Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you have success with Hot Cat testing, will there still be good reasons for you to produce low temperature E-Cat plants and reactors? Why would you need the low temperature plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, the low temperature E-Cats will be still in the line of fire for many industrial purposes. Not for domestic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Jimmy Hanks

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Perhaps you already answered to this, if yes I am sorry: the Hot Cat you are testing in the computer container is equal to the reactor tested by the ITP in Lugano in 2014?
    Jimmy Hanks

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy Hanks:
    Yes, basically is the same, but a foundamental modification has been made that has improved the ssm cycle, also thanks to the study I made of the results, that, for obvious reasons, told me much more than can tell to anyone else.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Dear Mr Rossi
    If the test prove in the positive, who will be looking after the sale of the Hot-cats, we are based in Australia and have been following your work since the beginning and are looking at impelmenting your technology into cement manufacturing which is very large consumer of energy. thank you

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    When the Hot Cat will be for sale we will give all the necessary addresses where to buy it ( F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Dear Andrea,

    All jokes aside, I absolutely understand the path you and your team are following. But, I’m nearly 75, and I just want to see this thing of yours working before I croak.

    Your necessary deliberate pace gives me more anxiety than my soaring in hazy weather did last week when I couldn’t find the field. Good thing I saw the tow plane make her approach. Whew!

    Charlie

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    We are working at the maximum of our possibilities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    Do you think it is possible to put a water motor to provide electricity to the Hot Cat? I am attaching two patents:

    http://www.hydromoving.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11&Itemid=115

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link. If it works, yes.
    When a product will be available to test it we will make a proof.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  11. Dr. Andrea,

    Of course, I’m joking. I believe you need a light moment once in a while. The black box comment was to indicate I wanted you to keep your secrets. I think you are further along than you indicate, so I am beginning to get more interested.

    Rules for commercial and general aviation are different for those of us in EAA (Experimental Aviation Association). Our planes carry the placard, “EXPERIMENTAL” to fit that category. If you ever reach a point where you could use a guinea pig or two, you can easily and legally find one in our ranks. By the way, Sterling engines, though slow to get up to full power, do not suffer power losses with increasing altitudes but become more efficient in the cooler upper air. Jets are more efficient than piston engines at higher altitudes but not as good as the Sterlings.

    This is all in fun, but I can get serious rather quickly. Thanks for indulging me,

    Hope you had a good fourth of July,

    Charlie

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thanks, but I wil NEVER propose to anybody, but me, to make the part of a Guinea pig. I never made boxing with the face of the others. This also is the reason why we will never put in commerce an item without all the due safety certification. I say “we” because my Team is on the same page.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you have said the 1M plant is in SSM, what do you mean? Are all the E-Cat reactors in SSM concurrently or are just the majority of them? Or do you mean that the plant is operating at an overall COP >> 1?

    I hope you find some time to get some good 4th of July BBQ wherever you are.

    Sincerely,

    Peter Metz

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    SSM means “self sustained mode”. Precise data will be given in due time.
    Today I have been all the day inside the plant, therefore no BBQ, but I think that the field of our work resonates with the field of the work that brought the USA to get their Independence. Thank you for your invitation for the next year: I adore BBQ. The one I remember with most affection is the BBQ on July 4th 1998 in the house of my friend Craig Cassarino, now vice-president of LTI, discussing about my LENR experiments, that in those times were made very secretly. Craig is a BBQ Master, and used to spray on the beef a sauce of his invention, whose secret was more coveted than is now the IP of the E-Cat.
    (Hi, Craig!)
    Thank you, dear Peter Metz, also for giving me the chance to wish a wonderful July 4th to all our Readers that live in the USA!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the future, do you see IH leasing the 1 MW plants or selling then outright?

    Leasing may give IH better control of their IP.

    Paul

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Let’s not put the cart ahead of the horses. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Konrad Welsh

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Please send us the update as of today of the operation of the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the factory of Industrial Heat’s Customer!
    Cheers,
    Konrad

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Konrad Welsh:
    It’s 3.48 p.m. of Saturday July 4th ( Independence Day for the USA). The 1 mW plant is stable, in ssm, the Hot Cat is stable and in ssm too. In this moment we have not particular problems, just stay alert.
    Warm Regards, from inside the computers container,
    A.R.

  19. George

    Dear Andrew,
    you can find the work by Hagelstein that Jonathan cited in his comment here:
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/nanor-technology-alternative-lenr-reactor/

  20. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Dear Andrea,

    All I need from you is a couple of redundant new powerful hot cats you locked in a secret “black box” to power a single sterling engine that I hope to design and install in my old ’64 Cessna 172E for it’s non-stop trip from a field here in NC to Paris or anywhere you want in Europe. I’ll only need about 100hp at the prop. That demonstration would necessarily be short lived and would get a lot more attention than a year long run at a mfg plant. If the hot cats need any fuel at all the fuel tanks will be at your service. I’ll give you the plane when I’m through with it.

    Charlie

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    I think you are joking. Obviously we do not give to anybody any “black box” for obvious reasons connected with the IP protection, nor it is thinkable to make an aeroplane fly with an E-Cat before a specific technology has been developed and a safety certification is obtained for that specific use ( consider at least 20 years to be waited for).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    “The fuel ashes belong to the owner of the plant”.
    I think it is unfair but if it is so contracted, let it be so.

    Take care of your health!

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    I cannot disclose contractual particulars.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: How much time and effort are you and IH expending to make sure the results of your 350 day contract, F9, will be accepted by future costumers as a money saving solution for their operations?

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    If F9 will be positive, the numbers will speak for themselves. If not, same thing, but in negative. There will be not much need to speak.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “but must endure 350 operative days, so we cannot foresee how many days we will have to interrupt the operation of the plant, due to breakages etc.”.

    You previously said, I believe, that the current 1MW eCat unit has not had any failures and is still running on its initial charge.
    1. Is this correct?

    2. Have there been breakages of the customer’s equipment that affect your operation?

    3. Have there been interrupts of input electrical power (i.e., from the electricity provider)?

    4. Have there been other interrupts in operation, such as planned maintenance, scheduled shut-downs, etc?

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- I said She is running on its initial charge, not that we did not have any breakage
    2- I cannot give this information
    3- No
    4- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Jonathan Metz

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    You talked of the work in the MIT of Prof. Hagelstein: it is described in the blog ecat-thenewfire.com
    Cheers,
    Jonathan

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Jonathan Metz:
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Did you have a Muse or a consulting chemist to provide the insight needed to eliminate E-Cat’s original external hydrogen tank? This was major improvement to your E-Cat “fuel”. But I wondered if you conducted a series of experiments or had a sudden revelation as to how to access hydrogen inside the E-Cat cell?

    Wishing you continued good luck for your great work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    No Muse. Just study and work.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  33. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    To whom belong the fuel ashes after test completion?
    Pure Ni62 is expensive and you can have a suppletory gain. Money does not harm and it would be a compliment for you.

    Take care and keep healthy.

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    You are right.
    The fuel ashes belong to the owner of the plant.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  35. Craig Johnson

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why you want not to make theoretical discussions?

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Craig Johnson:
    Because when I think I have something theoretical that is worth to say, I publish it. Otherwise, instead of discussing I prefer to learn from Professors and from books. My time is very limited, I must select things surely worth to do. Please do not think this is a snobbery: I have to spend my time as cautiously as a person with not much money has to spend his money.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Jane Brown

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is your opinion about the LENR experiment made by Prof Peter L. Hagestein in the Massachussets Institute of Technology (MIT) ?
    Thanks if you find the time to answer,
    Jane

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Jane Brown:
    The experiments of Prof. Peter Hagestein are very important as a sign of how is changed the perception of LENR in the highest echelons of the mainstream scientific world. Few years ago the MIT considered LENR non-science, today they are making R&D on LENR in their labs and publishing reports of successful experiments. This is important for the LENR environment: let me say, without hypocisy, that the merit of this change of mode has been generated by the enormous work made by our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Previously, you have stated that out of all the LENR devices that have been claimed in patents and literature, IH has only been able to replicate and produce excess heat from Ikegami’s and Brian Ahern’s experiments. I’ve been reading the patents and papers of Unified Gravity Corporation, and I wonder if you attempted to replicate their setup as well.

    https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2014189799

    They claim in their patent application to have produced high rates of proton-lithium fusion using very low energy protons (sometimes as low as 200ev but usually not higher than 2000 or so ev). In their experiments, they have applied an alternating bias voltage (for example a few tens of milliamps and a few hundred volts to a couple thousand) to a lithium disc in high vacuum. Hydrogen gas is either pumped into the chamber or lithium hydride is placed on the disc. When the power is turned on, a lithium hydrogen plasma formed. They claim the negative bias pulses create the plasma and the positive pulses induce the proton lithium fusion. In one experiment, they used square wave pulses and a short 10% duty cycle to achieve a vert high calculated COP in the hundreds. They have also used low power magnetic fields to confine the plasma and further enhance the reaction rate. In addition, they have detected in real time a huge flux of alpha particles and have detected helium ash.

    I cannot help but wonder if some of the processes in their device and the hot cat are very loosely related. Have you tested their claims?

    What impresses me about their work (even though you are far ahead of them because you have an actual product and they do not) is that they have performed hundreds or thousands of tests, built many different reactors, and optimized their system via trial and error like you have. They are not just talk.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    I never comment the work of our competitors. As I said, the sole experiments we have successfully reproduced so far are the ones I cited. This is NOT a comment on the work of the others, it is just a matter of fact strictly related to our replications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you reached the half-way point of your one year test yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I cannot give this information. We will give due information when the test will have been completed. Please remember that the test has not a solar calendar, but must endure 350 operative days, so we cannot foresee how many days we will have to interrupt the operation of the plant, due to breakages etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Ian Walker

    Hello Andrea Rossi

    I ask whether you have seen the thermodynamic analysis of the Lugano E-Cat written by Slad
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/270314996/A-Thermodynamic-Analysis-of-the-Lugano-E-Cat

    As featured in Frank Acland’s e-catworld.com

    As I think it a very good analysis.

    While you may have people who are in your team who are working on this and may have seen similar analysis or carried it out your self, with your fluid engineering background. I myself find it to be very competently written and you may want engage in discussion with the author.

    Kind Regards Ian Walker

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Walker:
    I want not to enter in a discussion. I prefer, in this period, to use the free time left from Her to study Physics, more than discuss about this matter. I published that link because maybe it can interest some reader of our blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Hoover Bismark

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    During the nights, that you spend inside the plant, are not you afraid of hostile intrusions ?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Hoover Bismark:
    The factory the plant is in is guarded 24/7 by security officers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Slad

    Mr Rossi

    In your theory paper written with Norman Cook you say:

    “At the temperature of operation of the ECat used in the Lugano test, the Lithium contained in the LiAlH4 is vaporized, and consequently was distributed evenly within
    the volume of the E-Cat.”

    I believe a significant proportion of the lithium remains as liquid, even up to the melting point of nickel.

    I explain why here:

    https://www.scribd.com/doc/270314996/A-Thermodynamic-Analysis-of-the-Lugano-E-Cat#fullscreen=1

    In the snappily titled: A THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF THE LUGANO E-CAT (A Handy Guide for Replicators, Inventors, Nay-Sayers and Theorists)

    I think this behaviour has parallels with Ikegami’s work involving molten lithium.

    Best Regards.

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Slad:
    Thank you for your insight. I met many times Prof. Ikegami in the university of Uppsala in 2012, 2013 and 2014 and I studied with attention his work with Li; we discussed together with Prof. Sven Kullander about his work and my work. The study of the work of Prof Ikegami has doubtless been important for me.
    About your insight: I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Jimmy Hunt

    Dr Rossi:
    Every single day that you say your 1 MW E-Cat is working in the factory of a customer and has long periods of self sustaining mode (ssm) I ask myself: do people understand that this is History in the making, day by day, by this guy?
    God bless you, Andrea, for the work you are making for us 16 hours per day, day and night. Just take notice that we are millions who wait for your product.
    Jimmy

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy Hunt:
    Thank you, but let me just add that all this work is not made just by me, but by our great Team. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, your uninterrupted presence close to her, make me to believe that something about the working mechanism would not already well known, and this make me believe that perhaps it could be not explainable also in the future.
    If is there an unexplained variable, that I guess (ignorantly) it could take part to the reaction: a third factor in add to the charge and heat supply, it seem a fluctuating and unpredictable presence, could be named as antimatter? that fluctuates into a parallel dimension.

    Oneiric regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    My uninterrupted presence in the plant installed in the factory of the Customer of IH is due to the fact that it is our first plant installed in the factory of a Customer, operating for unlimited time. We have to be always present for at least 1 year due to our contractual agreement and due to the fact that it is our first occasion to make R&D, tests on an industrial plant really working and producing and not on an experimental industrial device working for few hours. Staying continuously with her we are learning an enormous amount of data, information that will be at the base of our industrial production. It is the first time in the history for such a plant, we do not have prior art to gat experience from, so we have to observe her with extreme attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Enrique Gonzales

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can we have an update in the very moment you read this comment?
    Cheers,
    Enrique

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique Gonzales:
    11.45 a.m. of July 2nd: situation substantially stable, in this moment we are in ssm both with the 1 MW E-Cat and the small Hot Cat. I am finishing my working shift, will return here at 6 p.m.
    I go to sleep.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. David Levis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    NASA, AIRBUS are making experiments after the Lugano Report, Universities in Russia have replicated your Effect, the China Institute for the Atomic Energy has replicated your Effect, the Universities of Bologna has replicated your Effect, the University of Uppsala is replicating your Effect, the MIT is replicating your Effect…are you worried for your Intellectual property?

  56. Andrea Rossi

    David Levis:
    No, I am honoured that the work of our Team is taken seriously from these giants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. domenico canino

    Hi Andrea,
    NASA working on LENR propulsion for Aircraft. This is the link to their work. In the paper you will see the photo of a Rossi Hot Cat of the Lugano text. Nasa working on LENR after Rossi’work. It’s clear. It’s a big thing.
    warm regards
    http://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/SeedlingWELLS.pdf

  59. George Mc Elvenny

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    LENRleaks says that also a team of the University of Bologna has replicated the Rossi Effect with a reactor copied from the Lugano test: is that true?
    George Mc Elvenny

  60. Andrea Rossi

    George Mc Elvenny:
    I didn’t know about the existence of a LENRleaks! This is another sign of the LENR consistency ( he,he,he…).
    I am not informed about what you say. I know that a team of Professors of the Univessity of Bologna has made a reactor after the Lugano test, but I am not informed about their work. Surely they will publish a report when they will have consolidated results, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Hanna Von Goetz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I saw another replication made by the Russian Academy of Science, that is taking seriously LENR after years of ostracism. Your merit.
    Godspeed,
    Hanna

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Hanna Von Goetz:
    No, it is not my merit: it is merit of Dr Alexander Parkhomov, who made a convincing replication and of Dr Irina Uzikova, nuclear Physicist of the Russian Academy of Science, that prepared the ground since when she attended the demo we made with the first 1 mW plant in Bologna on 2011.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand the pressures to get a product to market quickly and the counter pressures of protecting IP and market positioning. You get one chance to do this job correctly in this world of ours. So proceed quickly but carefully. Obtain the necessary certifications and the mass production capability. Have these in hand before you release a commercial product. While people on this site honestly believe that the current prototype unit as is will be usable, you and I know that potential competitors will do whatever they can to prevent an eCat from being commercially successful. While the potential impact of lower energy will greatly affect the developing world, it would be a greater loss if eCat fails on its first release and the technology is lost. In my humble opinion.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  65. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi:

    I understand in part your response to Mr. Ferro Casagrande but at the same time I
    have the itching sensation that you are pressed by some unmerciful instances to
    attain extraordinary performances from the 103 modules warm E-Cat plant. And all
    that putting yourself in health risk. We think that the domestic unit with COP 6
    is enough and even 3 would be a success if only thermal power is required as is
    the case. And the best of all is that everything is ready for manufacturing.

    Of course, setting in service the E-Cats without proper certification is unlawful
    in US and in EU but we have estimated that more than 10% of the half a million
    preorders come from non USA, non european countries. This yields 5.000 orders,
    some of them of more than a single device. Correct me if I am wrong but
    manufacturing E-Cat for certain countries which allow its installation would be
    perfectly legal. I live in Northern Hemisphere, now summer time, but within some
    months lot of persons shall need thermal energy, an energy that most of them
    cannot pay if generated by wood, natural gas, fueloil or electricity.
    So please, for the sake of mankind (part of it), snap some time to get the
    necessary certifications. Even without further certificates, the safety
    certification (I think it is the more important) was already granted and enough
    for non US-EU countries. Then press the start button of the robotized plant and
    beginn production. Many problems will be solved and you will get in return not
    only a significant amount of money but also the gratitude of so many 3rd world
    persons.

    Yours sincerely

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    We have to respect the laws of the USA and European Countries everywhere we go in the world.
    I confirm what I have already said, also for what concerns the protection of the IP: there cannot be production of richness for everybody if there is not substantial intelklectual property protection. Nobody is going to invest seriously for anything whose iP is not protected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: As you know there will be a huge market for your 1 MW E-Cat, how do you plan to protect your IP, will you use the same strategy you are planning for the home 10 KW E-Cat? Thanks again for this site and answering our questions, and thereby keeping LENR discussions in the news.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Basically, yes, with due exceptions to be evaluated in specific situations. IP is easier to protect in 1 MW E-Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hi Dr. Rossi, please read these new experiments that are leading in Russia:

    http://tet.in.ua/index.php/en/

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=j11d1g1oSFo

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    In Russia the so called rossi Effect has now been replicated repeatedly, it appears. I think Dr Alexander Parkhomov has a great merit on this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Jamews Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update related to the replications on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. James Rovnak

    Andrea report on MFMP coming out shortly – ash analysis to follow, is my guess!
    “# Robert Greenyer — 2015-07-01 16:41
    Hi David,

    We are investigating the results of the GS3 and post analysis – I hope to publish this tomorrow, but seemingly have a never ending accounting job – including for the MFMP – to do. The analysis has implications for all replications in some way similar to the GS3.

    I am also setting up the Ash analysis.

    We are also helping others to get up to speed with their own replications.”
    I know we both await the ash analysis, although they did not run long enough for much to be there, but any would be very good news for everyone!
    My own guess is that we will see some!

    Jim

  73. Dr Rossi:
    Will you attend meetings with Airbus?

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    No.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  75. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Ma non capisco ! Se io Ti chiedo di vendermi la tua vecchia bici ! Hai bisogno di rilasciarmi un cerrtificato di agibilità !!! Io non credo !!! Sono anni che vivi a contatto con numerosi E-CAT per 15 ore al giorno , e Sei ancora vivo e vegeto . Cosa Ti impedisce di spedire a noi i Tuoi più affezionati lettori un paio di scatolette con dentro questi minuscoli E-CAT . Io Ti leggo da anni !!! Io ,Steven , Gary , Paul , Alexvs , e molti e molti altri Tuoi affezionatissimi lettori e sostenitori .
    Non capisco !!! Giannino di Udin
    ENGLISH:
    Why you cannot sell us one of your prototypes, even if it is not safety certified?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    For two resons:
    1- to sell an item not safety certified is unlawful
    2- we cannot sell a small unit before we are making massive manufacturing because the risk of reverse engineering is too high. Only a massive production can shield us from reverse engineering, making it not profitable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Gretchen Taylor

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When will you available for an interview on the status of the art of LENR?

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Gretchen Taylor:
    Surely not before the end of the tests on course on the 1 MW E-Cat operating in the factory of the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    Like Mr. Ferro Casagrande and Mr. Karels I am older than you (15 years). Since four years back we all await the advenement of our domestic E-Cats. Whithout wanting to put you in danger with the exhaustive working the 1 MW plant needs, I want to demand you, in my own name and in the name of above mentioned fellows, thorough information about what you have several times promised, i.e. a domestic E-Cat. We do not need 1 MW, just 10 KW. Even 5 KW would be wellcome by me and the group of mates who have booked for it. Not wanting to speak for the whole community we can send you a list of customers who would accept the 5 KW version. Please give us an email address where to send the list.

    We remain yours respectfully

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    The R&D and tests that we are making not only with the 1 MW E-Cat, but also with the Hot Cat , are finalized to a massive production. Safety certification and massive production are necessary to fullfill your demand. I can assure you that we are working as much as possible on this issue.
    For what depends on us ( technology) we are very advanced. For what does not depend on us (safety certification) we will gain much time if the tests on the 1 MW plant will be completed with positive results, because the safe operation for 1 year of the 1 MW E-Cat can give a good point of reference also for the domestic applications.
    I really sympathize with you, as well as with Mr Ferro Casagrande, Steven N. Karels and all the many Readers that are sending us comments on the same subject, not to talk of the half million persons that have pre-ordered a domestic E-Cat and that are ready to confirm the order should we deliver our product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Gary Underwood

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read all the more than 23 000 comments and the hundreds of links to the comments in this blog and I am stunned. The amount of information is colossal and what does really stun me is the unbelievable constant upgrading under the scientific, technological point of view that you made in 4 years: it has been an exponential growth. Congratulations and thank you for this dramatic engagement of yours.
    God bless you,
    Gary

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Gary Underwood:
    Thank you for your attention. I want to underline, though, that the growth has been made together with my great Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Cari Steven ed Andrea , siete molto simpatici sulla disputa di quanti anni ci vogliono ancora per realizzare propulsori LENR su strada o aerei . Io fra 20 anni sarò belle che morto . Ma io caro Andrea aspetto già da molto tempo solamente 4 minuscoli HOT-CAT per scaldare qualcosa in Azienda . Fra quanto me li spedirai ? A me non servono cartacce varie . Vedi se riesci a rispondermi un po meno evasivamente con ad esempio non ho la sfera di cristallo oppure quel continuo F9 di incertezze .
    Rammentate che Vi voglio bene per davvero se non altro perché lavorate non meno di 12 ore al giorno . Ma d’altro canto anch’io ho fatto cosi per più di 40 anni comprese le domeniche e festività . Ciao Andrea ! Forza ! Giannino di Udine !
    ENGLISH nutshell tanslation by A.R.:
    Dear Steven, Andrea:
    apart airoplanes, when will I be able to use an E-Cat to heat up my factory?
    Giannino from Udine (Italy)

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    We are making the tests and R&D on course with the plant installed in the factory of the Customer of IH and on the Hot Cat to prepare a massive production (F9).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Paul

    Andrea,

    The first aviation e-cat will probably be an unmanned steam rocket with a single hot-cat reactor in a sealed water tank driven to critical failure. I believe you said that the 10 KW hot-cat that failed during the first 3rd party test reached 1MW output over a 10 second period. (We are still hoping to see the video some day.)

    Paul

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    What you write makes sense. I substantially agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since I am older than you, mostly likely you will win but I will be long gone. My winning solution, experimental aircraft. Plus the battery evolution will push the technology. You do your part for LENR electricity generation and the rest of humanity will do their part – battery and aircraft powerplant development. Keep my bottle of water cold!

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You bet!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Meanwhile this electric plane is already flying.
    It carries two people and has a range of 1 hour.
    And it is powered by packs of rechargeable electric batteries, total power 9 kW:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WiADDbeFanU

    Flying Regards,
    Italo R.

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Interesting, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi , I suppose you will be delighted reading this comment.

    From the times of Tesla in the 1890s, Cold fusion has been discovered and then forgotten and then later rediscovered in a tragic cycle of frustration and forgetfulness. Tesla may have been the first. There is a persistent urban legend about Nikola Tesla. The prolific Serbian inventor who claimed that his greatest achievement, the achievement that he was most proud of, was not alternating current or the radio, but a high voltage tube which could produce energy and transmute materials.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/29/lenr-and-the-long-march-into-forgetfulness-axil-axil/

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Yes, I am delighted to read this. Nikola Tesla has been a much more important inventor than he ie considered.
    Very interesting, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Koen Vandewalle

    Steven,
    Technological advances are enabling people to create larger and more complex problems.
    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  94. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Sorry, but I must strongly disagree with you. I would foresee that LENR will be used for aircraft propulsion within 10 years. The current flight of the Solar Impulse 2 demonstrates that low powered aircraft can be made. Consider using LENR with its long-term fuel and high energy to mass ratio. While I agree that fighter jets that require rapid change in energy output will be the last to see LENR, I would think that slow transport aircraft could meet an economic need as fossil fuels become less available and more restricted. So if there are no LENR powered commercial aircraft in Dec 2025, I will gladly by you a bottle of water.

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    What a stupid man I am!
    I made a statement related to what will happen in future about LENR and Avionics while I didn’t yet receive the crystal ball from Amazon!
    I settle for the water bottle bet, though..but now we have another F9 case: in 2025 Andrea Rossi could be still alive, but also dead…ok, here is the solution: I will put a water bottle in an escrow and you will be entitled to get it, should you win the bet ( you will lose, you will lose…have you the slightest idea of the timespan necessary to get the certifications – I mean safety certifications- for a thing like this in avionics ??? It is taking more than 4 years to make domestic boilres !!!).
    I said 20 years because I am an optimist guy. I cannot forget that the CEO of Volvo, several years ago, told me that to apply LENR to trucks could take about 20 years; can you imagine how much time will be necessary for an aeroplane?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you confident that major manufacturers of jets will put their wizards to work on LENR ? (So it seems…)

    Kind regards,

    Koen

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I think that the day of aeronautical applications of LENR is not close.
    I think it will take not less than 20 years to see something operating in that field.
    Not less, probably more.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  98. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea,
    in the last days Aftenposten in Norway wrote:

    “…a source with heavy scientific background in relevant subjects has even been present and able to inspect the container. The reason that he does not want to be named, is that it is considered very dangerous for his career to embrace the highly controversial phenomenon of cold fusion…”
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/21/norways-aftenposten-newspaper-independent-source-confirms-rossis-1mw-plant-working/
    Without entering in details, IP protection, F9, bla bla etc. may you say:
    who was this guy?
    you were there?
    and whatever you can say (nothing I presume).
    Kind regards
    Giuliano Bettini.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    I can say nothing.
    Due information about the performance of the plant will be given after the end of the Tests and R&D on course. The results could be positive or negative, independently from anything anybody could say now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you routinely use emissivity (epsilon) measurements in your testing and R&D work?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The measurements of the efficiency of the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat, obviously, is made with calorimetry, because the plant has to produce steam necessary to the manufacturing process of the Customer. Therefore both the third party that has to certify the performance and the Customer that is using the E-Cat are just measuring the amount of the thermal energy actually delivered from the plant, not the pure heat radiated from the reactors. The measurement of the pure heat radiated from the reactor makes sense in laboratory tests, because, being a direct measurement, not mediated by a heat exchanger, gives more rigorous results.
    For what concerns the Hot Cat we are making tests with inside the computers container, we are making both calorimetric and IR measurements, obtaining similar results, even if calorimetric measurements are lower due to the fact that the heat exchanger makes a loss of energy depending on its efficiency factor.
    I cannot add other information regarding this issue, because all the publishable data will be published when the tests on course will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. KD

    Dir Mr.Rossi

    She, The Cat, saved small “Wakayama Electric Railway” and helped in bringing $8.9 millions to local economy.

    Cat stationmaster Tama mourned in Japan and elevated as goddess
    The calico cat was appointed stationmaster at the Kishi station in western Japan in 2007 and died early last week. Now she has been mourned by company officials

    http://www.google.com/url?url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/11704428/Cat-stationmaster-Tama-mourned-in-Japan-and-elevated-as-goddess.html&rct=j&frm=1&q=&esrc=s&sa=U&ei=MlKQVYWQGIKQ-QGg2YWYBg&ved=0CBkQqQIwAQ&usg=AFQjCNGJmThSG_tsRs-EkZap58BvlwpndA

  103. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    He,he,he…delicious!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Boris

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I have read a “Comment” to the Lugano Report ( LR ) that is falsely dressed as a “Article”.
    I will not provide here any reference about the author or the title because I don’t want to give to this kind of criminal any kind of publicity. I call him a criminal because he does a real crime creating false information.
    Just some points:
    All the writing appears to be done by copying and pasting old false argumentation against the LR, the calculation of emissivity is completely wrong, and shows a complete ignorance of the topic by the author.
    The author has not even read carefully the report in which is explained how the ridges emissivity is handled, using only the bare cylinder surface for IR emission measurement.
    The calculation of the power by the author is also completely wrong and purposely misleading not taking in account the power emitted by the alumina pipes ( where the emissivity was measured ! ) and wires.
    The author does not take in account any fact that has been noticed during this almost one year long period after the LR has been published .
    For example that the wires are of a special type of Kantall and most important the replications by four independent groups: two Russian laboratories, one Chinese and one American.
    I stop here for the moment, because I’m to disgusted by this kind of criminals.
    But if necessary I can give more details. But I think that for real scientist this is not necessary.

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    Thank you for your insight. I totally agree with you. The concept of epsilon is not easy to undertand for non experts and we have non experts of the field that criticize the measurements of Professors that teach in the universities that specific matter. just like cts that want to teach to miew to cats. About cats: I invite to look the delicious link sent us from our Reader KD two hours ago!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Weleda Sutherland

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for what you said about ” they who have not solid bases better let alone theories”.
    While your titanic work if giving credibility to LENR, the publication of a stream of theories that violate the basic laws of physics gives fuel to LENR opposition.
    Thank you for what you are doing, Andrea.
    Thank you for your exhausting and stressing work.
    Cheers,
    Weleda

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Weleda Sutherland:
    I agree with you.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. James Andrew Rovnak

    Just thinking about how simple all this is Andrea – the big picture of the New Fire with only a few more engineering details to be worked out like you have done in the E-Cat series – thanks again from all of us who see the TRUTH & now for the details, No?

    Jim

  109. Andrea Rossi

    James Andrew Rovnak:
    You are continuing ( also today June 28) to send theories and I am continuing to spam them. Guess why.
    I appreciate your enthusiasm and your kindness, but I cannot give room to theoretical nonsenses, nor I have time to object to them.
    About the replications you are giving us the updates of: to have a precise opinion, it is necessary to receive scientific and detailed reports, with all the data concerning the description of the measurement instruments, a detailed lay out of the measuring system, the graphs of the data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the fuel mixture you are currently using substantially different or improved since the testing you conducted prior to the Lugano test report?

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The R&D on the E-Cat is a neverending process, and this principle is valid for all the parts of our reactors.
    This said, I cannot enter in particulars, because we have to defend out intellectual property. Innovation without IP does not produce global richness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I was under the assumption that you mentioned a more refined paper containing a more detailed body of theory was being prepared for publication to be submitted to another main line publication and is under review by your personal physics experts. It was to be submitted when the rough spots are removed.
    Hopeful regards.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    It is in preparation, but it is immature: too immature to know if it will be published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    It seems to me that you and your co-author of the pre- print of your paper on the theory of the E-cat, are cooking up a theory for the manufacturing of 4He. The alpha particles at the temperature you run your device would easily find the necessary electrons to form the He. Have you measured the amount of He being produced and if so does it correspond to the theoretical amount required? It also seems to me a way to falsify or confirm your theory. The pre-print, IMHO is more of a dissertation on Cook’s lattice theory than on the theory of the E-cat mechanism and then presenting a side issue dealing with its application to your device. The production of two alpha particles by proton capture had been proposed previously in a number of blogs without a firm mechanism to explain it.
    I think that because of the multiple possibilities involved with the nuclear process in your device that only extensive ash analysis including gas measurements can really solve the problem. You must have performed many assays since you have much fuel residue produced by long time operation of both hot and cool devices and the cost of doing the analysis is trivial compared to the engineering costs you are spending on the ongoing tests. I understand the necessity for your not revealing any of the results of the assays, but because of this knowledge and the cooperation with Cook on the paper, I must conclude that the production process indicated must be well indicated.
    Any information you can reveal will be eagerly awaited since it can lead to new scientific knowledge usable to form more advanced engineering devices for mankind.
    Anxious regards.

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    The Cook Rossi paper has already been published.
    About future papers, I’d need the mostly cited crystal ball.
    Engineering of advanced applications of the so called Rossi Effect will rise from an Intellectual Property about which we’ll maintain the confidentiality, until a massive production will have been put on the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Gherardo

    Dott.Rossi,
    I’m happy to know that you are checking your health and that is all OK. Personally I donate blood regularly.
    Sometimes chasing a dream that is becoming real makes us forget all needs till is too late.
    Be dedicated but stay balanced to run the long march to victory. It’s not a sprint.
    I find myself speaking like an old man. Forgive me…
    All the best, Gherardo

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    Thank you for your care.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Hi Andrea,

    1) Are there any encouraging signs in the development of
    G-Cat (G=Gas) by the other half of your team ?

    2) Is the jet engine, that you bought, being utilised or
    has it been mothballed for the time being?

    3) I am trying to lose weight, and you need to gain some.
    How about a trade?

    Keep well and continue to enjoy your very valuable work.

    Jean Pierre

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    1- yes
    2- not yet utilized, still unerd study
    3- deal!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain why the Lugano report has been so helpful to you, after you have done so many years of R&D of your own? I would have thought you would have made tremendous amounts of measurements of every kind in your own labs.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Good question, impossible answer: to explain what has been the source of important factors emerged from the Lugano Report I should have to disclose confidential particulars. The huge work we made in our lab before the Lugano Report is the base that allowed us to see in the Report what can be observed only if you have “eyes” for it, trained by the huge background I mentioned.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R,

  122. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi, everybody that has a baby never knows if their child will “change the World”, you are sitting in your container, baby sitting with a child that you know will change the World dramatically and hopefully much for the better.
    This must make you feel very proud, like a new father who knows their child will be a genius.
    Best wishes

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    He,he,he…F9, though!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “Cannot stay away” from your eCat is a sign of two possibilities:

    a. Compulsion, based on fear or anxiety or
    b. Great love for the technology

    Condition a is very damaging and unhealthy. Condition b is very healthy and wonderful. I hope it is condition b.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Fuel exhaustion topic:
    All those scenarios have to be experienced yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    eCat fuel exhaustion is an interesting topic. Do you expect to detect near fuel exhaustion by:

    1. monitoring your control levels or signals and observing a long term, significant increase in demand for the same thermal output level?
    2. The thermal output power gradually begins to decline?
    3. The thermal output power suddenly drops without the ability to recover?
    4. Rapid changes in the thermal output power?

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I too hope it is condition “b”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Gherardo

    Dott. Rossi,
    from the photos I see here http://andrea-rossi.com/1mw-plant/ you are too slim for the team !!! :-D
    Don’t be possessive, let them chase the cat too and burn some fat…
    Gherardo

    PS: I’m obviously joking, I hope you and your team are in a good mood :-)

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    As a matter of fact, I am continuing to lose weight, but I made blood and urine analysis very complete, including cancer indicators and the results are totally good, so I am healthy. The Team is working with me and , honestly, they would be glad to allow me to work the regular 8 hours per day instead of the 16 I work through, but it is me that is not able to stay away from Her. Observing the E-Cat at work, combined with the data of the Lugano Report and the study of the theory of Norman Cook our technology is consolidating by the day.
    This said, I must say F9 ( F9= ” the final results can be either positive or negative “).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I just read the comment you gave to Frank Acland and I wondered:
    Did you see any change in time which may be due to exhaustion or waring out of the ‘fuel’? If so, are you able to extrapolate (calculate) the expected ‘life-time’ of the fuel and it this satisfactory or is this still crystal ball science and hope?
    Thanks for your constant effort for answering all these endless questions.

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard Mc Ek:
    We did not see so far exhaustion signs. In this case it is not a matter of crystal ball, but of experience: it is the first time we can see a plant work 24/7 for one full year, therefore we have to learn. From theoretical ( mathematical) calculations the charge should endure at least 365 days. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    James Andrew Rovnak:
    Sorry, I have taken off from your comment a theory that is too nonsensical to be published even in a blog. It violates practically all the foundamental laws of physics. Suggestion: without strong bases, better let alone theories.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Josh K. Horn

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you tink of the replications cited in the comments of James Rovnak?
    John

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Josh K. Horn:
    I can say nothing until a detailed report is published about those experiments, with all the necessary scientific data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    The soldering gun is a device where a high amperage 50 Hz alternating current flows in a thick copper wire. The wire becomes very hot at a portion which is strongly curved. (Google ‘soldering gun’ to see images or probably you know such device already.) Maybe this kind of heating approach might be useful in small E-cat units, because it can be made very local and losses are apparently rather small. It is a variant of resistive heating, but one which is specific to AC.
    regards, /pekka

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    The E-Cat is much more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Tom Conover

    James Rovnak,

    Thank you for your interest. I need to make a serious correction here. None of the information published by Wizkid was intended for this forum, it was not fueled. There was no SSM because there was no fuel present. There was no SSM.

    Wizkid

  138. James Rovnak

    Andrea another one of my monologs of random thought for comments from you & blog members, only if you can.
    I shared this with Wizkid tonight as I thought I’d detected a little (ssm) LENR presence in his shutdown temperature graphs or else I’m just see things? You don’t have to comment on that statement, just save an old man from embarrassing himself again.
    “Just for the record Mats002 I did blow up (magnify) the unfueled test temperature profile on shutdown & the fueled run & there is a bit of (ssm) LENR present that is obvious to me at least. Now Wizkid if you normalize both decay curves to 100 %, that is the nonfueled case divided by 1200 C & the fueled trip case by about 900 C & overplot them, I think you will find that they both drop off initially very fast, but the fueled run runs into a little remnant of decayed heat at about 400 C or about 44%. This is exactly how heat after death appears in current nuclear plants. Now for a clean new Nuclear Plant reactor that is the unfueled analog here. It takes week/months for appreciable decay heat to build.Since Wizkid didn’t run very long nor stimulate enough (ssm) to occur, there will not be much (ssm) present in his decay profile.I didn’t have the data only graphs & my ability with spread sheets has become dismal since retiring 15 years ago but visually & with a few attempts at blowing up portions of both temperature curves until my eyes hurt, I could see the break point at 44% in the fueled run. Would be nice if Wizkid would try this exercise to make an old man happier or show me up for what I truly am. Many experimenters have witnessed (ssm) LENRs presence but just didn’t realize it nor even know it is there IMHO. I’ve said this before I don’t know the decayed heat build up time constants that’s what decay heat specialist are about in big nuclear plants, but I have used their numbers in nuclear plant simulations before with great accuracy in developing control & protection algorithms for a variety of nuclear plants. Hopefully that graph by Wizkid will show the Lady LENRs presence just a little & we wait with baited breath further runs & reports & eventual control & protection of the LENR Ladies process. This development would be cake for the nations National Labs but without a directive from Smart Government (?) they can’t bring their magic to bear here. Thanks to Andrea Rossi’s persistent work ethic that we are finally here today slowly gaining insight necessary for our future well being.Thank you for the great test & efforts Wizkid it is a pleasure to see you operate so professionally as well as others.”

    Jim

    And thank you again Andrea for this wonderful & insightful forum & discussions.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update of the laboratory replication trials.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote:

    “The MW E-Cat is in ssm and stable.
    The Hot Cat is in ssm too, stable.”

    Is this unusual or quite normal these days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    These days we are satisfied how things are going on. ( F9 ).
    As you know, the measurements and the report of the ITO after the Lugano test have allowed us a strong improvement, for reasons that we deem confidential, so far. The Lugano Report of the Independent Third Party for us is a gold mine. For this reason I am very curious to read the reports after the replication of the Effect they are trying in the Universities of Uppsala (Sweden) and Bologna (Italy).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    As your know we all enjoy photographs :)

    I know its difficult for you to photograph the 1MW beast but I wonder if you could possibly add a small picture of the hot cat test rig. If your exchanging heat with a fluid then I imagine the reactor is difficult to see so shouldn’t give away any secrets?

    It gives us all something to talk about during this long test :)

    Or perhaps you may have some photos you can share from the earlier years of tests, near the beginning when you first started working with lenr?

    Thanks

    Mark

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    You can find many photos on
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    and on
    http://www.leonardocorp1996.com
    Also in this blog, going through the 23,200 comments and counting, you will find hundreds of links inside the comments with photos.
    The Hot Cat we are testing here now externally is equal to the Hot Cat of the Lugano Test, whose photos are published on the Lugano Report made by the ITP, published here:
    http://www.elforsk.se/lenr-matrapport-publicerad
    Next photos, when possible, will be published on
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. James Rovnak

    talk with Wizkid
    “wizkid James Andrew Rovnak • 9 hours ago
    Hello James. Sharp temperature spikes were inserted to find LENR, but NO LENR FOUND yet . Source uses ardruino controller with custom software, optical a/c solid state switching and a full wave 10A bridge rectifier to produce DC that is used to drive the coil load.”

    Interesting set up, but I think he needs more TRIAC like freq content to stimulate Lady LENR into more dramatic presence like GS3 test, etc!

    We all wait for further testing & a final report with more details to learn more & maybe help Wizkid with ideas & comment of group think, just maybe!

    Have a nice day Andrea, just wanted to share this info from Wizkid with the Blog participants.

    Jim

  145. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thanks for the update
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  146. Henry Featherweight

    Dr Rossi Andrea,
    Do you think that the lattice theory of Prof. Norman Cook can explain the Rossi Effect?

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Henry Featherweight:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Rex Harris

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give another spot of update in the very moment you will be able to read this message?
    Rex

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Rex Harris:
    In this moment it is 07.40 p.m. of Thursday, June 25.
    The MW E-Cat is in ssm and stable.
    The Hot Cat is in ssm too, stable.
    Fingers crossed. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. James Rovnak

    Andrea, some comment over at lenrforum today on latest replication attempt whose report we await for further insight.

    True, but it was a very nice piece of work so far & should not go unnoticed. Think he may need some more high freq EM, not sure how it enters fuel element, but sure it is needed for lots of (ssm) LENR to show up!
    A moment ago
    NEW
    Tarun wrote:
    Some people are already spreading disinformation that this works and shows SSM.
    Who needs skeptics when we have such blind believers. :thumbdown:

    Good luck to the new replicator. Keep sharing your progress. :thumbup:

    Liked his power meter. Note all meters have high sample rate DACs to analyze current/voltage inputs for real & imaginary power present, even for TRIAC type noisy spectrum’s & that spectrum’s harmonics & current trace are fundamental to exciting (ssm) LENR of that I am sure tarun, & every bit of information publicly displayed should be discussed here to further our understanding & offer help & verbal support to those who undertake these arduous experiments, No? The World cries out for this New Fire & the lenrforum supports that cry with reasoned discussion by all – dissenters, critics, do-ers, interested followers, experimenters etc.

    Jim

  151. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thanks for the update.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Your crystal ball has been placed on back order, but Tom Conover received his. This smells of corporate suppression of the E-cat…

    Time to play hardball.
    Tell “Jeff Bezos” the Founder & Chairman of Amazon that your team will develop an E-cat powered Drone for his home delivery model. He is a savvy businessman & will quickly grasp the implications of this. He will personally deliver your crystal ball.

    At that point, you should up the ante. In return for developing E-cat drones, He shall provide *FREE* delivery of all future E-cat home Heater sales. This is of course dependent on (F9).

    Savvy Business Regards,
    Dan C.

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    You are totally right and I will treasure your savvy suggestion. I’m sure Mr Bezos will comply!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. James Rovnak

    Andrea I think The Wizkid just did it.

