    Paul

  556. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  557. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , new Russian scientists are replicating the effect Rossi . What do you think about it?

    ”Looks like another replication effort. claims COP>3 at 1347C. Another claim is that excess heat can be obtained at lower temps (800-900C) using thin-wall reactor (0.2 mm) comparing to thick-wall reactor. The mode of thermogeneration for the reactor with thick walls can be initialized at the temperature of 1350 C.”

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/08/01/new-russian-parkhomove-cat-replication-claim-cop-over-3-at-1347c/

  558. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you: this confirms what I said of the President Barak Obama. Surely the E-Cats, if the tests on course will be positive, will help his policy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  559. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, President Obama these will take a serious position on global warming. And ‘ the time of’ Hot cat!!

    CLIMATE CHANGE
    AND PRESIDENT OBAMA’S ACTION PLAN
    THE UNITED STATES IS LEADING GLOBAL EFFORTS TO ADDRESS THE THREAT OF CLIMATE CHANGE. PRESIDENT OBAMA IS TAKING THE BIGGEST STEP YET TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE BY FINALIZING AMERICA’S CLEAN POWER PLAN, WHICH SETS THE FIRST-EVER CARBON POLLUTION STANDARDS FOR POWER PLANTS.

    https://www.whitehouse.gov//climate-change

  560. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  561. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    I do not agree at all with the sentiment that carbon is a pollutant. Carbon is the most important building block of life. And calling it a pollutant is border line criminal behavior. The more CO2, the better. I think that the AGW hypothesis will be proven wrong eventually. The global warming agenda is anti life. I am pro life. Just because most so called scientist claim that AGW is a fact it does not make it so. Often in the history of science the majority was wrong. I hope you don’t mind, I wanted to balance the debate a bit.

    Best Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  562. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Thank you for your comment bearing your point of view. You are right when you say that C is necessary to any kind of life: no organic C, no life. What we were talking about is the excess of inorganic C in the emissions of human activity. I too until a couple of years ago used to think that there is no evidence of the fact that human activity affects the global warming, but, honestly, I am changing idea. Obviously, we know that any opinion can be wrong. For this reason all the opinions are very welcome.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  563. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Hergen ( August 2nd, 2015 at 11:30 AM ) that “The plant in operation in the factory of the Customer is made by 2 sectors: one with the small E-Cats and one with the bigger ones.”

    I have some questions, if you are able to answer.

    1. Are the smaller (10kW?) E-Cats and the larger 4x250kW E-Cats all in use at the same time providing heat to the customer?

    2. Do the different sector E-Cats all contribute heat to a single combined feed to the customer equipment, or is there one feed from the small E-Cats sector and a separate feed from the larger E-Cats sector?

    3. Is the total heat output of all the E-Cats combined equal to 1MWh/hr, or is the set-up a “mix and match” configuration where there is spare capacity between the different modules?

    4. If so, how much spare capacity is available, and do some modules run at less than 100% output some of the time or are some powered down when not needed?

    5. On Andrea-Rossi.com there is a photo showing you checking one of the smaller E-Cat modules inside the container ( photo ).

    At the distant end of the container there appears to be a set of larger E-Cat modules transverse across the width of the container. Are these modules the 250kW units seen in the photo of you listening to an E-Cat with the stethoscope?

    6. Last question for today – phew!! Were these 250kW modules planned and installed during the initial installation before delivery of the container to the customer, or added later?

    Many Thanks for patiently answering all these endless questions from us, The Readers!

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  564. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1- no
    2- confidential
    3- we supply 1 MWh/h
    4- confidential
    5- yes
    6- installed originally
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The data “confidential” will be published after the end of the tests on course.

  565. Mary Johnson

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank uou for your comment on the President Obama. Now he made another historical breakthrough: for the first time carbon is considered a pollutant. This will be another important legacy of his, for the defense of the environment.
    Cheers,
    Mary

  566. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Johnson:
    You are right. And the E-Cats can help ( F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  567. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, your response to Alexus was excellent.
    You are not working at a regular 40 hour a week job.
    If you worked 8 hours a day, 5 days a week:
    The stress and anxiety could cause great harm to your Health.
    Continue to work 16 hours a day.
    It makes you happy and content.
    Plus, with all the people praying for you, God will not let you down.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you, but I also must add that our Team is a strong help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  569. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    Being Chief scientist of IH and CEO of Leonardo Corporation seems too much even for you. Working 16 hours/day would break the strongest and healthiest man. At risk of being boring I repeat, take care of yourself and delegate some functions in your team. No Obamacare will protect you if you fall ill.

    Greetings

  570. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    God can protect me if I am right. I simply cannot work less than 16 hours per day. Period.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande: sorry for the misunderstanding. That will be possible when we will have started the massive production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi, thank you for your answer, can you say are you still experimenting with different fuel mixtures?
    Are there many different combinations that will give Cold Fusion or is there just one that you have found is the best?
    Could there be an as yet undiscovered combination that could give far more energy than those you have so far discovered?
    Best wishes

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    I cannot foresee what will happen in future: panta rei ( Heraclitus).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I think that now it would be possible interrupt the test period of the plant. You have already collected a lot of data and already proved beyond any reasonable doubt that the Rossi effect is real. That is because the world needs you now.

    I believe that President Obama knows your technology, and that his intervention on the environment has been made taking into account that it is already ready to operate on the market, starting to change our world.

    Kind Regards and God bless you
    Italo R.

  575. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    No, it is not possible to modify the terms of the test and still I must add that the results at the end of it can be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  576. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Ma Andrea ?!? Roberto intendeva dire camion/containers con dentro alloggiati numerosi HOT-CAT che piazzati nelle periferie delle città distribuiscono energia per i vari servizi . Non camion che vengono alimentati a LENR ! CIAO ANDREA Giannino di Udin .
    Roberto meant E-Cats transported by trucks, not fueling trucks.

  577. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, an excellent Post to Ian Walker.
    Fox News and others has brain washed many Americans to believe he is not a good President.
    Your 16 hour days are not only going to benefit America, but the entire human race.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    The enormous importance of the work of the President Obama is too momentous to be understood fully by all the people immediately: when he will be no more President his legacy will make History. Also Abraham Lincoln has been underevaluated by his contemporary counterparts: only after he died his gigantic figure has been fully understood and shared by almost all the people.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Andy Capp

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- Who is that owns the Intellectual Property of the E-Cats and of the Rossi Effect?
    2- Where is the mastermind that defines the strategy for the development of the E-Cats in the world?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Cheers
    Andy

  580. Andrea Rossi

    Andy Capp:
    1- Leonardo Corporation
    2- The Board of Directors of Leonardo Corporation will define the general strategy, to be assessed with the different Licensees in harmony with them depending on the specific characteristics of their Territories and on the specific allowances of their licences.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  581. Roberto M.

    Hi Andrea,
    I work for a HVAC (Heating, Venting, AC) company. We have been following your progress with our fingers crossed. You have been doing better than Moore’s Law for electronics chips. I am sure that you have heard of Moore’s Law that chip density doubles every two years. You have taken ecat from 5 kW to 250 kW in 5 years. Where do you see ecat to be in another five years. If you continue at the same rate, you will be at 50 times 250 kW. That is over 10 MW. If you mount ten of 10 MW ecats on a truck, you will have a mobile power plant for every small city. That would be interesting. You see any obstacles on the way for the next five years?
    To Moore, Infinity and Beyond,
    Roberto M.

  582. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto M.:
    As I said already, the application of the E-Cats to trucks will need twenty years of tests to get the necessary cerifications. I foresee applications in the fields of heating and electric power production in the next 5 years.
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  583. Steven N. Karels

    Italo R,

    While your math is correct for an effective COP of 125 to 142 while in the SSM mode, the overall mode is affected by two additional factors:

    a. The amount of power consumed by the reactors in the non-SSM mode of operation and the percent of time spent in SSM and non-SSM modes.
    b. Other power consumption independent of the reactors consuming power (e.g., the control system, pumps, required cooling, etc.).

    This is not to take away the brilliance of the eCat technology. As previously posted, we could easily estimate an effective COP of 6 or greater. If this is demonstrated, it would be a significant achievement.

  584. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Because the COP ( if any) will be communicated after the end of the tests on course, as I said many times.
    Warm Regards,
    A.T.

  585. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I did re-read your comments. You told us:

    a. The amount of power consumed in SSM.
    b. The percentage of time spend in SSM and non-SSM modes of operations

    What you did not tell us is the power consumed by the reactors when they are not in the SSM mode of operation. Can you provide that data?

  586. Ian Walker

    Hi Mr Rossi

    As a citizen of the USA your President sent you a memo on a subject I know is close to your heart:
    https://www.facebook.com/WhiteHouse/videos/10153662873839238/?fref=nf

    Will you be answering your nations call?

    Kind Regards Ian Walker

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Walker:
    Thank you, thank you for your important comment, which gives me the chance to write what I think of the President Obama: he is one of the most important Presidents of all the History of the USA.
    His legacy will be considered of the same level of the one of the President Abraham Lincoln. His Healthcare Revolution will have on the evolution of the American Society the momentous impact of a game changer, giving the right to health to the poorest sectors of the population. He has inherited , when he became President, a disastrous situation under economic, military profile and he has been able to lead this Country again toward a strong recovery. Lincoln has put the bases to give freedom to the Afro- Americans, Obama has put the bases to give to 50 millions of non wealthy Americans the right to have a sustainable healthcare. History will tell us all about the importance of this giant, while now his dimension is dwarfed respect the reality by political opportunism.
    What can I do to help him? Work at the best of our possibilities to create jobs and technology at the service also of the environment, which is the issue the link you report is centered upon.
    I am working 16 hours per day for this, and I am defending the Intellectual Property ferociously for this reason.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi, CEO of Leonardo Corporation

  588. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi, if you are allowed to answer, could you say, allowing for your fuel mixture to be very complicated, how much will cost the fuel respect plain nickel ?
    Best Wishes

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    What I can say is that the price of the charge is irrelevant, due to the tiny amount of it respect the energy produced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Hergen

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    I have several questions.
    For the 400 days test in the factory of your customer did you replace the reactor of 110 small modules with a reactor consisting of 4 x 250 kW modules? If yes, what was the reason?

    You told us the reactor with the 110 small modules would reach a very high COP, because the modules would work in a synergistic way. Do the 250 kW modules of the other reactor work also in a synergistic way?
    Is the COP of the reactor with the 4 x 250 kW modules as high as the COP of reactor with the small modules?

    Thank you.

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    The plant in operation in the factory of the Customer is made by 2 sectors: one with the small E-Cats and one with the bigger ones.
    I will give more info after the end of the test on course.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  592. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, you and your Readers may want to read the Biography of
    Marie Curie.
    Google: MARIE CURIE
    Click on: Marie Curie-Physucist-Biography,com
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  593. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you, good suggestion.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  594. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    I have been asked from several Readers why when I indicate an hour time on the comment appears a time one hour before: it’s because the system of this blog does not consider the Summer time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you have written:
    “…the consume of current when the 1MW E-Cat is in ssm, producing 1 MWh/h is between 7 and 8 kWh/h…”

    This would mean a COP between 125 and 142.
    Could it be roughly correct?
    That would be immensely great!

    Great Regards
    Italo R.

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    You must make a distinction between the ssm and the non ssm cycles. We will give the data related to the performance of the 1 MW E-Cat after the end of the tests on course.
    For example now, at 7.54 a.m. of Sunday August 2, She is not in ssm; all stable, all good, no problems by now, and the control system has put Her in not ssm mode.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Dave K

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I was happy to see you have named your reactor after Marie Curie. As it happens, I personally knew a man that helped supply Madame Curie with radioactive materials. His name was Howard Balsley of Moab, Utah. The story of his Yellow Circle Mine is one of legend, and I have seen with my own eyes the yellow circle of Carnotite ore first conceived of in miner’s dream. Mr. Balsley subsequently grub staked the prospector to go out and search for that yellow circle of uranium. That rock with the yellow circle was in Mr. Balsley’s back yard the last I knew.

    Mr. Balsley was in every way a kind and gentle man, and he endured my youthful curiosity with great patience.

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Dave K.:
    Thank you for this very interesting historical anecdote.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  599. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “the consumption of current when the 1MW E-Cat is in SSM, producing 1 MWh/h is between 7 and 8 kWh/h.” Can you tell use the current consumption when not in SSM?

  600. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please read well my comment: I told it already.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    Where can we find the documentation about “loss of control of Hot-Cats which results in a melted reaction chamber” as stated by Mr. De Vries? This will help us very much.

    Greetings

  602. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Rethinking, what you ask for can be answered: the comsume of current when the 1MW E-Cat is in ssm, producing 1 MWh/h is betwen 7 and 8 kWh/h. The air conditioner is not included, because powered from a source independent from the E-Cat, as well as the light. Entertaining gadgets are Physics books, they do not consume current. The current is consumed by the control panels, triacs, transformers, safety systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  603. John

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    You have previously gone on record saying that the 400 day 1 MW plant test will be completed sometime between December 2015 and February 2016. However, you also stated that the current test with the new configuration of four 250 kW reactors began on Feb 20th. Does this mean that the clock is ‘reset’ from this date and we should expect the end of the test at a later time than previously communicated?

    Best Regards,

    ~John

  604. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    So far we are on schedule to finish within February 2016, but the term could be delayed: to know when we will finish the tests we return to the issue of the missed delivery of the crystal ball.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  605. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    When the plant is stable in SSM mode giving 1 MW out, the input power should be only the necessary amount to feed the controller, air conditioning and entertaining gadgets. How much is it?

    Greetings

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Data related to the performance of the 1 MW E-Cat will be published after the end of the test on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. James Rovnak

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bz7lTfqkED9WSUM4VWI0aXBPVEE/view Look at video display on ongoing MFMP Rossi replication test.

    https://youtu.be/wfvlidn_Qv0

    Jim

    Nice view of set up video display with comments on right of screen at present.

  608. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have just read that you underwent a surgical operation. As I told you before, take care. When in doubt, work out. Your health is the most valuable thing you’ll ever possess. Anyway the 400 days term has not expired.

    Greetings

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    I suppose Mr De Vries was referring to the reports published in this blog in 2012. Anyway, as I already said, in this blog, among the circa 23700 comments that have been published so far, you can find about 5,000 comments related to tests on the E-Cat, in both high T and low T versions, that combined with the links in them make up about 1,000 pages. If you want, you can go through them to find all that has been written on the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Did your repair on the 250 kW reactor work? Plant okay now?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, the reactor has been repaired yesterday, now the plant is stable at 1 MW of power. Right now, at 03.52 p.m. of Saturday August 1st, the plant is stable in ssm. Next week we’ll put again in operation the “Marie Curie” new version of the Hot Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  613. Hugh DeVries

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    The history of loss of control of Hot-Cats which results in a melted reaction chamber is well documented. This is a failure mode that will not be acceptable in commercial or residential applications.
    Can the Hot-Cat reaction chamber be built of for example “tungsten carbide (2770 C)” which could contain a thermal soft-plug that melts and stops the reaction? Restarting then would be to replace the soft-plug and restart or recharge and restart.
    Best regards,
    Hugh

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh De vries:
    As a matter of fact, the Hot Cats Lugano-type are perfectly reliable and stable and their reliability and stability has been documented in the independent third party report after the Lugano test of about 1,000 hours, not to mention the tests made by us in our plant.
    Now we are working on an evolution type, named ” Marie Curie”, which should increase COP and ssm period and this new model is passing through all the troubles of an R&D, but we are working well and strong with it.
    The materials we use are confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. Trebz163

    Hi Andrea,

    I commend you for your remarkable patience in dealing with all the questions which attempt to
    find out how the Ecats are constructed or operated

    Basically these questions amount to asking for access to intellectual property for free.

    In a capitalist free enterprise system intellectual property is not free which is why investors pay money to support it
    and which is why this intellectual property can be developed further to provide benefit for society.

    I am sure that Bill Gates and Federico Faggin would deal with these questions in the same way as you have.
    Regards
    Robert Bryant Sydney August 1,2015

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Trebz 163:
    Dear Robert Fukiko Bryant: I agree with you, even if I sympathize with all the experimentalists that with candor are trying to replicate the effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. James Rovnak

    Andrea I liked your comment to Hank Mills & his efforts to help the engineer/physicist researchers. me 356 is running another test for Bob Greenyer & it has been going on for several days now. Great experimenter that me356 is. I think they lack one thing this time & that is a B field that oscillates bidirectionally along the axis of the fuel element like Lugano did. Currently it is unidirectional & has not stimulated much LENR as of late with operation in the 1000 C range. I think the SPPs are kept local & building with the bidirectional operation, only you would truly know. I still think there formation on the surface of the Ni & in the Li plasma are key to your successful process – is my presumption. They now measure temperature optically at both ends of element & by TC at the center & have optical track of the hot spot in the element which is probably local LENR region, just maybe! This is a great time for these experimenters as well as I. I love to see their novel ideas take shape & their determination to replicate & quickly. It warms ones heart to see the multinational effort with so much War in the world right now. Finally nations working together again for mankind’s benefit, no less. They are making some nice changes on the fly today to further investigate process. Well I’m back to the live video to see what’s happening this Saturday morning.

    https://youtu.be/4BS-oX1QRiE

    Some nice videos on BBC Atom1, Atom2 & Atom3 of general interest to all & very well done. Just do a Google search for Atom1 2 or 3!
    Cheers Jim
    Good luck with that new innovative idea Andrea!

  618. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your interesting update and again a warm hello to these brave experimentalists! Please remind them to wear ALWAYS mask and gloves, to protect properly nose, mouth, eyes and hands when they manupulate the powders of the charge described in the Lugano report. Sometimes to be accustomed makes the precautions relax, and this could be dangerous.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Following your technology with a curious mind is exciting but torturous at the same time. On the surface, it looks fairly simple. The few replicators that have produced significant excess heat on their first attempt also make it look easy. But then there are several others who perform tests with no success or very little. I have spent countless hours trying to figure out what is going on inside these reactors in order to determine the changes replicators should make, but I know all of my conjecture could be totally wrong. Everyday I think of several questions I want to ask you, but I refrain from posting most of them because I know you will not be allowed to answer. So I simply try to pull together bits and pieces of information
    From various sources that seem to make sense. When I come up with a thought that might be useful, I share it with the replicators I am in contact with. We have a growing group of replicators from around the world now, but I feel we are fairly directionless and without leadership. I’m not sure any of us are absolutely certain how to proceed.

    If we were given the smallest, tiniest nudge in the correct direction it would help immensely. My personal guess is that we need to try and enhance the conditions that would allow for plasma formation in the E-Cat. Of course we have no proof the lithium vapor and hydrogen gas is ever ionized. Many of us have other hunches and ideas. Because of the lack of any guidance from an authority that knows what is happening in these systems, everyone is basically going in their own direction.

    You have said over and over again that there is a huge difference between a prototype showing excess heat and an actual device ready for the marketplace. If so, I can’t help but wish Industrial Heat could provide a small amount of guidance to help the general replicating community achieve significant excess heat like Parkhomov, Songsheng, the Moscow team, and others have. For some reason, even following their suggestions, producing anomalous heat seems darn hard.

    And I can’t help but think your real competitors out there (who have the money to do hundreds of tests changing every single parameter) already have matched the results of Parkhomov and Lugano. Of course, since they are in it for financial gain, they will not be sharing any information with anyone. So both from Industrial Heat and your competitors, those honest replicators that simply want to prove to the world that the effect is real, are left in the dark without any assistance.

    I’m not upset with you. I understand your real need for secrecy. But I also can’t help but feel frustrated for all of the replicators I talk to on a regular basis (I wish you could join one of our chats for even a few minutes to say hello) who are spending their time, money, and energy mostly invain when the important variables they need to know about must be very simple.

    I apologize for my rant.

    Hank

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    I sympathize with you.
    The effect has been replicated well from scientists like Parkhomov and a good work is on course in other laboratories. About the other issues you raise, I am sure that smart persons like you can understand that I cannot give away graciously our IP to allow replicators to get solace.
    I take the chance you offer me to thank all the replicators for their attention to our work and i am sure all of them understand that I cannot devastate our enterprise and severe the serious investments necessary to the worldwide develpment of our concern. Nobody serious could invest in an enterprise without a well defended IP. I always said that the e-Cat is a very complex thing.
    About to give evidence in all the world of the validity of the effect: provided the tests on course will give positive results ( which is not certain yet, therefore scepticism has full right of citizenship), such evidence will not be given from any laboratory replicator, but from the products in the market and to make our products reach massively the market we need to preserve the Intellectual Property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you. Some typical ways that breakdowns are handled in business are as follows. Which of these would apply to your plants?

    1. Have redundancy built in (if one reactor breaks down, a spare turns on automatically while the broken one is repaired)
    2. Provide spare parts to operators, if a quick fix is possible.
    3. Provide manuals and training materials so staff can make possible repairs.
    4. Have a help desk where people can call for technical support.
    5. Have mobile teams of service personnel who can travel to sites to take care of major repairs.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It is interesting to learn of the reactor breakdown and repair you did today. Should something like this happen in a working industrial site, how would such repairs be taken care of?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  624. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    All these breakages are making technology, because we analyse the events and study how to avoid their repetition. Obviously, now and again the plants installed in the factories of our Customers around the world will have troubles; if they are foreseable, the operators will have the necessary instructions how to repair them, also with our assistance from remote by Skype; otherwise our assistance teams will have to intervene.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted about the Hot eCat being in SSM for 80% of the time over a ten hour period.

