Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. John

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the story of the wonderful E-Cat logo? What is the cat’s gaze transfixed on? To me, it looks like a dot from a laser pointer.

    Best Regards,

    John

  2. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    The story of ” the wonderful E-Cat logo”, as you call it: I forgot to say that it has been donated to me from a person who had attended a demo in Bologna in 2011 that we did with an E-Cat: we received many proposal of mark, but this silhouette was really beautiful, I loved it at first glance; I lost contact with this person, he has a company that sells climatization plants: I hope he reads this, because I invite him to contact me for important communications. I forgot his name, but I remember him perfectly.
    The logo ” The New Fire” has been said to me from a Russian scientist I met in San Francisco in 2011 in a meeting made to talk about the possibility to retrofit coal plants with E-Cats: she told me, talking of the E-Cat: ” This is the new fire!” . I liked that phrase so much, that I wrote it and conserved it to make the logo of the trade mark. She too is invited to contact me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    This is my personal interpretation of various logo seen:
    - The cat with the red ball: Industrial version
    - The cat with the green ball: domestic version
    - The cat with the black ball: generic logo for both industial and domestic
    Am I wrong?
    Coloured Regards

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Could be right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. John

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Is the now confirmed production of electricity–however preliminary–something that was achieved very recently, say in the past few months? I believe this is the first time that you have confirmed electricity production from the Hot Cat!

    Best Regards,

    John

  6. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    We have extended to the USA the registration of our trade mark.
    The red dot represents the new fire, the cat represents…guess what!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Gio 51:
    Interesting, I didn’t hear of this organization before. Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Giovanni Guerrini

    Dr Rossi

    Andrea,if you hear the 1 MW talking to you with a beautiful female voice,please take for you one hour to play tennis ! eh eh

    Regards G G

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Guerrini:
    I did!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Nobody answered to my comment of 05 05 8.17 a.m., so I give you the answer: the guy was Prof. Orlando Ferguson, from Hot Springs, South Dakota: he wrote ” Square and Stationary Earth”, in 1893, in which he argued that based on his assumptions, the Earth is square and firm. His book had a good success. If at the end of the test the 1MW E-Cat will complete a positive operation, Prof Ferguson will be the paradigmatic example of LENR negationists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Have you seen “Her” the movie?
    It’s about love and artificial intelligence and even has some nice music.
    You might like it.
    Maybe you can watch “Her” inside Her while she’s behaving.
    Best regards,
    Patrick
    p.s. google “Her movie” to find out about the movie.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Very nice!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  13. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea sono da anni che Ti seguo sperando presto di avere in casa i 4 E-CAT che Ti ho ordinato da tempo . Ora leggo , su indicazione dello Steven , che ci potrebbe essere una qualche festicciola ( IMMENSA ) nell’occasione di un successo consolidato dato dall’effetto “ROSSI ”
    Rammenta che io sono una tra i primi che spero vivamente in un successo dei Tuoi immensi sforzi , quindi rammenta che io vorrei esserci assolutamente in tale occasione ! Giannino di Udine

    Dear Andrea, I follow your work since your first steps: if at the end of the tests the results will be positive and there will be a celebration, please do not forget me.

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    As a scientist, I am not superstitious, but I think is better not to talk of celebrations before the positive results are achieved.
    Anyway: I will forget nobody, in the good and in the bad, whatever happens, either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I noticed that you always turn a blind eye when somebody attacks you around the blogosphere. Why that?

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Bong Sisavath:
    I always answer when I see intelligent critics. I never answer to persons who continue to ignore the answers I already have given or have been given from others. The reason is lack of time to lose with persons that, obviously, either have an agenda, or are eager to make a discussion with us, even groundless, to get notoriety at any cost. The best thing to do is ignore them, because intelligent Readers understand by themselves that these guys either have an agenda or are frustrated persons in search of futile attention. Consider that now we have made a transition from laboratory tests to a plant that has been put in the market, sold to a Customer and is working in his factory, so that now our COP is not object of speculation, but of actual production: yadda yadda about assumptions are just a loss of time. To say ” the E-Cat cannot have a COP>1 because of the fact that I have calculated that …etc etc- whatever the value of the etc-…” is like to say ” The Eearth is flat because I have calculated that…” ( as some wannabe physicist actually published during the 19th Century: do you know his name? He didn’t pass to the History like a particularly smart guy).
    This said, I must add that the results of the tests on course could be positive, but also negative.

  17. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    I wonder how does the Costumer measure Her performances. The requested energy is easy to measure, even the electricity bill can be a measure of it. But how the produced energy is measured ? Do they measure the steam production or what ?
    Is the thermal output a constant in time ? Or is it a floating value ? Do sometimes happen that the output is significantly more than 1MW ? And if yes are these fluctuations recorded and taken into account in the overall performance calculation ?

    God bless you

    Marco Serra

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    1- They measure the energy production with their gauges as any steam generator has. Besides, they have another “gauge” that is the most important of all: they have set their production to a level that demands 1 MWh/h of energy, so that either they receive such amount of energy, or their production is not fullfilled.
    2- The thermal output is constant in time, obviously with exception of the transitories during the start up and the shut down cycles.
    3- The control system maintains a constant output, so that we do not have relevant fluctuations: the values are maintained within the allowed band.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the outcome of the fuel exhaustion test?
    Is it terminated?
    If the answer is “yes”, then I have some more questions:
    1) How much does a charge last?
    2) What does change to the module with age?
    3) What is the initial, middle and final COP?

    Regards

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One of these days, when eCat is a commercial success and you have your intellectual property protected by patent(s), you should throw a party and invite all your JONP admirers to join you in celebration. You might even invite me!

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Well, this is a very good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say you arrange the Hot Cats in clusters to increase power, are you able to use one Hot Cat reactor to drive another, thus reducing overall energy consumption from the grid?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Is it possible to change gradually the charges without stopping the whole plant for two days? For instance, stopping only a subset of the modules, letting them get cold and then open the chambers and replace the charges? With adeguate over-provisioning you can even maintain the rated output while changing only a subset of reactors at a time…
    2) Have you performed, started or at least planned a test with fuel exhaustion? As far I can uderstand, after one year you will change the charges to the plant, regardless fuel exhaustion, so we will not know if the charge would have last more than one year. A “longest run test” would be interesting also for COP characterization and performances under aged charge…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine: thank you for this interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Thank you for the update on the Hot-Cat. Do you think that it is close to being ready for industrialization/commercialization or that it still requires additional efforts to refine the stability/control/etc? Is there a comparable design for the Hot-Cat to your 1MW plant (in which you have serialized devices, unified control, etc) or are they being designed primarily as stand-alone devices.

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    At the end of the present cycle of tests and R&D in the factory of IH’s Customer, if the results will be positive, the product will be ready, apart the normal evolution it will eventually go through, as any product does.
    The Hot Cat modules will too be assembled in clusters to increase the power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    Another typo. “Diamondoid” threads, not Diamandoid threads.

    Trying to get the spelling correct.

    Joseph Fine

  31. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    Here is more on Diamond (or Diamandoid) threads.

    http://spie.org/x112253.xml?ArticleID=x112253

    Adamantane regards,

    Joseph Fine

  32. Joseph Fine

    Uh oh, here is the link. Please add:

    http://www.foresight.org/nanodot/?p=6550

    Joseph Fine

  33. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another comment in my series on new forms of Carbon.

    Yet another form of Carbon has been shown to exist, Diamond Nanothreads. The Diamond nanothreads are surrounded by a halo of Hydrogen atoms.

    excerpt from article:

    “From a fundamental-science point of view, our discovery is intriguing because the threads we formed have a structure that has never been seen before,” Badding said. The core of the nanothreads that Badding’s team made is a long, thin strand of carbon atoms arranged just like the fundamental unit of a diamond’s structure — zig-zag “cyclohexane” rings of six carbon atoms bound together, in which each carbon is surrounded by others in the strong triangular-pyramid shape of a tetrahedron.

    “It is as if an incredible jeweler has strung together the smallest possible diamonds into a long miniature necklace,” Badding said. “Because this thread is diamond at heart, we expect that it will prove to be extraordinarily stiff, extraordinarily strong, and extraordinarily useful.”

    —-

    Perhaps, an extraordinary conductor of heat as well.

    Extraordinary regards,

    Joseph Fine

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Alexus:
    Thank you for your concern. Obviously safety first. We are working with full control of the 1MW E-Cat and our gauges give us all the possible information about all the safety issues involved in the operation, in full respect of the safety certification we got.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I have read the Silvio Caggia’s post and I am seriously concerned about your/ your team security. Even if you do not reach the contractual performance, please do not take risks. Any COP from 3 to 4 will be a great success and I am sure you can count with IH understanding even if 4 figure were not gotten.

    Take care

  36. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Now it’s clear to me the meaning of your motto: “positive or negative”.
    You are not talking about the Rossi effect, that you consider obviously “verified”, you are talking about the fulfillment of contractual Service Level Agreements between IH and the Customer.
    The Plant needs to produce at least 1MW of thermal power for h24/24 350/400 days using at most 250kW of electric input power!
    In other words the plant can’t have more than 50 “negative days” over 400 trial test days, right?
    The numbers that I extrapolated (I omit the math) from your historical assertions about the customer trial test are that, till now, the plant has produced a bit less that the half of the requested “positive days”, but has also produced a bit more that the half of the tolerated “negative days”.
    In other words, if the ratio negative days/positive days will remain the same, the global result of the test will be negative!
    Am I wrong?
    Obviously I hope that the second half of the test will have a better ratio, and that all big problems were solved in the first half of the trial test.
    Do you have the same hope?
    Now it’s clear to me that the game is not about COP (with COP 20 you have already dropped the energy cost by 95%) but about reliability of the plant (50 “negative days” over 400 is still not acceptable for many industrial processes!).
    In other words, it’s no more time of creative thinkers but it’s time of engineers…
    Reliable Regards

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Thank you for your assumptions. I cannot disclose contractual clauses that are covered by NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Due to the recent improvements you mentioned, how long are you able to maintain self sustain mode (constant or increasing temperature with zero input) in prototype individual high temperature E-Cat reactors?

    Does the higher ratio of Ni-62 in the spent E-Cat fuel/ash improve the performance of the re-processed fuel?

    What level of proton energies do you think the lithium in the E-Cat is encountering?

    Do you think the vaporization of the lithium provides a rate increase or nuclear cross section benefit? According to Ikegami there is a benefit when the lithium phase changes from solid to liquid, but he does not specify anything about vaporous lithium.

    Is the mouse in the mouse-cat setup you describe providing stimulation for the cat in the form of energetic protons that can undergo reactions with Li7?

    Have you ever placed the fuel of an E-Cat (just turned off) into a cloud chamber to look for alpha particle trails?

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills.
    Obviously I cannot give this kind of information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Dr Rossi:
    did I understand well that the Hot Cat you are testing in the container of the computers inside the factory of your customer is the basic module to make the domestic Ecats? How is behaving?

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Gregg Testen:
    Yes, it is. We have very good results, also due to a substantial modification made after the Lugano test’s results, upon which we have studied very, very much.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Bruno Galvan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I do my best wishes because when you wake up you are actually in a a green park with a beautiful lady :-)

    Sincerely, Bruno Galvan

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Galvan:
    I would settle for a parachute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1- While the test is ongoing, are you allowed to make significant changes to the software or firmware of the 1MW control system?

    2- If the eCat fuel “runs out” as shown by a decrease in efficiency, how long will it take to replace all the charges (hours or days)?

    3- I assume you are monitoring the individual eCat reactor’s efficiency or do you only monitor the aggregate efficiency?

    4- You state you are with the unit many hours a day. I assume the unit is operating 24 hours per day, 7 days a week. Is in unmanned during those times when you are not there or is there another member of your team (or someone else) who mans it?

    5- Is the customer actively participating in the operation of the 1MW system? Has the customer’s technical people been trained on operations and maintenance. I assume at the end of the 400 days (or 350 days of operation), the operational control will transition to the customer’s technical staff. Is this true?

