Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Prof E. Fox:
    I totally agree with you. The Renaissance will not be made by me, but by all the scientists like you and also by all the guys like me that make things that are assumed to be impossible by the logic of the Middle Age: “Eppur si muove…”
    Who says the LENR are impossible because are barred by the first principle of thermodynamics, obviously, either have understood nothing of the thermodynamic principles, or have understood nothing of the LENR (or both).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    are you still confident to provide preliminary results about the E-Cat SK Leonardo by the end of June ?

    Warm Regards,

    Riccardo

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Yes, hoping it will be a success.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Madison Mahrer

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are you using also Teflon in the Ecat SK?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Madison Mahrer:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    The Rudimental:
    I think that the key point is the match between experiment and the theory, but, as I said before, I am too very surprised: I would have settled for several hundreds of full readings, that still would have been a success ! I looked now at the statistics and we got more than 21 000 full readings, which is unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. E. FOX

    Dear Rossi,
    I am a physicist with white hair and I know that there are a sea of mysteries still to be explained. What is worse is that there are many normally accepted explanations that are just fantasies of convenience or inventions to put a patch to otherwise faltering theories. Very famous names have fallen into these traps. If it was used to defend a current theory or preconceived interests, many thorny experimental evidences were put under feet and sometimes even the principle of conservation of energy and the principle of causality, stifling all legitimate curiosity and progress.
    The reaction to LENR of the official environments was one of many evidences.
    My feeling, according to what Feynmann said, is that from 60-80 years we have been living an obscurantist Middle Age of theoretical physics.
    It now seems that a timid reaction to this situation is waking up, but it takes someone who is able to give a shoulder to the system and is able to make a decisive leap and open the door that can lead us to the stars. Could you be this someone?
    I believe that in the Dirac equation (mutilated by Heisenberg and others) and in its correct interpretation and application there could be a key to a very important step.
    What do you think ?

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Franco Pirri

    Dear Andrea:
    I read you are damning yourself with the solder while inventing the control board for the direct production of electricity from the Ecat SK. I suppose you are not allowing this job to a professional solder for confidentiality reasons.
    Do you know the technology FPAA ( Field Programmable Analog Array)? I think it can help you. See here:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field-programmable_analog_array
    All the best,
    Franco Pirri

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the no. 47 000 of this blog

  12. Nancy

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the percentage of probability that you will achieve success with the direct production of electricity from the plasma of the Ecat SK we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Nancy:
    50.1%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you give us a little insight in how you are trying to develop the ‘infinite COP’ Ecat:
    1. Trial and error method to improve the electrical output step by step or
    2. Building a device that must do the job, based on theoretical assumptions.
    And further:
    3. How is heat production going on?
    4. Any chance that a customer will publish some information soon?
    5. Is there more than one E-cat SK plant in operation now?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2: yes
    3: well, with bad moments
    4: sooner or later it will happen
    5: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    A couple of years ago you discovered that it was possible to extract electric energy from the EcatQX.
    When you now work to tap electric energy from the EcatSK do you
    a) basically use the same principle.
    b) use the same principle but with much more improved electronics.
    c) use a different approach.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    c, as a result of thousands of hours of experimentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Greg

    Dr Rossi,
    I read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most important theoretical paper published in the recentyears. Its over 20 thousand full readingd (for a text not easy to read) speak for it.
    Godspeed,
    Greg

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. I am too stunned by those numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The Indianapolis 500 cars require the equivalent of 600kW of power. Theoretically, could an eCat-SK-Electric be sized to provide that much power? While fuel stops would be eliminated, stops for tire changes might be still required. Thoughts?

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are far from that. Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You missed my attempt at Biblically related humor where I posted “any scraps from the Master’s table will be quickly devoured”.

    See Mathew Chapter 15: 27-28

    27 “First let the children eat all they want,” he told her, “for it is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to the dogs.”
    28 “Lord,” she replied, “even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.”

    Best wishes – Steve

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I caught the irony, my friend.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Popeye

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that electron capture can be generated by the deformation of the k orbital of the electron?

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Popeye:
    If the electron eats a lot of spinach, yes. It is like to displace a rocky mountain with a truck deviation that makes it crash against the rock.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Roberto Silvera

    Dr Rossi,
    How did you measure 24000 K ?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Silvera:
    Focusing the spectrometer eye exactly in the highest density of the plasma, where it is a black body. It is a point with a surface of 0.0157 cm^2.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Alexander

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am impressed with , very I am a big fan . Enjoyed http://www.ecatskdemo.com too.
    Waiting for seeing the Ecat that makes directly electricity: that will be history in the making.
    Godspeed,
    Alex

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Enrich

    Are you informed that the US has reopened the Idaho Test Reactor ( TREAT ) to improve the testing of nuclear fuels to make them disaster proof, to avoid catastrophic events?
    In this facility, built inside an area of 2300 sq km, about 80 km far from Idaho Falls, they are making experiments to spur the nuclear power industry, because they say it is the sole way to reduce the global warming. What is your opinion?
    E.

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Enrich:
    Yes, I read of it. Very interesting. Whereas it is not true that nuclear power is the sole existing solution to the G.W., it is true that in the USA the 20% of the electric energy is made by means of nuclear plants; as a consewquence of this fact, to make R&D to make nuclear fuels safer is fundamental.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Dear Andrea,
    on the ecat.com website we find the following estimates, referring to versions of ECat prior to QX / SK
    ECAT Energy Density> 100 000 x oil
    ECAT Power Density> 100 kW / kg
    ECAT Fuel Reserves> 10 billion years
    ECAT Fuel Cost <1/1000 x Oil
    Can you update them?
    I suppose that right now the processing costs are still significantly higher than the costs of the raw material.
    Don't you think that instead of talking about infinite COP would it be better to give a real estimate of energy purchase costs from future customers? Can you already promise a saving of at least 50% or is it premature?

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Data change depending on the specific situations of Clients.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  35. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My previous posts was not an attempt to gather design information, although any scraps from the Master’s table will be quickly devoured. When I did prototype development, I used Expresspcb. https://www.expresspcb.com/. It provided free, easy to use pcb layout software including stand component patterns and they could turnaround a few pcbs in as little as one day. They were also reasonably priced.

    My other comment dealt with microcontrollers or microprocessors. I used the TI MSP430 as it had a wealth of built-in hardware (timers, D/A, A/D, etc.) and was easy to use. They also have inexpensive test boards to help learning their micro.

    When you are doing rapid prototyping and have a design pretty well set but are adjusting parameters, such as event timing or control logic, a micro can facilitate the ease of changes.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Our Team is using sophisticated softwares and simulation systems, but I thank you for your suggestions, as always.
    I can see you are quite skilled in the matter!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    On Power Engineering May 21 2019:
    US wind energy capacity in 2019 should rise the most in six years as the federal production tax credit phases out…
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you using microcomputers/microcontrollers in your control board? Once the board is designed, built and tested, many minor changes in timing, logic, etc. can be accommodated by reprogramming the micro. Or is the control timing so critical that discrete component implementation is required?

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, field mined by confidentiality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I am glad to hear you are still positive about the Electric E-Cat. I remember at one point you said you were making control boards by hand, which I would expect is not the most accurate way to make them. Are you still doing this, or have you found a better way?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are still in an R&D phase, therefore I am still making by hand ( solder, board and components at hand ) the control box, correcting on the paper the schematic when errors pop up. It will be manufactured by robots when and if the system will work.
    I am very optimistic about the fact that it could work, but so far it is premature. The fact that making a board by hand is not accurate is not true. It is slower, of course, but, you know, robots are fast, but they do not invent. They make things faster after things have been invented. Fortunately, otherwise I’d be jobless, albeit I have a plan B: could play drums with you at the piano and Thomas Florek at the guitar. “The A.I. Fused”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is work progressing with direct electricity generation from the E-Cat SK?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working like dogs. The theory id sound, the reactor is OK, now it’s all in the electronics. The boards I made so far have not been so good, but we are progressing and I believe we are getting closer and closer to success. If we succeed, the COP becomes infinite.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  45. Jim rune

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I understand from par 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that the ZBW of electrons is a fundamental part of your theory: am I correct?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rune:
    You are correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Christian

    Dr Rossi,
    watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I can understand thet the hottest part of the plasma inside the Ecat SK is at the center top, right?
    Best regards,
    Christiam

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Christian:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards

  50. Fulco

    Caro Andrea,
    Did you read the last work of Alexander Parkhomov cited on http://www.E-Catworld.com ? What do you think ?
    Cheers
    Fulco

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Fulco:
    Yes, Dr Parkhomov is making years since an excellent work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Norbert

    Dear Andrea
    Is it still “An impossible invention” of Mats Lewan a book that is worth its price?
    Cheers
    Norbert

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Norbert:
    Absolutely yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Giulio

    Dr Rossi
    Which is the highest temperature you reach in the highest density point of the plasma inside the Ecat SK?

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Giulio:
    the core of the black body in the plasma reaches 24 000 K, that we measured in collaboration with experts of the matter related to plasma and spectrometry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Peter and Chuck Davis:
    the E-Cat is just a very useful invention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Peter

    @Chuck Davis:
    I just referred to a range of time: during the last 1000 years the inventions have been infinite.
    Best Regards
    Peter

  58. Colin

    Dear Mr Rossi, It is strange the current problems didn’t show up during the very long testing process you carried out to demonstrate 5 sigma reliability.

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Colin:
    Think to Boeing: isn’t it strange that the problem of the instrumentation didn’t show up during the 5 sigma reliability surely they did ?
    It is normal that when you pass from a prototype in the R&D lab to industrial applications many shortcomings show up due to specific situations that in a lab you do not have.
    And it is normal that the problems are resolved. Our Clients know it and signed a disclaimer related to the probability of initial malfunctions. For this reason it is necessary a back up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Chuck Davis

    @Peter:
    What has been discovered 1000 years ago that could be possibly compared with even the current Ecat design?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  61. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When the eCat (whatever variant) is in a self-sustaining mode (SSM) of operation, and you command an immediate shut-down, what is the average time before thermal power generations ceases?

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It depends on the control system that the Client wants. To stop the heat exchange immediately a by-pass of the secondary is necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Peter

    Dr Rossi,
    If you really will show an Ecat self sustaining without any external source, this will be the most important invention of the last thousand years.
    Thank you also for the sincerity to tell us you are having problems in this pioneers period of the industrial launch of the heat sales.
    God bless you,
    Peter

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Susy

    Did you notice the coincidence between the fifth centenary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci and the start of the Ecat’s heat sales ?
    Another coincidence: you said here years ago ( I follow your blog since the year 2012 ) that you emigrated in the USA in the same day od the famous exhibition of Leonardo da Vinci in the Science museum of Boston
    Ciao,
    Susanna

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Susy:
    Yes, I noticed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi:
    http://www.researchgatw.net/publication/330601653_E-Car_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    conjugated with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    will pass to the history.
    Thank you and take some rest!
    Giovanni

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Dear Andrea,
    I consider it wise to give precedence to the problems that inevitably arise in all the first uses of prototypes.
    a) Do these problems have stable solutions?
    b) Your first-aid measures become less burdensome over time?
    c) During this phase do other possible customers require new contracts?
    d) Even in this difficult phase, is the financial balance sheet of your initiative positive?
    I follow you with ever-lively interest and sympathy, wishing you all the best.
    May God help you and bless your efforts.
    Gian

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    a) we are working in that direction
    b) yes
    c) yes
    d) we have the money to work
    God bless you likewise,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the problems with the E-Cat SK that you are dealing with getting fewer and farther between already? Or are they occurring at the same rate as before?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The more we go on, the less problems pop up. But I must be extremely rigorous and prudent. As Napoleon said: ” Between the sublime and the ridiculous there is a blink “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Giovanna

    Is the zitterbewegung effect the base of your theory in the making?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanna:
    Also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Tim Wiggers:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Anonymous

    I noticed you never talk of your competitors. Is there a reason for this?

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I never tals or comment the work of our competitors. This has always been my policy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Regarding “we have many problems emerging now and then”, would you consider pausing the roll out of the SK until problems become “few and far in between”? Or are you still actively selling it making clients aware of intermittent issues?
    Best regards.
    Patrick

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    We are pausing the roll out, waiting the problems become “few and far in between”, as you correctly write.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    The test you will make in june will try the infinite COP generating electricity?

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It will be the first try: the first hint of voice of a newborn, that I hope will not be born dead.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Christos Stremmenos

    Dear John:
    My apologies for the late answer.
    I think that in this research line there is a substantial continuity, demonstrated by the evolutionary experimental process in the role of interactive atom boundary, in particular in the H atom: this thread could be classified as follows: crystal lattice and materials with static and dynamic interactions; oscillating electromagnetic fieldsinteracting by resonance; Coulombian and prohibitive electrostatic barriers; magnetic fields: border of the interactions and plasmas.
    My opinion is that Rossi’s innovation consists in havinf exploited the effects listed above to an experimental and technological level.
    Prof Christos Stremmenos

  85. Christos Stremmenos

    Dear Freed Bernard:
    Sorry to answer your comment so late.
    First of all, thank you for your kindness and your reference to my youth…
    I simply made my duty fighting the barbarian fascist regime in Greece: I have been always a believer of what real democracy would be…a time that might come when we all will be freed from fossil fuels.
    Best Regards,
    Prof Christos Stremmenos

  86. Alberto

    Dear Andrea,
    I am surprised how much effort you put to create such a great information about your work here and in Researchgate, notwithstanding the high pressure put on you with your job.
    Thank you for this,
    Alberto

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Alberto:
    It is more what I learn than what I teach in this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. V.R.

    Dr Rossi,
    How long is the average pay-back time for your clients?

  89. Andrea Rossi

    V.R.:
    Our Customers have a pay back immediate, since they pay energy at a lower price. They have nothing to pay back, we use the structure they already have or that they should have whatever other energy source they’d choose.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  90. David

    Thank you for the information you gave in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    David

  91. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Politico

    Do you have political connections to promote the Ecat business ?
    Cheers

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Politico:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Anonymous

    Also for the production of electricity you will sell the energy, not the Ecats?

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We have not yet decided, it will depend on many factors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Jader

    Is the Ecat SK Leonardo going to be officially tested this year?

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Jader:
    We are still in an R&D phase, therefore I cannot be sure of that, but it is not impossible. In June we will probably make an important test of the first prototype, eventually we will have a more precise idea about the scheduling.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Ryan

    Dear Andrea:
    in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com your voice is not good: did it return normal?

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Ryan:
    Almost.
    Thank you for your kind concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. BrandonC

    Which are the main difficulties for the control system og the Ecat SK that has to make electricity directly from plasma?

  103. Andrea Rossi

    BrandonC:
    Just for an example, we had to invent and make components that do not exist in the market. We need functions that are not normal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of May 14th 2019: GTI, Kopco collaborating on supercritical carbon dioxide power cycle research
    Rod Walton

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. William

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand why your paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has got more than 20 thousand full readings all around the world, as I saw from the stats: it has a very dense theoretical intuitions surrogated by experimental results.
    Cheers
    William

  107. Andrea Rossi

    William:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    We are working on it like beasts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    I read the comment of a troll that says that what appears in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is not the spectrometry of a plasma, but of an astute light source or a laser.
    This obviously is an attempt to diffuse false information, because the idiot that wrote this ignores how is the image and a spectrum of a laser, how is the real ( not theoretical ) spectrum of a black body, and also pretends to ignore the part of your presentation in which you compared the calorimetric results with the results from the Wien-Boltzmann measurements.
    Not to mention the facts that a light source or a laser would consume an enormous amount of energy to produce the light of the plasma we can see in the video in real dimensions.
    Prof

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    ” Non ti curar di lor, ma guarda e passa ” ( Dante Alighieri, Divina Commedia )
    ” While the trolls are trying to hit
    the Ecat is selling heat ” ( Andrea Rossi, JoNP )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    News about the direct production of electricity by the plasma?

  112. JPR

    Mariana Heyes:
    You are wrong: the full readings are not 20 000: they are 20 180 in this very moment! I just checked on Researchgate , because it seemed to me the number was unbelievable…you are right, this figure speaks clearly about the interest that the theoretical-experimental paper of Rossi has raised in the scientific echelons.

  113. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the performance of the industrial E-Cat SK these days, in comparison to when you started its operation?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The performance is the same as at the start, but we have many problems that emerge now and again. Our constant attention is necessary. We are in a pioneeering phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Camilla Skeans

    I am incessantly thought about LENR, since the press conference of F&P: thank you for making it a reality.
    Godspeed,
    Camilla

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Camilla Skeans:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Joe

    Dr Rossi,
    I assume that the domestic Ecat will be born after at least a couple of years after the diffusion of the industrial applications.
    Does this make sense to you?

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Joe:
    I think it is not impossible, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Mariana Heyes

    Dr Rossi:
    over 20 000 full readings in 4 months is an unheard of before achievement that gives proof that your Ecat technology captured the attention of the scientific environment: I am obviously talking of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Mariana Heyes:
    I suppose you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Dana

    http://www.ecatskdemo.com what a data of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable know-how on the topic of
    unpгedicted emotions!

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Dana:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can a buffer battery be useful to the Ecat SK-Leonardo?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Premature to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    With the good days coming, the first industrial E-Cat will no longer need to heat the industrial premises for which it is intended.
    1 – Will it be stopped until the next first cold of September?
    2 – Does it provide heat for another activity?
    3 – Will it continue to work to store experience and possibly make corrections?
    I wish you all the success in the R & D of E-Cat Electric and hope that you will soon publish on this subject
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. John

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I found this report made in 2004 from the US Army Corps of Engineers. It is a report of the good job you mde for them to evaluate your US patent related to the Seebeck effect, to make electricity by means of heat with thermoelectric devices you invented. Has this anything to do with the E-Cat SK-Leonardo ?
    Here is the very interesting link:
    https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a432046.pdf

  129. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    This link is related, as you correctly said, with my thermoelectric Seebeck Effect technology I developed between 1998 and 2004, it has nothing to do with the Ecat SK-Leonardo .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Anna

    Dr Rossi,
    Your paper on Researchgate has reached the stunning number of 20 000 full readings. Unbelievable!
    Anna

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    I agree: simply unbelievable. In less than 4 months.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For hydrogen-hydrogen fusion, there should be neutrinos (among other products) generated.

    1. Have you tested for the presence of neutrinos in your testing?
    2. If so, have you detected any?
    3. If detected, does the activity rate correlate with output power?

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Thomas

    You said here you are working with the solder on the control board of the Ecat SK Leonardo, with direct generation of electricity: is the schematic of it complex ?
    Godspeed,
    Thomas

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    Very.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Emilio

    Do you think we will see the Ecat SK with direct production of electricity in operation within this year?

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Emilio:
    It is not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Modestinino:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Modestino

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the information you are daily sharing with us here and congratulations for
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    both going viral

  141. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    When I read of your pioneer market phase assessment of the ECat SK performance versus your one-year test started about 4 years ago, I recognize the very real change in how you, Andrea, are likely forming your opinion. First, there is the choice of the term “pioneer market phase”, a phrase suggesting you are being provided sophisticated advice, a perspective affirmed by this next point. Second, I think the 5-Sigma testing in 2017 makes an excellent demarcation point for “before” and “after”. You are is now focused upon your customers’ reasonable desire for 5-6 Sigma performance and so are very willing to say 6/10, reflecting this far more demanding customer driven yardstick.

    It is my hope that your mysterious global partner has contributed technical specialists in SPC, Statistical Process Control, having the full capability of analyzing and breaking down the pioneer phase problems into the different root causes. IMO, this will put you/Leonardo Inc. years ahead of all presumed competitors.

    Further, the ironing out of the production problems hindering 5-6 Sigma performance now will fundamentally and dramatically change Leonardo Inc’s ability to rapidly expand production. Expanding production of a 5-6 Sigma product leads to vastly different consequences at the production line and at the customer premises than rapidly expanding production of a 2-3 Sigma product. Of course, this directly improves financial and cash flow performance, the natural result of an expanding pool of very happy customers . . . a result that cements in the mind the Brand meaning of ECat SK (and ECat SKL) as being a superior technology (performing at 5-6 Sigma), an excellent example of building Brand Equity.

    IMO, this view reflects your spirit and character that is rooted in setting the 24 hour marathon record when you were younger. One can imagine the nature of Self that is nurtured and then forged so as to be capable of such a focused effort.

    Are you now aiming for 5-6 Sigma performance of the ECat SK at your customer premises.

    My best for you and your team,

    Buck

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you very much for your insight and your kind attention to the work I am performing with my great Team. I am aiming to give a product that does not have troubles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Emanuel Oreilly

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the enormous information you gave us in http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Emanuel Oreilly:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    This is a meta question.
    Why do you think that you are encountering some issues with your production ready E-Cat SK? Do you think there wasn’t enough testing before launch? Or are the issues specific to the environment of the clients?
    Regards
    Patrick

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    I think it is normal for a revolutionary product, without a history of experience, to find problems when passes from the R&D to the commercial applications. We had many examples of technological giants that found errors made during the manufacturing of new products that generated dramatic consequences. We must be cautious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Margarita Manthei

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you tell us which are the main problems that emerged during these months of operation of the Ecats?

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Margarita Manthei:
    No, this is a confidential issue. From errors are born improvements.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Sheela Lautzenheiser

    I noticed that in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E.Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the different theoretical directions ar in reality four parts of the same theory in the making.

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Sheela Lautzenheiser:
    Thank you for your attention to the paper on Researchgate,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Prof Ruggero Maria Santilli

    Dear Colleague,
    I’m sending a link to whom wants to participate to this debate:
    http://www.galileoprincipia.org/santilli-confirmation-of-epr-argument-chemistry.php
    Best Regards,
    Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Ruggero Maria Santilli:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Sergio Poletti

    Buongiorno Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for your achievements with the Ecta SK ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ).
    Your business model is similar to the agreement Microsoft-IBM.
    Best success wishes,
    Sergio Poletti

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Sergio Poletti:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have found the article written by Ch.Sremmenos very interesting and thought provoking. This is where your JONP is of immeasurable value in the modern age of investigative physics i.e. a platform where people can put forward views without being over ruled by those in positions of authority. I will be the first to say that physics is a subject that requires many minds to come together in order to solve what is probably the greatest mystery in the world i.e. energy, the origin of it and its destiny assuming that energy requires a container to be produced and by which to exist. Thereby the production is the input, the container is the energy and the total output/dissolution is equal to the input. A very simple none technical explanation upon which many questions can be asked, such as what is the container made from, can the container gain energy or is it able to lose energy? and thereby a multitude of questions and theories are able to be put forward. I have a few theories of my own, some from observations from an embodiment of ideas and some that I claim to be intuitive and thereby speculative but nevertheless I consider valuable towards this elusive activity that we call energy. Also gravity I believe to be a major player in this activity. In the meantime I will study the article and provide some thoughts on the subject in the near future. Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. With regards to the mention of iter it is using common sense, not possible to push from a 360 degree angle to achieve fusion. It has to come from a pull, from a point but you have to understand gravity, unfortunately tax payers pay for this persistent distractive nonsense.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a very personal question, I hope you are willing to answer:
    Do you share all your E-Cat secrets and know-how with your core team members?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I shared them with due persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Jazmine

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still working with the solder?

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Jazmine:
    Oh, yes ( damn )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have been facing problems with your commercial E-Cats.
    1 – Can you specify if you understood these malfunctions?
    2 – Have you found the appropriate solutions to remedy these problems?
    My support for your team
    cordially
    Raffaele

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- yes
    2- yes: problems come, problems are resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    Are all in your team working full time with you?

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Deanne Choudary

    Dear Andrea,
    Iter has celebrated because their reactor reached a COP of 1.1 for few seconds. After 10 billions of funding and 30 years of work.
    And we have persons that accuse you to belate…
    Silent Majority Guy

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Deanne Choudary:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Darren Lafarge

    Dear DrAndrea Rossi
    Your papers om http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached the stunning number of 19 600 full readings, made in all the world, in several months. The interest around the work of your team is bigger than expected.
    Godspeed,
    Darren

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Darren Lafarge:
    I am stunned too…when I published I thought we could reach some hundred aof full readings at the most in one year, that is the number considered good for successful publications in the field of nuclear physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. D.

    Hi Dr Rossi!
    I watched the whole video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Fantastic.
    Godspeed,
    D.

  171. Andrea Rossi

    D.:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Based on your answer bounding the thermal to electric conversion efficiency of the eCat-SK Leonardo to between 45% and 95% we can note some projections. Assuming a 50% conversion efficiency, the 22kW eCat would produce 11kW of electrical power. For a 240 VAC output voltage, the current would be about 45 Amps. This would require 6 AWG copper wire, or the equivalent. I made this calculation to show how much power you are dealing with and the difficulty of your effort. Best wishes on your endeavor.

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your attention to the work od our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Have you observed the presence of helium in long term operation of eCats? I know helium diffusion is a problem but it might help understand the nuclear reactions that are occurring?
    2. Are you seeing isotope changes in the long term operation of eCats?
    a. specifically in lithium?
    b. or nickel?
    3. Can we safely assume that for the eCat-SK Electric to be commercially viable, the conversion efficiency from thermal to electric must be greater than the typical Carnot efficiency (e.g., 45%) and limited to about 95% (due to electrical conversion efficiency to a standard (AC or DC) output)?

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- confidential
    2- confidential
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I understand that you are not fully satisfied by the performance of the plant(s) in operation.
    Where do you believe lies the main cause of this:
    1. Automatic production of the ECats SK
    2. Integration of the ECats in the Ecat plant
    3. Reliability of the control of the plant
    4. Connection from Ecat plant to the customer (including control of heat needed by the customer).
    I am asking this because there are many, many readers willing to help you and make this a success, including me. I hope these problems (or challenges?) will be solved soon.
    Good luck to you and your team!
    Kind regards, Gerard McEk
    PS
    At this moment there is only one winner, it seems and that is your wife, but if you can get your plant(s) work at 100% of your satisfaction, you are the winner, once and for all!

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Sorry, these arguments are confidential.
    It is impossible to help us without a full knowledge of the technology, but I am moved by your kind will to help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. John Maccini

    Hello Dr Rossi:
    Can this be useful to the E-Cat ?
    US patent application filed Jan 26 2017 No. US2017/0025935
    Best regards,
    John Maccini

  180. Andrea Rossi

    John Maccini:
    Thank you for the information, I will study what it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Can E-catSK, which have been running since 19/11 -18, still give
    full effect?
    2. Are you installing E-catSK in secret in companys, without the
    subordinated staffs knowledge?
    3. Have you in person been flying to customers and fixed unexpected
    problems (that appears in all new installations)?
    4. You mentioned earlier that E-cat should be manufactured in
    southern Sweden, is that still the plan?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- n.a.
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the last few years you have focused, it appears, on stable energy output, always under linear control.
    1. Have you looked at rapid energy output conditions?
    2. Does it make commercial sense to have an eCat that can rapidly change output levels, such as the equivalent of an internal combustion engine?
    3. If you operated an eCat not in the self sustaining mode (SSM), could you achieve output change time periods in the value of seconds or sub-seconds, ignoring heat exchanger issues?

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2-yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Lars

    Dear Andrea,

    So the E-Cat SKL generates several kW electricity?

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    We will supply data when we will have a product working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Dear Andrea
    A) Can you tell us how many plants are already operating with your customers?
    B) Can you tell us your personal degree of satisfaction with the current operation of the plants with a value from 1 to 10?
    C) Have any of your customers shown any degree of satisfaction with the choice to have accepted to test your plants in their companies? Also here you can give us a numerical index
    (for 1-: -10) of the level of appreciation perceived?
    I apologize for my bad English: mine is mediocre and google translate does what it can
    to improve it.
    Warm Regards,
    Gian

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    A- in due time
    B- 6/10
    C- yes, I.d say 7/10
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  189. H

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did some or more clients hold on with the agreement process to buy heat waiting for the development of theSSM direct electricity production?
    H

  190. Andrea Rossi

    H:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Jim Rosenbur

    How are going the Ecat SK working to supply heat?

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    Is your main partner the same that has agreed upon the supply of 40 MW ?I wish well with your electricity direct conversion work,
    Jimr

  195. Xavier

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is the Territory controlled directly from Leonardo Corporation and its commercial licensees and agents ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Xavier

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier:
    He,he,he..
    Let alone inspiration, so far prevails perspiration.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Lars

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the energy produced from the E-Cat SKL about the same as from the E-Cat SK?

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    I suppose you mean the amount of the energy: the answer is yes, but if you mean something different, please rephrase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. John

    @ Prof Christos Stremmenos:
    Your paper is coherent with the initial work of Rossi, described in the paper by Prof Sergio and Dr Andrea Rossi
    Do you see continuity points between this stage and the Ecat SK we see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Cheers
    John

  200. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    First of all I want to congratulate you & your team concerning the latest achievements concerning the e-cat developments/improvements.

    Just a few weeks ago, after the successfull demo of the commercial e-cat SK, what would have looked like something belonging to science fiction (an electric e-cat), now sounds like something relatively likely to become a reality.
    I know that (F9) “The results of the test can be positive or negative” most certainly still applies again here but reading your comment “We celebrated it here with a substantial step forward toward the electric Ecat that generates also the electric power to fuel itself” leads me to believe that you witnessed another major milestone/improvement of the e-cat.

    You must understand that for all of us, that just saw the e-cat SK in video but couldn’t feel its real heat yet, even the e-cat SK still somehow relates to science fiction. With the latest electrical developments, you are two realities ahead of us Andrea 😉 .