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/613858156058411012

    Have a nice evening. Nice to watch these guys replicate ingeniously, No?

    Jim

  155. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information.
    Let’s wait for a detailed report to formulate an opinion.
    So far I can appreciate the enthusiasm.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  156. AlbertN

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I was looking at the LENR patent Airbus filed a few months ago. My understanding is that the request is still ‘pending’. Airbus is an extremely large company and potentially Industrial Heat’s biggest threat/competitor. Airbus Group Innovations VP Chief Scientist Jean-François Geneste has been pushing for more research in the LENR field. Mr. Geneste is of the opinion that the LENR phenomenon cannot be patented. You can only patent the ‘control’ system.

    Jean-François Geneste has a very impressive bio:

    http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://www.cepadues.com/auteur/geneste-jean-francois/263.html&prev=search

    This leads me to few questions:

    1- Have you or I/H ever talked to or met Jean-François Geneste?
    2- Have you or I/H ever been in contact with Airbus or one of it’s subsidiaries?
    3- Do you agree that you cannot patent LENR itself but only patent the ‘control’ system?

    Warm Regards,
    Albert N

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    The fact that Airbus is making R&D in the LENR field confirms that our work has changed the game, involving the giants. This also gives evidence that it is not true that mainstream science is not interested in LENR.
    About your questions:
    1- We do not talk with our competitors
    2- Same as above
    3- I do not agree ( question: if they do not think LENR can be patented, why did a patent application, that I know very well and have studied with attention and is in good part copied from prior art?)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Gianni Abbamonte

    Carissimo Dott. Rossi:
    From many sources seems that the Lugano experiment has ben replicated from the professors that made it both in the Universities of Bologna and of Uppsala, where they made by themselves reactors and charges with the data they got in Lugano. Can you comment?
    Gianni Abbamonte

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Gianni Abbamonte:
    I do not know anything about what they are doing. I know, of course, that they are trying to replicate, in Uppsala and in Bologna, but I am not a rumorist, therefore I prefer to wait for written reports.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Herb Gillis

    Andrea Rossi:
    I came across a very recent communication in Nature (June-23) concerning an improved water-splitting catalyst. The catalyst is nickel-iron oxide, and the key to the improved performance was the introduction of lithium ions. The work came out of Stanford.
    Could there be more than just a coincidence here?
    Kind Regards; HRG

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    These are chemical processes that have nothing to do with the so called Rossi Effect.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  162. Tom Conover

    PS: My crystal ball arrived from Amazon yesterday. Yours is on the way!

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I will send strong complaints to Amazon, because they privileged you with the delivery of the crystal ball model I ordered before you: this is not a fair way to do business!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The atmospheric engine invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, often referred to simply as a Newcomen engine, was the first practical device to harness the power of steam to produce mechanical work.

    The E-Cat was invented in 2009, and is the first practical LENR power pack capable of generating nuclear energy power levels (heat) without environmental impact or radiation that plagued the major energy sources of that time.

    In 2016, Andrea Rossi was awarded international recognition for his contributions to stabilizing the global warming issues and virtually eliminating the environmental impact that mankind was inflicting on the tiny habitat we share, called Earth.

    Thank you, Andrea!

    Tom Conover

  165. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you share where you (and your team) are on the status of the US Patent Application? Last I recall, the Patent Office had rejected it.

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Our attorney are making the appeal. We think we have solid arguments to reverse the rejection.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Once the cash begins to flow within another year perhaps you would consider adding to your amazing team gifted young geniuses like Taylor Wilson:
    http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jun/20/taylor-wilson-nuclear-teen-genius-science-interview.
    He reminds me of another young man of 44 years ago; however his nuclear fusion reactor was built at age 14.

    Since you insist on including the “negative” word, what top five obstacles do you foresee (without a crystal ball) would prevent a positive beta test? (I just sent a ‘Cheese Cake’ virus created by Dr. Affirmative to your baking robot to remove any form of negative results from its vocabulary).
    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Bro Keeper:
    The answer is in your question: I have not the ctystal ball. We do not foresee, We experiment, take data, make decisions on the base of the data I collect. “We”, obviously, means my Team and me.
    Thanks for the nice link regarding this talented young man.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, you and your Readers may want to read this article.
    Google:
    THE COMMON GOALS OF THE POPE AND CLEAN ENERGY

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Litz Larkins

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    My sensation is that in the world few have understood the importance of the work you are doing: a 1 MW plant working mostly in self sustained mode is probably the most important thing made in the last hunderd years. You are spending all your life for this.
    Thank you, Dr Rossi, for what you are doing.
    Litz

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Litz Larkins:
    You are very kind, but remember that our tests are in the middle if the fight, and the final results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Mary Whitherspoon

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You recently said a new theoretical paper of yours was going to be published: can you confirm when?
    Mary

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Whitherspoon:
    I am waiting peer reviewing from a Professor I sent it to and, possibly, his important co-authoring. So far I think the paper is not ready for publication. It is incomplete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have reason to believe that safety certification for a domestic E-Cat will not take many years?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, I have reasons to hope this, due to many factors that are maturing in this period of tests and R&D. Obviously, to be precise now I would need the well known crystal ball, but Amazon is very disappointing on it. Let’s wait and see which facts will be produced by facts. F9.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R,

  177. Paul Calvo

    6 ways the Rossi eCat will change the energy landscape
    the article is about Tesla but it applies to the eCat

    http://inhabitat.com/6-ways-the-tesla-powerwall-is-changing-the-energy-landscape/

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for the link, a parallel with Tesla honours the work of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I think it is indeed possible to replicate with the information contained in the Lugano Report and other documents. I think this is because in one sense the Ni-LiAlH4 version of the Rossi Effect is highly flexible when it comes to fuel preparation, reactor design, type of electrical input, etc. Parkhomov and Jiang seem to have strayed far from the dogbone design and still obtained massive excess heat. But in another sense, for some replicators, the E-Cat is stubborn and mysterious. Even when sticking close to the Lugano setup, they produce only a small amount of excess heat. There are parameters we simply do not understand. So I agree with you that the E-Cat is complicated. I’m glad you have been able to figure it out.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Every particular of the E-Cat is the result of a long series of corrections coming from thousands of tests that allowed the evolution that carried to the present industrial plant and the domestic version under R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Siesse:
    Same answer as to James Rovnak. Maybe some Reader can appreciate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. James Rovnak

    Andrea are you familiar with this site:

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/prvky/prvkyang.htm

    I looked at it a little today. Speaks much of the heavens, but interesting never the less. Energies far above the Hot E-Cat. Do you see anything of interest there, I know you look far out also for some lessons on construction of the elements.

    Jim

    Just thought you might comment.

  183. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I tried to read, but is a nonsense to me. Probably I am too ignorant to understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Raphael Teller

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read that a journal of Norway has reported an interview with Prof. Bo Hoistad, who said his group has replicated the Rossi Effect in their laboratory of Uppsala, after the test made on your reactor in Lugano. Thay have made a their own reactor, based on the information they got in Lugano, and replicated the effect. Questions:
    1- are you aware of that?
    2- did they have enough information in Lugano to copy exactly your reactor and your charge?
    Cheers,
    Raphael

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael Teller:
    1- I am aware of the fact that in the University of Uppsala and in the University of Bologna are on course experiments to replicate the effect measured in Lugano. I am not aware of their results, because I am not in contact with them, but I assume if they will get results they will publish them in the proper channels.
    2- In Lugano they had access to all the information that they published in the report in October 2014; I did not give information on what we deem confidential intellectual property. As I always said, the E-Cat is a much more complex thing than it appears to be. Nevertheless, as Dr Parkhomov, Prof. Jiang et Al. have given evidence of, using the information contained in the Lugano Report and in my patent applications a replication of the Effect appears to be not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    hello Dr. Rossi , also the Norwegians are replicating Lugano .

    http://www.aftenposten.no/fakta/innsikt/Er-kald-fusjon-losningen-pa-klimakrisen-8056195.html

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thanks, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. KD

    Nero wrote.
    >>>>I am waiting for THENEWFIRE<<<<
    But The New Fire have to be started.
    Instead of matches, Mr. Rossi is using cheese, which energise mouse and mouse energise the cat.:)

    KD

  190. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    good idea: the leftovers to the viruses!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Robert Curto

    Dr.Rossi, your response to Pietro F. June 21 at 7:56A is well said, and of course 100% true.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s been a rough day.
    Thank you for the laugh. :)
    —————————————-
    Your response to Bro Keeper-
    F9 ( our robot has made your virus a piece of cake).

    Warm Regards.
    Dan C.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    We are invincible!
    (he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Nero

    I also don’t care of what skeptics think… I am thinking for submitting to US patent office… and… I don’t use matches, I am waiting for THENEWFIRE… ;-) Auguri! Nero

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    Of course! Nero has updated his high temperature experimentalism, I had to understand it before!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    If the Industrial test ends positive and no recharging of the fuel has occurred, do you intend to continue running the 1MW plant from its original fuel to its undetermined exhaustion or will you recharge it with fresh fuel?
    (I sent a virus to temporarily disable your “F” keys.) :)
    With much respect,
    BroKeeper

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Bro Keeper:
    I will propose to go on with the same charge if the data will allow it.
    F9 ( our robot has made your virus a piece of cake).
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  199. Ing. Franco Occhipinti

    Dr Rossi:
    I recently read an article of Umberto Eco, the author of “Il nome della Rosa”, saying that in the internet, by the blogs, the imbecile of the village ( lo scemo del villaggio in Italian) becomes a Master of Life: I am thinking to all the guys that, having zero education in Physics criticize University Professors that wrote, for example, the Lugano Report. What do you think of the words of Prof Umberto Eco ? By the way: he is Prof of Semiotics in the University of Bologna.
    Thank you if you answer,
    F. Occhipinti

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Franco Occhipinti:
    I think Umberto Eco is right. I have seen persons that, as you write, have no education at all in any matter polemize with Professors and teach to them how a measurement has to be done, not to mention the clownesque theories that deal with elementary particles as if they were balls of a pin-ball. I have seen persons without elementary mathematical bases polemize with a Nobel Prize laureate, lecturing him in a matter for which he got the Nobel Prize; internet has been a very important revolution, with enormous positive consequences, but this is a negative “counterindication”: the fact that an imbecile, without studying, let alone working, can write stupidities on a matter that most of the readers do not know and consequently make for himself a qualification of expert of that matter, polemizing with Professors even if he knows absolutely nothing of that matter. LENR, with their appearent simplicity, attract many of these clowns. The best thing to do is just ignore them, also because they count nothing, tactically and strategically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. I read “Il nome della Rosa ( The name of the Rose, in the English edition) many times. It is a masterpiece of the contemporary literature.

  201. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Sorry, I did not mean you should help your competition, I just take it for granted once you put your E-Cat on the market it will be reversed engineered and the competition will start. Do you think it will be reversed engineered? If yes, how fast do you think it will happen after E-Cat is on the market?

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    When we will put for sale the small units ( easy to buy for anybody) ) we will produce them with an economy scale that will make pointless the reverse enginering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. John Mc Cormick

    Dr Rossi:
    More replications of your effecrt have been made: the Lugano report has been confirmed by new replications made in Sweden. Are you aware of this?
    Godspeed,
    John Mc Cormick

  204. Andrea Rossi

    John Mc Cormick:
    I saw many reports of replications. I am delighted of this.
    Thank you for your kind comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Nero

    Positive or negative… Two points of view… Industrial and commercial: Ok for Nda or end of the test… Customer pays only if he does money… Scientific: a week-end blind test is sufficient to confirme the Rossi effect to a team of skeptic and no scientists… I am wrong? Best Regards, Nero (Wolfe)

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    I understand that in your DNA there are incendiary legacies, but:
    1- this blog has more than 23 000 comments and at least 5 000 of them are dedicated to tests we made, blind or not, in 4 years
    2- we are in the industrial phase, wherein we do not anymore care of demonstrations on prototypes, but of an industrial plant that is operating in the factory of a Customer of us
    3- the last of our problems is what sceptics think of us; the first of our problems is what Customers think of us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    p.s. Beware the matches!

  207. James Rovnak

    At last great news for father’s day from Lugano report team!

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1788-Bo-H%C3%B8istad-three-independent-replication-experiments-showed-the-wanted-excess-en/?postID=5564#post5564

    Jim

    PS Not much longer now till well desirved Nobel, even more important helping Holy Father solve World’s Energy Crisis

    Back in 2011 they were mostly right & with music no less!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mu_iwdjf1gI

    Jim again thank you Andrea! especially on this Father’s day!

  208. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the links and for the wishes, that I send back likewise, for Father’s Day!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. kenko1

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    With the addition of Hot-cats to your customers reactor “mix”, will the testing time be extended? Or will the testing phase remain on the original schedule?

    Yours,
    Kenko1

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko 1:
    They are well didtinguished issues. The testing time will not be extended.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    You have recently described the so-called Rossi effect as more like popcorn popping than charcoal burning. You have also demonstrated your commitment to developing technology utilizing the so called Rossi effect to succeed in the marketplace. Consequently you have focused your efforts on producing a steady and continuous source of heat. Information on these efforts must remain confidential. I am curious however, about whether you have learned anything from observing the uncontrolled popcorn aspect of the so called Rossi effect before developing control apparatus, that you can share with your readers.

    Thanks again and happy Father’s Day.

    Bob

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    It is not true that I described the so called Rossi Effect as you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You state that theHot Cat will probably form the base of the domestic E-Cat. Is this because:

    a) It has a superior COP to the low temperature Ecat
    b) It is more suited to electricity generation than the LT Ecat
    c) It is more suited to domestic heating needs than the LT Ecat
    d) Something else (if so, what?)

    Many Thanks,

    Frank Acland

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    When we will have finished the R&D work with the Hot Cat I will be able to give an answer. So far too many points have to be tested.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  215. Pietro F.

    Buongiorno Andrea,

    giornalmente fedele alla consultazione del suo journal, oggi, mi domandavo se la sua strategia sia la migliore. Sono passati più di 4 anni dalla presentazione di Bologna e, credo, più di 7 anni dalla scoperta del fenomeno, e la previsione sono almeno altri 4/5 anni prima che il fenomeno sia veramente accettato dal mondo scentifico. Allora a quando la Gloria?

    Le auguro una bella giornata e spero abbia vinto a tennis.

    faithful to daily consultation of “journal”, today, I was wondering if his strategy is best. It’s been more than 4 years after the introduction of Bologna and, I think, more than 7 years since the discovery of the phenomenon, and forecasting are at least another 4-5 years before the phenomenon is truly accepted by the world scentifico. So long as the Glory?

    I have a nice day and I hope to have won in court.

    Pietro F.

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    Our strategy is the only possible one, based on the necessity to have consolidated results of the industrial operation of out first industrial plant put at work in the factory of a Customer and on the necessity to defend the IP to allow serious investments necessary for an actual massive production. You say that 4 years have been spent from the first public demonstration: right, and 4 years are nothing respect what can be expected for the development of a revolutionary technology in this field, which is so difficult. Think to the Hot Fusion prototypes, funded with tenths of billions of dollars since 50 years ago and still not productive and make a comparision. To talk is easy. To work and get results is not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Peter Frost

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I totally share your strategy: first, complete the test and R&D with the plant sold to the Customer, then make the massive production.
    Godspeed,
    Peter.

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Frost:
    Thank you.
    Will be important also the results that we will have from the Hot Cat , that will have worked for 1 year 24/7: it is probably the core of what will be the domestic unit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What kinds of preparations taking place at IH for commercialization of the E-Cat if the 1MW plant is successful?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    After the final results will have been obtained, if they will be positive, we will give information also about the commercial strategy, that will depend on the results .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. James Rovnak

    Andrea, interesting article of intense source of heat in graphene, could this ignite the nuclear fire in a home E-Cat or Hot E-Cat as the wire heater does now? Lots of ways to go with this device. And the graphene is getting cheaper & more readily available in today’s market place:

    http://www.kurzweilai.net/worlds-thinnest-light-source-made-from-graphene?utm_source=KurzweilAI+Weekly+Newsletter&utm_campaign=a411278d20-UA-946742-1&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_147a5a48c1-a411278d20-282071458

    Interesting development, thought you would be interested with your present thermal wire coil heaters igniting & controlling the New Fire at least till (ssm) operation builds up?

    One of the MFMP researchers, I think me356, is using Silicon Carbide for internal heater in his fuel element. Also IR camera for control & TC for measurement & Raspberry microcomputer & available boards. Nice design package & will be testing again shortly. I like their innovative designs or fuel elements, data acquisition systems, programming small computer systems & special boards like TRIAC controls, internet instant spread sheets, online discussions during test, & use of others world wide for all facets of the game. Very young & flexible crews at lenrforum, MFMP, etc.

    Jim

  222. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your comment. I cannot give related information in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Paul

    Andrea,
    What are the commercial plans on world scale if the test on course with the 1 ME plant in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat will be positive at the end ?

    Paul

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    You know, in this moment I am focused on the present work. For the future ( unless Amazon delivers the long due crystal ball) we prefer to wait for the final results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I have an idea I would like to run by you.

    Since you cannot publish any results until after a test is complete, could you begin a one day to a one week long test of a, “Rossi Effect Demonstrator Module.” The purpose of the module would be to have a basic, primitive setup to present to the scientific community upon the completion of the 350 day test of the one megawatt plant. To be clear:

    1 – The module would only utilize a rudimentary version of the Ni-LiAlH4 technology. Basically, it would incorporate what information has already been revealed, but not the improvements that have been made since Lugano.

    2 – The module would not be made with the know how to build a long lived device. It would be designed as a short lived demonstration unit that could be replicated with commonly available materials and components.

    3 – The performance goal of the device would be to show a modest COP during driven mode for a period of 30 minutes and then infinite COP for a period of at least thirty minutes in self sustain mode. These two periods would be cycled again and again for a day to a week.

    4 – After completion of the test, the results would be provided with limited additional information. The full paper would be published at the completion of the 350 day test of the one megawatt plant.

    I think such a demonstrator would help the cause of proving the existence of the Rossi Effect to the world. It could do so while disclosing no additional IP now, and maybe only a little when the full paper is published.

    Testing such a demonstrator module would be a significant morale booster to those who are following your work and those who are attempting to replicate.

    Any thoughts?

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Obviously, this is not possible.
    My time is totally absorbed by the work I am doing, and it is totally senseless to make what you propose while the tests on a real plant supplied by a Customer, making real work and therefore giving real results, not laboratory results, are on course. A latere, we are testing a Hot Cat that will be the core of the small or domestic unit.
    The work you are proposing now belongs to our past. At the end of the tests on course we will not publish a laboratory experiment, but the consolidated characteristics and the performance of an industrial plant, positive or negative as they might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: With all due respect, at what point will you decide you now have enough of a head start, and will open your new fire to open competition?

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    We will not push on the market until the test on course with the 1 MW E-Cat working in the factory of IH’s Customer. After that, our problem will not certainly be the competition, but our development: I do not see why we have to help any competitor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. James Rovnak

    Andrea a storm brews over at vortexl on what simulates your Hot E-Cat. All the comments are interesting to read & reason!

    http://www.mail-archive.com/search?l=vortex-l@eskimo.com&q=subject:%22Re%5C%3A+%5C%5BVo%5C%5D%3ARe%5C%3A+Cat+stimultion%22&o=newest

    Think I must turn in now but I’m motivated to read them all. Fascinating how our minds work, never ceases to amaze me & you too I assume.

    Pope Francis’s name sake was my favorite read growing up & also Eleanor Roosevelt’s also – you know ‘make me an instrument of …’ I like and admire this new Pope also, he is a breathe of fresh air in an atmosphere of conservationism, & austerity preachers, no less. I’ve always thought the World belong to the risk takers seeking truth!

  230. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your information and for your citation of the important work of the Pope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Alexvs

    Aside from eventuell negative results (as you always say) arising from economic, investement or other extrascientific reasons, could you tell us please the total energy balance figures of the 1 MW plant up to date?

    Greetings

    Alexvs

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    As I said, I cannot give any data related to the performance of the 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat until the tests will have been completed.
    Sorry for this: I sympathise with your request.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, this is exciting news, what do you think?

    Denis writes in conclusion:

    Operation of the reactor at the maximum heating continued for about 6 hours, and It stopped as a result of burnout of the electric heater of the reactor fuel. Severe destruction of cement in the central part of the tube with fuel and burnout cantal helix indicate highly significant excess of heat in comparison with empty reactor, where the spiral remained intact and visible only on small cracks cement surface, although the material, the dimensions of the tube and the electrical heating capacity of both reactors were identical. The pattern of destruction of the reactor fuel indicates that the temperature reaches at least 1300 ° C at an empty reactor about 1000 ° C.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/20/denis-vasilenko-publishes-experiment-report/

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Actually, in Russia the scientists are working hard on the replications of the Lugano test. Very, very interesting also this one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Mike Hertford

    Dear Andrea:
    Please an update, as much as you can, about the situation of the 1 MW E-Cat in the precise moment in which you will answer to this message.
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Mike

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Hertford:
    It is 07.15 p.m. of Friday June 19th, I am inside the computers container, just returned from the container of the reactors.
    No remarks, the work is stable. Now I go to make experiments with the Hot Cat. I’m going toward another night to spend inside the factory of our Customer.
    This night I want to read well and carefully the new Encyclic of the Pope, that so far I have only read superficially; important books have 3 dimensions: reading a book the first time I understand the length, the second time the height, the third time the deepness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been very glad to read your answer regarding the parallel between global warming and LENR answering to Gerry Keihl. Very smart. I am following your work since your first test in January 2011 and I am stunned from your perseverance, going straight to your target, turning a blind eye to all the enemies you have. You are right: strategically you are the winner. I already understood this, everybody will understand this when your E-Cats will be off the shelf (F9).
    Cheers,
    Anonymous

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you, but let me add that all the work we did is merit of all the great team I am working with since 2 years now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. James Rovnak

    Andrea thought this might interest you since in concerns the hydrogen atom & the nucleus of atoms fascinates all of use with her slow revaluations of how she works & is constructed & lead to decay chain product & energy release.

    Hope you enjoy this at your leisure:

    http://www.uni-mainz.de/presse/19466_ENG_HTML.php

    Jim

    PS Hope I got that reference ok, sometimes the web trips me up, actually quite often now that I think of it.

    Have a nice evening, hopes this adds to our knowledge of how thing work inside the nucleus. Actually Stoyan Sarg BSM-SG gives me a pretty good feeling for things at my minimal comprehension level. Like his take on LENR in his other book; also very good pictures. I like pictures because of my poor QM mathematical skills.

  240. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the interesting link. Say hello to my friend Dr Stoyan Sarg: I read his very interesting books; he is a Bulgarian nuclear physicist who comes from the Russian traditional school, that eventually approached with positive interest the LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. James Rovnak

    Andrea my comment over at Lenr forum to day to several member with much more experience on fuel to ash understanding than I for your blog.
    “JDM wrote:
    The Lugano report refers to using 3-phase power to excite. Most of us do not have that in our homes, however it is pretty easy to create. Using a variable frequency drive (VFD) one can use a single phase input and actually get a true three phase output. The only caveat is that one must use a VFD that has twice the power rating as the desired 3-phase output. For example if one needs 1.1 kW output, then you need to use a 2.2kW drive when run from single phase. Also, the max voltage out 3-phase will be equal to single phase voltage in. So if you input 230VAC single phase, you would get out 230VAC 3-phase. The output of a VFD is rather “dirty” which may be of some benefit. Some, but not all VFD’s are rated for single phase input.

    TRIAC interjects a lot of harmonic content that seems helped Parkhomov’s successful replications & Bob Goodyer’s problems in not stimulating the lady LENR with his VARIAC source based attempt & the appearance of LENR in Alan’s last GS3 intial run when TRIAC was power source. Subsequent calibration problems which Ged, Sanjeev & I saw were related to using the active fuel element. The calibration with the unloaded fuel element clearly showed the problem with the previous attempts at calibration with the fueled one as I believe Ged recognizes. The true COP estimate would be the unfueld calibration subtracted from the original temperature trace. There were no instrument problems like moving coil & I’m sure Alan will come around to that conclusion. Hope there was enough ash to give us positive results of Lady LENRs visit. At least i am convinced. Your discussions shed light on the micro burst formations & nuclear process from fuel to ash which is beyond my analytical capabilities. Simulating reactor decay heat & things like zenon poisoning years ago we used time constants determined by decay product specialist in our dynamic reactor control study simulations work & how they were determined is beyond my understanding but seem to be so important here now ie subthermal ultra low momentum neutrons involved in micro burst & thermal expansion controlling this process to our control advantage & the nuclear decay constants giving us the longer term time effects also (ssm buildup in time etc). Wish we could see inside fuel element somehow with Hydrogen pressure spectum response analyser, IR camera down pressure sensor tube looking at light in micro burst process, etc. Would be Nice to have results of sweeping sine wave power input in power source & IR temp gauge me356 used. Maybe sweep frequency of .1 to 50 hz would give us a good picture of break points in subsequent bode plots of how the process works, just maybe? Lot of details still puzzle me but are becoming clearer in my mind based on my long working career with current nuclear power plant controls years ago. The National Labs played a leading roll in supplying us with basic process response data necessary for our work in control & protection of various reactor designs. Billions spent in that effort & recording & preparing engineering support reports we don’t have the luxury of here. Thanks for your discussions, they sure help me in my thinking & partial understanding of what’s happening in the Hot E-Cat & fascinating replication attempts of MFMP replication experimenters. Thanks again.”

    Thanks for presenting this discussion opportunity with you to gain insight at least as much as you are able with current restrictions we all understand you work under.

    That the 24hz cat video would relax you in your constant efforts to bring the Hot E-Cat to market & brought laughter to you we trust.

    Jim

  242. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I cannot participate to this kind of discussions, because I cannot give further information after what we already published, for obvious reasons of intellectual property defense.
    Therefore I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any innuendo related to the operation of the E-Cat , her control systems and related issues. The 24Hz Black Cat has really worried me, because I understood how close your group is to copy our IP !!! ( He,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Karl Niemeyer

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The new Encyclic of the Pope makes unavoidably think to your E-Cat: if there is something that can obey to the demand of the Pope helping to reduce the impact of human activities on the global warming, that is your Effect: isn’t that?
    Godspeed,
    Karl

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Niemeyer:
    I think that this great Pope has to be listened to carefully when he talks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. James Rovnak

    Andrea, hope Dan C is tuned in?

    Look at what can be done with a 24 hz sound wave. Notice the Cat at the start of the video!

    Just had to share when the Cat walked in.

    https://video-ord1-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hvideo-xpa1/v/t42.1790-2/10478613_805336382822718_1575024166_n.mp4?oh=f42e3674e756ba5ed0046a0397f2cc40&oe=55837959

    Jim

    I know you will see the relevance of this today, immediately!

    I didn’t hear a “purr” or “grrr” out of him either yet.

    Have a nice evening & keep trucking! Love your platform & sharing thoughts with the world!

  246. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    He he he… nice toy!
    I have a suspect, though: is the effect due to the frequency or to the black cat we see at the start of the show?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments just published in other posts of this blog than this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Gerry Keihl

    Dear Andrea Rossi: about what you said of the last Pope’s Encyclic: you know there are many scientists, probably the majority, that think mankind activities have no effect on the global warming?
    Gerry

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Gerry Keihl:
    What you write makes me envision a parallel between LENR and Mankind Induced Global Warming Issue. They have in common one thing: a group of biased- at -a -price “mainstream scientists” that assassinate full time everything that is in collision line with the agenda of the lobbies that pay them one way of the other ( not necessarily money, can also be a career improvement in some field).
    I have noticed that the guys ( that in the beautiful book written by Naomi Oreskes ” The collapse of western civilization” are called the ‘Merchants of Doubts’) are few, and are a strong minority respect the huge mass of respectable scientists and industrial concerns that have accepted to take seriously in consideration the LENR. But they are full time writing in all the chain of the more prestigious publications, where they have free access due to many factors, not least their professional undisputable credibility- this is the reason for which they have been chosen by the lobbies; if possible, they try to assassinate also the characters of their targets ( as happened to me, even if due to my experience such attempts are tennis balls against a tank). So, a relatively small group of well organized scientists make unheard of a major number of scientists not less important than them, or important industrial concerns that have better to do than follow all their elucubrations.
    Obviously, to oppose a lobby to the course of History is strategically a loser, even if can be tactically a winner. Now, after thirty years of global warming discussions and experience, the mass of scientists that think the global warming to be also a mankind product is prevailing. Returning to the LENR: I noticed that for what concerns the LENR, about 80% of the scientists I have read about are not biased against LENR, while 20% is negatively biased, but the last are more powerfully organized with the media, so they are prevailing in the collective unconscious field, notwithstanding the positive attitude of Nobel Prize Laureates (Brian Josephson), top level Professors of Universities of all the world, like Boston MIT, Stockolm, Uppsala, Bologna, Osaka, Moskow, India, China,etc etc, world leading scientific concerns like NASA, Lockeed Martin, Elforsk, Airbus, Volvo, NRL, etc,etc,etc: as you see, I am listing huge, huge entities: but the tactics of the biased -lobby induced scientists tactically are prevailing, so far: why I am sure that strategically they are a bunch of losers? Because you cannot stop the course of History and the History is structured in a way such that if , for example ( to use an issue I am acquainted with) the E-Cat works in factories and houses, (F9), they will expand in the market by the millions of units and no lobby, no biased trumpet more or less prestigious will stop it. An anectode is floating on the surface of the river of my memory that is flowing in my mind right now: when Bill Gates in the seventies proposed to a gorilla of the huge computers of those times to finance his idea, the gorilla answered that the idea to bring a computer on the table of a housewife was the biggest stupidity he ever heard about…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Seymour Henderlight

    Dr Rossi: are you informed that there are electric generators based on piezoelectric systems ? Can be useful for the E-Cat?
    Cheers,
    Seymour

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Seymour Henderlight:
    I know about nanocomposite power generators made by AMES Research Center. Can be useful to spare batteries for remote uses to power sensors. Piezoelectric materials convert applied strain into electricity; for small power they make sense, otherwise their efficiency is very low. Can be useful to power remote sensors using existing and wasted vibrations or mechanical strains.
    Nothing to do with our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. James Rovnak

    Andrea, like Dan C’s comment on the 27 hertz. Would like to see sweeping sine wave power input to MFMP tests at all temperature hold to see if we can tickle the Cat into a courageous Meow ! Just a thought as I read his query & your response. The World must learn more about what excite your Hot E-Cat. I myself can’t wait to read the direction to cooperation of the commercial Hot E-Cat with your newly designed adaptive control system, which I know you are proud of!

    Every control engineer like to study the single input single output bode plots of new processes so he can think about what the break points & resonances are telling him about the internals of such systems even though they are not completely understood clearly.

    Jim

    My conjecture for the day I would like to share with You & Dan C

    Have a nice day Andrea & listen to the engineering music about us, No?

  253. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Drew G

    Andrea:

    Early in the E-cat development, you projected that the charge would need to be replenished every 6 months. In the current tests of the megawatt plant, have you already exceeded this 6 month projection with the original charges still in place?

    Drew G

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    I hope we will have not to change the charge for all the duration of the 350 operative days. This is one of the data we are waiting for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    I have read that “Domestic cats purr at a frequency of about 26 Hertz, in a range that promotes tissue regeneration.”

    Perhaps E-cats purr at a frequency of about ?? Hertz, in a range that promotes Heat regeneration.

    It’s said that Nature provides many answers if we just listen to it. purrr…

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Obviously it was not me to write that the E-Cat works at any frequency: this is an issue I cannot comment. What is important is that the E-Cat purrs; problem is when she grrrrs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Isaiah White

    Dr Rossi!
    An important discovery has been made by the astronomic observatories Very Large Telescope ( Chile), ESO ( Southern European Observatory), Hubble ( NASA and ESA), Keck and Subaru ( Hawaii): in a region about 800 million years after the Big Bang ( about 13.7 billion years ago) have been observed the first galaxies wherein the first stars have been born; in particular has been observed a very bright one, named CR7, and it has been discovered that the primordial elements by means of which stars have been made are hydrogen and lithium, plus small quantities of helium. It is surprising, because it was believed that the primordial elements should have been, together with hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and iron. I am thinking to the fact that the main components of the E-Cat’ s charge are H and Li.
    Cheers,
    Isaiah

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Isaiah White:
    Obviously the environment in the galaxy was pretty different, so a parallel is quite audacious. The information is very interesting, though! Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. DaveGadgeteer

    Actually, Kinetic Energy is not conserved in particle interactions.
    Momentum is conserved, though.

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Gadgeteer:
    You are right: I translated wrongly into “kinetic energy” the Italian definition “quantità di moto”. “Momentum” is the right translation.
    Thank you for the correction, I corrected consequently my comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. JCRenoir

    Also I want to ask this: in this period of hard work and strong focus on the 1 MW E-Cat are you still attracted from the trust in God, or technological problems have made you less oriented toward metaphysics?
    JCR

  263. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Very important. This is the first time in History that the Pope faces so dramatically the problem of the safeguard of the planet Earth against the mankind-induced global warming. Well, I think our E-Cats will be useful to help ! ( F9)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. JCRenoir

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What to you think of the Encyclic of the Pope Francis regarding the safeguard of the planet?
    JCR

  265. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I say all my prayers every morning when the sun rises.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you know that, thanks to the replication of the Rossi Effect made by Dr Alexander Parkhomov, the mainstream Russian scientific community is talking seriously of the LENR, after years of ostracysm?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  267. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    I am delighted to read that. Dr Parkhomov made a very serious work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. James Rovnak

    Andrea I read with much interest & enthusiasm the question Paul put to you yesterday & your insightful reply

    Would you say the reaction in the e-cat is behaving more like the slow burn of a piece of charcoal, or more intermittent, like popcorn in popcorn popper?Paul ”

    You said it is first popcorn & then the burning glowing charcoal.

    Then I watched the test of me356 the other day where he had a quick response IR temperature measurement device & a TC for comparison in his graphs. As a former good controls engineer I saw what I would have needed years ago to master the Hot E-Cat for you. I am no longer that competent.

    There are three ways a control engineer can get insight into a proces from dynamic test. They are Impulse, step,or pulse width modulated open loop input signal to the primary process, which in me356′s case were obtained with manual control of his TRIAC power supply & impulse & step inputs as he was powering down his fuel element.

    One could clearly see on the sort of impulses he implemented the very fast response picked up in the IR device. The TRIAC caused a very big pop in the micro burst process in his fuel element as you could see it in the sharp change initially & them the “Charcoal ember” in the long time respone of either or both the local metal mass or long term isotope decay constant responsible for burning embers.

    These response are all a good controls engineer needs to build a good control system. Just as in current fuzzy logic PID controllers one must know where the process is coming from & where it wants to go. For wide range control in a non linear fourth power regulated response the steps must be repeated over several points of the thermal operation region at least several times to accommodate these in the control systems response as a function of load (700 C – 1400 C) & build up of (sssm) content also to where no control input is necessary.

    It would be very helpful to that engineer to know what is going on at the mico burst level either by acoustic signal, video signal, EM signal from that fast time constant (popcorn) area for both control & protection of the Hot E-Cat processes.

    Raeffaelo, of quad copter fame, would know just how to do that with said dynamic data & his developed adaptive controller as he beautifully manipulates his quad to carry a stick, play catch ball with him or still operate after three of his four propellers are clipped with scissors.

    Thank me356 & Raeffaello for giving us both this incite & Paul for his question & you for your reply. I did capture a
    screen shot of me356′s test I will try to get to you for your enjoyment.

    Jim

    Thanks me356, Raffaello, Paul & you for this pleasant engineering trip.

  269. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    No, what I answered to Paul is not what you have understood. Just read again my answer.
    About mastering the E-Cats, I can assure you we have all the necessary know how and all the necessary operators; for obvious reasons connected with the IP we are not going to share information regarding this issue. The control system has been invented and designed by our engineers, and the electronic circuits have been manufactured in our factory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. Curiosone

    Also: you would define an elementary particle as a wave or as a material point?
    Thank you for your patience,
    W.G.

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Elementary Particles are tiny vibrating waves in a particular field; an e.p. in a field resonates with the field of the e.p. it is interacting with; it is possible that a third field resonates bearing a new e.p., obviously respecting the conservation laws we saw in the former related comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Curiosone

    Can you resume all the main conservation laws in Physics?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    The Conservation Laws during an interaction between elementary particles are:
    1- the number of quarks is conserved
    2- he number of leptons is conserved
    3- energy is conserved
    4- charge is conserved
    5- spin is conserved
    6- magnetic moment is conserved
    7- momentum is conserved
    8- strangeness is conserved
    9- isotopic spin is conserved in strong interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you know that, thanks to the replication of the Rossi Effect made by Dr Alexander Parkhomov, the mainstream Russian scientific community is talking seriously of LENR, after years of ostracysm ?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  275. James Rovnak

    Dear Andrea:
    I understand you want not to be funded by money from the Government because you want to maintain the confidentiality related to the intellectual property, until the E-Cat will be mass produced and, consequently, the IP will be of public domain. I just wanted to inform the government about your achievements and of the importance of the fact that a 1 MW plant is working, so that, thanks to you, the eon of chatters is over and the eon of facts is beginning.
    Hope you have a chance to view Raeffaello’s Ted talk – he is a great innovative controls engineer is my take, would like to hear your opinion if you get a minute to appreciate his work?

    Raffaello D’Andrea’s TED Talk

    http://www.ted.com/talks/raffaello_d_andrea_the_astounding_athletic_power_of_quadcopters?language=en

    I realize this is a bit off topic for the blog but good engineering music stimulates our thinking of that I am sure as you most probably are too?

    Jim

  276. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your responsible comment and for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. James Rovnak

    Andrea, I asked my government to wake up & take notice of what is happening around them. After all they did give us our current Nuclear Plants with all their radiation problem & safety aspect that are far from full proof. They built our current nuclear industry & should be helping you & IH, I think?

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/610940914245201921

    Jim

    Anything to help you in your journey and ambitions to help the small people our recently formed Oligarchy has neglected.

    Just my opinion again, hope you don’t mind my sharing. Not sure how many trips around the Sun I have left?

  278. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. James

    Dr Rossi:
    What do you think in general of the electrolytically induced LENR and of the piezoelectrically induced LENR ?
    Thank you,
    James

  280. Andrea Rossi

    James:
    I never comment the work of our competitors, therefore I can answer only based upon my personal experience on these two specific kinds.
    I worked very intensely on both of them in past, but I never obtained from them any result. I tried to replicate what published, but with no avail. For this reason I have completely abandoned these R&D streams.
    This, obviously, does not necessarily mean that others can’t be able to make anything good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  281. Paul

    Andrea,

    Would you say the reaction in the e-cat is behaving more like the slow burn of a piece of charcoal, or more intermittent, like popcorn in popcorn popper?

    Paul

  282. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Looking at the derivates I would answer more like popcorns, looking at the integral I would say piece of charcoal.
    Warm Regards,
    Sibilla Cumana

  283. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s very interesting to learn of your new R&D projects. Are they all taking place in your container office, or are others working on them at other sites.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  284. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am making the R&D related to the 1 MW plant and to the Hot Cat here, with part of my Team.
    Others are working on R&D in other sites.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  285. James Rovnak

    Andrea talking to some people over at LENR forum I would like to share with you who knows much more detail than I ever will. Being a controls engineer among my many other hats growing up in the Nuclear field I want to share my opinions with you for whatever it is worth. I love talking with you & believe you are the “mouse” that leads the “Cat” t where she stands today.

    “I think Rossi is trying to get a full proof digital controller developed & his problems result in him saying it may or may not have good result. To control current nuclear plants took large corporations a lot of government funded research into process frequency response, non linearity in sliding up & down the nuclear flux power curve, thermal feedback regulation such as void fraction to kinetics effects, positive & negative materials feedback based on temperature level into controller loops by various materials & types in their construction. These were not easy to understand & much smart government testing was done at national labs to get this information for good control. With government labs absence, i take my hat off to where Rossi is at & how he got to where he is without all that help. I am very familiar with all the leg work it took to develop present reactor controls. i read all the literature i could get my hands on during my working career. I see the micro burst as sort of self regulating negative feedback fourth power process or also as positive feedback. Like a fire you start in a forest in a pit.Its all right if you blow on it gently to control the heat & warmth level but you must watch not to spread sparks & take out the forest. Now to turn that fame off you have to blow very hard so it dies-out without again taking out the whole forest. A great but manageable controls problem. Take a look at this controls engineers solution to flying quad copters, just amazing http://www.ted.com/talks/raffaello_d_andrea_the_astounding_athletic_power_of_quadcopters?language=en Unfortunately Rossi is not a controls engineer & thus some of his problems as well as lack of exacting process information he has to deal with. Remember (ssm) can build up so that no control TRIAC input is necessary – very difficult control & protection problem.”

    Do take a look at the TED talk by Raffaello – a great controls engineer I admire & have tried to get him involved or interested in your efforts for advice, if not solution that would make your life much simpler.

    Best Regards

    Jim

  286. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you been able to increase the reaction rate (increasing the number of alpha particles) while reducing the total excess heat produced by the reactor? Converting the KE of the alpha particles as efficently as possible would seem the best way to maximize direct electrical production. From the documents I’ve read in the past few days about this topic, in systems using radioactive elements, an important optimization is to use thin films of fuel (perhaps only a few microns) to maximize the number of charged particles impacting the capacitor wall and giving away their charge (in this case the alumina tube) and reduce the number of them losing KE when traveling through layers of atoms. A multi-layered system with a large surface area would also possibly help.

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight.
    As you know, I cannot comment this kind of issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    Can the hotcats scale up to 250kW size or are they restricted by the technology and theory to small reactors?

    Thanks

    Mark

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    An R&D is on course on the scale up of the “Hot Cats”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  290. Ecco Liberation

    Dr. Rossi,
    It’s too late for Tigers! They’re already building them in Ukraine, see http://tet.in.ua/index.php/en/ and search (CTRL+F) for “tiger”. You’ve got to think of a new name. E.L.

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Ecco Liberation:
    Thank you for the information.
    As a matter of fact, “tiger” will not be the name. The name will be simply “E-Cat” followed by a number that will correspond to the power in kW. Example for the Hot Cat of 1 MW it will be: E-Cat -HT 1000, where HT stays for the series with high temperature. For the low temperature series, it will be “LT”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You have given the readers of the JoNP really good news about your team’s ongoing success with the “Low Temperature” 1MW plant at the IH customer’s site (subject to F9: “the results can be either positive or negative”).

    You also told us that the evolving Hot E-Cat has achieved a temperature of 1600 Kelvin (up to 1400 degrees Celsius?) and that you are progressing well with the design of the domestic E-Cat, which is all excellent.

    The one thing you have not mentioned recently is the Hot-Cat 1MW plant. How are you progressing with the design and when will you be able to start the construction of a prototype plant?

    Thank you for keeping us all updated with your very important work.