    Ignoring start-up conditions, we can bound the long-term effective COP. From previous discussions we know the COP during the non-SSM mode of operation is greater than 1.0. So the effective averaged COP must be at least 5.0 (10 hours / 2.0 hours) times a COP of 1.0 = 5.0. After start-up, the COP during the non-SSM periods is probably between 2.0 and 6.0 based on historic eCat performance reporting. If true, then the averaged effective COP will be between 10 and 30. Andrea – without discussing intellectual property issues, is this argument valid?

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We will give due information about the performance data after the tests on course will have been completed. So far I can only, responsibly, say that the results at the end of the tests on course could be positive, as I hope, but also could be negative. It is obvious that in this situation it would be plethoric to talk of COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. BroKeeper

    Dear Andre Rossi,
    Assuming a positive result followed by an imminent massive retail attack, has your staff increased significantly to handle its implied huge commercial logistics? Could you give us a feel to its growth if true? How much has R&D grown since its initial dozen? Thank you.
    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  628. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    We are working on it and due information will be given when it will be time. Obviously this all is contingent with the results of the test on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. KD

    Dir. Mr. Rossi.
    You got me.
    I don’t know if it can make a “risotto alla Milanese”.
    I never see or eat a “risotto alla Milanese”, But I think that “thank to you” it is possible.:)
    Tasty Regards,
    KD

  630. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    “M’illumino di mensa”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the 1MW plant performing at the moment?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Now at 08.30 a.m. of Thursday July 31st the 1 MW E-Cat is going stable, presently in ssm. Today at 03.12 a.m. we had a problem in one of the 4 reactors, I can’t disclose the nature of. It has been repaired in about 4 hours and at 07.12 the repaired reactor has been put again in operation. During the reparation the power of the plant has been reduced down to 750 kW,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that the first prototype of new HotCat (M.me Curie) lasted 10 hours, of which the SSM was 8 hours.
    Is this the magnitude of SSM improvement you are expecting ? Or was you hoping something more ?
    You also said that you are now rebuilding her with some variations. Are these variations targeted to accomplish a longer life time or also better performances ?
    When will M.me Curie 2.0 be ready to be tested ?

    God bless you

    Marco

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    We expect longer ssm periods and, of course, a lifespan worth an industrial product. Next week we’d be able to put the 2nd M.me Curie in operation.
    God bless you too,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Gherardo

    Dott.Rossi,
    from your previous response the 1MW low temperature could be used in condominums for heating.
    How will be the day by day management since a condominium doesn’t have a technical team?
    There will be a 3rd party or they system should be autonomous or remotely controlled?
    Thanks, Gherardo

  636. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    I did not refer to a condominium, but to a centralized heat distribution, which means heat distributed in series of houses and buildings made by an industrial concern through a complex piping network. Such concerns have certified operators to menage the heat generators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  637. KD

    Mr.Robert Curto.
    I too, know very little about cooking. Also a “risotto alla Milanese” Mr. Rossi is asking me about.
    I understand you want to help you friends in need.
    But I had on my mind that E-cat is not working the same way as electric or gas heater or stove, turn ON, turn OF.
    I think, about storing heat to be used when it is needed and for different purposes.
    KD

  638. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    As you plan for widespread manufacturing of E-Cat plants, what role do you see robotics playing in that production?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  639. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The role of robots will be important. We already have all the technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  640. Paul Calvo

    Dr Rossi 7/30

    if the results are positive will you concentrate on the leased heat
    market or _sale_ of 1 MW units?

  641. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Both.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  642. Robert Curto

    KD, I know very little about cooking.
    Some of the cookstoves they use burn charcoal.
    They do not have an Oven.
    I was trying to say the E-Cat only has to have the same heat you get from
    burning charcoal.
    Please read Dr. Rossi’s response to my Post.
    I agree with him.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  643. Gherardo

    Dott.Rossi,
    do you think that the industrial plant could also be used as a central heating unit in a big condominium?
    Thanks, Gherardo

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    Yes: this is a kind of industrial application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. KD

    Robert Curto, you wrote

    >>>>>>Are you working on an E-Cat Cookstove ?
    All you need is enough heat to boil water.<<<<<<

    To boil water is not enough. You can not cook cakes or pizza.:)
    It need higher temperature. I see it, like the stove, used long time ago to worm up homes. Build of bricks or stone. After burning wood or coal it stay hot for many hours.
    Such furnace heated by Hot E-cat by hot air or some liquid coolant will work like storage of heat.
    Insulated outside with chamber inside. You can bake, you can put pressure cooker inside and have food ready in minute. Also, water all the time hot for coffee.
    I did not see it in crystal ball, but in the coffee sediment. It was the way used by loco gipsy witch who "gipsy-ed" me of some money when I was a kid.:)

  646. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    Can it make a “risotto alla Milanese”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. When you talk about a ‘massive attack’, does this mean making E-Cats available around the world all at once?

    2. Does the ‘massive attack’ involved first Industrial E-Cats (before domestic is available), or both at once?

    3. Will the ‘massive attack’ begin soon after the current test is completed (if positive)?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  648. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- we’ll start with industrial that already are certified
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, Google:
    MILAN EXPO 2015 COOKSTOVES
    Click On:
    CLEAN COOKING SOLUTIONS FOR HEALTH AND SUSTAINABILITY
    2.6 BILLION people need a clean Cookstove.
    Are you working on an E-Cat Cookstove ?
    All you need is enough heat to boil water.
    Change the fuel every 6 Months !!!
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    This could be surely a possible application of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I have no idea about the possibility to use such fuel in space. As always, only experimentation can give an answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Steven N. Karels

    Hank Mills,

    A well written possible explanation of Hot eCat theory of operation. Recall the report said there was insufficient lithium to account for the total amount of thermal energy released during the test. Also the energy output did not display any signs of fuel exhaustion.

    Comments:

    1. Can you account for the total energy output given the insufficient amount of lithium to be the primary fuel?
    2. Can you address why lithium-7 was apparently consumed while lithium-6 was not?
    3. I do not recall seeing any substantial levels of potassium in the report. Are you suggesting that this catalyst was not needed for Hot eCats or that it was purposely omitted?
    4. Do you believe that lithium-6 could act as a catalyst for the nickel-hydrogen reaction so the consumption of lithium-7 leads to a primary nickel-hydrogen reaction toward the end of the test and the Hot eCat control system keeps the output the same?

  653. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There will certainly be lots of research, development, engineering and product evolution before the E-Cat or H-Cat are used on moving platforms (cars, airplanes or spacecraft). If it becomes possible to operate a Hot-Cat above the melting point of Nickel, is there any possibility of using such (partially) molten fuel in the weightless conditions of space?

    I think this would be very difficult, if not impossible. (Without using artificial ‘gravity’ – e.g. by spinning the device.)

    I will try to ask more down to earth questions.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  654. Jack Witter

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Do you think that after the end of the test on course with the 1 MW E-Cat the products of Leonardo Corp will be on the market for sale massively, if the results will be positive?
    Thank you for your enormous work,
    Jack

  655. Andrea Rossi

    Jack Witter:
    Yes, if the results will be positive we will start a strong production. We are already organizing it. Obviously we need solid and sure results from the tests on course on the 1 MW plant. I sympathize with all the people that is waiting for the E-Cat for sale and I am deeply grateful to them, but I’m sure they are smart and understand that we can put for sale this product massively at two conditions:
    1- we must be 100% sure of the success
    2- we must be able to propose the E-Cat at a price that will make reverse engineering from our competitors useless. I am not decoubertinian and I am not oriented to give graciously to my competitors our technology for free, after dedicating my life to it, without saving a drop of blood.
    When we will be ready, we will attack massively. Now we are not ready. A premature attack could be devastating for Leonardo Corporation and its Licensees in all the world and for the present and future investors, necessary to generate a real worldwide expansion. To obtain it the conservation of the Intellectual property is foundamental.The pressure we are getting to act prematurely comes mainly from our competitors, sometime disguised as “friends”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  656. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The following is my conjecture about how the hot cat can exceed the melting point of nickel and a few other issues. The following is only a guess or hypothesis and not fact.

    The early low temperature E-Cat reactors usually operated at lower temperatures than today’s high temperature reactors. These lower temperatures protected the fine structures (tubercules) of the nickel that were important in optimizing the anomalous heat effect. During that time period, high hydrogen pressure supplied by an external tank, temperature, and certain other catalysts (lithium and maybe potassium) came together with pulsed waveforms to produce very high amounts of excess heat. Nickel hydrogen reactions were the most important during the normal operation of the reactor. If a runaway took place and the nickel melted – destroying the tubercules – the nickel hydrogen reactions would cease and there would not be enough anomalous heat and stimulation produced to allow other reactions (p+Li) to continue.

    The high temperature E-Cat is not completely dependent on the tubercules of the fine structures of the nickel. At the lower end of the temperature range of the hot cat, the energy produced by nickel hydrogen reactions are greater than all others. Below 750, in the liquid state, the lithium behaves more as a catalyst (performing functions that are not totally understood) than a fuel. Above this temperature, lithium vapor begins to form. A combination of stimulation in the form of heat, low pressure, and an applied electric field ionizes the lithium-hydrogen gas into a plasma. Depending on the configuration of the reactor, pressures, and intensity of stimulation, the plasma may fill a significant portion of the free space in the reactor or be located only in the small gaps between lithium covered nickel particles. When eddy currents induce arcing, the lithium hydrogen gas may be ionized into a plasma.

    Once the plasma is formed, the protons are accelerated into the lithium atoms at a variety of energies. At low energies, the protons (hydrogen ions) can tunnel into the lithium and induce nuclear reactions.

    At higher temperatures of around 1200C, the fine structure of the nickel is not as important and a greater percentage of the anomalous heat is from p+Li reactions. The thermalization of the alpha particles allows for temperatures greater than the melting point of nickel. Below and above the melting point of nickel self sustain mode can occur. At lower temperatures the nickel reactions are mostly responsible. They somehow provide the stame stimulus provided by the resistor. At higher temps the alpja particles work to continulally ionize and sustain the lithium hydrogen plasma. Eventually, the stimulation by the alpha particles becomes greater than the heat loss and a runaway occurs. However, the E-Cat is safe because as soon as the reactor ruptures and air destroys the plasma all reactions cease.

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Lande

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    When do you think Universities may be allowed to obtain versions of your E-cat or H-Cat technology and do some basic Physics research?

    I would believe they could be food for many PhD programs…

    regards
    Lande

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Lande:
    When the domestic E-Cats will be in the market, for obvious reasons: we cannot give our technology in the hands of our competitors, before we will have reached an economy scale to make pointless any reverse engineering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said in the past that the E-Cat is intrinsically safe, as once the melting point of nickel is reached, the powder melts, and the reaction is no longer possible. If the melting point of nickel can now be passed, is the intrinsic safety feature no longer valid?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  661. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am very sorry, but to answer to this question I’d have to give confidential information. The principle of the intrinsic safety is still valid, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Sreven N. Karels:
    The control system is designed to control this issue. I cannot disclose the details of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Italo R.

    Dear Dr Rossi, as we know the melting temperature of the nickel is 1455 ° C.
    I wonder if this is the maximum possible temperature of reactor operation or if, under special conditions, this temperature can be overcome (still working well), without destructive hot spots.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  664. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We can overcome that limit, for reasons I am not allowed to explain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  665. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Re “As I explained in another comment on this blog few hours ago”.
    That older comment cannot be found anywhere. Perhaps it wasn’t posted successfully? Perhaps other comments of yours went missing?
    Regards.

  666. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    If you go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    you will find easily all the comments placed in other posts than the last of this blog. Otherwise you have to tour all the posts of this blog, but it is more time consuming.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  667. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In previous posts you made reference to a new Hot eCat running 80% percent of the operating time in SSM.

    Assume a collection of Hot eCats in an electrical power generation plant or similar application. Can the SSM times be controlled in such a manner that the non-SSM times are spread out in time so that average input power (electricity or fuel based) is nearly constant?

    An envisioned large system would seem to me to require a near constant input energy supply. If not, then the impact on the design/usage of the energy input source would be detrimental. For example, a system load presented to a local electric utility that randomly switches from no load to maximum load would be difficult for the energy utility. Comments?

  668. Tim

    It is good to hear that you can run in ssm at 1380C. This will permit you to produce hydrogen directly from water using the sulfur-Iodine cycle. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfur%E2%80%93iodine_cycle This could eliminate the use methane to create hydrogen. It also may make it economical to produce fossil fuel replacements from CO2 and hydrogen.

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Tim:
    Interesting, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    During the run of the new hotcat, how long did each period of self sustain mode last? The longest period of self sustain reported in a replication so far is Parkhomov’s eight minutes after his resistor broke.

    Sincerely,

    Hank

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Let us make enough experimental work to answer to this. The work of Parkhomov is very respectable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,
    The news about the new hot cat is very exciting. Does the new hot cat continue to survive the testing? (I hope so)
    God bless you!
    Tom

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    As I explained in another comment on this blog few hours ago, the new Hot Cat has been destroyed, but we are making another with a correction that should resolve the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  674. Andrea Rossi

    To our Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat to find comments published today on this blog, but in other posts than this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So far, is the New Hot Cat showing longer overall SSM times than the Classic Hot Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. Liam Wright

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why did you change the technology of the Hot Cat if the Lugano type was good enough?

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Liam Wright:
    Because the evolution has never to stop. The Lugano type was good, but “good” is never enough. After the Lugano Report we have understood things that opened enormous space for further evolution: it would be a mistake not to explore this space.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Gerry Carillon:
    We reached 1380°C and resisted for about 10 hours at that temperature, of which 8 hours in ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Emilee Seirer

    Dr Rossi:
    Can we have an update as of today?

  681. Andrea Rossi

    Emilee Seirer:
    Now it’s 5 p.m. of Jyly 28th where we are.
    The 1 MW E-Cat is stable. The Hot Cat has been destroyed during at 5 a.m. this morning, but we have understood why and we are making another, corrected that will be ready in several days from now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  682. Gerry Carillion

    Dear Andrea:
    Which is the maximum value of temperature the new Hot Cat can reach?
    Cheers,
    Gerry

  683. KD

    Dir. Mr. Rossi
    You wrote to Paul
    <<<<<<She is a completely new concept, I have no idea if it will last and how much will last. If it will go we will have made a gigantic step forward toward a massive application.<<<<<<

    One of my former employers, when I asked before we started a test of a new machine ” Bill, will this machine work ?”, he always used to answer: ” Casey, we have to believe it will work”. And he was right.:)
    KD

  684. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    We believe it will work, but this does not mean that it will work: likewise, a lover believes that his beloved lady will fall in love with him, but not always the story goes this way. This is a matter of fact we have to take notice of.
    Update about the new Hot Cat: is working. It is working. So far. It is now 09.20 p.m. of July 28 in the plant, the 1 MW E-Cat is stable, no major problems, and the new Hot Cat works in a very promising way. I am very satisfied of this “incipit”. Let’s see what is gonna happen next. Promising night.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Andrea Rossi

    KD ( about your answer to Robert Curto):
    like Matisse: ” ça c’est une pipe”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. KD

    Robert Curto. You wrote.
    <<<<Thanks Dr Rossi, you could be correct about KD’s smiling face,<<<<
    You wrong.
    It is not KD's smiling face. It is devil's face, you see.:) (even if I don't believe such thing as devil exist).
    On my screen I have, what I typed. Just colon and double parenthesis.
    KD

  687. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you are well and are taking it easy after your surgery. I had two questions.

    1. Is there any progress or news on generation of electricity from traditional mechanisms, such as steam engines?

    2. Is there anything you can tell us in general terms about what makes the new hot-cat different? Different temperature? Different control mechanism? Different reactor geometry?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions.

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    1- not so far. We are working on it with the new Hot Cat.
    2- too soon to enter in details, but all of those issues have been revolutionized.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , please read this article about a jet ski that makes 500 km with one liter of water !

    http://www.tzetze.it/redazione/2015/07/500_km_con_un_litro_dacqua_ecco_la_moto_dei_miracoli/

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Robert Curto

    Thanks Dr Rossi, you could be correct about KD’s smiling face,
    Robert Curto

  692. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Just “could be”? MUST BE! ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  693. Alexvs

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:

    Ho letto il documento da Boeing e posso dirvi che non ha niente a fare con Ecat, sia freddo oppure caldo.
    I read the BOEING patent and I say it has nothing to do with the E-Cat and the Hot Cat.

  694. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Thank you for your care: I got surgery exactly 7 days ago, now it’s archeology. No more pain. No more pain-killers. The only thing that makes me nervous is that I cannot swim and bike for a month, but I can sustain my work shift from 6.30 p.m. to 10.30 a.m., provided I do not lift weights higher than 1 kg ( 2-3 pounds). So said the surgeon: ipse dixit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  695. Robert Curto

    KD, i did not expect the smily face to come out like this.
    If you follow the instructions, and send it in an email to yourself.
    You should get it as you typed it.
    There is a lot I don’t understand about Computers.
    I have been sending the smily face for years, it never came out like in my post ????
    Robert Curto

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Symmetry is relative to specific situations and the parity it has not to violate to allow interactions can be positive or negative, depending if when the spacial coordinates are inverted the sign of the wave function changes or not: maybe the smiling face typed by KD is the one of a boxeur immediately after a hard fight, which also implies the introduction of a deformation factor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Paul

    Andrea,

    Did you monitor the electrical power output of the hot cat during start-up?

    If so, at what temperature did electrical power generation commence?

    Paul

  698. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I understand and sympathize with your thirst of knowledge, but it is too soon to answer. We are collecting data. I cannot even confirm that we will be able to harness and make useful the electric signals we are getting from inside the reactor. She is a completely new concept, I have no idea if it will last and how much will last. If it will go we will have made a gigantic step forward toward a massive application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  699. Robert Curto

    KD, I get a smile from your smily.
    The nose is above the left eye.
    It has two mouths.
    You may want to try this:
    EYES: Hold the shift key down, press the Collin key.
    NOSE: Press the dash key, next to the 0.
    MOUTH: Hold the shift key down, press 0.
    :-)
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida

  700. Andrea Rossi

    KD, Paul:
    Here is a first update.
    Here the time is now 05.00 p.m. of July 26. The 1 MW E-Cat is stable and regular. The New Hot Cat has worked out his first day of operation and so far the components have operated well. The efficiency so far is the same of the classic Hot Cat, but I am giving Her time to assess all the components. Anyway: it works. How well it works has to be seen yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  701. KD

    Paul
    Give a break Mr. Rossi.
    Don’t press him to go again under the total anesthesia.:))

  702. Paul

    Andrea,

    What will you be able to tell us at the end of tomorrow?

    That the start up was successful? (or not)
    That a superior ssm mode was achieved? (or not)

    That you are producing more electrical power than you are consuming? (or not)

    Paul

  703. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    In this moment here it is 01.20 a.m. of Sunday July 26.
    The new Hot Cat is just started. She is promising well, but obviously before saying anything worth to be listened is necessary a period of several days.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  704. Gian Luca

    A.R.
    With this new idea what change for the people that hope and trust in the LENR, Rossi and Ecat?

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    The aim of our R&D is to prepare an industrial massive production of a product that must have a very competitive price; if the new version will work ( I cannot know if it works or not before due R&D) it will have higher COP, more energy density, lower price, but, again, it has even to be started up for the first time. If it does not work, we’ll base the industral production on the Hot Cat concept we already have and that has been tested in Lugano by the Independent Third Party.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. Gian Luca

    Dea A.R.
    The new HCat will conserve the same dimentions (reactor) of old version?

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    The new version is smaller, I hope it will have a higher energy density.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m glad to hear that you have had an idea of how to build a hot cat with a longer self sustain mode. I hope the test is a success.

    1 – Does the new design still utilize nickel powder?

    2 – Does the new design incorporate changes that could allow for a greater production of electricity directly?

    3 – Have you heard any updates from teams that are successfully replicating the classic hot cat?

    4 – How successful were the changes you made to the classic hot cat?

    5 – You have stated in the Cook paper and else where that most of the heat production of the hot cat comes from proton-lithium interactions. What percentage of heat do you guess comes from other reactions?

    6 – Have you ever tested lithium hydroxide instead of LiAlH4? If so, did it work?

    7 – Could you take a video of the new hot cat glowing in self sustain mode while maintaining the same temperature? You could cover up everything but the glowing cylinder. This would give some of us a morale boost who know the E-Cat works, but are getting bummed out by how it is challenging to replicate.

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    1- confidential
    2- it could, maybe
    3- no, I wait for published reports
    4- I will be able to answer when the new Hot Cat will have operated. We are assembling it, the start up will be tomorrow ( I hope)
    5- confidential
    6- confidential
    7- too soon to talk about this
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Just a quick question if you don’t mind. Sometimes you refer to the E-Cat as being ‘Stable’, sometimes you mention it is in SSM. Are these two different states of operation, or does Stable mean ‘Stable in SSM’?