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- during the test and R&D period we are free to make any change we deem opportune
    2- 2 days
    3- aggregate and individual
    4- during this period the E-Cat 1MW is always manned by our Team, even if it normally would not be necessary: the control system makes it man- free, but in this period we have to study it constantly, being the first plant in operation 24/7 in the factory of a Customer
    5- we are following the procedures foreseen in the contract, which are under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. orsobubu

    > Andrea Rossi
    > May 1st, 2015 at 7:48 AM

    > BroKeeper, I cannot give the numbers, as correctly Steven N Karels anticipated and,
    > also, after consulting Orsobubu, I have to add that what we have now is not the
    > final result, things can worsen substantially in time and the final results could
    > be either positive or negative

    One of the absolutely craziest events in the history of the world is Andrea Rossi and his accolites pretending that the orsobubu works his butt off as consultant about the positive and the negative just on May 1st, the day all socialists, anarchists and internationalists of the whole planet celebrate their working class. Clearly here there is no respect for the orsobubu, with someone wanting the slavery be suddenly restored for the sake of the cold fusion. The very idea of Andrea Rossi himself and the Fabian striving 16 hours straight in the container on the day of May 1st, makes my two COPs break down to -15 level.

    Traditionally, due to the strong anticommunist connotation developed in United States after the October Revolution, May 1st assumed the meaning exactly opposite, at least at the official level: americanization day, loyalty day, law day… the paradox is that, originally, the celebration was instituted just after the tragic Haymarket affair, Which occurred in Chicago on May 4 1886.

    In US, the memory is kept alive mainly by immigrants from those countries where there is a strong May Day tradition, as in Latin America. In March 2008, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union announced that dockworkers wouldn’t have moved any CONTAINER at West Coast ports on May 1st as a protest against the continuation of the Iraq War and the diversion of resources from domestic needs.

    But Andrea Rossi beats everyone related to containers, including the Americans themselves, and May 1st 2015 spent 16 hours INSIDE his one; he comes from Italy, works in America and loves Russia, and he is an interesting synthesis of the three cultures, perfectly fused in the new human kind known as the Creative Stakapitalist: italian creativity, russian stakanovism and american capitalism. So at this point, for consistency, I ask that he establishes September 7, US Labour Day 2015, as the Container Day instead, sweating 24 consecutive hours inside it. At his great convenience, on the morning of September 8, he will be already there, in the stinking Container, up to start his next regular 16 hours shift. He will peep his head out of the doors expecting to see the team is busy and his coffee is fizzling and instead he will stare at the void and at a big red cartel with only six capital letters painted on it: S-T-R-I-K-E.

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he…
    Obviously I do not agree, but your comment is funny.
    Permanent Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel de Francia:
    Lost the accounting. The test will end between December 2015 February 2016.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Bruno Galvan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I reformulate the question of Silvio Gaggia: suppose that the e-cat works until the end of the test as it worked, say, during the last mounth. Would the result of the test be positive in this case?

    Best regards, Bruno Galvan

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Galvan:
    Let me make an example: suppose that a sleepwalker falls down from the 70th floor of a skyscraper, without realizing it because he is dreaming to walk across a green park with a beautiful lady. Suddenly somebody approaches him by a deltaplane at the height of the 20st floor and asks him, who is still sleeping his dream: ” Hey, guy: if within 30 seconds you will be well as you are now, would you repeat the experience?”
    Let us finish the test, then I will answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    In the improbable hipothesis that the fuel suddenly finishes, is the plant able to continue working for days at COP 1 relying only on the joule effect?
    In other words, does the customer need to programme with large time ahead the refuelling or can he wait the fuel total consumption, then to request the manutention operations and wait for its execution for days without stopping the production process (obviously at the cost of a 1MW electric power consumption for those days)?
    No-stop Regards

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    The 1MW E-Cat does not have the power to supply 1 MWh/h of energy without the Rossi Effect. The total power of the resistances is about 250 kW, therefore by Joule effect we can give max 250 kWh/h of energy. This is why we have to study well the duration of the charges and, until we have not a precise idea, we have fixed in 6 months the fuellife. This time we have the possibility to try 1 year; obviously as soon as we notice a decrease of efficiency we change the charge.
    Since we have 400 days at our disposal to operate 350 days, in this test and R&D agreed upon with the Customer, we have room for this experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Daniel de França

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    at what day of the 350 day run are you in?

  54. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You mentioned that the plan is to run the 1MW for a year skipping the 6 month refueling and that there is some uncertainty involved with this. This brought to mind the question of what will happen to the plant after the 1 year trial period? Assuming success, for example will the plant be shutdown and decommissioned for study, or run until the fuel exhausts, or refueled and continue operation? I imagine it’s probably up to the customer since they own it but given that it’s the first 1MW there may be special provisions. Any comments would be appreciated.

    Sincerely
    Peter Metz

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    The plant, if the positive results will be obtained, will continue to make Her job in the factory of the Customer: if the E-Cat makes money, there is no reason to decommission Her!
    The fuel will be changed after one year, along the programmed maintainance, provided it will not be necessary to change the charge before: we are very curious about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My imagination set aside (a difficult thing to do in practice), with a two or three level control system (mice, cats and tigers, oh my) and about 100+ units, there are a limited amount of variable arrangements that make any sense. My writing was about one possible configuration. When the 400 day period has passed, and your team celebrates with Champaign (or diet soda), please remember my posts to see how close they are to reality.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    OK. Thank you anyway for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Paul

    Andrea,

    Will the patent applications for 1 MW plant be published before the 1 year test is complete?

    Or are you keeping the details an industrial secret?

    Paul

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I cannot disclose our patent strategy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    My previous question of course assumes a certified and completely positive tested MW device.
    Regards.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Obviously at the moment we are not able to indicate precisely a delivery term, but I suppose we will be in the average of the delivery terms of the sector.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    If a customer today orders 100 of the Mw devices, how long would it take IH to ship them complete with technical backup?
    Regards.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Provided the test on course ends up positively, an outsouring system and a manufacturing system has already been organized to be able to sustain the amount of plants that will be ordered. We will manufacture only the confidential parts, outsourcing all the rest.
    The development of the manufacturing capacity will be developed proportionally to the actual amount of orders.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    even if the 400 days test is not finished, reached the middle of the planned time you can no more talk of possible negative outcome: even if the COP should drop to 1 in the second part of the test, you can half the charge lifetime and consider only the first part of the test. There is no way to have a negative COP in the second half of the test able to cancel the results of the first half.
    So why you insist in speaking of potential negative outcome of the test?
    Half Regards

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Examples:
    1- assume that today everything gets destroyed for any event, so that the plant has to be rebuilt: this would annihilate any payback possibility and make the former good results just virtual achievements, without any economic value
    2- assume that the COP today becomes less than one and we are not able to repristinate it: same as above
    3- etc ( use your fantasy)
    Conclusion: better fly down and maintain a low profile until the 350 days are performed, so that statistics will allow us to confirm a positive result. So far the result chances can be explained to you by Orsobubu and the F-Something function.
    P.S. Luckily today ( now is 08.00 a.m. of Saturday May 2nd) She is stable and well. Obviously I am inside the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The comment on using some eCat reactors to control others is very interesting. To employ the animal analogy and terminology, you have a mouse that activates the cat and the cat scratches the tiger. If we assume a control factor of three, then one mouse would control three cats and each cat would control three tigers. If each eCat (mouse, cat or tiger) output the same power (10kW) and there were eight such groupings (because doubling the factor in three dimensions yields eight) the total number of eCat reactors would be 104 which is close to what you had previously mentioned and would output a combined total of a little more than 1MW of thermal power. Close or just a coincident? Of course, this could be positive or negative or just plain wrong!

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your imagination.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Steven N. Karels

    E Hergen,

    We can put some “bounds” around the problem you proposed. One gram of matter, if entirely converted to energy would yield around 25 million kilowatt-hours of energy. The unknown factor is the nuclear reaction in the Rossi effect. A rough guess is that the mass defect is about 0.1% of the matter. So one gram would yield about one milligram of mass defect (mass converted to energy). So we would get 25 thousand kilowatt hours. A one kilowatt eCat running continuously for one year would generate 8760 kilowatt hours of energy. So we would expect the maximum time would be less than three years with the above assumptions. Since as the fuel is “used up” there would probably be either a decrease in output or the eCat would have to be driven harder to produce the same output. Let’s assume 50% as a reasonable lifetime. This would therefore be around 1.5 years. This is probably why the 400 day test period of the commercial 1MW unit was selected. Long enough to investigate aging effects.

  69. E Hergen

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    with a small reactor of 1 kw and 1g of fuel how many month would the reactor approximately run?

    When the fuel gets exhausted, what happens? Will the reactor become instable? Would we see a slowly decline in the energy production or would we see an abrupt stop?

    Thank you for your answers.

  70. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    Good questions.
    We grant the charge for 6 months.
    We have not yet enough statistics to know exactly how long a charge can endure, for this reason, to be sure, we grant 6 months, that is a period we tested repeatedly.
    After 6 month the charge is retrieved by us and entirely recycled after due treatment.
    BUT: we decided to try not to change the charges of the 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer of IH and try to perform with the original charges all the 350 operative days we have to run through, and see what happens. It will be very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. A Bhatt

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you heard of the em drive that’s being developed? I feel the future could hold some synergy between the ecat and the em drive.

    Here is some info on it if you haven’t already seen it.

    http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2015/04/evaluating-nasas-futuristic-em-drive/

    Also there are some videos on the subject of you have a moment to breathe.
    https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=GGTjy6atKMs

    Wish you the best and cheering you on as always.

    Best,
    A Bhatt

  72. Andrea Rossi

    A. Bhatt:
    Very interesting, thank you! What NASA does is always interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Herb Gillis

    Andrea Rossi:
    Based on your current understanding what do you believe is the smallest possible Ecat device? By “small” I mean the minimum possible fuel weight that will produce excess heat and have the potential to operate in a self-sustaining mode for some period of time?
    Kind regards; HRG.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    I talk only of what I know and have experienced: so far the smaller is 1 kW power. The amount of charge can be about 1 g.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Let us assume a hypothetical application of a 1MW thermal(steam) generation capability for an industrial customer. Typical electrical energy costs for an industrial large scale customer might be $50USD/MWh (or higher). Assume the application runs continuously for one year (8760 hours). Without an eCat, the customer would pay 8760 * $50 = $438000USD. Assume an effective COP of an eCat running much of the time in SSM of 20 – 80. Assume 20 to be conservative. The new annual electrical cost is now $21900USD or a savings of $416100USD. Assume an initial cost of $1MUSD for the hypothetical eCat plant. Breakeven point is 2.4 years. Breakeven time would actually be somewhat longer due to fuel and maintenance costs but would pay for itself in 5 years or less. Given the arbitrary assumptions, does this seem correct?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    All these assumptions made me drunk. Let’s talk of pay back time ( the bottom line): 5 years is reasonable. Perhaps we can make better, perhaps we can make nothing. Who knows?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Steven N. Karels,

    Thank you for clarifying the SSM control processes.

    Dr. Rossi I hope this didn’t cause you to release this information before its intended time. I’m looking forward to its complete description after the test and your exoneration from many closed minds. God bless you and your IH team for this epoch work. Be merciful to all the Orsobubu’s. :)

    BroKeeper

  78. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    No problem, I release only info I can.
    I will be permanently merciful to Orsobubu and his accolites.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Fyodor

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    I hope that all is well with you. I had a question about the comment below, to the extent you can answer it.

    “The ssm is enhanced by the fact that with the control system directing multiple reactors we can obtain a synergy between them using some of the reactors to drive others, where the driving ones ( mouse operation) are less than the cat ones. This way the ssm phases are substantially more that the driving ones. This synergy, obviously, is possible only with big plants ( so far).”

    Are we to understand that some of the reactors are not driven by electrical pulses, but are instead driven by heat from other reactors? Or is it a combination of the two, with less electricity needed because the heat from the other reactors can be used to bring the downstream reactors to higher temperatures?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    I cannot comment on this issue further.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  81. Paul

    Andrea,

    Andrea,

    How many reaction chambers (reactors) are in each boiling chamber in the most recent 1 MW plant?

    ( I believe the 1st MW plant had e-cats with 3 reaction chambers per boiler. )

    Keep the new fire stoked,

    Paul

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Sorry, I cannot give further description after what I already said. The E-Cats are complex.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  83. Paul

    Andrea,

    How many reaction chambers (reactors) are in each boiling chamber in the most recent 1 MW plant?

    ( I believe the 1st MW plant had e-cats with 3 relation chambers per boiler. )

    Keep the new fire stoked,

    Paul

  84. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    You responded to Curiosone: “I can say that the 1 MW E-Cat ( ” She” ) is stable and in ssm mode.” This seems to imply the 1MW plant, as a single unit, ran in self-sustain mode, not just an individual reactor.

    If this is the case then one of two scenarios could be explained. Either you have now been able to synchronize control of all the reactors as one, or the SSM of each reactor is long enough for all 100 reactors to be more often than not in SSM at once. In this case a major breakthrough has been achieved with a significant ratio of output to input far beyond COP 20. Could you enlighten us to which case this may be if not another?