    The kind of exiting working environment that you live in is probably the fuel that powers you & your team to achieve all of those successes. So please continue this amazing work you are doing, but also, as powerfull as this fuel may be and as much as you proved being able to control other kind of reactions, please also very carefully control the burning rate of this one…

    Now concerning the possible name of the electrical version of the e-cat, I’m just wondering, if you name it after one of the greatest inventor of the latest 5 centuries (Leonardo), 500 years from now, what kind of device will bear your name (Rossi) ? :)
    I bet on something related to teleportation, [faster than light (FTL) or time] travel…
    Who knows, only time will tell, perhaps we will be able to witness it ourselves if one those 3 “Rossi” devices becomes reality.

    Non-fictional regards :)

    Xavier

  201. Bernard

    Dear Prof Stremmenos:
    Thank you for your paper and for your history: it was not known that you have been a hero of the Greek resistance against the fascist regime in the seventies!
    With esteem,
    Bernard

  202. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Does the total energy produced from the E-Cat increase when you extract electrical energy?
    All my support for R & D and your tennis
    cordially
    Raffaele

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No.
    Thank you for the R&D. For tennis there is no hope…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Chuck Davis

    @Luca,
    Please see this link about the status of the production of these batteries:
    https://graphenano.com/en-una-empresa-espanola-desarrolla-una-bateria-con-autonomia-para-800=kilometros
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    When can we see a photo of installed E-cat-SKs? It would be an inspiration to your loyal followers to see multiple installed units without giving the location or name of the customer(s). Hardware trumps vaporware every time. A reply would be greatly appreciated.

    Drew G.

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    We’ll do it as soon as possible. See also the answer I just gave to Italo R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of May 7 2019:
    Updates to the Clean Air Requirements and implications for power plants
    Rod Walton

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    you have written, “When we will be allowed to.”
    May I ask who doesn’t yet allow you to show your installations?
    Does it depend on yourself, your customers, your partner or…?
    I understand if you cannot reveal those details, because they obviously are connected with your secret commercial and technical projects.
    But it really is a pity, because such an immense invention would deserve to be shown publicly to the world immediately, even though it may still have some operating problems.
    The world needs desperately your installations immediately, applied in millions and millions of applications.
    It is such an immense revolution that it seems impossible that it is still hidden behind NDA.

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We cannot publish without authorization of the other party anything covered by NDA. We are still in a pioneer market phase, with many issues to assess. Surely sooner or later publications will follow.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Emma

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you have a peer reviewed publication of your invention I watched on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Emma:
    My patent US 9,115,913 B1 is a peer reviewed publication. US patents are granted after an examination made by peers that before granting the publication study it much more thoroughly that any other existing publication in the world, because, obviously, the implications of a granted US patent are far more reaching than any other publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. luca

    @Chuck Davis

    grabat in production ? link please

  215. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    It’s good to see that the EcatSK is now in production and customers are signing up to obtain heat at reduced prices. Is the factory that is fabricating the EcatSKs the same factory that produced the ECAT units that were used in the 1 MW Doral demonstration? Continued success and provide any delivery numbers when you feel you can.

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    When we will be allowed to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    19360 full readings after less than 4 month: the interest for your work is becoming viral

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it is unbelievable and absolutely unexpected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Marco

    @Chuck Davis,
    Interesting technology. I knew that it was only a matter of time and a better battery than lithium would be invented.

    Since we are still talking of 10+ years for an ECat powered car, because of certifications, these batteries should be widespread for sure at that time.

    Regards,
    Marco.

  221. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    I enjoyed your post, but paraphrasing Andrea Rossi, the solution will be an integrated one. The battery (or capacitor) should be large enough to handle peak loads and transients. The eCat may not be running all the time (e.g., during high ambient temperatures, during idle times or low speed times when the eCat would produce too much excess power, during parked times inside an enclosed volume — garage). True, the amount of battery space can be reduced. What I was previously attempting to show is that even an undersized eCat (22kW) could extend the range of an electric car so that the limiting factor would be the human need to stop and get out of the car.

  222. Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    I am the author of the paper about the iron and nickel
    nuclear structures (Alan Folmsbee, MSEE degree). The nickel
    nucleus mock-up is shown in Figure 9, next to copper and iron.
    This paper shows details of the iron nuclear structure, and
    the nickel mock-up just has two protons added on top of iron.
    You are interested in nickel, so you may want to see my
    youtube videos about nickel’s nuclear structure. This is
    a static nucleus theory, where the spherical baryons are
    stacked to form a cube with its faces covered by piles of
    more baryons. Those rules result in nickel having two coaxial
    rings of protons, like Gd, Fe, and Co. Gd has 18 protons in each
    ring and Fe, Co, and Ni have 12 protons in each ring. All other
    elements do not have coaxial rings of protons. The periodic
    table of nuclear structure is in the paper on iron. It shows the
    silhouettes of 118 elements. The catalytic property of Ni and Pt
    is now being evaluated by observing nuclear structures.

    iron and nickel video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=miZTTD0EPJs&list=PL-AtaQ8TQoDYIHV0YEUXkMw6s5BC0PlYs&index=6&t=0s

    carbon, nickel, copper video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j07CtDJP1sU&list=PL-AtaQ8TQoDYIHV0YEUXkMw6s5BC0PlYs&index=9&t=0s

    A static sphere stacking was found to provide credible shapes
    for nuclei to be consistent with many physical properties of
    many elements. It shows why uranium fission fragments have two
    mass modes that differ by about 27 baryons. A cube 3x3x3 in
    the core of U is the cause of that property. The cube goes
    with one fragment during fission. The radioactivity of Pm and
    Tc is explained by the use of a cube 4x4x4 there. That cube
    is unstable.

    Chromium is the only antiferromagnetic element, so it has been
    modeled. Cr has a unique nuclear structure, with its two rings
    of protons being non-coaxial to the highest degree of all
    elements. Each ring has 10 protons. I wrote a paper on that
    and it will be submitted to a journal this week. It has images
    of carbon, argon, chromium and iron. The evidence is
    abundant to support the pyramidal cube theory of nuclear
    structure. My evidence website is…

    http://pyramidalcube.blogspot.com/p/evidence.html

    Alan Folmsbee

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Alan Folmsbee:
    Thank you for your insight related to your paper published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Chuck Davis

    @Marco,
    Grabat batteries, now in production, recharge 33 times faster than Li batteries,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Marco, Chuck Davis, all Readers:
    I am delighted to read the comments of our Readers that discuss between themselves: this blog is not just where I answer to questions, I’d like to read more comments of Readers that ask each other help, information, opinions…mind, this blog is also a tool of yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We are delighted with your new project “Ecat SK-Leonardo” and are confident in the success of your professional team. We really hope for a quick entry of this fantastic product to the market of energy sources.

    With respect and admiration, Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your attention for pour work, coming from high scientific echelons of Russia. We are striving to bring the Ecat SK Leonardo that makes directly electric energy to the world market, but now we are still at an R&D stage.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Karl Poehlmann

    Did you consider the risks connected with high temperature for health ?
    Best Regards
    K.P.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Yes, but high temperature is inside the system, not outside, and it is made to produce work, not to be dissipated somewhere.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Marco

    @Chuck Davis
    A mix of batteries and supercapacitors should be necessary.

    A lithium battery can’t be recharged too fast, so you can’t sustain the 400+KW of power of regenerative braking with a little 5-10kwh battery: in a such powerful braking, most of the energy would be wasted and MUST be wasted, otherwise the battery could explode.

    You can’t put a too big ECat with a small battery for the same reason: too much waste heat and battery overheating, you will have to underutilize the ECat for most of the time, because the battery should be recharged not too fast.

    A small lithium battery can’t provide enough peak power to accelerate, for the same reason: if you are at 50-60mph, you are providing already about 20KW and to accelerate you need an higher power for some time.

    Also abrupt change in current flow are bad for the life expectancy of the battery.

    A mix of a small battery and a small supercapacitor should be used: the supercapacitor provide the peak power for acceleration and for fully recover of regenerative braking acting as a buffer and slowly charging or discharging the small battery.

    Regards, Marco.

  232. Chuck Davis

    @Marco:
    At 10k$/kWh supercapacitors, I don’t think so,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  233. Donald

    I read the e-book “Ecat-the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova: do you confirm what is written in this book?

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Donald:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Abe Papanikolas

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you still have good connections in Greece?

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Papanikolas:
    Yes, my friend Prof Christos Stremmenos.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Sonny Parizek

    Dr Rossi:
    Very interesting http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Sonny Parizek:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Marco

    @Chuck Davis
    Better are supercapacitors. They are less polluting to produce and recycle, are less inflammable and support way more recharge cycles and istantaneous power. The only disadvantage is the capacity, but if you do not want a car that should sustain indefinitely 100 or more mph, but only legal speeds, a 20-30Kw Ecat and a few KWh supercapacitor should suffice… Just for sprint and for peak power in regenerative braking: in an emergency braking, the power required to absorb by the battery is often too high and the efficiency in energy recovery is low. With supercapacitors this is not a problem.
    Electric regards,
    Marco.

  241. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels,
    The large number of batteries in current EV design is to extend the range. With an Ecat on board most of those batteries can be tossed since the Ecat will be constantly recharging the remaining batteries, which would result in a major reduction of weight and price.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  242. rafael regis

    Dr. Rossi,

    I follow your work with much interest! if you can, tell us how it was and when your “eureka” moment happened on the discovery of the Rossi effect! What was your feeling about such a discovery?
    Great health for you!

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    God knows!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Rafael Régis

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Could we say that since it was launched last November, the E-Cat SK system (core, controller and heat exchanger) is in the third generation? What lays ahead?

    Warm Regards,

    Rafael – ITU – Brasil

  245. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    Video about Leonardo Da Vinci .

    https://youtu.be/n-NhwRYW3M4

    Regards
    Sam

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On electric cars – the newer cars have all electric ranges of up to about 200+ miles. If you could have a 22 kW output eCat and convert nearly all of the energy into electricity, that would be sufficient to run highway speeds, with rest stops for the driver and passengers, across the country. For example, my 2015 Chevy Volt has an 11kW battery and I get about 30 miles of range. So if I drove at 60 mph, a 22kW electric generator should keep up with the demand. My point being with the newer, longer range cars, a continually operating eCat, with high enough conversion efficiency, would extend the electric range significantly. And any thermal output would be minimized. If you can make the eCat-SK Leonardo work, this is a natural market. Who would not want a car that you only had to refuel once or twice per year and no carbon emissions?

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    congrats to Ecat SK-Leonardo.
    I think the accomplishments is so great it takes a while to let it sink in.

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes, but I am still in an R&D phase: I’d die to make it, but didn’t make it yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. Damiano

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Godspeed,
    Damiano

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Damiano:
    Thanks to you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Anonymous

    If you succeed with the Ecat SK-Leonardo, the issue of electric cars charge is resolved.

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    If we succeed, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Maybe this article will interest you.

    Little-understood crystals called “strange metals” appear to dissipate energy at a maximum rate allowed by the laws of quantum mechanics. The effort to understand this fundamental speed limit and what electrons are doing inside the materials has turned up surprising connections to black holes, gravity and quantum information theory.
    https://www.quantamagazine.org/universal-quantum-phenomenon-found-in-superconductors-20181119/

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for the information and the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I like your suggestion of
    “ECat SK – Leonardo “
    It honours a great man
    and the Country of your birth.
    I have a feeling Sergio Focardi
    would like it also.

    Regards
    Sam

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    Leonardo seems to me appropriate because it is also the name of your Company.

    If you are looking for an acronym, why not Ecat-LH where LH stays for Lion Heart, the origin of Leonardo name.

    Can you confirm the goal of an Ecat with no external power supply has been achieved ?

    Wishes of Heart,
    Riccardo

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with your progress on the electric Ecat. If this Ecat is really able to power itself, the the name Ecat SK Leonardo is truly well chosen. Leonardo da Vinci, the formidable genius, who excelled in so many disciplines, which seems also the the case for the Ecat SK Leonardo.
    I am not sure if what you published today, also means that you now have strong evidence that the Ecat SK Leonardo indeed works. If so, how many days has it been in operation without taking power from any other source?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Premature to answer, we still are in an R&D phase.
    But I am optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today, May 2 2019, is the 500th year after the passing of Leonardo da Vinci. We celebrated it here with a substantial step forward toward the electric Ecat that generates also the electric power to fuel itself. What about the name “Ecat SK-Leonardo” ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  265. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you inform us how many customers Currently have E-cats operating at their sites?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I prefer not to give this information, for the time being. In due tome we will publish the references. We are not expanding fast in this period, because we want to resolve the problems emerging now and again in the first wave.
    Thank you for the attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Due to dry skin, I revisited the environmental issues the magic E-Cat may be able to resolve. Would it be possible for a steam primary loop to release on control enough vapor to bring central air to a comfortable level?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    The heat made by the E-Cat can be used in general for all the duties on course for any other heat source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    1 – Can you publish the number of E-Cat in operation in your laboratory serving your R & D?
    2 – There must be a large amount of thermal energy released by these machines. Is this energy used or released into the atmosphere?
    Good success for E-Cat R & D
    cordially
    Raffaele

  270. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- enough
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  271. Devon

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi,
    If you succeed in making a 100% ssm Ecat SK you will make a revolution also in the car market. This will have consequences. Are you afraid of it?

  272. Andrea Rossi

    Devon:
    The invention of the PCs has made a revolution too. I go my way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Rita

    Dr Rossi,
    What is your position about the possibility that the Casimir force is a possible explication of the Rossi effect?

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Rita:
    The Casimir force is weak, but, as explained in my paper, in par. 1, it is not impossible that in certain conditions the Casimir force can balance the Coulombian force. It is not my first choice, but cannot be ignored.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Teacher:
    I think the success is strictly bound to the link between the publication on Researchgate and the presentation in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    An interesting piece by the BBC about Da Vinci.
    http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20190501-leonardo-da-vincis-lost-masterpieces
    Regards
    Patrick

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you very much !
    There is also a splendid monography dedicated to Leonardo da Vinci in the National Geographic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. Giovanni2

    Dear Rossi
    What about the possibility that one of your customers make a “coming out” and become a witness of your work becoming a solid reality?
    This eventuality becomes every day more important for anyone who is following your work, and to tacitate those who believe that everything is only a “Rossi say”…

    My best regards
    Giovanni

  280. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni2:
    Sincerely, I am not listening the rock and troll music played by the house organ forums and surely we will not act to react to it. This said, obviously what you ask for sooner or later will be allowed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  281. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Do you still use parts or fuel from the old 1MW-plants?
    2. Is the fuel-powder-quantity proportional to the effect on the
    E-cats?
    3. Is the E-catSK working so well so you have time to make bi-product,
    for exemple electricity? It is fantastic enough with heat-energy.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  282. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- the answer to this question is complex and invests confidential issues
    3- I must go on with the quest for directly generated electricity. We are working on both the issues. The heat is done, the electricity not yet. The consequences of electricity would give COP infinite with enormous consequences ( from cars, to industries, houses, you name it, you get it ). I am not sleeping working on this. Also because now I have a clear view about the theoretical bases.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  283. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    in mid-March, you shared that between May and June 2019, testing of your newly invented apparatus for direct electricity production from the ECat SK would allow you to have a stronger opinion on the potential for success.

    Do you still have this same view? Are the initial results still pointing in this direction?

    my best,

    Buck

  284. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, I confirm this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  285. Jim Rosenbur

    Dr Rossi,
    if you discuss the 100 kW Ecat at the event of the end of January, do you think customers will be tempted to delay orders for the 20 kW units?

  286. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    They are working, posing problems and we are resolving all the problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Giorgio

    Dr Rossi,
    If you will succeed to make directly electricity from the plasma, is your intention to sell the electricity as you are doing with the heat?

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    That has to be decided.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  290. Stephan Lane

    Dear Andrea,
    How is going on your work with the Ecat that does not need any external power source ? Is really there a possibility that you realize it ?

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Stephan Lane:
    We are working on it. I do not know if and when we will succeed, but we are working very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Ron

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you change idea about the possibility of electrons capture? Can it be made possible with the zitterbewegung effect described in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Cheers
    Ron

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    I did not change idea. The ZBV effect has nothing to do with e-capture.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. K.

    Dear Andrea,
    has some of your competitors risen to a level to worry you in these last 12 months?

  295. Andrea Rossi

    K.:
    I didn’t see anything really interesting, but maybe I did not understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  296. Frank

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain what is the Compton wavelength you repeatedly cite on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  297. Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    It is a quantum mechanic property of a particle that is equal to the wavelength of a photon whose energy is the same as the mass of that particle:
    Lambda=h/mc
    wherein
    h=Planck constant
    c= speed of the light in vacuum
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. John Marenco

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    As far as I can see on http://www.ecatskdemo.com your plasma seems to be a gas plasma, am I correct? In this case its temperature is well known to be 2eV = 23 400 K
    In your calculations of the paper published on Researchgate you have been very, very conservative, considering that you have taken in consideration only the surface of a cylinder with l=1 cm and d=0.3
    Godspeed,
    John Marenco

  300. Andrea Rossi

    John Marenco:
    Correct, but I wanted to be very conservative, considering that we do not coincide with the ideal Maxwellian graph
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Rod Walton

    See on Power Engineering of April 30 2019:
    Recent regulatory milestones are pushing American natural gas closer to fueling more European and global power plants
    Rod Walton

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. T.H.

    Am I wrong, or the Aharonov- Bohm Effect is the fundamental base of your incoming theory?

  304. Andrea Rossi

    T.H.:
    You are not wrong,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  305. WaltC

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    In your paper, http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions , you reference E. P. Wigner’s notes (“Nuclear Reactions in Distant
    Collisions” [21]), where he speculates that nucleon transfer at a distance is the result of tunneling from one potential well to another. (I found the paper very interesting because it proposes a specific basis, tunneling, for how the coulomb barrier can be circumvented.)

    Question– Since you included that reference, does your current LENR theory accept Wigner’s speculation that tunneling is part the underlying process, or does it merely accept the higher level observation that Nuclear Reactions can happen at a distance?

    Thanks, WaltC

  306. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The issue is much more profound. Wigner’s intuition is that long range interactions can take place at energies at which colliding nuclei do not come in contact. This opens a completely new approach to the understanding the nature of electrons that stays at the base of what now I think is the core of the effect that makes the Ecat work. If you want, you can see par. 4 of my paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  307. American friend

    I want to add my congratulations for the impressive improvement of your English in these last years.
    Cheers
    Jack

  308. Andrea Rossi

    American Friend:
    Thank you: I do my best, but English language for us Italians is very difficult, notwithstanding the fact that it is partially derived also from the ancient latin. What is very, very difficult for us is the pronounce, that is totally different: the sounds are completely strange. This is true particularly in the USA: in Great Britain for me it is easier to speak English, because it is more close to the English we study at school, while in America it is quite different; Gen. Patton was right when he said during a press conference in London ” British and Americans are two people separated by the same language “…
    Anyway, thank you for your compliment, actually I do my best, but I know it is never enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Georgie Popovich

    Dr Rossi:
    One question, after reading http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions (remarkable paper, congrats): the decription of the ZBW effect of electrons means that electricity can derive not from the free running of electrons, like a water current, but from the transmission of ‘tremor’ between electrons?
    All the best,
    G.P.

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Georgie Popovich:
    I think thare are both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Dave

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think your SSM direct electricity Ecat generator will be introduced within this year?

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Dave:
    If it will work, this goal is not impossible, albeit it is not easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. American friend

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been moved watching the emphasis put in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com about the fact that the Ecat is made in the USA. Thank you for having chosen to make your work here.
    Godspeed,
    Jack

  315. Andrea Rossi

    American Friend:
    I think this is the best Country to make the best things,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Giovanni

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have seen that you have updated your paper on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    So, it is in permanent updating, correct?

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Yes, the formula of Researchgate allows updates.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Rodney Nicholson

    Regarding Leonardo, I recently skimmed Isaacson’s book on Leonardo and, at the end of it, 20 principles were outlined which claimed to, in part, explain his genius. Briefly, they were:

    Be relentlessly curious
    Seek knowledge for its own sake
    Retain a childish sense of wonder
    Observe
    Start by observing the details
    See things that are unseen
    Go down rabbit holes
    Get distracted
    Respect facts
    Procrastinate
    Let the perfect be the enemy of the good
    Think visually
    Wander across disciplines
    Let your reach exceed your grasp
    Indulge in fantasy
    Create for yourself, not just for a patron
    Collaborate (learn from others)
    Make to-do lists
    Take notes on paper
    Be open to understanding mystery

    Two quotations I especially like regarding genius include:

    “Talent hits a target no one else can hit. Genius hits a target no one else can see.” (Schopenhauer, possibly?)

    “The task is not to see what no one has ever seen before, but to think what no one has ever thought before about what we see every day.” (I am fairly sure that was Schroedinger regarding quantum mechanics.)

    Rodney.

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the interesting citations,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  320. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A few years ago, I understand you believed the nickel isotopes were converted or changed to other nickel isotopes as the main or significant portion of the eCat energy production.

    1. Did you believe that was so a few years ago?
    2. Do you still consider that a significant factor in the eCat-SK?
    3. Does this indicate whether “new” nickel will be required for refueling purposes or can you reuse the nickel in refueling?

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot add anything to what has been shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com and published in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. As you run the eCat-SK, have you been able to observed the spectra of Helium?
    2. if so, does it increase with run time (as more helium is generated)?
    3. Would your eCat-SK be able to contain helium?

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- all the charge is recyclable
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you ! Not just me, but I think all our Readers will like this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Denny

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank you for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I think it is a milestone, with the set up that matches what we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Congratulations

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Denny:
    As a matter of fact, it continues to be among the most read nuclear physics papers of the world, notwithstanding the fact that it is bound to LENR: unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  328. Andrea Rossi

    Humberto Krugel:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  329. Humberto Kruegel

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have the feeling that right now you are not pushing on the delivery of plants because you want first to fix all the problems emerged with the first ones you delivered. That would make sense.
    Godspeed,
    H.K.

  330. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The most recent issue of National Geographic Magazine (May 2019) arrived today.

    You probably will enjoy reading their article about Leonardo Da Vinci.

    The website/link may require you to register, but the National Geographic Organization probably will let you read the article.

    https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2019/05/leonardo-da-vinci-artistic-brilliance-endures-500-years-after-death/

    Self-Sustaining Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  331. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Your answer to JPR is perfect. The maxwellian plasma is dubbed “ideal” and when we use the Wien equation we are aware of the necessary approximation. By the way, the plasma shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com and described in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions is perfectly compatible with the glow discharge plasma that is well known for having a temperature of 2eV (23,400 K), which is approximately the temperature you calculated; we have also to consider that you calculated the energy only in the very restricted area wherein the lambda was more peaked, which, obviously, is very conservative.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  332. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  333. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I propose to read the following interesting article on Deep Learning on Artificial Intelligence.
    Philosophers, mathematicians, and scientists are not yet able to understand why it works so wonderfully.
    I was wondering if it could be applied to E-Cat to prevent or correct unexpected anomalies in its operation.

    https://www.agendadigitale.eu/cultura-digitale/deep-learning-il-mistero-su-cui-scommettono-le-big-tech-che-ce-dietro/

    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  334. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  335. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    Probably you did not see the comment made by Jacques Ruer, president of the SFSNMC.
    He substantially says that the Wien equation can only be used on Maxwellian plasma and that the graph shown on the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is not Maxwellian.
    What do you answer?
    Jean Paul Renoir

  336. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I am perfectly aware of the fact that the equation of Wien can be considered precise only in presence of a Maxwellian plasma, a theoretical entity. The use of the Wien equation, though, is normally adopted also for plasma of the kind we have, as I learnt from the engineer, specialist of the field, that works in our Team. The result cannot be considered precise, but acceptable in good approximation, that we compensate as well explained in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com. In the same video-presentation we also gave a comparative analysis between the results we obtained by means of the Wien/Boltzmann measuring system and the calorimetric measurements: as clearly shown in the video of the presentation, the results are not equal, but they are relatively close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  337. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    While you continue to work on R&D for electricity production from the E-Cat, what is the status of sales and deployment of the heat-only E-Cat SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  338. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are getting orders and curing the shortcomings emerging from the plants in operation. I am satisfied how all is progressing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  339. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Given that the eCat is operating in a self-sustaining mode (SSM), will not the time to turn-off be dictated by the average duration of the SSM?

    2. Specifically, you cannot turn off the heat generation while it is still in the SSM mode?

  340. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- we are working on that, premature to answer
    2- the E-Cat can be turned off anytime
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  343. Sus 7-11

    Your progress in the development of the theory during these last years has been impressive: between your publication with Prof Focardi and the last paper on Researchgate there is a universe.
    Susan

  344. Andrea Rossi

    Sus 7-11:
    The theory changed with the series of experiments: it grew up on the battlefield.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. David

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    is the control circuit to make directly electricity from the plasma something already off the shelves, or you had to invent it?
    Cheers
    David

  346. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    We invented it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. Carl

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is getting viral.

  348. Daniel G. Zavela

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Your R&D work on producing electricity directly from plasma energy is fascinating.
    You pushed me to do my homework. I learned that Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction states that “When an electric conductor move across an a magnetic field, an emf is induced in it, which produces an electric current”.

    Have you tested the usefulness of:
    1. Neodymium magnets?
    2. Tesla torrid coils?
    3. Creating a vortex by either spinning your e-Cat device or creating a spiral designed e-Cat?

    Wishing you the best with your exciting R&D work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    We tried 1 and 2, not 3.
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Nils Fryklund

    Best Andrea!
    Question 2: I mean that buildings must have different effect in it´s heat source depending on out-door temperatur, to keep constant tempertur inside, for exemple +21 degree.
    Question 3: Has E-catSK in Chicago-area only had short interruptions, or more than 20% interruptions since 19/11 -18.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  351. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    2- yes, there is a thermostat
    3- the area has not been disclosed, the E-Cat SK has been interrupted less that the 20% of the operation time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  352. G.

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Are you informed of the new study that says universe is expanding faster than expected?

  353. Andrea Rossi

    G.:
    Probably out there they are riding E-Cats ( he,he,he…)
    Speaking seriously, yes, I read it on the science page of AP and it is very interesting, because the new trove made by the Nobel laureate Adam Riess, who calculated a higher Hubble number than it was believed before, is in contrast with the calculations related to the former number, about which nobody has been able to find any error.
    To overcome the contradiction it is necessary the hypothesis that dark matter or something unknown by the contemporary Physics is there. This could jeopardize how is known what is known, since something considered impossible appears to be possible indeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Nils Fryklund

    Best Andrea!
    1. Is it still only one E-catSK working in production?
    2. Has the E-catSk worked in varied effects depending on the outdoor temperatur the whole time?
    3. Has the first E-catSK worked at least 80% of the time since 19/11 -18?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- no
    2- can you rephrase?
    3- can you rephrase?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. Roy Diclaudio

    Dr Rossi:
    How can we know if persons or companies that offer us shares or products are really your agents or licensees?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Roy

  357. Andrea Rossi

    Roy Diclaudio:
    Please, before signing anything or paying any money, write us to this address:
    [email protected]
    We will immediately give you due information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  358. Therese Munzell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In your quest to reach the generation of electricity from the plasma are you using some sort of the photoelectric effect ?
    Cheers
    Therese

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Therese Munzell:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Antonella

    In the blue body of the Ecat SK shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com is there a peephole to see the plasma ( the “ballerina”)?

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Antonella:
    No,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  362. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    Probably the gradient of the electric field that generates the plasma, has a preferential direction, quite easy to withdraw, but it could be equally interesting if it was cahotic, also if more difficult to use for energy withdraving.
    Probably you have to use some grids as electrodes, probably within the plasma the ddp is not exceptionally high, and currents are quite high, but probably applying the load to grids, they stop the plasma, due the dropping of voltage that their load introduces.
    Probably would be a good idea to work with low current to interfere as low as possible with the plasma.
    Probably a such goal could be reached using inductors of appropriate value, in a particular circuit, switching at high frequency the inductors from the grids to the load, in such way the inductors will draw energy from the grids at high impedance, and then supply the load without affect hardly the plasma.
    Probably…

    Probably regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Probably all that is confidential, yes or no as the answers might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Ron Stringer

    I am amazed from what you are doing, especially to make electricity directly from plasma.
    How did you arrive to this point?
    Best Regards,
    Ron Stringer

  365. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    The impulse came from the measurements of e.m. felds out of the core of the reactors, as you can see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. Szymon Blachuta

    Questions:
    1-To resolve the problems did you have to improve software or hardware?
    2- During Summer will your sales of heat decrease?
    3- Is some customer using heat to make cold?
    Regards,
    Szymon Blachuta

  367. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    1- both
    2- no
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  368. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    About a month ago you confirmed more than one 1MW E-Cat SK order
    from Sweden.
    Some questions:
    1. When this year do you plan to ship the first to Sweden?
    a. before July
    b. July-August
    c. Sept-Oct

    2. When do you plan to start it after installation?
    a. before August
    b. Sept-Oct
    c. Nov-Dec

    All success to you and your team.

    Sven B

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    We will give this information in due time,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Laura Riolo

    Dr Rossi:
    Are there in the Ecat SK also chemical reactions?