    And so how is the plant at the moment: stable, ssm, both, or something else?

    Thanks very much. Glad you are healing fast!

    Kind regards,

    Frank

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The term “stable” is referred also to not ssm status. Stable, in a nutshell, means without temperature and pressure relevant variations, either in ssm or in not ssm, with a constant flow of water.
    Here is the update: now, 05.00 p.m. of Saturday July 25th, we are stable in ssm. We are working on the assembly of the new Hot Cat, that, as I said, tomorrow will be sterted up. “We”, obviously, means my Team and me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  712. Paul

    Andrea,

    That should be the srtandard by which all other R&D is judged.

    Paul

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I am just doing my best to make my duty, as well as all the components of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  714. Paul

    Andrew,

    From the time you conceived of the new design, how long did it take for your team to build it?

    Paul

  715. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I have been under surgery on Monday 20 at 10 a.m., the operation has been terminated around 11, I woke up from total anesthesia at 11.30, at 4 p.m. I was in a bed in the computer container giving instructions to the Team about what to do ( stuffed with strong pain killers) , the new Hot Cat will be ready tomorrow morning to be started, so, in total, in a week it will have been designed, made, put in operation. It is not bad, is it?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  716. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Was your new approach to the design of the hot-cat inspired by data you received from further ash analysis performed on hot-cat experimental residues? Does your reference to Madam Curie constitute a clue that low energy radioactive interactions can play a part in the refinement of the present device?
    Inquisitive regards.

  717. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    1- Yes, it has been inspired by the experiments and R&D that we made in the computer container on the Hot Cat that was the same type used in the Lugano test.
    2- No, the reference to M.me Curie was just referred to an absolute paradigm of excellence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  718. KD

    Dir. Mr. Rossi.
    This is unbelievable, that your hernia is more useful than crystal ball.:)

    KD

  719. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    Yes, but…at a price…Anyway, now, luckily, it is archeology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. AlbertN

    Dear Dr.Rossi,

    You mention that a new version of the Hot Cat will be put in operation in a few days. You sound very excited. My question is why? You have done literally hundreds of tests on various reactors in the last few years. Why so excited about this particular one?

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    Because I made a revolution in it. It is a completely new thing that, by my calculatons, should ( SHOULD) improve the “classic” one. It is an attempt: if it goes, the improvement, in term of ssm, will be strong. Otherwise, it is a wrong idea. The only way to know is to make an experiment. The funny part is how I got this idea: after the hernia surgery, when I woke up from the total anesthesy I got through, I had to stay some hour in a room, with pain. I am used to overcome pain relaxing and focusing strongly in something; obviously I focused on a new reactor and it came out. Now we did it, tomorrow goes in action. We’ll see if she is an abort or a baby. If she is a baby, is a M.me Curie!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I’ve been doing extensive reading about lithium, lithium vapor, and the ionization of lithium (creation of plasma). A few interesting tidbits:

    1) In “heat pipe ovens” Lithium vapor starts to form at 750C.

    2) The lithium vapor can be ionized and turned into a plasma via several methods: lasers, solenoid induction coils, microwaves, or even ultra hot tungsten rods.

    3) The plasma is easier to ignite at low pressures of 1 bar or less all the way down to almost a vacuum.

    4) Ionized gases have different colors. Lithium plasma is reddish.

    From the Lugano test and the successful replications that have been made so far, I could see how maybe the lithium is transformed into a plasma via low pressures, high temperatures, field ionization by the square waves with lots of harmonics (which allow for a strong electric field), and the nickel tubercules that may allow for arcing between their tips where very high voltages may accumulate.

    Of course all of those conjecture could be pure bunk! I’ve learned that I’m often flat out wrong in my theorizing. However, after discussing a failed replication attempt that took place last night with someone who prepared for months (writing software, building a reactor core, setting up a power supply, etc), I’m very eager to figure out a general direction to follow that might lead to successful replications.

    My guess is that igniting a plasma in the high temp E-Cat is important. Most likely, you can’t say anything at all. But if you could just answer yes or no (if producing a plasma is needed in a high temp E-Cat) it would give replicators a small, tiny push in the right direction.

    And if I’m wrong in my speculation, it would prevent me from accidentally misleading people.

    Thank you for your time. And I hope you are able to get a small break from living in the container. You are more dedicated than Edison.

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Obviously, I am sure you already know that I cannot comment this insight of yours. Thank you, anyway, for your interesting lines. What is important is not if a theory is right or wrong ( sooner or later any theory turns out to be wrong), what is important is that a theory produces useful results during its lifespan. A good result can be derivated from different points of theoretical interpretations.
    About my “life in the container”: it’s now 09.20 p.m. of Friday July 25 where I am, and She is working stable.Sunday, the day after tomorrow, the new version of the Hot Cat will be put in operation too, and, honestly, I am very excited about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I have two questions about the time it takes to start the hot cat:

    1. How much time does it now take from start of the hot cat until it achieves COP >1?

    2. Is the amount of starting time staying the same, increasing or decreasing as you develop and improve the hot cat?

    Thanks

    Bob

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    1- 1 hour circa
    2- this parameter is totally irrelevant, since the E-Cat has to work 24 hours per day. For this reason we do not care about it so far. Maybe for some kind of utilization a shorter time will be necessary, at that point we’ll take this issue in serious consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Paul

    Andrea,

    Is there an optimal reactor temperature for the production of electricity, or is it the hotter the reactor the more electric power generated?

    Paul

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The hotter, the better. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Hugh DeVries

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When the E-Cat is operating at rated output and experiences a complete electrical input failure, does the E-Cat experience an orderly shutdown.

    Best regards
    Hugh

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh De Vries:
    A complete electrical failure is impossible because we always have a back up for all the necessary items.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    Please give at least a tiny bit more information after such an exciting message.

    1. Have you performed any successful proof of concepts for the electricity generation?

    2. Is the aim for a single hotcat to provide enough energy to run a house both thermally and electrically or would more than one reactor be required?

    3. Can you give any indication as to the technology used for the electricity generation. Is it via an established conversion method such as a stirling engine or an exotic technology?

    Many Thanks and good luck with the new hot cat design.

    Mark Saker

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    1- some hint of direct electricity production has been measured
    2- too soon to know
    3- Direct production, I can’t comment further. It could not work, as well as it could. This is just one of the many targets we have in program with the R&D upon this new concept of Hot Cat; the main target remains an ssm as long as possible, to raise the COP as high as possible. Production of electricity can anyway and without any doubt made by means of well known cycles, mainly the Carnot cycle. Direct production remains intriguing, though, and we have measured direct current exiting from the Hot Cat in some amount, so that we want to know better the issue. So far it is not technology, it is just a pursue of knowledge: ” Fatti non foste a viver come bruti…”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Italo R.

    Dear Dr Rossi, you have written that generating electricity is a target of the new Hot-Cat.

    I wonder (but probably you cannot enter in details) if that electricity could be generated by:

    1 – A pulsing magnetic field generated by Hot-Cat, or
    2 – Two electrodes inserted in some way inside the reactor, or
    3 – Using steam generated by the Hot-Cat ant a turbine, or
    4 – ??

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We are trying to obtain a direct production of electric power. Just R&D so far, but we are getting something. I cannot comment further.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, if you or your readers would like to cook Risotto alla Milanese,
    Google: MENU FOR RISOTTO ALLA MILANESE
    Scroll down to the 5th Link:
    Risotto alla Milanese Recipe
    Enjoy !
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  735. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    I cannot comment on this, NDA pending ( he,he,he..)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  736. Paul

    Andrea,

    Can the new hot cat design being tested directly generate electricity?

    Paul

  737. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes, it is one of its targets.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  738. jackie

    Dear Mr Rossi, if your one year test turns out to be positive instead of negative do you and your team have any special celebration planned, maybe an all expenses paid trip to McDonald’s for a slap up meal. He He.
    Best wishes

  739. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    I already go to Mac Donald’s, that wouldn’t be a celebration ( you, malicious …) What I’d settle for is a good “Risotto alla Milanese”: that’s what I really miss here.
    Risotto alla Milanese and a cup of Barolo: that would be a deal.
    With that in mind, let me go now to listen Her voice with the stethoscope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. Judy Mc Cain

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think you are the first case in the world of a guy that, operated by inguinal hernia, returns to work the next day and after 3 days has no more need of pain killers. I suspect that the secret element that makes your E-Cats work for months, or years, without breaking after several days as happened to the scientists that have replicated your effect is your blood: am I right?
    Cheers,
    Judy

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Judy Mc Cain:
    Of course you are!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please find on http://www.rossilivecat.com comments published on this blog today in posts different from this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  743. Lapo Novitski

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    A company names “Local Motors” has made a press release saying they will launch the first 3D printed car in 2016. How is your R&D for the use of 3D printing for the production of the E-Cats?
    Lapo

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Lapo Novitski:
    We have accertained that so far the 3D Print technology is not mature for a mass production, because too expensive and absolutely not competitive with the consolidated massive production systems. It is well fit for the production of prototypes. This is our opinion, matured through the study of the proposals that we received from the companies presently able to 3D print apparatuses of the same cathegory of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. Gian Luca

    A.R…..said: “it has been fun ( he, he, he…)
    Frank Akland……said: “You have had a fun time with the surgery?”

    Ergo (therefore):
    Dr. Rossi have inhaled perossido di azoto for your hernia surgery and pain?

    Have a good day and job

  746. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    He,he,he… By the way, it’s 8 a.m. here, I am inside the plant and well; no more necessity of painkillers, I can work as always without any pain. Hernia is over, work is as usual.
    We are working on the new version of the Hot cat, from which I have great expectations, while the 1 MW E-Cat is stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Larry

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    Can you say anything about how you would handle a power outage on the grid. Since you say power is required for safety I assume you must have some sort of backup to provide power so that you can make an orderly shutdown of the reactor in the event of a power grid failure. If you do have some sort of backup power would you use it to keep the reactor running/hot for a few hours in case the grid failure is relatively brief. I assume a power outage would immediately stop the customer’s production line.

    Exciting times.

    Thanks
    Larry

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Larry:
    Sure, we have a back up. I have to add, though, that the plant is installed in an important industrial area, therefore the power provider is very well structured, with a network of power distribution well differentiated, to by-pass the supply if a line goes in black out. As a matter of fact, no black outs happened since when we are working here.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you have the time sometime, could you read this post and provide a response to the ideas presented. I think you will find it interesting.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/07/20/plan-to-sell-e-cat-heat-follows-pattern-for-new-technology-adoption-albert-d-kallal/

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have had a fun time with the surgery? It does make me wonder (haha) Maybe the change of location helped. Perhaps a trip to the dentist would also be fun — anywhere but inside a shipping container!

    Glad you are feeling better!

    Frank Acland

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I have chesen the container of the computers with escapes to the container of the reactors (stable): have I to assume the mental health is critical?
    By the way: today I am very well and to be well in abnormal situation could imply abnormal symmetry!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  753. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “100% ssm is impossible for safety reasons.” While this is absolutely true, do you agree that with some sort of energy storage, e.g., a battery, the overall system could theoretically become self sustaining, i.e., require no external power other than startup? Or are there other reasons against it?

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, is possible, but it is not worth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Gian Luca

    Dear Andrea
    but…the bed in the container is double (matrimoniale)?
    Jokes apart.
    you have already been working very hard and do not have to prove anything to anyone, and then we must remember that health comes before everything else.
    Hernia is an ugly beast. I say this from experience.
    When you wear frack and papillon you have to be straight and fit ….

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    I have been operated last Monday, today is the third day an I am much better: it happened to me also 1982 years ago, it has been fun ( he, he, he…). Frank Acland: do you think my mental health is in jeopardy too?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  758. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Rice University scientists have been doing research on Boron Nitride structures to control heat flow in advanced electronics. Perhaps, this material technology may also prevent hot spots in heat sources of various kinds. :)

    Even though I have only commented on Carbon structures in the past, perhaps Boron Nitride materials should also be given some attention.

    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-07/ru-gs071515.php

    Feel better!

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  759. Physican

    DR.Andrea,
    You should relax physically and mentally. Both physical and emotional stress can do you great harm. About the powerful pain killers, they’re a double edge sword, be really careful. Many celebs lives were cut short for abusing those. Some nice soups and alot of rest are your best medicines.

  760. Andrea Rossi

    Physican:
    Thanks for the suggestions, anyway today I feel much better and, fortunately, She is not generating troubles: She’s so goooood!
    Besides, my Team is giving the best of itself.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Gli auguri più cari da Giannino di Udine e rammenta che finito un anno di prove nella pianta dobbiamo festeggiare !!!
    Best wishes from Giannino of Udine ( Italy) and remember that after the end of the tests we have to celebrate !

  762. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Now we have to work, work, work very, very hard. If the results will be positive at the end of the tests on course, we’ll talk about celebrations. Now it is too soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Genevieve Lagrange

    Dear Andrea:
    Has the location in which the 1 MW plant is in operation been published somewhere ?
    Thanks,
    Genevieve

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Genevieve Lagrange:
    The final destination in which the 1 MW plant has been put in operation has not been disclosed, for obvious reasons.
    It will be disclosed after the completion of the tests on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  765. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, I’m no Doctor, but my guess is the bed is for you to relax your body, until you fully recover.
    You are certainly are not going to move into the Container.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    The surgeon prescribed to me very powerful pain killers.
    With the help of the Team I have to go in the reactors container now and again.
    Anyway is not a big deal, within a couple of days the situation should be normalized.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  767. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Sorry to hear about the hernia — I hope you have a speedy recovery! Will you now sleep in the container?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Anyway my team brings me on the stretcher bed to the plant where I have to watch and listen to her, so I can work even if I can’t move the abdomen.

    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I recall that you were doing a 1-year test of the Hot Cat in your container. Is that test continuing following the changes you are making to the Hot Cat?

    How does the 1MW plant behave right now?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes until the pain is over and I can move.
    Just a couple of dsys the surgeon said, not a big issue.
    For me would be far more pdinful stay away from my plant.
    Warm Regards
    A. R.

  771. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the 1MW plant test proves to be a success, how suitable do you think it would be for cooling using an absorption refrigeration process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    By the way: today I had a surgery for a hernia due to physical stress.
    Tomorrow I return to the plant in full. After the surgery in hospital we put a bed in the container of the computers and the Hot Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the Plant performing at this moment? Also, the Hot Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  774. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Frank Acland:
    Yes, the Hot Cat test will continue as scheduled.
    The 1 MW E-Cat is stable with no major problems
    Warm Regards
    Andrea
    (2,20 pm of July 20)

  775. Marco Serra

    Hi Andrea,
    What was the result of the “revolution” in the HotCat you mentioned 4 days ago, the one that should improve the ssm a lot ?
    Is it already completed ?
    Are there any data already available ?
    If not, how long will it take to complete the new setup ? And how long for the data to be available ?

    SSM is my obsession. Do you think it is theoretically possible to make a Cat that persist in ssm ? Or at least that ssm was >95% of the operation time ? (No crystal ball allowed here, just pure speculative unbinding thoughts)

    God bless you

    Marco

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    I am working on it. Data will be done when the R&D will have been completed.
    100% ssm is impossible for safety reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    for comments on this blog published in other posts
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  778. Adolf Schumpeter

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the 1MW E-Cat going well today, yes?
    And the hot Cat?

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Adolf Schumpeter:
    Now it’s 08.50 a.m. of Sunday July 19th.
    The 1MW E-Cat is stable with no major problems. The Hot Cat is out of service for important modifications that, I think, will upgrade the performance substantially.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  780. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    From Wikipedia on NDAs – an element of the agreement:

    “the disclosure period – information not disclosed during the disclosure period (e.g., one year after the date of the NDA) is not deemed confidential;”

    A disclosure period that is forever would be unusual. It might not be enforceable.

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I always do what my attorneys suggest me to do. Got the impression that to get counsel from Wikipedia upon legal issues is not on the manual of the wise enterpreneur.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you describe what your overall goal is for E-Cat technology? What is it you would most like to see happen as a result of your work?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  783. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is an easy application and absorption refrigeration processes are well known and reliable.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  784. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find recent comments published on this blog, but not on this post.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Hubertsitz

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will the service of energy supply be with thermal energy or electric energy? Will it be supplied also in Europe?
    Cheers,
    Hubert Sitz

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Hubertsitz:
    1- Thermal energy so far
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Andrea Rossi

    Alexis:
    No, but I can say that the modifications are focused on the target to obtain longer ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. AlexisOn

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    About your answer to Jean Pierre:
    Can you explain which modification you are making to the Hot Cat?
    Alexis

  789. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “…with AIRBUS and BOEING , ‘The interest was serious, but I am bound to an NDA with both entities.”

    Non Disclosure Agreements are contracts and as such they have a limited time period, typically one year. So your NDA with those organizations have most likely expired. Can you reveal any more details of those discussions?

  790. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, but NDAs do not work as you say. Once estabilished that nothing from a meeting can be disclosed, this is valid for ever, UNLESS there is written a precise time of expiration.
    I cannot add information to the issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  791. Thanks so much for the clarification, Andrea !
    I am a happy bunny (rabbit) now.

    Jean Pierre

  792. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    He,he,he…thanks for your attention. As a prize, here is the update as of 8 a.m. of Saturday July 18th: 1MW E-Cat stable; Hot Cat: I shut it down, because new inventions have to be applied to the apparatus, after the meditations made observing it in the last months; within a week a new version will be restarted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  793. Hi Andrea again.
    Sorry to query your reply to me.

    You said ‘yes’ to both items 1 and 3.

    It is not possible for the current 1MW plant in the customer’s factory to be made up from

    1) entirely (100%) LT e-cats and also

    3) a mixture of LT cats and 250kW cats

    It is one or the other. Please clarify for me .

    Thanks and apologies for disturbing you.

    Best wishes. Jean Pierre

  794. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:

    1- the 1 MW E-Cat IS made entirely with LT (= low temperature) modules
    3- the 250 kW E-Cats ARE low temperature modules too
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  795. Paul Calvo

    Dr Rossi: on the official site of Leonardo Coprporation ( http://www.leonardocorp1996.com) has been published what follows:

    Leonardo Corporation now offers ECAT Heat Energy as a separate product solution. * The ECAT plants are owned and operated by Leonardo Corporation while installed in the customers facilities or at a location in the vicinity of the customers facilities depending on local needs and infrastructure.

    ecat.com/ecat-products/ecat-energy

  796. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for your information. Obviously this service is proposed in full respect of the existing licences and with specific agreements with the Licensees.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  797. Dear Andrea.
    Please forgive me if the following question seems somewhat naif.

    With regards to the 1MW plant being tested this very day in the factory of your customer, would you please tell me the current configuration of the plant? Is it made up;

    1) entirely from LT cats?

    2) entirely from 250kW cats?

    3) from a mix of the two types of cat?

    Thank you for taking your valuable time to answer.
    Keep well and keep going, my friend. I can see that you are giving 100% to this very important project in order to make a breakthrough for the world. I don’t think that you can work harder.

    Warmest regards. Jean Pierre

  798. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  799. AlbertN

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    On June 24, 2015 I asked you this question:

    ‘Have you or I/H ever been in contact with Airbus or one of it’s subsidiaries?’

    Your reply was ‘We do not talk with our competitors’.

    Yesterday you mention that 2-3 years ago you had contact with AIRBUS and BOEING , ‘The interest was serious, but I am bound to an NDA with both entities.’

    Your answers seem to be in conflict. Can you clarify?

    Warm Regards,
    Albert N

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    When I met them they were not our competitors, yet and they were well interested to know our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    I’ve gone ahead and worked out the casting for the film that will eventually be created on your lifestory.

    Now tell me, can you think of a better person than Bill Nighy!

    http://www.billnighy.info/

    I wonder if he can pull off the accent successfully :)

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Honestly: I have to think only to work in my plant.
    We are making a revolution in the Hot Cat, due to data we are getting during the experiment on course. If all goes as I hope, the ssm is going to be very improved. Today we stopped the Hot Cat to make substantial changes. Stable and as usual the 1 MW E-Cat.
    As for movies, when I am very tired I see ” The Concert” and at the end of it I feel better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Roby Carter

    Mark Saker:
    Our Andrea Rossi is working too hard and is too worried to have in mind movies. But I think you are doing well, the life of Andrea Rossi is worth a movie, whatever the results and “F9″.
    Roby Carter

  804. Ernest Nelson

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Another replication of the Rossi Effect has ben done in Russia, in the laboratory of a Moscow University. The replications are becoming countless and they bring evidence important for your work.
    Bravo!
    Cheers,
    Ernest

  805. Andrea Rossi

    Ernest Nelson:
    Yes, I read the link sent to us from Ing. Michelangelo De Meo. Interesting and important. By the way: it is not “my” work, it is the work of all my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  806. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , from Russia still good news .

    Report of New Successful Parkhomov/E-Cat Replication from Moscow

    “After three attempts to launch completes the rapid destruction of the cell by uncontrolled overheating, June 19, 2015 have achieved stable operation with the release of excess energy. More than an hour at a temperature of about 1100 ° C 2100 W of heat allocated with the input electric power of about 850 watts.”
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/07/13/report-of-new-successful-e-cat-replication-from-moscow/

  807. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you very much for this important information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  808. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea,

    Do you need coolant to enable long ssm of the Hot-Cat ?
    Eventually alternating parts that have to be cooled ?
    I dare to ask because you always state that you have airconditioning in the container you work in.
    When it is hot enough, the E-cat and the Hot-cat are both useless or even contraproductive for direct electricity production.