    With much respect, BroKeeper

  85. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    The ssm is enhanced by the fact that with the control system directing multiple reactors we can obtain a synergy between them using some of the reactors to drive others, where the driving ones ( mouse operation) are less than the cat ones. This way the ssm phases are substantially more that the driving ones. This synergy, obviously, is possible only with big plants ( so far).
    I cannot give the numbers, as correctly Steven N Karels anticipated and, also, after consulting Orsobubu, I have to add that what we have now is not the final result, things can worsen substantially in time and the final results could be either positive or negative ( this last phrase could be substituted by F-Something).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Steven N. Karels

    BroKeeper,

    While I too would be interested in the answer directly from Andrea Rossi, I suspect he will delay his explanation until the final report, which could be positive or negative.

    That said, suppose the 100+ reactors are statistically independent as to the length of their individual SSM operations. A control system would monitor each reactor and apply whatever control it uses to each of these reactors when they begin to come out of their SSM to coax them back into SSM. We know earlier versions had a ratio of SSM mode duration to non-SSM duration of 3:1. Andrea has reported that this ratio has been greatly increased, apparently through refinement in the control process (experience does help). So it is possible that the aggregate SSM performance reflects the poorest performing reactor and the others are coaxed into restarting SSM in synchronization with that unit by the overall control system. Sort of the speed of a convey is determined by the slowest ship. We would need to know more about the control system and the physics of the reactors to determine if this is optimal. Perhaps Andrea Rossi will grace us with some more technical goodies?

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You read my mind…now I think one minute and decide if I can give Brokeeper a limited answer or not. I must consult my permanent consultant on the matter ( Orsobubu).
    Thank you for your insight, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Patrick Ellul

    Hi Andrea,
    You often talk about different energy sources working together.
    The e-cat requires electricity to control, or perhaps gas and less electricity.
    Tesla and Elon Musk today announced their new product, the Powerwall battery.
    For $3500 you get a 10 kWh battery that can give 2 kW continuous.
    Detail specs here: http://www.teslamotors.com/powerwall
    Do you think that such a battery spec can help the e-cat be more independent of the electricity grid?
    Regards,
    Patrick

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    The battery can be a useful energy storage system. About this issue, it is very interesting the article published on the magazine “Power Enginering” ( available for free on the internet), issue of April, pp42-45, where a paramount scenario of the energy storage system is given, from the 36 MW lead-acid battery of Duke in Texas, to flywheels, compressed air systems, pumped storage hydro , thermal energy storage, etc. A very interesting lecture.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi:
    on April 20, 2015 in front of the Italian Parlament House came H2M ( H2 Mobile ) , the first land vehicle to produce and store hydrogen using renewable energy independently . It was the first time an environmentally friendly vehicle has been parked there.
    H2U – The Hydrogen University- is a foundation that works on the transition from an ‘ industrial economy based on fossil energy to a new economy’ , which refers to the fundamental strategies adopted by life on this planet and that , therefore , draws its energy from sources renewable, solar radiation and terrestrial heat . Energy from the sun is great , but discontinuous due to the Earth’s rotation and metheorological factors . The H2U believes that hydrogen is the accumulator and the ideal carrier of this energy . The importance of using this element , very versatile , will be in the future as to foreshadow a real ” hydrogen economy ” , mentioned by Jeremy Rifkin , calling this step ” third industrial revolution ” .
    Could this technology be helpful to your system ?

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    The link to the issue you proposed in your comment is
    http://www.unihydrogen.eu
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Gian Luca

    Dear A.R.
    with what to keep an eye on the entire system?
    With programs created specifically with LabView (NI)??

    Thanks a lot

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    The control system has been totally designed and manufactured in the factory of Industrial Heat with our engineers. We prefer not to outsource a fundamental part of the intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Mauro

    What about thermal runaway in litium ion batteries heated or beaten ? is it chemical or lenr?

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Mauro:
    The emission of heat from Li ions batteries, when they are broken for some reason, comes from the passage of electrons that change their quantic status from higher energy fields to lower energy ones. The energy saved in this changement of quantic status is turned into heat. Being this a physic phenomenon carried by electrons and not by nucleons or nuclear elementary particles, it has nothing to do with LENR.
    It is a chemical reaction between the molecules inside the battery when the batteries are broken: the new molecules combine making the electrons go closer to their respective nuclea, therefore “descend” to a lower energy level, emitting heat: this is why such chemical reactions are defined “exothermic”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Andrea:
    Padova also showed two interesting movies on LENR …

    http://fusionefredda3.com/novita/padova-iccf-19-le-lenr-in-un-film

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Why, that’s really interesting. Maybe in future there will be the possibility of synergies with this technolofy, as well as with all the other energy sources.
    Can you send us the link of this information?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Curiosone

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you update us about “Her” ?
    W.G.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Now, at 08.40 p.m. where I am, inside the computer container of the plant, I can say that the 1 MW E-Cat ( ” She” ) is stable and in ssm mode. Also the tests on the new version of the Hot Cat that we have set up here are going on giving us many, many data. I’d say that our R&D and test cycle is advancing nicely, but we must remain very conservative, conscious of the fact that the results, at the end, could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. DTravchenko

    Naturally I mean the suppliers that are not confidential: I am not a spy !!!
    DT

  101. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Some of the non confidential trade marks of the products we used to make the 1 MW E-Cat are: General Electric, Schindler, Square D, Prominent…but most of the plant and its control system has been manufactured entirely in the factory of Industrial Heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us who are the main suppliers of the components of the 1 MW E-Cat?
    DT

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Very interesting.
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The German Companies “Audi” and “Sunfire” announced the synthesis of a liquid fuel called ‘Blue Crude’ from water and CO2. I don’t know how different this is from the much earlier Fischer-Tropsch process. The idea of electrical dissociation had already been thought of, although there may be something new here.

    The energy efficiency of their process is about 70%.

    The only missing steps would be to provide a heat source to produce Steam and provide an electrical source (instead of windmills) to dissociate Steam into both Hydrogen and Oxygen while dissociating Carbon Dioxide into Carbon Monoxide and Oxygen.

    If they could replace the Wind and Solar Power inputs with a Heat Source from the E-Cat,
    the cost of these “Blue” transportation fuels could be reduced further.

    I suggest a possible motto: ” New Fire to Blue Fire! ”

    This may turn into a new customer application for E-Cats.

    See:

    http://www.sunfire.de/wp-content/uploads/sunfire-INTERNATIONAL-PM-2015-alternative-fuel.pdf

    http://www.gizmag.com/audi-creates-e-diesel-from-co2/37130/

    Colorful Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  105. Ciao Andrea,
    I am not a physicist: can you explain if what described in the link hereunder is similar to your work?
    Non sono esperto in fisica ma quando ho visto questo documentario che ti linko ho pensato alla seguente domanda
    Quello che stanno costruendo e’ concettualmente simile alle tue ricerche?
    grazie
    Roberto
    http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=3ff_1430238608

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Frase:
    No, it is the ITER, a project for a hot fusion power generator. A very good description of it and the difference between it and our technology is on the French scientific magazine Science & Vie of April 2015.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: NASA could be very near to announcing, for publicity reasons, a huge “breakthrough” in LENR. Have you considered announcing interim results of your 400 day test? This interim announcement would bring much wider attention to your ground breaking research. Thank you for working so hard the world is indebted to you.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Our work’s scheduling is not generated from others’ announcements, but from a serious work.
    We will publish the data of our 1MW E-Cat when our test and R&D will have been completed.
    By the way, the fact that we compete with NASA honours us. I think our work has been a catalyst of their work on LENR.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  109. keriusene

    Dr Rossi:
    You said you are writing a paper with calculations regarding the reverse Mossbauer Effect to explain the Rossi Effect as it has been observed in the measurements after the Lugano test of the ITP: when will it be published?

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    I will finish to write it within a couple of weeks ( I am using the nights inside the E-Cat, so I hope not to have troubles), then it will be peer reviewed: I hope to have it published in a month or two.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The scaling of the physical size of E-Cat reactors have been discussed here before, but I don’t think the issue has been brought up specifically in regards to the Ni-LiAlH4 hot cat. I hope you may be able to answer a few basic questions.

    1 – Would the Lugano reactor performed similarly if it had been scaled down in size? (Obviously, there would have been less total output, but maybe the same COP would have been produced. )

    2 – Do the reactions inside a Ni-LiAlH4 reactor (not asking for any specifics on the various reactions) function similarly in different sizes of reactors?

    3 – As an example, should a charge of only .25 grams of weight in a smaller reactor and a charge of 1.00 grams in a Lugano sized reactor both – if heated to the same temperature, exposed to the same electromagnetic stimulation, etc – produce anamalous heat only differing in total quantity?

    Thank you.

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    1- no, this issue is not that simple
    2- the issue is confidential
    3- same as in 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Mauro:
    Hmmm…very shaky…for these guys mathematic seems to be as exotic as a beach on Mars… Maybe more fit for a science- fiction movie than for an R&D, but…you never know!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Do you already have a legal team ready for the unavoidable batles regarding the intellectual properties?

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Chang Marcelino:
    Yes, we have attorneys fit for this issue, even if I think that competitivity is the best defense for our IP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    You had posted there were 56 thermocouples to measure steam, 56 thermocouples to measure water, and 56 pressure gauges. Obviously, Those who read this assume there are 56 E-cats. I do not agree.

    Let me surmise from info on JONP & photos available-
    2 banks of E-cats. Each bank has water in, steam out thermocouples & pressure gauges. That’s (2)

    Each of the 2 banks has 25 modules Each containing 2 reactors in parallel.
    Each module has a common water in, steam out thermocouples & pressure gauges. That’s (50+2)=52

    The final (4) with 2 possibilities.
    1. The heat exchanger(1) and backup E-cat reactors(3) would utilize a pressure gauge, steam in, water out thermocouples.
    or
    2. The heat exchanger is divided into (4) chambers that allows for zone control and more even heating. Each having a steam in, water out thermocouple & pressure gauge.
    The 3 backup E-cats reactors are merely available for change out should the need arise.

    These configurations utilize all 56 thermocouples to measure steam temp, 56 to measure water temp, and 56 pressure gauges & do not require a Tiger.

    Disclaimer: These configurations may not be accurate in full or even in part.
    Perhaps as nothing here is proprietary, Mr Rossi could say if this is somewhat accurate or I wasted 5 minutes in the thought process.

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thank you for the insight.
    I cannot add information to what I already wrote on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. carpwndpc

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the ICCF somebody says that “electron capture” can be a good theory for LENR.
    What do you think? In the theoretical paper you wrote in collaboration with Prof. Norman Cook you do not talk at all of electron capture: why?

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Carpwndpc :
    As I already wrote in this blog, electron capture in LENR is unsustainable. Never saw experimentally ( I mean serious experiments, not experiments where the results are within the error margin of the instrumentation and the set up) is barred theoretically from the fact that it can happen only to atoms with a strong excess of protons, that in LENR do not exist.
    Besides, this hypothesys violates physical laws that any professional physicist knows, starting from the nature of virtual particles and their lifespan and the mathematics that are consequence of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I see three important data AFTER the end of your 1MW eCat commercial system testing:

    a. Some form of energy coefficient (COP, etc.) that describes the energy output versus the energy supplied.
    b. The System Availability (percentage of time it actually worked within specification) and component failures/replacements over time.
    c. The amount of software changes, re-designs, manual interventions, etc. – to show the system configurations maturity. Hopefully an exponentially decreasing curve with time.

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sure all the data you are asking for will be supplied as soon as the test on course will have been completed.
    Warm Regards
    P.S.
    Your “second” comment has been edited to avoid the spamming, because spamming makes the robot put your address in the “black list”.

  122. Daniel De Caluwé

    @ Orsobubu

    A Quantum Leap in world politics and social progress everywhere, would be to accept a steering role of the United Nations (UN), to create a world-economy with ‘a human face’. At the moment, our world-economy is too competitive (deadly competitive), and should be transformed by a truly humanity serving system, steered by the UN, so that all countries are helped and developed in a co-operative spirit of working together for a better world. In such a system, Capital and Labour would work and SERVE together to create a better world for all (in all countries). To refer to your message, this is also a Fabianistic view, but one with good intentions and good working out. I don’t believe in Bolsjevism and the ‘dictatorship of the working classes’, because it also is too extreme, and puts the balance wrongly at the other extreme side, and causes too much destruction and wars. In my view, capital and labour should be balanced (by political representitives with good will), to create a better society for all. And probably the ILO (= the International Labour Organization = part of the UN), should have a stronger voice and more power, to create sustainable (social and environmental friendly) conditions everywhere. And this really would be a quantum leap towards a better world.