    Forward Looking Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    So, it’s F9: I take advice of it!
    The temperature of 1600 K is equivalent to 1327°C ( it is 1600 – 273).
    The Hot Cat 1 MW plant is object now of designing. We still do not have a prototype.
    After the end of the test on course in the factory of the IH Customer ( F9) we’ll start the construction of a Hot Tiger.
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    it seems that China is working hard with the LENR !

    http://coldfusion3.com/blog/e-cat-replications-spread-chinese-government-could-be-working-on-lenr

  295. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for your interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find comments published on other posts of this blog on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Jacqueline

    Dr. Rossi:
    The Hot Cat that you are testing in the “container of the computers” is reaching the temperatures obtained in the Lugano test of the Independent Third Party ? Is it also reaching the same COP?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jacqueline

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Jacqueline:
    In the test that we are making with the Hot Cat in the container of the computers we are making many experiments with different temperatures, also with the temperatures reached in Lugano.
    It is a long work of patient collection of data aimed to design a reliable small unit also for domestic utilizations. The COP is higher, because we apply the ssm, for long periods.
    Again: at the end of this period of tests the results can be either positive or negative, but the work is intense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Gian Luca

    Dear Andrea,

    I believe in LENR since 1989 while I wait the big change in the energy panorama but, a great success he has already achieved.
    LENR has meant that all of you are working to produce energy without damaging the environment.
    Here’s a good example: http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Biofuels/Could-This-Renewable-Fuel-Kill-The-EV-Market-In-One-Fell-Swoop.html
    But, all this was already in the drawers of some desk?

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Thank you for the interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have followed with attention the replication attempts of Rossi Effect realizing that no one has achieved your performances. Otherwise I have learned how uncomfortable you feel inside the 1Mw container. As anxious as we all and yourself are, please do not tense the strings up to the point of being unhealthy. Take care and if we have to wait some months more we will do. You should not press yourself beyond reasonable exigences.
    Once more, take care. Best regards.

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    To what I answered with I want to add this: please do not forget that I am working with the robust help of my great team, that shares with me all the difficulties of this test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. Mathilde Posas

    Dr. Andrea Rossi, the thread of research to arrive to produce electricity directly insid the E-Cat has been abandoned?
    Mathilde

  304. Andrea Rossi

    Mathilde Posas:
    No, it has not been abandoned, and I am working also on it in the Hot Cat that we put in operation inside the computers container, here in the factory where the 1 MW plant is working for the Customer of IH.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments sent to otner posts than this of this blog.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  306. Abraham Herzog

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your technology will be available in all the world or there will be political limitations?
    Cheers,
    Abraham

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Abraham Herzog:
    Obviously, the E-Cats will be available for anyone who will buy them, independently from her or his geographical, political, racial and/or religious belongings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi.

    Please, answer the pertinent question formulated before:

    Dear Andrea,

    From your recent comment it sounds now like your plant is potentially a 2 MW plant. You have described previously 100 10kW reactors, now it sounds like you have added four 250 kW reactors to it. Is this correct?

    Many thanks,

    Best regards

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    The replications have been made professionally, using the information given by my patent applications and the Reports of the ITP. Beyond that information, the E-Cat is a very complex technology. To replicate the effect is one thing, but to make a product able to work industrially with high efficiency and uninterruptly for at least a month, as the Lugano Hot Cat did, is a completely different thing, whose know how and IP is obviously restricted.
    I am giving all of myself to the industrial plant in operation, because it is the most important thing I made in my life: “The general who thinks too much to spare the reserves in the crucial moment is doomed to lose the battle” ( Napoleon Bonaparte).
    I am well, healthy and She is good. But remember: the final results could be either positive or negative as far we know till now.
    Thank you for your kind care.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the Hot Cat under R&D in the area of the 1MW plant, or the air conditioned area?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The Hot Cat is in the computers container, that has the air conditioner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say the inside of the container is like a sauna. Is this constant heat any danger to your equipment? How about your health being so hot for 16 hours per day? A friend of mine got a heart attack from overheating.

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Our equipment is made to resist in the container’s temperature. As for me, obviously I stay inside the reactors container when necessary, then I go in the computer container, where we have the air conditioner.
    Surely all this is not in the manual for long life agers, but it will not last more that several months from now. If I have to do it, I have to do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Andrea Rossi

    Werner:
    Sorry, your comment has been fished out of the spam only now.
    Here it’s 09.10 of Saturday June 13 and She is stable and well.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    the comments arrived today in other posts than this to this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Erik Magnusson

    Dr Rossi:
    I am an MD.
    I am in contact with persons very close to you and I knew that you are continuing to lose weight. This is not good. I strongly suggest you to make the analysis of blood and urine and a complete check up.
    It is very important because you are very important.
    Take some rest this wek end.
    Erik

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Erik Magnusson:
    I am well and I cannot absolutely abandon my plant. I will make al the analysis I have to make after the completion of the tests on course. Whatever the results, I have anyway to stay here until the test is finished. The loss of weight is normal: I make inside the plant hours of sauna every day ( the container of the computers has the air conditioned, but the container of the plant, albeit thermally insulated, is a 1 MW boiler, so it is a sauna, as insulated as it may be and I HAVE TO stay inside to listen to my plant, looking all the particulars, listening Her voice with the stethoscope, looking every cable connection, every possible leak to foresee what could happen eventually and which modification is opportune and possible, while, at the same time, recording which error has to be corrected when the production will be done of further plants.
    The plant is first, al the rest comes after Her: She is the thing that will give a meaning to my life, whose length is insignificant respect the things it’s filled with.
    We have not to take too seriously ourselves, but we have to take seriously the things we do: we are not gods, but God gave us things to do, as I already said.
    The week end will be spent inside the plant, as always since the beginning of this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Werner Schrieder

    Andrea: Can you update us how the 1MW plant is performing as soon as you read this comment?
    Thank you
    Werner

  319. James Rovnak

    Don’t know if you have seen these before, but Brian Albiston’s other attempts form home to convince himself of the E-Cat presence & operation.

    Very interesting when you have a minute for diversion from your ongoing work. Brain is a gem, no less.

    http://www.hydrogenfusion.blogspot.com/

    Jim

  320. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thanks
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Mi helangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  322. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr. Rossi prejudice, it seems that China is making a push…

    “An estimate power of excess heat is about 600 W. The ratio of excess heat of 600 W to input power of 780 W is 0.77.

    The consumption of nickel container and Ni + LiAl4 calculated energy density is 4 orders of magnitude greater than the value of gasoline. Therefore, the origin of excess heat cannot be explained by any chemical energy. The isotope abundances of nickel and lithium in the fuels after experiment will be analyzed by mass spectrometry technique. A further experiment will be carried out. The powders is checked to be less than 1 g after experiment.”

    http://nextbigfuture.com/2015/06/chinas-lenr-is-getting-excess-600-watts.html

  323. Tom Conover

    Hank,

    Please review the charts in the 267660100-Parkhomov-en.pdf document for useful information that can be used by many of the replicators. The process of loading hydrogen is clearly identified, including when to do this, at what temperature, and for how long. Wikipedia has information (true or false) that says”

    Parkhomov focuses on these temperatures: 150–170°C & 200°C & 400°C because:

    When heated LAH decomposes in a three-step reaction mechanism
    1 LiAlH4 → Li3AlH6 + 2 Al + 3 H2 (R1)
    2 Li3AlH6 → 6 LiH + 2 Al + 3 H2 (R2)
    3 LiH + 2 Al → 2 LiAl + H2 (R3)

    R1 is usually initiated by the melting of LAH in the temperature range 150–170°C, immediately followed by decomposition into solid Li3AlH6, although R1 is known to proceed below the melting point of LiAlH4 as well.[18] At about 200 °C, Li3AlH6 decomposes into LiH and Al which subsequently convert into LiAl above 400°C

    Parkhomov respects at least two of these ranges with important data recording including time, pressure and reactor temperature, and clearly shows hydrogen loading for a period of approximately 4 hours between 100 and 400°C. Parkhomov also took the effort to present his results both graphically and numerically in his report.

    Please forgive any errors on my part in the message and say hello to your avatar from me when you find him up there.

    Tom

  324. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, if your Readers would like to know, the Italian Physicist
    Enrico Fermi Award Recipients, Google:
    obama names pellegrini and shank

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the interesting information

  326. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak: I agree and repeat what I wrote several minutes ago.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  327. James Rovnak

    Think I spoke too soon about Brian Albiston’s seeing LENR, he is using VARIAC source & I know you & Parkhomov use EM noisy TRIACs; their now appears to be nothing noticeable yet at 360 C. Will get back to you if I see something. He does have a unique calorimic design the details of which I’m still trying to get a handle on.

    Have a nice day, talk to you when I learn more. It is an interesting replication attempt.

    Jim

    Hope Brian is successful today. As you said, report would be a better way to review his efforts.

  328. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information. To evaluate a replication we need a report in which is well explained the instrumentation used for the measurements, kind of measurements ( IR or calorimetric) error margin of the instrumentation, the calculations related to the measurements, a quantitative description of the reactor ( dimensions, weight, components, chemical analysis of the components and epsilon values integral if IR has been utilized, etc.). Otherwise it is impossible to have a consolidated opinion about the work that has been made, beyond a strong sympathy for the enthusiasm of these brave researchers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  329. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m in an interesting position to be aware of many replication efforts: some that are performing tests and others that are still in the preperation stage. There are obviously others that I’m not aware of. For example, the Songsheng Jiang report caught me by surprise.

    I may be incorrect, but I am starting to see a pattern forming. Some replicators are having success and producing significant excess heat seemingly easily. For example, Parkhomov and Jiang seem to have produced excess heat on their first try! Parkhomov continued testing – changing many aspects of his setup – and continued producing excess heat. Jiang then performed his experiment in which many variables were changed (using DC, non-carbonyl nickel, no processing of the fuel, rectangular innermost reactor) and still produced excess heat. I know of another replicator that produced such high temperatures his alumina melted from the inside out over a lage section of his reactor.

    Then there are other replicators, some of whom are performing many tests and working very hard, that cannot seen to produce significant excess heat. They are using the same basic recipe (Ni-LiAlH4) and heating their reactors to high temperatures, but only produce small signs of excess heat. They are frustrated, because not matter how they adjust their setup they are unable to achieve the true Rossi Effect.

    It almost seems like producing significant excess heat is like flipping a coin with heads being indisputable excess heat and tails being only a little.

    But science is not luck or gambling. There must be some factor or factors that are not yet understood. The complicating issue is that due to the Songsheng Jiang data, we know MANY factors can be adjusted while still allowing for massive excess heat. But at the same time, testers can try to stick close to what is thought to be optimal (carbonyl nickel, AC, alumina reactor tube, etc) and achieve very little results.

    I cannot help but want to go up to an avatar representing the E-Cat, take a deep breath, and ask: what’s going on!

    You are absolutely correct that the Lugano Report gave a lot of information. But now we know that both variations that are significantly different and closer replications (as long as Ni-LiAlH4 is used) both can produce amazing results. Then another set of replications can produce almost nothing!

    So what is the community of replicators to do? Without a small nudge in the proper direction, all I can see being useful is many months of tedious trial and error testing. Once another dozen replicators only see minimal excess heat, a dozen see massive excess heat, and a few see none, maybe we can figure out what is preventing (or allowing) excess heat to take place.

    I wish Industrial Heat could provide the replicating community the smallest nudge forward so that there would be fewer resources, less money, and less time wasted as more replications are being planned.

    Otherwise, I just see a whole lot of headache in the future for several different repkicators. Maybe, if nothing else, Industrial Heat could send out bottles of Excedrin Migraine Formula – autographed by yourself – to ease the pain and as a keepsake.

    I’m sorry for bringing up this topic again. I simply had a conversation with a very diligent replicator who performs multiple tests every single day with minimal excess heat production not matter what he tries. I felt an urge to make a plea on the behalf of all the replicators who are simply trying to prove to the world the Rossi Effect is every bit as real as the photo-voltaic effect.

  330. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    We’ll see what we can do regarding the Excedrin migrane formula: we could add its application to our R&D scheduled program.
    I am glad of the successful replications made around the world.
    As for what concerns information, we already have given much of it in our patent applications and in the tests that have been published; any further bit of information could damage our IP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  331. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi:

    Perhaps photoshopping has made strange effects but you do not look just healthy. You seem tanned, having lost weight and I wonder if you were not exposed to high frequency radiation. Perhaps lower than gamma but in X-Ray zone. Please, for the sake of mankind, take care.

    Best Regards.

  332. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    As I already said, the data and the description of the 1MW E-Cat will be published after the completion of the tests and the R&D on course with the E-Cat installed in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  333. James Rovnak

    Andrea, sorry Brian is only at 267 C instead of 500 C. I’ll be more careful on next report. Think he could use some more EM stimulation right now. Power input has been about constant for a while. We will see this evening!

    Jim

  334. James Rovnak

    Andrea Brian has got the home E-Cat at 500 C & is headed up for the Hot E-Cat at 600 C. Great test so far, beautiful design. Great engineer following in your foot steps. Jim

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/11/new-lenr-test-by-brian-albiston-begins-later-today/

    Bravo Brian, a pleasure to watch. Well executed test & fuel element design.

    If you get a minuted check in to watch & give him a pat on the back to make his day. He has more than one attempt at this behind him.

  335. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Obviously I cannot comment waiting for the publication of a complete report, but all the same I congratulate for the apparently encouraging results on the wings of enthusiasm!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. James Rovnak

    Andrea nice test by Brian. Join the fun if you have a minute to enjoy the New Fire with all your admirers.

    Cheers

    Jim

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/06/11/new-lenr-test-by-brian-albiston-begins-later-today/

  337. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  338. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please check
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    for new comments on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  339. Janie

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Sincerely, do you think the domestic E-Cat will go commercial within 2 years?
    Cheers,
    Janie

  340. Andrea Rossi

    Janie:
    Damn, Amazon didn’t deliver the crystal ball ! I am working strongly on the Hot Cat in that perspective, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  341. James Rovnak

    Andrea, what drives the Hot E-Cat of that I am sure! IMHO was before our eyes all the time in the Laguno report.

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/609052244554711040

    Thank you again

    Jim

  342. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Good luck to them, as a prize for their enthusiasm!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  343. James Rovnak

    Andrea another replication run today with some very innovative features.

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/609059230025396224

    Sure this will hold our interest, No?

    Your friend & admirer. Especially for “The New Fire” & it’s promise to warm humanity from a much more friendly source than fossil or conventional nuclear with their inherent problems. I just hope the negative thermal resistance of the LENR process does not bite him.

    Jim

  344. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. Ronald Taylor

    Dr Rossi, professional question: which is the insight that made the phenomenological single particle model a useful tool in nuclear physics?

  346. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald Taylor:
    I think it is the inclusion of a strong spin orbit force ( by Goeppert- Mayer and Jensen). It couples the spin and orbital angular momentum of each individual nucleon and corresponds to the “jj” coupling limit of atomic theory. By the theory of Norman Cook ( Models of the atomic nucleus, Berlin 2010) the phenomenological single particle model is reconciled with the liquid drop model in a unifying phenomenological system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your recent comment it sounds now like your plant is potentially a 2 MW plant. You have described previously 100 10kW reactors, now it sounds like you have added four 250 kW reactors to it. Is this correct?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  348. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight and for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  349. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted regarding current technology (low temperature eCats) versus hot eCats – “For the low temperatures the current technology has advantages.”

    You previously posted that COP increases with temperature. This seems in conflict.

    1. Do current technology (low temperature) eCats have a longer SSM than hot eCats?
    2. Can you clarify what other advantages current technology eCats have over the hot eCats?

  350. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- You can assume anything you deem opportune
    2- same as above
    3- Some operations demand the shut down of the plant, some do not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  351. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Can we assume that “modifications” to the eCat at this time are not physical but software or firmware modifications?
    2. I further assume that most of the changes are to the control laws (adjusting parameters — so called tweaking”) to improve or adjust performance?
    3. Changes to the operational software/firmware would require the eCat be shutdown and restarted. Is this primarily the case when you mentioned eCat being shutdown and restarted?

  352. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Low temperature E-Cats are more fit than Hot Cats for lower T for reasons different than COP.
    1- no
    2- this information will be given with the commercial literature in due time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. James Rovnak

    Andrea check out speculation on thermal control ie self regulation, negative thermal feedback like in nuclear reactors.

    Interesting thoughts by David Robinson & Bob Cook for your interests.

    http://www.mail-archive.com/vortex-l@eskimo.com/msg103097.html

    Iv’e thought of thermal self regulation for a long time. Lugano showed about a 400 second process time constant of power input to temperature, but an oblivious long term drift which I think are long term decay products falling out/in , but I can’t see the whole picture yet. One would see the nuclear micro burst on Ni & Li less than a microsecond process. These burst in energy would be-filtered through fuel element’s thermal time constant to us ie 400 sec.

    Well hope you enjoy the reference & their discussion & its fit to your theory.

    Jim

    Interesting how this all fits in with (ssm) LENR, only you seem to know for sure!

    Noted your comment on wide temperature range of operation the other day!

    Have a pleasant evening & thanks for tolerating my inquires. You sure have a lot of us thinking & guessing? But you do keep our minds young with that work!

    Thanks again

  354. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments arrived to this blog on other posts than this today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  355. Brad Savich

    Dr Rossi:
    Just a curiosity: while you are in the plant which kind of clothes do you wear ? Do you have special protection clothes, normal clothes or what?
    Cheers,
    Brad

  356. Andrea Rossi

    Brad Savich:
    I wear normal clothes ( see the most recent photos on http://www.andrea-rossi.com ), but I have a blue- collar fatigue clothe for when I have to work on the plant for reparations or maintainance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  357. Jacqueline

    Andrea Rossi: we saw in the photo with the stethoscope that you have lost much weight ( and you were already slim) and that your face is grew much older than it was in the photos of one year ago: you are giving too much, Andrea, beware your health. We can’t lose an Andrea Rossi now.
    Jacqueline

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Jacqueline:
    “NOW” ?????
    ( He,he,he…)
    Yes, the life is hard 16 hours per day, seven days a week, in a sauna with problems to solve and a high level of anxiety, but I am helped by a great Team. I am doing what I have to do, less is impossible if we want a positive result.
    The horse is harnessed, NOW has to pull.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Kerstin Fryklund:
    In your comment, wrongly spammed by the robot and lost, that you sent me by email, you asked:
    1- did we change charge during the 1 MW E-Cat operation since we started ?
    2- is the charge of the 1 MW plant in operation in the industry of the Customer the best available possible?
    3- the 4 E-Cats with a power of 250 kW each do have the same charge?
    4- can you go to have lunch leaving the E-Cat alone or, if not, how did you resolve the problem?
    Thank you for your questions and here are the answers:
    1- not so far
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- No, I have to bring with me the 1MW E-Cat to eat together. You can’t imagine how much She costs in pet food!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Paul Calvo

    What’s a startup with just under $7 million in venture capital going to do with $125 million worth of Tesla’s grid batteries?

    http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/what-advanced-microgrid-solutions-plans-to-do-with-5000-tesla-powerpack-bat?utm_source=Daily&utm_medium=Headline&utm_campaign=GTMDaily

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you, interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Joseph Mc Carthy

    Dr Andrea Rossi: do you feel optimistic about the operation of the plant in the factory of the customer?
    Why do not give us more data about the operation?

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph Mc Carthy:
    1- This is a long term test and requires careful due diligence; it is normal for me to feel positive about my work, I feel what I am doing is the right thing to do; that’s why I spend 16 hours per day in the sauna inside the plant.
    2- Operation of the plant and interaction with the Customer is particularly sensitive information; I want only those who have contractual right know all the due information, to protect our IP and trade secret: hence we want to manage our disclosure of information carefully, because we cannot allow our competition to gain any ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You stated “and many modifications are made during the operation.” Are many modifications made each day or each week? I would expect by now that major modifications have ceased and minor modifications might occasionally be made. Daily there might be small adjustments. Is this essentially correct?

  365. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, correct. See also my answer to the last comment of Frank Acland.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you. Does this mean that you are able to make significant modifications to this plant while it continues to do it job (i.e. no need to shut it down?)

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  367. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The modifications we can make during the operation are done without turning the plant off, other are done turning off the plant only if necessary; not necessary, but suggested modifications suggested by the operation’s experience will be done after the end of the tests and R&D on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  368. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the 1MW plant performing as you have hoped these days, or is there still the need for frequent intervention and correction?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I can say that so far we are positive about what is going on, but the final results could still be either positive or negative.
    We are constantly controlling the plant and many modifications are made during the operation.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  370. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi, would it not please you to help people like MFMP et al by giving them hints as to the most basic conditions necessary to replicate your new fire.
    It surely can do you little harm financially to give this basic help for all humanity now you are so far advanced in your Research.
    Best Wishes

  371. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    I cannot give more information than I already did.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  372. Wolfgang Reimer

    Dear Andrea:

    Happy belated birthday! May health, creative power, and happiness be always with you!

    I closely follow your amazing story since my Italian friend and fellow Marco told me about your first public demonstration in January 2011. I also met you one time in Zurich for shaking hands and taking a photo (at the E-Cat conference in September 2012).

    And I read Mats Lewan’s book “An Impossible Invention”. Absolutely fascinating and thrilling.

    I would like to ask you some questions regarding the E-Cat (Hot-Cat):

    1) Did the Hot-Cat tested in Lugano already have the two-stage system design (mouse + cat)? I assume not, because that would have required two charges, one for the activator and a different one for the cat and the report does not mention this.

    2) For a single-stage Hot-Cat what is the maximum COP you reached so far (keeping the system in a yet stable control regime)?

    3) In the two-stage system design is the first stage (activator/mouse) intentionally “throttled” to a COP slightly larger than 1 for some reason or is this already the maximum COP achievable for the activator (e.g. due to a different charge/fuel or design)?

    I wish you (and the all mankind as future beneficiary of the Rossi Effect) that all your ambitious plans will work out and humanity can peacefully use your clean energy source soon.

    Best regards,

    Wolfgang

  373. Andrea Rossi

    Wolfgang Reimer:
    1- Confidential
    2- These data will be published after the end of the tests on course
    3- Same as above
    I am very sorry, but all your questions are such that I cannot give an answer, due to our policy aimed to wait for the end of the tests before publishing any related data.
    Thank you for your kind words and wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find new comments arrived to other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for you response, very interesting. Does this mean that it would be possible to use the current Hot Cat for all temperature needs, or are there some advantages of the the current low temperature design for low temperatures?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  376. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    For the low temperatures the current technology has advantages.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  377. Curious Adron

    One question: somebody talks of neutron capture, some of electon capture: which kind of capture are you making in your process? I mean, within the limits of non confidential things.

  378. Andrea Rossi

    Curious Adron:
    What I can tell you within the limits of non confidential issues is that the capture we are making here is mosquitos-capture. The place we are in in the evening gives us a veritable opportunity for to exploit this technology: we are acheving good results with the help of chemistry ( spray and kill) and of mechanics ( slaps). The results, day by day, can be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  379. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible to run the Hot Cat at the temperature of the low temperature E-Cat?

    Just curious,

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    I read your response to my previous post about 5 hours ago.
    The first thing that stuck out was ” ?^*!§#/*^§[+/%$??”

    It’s been going around the internet about certain code that can cause smart phones to shut down & reboot. My 1st thought was you were trying to do this to my computer.

    After staring & waiting for about 10 minutes with no Blue Screen of Death, It occurred to me that your real plan was to shut down & reboot the entire Internet to hide my Genius from the world. So I sat here staring & waiting for nearly 5 hours when it Dawned on me. I Have No Genius to hide as is now obvious. My mother always told me it’s best to keep your mouth shut & let some people think your dumb then to open your mouth & remove all doubt. OOPS :-)

    Finally I read your full response. Holy Catsnacks! F8 + F9.
    Actually, I was so overjoyed that the Internet didn’t reboot that ” ?^*!§#/*^§[+/%$??” never entered my mind. Besides. how many can claim getting both F8 + F9 in the same post.

    On a serious note. That you & your team have time to focus on the Hot-cat R&D is very encouraging. Obviously for the most part, the Pilot plant must be behaving well. Be sure & let your team know that many of us appreciate all the hard work you all do. It’s good for people to know their efforts are appreciated.

    Now about “The Cat-sling!” hmm the Cat-a-Log, the Catrack, I’ll have to think on it a lil bit.

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    He,he,he…
    Our Team appreciates your comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. James Rovnak

    Andrea, when you have a minute take a look at the work or Denis Vasilenko on utube. He also has a spread sheet ” Fast test project “little sun” by Firax Tech, April 27, 2015 shared on MFMP whose power vs temperature curve clearly shows the presence of the Lady LENRs visit to his beautifully executed work & the brilliance of her fiery presence in the night air when she took his fuel element in a control system limit cycle as he strives for a 1200 C setpoint. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOg4IoEar6kZwmyTi-npEiA I tried to help during that test via MFMP connection which is also an engineering marvel. Incidentally his Russian PID controller did not have a manual option which I think could have averted a fuel melt down. Hope we can discuss this further another day!
    Also Robert Greenyer has a beautifully done spreadsheet covering pertinent information on Lugano report as well as other very useful LENR information ie I especially like his look at decay product time constants as Lugano fuel proceeds from fresh to final ash you so kindly shared with the worlds replicators. Also Stephen of MFMP is starting done the trail of discovery in how the fresh fuel got to the final ash which I wish I had the energy to help him with. To bad Bob’s PCE 830 power analyzer got tied up in the Euro mail system & did not arrive in time for his ICCF19 demo this year which we enjoyed.
    I just looked into the PCE 830 & that is a marvelous power analyzer. The picture in the Lugano report of the freq analyser clearly shows the spectral content of your TRIAC based power source driving the Hot E-Cat & I believe giving it the EM field it needs to get started as well as to maybe continue the New Fire, just maybe, seems only you can be positive definite right now. Nice picture of current pulse feeding the Hot E-Cat and the analysis team examination of its frequency spectrum content. Have also pointed out before Sanjeev’s plot of raw & filter freq content of MFMPs power source which of course was aliased by data sampling time available & PCE 830 were it available could have shed even more light.
    Well those are just a few thought I awoke with this morning & wanted to share with your blog. I like the summary version you referred to yesterday http://www.rossilivecat.com/
    Thanks again Andrea you sure do keep an old man happy following you & who has so much trouble even graphing with a spread sheet when I even did dynamic analysis of Nuclear Plant accidents at one time using a finite difference time program I developed with them. 15 moves around the sun can build up a lot of rust so keep trucking Andrea you & the MFMP group fascinate me.
    Jim
    Cheer again!

  384. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments and answers arived today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Misty Kacik

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think of the replication of the Rossi Effect made by the China Institute for Atomic Energy ? They made a reactor as descibed in the Lugano Report and got the same COP, moreless.

  387. Andrea Rossi

    Misty Kacik:
    As for what I could read it seems to me a serious work; the China Institute is prestigious and China is a nuclear power: their physicist come from a top level school. My work could be useful in Countries like China, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. Edward Davenport

    Dr Rossi:
    After all this time, at least several months, that you share space and time 24 hours per day with your team inside the restricted space of the plant and around it: how is the relationship between all the members of your team, between Leonardo and Industrial Heat, between you and Tom Darden? They say that during a long cruise inside a boat also the best friendship goes shaky.
    Maybe I’m maleficent.
    Edward

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Edward Davenport:
    He,he,he…no, you are just a little bit malicious, not maleficent. Maybe you hoped to be maleficent.
    The human relationships inside our great Team are, as always, based upon reciprocal esteem for the professional skill of every component. My personal relationship with all the components of the team and Dr Darden are, as always, perfect. Our union is our main source of force. If you have experienced what you say in a boat, perhaps is because the boat had a hole and you all were not able to repair it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. Peter Forsberg

    Andrea Rossi and Eernie1:

    I also believe that the ECat will prove more useful to science than the LHC. Many people (I don’t want to name names) only consider Andrea Rossi to be an engineer. But I consider you to be one of the great scientist of all times. I hope history will record you as such. The way that you have approached the invention of the ECat reminds me extremely much of the way that I and my team investigate the “mystery” of consciousness. Many people only consider findings as science if they have been translated into the linqua franca of science, mathematics, and if they have been peer reviewed. But thruth is truth no matter of how it has been reached, and often mathematics is a straight jacket.

    Regards

    Peter Forsberg (https://zerfoly.wordpress.com/)

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Thank you for your kind words, surely addressed to all the Team I have the honour to work with.
    Very interesting the link related to the investigation of the hidden structure of consciousness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Of course I meant 13 TeV energetic particles produced. Sorry, my mind was on power production.
    Regards.

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Of course! I too did not notice the typo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    You mentioned the fact that the CERN device is now running at a 13 terawatt power level and that this may provide more information which can be used to unravel the mysteries of the atom. I suggest that you possess a device which can be used to uncover more of the workings of the atom than this device. Using combinations of atomic species in the e-cat configurations for lengthy test runs at different power levels and then performing assays in depth would probably present us with much usable information which would add immensely to the atomic theories we presently consider valid.
    Investigative regards.

  395. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for saying this. As a matter of fact, it is true: the E-Cat could be an important source of information; in the paper Cook-Rossi we started a percourse to integrate what happens inside the E-Cat with what is known about atomic models; you touched an important switch: the LHC of the CERN works at so high energies, that it is unlikely the information it will get will be directly useful for something, apart the enrichment of human scientific culture:
    “Fatti non foste a viver come bruti,
    ma per seguir virtute e conoscienza”
    [" Ulysses" in Inferno, La Divina Commedia, Dante Alighieri- Lunigiana (Italy) written through 1304- 1321, first manuscripts Italy, circa 1330] .
    But it is very unlikely that the cost to find, for example, the Higs boson or the dark matter ( if any) will allow the application of such entities for something industrially useful. There can be indirect benefits, though: tools and systems made to find Higgs boson and dark matter can find industrial applications…the internet has been invented in the CERN to communicate between scientists…
    Our E-Cat is so economic that could spread knowledge in measure quantitatively exponential with the number of persons that will use it.
    But let me make you remember that the final results of our test on course could be either positive, or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  396. James Rovnak

    Andrea, another beautiful set of slides freely shared by Larsen on Catalyst & his take of LENR processes. I really like his colorful & meaningful slides & sure they have a lot of reminders in them of your work in producing oil from organic matter to help solve the Worlds Energy Crisis. Years ago my employer was involved in building ethylene plants & we had a patented catalytic process that increased yield in cracker units. I did some interesting dynamics/control & protection work on furnaces at a plant we built in China.

    When I first started following your work years ago the “Catalyst” in the E-Cat word drew me to your efforts & my nuclear background excited me in the possibilities you offered in cleaner, safer more powerfull than fossil energy. I had become some what disenchanted with commercial nuclear power after seeing monetary/efficiency gain emphasized over more inherently safer plants developing so I went into fossil & petrochemical plant work for a while.

    Along the line of improvements in the E-Cat series, we used burnable poisons in nuclear plant fuel element design & I am sure they could be added to the E-Cat & I know the nuclear industry has many men devoted to improving fuel elements using various method from their materials bag of tricks & trust they are working out well for you also.

    Again in your relaxing moments at the plant I hope you will look at & enjoy some of the slides Larsen has prepared for open public view. I’m sure they will bring back memories of moments of discovery for you, & fascination we both have for the Ultra Low Momentum neutrons that have to be firing the E-Cat in your process even if their exact nature & source somewhat eludes our certainty at the present moment in time. I’m am truly interested in discovering for myself the EM effect that may eventually control their use in commercial products like the E-Cat series.

    I also see an E-Cat rising in power to the ssm mode & sitting there in thermal feed back regulation if isotope stabilization can no longer be influenced because of its long term decay constants taking control like a nuclear plants decay heat build up. “We lose control of nuclear plants at the low end because of this buildup of fission decay products, especially at the end of fuel cycle requiring partial or full refueling with fresh rods.

    In Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) at one point in my career at about 20% power a slow limit cycle would occur of about 60 minute period so operators just went quickly thru that point. I often wonder if that point still exists or someone has found the reason & a solution. Remember water void fraction feedback made BWRs somewhat self regulating in actually controlling thermal neutron population. The same effect could appear in the Hot E-Cat with fourth power radiant temperature losses in the total (ssm) LENR mode of operation, just maybe, I don’t know but you must.

    Jim

    Well do have a pleasant evening & I hope you find the colorful slide insightful as I have.

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/607597201490104320

    Jim

  397. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  398. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    I am not a technician, so my question is not on catalizers or COPs and so on. If the cat “goes” like you say, and i am sure that’s it, it is the fossil energy “killer application”, a real game changer. There is some signal from big oil companies, to stop you or to buy your cat, an dig it under tha sand? I am very worried about it.

  399. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    No, there are no signals at all in the direction you describe, while, on the contrary, I am convinced of the fact that our technology will be integrated in the complex system of energy sources, to create a synergy that will not be a killer application, but a global game enhancer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  400. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find new comments arrived in other posts of this blog right now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Jacques Rezek

    Dr Andrea Rossi: OK, gauges speak to your brain, stethoscope speakd to your guts, but then: with whom will have to speak with what a customer that has not Andrea Rossi inside the plant ?
    Cheers,
    A sceptic friend

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Jacques Rezek:
    Our Customers will have nothing to do with the R&D and the tests we are making now upon this first plant delivered to an industrial Customer. They will receive a product certified, off the shelf and all they will have to do will be follow simple instructions, while the E-Cat, whatever the model and the power, will be completely controlled in automatic mode. Thank you for your kind attention, even if it drives you sceptic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. James Rovnak

    http://imagizer.imageshack.us/a/img661/7306/c1gw1V.png Now Andrea I would say they saw the original home heater E-Cat show up on the early 200 C part of first & longest run at MFMP They spent some time down there allowing the Lady to show up rather prominently I’d say, No? Compare Blue & Green temperatures. Green is nice as it was done after fuel was removed & I think Ged feels more comfortable with that trace as other calibrations were done quickly with active fuel & confused them with Ladies Presence I am sure! Its their test & call & they are very cautious & thorough as all experimenter replicators of your Hot E-Cat should be, No? Well we have time to wait for a new longer test & ash analysis & further conclusions from MFMP with their great fuel element design, nice testing program & thorough analysis team!

    Jim

  404. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Based on my primitive assumptions, How about 1 Mouse surrounded by 6 Cats.

    http://www.homewetbar.com/images/magictoolbox_cache/thumb420x420/w-gun-cylinder-pen-holder-115236.jpg

    http://i.ebayimg.com/00/s/MzAwWDMwMA==/z/jygAAOxyyF5RPW-w/$T2eC16VHJIkE9qU3kIJrBRPW-wf,ew~~60_35.JPG

    What do you think?
    Or is this an “F9″ moment…
    Or Possibly an “F8) I can not disclose etc, etc,

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C:
    Wow! The Cat-sling!
    F8 + F9.
    I know your answer what will be: ” ?^*!§#/*^§[+/%$??”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Can you tell us what temperature the Hot-Cat has been operating at for the self sustain mode tests that you’ve been discussing recently?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  408. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    I am making many variations; the T range is between 1000 and 1600 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. Thanks for the “Welcome Back!”

    I’ve been keeping up with your progress.

  410. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    6.30 p.m., I am starting my working shift of today/tomorrow.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. James Rovnak

    My friend Stephen at MFMP is trying to follow the Lugano fuel trail you so nicely gave the World ie initial fuel to ash analysis – Thank you again.

    The following is part of our ongoing discussions for he is on the right track & will produce valuable dynamic control information as he persists of that I am sure!

    “Nuclear engineers follow this trail of ash all the time as this is a decay heat process they must contend with in the shutdown of a nuclear reactor as the fuels cycle ends. They must model isotope decay time constants & produce dynamically a set of differential equations for predictions of heat after death (HAD) Alan Goldwater is contending with right now in post GS3 test analysis. This isotope decay process is the reason for BWR accident in Japan recently because they couldn’t remove decayed heat & the “China syndrome” occurred. You are right on looking at Lugano before & after ash as one can work backward with available isotope decay data. Larsen does a beautiful job of showing how coal can be transmuted into other elements generating much greater energy release than burning with oxygen. Take a look at other Larsen graphs for great incite into these decay processes Steve – he has a whole slew of graphs in his series of tremendous incite, but he is not very versed in dynamic models to predict formation & decay transients while nuclear engineers are. This is also why Andrea so wisely hires engineers with nuclear back grounds as he revealed the other day on his Blog. I am sure he will enjoy Larsen’s contention that coal can also move along this isotopic path beginning with EM stimulation of surface plasmon electron clouds at carbons surface or Ni catalyst to force it into the isotope decay path with electron – hydrogen ion interactions to form these neutrons which wonder around producing these amazing energy releasing transformations Alan & his crew at MFMP GS3 testing are contending with. One needs ULM neutrons for they are present locally for their short life time & have a high cross section for interaction that high energy neutrons do not. Nuclear plants have to slow down fast fission neutrons to get them to interact with water moderation in PWRs etc. Cheers I think Andrea will like this colorful presentation by Lewis if he has not already seen it.

    These isotope trails are not in Palladium as you thought Steven but are for any decay chain starting with excitation by ULM neutrons as Rossi has so wonderfully done with Li vapor & Ni lattice & EM stimulation as Sanjeev has so aptly portrayed in his recent presentation of voltage drop across the active MFMP fuel element.

    Boy you have really raise a storm of thinking & speculation at MFMP as of lately which I am sure you are aware of & happy with. This could not only get you some trained employees but help speed that commercialization process we so desire.

    Incidentally I can now see the warm E-Cats presence at about 200 C during the GS3 test & Ged’s data reduction especially with the new non fueled powered run for comparison with the initial start up that still persist in causing some problems of understanding there. I have no doubts, the Lady LENR visited there. Even in the form of the home E-Cat I ordered years ago from you. I don’t think Underwiters Lab is very cooperative in certification process just like our patent office, period. Just hang in there Andrea with your much admired patience from my take. Jim

    http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/lattice-energy-llc-converting-oil-and-coal-into-more-energetic-green-co2free-clenr-fuels-april-8-2014

  412. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments I received today from other posts than this…and related answers.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  414. Kraig Ferrales

    Dr Andrea Rossi: do you think the 3 quark desciption of the standard model is enough to explain the nucleons mass?

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Kraig Ferrales:
    To explain the nucleons masses the 3 quark representation is very limited: this is an incomplete point of the Standard Model. By QCD is postulated a “sea of quarks interacting via gluons”, but it is far from being rigorously specified, I didn’t find mathematically quantified equations for this specific issue. I think to resolve this problem it is opportune to adopt the lattice-fcc model I learnt fom the theory of Prof Norman Cook ( Models of the Atomic Nucleus, Springer Berlin 2010).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Peggy Herein:
    I can only disclose the more logic and simple, because the others are bound to confidential issues: with the stethoscope I can hear clearly the intensity of the boiling process in all the points between the reactor and the heat exchanger, to check that the heat exchange is uniform or if there are weak points. This is easy and direct. Other things are more complicated. In general, through the stethoscope She talks to my instinct; it does not substitute the data control gauges, of course, but helps to understand what is coming next while the data gauges say that everything is all right; the gauges speak to the brain, the stethoscope speaks to the guts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  417. Columbus McEady

    Dr Rossi, please give us an update from the containers!
    Columbus

  418. Andrea Rossi

    Columbus McEady:
    Now is 10.10 a.m., I’m close to terminate my turn of work ( my turn is from 6.30 p.m. to 10.30 a.m. of the next day). The situation is good, stable, while today a new system to make longer ssm for the Hot Cat has been discovered, and this is good. Very tired, need to go to sleep.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    I do not know if I trust a Mouse alone with the cake. Perhaps, you should send a Cat along to make sure the Mouse behaves. I’m thinking November 1st would be an opportune time to send them. It is along trip and they will want to rest up before they return with the cake. Probably about the end of March I suppose.
    Depends on the weather. I Press “F9″-
    I need to point out that is could be Positive but also Negative. :-)

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    He,he,he…OK!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. Peggy Hearin

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you explain some of the data that you can understand with the stethoscope ?

  422. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea

    In a previous post, I said I hope they don’t send the 8-ball instead of a Crystal Ball.

    In case your not aware of it, I thought I would clarify. It is a novelty fortune telling device of childhood days. The correct name is Magic 8-Ball. It is merely a play on the Crystal Ball. Both just as reliable.
    Here is a wiki link.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_8-Ball

    This link provides the 20 answers in a standard 8-Ball. There were many variations of the 8-ball, some not suitable for children.

    Note: A pinball was much more entertaining.

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  423. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    The concert model is proper: wherein many instruments can make a harmony that is not just the sum of single sounds: resonances can generate virtual entities whose energy is higher than the sum of the energy of the singles.
    The Mouse has a driving license, of course!
    Next time you bake a cake I send him to make the pick up.
    Speaking seriously: thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  424. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    With Franks question, Maybe “many reactors in concert.” in place of “clustering” works better.

    In your answer to Marco Serra: May 12th, 2015. (SSM are made longer by a synergy between the reactors for what concerns the “drive”)

    Do you think these synergies of having many reactors in concert will always apply?
    ————————————–
    Also in that post you said-I cannot reveal more particulars.

    This lead to many speculations such as the combined heat in close proximity was involved or that E-cats were in series feeding each other among others. My speculation would be the “drive” has a field of impact on other reactors in close proximity. But that’s just my speculation.

    Question: Is the Mouse still driving?
    Does this Mouse have a U.S. License?

    Regards and belated Happy Birthday
    I baked you a cake with my secret recipe, but had no forwarding address.
    It was very good. Sorry you missed it.

    Dan C.

  425. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thanks: nice to know also the 8 Balls play (he he he); 10 pm inside the plant, some relaxation is pure solace.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  426. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the clarification. Is the synergy system the same for low temperature E-Cats and Hot Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  427. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    In principle I would say yes.
    Thanks for your attention,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  428. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Although there are some very efficient steam/electric turbines available now, you stated that producing electricity with the E-Cat is a complex problem. Has your team advanced their research to the point where the problems to be solved have at least been identified? Or do you see many more years of research ahead before electric power generation might be feasible? I am currently visiting Thailand which is in an unusual heat weave where some affordable AC would be greatly appreciated.

    Wishing you continued good progress with your great work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel Zavela

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Applying the Carnot cycle there is nothing complex. What is complex is finding an efficient system to produce electricity by means of small and cheap systems, with good efficiency, for the small units, wherein the application of a carnot Cycle system is unthinkable. We are making R&D on this issue too.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,

  430. Could your higher power hot cats conceivably drive Sterling engines sufficiently to directly power wheels or propellers?

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Welcome back!
    Yes, maybe so.
    This is an issue of our global R&D, even if I must tell you that we still have to find a manufacturer able to supply reliable, off the shelf Sterling Engines. We have only found, so far, prototypes and conceptual proposals too green to be useful for us to buy them; none of them has a price that can make sense in our specific situation. The Hot Cat is able to make high temperature steam, this is a fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    On May 4th you wrote “The Hot Cat modules will too be assembled in clusters to increase the power.”

    You have said that with the 1MW plant you have found a way to use energy from one reactor to provide drive for another reactor (or maybe more than one reactor). I used the word ‘clustering’ to refer to this synergy.

    So my question is essentially this: is this synergy between more than one reactor necessary to get the high COP/ssm.

    I hope that is more clear!