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Laura Riolo:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Bradley

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will you make a presentation also for the direct electricity production as you did in http://www.ecatskdemo.com for the Ecat SK?

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Bradley:
    If we will succeed, probably yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. Mary

    Congratulations: your paper on Researchgate has reached 18 000 full readings in three months: it is unheard of.
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Godspeed,
    Mary

  376. Andrea Rossi

    Mary:
    Yes, it was absolutely unexpected: it is very difficult to read and therefore it is restricted to the scientific echelons…I was expecting several hundreds of readings in one year and would have considered it a success !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  377. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You stated that you have encountered and solved some problems with your first industrial E-Cat.
    1 – Can you tell us if your customer had to restart their boiler when solving problems or the E-Cat was quickly put back into service?
    2 – Has the E-Cat had problems of stability, slowdown, runaway, stop?
    All my support for your work.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  378. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- our Customers have a back up
    2- stop
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  379. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you making any progress in your work towards your goal of E-Cat electricity generation?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am working every day on it. Yes, we are progressing, but much work remains to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think you make an E-Cat that produces more electrical power than heat?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I do not know, right now. We will try to get as much as possible electric energy, if we will succeed. We are working very, very, very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since the eCat-SK involves a plasma, will:

    a. this make the operation of the eCat-SK more sensitive to external magnetic fields?
    b. If a. is true, will you need to add magnetic shielding to your eCat-SK?

  384. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. R.G.

    Dear Andrea:
    The global warming is worsening dramatically. Please make to deliver massively the Ecats as soon as you can,
    Godspeed,
    Rosalind

  387. Andrea Rossi

    R.G.:
    We are working on it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. Enrique

    Did you modyfy the charge of the Ecat we see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com respect the patent?
    Thnkx

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. Jobert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think is the advantage to make electricity as much as possible instead of heat, since with heat you can make also electricity?
    Jobert

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Jobert:
    To make electric energy from heat causes a loss of energy of about 65%, making heat fron electric energy the COP is almost 1, considering that the cosphi of a resistor is 1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Andrea Rossi

    Jacob:
    Thanks to you for your attention for our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  393. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Are you aware of this system to make air conditioned by means of heat?
    https://www.sounenergy.nl/theac-25/
    This could be a good match for the Ecat make a complete climatization.

  394. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    After reading this there were a couple of interesting aspects to it that I thought might be of interest to you.:

    https://m.phys.org/news/2019-04-atomic-straighter-cascading-silicon-peashooters.html

    It’s amazing to me how fast things are moving in these areas of technology.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  398. Bob

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I wonder: is the plasma always making that kind of tremor, or does it change vibrations or becomes still now and again? If yes, which are the causes? Can be the zitterbewegung explained in your paper in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Thanks,
    Bob

  399. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    It is regular at sight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  400. Burt

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    Destiny made your invention become mature exactly when the global warming issue is dramatically raising in the collective conscience.
    Godspeed,
    Burt

  401. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    History creates the templates of actions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  402. Rod Walton

    On the Power Engineering issue of April 23 2019: Elizabeth Ingram gives the latest news on power generation, renewable energy and smart grid,
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  403. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  404. WaltC

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I wanted to find a mental image of the equivalent heat output of your 22kW E-Cat reactor over a year’s time:

    22kwh/h x 1 year = 193 MWh (MegaWattHour)

    1 BOE (Barrel of Oil Equivalent) = 1.6 MWh (from unitjuggler.com)

    So: 22kw x 1 year = 121 BOE

    1) I’m not sure how much “charge” you use in your reactor over the course of a year– perhaps a few grams?

    Assuming that, one could say: “a few grams of charge in a E-Cat reactor has the equivalent heat output as 121 Barrels of Oil”.

    2) Am I close with that equivalence, do you think?

    Thanks, WaltC

  405. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I think so, just take off the 10%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  406. Jeff Hall

    Dr Rossi,
    1- are you planning how to make as fast as possible the diffusion of your technology in the planet against the global warming?
    2- will the profits from this technology be destined also to social converns?
    Happy Earth Day to you and your team,
    Jeff hall

  407. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Hall:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  408. Chuck Davis

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I understand that the direct generation of current from the plasma is more efficient that the other cycles, correct?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It should be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  410. Heretical Troublemaker

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    purely for the entertainment of the scientific audience here, what value the weight scale below the E-Cat SK (presented on Jan 31 on http://www.ecatskdemo.com) now shows?

    They started around 21 kg I think.

    Happy Easter to You and all team!

  411. Andrea Rossi

    Heretical Troublemaker:
    You are right, the video does not show the units: they are pounds, not kgs.
    Happy Easter also to you and your family
    A.R.

  412. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It appears from the spectra of the eCat-SK that there is a combination of mercury and argon elements present.

    1. Can you confirm this?
    2. If 1 is true, do you anticipate recovering gold from the transmitted mercury during the refueling/recovery process?

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- No
    2- No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. Judith Hellerman

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you working also during these Easter holidays on the Ecat SK for direct electricity?

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Judith Hellerman:
    Yes, we are at work . I don’t leave it until we get it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. Felix Lown

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    About your paper published on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    do you think the Zitterbewegung effect can be transmitted also between electrons?

  417. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Lown:
    Yes, I think so: obviously it depends on the distance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. Kiyoko

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us if the R&D to make directly electricity from the plasma is proceeding well ? Still optimist also about the possibility to make it produce itself the electricity necessary to run the Ecat SK ?
    K

  419. Andrea Rossi

    Kiyoko:
    Yes and yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Happy Easter to you and to all our Readers also from our Team !
    A.R.

  421. Jason

    Dr Rossi,
    Every single line of your paper published in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions has a high density of information. I am not surprised, due to the importance of the subject and the corroboration between theoretical hypothesis and experimental results, that is reached the unbelievable number of almost 18 000 readings in 3 months for a publication whose reading is restricted to physicists for the intrinsic difficulties of the reading.
    Happy Easter to you, your team and your family,
    Jason

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Jason:
    Thank you and Happy Easter likewise to you and your family,
    A.R.

  423. Happy Easter Andrea.
    I pray God for you,
    your family, your equipe.
    Gian

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you and likewise Happy Easter to you and your family,
    A.R.

  425. Taylor Bembury

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In the video here:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    you say that you contacted Prof Sergio Focardi in the University of Bologna after you found on the Italian Encyclopedia Treccani a page about the cold fusion written by a colleague of him, Prof. Bertin (have I been precise ?). Do you still use the Treccani, or do you prefer Wikipedia, that is faster and constantly updated ?
    Happy Easter,
    T.B.

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Taylor Bembury:
    Yes, you have been precise.
    On Wikipedia I get information. It is a fantastic working tool.
    On the Treccani I study. It is a monumental concentration of human knowledge.
    I think Treccani is the best encyclopedia of the world and I know and used, also in my years of high school and college, all the main of them in English and French.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Roberto

    Dear Andrea,
    I have seen that the website
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    has been updated.
    Very good.
    Cheers
    Roberto

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos ” A Way Our Of Middle Ages Energy Sources “.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  430. Donn Auricchio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I congratulate the JoNP for the publacation of the very good paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos I read today!
    Cheers
    Donn

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Donn Auricchio:
    Thank you!
    Few persons know that my friend Prof. Christos Stremmenos is also a hero of the resistance war in Greece against the fascist regime of the colonels in the seventies.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  432. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    now that things are going in the right way, why don’t you show an ECat coupled with a turbine producing electricity. Also, you may couple some tool with an high visual impact for example a mill or something like that. I thing that something like that will have a fantastic resonance and shows very clear what an Ecat can do!
    Regards Giuseppe

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    As a matter of fact, we still do not have an Ecat coupled with a turbine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Rudolf

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think about the young people movement promoted by Berta?
    Rudolf

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    I think it is very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Happy Easter !
    A.R.

  437. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you know that your competitors have copied part of the data shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Any replication is useful to us. Obviously all we published has been covered preliminary by patents that are pending, concerning the data that we consider intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You likely have hydrogen atoms within the plasma in the eCat-SK. How do you keep the high temperature hydrogen atoms from degrading the surrounding material?

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This is a confidential issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. Emilia

    Dear Andrea
    Your paper in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is a gold mine. it is very difficult to read and understand, but every time I read it again I learn more and more.
    Thank you and congratulations, it is not surprising that it is the more read nuclear physics publication of the last 3 years.
    Happy Easter,
    Emilia

  442. Andrea Rossi

    Emilia:
    Thank you for your attention to our theoretical job,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  443. Raphael Blyler

    Dr Rossi:
    I have been stunned when I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is stunning your theoretical progress is a so short time. About the trolls: the most intelligent among them is not able to read a single line of your paper, as correctly observed the ENEA physicist.

  444. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael Blyler:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  445. Tod

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which part of the Ecat SK we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com are made by robots and which are made manually?

  446. Andrea Rossi

    Tod:
    The control system is made by robots, all the rest is made with normal manufacturing systems, so far.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  447. Chuck Davis

    Do you know the cryogenic tech of Magnialpha ?
    http://www.magnix.aero/products/
    Can be useful to your R&D?
    Chuck Davis

  448. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  449. sam

    Another short video on the
    Daunting task of restoring
    the last supper.

    https://youtu.be/u-wg_Y9klXc

  450. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The Cenacolo of Leonardo da Vinci is in the refectory of the Santa Maria delle Grazie church, not far from the gothic cathedral of the Duomo in the center of Milan. I visited it hundreds of times and every time I felt a new effect. I could talk hours about this ouvre d’art of Leonardo. Twenty years ago,when I returned to my work after a very difficult period of my life, I took in that church, while revisiting the Leonardo masterpiece, an image of the Madonna and since then every morning I prey in front of that image before starting my working day. I keep that image always in my agenda. Thank you for allowing me this moment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  451. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting documentary
    on Leonardo da Vinci and his painting
    of the Last Supper.

    https://youtu.be/2pJD5HtlKwg

    Have a Good Easter

    Sam

  452. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  453. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you are now contemplating an “infinite COP” E-Cat configuration, does this mean that you are satisfied with the viability of direct electricity production from the E-Cat SK?

    Kind regards and thanks,

    Frank Acland

  454. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    “Contemplating” is one thing; getting solace with a done apparatus is a completely different thing. We did not get this target, yet, therefore I have nothing to be satisfied of: we will be working on this also during these Easter holidays. This reminds me this:
    HAPPY EASTER TO ALL OUR CHRISTIAN READERS AND HAPPY EASTER HOLIDAYS TO ALL OUR NON-CHRISTIAN READERS, TO YOU AND YOUR FAMILY AND TO THE READERS OF YOUR EXCELLENT BLOG !!!
    Andrea Rossi

  455. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Then I must not understand what you fully mean by “infinite COP”. Please clarify. Is your envisioned system one that:

    a. Other than start-up, requires no external power input?
    b. Runs forever, without consuming some sort of fuel?
    c. The control system consumes no energy, or this is no control system?

  456. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  457. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Please allow me too answer to your answer to Chuck Davis: in nuclear reactors you consume fuel, therefore the COP cannot be infinite, as well as hydrocarbon fueled systems.”

    Your definition of Coefficient of Performance (effective COP) is Output power / Input power. If the input goes to zero, then the effective COP is infinity. This does not mean that nuclear reactors do not consume fuel — they do. I assume you are not saying that the eCat generates power without consuming its fuel. The effective COP of infinity simply means that no external power is needed to control the unit and the unit outputs some power.

    If I mis-understand your comments, please advise.

  458. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. karels:
    Thank you for your opinion, but I do not agree, because one thing is to have an apparatus that at the output has also the energy that consumes, another thing is to have the necessity of the energy source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  459. JPR

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I agree with your answer to Domenico Canino and with the ENEA physicist.
    Cheers
    JPR

  460. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Internet is a great thing, but has issues: for example, an idiot can make polemics with a real expert of a matter he does not know the fundamentals of, but the public is generally not able to understand and, if the idiot is aggressive and affirmative, in the blogosphere he can make credible a stupidity or any false information just continuing to repeat it, while the serious expert has a job to do and cannot continue to answer, so, at the end, the false information can prevail. This is the principle the trolls paid to diffuse false information are counting on. There are agencies specialized to make this play.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    History of electrical generation with infinite COP: Nuclear reactors (as long as the fuel lasts); gasoline-based generators (until you run out of gasoline). The eCat-SK Electric would be just another electricity generator but clean nuclear based.

  463. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please allow me too answer to your answer to Chuck Davis: in nuclear reactors you consume fuel, therefore the COP cannot be infinite, as well as hydrocarbon fueled systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    an Italian ENEA physicist told me: “Generally those who criticize Rossi are not able to understand even a line of his research on nuclear physics published on Researchgate”.

  465. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Please offer my deepest thanks to that Italian physicist of ENEA. By the way: what he stated is true. The best paradigma is the idiot that time ago wrote on a house organ forum this phrase, after I explained in a comment the concept of the definition of kWh/h: ” The poor kid [it was me, n.d.a.] does not know that in kWh/h the two ‘h’ cancel each other and remains only kW ”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  466. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. It sounds as if you made a change in thoughts, when you replied to me now working on an infinite COP E-Cat. In the past you often said that you thought it could not be done because of safety. Can you say what changed your thoughts?
    2. How optimistic are you that you will succeed in your infinite COP quest?
    Anyway, though indirect an e.g. E-Cat-turbine-generator combination may lead to the same result, when looking to the whole assembly.
    I hope you will succeed in your strive soon.
    Thanks. Kind regards, Gerard

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- No
    2- Yes, otherwise I’d not put on it the mole of work we are making, but this does not mean we will succeed
    3- Working also on that
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  468. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your ‘infinite COP’ E-Cat concept make use of a battery as an an energy storage device?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  469. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This could be a possible option, but attention: the R&D on course could go well, but it also could fail. We are working very, very hard on it, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  470. Chuck Davis

    @JPR
    In my opinion there has been no discovery in the history of men that could compare with an electricity generator with infinite COP !
    Chuck Davis

  471. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you working solo on your Infinite COP project, or with your partner’s experts also?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I work always with my Team !
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With regards to direct conversion to electricity, may we rightfully assume that unless the conversion efficiency (from thermal energy to electricity) exceeds about 40%, the more efficient generation would be via a Carnot cycle (e.g., steam generation followed by turbine conversion to electricity) based implementation?

    Or, are there other considerations that would make a lower (direct conversion) conversion efficiency acceptable?

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    There are, but it is premature to explain. We are working ( very, very hard ) on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    If you are able to make an ssm system that uses its own electricity, the COP becomes infinite and any measurement becomes superfluous. This could really be the most important invention of the last 10 thousand years.
    JPR

  476. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    It would be. I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Rosita

    Dear Andrea:
    A person I know that recently spoke with you told me your voice not returned yet. How is your health? Please regard yourself,
    Cheers
    Rosita

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Rosita:
    My health is perfect, my voice not so, but what is important is what I do, not what I say.
    Thank you for your kind concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    On June 14, 2016, you shared an internal report that was posted on E-Catworld.com, It stated the QuarkX directly produced electricity at 0 – 10% of its rated output of 100W.
    Link>> https://e-catworld.com/2016/06/14/report-on-preliminary-findings-from-e-cat-quarkx-testing-posted-on-ecat-com/

    Is it reasonable to assume:
    a) that the ECat SK, rated at 22kW, performs in a similar fashion?
    b) that your current testing of the more robust and advanced ECat SK also shows direct electricity production, however with the range both narrower and more stable?
    c) at maybe 2 – 10% of rated output?
    d) at maybe 4 – 10% of rated output?
    e) at maybe 6 – 10% of rated output?

    On a different note, you have shared that the installed base of ECat SK’s have performed with a few bumps in the road. Have your customers begun to express interest in expanding their respective contracts with you/Leonardo Inc.?

    As always, my best to you, your team, and your tennis coach.

    Respectfully,
    Buck

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    a) possibly
    b) the R&D is on course, the results could be worse or better than that
    c,d,e) same as above
    f) not yet.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Gian Luca

    cortese Andrea R.,
    like in the last presentation I would like to give a question…..
    if there are no IR why is so difficult to have a safety certification?
    Are there other problems to solves?
    Thanks a lot
    Buona SS. Pasqua a Lei e tutto il Suo Staff

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    We are resolving the problems.
    Happy Easter also to you and your family!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. Jacques

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for your comments about the tragedy of Notre Dame.
    God bless you

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Jacques:
    I did it with all my heart. Yesterday the President macron said in 5 years Notre Dame will be rebuilt even better: maybe it will take some more years, but the spirit is the right one and is the spirit of the great People of France,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    In the presentation we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com you said that the Ecat SK is already ready for commercialization. So, why now you say that it is not ready for the distribution and sales in the mass market?

  486. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    You must make a clear distinction between to be ready to supply heat to industrial concerns, where we maintain the control of the operation of the plant, with prompt assistance we are organized for in the specific place, and the sale of apparatuses “off the shelf”, for which we have not yet reached the necessary reliability and the necessary certifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Ben

    If your search for the dorect electricity production will be successful, will you explain it by e development of your immense paper
    http://www.researchnet.com/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that is the most read paper among all the publications og nuclear physics in the last years?
    Godspeed,
    Ben

  488. Andrea Rossi

    Ben:
    I think so, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. A.L.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is the technology you are testing to make electricity directly from the Ecat based on a new form of photon capture system? It looks logic watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  490. Andrea Rossi

    A.L.:
    Photon capture is a very generic term: I’d say no, but I must add that it depends on what exactly you mean when you define “photons capture”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other commenys published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  492. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us if the E-Cat SK that you are testing for direct electricity production already produces more electricity then that the control system is using at the same time?
    Thank you.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  493. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are still in the R&D phase, but obviously that is what we want. If we succeed the COP becomes infinite. This is why I am now working on it at the maximum of my intellectual and physical force. Maybe it will be a failure, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  494. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I thank you for your empathy for us. We lived a terrible night with the fire of Notre Dame de Paris. More than a sadness, France today lives a national mourning like the Italians when La Fenice burned in the nineties. In this drama, he salutes the formidable work of the Paris firefighters who evacuated the site in order and who fought the flames all night long. The fire did not kill a victim despite the number of people in and around the site.
    We must also thank the donors who raised 400,000 € at the time I write these few lines. We can give on this site:
    https://www.fondation-patrimoine.org/

    Your E-Cat operates at temperatures of 1 eV, I hope you correctly calculate the fire risk.
    All my support for your commercial and R & D work
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  495. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    With sense of duty I publish your link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. JPR

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    thank you for your empathy after the fire of Notre Dame de Paris.
    Yes, we will rebuild the Cathedral, but something is lost for ever.
    JPR

  497. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    sincerely, I myself feel like something of myself has been lost.
    With profound empathy,
    Andrea Rossi

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. Colin Watters

    Szymon Blachuta forgets to mention ho ho ho :-)

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    …and what does that writing stay for?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Rod Walton

    Maybe the world does not have a coal problem, but an evaluation problem: last year about 50 coal fired utilities have been terminated, but the US Energy Information Administration reported that in 2018 the coal export has topped the highest level ever: ???

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I want to send to our French friends my expression of a profound sympathy for the very emotional moment we all passed through today when we knew of the devastating fire in the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. I have been in Paris many, many times and I know that Notre Dame is the icon of the Spirit of the great people of France. I am sure that, as always, France will remake well all that has been destroyed, but what happened today has a global resonance: I feel like myself have lost for ever something.
    My strongest sympathy for all the French persons that follow these lines,
    Andrea Rossi

  504. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your ongoing design & development of E-Cat > gas turbine > electric generators, from past comments I would understand that your eventual target would be towards the largest units possible for economies of scale in the production of electricity, the design and development for this I suspect will be multi-year, for near future use would you also consider the use of your E-Cats with smaller combined heat & power micro gas turbines?

    For example, the Italian company Ansaldo Energia has a micro turbine unit the AE-T100E that uses an external heat exchanger (intended for the bio-gas / solar concentrator market), it is likely that an external heat exchanger would be more easily designed for use with E-Cats and possibly more robust in operation being disconnected from gas turbine vibration.

    For application, this kind of small E-Cat powered combined heat & power unit could be ideal for commercial greenhouses in northern countries, commercial greenhouses can range from small to extremely large, for example one of the latest generation of greenhouses recently constructed in the UK just north east of London for the company Sterling Suffolk Ltd, has a greenhouse 54400 m^2 in area, the first of three, these will be heated by two 6.0 MW gas fired boilers, featuring hydroponics and specialist pink LED growing lights, with a target of growing 7000 metric tonnes of tomatoes a year – UK consumption of fresh tomatoes is over 490000 tonnes a year.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  505. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the interesting suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  506. Angel Carl Riffeser

    Great content, thank you for sharing this with the world. We follow the Ecat evolution also here in Johannesburg.
    Cheers
    ACR

  507. Andrea Rossi

    Angel carl Riffeser:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team, from the Country of the great Nelson Mandela.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  508. Wilhelm Allgeyer

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you think the string theory can be useful in the LENR R&D?

  509. Andrea Rossi

    Wilhelm Allgeyer:
    I don’t think so, because the energies necessary to arrive to discover the so called strings are too high to find any useful exploitation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  510. Manfred K

    Do you use sodium?
    Thank for your work and for the information you give about your inventions,
    Manfred K from Germany

  511. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred K:
    No.
    You can see what I use in my patent and on http://www.evatskdemo.com
    and on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  512. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have mentioned that you have experienced some problems with the first SK reactor. What kinds of problems are you referring to:

    a) E-Cat reactor malfunctioning
    b) Control system malfunctioning
    c) Heat exchanger malfunctioning
    d) Remote control system malfunctioning

    Also, have you solved the problems that have come up, or are you still in the process of solving them.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) no
    c) yes
    d) yes
    All resolved ( so far )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    speaking about correcting the way of writing in English, I found this application very useful and easy to use:
    https://app.grammarly.com/
    it allows the real-time correction of typographical errors in single words and suggests the most correct grammatical forms in phrases.
    I don’t want to advertise. The application is free up to a certain level of correction and has to be paid for having the total correction.
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  515. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  516. Rino

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think that the key of the direct generation of electricity is in par 2 of your paper on Researchgate.
    Godspeed
    Rino

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Rino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. gabrielle

    I watched http://www.ecatskdemo.com after readinf your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I noticed a perfect match between the paper and the actual Ecat SK: I think this is the reason of the remarkable success of the paper.
    Best Regards,
    Gabrielle

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Gabrielle:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. CC

    Dear Andrea,
    Why are you soldering yourself the board of the Ecat SK prototype that makes (or should make) directly electricity?

  521. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I wanted to learn to make boards myself because while I make them I learn better how to make corrections immediately as soon as I use them. It makes me faster in the prototypal phase and allows me to go deeper in “seeing” the electrons behavior and movements while I put down piece by piece their track. I started this modality recently, learning what is necessary and the results are good.
    Obviously when and if a board becomes serial, robots make it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Pandora

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You cited the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo da Vinci as a text you have in your library: can you tell me where to buy it?

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Pandora:
    You can find it here:
    Giunti Gruppo Editoriale S.P.A., Firenze, Italy
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    Your reaction to yokes is always “he he he”.
    In some languages there is a subtle distinction: “ha ha ha” after a good yoke, “he he he” after a bad one. How is in Italian ?
    By the way, I’m following you several years and I’m impressed how your English improved.
    My deepest respect,
    Szymon Blachuta

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Very interesting comment. In Italy there is not that distinction, as far as I know, unless it has been recently introduced in the cyberjargon.
    Now that I know, I apologize with all our Readers that received “he he he” as an answer of mine to their yokes: the yokes were good, my English was inaccurate, but not voluntarily.
    Thank you for the correction: my English improved by means of errors correction. By the way, thank you for noting my efforts in this sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    After a few months of service, can you make an initial assessment of your first industrial E-Cat?
    Another question: Do you have an E-Cat in your lab that has been running for a year and will soon run out of combustible?

    Good luck for tomorrow’s tennis and I hope you will have a lot of fun losing (0-6)
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  528. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- with several problems, normal for initial activity, I can say we are satisfied how things are going on
    2- No, we change every 6 months
    3- he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  529. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted ” it is surely possible, but it is a nonsense to subtract energy to a system that has a higher efficiency that the parasite system” when asked about using the emitted light to run photovoltaic cells.

    1, Does this mean that in your eCat-SK electric variant, the only outputs will be directly produced electricity and excess heat?

    2. If some light escapes, could that not be used to produce additional electrical power?

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- if some light “escapes”, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Brokeeper

    You are so welcome. I am very happy to help. Perhaps it could be applied for all internal environments.
    God bless you and your team.
    Brokeeper

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    And you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. domenico canino

    The time is ripe, the direction has changed.

    From the first of January 2019 the media around the world have been ordered to speak in an increasingly alarming manner of climate change, of renewable energy. After that since 2011 (look a little) all the big funds in silence have disinvested in the search for new oil wells. Now they are investing heavily in new energies and the media connected to them have the function of pushing in this direction. Electric cars, graphene batteries, hydrogen, etc. Dear Andrea, did you perceive that in your sector the direction has changed?

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    In some measure, yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    regarding Rick57 question and your answer, it seems that recoiling light from the ECat to produce energy with a PV cell would reduce it’s capacity of direct electric production?

    I thought that the light was a waste byproduct!

    If there was a misunderstanding, then i think that Rick57 idea was to put some PV cells around the ECat to get some electricity.

    How could this possibly impair ECat’s ability to produce direct current?

    Best regards, Marco.

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    First principle of thermodynamic. Light is not a by-product, light is energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Anonymous

    My opinion? Your production of direct current from the Ecat is pure B.S.

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I am working on the board of the circuit that pilots the direct production of electric energy. Obviously I am still at the solder-components and board manual stage. But I am optimist about the result.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. Kurt

    Dear Andrea,
    watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com and reading the experimental set-up in par 5 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed that the spectrum of the wavelengths of the radiations in the Ecat SK, considering also the minor peaks, is maximum around 650 nm
    Did you ever find higher wavelengths values ?
    Thank if you can answer,
    Kurt

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  542. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you considered using the UV light from the E-Cat domestic model to disinfect house and hospital circulated air?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  543. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    I didn’t think about that. I will. Thank you for the idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  544. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    1. Is it safe to touch the ecat sk blue exterior ( shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ) with a bare hand while it is in operation?

    2. If it is not safe, what is the surface temperature of the blue exterior.

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  545. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- of course! It is perfectly isolated thermally and electrically
    2- room temperature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  546. Carline Mccrosky

    Dr Rossi,
    Impressive the photo of the black hole. Do you know which temperature is reached in the whitest area of the crown?

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Carline McCrosky:
    They say something around one billion Kelvins. I noticed an error, though, in most of the related publications and broadcasting: it is recurrent the say that a Black Hole does not emit anything of what it gulps, but it is wrong, because Black Holes emit radiations, as theoretically put in evidence by the Stephen Hawking.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    a) do you think it will be possible to combine direct electrical generation and PV cells in a single e-CAT to reach higher efficiency ?

    b) by the end of June are you planning to organize a web presentation or to disclose a report to provide additional infos about the progresses you made in this field ?

    Thanks a lot if you can answer.
    Riccardo

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    a) it is surely possible, but it is a nonsense to subtract energy to a system that has a higher efficiency that the parasite system
    b) I am not able to answer now, but I don’t think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Claude Donoso

    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I got the impression that you are not far from making an Ecat totally indipendent, I mean an Ecat that fuels itself without necessity of other power sources. Is this a nonsense?

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Claude Donoso:
    It is not a nonsense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  553. Susannah

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that reached 17 000 readings in 3 months, an unheard of achievement: it is very intense, not a single is without important information.
    Godspeed,
    Susammah

  554. Andrea Rossi

    Susannah:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  555. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Ada, From your response to my response. I thought you were being flippant with regards LENRs. I realize you were not and apologize for my response to your question as I realize your question was made in good faith. Regards Eric Ashworth

  556. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a general question about the E-Cat SK.
    Do you think that the SK can be used to transmute matter directly, just as a industrial process?
    For instance making N15 out of N14. N15 is much wanted in a newly designed fission reactor. See: https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2019/03/doe-funds-2022-first-demo-for-factory-mass-producible-nuclear-power.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

    There is an interesting market for all kinds of isotopes..
    Kind regards, Gerard

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I know you are focused at the moment on direct electricity production (which I have to say us very intriguing) but I thought this might interest you never the less.

    https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/04/marrying-two-types-solar-cells-draws-more-power-sun?utm_source=newsfromscience%3Dflipboard%3Dflipboard2422212

    It’s a bit similar to the idea I mentioned earlier but also different in this case using perovskites to down convert blue light so that it be absorbed by the solar cell at near IR wave lengths. (I wonder if it could be used in combination with the other ideas involving Vanadium Oxide and Titanium Ixide I thought about?)

    It could be interesting for you in a couple of ways I guess.

    1. the full application for electicity production (perhaps could be applied along with your other process).

    2. The down conversion to near IR wavelengths using perovskites.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you already get electricity directly from the plasma of the Ecat SK?
    Jack

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. Ada

    Eric Ashworth:
    obviously this is an attempt to invent obstacles against the LENR: in absence of real arguments, also the ghosts can do… but people are not stupid.

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea,

    Thank you for your continued communication with many of us here at your periphery in support of
    your science efforts.

    May I ask please, as I believe it is important for all to understand the physics of your work, if the esteem respect of those who you trust and would like or enjoy to work with, so advancement could not be just upon your shoulders but on those willing to share your discovery and help resolve this great shift in illuminating the truth of what is happening.