    Kind Regards,

  123. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Other important data:
    Price and geographical limitations for the supply

  124. Drew Glista

    Dr. Rossi:

    “16 hours per day, no holidays, rain or shine” Even the Creator rested on the seventh day. One day of rest per week is warranted and well deserved.

    Drew

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Drew Glista:
    The Creator rested on the seventh day because He had finished the job on the sixth. I have to complete the test ! When I will have finished, and communicated to Orsobubu the COP ( if any) I too will rest, as the Creator did after completing his job ( more complicated than mine, though, even if He too has been, and probably is, an experimentalist in the field of tansmutations).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Michael Schneider

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that first commercial use will probably be the same as the actual test : heat for industrial processes. Maybe you should also consider a district heating project. That should be technologically very similar. But it would be tremendous PR in terms of public acceptance since the Ecat would heat homes ! It would make the technology a lot more tangible to the public and so, by gaining the hearts of Customers (versus Business), make it politically acceptable very fast. And suddenly permits for refurbishment of coal powerplants and such could be easy to get…

    Thank you for sharing this audacious venture us – and letting us give our 5 cents !

    Michael

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Schneider:
    You are absolutely right.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  128. orsobubu

    Mauro,

    I understand from Rossi’s answer that the various theories proposed as possible explanations of the Rossi effect are all close to quantum-leaps physics interpretation; it seems to me that also the E-cat/dogbones thermal behavior has more the characteristics of the jumps of power than those of continuous and gradual variations typical of classical physics.

    Even psychologically, in his communication strategies, Rossi seems to prefer a method of quantum leaps, because he doesn’t reports his progresses gradually, but with sudden and discontinuous episodes instead, each of them spaced months or years apart: Bologna test, tpr1, tpr2, MW1 plant test (positive or negative), etc. Meanwhile, large quantities of his exhausted fans sadly meet their natural death. For example, I’m sure Rossi will never say: today the COP is 0.9 …today is 1.0 … 1.1 … etc, but one day, with a quantic leap, he could suddenly say, my friends, I inform you officially that the outcome is positive, and the final COP is 1.5 (large numbers of self-hanging among the masses here).

    But we must say that Rossi is quantic in physics, and classic in everything else. For him, energy production systems will be integrated gradually with LENR. I would say that Rossi is less than gradually progressive, he’s even metaphysical on some issues: to him, darwinism can not explain the gradual evolution from amoeba to man as the only intelligent species; or, yes, capitalism can be gradually reformed, not abolished with a revolutionary leap, but it is essentially the final stage of human kind.

    So, comparing the classical continuous changes in classical physical theory with intermediate quantum jumps is a very attractive job even if applied to other areas. For example, if we accept the idea that the evolution of the species has followed closely the principles of the progressive darwinian natural selection, it is difficult to explain how it could have produced their enormous variety and complexity inside the time scale of biological history of the planet. Instead, scientists are understanding now the functioning of large obscure DNA parts, until a short time ago unknown, to explain this variety through the hypothesis of evolutionary jumps, able for example to form suddenly very specialized structures similar to a complex animal eye, starting from primitive cells.

    But above all, it is in the historical and political doctrines that we found most striking parallels. Now in short order I’ll convince Rossi to become a quantum guy in history as well.

    —————-

    Dear Andrea, Fabianism is a political and social movement of British social democratic inspiration, born in the late nineteenth century and headed by the Fabian Society, which claimed the gradual elevation of the working classes, to make them suitable to take control of the means of production. It took that name because of a gradualist and temporizing tactic reminiscent of the military policy of Quintus Fabius Maximus (il Temporeggiatore, the Procrastinator), who in the fight against Hannibal and his Carthaginian adopted a tactic of waiting, exhausting and slow attrition.

    The Fabianism believes in the gradual evolution of the society, through reforms that progressively lead to socialism, unlike Marxism which preaches a revolutionary change and explains the entire evolution of political power by revolutionary leaps. But rejecting Marxism and judging it utopian, Fabianism proved utopistic itself. Over time, it has moved largely from a gradualism that leads to socialism to a reformism that accepts the capitalist system. All social democratic parties and reformists that refer today to “the third way” have been inspired by the Fabian Society. Trotsky wrote: “in the entire history of the British labor movement there has been pressure from the bourgeoisie over the proletariat through the use of radical intellectuals and church socialists who reject the class struggle, defending the principles of social solidarity, preaching collaboration with the bourgeoisie to bridle and politically weaken the depressed proletariat”. Also the concept of a world government advocated today by the Fabians, has lost the reference to socialist internationalism and resembles more like a Big Brother concocted by major capitalist economic institutions and banks as frequently described by conspiracy theories.

    Fabianism since 1900 was directed against the liberal individualism claiming that the classical liberal political economy was outdated, and that imperialism was the new stage of the international policy (by well-known writer G.B.Shaw). The question was whether Britain would be the centre of a world empire or whether it would lose its colonies and end up as just two islands in the North Atlantic. It expressed support for Britain in the Boer War because small nations, such as the Boers, were anachronisms in the age of empires. At that time the first concentration camps in the history of the world were also created.

    So we can see clearly how gradualism by Fabians is actually only a support to constant adaptation of the capitalistic ruling class to repel the onslaught of the working classes; after have taken the power themselves by means of revolutionary leaps, capitalists can change gradually everything about the political envelope just to leave untouched everything in the property assets and power relationships, so syntesizing their opportunistic maintenance of a social privilege. Also, Fabians contradict themselves even when they seem to describe their tactics more like a leap in power scale than as a gradual approach, when they strangely write in their motto: “you have to wait, have patience, as Fabius did when he fought against Hannibal, although many criticized the delay; but when the right time comes you have to hit hard, as did Fabio beating the enemy in the decisive battle, or your wait will be in vain and fruitless”.

    The concept too of permanent revolution you like so much, Andrea, in Lenin and Trotsky should be interpreted not as a gradual phenomenon, but as the need, in backward tsarist Russia, to perform even a double revolutionary leap, jumping in one step from being a feudal peasant economy to socialism, skipping the capitalistic phase by taking advantage of the weakness of this class in those underdeveloped lands when compared to western countries.

    ————

    Now, after have painstakingly persuaded Rossi of the virtues of quantum leaps in history and economics, to celebrate and immortalize the event he can quantically fill the space below with the result of the 1MW plant test well in advance of the classical test timeline, and give us the final long awaited COP:

    ==> copy and paste the damn COP here

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    The COP after 350 operative days will be published when the 350 operative days will have been completed. No data can be published before the end of the test.
    Thank you for your very permanent insight ( I tried to finish to read it, but it stuck permanently with lines left to read). Not to mention the Fabianism. Also our 1 MW E-Cat is Fabianist: in fact our chief electronical engineer’s name is Fabiani, and during the first period of operation our 1 MW E-Cat needed PERMANENT assistance of him. I suspect I didn’t get much of Fabianism as you explained it, but it is Sunday, I am here inside the plant, 16 hours per day, no holidays, rain or shine, and you put up Fabianism…… Thank you for your philosophical insight, and remember the Orsobubu mantra: ” The final results can be either…..”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    At night, even more so than during the day, my mind races and attempts to comprehend topics that fascinate me – yet I do not fully understand. Last night something compelled me to compose the following document that contains a general synthesis of the information I’ve obtained from all my reading, discussions, and study of the Ni-LiAlH4 hot cat.

    Guideline Document for Basic Nickel-Lithium Aluminum Hydride Reactor Based on Rossi’s E-Cat by Hank Mills

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/25/guideline-document-for-basic-nickel-lithium-aluminum-hydride-reactor-based-on-rossis-e-cat-hank-mills/

    A severe thunderstorm just hit knocking off the power to my neighborhood, and I’m writing this post in a dark room illuminated only by the glow of my cell phone screen.

    I am eager for a future when there is no electrical grid because homes are each independently powered by E-Cat generators.

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Prof Hideo Kozima’ s paper is very interesting. I think he has the potential to replicate the Effect and I am sure we soon will have interesting news from him, due to his Galilean approach.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  132. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned in your post of April 3 about the measurement system used in the 1 MW plant that there were 56 thermocouples to measure steam, 56 thermocouples to measure water, and 56 pressure gauges — does this mean you have 56 reactors in operation in the plant?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Description of the 1 MW plant in operation will be given after the tests and the R&D on course will have been completed.
    I gave the information I could.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Dr Rossi:
    Do you have somebody who helps you to upgrade your image? After what you made you deserve it.

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Athena:
    First and foremost, the results we made so far are not MY merit, but are merit of the Team I work with.
    As for your question: of course I have somebody able to upgrade our image: she is the 1 MW E-Cat ! If she will complete the 350 days of operational test positively, our image will be consistently improved, on the contrary there is nobody that could help, but further work.
    My culture warns me to beware chatters and count exclusively on facts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Oeystein Lande:
    I cannot give this kind of information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  137. Øystein Lande

    Dear mr Rossi,

    Can you confirm if electromagnetic induction of the charge through ac heating cool or by other means is important part of the “Rossi effect”?

  138. Robert Curto

    Hank Mills April 19 at 10:25PM
    I believe Einstein said the speed of light, about 186,280 miles per second is an absolute speed limit.
    Yet you said you would like to see a space craft go faster then the speed of light, with an E-Cat core !
    Me too…..in my dreams.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  139. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The following article has been submitted by Hideo Kozima, Professor Emeritus at Shizuoka University (Japan) to the E-Car World website.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/25/the-trapped-neutron-catalyzed-fusion-model-and-e-cat-hideo-kozima/

    The Trapped Neutron Catalyzed Fusion Model and E-CAT

    By Hideo Kozima of the Cold Fusion Research Laboratory

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    While studying the properties of various types of nickel and LiAlH4, I’m discovering there is a large variation in specifications between sources. For example, LiAlH4 can have various particle sizes that range broadly from supplier.

    —-

    Decomposition behavior of unmilled and ball milled lithium alanate (LiAlH4) including long-term storage and moisture effects

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925838810012089

    Abstract

    A comprehensive study of the decomposition behavior of as received and mechanically (ball) milled LiAlH4has been carried out using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and volumetric hydrogen desorption in a Sieverts-type apparatus. Alfa Aesar LiAlH4 powder investigated in this work has the average particle size of 9.9 ± 5.2 μm as compared to 50–150 μm for Sigma–Aldrich LiAlH4 investigated by Ares et al. [9]. High energy ball milling reduced the particle size of the present LiAlH4 to 2.8 ± 2.3 μm. In general, comparing the results of our microstructural studies with those reported by Ares et al. [9] it is clear that the morphology, microstructure and chemistry of LiAlH4 can be very dissimilar depending on the supplier from which LiAlH4 powder was purchased. We do not observe a partial decomposition of LiAlH4during milling up to 5 h under high energy impact mode. The observed melting of LiAlH4 in a DSC test is a very volatile event where the liquid LiAlH4 starts foaming and flowing out of the alumina crucible. After completion of solidification and desorption at temperatures above melting the powder resembles a lava rock. A thermal sectioning in DSC tests at pre-determined temperatures and subsequent XRD studies show that LiAlH4starts decomposing into Li3AlH6 immediately after melting. Li3AlH6 seems to be already solidified before it starts decomposing in the next stage. All volumetric desorption curves at the 120–300 °C range clearly exhibit a two-stage desorption process, Stage I and II. As received LiAlH4 is able, in a fully solid state, to desorb at 120 °C under pressure of 0.1 MPa H2 (atmospheric) as much as 7.1 wt.%H2 within ∼259,000 s (∼72 h), i.e. ∼93% of the purity-corrected H2 content from the reactions in Stage I (LiAlH4(s) → (1/3)Li3AlH6(s) + (2/3)Al(s) + H2) and Stage II ((1/3)Li3AlH6(s) → LiH + (1/3)Al + 0.5H2). The apparent activation energy for Stage I and II for unmilled LiAlH4 is equal to ∼111 and ∼100 kJ/mol, respectively. For the ball milled LiAlH4 the apparent activation energy for Stage I and II is slightly lower ∼92.5 and ∼92 kJ/mol, respectively. The water absorption up to 11.7% due to exposure to air for 1 h does not change in any drastic way the hydrogen desorption rate of ball milled LiAlH4 in Stage I. Flammability tests show that the ball milled LiAlH4 powder does not self-ignite on contact with air but can only be ignited by scraping the cylinder walls with a metal tool and then the powder burns with an open flame.