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    You got me, I was wrong, you were right: I didn’t remember to use this term for this situation. As a matter of fact, the term “cluster” is vague in this situation, and I used it wrongly. Synergy is the right term, exactly as you report in this comment of yours. It is this synergy that allows much longer ssm phases.
    Sorry, my mistake.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Paul Calvo

    Dr Rossi

    This thin graphene coating being developed at MIT may be useful for your cats.

    http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2015/graphene-coating-more-efficient-power-plants-0529

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for this interesting information regarding graphene. We used it for some prototype and the issue is still open. Graphene is a very interesting 2-dimensions material, made by a lattice of monoatomic layer; its inventor has merited the Nobel prize.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Claud

    “…the battery cannot depend from the E-Cat.”

    Dear Andrea, today the price of a little gasoline generator (3/5 kva) is about 400$ or less. I see no problem providing a control circuit to recharge the backup battery of the e-cat for safety reason in case of runoff, to grant the system stop the ssm or limit the temperature rising.
    Or do I forget something in the functiomal diagram?

  437. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    That could work if necessary, in remote areas, but where is a grid it does not make sense to put a genset to generate the drive energy: the efficiency of a genset is 30%. Gensets are put as a back up in case of black out.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. You mention that the 1MW plant is able to achieve high COP because of ‘clustering’ reactors. Now it sounds like you are getting high COP with single reactors (250 kW low temperature E-Cats, and Hot Cats) without clustering. Could you reach a COP level with single reactors where clustering is unnecessary?

    2. Is it hot inside the shipping container?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  439. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I never used the term “clustering” because I do not understand its meaning in this situation. Please explain your question in other words, possibly using the words I used.
    Yes, inside the shipping container there is a sauna, even if the reactors and heat exchangers are well insulated. Obviously, some energy is lost, but conservatively it is not calculated in the energy balance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  440. James Rovnak

    Something interesting that I am thinking about as far as EM freq content to fuel element in MFMP by power source via TRIAC as both you & Parkhomov use in successful (ssm) LENR simulation of ULM neutron generation & possible control. Lots of miss New Fires using quite VARIACs. Jim

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/606659617024823296

    Beautiful graph by Sanjeev of MFMP test team- great engineer, very insightful, first to guess presence of LENR Lady’s in his great data reductions.

  441. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the interesting information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Did you hear about the Psychic Hotline.
    They went Bankrupt…?

    Hmmm, They didn’t see that coming. :-)

    Dan C.

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    1)Is the hotcat in test at the moment exchanging heat with a fluid or just a bare core.

    2) Also, is it more than one high temp reactor, using a similar strategy to attain high SSM as you are the low temp reactors?

    3) I am still hoping you can arrange a party in America early next year for all of us long term followers for the past half a decade. Perhaps this could be the perfect opportunity to give the results of the year long test and finally a look at the hardware. It would be nice to receive a loud applause for all the hardwork of you and your team? :)

    thanks

    Mark

  445. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    1- exchanging heat with a fluid
    2- not yet
    3- that decision does not depend on us, but on the Customer. Thank you for the kind words, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. Paul

    Andrea,

    Have you made a 250 KW hot cat?

    Paul

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    No. Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    glad that the hot cat is performing very well… I am eager to see an electric generator and a tesla battery to close the loop and do a self feeding hot cat that gives heat and electricity in excess to the owner: an hot cat, a generator, a few tesla batteries, an inverter, an heat accumulator for hot water/heaters (and why not an Einsten conditioner?) and all the needs of a home are satisfied…

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    The core issue is the ssm; external energy sources for the drive are mandatory for safety reasons, imposed by the safety certifications; if the source is a battery or the grid doesn’t make any difference, since the battery cannot depend upon the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Months ago or longer, you stated that E-Cat reactors could self sustain for a period of at least two hours with stability. If this has been improved dramatically, how long are they self sustaining for now? And how long are the periods with a drive?

    To me, this is exciting because it makes the production of electrical power much simpler. Even if the Carnot efficency is not extremely high, the COP of the plant would make up for it. The higher the COP, the less expensive and highly efficent the steam powered electric generator needs to be. If there are some losses – such as heat leaking into the environment – it is not a huge problem.

  451. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    The data related to the COP, as well as all the publishable data, will be given after the end of the test and R&D on course. I have the duty to remember that the final results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Karl Oppenheimer

    Dr Andrea Rossi: do you think that electrolytic LENR systems could generate in future results able to be applied in the normal market of thermal and electric energy?
    Karl

  453. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Oppenheimer:
    Waiting for the crystal ball, I can talk of my past experience: I worked for 4 years on electrolysis, in all the possible versions, with all the possible alloys, and got nothing. When I obtained some appearent surplus of energy, it later turned out to be an error. This for what concerns my personal experience. Obviously this does not imply necessarily that I am not wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. Sylvie Lacoste

    Andrea:
    presently ( I mean now) do you think that the small E-Cats, the ones of 10-20 kW, are competitive with the Hot Cats ?
    Thank you for your time to answer

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Sylvie Lacoste:
    I noticed that you underlined “I mean now” to avoid the crystal ball ( he,he,he…). Well, I mean now I think the Hot Cats have a performance decisively superior to the low temperature small E-Cats.
    Now I can see them compete, the Hot Cat inside the computer container vs the small E-Cats. We can have much longer ssm with the Hot Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. KD

    Petro F.
    The prediction of Mr. Rossi from crystal ball may be not correct.
    1. The crystal ball sold on Amazon are “Made in China”.
    2. Instruction to use it, might be writhen in Chinese.
    It might be better if you go to professional, experienced local psychic.
    I read about one of them asked, if he really can help. So he said, if peoples are coming for help, pay for service and don’t complain, it mean they are satisfied.

  457. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    1- the fact that a crystal ball is made in China is not an issue: the issue is if it works or not
    2- if the instructions are written in Chinese, probably they will be more easy to understand than the papers of most of us
    3- the case you exposed does not specify if the persons going to a psychic for help do not complain simply because they do not return to him; besides, it is not specified if there are not psychics able to report complains simply because they have been killed by the psychotics, who complained their way. Therefore your theory cannot be sustained, because lacks of complete analysis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. James Rovnak

    Andrea I have had some interesting discussions with Dave & Axil Axil at MFMP at Franks E Cat World this evening & post it below for your information on our thinking in moving your (ssm) process up & down load ramps & tripping from self sustained infinite COP states of operation at different temperature?

    “Dave & Axil I don’t think there is a magic fuel formula at all or the Cat & mouse are necessary to raise power or if that is what Rossi does? In conventional nuclear power plants we raise the power generation level to any place we want by putting the neutron flux in an increasing or decreasing mode & then stop it to generate stable power in BWRs, PWRS, Gas cooled reactors, Nuclear Rockets etc and the same applies for the Rossi (ssm) mode of power generation. In all these ramps & attempts a (ssm) has visited us & we & Rossi for a long time & led to numbers of lost fuel elements to burnout because our controllers can’t handle the non linear process of generating power as we approach large values of (ssm) LENR power with respect to external input power on our move up in temperature ramps. We need some good nuclear control engineering ideas to make a moving power process out of this. The source is so strong that we don’t need more fuel or a helper Cat to be successful at this.

    Rossi just moves his Hot E-Cat to a high thermal out put to provide energy to his current client at infinite COP thru self regulation buy radiant self regulating feed back process. The controlling ultra low momentum process for thermal neutron generation can be disrupted or helped to move up or down by the proper input of external power pulse to influence neutron generation & isotope decay process as we do to move conventional nuclear plants & MFMP will eventually show us how that’s done I am sure.

    How else does Rossi shut down successfully an element in the self sustaining mode of full power or partial power generation, that is the question we must address & it has been solved in conventional nuclear power plants developed & tuned by smart government funded research information available to us now!

  459. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. James Rovnak

    Andrea another beautifully done set of slides by Larsen, what is your take?

    https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/606554393316491265

    I think there is a lot of good information here that I sort of comprehend & thought I’d share with your blog. I like your recent paper & co authors book also. A lot of food for thought. I must admit I’m a visual concepts man, not steeped in theory, advance matrix math or QM but I love reading in the area of the nucleus – always have.

    Have a nice evening, Your friend Jim

  461. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the insight and the update.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. James Rovnak

    Andrea my comment shared with on of the bright CS3 testing engineers Dave who soon will validate the Rossi “New Fire”

    “I think most researchers have destroyed their own fuel elements with trying to control a (ssm) LENR process as Rossi has learned losing hundreds if not thousand of his in the learning process. I am a retired nuclear engineer with experience in control, simulating, testing of BWRs, PWRs, Gas cooled reactors, starting my careen with the NERVA Nuclear Rocket program & even working with fossil & petrochemical plants & Rossi is right on thru tenacious hard work. The flux level in nuclear reactors is raised to raise power & a neutron balance in kept by control rods etc. Hopefully we can move Rossi ssm process up & down with external power pulsed inputs. Keep up the good work Dave!”

    In a BWR, in particular the formation of more steam voids self regulates power & protects also inhibiting the generation of thermal neutrons in the dense water which are necessary to release fission power from Uranium fuel. This process is directly analogous to the fourth power heat loss balance with the Ultra Low Momentum neutron population formed at the metal surface of Ni & Li by the SSP process described by Larson. Thus in the (ssm) process self regulation is obtained with a high gain natural feedback process controlling the neutron formation process with its inherent isotope formation & decay time constants. similar to large reactor control of delayed fission neutron process with neutron absorbing control rods or thermalization process with void faction interaction in a BWR!

  463. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    A few days ago I found this thesis on Peter Gluck’s EgoOut:
    http://porto.polito.it/2608164/1/TESI_VENEZIANO.pdf
    I believe you may be familiar with this due to your close working relation with Prof. Norman Cook. It may give direction in how LENR works.
    Can you give comment on this?

  465. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Interesting thesis related to electrolysis induced LENR. I read it, it appears well done. I can only say that through electrolysis I never got any result able to evolve into an industrial application, but that’s just my experience. I am working on completely different bases; I share with the author of the thesis the Cook’s nuclear models as a starting point for a theoretical reconciliation. I have been pleased to see in the references the book of Prof. Norman Cook and many other publications of him.
    This said, the fact that a student of Engineering makes a thesis on the LENR is positive in itself and shows how the paramount opinion about LENR has positively evolved. Five years ago I do not think a student could achieve a PhD in Engineering with a thesis on the LENR. Maybe we have some merit on this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  466. Hi Andrea,
    A belated Happy Birthday! I have been away; sorry for my omission.

    The idea of augmenting a fossil- fuelled power station with a successful 1 MW LENR plant overcomes the need for a separate electrical storage device as a ‘direct- feed- back’ buffer to run the ecat, since a small part of the station’s electrical output can be fed back to the 1MW input in a direct and controlled amount; see next paragraph for further explanation. One feedback line could supply the necessary heating while a second would be dedicated to the electronic control system.

    Now for the explanation mentioned above. There should then be no concern for thermal runaway and safety because the ecat will not be feeding itself directly but borrowing from the station’s total output, the vast majority of which comes via the fossil fuel. One could imagine this station’s fossil fuel output portion to be a sort of storage device in itself—but one like a non- static electricity reservoir; an in-built, DYNAMIC storage device in fact.

    In the past, you seemed to be against feeding back part of the ecat’s output energy to its own input directly without some kind of storage buffer. Are you still thinking the same way now or will your control system be effective enough for all undesirable and unexpected conditions when you manage to generate ecat electrical energy and use part of it to run the system?

    I visualise that in the future the LENR contribution to the station’s input could be increased in steps, thus gradually reducing the huge amounts of fossil fuel currently needed.

    In the power station example above, if the 1MW had a mind of its own and was unaware of all the other machinery it would conclude that it was entirely self-sufficient, including its own start up.

    Happy birthday again. Jean Pierre.

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Thank you for the wishes and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  468. Pietro F.

    After the wishes,

    I ask you a prediction: when you foresee we might have a functioning unplugged E-Cat?

    Thanks

    Peter F.

  469. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    Amazon has not yet delivered the crystal ball I ordered several days ago.
    As soon as I receive it, you will have my answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  470. Pietro F.

    Intanto auguri,
    poi le chiedo una previsione: tra quanto potremmo avere un ecat funzionante e scollegato dalla rete elettrica?

    Grazie e in gamba.

    Pietro F.

  471. James Rovnak

    just spent some time at MFMP tonight where they were puzzling over seeming changes in calibration curves for TC control seeing hysteresis in calibration ramps with live fuel element. My take is slow response (ssm) LENR was active.

    My comment to Sanjeev, but I think he left before I could get it to him?

    “you have a good ramp up but a bad one down & since (ssm) LENR is building on way up PID can do a good job of holding temperature and you can see nuclear power helping it in the power calculation presented. On way down I think fuzzy controller has to wait a while for nuclear to start dying down ie hysteresis effect you have puzzled over.”

    Lets see what tomorrow brings, i think Alan may be making a long run now at high temperature. She is still there, I don’t think solidifying metals & remelting has hurt process that much & it looks like (ssm) LENR is very local off center in their fuel element because of asymmetric glow prevalent in Alan’s Utube video. I think TC may be reading a little low & actual COP are higher than previous TC might indicate, but those are details they are working out. The still aren’t convinced the Lady is with them but I am! She will convince them I am sure!
    Best Regards
    Jim
    PS I think Sanjeev suspects a hidden live power source in his examination of resulting thermal hysteresis. I wonder how Fermi & those guys felt in their first nuclear control jobs, No? I know you have had the fun.

  472. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for keeping us updated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find easy and fast comments published today on this blog, but in other posts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  474. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    so the 250Kw cat is hot or standard?

    Regards,
    Marco

  475. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Standard, but the R&D we are making now on the Hot Cat installed in the computers container are going very well, with very high ssm values, so the high temperature technoogy is mature. We made enormous progress after the Lugano results, and, being the nights very long here inside the plants, the R&D is very intense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  476. jean-paul Estèves

    Jean-Paul Estèves : jpesteves arobas laposte.net
    Bonjour,
    J’ai élaboré une théorie très simple (niveau bac+2 maxi) qui explique bien mieux les phénomènes les plus courants de la physique.
    Par exemple, le fait que la lumière réfracte sur un dioptre, c’est-à-dire change de direction d’autant plus qu’elle est rasante, est dû au fait que ma lumière, bien que satisfaisant aux équations de Maxwell, n’est pas une particule élémentaire, mais un assemblage en forme de tore et a une surface, un maitre couple, qui s’immerge progressivement dans le nouveau milieu, d’où le basculement.
    Avec ces photons en colliers, je dessine facilement un électron qui ressemble alors à une sorte de roulement à billes et j’ai une compréhension des forces électriques et magnétiques. J’illustre le spin de l’électron et découvre la force fondamentale de l’univers : le parallélisme des rotations qui permet au photon de réfracter sans se briser.
    En poursuivant l’empilement, je dessine des sortes de longs vilebrequins. Arrivés à une certaine taille, ces milliers d’empilements peuvent se boucler sur eux-mêmes, en intercalant un électron et en cachant ainsi leur charge. Ils peuvent alors coexister dans les noyaux les plus lourds…
    Cette forme peut justifier de s’affranchir de la force coulombienne et donne le mode d’emploi d’une fusion froide ?
    Ma théorie tient en 17 pages qui devraient vous intéresser
    Contactez-moi par mail et je vous l’adresserai en pièce jointe (sans virus évidemment)
    Salutations

  477. Andrea Rossi

    Jean-Paul Estèves:
    Thank you for your theoretical insight.
    Can you send it in English too?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  478. Christopher

    Dr Rossi:
    What about your new paper? Is it ready for publication? Where will it be published ? I am a teacher of Physics and I can tell you there is curiosity about what you are going to write after the Cook-Rossi paper.
    Cheers,
    Christopher

  479. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher:
    I sent the paper for voluntary peer reviewing to 8 Professors of Physics in Universities of USA, Sweden, Italy, because the paper is very engaging ( for me). As soon as I will receive all the reviewings I will publish it on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    I gave the paper to review to the Professors about a month ago and I expect it back corrected by a couple of weeks more.
    Then, the cases are two: either the reviewers will say that the paper is not worth a publication, and in this case I will scratch it, or it will be published in July.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  480. Valery Tarasov

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    No doubts, the experiments have priority in the research/developing of working devices, and a theory can come later. Nevertheless, the theory can help in experiments design. I would like to suggest to you a general theory comprising a section with possible explanation of LENR. I hope it can help you in your practical work. If you are interested, at which e-mail can I send the pdf file?
    Best wishes,
    Valery

  481. Andrea Rossi

    Valery Tarasov:
    Thank you very much for your wishes and for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  482. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Happy Birthday!
    Thank you for your remarkable work!!!

  483. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    A belated happy birthday to you.

    1. I agree with you about using regular steam engines for electricity. There is probably a reason that almost everybody involved in electricity generation, with hundreds of billions of dollars spent, uses steam engines or Brayton cycle gas turbines (or both serially). There probably are not any easy solutions around the corner.

    2. Is there anything you can tell us about the challenges or difficulties involved in generating electricity? Are the temperatures not consistent ? Are the Hot-Cats not stable at high enough temperatures?

    3. I wanted to call your attention to this company, which makes custom external combustion engine gas turbines, which can be used with any heat source. http://www.btola.com/ifgt-technology.ht

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions.

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    We are working with our R&D on the electric power production. We will communicate the related data when we will have final results and solutions to propose to our Customers.
    Thank you for the link to btola, we’ll ask for information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    I also just wanted to wish you a Happy Birthday. I’m sure this is the fourth or fifth year I have done so. I hope this is the last year I have to do so (joke). If I have to do it again, at the very least I expect a Happy birthday back on October 27th :)

    In all seriousness, I hope this (or early next year) is the year you see the fruits of your labour and we get to see the spectacle of the world waking up suddenly to something we have been aware of for half a decade and in some cases longer.

    Happy Birthday Andrea

    Mark Saker

  486. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Thank you !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr Rossi: Happy Birthday. Congratulations on your very successful 65 years. Thanks again for this site and sharing with us.

  488. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Thank you.
    The share respects the parity: its advantages are symmetric.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Just an important information: in these days the Large Hadron Collider of the CERN in Geneva has reached an energy of 13 TeV ( 13 billions of eV !).
    At these energies we can expect to have information about the Dark Matter, which is supposed to correspond to the 25% of the Universe.
    Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Zamburro:
    In a spammed comment received by email you asked me if I am interested to new systems to produce electric energy alternative to the Carnot.
    The answer is: of course I am !
    The problem is that of all the alternatives really offered today by the market, Carnot has no real rivals
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I just watched the Tom and Doug video and it gave me an idea. Maybe a set of drums inside the shipping container would help your mental health. You could put on your stethoscope and play along to the sound of the E-Cat plant. Happy birthday!

    Frank

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Fantastic idea, but should I give course to it, it could be the Customer to put in serious doubt my mental health.
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    For example, I wonder what would happen if you placed Ni-LiAlH4 fuel in a stainless steel donut, wrapped a resistor around it, sealed the hole, and applied AC with whatever waveforms are most stimulating. Since the leakage flux would be almost 100% eliminated (in any solenoid half of the total flux is outside of the coil and if the solenoid is long with many windings, the same amount of leakage flux escapes but it is simply closer to the outside of the coil) the amount of flux inside of the coil would double.

    These steel donuts are almost an ideal shape for a toroid because they have no sharp rectangular edges. They would have a lower melting temp than alumina (1450C or so) but they might last long enough for some basic testting. To stop the resistor wires from shorting you could apply a layer of alumina to the donut. I also dont know how much pressure these donuts could hold.

    http://www.pro-werks.com/partlist/980/

    I can’t help but wonder if using a toroidal core rather than a solenoid could allow more simulation per watt.

  494. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your kind wishes!
    Thank you also for your considerations related to the good work of the Chinese scientist Sonsheng Jiang.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. James Rovnak

    Andrea I did a little more homework tonight at MFMP going over results & puzzling reheat calibration of fuel element results by Alan.
    I had the following brief conversation with Camilo Urbina who was still there also.

    “Actually I just blew up & compared the test & reheat test data curves just done by Alan & have convinced myself the reheat test was done too fast & never got involved with (ssm) LENR. I’m not sure the fire can be restarted with the melted state of the first test fuel now, but it is worth a repeat slowly going to 850 C like the original & I am certain if the fire will restart at around 600 C we well again be visited by (ssm) LENR. Note the larger amount of power require in reheat to get to 650 C indicative of no help from LENR as in the slower first test & how slow LENR was building up as 800 C was reached & would have built up further had we persisted in holding there. No, its still was there & just might come back on a replica of the first tests temperature ramp or similar. The reheat was done too fast to excite (ssm) LENR of that I am certain now! What is your opinion Camilo? Thanks for the suggestion but I am too tired tonight & will have to go there tomorrow after a little rest!” 1:09 AM

    Will look into this further & get back to you Andrea tomorrow hopefully. Know MFMP will settle this but I can’t hold myself back from reasoning it myself – been a problem my whole life seems I just have to prove things to myself sure you know about that. You know I’ve gone around the moon 11 more times than you have & I’m note sure how many more trips I can make. Thanks for the Laguno fuel analysis, that was a wise move on your part & I admire the hint much & I just might make it to commercialization of clean fusion power!

    Cheers Jim

  496. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for keeping us updated with the progress of the work of MFMP. Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  497. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Happy Birthday! I hope manage to get out of the plant long enough to have dinner with some of your friends and co-workers!

    All I have to offer you today as a present is an idea. Although it may not work and be totally worthless, if there is a tiny chance it could be useful I hope you will test it out.

    I’m convinced by Songsheng Jiang’s data that one a certain fuel temperature has been obtained, the magnetic field of the resistor becomes a more significant stimulating agent than heat alone. In his data, when the voltage is increased the reactor shoots up in temperature far more quickly than the resistors. In addition, the reactor increases in temperature in far less time than it would take the heat from the resistors to migrate through the thermal barriers – such as the stainless steel walls.

    To increase the intensity of the magnetic field staying within the reactor body of an E-Cat, I would like to suggest using a torriodal shaped reactor and resistor winding to eliminate “leakage flux” and totally concentrate the B field into the core (instead of wasting a portion of it in the air). The result, I think, would be the ability to provide greater magnetic stimulation at the same total power input.

    I think in such a configuration the electromagnetic “kick” to boost the reaction rate would be greater for less “buck” in electricity.

    Of course the temperature in the center hole could increase dramatically due to radiative black body radiation bouncing around, but maybe a heat exchanger could be placed there in a large enough device.

    What do you think?

    (PS: Toroids have some very interesting properties.)

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your information and insight. I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    you stated that the 250KW reactor is a single module. I have few questions if you can answer:

    1) I vaguely remember you already said that, so excuse me, but it is an HOT or standard cat? Do you plan to develop the other version too this big?
    2) The total charge weight is 25 times or so of the 10KW module?
    3) The charge composition is the same? I know you can’t disclose the charge composition: I only want to know if the component type are the same and/or the proportions are the same. This can be also useful to replicators if they want to try bigger reactors.
    5) The composition mouse/cat/tiger is the same or it is a single/double/other component module?
    6) The COP is bigger/lower of that of 10KW module?
    7) The stability is bigger/lower of that of 10KW module?
    8) The peak/mean temperature is bigger/lower of that of 10KW module?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- I never said that
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- missing
    5- confidential
    6- bigger
    7- same
    8- same
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Paul

    Andrea,

    All of the matter/energy we are comprised of has existed since the beginning of time and will exist to the end of time. In the period you have designated O-V-E we have been given the gift of self awareness of our existence. If we designate this state as “L” for “life”, than our existence can be considered a gift of L:O-V-E . ;)

    Paul

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. James Rovnak

    Andrea nice plot by MFMP Sanjeev on startup & shutdown temperature & power input profiles showing process Hystorisis!

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject?pnref=story

    Can see where metals vaporize & condense & LENRs presence on operation & into cool down. Very thought provoking. Wish you could comment. I myself must think about this for a while in relation to (ssm) LENR reactions taking place.

    Wanted to embed curve for you here but not sure I know how to do that. Trying below anyways!

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject/photos/a.587293604634676.1073741827.466698113360893/982548528442513/?type=1

    Jim

    Have a nice evening! Enjoying my learning process with what MFMP is teaching me.

  504. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    You continue to feed us with very interesting information.
    Please go on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, a great post and reply.
    KD June 2 at 10:56A
    And it could be true !
    I hope it is a multiple birth.
    So that you can hit the ground running.
    What a great day for man/women/child/kind.

    What a silly World we live in.
    Today we cannot say mankind.
    Even tho for thousands of years everyone knew we were speaking about every human being, regardless of gender or age.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  507. > have been born on the 2nd of June, but erroneously I have been registered by the clerk of Milan on the 3rd of
    > June, even if I have been born at 9 a.m

    Oh my gosh! Calibration Error! Actually one day older than reported, we’ll need to adjust everything accordingly. :-)

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Assume the lifespan is a line, with an origin O and an end E. So the line of the lifespan is OE.
    We own that line, the whole of it.
    Along this line let us put in the point V the part of the lifespan we already spent.
    As a consequence, we will have
    OV = part of the lifespan already spent
    VE = part of the lifespan not yet spent
    We own OV + VE, so wherever is put the point V we always owe the total value of OE. This means is not foundamental where is V, foundamental is the content of the entire OE .
    I am sure now Frank Akland will seriously be worried of my mental safety.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you again for you deliciously funny video

  509. James Rovnak

    Yes Happy Birthday Andrea, & many more trips around our sun!

  510. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Lately the Earth moved faster ( I could feel it) blown forward from the perspiration of your enthusiasm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. KD

    Happy Birth Day Mr.Rossi

    By calling the 1MW E-CAT as “SHE” and lessening with the stethoscope to “HER” belly, might make impression that you expect, that “SHE” is pregnant with, the home version of the E-Cat babies.:)

  512. Andrea Rossi

    KD
    He he he
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Honestly, her name is just “The” E-Cat, tout court. Instinctively, that’s how I call her.
    Thank you very much for your very kind greetings for my 65th ride arount the sun, just completed, riding the Earth. It has been a voyage a little bit troubled now and again, but it was worth anyway, so I thank God and hope to make enough rides more to see the diffusion of the E-Cats in the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine: Thank you, again!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    So, as luck would have it, Happy Birthday to you today! :D

    Joseph Fine

  516. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you given a nickname to the 1 MW plant under test or to the Hot-Cat prototype?

    Previously you referred to the plant as a ‘she’, so perhaps you gave it a female name. Or, you may have given it an animal name (Jaguar, Lion, Tiger etc.) Only giving the 1 MW plant a serial number seems to be too mechanical. It should have a name.

    I suggest the name be one of its main characteristics: Abbondanza or ‘Abundance’.

    Sometimes I forget the date and send belated greetings, so I want to send an early greeting to you now for a very Happy Birthday tomorrow.

    Un augurio di buon compleanno:

    Abundant regards,

    Joseph Fine

  517. Hello Andrea. After last week’s publication of the photo from inside the 1MW E-Cat plant, I guess it’s ok to publish this interview done from inside the plant. :-)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mK7rrmgbugo

    Oh, and although I know it is one day early, we all wish you a very Happy Birthday!!!

    -Thomas Florek

  518. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Thank you, very funny !!!
    By the way, here is an anecdote: you are not early 1 day, because I have been born on the 2nd of June, but erroneously I have been registered by the clerk of Milan on the 3rd of June, even if I have been born at 9 a.m….This has been a premonition of the troubles I was going to have with the rules, for all my life! It was just minutes after I was born and already I got problems! (he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea

    Should Amazon deliver your crystal ball, I have 2 additional questions.
    1. Is there a 250Kw Hot-cat in the future.
    More Important-
    2. Is the pilot plant test going to be-
    …. POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE?

    HOPEFULLY,
    They don’t send the 8-Ball instead of a Crystal Ball.
    I already no what the 8-Ball answer will be.
    Try again later.

    Wishing You & Your team well.
    Dan C.

  520. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    1- as soon as I receive the crystal ball I swear I’ll answer
    2- should the c.b. be delivered before the end of the test, the answer could be ambiguous, like the ones of the Sybil ( Sibilla). Should be delivered after, would be useless.
    3- should it have 8 balls, could be a pinball
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  521. James Rovnak

    Andrea GS3 test post test analysis coming in every minute this evening & looks wonderful to me. Those young engineer/physicist etc have done an excellent job & are pursuing result rap ups & confirming (ssm) LENR presence as we knew they would.

    For some reason I can’t paste result but to take a look at this link and Sanjeev’s expanded “area of interest plot …”

    https://scontent-lga1-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-xpf1/t31.0-8/11270071_981977661832933_2122504497248092437_o.jpg

    on MFMP site:

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject/photos/p.981977661832933/981977661832933/?type=1&theater

    Enjoy & have a nice evening & look at all the comments, No? Won’t be long now hopefully as we all want!

  522. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Very, very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I answer to your questions sent to the spam by the robot and that I received by email ( from you, not from the robot):
    1- The 250 kW units are single, not assemblies made by smaller modules
    2- You ask if in future will be possible to make modules of 1 MW each. I placed on Amazon an order for a cristal ball: as soon as I receive it ( usually Amazon delivers in several days) I will answer you ( promptly). Speaking seriously: I cannot know now where the R&D will bring us in future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea
    The third party you refer to in connection with your 1 MW Plant — is this the same as the ‘referee’ you have mentioned previously?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Information: please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find easily comments put on other posts of this blog today.
    in a nutshell: a Reader asked which is the typical professional background of the third party making the measurements in the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the factory of the Customer of IH: the answer is ” nuclear engineer with experience of nuclear power plants”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Paul

    Andrea,

    Are the heat exchangers in the 1MW plant an “off-the-shelf” or custom component?

    Paul

  528. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Off the shelf.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  529. Jona Kotarski

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is the professional figure of the typical “referee” that is making the third party measurements of the 1 MW E-.Cat in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat?
    Cheers,
    Jona

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Jona Kotarski:
    Nuclear engineer, with experience in the field of nuclear power plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you’re well and had a good weekend.

    I had a question about the more mundane aspects of how the home heater E-cat would work in practice. I understand from the pictures that the 1MW factory has some sort of pump system that moves heat exchange fluid through the reactors. Would it work the same way in a home system? Or would it be able to radiate directly into some sort of air flow?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    The week end has been spent inside the E-Cat, as always.
    About the heat exchanger: any kind of it can be used, depending on the necessities. We can produce hot air, as well as hot water or steam, it depends on the secondary fluid, not on the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Hi Rossi
    In April, Alexander Parkhomov wrote a few lines about a conversation you had over Skype.
    https://translate.google.com/translate?depth=1&hl=sv&ie=UTF8&prev=_t&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://lenr.seplm.ru/articles/doklad-na-iccf19-ag-parkhomova

    There, he also mentions that the Uppsala group makes its own attempts.
    Can you comment on something around this?

    / David Nygren –
    http://www.lenr-forum.com

  534. Andrea Rossi

    David Nygren:
    I am looking at all these replications of the Lugano test with great interest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With al the independent experiments proceeding on the so called Rossi Effect, do you think it would be interesting to place an acoustic microphone within the reactor (removed far enough to be thermally isolated but acoustically close enough) to listen to “micro-explosions” as the effect occurs?

    Have you tried this on your experiments?

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    To listen the different possible “voices” of the E-Cat I use the stethoscope, putting it upon specific points designed for it. I prefer to avoid intrusive devices, for many reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Kurt Reinsfelder

    Dr A.Rossi:
    The so called Rossi effect as of today has been already replicated by the following scientists or specialized institutions: Dr Parkhomov ( Russia), Brian Ahern ( USA), the Professors ( in Physics) that made for 6 months the Lugano experiment, the MFMP, the Chinese scientist Songsheng Jiang of the China Institute of the Atomic Energy; your 1 MW E-Cat is working in the factory of a customer in the USA and is making an actual industrial production: now it’s time that the so called Rossi Effect is considered one of the most important inventions of the last hundred years.
    Godspeed, Dr Rossi,
    Kurt

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt Reinsfelder:
    Thank your appreciated opinion, but still remember that the tests and R&D on the 1 MW E-Cat are on course and the final results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Andrea Rossi

    Fantastic.
    Congratulations!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  540. James Rovnak

    Andrea just finished reviewing strip charts of MFMP test & can definitely confirm approximate generation of 40% excess (ssm) LERN bases power trace shown in station strip carts! Will be glad to share them with you & MFMP tomorrow as I am kind of tired now having been working on this all day till the alarm went off an hour or so ago. Very obvious LENR was present. I know you will be happy to hear this & it would put some solid information in front of our engineering friends. As always your friend. This is a great profession we have chosen & that gives us such great pleasure.

    Jim

  541. James Rovnak

    About 8:30 MFMP lost control with PID & I think we got a hazard trip from controller. Had a rough calculated (ssm) LENR power contribution of about 40% initially, maybe there were some doubter but I wasn’t among-st them, but then again I don’t know much about their system design where I feel comfortable.

    As far as I could tell they tried 3 100 C run backs from about 800 C with appropriate holds and got the hazard trip on the third set on way down. Must wait for their post test review. Looked to me like they ran into a lot of thermal energy going back down ramp, maybe much more than from thermal storage in system metals, just maybe an LENR generation process that didn’t want to give up the connection very quickly to meet fuzzy controller operation space & controller then shut down system. View from my desk was very limited & I can only give my biased opinion right now, but there are a lot of bright young engineers there now working out the details. Actually I thought the run backs were a good idea except I prefer manual steps in input power so we can better examine all process dynamics. Enjoyed watching though & reminded me of my days with the Rover Nuclear Rocket program with simulation, field testing, data acquisition & control analysis system testing & post test review teams I had the privilege to be on. We did the dynamic testing with step inputs or pulse trains into the system primary actuators & extracted complete system identification information with state of the art techniques at that time & nonlinear model pre-test predictions, etc.

    We sure do a lot of reflection as we get older, No Andrea?

    Best regards
    Jim
    Post test analysis will be interesting to say the least. All in all I thought test director Alan did a great job!

  542. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Very interesting update, thanks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, I love your response to Hank Mills.
    You have a great sense of humor.
    I am sure it has helped you out of some difficult situations.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    You said a real thing: I learnt from my mother, when I was a kid, that rarely a situation is so bad not to have a comic side if you look at it even with auto-irony ( or self-irony, I am not sure which is the right version). This helps to stay cold when the play gets hard. The secret stays in not taking the self too seriously, always taking the work very seriously. In a nutshell: we are not God, but God gave us things to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. James Rovnak

    Andrea little update info on MFMP test at 6:45 pm EST
    “Glow looks similar to Denis Vasilenko’s recent test where 15 second period was noted on his fuel elements glow just before thermal failure. I don’t believe his controller had the fuzzy logic determining PID controllers prop, rate & derivative set parameters. He also did not have manual control of the output signal to power supply system same as with MFMPs controller now. He also could not reach 1250 C set point on temperature control because of what I believe was negative effect of (ssm) LENR power generation putting controller in classical limit cycle with no way to proceed & tube failed.”
    Jim
    PS Will be an interesting night for Alan & crew. Some very smart, young engineers over there being trained in real time testing you might be interested in for further work with your organization. I was impressed with their innovation, knowledge, quick responses, cooperation, friendliness & mainly work ethic like yours which I so much admire.

  546. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Yes, you are right, I am following their work with interest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. Hank Mills

    I think I’ve discovered something significant in the data from the Chinese test by Songsheng Jiang. I would be very interested in your thoughts. I understand though you probably cannot say anything.

    First, in the Chinese data, Fig. 7a, at 10:00 the voltage to the resistor is increased dramatically (hence total power and current).

    Next, the thermocouple touching the outside of the innermost reactor chamber (composed of nickel) shoots up almost instantly in temperature like a rocket.

    However, at this same moment, the thermocouple between the resistor and steel reactor chamber only more slowly increases in temperature – dramatically lagging behind the thermocouple that is much closer to the actual fuel and registering a soaring increase beyond what the thermocouple can register.

    Hence, I think, perhaps in error, this means that something that can act almost instantly is stimulating reactions in the fuel. This cannot be the heat of the resistor, due to its slower rise and then the thermal barrier of steel between it and the fuel.

    I propose it is possible this is strong evidence of a change in magnetic field stimulating a burst of heat. Why? Because with DC current the magnetic field only changes from a steady state when the voltage (hence current) is reduced or increased. So the bump of an increasing magnetic field may have been the main stimulus of this burst rather than the slower, lagging heat. Simply put, this burst of heat in the core could not have taken place so fast if its stimulus was primarily increasing heat from the resistor. The fast traveling (C or speed of light) magnetic field is the stimulator in this burst.

    I’ll shut up now. As always, thank you for all your hard work. Spending so many hours a day, everyday, in the plant is a huge sacrifice.

  548. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight. As you know, I cannot comment, but the work of this Chinese Scientist is very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  549. James Rovnak

    Andrea at 5:53 new step test plan At estimated 30% (ssm) LENR power estimate right now & 728 C starting for 810 C

    “MFMP test director – Alan – a few seconds ago In about 5 minutes I’ll ramp up to 810 C and hold it there for one hour. After that I’ll reduce the set point in steps of 100 C and hold long enough at each to get stable readings.”

    Should be very interesting to see thermal response. I think Alan did some step response about here when calibrating unfueled element pretest. Let see if we can see something in dynamics attributable to presence of LENR. Hope he does step test back up to a temperature point. Hope fully will upset (ssm) LENR process enough to see some interesting dynamics & in conservative directions for the fuel element. To bad we do not have optical camera to look down pressure sensor tube at the fuel reaction chamber – could we see upsets in micro explosions thought to exist in LENR power generation mechanistic. Will we extinguish LENR flame &/or reignite it & note that in the thermal response? I will watch this with utmost interest and get back to you Andrea, things seem to be really popping as of late. Chinese came in today with claim of (ssm) LENR seen in their test reactor of somewhat different construction referred to in your blog.

  550. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the update.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  551. James Rovnak

    andrea quick update on MFMP test this afternoon at 2:29 EST via copy of test chat log:

    We could put a video camera probe in the pressure tube & watch for micro burst of LENR reaction & maybe even video tap them for utube then, No?

    20:19:54 We could zero suppress a high resolution pressure transducer in that tube also & evaluate spectrum as we move up & down the temperature ramp ending mine & speculation by others, No?

    20:26:25 Personally I have patiently waited a long time for fusion to solve the worlds problems. I have watched in disgust politicians squander lives of my compatriots. One of my favorite songs was & still is “I don’t believe in if anymore” by the great voice of Roger Whittaker https://youtu.be/AY-2einPmd4

    20:28:19 Great 30 % excess power just maybe at 720 C

    20:34:57 On the other side of the coin is it possible we have more than 30 % excess power right now. Looks to me like LENR wants to play with us longer which would be more fun!

    Sharing this log with our engineering compatriot Andrea whose tenacious work ethic makes possible us being here today with ssm LENR based power, I think & hope for ours & our grand children’s futures & peace in the world & Andrea’s wish to speed up the cure of cancer in our humanity & surly in children.

  552. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I am very glad of this successful replication.
    Congeatulations,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  553. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some people enjoy watching live data from LENR tests as much as watching a sports game. If you are one of those, you might enjoy looking at this spreadsheet of the MFMP test going on now: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/15ODbN9Oq6Pjyp9A61hdX0-fBJIXBBKMk7Ei06PzTc-Q/edit#gid=1291075296

    It’s updated every 15 minutes.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  554. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you, very interesting. They are making a very good job, as it appears to me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  555. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello dr. Rossi:
    there are new results on the anomalous production of heat coming from China .

    “New Result of Anomalous Heat Production in Hydrogen-loaded Metals at High Temperature” New Report by Songsheng Jiang of the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE)

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/05/30/new-result-of-anomalous-heat-production-in-hydrogen-loaded-metals-at-high-temperature-new-report-by-songsheng-jiang-of-the-china-institute-of-atomic-energy-ciae/

    Summary:

    The anomalous heat production in the Ni+LiAlH4 fuels has been observed repeatedly. The heat production can be controlled by input power and can last for a long time. The T2 temperature placed on the outer surface of the fuel cell is about 405C greater than the T1 temperature, T1 is placed on the outer surface of the reaction chamber and near the heater. An estimate power of excess heat is about 600 W. The ratio of excess heat of 600 W to input power of 780 W is 0.77. Considering self-sustaining effect, the input power might be significantly decreased if a chopper supply can be used to keep excess heat production. How to calculate the ratio of total produced heat energy to electrical input energy remains a question in present work. The consumption of nickel container and Ni + LiAl4 powders is checked to be less than 1 g after experiment. The calculated energy density is 4 orders of magnitude greater than the value of gasoline.
    Therefore, the origin of excess heat cannot be explained by any chemical energy. The isotope abundances of nickel and lithium in the fuels after experiment will be analyzed by mass spectrometry technique. A further experiment will be carried out.

  556. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for this very important information. Congratulations to the Chinese colleague!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  557. James Rovnak

    Andrea good morning! MFMP test temperature now at 680 C & holding about 20% excess ssm power contribution to fuel element total energy input. Nice 2 second glowing pulsation noticeable in fueled & not fueled elements caused by PID controller which has a fuzzy tuning algorithm playing with proportional, rate & derivative settings while controller is controlling external power to meet set point demand! There is no manual control with this controller so they have to be very careful at higher ssm contributions to total power where controller inherently loses control due to ssm content. Sure fuzzy logic control will be defeated when too much ssm is present. Well off to breakfast in a few minutes – stayed up until 2 AM watching the ramp up in power. Take care & have a good day, Jim Just thought you would be interested in the MFMP progress from another engineers point of view!

  558. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for keeping me updated of all these developments. Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  559. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I hate asking this, because I know you probably cannot answer and will have to politely say you cannot disclose such information. But the big question now seems to be if a reactor must have low pressure (perhaps below atmospheric) for high levels of excess heat to show up. We will all figure this out eventually, but a significant amount of work (trial and error testing) could be avoided if Industrial Heat would allow you to give out a couple sentences on the topic.

    Please feel free to club me now with a large trout.

    Hank

  560. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    I didn’t find a trout enough large, so the penalty is put on hold. The Supreme Court wouldn’t approve another kind of club, because it could be uncostitutional. So you are safe. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  561. James Rovnak

    Andrea up to 650 C and LENR self regulationn power is still with MFMP testers. Took a little set back when they started the ramp increase again, but that is how I suspect you may shut down a module in ssm operation by sudden power increase to disrupt process & then trip power. It looks to me like thermal temperature into the neutron generation process at the Ni surface & Li isotope contribution work just like control rods in a regular nuclear plant moving ultra low momentum neutron flux in this case to up or down in response to thermal heat by radiation to environment, just an educated, I think guess on my part. The guys are doing a great job at MFMP & if you need any help they are getting a lot of good experience with the process you developed. Jim Keep up the good work!

  562. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Again, congratulations to the Group of MFMP and good luck to all of them!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I saw in a fresh comment that Silvio Caggia has asked you to link with him: I just want to inform you that he is a nice guy, working in collaboration with the Italian blog 22Passi directed by Daniele Passerini, who with enthusiasm is sustaining LENR since 2010. They are good people. This note of mine has not been solicited and is a spontaneous reference.

  563. silvio caggia

    @James Rovnak
    Can you link please?
    Thanks

  564. James Rovnak

    Andrea MFMP Alan in hold at about 600 C with demonstrable LENR energy present in ssm content on ramp up. What a great day for world duplicating the Rossi effect. Thank you Andrea you who have made a nuclear engineers dream come true. He has no manual control available to him on his PID controller so I told him to be careful in proceeding as the closer he gets to total power by ssm the more danger in PID mode of destroying fuel element due to thermal excursion. Thanks again, you have deserved that Nobel & it hopefully will be soon. Say hello to Parkhomov & his beautiful grand daughter for me when you meet.