    Who would those scientists or engineers be ?

    Thank you again sincerely.

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    For the time being, we already published in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    all that is possible to share. Beyond that we enter in the field of the confidential IP, that, for obvious reasons, is restricted to our Partnership.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Roger Sokolsky

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the Ecat SK, producing directly electric energy, will be able to supply also the energy to power itself?
    Godspeed,
    Roger

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Roger Sokolsky:
    Theoretically yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Prof

    Impressive the photo of the black hole !
    Thank you for publishing it from Researchgate.net
    Cheers
    Prof

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Really impressive also the tecnology used from the teams of astrophysics, physics and astronomers around the world that have integrated the data of their observatories to compound the complete image as a puzzle, assembling the pieces of local views.
    Genial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Ada, Good point, I also would like to know about these unknown radiations that are also called dark radiations especially the names of the people putting forward this gibberish. Maybe these people are also unknown. Regards Eric Ashworth

  571. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    how much time do you think will pass before some of your customers will be publicly known?
    Can’t you solicit at least one of them?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  572. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    It does not depend on us, as I explained. Of course we will make it happen as soon as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I read today on Researchgate ( http://www.researchgate.net ) this very interesting publication of Dr Hossein Javedi, added to the project “Creative Particles of Higgs, or CPH Theory”.
    This publication is very interesting, also because it shows the first ever image of a Black Hole, that you can also see in this link, published by Dr Javedi:
    https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/320/cpsprodpb/540D/production/_106371512_small.jpg
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Tcvetkov

    Dear Andrea, I am sending you a link to my report on the 30th anniversary of the Fleischman-Pons press conference. There’s a little place about you. https://regnum.ru/news/innovatio/2606951.html
    My best regards,
    Sergei Tcvetkov.

  575. Andrea Rossi

    Tcvetkov:
    Thank you for the information and the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  576. Giorgio

    What do you think of the error made by Boeing that caused the death of over 300 persons, just because they did not install a double control system of the device that calculated the inclination of the aeroplane? Could in future the Ecat have a role to correct these errors?

  577. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    1- the Ecat technology has nothing to do with the control system of an aeroplane
    2- they who do not errors can throw the first stone. Technologies are born and developed by means of errors. Unfortunately, as they say, the air and space technology history is written with blood, but the percentage of victims of aircraft incidents are statistically by an order of magnitude minor that the victims of car and motorcycles crashes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  578. Michael Waterhouse

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the enormous body of information that you and your readers publish on this excellent blog about the LENR: combining the comments and the links on them this blog is a LENR constantly updeted encyclopedia. The video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is a masterpiece.
    Best Regards,
    Michael

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Waterhouse:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  581. Dorothea Edmister

    Dr Rossi,
    About your intriguing publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you said you will publish an expansion of it as soon as you will have defined which is , among the proposed alternatives, will be the more convincing: does your R&D on the production of direct current play a role in this decision?

  582. Andrea Rossi

    Dorothea Edmister:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  583. Ada

    and what about the unknown radiations, also called dark radiations?
    Ada

  584. Andrea Rossi

    Ada:
    I am not a ghostbuster. I react to things I can measure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  585. Ada

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I noticed that the Ecat SK shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com has on the top a Sievert detector and a neutron bubble column: did you measure ionizing radiations in the 10 years of operation emitted from all the Ecats ?
    Thank if you can answer,
    Ada

  586. Andrea Rossi

    Ada:
    No, neither during the many measurements ( hundreds ) made by specialists independent from us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  587. WaltC

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) You said that your Direct Electricity Effect will, in part, be explained by current and future LENR theories. Do you believe that your current theory (http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interaction) explains that effect already, or will it need to be expanded?

    2) Can you say: is the Direct Electricity Effect a “DC” effect (fixed polarity, like a photo-voltaic cell) or an “AC” effect (alternating polarity, like an engine-generator)?

    Thanks, WaltC

  588. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- it will be expanded
    2- no, at this point I can’t disclose this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  589. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    …and what would happen if a new phenomenon never observed before instead of electricity was involved in the production of Lenr plasma? We would not have tools to measure it.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  590. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    If I have understood, you are asking how can we measure something that does not exist in our knowledge: well, in this case we will have to study the effect, if any, to learn how to measure it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  591. Shannon Kunich

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand that every electric Wh you get directly from the plasma of the Ecat SK is worth 3 times a thermal Wh, correct?
    Cheers
    Shannon

  592. Andrea Rossi

    Shannon Kunich:
    Only if the duty of the Ecat is to make electricity, because to make 1 eWh you need about 3 tWh
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  593. Erasmo

    I refer to http://www.ecatskdemo.com and to the video of the November 24th Stockholm Ecat QX presentation: which is the difference between the QX and the SK: is it also in the charge?

  594. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo:
    No, it is not;the difference is in the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Ressie Knouse

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    your paper on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions cites the Wan Der Waals and the casimir forces as a possible source for LENR: aren’t they too weak for this?

  597. Andrea Rossi

    Ressie Knouse:
    In general yes, but their force can become relevant in some specific situations I have described in par. 1 and 2,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. C.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Are you making new patents for the incoming direct electricity production ?
    C.

  599. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. Rod Walton

    Dr Rossi,
    here is an update of Power Engineering, April 9 2019:
    Elizabeth Ingram presents the latest stories on power generation, renewable energy and smart grid,
    Rod Walton

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I don’t like the definition “LENR” because the energy is not low at all, if anything (relatively)low temperature could fit better.
    It is the time to use an acronym that better fits, because the success of a technology depends also from the name that stimulate the imagination.
    So, the name could be turn in something like “AMAR” (anti matter annihilation reactor)

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    I do not understand what you mean.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is your eCat-SK Electric model based on Magnetohydrodynamic generation?

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1- do your customer reccommend you to other?
    2- is the progress in selling heat spurred by such reccommendations?
    Szymon Blachuta

  607. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    1- yes
    2- not yet
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  608. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I apologize — I had two questions marked “a)” in my previous post. Was your answer “yes” to both of them?

    Thank you!

    Frank

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say you are working with a global partner. May I ask:

    a) Does your global partner have experience bringing industrial and domestic products to market?
    a) Will your global partner be able to help you with the authorizations and safety certifications for E-Cats?
    b) Do you think the partner will be able to help with faster approval for domestic E-Cats?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  611. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  612. Eusebia Lilburn

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interaction
    It is in point of fact a nice and useful piece of information. I’m glad that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  613. Andrea Rossi

    Eusebia Lilburn:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  614. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Maybe your readers will find this interesting. For me LENR technology not only provides a cheap, clean source of energy but holds a fascination because it demonstrates a level of physics that I believe is able to disprove flawed theories put forward by the accepted regime that dictates what is true and what is false within the study of physics. This I know also confuses a lot of people, especially those not involved in the study of academic physics i.e. those who are able to free think outside of dogma without persecution. Thereby I can inform readers that my views are based upon a limited none academic career but one of free thought, experimentation and patented embodied theory regarding a generalized understanding of energy. Fortunately the JONP exists providing a much needed place whereby a sharing of information is able to take place without censorship being imposed. Albeit, physics being a sensitive, highly censored subject, within academia, due to its ability to reveal a closely guarded secret, becomes self evident to those involved in specific fields of study. I feel fortunate to be able to put my views forward for consideration without undue animosity.

    To recap a unified field can be demonstrated by a mechanical mechanism that produces binary spinning flows of air whereby each oscillate within their inner and their outer chamber (one flow per chamber) and that upon eventual contact they transition from curvature flow forces to a linear flow force and because this activity generates a super negative at the pole potentials i.e. the origin of the flows, an interior back flow is set in motion at the super positive pole potential that is contrary to the combined linear down flow and that is labeled an ‘economy flow’ of a binding force that has to transition itself from that of a positive condensed flow force to that of a rarefied negative flow force i.e. the same flow but of a different force in space and time. I could give this single back flow two names but to overcome confusion and keep things true I give it one name because its the same flow but simply transitioned due to its environments that it encounters (a flow force that glues). I also believe the atom contains a binary flow having an internal circulation and an external circulation. The external circulation when at the atomic level is the electro magnetic field and represents the external mass of the product. This external flow is identical to the internal flow direction and represents the negative field with its positive and negative potentials of its flow in accordance to its position of its flow potentials in space and time. When a single rotor rotates, its propellers draw in any exterior material by the force of the inputted flow but should the exterior material such as a solid wall be unable to be drawn in then the spinning rotor is drawn towards it, because an increase in negativity is created between the flow and the exterior material, not difficult to understand. Therefore the mechanism had to be designed specifically to overcome this negative zone of attraction, a problem instigated by the creation of its super negative potential spilling into its immediate exterior environment caused by its required integral multi propeller assembly and by which was overcome by inducing oscillations onto the surrounding outer environment of the downward flow force potentials, creating a necessary insulation. The method is simple but ingenious. The propulsion unit has to have a specially designed fuselage around the exterior that accommodates complimentary chambers designed specifically to induce exterior oscillations around the downward propelling exterior linear flow force at the time, when the curvature forces become linear. These vibrational induction chambers produce what is referred to as the ‘static barrier layer’ that insulates the exterior flow of the mechanism from exterior objects and thereby provides the mechanism with a necessary system of identity, in the same way as an atom. The exterior linear flow carries the vibration within and without its field as it encompasses the craft. Consequently, the mechanism is able to demonstrate the ‘static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. A technology that has been acknowledged as one before its time and denied its demonstration and its explanation. How I described the mechanism, being somewhat of a layman, was as a compressed atom, being unfamiliar with the term mass defect with regards its integral propeller assembly.
    The static and mobile aspects of the energy refers to both structure and flows i.e. mobile propellers/static frame, mobile flow/static boundary. The system is binary in all aspects so as to create a unified field. Because energy is a binary system of opposing states it can involve varying degrees of mobility and inactivity on the two dimensions of its being i.e. in the embodied atomic state and its none embodied state. Mass defect comes in varying degrees of energy, from being totally defective to totally effective with regards these states. Mass is in reference to the two states. Defect is in reference to the space/distance between its two dimensions of charge. Energy must posses a distance and therefore a time dimension of interaction. Neutrons have total mass defect i.e. totally defective energy being devoid of distance and thereby time, rendering them unable to provide a source of energy. Electrons have minimal mass defect making them highly effective providers of energy (an interesting thought: if a neutron represents the most dense state of material substance what would be its absolute opposite if the whole state of being relies upon the something and the nothing i.e. a binary unchangeable situation whereby opposites attract and the planck length could maintains order by necessity). The mechanism is able to demonstrate these two states in both dimensions i.e. the static embodied solid mechanism and the none solid mobile flows allowing these basic interactions to be observed, measured and used as a springboard from which a greater understanding of energy can be realized by those involved in physics and thereby, I believe, able to project the understanding into the none physical aspect between which the physical exists being between both the point and the periphery i.e. a binary state of none existence with regards to energy but one not without influence within the material world. So here is just one such embodied technology described as ‘before its time’, able to help explain energy, be able to efficiently lift a huge amount of weight and yet we read of a company that seeks greater efficiency with regards an aircraft design that requires artificial intelligence to overcome a known problem. Time to embrace these new technologies or are we not quite there yet?. And as a footnote I believe that Richard Feynman provided a clue to potentiality when he described that a positron moving backwards in time and space would be annihilated by an electron but visa versa an electron moving forward would become a positron. To move forward is to become more restricted i.e. condensed and positive thereby eventually turning outside in. To move backwards is to become more rarefied and negative and thereby turning inside out, this also,I believe, applies to the proton/neutron but requires detailed explanation. Atoms contain mini environments. Without understanding volume and size environments and relationships with regards charge potentials I think it difficult to understand energy. Interacting electro magnetic fields can, I believe, be considered as time zones that create flux tubes and that involve chirality. A complex situation indeed that requires a greater explanation and one which I shall attempt to provide. Regards Eric Ashworth

  615. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight, offered to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. Jess Echelberger

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If you succeed, as you wrote in a comment, to put in the market an Ecat abkle to supply heat and electric energy in several years, this will be an industrial revolution.
    Godspeed,
    Jess

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Jess Echelberger:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work, but consider that the direct generation of electric energy is still in R&D phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You answered Frank Eckland about the terms of the domestic E-Cats:
    “… I would say at the most a few years.”
    Earlier you wrote (I mean domestic E-Cats) that you are not afraid of competitors, because Leonardo has proven technology, low prices and will sell a large amount, so reverse engineering is not terrible, competitors simply will not catch up.
    Perhaps in “a few years”, competitors will be able to equalize these advantages. Or do you rely on patent protection? But China will not stop the patent.
    Maybe you need to sell technology? This is also commercialization.
    “Dog in the hay” – not the best type of business.

    Sorry for the sharpness.
    Tired of waiting for the long-promised domestic E-Cats.

    Regards and hopefully.
    Yury Isaev
    Engineer.

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Sohl

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most interesting paper treating of LENR I ever have read.
    Thank you for publishing all that information.
    Regards,
    Sohl

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Sohl:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. A.B.

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you use a cold cathod in the Ecat SK we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  624. Andrea Rossi

    A.B.:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you still convinced that it will be many years after industrial E-Cats are deployed, that you will be able to produce domestic E-Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, I’d not say many years, I’d say several years at the most.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today on other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  628. xyz

    Watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I noticed that it seems to be ready for a massive production, also for domestic use, especially if you will be able to make both heat and electricity. It will be a global game changer.
    Are you not afraid of it?

  629. Andrea Rossi

    xyz:
    Yes, it could be.
    No, I am not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  630. Daryl Reider

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think it will be possible to get from the Ecat SK only electric power, so that all its efficiency will serve to generate electricity?

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Daryl Reider:
    We are trying to gat the most of it, but it is premature to have consolidated data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dear Andrea,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    continues to be the most read paper of nuclear physics. How do you explain it?
    Roberto

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    I think that it has been important the fact that theoretical hypothesis have been surrogated by the experiment described in the article and by the video of it ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Caro Andrea.
    dopo più di 8 anni di frequentazione via e-mail, quasi mi considero di famiglia e mi permetto di rivolgermi a te usando il tu.
    1)Ritieni di poterci informare su quando il primo eCat-SK dell’ultima versione fra quelli forniti recentemente potrà entrare in funzione?
    2) potrà già essere utilizzato alla sua massima potenza?

    A te un calorosissimo saluto e la riconoscenza per quanto con tanto impegno e sacrificio hai fatto e fai nell’interesse di tutta l’Umanità.
    English synopsis:
    1- has already been put in operation the Ecat SK we watched on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    2- is it already working at its max power ?

    Che Dio ti aiuti. Gian

  635. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your friendly sympathy.
    Answers:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  636. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Can you give us some comment on your investigations on the direct electricity production of the Ecat?
    2. Are you happy with the sales of heat so far?
    3. Is the production of the E-Cat heat-plants satisfactory?
    4. Are your customers, using your heat, still satisfied?
    5. Have you still time to play tennis with your wife?
    I really do hope things are going well. Good luck to you and your team.!
    Thanks. Kind regards, Gerard

  637. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- it is premature, I will have precise ideas within June, based on the scheduling of our work on it
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- yes !
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  639. Saju Abraham

    Most Respected Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I believe General Electric will be the solution provider for the electric energy generation:
    http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/04/ge-has-prototype-10-megawatt.html
    Praying for your steady health,
    Saju Abraham

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Good question: we have to abide to the first principle of thermodynamic, therefore all the electric energy that will be extracted from the plasma will have to be subtracted from the thermal energy, but the electric energy has more value, because to make one Wh of electric energy you need to spend about 3 Wh of thermal energy, when you have to turn into electricity the thermal energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Yuri

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I think that your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    combined with the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    are among the most important publications of the last years, both for the LENR and for the Physics in general.
    Best Regards,
    Yuri

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  643. Saju Abrahan

    Respected Dr Andrea Rossi,
    when you produce electric energy directly from plasma will it affect the heat efficiencyof the Ecat, or will be electricity just a by-product?
    Regards,
    Saju Abraham

  644. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    Thank you for your input. The impact of mankind in heating and power production will always have a negative impact on the atmosphere. But consider the following:

    1. Look at the amount of energy per day our atmosphere endures because of our sun.
    2. Current electrical production technology (Carnot Cycle) is about 40% efficient. So 60% of the thermal production goes into the atmosphere. So, under you analysis, they have 60% going into the atmosphere, compared to 25% from eCat.
    3. Remote power production has transmission line loss so even more thermal energy is lost and therefore the initial production of plant energy is that much higher.
    4. Even solar energy can have an impact on more heating of the local atmosphere.

    Bottomline – there is no “free Lunch”. Energy production will have an effect, but perhaps not as significant as the greenhouse gas effect?

  645. Nick

    Dear Andrea:
    1- where are you working in this moment?
    2- what is that you consider the most important thing you are making now?

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Nick:
    1- USA
    2- R&D on the production of electric energy directly from the plasma of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels,
    Steve, based upon your hypothetical 50% efficiency, assume that over a large number of houses configured in this manner, we can estimate an average of 25% of thermal energy would be dissipated into an already overheated atmosphere.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  648. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Rodney Nicholson

    ……….. and possibly you might also consider offering to put up one million euros ‘in escrow’ as your guarantee that your system will indeed replace their use of coal without producing any emissions, harmful or otherwise.

    With ‘seriously challenging’ regards,

    Rodney.

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Again, thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When my Chevy Volt battery pack drops below 80% storage, it is considered end-of-life and will be replaced. But it still would be useful for non-automotive applications.

    Assume an eCat-SK electric with a thermal capacity of 100kW which runs at 50% efficiency for conversion to electricity. Assume approximately 1kW constant power consumption for the Controller and system control.

    A home will require not more that 200Amps at 220VAC or 44kW of electrical power (200Amp rated electrical panels). So the 100kW eCat-SK electric will provide sufficient power to run one home.

    Assume two such old battery packs, one being charged by the eCat-SK electric and the other powering the Controller and system control. The eCat-SK electric would switch every few hours between charging one battery pack, to using the stored power to run the Controller and system electronics, and charging the other battery pack.

    Plus the excess heat (50kW) could be used to heat the house, heat water, or just exhausted.

    The control of the eCat-SK electric is therefore, totally independent of the eCat-SK electric output. This might find application in remote locations (e.g., cabin in the woods?) As the battery technology becomes cheaper, this architecture could become more wide spread. Thoughts?

  652. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Plwase go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    Will you update the menu of the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    with a link to the successful production of current directly from the plasma?
    Cheers
    CC

  655. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    In due time, if the R&D will be successful, yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  656. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the remote control of the Ecat SK by which you control from your headquarters the Ecats operating even oversees can be considered A.I. ?
    Best Regards,
    Norma

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Maybe, partially, yes, in the sense that it makes operations otherwise should be done by humans, even by means of logic procedures: it has also to make choices in some situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Anonymous

    on http://www.ecatskdemo.com there is one neutron detector that is closed: why?

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opnion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Rodney Nicholson

    = = = = = = = = = = = =
    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for this serious proposal, but the issue in it is that the inventor has to explain in detail his invention and in primis the sum is ridiculous (in our case), in secundis to win the prize you have to explain BEFORE the details of the IP to the jury.
    The idea of the mayor is intelligent, though, and surely will attract smart proposals from many inventors.
    Warm Regards,
    = = = = = = = = = = = =
    Hi Andrea:

    I suggest you contact them and explain that you would be very happy to replace their coal fired heating with a non-polluting source at a price 25% less than their current coal costs. But that the video demonstrations you have already made would have to suffice for documentation, as you are, of course, not willing to share your IP.

    In addition, you might suggest to them that, in the event you were selected as the winner, you would donate the prize money to the charity of their choice.

    The worst they can do is just say one word: “No.” A little better, they might even say: “No, but thank you.”

    Alternatively, they might possibly say “Yes” after reviewing your video documentation with experts in the field.

    Should you win, even the news media would finally have to start taking a serious interest in your work.

    Rodney.

  661. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  662. Dear Andrea,
    The following is in Finnish news today:

    The Major of the City of Helsinki promises a million euros to the person who invents how to replace coal in district heating of the City of Helsinki:

    https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-10721406

    https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=fi&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fyle.fi%2Fuutiset%2F3-10721406

    https://twitter.com/Vapaavuori/status/1113379846124711936

    “Helsinki challenge: miljoona euroa sille, joka kehittää korvaavan ratkaisun kivihiilelle Helsingin lämmityksessä mahdollisimman kestävästi ja vähällä biomassan käytöllä”

    Translation: “Helsinki challenge: one million euros to the person who develops a method to replace coal in the heating of Helsinki city, as sustainably as possible and with as little use of biomass as possible”

    He adds: I’m extremely serious.

    regards, /pekka

  663. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for this serious proposal, but the issue in it is that the inventor has to explain in detail his invention and in primis the sum is ridiculous ( in our case ), in secundis to win the prize you have to explain BEFORE the details of the IP to the jury…
    The idea of the major is intelligent, though, and surely will attract smart proposals from many inventors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dear Andrea,
    the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and your paper published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    give evidence of a remarkable progres you made to reconcile the Rossi effect with a theoretical explication of it; nonetheless, you still are browsing around different directions: when do you think you will propose a final theory about the physical theoretical ground of the Ecat?
    JPR

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Very difficult to answer, but I think the most probable path is in paragraph 4 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  667. Roth

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Have you already applied A.I. to the Ecat?

  668. Andrea Rossi

    Roth:
    Well, I think that part of the control system could be defined A.I., but a full application of A.I. will have to be developed and I already am in contact with a Swedish engineer to develop this part of R&D. For sure this is an issue we are following with great attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  669. JJ

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the full video of your Stockholm presentation of the Ecat QX: very convincing.
    Godspeed,
    JJ

  670. Andrea Rossi

    JJ:
    We will try again and again and again…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  671. Adolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Have you been contacted in past by some German automotive industry?

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Adolf:
    I am not sure of it, and I am continuing to study all the alternatives selected in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.com/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to a Eugene Wigner interview
    who you talk about in your paper on research
    gate.

    https://www.manhattanprojectvoices.org/oral-histories/eugene-wigners-interview-1964

    Regards
    Sam

  674. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link.
    The fact that nuclear reactions like Au197 + N14 -> Au198 + N13 happen at energies by which the colliding nuclea do not come in contact has been strangely ignored.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. Glenn Lorin

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has the calorimetric test been made by wich fluid?
    Glen Lorin

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Glenn Lorin:
    Air.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Peter

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and I think that your temperature measuring system is correct. In fact, it has been corroborated by the calorimetry.
    Cheers
    Peter

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Laura

    If your research on the direct production of electricity we could have Ecats that make both heat and electricity, correct?

  681. Andrea Rossi

    Laura:
    Yes. That’s where we want to arrive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  682. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is any district heating company currently delivering heat generated by E-Cats to customers yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  683. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. Albert

    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I realized the unbelievable progress you made in these last ten years. Terrific.
    Congrats also to Mr Thomas Florek for the puppets spot: I laughed a lot! I imagine the drummer is you, correct?
    Cheers
    Albert

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    Of course the drummer is me !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Erik

    Dr Rossi,
    When do you think you will be able to deliver the Ecat SK able to supply direct electric energy?
    Erik

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Erik:
    If we are lucky, this year.
    By the end of May we will have more precise ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  688. John Cahill

    Dear Andrea: I have seen on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that your publication reached almost 16500 readings, which is a stellar achievemrnt. Who counts the readings?
    Cheers
    John

  689. Andrea Rossi

    John Cahill:
    I do not know how the readings are counted, but I suppose that the website of Researchgate ( the most important website of the world in its cathegory ) has an automatic control system that makes the counts. The authors obviously do not have access to the counting system, we can only read the results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering April 2 2019: FPL building solar-storage combo facility in Florida
    Rod Walton

  692. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Soli:
    The spectrometer measures the wavelength of the radiations. My spectrometer measures a spectrum between 100 and 1100 nm, with a definition of 0.1 nm, therefore it is much wider than the spectrum of the colors, that is between about 380 (violet) and 740 (red) nm
    The methodology I use has been taught to me from a PhD Chemical Engineer that is our consultant specifically for this matter and uses this system to measure the high temperatures at the nozzles of the rockets.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Sam Oliverio

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    In
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I saw that you use a spectrometer to eventually use the Wien equation and the Boltzmann equation to measure the energy radiated from the Ecat SK. But the plasma, or at least the core of it where you measure the radiation, is a black body, while the spectrometer measures the colors.
    Answer?
    Soli

  695. WaltC

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Do you believe that the Direct Electricity effect you are observing:

    1) results directly from LENR and will thus be explained by current and future LENR theories, or
    2) results directly from the fact that there is a Plasma and can thus be explained by current Plasma physics theories, or
    3) both (1) & (2).

    Thanks, WaltC

  696. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    3)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you provide an indication of how many E-Cat SKs you have manufactured for customers so far?

    a) 1-10 MW
    b) 10-20 MW
    c) More than 20 MW

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  698. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  699. Orso Pagani

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I read your scholastic career, it looks very good.
    Is the Italian doctorate equivalent to a PhD ?
    O.P.

  700. Andrea Rossi

    Orso Pagani:
    The years of cursus studiorum to become “Doctor” in Italy are the same to become “Dr” in the other Countries, or more. In Italy does not exist the “Ph.D.” definition. We become doctors after the publication of a thesis, that is a book, after all the examinations have been successfully made. We call it “Laurea” and it allows the student to become “Dr”, like, for example, me.
    In Italy there is also the “Short Laurea”, that has less examinations, and corresponds to what in the USA is a “Master”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  701. Darryl Montgomery

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are you planning to be a public traded company?
    If yes, do you have a timeline in mind?

  702. Andrea Rossi

    Darryl Montgomery:
    We will take in considerations this possibility with our Partner after the plants we are installing will have been enough conslidated to anchor the real and fair value of our corporation on facts, nor words. beware of companied that sell shares based on dubious patent applications that have not generated real plants and production: in almost all the cases these kind of offers end up in the annihilation of the value of the shares or in bankrupcies. Always read carefully the disclaimers in the shares or funds buying contracts and when you read ” the investor is aware of the fact that this is an investment in a technology that could end up unsuccessfully so that the value of this investment could become zero”, or something like that, my suggestion is: STAY AWAY, THIS IS A POTENTIAL FRAUD.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Silvia

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 16,000 readings and this is an absolute record that makes it the most read nuclear physics paper of the world in the last three months. Can you tell us hor the number of readers is made?
    Another question: you made on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    of the presentation made on January 31st of the Ecat SK both the measurements with the Wien and Boltzmann equations and with the calorimetry and those measurements gave almost the same results: now, after 2 months do you confirm that these measurements give almost the same result ?
    Third and last question: in your paper on Researchgate you say always “we” instead of “I” : who are the others”
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Silvia

  704. Andrea Rossi

    Silvia:
    1- the counting of the readings is calculated automatically by the Master of Researchgate, I do not know with which methodology. The counting is not made by the authors, we receive from them the results of the achievements. I too am very surprised of this absolutely unexpected achievement and, obviously, I am proud of it.
    2- yes, the normal calorimetry has results conciliable with the spectrometry. By the way, I read in a blog a critic that says we measure the temperature by means fo the colors and this is obviously a wrong interpretation, as well explained in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    3- I always say “we” when I refer to my work, because I work always in collaboration with my Team. I always have taken advantage of the help recognized in the acknowledgements published at the end of the paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. Alex

    @Investigator:
    When the follow up?

  707. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    About the new plants you are installing for your Customers.
    For making the E-Cats:
    1. You are making them entirely by hand, or
    2. You are also using automated lines.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Its operation is extremely useful and we learnt many, many things. Also related to the direct production of electricity.
    Thank you for your continue attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  709. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    About the first E-Cat you installed on november 19, I suppose it is still working well. Am I right?

    Have you learned or discovered something new analyzing the experience of these four months, useful for the following installations?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  710. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Parts are made in automated lines, parts no.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  711. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to events to honour the 500
    year anniversary of Leonardo da Vinci.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/12/travel/leonardo-da-vinci-travel-tours-museums.html

    Regards
    Sam

  712. Steven N. Karels

    Greg Leonard,

    The aircraft is “dumping” 60kW of heat when the engine is operating at full power. Likewise, a jet engine produces thrust but must be cooled. This is not a major problem but it would need to be engineered.