    —-

    Should professional scientists with experience handling these chemicals be selective in the particle size of the LiAlH4 they choose, while trying to replicate the heat effect detailed in the Cook-Rossi paper?

    If you can provide a couple sentences to specify the LiAlH4 component of the E-Cat (which has already been defined in your paper as a Ni-LiAlH4 system) it would be very much appreciated. For example, does the LiAlH4 work best when the particle size chosen is small or milled to be even smaller? Or does it not matter at all?

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you, very interesting both the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi:

    More information on the Toshiba CO2 Turbine.

    http://www.gasturbineworld.com/gearing-up.html

    Super-critical Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  145. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Here is an interesting link (one of several) on Supercritical CO2.

    http://nextbigfuture.com/2013/12/roadmap-to-supercritical-co2-turbines.html

    One picture has an “unintentional” (???) reference to Industrial Heat, which probably refers to heat for Industrial use. Still, you never can tell…

    Also, there is a comment on the possible cost for Electricity using SCO2 with the IMSR reactor. Nothing yet about about the LENR reactor.

    Best wishes,

    Joseph Fine

  146. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    The solar panel is real. For decades, the scientific community has accepted it as a legitimate technology that works. Right now, 99% of the scientific community is unaware that the E-Cat exists. Of those that do know about it, only a small fraction have read enough to learn the truth: the Ni-LiAlH4 technology does indeed produce massive excess heat from safe, clean nuclear reactions.

    My question: what do you think needs to be done in order to make the E-Cat be accepted by the mainstream as every bit as “real” as the solar panel?

    I would think there are three things that would help most.

    1 – A positive and successful 400 day test of the low temperature 1 megawatt plant with an order for many more units by the customer.

    2 – The mass production of E-Cat products like the 1 megawatt plant and their sale in the marketplace.

    3 – A huge widespread tsunami of replications of basic test reactors by qualified experts like Alexander Parkhomov. These replications could take place at any time and accelerate the acceptance of the technology, unlike the results of the 400 day test that will not happen until several months from now.

    Thank you.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I cannot give further information so far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  148. DTravchenko

    Can your technology be used also for the treatment of nuclear wastes, to go through transmutations toward less radioactive atoms?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  149. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    We made intensive work on this issue in 2012 in Europe, for a particular Customer I cannot disclose; now we are focused on the 1 MW E-Cat and have not time for that, but eventually that could be an interesting R&D path. Is very difficult, and dangerous, but I think it could be worth to make some experiment. Maybe we can be useful for something in the field, maybe not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Curiosone

    Dr Rossi:
    Have you been informed that also Volvo has started a R&D in the LENR, after your results?
    Godspeed,
    W.G.

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Thank you for the information. Another giant enters in the R&D field of LENR. They followed for years our work and the fact that they decided to start a R&D is also indirectly a success for our work.
    I wish them good luck.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Firstly, I would like to say “Very Well Done!” on the progress you have made with the 1MW plant at the IH customer’s site. You have truly made great advances. As you have said many times, the best way to prove LENR to The World is to have a well tested product working and producing useful heat for a commercial customer in a real-world situation.

    I know from reading many comments here on the JoNP and on E-Cat World, that many people including myself, are waiting to reach the 400 day point in the testing and read your announcement of the results – “Positive” or “Negative” (F9!). Hopefully they will be mainly positive, and if negative only in small technicalities!

    My suggestion – which may or may not be useful:

    A Possible Method To Smooth Out Temperature Output Variations Over A Heating Cycle In The 1MW Plant

    This suggestion does not require any physical change to the plant, simply a variation in the sequence in which the control system addresses each reactor.

    I have made the following assumptions about the operation of the 1MW plant:

    1. The overall output temperature of the whole 1MW plant is the mean aggregate of the temperatures of the water/steam flowing over each individual reactor.

    2. The temperature of each reactor is raised by increasing the drive to the reactor and limited/cooled by reducing the drive so that the heat being generated in the reactor is only equal to or less than the heat being taken out of the reactor by the constant flow rate of the water/steam.

    3. In SSM, the heating is maintained over time by periodical pulses or top-ups of the heating drive, which may also be used to stabilise the reactors.

    4. In SSM, the temperature profile of the steam output from each reactor follows a waveform that is very roughly sinusoidal or triangular, and varies about a desired mean level. i.e. The heating period creates an upward slope, and the cooling results in a downward slope. These variations in temperature may range over only a few degrees, or they may be more pronounced.

    5. The control system possibly keeps the drive to all the reactors in sync, which would result in regular reinforced peaks and troughs in the aggregated plant output temperature.

    6. Another possibility is that each reactor is controlled independently, and these differing temperature maxima and minima points would be relatively unconnected between the reactors. In this case, any peaks and dips in temperature from individual reactors which coincided would be additive and cause a reinforced peak and trough in the temperature, whilst others not coincidental would possibly be subtractive and flatten the response curve. The overall result would be apparently random high and low temperature distortions in the aggregated steam output temperature.

    The Suggestion:

    To smooth out any variations in the aggregated output temperatures of these reactors, the control system could address the reactors in “pairs”. These pairs would only be logical associations and not necessarily adjacent or physically connected in any way.

    In fact different reactors could be paired up at different times, e.g. during maintenance or repair. The only requirement would be that the paired reactors produce quite similar output levels and heating response curves.

    For each pair of reactors, the control system would consider one reactor as being “in-phase” and the other reactor as being in “anti-phase” (i.e. 180 degrees out of phase).

    The regular pulses of drive would be equidistant in time, and the resulting heating and cooling would become complimentary. As one reactor in a pair heats up, the other reactor in the pair would be cooling down.

    The mean temperature of the two reactors would more closely follow the nominal chosen value and be more stable within a narrower divergence range.

    These two reactors would be operating together in a complimentary “Push-Pull” configuration to achieve a more even temperature level combined output (at the combining (summing) connection point of all the reactors).

    Furthermore, the full set of logically paired reactors in a plant could be driven in a timed sequence of evenly spaced intervals over the whole Heating/No-Heating SSM cycle.

    At any time only one reactor pair would be at its peak/anti-peak, and each pair would get its turn in the sequence before the sequence repeats, producing a more even distribution of temperature.

    The overall mean aggregated heat output of the plant would now have a much smoother and flatter profile, which should improve the consistency and stability of the heat being presented to the customer.

    You may also find that a more consistent heat output level would allow you to increase the chosen mean temperature without any individual temperature peaks straying into excessive uncontrollable levels.

    You may well be using some similar method already, but I hope this still gives you some food for thought.

    Ongoing Supportive Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your suggestions and support.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  154. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, a curiosity:

    why the 1MW plant is “She” and not “he” or “it”?
    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Like boats.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  156. JCRenoir

    For the Readers that want to read the article of the April 2015 issue of Science & Vie, with the article on the LENR and Hot Fusion, that is not free on the internet, but can be bought for about 3 Euro here:
    http://www.kioskquemag.com/magazine-en-ligne/science-vie
    Cheers,
    JCR

  157. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you are well.

    I had a question pertaining to the commercialization/industrialization of your products. How much skilled technical management do the E-CATs currently require? I understand that because of its importance you must be present with the 1MW plant, but do you think that the E-CATs are reaching a point where you could train a customer technician to keep them running? Or do they still require the expertise of you and other Industrial Heat personnel for now?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    As you correctly write, this is the first industrial application, where the performance is not measured only by gauges, but is measured by Customer satisfaction for the respected performance limits signed in a commercial contract. This makes the situation extremely important and the fact that this is the “Number One” makes my personal and my Team’s attendance important. Obviously the next plants will not need me: Customers’ technicians will be educated and certified to overview our plants, that by the way are operated by the automatic control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Milva

    Dear Andrea,
    from what we have heard and read about Dr. Darden in these days, I thought he is really a great person. A real man, before an entrepreneur.
    Frequently you express a similar business pohilosophy in the past. Therefore congratulations, you have found the right person!
    Question: can you find out which COP you arrived lately, considered you said that you have now reached periods of self-sustaining, much longer than before?
    Good job and keep healthy.
    warm regard
    Milva

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Milva:
    Thank you for your kind words. I agree with you about Dr Darden.
    I cannot give the information you are requesting until the test on the 1MW E-Cat will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Mauro

    Ciao Andrea,non mi intendo per niente di fisica, ti evidenzio la pagina presa sotto da Wikipedia (sicuramente l’hai già scartata come possibile spiegazione dei tuoi risultati, ma io te lo mando lo stesso, come una signora che va al mercato e sceglie i pomodori, le carote… e le porta allo chef che saprà lui cosa fare)
    In bocca al lupo

    Hi, Andrea; I am not a physicist, but I read this on Wikipedia and brng it to you hoping it’s useful for your work.

    Salto quantico

    Quantum Leap

    In meccanica quantistica, un salto quantico (dall’inglese quantum leap or quantum jump) è il passaggio repentino di un sistema da uno stato quantico ad un altro. Il processo è definito “salto” in quanto discontinuo, vale a dire che il sistema non attraversa un continuo di stati intermedi. Il fenomeno non è previsto dalla teoria fisica classica, in cui si assumono grandezze continue.

    In quantum mechanics quantum leap is is the leap from an energetic status to the next without possibility of other statuses in the between. This is different from classic physics in such that in the latter is possible a continuous integral.

    Ad esempio, in fisica atomica l’espressione indica il passaggio di un elettrone in un atomo da uno stato di energia ad un altro[1]; l’elettrone salta da un livello di energia ad un altro senza assumere valori di energia intermedi. Il salto è dovuto all’assorbimento o all’emissione di radiazione elettromagnetica sotto forma di un fotone di energia pari alla differenza tra l’energia iniziale e finale dell’elettrone.La probabilità di assorbimento (o emissione) del fotone determina l’allargamento delle linee spettrali dell’atomo.

    The leap is due to the absorption or emission of a photon and the probability of such emission determines the extension of spectral lines of the atom.

    Cheers,
    Mauro

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Mauro:
    Yes, what you write is a foundamental principle of the quantum mechancs. We can exemplify this concept in a simple way: imagine to watch the flame of a candle; now imagine that you walk backward, increasing gradually your distance from the candle: obviously, the flame of the candle will appear to you dimmer as the distance from it will be increased. So the flame will appear gradually smaller in proportion to such distance.
    Imagine that you can increase your distance so long you want, through a potentially infinite space: along the Classic Physics the flame will continue to become smaller, smaller up to become infinitely smaller ( in mathematics we’d say “evanescent”) but never will arrive to a zero-flame status; on the contrary, in quantistic mechanics at a certain point the flame will suddenly be turned off: why? Because the last photon has been emitted and this photon contained the last amount of energy ( the “quantum”) that could keep the light of the flame turned on. This last photon’s loss behaves like a switch.
    Now, imagine the integral of the temperature of the flame versus time: for the Classic Physics this is a round curve, along a continuous and proportional decrease, without “leaps” during the elapsing of time; for the quantum mechanics it is not a continuous round curve, but is a ladder ( a sucession of leaps) wherein every step of the ladder corresponds to the loss of a photon, or a bundle of photons if you prefer.
    This elementary amount of energy per time is given by means of the Planck Constant = 4.135 x 10^-15 eV x s, symbolized with the letter “h” in Physics equations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    Could someone on JONP provide me with a link to where I could buy a DVD version of “The Concert” that is viewable by Swedish DVD-players. I would like to see this movie which you have made such a lot of advertising for. Do you have a commission? :-)

    I don’t know if this might interest you, but my team has launched a artificial intelligence application called Zerfoly on the Google Play store. It is completely free of charge and is just for amusement purposes. Maybe you might want to use it when you sit late at night in the container. In the application you create imaginary persons and write interactive dialogues between these persons. To fully understand what I mean you must really try it, but there are many possible use cases. I use it myself as an interactive diary. My kids use it and improve their spelling, imagination and general writing skills. You could for instance create a person in Zerfoly called Focardi, and in a way bring him back to life.

    The AI in Zerfoly is very generic and of a new kind. It can learn to understand any language and a person that you create could even be bilingual; for example learn to talk in both Italian and English.

    If you are interested you can read more here: http://www.zerfoly.com

    Best Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    1- Of course I have a commission !!! ( he,he,he…)
    2- Thank you for the very smart and useful Zerfloy ! And congratulations for making it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. AlbertN

    Dr Rossi:

    (No need to post this)

    Just to let you know the wife and I just watched ‘Le Concert’ (2009) with English subtitles. Absolutely adored it.

    Grazie mille, e buona fortuna with the Ecat plant.