  565. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Congratulations !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, if you and your Readers want to read about Global Energy, Google
    HOW DARK MATTER AND NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN HELP TRANSFORM THE GOBAL ENERGY SYSTEM
    Click on the first link.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. James Rovnak

    Andrea getting some nice thermal divergence now at 600 C at MFMP test today. Just had an idea of putting spectrum analyzer on pressure measuring analog signal to look directly at LENR process when it starts playing with us again? Sure information obtained & analyzed will be useful for your development purposes also. Great fun today but miss the innovative graphics videos me356 presented on his test. Real problem today seeing actual traces – almost driving me blind. Had to rely on others and manually updated spread sheets to see where we were and are headed. Would like to see them settle in one of you ssm points. Love your blog & all its subcontractors – have learned much & truly appreciate the opportunity to have such access to you & your thinking processes. Jim

  569. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I am sorry, but I cannot give further information.
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Giovanni Guerrini

    Dr Rossi

    Andrea,you could use a stethoscope for engines http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=stetoscopio+motori&qpvt=stetoscopio+motori&qpvt=stetoscopio+motori&FORM=IGRE

    if “her” agrees,of course !

    Regards G G

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Guerrini:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi, here are the photos of the visit of prof. Alexander Parkhomov c/o prof. Levi in Bologna.
    It can be downloaded from here:
    http://bit.ly/1HXbmKA

    Sorry it’s written in Russian!!

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea,
    I hope that not every single e-cat reactor has her own matrix, but that mechanical and electrical (near) identical units can use the same, or nearly the same.
    Reverse engineering seems impossible or at least very expensive or taking very long times, without the matrix.
    Overall an inexpensive way and a very efficient way to make the controls.

    To be honest, I’m a little disappointed that the matrix has to be assembled empirically. Maybe, in future, nuclear scientists and informatics together may develop models to generate optimized controls.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  575. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I did not talk of E-Cats matrix, I talked of the sounds matrix built empirically with the stethoscope, that is the same for all the E-Cats and is not connected with the industrial manufacturing issues, but with the R&D process.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  576. James Rovnak

    Andrea a good engineer uses every asset available to him even the stethoscope as our doctors do to look at our health. We work with process & machines that make noises when they are troubled or performing or not performing properly. A good sound properly filtered/or even unfiltered can even be used in a controller to regulate/protect a process – maybe even LENR? Thanks for the picture & your comments. Some things we don’t completely understand but can control them well with inventive techniques based on reasoned trial & error. Thomas Edison was hard of hearing & in one of his museums you can see his teeth bite marks on one of his early lab phonographs as he heard its sound thru vibration in the machine itself & his body bone structure to overcome his hearing problems & move on. Same true of Beethoven with his hearing problems.

  577. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  578. Italo R.

    Dear dr. Rossi, you use a stethoscope to detect any anomalies in the reactors and so make the appropriate adjustments. Now that you have studied the phenomena and made the matrix these interventions seem to be easy for you. But customers of industrial plants will not know where and how to listen and adjust.
    Do you think that customers will not need to buy and use a stethoscope? (It’s a joke….).

    Listening Regards,
    Italo R.

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The use of the stethoscope belongs to the R&D process, nothing to do with normal operation that our Customers will do. The control system will make everything authomatic. I understand it was a joke from you, but it is opportune to make this precisation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. JCRenoir

    Are you able with the stethoscope to hear effects from inside the reactors ?
    JCR

  581. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I made a matrix by mean of which I can read the effects inside the reactor combining series of sounds and the effects to which they are connected. After many corrections, it works.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  582. Curiosone

    I double clicked http://www.rossilivecat and found all the comment of this blog clear and straight , without going to every post to find all of them: this is real useful!
    W.G.

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone.
    Yes, I suggest to our Readers to check every day http://www.rossilivecat to find all the comments of the day published on this blog without having to check all the posts where comments are put for pertinence..
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Curiosone

    Hi, Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think you will have further evolution after the end of the test, in short time?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Testing and evaluation could require a long process, involving many changes. I believe we will always be evolving as other technology and customer need evolve.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you describe your activity of today?
    Cheers,
    JCR

  587. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Also today, as the others, is very busy. I’m looking at data, analyzing reports, studying and monitoring the 1MW E-Cat and the Hot Cat. This process will continue today, as always, as long as needed. I find time also to study, but mostly I am committed to fulfilling the Customer’s needs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. DTravchenko

    Andrea:
    when do you think your domestic E-Cat will be sold in the market?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  589. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    I cannot speculate on when. It depends on too many factors, but thank you for your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. James Rovnak

    Andrea better paper describing freq content in Palladium with R&D; without LENR present – just like a sonogram! Nyquist & bode plots of internal changes in process.
    http://www.enea.it/it/produzione-scientifica/pdf-eai/n2-2014/rf-detection-and-anomalous-heat.pdf Would be nice to have the same in Hot E-Cat for more insight? Jim

  591. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I’ll get back to you on this when appropriate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. James Rovnak

    Andrea I thought again about the self sustaining mode (ssm) last evening & wondered about Parkhomov’s 8 minute experience with ssm in his ICCF-19 presentation where he lost a fuel element & temperature dropped from 1200 to 800 C in 30 seconds approximately & held this temperature for 8 minutes after the power failed then went into its normal quick temperature decay mode. Now, can you move that ssm output up & down with temporary small external power application, that is can you move that self suntanning mode to different holding temperatures? Secondly when in this mode how do you shut element off, do you apply a temporary power increase then cut power & the thermal equilibrium process self regulation with thermal heat loss breaks down due to interruption of thermal neutron generation process holding ssm. If we could only see this fast nuclear process with a neutron detector like in regular nuclear reactors we would have a much better method of controlling & protecting this process. I wonder if the LENR process is like lighting a match & one must respond rather quickly to control it. It seems now the metal & casing thermal sink is able to sometimes limit the inherent LENR onset transients without destroying the fuel element. I know you have restrictions in your answer process, but want to share my concerns & see if anyone else can help us with better process control & quicker themal measurement feedbacks such as thin high temperature wire thru center of element giving us faster resistance change measurements even with Li vapor to enhance control & protection. One could also inject sine wave frequency’s into this wire to obtain Nyquist & bode response diagrams to not only themal but also to EM presence or to introduce EM to influence the LENR process. Professor Vittorli has obtained responses for Palladium wires with & without LENR present for example looking at resistance changes – https://twitter.com/JAROVNAK/status/602089223366250496 & I mentioned his paper in one of my tweets that you might preview when you have a minute. Well thanks for sharing what you can & lets see if we can elicit responses from others. Thank you for this blog. I like MFMP videos on recent test by me356 & Denis Vasilenko – there is a lot of dynamics information there & I suspect they bump into LENR or it bumped into them. Remember you said LENR has taken a lot of your elements in the past. Well keep up your good work & process toward commercialization. Jim Thanks for you blog!

  593. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. DTravchenko

    You still think to come in Russia?
    DT

  595. Joe Porrazzo

    Dr Rossi Andrea:
    several questions for you, if you can answer:
    1- can you exactly explain the correspondence of sounds to events you hear by means of the stethoscope?
    2- how much will endure exactly this test, based on your experience of these months already elapsed ?
    3- what will happen after this test?
    4- how is going on the third party evaluation in this period of operation of the 1MW Ecat?
    Thank you for your time,
    Joe

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Joe Porrazzo:
    1- I cannot provide those details at this time
    2- the E-Cat is in a period of long term testing. Our Team is doing all that is possible to provide our utmost R&D. This work consumes 24 hours per day of our Team. I cannot give information of the time scheduling until the Customer of IH allows.
    3- I do not know what is in the future, I just know that now I must focus on this test and meet the requirements of the test. This is the most important thing for the future.
    4- there is appropriate and contolled testing and evaluation happening on an ongoing or as needed basis. We must also ensure we have an accurate data and all other adequate protections, like IP. These are important issues, which is why we have a great Team working on these issues. By the way, there is also a “fourth party evaluation”: the Customer !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    That’s an interesting link about Tadrian Batteries.

    Do you see batteries being potentially useful for industrial or domestic E-Cat applications, or both?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This is an R&D issue: I will get back to you when appropriate. We have to study and test.
    Thank you for your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  599. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You report success with long periods of self-sustain-mode, which would mean higher COP, with less energy input required.

    If this is the case, it seems to me that it should be easier to provide the drive for the E-Cat with a battery or other energy storage device. This would allow for the operation of an E-Cat from solar or wind input with no grid connection needed.

    Is this something you are considering?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  600. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To complete my answer: we are talking of “Tadiran Batteries”:
    http://www.tadiranbat.com
    Based on lithium thyonil chloride.
    Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi when I went on your website, I was unable to get any posts between May 23 to May 26.

    However thanks to:
    AlbertN May 26 at 7:45PM
    I clicked on the link he listed, and was able to read all the missing posts.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  602. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    YOU ARE REALLY RIGHT! AND ALBERT N IS RIGHT TOO!
    I am discovering only now- and this is unexcusable- the really useful site
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    In this site all the comments posted on the JoNP are put in date order, independently from the section they are posted in, which makes much more easy for the Readers to see all the comments. It is totally true: if you go in this site, you find also the comments that you lose if you only go to see the comments placed in the section that corresponds to the last published paper.
    Thank you very much to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    for their very useful job.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  603. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, if you and your Readers want to know the future of Wind Turbines, Google;
    VORTEX BLADELESS
    Click on:
    THE FUTURE OF WIND TURBINES ? NO BLADES -WIRED

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  604. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  605. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for sharing the picture of the doctor with his patient. Is it possible to share a sample of what you are hearing through your stethoscope?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, of course!
    By the way, I found in the last issue of the magazine of NASA ( Tech Briefs) an advertising of batteries lasting up to 40 years. Very interesting, I am looking for them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea,
    so, your control system uses also acoustic spectrumanalysis. Awsome !
    The noise of a coal stove heating up, or cooling down, telling us at what time we should close the air-inlet.

    About imbeciles: did you receive any aplogies already ? I think that would be in place.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  608. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    you can build up an important analytic system associating, by empirical and statistic experimentation, a specific sound to a specific event. It is very similar to the work of a phisician.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. The best way to handle imbeciles is ignore them

  609. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi.

    Given the purpose of the 1 Mw plant test, I suppose that your customer and you self (or IH) are monitoring independently the energy balance. At this moment, do the measurements equate within a reasonable error margin?
    I would like to know if the energy balance is positive or negative but I understand that you shuldn`t answer this question.

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Thank you for your kindness.
    We have instruments which control 24/7 the presence of ionizing radiations outside the plant, and none has been found beyond the background limits.
    Yes, I am continuing to lose weight and all persons around me say I am getting thinner, but it is normal, working 16 hours per day in a situation like this. But the horse is harnessed, now must pull.
    I am tanned because in this period I swim 30 minutes every day in the pool of the motel near the plant I am sleeping in during this year of test. It’s not matter of x-rays, just ultraviolet rays.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. James Rovnak

    Andrea having simulated & controlled many types of nuclear plants in my working career. I woke up last night with an epithany! Since you have very nicely told us of the self sustaining modes (ssm) of operation you have demonstrated for the customer recently, I would like to share my dream with you. I believe that the LENR process once initiated is capable of self regulation thru radiation heat transfer effects on the thermal neutron population as Edmund Storm’s postulated nuclear active environment & Larsen of Widom & Larsen has shown in his beautiful shared slide demonstration, especially of ULM neutrons, which is responsible for the isotope generation & thus clean nuclear power you have shown the world thru yours & Parkhomov’s tireless efforts. An adaptive controller is needed to nudge that process up & down it’s themral generation output power spectrum & the process should operate self regulated at most power points I beleive. Remember we control nuclear reactors by playing with delayed neutrons to either decrease total neutron population for power reduction or temporarily increase production to form an increase in power generation point of operation & we do this by controlling delayed neutron on the seconds/minutes time constants with control rods that take neutrons in or out of the neutron power generation cycle to move the power generation point up or down. Now with LENR that can be accomplished as you & Parkhomov have shown with an external addition or subtraction of heat input. Thank you very much for sharing & being so open with all. I have really enjoyed your journal for many years now & mine & my grand daughters & your favorite song “I believe in the E-Cat” https://youtu.be/mu_iwdjf1gI Thank you all so much Andrea, Robert Godes, Alex Parkhomov & others who give us “The New Fire” & to those who write about it for our grand children to understand!

  612. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  613. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    the image of you while are listening the reactor interior, has the same historical value of this one:
    http://thestoryoflight.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/image09.jpg

    This is another historical listening:
    http://www.guglielmomarconi.it/files/Guglielmo-Marconi-12-dicembre-1901-ore-1230-trasmissione-oltre-l-atlantico.wav

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you, but please remember that we are climbing for the first time the Mount Everest and therefore we must wait not just to reach the top of it, but also return safe: therefore it is soon to know if we will have a positive result, also because we have not a former track to follow.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  615. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea and others,

    I think the reason for ‘missing’ posts is not that they are missing, but they are being made on a previous thread. People have been asking questions on this one, and the JONP article before this one, and Andrea has been responding in both places. If you look at both threads, all the questions and answers are there.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Many well distincted sounds, each of them being important to us. I cannot disclose further. Like a physician with the human body, multiple information is given by a stethoscope, not just one.
    Depending on the position I put the stethoscope, I can compose a spectrum of information that T probes, P probes, Flowmeters cannot give. I learnt this about 10 years ago, when I was working in the oil refinery of ENI of Sannazzaro Dei Burgundi ( Italy) on a Diesel generator (GENSET). Their chief mechanic, a very experienced one, teached to me to use the stethoscope to listen all the internal sounds of the engine, associating a specific information to any sound. I discovered this way problems otherwise hidden; so I am doing now with Her.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. Steven N. Karels

    James Rovnak,

    I enjoyed reading your analysis and thoughts. Is you primary assumption that temperature is the controlling factor? And that in a self-sustaining mode (SSM), there is no control? I would suggest that there may be one or more additional control parameters.

    In the past, Andrea Rossi has mentioned vibrations. Perhaps some form of vibrations is used as an additional control? So once the reactor gets to the operating temperature region, this “vibrations” control is used to keep the eCat reactor in the desired SSM state for long periods of time? I am confident that Andrea Rossi will neither confirm nor deny this approach. And there may be other independent control parameters that we (outside of AR’s inner circle) have not become aware of.

    I cannot see a commercial LENR system running without control, on the verge of going out of control. So there must be other controls besides heating the eCat reactor.

  618. James Rovnak

    Andre just some things that have been keeping me awake at night for your information.
    Denis I still think you have a control/process problem in a high non-linearity area. When you bump into LENR its like lighting a match. The decay times in these isotopes delivering energy are on the order of seconds. Look Rossi is able to run in the self sustaining mode now for long periods of time. This means the controller has no effect on his process at that point & probably before. This is a very sudden high gain area you are entering. You couldn’t reach 1200 set point because LENR was active below it. So you slowly come up to the ignition temperature of LENR & when you try & go above it the match goes off so to say. Temperature is thrown above set-point & controller attempts to shutdown; if ignition point is below set point say 950 C so you probably won’t go much lower if any. That’s why I think controller was acting as it did; what are your thoughts? The ignition point is probably self regulating with a very tight large gain ie you can shut power off without affecting temperature much around say 950 C but when controller is full out put you could more than double fuel element temperature & I don’t think that would have much effect on self regulating LENR Fire? Could you send me you email address I’d like to try these ideas with you, Sergie & me356 as I admire your efforts & wish I were young again. I ounce worked on the Nuclear Rocket which would have put us on Elon Musk’s Mars but the Vietnam War intervened & what a tragedy that was? The thermal time constants of the system radiation heat transfer, vaporization & condensation of hydride, & controller tuning are working in the minutes area to filter things. The 15 second pulsating light oscillation at night during & at the end of Denis Vasilenko’s run the other day was beautiful to behold, was it not?

    Jim

    PS I’ve thought a little more about thermal system steady state temperature versus power current from controller. As you rise in power temperature follows until you get to LENR ignition point them it jumps up quite a bit on the way back down power can go to zero ( Rossi ssm) and you will still be at ignition temp which could be below set point, This is a sharp process S shaped curve of very high gain that controller can’t handle stabilily very well if at all! Just think about it for a while & get back to me when you have a minute.
    I’ll try & copy this to Sergei & me 356.

    Sent a copy of this to Parkhomov & thought about one to Ross whom we all admire I’m sure?

    Best Regards Andrea Keep to the progress, the world needs your product!

  619. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  620. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you publish your photo on Andrea-Rossi.com?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  621. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I understand. Thanks
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  622. AlbertN

    Dr. Rossi,
    I think I know why some readers are not seeing some of the comments/answers. For some reason the posts between May 23 and May 26 were under the old ‘To Understand The Basics Of Black Hole Cosmology’ section rather than here.

    I always double check on : http://rossilivecat.com/

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N.:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  624. Andrea Rossi

    The photo has been published on http://www.andrea-rossi.com

  625. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    What Giannino is asking is the same thing that I have experienced. All the blogs after may 23rd at 4:08 do not appear on my site until the blog at may 26th at 9:09. I am now receiving all the subsequent blogs. Is there a reason and have any other readers asked about this?
    Regards.

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I am very surprised and also worried about what you and Giannino wrote: no other Reader signaled to me the same experience, yet. All I can say is that many comments have been published between May 23rd and 26th. I do not know what to say. Maybe the usual imbecile is trying to hack on us…we will check.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. Paul

    Andrea,

    Shouldn’t we be calling the shipping container a 2 MW plant, or are you not using all the e-cat modules shown? (56 ~20 KW modules vs 4 250 KW modules)

    Better is the bane of good-enough, but good-enough is a time dependent condition.

    Paul

  628. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    All I can say is that we are producing 1 MWh/h of thermal energy. The plant is redundant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. Fyodor

    “To the curious Readers:
    Between today and tomorow will be published a photo made yesterday in the 1 MW plant in operation.
    The photo will be published on http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Hope will be interesting. Obviously the photo has been processed to dissolve if enlarged and confidential particulars have been obscured.
    Warm Regards,”

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    No! It is not a “botton”, it is the sensor of the stethoscope that I use to hear well the sounds coming from inside: every sound for me is an information. The stethoscope is precious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Paul

    Andrea,

    The e-cat module you are listening too in the recently published picture; is that a 250 KW module?

    staying stoked,

    Paul

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I am not allowed to answer to this question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Paul

    Andrea,

    Does your family associate itself with a specific “Rossi” coat of arms?

    There are many Rossi coat of arms images on google, most of them with a rampant lion (symbolizing undying courage) and the color red (symbolizing eagerness to serve, warrior & martyr).

    Paul

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Rampant Lyon on Red color.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Fyodor

    “To the curious Readers:
    Between today and tomorow will be published a photo made yesterday in the 1 MW plant in operation.
    The photo will be published on http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Hope will be interesting. Obviously the photo has been processed to dissolve if enlarged and confidential particulars have been obscured.
    Warm Regards,”

    Is that the “on” button for the plant that you are pressing in the picture?

  636. Andrea Rossi

    To the curious Readers:
    Between today and tomorow will be published a photo made yesterday in the 1 MW plant in operation.
    The photo will be published on http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Hope it will be interesting. Obviously the photo has been processed to dissolve if enlarged and confidential particulars have been obscured.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  637. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    We know that you have a low temperature eCat (thermal output temperature around 120C) and a Hot eCat (thermal temperature around 1200C).

    1. Have you investigated or developed a mid-range eCat unit, say 300 – 400C?
    2. Should you either have done so or project forward what it would be like, are there advantages of a mid-range eCat or using a Hot eCat with an appropriate heat exchanger to output at the mid-range temperatures, such as improved effective COP?
    3. Would or does the mid-range eCat off other advantages compared to a Hot eCat implementation?

  638. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes we have
    2- COP increases with T
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  639. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Tre giorni nulla . Cos’è successo ?
    Giannino da Udine !
    Three days of nothing: what happened?

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    What do you mean 3 days of nothing ? During these three days we worked like slaves! Besides, this blog published many comments. Probably you were disconnected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Andrea Rossi

    Gloriapot:
    Gluons hold together the nucleons. As a matter of fact there is a symmetry between neutrons and protons ( isospin) that makes them permanently exchange quantic status. Gluons are not actual elementary particles, they are wave resonances during the interactions between the nucleons that indicate how quantum fields are vibrating between them. These forces of binding neighbor to neighbor nucleons are carried by the gauge (virtual) bosons named gluons, as said before; such forces have a limit: if the nucleus becomes too big, they are not able to compensate the Coulombian forces and the atom decays into smaller atoms, obviously respecting all the conservation laws.

  642. Gloriapiot

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is that forbids the protons of the atomic nucleus to explode due to the Coulombian forces? Is the electric insulation provided by neutrons enough?

  643. michael m.

    I think that the most important replication so far is the one made by Alexander Parkhomov, do you agree?
    Michael

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Michael M.:
    So far yes. I think that important news will come soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Kiefer Goodwin

    Dr Rossi:
    You said that the Hot Cat technology is improving in the experiments you are doing in the “container of the computers” at the side of the 1 MW E-Cat. Do you think that the Hot Cat will arrive to the same COP of the low temperature E-Cat?

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Kiefer Goodwin:
    Yes. In this very moment ( 8 p.m. of Monday May 25th) I am working on the Hot Cat. we are succeeding to extend relevantly the ssm period. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. James Rovnak

    Wesley great suggestion to Andrea on SIC. Worked on Nuclear Rocket in the early 1960 using pyrolitic graphite in the nuclear core with great success. Too bad the Vietnam war intervened or we would already be on Mars which was our mission. I stopped trusting my government blindly during that fiasco & question everything they do since! SIC would probably worked even better in the fuel element of the rocket.

  648. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Sorry, I cannot comment and give further information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I have not been able to find in the spam your comment that you sent to me by email, so I repeat your question hare for our Readers: you asked if we have ever measured radiations in the environment around the E-Cats, in particular during the bursts of temperature.
    Answer: we always have instrumentation to measure ionizing radiations outside the E-Cats during their operation and tests and we never measured values higher than the background. The results reported by Dr David Bianchini in the paper of the third independent party after the test of Lugano mirror exactly the measurements always made by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. James Rovnak

    Andrea I think Denis at MFMP is experiencing a negative thermal system curve causing his controller to oscillate just below 1000 C. I think when LENR comes in at 1000 C the system curve has three different power inputs for the same temperature just like a tunnel diode has an impedance inflection in its curves which is used to build electronic oscillators. That’s why I thought Denis could walk system thru this point with manual control? Have you been bothered by such oscillations while in automatic control? His Russian Thermal controller has an automatic tuner built in which also might be causing problems as it self tunes PID controller. Jim I had a little trouble getting a translation of the controller functions?

  651. Wesley

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    it is pleasure to see you are very open to communicate with us. At least your sessions in the container may be even more usefull and engaging.

    For Hot-Cat I can recommend SiC heater elements. I think that it can make construction faster and more reliable instead of using wire.
    But maybe you have tried it already. What is your opinion?

    I wish you all the best and only positive results.

  652. Andrea Rossi

    Wesley:
    Also your comment has been recovered from the spam, where the robot placed it: many, many comments are put in the spam… I only can recover the ones in the first page of the spam list, because I have no time to go through all of them ( a thousand a day of spammed comments!). So, please, all the Readers that do not see their comments published are kindly invited to send their comments to:
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Returning to Wesley: thank you for your kind words; about the wire constituents, I cannot give information regarding this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  653. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your comment about stable 250 kW E-Cat reactors is very interesting. Does it make sense to you to move towards plants with fewer, but larger, if these reactors are stable?

    It would seem that there would be less complexity involved in manufacturing and controlling fewer E-Cats.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. I think this week.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. James Rovnak

    Another attempt at replicating you today on MFMP with two fuel elements in series in electrical circuit – one fueled the other empty. Right now about 800 C. Just thought you would want to know. http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/CustomPage/?id=10 Keep up the good work & hopefully introduce that certified Hot W-Cat to the world soon! Jim Have the highest regard for you, Parkhomov & Godes!

  656. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information, good luck to MFMP !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. Jacqueline

    Dear Andrea:
    yesterday in a comment you said that at high temperature the charges can have problems: can you say anything more?
    Jacqueline

  658. Andrea Rossi

    Jacqueline:
    Yes, when the temperature raises up to very high values ( above 1100°C) the charges have strong problems, of which obviously I cannot give details; they have to be properly treated. We spent thousands of hours working on this particular issue. The treatment of the charges and their blend is very sophisticated and complex. As I always said, the E-Cat is a very complicated thing, born by a tremendous amount of work, specially if you want to make an apparatus that works productively 24/7 for years. For this reason we still are in a situation in which we must say that at the end of this period of tests and R&D the results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  659. Annalisa Massenberg

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you give us an update of today from the 1MW E-Cat?

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Annalisa Massenberg:
    Now it’s 09.33 p.m. where we are of Sunday May 24th.
    The plant is stable and the Hot Cat is remarkably efficient. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Noe Cozzolino

    Andrea Rossi:
    You promised some new photo of the plant in operation, taking away confidential particulars: when will we ba able to watch it and where?
    Thank you for your work,
    Noe

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Noe Cozzolino:
    We are preparing a photo, it is not easy: our specialists must limit the definition to forbid enlargements, avoid to show confidential particulars, eliminate particulars that could identify the place, etc etc: it is not easy, our photos are always a compromise and such have to remain until the test on course will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. James Rovnak

    Andrea talked to me356 today & I do believe he successfully excited “The New Fire” in his test yesterday & have attached talk for your information. He did not extremely high temperatures on taking fuel element apart. It was great fun yesterday! Keep up your good work & thanks for sharing!

    time decay of temperature from last run indicated to me possible nuclear source of decay heat in results
    23 minutes ago
    NEW
    me356 wrote:
    I am now 80% convinced that there was excess heat but it was not possible to measure it as the reaction is happening in a different place always.
    Thermocouple was not mounted exactly at the center of the reactor.

    From the previous run there was similar scenario where the fuel container looked like it was partially melted (only 1/3). So the temperature was significantly higher there too.
    If there was excess heat then it mean that there was used fuel from the first run and it worked – same as Parkhomov reported.

    So for the future it will be better to get at least good pyrometer or to make calorimetry test or to place more thermocouples around the reactor or to use materials that are conducting heat much better.

    I also thought you had something generating additional heat in your last run by just observing the extended time constants in the thermal shutdown profile. I think I am more than 80% sure we have witnessed the presence of “The New Fire” in your work! Great job I really had fun watching the last experiment & being able to comment on your manual & automatic control moves as well as the thermal response I observed. In my working career which ended about 10 years ago I have simulated the dynamics of fossil, nuclear & petrochemical plants including Nuclear Rockets ;) & compared result with test data as well as tuned controllers & to me I think I could see “The New Fire” in your results Great job me 356 had great fun yesterday & tried to get Andrea Rossi involved also but he has some restrictions! The process is pretty straight forward & a simple themal model with the radiant heat transfer & themal masses could easily be constructed to follow your temperature curves with a predicted value & and attribute large deviations to LENR action.

  664. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Good luck! Your enthusiasm merits it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  665. Valeria Treiber

    Dear Andrea:
    The Hot Cat you are testing now is much different from the one tested in Lugano by the indepoendent third party?
    Valeria Teiber

  666. Andrea Rossi

    Valeria Treiber:
    Yes, we introduced substantial modifications, thanks to the experiment of the ITP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  667. Jack Sgroi

    Dr Rossi:
    Any development regarding the 3D Printing aplication for the manufacturing of the E-Cats?
    Jack

  668. Andrea Rossi

    Jack Sgroi:
    We are studying it, but what we have understood so far, on the base of the proposals we received, is that the costs are very high and cannot compete with a mass industrial production by means of robotized lines. The pay back time, respect a traditional production system, is unacceptable. What we think is that this technology, so far, is useful for the rapid construction of prototypes in the R&D environment. This consideration, obviously, is valid for apparatuses similar to the E-Cat, made by metals and with a complex structure. We are still studying and collecting data, though. This opinion is not final.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  669. Devon Colli

    Question:
    which is the best utilization of the 1 MW E-Cat in the market, based on the results you got since in the factory of the customer? Which is your opinion?

  670. Andrea Rossi

    Devon Colli:
    Production of heat for industrial purposes; production of heat for centralized heating distribution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  671. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Parkhomov visits Levi, discuss with Hoistad and Peterson, and they have a device that they would show in May: see below.

    Alexanger Parkhomov made a short message in Russian, about ICCF19 and visited Levi in Unversity of Bologna…
    The really surprising news is that Giuseppe Levi, Bo Hoistadt and Roland Peterson, who tested the E-cat in Lugano
    can show a device (what is it), that they would show in May.
    On Ego-out, Mats Lewans confirms that these physicists in Upsala have a reactor ready, and are about to calibrate, with a run in May.
    Here is the communication of AG Parkhomov translated by Google:
    Conference ICCF -19 was quite successful. 470 delegates, 98 reports. This is a record performance. Characterized by optimism, a premonition of great achievements. The conference was held in the most prestigious indoor Padua Palazzo della Ragione, in the grand hall with 800 years of history, with frescoes by Giotto and Miret.
    I attended the University of Bologna at the invitation of Giuseppe Levi, one of the experts who observed the operation of the reactor Rossi in Lugano. He showed his experimental setup and organized a communication on Skype with the University of Uppsala (Sweden) with other experts related to the Lugano report: Roland Peterson and Bo Hoistad. They showed their devices to be launched in May. Then our Skype – conference joined Rossi. This has been the first time I was able to talk with this extraordinary man. He plans to visit Russia.
    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/news/index.php/News/90-Parkhomov-visits-Levi-discuss-with-Hoistad-and-Peterson-and-they-have-a-device-t/

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. James Rovnak

    Andrea Me356 said he did see some excess heat above 500 C today & it was probably not necessary to go to 1200 C. He also said a wire shorted out & everything else seemed OK. I didn’t start following test till about 900 C and noticed thermal time constant of about 4 minutes. Should have made estimate below 500C as the 4 minutes may have LENR power generation transient as well as system thermal. On last test he thought low temperature time constant was about 30 seconds. I thought I saw some LENR power in his shutdown transient then as it was even much longer than 4 minutes. Very interesting Saturday afternoon. I sent you a random screen capture with live transient screen of temperature measured and setpoint as well as Triac current input to fuel element heater. Also a picture of the Chat session going on during the test. Best Regards Jim
    Keep up your good work!
    PS So test was probably a success, will have to wait on confirmation from Me 356 himself!

  674. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    To go to high temperatures poses very complex problems for the reactor, the resistances, the charge. We burnt hundreds of reactors to find the solutions, in parallel with a very throughly study before and after every experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. James Rovnak

    Something failed at 1073C but it was a nice effort & I thanked him for sharing & told him I was keeping you informed too! Thought he would do it this time, but maybe next time? Would like to have seen the temperature shutdown transient to see if I could detect any LENR present in the time constant as I did during last test!

  676. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    I cannot comment until all the data are published regarding the measurements.
    I sympathize with the enthusiasm that fuels this work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. James Rovnak

    Thanks Andrea at 1077 C now, this Me 356 is some engineer. Thats a hobbiest computer he is controlling with – Aduino a PID controller now in manual as he moves up toward 1200C I hope. Great fun about 5 amps out of his TRIAC controller. Just thought I’d share. Keep up the good work on your end, love following your efforts.

  678. James Rovnak

    Andrea Me 356 at 1040C now! TRIAC putting about 5% steps into LENR fuel element heater with process time constant estimated crudely at about 4 minutes. Jim

  679. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Obviously we have to see the complete data: emitting surface S, Epsilon, integral of T on time, integral of delta T across S,integral of V and of A, etc etc, but you are working with so much enthus, that I can only say you: good luck !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. James Rovnak

    me 356 at about 985 deg C right now Andrea!

  681. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  682. KD

    Mr. Koen Vandewalle wrote
    >>>>>>the idea of the “collector’s items” Paul referred to, reminds me of some promise.
    Do you remember that too ?<<<<<

    But you have to remember what Mr. Rossi lately says.
    "The results might be positive, but also negative.:)
    KD

  683. Andrea Rossi

    KD:
    Right!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. James Rovnak

    Please join the fun & watch Me Andrea! Jim

  685. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Good job.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo: thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  687. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi in this moment is on course an attempt to replicate live from utente356 . The temperature goes up and up !
    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/CustomPage/?id=9

  688. Giulia Maria

    Where can I find a not too difficult explication of the quantic statuses in a nucleus of an atom ?

  689. Andrea Rossi

    Giulia Maria:
    I think the best book in the world for this is “Models of the Atomic Nucleus”, by Prof. Norman Cook, Springer, Berlin 2010; go to pp 191- 230; a very useful synopsis at p. 210.
    Find it by Amazon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Vanessa Redgrave

    My question is: if a layman wants to invest his money on you, on your invention, is there a chance to do it? I am convinced that your company is a future “Microsoft” and I want to jump in it before it takes off.
    I think you are not just an inventor, as anybody thinks, but that you have the skill to develope a titanic company.
    Vanessa

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Vanessa Redgrave:
    Well, “Titanic” is not really the example I was hoping for…( he,he,he).
    Speaking seriously: what you say will be possible only after we will have completed our R&D and test cycle with this first 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer. In parallel, in the same site, we are also making throughly tests with what will be the domestic heater. After that, we’ll see: let’s not put limits to the Divine Providence. But consider that, so far, I must say that the final results could also be negative, for some presently unknown reasons, therefore we want not People risk their money on something we deem still immature for what you are asking for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Nelson Charles

    Dr Rossi,
    I read around in the blogosphere many questions regarding when you will produce electic power with the E-Cat, but I think this is a false problem: what is important is that the E-Cat makes steam at high temperature ( as the Lugano test gave evidence it can) , eventually to make electric power with steam is not a problem of the E-Cat, any expert engineer of the field can make electricity with the Carnot Cycle! Isn’t this true?
    Thyank you for the time to read and answer this comment,
    Nelson Charles

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Nelson Charles:
    You are totally right: we have not to invent or to proof the Carnot Cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Patrick Mc Elvenny

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Is it possible that you publish some photo of the 1 MW plant, maybe hiding particulars that could disclose the site ?
    Waiting for the final results of the test we could get some solace from some photo of this historic thing.
    Godspeed,
    Patrick

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Mc Elvenny:
    It is not impossible, using a technology to forbid that the photo can reveal undisclosable particulars, but at the same time allowing a good view. We already did in former photos, we are refining the technique.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea,

    the idea of the “collector’s items” Paul referred to, reminds me of some promise.
    Do you remember that too ?

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Do not worry: I always remember what I promise. I just forget to do it ( he,he,he,he)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. Andrea:
    When will we be able to heat up the long and expensive Swedish winters with your E-Cat?
    Keep the good work and your teeth tight.
    Sven

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Sven Johansson:
    Right now ( 08.45 p.m., May 23rd) I am in the factory of the Customer testing the Hot Cat in the container of the computers, beside the 1 MW E-Cat. This is the core of what will be the domestic heater. We are working also on this, do not worry. It is difficult to foresee the scheduling, but we are going on. My teeth are so tight that to talk I had to become ventriloquous ( he, he, he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Edmund

    Dr Rossi:
    I do not know if you can answer to this question, but I want to try.
    You said that you are finding the 250 kW Ecats more efficient than the smaller ones. But we all know you are working only in the 1 MW Ecat several months since. As a consequence of this I desume you have 250 kW Ecats mixed with normal Ecats inside the 1 MW plant.
    Am I stupid?
    Edmund

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Edmund:
    You are not stupid and I am not allowed to give data regarding the 1 MW E-Cat before the end of the test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  702. Paul

    Andrea,

    If the customer is manufacturing a durable good (like a bottle of beer), maybe he/she could put a cryptic logo on the packaging to designate that the product was manufactured during the 1 MW E-Cat Beta test.

    Some day they may become collector’s items.

    Paul

  703. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    That’s some idea! I will pass it on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  704. Hank Mills

    Tom Conover,

    No group or individual replicating has a requirement to disclose information about their tests. They have a right to work quietly, and, if they wish, never disclose their results or wait as long as they want. However, I hope that replicators who desire to see the Ni-LiAlH4 technology replicated as repetitively, broadly, and as successfully as possible will be open about their testing.

    Replicators need to learn from each other. There are still many issues and variables that are not understood, and these factors may be important to produce excess heat. By communicating and being open, those who have had good results may save others a huge amount of time, effort, and money. Of course, in my mind, the most beneficial result could be more successful replications, sooner rather than later. If we want the media and scientific community to wake up to the reality of this technology, there must be a tidal wave of successful replications taking place all over the world. Right now, that is not happening.

    I know it can happen. The Rossi Effect is extremely powerful (a kilowatt of heat per gram of fuel at the low end), there are many individuals-teams performing tests or getting setup to replicate, and Parkhomov has established a fantastic example for being open about his work.

    Now we just need any additional replicators who are having success in triggering the Rossi Effect to share their knowledge and experience. From what I’ve been told, the Ni-LiAlH4 reaction is not excessively finicky. So if we can get a few guidelines sorted out, I think success can come quickly.

    Then again, if there is a lack of communication, successful replications may come more slowly. Replicators will have to perform many more trial and error tests and have to redesign and rebuild their systems. This will waste time and slow down the acceptance of this technology by the mainstream. I want the day when the mainstream media and scientific community go into an all out panic about the reality of the E-Cat to happen as quickly as possible. When the world realizes this technolgy is real, they will freak out due to the fact it will be able – after more engineering – to replace every current source of energy at a fraction of the price of today’s energy sources: while releasing no pollution whatsoever! No carbon! No particulates! No radiation!

    I want this day to come as soon as possible. That means we need all replicators to have all the information they need to produce excess heat. I can understand Rossi’s position – he has a huge investment at stake! Everyone else seeking to replicate holds ZERO ownership in the technology which means holding onto information makes no sense whatsoever. And, even if they have reputations or careers to protect from the stigma of LENR, having as many successful replications as possible take place would be in their best interest!

    Maybe I’m too involved in this.

    Maybe I have contact with too many people who desperately want to see this technology accepted by the mainstream.

    Maybe I’ve spent too many long nights chatting about and discussing these issues.

    Maybe discussing countless variables and design parameters with parties who desire to replicate has me a bit obsessed.

    But darn it, this technology is important and critical to the future of this planet!

    Can’t we just open up, share, and make this happen?

  705. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr . Rossi , I want to inform you that on Facebook there is a group called ” E – Cat of Andrea Rossi ( Cold Fusion ) ” of about 450 people closely monitoring the cold fusion and its scientific evolution.

    May be going to honor us with some news unpublished ?

    Facebook: ” E-Cat of’ Ing. Andrea Rossi (Cold Fusion)”

    ITA: E-Cat dell’ Ing. Andrea Rossi (Fusione Fredda)

  706. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for your information.
    In this period of tests and RD made on the 1 MW E-Cat installed in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat and on the Hot Cat set up here in the control computers container of the above mentioned 1 MW E-Cat, I do not have publishable news, because all we do is confined in confidentiality by contracts.
    Please say hello to all the members of the group on Facebook: I am honoured from their attention to the work of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  707. Tom Conover

    Hello Andrea,
    I agree with you very much about the Replicators. I think positive results will be announced very soon. some of us just haven’t made any announcements yet. keep up the good work and thank God very much.
    warm regards,
    Tom

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I think you are right, based on information I got. Obviously I cannot be sure the information I got will be confirmed and in which measure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  709. eq96f7y6sm

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The 1MW E-Cat that is under inspection and test in the factory of the customer of Industrial heat contains also 250 kW E-Cat or is made only by small traditional E-Cat ?

  710. Andrea Rossi

    eq96f7y6sm:
    Data and description of the 1MW E-Cat on course of tests and R&D will be published after the end of the testing period.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  711. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m glad you follow the replication attempts. As you probably have noticed, the vast majority of them – that are openly disclosed – are not achieving results nearly as robust as Parkhomov’s (perhaps around a kilowatt of heat per gram of fuel). This is for a number of reasons, but I feel a primary issue is that very few individuals are willing to put in as much time and effort as Parkhomov and yourself. The average experimenter may perform one test a week when, conversely, you would have performed dozens in the same time period. Another reason is that the testing setups, materials, and fuels used have varied greatly. This hinders the “community” from figuring out what variables are critical and which ones are not. There are rumors of certain parties producing more robust results, but when their data will be released is unknown.

    I don’t know if you prefer successful replications to take place or not. I also don’t know you would want professional scientists in laboratory environments (following all safety guidelines) to even try to replicate the Rossi Effect. Everything right now just seems extremely complicated and uncertain – except for the fact the evidence the E-Cat produces massive excess heat is overwhelming. This reality is what keeps me involved: the Ni-LiAlH4 E-Cat technology is the news story of the decade or maybe the century!

    But the world, as a whole, keeps moving along like it doesn’t exist. Every time I see a news article on a small improvement in solar panel efficency, a new design of a wind power generator, or new bio-fuel mix I can’t help but preform an internal “face-palm” out of frustration.

    You are very limited as to what info you can release. I get that. You have to do what makes best business sense so your investment (years of your life and the sale of personal possessions) pays off.

    I just wish that at some point your position in the commercialization of the technology will be far enough advanced that explaining the variables that must be abided by to replicate a basic reactor will not be considered too great of a risk.

    So far, except for Parkhomov, no one performing “open” experimentation seems to be able to fully reproduce the effect to a significant extent.

    Maybe this is what is preferable for Industrial Heat and yourself.

    Maybe not.

    I don’t know.

    And I am realizing that as of right now, we – those on the outside of IH -don’t know much. Or, we don’t know how to interpret the information we do have. Maybe all the information we need is already starting us in the face. It could be in plane sight. Or there could be intricacies we do not yet understand.

    My poor 1990 model 75mhz Pentium Processor with 16 megabytes of RAM of a brain is crashing.

    Time to reboot.

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight, but I do not agree: I know some of the groups that are making replications: they are making a good job with strong engagement and I think soon successful experiments will be announced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. Curiosone

    Can you give us an update about the test of the 1 MW plant? Are visits allowed for some privileged people?
    W.G.

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Visits are allowed to nobody, not even to the closest friends, until the test is finished.
    Data will be supplied after the end of the tests.
    The only thing I can say is that I am continuing to work in the plant 16 hours per day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. DTravchenko

    Andrea Rossi:
    Do you have news about your paper in preparation ?
    DT

  716. Andrea Rossi

    D.Travchenko:
    I received corrections from one of the peer reviewers, and I will have to work ( and study) on it for some week more. I should receive two other reviews; if publishable ( it could turn out not to be publishable) it will take minimum a month more.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. JCRenoir

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Have you news about the 3D printing?
    JCR

  718. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Yes, I am in contact with the main manufacturer of 3D systems for production of metal fabricated machines, and we are studying seriously the issue, very seriously. I am extremely curious about this issue. Could become very important. We already had economic analysis and the budgets are workable. Much due diligence has to be done yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. Joseph Fine

    AlbertN, Andrea Rossi,

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/05/19/the-basics-of-cold-fusion-response-to-axil-axil-andrea-calaon/

    Andrea Calaon’s reply to Axil Axil is very interesting. But AlbertN’s comment is also appropriate. While thinking and discussion are always valuable, testing the idea via (many) experiment(s) is/(are) essential.