    If this comment is useless, then that can be usefull. (=SHIFT+F9) which means that you can be sure you have to do something else.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  809. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The coolant of the reactors is the water that the E-Cat turns into steam.
    The air conditioned in the computers container has nothing to do with the reactors: it cools down the humans inside, not the E-Cats!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  810. AlbertN

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Concerning your meeting with BOEING and AIRBUS a few years ago, was there any serious interest on their part?

    I know that you cannot get into particulars but what CAN you tell us. I would guess that their ‘vision’ for this technology is not in accordance with yours.

    Warm Regards,
    Albert N.

  811. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    The interest was serious, but I am bound to an NDA with both entities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  812. James Rovnak

    Andrea interesting comment today by me356 at lenrforum of interest to both of us.

    “What we have seen is that either with stainless steel fuel container or without it can work.

    I am in contact with Songsheng, his opinion is that direct stimulation is not necessary. He thinks that EM field created by rapid change of the voltage level is the reason for triggering LENR.
    Also he described me, that initial process took him approx. 18 hours, then excess heat was observed. Mostly our experiments are not running so long.
    Post was edited 1 time, last by “me356” (3 hours ago).
    David Nygren likes this.”

  813. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information, I wait for a detailed report, then.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Alexvs

    And what is your own opinion about?
    Have you reviewed the article before publication?

    Greetings

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    To be more precise: the patent application of BOEING is based on the hot fusion system whose R&D is on course in the USA by the DOE, the name of the concern is NIF and the realization is of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. It is based on the implosion caused by series of lasers on a pellet of condensed hydrogen. In a nutshell, the explosion caused by multiple lasers focused on the same target makes the recoil energy compress the core of the hydrogen pallet ( the target) to values of pressure able to make the fusion . The hydrogen of the pallet is a mixture of the isotopes deuterium and tritium. As a matter of fact, this patent application is based upon a phenomenon that has been supposed, but never obtained, so far,albeit funded by billions of dollars. Nevertheless, I insist: this animation around the fusion possible applications has been triggered by the apparently successful work of us, or at least this is my opinion, that, obviously, can be wrong (F9).
    By the way: the more I try to find the inventive content of this application, the more I get confused, since the mechanism has been invented by the LLNL, the Jet has ben invented 60 years ago…
    This looks to me more as an assembly of inventions fished from prior art, than an invention: with all the reverence due to BOEING.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Gianino Ferro Casagrande:
    Thank you for the interesting information. This is the answer of BOEING to AIRBUS. Maybe a coincidence that I had important meetings with both 2-3 years ago in the USA and in Italy. As I said, our work has triggered the giants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. swedo

    Hi,

    - Is the customer interested in the hotcat as well, I am asking since you are working on it in the factory of the customer?
    - If yes on the previous question, is that for thermal energy or electricity?
    - Is the customer interested in buying more 1-MW plants, if the 1 year test goes well?

    Thank you for your time

  818. Andrea Rossi

    Swedo:
    1- no, we are making the R&D of the Hot Cat inside our containers area and this R&D is not finalized to this Customer
    2- anyway, it is for thermal energy, but we are also experimenting direct energy production
    3- I suppose so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  819. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    Has the ssm its proper sound ? Or do you recognize it by the zero value of any gauge ?

    God bless you

    Marco

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    The sound is the same. We measure the ssm from the gauges.
    Thank you for the blessing: we need it!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  821. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Does the Customer see the the effects already of the E-Cat plant in his monthly energy bills?

    2. If yes, does he seem happy with what he sees so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Now it is 10.05 p.m. and I am inside the plant: She’s stable in ssm.
    The Hot Cat too.
    No major problems today. I am studying.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  823. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal Of Nuclear Physics the paper “Role of the binding energy of electron of the hydrogen atom in Ni-H cold fusion”, by Prof. UVS Seshavatharam and Prof. S. Lakshminarayana (Dept of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, India).
    JoNP

  824. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments of today published in posts different from this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. Quincy Prewy

    Dr Andrea:
    I have read all the 23400 and more comments of this blog, starting from the first step in 2011 and arriving to the last of today: it is an impressive course on LENR, enriched by the enormous amount of links, some very funny, some very interesting; this blog is gold for the LENR students. What stuns more than any other consideration is the unbelievable progress you made during this period of time, under any point of view.
    Thank you also for this.
    Cheers,
    Quincy

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Quincy Prewy:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    I agree with you on the fact that this blog is useful for LENR students: I too learned much from it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I find it a very interesting article. Good approach. It explains the isotopic Ni shifts but not the absence of Cu nor the enrichement of Ni62..

    At fusion of Hydrogen (Protium) with Nickel only isotopes Ni62 and Ni64 (exoenergies 6.1222 and 7.4539 MeV respectively) could be involved in a total exoenergetic reaction. Both isotopes constitute hardly 4,5% of natural nickel. For other isotopes the reaction is endoenergetic i.e. the excitation energy is higher than reaction energy. Ni58 the most abundant isotope (68%) presents the worst ratio, 6.0779 MeV against 3.4184 MeV.

    Considering the natural isotopic composition of nickel an isotopic shift can be expected resulting in long term reactions induced by any of proposed methods but that would not explain the enrichement in Ni62. Just the contrary.

    Greetings

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    I cannot enter in a discussion on this issue, because it could involve data I cannot disclose. I leave to the Readers any related discussion. My article is still under reviewing and, as I already said, if I will not have a final positive reviewing I will scratch it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I send this message only to warn you upon being too much burdened by your exhaustive work.
    Please, take it easy and care of yourself.

    Best regards

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Let alone the catastrophysms; do you remember the “experts” that in the seventies said gurulike that ” within 30 years the oil reserves of the world, at present pace ( the pace of 1978!) will be completely exhausted” ?
    Speaking seriously: the world does not need the E-Cat to survive, obviously, but it is true that the E-Cat, if works well, which is exactly what we are testing, can be very useful to the mankind.
    This is why I am working 16 hours per day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  832. JCRenoir

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    United Airlines has said in a press conference that their airoplanes will use also a fuel made by wastes: it seems your patent of 1978, now expired, has been proved valid technologically speaking.
    Comments?
    JCR

  833. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Thank you, I am very glad of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  834. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    According to a presentation by Prof. Valentina Zharkova of Northumbria University, at a meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society, we are approximately 15+ years before a Solar Minimum or ‘Maunder Minimum’. While, admittedly, that still falls under the category of Climate Change, if that turns out to be true, the demand for E-Cats should become “astronomical”.

    http://www.ras.org.uk/news-and-press/2680-irregular-heartbeat-of-the-sun-driven-by-double-dynamo

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/11733369/Earth-heading-for-mini-ice-age-within-15-years.html

    Do you think you and your team can get the industrialization ramped up sufficiently in the next 10-15 years to deal with this possibility?

    To paraphrase a scene from the movie Total Recall: “Rossi, Start the Reactors, Free Earth!”

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  835. Paul

    Andrea,

    I believe your crystal ball is 10 microns in diameter, has a face centered cube lattice structure, and is made of Nickel.

    Great wisdom will be derived by observing this crystal ball when it is in an excited (and hydrogenated) state.

    Paul

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Thank you for your insight: I will take advantage of it to find a substitute to the crystal ball never delivered to me from Amazon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. When you talk about outsourcing, does this mean that companies around the world will be making parts for the E-Cat plants, and shipping them to your own factory for assembly into plants?

    2. Will you be the sole manufacturer of the reactors and fuel because of the industrial secrets involved?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Let us maintain our feet planted firmly to the ground and answer practically: I want to see the E-Cats make heat in all the world and this will be the first wave ( F9). This in homes and industries.
    The second wave will produce electric power. After this, will see in the crystal ball. Our weapon will be the competitiveness (F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. orsobubu

    Hi Andrea, how are you?

    On Wednesday the New Horizons probe (at a price tag of 700 million $, a modest price in my opinion) will flyby Pluto, after a nine-years voyage that will not be possible to repeat for decades at least. In the images taken these days, still a lot farther than the close-up that will be reached on Wednesday, the geology of the planet looks absolutely stunning, very rich with never seen before mysterious complex features.

    http://www.space.com/29910-pluto-geologic-features-new-horizons-photo.html

    But in this article and in the comments:

    http://www.space.com/29912-pluto-dark-spots-final-photo.html

    you can read the frustration of readers (shared by me) suddenly learning that the probe will shot the best photos only over a fraction of the planetary surface, totally missing the most interesting parts, that we’ll never see again.

    I know your fascination for space exploration and astronomy. What are your feelings thinking about the fact that NASA and other space agencies obviously could “easily” plan an orbital mission instead of a flyby one, with an extra price of 200 million $, but they couldn’t because of the the real billions are spent in military technology?

    And, what are your feelings thinking that “A Pluto or Neptune orbiter could reach orbit in about 16 years according to one design but the main problem right now is a shortage to of Pu-238 to power the numerous RTGs these probes to the outer planets would need. The US is going to restart the production it will be a painfully small amount produced yearly”?

    And please, tell me that your Cat could make something about this comment!!! > “In order to orbit Pluto a spacecraft has to slow down substantially from its 30,000 mph approach speed, and that takes a lot of fuel, which greatly increases the mass of the spacecraft, meaning still more fuel needed. I don’t believe that another $200 million would come even close to paying for that. Someone with more knowledge than me could easily come up with the multiplier for each added pound sent to Pluto – a pretty big number, I think.”

    sighhh :( help, Andrea

  840. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I am well, hope the same for you!
    I have not the data necessary to build an opinion structured upon serious information at the base of how much money can be put in military chapters and how much in Astronomy and its applications.
    About the application of LENR to space vehicles it could be an interesting issue. Experimentation will be made, I think, soon by NASA; for sure they will use our prototypes in their labs when ( and if) the Cats will miew from the scaffolds the distributors ( F9). The big advantage in their applications is that, in unmanned apparatuses, they can make experiments without fear of bad consequences if the results are not good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Using your Amazon crystal ball, do you foresee some day where eCat experiments will be commonplace in high school physics laboratories? A tub of weighed water, an ammeter and a stopwatch?

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    How can I use the crystall ball if I didn’t receive it yet ???
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Adan Lepczak:
    Thank you for the suggestion. You are right.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  844. Adam Lepczak

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for your continuous efforts in perfecting the “Rossi Effect” and bringing the practical applications of the ECAT to the market.
    Perhaps you and your partners at Industrial Heat LLC should start thinking about creating a diamond making machine – that is using “High pressure, high temperature” technology:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BARS_apparatus
    If your cost of making the heat in the SSM mode are close to “0″, such an application of your technology could be very lucrative – equivalent to growing money on trees. Could you synthesize other materials as well?
    Hi-Pressure regards,
    Adam Lepczak

  845. Pippo Cavalieri

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Is it impossible that the production of the E-Cat will also be made in Italy ?
    Pippo

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Pippo Cavalieri:
    It is absolutely NOT impossible that the manufacturing will be made ALSO in Italy, where I already have acquaintances with persons and factories with strong experience in mass production of items with affinity with what we want to do in Europe as Leonardo Corporation. Obviously, assuming the results of the tests on course will end up with positive numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. Walter Davenport

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Has been recently published some new experiment of your competitors that you deem able to compete with the E-Cat?
    Walter Davenport

  848. Andrea Rossi

    Walter Davenport:
    I follow with attention all the experiments on course and a team of us is replicating all the experiments that are published, under my direction; I am not eager to comment the work of our competitors. The best thing I saw so far is the apparatus of Brian Ahern, I didn’t see anything else, so far, able to compete with us in future. Obviously, I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  849. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , did you read the news that in 2030 we risk a new ice age ?
    The Hot Cat will help us stay warm !!

    http://www.tgcom24.mediaset.it/green/nel-2030-il-sole-andra-a-dormire-si-rischia-una-mini-era-glaciale_2121950-201502a.shtml

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Catastrophisms apart, ( I don’t believe that within 15 years we will have an ice-age), I really think that the E-Cat will help families in all the world to kepp themselves warm at a cheaper price than expected. This is the easier task for the E-Cats to perform.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. There is a possibility, though: if the results of the tests on course on the industrial E-Cat will be confirmed positive at the end of the test cycle, the LENR negationists will be turned so iced to cause a global icing for the heat exchange.

  851. Merle Eastling

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think of the last news of the Grexit?

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Merle Eastling:
    I think at last good sense prevailed and a solution has ben found without any “Grexit”: Grece’s culture is the pillar Europe has been built upon. A temporary economical crisis cannot cancel 25 hundred years of History.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. James Rovnak

    Andrea some interesting work by Martin Gibson on LENR theory that may have some more insight to Norman Cooks work?

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/619914789427392513

    Jim

    Interesting. Also like Vessela’ blog on Noman’s book!

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/619914789427392513

    Lots for me to catch up on is my take.

    Have a nice day andrea
    Jim

  854. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Feank Acland:
    1- Yes
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  856. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    You have often mentioned, as to Mose Rochlin, the E-Cat will be affordable enough to limit competition. With the advent of partnering with other manufacturers to produce massive parts and assembled E-Cats; it appears you and Industrial Heat aim to not only generate substantial revenues from volume sales of affordable E-Cats for everyone but to help in alleviating this world from pollution, poverty and greed. (Assuming a positive plant outcome)

    If true will IH plan to provide discounted E-Cats to charitable and missionary organizations providing affordable heat, electricity and clean water to the less fortunate world communities or be directly involved?

    What an opportunity IH has to be a spearhead for this brave new world.

    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    We agree with you.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  858. Andrea Rossi

    Itali R.:
    What really interests our Customer is that the E-Cat increases his profit.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  859. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I suppose that representatives of the customer come often to find you in the container to see how things are going.
    Can you tell us what is their attitude? Are they happy and excited?
    Are they aware that the Customer name will be written in the story books?
    Kind Regars,
    Italo R.

  860. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    “The fuel ashes belong to the owner of the plant”.
    I think it is unfair but if it is so contracted, let it be so.

    Take care of your health!

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Thank you for your care, but the horse is harnessed and now has to pull.
    I am doing my job at the best of my possibilities and the Team of Industrial Heat is doing the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Mose Rochlin

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you give an idea of the price of the domestic E-Cat?
    Thank you!

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Mose Rochlin:
    Not yet, but it will be a price that will make pointless the reverse engineering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Paul

    Andrea,

    Is your customer producing more product than he/she produced the same time last year?

    If so, can his market absorb the increased inventory?

    Paul

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    No, the Customer is just using the E-Cat instead of other systems.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  866. Marco Serra

    Dr. Andrea

    I’ve noticed that since now, every time you were asked to report how was She working, you stated She was in ssm. Statistically reasoning this would mean that there are a great predominance of ssm states.
    Does the ssm extend more than 50% of the operating time ?

    God bless you

    Marco

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Yes: now at 6.30 a.m. of Saturday we have ssm
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  868. Juana Balaam

    Dear Andrea:
    At which point is your theoretical paper you said was under peer reviewing?
    Thanks for your great work,
    Juana

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Juana Balaam:
    I am interacting with the reviewer, there are many errors, there is still much work of calculations to do on it, the math is not simple, but we got time. For example now ( 10 p.m. of Saturday July 10) I am working on it, this night inside the computers container will go with it, if She will be good.
    If we do not resolve the many open problems, it will be scratched. It will not be time lost, because the study made for it is useful. Very.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. DTravchenko

    Dr Rossi:
    Who wants to register himself in the waiting list to buy an E-Cat as soon as it is produced in series, what has to do?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  871. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    From all the world I suggest to write an email to info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I will forward the request to the proper Licensee at the due moment.
    Obviously the registration is free and the order will become binding only after the product will be available, a formal order will have been signed on a contract and the terms of the contract will have been respected. Before that, no money will change hands.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: It was great to hear you say the next industrial E-cat will be sold into the competitive energy market. (F9) Congratulations. Just like the home E-Cat, I assume there is a long list of corporations willing and able to purchase, is this assumption correct?

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    AR

  874. JCRenoir

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    How is going the 1MW E-Cat today?

  875. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Same as yesterday.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  876. Curiosone

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The external surfave of the Hot Cat that will be the core of the domestic version will be made by steel or by ceramic?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Ceramic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Bruno Galvan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If I understand well you spend most of the day and of the night in the container of the 1 MW E-Cat in which also the H-cat is being tested. Is it right? I am admired! But what is the temperature and the noise in that place?

    Best regards, Bruno Galvan

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Galvan
    Inside the computers container we have the climatization system.
    Inside the reactors container is like a sauna.
    The noise is not an issue.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  880. Jovan Suyama

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Any progress in the direct production of electric energy from the E-Cat?
    Cheers,
    Jovan Suyama

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Jovan Suyama:
    We are working on it, also with the Hot Cat we are testing here in the computers container. We want to obtain real results, trying every possible combination. We have theoretical bases, but not yet an acceptable result. So far the E-Cat is ready only to supply heat, by which, obviously, it is possible to make electricity by the Carnot Cycle with the industrial plants, while for the small units we must find a direct way, which is not easy if substantial efficiency is searched for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre Carbonelle:
    After the test on course by means of the 1 MW E-Cat supplied to the first Customer of Industrial Heat, the plants will be sold to the Customers no longer under a “test” formula, but with normal sales contracts, provided the tests on course will have given positive results enough to allow us to consider the technology consolidated. This result has not been achieved, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. Pierre Carbonnelle

    Mr Rossi,

    could you tell us if / when do you expect a test with a second customer to start ? I was told that several candidates are lined up.

    Thanks in advance,
    PC

  884. Twyla Karasek

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your enduring work with your E-Cat: it seems to me that your team of Industrial Heat and you are working together as the musicians of “The Concert”.
    Thank you for the great work od you all,
    Twyla

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Twyla Karasek:
    Thanks to you, for your so kind words! I totally agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. Fermina Lemaster

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Andrea, still working 16 hours per day, from 6.30 p.m. to 10.30 a.m.? How is your health ? Rumors say not very good. Take some day off!
    Thank you for what you are doing,
    F.M.

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Fermina Lemaster:
    I am perfectly well, yes, that is the shift.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. A. Bhatt

    Hi Andrea,

    Clearly, you are extremely busy but it’s nice to see some developments in quantum computing. Here is a link to an article if you have a second. Thought you might enjoy it.

    http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/d-wave-smashes-quantum-computing-record-1000-qubit-system-1508387

    Best,
    A. Bhatt

  889. Andrea Rossi

    A. Bhatt:
    Very interesting, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Shon Lennart

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give an update when you read this message?

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Shon Lennart:
    Now it’s 1.25 p.m. of July 9th.
    The 1MW E-Cat is in ssm and stable. The Hot Cat too. I must say tht in this period She is not generating troubles. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Jerry Sanders

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you say which is the max power of the Hot Cat you are testing in the computers container?

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry Sanders:
    3.5 kW
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  894. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I struggled through this with what I hope is a glimmer of understanding, and seek your opinion as to the nature of thermal resonance discussed. Does this paper represent that the amount of energy equal to 3 kVA (arbitrary, likely it is a fraction of this) is a threshold of energy that results in a change of probability that the coulomb barrier may be violated? If so, it seems that the motion that creates this resonance is due to the amount of thermal energy applied rather that a specific resonant frequency in the manner that the energy is transferred to the lattice of crystal. Please, dear friend, is this understanding correct or incorrect in your opinion? I place my ignorance before you for your opinion.

    Thank you,

    Tom

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1507.01650

    Title of document: Thermal Resonance Fusion
    arxiv.org.1507.01650v1

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    My ignorance is far bigger than yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Kangas:
    Maybe some Reader of the JoNP will be interested. Obviously I am not responsible for the content of other Languages than Italian, French, English and Spanish
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  897. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    You said:
    “The Intellectual Property is of Leonardo Corp. We licensed its industrial and/or commercial rights to the Licensees for specific Territories.”
    Can you give a list of your Licensees for their Territories?
    God bless you

    Marco

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Our Licensees publish directly what they deem opportune.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  899. Vladimir Kangas

    Vladimir Kangas
    Электроимпульсное UFO

    Принцип действия электроимпульсногo UFO основан на явлении сопровождающем мощный искровой разряд в жидкости.