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N:
    Delighted to read this. If you watch it more times, you will discover genial particulars that you can’t see in the first viewing, because too emotionally involved in the story.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    while you was describing your activities inside the container you said that you can hear Her voice and that She was in SSM. Do you mean that you can determine a SSM simply by the sond She produces ?
    I think that it’s the SSM exploitation that makes the difference between your device and the Parkhomov replica. Is the SSM still a mistery ? I mean, at the state of the art, can you predict when a SSM will start or end ? Or are the microcontrollers that simply detect when the SSM starts and in some way take profit by it ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    1- The ssm is measured by proper instruments, obviously. Listening to the “voice” I can understand many things, though, but this is instinct, not technology.
    2- SSM has never been a mistery
    3- SSM is controlled and regulated
    4- Maybe I am wrong, but it seems to me that also Dr Parkhomov has got SSM cycles
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A very simple system. It features a UV Filter to neutralize pathogens (takes 8W of electrical power). Combined with a microcontroller that senses when the UV Filter lamp is on. The Microcontroller turns on or off a solenoid valve so that if the UV lamp fails, the water is immediately shut off. A water flow rate restrictor controls the time through the UV Filter. Likewise, it delay the start of the flow of water after the UV Lamp comes on so that all pathogens are neutralized within the water filter. The unit consumes about 2W when not active and about 20W when water is being processed. It can output 1/2 gallon per minute. Control is by the User depressing a pushbutton. The technology can be expanded to support a city water tank. Multiple units working in parallel to provide a scaled up version is possible. The water is required to be reasonably clear (a 5 micron sedimentation filter removes larger particles but would quickly clog with dirty water).

    A small eCat generating electrical power (say 50W electrical output) would be ideal. Solar is a possible source but Guatemala has extended clouds (2 – 3 weeks) during the raining season. Most home do not have heating (in the Mayan Indian areas) as it is usually warm or they burn firewood when needed.

    Steve

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N Karels:
    Interesting.
    I will help asap.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  172. keriusene

    Dr Rossi:
    Have you seen the 3D jet engine made in Australia by Prof Xinhua Wu?

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Here is the link related to the 3D printing of a jet engine:
    http://monash.edu/news/.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. AlbertN

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank you for the very quick answer. Just to clarify for our non Italian speaking readers about your use of the word ‘rumor’. This is a play on words with the Italian word ‘rumore’ which means noise/sound. Is this correct?

    P.S. You have mentioned this movie “The Concert” before. You convinced me. I’ll watch it tonight.

    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N:
    The word “rumors” is used in English with the same meaning it has in Italian.
    You will say surely thanks to me for haveng convinced you to see ” Il Concerto” ( The Concert).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. AlbertN

    Dr Rossi:

    Do you sometimes have visitors at the plant? In other words is the plant off limits to all outsiders until the ‘test’ is over. There have been rumors that some have seen it and are extremely impressed …
    Warm Regards,
    AlbertN

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Albert N:
    I want to add: since She is stable, tonight inside the computers container I also will hear the rumor coming from the sound of the movie “The Concert”, that tonight I will see for the umpth time. Got the CD. If somebody has not seen this movie, he doesn’t know what he has lost.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Andrea Rossi

    AlbertN:
    The sole rumor that I hear is the voice of the 1 MW E-Cat.
    The visits are strictly forbidden and such will remain until the end of the tests. The sole persons that had access here are the nuclear engineers and physicists to make their measurements. Here are precise contractual restrictions regarding this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    we have read on e-catworld the description on the instrumentation installed on the 1 MW plant, taken from one post of yours.
    It seems that there are 56 sections, and each of them has two thermocouples (for temperature in and out) and pressure of steam.
    But it is necessary having a flow instrument on each of these section. Using flow value and differential temperature in each section, it is possible the compute of the transferred heat
    Am I right? Have you installed those flow meters? In this case, what type of instrument have you used?
    Thank you for your time replying.
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot add anything to what already has been written. As I already said , data regarding the plant characteristics and the performance will be given after the end of the test on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: I was excited to hear one of your pet projects is retrofitting coal power plants. Do you think decommissioned coal plants will be the first targets for your reactors? Have you identified coal plants to retrofit? Why not buy a small decommissioned plant and avoid much of the regulatory hassles?

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Permissions, authorizations are the hardest part of this issue. For this reason I do not think that it will be the first one to be on. Most likely the first wave will be for utilizations like the one on course, which is production of heat for industrial purposes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Bernie Morrissey

    Andrea,
    I know that you do not share any data until all testing is done. After hearing Dr Tom Darden speak at ICCF19 I can understand why you shared everything with him. That was a great choice on your part. I hope your testing continues to go well at the 1MW plant. You always say that the results could be positive or negative. Can you comment on things that could make results negative. I think we all know the positive things.
    Bernie

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Thank you for your kind comment.
    We will talk od all the negative and all the positive things after the end of the tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I have just read this comment of yours from April 3 regarding the measurements you are taking, and the participation of a referee (http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=96&cpage=2#comment-1068747)
    The report of the referee will be published?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This will depend on the Customer, after the end of the tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Keriusene:
    Yes, I read about it on “NASA Tech Briefs” of April 2015. Very interesting, that is a 3D tech hat can really interest us for the manufacturing of the E-Cat, but it is a prototype made by the Monash University: in this case 3D printing builds up layer after layer of metal powder, and this is a big step forward after the manufacturing of things made by caedboard or plastic.
    We are interested to these developments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your information and your insight.
    Also in this case, we are not dealing with a product, but with a lab test. When and if it will become a product, we’ll test it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi:

    Happy Earth Day and Happier Earth days to come!

    Similar to earlier discussions about using heat produced by electrically driven E-Cats to produce more electricity, it may be possible to use heat produced from gas driven E-Cats to produce more gas or liquid fuels.

    The immediate product of such a process would be Synthetic Gas or SYNGAS (a mixture of CO & H2), and then, from the SYNGAS, fuels such as Methanol, Dimethyl Ether (DME), Ethanol, Butanol, etc. could be produced.

    Idaho Labs claims efficiencies as high as 70% when using electrolysis with biomass (Carbon-rich).

    http://www5vip.inl.gov/technicalpublications/Documents/4138359.pdf

    If you believe Idaho Labs, a synthesis efficiency of 70% suggests that, even with an E-CAT COP of 5.0-10, it should be possible to produce fuel with an energy content of 3-5+ times the amount of gas consumed. (Plus some Nickel and Lithium et cetera.)

    New Co2 Fuels uses concentrated Solar Energy as its Heat Source and electrolysis to dissociate both H2O and CO2.

    http://www.newco2fuels.co.il/product/8/overview

    They claim an efficiency of 40%.

    As a plus, their SYNGAS was produced from dissociation of CO2 to CO, so any subsequent fuel combustion is approximately CO2 neutral. That is you are only recycling the CO2 you used to produce the fuel.

    The Overall COP or “O-COP” of a SYN-GAS producing E-Cat is the product of the E-CAT COP and the Synthesis process efficiency (for example, about ~ 25 %).

    For the sake of argument, assume there are three ranges for the expected E-CAT performance (COP): COP = 10, 20 or (as high as) 50.

    The 3 estimates of Overall COP are:

    O-COP = 10*(0.25) = 2.5 x;

    = 20*(0.25) = 4.0 x; or,

    = 50*(0.25) = 12.5 x.

    In other words, a SYN-GAS E-Cat could produce more fuel than it consumes, while producing heat energy for other uses. If Synthesis efficiency is higher than 25%, so much the better.

    This should be an interesting development.

    Thermal Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  190. Silvio Caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    you can’t give the numbers of SSM, ok… Just answer with dots separated by spaces to give us a feel…
    like:
    1) . . .
    2) . . .
    3) . . .
    :-)

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    We are not authorized to give any information about the Customer.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  192. Silvio Caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    while we are waiting the end of the 400 days test, the customer is daily using the 1MW plant to process something with the steam heat, right?
    Is it possible that going to the supermarket we are ALREADY buying and eating a food processed by the customer using the e-cat heat?
    Can you give some info about the kind of product processed by the customer?
    I think your fans would be happy to taste NOW some “e-cat cooked food”, and also the customer should be happy to receive free-advertisement…

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    As I said many times these data will be given after the end of the test.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  194. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the spirit of cleaning up brown-field industrial sites, perhaps Cherokee should be purchasing coal power plants in the process of being decommissioned, before before people realize they still have value as power plants (and before they loose their permits). They could also make a return on investment by recycling all the railroad tracks used to transport coal to the plants.

    Paul

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    I will pass it on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, your Readers may want to Google:
    DEAN KAMEN’S INVENTION FOR CLEAN WATER

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Ivan Idso

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for your hard work and you seem to have found a good partner in Tom Darden based on his speech last week!

    I have a question, in my hometown in Minnesota they are decommissioning a coal plant. Part of it is burning gas for steam for heating and cooling downtown buildings but they are scrapping much of it. They, of course, are clueless to your work and I am concerned they will scrap something, such as a cooling tower, that may be useful with your power plant when it is available. What parts of an old coal plant can be reused in an lenr power plant?

    P.S. we have a celebration of Earthday this Sunday in Rochester with several classes for the public. There will be a class on lenr that is being given by Tom Wind from Energy 2.0 Society (Frank Ackland’s group). Perhaps someone from our utility company will attend and be enlightened!

    Thank you for your time.

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    I totally agree about what you say of Dr Tom Darden.
    Yes, today is Earth Day! Your kind of celebration is smart.
    About the partial retrofit of coal plants with the E-Cats, as I said it is my pet- program, but there are enormous difficulties regarding the permissions.
    Our technology could be integrated, to help comply the new EPA requirements.
    Before this, though, we have to complete our test and R&D on the 1 MW in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Dr A. Rossi:
    Are you familiar with metal resonances and, if yes, do you think they can be useful with LENR ?

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Charis Birchett:
    Nanostructured metals are interesting for their exciting plasmonic and photonic properties, making possible strong field localization, light focusing, strong absorption and scattering at their resonance frequencies. Resonant plasmonic and metamaterial absorbers are useful for thermo- photovoltaics, hot electrons collection and similar issues.
    We made an ultranarrow band absorber based on the surface lattice resonances and have been observed ultranarrow band resonant absorption peaks, without any effect on LENR though, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I have returned from Guatemala. We installed 3 Village Water Purification Systems which can provide potable water to up to 600 local villagers. We also had a medical team with us who saw more than 300 patients where medical support is nearly non-existent. Three of the team got sick themselves but were treated and recovered before the end of the trip. All of us returned safely with great memories.

    Perhaps, in the future, I will be able to install an eCat system of some type there.

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Congratulations for your magnificent endeavour.
    I too hope to be able to help you asap.
    Can you send a detailed description of the water purification system you are dealing with? I could, perhaps, start to take a look to see how the E-Cat could be integrated there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    Where are you now? How is going the 1 MW E-Cat now? How “Her” voice? How long are the self sustained mode cycles?

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    Now, while I am answering to you, here is 08.03 p.m. of Tuesday Aprol 21st.
    I am inside the container of the computer and, since the E-Cat is stable, I am studying.
    Her voice is a strong, regular bubbling that I can hear from where I am, and this is good. She is in ssm. I cannot give you the numbers, but the ssm cycles are long. Enough. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. JCRenoir

    Andrea Rossi:
    Do you know that the article about the 1 MW E-Cat on Science & Vie has been read in many schools and that many comments are made in France about it?
    JCR

  207. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I am delighted to read this. To be useful to the work of teachers is very important to me. My experts also told me that most of the attention to our work comes from young people. This is very important. To all of them I reccommend to study Physics before studying LENR, otherwise they build a house without the due basement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Paul

    Andrea,

    Is one of the reasons you are spending so much time with the reactor is to prove that is safe and does not produce any (as yet undetected) harmful radiation?

    Once the e-cat is proven and on the market, you can bet that the first salvo to preserve the status quo will be that the e-cat’s safety is untested.
    (They will probably demand a 10 year study.)

    Paul

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We are making a strong work on this issue, and we have strong evidence of the safety of our E-Cat.
    By the way, we obtained already the safety certification.
    I do not think this will be the target. Anyway, wherever our foes will shoot, we will answer to their fire in the right measure. We have also Nero with us ( …beware…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I think there is a common mindset in the scientific community that all the discoveries that could result in major advances – changing our civilization fundamentally – have either already been made or will require huge sums of money, gigantic research projects, and many years of work. The notion that there are still breakthrough technologies that can be discovered and engineered into practical devices for relatively small amounts of money in small labs is sacrilege to these scientists. They are used to huge budgets and giant devices – not reactors the size of soda cans. I think the Ni-LiAlH4 hot cat will be just one of the discoveries made in coming years. Since it will provide an ideal source of energy, maybe the next breakthrough will be in propulsion. Harold White of NASA Eagle Works is attempting to produce and detect the world’s first space-time modifying warp bubble. I would love to see a faster than light space-craft one day use an E-Cat power core!