    Galilean regards,

    Joseph Fine

  721. AlbertN

    Dear Dr.Rossi,

    There is quite an interesting discussion about the Rossi/Cook Reaction Theory on E-Cat World:

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/05/19/my-opinion-regarding-rossicook-reaction-theory-axil-axil/comment-page-1/#comment-224146

    The discussion (I admit) is way above my head. Some people do the hard work (like yourself) and some people just talk. Talk, as we know, is cheap. Does any of this discussion make any sense to you? Care to comment?

    Regards,
    Albert N

  722. Andrea Rossi

    AlbertN:
    If you find the discussion interesting, this means it is useful for something.
    I respect the opinions of everybody and confirm what Prof. Cook and I wrote.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  723. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, Please Google:
    GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLEAN COOKSTOVES
    Can you make an E-Cat Cookstove that can heat a Pot ?
    Global Alliance wants to provide 100 million homes with clean cookstoves
    by 2020.
    They are using charcoal stoves.
    The smoke is killing them, millions every year.
    Charcoal is becoming more expensive every day.
    They cut down all the trees on a Mountainside to make charcoal.
    In a heavy rain the mud slides down, and buries all the people in the Village
    below.
    They do not try to dig them out, they just make it a Mass Grave.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  724. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  725. Paul

    Andrea,

    Does your 250 KW modules consist of one 250 KW reactor or do they consist of multiple reactors adding up to 250 KW ?

    Paul

  726. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    250 kW reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  727. Koen Vandewalle

    The Long-Cat. m 2 x 0.3 x 0.7

    Are there other elongated properties, such as very loooooooooooooooooooooooooong SSM ?

    Longing Regards,
    Koen

  728. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  729. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What are the largest High Temperature eCat reactors you have successfully developed/demonstrated? You previously posted the 250kW reactors were of the low temperature variant.

  730. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    3.5 kW
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Thank you for the update-a 250 KW E-cat sounds very interesting. Are the 250KW reactors low or high temperature E-cats? How big are they? Do you believe that there will be more favorable economics for the larger E-Cats because fixed costs like the controls, etc, are spread over a larger reactor?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question and for your ongoing accessibility and engagement with this community.

    Best Regards
    F

  732. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    1- low temperature
    2- m 2 x 0.3 x 0.7
    3- tests on course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  733. Tom Conover

    Hello Andrea,

    You mentioned today that you can scale single units up to 250 kw with high reliability. My home would require a minimum of 40kw of heat to keep it warm during our Wisconsin USA winters (as low as -30F sometimes). (1) Hypothetically would the control mechanisms be as simple as the 10kw units for the 250kw (or 100kw) units? (2) Hypothetically would the possible manufacturing cost of a 100kw unit be approximately 10x the cost of the 10kw unit? Thank you in advance for your kindness in responding to the inquiries in this blog!

    Tom

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have read the Silvio Caggia’s post and I am seriously concerned about your/ your team security. Even if you do not reach the contractual performance, please do not take risks. Any COP from 3 to 4 will be a great success and I am sure you can count with IH understanding even if 4 figure were not gotten.

    Take care

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Yes, the Customer is measuring independently the energy that arrives to his plant, both with gauges and ( more important) with the operation of his manufacturing system, which needs our energy to work.
    The measurements give similar results, within the margin of error of the instrumentation, but, as I said, what counts more than all is the FACT that the energy we supply him makes his plant work as expected. Calorimetic measurements now are coupled with manufacturing efficiency measurements, which put in evidence the very result that really counts: is our Customer making money with our plant or not ? This is the most important issue. If the Customer does not make money with our plant, he will not get solace if we will present him good calorimetric results, however obtained…
    Data regarding the COP will be given after the completion of the tests and the final results can be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You mentioned that your team has demonstrated eCat reactors up to and including 250kW thermal output. So can we assume that the current 1MW ensemble unit could, in theory, be scaled to 25MW, with appropriate changes in input power, heat exchangers, etc.?

    If this technology could be scaled, then a 1GW electrical power generation plant, running at 40% Carnot efficiency and thus requiring 2.5GW of thermal input power could be achieved with 100 such units.

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No, the E-Cats can be built to make a specific amount of energy and this limit cannot be overcome.
    You cannot turn a 20 kW E-Cat into an E-Cat with higher power. But you can make a 1 GW plant with modules of 250 kW each, theoretically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A related question to the one I just submitted: what will be the estimated cost of a 1MW plant like the one you are now operating?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Paul

    Andrea,

    Are any of your prospective 1 MW plant customers entities that showcase new technology?
    (Such as Disney’s Epcot Center)

    V/R,

    Paul

  742. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    This does not depend on us, but on the Customers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  743. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that all is well with you.

    I understand that you have focused on smaller (10kW) modular e-cats in part for the redundancy and reliability that comes from smaller units. I was wondering if it were possible to build larger individual E-cats with higher power outputs. Can they go to 50KW or 100KW with the same level of reliability and control or do they stop scaling up at some point?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question. I hope that they are letting you out of the plant every once and a while to get some air.

    Best Regards
    Fyodor

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Yes, we arrived to modules of 250 kW quite reliable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. James Rovnak

    Andrea what about use of this GE high temp material in Hot E-Cat. Robert Godes tweeted interest in this material the other day & I thought it just might interest you also: http://www.impomag.com/news/2015/05/stubborn-ge-scientist-creates-new-fuel-saving-material#.VVi8ZNg58ol.twitter Jim
    Also replicators seem to be having trouble starting & controlling LENR power in their attempts. Could it be they need high freq EM to excite process as Dr Godes does in his developing project? I think Parkhomov’s TRIAC based source had plenty of dI/dt to excite even his neighbors service to say nothing of his LENR success! Did you know his grand daughter (who translates for him) name is Ecaterina – interesting, No? Keep up the good work!

  746. Andrea Rossi

    James Rovnak:
    Thank you for the information and for your insight. I can’t comment about e.m. fields in positive or in negative and I have strong respect for the work of the replicators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Curiosone

    What do you think of engineering360.com
    JCR

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Is a very good tool. Very useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. JCRenoir

    Hi, Andrea:
    I noticed your work is appreciated the more every day from more persons, also in the highest scientific echelons. You satisfied of this?

  750. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    The situation is foundamentally changed in this sense: after our plant is entered in the market making real work in a factory, most persons are just waiting to know if it really works or not . That’s what our Team is working on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. DTravchenko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Maybe this is useful for you: Tadiran Batteries
    http://www.tadiranbat.com
    They produce batteries lithium- thionyl-chloride that last 40 years of continue operation !
    Maybe useful for the E-Cat, to drive it in remote areas?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  752. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Thank you for the information, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your reply to my latest blog. May I ask if the complexities you referred to in your developmental program are political, national defense, or only business related?
    Curious regards.

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Whatever they maybe I am bound by means of an NDA, consequently I cannot answer either in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  755. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: It has been suggested your answers on this site are being monitored and edited by a “Big Brother” third party. Could you please dispel these rumors?

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Parenthood:
    I don’t know about brothers and their dimensions, but I know that the mother of the imbeciles is always pregnant.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  757. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I think that this will not be a case of either/or, but rather both/and. Integration will have positive effects on all the system. Provided ( which still has to be given evidence of) the final results of the tests on course will be positive, wherein positiveness is related to technological success.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  758. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is it possible that the current test results can be both positive AND negative?

    That is, if the results of the E-Cat testing are positive, there could be some (anticipated or unanticipated) negative economic impacts to other industries and possibly negative national/international “con”sequences, while the overall impact of these results will have mostly positive “PRO”sequences.

    Positive regards,

    Joseph Fine

  759. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    As we anticipate the time when E-Cat plants can be mass produced for your pioneers, about how long do you estimate it will take to build a 1MW plant similar to the one you are testing?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  760. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The delivery time for a 1 MW E-Cat, after the signature of the sale contract, can be between 3 and 6 months, based on the range of the amount of orders we assume to get, if the test on course will give positive results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting to hear about the huge portfolio of “pioneers” ready to buy. Do you consider these pioneers serious parties who have a strong intention of purchasing E-Cats, or possibly just curious parties who have put their name on a list, but may back out.

    Best wishes,

    Frank

  762. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is still very difficult to say how much will be the price after the possibility to make a mass production. Our strategy, though, is to defeat the competition making prices that make reverse engineering pointless. Also in this fields, as in all others, competition will make the Customers happy… I foresee a strong battle. Related to this question of yours: the NASA magazine “Tech Briefs”, in the issue of May 2015, has published a very interesting “round table” regarding the state of the art of 3D Printing technology. This could be the real game changer in the manufacturing system. We are studying it to invent a system of application of this tech fit for our needs. This is another filler of the long nights inside the 1 MW plant in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie:
    Thank you for your insight, but the reality is more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Since you have operated your device for many hours both in powered and SSM mode, the negativity you worry about must be only in compliance with practical usage. However to use the automobile as an example, when it was demonstrated as a workable device, and available as a purchasable unit, many people bought a variety of different models despite the unreliability of all of them. Tires had to be changed frequently, engines broke down, brakes and steering were questionable as to operational reliability. The important factor which lead to todays very useable devices was the acceptance of the problems and the continuous efforts to eliminate them by manufacturers. Perhaps, instead of trying to present a perfect device, you may get more benefit from the improvements which would be devised by other users and which could then be implemented into your standard model making it much more saleable to industry and public users. I would assume, at least, improvements in controls and form would be forthcoming.
    Developmental regards.

  765. Andrea Rossi

    Karl – Henrik:
    Thank you for this useful information.
    I just sent a request of offer to Cleanergy, while the Rankyne cycle has a too low efficiency.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  766. Karl-Henrik

    Dear Andrea,

    I am a frequent reader of your blog and we also had some email contact two
    and four years ago.
    Then you were looking for companies manufacturing stirling engines. But
    stirlings needed higher temperatures than the first E-cat could provide. Now
    with the Hot-Cat it might be a perfect match.
    The swedish company http://cleanergy.com/technology/#present now has over
    500000 engine operating hours, so the product is mature.

    There is also a company in Finland that recently has developed a combined
    woodburner with electric production trough the rankine cycle ORC. The
    electric output is 10 kW with ac COP of 13 %
    This product is more simple and probably much cheaper than the stirling. If
    the COP of the Hot-Cat is over 7,7 the combined system would be
    self-sufficient.
    The link is to the swedish reseller.
    https://translate.google.se/translate?sl=sv&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=sv&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.energiteknik.net%2Fwp%2F%3Fp%3D5849&edit-text=

    Best regards,
    Karl-Henrik, Sweden

  767. Andrea Rossi

    I met him on Skype, from inside the 1MW E-Cat in operation, while he was in Italy during the ICCF, but I did not meet him personally, yet; I surely will meet him when I will visit Moscow and St Petersburg, after the end of the tests on course, in 2016.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  768. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi and Readers, Google:
    US-CERN AGREEMENT
    Read about this very important agreement, I found it interesting, I think you will also,
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Of course, this is a possible application ( provided the E-Cat will give final evidence to work properly at the end of the tests on course).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Very interesting, thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. LENR-to-Market Digest — May 16, 2015 – Highlights include: Domestic heater E-Cat photo, long self-sustain periods, size getting smaller; ‘in contact’ with Elon Musk; ICCF-19 reports, featuring Parkhomov replication, Tom Darden; Open Power Association collaborating with MFMP; other Start-ups: LENRIA, Clean Nuclear Power, and French Society of Nuclear Science in Condensed Matter. (”PESN”)

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Sterling Allan:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi

    Here are some interesting facts about Nickel.

    Perhaps soon, newer applications may be described.

    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-32749262

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  774. Valerrra

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you ever meet personally Dr Alexander Parkhomov ?

  775. keriusene

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you give an update ? How id going the 1MW E-Cat today?

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Today we had a problem, due to series of gaskets that turned out to be defectous; we had to resolve the problem without turning out the plant. Got some trouble. Now is fixed.
    Great Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    This is very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland: I have calculated that 30% will buy. But still the number is huge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  779. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea,

    GE can now build mini jet engines using additive manufacturing technology, also known as 3D metal printing. Perhaps, using similar technology, super-critical CO2 (SCO2) turbo-machinery can be built toward the goal of generating electricity.

    http://www.kurzweilai.net/a-3d-printed-mini-jet-engine-that-performs-at-33000-rpm

    Thermodynamic regards,

    Joseph Fine

  780. domenico canino

    caro Andrea,
    lei dice che non è questione di intelligenza, ma di pregiudizio che la limita. Io invece la penso come un mio e suo illustre conterraneo di 2600 anni fa:
    E’ l’intelligenza che vede
    è l’intelligenza che sente
    tutto il resto
    è sordo e cieco
    (Epicarmo di Siracusa)
    Dear Andrea,
    You say that is not matter of intelligence, but of bias that limite intelligence. I believe it is, as my and your compatriot said 2600 years ago:
    Is intelligence that sees,
    Is intelligence that ears,
    everything else is deaf and blind.
    (Epicarmo di Siracusa)

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for your comment.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Wesley ( from Czech Republic):
    I am answering to your comment, spammed by the robot; your questions are obvious from the following answers:
    1- we are following with great curiosity all the replication on course.
    2- obviously competition will rise: what will we do? Compete!
    3- 7Be formation is barred, electron capture is impossible without strong nuclear proton excess, strong nuclear proton excess does not exist in LENR
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that “it will not be necessary to inspect the E-Cat of others, since anybody can buy one and use it.”

    Of course anyone thinking about buying the E-Cat would want to know about the performance, efficiency, specifications, etc. How will they be able to get verified information about your products?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The E-Cat will be sold upon contracts that will contain all the necessary guerantees. Those who will trust our capacity to fulfill the guarantees will buy the E-Cats, those who will not trust will not buy them. That’s it.
    We already have a huge portfolio of “pioneers” from all the world ready to buy the E-Cats based on our guarantees. After this first wave of “pioneers” automatically references will be around. Like always happens with new technologies. But remember: maybe nothing will happen of all this, if the final results of the tests on course will be negative, as they might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea, your answer is inviting me to think further.

    The people are only carriers of the mind, but the people themselves, as temporary physical being, are of little interest.

    Collective prevalent thoughts determine whether there will be progress or decline. False collective thoughts and lies are the biggest threat. They feign a local visible progress in the short term but in the long term they cause an overall decline or even collapse.
    In general deterioration of the collective mind, mankind has no reason to exist anymore.

    We live in dangerous times, the lies can quickly infect the minds of many people through technology. Technology also allows for better feedback, allowing the lies to refine or enhance themselves, faster than the collective wisdom can overtake them.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    By my calculations, you must be around the half-way point in your E-Cat plant test. Is the E-Cat more tame than she was near the beginning? Is your anxiety decreasing at all after all this time?

    Best wishes for the rest of the test.

    Frank Acland

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    As a metter of fact, we are not yet halfway.
    Yes, the situation has improved substantially since when we started, anxiety stable too.
    Thank you for your simpathy,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  789. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea , per davvero bella la Tua risposta al Koen . Io la penso così già da molti anni . Complimenti Cordiali saluti da Giannino di Udine.
    I agree with what you answered to Koen.

  790. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  791. NCY

    I have several questions for Mr. Rossi:

    1. Have you considered the application of stirling engines for smaller, domestic (in the 1 kw range), Micro CHP (combined heat and power) applications? Several stirling engine Micro CHP devices exist on the market already usually with nat. gas boilers.
    such as this one: http://tinyurl.com/pavwjl4
    or this one: http://tinyurl.com/qeg4eme

    2. Has the customer of the industrial plant that is currently undergoing testing agreed to inspections by outside sources (news representatives, scientists etc.) once the test is completed?

    3. With current progress on the plant seemingly going well, how does this make you feel?

    thanks, NCY

  792. Andrea Rossi

    NCY:
    1- Yes, this is one line of our R&D
    2- The customer that has installed the 1MW E-Cat in his factory is not a R&D laboratory, is a factory that makes an industrial activity. I have no idea what they will do inside their factory after the end of the contractual test on course, but for obvious reasons I would not be surprised if the access to their factory will be limited to the persons involved in their activity. Anyway, this is an issue doesn’t depend on me.
    Let me add also that being for sale in the market the E-Cats, it will not be necessary to inspect the E-Cat of others, since anybody can buy one and use it.
    3- Troubles have always a tomorrow, and ” tomorrow never dies” ( Bond, James Bond).

  793. domenico canino

    Your answer to Koen Vandewalle is right. Billions of person will understand the same thing in millions of completely different ways. I think because of the difference of intelligence among the persons. We have to fight to the more intelligent people to prevail, and not the more aggressive ones. Because intelligence is the only way to save the wordl.

  794. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    it is not as much a matter of intelligence, I think; it is mainly a matter of biased ways of thinking, that limit the intelligence. From this reason I think it is important the phenomenological application of the “epochè” upon all what is given for sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  795. Curiosone

    Prof. Khokon Hossen:
    I read your very interesting paper published this week on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    I have a question for you: do you think that the “sealed timing resistive plate chambers” can play a role in the LENR?
    Cheers,
    W.G.

  796. Koen Vandewalle

    Since we’re waiting for something that can be positive or negative between december and february.

    One day, God visited the Earth. He arrived in kindergarten, introduced himself and explained everything about the universe. How the atomic nuclei are made, how gravity works, how we are connected to each other, why life is made finite, and how people should organize their economy and their society in order to live happily in harmony with nature and the earth. All attendees must record everything he had said. Years later he discovered that the people, despite his personal explanation, had learned little.

    I wrote “kindergarten”, but we can write whatever we want, the outcome will be the same. Why is that ?

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Because if you explain the same thing in the same way to billions of persons, they will understand the same things in millions of completely different ways, then will try pacifically to prevail upon the other interpretations, then, when any diplomatic way will have failed, they will make series of wars to make their way of understanding prevail. At the end, will not prevail who will have understood better, but who will kill more enemies. The latter is also the one who will write the History.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    with regard to the Stirling engines ready to the market, now that high temperature has been achieved, you should ask to Baxi,(google Baxi cogeneration ) it seems that they have in their range of products, a boiler gas powered that integrates a stirling generator “Stirling technology, that generates 1 kW of electrical power, 24 kW of output and efficiency up to 92%, (my note, probably refers to the global thermal efficiency) is already present in the U.K.” The main trouble of a such generator is the cycle of the burner that alternates few minutes of work and minutes of pause, in this way the stirling generator cannot establish a good working point.

    Best regards Alessandro Coppy

  799. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  800. Andrea Calaon

    Dear Andrea,
    if the suggested Stirling engine of Ripasso (Ahlstrom Capital, Saab Kockums):
    - has really an efficiency above 40% (http://www.ripassoenergy.com/our-technology/ ),
    - can run for years without problems,
    - is not too big, and
    - works with 1,200 [C] walls (720 [C] is the rated max heater temp.),
    it should be an interesting possibility for producing combined heat and electric power with your Hot Cat.
    I guess you are now mastering Hot Cat electric-thermal COP of 14 (without “synergy”).
    40% – 100%/14 = 33%.
    So the system could already self sustain electrically (apart from start-up) and give out 1/3rd of the thermal energy it generates as net electric power..
    Probably the services for the sterling will consume a bit, but even an electric output of 22-25% of the thermal energy would not be too bad.
    The sterling of Ripasso is 30kWe, so you would need rods for about 100KW th. 10 rods?

    In my mind for a 60% efficiency supercritical CO2 will still be the only option. I have the feeling the supercritical CO2 plants, in may be 7-10 years, will be miniaturized for a few MW powers and be put on ships, locomotives and then may be planes as well.

    The big players chasing you will soon appear!

    Good luck Andrea!

    Andrea

  801. Andrea Rossi

    Andrea Calaon:
    Thank you for your interesting insight. As a matter of fact, we still have to receive a real commercial offer, economically sustainable, for Sterling engines or supercritical CO2 plants to be coupled with the E-Cats, either domestic or industrial. There are interesting conceptual prototypes, but nothing we can buy and put at work with a sustainable pay-back time. Information about the evolution is interesting, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  802. Andrea Rossi

    u6atmds213:
    From your name I understand you are an extraterrestrial: this explains why you are not against LENR. ( Joking).
    I am delighted to read what you write.
    During these nights inside the 1 MW E-Cat I am working much on mathematics and I wrote a draft-paper about the fact that I calculated how Coulombian barriers are overcame by means of the Mossbauer effect, or, more properly, by the “reverse” Mossbauer effect. The numbers got from the equations sustain this fact. Maybe I made mistakes, so I sent the paper to specialists to review the maths. So far it holds its position. If you want to review the paper, please contact me, I will send you it for reviewing. Note: it is not a publication, so far, just a platform of calculations to be verified and discussed about privately, with knowledge of the fact that it could be simply a wrong model. I want to learn.
    My contact: info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    p.s. I fortunately recovered your comment from the spam, where has been sent improperly from the robot ( maybe because of the extaterrestrial origin): next time please send your comments also to my private contact.

  803. Andrea Rossi

    Akum:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  804. u6atmds2l3

    Dr Rossi:
    I am a PhD in Physics and I was a staunch foe against you and the LENR in general; I also wrote several comments against you, because I was convinced that LENR are impossible due to the Coulombian barriers. I am a researcher in an important European lab. I cannot reveal who I am, for the time being, but I just want you to know that after the Lugano test, after the replications that have been made not only from the Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov, but also very recently from European scientists (are not just voices and I am not a ghostbuster), after the paper you wrote together with Prof Norman Cook, I am changing my mind, as well as many colleagues of mine are. Just want you to know this. The mainstream scientists are changing their mind in your favour, as a consequence of your enormous work, at least admitting now that LENR are worth to be investigated seriously, not just trashed after the mantra, as you called it ” LENR are impossible because barred by the Coulombian forces”.
    So, go ahead with your great work, we are looking at you with real interest.

  805. keriusene

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Voices are around about the fact that other very, very important replications have been made of the Lugano Report in Europe, after the replicas of Dr Parkhomov. Voices say that anomalous excess of heat has been measured independently from a group of scientists, well known, who have built a reactor copied from the Lugano report, as well as the charge, and they got an excess beyond any doubt! Do you have comments?

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Are you a ghostbuster?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Andreas Moraitis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With a maximum continuous electric power of 250 kW, your plant could theoretically release 2.1 GWh of energy in 350 days (losses neglected). Any surplus would have to be credited to the “Rossi effect” (overall COP > 1).

    My questions are:

    1 – Did the output of the plant so far exceed 2.1 GWh?
    2 – If so, considering the prices of electricity vs. other forms of energy: Would the customer already have saved money, even if we assume that the plant will run only in ‘Joule heating mode’ for the rest of the time?

    Hoping for a double “Yes”,

    Best regards,
    Andreas Moraitis

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Andreas Moraitis:
    Data regarding the test on course of the 1 MW E-Cat will be released only after the test will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Robert Curto

    Hank Mills April 19 at 10:25PM
    I believe Einstein said the speed of light, about 186,280 miles per second is an absolute speed limit.
    Yet you said you would like to see a space craft go faster then the speed of light, with an E-Cat core !
    Me too…..in my dreams.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Doubtless this is a very important agreement that will trigger new discoveries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. A. Bhatt

    Hi Andrea,

    Here is an interesting article about a new state of matter discovered! Should open up some new doors.

    http://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-discovered-a-new-state-of-matter-the-jahn-teller-effect

    A. Bhatt

  812. Andrea Rossi

    A. Bhatt:
    Thank you for the very interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. Andrea Rossi

    William S. Hurley III:
    We received your interesting link, that is wrongly gone to the spam:
    http://www.clearsign.com/applications/duplex-technology-for-refinery-process-heaters
    This device has been applied to the heating pipes of the oil refinery of Tesoro Companies Inc, near Los Angeles, California. You asked me if it could be coupled with the E-Cats. The answer is: if the results of the tests on course on the 1 MW E-Cat supplied to the Customer of IH will be positive, the E-Cats will be fit to be applied everywhere heat has to be produced for any purpose, independently from the fluid, by means of proper heat exchangers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers of the JoNP:
    Today has been published the paper ” Analysis of the performances od sealed timing resistive plate chambers”, by Khokon Hossen, Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics ( Heidelberg, Germany).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  815. Fyodor

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    I hope that all is well with you? I
    had a question about something you said

    “to apply the Carnot cycle to a domestic E-Cat is, obviously, impossible and all the possible alternative we have found are not applicable to small units”

    Why is it impossible-are there just not good solutions for operating at lower power levels? Does the temperature not go high enough? Are the solutions just inappropriate (too loud, hot, dangerous, etc.?)for home use?

    On the industrial front, have you considered partnering with third parties that make steam turbine generators or boilers or other heat-to-electricity solutions or are you primarily working to develop solutions in house?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my questions.

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    The Carnot cycle needs series of apparatuses that are unthinkable to be applied in a house.
    As for the commercial and technological allegiances, any synergy can be taken in due consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Andrea Rossi

    I sent the paper to several Professors to make a peer reviewing, since the calculations are not easy and I am not sure of myself. I am waiting for corrections. The paper is circulating among a restrict number of physicists, because before publishing it I need to be sure not to have written wrong calculations. After the voluntary peer reviewing on course, if the paper will have dignity for a publication, it will be published, otherwise I will just scrap it. It will have been anyway useful to burn the nights inside the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. Dear Andrea Rossi:
    News about the paper that you announced, regarding more calculations about the Rossi Effect, after the Cook-Rossi article published on Arxiv?

  819. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    I’m glad to hear that the ssm phases are becoming longer and longer every day even if I struggle to contain my curiosity about how long they are (and I’m not the only one).
    At my previous question “is ssm still a mystere?” your answer was “it’s not a mystere at all”. Ok. But what these ssm improvements are sons of ? Aren’t you discovering new ways to induce the ssm state ? Or new ways to last it for much time ? Aren’t you deeepen your knowledge of the ssm ? Or do they simply come from a better archestration of the haet produced by the units ?

    Now please take off the crystal ball ;)
    Do you feel that there are spaces for further grow in ssm periods ? Do you think it will be possible to get a system of reactors working 24h ssm (after a startup phase)? In think this will be the future and can’t wait that time.

    God bless you

    Marco Serra

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    SSM are made longer by a synergy between the reactors for what concerns the “drive” they need. I cannot reveal more particulars.
    The drive will be always necessary, due to safety issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  821. Wrannaalors

    Dr Rossi Andrea,
    What do you know of the Sacramento plant to make electricity with nuts? Are they nuts?

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Wrannaalors:
    Probably you refer to the plant of Dixon Ridge Farms of Sacramento, California. No, this people are not nuts! They use nuts, though, to make electric power. It is a big concern that collect, dry and sell nuts. They have resolved the problem of their wastes ( nutshells) processing them by means of a fermentation system to make biogas; then they make electric power burning the gas in a genset, while the residuals from the biogas fermentation are used as fertilizers in the fields where they crop nuts. Genial, not nuts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Looking into my crystal ball I would guess that during a typical 24 hour operating period that your 1MW eCat system is in SSM perhaps 15 hours. Which means that you are energizing the reactors an average of 9 hours at 250kW maximum, probably an average of 100kW. So in 24 hours you are generating 24MWhr of energy while consuming 0.9MWhr of input. So your effective COP over a 24 hour period would be about 27. Remember this number. If your average daily effective COP is larger at the end of the one year testing, you owe me a drink (glass of milk for me). If it is smaller, I will buy you a drink at the public celebration.

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I’ll remember!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote:
    Frank Acland:
    Yes: with the Hot Cat we are reaching here inside the computers container very long ssm.
    Also its test will last one year. It has been strongly modified after the Lugano test.

    Do you consider it possible to make a synergy of Hot-Cats in optimized SSM ? Or could that be a too complex and too expensive machine ?

    Just a thought: if a Hot Cat is put in a cyclone, or in a funnel, both with IR-reflecting walls and with a rotating flow of steam there around, the extraction of heat could be regulated by the height of the hot cat in the funnel.
    I don’t think this kind of experiments will fit in your container with the computers.

    Kind Regards,

    Koen

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle,
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Andrea Rossi

    Neal Sladky
    kloeppel391468@yahoo.com

    In an email you sent to the JoNP you informed us that ( synopsis) “solar accounts for almost a third of new US capacity to produce electric power in 2014″ and asked for my opinion, saying that ” in few years all the necessary energy could be given by the solar plants”.
    Answer: you must make a distinction between power and energy. A solar power plant depends on the solar energy it actually receives to convert, as well as wind mills ( wind is anyway produced by solar energy, so indirectly also wind mills are solar plants). You can have a solar plant with a power of 1 MW, but actually it can produce at most 100 kWh/h of energy as an average, due to the fact that the solar energy that it is able to convert is the 10% of the solar energy it would need to produce energy at full power. This reduces to 3% the theoretical percentage of energy that solar plant are able to really produce respect the energy needs of the Country. To this you must add another factor, which is the cost of the solar energy, that is much higher than the cost of the energy produced by the classic sources. This high cost is paid by the taxpayer. Therefore the real situation of solar is not as much shining as it appears to be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  828. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In a previous posting, you indicated that the maximum Joule effect of the 1MW system was 250 kW. Can we therefore conclude that the design of the 1MW unit has an effective COP of greater than 4?

  829. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I am not allowed to give information related to the contract between IH and the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  830. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You indicated that for your current eCat testing your company must demonstrate 350 days of operation within a 400 day period. You also had posted that operation was continuous except for scheduled maintenance periods. Are the scheduled maintenance periods part of the 50 day difference between the 400 day and the 350 day contractual requirement?

  831. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Not necessarily, theoretically the COP could be also 1 or worse. It depends on the production of energy. Certainly, should the consume of energy be 250 kWh/h and the production of energy 1 MWh/h the ratio would be 1:4.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Frylund
    nilsfrylund@telia.com

    You sent the following comment to our email address ( synopsis): ” Why the mainstream media are not talking of your 1 MW E-Cat in operation?”
    Answer: because there is nothing to talk about, yet, until the tests will have been completed. Now we are in a situation in which the results could be either positive or negative, so it is too soon for press conferences. We are declining all the requests on the issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Roberto Rampado:
    Thank you for contnuous interest: you honour us.
    Thank you as well for your interesting information. We’ll analyse the proposal.
    I know the industrial applications of the Rankine cycle, and they are not competitive with the Carnot cycle, not even in terms of pay back period. I will analyse the domestic applications in term of prices: the efficiency is very low, as you see. Also, for domestic applications, we have to consider the necessary room of the system.
    Let’s see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  834. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for you explanation. Does this mean you are able to achieve substantial periods of self-sustain mode with a single Hot Cat reactor?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  835. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes: with the Hot Cat we are reaching here inside the computers container very long ssm.
    Also its test will last one year. It has been strongly modified after the Lugano test.

    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  836. Rampado Roberto

    Caro Andrea Rossi,
    ti seguo da sempre con ammirazione e un po’ di impazienza.
    Tu scrivi:
    “to apply the Carnot cycle to a domestic E-Cat is, obviously, impossible and all the possible alternative we have found are not applicable to small units. To make domestic heaters , to heat houses is the target where the sea meets the sky within my sight.”
    Se non l’hai ancora considerato, esiste un motore a tecnologia ultra-collaudata (Ciclo Rankine a vapore) che forse fa al caso tuo.
    Viene commercializzato dalla ditta “Lion energy GmbH & Co. KG” che ha sede nella città di Olsberg in Germania.

    http://www.powerblock.eu/de/lion-powerblock/Funktion-Animation.php

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qgrlJGJNVT0

    Il rendimento di conversione dato per un uso domestico a gas o pellets è di circa 10-12%, ma con semplici correzioni di temperatura e pressione, penso senz’altro concordabili con la ditta costruttrice, lo si può portare a rendimenti di conversione intorno al 20-25%.
    Questo significa che con COP pari a 4-5 l’E-Cat va in auto-sostentamento.

    Che strano se un leone viene nutrito da un gatto!

    Con stima

    Rampado Dr Roberto

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I always follow you with admiration and a bit of suspense.
    Some time ago you wrote:
    “To apply the Carnot cycle to a domestic E-Cat is, obviously, impossible and all the possible alternatives we have found are not applicable to small units. To make domestic heaters, to heat houses is the target where the sea meets the sky Within my sight. ”

    In my opinion a Rankine based technology (steam cycle) named Lion-Powerblock could be interesting for your E-cat.
    It is marketed by the company “Lion energy GmbH & Co. KG” at Olsberg in Germany.
    Here are two links at their website.

    http://www.powerblock.eu/de/lion-powerblock/Funktion-Animation.php
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qgrlJGJNVT0

    This apparatus is intended for domestic use. The steam arises from heat generated by combustion of natural gas or pellet giving an electrical conversion efficiency of about 10-12%.
    Please note that its performance may reach 20-25% with little corrections of operative conditions (temperature and pressure) and technical improvement can be studied directly by the german manufacturer.
    This means that an E-cat COP equal to 4-5 is enough to reach the self-sustained mode.
    The Cat that feeds a Lion – It sounds a bit strange but auspicious!

    With estimates

    Rampado Dr Roberto.

  837. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain why you now find the Hot Cat is more suitable for home heating than the lower temperature E-Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very interesting question.
    In domestic applications we will not have multiple reactors to make up synergies as it is happening with the 1MW plant; for this reason, the low temperature E-Cats are less efficient: the COP of the Hot Cat, when utilized in mono-assemblies, is higher. As I said before, E-Cats are very complex things, much more complex than it appears.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    A Team of NASA is prototyping and designing aircrafts using 3D printed parts. The prototype aircraft re constructed using components from Aerovironment RQ-14 Dragon Eye unmanned aerial vehicles ( UAVs).
    Do you think this technology can be useful also to make E-Cats?

  840. Andrea Rossi

    Oren Unsworth:
    Yes, absolutely. 3D printing is a technology that will be used to produce parts of the E-Cats, I think.
    Very interesting this application by NASA, thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the special results from the Lugano test. It has been my experience that simplicity becomes elegance (at least in mathematics) and the Lugano Cat is certainly an elegant system. I can tell that you are very excited about the major impact it has had on the design platform of the domestic system. Dare we hope that your new results may provide us with hope of the domestic E-Cat being able to power a few appliances in our homes?

    Looking forward to the excitement that each day holds,

    Tom

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Now it is 10 p.m. of Saturday May 9, where I am, inside the 1 MW plant: I am bouncing between the 1 MW plant and the Hot Cat, both in operation, both stable. This enormous work that our team is making is aimed to arrive to the target you have given the description of. For the domestic unit it will be much easier to start with heat generating E-Cats, because to produce electricity with so small units is still an unresolved problem, notwithstanding many prototypes of direct conversion, too “green” to be taken as mature solutions; to apply the Carnot cycle to a domestic E-Cat is, obviously, impossible and all the possible alternative we have found are not applicable to small units. To make domestic heaters , to heat houses is the target where the sea meets the sky within my sight.

  843. JYD

    Dear Andrea Rossi, Dear Steven N. Karels

    Cosidering the commercial marine propulsion, this could be interesting
    http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3321-steam-fires-underwater-jet-engine.html#.VU53tpMzIjI

    Could Mr Elon Musk be interested too ?
    PS: A little thing , Dr Rossi, to let in a bit of nature in your computer container !
    https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2pe4q1_la-cascade-irlandaise-qui-seduit-6-millions-d-insomniaques_news?start=5

  844. Andrea Rossi

    JYD:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  845. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    What you are competing with is the following: (1)A fuel that is abundant, easy to transport and relatively cheap and easy to obtain.(2)A fuel which is easy to ignite and control.(3)A fuel which is familiar to almost everyone on this earth as to how to use it.(4)Relatively cheap devices with which to make it useful. This is of course fossil fuel, used first by the cave man. Its downside is familiar to almost everyone and has been accepted as the lesser of two evils even by the staunches detractors(can you name some one who does not use it in some manner?). It will be a long time before all the autos in the world(hundreds of millions) will be retired, especially in third world countries let alone the billions of heating devices. However in the meantime you will be kept very active supplying replacements for those who can afford to replace these devices. I think that even if you can show that a suitable replacement is available, there will be many years passing before we will see a significant drop in the use of fossil fuels.
    Extended regards.

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    As I said many times, I think that all the existing energy sources will integrate more than compete. The more this if we think to the far future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I continue to think about technologies where eCats could make a significant improvement. It seems to me that commercial marine propulsion is an ideal application. Consider very large oil tankers, requiring around 40MW or more of power continuously for weeks or months. One of the design considerations is the speed of the naval ship. Higher speed burns more fuel in conventional fossil fuel driven applications but an eCat power steam turbine could provide added power without the normal need for carrying large amounts of consumable fuel.

    Temperature for the steam will be in the 500C to 600C region, so you might need an intermediate eCat design (or just run a Hot eCat at a lower temperature). With no appreciable onboard fuel consumption, faster ships could be designed to lower shipping costs and delays. Fewer ships to do the same transportation service.

    I also know it takes many years for marine certification so you and I may not be around to see this. But, I think, it is an interesting application.

  848. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Maybe you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  849. keriusene

    Dear A.R.:
    How did you resolve the problem of dendrites in your Li based charges?

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Sorry, I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  851. Prof. Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain why ia it worth to repower with new clean technologies, like maybe the E-Cat, shuttered coal fired plants, instead of elimitate them to make something else, e.g. commercial centers?

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Richardgaf:
    1- I am not a Prof
    2- 5 strong reasons to repower existing shuttered coal plants instead of decommissioning:
    i- Their community has grown up around them, and accostomed to the presence of a power plant, not to count the fact that the retrofitting makes it environmentally more friendly
    ii- The locations of coal fueled power plants have been chosen to be well far from inhabitants, which makes them out of reach for commercial centers
    iii- Specialized jobs related to power plants are the basic source of jobs for communities that have been grown up to fulfill the needs of power plants: this fact combines the easiness to find skilled operators for a power plant with the difficulty to find a good job for people with no skills for alternative jobs
    iv- Permissions are obviously easier to obtain in an area already destined to the same use, whose community are already oriented to accept it, because source of jobs and welfare
    v- The infrastructure are already there: steam turbine, switch yards, intake structures, access, grid connections, etc, with makes costs a lot lower than starting from zero
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,
    May I suggest a name for the super-ssm mode ?
    “Canon of E-Cats in C-major”. With the “C” from “Container”.
    Fits with “Le Concert”.

    Can you tell us which are the better singers ?
    The young ones, or the more experienced voices ?
    Do they change their voices and volumes during their lifetime ?

    Musical Regards,
    Koen

  854. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    He,he,he…
    Thanks to remind me “Le Concert”: I am inside the plant, She is stable , thanks to God, and I am tired, having to pass here the rest of the night…I right now put on the CD of “Le Concert” and watch it another time inside the computers container.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Dr Rossi:
    Do you think that if the year long test of the 1 MW plant – if the results will be positive and the safety will be sound – will make easier to obtain the safety certification for the domestic E-Cat?

  856. Andrea Rossi

    Brigitte:
    Yes. By the way, the test on course on the Hot Cat adjacent to the 1 MW E-Cat are going well, and it is the core of what will be the domestic E-Cat; we made improvements respect the Lugano reactor, obtained by the successful application of a new design that has been born studying the results of Lugano.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Billie Kzarnik:
    Not imminent, but not impossible.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  858. I think that if you have registered the commercial mark the commercialization of the E-Cat for domestic appliances is imminent. Am I correct?

  859. Did you consider the possibility to mount the 1 MW Ecat on a trailer and use it as a mobile thermal energy supplier?

  860. Andrea Rossi

    m88sb:
    Yes, this is a possible application. The plant is particularly fit to be put on a trailer, being made inside a standard container.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  861. John

    Dear Andrea,

    What does “being in contact” with Elon Musk mean? Have you exchanged e-mails? Or met in person? Or is the communication on behalf of Industrial Heat and not you personally?

    Best Regards,

    John

  862. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    I cannot give information about these details, but I can confirm that it is important to have every available option for integrating into the energy infrastructure and to explore all available sources of synergies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  863. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some questions on your current project:

    1. Is the customer’s thermal load exactly constant, 24 hours a day? Or does it fluctuate with work shift transitions?
    2. Is the demand constant even under holiday or weekend times? Is the customer’s requirement constant over the entire year?
    3. Has the customer scheduled downtime (for his own purposes) not related to the eCat needs?

  864. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Now I have time to complete my answer: I am not able to extend further information about the Customer. Please, understand that the focus for me is now on the E-Cat’s operation and controls.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Josè Ricardo:
    Thank you for your philosophical insight. I respect it, as I respect any philosophical and religious point of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. jose ricardo

    Sr Andrea Rossi
    que opinas de esta teoria
    Todo el universo es sólido electromagnéticamente ablando, todo está conectado por átomos electromagnéticos, empezando por nosotros y terminando en la totalidad del espacio infinito que viene a ser un plasma general, donde evoluciono todo, lo que conocemos y desconocemos, este plasma es la fuerza de la naturaleza que es Dios o como lo quieras llamar, supremo creador de de todo, la velocidad y el trasporte es instantánea a cualquier lugar del universo atreves de este plasma estructura universal.
    Ricardo Noriega Prentice

  867. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One of these days, when eCat is a commercial success and you have your intellectual property protected by patent(s), you should throw a party and invite all your JONP admirers to join you in celebration. You might even invite me!

  868. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N Karels:
    The steam demand is constant with programmed mainainance periods.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  869. Rafal Krych

    Dear Andrea,

    Best wishes for you.

    Tesla will start delivering its Powerwall storage this summer:
    http://www.teslamotors.com/powerwall
    It looks like must have addition to your E-Cat. It can provide initial energy to start the E-Cat reactions and then store extra energy produced by E-Cat for later usage.

    Did you ever considered to start some kind of co-operation with Elon Musk?

  870. Andrea Rossi

    Rafal Krych:
    Very interesting as a storage of energy too.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  871. John

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the story of the wonderful E-Cat logo? What is the cat’s gaze transfixed on? To me, it looks like a dot from a laser pointer.

    Best Regards,

    John

  872. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    The story of ” the wonderful E-Cat logo”, as you call it: I forgot to say that it has been donated to me from a person who had attended a demo in Bologna in 2011 that we did with an E-Cat: we received many proposal of mark, but this silhouette was really beautiful, I loved it at first glance; I lost contact with this person, he has a company that sells climatization plants: I hope he reads this, because I invite him to contact me for important communications. I forgot his name, but I remember him perfectly.
    The logo ” The New Fire” has been said to me from a Russian scientist I met in San Francisco in 2011 with a meeting held to talk about the possibility to retrofit coal plants with E-Cats: she told me, talking of the E-Cat: ” This is the new fire!” . I liked that phrase so much, that I wrote it and conserved it to make the logo of the trade mark. She too is invited to contact me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  873. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    This is my personal interpretation of various logo seen:
    - The cat with the red ball: Industrial version
    - The cat with the green ball: domestic version
    - The cat with the black ball: generic logo for both industial and domestic
    Am I wrong?
    Coloured Regards

  874. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Could be right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  875. John

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Is the now confirmed production of electricity–however preliminary–something that was achieved very recently, say in the past few months? I believe this is the first time that you have confirmed electricity production from the Hot Cat!