    Устройство UFO и его рабочий процесс.
    Схема Электроимпульсного UFO дана на Fig.1. Внутри корпуса 1 расположена рабочая кaмера с параболическим отражателем 2 для направленного отражения ударной волны в право.
    Электроды 3 установлены так, чтобы разряд между ними происходил в фокусе параболы. Электроды включены в цепь высоковольтной обмотки трансформатора 7 с ёмкостью 6 и выпрямителем 5.
    Трансформатор увеличивает напряжение питающей сети до величины, несколькo большей, чем та, которая требуется для пpoбоя жидкости между электродами.
    Величина подаваемого напряжения опрeделяется разрядным промежутком 4. Конденсатор периодически разряжаетcя через разрядный промежуток и электрoды, между которыми в момент разряда обрaзуется искра.
    Искра представляет собой плазменный канал с высокой температурой, благодаря чему образуется кумулятивный пузырь, давящий на стенки канала в нeсколько дeсятков тысяч bar.
    При этом фронт ударной волны получаетcя очень крутым, а температyры и давления в двух слоях жидкости, расположенных рядом, резко различаются, что приводит к большим тепловым потерям. Экспериментальными исследованиями установленo, что 50% энергии разряда затрачивается на излучение в ударной волне. Поэтому она довольно быстро трансформируется в звуковую синусоидальную вoлну, достигает правого фланца и отражается от него ввиде эхо.
    Отсюда делаем вывод:
    1.Левая стенка получает удар:
    F1 = ps = 10000bar x 10см² = 100000 кг
    2.Правая стенка получает удар: F2 = 0
    Sammandrag
    Получен разбаланс внутренних сил в замкнутой системе:
    F = F1 – F2 = 100000кг.

    Electroimpuls – UFO

    Principen för hur en elektro-impuls-UFO fungerar är baserad på en kraftig gnisturladdning i en vätska.

    Enheten UFO och dess arbetsprocess.
    Schemat för elektroimpuls UFO visas i figur 1. På insidan av cylindern (1) finns en arbetskamera och en parabolisk reflektor (2) som skall rikta tryckvågen åt höger.
    Elektroderna (3) är placerade så att urladdningen mellan dessa sker i parabolens fokus. Elektroderna ingår i en kedja i högspännings-lindningen i transformatorn (7) med en kondensator (6) och en likriktare (5).
    Transformatorn ökar nätspänningen till ett värde som är något större än det som krävs för genomslag av vätska mellan elektroderna.
    Värdet av den pålagda spänningen bestäms av urladdningsgapet (4). Kondensatorn urladdas periodvis genom urladdningsgapet och elektroder mellan vilka det uppstår en gnista i urladdningsögonblicket.
    Gnistan är en plasma-kanal med hög temperatur, så att den kumulativa bubblan är bildad, som pressar uppmanar väggarna i den-kanalen i några tusen bar.
    I detta fall den chocken främre är mycket brant, och temperatur och tryck i de två skikten av fluidum intilliggande, skall skilja sig skarpt, vilket leder till stora värmeförluster. Experimentella studier anvisas att 50% av utsläppen energin läggs på strålningen i stötvågen. Därför är det snabbt förvandlas till en sinusformad ljud vågen, ända fram till flänsen och reflekteras från det på grund av ekot.
    Därför drar vi slutsatsen:
    1.Vänstervägg träffas:
    F1 = ps = 10000bar x 10cm ² = 100000 kg
    2.Höger väggen blir drabbade: F2 = 0

    Sammandrag

    Som erhålls genom den obalans av inre krafter i ett slutet system:

    F = F1 – F2 = 100000kg.

    I’ve input this into Google Translate. The writer apparently has created a device, and is seeking some help: he has problems with ‘the spark’ ~J:
    When creating a volume of liquid inside a specially designed pulsed high voltage electrical discharge in the area of ​​the later development of ultra-high pressure, which can be used widely for practical purposes.
    Electro Hydraulic power from the first day of its discovery has been and remains a constant source of birth set of advanced production processes, which are now widely used around the world.
    Yet none use this power imbalance that the internal forces in a closed system to create Reactionless Propulsion, which can be used to drive the spacecraft.
    Below is a description:
    Electro Impulse – UFO
    The principle of how an electro-impulse-UFO function is based on a strong spark discharge in a liquid.
    UFO unit and its working process.
    The schedule for electromagnetic impulse UFO shown in Figure 1. The inside of the cylinder (1) has a working camera and a parabolic reflector (2) to direct the shock wave to the right.
    Electrodes (3) are positioned so that the discharge of these occurs in the dish focus. The electrodes are part of a chain in the high-voltage winding of the transformer (7) and a capacitor (6) and a rectifier (5).
    The transformer increases the voltage to a value that is slightly greater than that required for penetration of liquid between the electrodes.
    The value of the applied voltage is determined by the discharge gap (4). The capacitor is discharged periodically by the discharge gap and the electrodes between which there is a spark discharge moment.
    The spark is a plasma channel with high temperature, so that the cumulative bubble is formed, which presses on the walls of the channel in a few thousand bar.
    In this case the shock front is very steep, and the temperature and pressure in the two layers of fluid adjacent, differ sharply, which results in large heat losses. Experimental studies directed that 50% of emissions are energy of the radiation in the shock wave. Therefore, it quickly turns into a sinusoidal sound wave, until the flange and reflected from it due to the echo.
    Therefore, we conclude:
    1.Vänstervägg meet:
    F1 = ps = 10000bar x 10cm ² = 100,000 kp
    2.Höger wall gets affected: F2 = 0
    F = F1 – F2 = 100000kp.

    Здравствуйте уважаемый Филлип Михайлович Kanarev. Получил сегодня Ваше письмо, где Bы пишете: ”Я думаю, что это научная информация поможет вам понять суть глобальных научно-образовательных проблем человечества».
    Baши и мои проблемы абсолютно разные. Baше внимание сосредаточено на глобальных проблемах науки, а моя проблема проcтая и невероятно примитивная. Судите Сaми, ещё Никола Тесла проводил эксперимeнты электроразрядов в воде. Лев Юткин пpoдолжил их и этот список можно продлить. Казалось эта тема настолько изучена что придумать к ней уже ничего нельзя. Окaзалось можно, это разбаланс внутренниx cил в замкнутой системе. Но развитие этого феномена было направлено: у Юткина нa дробления камней, у Росси для получения энергии, у Шестопалова и Тарасенко для получения нефти, и ни у кого не было желания провести эксперимент на разбаланс внутринних сил в замкнутой системе, хотя некоторые ужe знали о моём Открытии втом числе и Вы. Bce вы имели доступ к высоковольтной аппapaтуре но ни у кого не возникла даже мысль o провepке моей идеи. A вот китайские подводные лодки уже пересeкают Тихий океан за 60 минут, используя мой принцип.
    В России Бабкин примeнил этот принцип для торпед, и чуть не поплатился тюрьмой. Я сам пережил несколько очень опасных покушений, из которых чудом выжил. На этом кончаю.

    Vladimir.

  900. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    To whom belong the fuel ashes after test completion?
    Pure Ni62 is expensive and you can have a suppletory gain. Money does not harm and it would be a compliment for you.

    Take care and keep healthy.

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Your comments have been spammed and I have not been able to recover them.
    Please send them again, possibly from another mail address.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Paula Wisinski

    Dr Rossi:
    You said that you will participate to the manufacturing strategy policy making: will you do the same for the commercial strategy?
    Cheers,
    Paul

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Paula Wisinski:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Renè Dubas

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The Hot Cat that you are testing and that will be the core of the domestic E-Cat will have the external surface made by Alumina, as the Lugano prototype, or by steel?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Renè

  905. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So this 136 day (so far) test has included the 4 250 kW E-Cats from the beginning?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- The final manufacturing, after the outsourced parts will have been collected, will be made in due places, under due supervision to help to control that the IP conservation procedures are respected. At least until the massive production will devoid of importance the reverse engineering.
    2- No, the manufacturing will also be made by the manufacturing Licencees: obviously the confidentiality of the secret parts will be maintained. We have studied together a procedure for this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Popi

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you open to collaborate with your competitors, directly or indirectly, for the industrialization of the E-Cat?
    Kurt Von Riffeser

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Popi:
    Absolutely not.
    To share our Intellectual Property with Competitors, directly or indirectly, would be a mistake that would compromise our global strategy, that has been agreed upon with our great Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Jan

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How much time do you think will be necessary for the industrialization of the E-Cat, if the tests on course will end up with positive results?

  910. Andrea Rossi

    Jan:
    To answer to you I’d need the well discussed crystal ball. I can say, though, that we already have the plans ready, as well as agreements with a chain of industries in America, Europe and Asia ready to start their parcel of outsourcing activity. Assuming that the results of the tests on course will end up to be positive ( which is still not sure) , I can suppose, but it is only a supposition, that in one year the massive production could be on line. I underline: this is a supposition, not a forecast.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  911. Jona Hoffenbaum

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We read in two blogs that Ing. La Gatta, a competitor of yours working with ENEA, is collaborating with Industrial Heat in a new facility in Raleigh to work with them sharing with them: how do you comment?
    Jona

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Jona Hoffenbaum:
    Should I comment all the BS that is published in the blogosphere, I couldn’t spare time to do my job.
    I am focused on the tests on course on the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the industry of a Customer, the first LENR industrial plant of History. I want not to be disturbed by this kind of stuff.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Elahi

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You will be a maker of the industrialization of the E-Cat or you will retire after the end of the tests on course?
    Thank you,
    Elahi

  914. Andrea Rossi

    Elahi:
    Now I am focused exclusively on the tests on course on the 1 MW E-Cat. When these tests will have been completed, I will surely be a maker of the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. Goran Grotz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is your strategy related to the Intellectual Property? Is it of Leonardo Corporation or you have sold it ?
    Cheers,
    Goran

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Goran Grotz:
    The Intellectual Property is of Leonardo Corporation. We licensed its industrial and/or commercial rights to the Licensees for specific Territories. The Licenses sales are blocked ,anyway, since about 2 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your latest revelations regarding the 250 kW ecats are very intriguing. Can I assume that since February these units produce most if not all the energy of your plant, or is it the other way around and they are just spare in case of instability of the about fifty 20 kW ecats?
    Thanks, Gerard

  918. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard Mc Ek:
    We will give technical data after the completion of the tests on course, hoping the final results will be positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for this very interesting exchange between you and Prof. Norman Cook and for the annexed link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I received the following from Professor Norman D. Cook, (slightly edited so as not to mention other persons or organizations) :)

    The link to the video is very interesting. I am sending it so others can view it.

    Continuing regards,

    Joseph M. Fine

    Professor Cook:

    Could you tell me when the next edition of your book M.A.N. (Models of the Atomic Nucleus) will be published?

    I have the earlier edition, but thought the next edition was going to come out some time later this year or early in 2016.

    Thank you,

    Joseph M. Fine

    Dear Joseph,

    Many thanks for the inquiry. The third Edition is “on hold” – and I am uncertain…(when it will appear). I must say that plans for the new edition have not included anything fundamentally new. The second edition is still an improvement over the first. [......] As you may know, I am highly critical of “conventional” work and conventional textbooks.

    Meanwhile, I have created a small video for the FQXi competition:

    large

    View on http://www.youtube.com

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNX0tmbFUtE

    Best wishes,

    Norman

  921. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to hear you say this: “we are working very well on the certifications”

    Does this mean positive and productive collaboration and communication with certifiers?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  922. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    At the beginning we had many troubles and many stops for major problems. Very hard times. All problems resolved, so far. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  923. Hayatt Berenice

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I saw the movie “The Concert” that you repeatedly suggested in this blog to watch: I want to thank you, because is the most inspiring movie I ever have seen. I also understand why you got passion for it: you have seen in the life of the Orchestra Director the mirror of your vicissitudes: you have seen yourself in him, is that correct?
    God bless you for the work you are making for us,
    Berenice

  924. Andrea Rossi

    Hayatt Berenice:
    Yes, you got it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  925. Paul

    Andrea,

    Were the 4 250 KW modules fired up on February 20th this year?

    Paul

  926. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  927. Albert Ellul

    Ing. Rossi,

    It’s been long months since I’ve asked some questions, but that doesn’t mean that I was away from your blog, not at all. In fact I’ve been following it without missing a day. Along the way I have noticed a quantum leap in your level of optimism which I hope I’m correct saying it, but more than that I hope that you get the success you so deserve and in a very short time. The world needs your e-Cat.

  928. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you, so you were not a “dormant Reader”, but a “silent Reader”. What is important is that we did not lose you as a Reader. Yes, every day that passes is a day less to go through.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    This comes from a reader of E-Cat World:

    Assuming successful testing of your LT reactor, are you planning industrial size production of units shortly afterwards? Or just build a few units and increase production gradually? Much regards from long time supporter of your work. Gradual increase in production of units makes sense to me since the reactor is still rapidly evolving.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Andrea Rossi

    Abraham Schwartz:I do not know, because this issue does not depend on us, but, as I said, we are working hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  932. Abraham Schwartz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How much time do you think will be necessary o get the safety certification for the Hot Cat ?

  933. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Suspending (F9) for a moment,

    Some of your statements seem to imply that an LT-Cat will not be the future product for home heating. As in “my opinion”, an HT-Cat operated at 1000`C plus isn’t likely to be certified for residential heating, are you doing R&D on something in a mid range. Possibly an MT-Cat for a home energy system that can produce some electricity plus home heating.

    OK, (F9) is re-engaged.

    Just to inform you, I have been in contact with the R&D department. It appears that Crystal balls like the E-cat, are not so simple to build. Insert (F8)- “I can not reveal the Particulars until we receive our IP.” (F9)
    :-)

    Kind regards,

    Dan C.

    PS,
    My Opinions are worth a Nickel on a good day.

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    The safety certification is not a matter of temperature. In the gas boiler you have in your apartment, or house, the flame reaches 2000°C, and it got all the necessary certifications.
    The matter is more complicated. We are working very well on the certifications, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The E-Cat is much more difficult than crystal balls, because we navigate on uncharted waters, while crystal balls are a well known thing since the Middle Age ( Ref: Whitesnow, Cinderella, Harry Potter, etc etc) : that’s the invention of the hot water !!! They don’t deliver just because they are lazy.

  935. Arthur Burton

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Most of the blogosphere is with you, and millions of persons wait for the E-Cat for sale. Against you only the rants of the usual several naysayers, but nobody listens to them anymore. This is the result of your work in this last couple of years. You can be satisfied of yourself.
    Godspeed,
    Arthur Burton

  936. Andrea Rossi

    Arthur Burton:
    Thank you: what really is important is the work of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. Curiosone

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We know that Bosons are turned into Fermions by the Higgs Boson. Is it possible the contrary, that Fermions are turned into Bosons?
    Thank you for your patience if you answer,
    W.G.

  938. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Yes, Fermions can be turned into bosons. A quite interesting example is the one related to 2 electrons that in a superconductor , summing up their 1/2 spin, make spin 1 and become a boson, so that they can run unimpeded through the superconductor. This can happen not just in a superconductor, but also in a vacuum field with a non zero value, and can happen both for Fermions turned into Bosons and Bosons turned into Fermions ( as it happens to the gage Bosons W+, W- and Z°, mediators of the weak forces, when they resonate with the Higgs field ( not the Higgs boson…).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  939. DTravchenko

    Dr Rossi:
    You cited repeatedly the nuclear Physicist Irina Uzikov as a Russian scientist that attended your first test with a 1 ME E-Cat in Bologna. Is she a parent of the well known Dr Vitaly Uzikov?
    D.T.

  940. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Dr Irina Uzikova is the daughter of Dr Vitaly Uzikov.
    By the way: Dr Vitaly Uzikov has recently patented a system to reduce the volume of radioactive wastes that I think is the most advanced in the world. As you probably know, he is one among the best Russian experts of nuclear plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  941. JCRenoir

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    How many operative days of 24 hours each has the 1 MW E-Cat operated, from the start up to now? Can you tell us this?
    Cheers,
    JC Renoir

  942. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    136 days as of today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  943. Ian Walker

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Would you be prepared to let us know the rough percentage of hours that the 1 Mega Watt plant has been in Self Sustain Mode for the last month. While recognising it is not a necessarily indicative of the whole period of the plants operation or an indication of future, past or final performance.

    Kind Regards Ian Walker

  944. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Walker:
    As I already said, these data will be published only after the end of the tests on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  945. domenico canino

    Hi Andrea,
    Why you and IH don’t accelerate the development of the Cats, in a big factory with 200-300 engineers and other technicians,that test and improve all the components like a game-changer technology like your deserves?

  946. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Rome has been made brick by brick. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  947. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you have success with Hot Cat testing, will there still be good reasons for you to produce low temperature E-Cat plants and reactors? Why would you need the low temperature plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  948. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Let’s start with saying that for the future I need the blessed crystal ball that Amazon makes evanescent so far. This said, I think your consideration is inspired by good sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  949. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    you have often said “She is in ssm”. SSM means that She’s working in a state that no input power is required (excluding for the controls), am i right ?
    Being She formed of a group of a hundred 10Kw reactors, an input power = 0 may suggest that each one of the reactors is in ssm at the same time, is it correct ?

    God bless you

    Marco

  950. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Moreless correct.
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  951. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you reached the half-way point of your one year test yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  952. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, the low temperature E-Cats will be still in the line of fire for many industrial purposes. Not for domestic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  953. Jimmy Hanks

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Perhaps you already answered to this, if yes I am sorry: the Hot Cat you are testing in the computer container is equal to the reactor tested by the ITP in Lugano in 2014?
    Jimmy Hanks

  954. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy Hanks:
    Yes, basically is the same, but a foundamental modification has been made that has improved the ssm cycle, also thanks to the study I made of the results, that, for obvious reasons, told me much more than can tell to anyone else.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  955. Dear Mr Rossi
    If the test prove in the positive, who will be looking after the sale of the Hot-cats, we are based in Australia and have been following your work since the beginning and are looking at impelmenting your technology into cement manufacturing which is very large consumer of energy. thank you

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    When the Hot Cat will be for sale we will give all the necessary addresses where to buy it ( F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Dr. Andrea,

    Of course, I’m joking. I believe you need a light moment once in a while. The black box comment was to indicate I wanted you to keep your secrets. I think you are further along than you indicate, so I am beginning to get more interested.

    Rules for commercial and general aviation are different for those of us in EAA (Experimental Aviation Association). Our planes carry the placard, “EXPERIMENTAL” to fit that category. If you ever reach a point where you could use a guinea pig or two, you can easily and legally find one in our ranks. By the way, Sterling engines, though slow to get up to full power, do not suffer power losses with increasing altitudes but become more efficient in the cooler upper air. Jets are more efficient than piston engines at higher altitudes but not as good as the Sterlings.

    This is all in fun, but I can get serious rather quickly. Thanks for indulging me,

    Hope you had a good fourth of July,

    Charlie

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    We are working at the maximum of our possibilities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  959. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    Do you think it is possible to put a water motor to provide electricity to the Hot Cat? I am attaching two patents:

    http://www.hydromoving.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11&Itemid=115

  960. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link. If it works, yes.
    When a product will be available to test it we will make a proof.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  961. Dear Andrea,

    All I need from you is a couple of redundant new powerful hot cats you locked in a secret “black box” to power a single sterling engine that I hope to design and install in my old ’64 Cessna 172E for it’s non-stop trip from a field here in NC to Paris or anywhere you want in Europe. I’ll only need about 100hp at the prop. That demonstration would necessarily be short lived and would get a lot more attention than a year long run at a mfg plant. If the hot cats need any fuel at all the fuel tanks will be at your service. I’ll give you the plane when I’m through with it.

    Charlie

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thanks, but I wil NEVER propose to anybody, but me, to make the part of a Guinea pig. I never made boxing with the face of the others. This also is the reason why we will never put in commerce an item without all the due safety certification. I say “we” because my Team is on the same page.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you have said the 1M plant is in SSM, what do you mean? Are all the E-Cat reactors in SSM concurrently or are just the majority of them? Or do you mean that the plant is operating at an overall COP >> 1?

    I hope you find some time to get some good 4th of July BBQ wherever you are.

    Sincerely,

    Peter Metz

  964. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    SSM means “self sustained mode”. Precise data will be given in due time.
    Today I have been all the day inside the plant, therefore no BBQ, but I think that the field of our work resonates with the field of the work that brought the USA to get their Independence. Thank you for your invitation for the next year: I adore BBQ. The one I remember with most affection is the BBQ on July 4th 1998 in the house of my friend Craig Cassarino, now vice-president of LTI, discussing about my LENR experiments, that in those times were made very secretly. Craig is a BBQ Master, and used to spray on the beef a sauce of his invention, whose secret was more coveted than is now the IP of the E-Cat.
    (Hi, Craig!)
    Thank you, dear Peter Metz, also for giving me the chance to wish a wonderful July 4th to all our Readers that live in the USA!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  965. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the future, do you see IH leasing the 1 MW plants or selling then outright?

    Leasing may give IH better control of their IP.

    Paul

  966. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Let’s not put the cart ahead of the horses. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  967. Konrad Welsh

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Please send us the update as of today of the operation of the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the factory of Industrial Heat’s Customer!
    Cheers,
    Konrad

  968. Andrea Rossi

    Konrad Welsh:
    It’s 3.48 p.m. of Saturday July 4th ( Independence Day for the USA). The 1 mW plant is stable, in ssm, the Hot Cat is stable and in ssm too. In this moment we have not particular problems, just stay alert.
    Warm Regards, from inside the computers container,
    A.R.

  969. George

    Dear Andrew,
    you can find the work by Hagelstein that Jonathan cited in his comment here:
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/nanor-technology-alternative-lenr-reactor/

  970. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  971. Dr Rossi:
    Will you attend meetings with Airbus?