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Before solar panels, that are very easy and simple technology, based on elementary principles of Physics, got industrially developed, as they are now, half century is passed, and they are sold only because the Taxpayer is paying for them ( read well your electric power bill).
    The first industrial plant working with LENR is ours and it is gone in operation since several months. Still we must remind that the results that we will have after one year of test could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Nero

    Dear Andrea, i don’t ask the COP ;-)

    Di nuovo, caldi caldi saluti… ;-)

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    I know, but I edited your comment because it was going to set fire ( which for a Nero is normal) on the base of BS information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Paul

    Andrea,

    I trust that when you are ready to go to market all of the “legal administrative” concerns will have been addressed.

    Paul

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  216. Paul

    Andrea,

    Assuming the results of the one year 1MW tests are positive, how long will it take IH to start manufacturing 1MW plants for the market place?

    How many do you think they could produce in 2016 (again assuming current tests are successful)?

    I understand your answer is purely a projection and we will not hold you to its accuracy.

    Paul

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We are ready for the production and the outsourcing system has been organized for any evenience. Obviously we must wait for the results of the test on course that, I repeat, could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Nero

    Dr Rossi:
    Please let us know what is the COP of the 1 MW plant

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    Same answer I gave to Italo R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Christofer Calder:
    I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Neri B.

    Dear Andrea,
    We are curious to know the COP of the 1 MW plant

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Neri B.:
    Same answer I gave to Italo R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Italo R.

    Dr Rossi:
    Can we know what is the COP of the 1 MW plant?

    Kind Regards
    Italo R.

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Sorry, I have edited your text not to spam it.
    Tha data will be given after the end of the test on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea,
    it was not a real question. I had concluded my second last post on the Thermal Acoustic Engine (TAE) with “???”, to mean my doubts about TAE readiness for the market. In your reply you just made these doubts clear. So, in my last post, I said that I was sharing your answer. That’s it. And congrats for the news you have disclosed (and you are going to disclose, I suppose, in a matter of months …).
    CM

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    I understand, sorry, I have been slow…
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you tell us which COP is performing the 1 MW plant in the industry of the customer in the USA?

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    No, sorry, we will give the data after the test will have been completed, which means between December 2015 and February 2016.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Can you please tell us how many grams of fuel in total is currently being used in your one megawatt reactor that is being Beta tested? That would be an interesting statistic.

    All the Best,

    Christopher Calder

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena: I do not understand your question. Please rephrase it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea,
    About thermo-acoustic engine: I do share your way to answer my three ???.
    Warm regards,
    CM

  232. Curiosone

    Andrea Rossi:
    We saw that there are tornados in Florida: does this affect your work with the E-Cat?
    W.G.

  233. DTravchenko

    Andrea:
    Did you read that Dr Parkhomov has found in his experiments of replication of the Rossi Effect has found isotopical shifts similar to the ones of the Lugano report?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  234. Fyodor

    Nicola

    I don’t know enough about the mechanics of heat generation, but my understanding is that nuclear power plants use enormous quantities of water at high pressures/speed passing through the reactor so that the water is only heated up to 450 degrees, which is something you wouldn’t need for an hot-cat heating at 600 or 1000 degrees. I don’t know how easily it would convert to another cooler heat source. It’s also my understanding that nuclear doesn’t have especially high operating costs (though non-trivial ones), once the capital costs of construction are made, since the fuel costs are small.

    I’d have to think that coal plants or natural gas plants, with their high ongoing fuel costs would be more likely targets. Who can say?

  235. Nicola Cortesi

    Dear Andrea, Dear Fyodor,

    do you think current ~1 GW Nuclear Power Plants could be reconverted to E-Cat Power Plants of equivalent power with ten of thousands of 10-KW E-Cat running in parallel? (An E-Lion or E-Dragon?). Nuclear Power Plants are ultemately big thermal power stations, converting steam at ~450 C in electricity with an efficiency of 30-32%. As you know, using E-CAT’s steam, which is above 1000 C, the efficiency of the Carnot cycle increases up to 40-48%. Not bad for a totally safe, cheap and carbon-free 1-GW Power Plant!

    Hot Regards,

    Nicola

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola Cortesi:
    This is quite an issue. You know what? This is the classic case in which to make the papers is far more difficult than to make the technology.
    In principle, I agree with you, I always sustained that many cats are more convenient and safe than few tigers, or lions. This principle has been recently taken in consideration also in the highest echelons of astrophysics: the future astronomic observation stations will be made by many very small mirrors interconnected instead of big mirrors, because the clouds of microscopic mirrors are far less expensive ( by two orders of magnitude) than the big ones used today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea,
    Though thermo-acoustic engines (TAEs) has always been largely disregarded, up today their efficiencies compare with advanced internal combustion engines, with an outstanding advantage given them from being external combustion engines. I do not know about Airbus programs for its TAEs, but last March a manager from this Company, in Milan, launched a kind of challenge that sounded more or less this way “given a working LENR heat source, we are willing (and ready) to couple it with our TAE to produce electricity … 35% (or more) efficiency”. ???
    Regards,
    CM

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    It is interesting and Airbus is a serious concern, but we are talking of experimantal prototypes, far to be of use in industrial production. Obviously a direct production of mechanic power with an efficiency of 35% should be extremely interesting for LENR, but to say “should I have a thermo-acoustic engine with an efficiency or 35% I could apply it to LENR” is equivalent, as of today, to say ” should I have 6 balls I could be a pinball”.
    As soon as such a device will really exist, be sure, we will buy it and make tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Hugh DeVries

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The following quote is from:
    UPDATE #8 (April 17)
    Alan Smith, April 16 2015

    “Speakers at this conference have increasingly talked about transmutation of ‘fuel’ into a startlingly large variety of elements. This leads one to hope that maybe 10 years in the future we will be able to make one element into another as we wish- analogous to the way that biotechnologists are finding methods to produce complex proteins- using living systems as manufacturing systems.”

    It would seem that the study of LENR will proceed on two different but related paths of development–energy production and element transmutation. I guess then “E-Cat” can mean either “Energy Catalyzer” or “Element Catalyzer”.

    Best wishes,
    Hugh

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh De Vries:
    Fly down. Step by step, brick by brick.
    We are working hard to get the confirmation that an industrial plant can produce heat reliably. We still have not a confirmation of this fact and the results can still be either positive or negative.
    We are making a house, let’s do it before thinking to be able to make all the skyscrapers of New York City.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    You said you are sure that LENR are totally strange to the fall of oil price: how do you explain that the fall happened in coincidence with the aftermath of the Lugano test of the independent third party?

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    I am totally adverse to exaggerations in favour of LENR, because “hyperboles” can compromise the hard work we are making to reconcile LENR with the mainstream science. Example: suppose you have a pet- cat and you want to show proudly to your friends that your cat is special. If you tell to your friends that your cat is a mice killer, surely you improve his reputation, but if you say that he is a tigers killer, you make him ridiculous. This is the equipollent of saying the E-Cat caused the fall of oil price. To say that the fall of the oil price has been caused by the E-Cat because the publication of the results of the Lugano test has been made just before the price fall is like to say that, since the sun rises in the morning just after the fact you take your breakfast, you suspect the rising sun is caused by the fact you eat your breakfast.
    The fall of the oil price has been determined mainly by two factors:
    1- geopolitical turmoils, caused by events beyond the limits of diplomacy
    2- the discovery in the USA of limitless reserves of hydrocarbons after the utilization of fracking technology: this fact has turned the USA from an oil importer into a potential oil exporter, changing dramatically the ratio between demand and offer of this commodity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Carlo Marcena

    Dear Andrea and Fyodor,
    about heat conversion to electricity, I find quite interesting the thermoacoustic engine patented (reportedly) by Airbus: no moving parts, lightweight, heat conversion to heat @ 35% efficiency, in the kW range.
    Did you hear about it?
    Regards,
    CM

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    I saw, but it is an experimental prototype. When it will be in the market, if ever, we’ll test it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Carlo Marcena

    Ni-255: Thanks, Andrea.
    CM

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  247. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You may be interested in looking at this paper that has been published at E-Cat World. http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/19/a-possible-explanation-for-observed-lenr-heating-behavior-and-transmutation-using-simple-physics-principles-stephen/

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  249. Fyodor

    My point, which I articulated poorly, I guess, is that it seems that modern heat to electricity systems are still very expensive.

    You’ve suggested that you hope to eventually mass produce e-cats such that you can sell the products at $100/KW thermal, which would obviously be a fantastic value.

    But the existing solutions I’ve seen for thermal to electricity conversion seem to be much more expensive. I’ve seen solutions in the multiple dollars per watt range (or several thousand dollars per kilowatt). I know that Dean Kamen is hoping to eventually get the per unit manufacturing cost of his system down to $1000/KW, which would be higher after capital costs, profits,advertising, etc.

    Thus it seems that even if you push the cost of the e-cat down quite a bit, the system cost will be dominated by heat to electricity conversion equipment (though obviously still cheaper than coal or natural gas because there is no fuel cost).

    I was wondering if the economics of this was something you had investigated as part of your work and had any ideas as to how to do more cheaply convert heat to electricity.

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Now is clear.
    We can do nothing about the costs of the systems to convert heat into electricity. Their costs obviously are the same independently from the source of the steam.
    Direct conversion system have too low esfficiency, so far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  251. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    I hope that you’re well.

    This may be a bit far afield, but I’m wondering if you’d done any investigation into the economics of heat to electricity conversion and how it might be done efficiently. I think that you’ve suggested that with mass production you might get the costs of heat down to $100/KW, but it looks like this would be dwarfed by the costs of existing heat-to-electricity conversion systems, which run $1500-5000/kw. Has there been any business investigation into the economics of potential solutions?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question and for your generosity with the community here.

  252. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    Please review your numbers, because your comment is senseless. Probably there is some typo.
    Please correct to allow an answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  253. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I assuming, perhaps incorrectly, if iron was in the fuel mix of the Lugano device (unless it was a contaminant) that it must have been selected to serve some purpose. The Lugano report on page 28 states, “From all combined analysis methods of the fuel we find that there are significant quantities of Li, Al, Fe and H in addition to Ni.” Also, on page 44 fuel particle number three showed a peak in iron via EDS analysis. Iron is also referenced in a couple other places in the report.

    Various individuals on the internet have posted interpretations of the charts and analysis provided in the Lugano report and concluded iron was present in the fuel. I’m not a scientist, so I can’t say for certain they are correct. But iron also appears in the document, “Determination of Ni isotopes in nickel material from Rossi reactor.” In this paper, lithium, iron, and copper were found in the ash but not the unused fuel of an early model e-cat. From what I have read, certain LENR researchers claim that the unused fuel had any catalyzers removed, and the copper in the used fuel was simply a contaminant from a copper reactor core. This leaves both a small amount of lithium .4% and a larger amount of iron 11% in the spent fuel.

    So maybe iron had no role in the Lugano device. Or, perhaps, it did. Then there is the possibility it was added as filler or a way to more evenly distribute the fuel in a reactor. Some folks think it was an anti-sintering agent, others think it breaks down molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen, a few people think it might interact with protons, a couple internet posters claim it might prevent hot spots, etc. Only you really know.

    I don’t know what the truth is about iron. For years now, I’ve let my curiosity compel me to spend hundreds or thousands of hours reading, chatting, talking, and writing about issues like this in the hope of learning more and eventually obtaining an understanding of how this marvel of science works.

    So I ask you in return: did iron have a role?

    If so, I hope it is as interesting as the role of lithium turned out to be and you are allowed to eventually discuss the topic.

    If not, then I’ve probably made myself look silly and like a total amateur goofball to everyone at Industrial Heat. But that’s okay. At least I’m interested in something that is of vital importance to the world.

    Hey, I could be camped outside of an electronics store waiting for the launch of the latest most advanced cell phone while love blogging about the mobile graphics chip it contains and the resolution of the screen…

    I think I’ll keep following the E-Cat as my obsessive hobby.

  254. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Cats do not kill tigers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  255. Italo R.