    Best Regards,

    John

  876. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    We have extended to the USA the registration of our trade mark.
    The red dot represents the new fire, the cat represents…guess what!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Gio 51:
    Interesting, I didn’t hear of this organization before. Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Giovanni Guerrini

    Dr Rossi

    Andrea,if you hear the 1 MW talking to you with a beautiful female voice,please take for you one hour to play tennis ! eh eh

    Regards G G

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Guerrini:
    I did!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  880. Andrea Rossi

    Nobody answered to my comment of 05 05 8.17 a.m., so I give you the answer: the guy was Prof. Orlando Ferguson, from Hot Springs, South Dakota: he wrote ” Square and Stationary Earth”, in 1893, in which he argued that based on his assumptions, the Earth is square and firm. His book had a good success. If at the end of the test the 1MW E-Cat will complete a positive operation, Prof Ferguson will be the paradigmatic example of LENR negationists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  881. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Have you seen “Her” the movie?
    It’s about love and artificial intelligence and even has some nice music.
    You might like it.
    Maybe you can watch “Her” inside Her while she’s behaving.
    Best regards,
    Patrick
    p.s. google “Her movie” to find out about the movie.

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Very nice!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  883. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea sono da anni che Ti seguo sperando presto di avere in casa i 4 E-CAT che Ti ho ordinato da tempo . Ora leggo , su indicazione dello Steven , che ci potrebbe essere una qualche festicciola ( IMMENSA ) nell’occasione di un successo consolidato dato dall’effetto “ROSSI ”
    Rammenta che io sono una tra i primi che spero vivamente in un successo dei Tuoi immensi sforzi , quindi rammenta che io vorrei esserci assolutamente in tale occasione ! Giannino di Udine

    Dear Andrea, I follow your work since your first steps: if at the end of the tests the results will be positive and there will be a celebration, please do not forget me.

  884. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    As a scientist, I am not superstitious, but I think is better not to talk of celebrations before the positive results are achieved.
    Anyway: I will forget nobody, in the good and in the bad, whatever happens, either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  885. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I noticed that you always turn a blind eye when somebody attacks you around the blogosphere. Why that?

  886. Andrea Rossi

    Bong Sisavath:
    I always answer when I see intelligent critics. I never answer to persons who continue to ignore the answers I already have given or have been given from others. The reason is lack of time to lose with persons that, obviously, either have an agenda, or are eager to make a discussion with us, even groundless, to get notoriety at any cost. The best thing to do is ignore them, because intelligent Readers understand by themselves that these guys either have an agenda or are frustrated persons in search of futile attention. Consider that now we have made a transition from laboratory tests to a plant that has been put in the market, sold to a Customer and is working in his factory, so that now our COP is not object of speculation, but of actual production: yadda yadda about assumptions are just a loss of time. To say ” the E-Cat cannot have a COP>1 because of the fact that I have calculated that …etc etc- whatever the value of the etc-…” is like to say ” The Eearth is flat because I have calculated that…” ( as some wannabe physicist actually published during the 19th Century: do you know his name? He didn’t pass to the History like a particularly smart guy).
    This said, I must add that the results of the tests on course could be positive, but also negative.

  887. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    I wonder how does the Costumer measure Her performances. The requested energy is easy to measure, even the electricity bill can be a measure of it. But how the produced energy is measured ? Do they measure the steam production or what ?
    Is the thermal output a constant in time ? Or is it a floating value ? Do sometimes happen that the output is significantly more than 1MW ? And if yes are these fluctuations recorded and taken into account in the overall performance calculation ?

    God bless you

    Marco Serra

  888. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    1- They measure the energy production with their gauges as any steam generator has. Besides, they have another “gauge” that is the most important of all: they have set their production to a level that demands 1 MWh/h of energy, so that either they receive such amount of energy, or their production is not fullfilled.
    2- The thermal output is constant in time, obviously with exception of the transitories during the start up and the shut down cycles.
    3- The control system maintains a constant output, so that we do not have relevant fluctuations: the values are maintained within the allowed band.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  889. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the outcome of the fuel exhaustion test?
    Is it terminated?
    If the answer is “yes”, then I have some more questions:
    1) How much does a charge last?
    2) What does change to the module with age?
    3) What is the initial, middle and final COP?

    Regards

  890. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  891. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1- While the test is ongoing, are you allowed to make significant changes to the software or firmware of the 1MW control system?

    2- If the eCat fuel “runs out” as shown by a decrease in efficiency, how long will it take to replace all the charges (hours or days)?

    3- I assume you are monitoring the individual eCat reactor’s efficiency or do you only monitor the aggregate efficiency?

    4- You state you are with the unit many hours a day. I assume the unit is operating 24 hours per day, 7 days a week. Is in unmanned during those times when you are not there or is there another member of your team (or someone else) who mans it?

    5- Is the customer actively participating in the operation of the 1MW system? Has the customer’s technical people been trained on operations and maintenance. I assume at the end of the 400 days (or 350 days of operation), the operational control will transition to the customer’s technical staff. Is this true?

  892. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Well, this is a very good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  893. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say you arrange the Hot Cats in clusters to increase power, are you able to use one Hot Cat reactor to drive another, thus reducing overall energy consumption from the grid?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  894. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  895. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Is it possible to change gradually the charges without stopping the whole plant for two days? For instance, stopping only a subset of the modules, letting them get cold and then open the chambers and replace the charges? With adeguate over-provisioning you can even maintain the rated output while changing only a subset of reactors at a time…
    2) Have you performed, started or at least planned a test with fuel exhaustion? As far I can uderstand, after one year you will change the charges to the plant, regardless fuel exhaustion, so we will not know if the charge would have last more than one year. A “longest run test” would be interesting also for COP characterization and performances under aged charge…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  896. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine: thank you for this interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Thank you for the update on the Hot-Cat. Do you think that it is close to being ready for industrialization/commercialization or that it still requires additional efforts to refine the stability/control/etc? Is there a comparable design for the Hot-Cat to your 1MW plant (in which you have serialized devices, unified control, etc) or are they being designed primarily as stand-alone devices.

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    At the end of the present cycle of tests and R&D in the factory of IH’s Customer, if the results will be positive, the product will be ready, apart the normal evolution it will eventually go through, as any product does.
    The Hot Cat modules will too be assembled in clusters to increase the power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  900. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    Another typo. “Diamondoid” threads, not Diamandoid threads.

    Trying to get the spelling correct.

    Joseph Fine

  901. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    Here is more on Diamond (or Diamandoid) threads.

    http://spie.org/x112253.xml?ArticleID=x112253

    Adamantane regards,

    Joseph Fine

  902. Joseph Fine

    Uh oh, here is the link. Please add:

    http://www.foresight.org/nanodot/?p=6550

    Joseph Fine

  903. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another comment in my series on new forms of Carbon.

    Yet another form of Carbon has been shown to exist, Diamond Nanothreads. The Diamond nanothreads are surrounded by a halo of Hydrogen atoms.

    excerpt from article:

    “From a fundamental-science point of view, our discovery is intriguing because the threads we formed have a structure that has never been seen before,” Badding said. The core of the nanothreads that Badding’s team made is a long, thin strand of carbon atoms arranged just like the fundamental unit of a diamond’s structure — zig-zag “cyclohexane” rings of six carbon atoms bound together, in which each carbon is surrounded by others in the strong triangular-pyramid shape of a tetrahedron.

    “It is as if an incredible jeweler has strung together the smallest possible diamonds into a long miniature necklace,” Badding said. “Because this thread is diamond at heart, we expect that it will prove to be extraordinarily stiff, extraordinarily strong, and extraordinarily useful.”

    —-

    Perhaps, an extraordinary conductor of heat as well.

    Extraordinary regards,

    Joseph Fine

  904. Andrea Rossi

    Alexus:
    Thank you for your concern. Obviously safety first. We are working with full control of the 1MW E-Cat and our gauges give us all the possible information about all the safety issues involved in the operation, in full respect of the safety certification we got.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  905. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Now it’s clear to me the meaning of your motto: “positive or negative”.
    You are not talking about the Rossi effect, that you consider obviously “verified”, you are talking about the fulfillment of contractual Service Level Agreements between IH and the Customer.
    The Plant needs to produce at least 1MW of thermal power for h24/24 350/400 days using at most 250kW of electric input power!
    In other words the plant can’t have more than 50 “negative days” over 400 trial test days, right?
    The numbers that I extrapolated (I omit the math) from your historical assertions about the customer trial test are that, till now, the plant has produced a bit less that the half of the requested “positive days”, but has also produced a bit more that the half of the tolerated “negative days”.
    In other words, if the ratio negative days/positive days will remain the same, the global result of the test will be negative!
    Am I wrong?
    Obviously I hope that the second half of the test will have a better ratio, and that all big problems were solved in the first half of the trial test.
    Do you have the same hope?
    Now it’s clear to me that the game is not about COP (with COP 20 you have already dropped the energy cost by 95%) but about reliability of the plant (50 “negative days” over 400 is still not acceptable for many industrial processes!).
    In other words, it’s no more time of creative thinkers but it’s time of engineers…
    Reliable Regards

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Thank you for your assumptions. I cannot disclose contractual clauses that are covered by NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Due to the recent improvements you mentioned, how long are you able to maintain self sustain mode (constant or increasing temperature with zero input) in prototype individual high temperature E-Cat reactors?

    Does the higher ratio of Ni-62 in the spent E-Cat fuel/ash improve the performance of the re-processed fuel?

    What level of proton energies do you think the lithium in the E-Cat is encountering?

    Do you think the vaporization of the lithium provides a rate increase or nuclear cross section benefit? According to Ikegami there is a benefit when the lithium phase changes from solid to liquid, but he does not specify anything about vaporous lithium.

    Is the mouse in the mouse-cat setup you describe providing stimulation for the cat in the form of energetic protons that can undergo reactions with Li7?

    Have you ever placed the fuel of an E-Cat (just turned off) into a cloud chamber to look for alpha particle trails?

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills.
    Obviously I cannot give this kind of information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Dr Rossi:
    did I understand well that the Hot Cat you are testing in the container of the computers inside the factory of your customer is the basic module to make the domestic Ecats? How is behaving?

  910. Andrea Rossi

    Gregg Testen:
    Yes, it is. We have very good results, also due to a substantial modification made after the Lugano test’s results, upon which we have studied very, very much.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  911. Bruno Galvan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I do my best wishes because when you wake up you are actually in a a green park with a beautiful lady :-)

    Sincerely, Bruno Galvan

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Galvan:
    I would settle for a parachute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My imagination set aside (a difficult thing to do in practice), with a two or three level control system (mice, cats and tigers, oh my) and about 100+ units, there are a limited amount of variable arrangements that make any sense. My writing was about one possible configuration. When the 400 day period has passed, and your team celebrates with Champaign (or diet soda), please remember my posts to see how close they are to reality.

  914. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- during the test and R&D period we are free to make any change we deem opportune
    2- 2 days
    3- aggregate and individual
    4- during this period the E-Cat 1MW is always manned by our Team, even if it normally would not be necessary: the control system makes it man- free, but in this period we have to study it constantly, being the first plant in operation 24/7 in the factory of a Customer
    5- we are following the procedures foreseen in the contract, which are under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. orsobubu

    > Andrea Rossi
    > May 1st, 2015 at 7:48 AM

    > BroKeeper, I cannot give the numbers, as correctly Steven N Karels anticipated and,
    > also, after consulting Orsobubu, I have to add that what we have now is not the
    > final result, things can worsen substantially in time and the final results could
    > be either positive or negative

    One of the absolutely craziest events in the history of the world is Andrea Rossi and his accolites pretending that the orsobubu works his butt off as consultant about the positive and the negative just on May 1st, the day all socialists, anarchists and internationalists of the whole planet celebrate their working class. Clearly here there is no respect for the orsobubu, with someone wanting the slavery be suddenly restored for the sake of the cold fusion. The very idea of Andrea Rossi himself and the Fabian striving 16 hours straight in the container on the day of May 1st, makes my two COPs break down to -15 level.

    Traditionally, due to the strong anticommunist connotation developed in United States after the October Revolution, May 1st assumed the meaning exactly opposite, at least at the official level: americanization day, loyalty day, law day… the paradox is that, originally, the celebration was instituted just after the tragic Haymarket affair, Which occurred in Chicago on May 4 1886.

    In US, the memory is kept alive mainly by immigrants from those countries where there is a strong May Day tradition, as in Latin America. In March 2008, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union announced that dockworkers wouldn’t have moved any CONTAINER at West Coast ports on May 1st as a protest against the continuation of the Iraq War and the diversion of resources from domestic needs.

    But Andrea Rossi beats everyone related to containers, including the Americans themselves, and May 1st 2015 spent 16 hours INSIDE his one; he comes from Italy, works in America and loves Russia, and he is an interesting synthesis of the three cultures, perfectly fused in the new human kind known as the Creative Stakapitalist: italian creativity, russian stakanovism and american capitalism. So at this point, for consistency, I ask that he establishes September 7, US Labour Day 2015, as the Container Day instead, sweating 24 consecutive hours inside it. At his great convenience, on the morning of September 8, he will be already there, in the stinking Container, up to start his next regular 16 hours shift. He will peep his head out of the doors expecting to see the team is busy and his coffee is fizzling and instead he will stare at the void and at a big red cartel with only six capital letters painted on it: S-T-R-I-K-E.

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he…
    Obviously I do not agree, but your comment is funny.
    Permanent Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel de Francia:
    Lost the accounting. The test will end between December 2015 February 2016.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. Bruno Galvan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I reformulate the question of Silvio Gaggia: suppose that the e-cat works until the end of the test as it worked, say, during the last mounth. Would the result of the test be positive in this case?

    Best regards, Bruno Galvan

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Galvan:
    Let me make an example: suppose that a sleepwalker falls down from the 70th floor of a skyscraper, without realizing it because he is dreaming to walk across a green park with a beautiful lady. Suddenly somebody approaches him by a deltaplane at the height of the 20st floor and asks him, who is still sleeping his dream: ” Hey, guy: if within 30 seconds you will be well as you are now, would you repeat the experience?”
    Let us finish the test, then I will answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    In the improbable hipothesis that the fuel suddenly finishes, is the plant able to continue working for days at COP 1 relying only on the joule effect?
    In other words, does the customer need to programme with large time ahead the refuelling or can he wait the fuel total consumption, then to request the manutention operations and wait for its execution for days without stopping the production process (obviously at the cost of a 1MW electric power consumption for those days)?
    No-stop Regards

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    The 1MW E-Cat does not have the power to supply 1 MWh/h of energy without the Rossi Effect. The total power of the resistances is about 250 kW, therefore by Joule effect we can give max 250 kWh/h of energy. This is why we have to study well the duration of the charges and, until we have not a precise idea, we have fixed in 6 months the fuellife. This time we have the possibility to try 1 year; obviously as soon as we notice a decrease of efficiency we change the charge.
    Since we have 400 days at our disposal to operate 350 days, in this test and R&D agreed upon with the Customer, we have room for this experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. Daniel de França

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    at what day of the 350 day run are you in?

  923. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You mentioned that the plan is to run the 1MW for a year skipping the 6 month refueling and that there is some uncertainty involved with this. This brought to mind the question of what will happen to the plant after the 1 year trial period? Assuming success, for example will the plant be shutdown and decommissioned for study, or run until the fuel exhausts, or refueled and continue operation? I imagine it’s probably up to the customer since they own it but given that it’s the first 1MW there may be special provisions. Any comments would be appreciated.

    Sincerely
    Peter Metz

  924. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    The plant, if the positive results will be obtained, will continue to make Her job in the factory of the Customer: if the E-Cat makes money, there is no reason to decommission Her!
    The fuel will be changed after one year, along the programmed maintainance, provided it will not be necessary to change the charge before: we are very curious about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  925. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The comment on using some eCat reactors to control others is very interesting. To employ the animal analogy and terminology, you have a mouse that activates the cat and the cat scratches the tiger. If we assume a control factor of three, then one mouse would control three cats and each cat would control three tigers. If each eCat (mouse, cat or tiger) output the same power (10kW) and there were eight such groupings (because doubling the factor in three dimensions yields eight) the total number of eCat reactors would be 104 which is close to what you had previously mentioned and would output a combined total of a little more than 1MW of thermal power. Close or just a coincident? Of course, this could be positive or negative or just plain wrong!

  926. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    OK. Thank you anyway for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  927. Paul

    Andrea,

    Will the patent applications for 1 MW plant be published before the 1 year test is complete?

    Or are you keeping the details an industrial secret?

    Paul

  928. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I cannot disclose our patent strategy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    My previous question of course assumes a certified and completely positive tested MW device.
    Regards.

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Obviously at the moment we are not able to indicate precisely a delivery term, but I suppose we will be in the average of the delivery terms of the sector.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    If a customer today orders 100 of the Mw devices, how long would it take IH to ship them complete with technical backup?
    Regards.

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Provided the test on course ends up positively, an outsouring system and a manufacturing system has already been organized to be able to sustain the amount of plants that will be ordered. We will manufacture only the confidential parts, outsourcing all the rest.
    The development of the manufacturing capacity will be developed proportionally to the actual amount of orders.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    even if the 400 days test is not finished, reached the middle of the planned time you can no more talk of possible negative outcome: even if the COP should drop to 1 in the second part of the test, you can half the charge lifetime and consider only the first part of the test. There is no way to have a negative COP in the second half of the test able to cancel the results of the first half.
    So why you insist in speaking of potential negative outcome of the test?
    Half Regards

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Examples:
    1- assume that today everything gets destroyed for any event, so that the plant has to be rebuilt: this would annihilate any payback possibility and make the former good results just virtual achievements, without any economic value
    2- assume that the COP today becomes less than one and we are not able to repristinate it: same as above
    3- etc ( use your fantasy)
    Conclusion: better fly down and maintain a low profile until the 350 days are performed, so that statistics will allow us to confirm a positive result. So far the result chances can be explained to you by Orsobubu and the F-Something function.
    P.S. Luckily today ( now is 08.00 a.m. of Saturday May 2nd) She is stable and well. Obviously I am inside the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. Steven N. Karels

    E Hergen,

    We can put some “bounds” around the problem you proposed. One gram of matter, if entirely converted to energy would yield around 25 million kilowatt-hours of energy. The unknown factor is the nuclear reaction in the Rossi effect. A rough guess is that the mass defect is about 0.1% of the matter. So one gram would yield about one milligram of mass defect (mass converted to energy). So we would get 25 thousand kilowatt hours. A one kilowatt eCat running continuously for one year would generate 8760 kilowatt hours of energy. So we would expect the maximum time would be less than three years with the above assumptions. Since as the fuel is “used up” there would probably be either a decrease in output or the eCat would have to be driven harder to produce the same output. Let’s assume 50% as a reasonable lifetime. This would therefore be around 1.5 years. This is probably why the 400 day test period of the commercial 1MW unit was selected. Long enough to investigate aging effects.

  936. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your imagination.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. E Hergen

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    with a small reactor of 1 kw and 1g of fuel how many month would the reactor approximately run?

    When the fuel gets exhausted, what happens? Will the reactor become instable? Would we see a slowly decline in the energy production or would we see an abrupt stop?

    Thank you for your answers.

  938. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    Good questions.
    We grant the charge for 6 months.
    We have not yet enough statistics to know exactly how long a charge can endure, for this reason, to be sure, we grant 6 months, that is a period we tested repeatedly.
    After 6 month the charge is retrieved by us and entirely recycled after due treatment.
    BUT: we decided to try not to change the charges of the 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer of IH and try to perform with the original charges all the 350 operative days we have to run through, and see what happens. It will be very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  939. A Bhatt

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you heard of the em drive that’s being developed? I feel the future could hold some synergy between the ecat and the em drive.

    Here is some info on it if you haven’t already seen it.

    http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2015/04/evaluating-nasas-futuristic-em-drive/

    Also there are some videos on the subject of you have a moment to breathe.
    https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=GGTjy6atKMs

    Wish you the best and cheering you on as always.

    Best,
    A Bhatt

  940. Andrea Rossi

    A. Bhatt:
    Very interesting, thank you! What NASA does is always interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  941. Herb Gillis

    Andrea Rossi:
    Based on your current understanding what do you believe is the smallest possible Ecat device? By “small” I mean the minimum possible fuel weight that will produce excess heat and have the potential to operate in a self-sustaining mode for some period of time?
    Kind regards; HRG.

  942. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    I talk only of what I know and have experienced: so far the smaller is 1 kW power. The amount of charge can be about 1 g.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  943. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Let us assume a hypothetical application of a 1MW thermal(steam) generation capability for an industrial customer. Typical electrical energy costs for an industrial large scale customer might be $50USD/MWh (or higher). Assume the application runs continuously for one year (8760 hours). Without an eCat, the customer would pay 8760 * $50 = $438000USD. Assume an effective COP of an eCat running much of the time in SSM of 20 – 80. Assume 20 to be conservative. The new annual electrical cost is now $21900USD or a savings of $416100USD. Assume an initial cost of $1MUSD for the hypothetical eCat plant. Breakeven point is 2.4 years. Breakeven time would actually be somewhat longer due to fuel and maintenance costs but would pay for itself in 5 years or less. Given the arbitrary assumptions, does this seem correct?

  944. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    All these assumptions made me drunk. Let’s talk of pay back time ( the bottom line): 5 years is reasonable. Perhaps we can make better, perhaps we can make nothing. Who knows?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  945. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Steven N. Karels,

    Thank you for clarifying the SSM control processes.

    Dr. Rossi I hope this didn’t cause you to release this information before its intended time. I’m looking forward to its complete description after the test and your exoneration from many closed minds. God bless you and your IH team for this epoch work. Be merciful to all the Orsobubu’s. :)

    BroKeeper

  946. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    No problem, I release only info I can.
    I will be permanently merciful to Orsobubu and his accolites.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  947. Fyodor

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    I hope that all is well with you. I had a question about the comment below, to the extent you can answer it.

    “The ssm is enhanced by the fact that with the control system directing multiple reactors we can obtain a synergy between them using some of the reactors to drive others, where the driving ones ( mouse operation) are less than the cat ones. This way the ssm phases are substantially more that the driving ones. This synergy, obviously, is possible only with big plants ( so far).”

    Are we to understand that some of the reactors are not driven by electrical pulses, but are instead driven by heat from other reactors? Or is it a combination of the two, with less electricity needed because the heat from the other reactors can be used to bring the downstream reactors to higher temperatures?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  948. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    I cannot comment on this issue further.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  949. Paul

    Andrea,

    Andrea,

    How many reaction chambers (reactors) are in each boiling chamber in the most recent 1 MW plant?

    ( I believe the 1st MW plant had e-cats with 3 reaction chambers per boiler. )

    Keep the new fire stoked,

    Paul

  950. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Sorry, I cannot give further description after what I already said. The E-Cats are complex.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  951. Paul

    Andrea,

    How many reaction chambers (reactors) are in each boiling chamber in the most recent 1 MW plant?

    ( I believe the 1st MW plant had e-cats with 3 relation chambers per boiler. )

    Keep the new fire stoked,

    Paul

  952. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    You responded to Curiosone: “I can say that the 1 MW E-Cat ( ” She” ) is stable and in ssm mode.” This seems to imply the 1MW plant, as a single unit, ran in self-sustain mode, not just an individual reactor.

    If this is the case then one of two scenarios could be explained. Either you have now been able to synchronize control of all the reactors as one, or the SSM of each reactor is long enough for all 100 reactors to be more often than not in SSM at once. In this case a major breakthrough has been achieved with a significant ratio of output to input far beyond COP 20. Could you enlighten us to which case this may be if not another?

    With much respect, BroKeeper

  953. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    The ssm is enhanced by the fact that with the control system directing multiple reactors we can obtain a synergy between them using some of the reactors to drive others, where the driving ones ( mouse operation) are less than the cat ones. This way the ssm phases are substantially more that the driving ones. This synergy, obviously, is possible only with big plants ( so far).
    I cannot give the numbers, as correctly Steven N Karels anticipated and, also, after consulting Orsobubu, I have to add that what we have now is not the final result, things can worsen substantially in time and the final results could be either positive or negative ( this last phrase could be substituted by F-Something).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Steven N. Karels

    BroKeeper,

    While I too would be interested in the answer directly from Andrea Rossi, I suspect he will delay his explanation until the final report, which could be positive or negative.

    That said, suppose the 100+ reactors are statistically independent as to the length of their individual SSM operations. A control system would monitor each reactor and apply whatever control it uses to each of these reactors when they begin to come out of their SSM to coax them back into SSM. We know earlier versions had a ratio of SSM mode duration to non-SSM duration of 3:1. Andrea has reported that this ratio has been greatly increased, apparently through refinement in the control process (experience does help). So it is possible that the aggregate SSM performance reflects the poorest performing reactor and the others are coaxed into restarting SSM in synchronization with that unit by the overall control system. Sort of the speed of a convey is determined by the slowest ship. We would need to know more about the control system and the physics of the reactors to determine if this is optimal. Perhaps Andrea Rossi will grace us with some more technical goodies?

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You read my mind…now I think one minute and decide if I can give Brokeeper a limited answer or not. I must consult my permanent consultant on the matter ( Orsobubu).
    Thank you for your insight, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  956. Patrick Ellul

    Hi Andrea,
    You often talk about different energy sources working together.
    The e-cat requires electricity to control, or perhaps gas and less electricity.
    Tesla and Elon Musk today announced their new product, the Powerwall battery.
    For $3500 you get a 10 kWh battery that can give 2 kW continuous.
    Detail specs here: http://www.teslamotors.com/powerwall
    Do you think that such a battery spec can help the e-cat be more independent of the electricity grid?
    Regards,
    Patrick

  957. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    The battery can be a useful energy storage system. About this issue, it is very interesting the article published on the magazine “Power Enginering” ( available for free on the internet), issue of April, pp42-45, where a paramount scenario of the energy storage system is given, from the 36 MW lead-acid battery of Duke in Texas, to flywheels, compressed air systems, pumped storage hydro , thermal energy storage, etc. A very interesting lecture.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    on April 20, 2015 in front of the Italian Parlament House came H2M ( H2 Mobile ) , the first land vehicle to produce and store hydrogen using renewable energy independently . It was the first time an environmentally friendly vehicle has been parked there.
    H2U – The Hydrogen University- is a foundation that works on the transition from an ‘ industrial economy based on fossil energy to a new economy’ , which refers to the fundamental strategies adopted by life on this planet and that , therefore , draws its energy from sources renewable, solar radiation and terrestrial heat . Energy from the sun is great , but discontinuous due to the Earth’s rotation and metheorological factors . The H2U believes that hydrogen is the accumulator and the ideal carrier of this energy . The importance of using this element , very versatile , will be in the future as to foreshadow a real ” hydrogen economy ” , mentioned by Jeremy Rifkin , calling this step ” third industrial revolution ” .
    Could this technology be helpful to your system ?

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    The link to the issue you proposed in your comment is
    http://www.unihydrogen.eu
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Gian Luca

    Dear A.R.
    with what to keep an eye on the entire system?
    With programs created specifically with LabView (NI)??

    Thanks a lot

  961. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    The control system has been totally designed and manufactured in the factory of Industrial Heat with our engineers. We prefer not to outsource a fundamental part of the intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  962. Mauro

    What about thermal runaway in litium ion batteries heated or beaten ? is it chemical or lenr?

  963. Andrea Rossi

    Mauro:
    The emission of heat from Li ions batteries, when they are broken for some reason, comes from the passage of electrons that change their quantic status from higher energy fields to lower energy ones. The energy saved in this changement of quantic status is turned into heat. Being this a physic phenomenon carried by electrons and not by nucleons or nuclear elementary particles, it has nothing to do with LENR.
    It is a chemical reaction between the molecules inside the battery when the batteries are broken: the new molecules combine making the electrons go closer to their respective nuclea, therefore “descend” to a lower energy level, emitting heat: this is why such chemical reactions are defined “exothermic”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Andrea:
    Padova also showed two interesting movies on LENR …

    http://fusionefredda3.com/novita/padova-iccf-19-le-lenr-in-un-film

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Why, that’s really interesting. Maybe in future there will be the possibility of synergies with this technolofy, as well as with all the other energy sources.
    Can you send us the link of this information?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Curiosone

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you update us about “Her” ?
    W.G.

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Now, at 08.40 p.m. where I am, inside the computer container of the plant, I can say that the 1 MW E-Cat ( ” She” ) is stable and in ssm mode. Also the tests on the new version of the Hot Cat that we have set up here are going on giving us many, many data. I’d say that our R&D and test cycle is advancing nicely, but we must remain very conservative, conscious of the fact that the results, at the end, could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. DTravchenko

    Naturally I mean the suppliers that are not confidential: I am not a spy !!!
    DT

  969. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Some of the non confidential trade marks of the products we used to make the 1 MW E-Cat are: General Electric, Schindler, Square D, Prominent…but most of the plant and its control system has been manufactured entirely in the factory of Industrial Heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us who are the main suppliers of the components of the 1 MW E-Cat?
    DT

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Very interesting.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The German Companies “Audi” and “Sunfire” announced the synthesis of a liquid fuel called ‘Blue Crude’ from water and CO2. I don’t know how different this is from the much earlier Fischer-Tropsch process. The idea of electrical dissociation had already been thought of, although there may be something new here.

    The energy efficiency of their process is about 70%.

    The only missing steps would be to provide a heat source to produce Steam and provide an electrical source (instead of windmills) to dissociate Steam into both Hydrogen and Oxygen while dissociating Carbon Dioxide into Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen.

    If they could replace the Wind and Solar Power inputs with a Heat Source from the E-Cat,
    the cost of these “Blue” transportation fuels could be reduced further.

    I suggest a possible motto: ” New Fire to Blue Fire! ”

    This may turn into a new customer application for E-Cats.

    See:

    http://www.sunfire.de/wp-content/uploads/sunfire-INTERNATIONAL-PM-2015-alternative-fuel.pdf

    http://www.gizmag.com/audi-creates-e-diesel-from-co2/37130/

    Colorful Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  973. Ciao Andrea,
    I am not a physicist: can you explain if what described in the link hereunder is similar to your work?
    Non sono esperto in fisica ma quando ho visto questo documentario che ti linko ho pensato alla seguente domanda
    Quello che stanno costruendo e’ concettualmente simile alle tue ricerche?
    grazie
    Roberto
    http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=3ff_1430238608

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Frase:
    No, it is the ITER, a project for a hot fusion power generator. A very good description of it and the difference between it and our technology is on the French scientific magazine Science & Vie of April 2015.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: NASA could be very near to announcing, for publicity reasons, a huge “breakthrough” in LENR. Have you considered announcing interim results of your 400 day test? This interim announcement would bring much wider attention to your ground breaking research. Thank you for working so hard the world is indebted to you.

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Our work’s scheduling is not generated from others’ announcements, but from a serious work.
    We will publish the data of our 1MW E-Cat when our test and R&D will have been completed.
    By the way, the fact that we compete with NASA honours us. I think our work has been a catalyst of their work on LENR.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  977. keriusene

    Dr Rossi:
    You said you are writing a paper with calculations regarding the reverse Mossbauer Effect to explain the Rossi Effect as it has been observed in the measurements after the Lugano test of the ITP: when will it be published?

  978. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    I will finish to write it within a couple of weeks ( I am using the nights inside the E-Cat, so I hope not to have troubles), then it will be peer reviewed: I hope to have it published in a month or two.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The scaling of the physical size of E-Cat reactors have been discussed here before, but I don’t think the issue has been brought up specifically in regards to the Ni-LiAlH4 hot cat. I hope you may be able to answer a few basic questions.

    1 – Would the Lugano reactor performed similarly if it had been scaled down in size? (Obviously, there would have been less total output, but maybe the same COP would have been produced. )

    2 – Do the reactions inside a Ni-LiAlH4 reactor (not asking for any specifics on the various reactions) function similarly in different sizes of reactors?

    3 – As an example, should a charge of only .25 grams of weight in a smaller reactor and a charge of 1.00 grams in a Lugano sized reactor both – if heated to the same temperature, exposed to the same electromagnetic stimulation, etc – produce anamalous heat only differing in total quantity?

    Thank you.

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    1- no, this issue is not that simple
    2- the issue is confidential
    3- same as in 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Andrea Rossi

    Mauro:
    Hmmm…very shaky…for these guys mathematic seems to be as exotic as a beach on Mars… Maybe more fit for a science- fiction movie than for an R&D, but…you never know!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. Do you already have a legal team ready for the unavoidable batles regarding the intellectual properties?

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Chang Marcelino:
    Yes, we have attorneys fit for this issue, even if I think that competitivity is the best defense for our IP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    You had posted there were 56 thermocouples to measure steam, 56 thermocouples to measure water, and 56 pressure gauges. Obviously, Those who read this assume there are 56 E-cats. I do not agree.

    Let me surmise from info on JONP & photos available-
    2 banks of E-cats. Each bank has water in, steam out thermocouples & pressure gauges. That’s (2)

    Each of the 2 banks has 25 modules Each containing 2 reactors in parallel.
    Each module has a common water in, steam out thermocouples & pressure gauges. That’s (50+2)=52

    The final (4) with 2 possibilities.
    1. The heat exchanger(1) and backup E-cat reactors(3) would utilize a pressure gauge, steam in, water out thermocouples.
    or
    2. The heat exchanger is divided into (4) chambers that allows for zone control and more even heating. Each having a steam in, water out thermocouple & pressure gauge.
    The 3 backup E-cats reactors are merely available for change out should the need arise.

    These configurations utilize all 56 thermocouples to measure steam temp, 56 to measure water temp, and 56 pressure gauges & do not require a Tiger.

    Disclaimer: These configurations may not be accurate in full or even in part.
    Perhaps as nothing here is proprietary, Mr Rossi could say if this is somewhat accurate or I wasted 5 minutes in the thought process.

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thank you for the insight.
    I cannot add information to what I already wrote on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. carpwndpc

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the ICCF somebody says that “electron capture” can be a good theory for LENR.
    What do you think? In the theoretical paper you wrote in collaboration with Prof. Norman Cook you do not talk at all of electron capture: why?

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Carpwndpc :
    As I already wrote in this blog, electron capture in LENR is unsustainable. Never saw experimentally ( I mean serious experiments, not experiments where the results are within the error margin of the instrumentation and the set up) is barred theoretically from the fact that it can happen only to atoms with a strong excess of protons, that in LENR do not exist.
    Besides, this hypothesys violates physical laws that any professional physicist knows, starting from the nature of virtual particles and their lifespan and the mathematics that are consequence of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I see three important data AFTER the end of your 1MW eCat commercial system testing:

    a. Some form of energy coefficient (COP, etc.) that describes the energy output versus the energy supplied.
    b. The System Availability (percentage of time it actually worked within specification) and component failures/replacements over time.
    c. The amount of software changes, re-designs, manual interventions, etc. – to show the system configurations maturity. Hopefully an exponentially decreasing curve with time.

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sure all the data you are asking for will be supplied as soon as the test on course will have been completed.
    Warm Regards
    P.S.
    Your “second” comment has been edited to avoid the spamming, because spamming makes the robot put your address in the “black list”.

  990. Daniel De Caluwé

    @ Orsobubu

    A Quantum Leap in world politics and social progress everywhere, would be to accept a steering role of the United Nations (UN), to create a world-economy with ‘a human face’. At the moment, our world-economy is too competitive (deadly competitive), and should be transformed by a truly humanity serving system, steered by the UN, so that all countries are helped and developed in a co-operative spirit of working together for a better world. In such a system, Capital and Labour would work and SERVE together to create a better world for all (in all countries). To refer to your message, this is also a Fabianistic view, but one with good intentions and good working out. I don’t believe in Bolsjevism and the ‘dictatorship of the working classes’, because it also is too extreme, and puts the balance wrongly at the other extreme side, and causes too much destruction and wars. In my view, capital and labour should be balanced (by political representitives with good will), to create a better society for all. And probably the ILO (= the International Labour Organization = part of the UN), should have a stronger voice and more power, to create sustainable (social and environmental friendly) conditions everywhere. And this really would be a quantum leap towards a better world.

    Kind Regards,

  991. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Other important data:
    Price and geographical limitations for the supply

  992. Drew Glista

    Dr. Rossi:

    “16 hours per day, no holidays, rain or shine” Even the Creator rested on the seventh day. One day of rest per week is warranted and well deserved.

    Drew

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Drew Glista:
    The Creator rested on the seventh day because He had finished the job on the sixth. I have to complete the test ! When I will have finished, and communicated to Orsobubu the COP ( if any) I too will rest, as the Creator did after completing his job ( more complicated than mine, though, even if He too has been, and probably is, an experimentalist in the field of tansmutations).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Michael Schneider

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that first commercial use will probably be the same as the actual test : heat for industrial processes. Maybe you should also consider a district heating project. That should be technologically very similar. But it would be tremendous PR in terms of public acceptance since the Ecat would heat homes ! It would make the technology a lot more tangible to the public and so, by gaining the hearts of Customers (versus Business), make it politically acceptable very fast. And suddenly permits for refurbishment of coal powerplants and such could be easy to get…

    Thank you for sharing this audacious venture us – and letting us give our 5 cents !

    Michael

  995. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Schneider:
    You are absolutely right.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  996. orsobubu

    Mauro,

    I understand from Rossi’s answer that the various theories proposed as possible explanations of the Rossi effect are all close to quantum-leaps physics interpretation; it seems to me that also the E-cat/dogbones thermal behavior has more the characteristics of the jumps of power than those of continuous and gradual variations typical of classical physics.

    Even psychologically, in his communication strategies, Rossi seems to prefer a method of quantum leaps, because he doesn’t reports his progresses gradually, but with sudden and discontinuous episodes instead, each of them spaced months or years apart: Bologna test, tpr1, tpr2, MW1 plant test (positive or negative), etc. Meanwhile, large quantities of his exhausted fans sadly meet their natural death. For example, I’m sure Rossi will never say: today the COP is 0.9 …today is 1.0 … 1.1 … etc, but one day, with a quantic leap, he could suddenly say, my friends, I inform you officially that the outcome is positive, and the final COP is 1.5 (large numbers of self-hanging among the masses here).

    But we must say that Rossi is quantic in physics, and classic in everything else. For him, energy production systems will be integrated gradually with LENR. I would say that Rossi is less than gradually progressive, he’s even metaphysical on some issues: to him, darwinism can not explain the gradual evolution from amoeba to man as the only intelligent species; or, yes, capitalism can be gradually reformed, not abolished with a revolutionary leap, but it is essentially the final stage of human kind.

    So, comparing the classical continuous changes in classical physical theory with intermediate quantum jumps is a very attractive job even if applied to other areas. For example, if we accept the idea that the evolution of the species has followed closely the principles of the progressive darwinian natural selection, it is difficult to explain how it could have produced their enormous variety and complexity inside the time scale of biological history of the planet. Instead, scientists are understanding now the functioning of large obscure DNA parts, until a short time ago unknown, to explain this variety through the hypothesis of evolutionary jumps, able for example to form suddenly very specialized structures similar to a complex animal eye, starting from primitive cells.

    But above all, it is in the historical and political doctrines that we found most striking parallels. Now in short order I’ll convince Rossi to become a quantum guy in history as well.

    —————-

    Dear Andrea, Fabianism is a political and social movement of British social democratic inspiration, born in the late nineteenth century and headed by the Fabian Society, which claimed the gradual elevation of the working classes, to make them suitable to take control of the means of production. It took that name because of a gradualist and temporizing tactic reminiscent of the military policy of Quintus Fabius Maximus (il Temporeggiatore, the Procrastinator), who in the fight against Hannibal and his Carthaginian adopted a tactic of waiting, exhausting and slow attrition.

    The Fabianism believes in the gradual evolution of the society, through reforms that progressively lead to socialism, unlike Marxism which preaches a revolutionary change and explains the entire evolution of political power by revolutionary leaps. But rejecting Marxism and judging it utopian, Fabianism proved utopistic itself. Over time, it has moved largely from a gradualism that leads to socialism to a reformism that accepts the capitalist system. All social democratic parties and reformists that refer today to “the third way” have been inspired by the Fabian Society. Trotsky wrote: “in the entire history of the British labor movement there has been pressure from the bourgeoisie over the proletariat through the use of radical intellectuals and church socialists who reject the class struggle, defending the principles of social solidarity, preaching collaboration with the bourgeoisie to bridle and politically weaken the depressed proletariat”. Also the concept of a world government advocated today by the Fabians, has lost the reference to socialist internationalism and resembles more like a Big Brother concocted by major capitalist economic institutions and banks as frequently described by conspiracy theories.

    Fabianism since 1900 was directed against the liberal individualism claiming that the classical liberal political economy was outdated, and that imperialism was the new stage of the international policy (by well-known writer G.B.Shaw). The question was whether Britain would be the centre of a world empire or whether it would lose its colonies and end up as just two islands in the North Atlantic. It expressed support for Britain in the Boer War because small nations, such as the Boers, were anachronisms in the age of empires. At that time the first concentration camps in the history of the world were also created.

    So we can see clearly how gradualism by Fabians is actually only a support to constant adaptation of the capitalistic ruling class to repel the onslaught of the working classes; after have taken the power themselves by means of revolutionary leaps, capitalists can change gradually everything about the political envelope just to leave untouched everything in the property assets and power relationships, so syntesizing their opportunistic maintenance of a social privilege. Also, Fabians contradict themselves even when they seem to describe their tactics more like a leap in power scale than as a gradual approach, when they strangely write in their motto: “you have to wait, have patience, as Fabius did when he fought against Hannibal, although many criticized the delay; but when the right time comes you have to hit hard, as did Fabio beating the enemy in the decisive battle, or your wait will be in vain and fruitless”.

    The concept too of permanent revolution you like so much, Andrea, in Lenin and Trotsky should be interpreted not as a gradual phenomenon, but as the need, in backward tsarist Russia, to perform even a double revolutionary leap, jumping in one step from being a feudal peasant economy to socialism, skipping the capitalistic phase by taking advantage of the weakness of this class in those underdeveloped lands when compared to western countries.

    ————

    Now, after have painstakingly persuaded Rossi of the virtues of quantum leaps in history and economics, to celebrate and immortalize the event he can quantically fill the space below with the result of the 1MW plant test well in advance of the classical test timeline, and give us the final long awaited COP:

    ==> copy and paste the damn COP here

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    The COP after 350 operative days will be published when the 350 operative days will have been completed. No data can be published before the end of the test.
    Thank you for your very permanent insight ( I tried to finish to read it, but it stuck permanently with lines left to read). Not to mention the Fabianism. Also our 1 MW E-Cat is Fabianist: in fact our chief electronical engineer’s name is Fabiani, and during the first period of operation our 1 MW E-Cat needed PERMANENT assistance of him. I suspect I didn’t get much of Fabianism as you explained it, but it is Sunday, I am here inside the plant, 16 hours per day, no holidays, rain or shine, and you put up Fabianism…… Thank you for your philosophical insight, and remember the Orsobubu mantra: ” The final results can be either…..”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    At night, even more so than during the day, my mind races and attempts to comprehend topics that fascinate me – yet I do not fully understand. Last night something compelled me to compose the following document that contains a general synthesis of the information I’ve obtained from all my reading, discussions, and study of the Ni-LiAlH4 hot cat.