    Imagine a fleet of eCat powered prop aircraft driven by eCat technology. No carbon emissions. And if Andrea can make the jet version work and be also economical …

  713. Georgina

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you describe how you became Doctor in Philosophy, starting from the elementary school all the way to the doctorate?
    A troll says you do not have any degree.
    Thank you if you can answer
    Georgina
    P.S.
    Congratulations for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Georgina:
    No problem:
    I made 5 years of elementary School in the school Antonio Locatelli, Via Veglia, Milan ( Italy )
    I made 3 years of middle school in the school Giuseppe Parini, Via Goito, Milan
    I made 5 years of high school in the Liceo Scientifico Alessandro Volta, Via Beato Angelico, Milan, obtaining the Maturita’ Scientifica
    I made 5 years of university in the Universita’ Degli Studi di Milano, Via Festa del Perdono, Milan and obtained my doctorate in Philosophy with the grade 110/110
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. Michal Liebler

    I am impressed with this blog, really I am a fan.
    Congratulations for http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    It is becoming viral

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Michal Liebler:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Investigator

    Dear Dr Rossi and readers of the JONP,
    The trolls are making again very aggressive, after a period of intelligent pause, and are disseminating false information about you, mainly in their house-organ forum, but also around.
    I know you do not bother the rock and troll, but I do, for the respect I have for the enormous work of your team, therefore I like to inform your readers about the guys the trolls are paid from.
    I am an italian professional financial investigator and for me it has been a piece of cake to find a thread of interesting things. I discovered that when they disparage you with false information and misrepresentations they are guys soaked with gasoline approaching a bonfire.
    Here is the first piece, just an appetizer:
    http://www.sifferkoll.se/sifferkoll/is-the-focus-on-industrial-heat-valuation-and-woodford-cherokee-connections-making-dewey-weaver-go-ballistic/

  718. Greg Leonard

    Dear Steven Karels,
    ‘ Additionally, some heat control might be needed to exhaust excess heat.’
    6*22kW units at 50% efficiency, implies dumping 66kW of heat.
    That will need quite a lot of extra hardware (and weight)

  719. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    This might be a “fast track” to demonstrate the eCat-SK in airborne propulsion.

    The Pipistrel Alpha Electra is a certified, all electric airplane (based out of Australia). It has a 20kWhr battery and has a nominal flight time of 50 minutes with a 30 minute reserve. The engine is a 60kW motor.

    Assuming your direct electricity production eCat-SK works at 50% conversion efficiency, you could use 5 or 6 of the 22kW thermal output eCat-SK units to power the motor and aircraft electrical systems. Also assuming the eCat-SK control system will require 5kW of electric power to control the eCat-SK units, use the 20 kWhr onboard battery to power the controller. In this manner, the control of the eCat-SK is totally independent of the eCat-SK energy production. With a 5kW draw, the 20kW battery should increase their flight time from 50 min with 30 min reserve to over 3 hours plus 30 min reserve. Since this is a certified aircraft, only the electrical power change would need a local modification by the approving agency. Additionally, some heat control might be needed to exhaust excess heat.

  720. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the insight, but, as you know, we have other priorities now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. C.H.

    Dr Rossi,
    How are going your experiments to make electric power directly with the Ecat, without converting devices?

  723. Andrea Rossi

    C.H.:
    We are very optimistic about the results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Guillermo

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Your paper on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    combined with the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    explain how you can extract directly electricity from the plasma.
    Best regards,
    Guillermo

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Guillermo:
    Congratulations for your observations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Bob

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com you introduced the Ecat SK: can we say that the technology is substantially the same shown with the Ecat QX on November 24 in Stockholm ?
    Cheers
    Bob

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Yes, what is different is the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    My reading on the proton inspires me with a new question.
    Are the quarks frozen by the glue called gluons or are they also moving inside the proton?

    I am really sorry to hear that your wife inflicts a (6-0) every Sunday. I took out my crystal ball and I saw that your tennis is good but your wife is very talented and reached the 5 sigma both service and recovery. The only way to hope for your service would be ……. Change woman … .. (Confidential information)
    All my support in your suffering in tennis
    With kind regards and forgiveness for my words a little moved
    Raffaele

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    They are moving like hell. Gluons just avoid them to escape from the proton ( and the neutron ) in which they are confined. No gluons, no life, believe me. Light up a candle to Saint Gluon, protector of everything.
    As for the tennis: thank you for your suggestion!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Galimberti:
    “renormalisation” means that when one does not obtain the results he wants, he cooks the math to get what he wants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Giovanni Galimperti

    Dear Andrea:
    Studying quantum mechanics, I find many times the definition “renormalisation”: what does it mean exactly?
    Thanks,
    Giovanni

  732. P

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I have some questions about the production of E-CAT SK.
    1. Are ABB robots used in the manufacture of the new E-CAT SK for your four new customers?
    2. If yes to question 1: Which parts inside the blue cabinet are manufactured with ABB robots? Only the reactor itself?
    3. If yes to question 1: Is the manufacturing outsourced to a partner who already has ABB robots or have you and your team bought or rented robots that you are responsible for?
    4. You have previously confirmed in this forum that there have been orders from four different countries but at the E-CAT SK-demo you mentioned that you were ready to deliver to three countries, the US, Sweden and Japan. Which is the fourth country?
    Hope for a great impact this year!
    Greetings
    P

  733. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    1-confidential
    2- n.a.
    3- n.a.
    4- too easy to understand who is the Client if I answer
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Analyzing carefully the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com I got the convinction that you are producing inside low energy X-Rays.
    By the way, this hypothesis id not inconciliable with your paper www,researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Cheers
    Prof

  735. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. Stephen

    Dear Andre Rossi

    I just read this interesting article on Lithium ion conductors I’m not sure if it’s applicable or not to your ecats but I thought it might be interesting to you or your team for future technology developments

    https://m.phys.org/news/2019-03-lithium-ions-solid-material.html

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for this interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Roberta Butturini

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Why do you think that the plasma dances as a “ballerina” in the Ecat SK, as we saw in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com?

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta Butturini:
    The oscillations are due to the magnetic firld generated by the plasma.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In which industrial sectors have your E-Cat orders come from so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  742. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Centralized heating and manufacturing of machinery.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  743. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    It would be fascinating to see a video of the ABB robots doing E-Cat SK module assembly.
    Would you consider publishing an advertising video if it does not show confidential information?

    Wishing you continued good luck with your business venture.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    Questions from another follower:
    1- is your business partner handling engineering, fabrication, installation?
    2- are you using shipping containers for the installations?
    Jim Rosenburg

  746. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    1- partly
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    I am wondering if my country Canada
    is one of the four with confirmed
    E-Cat-SK orders.

    Regards
    Sam

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Rod Walton

    See on Power Engineering March 26 2019
    Important start: Southern Co. Utility, Georgia Power and georgia Tech will build a 1.4 MW microgrid in midtown Atlanta.
    Rod Walton

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. Greg Daigle

    I am sure when a client of yous will manifest there will be a strong interest in all the world.
    I think you should encourage them.
    Cheers
    Greg Daigle

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So far, what is the lowest kW order from a single customer?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 MW.
    We are serving only industries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Hearing you have delivered plants to customers is reason for a great compliment. You are probably the first company actually employing LENR as a commercial product on a large scale, congratulations!
    No doubt you are getting feedback of your plants. Some questions, if I may:
    1. Is the COP as expected?
    2. Can you give average operational figures of this COP?
    3. Are you happy with the automatically produced E-Cats SK?
    4. Are you still much involved in producing E-cats, or is your focus more on innovations like direct electricity production and E-Cat -jet/turbine combinations?
    5. Now you are actually producing, the numbers of employers must have risen. How many employees are now working for the Leonardo company?
    All the best!
    Thanks and and kind regards, Gerard

  758. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- both
    5- enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  759. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You already confirmed orders from four countries.

    1. Is Sweden one of them?
    2. If Yes, more than one order from Sweden?

    Sven B

  760. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Rudolph

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In your interesting paper on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you propose three theoretical hypothesis: can you tell us which one is your “pet” line of theoretical interpretation? After watching carefully the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I concluded that it is the one in paragraph 4, also due to the signature in the graphic of the spectrometer. Am I correct?
    Thank you,
    Rudolph

  762. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolph:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. domenico canino

    dear Andrea, when will we see an ecat SK installed and operating in Italy? I know there has been great hostility towards you, but not all Italians are the same.

  765. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    I am not able to answer. So far we are not organized to work in Italy, but sooner or later we must serve in all the Countries, therefore also in Italy. I perfectly know I have many wonderful friends in your Country.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  766. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is information about naming a product.
    I do not know if you are aware of what it
    says.

    http://www.dmlp.org/legal-guide/florida-right-publicity-law

    Regards
    Sam

  767. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, I am.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  768. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Just a follow-up on my previous question. For clarity, could you answer:

    c) Are new E-Cats already operating with new customers (not including the first customer you have already mentioned?)
    d) From how many countries have orders been received so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Aclnad

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    c) yes
    d)four
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,

    this is the correct link about sifferkoll written by “Prof”

    http://www.sifferkoll.se/sifferkoll/meet-fred-zoepfl-the-secret-weapon-of-ihapco-or-a-physisist-malfunctioning/

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  771. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the orders you are receiving:

    a) Are you already building the E-Cats that have been ordered?
    b) Are you already installing the E-Cats that have been ordered?
    c) Are new E-Cats already operating with new customers (not including the first customer you have already mentioned?)
    d) From how many countries have orders been received so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) yes
    c) four
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi:
    Is there some timer to record the operational time of every Ecat?
    Thank you,
    Jimr

  774. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    1- yws
    2- yes
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  775. Jim Roserburg

    Congratulations for the work you are doing for the very important direct production of electricity.
    Questions:
    1- did you get orders also from other customers apart your partner?
    2- are you still working to make 100 kW modules?
    3- are you making preliminary studues for 1 MW modules?
    Thank you and good luck,
    Jimr

  776. Prof

    Andrea, did you see this? The troll of IH and APCO is offering money to bloggists to disparage you:
    http://www.sifferkoll.se/sifferkoll/meet-fred-zoepfl-the-secret-weapon-of-ihapco-or-a-physicist-malfunctioning/

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  779. Jared

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    As we can see from this blog, you are under strong pressure: may I ask how is your health? In the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com you appear to be very tired.
    Gog bless your work,
    Jared

  780. Andrea Rossi

    Jared:
    Thanks to God, my health is perfect now and the voice is returning normal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  781. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    can you tell us the order of magnitude of the electrical power you are currently able to extract from the eCAT-SK: tens, hundreds or thousands of Watts ?

    Thanks if you can respond.

    My best wishes for the eCAT EH (Electricity & Heat) !

    Riccardo

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Hundreds. But the R&D is on course and I am not sure of the reliability of the results,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you are not already doing so, please consider quartz for the enclosure or window for the eCat-SD. It can have excellent transmission characteristics in the UV range, depending on the manufacturer.

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    To find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  786. CC

    After your so much successful article on Researchgate will you publish a follow up with the experiment of direct electricity generation?

  787. Andrea Rossi

    C.C.:
    Yes. If we will have results worth of publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Roberto

    Did you already succeed to make electricity directly?

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Yes, but much work remains to be done.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Steven N. Karels

    Glass with magnesium will turn purple with exposure to UV.

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I see, anyway I didn’t notice this effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I recall that window glass turns violet after years of exposure to direct sunlight because of the UV content. Will you have a similar problem with the optical window on the eCat-SK?

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No, but I never noticed the glasses of my windows to turn violet after years of exposition to direct sunlight: looking right now to the window in front of me, it is years old and it doesn’t show any violet spot, albeit it is exposed to direct sunlight many hours per day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Warren

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you ever made a peer reviewed publication?

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Warren:
    First and foremost, the most important peer reviewed publication of mine has been the US Patent 9,115,913 B1
    USPTO publications of granted patents are the more difficult to obtain publications: they are peer reviewed by at least two specialists of the specific matter and the industrial implications of the US Patents are by orders of magnitude more important than any other peer reviewed publication.
    To obtain an US Patent is very difficult, especially in our field. The peer reviewing of the USPTO is by far the most severe existing, for the obvious implications it has.
    I made many failed attempts and many corrections before obtaining, after many years of errors and trials, my US Patent.
    All the other publications of mine, also the ones with my co-authors, are listed shown on Researchgate. Just google “Researchgate Andrea Rossi”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. Jennifer Kent

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    I noticed that in this blog sometimes there are many comments per day, sometimes much less: how do you explain?
    Just a curiosity.
    Congratulations for your important achievement with
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most read nuclear physics paper of these last months.
    Regards,
    Jennifer

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Jennifer Kent:
    I do not know, I just answer to all the comments we receive.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Fabrizio Fassina

    If you are able to make direct electricity and heat with the Ecat we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com, you and your Partners will have a 1 billion clients market: Do you have the force to sustain it?
    Fafas

  799. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrizio Fassina:
    I do not, but our Partners will have.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Rudy Chiodega

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am following your work since the year 2011 and I hope the Ecat will serve a better world to my two children.
    I think the Ecat coupled with a Sterling engine could be useful in trasportation.
    Question: how much time will be necessary before a global diffusion of the domestic Ecat? Months? Years? Decades?

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy Chiodega:
    I suppose years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you have connections with domestic boilers manufacturers?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  804. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I just read an article on the proton in which there is a diagram representing it by a circle (sphere) which contains three circles (spheres) smaller: the quarks. In three dimensions, either the quarks are not spherical, or the proton contains other elements in front and behind the diagram to be spherical, either there are unoccupied spaces or I did not understand anything.
    Can you enlighten my lantern of non nuclear physicist on such a scheme?
    My thanks and support for your work
    Another question. Are not the electrons, by some mystery, in perpetual motion? if yes, this movement exists.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Obviously what you watched is a conventional representation of a proton like a sphere containing three smaller spheres ( like three tennis balls – today I lost again 6-0 to my wife- inside a soccer ball ). To complete the model, you should imagine that the remaining volume inside the soccer ball ( the proton ) is filled up with a glue that, not surprising, is made by Bosons that are called “gluons”. By the way, the three tennis balls are not equal, two of them are called Up quarks and one Down quark, wherein the Up quarks have a positive charge of 2/3, while the Down quark has a negative charge of 1/3, so that summing up the charges you get 1, that is that charge of a proton.
    Obviously this model is a cartoon, in reality they all are waves, but at this point the situation becomes a little bit mathematically complex.
    About the electrons: yes, they are in perpetual motion, and they too are waves. They can be slowed, but to get stopped they’d have to be put at a temperature of 0 K, which is not just difficult, it is impossible, albeit to make Bose-Einstein condensates the electrons have been cooled down to decimal of K in a famous experiment made in the nineties at the MIT.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Andrea Rossi

    Stenen N. Karels:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  808. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the eCat can output electricity directly, would not a battery and conversion circuit provide sufficient isolation for safety and certification concerns? If not, please clarify.

  809. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    For larger installations does the ecat sk remain similar (blue unit, same size inlet/outlet,etc) in multiple quantities or is it a different unit and the only similarity is the core module?

    Many thanks

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    So far we prefer to supply the same blue module in multiple assemblies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Anonymous

    Do you think a client of yours will manifest within this year?

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Look carefussy: there are two neutron bubble columns, one is open, one is a spare.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  813. Boris

    I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I think it is the most important nuclear physics publication made in the last years: this explains why it has been so far the most read of the genre.
    Godspeed,
    Boris

  814. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    As a matter of fact, I thought that my paper was going to be read by several hundreds of persons in one year at the most. What more surprises me is that it has been read by more than 15 thousand Physicists literally in all the world in just three months, most of them Prof and PhD. Obviously I think this means our work is beginning to be understood.
    Warmest regards,
    A.R.

  815. Albert

    Dear Andrea:
    If the Ecat SK will be able to generate direct current, will it be possible to obtain a self sustaining circuit, using part of the electricity made by the Ecat to make it work, without external sources?

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    Yes, but safety and certification issues could forbid it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Today is the 30th anniversary of the
    Fleischmann Pons news conference
    on there Cold fusion research
    Another name suggestion for the new product
    you are researching is E-Cat FP in there honour.

    Regards
    Sam

  818. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  819. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your honest answer. I was obviously kidding a bit in supposing it would be tomorrow. Nevertheless I hope with you that we hear from your partner within months. Such an announcement would change the world, I believe. A lot of success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team.
    I agree with this consideration of yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  821. James

    Dr Rossi:
    Fascinating is yoyr reading of the Atlantic Cocex of Leonardo da Vinci. Can you cite some other interesting folio ?
    Thanks if you can,
    James

  822. Andrea Rossi

    James:
    One very interesting is the Folio 282 r
    It is about a wheel that bears tangentially a series of buckets filled with air, or water, or mercury, or other sunstances with different density, so that the wheels maintaind the rotation close to the continuous motion, which means a realization of a system to obtain momentum with the highest possible efficiency. Even if Leonardo understood that the perpetual motion is “absurd”, ( see my former comment on this issue, about the Folio 754 r ), still he wanted to indagate how to obtain energy with the highest possible degree of efficiency.
    Very interesting. This is the most inspiring drawing I found so far in the Atlantic Codex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  824. CC

    @Anonymous:
    I’d be very surprised had Rossi not done a specific patent for the direct electricity generation of the Ecat SK

  825. Roberta

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched http://www.ecatskdemo.com and understood the importance of it against the global warming.
    Times ago you said you were skeptic about the human liability vs the global warming: is your opinion changed?
    Godspeed,
    Roberta

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Partially, yes, albeit I think that the global warming is mainly due to the natural evolution of the planet’s eons; but anyway the human activity can catalyze this evolution and therefore I think it is important the control of our activities, while years ago I thought our activities are irrelevant to the G.W.
    Yes, I changed idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Dorothy

    Studying
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered that the core of your theory is the Zitterbewegung effect (par 4).
    Am I correct?

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Dorothy:
    I’d say yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you have a theoretical explication of the effect that allows the Ecat SK to make direct electricity? By the way, in http://www.ecatskdemo.com it is clearly visible that the Ecat SK was generating electric energy.

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I think and hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    A few days ago you said that we might hear from your partner if he is happy about the energy delivery: “Maybe sooner than expected”.
    So I immediately expected it the day after, but nothing happened.
    Can you explain?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Sorry, but, obviously, “sooner than expected” does not mean “tomorrow”. In this specific case, means that I hope it will be within months, and please rememberthat I did not say I am sure of this, I said that it is possible, not that it is certain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Have you already applied for the new patent for the Ecat able to generate directly also electric current?

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I suppose you refer to the Teslameter.
    Yes, I think we have a solid theoretical ground, to be verified, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Moritz Gruber

    Hello Andrea.

    You always speak about a team here on your blog.
    Who is part of this team and what are their references and experience?

    best regards
    Moritz

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Moritz Gruber:
    Our Team is composed by Physicists, Engineers, Workers, Administratives, IT experts. Each of them with the due experience in their specific field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Anonymous

    If you do not show the Ecats working in yoyr customers means the Ecat does not exist.

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. G.

    Dear Andrea:
    I want to add my congratulations for the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the connected paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_paricle_interactions
    Their worldwide success is merited,
    Best Regards
    Gerould

  840. Andrea Rossi

    G.:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Isn’t LTNR, like Low Temperature Nuclear Reactions a better acronym than LENR, since temperature is what makes the difference with the hot fusion?
    Chuck Davis

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion. My opinion: I don’t think it is necessary to change the acronym.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    new comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  844. Alain

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The http://www.ecatskdemo.com video is the most spectacular thing I ever have seen in the LENR world.
    I am not surprised it has been among the most successful.
    I think this is happening because it brings evidence of the probable value of your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that is the most read nuclear physics publication of the world among the publications of the last 4 months
    Did you expect it?

    Alain

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Alain:
    No.
    Thank you for the attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  846. Aurelio

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When do you think the major company you are partnering with- I suppose it is the same you will dedicate most of your production- will make a communication about the Ecat operated by them ?

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Aurelio:
    Maybe sooner that expected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    In response to your challenge to Gerard, by using the same naming method used for E-CAT SK could become E-CAT AV.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    When you talk of nuclear fusion for Hot Fusion it is intended a temperature of at least 1 million Kelvin.
    This is why to define cold the T we work at is proper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been publishe on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “Magnetism from Iron’s Nuclear Structiure”, by Alan Folmsbee.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    I am honoured, together with all my Team, of your words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a recent article on
    LENR that mentions you.

    http://mathscholar.org/2019/03/lenr-energy-science-or-pseudoscience/

    Regards
    Sam

  854. Andrea Rossi

    Sam,
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Giovanni Gonano

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    March 23rd will be the anniversary of the public announcement of the discovery of the Fleishman- Pons.
    I think it is worth to remember this, because it opened the gate to all the following R&D in the LENR field.
    Best Regards,
    Giovanni Gonano

  856. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Gonano,
    Thank you for your commemoration, that I appreciate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  857. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We are delighted with your new success in promoting revolutionary energy technology. In today’s world, you are a worthy successor to the Nikolo Tesla case and an example of a real scientist breaking stereotypes on the development of world power engineering.

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  858. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, can you tell us the preliminary performance (till now) of direct extracting electricity from the reactor, thank you:
    1 – less than 10%
    2 – between 10% and 20%
    3 – between 20% and 30%
    4 – over 30%

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The scale, as explained in http://www.ecatskdemo.com , was to confront the weight of the Ecat SK through the time of operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You wrote to Raffaele Bongo in an answer: “Ships and aircraft have a very long certification process. Honestly, I think these applications will be allowed after the domestic applications.”
    It made me happy! I look forward to this product.
    Can you name any timeline for reference?
    Can we recall the hopes of 14 – 15 years for “E-Sat in every home”?
    I’d like to hear an optimistic answer.
    Thank.

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Crystal ball demanded.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    may I ask what was the use of the scale put under the E-Cat SK?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    Goebbels (1897-1945), the propaganda right-arm of Adolf Hitler, used to say that repeating a lie many times it would be considered truth. It seems to me that the trolls paid to disparage your work are following this goebbelism.
    Comments?

  865. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Arthur Schopenhauer ( 1788-1860): “All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident”. We are at the second phase. The third will be when our products will be put in widespread evidence and the guys that now are paying the trolls will try to copy them ( it will take years ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Megan

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you notice attempts of interference in the remote control system of the Ecat that is making heat?

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Megan:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Rod Walton

    In the issue of March 19 2019 of Power Engineering I present the latest stories on power generation , renewable energy and smart grid.
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  871. kenko1

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Are any of your new customers mass producing French Fries

    with the heat your E-cats provide?

    bye for now, Kenko1

  872. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko1:
    he,he,he…no. We serve only industries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  873. kateinfo2

    Dr Rossi,
    Have you scheduled more demonstrations of the Ecat SK ?

  874. Andrea Rossi

    Kateinfo2:
    No, we do not need anymore demonstrations. See http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  875. Benjamin

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you see the last comments on ecat-thenewfire.com
    Very interesting…
    Cheers
    Ben

  876. Andrea Rossi

    Benjamin:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  877. CC

    Dear Andrea
    About the par. 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_paricle_interactions
    is the Zitterbewegung effect polarized around the cathod ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    CC

  878. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I suppose so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  879. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations to you and your team in making innovations for the direct production of electricity from the ecat.

    1. Is the ecat apparatus you are using for this work the same size as the unit shown in the skdemo?

    2. Does the apparatus employ any new materials you have not used before?

    3. If yes, did you develop any new materials for this apparatus.

    Thank you

    Bob Belovich

  880. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  881. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    A container ship sank off our French coasts and we are unfortunately waiting for a spill in a few days because of the heavy propulsion oil that escapes from the ship. A new and not rare ecological disaster of this type.
    Do you think that in the near future you could provide E-Cats for the propulsion of these ships on the same principle of current nuclear aircraft carriers?
    So we would not have oil spills and the ships would no longer emit polluting gases that are dangerous for human health.

    All my support for the placing on the market of boilers and all my wishes of success for the R & D of the electric E-Cat.
    cordially
    Raffaele

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Ships and aircraft have a very long certification process. Honestly, I think these applications will be allowed after the domestic applications.
    Your idea is not wrong, though.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say ‘between next May and June we’d have solid results’ regarding direct electricity production. Do you mean 2019 or 2020?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  884. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    2019
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  885. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you and your team will succeed in developing the Electric E-cat. I look forward for the results in the coming months!
    1. If the results are positive, would you then consider stopping the development with the turbine, or do you see other applications for the turbine?
    2. Can you tell anything about the sales of heat?
    3. Are you happy with the orders so far?
    4. Is there any chance a customer will openly publish data, or just that he is happy with the performance, in the near future?
    5. If so, about when?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard.

  886. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- they are two different applications, not alternative
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- I do not know
    5- I do not know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  887. Jean Barrigan

    Hi, this is a great site. I have shared it in my facebook. Thank you.

  888. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Barrigan:
    Thank you for your attenton to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Cher

    Dear Andrea,
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com and reading http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I got the sensation you are using deuterium.
    1- Do you use deuterium in the Ecat SK?
    2- did you make experiments with deuterium instead of protium?

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Cher:
    1- no
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Nicola Herklotz

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    When will you have precise idea if the direct production of electric energy from the Ecat SK can work on industrial scale?
    Godspeed,
    Nicola

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola Herklotz:
    between next May and June we’d have solid results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Angela

    Dr Rossi,
    In tha paper of Dr Menichella what is stunning is the display of the photos of the evolution of the Ecats.
    The next will have a cable coming out leading electricity, right?

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Angela:
    I hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Germain

    Dear Andrea,
    What do you think of the Greta girl, the Swedish ambientalist?

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Germain:
    Really impressive. I love her answer to the trolls: ” if they are attacking me means they are afraid of me “. Holy words !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Prof

    I too read “The Physics Delusion” of Dr Johan F. Prins.
    After this reading, which do you think are the most basic laws of Physics ?
    I know, it is a quite difficult question.
    Prof
    P.S. Congratulations for your comments after the reading of the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo da Vinci

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    From Richard Feynman lectures vol II, chapter 25:
    ” Let us show you something interesting that we have recently discovered.
    All the laws of physics can be contained in one equation.
    That equation is
    U = 0
    This ‘law’ means, of course, that the sum of the squares of all the individual mismatches is zero, and the only way the sum of a lot of squares can be zero is for each one of terms to be zero. So the ‘beautifully’ simple law is equivalent to the whole series of equations that you originally wrote down.
    It is therefore absolutely obvious that a simple notation that just hides the complexity in the definitions of symbols is not real simplicity. It is just a trick “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    See also “Lorenz gauge,scalar field and the R.Feynman concept of ‘Unworldliness’ ” by Giorgio Vassallo, March 16 2019

  900. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. eernie1

    Dear Gian,
    Thank you for your information. My fathers birth certificate indicates he was born in Basilga de Pine. He would talk about either Sternigo or Basilga depending what he was doing. As I understand it the two were villages on opposite sides of a mountain lake about a mile apart. Both are now summer resorts and possess beautiful lake side beaches. As a youth he lead an idyllic life swimming, fishing in the lake and playing the trumpet in the town band. Since his father was the town banker he had no money worries. This lifestyle was destroyed by the beginning of WW1 and the following 4 years were completely horrible experiences when he was made to serve in the army. May I ask how you know this much about my father?
    Curious regards.

  902. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you to share with us your experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  903. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    very interesting pages written by Dr. Mario Menichella about your work:

    https://www.esperimentanda.com/e-cat-sk-nel-cuore-del-reattore-delle-meraviglie-lenr/

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  904. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the information nd the link to the publication of Dr Mario Menichella.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  905. Sono più di 8 anni che seguo la tua incredibile attività.
    Voglia Iddio premiare i tuoi sforzi con il successo.
    La Terra ne ha urgente bisogno.
    A Te, ai Tuoi famigliari, al tuo team auguro ogni bene.
    Gian

    P.S. Please Andrea inform eernie1 that his father was born in
    “Frazione Sternigo, Baselga di Piné, Trento, Italy”
    Very beautiful place. Wonderful mountains.

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your kind words
    Eernie1:
    Here is a message for you from your Italian friend Gian !
    Warm Regards to both,
    A.R.

  907. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Does your new method of generating electricity involve a charged energetic particle moving in a magnetic field?

    2. Such as an alpha particle?

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Andrea Rossi

    Jeannete:
    When it will be worth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Jeannette

    Dear Andrea:
    When will we read the stats of the Ecats ?

  911. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    This week I noted that the name E-Cat showed up in several weapon-related posts on Twitter.
    e.g https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1107124688843489281
    https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1107119442960375808

    Maybe you should act on this to protect your label?

    Sven B

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    It is very, very well done and extremely interesting. You gave an enormous amount of information, considering the combined publication on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Godspeed,
    Rupert

  914. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Orsobubu, I could not agree more with your comment regarding the importance of this blog in providing freedom of expression regarding alternative viewpoints on scientific explanations. I agree entirely. Regards Eric Ashworth

  916. Carlos Nighbor

    Real fantastic information can be found on this blog. Great video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Carlos Nighbor:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    It is amazing how the spies continually attempt to squeeze proprietary information from you!
    Chuck Davis

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The great-great majority of the questions I receive in this blog are not malicious, it is normal some curiosity. When I can, I answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Barbara

    Dr Rossi,
    I am very interested to your reading of the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo Da Vinci. Can you tell me more about his study of a highest efficiency of machinery?