  972. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    I think you are joking. Obviously we do not give to anybody any “black box” for obvious reasons connected with the IP protection, nor it is thinkable to make an aeroplane fly with an E-Cat before a specific technology has been developed and a safety certification is obtained for that specific use ( consider at least 20 years to be waited for).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  973. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi:

    I understand in part your response to Mr. Ferro Casagrande but at the same time I
    have the itching sensation that you are pressed by some unmerciful instances to
    attain extraordinary performances from the 103 modules warm E-Cat plant. And all
    that putting yourself in health risk. We think that the domestic unit with COP 6
    is enough and even 3 would be a success if only thermal power is required as is
    the case. And the best of all is that everything is ready for manufacturing.

    Of course, setting in service the E-Cats without proper certification is unlawful
    in US and in EU but we have estimated that more than 10% of the half a million
    preorders come from non USA, non european countries. This yields 5.000 orders,
    some of them of more than a single device. Correct me if I am wrong but
    manufacturing E-Cat for certain countries which allow its installation would be
    perfectly legal. I live in Northern Hemisphere, now summer time, but within some
    months lot of persons shall need thermal energy, an energy that most of them
    cannot pay if generated by wood, natural gas, fueloil or electricity.
    So please, for the sake of mankind (part of it), snap some time to get the
    necessary certifications. Even without further certificates, the safety
    certification (I think it is the more important) was already granted and enough
    for non US-EU countries. Then press the start button of the robotized plant and
    beginn production. Many problems will be solved and you will get in return not
    only a significant amount of money but also the gratitude of so many 3rd world
    persons.

    Yours sincerely

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    I cannot disclose contractual particulars.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: How much time and effort are you and IH expending to make sure the results of your 350 day contract, F9, will be accepted by future costumers as a money saving solution for their operations?

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    If F9 will be positive, the numbers will speak for themselves. If not, same thing, but in negative. There will be not much need to speak.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  977. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “but must endure 350 operative days, so we cannot foresee how many days we will have to interrupt the operation of the plant, due to breakages etc.”.

    You previously said, I believe, that the current 1MW eCat unit has not had any failures and is still running on its initial charge.
    1. Is this correct?

    2. Have there been breakages of the customer’s equipment that affect your operation?

    3. Have there been interrupts of input electrical power (i.e., from the electricity provider)?

    4. Have there been other interrupts in operation, such as planned maintenance, scheduled shut-downs, etc?

  978. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- I said She is running on its initial charge, not that we did not have any breakage
    2- I cannot give this information
    3- No
    4- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Jonathan Metz

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    You talked of the work in the MIT of Prof. Hagelstein: it is described in the blog ecat-thenewfire.com
    Cheers,
    Jonathan

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Jonathan Metz:
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Did you have a Muse or a consulting chemist to provide the insight needed to eliminate E-Cat’s original external hydrogen tank? This was major improvement to your E-Cat “fuel”. But I wondered if you conducted a series of experiments or had a sudden revelation as to how to access hydrogen inside the E-Cat cell?

    Wishing you continued good luck for your great work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  982. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    No Muse. Just study and work.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  983. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    Like Mr. Ferro Casagrande and Mr. Karels I am older than you (15 years). Since four years back we all await the advenement of our domestic E-Cats. Whithout wanting to put you in danger with the exhaustive working the 1 MW plant needs, I want to demand you, in my own name and in the name of above mentioned fellows, thorough information about what you have several times promised, i.e. a domestic E-Cat. We do not need 1 MW, just 10 KW. Even 5 KW would be wellcome by me and the group of mates who have booked for it. Not wanting to speak for the whole community we can send you a list of customers who would accept the 5 KW version. Please give us an email address where to send the list.

    We remain yours respectfully

  984. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    You are right.
    The fuel ashes belong to the owner of the plant.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  985. Craig Johnson

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why you want not to make theoretical discussions?

  986. Andrea Rossi

    Craig Johnson:
    Because when I think I have something theoretical that is worth to say, I publish it. Otherwise, instead of discussing I prefer to learn from Professors and from books. My time is very limited, I must select things surely worth to do. Please do not think this is a snobbery: I have to spend my time as cautiously as a person with not much money has to spend his money.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  987. Jane Brown

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is your opinion about the LENR experiment made by Prof Peter L. Hagestein in the Massachussets Institute of Technology (MIT) ?
    Thanks if you find the time to answer,
    Jane

  988. Andrea Rossi

    Jane Brown:
    The experiments of Prof. Peter Hagestein are very important as a sign of how is changed the perception of LENR in the highest echelons of the mainstream scientific world. Few years ago the MIT considered LENR non-science, today they are making R&D on LENR in their labs and publishing reports of successful experiments. This is important for the LENR environment: let me say, without hypocisy, that the merit of this change of mode has been generated by the enormous work made by our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  989. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Previously, you have stated that out of all the LENR devices that have been claimed in patents and literature, IH has only been able to replicate and produce excess heat from Ikegami’s and Brian Ahern’s experiments. I’ve been reading the patents and papers of Unified Gravity Corporation, and I wonder if you attempted to replicate their setup as well.

    https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2014189799

    They claim in their patent application to have produced high rates of proton-lithium fusion using very low energy protons (sometimes as low as 200ev but usually not higher than 2000 or so ev). In their experiments, they have applied an alternating bias voltage (for example a few tens of milliamps and a few hundred volts to a couple thousand) to a lithium disc in high vacuum. Hydrogen gas is either pumped into the chamber or lithium hydride is placed on the disc. When the power is turned on, a lithium hydrogen plasma formed. They claim the negative bias pulses create the plasma and the positive pulses induce the proton lithium fusion. In one experiment, they used square wave pulses and a short 10% duty cycle to achieve a vert high calculated COP in the hundreds. They have also used low power magnetic fields to confine the plasma and further enhance the reaction rate. In addition, they have detected in real time a huge flux of alpha particles and have detected helium ash.

    I cannot help but wonder if some of the processes in their device and the hot cat are very loosely related. Have you tested their claims?

    What impresses me about their work (even though you are far ahead of them because you have an actual product and they do not) is that they have performed hundreds or thousands of tests, built many different reactors, and optimized their system via trial and error like you have. They are not just talk.

  990. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    I never comment the work of our competitors. As I said, the sole experiments we have successfully reproduced so far are the ones I cited. This is NOT a comment on the work of the others, it is just a matter of fact strictly related to our replications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  991. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you routinely use emissivity (epsilon) measurements in your testing and R&D work?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  992. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I cannot give this information. We will give due information when the test will have been completed. Please remember that the test has not a solar calendar, but must endure 350 operative days, so we cannot foresee how many days we will have to interrupt the operation of the plant, due to breakages etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  993. Ian Walker

    Hello Andrea Rossi

    I ask whether you have seen the thermodynamic analysis of the Lugano E-Cat written by Slad
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/270314996/A-Thermodynamic-Analysis-of-the-Lugano-E-Cat

    As featured in Frank Acland’s e-catworld.com

    As I think it a very good analysis.

    While you may have people who are in your team who are working on this and may have seen similar analysis or carried it out your self, with your fluid engineering background. I myself find it to be very competently written and you may want engage in discussion with the author.

    Kind Regards Ian Walker

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Walker:
    I want not to enter in a discussion. I prefer, in this period, to use the free time left from Her to study Physics, more than discuss about this matter. I published that link because maybe it can interest some reader of our blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Hoover Bismark

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    During the nights, that you spend inside the plant, are not you afraid of hostile intrusions ?

  996. Andrea Rossi

    Hoover Bismark:
    The factory the plant is in is guarded 24/7 by security officers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  997. Slad

    Mr Rossi

    In your theory paper written with Norman Cook you say:

    “At the temperature of operation of the ECat used in the Lugano test, the Lithium contained in the LiAlH4 is vaporized, and consequently was distributed evenly within
    the volume of the E-Cat.”

    I believe a significant proportion of the lithium remains as liquid, even up to the melting point of nickel.

    I explain why here:

    https://www.scribd.com/doc/270314996/A-Thermodynamic-Analysis-of-the-Lugano-E-Cat#fullscreen=1

    In the snappily titled: A THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF THE LUGANO E-CAT (A Handy Guide for Replicators, Inventors, Nay-Sayers and Theorists)

    I think this behaviour has parallels with Ikegami’s work involving molten lithium.

    Best Regards.

  998. Andrea Rossi

    Slad:
    Thank you for your insight. I met many times Prof. Ikegami in the university of Uppsala in 2012, 2013 and 2014 and I studied with attention his work with Li; we discussed together with Prof. Sven Kullander about his work and my work. The study of the work of Prof Ikegami has doubtless been important for me.
    About your insight: I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  999. Jimmy Hunt

    Dr Rossi:
    Every single day that you say your 1 MW E-Cat is working in the factory of a customer and has long periods of self sustaining mode (ssm) I ask myself: do people understand that this is History in the making, day by day, by this guy?
    God bless you, Andrea, for the work you are making for us 16 hours per day, day and night. Just take notice that we are millions who wait for your product.
    Jimmy

  1000. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy Hunt:
    Thank you, but let me just add that all this work is not made just by me, but by our great Team. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1001. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, your uninterrupted presence close to her, make me to believe that something about the working mechanism would not already well known, and this make me believe that perhaps it could be not explainable also in the future.
    If is there an unexplained variable, that I guess (ignorantly) it could take part to the reaction: a third factor in add to the charge and heat supply, it seem a fluctuating and unpredictable presence, could be named as antimatter? that fluctuates into a parallel dimension.

    Oneiric regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    My uninterrupted presence in the plant installed in the factory of the Customer of IH is due to the fact that it is our first plant installed in the factory of a Customer, operating for unlimited time. We have to be always present for at least 1 year due to our contractual agreement and due to the fact that it is our first occasion to make R&D, tests on an industrial plant really working and producing and not on an experimental industrial device working for few hours. Staying continuously with her we are learning an enormous amount of data, information that will be at the base of our industrial production. It is the first time in the history for such a plant, we do not have prior art to gat experience from, so we have to observe her with extreme attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1003. Enrique Gonzales

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can we have an update in the very moment you read this comment?
    Cheers,
    Enrique

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique Gonzales:
    11.45 a.m. of July 2nd: situation substantially stable, in this moment we are in ssm both with the 1 MW E-Cat and the small Hot Cat. I am finishing my working shift, will return here at 6 p.m.
    I go to sleep.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. David Levis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    NASA, AIRBUS are making experiments after the Lugano Report, Universities in Russia have replicated your Effect, the China Institute for the Atomic Energy has replicated your Effect, the Universities of Bologna has replicated your Effect, the University of Uppsala is replicating your Effect, the MIT is replicating your Effect…are you worried for your Intellectual property?

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    David Levis:
    No, I am honoured that the work of our Team is taken seriously from these giants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1008. domenico canino

    Hi Andrea,
    NASA working on LENR propulsion for Aircraft. This is the link to their work. In the paper you will see the photo of a Rossi Hot Cat of the Lugano text. Nasa working on LENR after Rossi’work. It’s clear. It’s a big thing.
    warm regards
    http://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/SeedlingWELLS.pdf

  1009. George Mc Elvenny

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    LENRleaks says that also a team of the University of Bologna has replicated the Rossi Effect with a reactor copied from the Lugano test: is that true?
    George Mc Elvenny

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    George Mc Elvenny:
    I didn’t know about the existence of a LENRleaks! This is another sign of the LENR consistency ( he,he,he…).
    I am not informed about what you say. I know that a team of Professors of the Univessity of Bologna has made a reactor after the Lugano test, but I am not informed about their work. Surely they will publish a report when they will have consolidated results, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Hanna Von Goetz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I saw another replication made by the Russian Academy of Science, that is taking seriously LENR after years of ostracism. Your merit.
    Godspeed,
    Hanna

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    Hanna Von Goetz:
    No, it is not my merit: it is merit of Dr Alexander Parkhomov, who made a convincing replication and of Dr Irina Uzikova, nuclear Physicist of the Russian Academy of Science, that prepared the ground since when she attended the demo we made with the first 1 mW plant in Bologna on 2011.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1013. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand the pressures to get a product to market quickly and the counter pressures of protecting IP and market positioning. You get one chance to do this job correctly in this world of ours. So proceed quickly but carefully. Obtain the necessary certifications and the mass production capability. Have these in hand before you release a commercial product. While people on this site honestly believe that the current prototype unit as is will be usable, you and I know that potential competitors will do whatever they can to prevent an eCat from being commercially successful. While the potential impact of lower energy will greatly affect the developing world, it would be a greater loss if eCat fails on its first release and the technology is lost. In my humble opinion.

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  1015. Alexvs

    Aside from eventuell negative results (as you always say) arising from economic, investement or other extrascientific reasons, could you tell us please the total energy balance figures of the 1 MW plant up to date?

    Greetings

    Alexvs

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    We have to respect the laws of the USA and European Countries everywhere we go in the world.
    I confirm what I have already said, also for what concerns the protection of the IP: there cannot be production of richness for everybody if there is not substantial intelklectual property protection. Nobody is going to invest seriously for anything whose iP is not protected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: As you know there will be a huge market for your 1 MW E-Cat, how do you plan to protect your IP, will you use the same strategy you are planning for the home 10 KW E-Cat? Thanks again for this site and answering our questions, and thereby keeping LENR discussions in the news.

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Basically, yes, with due exceptions to be evaluated in specific situations. IP is easier to protect in 1 MW E-Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hi Dr. Rossi, please read these new experiments that are leading in Russia:

    http://tet.in.ua/index.php/en/

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=j11d1g1oSFo

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    In Russia the so called rossi Effect has now been replicated repeatedly, it appears. I think Dr Alexander Parkhomov has a great merit on this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Jamews Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update related to the replications on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. James Rovnak

    Andrea report on MFMP coming out shortly – ash analysis to follow, is my guess!
    “# Robert Greenyer — 2015-07-01 16:41
    Hi David,

    We are investigating the results of the GS3 and post analysis – I hope to publish this tomorrow, but seemingly have a never ending accounting job – including for the MFMP – to do. The analysis has implications for all replications in some way similar to the GS3.

    I am also setting up the Ash analysis.

    We are also helping others to get up to speed with their own replications.”
    I know we both await the ash analysis, although they did not run long enough for much to be there, but any would be very good news for everyone!
    My own guess is that we will see some!

    Jim

  1023. Thanks for the “Welcome Back!”

    I’ve been keeping up with your progress.

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    No.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1025. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Ma non capisco ! Se io Ti chiedo di vendermi la tua vecchia bici ! Hai bisogno di rilasciarmi un cerrtificato di agibilità !!! Io non credo !!! Sono anni che vivi a contatto con numerosi E-CAT per 15 ore al giorno , e Sei ancora vivo e vegeto . Cosa Ti impedisce di spedire a noi i Tuoi più affezionati lettori un paio di scatolette con dentro questi minuscoli E-CAT . Io Ti leggo da anni !!! Io ,Steven , Gary , Paul , Alexvs , e molti e molti altri Tuoi affezionatissimi lettori e sostenitori .
    Non capisco !!! Giannino di Udin
    ENGLISH:
    Why you cannot sell us one of your prototypes, even if it is not safety certified?

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    For two resons:
    1- to sell an item not safety certified is unlawful
    2- we cannot sell a small unit before we are making massive manufacturing because the risk of reverse engineering is too high. Only a massive production can shield us from reverse engineering, making it not profitable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Gretchen Taylor

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When will you available for an interview on the status of the art of LENR?

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Gretchen Taylor:
    Surely not before the end of the tests on course on the 1 MW E-Cat operating in the factory of the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have followed with attention the replication attempts of Rossi Effect realizing that no one has achieved your performances. Otherwise I have learned how uncomfortable you feel inside the 1Mw container. As anxious as we all and yourself are, please do not tense the strings up to the point of being unhealthy. Take care and if we have to wait some months more we will do. You should not press yourself beyond reasonable exigences.
    Once more, take care. Best regards.

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    The R&D and tests that we are making not only with the 1 MW E-Cat, but also with the Hot Cat , are finalized to a massive production. Safety certification and massive production are necessary to fullfill your demand. I can assure you that we are working as much as possible on this issue.
    For what depends on us ( technology) we are very advanced. For what does not depend on us (safety certification) we will gain much time if the tests on the 1 MW plant will be completed with positive results, because the safe operation for 1 year of the 1 MW E-Cat can give a good point of reference also for the domestic applications.
    I really sympathize with you, as well as with Mr Ferro Casagrande, Steven N. Karels and all the many Readers that are sending us comments on the same subject, not to talk of the half million persons that have pre-ordered a domestic E-Cat and that are ready to confirm the order should we deliver our product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Gary Underwood

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read all the more than 23 000 comments and the hundreds of links to the comments in this blog and I am stunned. The amount of information is colossal and what does really stun me is the unbelievable constant upgrading under the scientific, technological point of view that you made in 4 years: it has been an exponential growth. Congratulations and thank you for this dramatic engagement of yours.
    God bless you,
    Gary

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Gary Underwood:
    Thank you for your attention. I want to underline, though, that the growth has been made together with my great Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1033. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Cari Steven ed Andrea , siete molto simpatici sulla disputa di quanti anni ci vogliono ancora per realizzare propulsori LENR su strada o aerei . Io fra 20 anni sarò belle che morto . Ma io caro Andrea aspetto già da molto tempo solamente 4 minuscoli HOT-CAT per scaldare qualcosa in Azienda . Fra quanto me li spedirai ? A me non servono cartacce varie . Vedi se riesci a rispondermi un po meno evasivamente con ad esempio non ho la sfera di cristallo oppure quel continuo F9 di incertezze .
    Rammentate che Vi voglio bene per davvero se non altro perché lavorate non meno di 12 ore al giorno . Ma d’altro canto anch’io ho fatto cosi per più di 40 anni comprese le domeniche e festività . Ciao Andrea ! Forza ! Giannino di Udine !
    ENGLISH nutshell tanslation by A.R.:
    Dear Steven, Andrea:
    apart airoplanes, when will I be able to use an E-Cat to heat up my factory?
    Giannino from Udine (Italy)

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    We are making the tests and R&D on course with the plant installed in the factory of the Customer of IH and on the Hot Cat to prepare a massive production (F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Paul

    Andrea,

    The first aviation e-cat will probably be an unmanned steam rocket with a single hot-cat reactor in a sealed water tank driven to critical failure. I believe you said that the 10 KW hot-cat that failed during the first 3rd party test reached 1MW output over a 10 second period. (We are still hoping to see the video some day.)

    Paul

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    What you write makes sense. I substantially agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since I am older than you, mostly likely you will win but I will be long gone. My winning solution, experimental aircraft. Plus the battery evolution will push the technology. You do your part for LENR electricity generation and the rest of humanity will do their part – battery and aircraft powerplant development. Keep my bottle of water cold!

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You bet!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Meanwhile this electric plane is already flying.
    It carries two people and has a range of 1 hour.
    And it is powered by packs of rechargeable electric batteries, total power 9 kW:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WiADDbeFanU

    Flying Regards,
    Italo R.

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Interesting, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , I suppose you will be delighted reading this comment.

    From the times of Tesla in the 1890s, Cold fusion has been discovered and then forgotten and then later rediscovered in a tragic cycle of frustration and forgetfulness. Tesla may have been the first. There is a persistent urban legend about Nikola Tesla. The prolific Serbian inventor who claimed that his greatest achievement, the achievement that he was most proud of, was not alternating current or the radio, but a high voltage tube which could produce energy and transmute materials.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/29/lenr-and-the-long-march-into-forgetfulness-axil-axil/

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Yes, I am delighted to read this. Nikola Tesla has been a much more important inventor than he ie considered.
    Very interesting, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Koen Vandewalle

    Steven,
    Technological advances are enabling people to create larger and more complex problems.
    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  1044. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Sorry, but I must strongly disagree with you. I would foresee that LENR will be used for aircraft propulsion within 10 years. The current flight of the Solar Impulse 2 demonstrates that low powered aircraft can be made. Consider using LENR with its long-term fuel and high energy to mass ratio. While I agree that fighter jets that require rapid change in energy output will be the last to see LENR, I would think that slow transport aircraft could meet an economic need as fossil fuels become less available and more restricted. So if there are no LENR powered commercial aircraft in Dec 2025, I will gladly by you a bottle of water.

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    What a stupid man I am!
    I made a statement related to what will happen in future about LENR and Avionics while I didn’t yet receive the crystal ball from Amazon!
    I settle for the water bottle bet, though..but now we have another F9 case: in 2025 Andrea Rossi could be still alive, but also dead…ok, here is the solution: I will put a water bottle in an escrow and you will be entitled to get it, should you win the bet ( you will lose, you will lose…have you the slightest idea of the timespan necessary to get the certifications – I mean safety certifications- for a thing like this in avionics ??? It is taking more than 4 years to make domestic boilres !!!).
    I said 20 years because I am an optimist guy. I cannot forget that the CEO of Volvo, several years ago, told me that to apply LENR to trucks could take about 20 years; can you imagine how much time will be necessary for an aeroplane?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you confident that major manufacturers of jets will put their wizards to work on LENR ? (So it seems…)

    Kind regards,

    Koen

  1047. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I think that the day of aeronautical applications of LENR is not close.
    I think it will take not less than 20 years to see something operating in that field.
    Not less, probably more.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1048. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea,
    in the last days Aftenposten in Norway wrote:

    “…a source with heavy scientific background in relevant subjects has even been present and able to inspect the container. The reason that he does not want to be named, is that it is considered very dangerous for his career to embrace the highly controversial phenomenon of cold fusion…”
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/21/norways-aftenposten-newspaper-independent-source-confirms-rossis-1mw-plant-working/
    Without entering in details, IP protection, F9, bla bla etc. may you say:
    who was this guy?
    you were there?
    and whatever you can say (nothing I presume).
    Kind regards
    Giuliano Bettini.