    Guideline Document for Basic Nickel-Lithium Aluminum Hydride Reactor Based on Rossi’s E-Cat by Hank Mills

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/25/guideline-document-for-basic-nickel-lithium-aluminum-hydride-reactor-based-on-rossis-e-cat-hank-mills/

    A severe thunderstorm just hit knocking off the power to my neighborhood, and I’m writing this post in a dark room illuminated only by the glow of my cell phone screen.

    I am eager for a future when there is no electrical grid because homes are each independently powered by E-Cat generators.

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Prof Hideo Kozima’ s paper is very interesting. I think he has the potential to replicate the Effect and I am sure we soon will have interesting news from him, due to his Galilean approach.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1000. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned in your post of April 3 about the measurement system used in the 1 MW plant that there were 56 thermocouples to measure steam, 56 thermocouples to measure water, and 56 pressure gauges — does this mean you have 56 reactors in operation in the plant?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Description of the 1 MW plant in operation will be given after the tests and the R&D on course will have been completed.
    I gave the information I could.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Dr Rossi:
    Do you have somebody who helps you to upgrade your image? After what you made you deserve it.

  1003. Andrea Rossi

    Athena:
    First and foremost, the results we made so far are not MY merit, but are merit of the Team I work with.
    As for your question: of course I have somebody able to upgrade our image: she is the 1 MW E-Cat ! If she will complete the 350 days of operational test positively, our image will be consistently improved, on the contrary there is nobody that could help, but further work.
    My culture warns me to beware chatters and count exclusively on facts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Oeystein Lande:
    I cannot give this kind of information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1005. Øystein Lande

    Dear mr Rossi,

    Can you confirm if electromagnetic induction of the charge through ac heating cool or by other means is important part of the “Rossi effect”?

  1006. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The following article has been submitted by Hideo Kozima, Professor Emeritus at Shizuoka University (Japan) to the E-Car World website.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/25/the-trapped-neutron-catalyzed-fusion-model-and-e-cat-hideo-kozima/

    The Trapped Neutron Catalyzed Fusion Model and E-CAT

    By Hideo Kozima of the Cold Fusion Research Laboratory

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1008. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    While studying the properties of various types of nickel and LiAlH4, I’m discovering there is a large variation in specifications between sources. For example, LiAlH4 can have various particle sizes that range broadly from supplier.

    —-

    Decomposition behavior of unmilled and ball milled lithium alanate (LiAlH4) including long-term storage and moisture effects

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925838810012089

    Abstract

    A comprehensive study of the decomposition behavior of as received and mechanically (ball) milled LiAlH4has been carried out using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and volumetric hydrogen desorption in a Sieverts-type apparatus. Alfa Aesar LiAlH4 powder investigated in this work has the average particle size of 9.9 ± 5.2 μm as compared to 50–150 μm for Sigma–Aldrich LiAlH4 investigated by Ares et al. [9]. High energy ball milling reduced the particle size of the present LiAlH4 to 2.8 ± 2.3 μm. In general, comparing the results of our microstructural studies with those reported by Ares et al. [9] it is clear that the morphology, microstructure and chemistry of LiAlH4 can be very dissimilar depending on the supplier from which LiAlH4 powder was purchased. We do not observe a partial decomposition of LiAlH4during milling up to 5 h under high energy impact mode. The observed melting of LiAlH4 in a DSC test is a very volatile event where the liquid LiAlH4 starts foaming and flowing out of the alumina crucible. After completion of solidification and desorption at temperatures above melting the powder resembles a lava rock. A thermal sectioning in DSC tests at pre-determined temperatures and subsequent XRD studies show that LiAlH4starts decomposing into Li3AlH6 immediately after melting. Li3AlH6 seems to be already solidified before it starts decomposing in the next stage. All volumetric desorption curves at the 120–300 °C range clearly exhibit a two-stage desorption process, Stage I and II. As received LiAlH4 is able, in a fully solid state, to desorb at 120 °C under pressure of 0.1 MPa H2 (atmospheric) as much as 7.1 wt.%H2 within ∼259,000 s (∼72 h), i.e. ∼93% of the purity-corrected H2 content from the reactions in Stage I (LiAlH4(s) → (1/3)Li3AlH6(s) + (2/3)Al(s) + H2) and Stage II ((1/3)Li3AlH6(s) → LiH + (1/3)Al + 0.5H2). The apparent activation energy for Stage I and II for unmilled LiAlH4 is equal to ∼111 and ∼100 kJ/mol, respectively. For the ball milled LiAlH4 the apparent activation energy for Stage I and II is slightly lower ∼92.5 and ∼92 kJ/mol, respectively. The water absorption up to 11.7% due to exposure to air for 1 h does not change in any drastic way the hydrogen desorption rate of ball milled LiAlH4 in Stage I. Flammability tests show that the ball milled LiAlH4 powder does not self-ignite on contact with air but can only be ignited by scraping the cylinder walls with a metal tool and then the powder burns with an open flame.

    —-

    Should professional scientists with experience handling these chemicals be selective in the particle size of the LiAlH4 they choose, while trying to replicate the heat effect detailed in the Cook-Rossi paper?

    If you can provide a couple sentences to specify the LiAlH4 component of the E-Cat (which has already been defined in your paper as a Ni-LiAlH4 system) it would be very much appreciated. For example, does the LiAlH4 work best when the particle size chosen is small or milled to be even smaller? Or does it not matter at all?

  1009. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you, very interesting both the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi:

    More information on the Toshiba CO2 Turbine.

    http://www.gasturbineworld.com/gearing-up.html

    Super-critical Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1012. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Here is an interesting link (one of several) on Supercritical CO2.

    http://nextbigfuture.com/2013/12/roadmap-to-supercritical-co2-turbines.html

    One picture has an “unintentional” (???) reference to Industrial Heat, which probably refers to heat for Industrial use. Still, you never can tell…

    Also, there is a comment on the possible cost for Electricity using SCO2 with the IMSR reactor. Nothing yet about about the LENR reactor.

    Best wishes,

    Joseph Fine

  1013. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The solar panel is real. For decades, the scientific community has accepted it as a legitimate technology that works. Right now, 99% of the scientific community is unaware that the E-Cat exists. Of those that do know about it, only a small fraction have read enough to learn the truth: the Ni-LiAlH4 technology does indeed produce massive excess heat from safe, clean nuclear reactions.

    My question: what do you think needs to be done in order to make the E-Cat be accepted by the mainstream as every bit as “real” as the solar panel?

    I would think there are three things that would help most.

    1 – A positive and successful 400 day test of the low temperature 1 megawatt plant with an order for many more units by the customer.

    2 – The mass production of E-Cat products like the 1 megawatt plant and their sale in the marketplace.

    3 – A huge widespread tsunami of replications of basic test reactors by qualified experts like Alexander Parkhomov. These replications could take place at any time and accelerate the acceptance of the technology, unlike the results of the 400 day test that will not happen until several months from now.

    Thank you.

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I cannot give further information so far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1015. DTravchenko

    Can your technology be used also for the treatment of nuclear wastes, to go through transmutations toward less radioactive atoms?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    We made intensive work on this issue in 2012 in Europe, for a particular Customer I cannot disclose; now we are focused on the 1 MW E-Cat and have not time for that, but eventually that could be an interesting R&D path. Is very difficult, and dangerous, but I think it could be worth to make some experiment. Maybe we can be useful for something in the field, maybe not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. Curiosone

    Dr Rossi:
    Have you been informed that also Volvo has started a R&D in the LENR, after your results?
    Godspeed,
    W.G.

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Thank you for the information. Another giant enters in the R&D field of LENR. They followed for years our work and the fact that they decided to start a R&D is also indirectly a success for our work.
    I wish them good luck.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Firstly, I would like to say “Very Well Done!” on the progress you have made with the 1MW plant at the IH customer’s site. You have truly made great advances. As you have said many times, the best way to prove LENR to The World is to have a well tested product working and producing useful heat for a commercial customer in a real-world situation.

    I know from reading many comments here on the JoNP and on E-Cat World, that many people including myself, are waiting to reach the 400 day point in the testing and read your announcement of the results – “Positive” or “Negative” (F9!). Hopefully they will be mainly positive, and if negative only in small technicalities!

    My suggestion – which may or may not be useful:

    A Possible Method To Smooth Out Temperature Output Variations Over A Heating Cycle In The 1MW Plant

    This suggestion does not require any physical change to the plant, simply a variation in the sequence in which the control system addresses each reactor.

    I have made the following assumptions about the operation of the 1MW plant:

    1. The overall output temperature of the whole 1MW plant is the mean aggregate of the temperatures of the water/steam flowing over each individual reactor.

    2. The temperature of each reactor is raised by increasing the drive to the reactor and limited/cooled by reducing the drive so that the heat being generated in the reactor is only equal to or less than the heat being taken out of the reactor by the constant flow rate of the water/steam.

    3. In SSM, the heating is maintained over time by periodical pulses or top-ups of the heating drive, which may also be used to stabilise the reactors.

    4. In SSM, the temperature profile of the steam output from each reactor follows a waveform that is very roughly sinusoidal or triangular, and varies about a desired mean level. i.e. The heating period creates an upward slope, and the cooling results in a downward slope. These variations in temperature may range over only a few degrees, or they may be more pronounced.

    5. The control system possibly keeps the drive to all the reactors in sync, which would result in regular reinforced peaks and troughs in the aggregated plant output temperature.

    6. Another possibility is that each reactor is controlled independently, and these differing temperature maxima and minima points would be relatively unconnected between the reactors. In this case, any peaks and dips in temperature from individual reactors which coincided would be additive and cause a reinforced peak and trough in the temperature, whilst others not coincidental would possibly be subtractive and flatten the response curve. The overall result would be apparently random high and low temperature distortions in the aggregated steam output temperature.

    The Suggestion:

    To smooth out any variations in the aggregated output temperatures of these reactors, the control system could address the reactors in “pairs”. These pairs would only be logical associations and not necessarily adjacent or physically connected in any way.

    In fact different reactors could be paired up at different times, e.g. during maintenance or repair. The only requirement would be that the paired reactors produce quite similar output levels and heating response curves.

    For each pair of reactors, the control system would consider one reactor as being “in-phase” and the other reactor as being in “anti-phase” (i.e. 180 degrees out of phase).

    The regular pulses of drive would be equidistant in time, and the resulting heating and cooling would become complimentary. As one reactor in a pair heats up, the other reactor in the pair would be cooling down.

    The mean temperature of the two reactors would more closely follow the nominal chosen value and be more stable within a narrower divergence range.

    These two reactors would be operating together in a complimentary “Push-Pull” configuration to achieve a more even temperature level combined output (at the combining (summing) connection point of all the reactors).

    Furthermore, the full set of logically paired reactors in a plant could be driven in a timed sequence of evenly spaced intervals over the whole Heating/No-Heating SSM cycle.

    At any time only one reactor pair would be at its peak/anti-peak, and each pair would get its turn in the sequence before the sequence repeats, producing a more even distribution of temperature.

    The overall mean aggregated heat output of the plant would now have a much smoother and flatter profile, which should improve the consistency and stability of the heat being presented to the customer.

    You may also find that a more consistent heat output level would allow you to increase the chosen mean temperature without any individual temperature peaks straying into excessive uncontrollable levels.

    You may well be using some similar method already, but I hope this still gives you some food for thought.

    Ongoing Supportive Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your suggestions and support.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1021. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, a curiosity:

    why the 1MW plant is “She” and not “he” or “it”?
    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Like boats.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1023. JCRenoir

    For the Readers that want to read the article of the April 2015 issue of Science & Vie, with the article on the LENR and Hot Fusion, that is not free on the internet, but can be bought for about 3 Euro here:
    http://www.kioskquemag.com/magazine-en-ligne/science-vie
    Cheers,
    JCR

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you are well.

    I had a question pertaining to the commercialization/industrialization of your products. How much skilled technical management do the E-CATs currently require? I understand that because of its importance you must be present with the 1MW plant, but do you think that the E-CATs are reaching a point where you could train a customer technician to keep them running? Or do they still require the expertise of you and other Industrial Heat personnel for now?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    As you correctly write, this is the first industrial application, where the performance is not measured only by gauges, but is measured by Customer satisfaction for the respected performance limits signed in a commercial contract. This makes the situation extremely important and the fact that this is the “Number One” makes my personal and my Team’s attendance important. Obviously the next plants will not need me: Customers’ technicians will be educated and certified to overview our plants, that by the way are operated by the automatic control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Milva

    Dear Andrea,
    from what we have heard and read about Dr. Darden in these days, I thought he is really a great person. A real man, before an entrepreneur.
    Frequently you express a similar business pohilosophy in the past. Therefore congratulations, you have found the right person!
    Question: can you find out which COP you arrived lately, considered you said that you have now reached periods of self-sustaining, much longer than before?
    Good job and keep healthy.
    warm regard
    Milva

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Milva:
    Thank you for your kind words. I agree with you about Dr Darden.
    I cannot give the information you are requesting until the test on the 1MW E-Cat will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Mauro

    Ciao Andrea,non mi intendo per niente di fisica, ti evidenzio la pagina presa sotto da Wikipedia (sicuramente l’hai già scartata come possibile spiegazione dei tuoi risultati, ma io te lo mando lo stesso, come una signora che va al mercato e sceglie i pomodori, le carote… e le porta allo chef che saprà lui cosa fare)
    In bocca al lupo

    Hi, Andrea; I am not a physicist, but I read this on Wikipedia and brng it to you hoping it’s useful for your work.

    Salto quantico

    Quantum Leap

    In meccanica quantistica, un salto quantico (dall’inglese quantum leap or quantum jump) è il passaggio repentino di un sistema da uno stato quantico ad un altro. Il processo è definito “salto” in quanto discontinuo, vale a dire che il sistema non attraversa un continuo di stati intermedi. Il fenomeno non è previsto dalla teoria fisica classica, in cui si assumono grandezze continue.

    In quantum mechanics quantum leap is is the leap from an energetic status to the next without possibility of other statuses in the between. This is different from classic physics in such that in the latter is possible a continuous integral.

    Ad esempio, in fisica atomica l’espressione indica il passaggio di un elettrone in un atomo da uno stato di energia ad un altro[1]; l’elettrone salta da un livello di energia ad un altro senza assumere valori di energia intermedi. Il salto è dovuto all’assorbimento o all’emissione di radiazione elettromagnetica sotto forma di un fotone di energia pari alla differenza tra l’energia iniziale e finale dell’elettrone.La probabilità di assorbimento (o emissione) del fotone determina l’allargamento delle linee spettrali dell’atomo.

    The leap is due to the absorption or emission of a photon and the probability of such emission determines the extension of spectral lines of the atom.

    Cheers,
    Mauro

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Mauro:
    Yes, what you write is a foundamental principle of the quantum mechancs. We can exemplify this concept in a simple way: imagine to watch the flame of a candle; now imagine that you walk backward, increasing gradually your distance from the candle: obviously, the flame of the candle will appear to you dimmer as the distance from it will be increased. So the flame will appear gradually smaller in proportion to such distance.
    Imagine that you can increase your distance so long you want, through a potentially infinite space: along the Classic Physics the flame will continue to become smaller, smaller up to become infinitely smaller ( in mathematics we’d say “evanescent”) but never will arrive to a zero-flame status; on the contrary, in quantistic mechanics at a certain point the flame will suddenly be turned off: why? Because the last photon has been emitted and this photon contained the last amount of energy ( the “quantum”) that could keep the light of the flame turned on. This last photon’s loss behaves like a switch.
    Now, imagine the integral of the temperature of the flame versus time: for the Classic Physics this is a round curve, along a continuous and proportional decrease, without “leaps” during the elapsing of time; for the quantum mechanics it is not a continuous round curve, but is a ladder ( a sucession of leaps) wherein every step of the ladder corresponds to the loss of a photon, or a bundle of photons if you prefer.
    This elementary amount of energy per time is given by means of the Planck Constant = 4.135 x 10^-15 eV x s, symbolized with the letter “h” in Physics equations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    Could someone on JONP provide me with a link to where I could buy a DVD version of “The Concert” that is viewable by Swedish DVD-players. I would like to see this movie which you have made such a lot of advertising for. Do you have a commission? :-)

    I don’t know if this might interest you, but my team has launched a artificial intelligence application called Zerfoly on the Google Play store. It is completely free of charge and is just for amusement purposes. Maybe you might want to use it when you sit late at night in the container. In the application you create imaginary persons and write interactive dialogues between these persons. To fully understand what I mean you must really try it, but there are many possible use cases. I use it myself as an interactive diary. My kids use it and improve their spelling, imagination and general writing skills. You could for instance create a person in Zerfoly called Focardi, and in a way bring him back to life.

    The AI in Zerfoly is very generic and of a new kind. It can learn to understand any language and a person that you create could even be bilingual; for example learn to talk in both Italian and English.

    If you are interested you can read more here: http://www.zerfoly.com

    Best Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    1- Of course I have a commission !!! ( he,he,he…)
    2- Thank you for the very smart and useful Zerfloy ! And congratulations for making it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1033. AlbertN

    Dr Rossi:

    (No need to post this)

    Just to let you know the wife and I just watched ‘Le Concert’ (2009) with English subtitles. Absolutely adored it.

    Grazie mille, e buona fortuna with the Ecat plant.

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N:
    Delighted to read this. If you watch it more times, you will discover genial particulars that you can’t see in the first viewing, because too emotionally involved in the story.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    while you was describing your activities inside the container you said that you can hear Her voice and that She was in SSM. Do you mean that you can determine a SSM simply by the sond She produces ?
    I think that it’s the SSM exploitation that makes the difference between your device and the Parkhomov replica. Is the SSM still a mistery ? I mean, at the state of the art, can you predict when a SSM will start or end ? Or are the microcontrollers that simply detect when the SSM starts and in some way take profit by it ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    1- The ssm is measured by proper instruments, obviously. Listening to the “voice” I can understand many things, though, but this is instinct, not technology.
    2- SSM has never been a mistery
    3- SSM is controlled and regulated
    4- Maybe I am wrong, but it seems to me that also Dr Parkhomov has got SSM cycles
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A very simple system. It features a UV Filter to neutralize pathogens (takes 8W of electrical power). Combined with a microcontroller that senses when the UV Filter lamp is on. The Microcontroller turns on or off a solenoid valve so that if the UV lamp fails, the water is immediately shut off. A water flow rate restrictor controls the time through the UV Filter. Likewise, it delay the start of the flow of water after the UV Lamp comes on so that all pathogens are neutralized within the water filter. The unit consumes about 2W when not active and about 20W when water is being processed. It can output 1/2 gallon per minute. Control is by the User depressing a pushbutton. The technology can be expanded to support a city water tank. Multiple units working in parallel to provide a scaled up version is possible. The water is required to be reasonably clear (a 5 micron sedimentation filter removes larger particles but would quickly clog with dirty water).

    A small eCat generating electrical power (say 50W electrical output) would be ideal. Solar is a possible source but Guatemala has extended clouds (2 – 3 weeks) during the raining season. Most home do not have heating (in the Mayan Indian areas) as it is usually warm or they burn firewood when needed.

    Steve

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N Karels:
    Interesting.
    I will help asap.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1039. keriusene

    Dr Rossi:
    Have you seen the 3D jet engine made in Australia by Prof Xinhua Wu?

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Here is the link related to the 3D printing of a jet engine:
    http://monash.edu/news/.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. AlbertN

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank you for the very quick answer. Just to clarify for our non Italian speaking readers about your use of the word ‘rumor’. This is a play on words with the Italian word ‘rumore’ which means noise/sound. Is this correct?

    P.S. You have mentioned this movie “The Concert” before. You convinced me. I’ll watch it tonight.

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N:
    The word “rumors” is used in English with the same meaning it has in Italian.
    You will say surely thanks to me for haveng convinced you to see ” Il Concerto” ( The Concert).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. AlbertN

    Dr Rossi:

    Do you sometimes have visitors at the plant? In other words is the plant off limits to all outsiders until the ‘test’ is over. There have been rumors that some have seen it and are extremely impressed …
    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N:
    I want to add: since She is stable, tonight inside the computers container I also will hear the rumor coming from the sound of the movie “The Concert”, that tonight I will see for the umpth time. Got the CD. If somebody has not seen this movie, he doesn’t know what he has lost.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    AlbertN:
    The sole rumor that I hear is the voice of the 1 MW E-Cat.
    The visits are strictly forbidden and such will remain until the end of the tests. The sole persons that had access here are the nuclear engineers and physicists to make their measurements. Here are precise contractual restrictions regarding this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    we have read on e-catworld the description on the instrumentation installed on the 1 MW plant, taken from one post of yours.
    It seems that there are 56 sections, and each of them has two thermocouples (for temperature in and out) and pressure of steam.
    But it is necessary having a flow instrument on each of these section. Using flow value and differential temperature in each section, it is possible the compute of the transferred heat
    Am I right? Have you installed those flow meters? In this case, what type of instrument have you used?
    Thank you for your time replying.
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1047. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot add anything to what already has been written. As I already said , data regarding the plant characteristics and the performance will be given after the end of the test on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1048. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: I was excited to hear one of your pet projects is retrofitting coal power plants. Do you think decommissioned coal plants will be the first targets for your reactors? Have you identified coal plants to retrofit? Why not buy a small decommissioned plant and avoid much of the regulatory hassles?

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Permissions, authorizations are the hardest part of this issue. For this reason I do not think that it will be the first one to be on. Most likely the first wave will be for utilizations like the one on course, which is production of heat for industrial purposes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Bernie Morrissey

    Andrea,
    I know that you do not share any data until all testing is done. After hearing Dr Tom Darden speak at ICCF19 I can understand why you shared everything with him. That was a great choice on your part. I hope your testing continues to go well at the 1MW plant. You always say that the results could be positive or negative. Can you comment on things that could make results negative. I think we all know the positive things.
    Bernie

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Thank you for your kind comment.
    We will talk od all the negative and all the positive things after the end of the tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I have just read this comment of yours from April 3 regarding the measurements you are taking, and the participation of a referee (http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=96&cpage=2#comment-1068747)
    The report of the referee will be published?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This will depend on the Customer, after the end of the tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Yes, I read about it on “NASA Tech Briefs” of April 2015. Very interesting, that is a 3D tech hat can really interest us for the manufacturing of the E-Cat, but it is a prototype made by the Monash University: in this case 3D printing builds up layer after layer of metal powder, and this is a big step forward after the manufacturing of things made by caedboard or plastic.
    We are interested to these developments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your information and your insight.
    Also in this case, we are not dealing with a product, but with a lab test. When and if it will become a product, we’ll test it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi:

    Happy Earth Day and Happier Earth days to come!

    Similar to earlier discussions about using heat produced by electrically driven E-Cats to produce more electricity, it may be possible to use heat produced from gas driven E-Cats to produce more gas or liquid fuels.

    The immediate product of such a process would be Synthetic Gas or SYNGAS (a mixture of CO & H2), and then, from the SYNGAS, fuels such as Methanol, Dimethyl Ether (DME), Ethanol, Butanol, etc. could be produced.

    Idaho Labs claims efficiencies as high as 70% when using electrolysis with biomass (Carbon-rich).

    http://www5vip.inl.gov/technicalpublications/Documents/4138359.pdf

    If you believe Idaho Labs, a synthesis efficiency of 70% suggests that, even with an E-CAT COP of 5.0-10, it should be possible to produce fuel with an energy content of 3-5+ times the amount of gas consumed. (Plus some Nickel and Lithium et cetera.)

    New Co2 Fuels uses concentrated Solar Energy as its Heat Source and electrolysis to dissociate both H2O and CO2.

    http://www.newco2fuels.co.il/product/8/overview

    They claim an efficiency of 40%.

    As a plus, their SYNGAS was produced from dissociation of CO2 to CO, so any subsequent fuel combustion is approximately CO2 neutral. That is you are only recycling the CO2 you used to produce the fuel.

    The Overall COP or “O-COP” of a SYN-GAS producing E-Cat is the product of the E-CAT COP and the Synthesis process efficiency (for example, about ~ 25 %).

    For the sake of argument, assume there are three ranges for the expected E-CAT performance (COP): COP = 10, 20 or (as high as) 50.

    The 3 estimates of Overall COP are:

    O-COP = 10*(0.25) = 2.5 x;

    = 20*(0.25) = 4.0 x; or,

    = 50*(0.25) = 12.5 x.

    In other words, a SYN-GAS E-Cat could produce more fuel than it consumes, while producing heat energy for other uses. If Synthesis efficiency is higher than 25%, so much the better.

    This should be an interesting development.

    Thermal Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1057. Silvio Caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    you can’t give the numbers of SSM, ok… Just answer with dots separated by spaces to give us a feel…
    like:
    1) . . .
    2) . . .
    3) . . .
    :-)

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    We are not authorized to give any information about the Customer.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1059. Silvio Caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    while we are waiting the end of the 400 days test, the customer is daily using the 1MW plant to process something with the steam heat, right?
    Is it possible that going to the supermarket we are ALREADY buying and eating a food processed by the customer using the e-cat heat?
    Can you give some info about the kind of product processed by the customer?
    I think your fans would be happy to taste NOW some “e-cat cooked food”, and also the customer should be happy to receive free-advertisement…

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    As I said many times these data will be given after the end of the test.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1061. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the spirit of cleaning up brown-field industrial sites, perhaps Cherokee should be purchasing coal power plants in the process of being decommissioned, before before people realize they still have value as power plants (and before they loose their permits). They could also make a return on investment by recycling all the railroad tracks used to transport coal to the plants.

    Paul

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I will pass it on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, your Readers may want to Google:
    DEAN KAMEN’S INVENTION FOR CLEAN WATER

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Ivan Idso

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for your hard work and you seem to have found a good partner in Tom Darden based on his speech last week!

    I have a question, in my hometown in Minnesota they are decommissioning a coal plant. Part of it is burning gas for steam for heating and cooling downtown buildings but they are scrapping much of it. They, of course, are clueless to your work and I am concerned they will scrap something, such as a cooling tower, that may be useful with your power plant when it is available. What parts of an old coal plant can be reused in an lenr power plant?

    P.S. we have a celebration of Earthday this Sunday in Rochester with several classes for the public. There will be a class on lenr that is being given by Tom Wind from Energy 2.0 Society (Frank Ackland’s group). Perhaps someone from our utility company will attend and be enlightened!

    Thank you for your time.

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    I totally agree about what you say of Dr Tom Darden.
    Yes, today is Earth Day! Your kind of celebration is smart.
    About the partial retrofit of coal plants with the E-Cats, as I said it is my pet- program, but there are enormous difficulties regarding the permissions.
    Our technology could be integrated, to help comply the new EPA requirements.
    Before this, though, we have to complete our test and R&D on the 1 MW in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Dr A. Rossi:
    Are you familiar with metal resonances and, if yes, do you think they can be useful with LENR ?

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Charis Birchett:
    Nanostructured metals are interesting for their exciting plasmonic and photonic properties, making possible strong field localization, light focusing, strong absorption and scattering at their resonance frequencies. Resonant plasmonic and metamaterial absorbers are useful for thermo- photovoltaics, hot electrons collection and similar issues.
    We made an ultranarrow band absorber based on the surface lattice resonances and have been observed ultranarrow band resonant absorption peaks, without any effect on LENR though, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I have returned from Guatemala. We installed 3 Village Water Purification Systems which can provide potable water to up to 600 local villagers. We also had a medical team with us who saw more than 300 patients where medical support is nearly non-existent. Three of the team got sick themselves but were treated and recovered before the end of the trip. All of us returned safely with great memories.

    Perhaps, in the future, I will be able to install an eCat system of some type there.

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Congratulations for your magnificent endeavour.
    I too hope to be able to help you asap.
    Can you send a detailed description of the water purification system you are dealing with? I could, perhaps, start to take a look to see how the E-Cat could be integrated there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    Where are you now? How is going the 1 MW E-Cat now? How “Her” voice? How long are the self sustained mode cycles?

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    Now, while I am answering to you, here is 08.03 p.m. of Tuesday Aprol 21st.
    I am inside the container of the computer and, since the E-Cat is stable, I am studying.
    Her voice is a strong, regular bubbling that I can hear from where I am, and this is good. She is in ssm. I cannot give you the numbers, but the ssm cycles are long. Enough. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. JCRenoir

    Andrea Rossi:
    Do you know that the article about the 1 MW E-Cat on Science & Vie has been read in many schools and that many comments are made in France about it?
    JCR

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I am delighted to read this. To be useful to the work of teachers is very important to me. My experts also told me that most of the attention to our work comes from young people. This is very important. To all of them I reccommend to study Physics before studying LENR, otherwise they build a house without the due basement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Paul

    Andrea,

    Is one of the reasons you are spending so much time with the reactor is to prove that is safe and does not produce any (as yet undetected) harmful radiation?

    Once the e-cat is proven and on the market, you can bet that the first salvo to preserve the status quo will be that the e-cat’s safety is untested.
    (They will probably demand a 10 year study.)

    Paul

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We are making a strong work on this issue, and we have strong evidence of the safety of our E-Cat.
    By the way, we obtained already the safety certification.
    I do not think this will be the target. Anyway, wherever our foes will shoot, we will answer to their fire in the right measure. We have also Nero with us ( …beware…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I think there is a common mindset in the scientific community that all the discoveries that could result in major advances – changing our civilization fundamentally – have either already been made or will require huge sums of money, gigantic research projects, and many years of work. The notion that there are still breakthrough technologies that can be discovered and engineered into practical devices for relatively small amounts of money in small labs is sacrilege to these scientists. They are used to huge budgets and giant devices – not reactors the size of soda cans. I think the Ni-LiAlH4 hot cat will be just one of the discoveries made in coming years. Since it will provide an ideal source of energy, maybe the next breakthrough will be in propulsion. Harold White of NASA Eagle Works is attempting to produce and detect the world’s first space-time modifying warp bubble. I would love to see a faster than light space-craft one day use an E-Cat power core!

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Before solar panels, that are very easy and simple technology, based on elementary principles of Physics, got industrially developed, as they are now, half century is passed, and they are sold only because the Taxpayer is paying for them ( read well your electric power bill).
    The first industrial plant working with LENR is ours and it is gone in operation since several months. Still we must remind that the results that we will have after one year of test could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. Nero

    Dear Andrea, i don’t ask the COP ;-)

    Di nuovo, caldi caldi saluti… ;-)

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    I know, but I edited your comment because it was going to set fire ( which for a Nero is normal) on the base of BS information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Paul

    Andrea,

    I trust that when you are ready to go to market all of the “legal administrative” concerns will have been addressed.

    Paul

  1082. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1083. Paul

    Andrea,

    Assuming the results of the one year 1MW tests are positive, how long will it take IH to start manufacturing 1MW plants for the market place?

    How many do you think they could produce in 2016 (again assuming current tests are successful)?

    I understand your answer is purely a projection and we will not hold you to its accuracy.

    Paul

  1084. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We are ready for the production and the outsourcing system has been organized for any evenience. Obviously we must wait for the results of the test on course that, I repeat, could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1085. Nero

    Dr Rossi:
    Please let us know what is the COP of the 1 MW plant

  1086. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    Same answer I gave to Italo R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    Christofer Calder:
    I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1088. Neri B.

    Dear Andrea,
    We are curious to know the COP of the 1 MW plant

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Neri B.:
    Same answer I gave to Italo R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Italo R.

    Dr Rossi:
    Can we know what is the COP of the 1 MW plant?

    Kind Regards
    Italo R.

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Sorry, I have edited your text not to spam it.
    Tha data will be given after the end of the test on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea,
    it was not a real question. I had concluded my second last post on the Thermal Acoustic Engine (TAE) with “???”, to mean my doubts about TAE readiness for the market. In your reply you just made these doubts clear. So, in my last post, I said that I was sharing your answer. That’s it. And congrats for the news you have disclosed (and you are going to disclose, I suppose, in a matter of months …).
    CM

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    I understand, sorry, I have been slow…
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you tell us which COP is performing the 1 MW plant in the industry of the customer in the USA?

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    No, sorry, we will give the data after the test will have been completed, which means between December 2015 and February 2016.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1096. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Can you please tell us how many grams of fuel in total is currently being used in your one megawatt reactor that is being Beta tested? That would be an interesting statistic.

    All the Best,

    Christopher Calder

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena: I do not understand your question. Please rephrase it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea,
    About thermo-acoustic engine: I do share your way to answer my three ???.
    Warm regards,
    CM

  1099. Curiosone

    Andrea Rossi:
    We saw that there are tornados in Florida: does this affect your work with the E-Cat?
    W.G.

  1100. DTravchenko

    Andrea:
    Did you read that Dr Parkhomov has found in his experiments of replication of the Rossi Effect has found isotopical shifts similar to the ones of the Lugano report?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1101. Fyodor

    Nicola

    I don’t know enough about the mechanics of heat generation, but my understanding is that nuclear power plants use enormous quantities of water at high pressures/speed passing through the reactor so that the water is only heated up to 450 degrees, which is something you wouldn’t need for an hot-cat heating at 600 or 1000 degrees. I don’t know how easily it would convert to another cooler heat source. It’s also my understanding that nuclear doesn’t have especially high operating costs (though non-trivial ones), once the capital costs of construction are made, since the fuel costs are small.

    I’d have to think that coal plants or natural gas plants, with their high ongoing fuel costs would be more likely targets. Who can say?

  1102. Nicola Cortesi

    Dear Andrea, Dear Fyodor,

    do you think current ~1 GW Nuclear Power Plants could be reconverted to E-Cat Power Plants of equivalent power with ten of thousands of 10-KW E-Cat running in parallel? (An E-Lion or E-Dragon?). Nuclear Power Plants are ultemately big thermal power stations, converting steam at ~450 C in electricity with an efficiency of 30-32%. As you know, using E-CAT’s steam, which is above 1000 C, the efficiency of the Carnot cycle increases up to 40-48%. Not bad for a totally safe, cheap and carbon-free 1-GW Power Plant!

    Hot Regards,

    Nicola

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola Cortesi:
    This is quite an issue. You know what? This is the classic case in which to make the papers is far more difficult than to make the technology.
    In principle, I agree with you, I always sustained that many cats are more convenient and safe than few tigers, or lions. This principle has been recently taken in consideration also in the highest echelons of astrophysics: the future astronomic observation stations will be made by many very small mirrors interconnected instead of big mirrors, because the clouds of microscopic mirrors are far less expensive ( by two orders of magnitude) than the big ones used today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea,
    Though thermo-acoustic engines (TAEs) has always been largely disregarded, up today their efficiencies compare with advanced internal combustion engines, with an outstanding advantage given them from being external combustion engines. I do not know about Airbus programs for its TAEs, but last March a manager from this Company, in Milan, launched a kind of challenge that sounded more or less this way “given a working LENR heat source, we are willing (and ready) to couple it with our TAE to produce electricity … 35% (or more) efficiency”. ???
    Regards,
    CM

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    It is interesting and Airbus is a serious concern, but we are talking of experimantal prototypes, far to be of use in industrial production. Obviously a direct production of mechanic power with an efficiency of 35% should be extremely interesting for LENR, but to say “should I have a thermo-acoustic engine with an efficiency or 35% I could apply it to LENR” is equivalent, as of today, to say ” should I have 6 balls I could be a pinball”.
    As soon as such a device will really exist, be sure, we will buy it and make tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Hugh DeVries

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The following quote is from:
    UPDATE #8 (April 17)
    Alan Smith, April 16 2015

    “Speakers at this conference have increasingly talked about transmutation of ‘fuel’ into a startlingly large variety of elements. This leads one to hope that maybe 10 years in the future we will be able to make one element into another as we wish- analogous to the way that biotechnologists are finding methods to produce complex proteins- using living systems as manufacturing systems.”

    It would seem that the study of LENR will proceed on two different but related paths of development–energy production and element transmutation. I guess then “E-Cat” can mean either “Energy Catalyzer” or “Element Catalyzer”.

    Best wishes,
    Hugh

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh De Vries:
    Fly down. Step by step, brick by brick.
    We are working hard to get the confirmation that an industrial plant can produce heat reliably. We still have not a confirmation of this fact and the results can still be either positive or negative.
    We are making a house, let’s do it before thinking to be able to make all the skyscrapers of New York City.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    You said you are sure that LENR are totally strange to the fall of oil price: how do you explain that the fall happened in coincidence with the aftermath of the Lugano test of the independent third party?

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    I am totally adverse to exaggerations in favour of LENR, because “hyperboles” can compromise the hard work we are making to reconcile LENR with the mainstream science. Example: suppose you have a pet- cat and you want to show proudly to your friends that your cat is special. If you tell to your friends that your cat is a mice killer, surely you improve his reputation, but if you say that he is a tigers killer, you make him ridiculous. This is the equipollent of saying the E-Cat caused the fall of oil price. To say that the fall of the oil price has been caused by the E-Cat because the publication of the results of the Lugano test has been made just before the price fall is like to say that, since the sun rises in the morning just after the fact you take your breakfast, you suspect the rising sun is caused by the fact you eat your breakfast.
    The fall of the oil price has been determined mainly by two factors:
    1- geopolitical turmoils, caused by events beyond the limits of diplomacy
    2- the discovery in the USA of limitless reserves of hydrocarbons after the utilization of fracking technology: this fact has turned the USA from an oil importer into a potential oil exporter, changing dramatically the ratio between demand and offer of this commodity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea and Fyodor,
    about heat conversion to electricity, I find quite interesting the thermoacoustic engine patented (reportedly) by Airbus: no moving parts, lightweight, heat conversion to heat @ 35% efficiency, in the kW range.
    Did you hear about it?
    Regards,
    CM

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    I saw, but it is an experimental prototype. When it will be in the market, if ever, we’ll test it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1112. Carlo Marcena

    Ni-255: Thanks, Andrea.
    CM

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1114. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You may be interested in looking at this paper that has been published at E-Cat World. http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/19/a-possible-explanation-for-observed-lenr-heating-behavior-and-transmutation-using-simple-physics-principles-stephen/

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1115. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1116. Fyodor

    My point, which I articulated poorly, I guess, is that it seems that modern heat to electricity systems are still very expensive.

    You’ve suggested that you hope to eventually mass produce e-cats such that you can sell the products at $100/KW thermal, which would obviously be a fantastic value.

    But the existing solutions I’ve seen for thermal to electricity conversion seem to be much more expensive. I’ve seen solutions in the multiple dollars per watt range (or several thousand dollars per kilowatt). I know that Dean Kamen is hoping to eventually get the per unit manufacturing cost of his system down to $1000/KW, which would be higher after capital costs, profits,advertising, etc.

    Thus it seems that even if you push the cost of the e-cat down quite a bit, the system cost will be dominated by heat to electricity conversion equipment (though obviously still cheaper than coal or natural gas because there is no fuel cost).

    I was wondering if the economics of this was something you had investigated as part of your work and had any ideas as to how to do more cheaply convert heat to electricity.

  1117. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Now is clear.
    We can do nothing about the costs of the systems to convert heat into electricity. Their costs obviously are the same independently from the source of the steam.
    Direct conversion system have too low esfficiency, so far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1118. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you’re well.

    This may be a bit far afield, but I’m wondering if you’d done any investigation into the economics of heat to electricity conversion and how it might be done efficiently. I think that you’ve suggested that with mass production you might get the costs of heat down to $100/KW, but it looks like this would be dwarfed by the costs of existing heat-to-electricity conversion systems, which run $1500-5000/kw. Has there been any business investigation into the economics of potential solutions?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question and for your generosity with the community here.

  1119. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Please review your numbers, because your comment is senseless. Probably there is some typo.
    Please correct to allow an answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1120. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I assuming, perhaps incorrectly, if iron was in the fuel mix of the Lugano device (unless it was a contaminant) that it must have been selected to serve some purpose. The Lugano report on page 28 states, “From all combined analysis methods of the fuel we find that there are significant quantities of Li, Al, Fe and H in addition to Ni.” Also, on page 44 fuel particle number three showed a peak in iron via EDS analysis. Iron is also referenced in a couple other places in the report.

    Various individuals on the internet have posted interpretations of the charts and analysis provided in the Lugano report and concluded iron was present in the fuel. I’m not a scientist, so I can’t say for certain they are correct. But iron also appears in the document, “Determination of Ni isotopes in nickel material from Rossi reactor.” In this paper, lithium, iron, and copper were found in the ash but not the unused fuel of an early model e-cat. From what I have read, certain LENR researchers claim that the unused fuel had any catalyzers removed, and the copper in the used fuel was simply a contaminant from a copper reactor core. This leaves both a small amount of lithium .4% and a larger amount of iron 11% in the spent fuel.

    So maybe iron had no role in the Lugano device. Or, perhaps, it did. Then there is the possibility it was added as filler or a way to more evenly distribute the fuel in a reactor. Some folks think it was an anti-sintering agent, others think it breaks down molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen, a few people think it might interact with protons, a couple internet posters claim it might prevent hot spots, etc. Only you really know.

    I don’t know what the truth is about iron. For years now, I’ve let my curiosity compel me to spend hundreds or thousands of hours reading, chatting, talking, and writing about issues like this in the hope of learning more and eventually obtaining an understanding of how this marvel of science works.

    So I ask you in return: did iron have a role?

    If so, I hope it is as interesting as the role of lithium turned out to be and you are allowed to eventually discuss the topic.

    If not, then I’ve probably made myself look silly and like a total amateur goofball to everyone at Industrial Heat. But that’s okay. At least I’m interested in something that is of vital importance to the world.

    Hey, I could be camped outside of an electronics store waiting for the launch of the latest most advanced cell phone while love blogging about the mobile graphics chip it contains and the resolution of the screen…

    I think I’ll keep following the E-Cat as my obsessive hobby.

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Cats do not kill tigers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Italo R.

    Dear dr. Rossi,
    as you know, there are blogs where patho skeptics are continuing till today to deny the existence of LENR and, of course, obsessively continue to write that the E-Cat is not working and has never worked. They say that it has been told many years ago that the placing on the market would have been imminent but it hasn’t yet happened after so long time.
    As those patho skeptics cannot be so blind or so stupid to not see what is really happening, it seems that they have an agenda.
    So I wonder why this agenda,or who is inspiring it…
    Perhaps the best thing is thinking, as a great italian poet said:
    “…non ti curar di lor, ma guarda e passa…”

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Retrothought: you write somebody is complaining the E-Cat are not yet in the market after “so many years”.
    This is bizarre.
    First, one 1 MW plant has been supplied to a Customer who is using it to make his production using the energy produced by the same 1 MW E-Cat.
    It is true that it is under R&D and test, but it works, at least so far. Now, as probably somebody knows, the French magazine “Science & Vie” ( probably the most prestigious scientific magazine of France, which is a nuclear power) in the issue of April 2015 has published an article regarding LENR against Hot Fusion and the parallel is interesting. The article is written with intelligence, professionality and without bias. It also contains the sceptic comments ( but made with intelligence) toward us.
    ITER and NIF – respectively the european and the US hot fusion concerns- cost tens of billions of dollars, started about 50 years ago, and their results, that in the sixties were waited for within 20 years, have now been delayed within the next 20 years. Normally, every 20 years they are adjourned to the next 20 years, at a price of several tens of billion dollars per batch, entirely paid by the Taxpayer.
    I think that the scientists that work on those concerns are top level Physicists and I am convinced that their work must be sustained. What is difficult to me is to understand what follows: why ITER and NIF are considered positively ( as they merit to be) even if they cost to