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Barbara:
    What is very interesting indeed in the Atlantic Codex about the concept of efficiency is mainly the Foglio 754 r, wherein we find a drawing od a machine to draw water from wells. You must consider that efficiency at the times of Leonardo da Vinci was even more important than today, because men in the sixteenth century had to lift, displace dig tonns of materials, liquid and solid, only with the force of humans or animals, so for them was very important to invent apparatuses that could ease the effort.
    Leonardo professional lifespan happened between the year 1467 and the year 1518 ( he has been born in 1452 and died in 1519 ).
    Returning to the Foglio 754 r: it is a rotating wheel that balancing the series of buckets it bears eases the rotation making very easy for one man to make it turn. In this Foglio Leonardo da Vinci writes, with his characteristic writing from right to left: ” If you make this design you will obtain the perpetual motion”. Later, in ms.Madrid I he writes: ” The idea of a motus perpetuus is absurd ” because he discovers experimentally that it is impossible: we could consider Leonardo da Vinci the proto-discoverer of the first principle of thermodynamic…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I know that your team has explored the effects of magnetic fields on the plasma you create in the device. One property that you may have noticed is the MASER effect that can be created by the magnetic field. For the benefit of the readers who asked “why impose a magnetic field on the plasma”, one answer may be to study the result of imposing fields on an electron system contained in a microwave structure. Since the plasma has dimensions(centimeters) that correspond to those of microwave frequency cavities, we may assume that any microwaves generated by the plasma may be enhanced by the structure. Electrons of course possess spin qualities( frequency, polar orientation), which can be effected by other factors in the plasma to the extent that they are free from the influence of neighboring forces. In a plasma the electrons are relatively free in comparison to electrons found in atoms or molecules. In general, the spin of the electrons about their axis can be designated up or down dependent upon the direction of the axis pole. In most systems statistically, there are as many up spins as down spins because of thermionic noise stimulation of the frequency of the electron spins. In a system of relatively free electrons, an imposed magnetic field can orient the poles much more in one direction up or down absorbing energy from the magnetic field. Imposing a microwave frequency corresponding to the spin factor of the electrons stimulate the system to reverse the axial orientation with the emission of spin frequency energy as we see in the optical stimulation in LASERS. I was privileged to observe this phenomenon in a series of experiments I conducted in 1955 at the university of DePaul graduate school in Chicago.
    Magnetic regards.

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Ken

    On
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    there is a thorough analysis of the Zitterbewegung effect in relation to the Rossi effect: do you confirm you think there is such relation?
    Cheers
    Ken

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Alain

    Can you give us a general schematic of your control panel, without particulars?

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Alain:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Bedy

    Dear Andrea,
    we understand that the way you are working on the direct production of electric energy from the ecat SK (www.ecatskdemo.com) id not a photovoltaic system, but something totally new, correct?

  929. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  930. Rodney Nicholson

    @Orsobubu

    “ps @ Rodney: your post was very useful, thanks.”

    Thank you for the compliment. But I should warn you that I had hardly gotten started ;^)

    As regards wasting trees, my plan is to sell more books than you will. You may find you can sell a few copies to libraries in places like Zimbabwe and North Korea. I hope to sell a few more than that :^)

    Incidentally, many thanks for that extraordinarily interesting link you posted:

    https://www.iceagenow.info/stop-the-anti-climate-science-totalitarians/#comment-403958

    It is so interesting I have saved a copy of it for future reference.

    Rodney.

  931. eernie1

    Dear Orsobubu,
    My father was born an Austrian in Sternego DE Pine up in the Alps, north of Trento and fought for the Austrian army during the first world war. He migrated to the US in 1930 because he knew that WW2 was on the brink and he did not want to be involved in another conflict. In my lifetime I was informed by various scare tactic groups that I would be destroyed by another world war, Atomic bombs, Various diseases, y2000, religious apocalypses, comets, volcanoes and now Global warming. Its a miracle that I am still alive 88 years later. Must be my Alpine character.
    Nervous regards.

  932. Cecilia

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    You have mentioned that you have the required safety certification for the E-Cat. Does that certification include the control system? That is, has the control system (Concerto) been developed and certified according to functional safety standards such as IEC61508 or similar? I guess that some clients may have that as a requirement.

    Kind regards,
    Cecilia

  933. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    The control system of the Ecat SK does not modify the situation related to the safety certification.
    Anyway, if some client will request a certification specifically for the control panel, it will be simple, because the control panel is entirely composed with certified components, while the connection issues are the same of the certified Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  934. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    How about E-Cat SF for a name in
    honour of Sergio Focardi.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergio_Focardi

    Regards
    Sam

  935. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  936. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    about the name, why not E-CAT SHE ?

    “she” referring to the Ballerina and also like:

    S Sven Kullander
    H Heat
    E Electricity

    Warm and Magnetic Regards,

    Riccardo

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As the basic unit is still the same I propose to keep honoring Sven Kullander
    by just adding E for electric, like E-Cat SK-E or E-Cat SK/E.

    Sven B

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he..nice!
    About the space energy distribution, I think that it is not quite serious…can you imagine the consequences deriving from electromagnetic fields in the environment ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  941. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you anticipate the conversion efficiency for electrical power generation to be in excess of:

    a. 40%,
    b. 50%,
    c. 60% or greater?

  942. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I prefer not to answer before having solid results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    How about “e-Cat CHP” for Combined Heat & Power.

    I can’t take credit for the name– “CHP” is used in the Cogeneration world, and it provides for other variations if other types of Cogeneration are eventually supported.

    WaltC

  945. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Elisa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    the paper http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the videos on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    show the enormous progress you made in these last years both on theoretical interpretation of the Rossi effect and on the development of an industrialized and reliable product. Certainly, if you find also the way to make direct elecric energy from the reactor you’d reach the perfection.
    Godspeed,
    Elisa

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Elisa:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    my comment was a nod to a Phillip K. Dick novel, called “Do androids dream of electric sheeps” on which the Blade Runner movies are based…

    Electric regards,
    marco.

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Oh, I had not understood it…very cute!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Alice Breen

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you confirm that the safety certifications you got from SGS and Bureau Veritas are still valid?
    Chers
    Alice

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Alice Breen:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Eenie 1 and Collin Waters, Regards NASA report and climate warming. A very interesting report regarding actual facts. Zwally states “The good news is that Antartica is not currently contributing to sea level rise but is taking 0.23 millimetres per year away”. Zwally said “But this is also bad news. If the 0.27 millimetres per year of sea level rise attributed to Antartica in the IPCC report is not really coming from Antartica, there must be some other contribution to sea level rise that is not accounted for”. Now this is where I am aware that I am going to lose you and other readers of this blog. But I feel it necessary to give this explanation although no doubt controversial. The very word physics, I believe, produces a problem when investigating energy. Kinetic Energy requires a transition to take place and therefore it is a binary activity involving two distinct dimensions. These two dimensions can be either distinct as in a battery or indistinct as a neutral because a neutral has mass defect providing it with potential energy i.e. a displacement with regards its positive and its negative. So whats the difference between a positive and a negative charge. this is where geometry comes in. A positive is condensed charge whereas negative is rarefied charge. thereby, by recognizing a centre of a periphery one can assume that the positive must be at the central position and the periphery must be at the negative position. Thereby it is possible to say the negative periphery represents the volume of the mass and the central positive represents the mass of the volume. Any transition between these two units of charge is calculated as a unit of energy, the strength of which is dependent upon the defect of the two masses. transitional energy is occurring constantly whether it be between two independent neutrals or between two independent charges of a neutral. Whether this energy is exterior to the neutral or interior within it, it can be referred to as a life force. Thereby exterior transitions occur between physical neutrals involving exterior environmental transitions, an important point not to be glossed over and likewise interior transitions occur that involve the two units of the neutral being that of size and that of volume, think of a physical mass. The Earth is an evolving neutral contained within a complete cycle but being incomplete is thereby a degree of its cycle. This cycle involves four major stages or four major transitions. These transitions involve defined definitions brought about by incremental increases in the mass defect of planet Earth. Subsequently its size dimension becomes more distinct and so too does its volume dimension or to put it another way its physical mass shrinks and its none physical mass expands both on the micro and macro levels of existence. Considering the Earth originated from a nebulous cloud on a periphery being the base of one pyramid and descending into the apex being the central position, the Earth transitions with regards its two potentials of charge. The material aspect shrinks increasing in its size dimension, producing volcanic activity and its negative potential expands i.e. increases in its negative potential which produces more distinction regarding its two dimensions. Evolution involves a system of refining that, which is indistinct, over a given period of time and thereby also involves distance due to a helical trajectory motion of descent within a pyramid. Does Earth originate from a nebulous cloud?. Were the dinosaurs larger creatures of a negative dimension?. Did the ice age occur because of a major transition at the midway point within Earths cycle of existence/evolution or you could say a cross over from its negative field of origin into its positive field of endurance?. Such questions I find intriguing especially if sea levels are rising without any plausible explanation. Maybe a major flood will occur in the not too distant future or could it be that a carbon tax will save the planet?. Also could this evolutionary process involve the human mind with regards an ability to recognize binary transitory situations that could explain various levels of comprehension between the species. This information is put forward as simply considerations within our modern world. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. An increase in size is a diminishment of a volume. Thereby oscillations of charge with regards distance and time dictates the label of the charges involved in their classification. As time progresses and the distance increases from origin to destination the two dimensions become more distinct i.e. defined and more able to communicate. In a binary system one activity produces two simultaneous results i.e. ones loss is anothers gain.

  953. orsobubu

    @ eernie1:
    coincidentally, I was born a couple of kilometers from the coldest place in Italy, a fairly remote area in the Alps, and since the surveys were carried out scrupulously, since 2006, the record was reached in 2013 with -49.6 ° C, but between 2011 and 2019 the minimum temperature has always remained stable on average at -48.3.

  954. orsobubu

    @Rodney Nicholson, Eric Ashwoth, eernie1, Steven N. Karels

    it is very interesting what you wrote about global warming, and I agree with all the described doubts. It is also possible (see the works of M Mathis) that the variation of photon interferences and other particles encountered by the planet during its trajectory in the solar system and in the galaxy are more important for the terrestrial climate than human factors; and also the heat coming from the interior of the Earth should be better considered. But we must recognize that the matter is complicated, and that even the version of the deniers could be exploited by particular interest groups. On the other hand, even the warmers’ version can respond to specific agendas, as suggested; one of these, my favorite, is linked to environmental ideologies in general.

    Obviously the problem of the environment in danger exists, but it cannot be solved within the current capitalist relations of production: hence these ideologies are useful for imperial policy purposes, in the clash between powers and in the recruitment of the respective popular support, in the same way that they returned useful to Hitler in the last century (which was in fact one of the fathers of environmentalism). In addition, both supporters of the two factions have also been involved in scandals due to the alteration of scientific data, which makes it difficult to believe in either of them.

    In any case, whether the temperatures are rising or falling, and whether these changes are worrying or they are nothing more than natural excursions, human society may decide that it is good to maintain the stable ecosystems we know today. A human terraforming intervention in this sense would still require a lot of energy, in both the directions, and this blog is the right place to talk about it.

    In this commentary there are interesting references to the behavior of atmospheric CO2
    https://www.iceagenow.info/stop-the-anti-climate-science-totalitarians/#comment-403958

    ps @ Rodney: your post was very useful, thanks. I warn you that we have started to publish the first of over 50 books planned in Italian on the Marx-Engels complete works, so we have overtaken you on the line… (and if instead of economics you devoted yourself to climatology ???? :) The respective 50 books in English of the entire work by Marx and Engels are already published, but another 64 are planned… can you imagine the damage to forest ecosystems??)

  955. Norma

    Dear Andrea:
    I Propose Ecat LDV, from Leonardo Da Vinci.
    By the way: did you find other drawings of Leonardo Da Vinci related to the energy efficiency on the Atlantic Codex?
    Cheers
    Norma

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Yes: in Foglio 754 r and in Foglio 1061 r there is another hydraulic system to displace water with the maximum possible efficiency, very close to 1 ( Leonardo tried to reach 1, because at his time the principles of thermodynamic were not known ). At the end of this study he concluded in a line, written with his characteristic writing from right to left, that “the attempt to reach the perpetual motion is absurd” [the translation is mine].
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    How about simply e-Cat+

    Gennady

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Thank you for your suggestion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  959. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I would estimate that the electrical output of the eE-cat has now already exceeded the power that is needed to control it. That would make self supporting, maybe with a small battery based back-up to enable safe switch-off in case the eE-cat output fails.
    Do you agree?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  960. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  961. Rick Meisinger

    Name suggestion: E-Cat Electra with Electra being the name of the ballerina for her revenge of the rock and troll naysayers.

    Godspeed
    Rick

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    Good suggestion, but I like Elettra for a different reason: this name remembers me the name of the ship in which Guglielmo Marconi made his experiments with the radio-waves.
    The Rock and Troll music is just fun.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. Dear Andrea,
    For the naming: E-cat EB, as Electric Ballerina.
    r:/pekka

  964. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Andrea Rossi

    Adam Duwall:
    True. I changed many ideas about the theoretical bases through all the experiments ( thousands ) that I made, but I do not agree that there is a substantial difference between the paper I wrote with Norman Cook and my last paper.
    Anyway only the imbeciles do not change idea when they realize that they are wrong. Besides, during these years I studied very much and I learnt things I did not know before.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  967. Adam Duvall

    Dr Rossi:
    I read all the papers you published on Researchgate, after reading http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions and I noticed you changed position every time about the theoretical bases of the Rossi Effect.
    Can you explain?

  968. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Eernie1,
    I agree with you on the subject of Climate Change. Assuming the Climate Change alarmists are correct, ecology scientist, Allan Savory, offers a novel solution. Be sure and watch Savory’s entire talk because he reverses his theory. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpTHi7O66pI
    Regards,
    Iggy

  969. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For your information there is a link to the new video about the E-Cat on E-Cat World here (along with discussion):

    https://e-catworld.com/2019/03/12/summary-of-andrea-rossis-e-cat-the-mother-of-all-black-swan-events-video/

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  970. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  971. Italo R.

    Tor the new name:

    E-Cat EH (Electricity, Heat)

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  972. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  973. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Here are a couple:
    eCAThode (where it all resides)
    eCat SKY (reflects: positivism, innovation, sky is the limit, futuristic, space travel, universe, eternity, divinity)
    You bring the fun. Thanks!
    Brokeeper

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I read your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and at chapter 3 I have had a great emotion, because in january 8 2015 I wrote something about the e-cat phenomena that far recall in part your most recent study upon the physics of the e-cat.
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=866&cpage=9#comment-1045537
    I remember that I made also some considerations upon the time, and we found also this factor in your paper.
    God bless you

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  977. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You new development on an electricity producing eCat-SK:

    1. Is this technology different from a Carnot cycle or Photovoltaic based solution?
    2. Is the reason for pursuing it improved conversion efficiency, compared to Carnot or photovoltaic efficiencies?

  978. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In response to your challenge to Gerard, here is an idea: EE-Cat (Electric E-Cat)

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “what’s the potential name for an Ecat supposedly yielding electric energy ?”

    eCat-SK Spark

  982. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  983. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For a great source of magnets, See:

    https://www.translatetheweb.com/?from=&to=en&ref=SERP&dl=en&rr=UC&a=https%3a%2f%2fwww.magnetportal.de%2f

    I have watched a YouTube video of their strong magnets. This is a firm based in Germany.

  984. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  985. Mika Vonfelden

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Please encourage your readers to watch the very well done video of Mike Phalen about LENR published also on Ecatworld!
    Best Regards,
    Mika

  986. Andrea Rossi

    Mika Vonfelden:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Casbon;
    Theoretically yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Marco

    Do androids dream of electric cats?

    Electric regards,
    Marco.

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Ask Freud.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Mke Casbon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is it theoretically possible to scale up volume and proportionally power of the Ecat SK from 1 liter to 1 cubic meter ?
    Thanks,
    Mike C.

  991. Rick Meisinger

    A curiosity, is the “head” of the ballerina any way related to the mouse concept discussed in past years?

    Godspeed
    Rick

  992. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  993. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    To follow the answer to Frank’s third question, “two is better than one”, do you hope to provide both electricity and heat from a single E-Cat SK?
    Thanks!
    Brokeeper

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Now you are researching direct electricity production, you might also consider direct H2 production out of moisture in the air. This development may be suitable for the E-cat: https://www.differ.nl/research/cepea
    It needs UV to be efficient. Re-fueling may not be needed anymore?
    Just a few questions:
    1. You said you are ‘on the eve to a solid expansion’. How long does the eve last in Florida?
    2. To Frank you said that you have not enough results of your direct electricity producing E-cat yet. Are you happy with the results so far?
    Remark: I suggest to call the that electricity producing E-cat SK: eE-cat SK
    Kind regards, Gerard

  996. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1-I feel good in Florida
    2- yes
    Thank you for the suggestion and here is another quest: what’s the potential name for an Ecat supposedly yielding electric energy ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  997. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I am excited about your R & D on E-Cat Direct Power Extraction which if the completed project will give great prospects to your invention.
    What performance should it achieve to make this machine commercially profitable?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  998. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Impossible for now to answer. We need a substantial output to make it worth and we are in a good direction, I think. We worked after the 3 mT found as shown on http://www.ecatsk.com
    That was a signal, we followed through.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  999. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your efforts to produced electricity directly from the E-Cat

    a) Are you using the same SK reactor launched on January 31?
    b) Are you able to obtain an efficiency which would make the E-Cat a cost-effective means of generating electricity?
    c) Do you expect this product, if successful, will be more popular with customers than the heat-only SK?
    d) Are you working with a client that can help you not only develop this product, but also market it to customers?
    e) How soon do you think this product will appear on the market?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1000. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) I hope
    c) you know, my Friend: two is better than one…
    d) yes
    e) we still are in the R&D phase. Can get ready this year, potentially, but still I do not have enough results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1001. Whitney

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching entirely
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I can’t ignore this famous statement of Albert Einstein: “Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds”.
    Godspeed,
    Whitney

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Whitney:
    Thank you for your attention to the hard work our Team is making,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1003. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This video about the E-Cat has
    been posted by Mike Phalen.

    https://youtu.be/GJz0T7lCWRg

    Regards
    Sam

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this link !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. Tracy

    Dear Andrea,
    Which books are you reading when you are not working?
    Just curiosity

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Tracy:
    In this period I am reading “The Atlantic Codex” of Leonardo da Vinci and “The Physics Delusion – Einstein said it ‘God does not play dice’ ” by Johan F. Prins DSc,
    Revised Edition 2011 ( by Amazon )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Eldon Journot

    I love your answer to Anonymous!
    Cheers
    Eldon

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Eldon Journot:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    your comment is the No. 46 000 of this blog

  1010. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Why don’t you publish and comment in this blog also the work of your competitors?

  1011. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1012. Deana Lasasso

    In the paper
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_paricle_interactions
    it seems that the 437.2 peak plays a crucial role for the generation of the particles-antiparticles: am I correct?

  1013. Andrea Rossi

    Deana Lasasso:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1014. Dewitt Siregar

    Dear Andrea,
    in the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com the oscilloscope graph is different from the graph we saw during the demo in Stockhom of the Ecat QX. Why?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog today

  1016. Dear Dr Rossi
    If you can get the plasma in the Ecat to start to rotate I would presume you could produce a magnetic field and thus enable you to produce an external electric field just like a generator.

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1018. Rodney Nicholson

    Please do what you want with this, Andrea (!)

    THOUGHTS ON CLIMATE:

    This is a topic I have been interested in seemingly for ever, and, like everyone else, look forward to the planet remaining habitable indefinitely into the future. So, over the years I have ‘conducted’ a few minor investigations of my own to try to clarify my understanding. Those that immediately come to mind I make note of below:

    First: Around 1980 the ‘El Nino’ effect was first discovered – or at least first became widely publicized – so, as an economist, I set up a meeting with the leading climatologist at a large local university to discuss El Nino with him to try to determine if the phenomenon might have material economic effects I should know about. The discussion evolved into one about climate in general, and the climatologist said – as was the conventional wisdom at the time – that we are now very gradually moving in the direction of a new ice age, so temperatures will be very slowly cooling.

    I asked him how it was possible to know that, because the ice age cycle is so long that the changes in temperature, even from one century to the next, must be minuscule. He answered: “It is easy to tell if the climate is in a warming or cooling phase. The long term historical record clearly shows that during a warming phase the climate is remarkably stable, with no records being set at either end of the scale. But cooling periods are quite unstable, and are marked, not only by records being set at the lower end of the scale, but at top end also.” In the past few decades we have seen a more unstable climate which, then, is usually associated with a cooling climate. Indeed, within the past year, right here where I am now, we have had all time records at both the high end and – in the past two months – low end also, with apparently clear implications. Presumably ‘the long term historical record’ has not changed since 1980?

    Second: everyone knows, presumably, that many thousand years ago the very great majority of Canada and an appreciable proportion of the northern United States was covered with an ice sheet that varied in depth in Canada from 3,000 feet to 12,000 feet of solid ice, representing an accumulation of between 50,000 feet and 200,00 feet of unmelted snow. What is sometimes not appreciated is that almost all this accumulation had already melted many thousands of years before the start of the industrial revolution: Taking Toronto as a specific example, discussions I had with the geology department at the University of Toronto revealed that at the peak of the ice age, ~21,000 years ago, the ice sheet extended south of Toronto about 700 miles into the United States. At Toronto itself, the ice at the peak was 5,000 feet thick. The ice front had retreated all the way to Toronto by 12,000 years ago – to be clear, all that 5,000 feet of ice at Toronto had melted ~11,800 years before the industrial revolution had started. And the retreat did not stop then. Since the peak, the ice front has retreated at a rate averaging between 200 yards and 300 yards per year. So, if you happen to know of a glacier that is retreating faster than that, then it is retreating faster than the very long term average. If it is retreating more slowly than 250 yards per year then it is retreating more slowly than the long term – 21,000 year – average rate.

    Where I am sitting right now (In Alberta) the ice was 3,000 feet deep 21,000 years ago. It had, similarly, all melted several thousand years before the start of the industrial revolution. The point of this paragraph is simply to point out that to attribute the melting of glacial ice to human activity is clearly ridiculous. And also to point out that if someone believes they need to quote melting glacial ice to support their view that this has been caused by human activity, then they must have very little other worthwhile evidence or they would be stating their more sensible evidence instead. It may be significant that I have never seen anyone in the ‘anthropological global warming’ lobby ever point out that the melting of the glaciers is not evidence supporting their case. And if they were honest about the whole topic, they would. Which is one of many issues that causes me to suspect their motives.

    Third, is the satellite measurements of earth’s atmospheric temperatures which I believe measure radiation emitted by oxygen at an altitude of about 20,000 feet. (Correction of this will be appreciated). Many years ago the news had been that the satellite data indicated a very very slow cooling of this part of the atmosphere, but that the cooling had been so slow the change was not statistically significant. Later, I had heard that finally there was a sufficient accumulation of observations to confirm that the very small cooling trend had now achieved statistical significance. I have not seen or heard anything more about this for some years. Hopefully someone here will have more up-to-date information on this. However, it is of great interest to me that when this satellite data was shown to indicate cooling, not warming, the response of the climatology fraternity was not to say something like: “Wow, that seems to conflict with our theory”, but instead were saying: “Well, obviously there is an error in their equipment, and we must now set out to find it.” Again, evidence, in my judgment, of a lack of objectivity. But the point is that these data, showing a very slight cooling trend, are consistent with the Milankovitch Ice Age Cycle model – showing a 100,000 year cycle the result from a combination of three factors: changes in the tilt of earth’s axis of rotation relative to the sun, the gravitational effects of Jupiter on earth each time earth passes closest to Jupiter, and precession. Melting of glacial ice is a function of the ice age cycle, of which this particular cycle is just one of about twenty in the past two million years. Very long story.

    Fourth: interested in climate issues, I spent some time years ago taking a look at the annual average temperature data for a small sample of weather stations with historical records extending back at least 100 years. I plotted these data and observed pronounced cycles in almost all of them over that period. Generally speaking, IIRC, they showed a cool period in the late 1800s, a warm period in the late 1930s, a cool period in the 1970s and a warmer period in the 1990s. But what I found most interesting about this data was that when you looked at 100-year trend, while some stations showed a gradual uptrend (higher peaks, higher troughs), in several of them the long term trend was FLAT: temperatures were no higher than in the 1880s to 1930s period. Now that seems odd, if we are supposed to be undergoing GLOBAL warming. I need to do more work on this issue sometime, but I have other more important priorities for now.

    Fifth, the disingenuous nature of the ‘science’ was well demonstrated to me by an observation platform and ‘museum’ at a well-known glacier not far from where I live. The information displayed says that “the glacier peaked in extent in 1846 and has been in retreat ever since.” On reading this I went into the museum and asked to speak to someone thoroughly knowledgeable about the geology of the area, and when he appeared I asked him: “where was the glacier 21,000 years ago?” His reply: “Oh. It was about 3,000 feet above our heads and above, even, the tops of the surrounding mountains.” So I asked him why his display gave the erroneous information that the glacier had peaked in extent in 1846, when in reality it had peaked 21,000 years ago and been receding almost continuously since then. He shrugged his shoulders and said that he had not put the display together.

    The display made no mention of the ice age, nor of the fact that well over 99% of the ice had already melted long before the start of the industrial revolution. It is difficult not to come to the conclusion that there is ‘an agenda’ here, and that the agenda is NOT the communication of the whole truth.

    There is a saying that goes something like: “Cheat me once, shame on you. But cheat me twice, shame on me.” When I find people being intentionally deceptive about the facts, my reaction is to think: “So now I know I cannot trust anything you tell me.” That doesn’t mean that everything he says will be false, but that it is very possible much of it will be. It has made me realize that I simply cannot trust anything I hear from these people with such a clearly dishonest agenda.

    Sixth, there is the very recent paper, a heads-up for which was posted here several weeks ago, indicating that the surface temperatures of all rocky objects with atmospheres in the solar system could be explained very accurately using just two parameters neither of which is the carbon dioxide content of their atmospheres. Based on this analysis the earth’s surface temperature is exactly what you would expect it to be even though the atmosphere’s CO2 content is a mere 0.04%. Similarly, the surface temperature of Venus is exactly what would be expected, even though its atmospheric CO2 content is 94%. The quantity of solar irradiance at the top of their atmospheres, in combination with the adiabatic pressure effects (based on the total density of the atmosphere, irrespective of its molecular composition) appear to explain, according to this extraordinarily detailed paper, the near surface temperatures of all these bodies to within a couple of degrees. To anyone a bit familiar with adiabatic temperature effects (for reasons I will not go into I am much more familiar with this than probably 99.9% of the population) this is obvious. It had of course never occurred to me that the surface temperature could be predicted accurately with just these two variables, but as soon as it was pointed out I immediately realized it is ‘intuitively obvious’. (Of course ‘intuitive obviousness’ does not guarantee correctness.)

    Seventh, I believe there are known 1500 year temperature cycles thought to be related to a cyclical upwelling of the oceans, the underlying causes of which are not understood. It is clear that there is a great deal that is not understood. And in my judgment there is more than enough that is not understood to make making definitive judgments about where the climate is headed is a fool’s game. A few climatologists are predicting the onset shortly of a new ‘Little Ice Age’. But few if any of the ‘conventional wisdom’ climatologists have predicted it or seem to understand it at all. If it turns out to be true than they will deservedly become a laughing stock. Let’s wait and watch to see what happens on this one.

    There are other issues I could raise also. But I have gone on much too long already. Suffice it to say that none of the efforts I have made to try to come to a personal conclusion about this issue convince me that the cycles in climate we know about are caused by human activity. The paper mentioned above is very well worth reading, even if you only understand half of it. The ‘anthropological climate change’ groups have responded to it by attacking it. That is not the behaviour of people who are confident in the validity of their own work. They would be more convincing if, instead, they were to explain very carefully where, precisely, it is wrong. (As I noted it is intuitively obvious to me.) And if they are unable to demonstrate the errors, become a little less strident in the way they express their opinions.

    So, I am not persuaded from the evidence I have seen – and especially for the data in the paper described – that there is enough evidence to come to a firm conclusion in either direction on this issue.

    Rodney.

  1019. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Brokeeper, Good point, I also pray that the $150 million power plant in Texas succeeds together with an added prayer for a $150 million grant towards the proven E-Cat technology being included into the D.O.Es. current innovative energy programme because clean, cheap, safe energy seems to be a top priority throughout the world and climate change being such a big issue should if nothing else help the prayer to be answered. As an interesting piece of information carbon capture is a Canadian innovative technology with lots of problems and as far as I am concerned should not be mentioned alongside LENRs just as wind and solar should not they are none comparable with regards efficiency, sustainability and cleanliness. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  1020. eernie1

    Dear Colin Watters,
    I forgot to mention that I enjoyed your British humor about London snowfall. It is a good example of statistics used for directed purposes since snow occurs about once a year in London.
    Humorous regards.

  1021. Rod Walton

    Power Engineering March 11 2019
    At the ABB convention on energy emerges important perspective for future blue collars dealing with robotics and A.I.
    Rod Walton

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update from the last issue of Power Engineering
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1023. Andrea Rossi

    Dominick:
    In Folio 25r there is a very interesting drawing with a study for a machine to displace water with an efficiency very close to 100%, very advanced in those times.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1024. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    You and your team have our prayers.

    Hope this link works:
    https://www.inc.com/kevin-j-ryan/net-power-zero-emissions-plant-global-warming.html

    God Bless,
    Brokeeper

  1025. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R

  1026. Dominick Navarete

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read here that you are reading the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo Da Vinci: do you know if there is anything related to energy generation?
    Thanks,
    Dominick

  1027. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    https://www.inc.com/kevin-j
    ‘A $150 Million Power Plant Was Just Built in Texas. Humanity Should Pray It Succeeds’.

    For 5,000 homes in La Porte, Texas will equate to $30,000 per home. Imagine the cost savings a direct electric/heat generating domestic E-Cat would cost per home? ‘Humanity Should Pray It Succeeds’.

    Brokeeper

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    We are working very well and I think we are at the eve of a strong expansion.
    We need your prayers too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. eernie1

    Dear Colin Watters,
    Thank you for your information about snow fall days in London. Again in my empirical observation it appears that here in Chicago, the colder the winter the less snow fall we get. The two largest snow events( Jan 1969 and Jan 1999) occurred right after record warmth due to the moisture brought up from the Gulf of Mexico by low pressure systems passing south of the city. Have you noticed any discernible change in temperature levels since your childhood?
    Snowy regards.