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    I can say nothing.
    Due information about the performance of the plant will be given after the end of the Tests and R&D on course. The results could be positive or negative, independently from anything anybody could say now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain why the Lugano report has been so helpful to you, after you have done so many years of R&D of your own? I would have thought you would have made tremendous amounts of measurements of every kind in your own labs.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The measurements of the efficiency of the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat, obviously, is made with calorimetry, because the plant has to produce steam necessary to the manufacturing process of the Customer. Therefore both the third party that has to certify the performance and the Customer that is using the E-Cat are just measuring the amount of the thermal energy actually delivered from the plant, not the pure heat radiated from the reactors. The measurement of the pure heat radiated from the reactor makes sense in laboratory tests, because, being a direct measurement, not mediated by a heat exchanger, gives more rigorous results.
    For what concerns the Hot Cat we are making tests with inside the computers container, we are making both calorimetric and IR measurements, obtaining similar results, even if calorimetric measurements are lower due to the fact that the heat exchanger makes a loss of energy depending on its efficiency factor.
    I cannot add other information regarding this issue, because all the publishable data will be published when the tests on course will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. KD

    Dir Mr.Rossi

    She, The Cat, saved small “Wakayama Electric Railway” and helped in bringing $8.9 millions to local economy.

    Cat stationmaster Tama mourned in Japan and elevated as goddess
    The calico cat was appointed stationmaster at the Kishi station in western Japan in 2007 and died early last week. Now she has been mourned by company officials

    http://www.google.com/url?url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/11704428/Cat-stationmaster-Tama-mourned-in-Japan-and-elevated-as-goddess.html&rct=j&frm=1&q=&esrc=s&sa=U&ei=MlKQVYWQGIKQ-QGg2YWYBg&ved=0CBkQqQIwAQ&usg=AFQjCNGJmThSG_tsRs-EkZap58BvlwpndA

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    He,he,he…delicious!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Boris

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I have read a “Comment” to the Lugano Report ( LR ) that is falsely dressed as a “Article”.
    I will not provide here any reference about the author or the title because I don’t want to give to this kind of criminal any kind of publicity. I call him a criminal because he does a real crime creating false information.
    Just some points:
    All the writing appears to be done by copying and pasting old false argumentation against the LR, the calculation of emissivity is completely wrong, and shows a complete ignorance of the topic by the author.
    The author has not even read carefully the report in which is explained how the ridges emissivity is handled, using only the bare cylinder surface for IR emission measurement.
    The calculation of the power by the author is also completely wrong and purposely misleading not taking in account the power emitted by the alumina pipes ( where the emissivity was measured ! ) and wires.
    The author does not take in account any fact that has been noticed during this almost one year long period after the LR has been published .
    For example that the wires are of a special type of Kantall and most important the replications by four independent groups: two Russian laboratories, one Chinese and one American.
    I stop here for the moment, because I’m to disgusted by this kind of criminals.
    But if necessary I can give more details. But I think that for real scientist this is not necessary.

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    Thank you for your insight. I totally agree with you. The concept of epsilon is not easy to undertand for non experts and we have non experts of the field that criticize the measurements of Professors that teach in the universities that specific matter. just like cts that want to teach to miew to cats. About cats: I invite to look the delicious link sent us from our Reader KD two hours ago!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Weleda Sutherland

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for what you said about ” they who have not solid bases better let alone theories”.
    While your titanic work if giving credibility to LENR, the publication of a stream of theories that violate the basic laws of physics gives fuel to LENR opposition.
    Thank you for what you are doing, Andrea.
    Thank you for your exhausting and stressing work.
    Cheers,
    Weleda

  1057. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda Sutherland:
    I agree with you.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1058. James Andrew Rovnak

    Just thinking about how simple all this is Andrea – the big picture of the New Fire with only a few more engineering details to be worked out like you have done in the E-Cat series – thanks again from all of us who see the TRUTH & now for the details, No?

    Jim

  1059. Andrea Rossi

    James Andrew Rovnak:
    You are continuing ( also today June 28) to send theories and I am continuing to spam them. Guess why.
    I appreciate your enthusiasm and your kindness, but I cannot give room to theoretical nonsenses, nor I have time to object to them.
    About the replications you are giving us the updates of: to have a precise opinion, it is necessary to receive scientific and detailed reports, with all the data concerning the description of the measurement instruments, a detailed lay out of the measuring system, the graphs of the data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1060. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the fuel mixture you are currently using substantially different or improved since the testing you conducted prior to the Lugano test report?

  1061. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The R&D on the E-Cat is a neverending process, and this principle is valid for all the parts of our reactors.
    This said, I cannot enter in particulars, because we have to defend out intellectual property. Innovation without IP does not produce global richness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1062. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I was under the assumption that you mentioned a more refined paper containing a more detailed body of theory was being prepared for publication to be submitted to another main line publication and is under review by your personal physics experts. It was to be submitted when the rough spots are removed.
    Hopeful regards.

  1063. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    It is in preparation, but it is immature: too immature to know if it will be published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1064. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    It seems to me that you and your co-author of the pre- print of your paper on the theory of the E-cat, are cooking up a theory for the manufacturing of 4He. The alpha particles at the temperature you run your device would easily find the necessary electrons to form the He. Have you measured the amount of He being produced and if so does it correspond to the theoretical amount required? It also seems to me a way to falsify or confirm your theory. The pre-print, IMHO is more of a dissertation on Cook’s lattice theory than on the theory of the E-cat mechanism and then presenting a side issue dealing with its application to your device. The production of two alpha particles by proton capture had been proposed previously in a number of blogs without a firm mechanism to explain it.
    I think that because of the multiple possibilities involved with the nuclear process in your device that only extensive ash analysis including gas measurements can really solve the problem. You must have performed many assays since you have much fuel residue produced by long time operation of both hot and cool devices and the cost of doing the analysis is trivial compared to the engineering costs you are spending on the ongoing tests. I understand the necessity for your not revealing any of the results of the assays, but because of this knowledge and the cooperation with Cook on the paper, I must conclude that the production process indicated must be well indicated.
    Any information you can reveal will be eagerly awaited since it can lead to new scientific knowledge usable to form more advanced engineering devices for mankind.
    Anxious regards.

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    The Cook Rossi paper has already been published.
    About future papers, I’d need the mostly cited crystal ball.
    Engineering of advanced applications of the so called Rossi Effect will rise from an Intellectual Property about which we’ll maintain the confidentiality, until a massive production will have been put on the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. Gherardo

    Dott.Rossi,
    I’m happy to know that you are checking your health and that is all OK. Personally I donate blood regularly.
    Sometimes chasing a dream that is becoming real makes us forget all needs till is too late.
    Be dedicated but stay balanced to run the long march to victory. It’s not a sprint.
    I find myself speaking like an old man. Forgive me…
    All the best, Gherardo

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    Thank you for your care.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Hi Andrea,

    1) Are there any encouraging signs in the development of
    G-Cat (G=Gas) by the other half of your team ?

    2) Is the jet engine, that you bought, being utilised or
    has it been mothballed for the time being?

    3) I am trying to lose weight, and you need to gain some.
    How about a trade?

    Keep well and continue to enjoy your very valuable work.

    Jean Pierre

  1069. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    1- yes
    2- not yet utilized, still unerd study
    3- deal!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1070. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote:

    “The MW E-Cat is in ssm and stable.
    The Hot Cat is in ssm too, stable.”

    Is this unusual or quite normal these days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank

  1071. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Good question, impossible answer: to explain what has been the source of important factors emerged from the Lugano Report I should have to disclose confidential particulars. The huge work we made in our lab before the Lugano Report is the base that allowed us to see in the Report what can be observed only if you have “eyes” for it, trained by the huge background I mentioned.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R,

  1072. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi, everybody that has a baby never knows if their child will “change the World”, you are sitting in your container, baby sitting with a child that you know will change the World dramatically and hopefully much for the better.
    This must make you feel very proud, like a new father who knows their child will be a genius.
    Best wishes

  1073. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    He,he,he…F9, though!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1074. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “Cannot stay away” from your eCat is a sign of two possibilities:

    a. Compulsion, based on fear or anxiety or
    b. Great love for the technology

    Condition a is very damaging and unhealthy. Condition b is very healthy and wonderful. I hope it is condition b.

  1075. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Fuel exhaustion topic:
    All those scenarios have to be experienced yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1076. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    eCat fuel exhaustion is an interesting topic. Do you expect to detect near fuel exhaustion by:

    1. monitoring your control levels or signals and observing a long term, significant increase in demand for the same thermal output level?
    2. The thermal output power gradually begins to decline?
    3. The thermal output power suddenly drops without the ability to recover?
    4. Rapid changes in the thermal output power?

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I too hope it is condition “b”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1078. Gherardo

    Dott. Rossi,
    from the photos I see here http://andrea-rossi.com/1mw-plant/ you are too slim for the team !!! :-D
    Don’t be possessive, let them chase the cat too and burn some fat…
    Gherardo

    PS: I’m obviously joking, I hope you and your team are in a good mood :-)

  1079. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    As a matter of fact, I am continuing to lose weight, but I made blood and urine analysis very complete, including cancer indicators and the results are totally good, so I am healthy. The Team is working with me and , honestly, they would be glad to allow me to work the regular 8 hours per day instead of the 16 I work through, but it is me that is not able to stay away from Her. Observing the E-Cat at work, combined with the data of the Lugano Report and the study of the theory of Norman Cook our technology is consolidating by the day.
    This said, I must say F9 ( F9= ” the final results can be either positive or negative “).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1080. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I just read the comment you gave to Frank Acland and I wondered:
    Did you see any change in time which may be due to exhaustion or waring out of the ‘fuel’? If so, are you able to extrapolate (calculate) the expected ‘life-time’ of the fuel and it this satisfactory or is this still crystal ball science and hope?
    Thanks for your constant effort for answering all these endless questions.

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard Mc Ek:
    We did not see so far exhaustion signs. In this case it is not a matter of crystal ball, but of experience: it is the first time we can see a plant work 24/7 for one full year, therefore we have to learn. From theoretical ( mathematical) calculations the charge should endure at least 365 days. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Andrea Rossi

    James Andrew Rovnak:
    Sorry, I have taken off from your comment a theory that is too nonsensical to be published even in a blog. It violates practically all the foundamental laws of physics. Suggestion: without strong bases, better let alone theories.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1083. Josh K. Horn

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you tink of the replications cited in the comments of James Rovnak?
    John

  1084. Andrea Rossi

    Josh K. Horn:
    I can say nothing until a detailed report is published about those experiments, with all the necessary scientific data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1085. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    The soldering gun is a device where a high amperage 50 Hz alternating current flows in a thick copper wire. The wire becomes very hot at a portion which is strongly curved. (Google ‘soldering gun’ to see images or probably you know such device already.) Maybe this kind of heating approach might be useful in small E-cat units, because it can be made very local and losses are apparently rather small. It is a variant of resistive heating, but one which is specific to AC.
    regards, /pekka

  1086. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    The E-Cat is much more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1087. Tom Conover

    James Rovnak,

    Thank you for your interest. I need to make a serious correction here. None of the information published by Wizkid was intended for this forum, it was not fueled. There was no SSM because there was no fuel present. There was no SSM.

    Wizkid

  1088. James Rovnak

    Andrea another one of my monologs of random thought for comments from you & blog members, only if you can.
    I shared this with Wizkid tonight as I thought I’d detected a little (ssm) LENR presence in his shutdown temperature graphs or else I’m just see things? You don’t have to comment on that statement, just save an old man from embarrassing himself again.
    “Just for the record Mats002 I did blow up (magnify) the unfueled test temperature profile on shutdown & the fueled run & there is a bit of (ssm) LENR present that is obvious to me at least. Now Wizkid if you normalize both decay curves to 100 %, that is the nonfueled case divided by 1200 C & the fueled trip case by about 900 C & overplot them, I think you will find that they both drop off initially very fast, but the fueled run runs into a little remnant of decayed heat at about 400 C or about 44%. This is exactly how heat after death appears in current nuclear plants. Now for a clean new Nuclear Plant reactor that is the unfueled analog here. It takes week/months for appreciable decay heat to build.Since Wizkid didn’t run very long nor stimulate enough (ssm) to occur, there will not be much (ssm) present in his decay profile.I didn’t have the data only graphs & my ability with spread sheets has become dismal since retiring 15 years ago but visually & with a few attempts at blowing up portions of both temperature curves until my eyes hurt, I could see the break point at 44% in the fueled run. Would be nice if Wizkid would try this exercise to make an old man happier or show me up for what I truly am. Many experimenters have witnessed (ssm) LENRs presence but just didn’t realize it nor even know it is there IMHO. I’ve said this before I don’t know the decayed heat build up time constants that’s what decay heat specialist are about in big nuclear plants, but I have used their numbers in nuclear plant simulations before with great accuracy in developing control & protection algorithms for a variety of nuclear plants. Hopefully that graph by Wizkid will show the Lady LENRs presence just a little & we wait with baited breath further runs & reports & eventual control & protection of the LENR Ladies process. This development would be cake for the nations National Labs but without a directive from Smart Government (?) they can’t bring their magic to bear here. Thanks to Andrea Rossi’s persistent work ethic that we are finally here today slowly gaining insight necessary for our future well being.Thank you for the great test & efforts Wizkid it is a pleasure to see you operate so professionally as well as others.”

    Jim

    And thank you again Andrea for this wonderful & insightful forum & discussions.

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update of the laboratory replication trials.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have reason to believe that safety certification for a domestic E-Cat will not take many years?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    These days we are satisfied how things are going on. ( F9 ).
    As you know, the measurements and the report of the ITO after the Lugano test have allowed us a strong improvement, for reasons that we deem confidential, so far. The Lugano Report of the Independent Third Party for us is a gold mine. For this reason I am very curious to read the reports after the replication of the Effect they are trying in the Universities of Uppsala (Sweden) and Bologna (Italy).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    As your know we all enjoy photographs :)

    I know its difficult for you to photograph the 1MW beast but I wonder if you could possibly add a small picture of the hot cat test rig. If your exchanging heat with a fluid then I imagine the reactor is difficult to see so shouldn’t give away any secrets?

    It gives us all something to talk about during this long test :)

    Or perhaps you may have some photos you can share from the earlier years of tests, near the beginning when you first started working with lenr?

    Thanks

    Mark

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    You can find many photos on
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    and on
    http://www.leonardocorp1996.com
    Also in this blog, going through the 23,200 comments and counting, you will find hundreds of links inside the comments with photos.
    The Hot Cat we are testing here now externally is equal to the Hot Cat of the Lugano Test, whose photos are published on the Lugano Report made by the ITP, published here:
    http://www.elforsk.se/lenr-matrapport-publicerad
    Next photos, when possible, will be published on
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. James Rovnak

    talk with Wizkid
    “wizkid James Andrew Rovnak • 9 hours ago
    Hello James. Sharp temperature spikes were inserted to find LENR, but NO LENR FOUND yet . Source uses ardruino controller with custom software, optical a/c solid state switching and a full wave 10A bridge rectifier to produce DC that is used to drive the coil load.”

    Interesting set up, but I think he needs more TRIAC like freq content to stimulate Lady LENR into more dramatic presence like GS3 test, etc!

    We all wait for further testing & a final report with more details to learn more & maybe help Wizkid with ideas & comment of group think, just maybe!

    Have a nice day Andrea, just wanted to share this info from Wizkid with the Blog participants.

    Jim

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thanks for the update
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1096. Henry Featherweight

    Dr Rossi Andrea,
    Do you think that the lattice theory of Prof. Norman Cook can explain the Rossi Effect?

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Henry Featherweight:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. Rex Harris

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give another spot of update in the very moment you will be able to read this message?
    Rex

  1099. Andrea Rossi

    Rex Harris:
    In this moment it is 07.40 p.m. of Thursday, June 25.
    The MW E-Cat is in ssm and stable.
    The Hot Cat is in ssm too, stable.
    Fingers crossed. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1100. James Rovnak

    Andrea, some comment over at lenrforum today on latest replication attempt whose report we await for further insight.

    True, but it was a very nice piece of work so far & should not go unnoticed. Think he may need some more high freq EM, not sure how it enters fuel element, but sure it is needed for lots of (ssm) LENR to show up!
    A moment ago
    NEW
    Tarun wrote:
    Some people are already spreading disinformation that this works and shows SSM.
    Who needs skeptics when we have such blind believers. :thumbdown:

    Good luck to the new replicator. Keep sharing your progress. :thumbup:

    Liked his power meter. Note all meters have high sample rate DACs to analyze current/voltage inputs for real & imaginary power present, even for TRIAC type noisy spectrum’s & that spectrum’s harmonics & current trace are fundamental to exciting (ssm) LENR of that I am sure tarun, & every bit of information publicly displayed should be discussed here to further our understanding & offer help & verbal support to those who undertake these arduous experiments, No? The World cries out for this New Fire & the lenrforum supports that cry with reasoned discussion by all – dissenters, critics, do-ers, interested followers, experimenters etc.

    Jim

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thanks for the update.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Your crystal ball has been placed on back order, but Tom Conover received his. This smells of corporate suppression of the E-cat…

    Time to play hardball.
    Tell “Jeff Bezos” the Founder & Chairman of Amazon that your team will develop an E-cat powered Drone for his home delivery model. He is a savvy businessman & will quickly grasp the implications of this. He will personally deliver your crystal ball.

    At that point, you should up the ante. In return for developing E-cat drones, He shall provide *FREE* delivery of all future E-cat home Heater sales. This is of course dependent on (F9).

    Savvy Business Regards,
    Dan C.

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    You are totally right and I will treasure your savvy suggestion. I’m sure Mr Bezos will comply!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. James Rovnak

    Andrea I think The Wizkid just did it.

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/613858156058411012

    Have a nice evening. Nice to watch these guys replicate ingeniously, No?

    Jim

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information.
    Let’s wait for a detailed report to formulate an opinion.
    So far I can appreciate the enthusiasm.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1106. AlbertN

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I was looking at the LENR patent Airbus filed a few months ago. My understanding is that the request is still ‘pending’. Airbus is an extremely large company and potentially Industrial Heat’s biggest threat/competitor. Airbus Group Innovations VP Chief Scientist Jean-François Geneste has been pushing for more research in the LENR field. Mr. Geneste is of the opinion that the LENR phenomenon cannot be patented. You can only patent the ‘control’ system.

    Jean-François Geneste has a very impressive bio:

    http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://www.cepadues.com/auteur/geneste-jean-francois/263.html&prev=search

    This leads me to few questions:

    1- Have you or I/H ever talked to or met Jean-François Geneste?
    2- Have you or I/H ever been in contact with Airbus or one of it’s subsidiaries?
    3- Do you agree that you cannot patent LENR itself but only patent the ‘control’ system?

    Warm Regards,
    Albert N

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    The fact that Airbus is making R&D in the LENR field confirms that our work has changed the game, involving the giants. This also gives evidence that it is not true that mainstream science is not interested in LENR.
    About your questions:
    1- We do not talk with our competitors
    2- Same as above
    3- I do not agree ( question: if they do not think LENR can be patented, why did a patent application, that I know very well and have studied with attention and is in good part copied from prior art?)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. Gianni Abbamonte

    Carissimo Dott. Rossi:
    From many sources seems that the Lugano experiment has ben replicated from the professors that made it both in the Universities of Bologna and of Uppsala, where they made by themselves reactors and charges with the data they got in Lugano. Can you comment?
    Gianni Abbamonte

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    Gianni Abbamonte:
    I do not know anything about what they are doing. I know, of course, that they are trying to replicate, in Uppsala and in Bologna, but I am not a rumorist, therefore I prefer to wait for written reports.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. Herb Gillis

    Andrea Rossi:
    I came across a very recent communication in Nature (June-23) concerning an improved water-splitting catalyst. The catalyst is nickel-iron oxide, and the key to the improved performance was the introduction of lithium ions. The work came out of Stanford.
    Could there be more than just a coincidence here?
    Kind Regards; HRG

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    These are chemical processes that have nothing to do with the so called Rossi Effect.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  1112. Tom Conover

    PS: My crystal ball arrived from Amazon yesterday. Yours is on the way!

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I will send strong complaints to Amazon, because they privileged you with the delivery of the crystal ball model I ordered before you: this is not a fair way to do business!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The atmospheric engine invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, often referred to simply as a Newcomen engine, was the first practical device to harness the power of steam to produce mechanical work.

    The E-Cat was invented in 2009, and is the first practical LENR power pack capable of generating nuclear energy power levels (heat) without environmental impact or radiation that plagued the major energy sources of that time.

    In 2016, Andrea Rossi was awarded international recognition for his contributions to stabilizing the global warming issues and virtually eliminating the environmental impact that mankind was inflicting on the tiny habitat we share, called Earth.