  1030. Heinz Sause

    Dear Andrea,
    Does it matter if the reactor of the Ecat is positioned in vertical ot in horizontal position?
    Thanks,
    Heinz

  1031. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    No, the position is irrelevant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1033. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered a future application for the eCat-SK of space travel via photon thrust? Consider an eCat-SK emitting light which then reflects off a concave mirror to direct the eCat-SK generated light to the rear of the spacecraft. This would be similar to a solar sail but the force would be independent of the distance away from the Sun. Conceptually, a band of photovoltaic cells around the transverse axis of the eCat-SK would generate the power to control the eCat-SK reaction while longitudinal axis generated light would be directed to strike a highly reflective mirror to reflect the light to the rear of the spacecraft and thus generate forward thrust. The eCat-SK generated light provides the momentum change needed to accelerate the spacecraft and would result in an exceeding high specific impulse. The radiation pressure is related to the intensity of the light being emitted divided by the speed of light. The effective pressure can be doubled by perfect reflection over absorbed or open emission. Thoughts?

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Raphael

    @Eernie1
    If you look at particular situations you can find that the climate did not change or that the temperature has fallen, but id you take in consideration the global situation, the statistics give clear evidence of the global warming.

  1036. Michael

    Dear Andrea,
    Why didn’t you considr the Van Der Waals force in your paper http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Car_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Cheers,
    Michael

  1037. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    Because I don’t find a link between the so called Rossi Effect and the Van Der Waals force. I must say that I had taken it in consideration, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1038. Red Shields

    Dr Rossi,
    I did not inderstand: are you working to invent a new kind of P.V. or to invent a new system to generate electricity directly from the reactor we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  1039. Andrea Rossi

    Red Shields:
    We are working on producing directly electricity from the reactor with a new system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1040. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea,

    @eernie1 asks for readers experiences of climate change. Here in southern England we have about half the snow days now compared to when I was a child in the 1960s and 70s. This is supported by data from the UK Met office.

  1041. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    This appears to be in contradiction with the comment about New England…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1042. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea, the NASA report @eernie1 refers to can be found here.

    https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/nasa-study-mass-gains-of-antarctic-ice-sheet-greater-than-losses

    In some parts snow fall is increasing but in others it’s decreasing. They point out that the overall it’s increasing but perhaps not for much longer.

  1043. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1044. Juliana McOwen

    I like this blog very much so much great information about LENR.
    Thank you,
    Juliana

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    Juliana McOwen:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    NASA data showed that world temps dropped by 1/2 degree C from 2016-2017. Antarctica ice mass increased. This due to solar activity. We may need your heat sooner than we thought. Little ice age on its way. Empirically I have noticed, in my 88 years, no obvious change in climate direction. People who are crying wolf should rethink their stance on global warming. If any of your readers have noticed any change in climate temperatures during their lifetimes, I would appreciate telling me their experiences for my information. This is off topic but may have some bearing on your decision for future development of your device.
    Regards

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    This is intriguing. I hope our Readers will contribute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1049. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    If I remember well you wrote you had a customer with an order of a total of 40 MW to supply with heat.
    1) is this power already partialy ou fully supplied to this customer ?
    2) if partialy or fully supplied, is your customer happy with the qualty of what is supplied ?
    3) are they happy with the financial savings ?
    4) is there any chance they will openly publicize their satisfaction before one year ?

    Many thanks if you can answer,
    Best wishes and good luck
    FM

  1050. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    1- partially
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1051. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You will appreciate this recent report from “Dr Gabe Mirkin’s Fitness & Health Newsletter” that states that of all forms of exercise, tennis players live the longest.

    http://www.drmirkin.com/fitness/how-exercise-prolongs-your-life.html
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  1052. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1053. Lavinia

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    In which continents are you delivering your Ecats?

  1054. Andrea Rossi

    Lavinia:
    America, Europe, Asia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Please go to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    There is well explained why this peak is very important . See in particular the par. 4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Marco

    Regarding the question of Katia Spruel,
    maybe you are putting RF pulses into the charge and you hope to have a rf pulse back of higher energy? The normal magnetic resonance behaviour would be having back an RF pulse of lower or at least equal energy, but maybe the ECat can act as an energy amplifier?

    Magnetic regard,
    Marco.

  1057. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your insight, I cannnot comment in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1058. Carrol Osvaldo

    I watched http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    What does the 437.2 peak mean?

  1059. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    in your recent posts, you are saying that you are already working with your Customers and that you are under NDA therefore, rightly, you can not give any information about them.
    I am sure you are aware of how much interest there is on this whole affair by all those who are following you for so many years.
    There are many blogs in which some write: “So much chatter, no visible results, so the E-Cat does not exist.”.
    Others say: “It is necessary to wait for at least one client to show up, and it can also take a long time.”
    I know that these opinions do not interest you at all, while you are working according to your plans.
    But here, in the world of those who follow you, there is all a ferment of impatient expectation.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    What the rock and troll music says is not an issue. I understand that our friends and sustainers are anxious to know more about our Clients and sooner or later this will happen.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Whilst looking at and trying to understand the spectrum from the January Presentation ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ) I had some probably wild thoughts about what signatures it might contain. I respect you maybe can’t talk about the details about that spectrum. However it led me down a path that gives me some ideas that are maybe for use of PV technology..

    Since those thoughts originated with your spectrum I thought I should share them with you.

    1. The first of these is what I mentioned yesterday about integrating with metal halide curing lamp technology these lamps shift the UVA spectrum for mercury vapor lamps to more useful and manageable longer wavelengths. And include compounds such as Iron Halide, Galium Halide etc. they are used to stimulate certain frequencies useful for curing. I suppose the UV from the e-Cat SK could be similarly converted.

    2. Vanadium is apparently very responsive in the region of interest.

    3. Vanadium doped Titanium Oxide can be used to further extend the spectrum down to optical wavelengths particularly useful to agriculture etc.

    4. Vanadium Oxide is a known material used for smart glass that can insulate from IR. Is reflective above a certain temperature and transparent bellow that temperature. This reflective/ transparent property can be switched on an off by applying an electrical current!. It very interesting.

    5. Yesterday I suggested putting the Metal Halide and perhaps by implication the nano particles Vanadium doped Titanium Oxide in a bulb surrounding the e-cat. But if the concept works then perhaps it could also be enabled with coatings on the PV cells.

    Rather than finding a PV cell that’s sensitive to UV it would then just be a matter of matching the fluorescence with the optimum sensitivity frequency of the PV cell.

    Perhaps rather than a flat PV surface say textured surface of micro rods would be optimum at capturing fluorescent light generated at the surface. Perhaps a reflective surface would transparent to UV but reflective to longer wavelengths would trap and reflect the fluorescent light radiated set from the coating back towards the cell. It would also maybe insulate the cell from heating from IR.

    Thanks for sharing the spectrum and allowing the thoughts it provokes. I hope these thoughts give something back

    Another idea would be to approach companies making OV cells for satellites. These are used out side the atmosphere do may be better suited to UV environment. I have no idea what optimisatiind they make but they may have some good ideas.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    I have noticed lately more comments are answered either “it is NDA”, “please refer to/read, I can’t answer now or .… etc.”. I know you enjoy answering most of these comments perceiving many are new followers to your technology or, like myself, unaware the answer may be found elsewhere. Being as busy as you have been (always), would it be more effective to avoid redundancy by providing a few guidelines at the top of the comment section a list of criteria, suggestions or directions to follow prior to entering one’s comment? Or, as in the past, ‘F8’ (auto reply function key) may work. 😊
    I’m constantly amazed of your and your team’s progress to give this world hope and a better place to live. God bless.
    As always with much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind comment: unfortunately there is information I cannot give and I’m sorry for that. I always try to give as much as I can, as clearly put in evidence by my last paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You acknowledged Woman’s day and
    say you are working with smart people.
    This is a link to ten smart woman.

    https://www.wired.com/story/10-women-science-tech-household-names/

    Regards
    Sam

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your smart comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you working on the PV E-Cat by yourself, or with people who have experience expertise in the photovoltaics field?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1069. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am working on the production of electricity with the help of very good brains and I am learning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1070. Dave Gothier

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    So you confirm you have on course a deal with a major global company for the global distribution of your technology?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Congratulations also for your momentous paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  1071. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Gothier:
    I am under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1072. Marco

    Caro Andrea…
    A proposito dei magneti attorno all’E-Cat… Mi fischiano le orecchie…
    Saluti…

  1073. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    It is just another way to study.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1074. Katia Spruel

    Dear Andrea,
    From your answers I understand that what you are doing to make electricity is not a P.V., but something that makes e.m. directly from the core of the reactor. Am I right?
    Katia
    P.S.
    I appreciated your wishes of yesterday

  1075. Andrea Rossi

    Katia Spruel:
    Maybe,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1076. Steven N. Karels

    Sailmenn,

    The corollary to your question is whether the photovoltaic could be fine tuned to match the output of the eCat-SK?

  1077. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    Maybe here you can find interesting technology:
    http://www.novasolix.com
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. Sailmenn

    You think about PV, is it something like a mini sun surrounded by PV.
    The minisun fine tuned to the most optimal wavelength for the PV electro conversion?

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    The impact of climate change will grow, with all the consequences that everyone knows well now. There is little time left for humanity to avoid reaching critical thresholds:
    Dr. Rossi, do not you feel a certain duty, to deploy your technology massively and quickly?
    From my point of view, the best way to achieve this goal would be to sell your patents to a leading manufacturer as it is done every day in the world of biotechnology.
    Regards,

    Michel

  1082. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Thank you for the suggestion. I think we are doing well and as fast as possible.
    Obviously I cannot give information about the agreements on course, because I am bound by NDAs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1083. Stephen

    If so and it can be down converted to optical wave lengths it could enable a wide range of other technologies too. From agriculture to conventional lighting sources etc.

  1084. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Again thank you for the second suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1085. Stephen

    I wonder if you put the ECat SK in side another larger bulb that contains metal halides if it would act as a stimulating UV source in that bulb that could be down converted to managegable or specifically matched or useful wave lengths by the metal halide.. Perhaps this could be better matched to existing PV technology and also perhaps allow its usage for UV curing lamps and screen printing technologies.

    Just an idea. Maybe a wild one.

  1086. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1087. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea

    Congratulations to you and your team for undertaking research in the production of electricity from an ecat.

    1. Does the ecat you employ for this effort operate at

    a. a higher temperature

    b. a lower temperature

    c. the same temperature

    as the commercial ecat sk?

    2. Are you working on developing an e-cat sk

    a. smaller in size than the one shown in the demonstration video?

    b. lower in power than the 20kw ecat sk

    c. Is a hand held ecat (exclusive of heat shielding) feasible?

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  1088. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    We will not change the dimensions of the modules for the time being.
    It is not possible to make a hand- held Ecat so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1089. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The direct eCat-to-Photovoltaic conversion is very appealing for the following reasons:

    1. No moving mechanical parts in the energy production portion of the system.
    2. Conversion efficiency approaching or surpassing that of the Carnot cycle.
    3. Simpler concept – implies better reliability.

    The engineering challenges I foresee:

    a. Obtaining of high efficiency photovoltaic cells matched to the eCat-SK output spectrum.
    b. Adequate and simple thermal control to keep the photovoltaic cells sufficiently cool for high efficiency operation.
    c. Output stability/interactions between the eCat-SK and the photovoltaic cell electrical power generation.
    d. Packaging/geometry issues – size, shape, maintainability, etc.

  1090. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1091. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    Reading your comments you look very positive versus the direct production of electric energy helped by PV cells and probably preferring it to the Carnot Cycle.
    But, what about dimensions?
    I can image the 20 KW SK you showed in January just a little bit bigger if coupled with a turbine and generator; in the same time I can image it very bigger if coupled
    with PV cells that has standard Quantum Efficiency.
    One other doubt is ‘efficiency’; is it correct to talk about efficiency (regarding Direct production vs Carnot cycle) regarding something that you have almost for free ( I mean the thermal output)?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  1092. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    We are still in an early, albeit very promising, phase of our R&D on this issue. I am not able to answer your questions so far.
    Your considerations maybe right, but may also be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain what is the purpose of putting magnets around the E-Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To study the effects of magnetic fields on the behavior of the Ecat, plus another purpose that is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1096. Nemo

    Studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered that the main, basic part of it that stays at the base of the E-Cat is the paragraph 4.
    Cheers
    Nemo

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Nemo:
    Thank you for studying my paper,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Today, March 8th, is the Women Day and I am delighted to offer to all the women that read the JoNP and write comments in it a virtual mimose; I also want to thank all the women that worked and work in our great Team for their magnificent and indispensable contribution.
    Ad majora!
    Andrea Rossi

  1099. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1100. Whoa

    Dear Andrea,
    1- is the schematic published on http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com with the seal of Leonardo Corporation and your signature authentic?
    2- if yes, is it complete ?

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Whoa:
    Yes, it is authentic.
    Recently we added magnets ( two poles, four poles ) with adjustable positions around the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Kristall Calcagino

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched today http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I want to congratulate for the video, very clear under a technological and scientific point of view. I read around that somebody is discontent because it was not exhaustive to explain the technology or that it was not beautiful, but clearly it was not destined to a wide public, but to the selected sector of market you are aiming to in this initial phase of distribution of your service. I am sure the big industries you made it for have reacted positively to it, because there is all they can ask for as a presentation.
    Am I correct?
    Godspeed,
    Kristall

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Kristall Calcagino:
    Yes, you are correct and for what concerns the exhaustivity of the explication og the technology, there is a precise limit due to the defense of the intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. Elizabeth

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_ECat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed that the mathematical structure is derived from the Clifford algebra and from the Aharonov Bohm effect. Can you suggest a simple text where to understand more about these issues?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Elizabeth

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Elizabeth:
    For the Clifford algebra this is an introductory paper, well done and simple to read:
    “A brief introduction to Clifford algebra” by Silvia Franchini, Giorgio Vassallo, Filippo Sorbello. February 2015
    For the Aharonov- Bohm effect:
    “Significance of electromagnetic potentials in the quantum theory”, by Aharonov Y.and Bohm D. August 1959
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Lupe Blaschke

    Congratulations for the video “U-tube Ecat SK presentation of January 31st 2019”
    Well done,very interesting , very funny also the puppets and the song.
    Nice.
    Will you make further presentations?
    L.B.

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Lupe Blaschke:
    Thank you for your appreciation of the video, also on http://www.ecatsk.com
    We will not make further presentations, now we are focused exclusively on serving our Clients and on the R&D.
    Only if we will reach consolidated results with the direct electricity production we will make the presentation of it, but it is premature to know if we will have success with the experiments on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea, I like hanging out at street markets to look for and buy illustrated books for childs with animals pictures and other naturalistic and technical themes, they were widespread in Italy in the 50s, 60s and 70s (when I was a child, Edizioni Piccoli, AMZ, ecc); they are worth between 1 and 5 euros each; an original nineteenth century edition of the explorer Von Humboldt, with scientific color renderings of birds and other Amazonian animals and plants, I could dream it costs several thousand euros. I smile at the idea that you can have an original by Leonardo, if things actually work out well…

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he…original is prohibitive, also because that kind of money must be spent for mankind…but my precise reproduction is still very beautiful: it is the exact reproduction in real dimensions, exactly as the original, with very intelligent comments. Got many ideas hyperwatching the drawings and the explications written first hand by Leonardo Da Vinci.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This link has ten interesting facts
    about Codex Atlanticus.

    https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/rwKy3jZHwWiyJA

    Regards
    Sam

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1112. Felix Meyer

    When will we have the Home Ecat?
    Cheers
    Felix Meyer

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Meyer:
    For many reasons now we are serving only big industries with high power plants. Besides, we have the certifications problem, as I explained. This said, surely the time of the Ecat Home will arrive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    talking of P.V.: who has been in the world the first man to think to turn solar energy into work?

  1115. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Intriguing question!
    During these days I am re-reading “Il Codice Atlantico” ( The Atlantic Codex ), the immense book that collects all the main folios of Leonardo Da Vinci: I am among the fortunate fellows that own an integral copy of it. Well, I found in this wonderful book evidence of the fact that at the beginning of the 16th century Leonardo Da Vinci made a project to use solar energy to make work for industrial purposes ( around the year 1510 ). I love this book, all the six thousand pages of it, because it spurs clouds of ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1116. Jerry

    Dear Andrea,
    About your answer to Enea Romagnoli,
    I think the high loud of rock and roll is not due just to fear, but also to envy.
    Godspeed,
    Jerry

  1117. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry,
    Hard to disagree,
    he,he,he,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1118. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My “secret dream” is an eCat-SK coupled with photovoltaic cells and a battery/inverter, suspended by cables off the ground, generating heat and/or light for months with a continuous output and no input. A test to show the “trolls” the technology.

  1119. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I have nothing to show to any troll, an entity I value zero, either paid for an agenda or useful idiots for the agenda makers as they might be.
    But I agree with you if we talk to show to Clients of all the world a useful thing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1120. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    While we all are very interested in your other major development projects, we also want to hear how the sale of heat is developing.
    1. Can you characterize the progress in production/sales in one word?
    2. Would you appreciate if we would help you to interest potential customers?
    3. About PV and turbine: which of the two, do you guess, will generate electricity most efficiently?
    4. Do you still research generating electricity directly by the E-cat (which you have indicated could be as much as 10% of the total output energy, in the past)?
    Thanks for answering our continuous questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- good
    2- I do not think it is necessary
    3- premature, but I suppose the direct generation will be more efficient
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I love your answer of yesterday to Enea Romagnoli!
    Cheers
    CC

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    He,he,he,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. V.V.

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is your work to deliver the Ecat SK to Clients going on regularly?
    V.V.

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    V.V.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    Can you confirm Swedish Vattenfall is one of the customers you are talking to?

    As Dutch NUON is just overtaken by them its interesting. Also Netherlands is in the news for its policy of abandoning decommissioning all houses from natural gas in the near future , E-Cat can fill the empty vacuum.

    https://coldfusionnow.org/swedish-district-heat-is-a-perfect-fit-for-cold-fusion/

    A Swedish group is backing the installation, as a proof of commercial principal, in cooperation with some Swedish energy company. They are inviting applications from one and all.

    Why Sweden? The answer is very clear. Sweden is one of the many countries that has district heat.
    District heat is generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating. The heat is often obtained from a cogeneration plant burning fossil fuels but increasingly biomass. Although heat-only boiler stations, utilizing geothermal heating and central solar heating are also used, as well as nuclear power.
    District heating plants provide higher efficiencies and better pollution control than localized boilers. According to some research, district heating with combined heat and power (CHPDH) is the cheapest method of cutting carbon emissions, and has one of the lowest carbon footprints of all fossil generation plants.

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    I cannot answer about the names of our actual or potential Clients, therefore I cannot answer to your question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you think will come on the market first from Leonardo Corp:

    a) an E-Cat able to generate electricity from a turbine?
    b) an E-Cat able to generate electricity from a PV cell?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think b).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    sorry, in my previous post one line was missing in question a):

    a) given the total eCat radiated power of 22 KW, how much in percentage is in the UV band (below 400 nm), how much in the IR band(above 700 nm) and how much in between (visible light spectrum) ?

    b) can you tell us if a direct electrical generation prototype available by the end of this year is a reasonable goal ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    a) premature
    b) maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Enea Romagnoli

    In Italia i trolls sono più che mai scatenati, ho trovato queste bellissime parole del Papa, che penso ti possano aiutare un po’.

    In Italy the trolls are more than ever unleashed, I found these beautiful words of the Pope, which I think can help you a little.

    PAPA FRANCESCO
    UDIENZA GENERALE
    Piazza San Pietro
    Mercoledì, 16 novembre 2016
    36. Sopportare pazientemente le persone moleste
    Cari fratelli e sorelle, buongiorno!
    Dedichiamo la catechesi di oggi a un’opera di misericordia che tutti conosciamo molto bene, ma che forse non mettiamo in pratica come dovremmo: sopportare pazientemente le persone moleste. Siamo tutti molto bravi nell’identificare una presenza che può dare fastidio: succede quando incontriamo qualcuno per la strada, o quando riceviamo una telefonata… Subito pensiamo: “Per quanto tempo dovrò sentire le lamentele, le chiacchiere, le richieste o le vanterie di questa persona?”. Succede anche, a volte, che le persone fastidiose sono quelle più vicine a noi: tra i parenti c’è sempre qualcuno; sul posto di lavoro non mancano; e neppure nel tempo libero ne siamo esenti. Che cosa dobbiamo fare con le persone moleste? Ma anche noi tante volte siamo molesti agli altri. Perché tra le opere di misericordia è stata inserita anche questa? Sopportare pazientemente le persone moleste?

    POPE FRANCIS
    GENERAL AUDIENCE
    Saint Peter’s Square
    Wednesday, 16 November 2016
    36. Bearing wrongs patiently
    Dear Brothers and Sisters, Good morning!
    We dedicate today’s catechesis to a work of mercy that we all know very well, but that perhaps we do not put into practice as we should: bearing wrongs patiently. We are all very good at identifying something that can be bothersome: it happens when we encounter someone on the street, or when we receive a phone call…. We immediately think: “How long will I have to listen to this person’s complaints, gossip, requests or boastings? It also happens, at times, that the bothersome people are those who are closest to us. There is always someone among our relatives; the workplace is not without them; not even in our free time are we spared. What are we supposed to do with people who annoy us? But often we also annoy others. Why was this also added among the works of mercy? Bear wrongs patiently.

  1133. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    He,he,he…
    The loudest the rock and troll, the highest the fear of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1134. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    a couple of questions, if you can answer:

    a) given the total eCat radiated power of 22 KW, how much in percentage is in the UV band (700 nm) and how much in between (visible light spectrum) ?

    b) can you tell us if a direct electrical generation prototype available by the end of this year is a reasonable goal ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  1135. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    a) premature
    b) maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1136. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You are now doing R & D for direct power generation from the E-Cat.
    1 – Can you tell us what is the purpose of this research? An autonomous E-Cat? Sell ​​electricity? Use the E-Cat in transport? ….
    2 – are you continuing The R & D of the E-Cat- gas turbine?
    I share your point of view, R & D never stops. Otherwise it is the safe death of the company.
    I support the entire research team.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- make electric energy for any purpese it is necessary to
    2- yes
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1138. Margaret

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you making another patent for the direct production of electric energy from the Ecat?
    Thank you,
    Margaret

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Margaret:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    on Power Engineering March 5 2019: “Gaining popularity is the use of film-forming substances (FFS), for universal corrosion protection.
    Best regards,
    Rod Walton

  1141. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Branivoj

    Dear Dottore Rossi,

    Are you using this discovery for new type of PV or thermal production of electricity?

    https://phys.org/news/2019-03-chirality-yields-colossal-photocurrent.html#jCp

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Branivoj:
    Thank you for the information, I was not aware of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Amy Freelon

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you already obtain electricity directly fom the Ecat SK? I saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com that you gor 3.2 mT of magnetic field.

  1146. Andrea Rossi

    Amy Freelon:
    Yes, we did, but still not enough, albeit now we are inventing a new system that is very, very promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1147. Augustine

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you know that your paper in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 14 000 full readings in 40 days ? This is the most read paper in the history of Researchgate.
    What is impressive is also the diffusion in the world of the readers. Unbelievable.
    Godspeed,
    Augustine

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Augustine:
    It was absolutely unexpected, also considering the very high level of the publications on Researchgate, that collects the contributions from the highest scientific echelons of the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Joe Maccini

    When the Ecat will produce directly current maybe your technology could be useful to Tesla,
    Regards,
    Joe Maccini

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Joe Maccini:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe that using an Ecat to heat air in a chamber with a vertical condensing flue through which the heated air would rise and condense the water vapor could be a solution to water shortage.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1153. arjen

    It’s a huge (growing) market for using ECAT. I suggest to contact some of the big leaders in the industry.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steam_reforming

    Industrial reforming[edit]
    Steam reforming of natural gas is the most common method of producing commercial bulk hydrogen at about 95% of the world production[4][5] of 500 billion m3 in 1998.[6] Hydrogen is used in the industrial synthesis of ammonia and other chemicals.[7] At high temperatures (700 – 1100 °C) and in the presence of a metal-based catalyst (nickel), steam reacts with methane to yield carbon monoxide and hydrogen.

    The United States produces nine million tons of hydrogen per year, mostly with steam reforming of natural gas. The worldwide ammonia production, using hydrogen derived from steam reforming, was 144 million metric tonnes in 2014.[9]

    kind regards Arjen

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Steven N. Karels

    Pekka Janhunen,

    My math error. I did the inversion incorrectly. 1m^2/13.5 = 0.07m^2.

    Yes, at 300 Sun level illumination, the photovoltaic will need active cooling but the heat could be output for the normal commercial application or otherwise dissipated.

    I choose a sphere as an example of the smallest volume possible for the required area.

  1156. Dirk Boon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am following your progress 8 years since.
    Is it possible to produce hydrogen with the Ecat? In the Netherlands we need to produce hydrogen.
    Dirk Boon

  1157. Andrea Rossi

    Dirk Boon:
    The Ecat makes heat. I am not expert of hydrogen production, but if it takes heat at competitive price, the Ecat sure can talk.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1158. Dear Steven N. Karels,
    I did not quite understand your figure 13.5 square metres. As I see it, the situation is the following. You have 22 kW radiative power. One sun is 1 kW/m^2. Hence, with one sun illumination level, one would need 22 m^2 of PV area. But with 300 sun illumination level, one needs only 0.07 m^2 area. It is the area of a sphere whose diameter is 15 cm. Which is about right to enclose the ballerina.

    As a technical detail, it is not necessary to surround the source from all sides by PVs, because one can use mirrors, just like one uses mirrors in lamp design. If other area of the enclosure are reflecting (mirror or painted white), photons gather on the only dark area, which is the PV part. This assuming, of course, that the paint or mirror is able to reflect the relevant wavelength. The wavelength is either the raw UV, or if fluorescent materials are used to downconvert photons as is customary in fluorescent lamps, it is some longer, optical wavelength.

    It may also be possible to integrate the fluorescent material with the PV. In this case the internal mirrors must be able to reflect the raw UV wavelengths.

    At 300 suns level, the PV part must be cooled to keep it in its operative range. If the PV is silicon, its efficiency drops rather rapidly with temperature. If it’s SiC or GaAs, for example, then it tolerates somewhat higher temperature without losing efficiency. In GaAs at least, there is also some nonlinear effect which raises the efficiency at high illumination levels, relative to the 1 sun illumination level.
    best regards, /pekka

  1159. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1160. Veronica Naggia

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi

    I just read you are developing a new P.V. cell system. Alternatively, would it be possible to apply your thermoelectrical devices to the E-cat in order to convert the waste heat into additional electricity? I’m talking about the thermoelectrical devices you developed for the U.S. army more than 15 years ago ( https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a432046.pdf ). In such case, how much would the COP increase?

  1161. Andrea Rossi

    Veronica Naggia:
    Thank you for citing this work I made with LTI for the US Army between the years 1998 and 2000.
    The matter of the fact is that we obtained high efficiency with a prototype I made with my hands, therefore very expensive. The most difficult part was the directional fusion of the BiTe alloy doped with antimony to make the positive and selenium to make the negative poles. When we passed from the prototype to an attempt of industrialized production, the efficiency has fallen too low. Think that to meke the directional fusion of the materials to make 1 kW of power it was necessary to me one month of work.
    For this reason it has not been an industrial success, albeit it has been a successful experiment under a scientific point of view.

  1162. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It was mentioned in the past to fit e-cats to power turbine generators (such as ABB) in order to generate electricity using existing infrastructure. Is this still a priority?

    Thanks,
    George N

  1163. Andrea Rossi

    George N.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1164. Anonymous

    Again about the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    you said that the setup described in paragraph 5 of http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is not the same of the presentation of the SK on January 31st, but I have a question: is the setup described in your paper equal to the Ecat SK, or is a different thing?

  1165. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because I never comment the work of our competitors. Iunderstand this is a tautology, but this is what it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1166. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Reviewing recent developments in photovoltaic cell technology, there is a German firm that reports a concentrated photovoltaic design at an illumination level of about 300 suns and an efficiency of about 44%. Assuming such a concentrated photovoltaic cell could be designed for the eCat-SK output spectrum (notably in the UV area), then what size would a 22kW thermal output plant be and how much electricity would it produce?

    With a 44% efficiency of light-to-electrical power and with the eCat-SK output of 22kW, then the electrical output would be about 9.7kW.

    To achieve 300 sun level illumination, the photovoltaic surface would be about 13.5 meters squared. It this were configured as a sphere, then the radius of the sphere would be about 1 meter. So roughly something like a 10 foot on a side cube would be about right. Thoughts?

  1167. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight and information. I am learning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Cristos Stremmenos:
    What a pleasure to here from you!
    Thank you for your insight and for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Fox

    Dear Andrea
    When you say “We are a high-tech company. Research and development can never stop “, you run the risk of making a very serious mistake in which inventors and talented designers are easily caught.
    A product is not just about invention and design but also about industrialization and marketing, and often these last two (less glorious voices) are more important than the first two for economic and commercial success.
    The inventor / designer who has just completed a product sees better than anyone else the limits and defects and easily launches into a work of improvement and development without end. Often this is wrong because at some point it is necessary to stop and devote oneself to industrialization and marketing that can hide problems that often the pure designer does not imagine: problems of realization, of people, financial problems, image problems, legal problems, etc …. Surely the E-cat SK will highlight some problems (I hope small and not important) that you will know only when hundreds or thousands of plants will be in operation and therefore now production-sales and assistance must have priority.
    We want you to succeed but we also want this success, as soon as possible, to be a success for all of humanity.
    With love

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions, but the R&D is one branch, commercial is another, manufacturing is another, all make a synergy, they do not overlap.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. Connie Patrick

    2017 presentation of the Ecat QX, 2019 presentation and commercialization of the Ecat SK, 2019 R&D to invent a new cell to make direct electricity…Andrea, you are unique in the world.
    Godspeed,
    Connie

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    Connie Patrick:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. George

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you have an idea when you could make the presentation of the direct production of electricity from an Ecat SK?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    George

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Not yet, but we are oin a situation that could evolve exponentially briefly. I got an idea, maybe it works, maybe not. If it works, we will be fast. The experiment is very expensive, made with components that do not exist, several months will be necessary to make all, but if it works, then it will go exponentially fast.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Cristos Stremmenos

    Dear Andrea,
    about
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2019/03/03/rossi-working-on-direct-electricity-production-from-the-e-cat-via-photovoltaics
    I want to congratulate with your intuition: I watched very attentively
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and read very attentively
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that, being the Ballerina’s T much lower that the T of the sun, commercial P.V. cells cannot work, because they are sensible to solar spectrum that is filtered by ozone, therefore with UV strongly reduced. An invention of specific cells was necessary!
    I wish you the continuation of your good work,
    Cristos Stremmenos

  1176. Chuck Davis

    @Marco:
    Grabat batteries are far superior to the Tesla battery packs as you can see googling:
    Future batteries coming soon: charge in seconds, last months and power over the air
    They are already in production and expected to be available this year.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1177. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have just been reading a paper titled Zitterbewegung and the Electron by retired professor Arend Niehaus of physics of Ultrecht University, the Netherlands. The paper contains diagrams and explains in easy to read format technical details. This material to me implies that an entity as stated being an electron is dependent upon a time and space to be either a positive or negative i.e. the product of a contradiction by being able to transition between being that of a volume or that of a size. This paper for me represents an in depth explanation of an electrons ability to hide itself within an enigma and is, I believe, worth taking notice of. Also to add my own none technical thoughts, I believe the electron is not only responding to the positive proton charge alone but catering to both energy states, one being comprised of the inner positive state of something and the other being that outer state of nothing with regards to materiality and thereby the electron is sandwiched between what I refer to as the Absolutes of contradiction and which I believe is responsible for all of nature and that which exists within. Could EVOs be classified as none material neutrals?. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Sorry, I do not understand what you wrote.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Rodney Nicholson

    @K.
    = = = = = = = =
    K.
    March 3, 2019 at 10:05 AM

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Can the Ecat give heat so cheaply to allow the production of hydrogen competitive and therefore boost the hydrogen economy?
    K.
    = = = = = = =
    Hi K.

    Please correct me if I am wrong, but are not the principal problems with hydrogen: A) that it is massively explosive (it was the fuel for the main engines of the Space Shuttle!) and, B) that it would need an entirely new, nationwide, safety-oriented infrastructure to transport and store it, which in practical terms goes a long way to rendering it economically non-viable?

    Rodney.

  1180. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some of the newer multi-junction photovoltaic cells claim efficiencies approaching 50%. If you can engineer the heat dissipation problems, you would have a system approaching that of industrial electric production for a more smaller, distributed technology. eCat + solar cells – sound like a dream come true, if it works.

  1181. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion and your kind sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1182. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    are you inventing a new type of P.V. cell, or are you using an existing type adapted for your needs?
    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I am inventing a new cell.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    regarding your answer to Pekka Janhunen.
    Also to me 10% of efficiency seems reasonable, and just right for future house applications: a 22Kw ECat has similar power to current boilers (my boiler is the baseline, with 21Kw, that heat a 150mq house and produces hot water, but there exist also a higher range model that is 25Kw). With about 2kwh of continuos electric power, one can charge one or more battery packs (there exist commercial Tesla battery packs of 400V 7-10KWh, that can be put in parallel to increase capacity, since some years, you only need an inverter) and power the ECat itself and the house. The “waste” heat can then be used for sanitary water, heat and air conditioning. If you use the heat for all this things, you need few electric power, just for appliances and to cook. 2kwh backed up by batteries should be enough… The only higher electric need could be to recharge electric cars. But if you have an electric car, you could increase the battery pack capacity at the house and run the Ecat moreless continuously to recharge the car when needed: an electric car can do at least 5km with a kwh, so if you use your car, let’s say for 100km/day, maybe total among your electric cars (your wife, your childrens), you need 20kwh/day, that is half of the ECat production. Maybe if you have electric cars, you may consider a bigger ECat, or solar panels, or maybe you manage to obtain more than 10% efficiency. Anyway the future is bright: an household ECat should solve all your energy problems, even if you have electric cars…

    Electric regards,
    Marco.

  1185. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your insight.
    What I can say is that we are working very seriously on the direct production of electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1186. K.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Can the Ecat give heat so cheaply to allow the production of hydrogen competitive and therefore boost the hydrogen economy?
    K.

  1187. Andrea Rossi

    K.:
    I am not expert of hydrogen production, therefore I cannot know if cheaper heat can boost the hydrogen economy. Only after a specific and detailed analysis I could give a consistent answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1189. Carol Courteau

    Wow that was strange. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say fantastic blog!

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    Carol Courteau:
    If you follow well the simple directions, your comment will surely arrive. If it goes to the spam, as many do, we are able to recover them all with our system.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1191. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I’m a bit surprised that you are still further researching the E-cat as I understood from a previous question that you would be putting all your energy in getting the E-cat into full production and acquiring more orders in this period.
    Is there a special reason that you continued researching the E-Cat on its direct electrical output capabilities?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are a high technology company. R&D can never stop. When a company like Leonardo Corporation stops R&D its death starts its course. We are making important inventions that are the future of us, while we are focusing on the diffusion of our Ecats. When our competitors will reach what we are doing now ( it will take 3-5 years at the least ), we will be again years ahead of them with our new “divisions”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are photovoltaic cells (or equivalent) used in the direct electricity production or some other technique?

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are studying a new kind of P.V. system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Andrea Rossi

    >ugust Harnett:
    I’d say yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1196. August Harnett

    I read carefully http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Making an analysis of all the parts of them I reached the conclusion that the very core of your technology and its theory is in the paragraph 4 of your paper.
    Am I correct?

  1197. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there a heat v. electricity trade off with the E-Cat? In other words, the more heat you produce, the less electricity, and vice versa?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes: first principle of thermodynamics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Dear Andrea,
    How large conversion efficiency do you want for direct electricity production, in order to consider it worthwhile? Is ten percent enough?
    best regards, /pekka

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    I understood from your comment of yesterday that the chance to produce electricity directly by the Ecat has improved: am I correct?
    CC

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes, it has improved. We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1204. B

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you apply in your experiments magnetic fields interacting with the plasma? If yes, did you observe effects from such interaction?

  1205. Andrea Rossi

    B:
    Yes, I applied in many experiments magnetic fields. The effects are confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1206. Boris

    In the paper of Andrea Rossi published on Researchgate are proposed different theoretical hypothesis .
    Which one is considered more likely to be the right one?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Boris

  1207. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    Paragraphs 3,4.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1208. dominique

    I noticed that the 100% of the publications about LENR are written by males. Not a single paper has been published by women. What do you think is the reason of this strange fact?
    Thanks if you answer,
    D.

  1209. Andrea Rossi

    Dominique:
    Actually, I know many women working in the field of LENR and in our Team there are women in important roles. For example, Dr Evelyn Foschi has worked much on LENR and has co-authored several publications; Vessela Nikolova has published “Ecat The New Fire”, whch is not a scientific publication, but still deals about LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1210. Eureka

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched on youtube the Ecat SK presentation of January 31st and I saw the blue Ecat SK: why blue? I’d suggest to paint it gold, to put in evidence its preciousness.

  1211. Andrea Rossi

    Eureka:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1212. Anonymous

    How do you reconcile the Clifford algebra derived formulas written on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    with the particles ontology of the electro-magnetic fields along which the charge of an elementary particle is concentrated at a point?

  1213. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The base is the same, the setup in laboratory is more complex, to allow extra experiments and measurements. You can see a sketch of it in the blog of http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1214. CC

    Dear Andrea,
    About the production of electricity directly from the Ecat: did you mean that progresses have been made?

  1215. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    We are seeing some light.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1216. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1217. Karol

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Are you still working on the possibility of prodiuction of current directly from the Ecat SK? In the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com I saw the Tesla-meter measure magnetic field, more than 3 mT, this looks promising.
    Cheers
    Karol

  1218. Andrea Rossi

    Karol:
    Yes, we are not abandoning this thread of R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1219. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    One last statement about global\heating\cooling. It seems to me that the effects of plant absorption of co2 on planet carbon content is glossed over by global heating advocates. Plants make up 75% of global organic material. The amount of co2 they absorb is estimated to be 25 to 40% of atmospheric content. Since all our human food consumption is derived one way or another through the use of their mass, the increase in atmospheric content of co2 directly provides humans with more of their sustenance. Studies have shown that the higher the concentration of co2 the higher the increase of plant growth. Empirical evidence for me that this is correct is my observation that my grass and trees on my property seem to be getting more growth than in previous years without any increase on my part of applied fertilizer or other plant food. I think that perhaps we should encourage co2 production rather than discourage it(tongue in cheek). Our efforts should be in decreasing other atmospheric gas components such as Nitrogen and ozone.
    Nourishing regards.

  1220. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1221. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Based on your feedback, the commercial impact of your January 31st presentation is greater than your expectations.
    After one month, can you publish the total power you have on order or more traditionally the number of months of activity corresponding to your order book?
    I apologize if you consider this information confidential.
    All my support for your amazing invention
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1222. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind sustain; you have not to apologize, I understand your curiosity. We will give these data when they will be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1223. George Dvorak

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Did you ever use a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator to turn into electricity the kinetic and thermal energy?
    As for my surname, I am not a relative of the great musicist: you know, Dvorak, among Czechs, is a very common name, as the name of the great inventor Rossi among Italians…

  1224. Andrea Rossi

    George Dvorak:
    I never used MHD generators, because too expensive respect the relatively low efficiency.
    As for your glorious name: he,he,he…true, when in Piazza del Duomo ( the central place of Milan where is the Duomo, the most beautiful Gothic cathedral of Europe ) you call “Rossi!” at least several persons turn to you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1225. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1226. CC

    Dr Andrea,
    Rewatching on “youtube Ecat SK Presentation January 31st 2019” I got a question: do you switch the poles? Is this at the origin of that particular oscilloscope track?

  1227. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I cannot answer to this question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1228. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    I studied carefully your paper on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and verified that:
    1- all the math contained is Clifford algebra derived
    2- all the references are Clifford algebra derived
    Am I correct?

  1229. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1230. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi
    DO YOU WORK OVER HOME INSTALLATIONS OR NOW YOU ARE NOT INTERESTING?
    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  1231. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Home installations are in our strategy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1232. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1233. Steven N. Karels

    orsobubu,

    I take no position on the impact of carbon emissions on global warming. That is not my field of expertise. But I do recognize a political trend to suppress carbon footprint emissions. With the talk of banning commercial aircraft because of fossil fuel use and emissions, it seems this could facilitate the conversion of energy generation to eCat technology. As has been pointed out in other posts, the integration of a new energy technology is a long and slow process. If eCat works (a big if), then seizing every advantage to facilitate the conversion should be used. If inexpensive, pollution free energy becomes readily available across our planet, the quality of life can drastically improve. Andrea Rossi appears to be using the economic approach to the integration of eCat technology into our society — it is cheaper than alternative methods. I am merely pointing out an additional benefit.

  1234. Eric Ashwoth

    Dear Orsobubu, You are absolutely correct what you say in response to Steven and myself, although we are making justifiable statements of how Andrea’s technology can impact a very real problem. From my own perspective, even if GHG emissions are a none issue LENRs have to be recognized as an amazing important technology required to deliver a more advanced form of heat than what is presently available. However, if you read the post by Ivan Idso February 27th I think that both yourself and the readers of the JONP will get a very clear picture of how anything disliked by unfortunately people who are presently in control are able to interfere with anything they deem competitive and use all tactics to preserve their ‘golden goose’. How many tactics?, well, read the article if you have lots of time and nothing better to do or you could read up on Occam’s Razor a 14th Century Franciscan friar who studied logic and who no doubt was well before his time. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1235. Ivan Idso

    Dear Andrea,

    I found this post interesting and applicable to your endeavor:

    A study conducted by a team led by Robert Gross of Imperial College London and published in December 2018, concluded that, on average, the adoption time of the last four major power-generation technologies was 43 years. And by the end of that time, these technologies were well established, but not yet in a dominant position.

    https://www.resilience.org/stories/2019-02-27/the-inescapably-slow-deployment-of-energy-technologies/

    Regards and best wishes,

    Ivan Idso

  1236. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1237. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Prof wrote, and you agreed, that the installation of 1 million 1MW E-Cat plants in a relatively short period of time would not be impossible if you partnered with a major company in the field.

    Of course this would involve huge amounts of organization, money and manpower to accomplish.

    My question is, do you think this kind of partnership is a real possibility, or just a faint hope?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1238. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working on it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1239. Gerald Mitchell

    Dear Andrea,
    What do you think about the possibility to use the Rossi effect also to make air conditioned?
    Cheers
    Gerald

  1240. Andrea Rossi

    Gerald Mitchell:
    With the heat you can make also the cold. It is a well known and consolidated technology,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1241. Dear Andrea,

    are you working at a new patent for the E-Cat QX / SK or do you consider your device full protected by the Patent US 9,115,913 B1?
    This patent was got in August 2015 but filed in March 2012 and based on the original E-Cat, a device apparently, and at least in size, very different from E-Cat QX / SK .
    Furthermore It is very likely that in the technology behind your latest devices there are completely new elements compared to the cited patent.

    Best regards

  1242. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    The core is protected by the patent of 2015.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1243. Ginette

    Dr Rossi,
    A wide diffusion of the Ecats could improve dramatically the quest for a substantial reduction of carbon dioxide: the numbers I read yesterday on this blog are stunning indeed

  1244. Andrea Rossi

    Ginette:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1245. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    About the impact that the Ecat can have on the global worming: it is stunning to think to the numbers of CO2 reduction that could be reached with the application of one million MW made by the Ecat and one million MW is not impossible, even in a relatively short period, if you make a partnership with a major company of the field.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  1246. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1247. Herbert

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you thinking to apply the Artificial Intelligence to the Ecat?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Herbert

  1248. Huey Dirkson

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give numbers to show what could be the impact of the Ecat SK on the global warming?

  1249. Andrea Rossi

    Huey Dirkson:
    Every kWh made by fossil fuels produces moreless 0.28 kg of carbon dioxide.
    From this derives that every kWh made by the Ecat saves 0.28 kg of carbon dioxide.
    Therefore: every MWh made by an Ecat saves 280 kg of carbon dioxide, which makes 280 x 24 x 350 = 2 352 ( two thousand three hundred fifty two ) tonns per year of carbon dioxide.
    The contribution of thousands of 1 MW Ecat SK can be a game changer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1250. Valeriy Zatelepin

    Dear Dr Rossi!
    I live in Moscow and I am watching the video E-Cat SK presentation on U-Tube.
    Could you answer if you use hydrogen in the charge of the E-Cat SK?

  1251. Andrea Rossi

    Valeriy Zatelepin:
    The charge is described in our Patent US 9,115,913 B1. The answer is yes, hydrogen is contained in the charge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1252. Rod Walton

    Dr Rossi,
    see on Power Engineering of February 26 2019:
    The Nation’s capacity in natural gas-fired reciprocating internal combustion engines used to power the grid has reached 4,600 MW
    Rod Walton

  1253. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information; I want to add that the new generation of reciprocating gas-fired engines have reduced the pollutants thanks to the increase of efficiency. This shows how important is that all the energy sources are integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1254. James Erurn

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    About your answer to Anonymous earlier today: good POINT !
    I had to read three times and carefully http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_ ling_range_particle_interactions before understanding in full how important it is in the LENR scenario.
    Godspeed,
    James

  1255. Andrea Rossi

    James Erurn:
    Thank you for your attention to our theoretical work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1256. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi in questi anni mi sono sempre più convinto che la reazione da lei scoperta rientri pienamente nella fisica classica. A mio avviso (e come le confidai anni addietro) l’Ecat non è altro che un acceleratore atipico di particelle che sfrutta la superconduttività dell’idrogeno metallico per superare la barriera coulombiana degli elementi utilizzati ed ottenere la fusione. Lo testimonia la resistenza quasi nulla del reattore unitamente all’espulsione di campi magnetici dallo stesso che disturbano i dispositivi di misura nelle immediate vicinanze e l’estrema volatilità della reazione che l’ha fatta tribolare nei primi anni. Poi naturalmente ognuno è libero di chiamarla zuppa o pan bagnato ma la sostanza verosimilmente non cambia.

    English synopsis [by A.R.]: I am convinced your effect belongs to the classic physics: I see the E-Cat as an accelerator of particles that exploits the superconductivity of metallic hydrogen to overcome the Coulombian barrier; evidence of this concept is given by the low resistance of the reactor, the emission from it of the magnetic fields disturbing the measurements if the instrumentation is too close, and the volatility of the reactions that resulted in a conundrum during the initial phase of your R&D.

    Cordiali saluti,
    Vincenzo Bonomo

  1257. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for your opinion, so different from what I wrote in “Ecat and long range particle interactions”.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1258. orsobubu

    @ Steven N. Karels and Eric Ashwoth:
    instead of making predictions about possible climate changes, I prefer to imagine the applications of the New Fire to solve the principal, ascertained problems of the Earth’s ecosphere, whatever future trends may be: the movement of large masses of water towards desertified areas; waste, chemical and nuclear decontamination of air, water and soil; atmosphere terraforming, to heat it in the event of global cooling or to cool it in the case of global warming; aeroponic vertical agricoltural farms. All these operations will require huge amounts of energy, and in fact today they are whishful thinking in a market economy.

  1259. Anonymous

    About the Eureka moments: you said recently that you had Eureka moments with the QX and the SK

  1260. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Should the charge of an elementary particle be concentrated at a point, the electric field could not be defined there. See references 9 and 11 in “E-Cat SK and long range particle interactions”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1261. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1262. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you know that your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_distance_range_particle_interactions
    is still among the most read theoretical physics papers in the world?
    Prof

  1263. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1264. Mike Casbon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Would it be feasible to use an Ecat & turbine to drive a genset for powering an electric airplane or a drone?
    Thanks,
    Mike Casbon

  1265. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Casbon:
    I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1266. Eric Ashwoth

    Dear Steven N. Karels, I also find it interesting why in the USA the ‘New Green Deal’ proposes to end air travel because of GHG emissions and I also agree how much reduction in GHG emissions if the electric utility power generating facilities were converted to LENRs technology. From my own logic either the whole GHG scare is a total scam or some of the most brilliant minds on the planet entirely lack imagination which I find far more frightening than the supposed present day GHG emissions. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. It is, I believe, important to also understand that transitions are a necessary part of nature with regards evolution. An orthodox mind is from where all problems begin and perpetuate and issue forth due to a sense of futile self preservation.

  1267. Fedir Mykhaylov

    Hello Mr. Andrea. In recent publications, Parkhomov reports on track registration during reactor operation, which he calls “strange radiation.” Apparently, the main process in the reactor is the interaction of two metastable states of matter — the dense state of hydrogen in the form of clusters and the Rydberg state of lithium vapor. Charged reaction products (protons and alpha particles) are absorbed by the fuel and the walls of the reactor. At the same time, part of the high-energy clusters of dense hydrogen can penetrate beyond the walls of the reactor. The length and depth of tracks arising from the interaction of clusters of dense hydrogen with detector plates suggests the danger of their impact on biological objects. The nature of the interaction of clusters of dense hydrogen with a substance allows us to recommend screening of the walls of the reactor with several layers of metal foiled plastic.
                      Sincerely, Fedor Mikhailov.

  1268. Andrea Rossi

    Fedir Mykhaylov:
    Thank you for your insight.
    We never detected ionizing radiations emitted by the Ecat. All our Ecats are supplied with microSievert/h detectors that would detect any ionizing radiation: if you go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    you can see the video that shows the Ecat SK with on the top, beside the remote control hub, the radiations detector.
    About our process, I can just forward you to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    The spectrum of the radiations is well known, ionizing radiation spectrum is well known and we use detectors that are well known and certified to detect any ionizing radiation. Obviously, since we deal with LENR, we have the ballerina duly shielded ( but it is just pretending: the real reason is that I put on her a chastity belt because I am jealous ).
    Obviously I cannot enter into discussions about the process and I am not going to disclose confidential issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1269. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    If I am allowed to voice my opinion on the future global environment and your contribution to its requirements for stability, I would state that providing large amounts of heat may be your biggest value to humanity and not the decrease of carbon emissions. The latest theories, based on solar flare cycles, are predicting the beginning in the year 2020 of a little ice age such as the one in the 17th century.
    Warming regards.

  1270. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1271. Steven N. Karels

    While on the topic of Green House Gases (GHG) –
    “In the United States, most of the emissions of human-caused (anthropogenic) greenhouse gases (GHG) come primarily from burning fossil fuels—coal, hydrocarbon gas liquids, natural gas, and petroleum—for energy use”

    Imagine how much reduction in GHG if the electric utility power generation facilities were converted to eCat-based energy sources – nuclear without radiation.

    Consider if all cars and trucks were electric with or without onboard eCat energy generation. If buildings (homes and industrial) were heated and cooled by eCat technology.

    Do all of this and maybe I can still eat beef?

  1272. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I think it will take a long. long. long time before our tech can be applied to aircrafts and I am not sure it will happen.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1273. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I find it interesting that, in the USA, the “New Green Deal” proposes to end air travel because of the greenhouse emission aircraft produce during their travel. If your eCat powered jet turbine engine approach proves viable, your invention might save the airline industry. In the alternative, if low weight electrical generation proves possible, perhaps an all-electric airline fleet? Either way, the future for airlines and your technology looks like a high altitude adventure. Plus you would save us billions in high speed rail costs.

  1274. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1275. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am fascinated from this fact, so clear observing http://www.ecatskdemo.com : the build-up of electron densities has always considered awaste of energy, now you arrive and turn this into a game changer in the energy production field: again turning noxious waste into a new energy!
    Godspeed,
    Roby

  1276. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    He,he,he…think to Fleming, what he made with mould. The matter of the fact is that we are making what we are making using what before us was considered B.S.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1277. Donna Seaberg

    How many jobs do you think your technology cam generate in future?
    Cheers
    Donna

  1278. Andrea Rossi

    Donna Seaberg:
    I hope hundreds of thousands, directly and indirectly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1279. Norberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the nuclear model designed by Norman Cook is compatible with the theoretical proposal you formulate on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  1280. Andrea Rossi

    Norberto:
    Absolutely yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1281. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,
    I seem to have missed your decision on the name for the controller. Please advise which name was chosen and who the winner was.

    Also, on the subject of names, I submit for your kind consideration the name “Margot” for your beautiful ballerina, of course referring to the late, great prima ballerina, Margot Fonteyn. Additionally, when the SK100 comes to life, it’s ballet dancer could be named “Rudolf” obviously for Rudolf Nureyev.

    Warm regards,
    Harvey

  1282. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    The name chosen is: “The Concert”.
    Actually we had announced this after the presentation, but thank you for reminding. Not bad your suggestion, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1283. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1284. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you still working, on your own or with an industrial partner, on:
    1. Generating electricity
    2. Turbine (jet) engine applications?

  1285. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1286. Kirk Aboudi

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you belkieve to the existence of “strange radiations”?
    Kirk

  1287. Andrea Rossi

    Kirk Aboudi:
    Radiations are well known and their definition is made on the base of their wavelength. No radiation is “strange”: every radiation has a specific wavelength spectrum. A radiation detector gets any ionizing radiation and shows the microSievert per hour generated by it. Strange or not as it might be, it has a wavelength from which depends its ionization potential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1288. Raphael

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you continuing to measure all the radiations emitted by the Ecat in operation?
    Which are the results?
    Raphael

  1289. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    In the Ecat is incorporated always the detector of ionizing radiations. We never found ionizing radiations emitted from the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1290. Anonymous

    watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that on the top of the blue box of the Ecat SK there is another white box beside the hub of the remote control system: what is it?

  1291. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    True, but they have not been like lightning, they have been logic evolution of a work on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1292. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Is your remote control system still working well and without troubles?
    All the best,
    CC

  1293. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    So far we are satisfied under all the points of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1294. Melissa Gauntlett

    Dr Rossi,
    If I understood, in your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the base is to generate dense clusters of electrons in the Ecat: correct?
    Cheers
    Melissa

  1295. Andrea Rossi

    Melissa Gauntlett:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1296. Dan

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you think that the Ecat can give an important contribution in the quest to limit the global warming?

  1297. Andrea Rossi

    Dan:
    Yes, in synergy and integration with all the other energy sources.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1298. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    The first time I understood that it was working has been in the year 1998 in New Hampshire, with few Watts. After that there has not been an ahaa moment, but twenty years of perspiration more than inspiration.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1299. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Readers, Andrea,
    I have just recently been reading up on virtual particles as described on revolve.com. Quote “virtual particles only exist temporarily as they are exchanged between ordinary particles”. This statement I find is misleading because I believe there is nothing given or received in the creation of a virtual particle, that is to say virtual particles are formed by forces alone. The virtual particle is a creation of spin between the positive and the negative charge. When two particles spin in the same direction a void is created between and into which a creation occurs i.e. an image of the progenitors/virtual particle. When constructed it spins in a counter direction, contains its own identity due to its oscillating feature, another product of its progenitors. Its substance I believe is from an external source that serves as a buffer zone between its progenitors so as to maintain a viable system of existence or you could say a created life force involving three identifiable aspects not two. This creation in the case of the E-cat represents a life force that benefits due to the soft free energy that it produces by the decay of the constructed virtual particles. No doubt some people would refute this information especially those that have denied a demonstration of a mechanism labeled a ‘Unifying field oscillator’ in both universities and government research establishments where it was able to demonstrate that which I have described. This mechanism has been acknowledged as before its time. Only in physics, I believe, such a statement could be made with the sole purpose of trying to prevent future understanding and progress in our much needed developing world, especially with our reliance upon energy and the available E Cat technology, able to provide that which is so desperately needed. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. As I have previously stated I know nothing of nuclear physics but I do believe the mechanical parallels the nuclear with regards energy interaction.

  1300. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1301. Eric Ashwoth

    Dear Andrea your reply to Ernie 1 with regards your mention of ‘The enigmatic electron’ by Frank Wilczek puts forward a very convincing argument for me of why sometimes physics as a subject of dogma lacks an ability to accurately describe a contradiction in time and space which for me with regards understanding contradictions is an important part of understanding realities. Physics being a subject based upon observation and measurements thereby struggles to comprehend what could be termed continuous instantaneous transitions with regards an independent single unit labeled an electron. For me there is a very important subject that I have mentioned before being ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’ that is able to demonstrate how two units of force in time and space that continuously transition within boundaries and by interaction create a third force with its own contradictory behaviour. I am referring to a unified field of forces and flows that oscillate to remain an identifiable structure as a whole thereby allowing such to be put to good use and able to be studied with regards energy interactions. Alas as I have repeated many times the technology has been deemed by those in authority to be a subject “before its time” and thereby refused acceptance/ presentation in various institutions. I am guessing but maybe the electron together with its proton is also a taboo subject that must not be understood so as to keep a very important secret well hidden. I have found academic physics a very frustrating subject with regards its insistence of how to think and what to think of. Fortunately for me with regards my specific interest and being an independent researcher physics has been and still is an exciting mind expanding experience. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. As we are aware there is kinetic energy i.e. present performance involving positive distance/displacement of an energy unit, potential energy, future available energy involving positive future distance/displacement of an energy unit and static energy present energy involving a positive negative displacement distance/oscillation of an energy unit i.e. electrostatic energy. Thereby one energy is decreasing. One will increase then decrease due to circumstances and one will do neither and thereby contain a life force due to its adaptability to its outer/inner environment because of its unique structure that allows transitions to instantaneously take place between its alternating positive and negative charges of make up due to its mobile circumferential position within the whole allowing it to be a mediator or an identifiable structure depending upon the intuition of the observer.

  1302. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1303. Jim

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com the spetrum is clearly of a plasma. Can I be on track if I think that the 437.2 signature is the evidence of the zitterbewegung effect that brings to the space-charge, hub of the virtual particles that eventually annihilate ? I refer to the par 3 and 4 of https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Jim Agan

  1304. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the industrial eCat-SK units, where do you measure the amount of energy charged to the customer:
    1. Input power to the eCat-SK system?
    2. Output power provided to the customer?
    3. Both?
    4. some other way?

    I ask because if the customer converts a portion of the output energy to input electrical power and you charge based on input power consumed, there might be an under-charge.

  1305. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Both and we invoice also the heat recovered from the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.