    Thank you, Andrea!

    Tom Conover

  1115. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you share where you (and your team) are on the status of the US Patent Application? Last I recall, the Patent Office had rejected it.

  1116. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Our attorney are making the appeal. We think we have solid arguments to reverse the rejection.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1117. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Once the cash begins to flow within another year perhaps you would consider adding to your amazing team gifted young geniuses like Taylor Wilson:
    http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jun/20/taylor-wilson-nuclear-teen-genius-science-interview.
    He reminds me of another young man of 44 years ago; however his nuclear fusion reactor was built at age 14.

    Since you insist on including the “negative” word, what top five obstacles do you foresee (without a crystal ball) would prevent a positive beta test? (I just sent a ‘Cheese Cake’ virus created by Dr. Affirmative to your baking robot to remove any form of negative results from its vocabulary).
    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Bro Keeper:
    The answer is in your question: I have not the ctystal ball. We do not foresee, We experiment, take data, make decisions on the base of the data I collect. “We”, obviously, means my Team and me.
    Thanks for the nice link regarding this talented young man.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, you and your Readers may want to read this article.
    Google:
    THE COMMON GOALS OF THE POPE AND CLEAN ENERGY

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  1120. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1121. Litz Larkins

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    My sensation is that in the world few have understood the importance of the work you are doing: a 1 MW plant working mostly in self sustained mode is probably the most important thing made in the last hunderd years. You are spending all your life for this.
    Thank you, Dr Rossi, for what you are doing.
    Litz

  1122. Andrea Rossi

    Litz Larkins:
    You are very kind, but remember that our tests are in the middle if the fight, and the final results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1123. Mary Whitherspoon

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You recently said a new theoretical paper of yours was going to be published: can you confirm when?
    Mary

  1124. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Whitherspoon:
    I am waiting peer reviewing from a Professor I sent it to and, possibly, his important co-authoring. So far I think the paper is not ready for publication. It is incomplete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1125. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You state that theHot Cat will probably form the base of the domestic E-Cat. Is this because:

    a) It has a superior COP to the low temperature Ecat
    b) It is more suited to electricity generation than the LT Ecat
    c) It is more suited to domestic heating needs than the LT Ecat
    d) Something else (if so, what?)

    Many Thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1126. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, I have reasons to hope this, due to many factors that are maturing in this period of tests and R&D. Obviously, to be precise now I would need the well known crystal ball, but Amazon is very disappointing on it. Let’s wait and see which facts will be produced by facts. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R,

  1127. Paul Calvo

    6 ways the Rossi eCat will change the energy landscape
    the article is about Tesla but it applies to the eCat

    http://inhabitat.com/6-ways-the-tesla-powerwall-is-changing-the-energy-landscape/

  1128. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for the link, a parallel with Tesla honours the work of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1129. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I think it is indeed possible to replicate with the information contained in the Lugano Report and other documents. I think this is because in one sense the Ni-LiAlH4 version of the Rossi Effect is highly flexible when it comes to fuel preparation, reactor design, type of electrical input, etc. Parkhomov and Jiang seem to have strayed far from the dogbone design and still obtained massive excess heat. But in another sense, for some replicators, the E-Cat is stubborn and mysterious. Even when sticking close to the Lugano setup, they produce only a small amount of excess heat. There are parameters we simply do not understand. So I agree with you that the E-Cat is complicated. I’m glad you have been able to figure it out.

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Every particular of the E-Cat is the result of a long series of corrections coming from thousands of tests that allowed the evolution that carried to the present industrial plant and the domestic version under R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Siesse:
    Same answer as to James Rovnak. Maybe some Reader can appreciate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. James Rovnak

    Andrea are you familiar with this site:

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/prvky/prvkyang.htm

    I looked at it a little today. Speaks much of the heavens, but interesting never the less. Energies far above the Hot E-Cat. Do you see anything of interest there, I know you look far out also for some lessons on construction of the elements.

    Jim

    Just thought you might comment.

  1133. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I tried to read, but is a nonsense to me. Probably I am too ignorant to understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1134. Raphael Teller

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read that a journal of Norway has reported an interview with Prof. Bo Hoistad, who said his group has replicated the Rossi Effect in their laboratory of Uppsala, after the test made on your reactor in Lugano. Thay have made a their own reactor, based on the information they got in Lugano, and replicated the effect. Questions:
    1- are you aware of that?
    2- did they have enough information in Lugano to copy exactly your reactor and your charge?
    Cheers,
    Raphael

  1135. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael Teller:
    1- I am aware of the fact that in the University of Uppsala and in the University of Bologna are on course experiments to replicate the effect measured in Lugano. I am not aware of their results, because I am not in contact with them, but I assume if they will get results they will publish them in the proper channels.
    2- In Lugano they had access to all the information that they published in the report in October 2014; I did not give information on what we deem confidential intellectual property. As I always said, the E-Cat is a much more complex thing than it appears to be. Nevertheless, as Dr Parkhomov, Prof. Jiang et Al. have given evidence of, using the information contained in the Lugano Report and in my patent applications a replication of the Effect appears to be not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1136. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    hello Dr. Rossi , also the Norwegians are replicating Lugano .

    http://www.aftenposten.no/fakta/innsikt/Er-kald-fusjon-losningen-pa-klimakrisen-8056195.html

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1138. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thanks, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1139. KD

    Nero wrote.
    >>>>I am waiting for THENEWFIRE<<<<
    But The New Fire have to be started.
    Instead of matches, Mr. Rossi is using cheese, which energise mouse and mouse energise the cat.:)

    KD

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    good idea: the leftovers to the viruses!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Robert Curto

    Dr.Rossi, your response to Pietro F. June 21 at 7:56A is well said, and of course 100% true.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s been a rough day.
    Thank you for the laugh. :)
    —————————————-
    Your response to Bro Keeper-
    F9 ( our robot has made your virus a piece of cake).

    Warm Regards.
    Dan C.

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    We are invincible!
    (he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Nero

    I also don’t care of what skeptics think… I am thinking for submitting to US patent office… and… I don’t use matches, I am waiting for THENEWFIRE… ;-) Auguri! Nero

  1146. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    Of course! Nero has updated his high temperature experimentalism, I had to understand it before!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1147. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    If the Industrial test ends positive and no recharging of the fuel has occurred, do you intend to continue running the 1MW plant from its original fuel to its undetermined exhaustion or will you recharge it with fresh fuel?
    (I sent a virus to temporarily disable your “F” keys.) :)
    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Bro Keeper:
    I will propose to go on with the same charge if the data will allow it.
    F9 ( our robot has made your virus a piece of cake).
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1149. Ing. Franco Occhipinti

    Dr Rossi:
    I recently read an article of Umberto Eco, the author of “Il nome della Rosa”, saying that in the internet, by the blogs, the imbecile of the village ( lo scemo del villaggio in Italian) becomes a Master of Life: I am thinking to all the guys that, having zero education in Physics criticize University Professors that wrote, for example, the Lugano Report. What do you think of the words of Prof Umberto Eco ? By the way: he is Prof of Semiotics in the University of Bologna.
    Thank you if you answer,
    F. Occhipinti

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Franco Occhipinti:
    I think Umberto Eco is right. I have seen persons that, as you write, have no education at all in any matter polemize with Professors and teach to them how a measurement has to be done, not to mention the clownesque theories that deal with elementary particles as if they were balls of a pin-ball. I have seen persons without elementary mathematical bases polemize with a Nobel Prize laureate, lecturing him in a matter for which he got the Nobel Prize; internet has been a very important revolution, with enormous positive consequences, but this is a negative “counterindication”: the fact that an imbecile, without studying, let alone working, can write stupidities on a matter that most of the readers do not know and consequently make for himself a qualification of expert of that matter, polemizing with Professors even if he knows absolutely nothing of that matter. LENR, with their appearent simplicity, attract many of these clowns. The best thing to do is just ignore them, also because they count nothing, tactically and strategically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. I read “Il nome della Rosa ( The name of the Rose, in the English edition) many times. It is a masterpiece of the contemporary literature.

  1151. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Sorry, I did not mean you should help your competition, I just take it for granted once you put your E-Cat on the market it will be reversed engineered and the competition will start. Do you think it will be reversed engineered? If yes, how fast do you think it will happen after E-Cat is on the market?

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    When we will put for sale the small units ( easy to buy for anybody) ) we will produce them with an economy scale that will make pointless the reverse enginering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1153. John Mc Cormick

    Dr Rossi:
    More replications of your effecrt have been made: the Lugano report has been confirmed by new replications made in Sweden. Are you aware of this?
    Godspeed,
    John Mc Cormick

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    John Mc Cormick:
    I saw many reports of replications. I am delighted of this.
    Thank you for your kind comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Nero

    Positive or negative… Two points of view… Industrial and commercial: Ok for Nda or end of the test… Customer pays only if he does money… Scientific: a week-end blind test is sufficient to confirme the Rossi effect to a team of skeptic and no scientists… I am wrong? Best Regards, Nero (Wolfe)

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    I understand that in your DNA there are incendiary legacies, but:
    1- this blog has more than 23 000 comments and at least 5 000 of them are dedicated to tests we made, blind or not, in 4 years
    2- we are in the industrial phase, wherein we do not anymore care of demonstrations on prototypes, but of an industrial plant that is operating in the factory of a Customer of us
    3- the last of our problems is what sceptics think of us; the first of our problems is what Customers think of us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    p.s. Beware the matches!

  1157. James Rovnak

    At last great news for father’s day from Lugano report team!

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1788-Bo-H%C3%B8istad-three-independent-replication-experiments-showed-the-wanted-excess-en/?postID=5564#post5564

    Jim

    PS Not much longer now till well desirved Nobel, even more important helping Holy Father solve World’s Energy Crisis

    Back in 2011 they were mostly right & with music no less!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mu_iwdjf1gI

    Jim again thank you Andrea! especially on this Father’s day!

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the links and for the wishes, that I send back likewise, for Father’s Day!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1159. kenko1

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    With the addition of Hot-cats to your customers reactor “mix”, will the testing time be extended? Or will the testing phase remain on the original schedule?

    Yours,
    Kenko1

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko 1:
    They are well didtinguished issues. The testing time will not be extended.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    You have recently described the so-called Rossi effect as more like popcorn popping than charcoal burning. You have also demonstrated your commitment to developing technology utilizing the so called Rossi effect to succeed in the marketplace. Consequently you have focused your efforts on producing a steady and continuous source of heat. Information on these efforts must remain confidential. I am curious however, about whether you have learned anything from observing the uncontrolled popcorn aspect of the so called Rossi effect before developing control apparatus, that you can share with your readers.

    Thanks again and happy Father’s Day.

    Bob

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    It is not true that I described the so called Rossi Effect as you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1163. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What kinds of preparations taking place at IH for commercialization of the E-Cat if the 1MW plant is successful?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    When we will have finished the R&D work with the Hot Cat I will be able to give an answer. So far too many points have to be tested.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1165. Pietro F.

    Buongiorno Andrea,

    giornalmente fedele alla consultazione del suo journal, oggi, mi domandavo se la sua strategia sia la migliore. Sono passati più di 4 anni dalla presentazione di Bologna e, credo, più di 7 anni dalla scoperta del fenomeno, e la previsione sono almeno altri 4/5 anni prima che il fenomeno sia veramente accettato dal mondo scentifico. Allora a quando la Gloria?

    Le auguro una bella giornata e spero abbia vinto a tennis.

    faithful to daily consultation of “journal”, today, I was wondering if his strategy is best. It’s been more than 4 years after the introduction of Bologna and, I think, more than 7 years since the discovery of the phenomenon, and forecasting are at least another 4-5 years before the phenomenon is truly accepted by the world scentifico. So long as the Glory?

    I have a nice day and I hope to have won in court.

    Pietro F.

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    Our strategy is the only possible one, based on the necessity to have consolidated results of the industrial operation of out first industrial plant put at work in the factory of a Customer and on the necessity to defend the IP to allow serious investments necessary for an actual massive production. You say that 4 years have been spent from the first public demonstration: right, and 4 years are nothing respect what can be expected for the development of a revolutionary technology in this field, which is so difficult. Think to the Hot Fusion prototypes, funded with tenths of billions of dollars since 50 years ago and still not productive and make a comparision. To talk is easy. To work and get results is not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Peter Frost

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I totally share your strategy: first, complete the test and R&D with the plant sold to the Customer, then make the massive production.
    Godspeed,
    Peter.

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Frost:
    Thank you.
    Will be important also the results that we will have from the Hot Cat , that will have worked for 1 year 24/7: it is probably the core of what will be the domestic unit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s very interesting to learn of your new R&D projects. Are they all taking place in your container office, or are others working on them at other sites.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    After the final results will have been obtained, if they will be positive, we will give information also about the commercial strategy, that will depend on the results .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. James Rovnak

    Andrea, interesting article of intense source of heat in graphene, could this ignite the nuclear fire in a home E-Cat or Hot E-Cat as the wire heater does now? Lots of ways to go with this device. And the graphene is getting cheaper & more readily available in today’s market place:

    http://www.kurzweilai.net/worlds-thinnest-light-source-made-from-graphene?utm_source=KurzweilAI+Weekly+Newsletter&utm_campaign=a411278d20-UA-946742-1&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_147a5a48c1-a411278d20-282071458

    Interesting development, thought you would be interested with your present thermal wire coil heaters igniting & controlling the New Fire at least till (ssm) operation builds up?

    One of the MFMP researchers, I think me356, is using Silicon Carbide for internal heater in his fuel element. Also IR camera for control & TC for measurement & Raspberry microcomputer & available boards. Nice design package & will be testing again shortly. I like their innovative designs or fuel elements, data acquisition systems, programming small computer systems & special boards like TRIAC controls, internet instant spread sheets, online discussions during test, & use of others world wide for all facets of the game. Very young & flexible crews at lenrforum, MFMP, etc.

    Jim

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your comment. I cannot give related information in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Paul

    Andrea,
    What are the commercial plans on world scale if the test on course with the 1 ME plant in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat will be positive at the end ?

    Paul

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    You know, in this moment I am focused on the present work. For the future ( unless Amazon delivers the long due crystal ball) we prefer to wait for the final results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I have an idea I would like to run by you.

    Since you cannot publish any results until after a test is complete, could you begin a one day to a one week long test of a, “Rossi Effect Demonstrator Module.” The purpose of the module would be to have a basic, primitive setup to present to the scientific community upon the completion of the 350 day test of the one megawatt plant. To be clear:

    1 – The module would only utilize a rudimentary version of the Ni-LiAlH4 technology. Basically, it would incorporate what information has already been revealed, but not the improvements that have been made since Lugano.

    2 – The module would not be made with the know how to build a long lived device. It would be designed as a short lived demonstration unit that could be replicated with commonly available materials and components.

    3 – The performance goal of the device would be to show a modest COP during driven mode for a period of 30 minutes and then infinite COP for a period of at least thirty minutes in self sustain mode. These two periods would be cycled again and again for a day to a week.

    4 – After completion of the test, the results would be provided with limited additional information. The full paper would be published at the completion of the 350 day test of the one megawatt plant.

    I think such a demonstrator would help the cause of proving the existence of the Rossi Effect to the world. It could do so while disclosing no additional IP now, and maybe only a little when the full paper is published.

    Testing such a demonstrator module would be a significant morale booster to those who are following your work and those who are attempting to replicate.

    Any thoughts?

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Obviously, this is not possible.
    My time is totally absorbed by the work I am doing, and it is totally senseless to make what you propose while the tests on a real plant supplied by a Customer, making real work and therefore giving real results, not laboratory results, are on course. A latere, we are testing a Hot Cat that will be the core of the small or domestic unit.
    The work you are proposing now belongs to our past. At the end of the tests on course we will not publish a laboratory experiment, but the consolidated characteristics and the performance of an industrial plant, positive or negative as they might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1177. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: With all due respect, at what point will you decide you now have enough of a head start, and will open your new fire to open competition?

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    We will not push on the market until the test on course with the 1 MW E-Cat working in the factory of IH’s Customer. After that, our problem will not certainly be the competition, but our development: I do not see why we have to help any competitor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. James Rovnak

    Andrea a storm brews over at vortexl on what simulates your Hot E-Cat. All the comments are interesting to read & reason!

    http://www.mail-archive.com/search?l=vortex-l@eskimo.com&q=subject:%22Re%5C%3A+%5C%5BVo%5C%5D%3ARe%5C%3A+Cat+stimultion%22&o=newest

    Think I must turn in now but I’m motivated to read them all. Fascinating how our minds work, never ceases to amaze me & you too I assume.

    Pope Francis’s name sake was my favorite read growing up & also Eleanor Roosevelt’s also – you know ‘make me an instrument of …’ I like and admire this new Pope also, he is a breathe of fresh air in an atmosphere of conservationism, & austerity preachers, no less. I’ve always thought the World belong to the risk takers seeking truth!

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your information and for your citation of the important work of the Pope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi.

    Please, answer the pertinent question formulated before:

    Dear Andrea,

    From your recent comment it sounds now like your plant is potentially a 2 MW plant. You have described previously 100 10kW reactors, now it sounds like you have added four 250 kW reactors to it. Is this correct?

    Many thanks,

    Best regards

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    As I said, I cannot give any data related to the performance of the 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat until the tests will have been completed.
    Sorry for this: I sympathise with your request.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, this is exciting news, what do you think?

    Denis writes in conclusion:

    Operation of the reactor at the maximum heating continued for about 6 hours, and It stopped as a result of burnout of the electric heater of the reactor fuel. Severe destruction of cement in the central part of the tube with fuel and burnout cantal helix indicate highly significant excess of heat in comparison with empty reactor, where the spiral remained intact and visible only on small cracks cement surface, although the material, the dimensions of the tube and the electrical heating capacity of both reactors were identical. The pattern of destruction of the reactor fuel indicates that the temperature reaches at least 1300 ° C at an empty reactor about 1000 ° C.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/20/denis-vasilenko-publishes-experiment-report/

  1184. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Actually, in Russia the scientists are working hard on the replications of the Lugano test. Very, very interesting also this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1185. Mike Hertford

    Dear Andrea:
    Please an update, as much as you can, about the situation of the 1 MW E-Cat in the precise moment in which you will answer to this message.
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Mike

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Hertford:
    It is 07.15 p.m. of Friday June 19th, I am inside the computers container, just returned from the container of the reactors.
    No remarks, the work is stable. Now I go to make experiments with the Hot Cat. I’m going toward another night to spend inside the factory of our Customer.
    This night I want to read well and carefully the new Encyclic of the Pope, that so far I have only read superficially; important books have 3 dimensions: reading a book the first time I understand the length, the second time the height, the third time the deepness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been very glad to read your answer regarding the parallel between global warming and LENR answering to Gerry Keihl. Very smart. I am following your work since your first test in January 2011 and I am stunned from your perseverance, going straight to your target, turning a blind eye to all the enemies you have. You are right: strategically you are the winner. I already understood this, everybody will understand this when your E-Cats will be off the shelf (F9).
    Cheers,
    Anonymous

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you, but let me add that all the work we did is merit of all the great team I am working with since 2 years now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1189. James Rovnak

    Andrea thought this might interest you since in concerns the hydrogen atom & the nucleus of atoms fascinates all of use with her slow revaluations of how she works & is constructed & lead to decay chain product & energy release.

    Hope you enjoy this at your leisure:

    http://www.uni-mainz.de/presse/19466_ENG_HTML.php

    Jim

    PS Hope I got that reference ok, sometimes the web trips me up, actually quite often now that I think of it.

    Have a nice evening, hopes this adds to our knowledge of how thing work inside the nucleus. Actually Stoyan Sarg BSM-SG gives me a pretty good feeling for things at my minimal comprehension level. Like his take on LENR in his other book; also very good pictures. I like pictures because of my poor QM mathematical skills.

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the interesting link. Say hello to my friend Dr Stoyan Sarg: I read his very interesting books; he is a Bulgarian nuclear physicist who comes from the Russian traditional school, that eventually approached with positive interest the LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1191. James Rovnak

    Andrea my comment over at Lenr forum to day to several member with much more experience on fuel to ash understanding than I for your blog.
    “JDM wrote:
    The Lugano report refers to using 3-phase power to excite. Most of us do not have that in our homes, however it is pretty easy to create. Using a variable frequency drive (VFD) one can use a single phase input and actually get a true three phase output. The only caveat is that one must use a VFD that has twice the power rating as the desired 3-phase output. For example if one needs 1.1 kW output, then you need to use a 2.2kW drive when run from single phase. Also, the max voltage out 3-phase will be equal to single phase voltage in. So if you input 230VAC single phase, you would get out 230VAC 3-phase. The output of a VFD is rather “dirty” which may be of some benefit. Some, but not all VFD’s are rated for single phase input.

    TRIAC interjects a lot of harmonic content that seems helped Parkhomov’s successful replications & Bob Goodyer’s problems in not stimulating the lady LENR with his VARIAC source based attempt & the appearance of LENR in Alan’s last GS3 intial run when TRIAC was power source. Subsequent calibration problems which Ged, Sanjeev & I saw were related to using the active fuel element. The calibration with the unloaded fuel element clearly showed the problem with the previous attempts at calibration with the fueled one as I believe Ged recognizes. The