    Dear dr. Rossi,
    as you know, there are blogs where patho skeptics are continuing till today to deny the existence of LENR and, of course, obsessively continue to write that the E-Cat is not working and has never worked. They say that it has been told many years ago that the placing on the market would have been imminent but it hasn’t yet happened after so long time.
    As those patho skeptics cannot be so blind or so stupid to not see what is really happening, it seems that they have an agenda.
    So I wonder why this agenda,or who is inspiring it…
    Perhaps the best thing is thinking, as a great italian poet said:
    “…non ti curar di lor, ma guarda e passa…”

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  256. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Retrothought: you write somebody is complaining the E-Cat are not yet in the market after “so many years”.
    This is bizarre.
    First, one 1 MW plant has been supplied to a Customer who is using it to make his production using the energy produced by the same 1 MW E-Cat.
    It is true that it is under R&D and test, but it works, at least so far. Now, as probably somebody knows, the French magazine “Science & Vie” ( probably the most prestigious scientific magazine of France, which is a nuclear power) in the issue of April 2015 has published an article regarding LENR against Hot Fusion and the parallel is interesting. The article is written with intelligence, professionality and without bias. It also contains the sceptic comments ( but made with intelligence) toward us.
    ITER and NIF – respectively the european and the US hot fusion concerns- cost tens of billions of dollars, started about 50 years ago, and their results, that in the sixties were waited for within 20 years, have now been delayed within the next 20 years. Normally, every 20 years they are adjourned to the next 20 years, at a price of several tens of billion dollars per batch, entirely paid by the Taxpayer.
    I think that the scientists that work on those concerns are top level Physicists and I am convinced that their work must be sustained. What is difficult to me is to understand what follows: why ITER and NIF are considered positively ( as they merit to be) even if they cost to the Taxpayer billions and billions per year and since half century have produced nothing, not a mere COP 1.1 and foresee to produce something ( as they did 20 years ago) in the “next 20 years”? And why, in contrast, they consider my LENR impossible because what we made ( without a single cent paid by the Taxpayer) is under test ( at our expense) for 4 years ? They say: ” Because the Coulombian Barrier bars the possibility of LENR”, and with this mantra that they repeat since 30 years ago they think to have resolved the problem.
    “Ipse dixit”, or, better, “Ipsi dixerunt”.
    But I want to ask them a question:
    QUESTION: is it more irrealistic the tunnel effect ( obtained and measured in hundreds of peer reviewed experiments) or to confine a hot nuclear fusion’s energy ( the same of a small hydrogen bomb) with an intrinsecally instable magnetic field ( never obtained anywhere from anybody), as they need to do in the donut of the EATER ( oh, pardon the typo, I meant ITER), or ( in the case of NIF) to confine in the volume of a nutshell the energy produced by tens of high power lasers that shoot all their energy in fractions of seconds focused on the nutshell to obtain the fusion by means of the recoil energy? This is like to try to build a house hitting the bricks with a baseball bat instead of positioning the bricks patiently, brick by brick, in the right position to make a wall. Nobody has ever been able to make a successful experiment with these two principles, but enormous concerns have been made ( at the expense of the Taxpayer) without a successful experiment with a small prototype, like if a big concern has to work better than a small prototype ( the contrary is true, obviously). The confinement of the supposedly produced nuclear fusion by means of magnetic fields is a terrific problem, much bigger that the Coulombian barriers: hot fusion happens at millions of K degrees, can you imagine what happens to any possible material the reactor is made with at these temperatures ???? The magnetic fields are unstable and unreliable in these situations.
    Is somebody enough honest to answer seriously to this answer? I repeat the substance of the question: is more difficult to overcome the Coulombian barrier or make in a donut or in a sphere magnetic fields so much stable to avoid any contact, anytime between the elementary particles and the walls of the reactor, whatever the shape or the material?
    Have been calculated the parameters that affect collective models at millions K and their consequences on the magnetic fields? I made some math about this, and appears that the probability that the magnetic field holds are of one order of magnitude less than the probability to overcome the Coulombian barriers in LENR: so, why all this yadda yadda about LENR supposed impossibility to happen ?
    You, dear Italo R., ask me if they have an agenda: noooooo! To think bad is bread of the devil you know? So, let’s try to understand why they prefer to pay with their taxes things that have a very low probability to work ( very low does not mean zero, anyway, therefore their work is not useless) instead of look without bias and with respect the work of ours, that doesn’t ask money from the taxpayer and in four years is arrived to an operating industrial plant: I am inside “Her” in this very moment listening her Voice: so why they do so? Agenda? Nooooooo! Hyperbolic deonthological syndroms? Nooooo! Masochism? Maybe.

    P.S. This said, Italo, you have not to look only at the small lake of the frogs, look at the big fishes in the Ocean: NASA, Lockeed Martin, Airbus, Elforsk, MIT, Cherokee ( Industrial Heat), Bill Gates, the scientists that performed the Lugano Test, Prof Norman Cook, the Nobel Prize laureate Brian Josephson, the great Sven Kullander, Chairman of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and many, many, many other mainstream scientists in USA, Russia, China, India, Europe etc etc have broken the “Coulombian barrier” of the bias and approached the LENR as a proton that approaches a 7Li atom, to make energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  257. Hey there I am Malorie. Since 2 years now I am in Japan as a
    science teacher. I will use the Cook-Rossi paper published on Arxiv to explain how the LENR can work. I will have to “translate” it in a more simple text, more easy to be understood from non professionals, but I think that this paper will be History. Thank you for your hard work.

  258. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you: teachers are the most important persons for the education of the future generations, after the parents. Glad we are useful to you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  259. Italo R.

    Dear dr. Rossi, this is certainly an indiscreet question, and I understand if you cannot reply.
    Waiting for the intervention of Tom Darden, can you already tell us if the COP of the 1 MW plant is:
    1 – less than 6
    2 – Between 6 and 10
    3 – more than 10

    Thank you

    waiting regards…
    Italo R.

  260. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I think the time of chatters is over, we are at the “moment of truth”: either the 1 MW plant test will have a positive result or it will have a negative result. Facts will count, not chatters.
    Honestly ( …I still do not remember the number of the F, damit!) I must say that the results can turn out to be positive, but also negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  261. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Where can I find collective models for surface vibrations and related kynetic energy?
    Thank you for your guidance ( if possible).
    Jannie

  262. Andrea Rossi

    Jannie:
    You can find good material on
    “Nuclear Models”, Greiner-Maruhn, Berlin 1996, pp 170 – 178.
    Kinetic energy has been strongly underevaluated so far, and I think it is worth to study better its effect on the interactions between e.p.; I am convinced that a reconciliation between the anomalous production of energy and the standard model can be obtained by the study of the recoil energy and the Mossbauer effect (actually, its reverse). Obviously I can be wrong, but the more I study this issue, the more I make my calculations, the more I am getting this direction.
    What are you looking for, if I may?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  263. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    This is a hypothetical scenario. Let suppose Dr. Parkhomov managed to make his replica of ECat stable and safe. Let suppose again that Russia was more “open” in authorize its domestic usage. Do you think Parkhomov could start a business selling electric heaters that simply save 66% of electricity consumptions ? Why not ?

    Today the most advanced heat pumps can convert electricity into heat with a COP < 5. In the previous scenario (stability, safeness and authorizations) would your 10KW ECat be ready to hit the market and compete with heat pumps ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  264. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Sorry, but I have too many real scenarios to be aware of now, to be able to think to hypothetical scenarios.
    Let’s complete all our R&D on course, whose results could be either positive, or negative.
    When the R&D and the tests on course both on the 1MW E-Cat and on the Hot Cat ( very innovative), we will focus on commercial issues and all their implications.
    Thank you for your continuous attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  265. eernie1

    Sorry,
    Correction, “the forward movement of the expanding universe thus lengthening the wavelength of the emitted photons”.

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight. I am studying on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Patrick Ellul

    Hi Andrea,

    So you have at least one hot-cat that you are testing inside the control container of the 1MW plant.

    Does it create much heat? Hopefully it doesn’t make you sweat, literally and metaphorically.

    Regards,
    Patrick

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    As Edison said: an invention is 10% inspiration, 90% perspiration.
    We have the air conditioner, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I am anxiously awaiting the mathematical treatment of your and DR Cook’s theory which involves the Mossbauer effect in reverse to convert gamma energy to heat energy through the inelastic mechanism of transferring some of the emitted gamma energy to kinetic energy. My experience with the Mossbauer effect always involved relatively small losses whether the emitter was either bound in a matrix or not. My understanding was that the energy difference was mainly caused by a Doppler effect where the recoil just increased the wavelength of the emission thus lowering the photon’s energy.( The red shift in cosmology is caused by the forward movement of the expanding universe thus shortening the wavelength of the emitted photons.) Shifting the energy spectrum down from KeV to the eV level requires that the effective mass of the emitter is reduced greatly to enhance the recoil energy.
    I can understand the many hours of mathematical research you and Cook have spent on this problem.
    Multibody Regards.

  270. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s good to hear the 1MW plant is stable. About the progress with the Hot Cats: is COP for them similar now to the low temperature E-Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The modifications I am making in these days on the Hot Cat have been inspired by the new reading I am making of the book of Prof. Norman Cook, and from our discussions during the making of the paper published on Arxiv. The results are important, but before talking of data I prefer continue the test that is on course in the container of the computers, here in the factory where the 1 MW E-Cat is working. I think the results could be even better, but we need a long work of R&D on it.
    Besides: the results of all this endeavours could also be negative… ( I don’t remember the number of the “F”…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr. Rossi , here is the report of Professor Alexander Parkhomov March 26

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1269-Parkhomov-Paper-2015-03-26-English-pdf/

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. TPaign

    In regards to 7Li3 in an endothermic reaction, with 2He, a neutron, and tritium as a product, there is some history. Could this be just one step of a few occurring within the Rossi reaction, accounting for the reduction of 7Li3 in the fuel ash from the Lugano test? High-energy neutrons can produce tritium from lithium-7 in an endothermic reaction, consuming 2.466 MeV. This was discovered during the 1954 Castle Bravo nuclear test. Here’s a link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castle_Bravo#Cause_of_high_yield

  275. Andrea Rossi

    TPaign:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote in reply to Paul:

    “In the meantime I am re-reading again the book of Prof Norman Cook “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” ( last edition, Springer 2010). Anytime I read it I add notes handwritten of improvements of the IP inspired by it. There are so many notes, that I think nobody could be able to read the text through my notes…”

    Does it happen that you dismantle from time to time an E-Cat module from the 1MW, and replace it temporarily in order to do analysis of the charges ?

    Or is dismantling unnecessary, and can you interpret the “voice” of the E-cat in operation, in order to add your handwritten notes ?

    That book with your original handwriting will be of great value, when you will be ubiquitous. Will you donate it for a good purpose ? Anyway it should never be lost (or hidden) to mankind.

    Kind Regards,

    Koen.

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Yes to all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Herb Gillis

    Having observed and compared some the recent difficulties and successes in replicating the Lugano test, I would like to put forward for consideration the possibility that a refractory material which exceeds the MP of nickel might be needed for the LENR effect, at least in devices of the Lugano type. For example, traces of metal oxides or carbides present in fuel. Pure nickel did not appear to work as well (someone correct me if I am wrong). Since the core temperatures in Lugano type devices (Hot Cats) exceeds the MP of nickel it is hard for me to see how a lattice can be present to catalyze the LENR effect without traces of residual refractory materials. This raises the possibility of deliberately adding such refractory materials (ie. refractory particulates) to see if they may improve performance. Could these be the nuclear active sites in devices like those used in Lugano and later by Parkhomov? Perhaps some of the unsuccessful attempts to replicate these devices were because the fuel was “too clean”?
    Regards; HRG.

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    The link below contains an interview by Marianne Macy with Tom Darden. Within Tim speaks of high regard for you, it is a nice interview.

    http://infinite-energy.com/images/pdfs/DardenInterview.pdf

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Thank you for the link: Marianne Macy has made some interview!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. QuintonHeri

    Dr Rossi:
    In the ICCF 19 of Padua the most interesting things were the posters of Cook-Rossi and of Parkhomov. Did you hear of the presentation of the Parkhomov experiment?

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    I want to complete my answer with an update regarding Dr Parkhomov.
    Yesterday I, for the first time, had a direct conference with him on Skype. He was in Italy for the ICCF with his niece Ecaterina ( nomen omen: Ecat-erina) who translated from Russian to English for him.
    He explained to me the scheduled replication he is organizing with more reactors he is preparing and I have been positively impressed by his professionality and his intellectual honesty. He is humble, doesn’t speak too much, has all the signs of a strongly working person. Typical Russian. He honoured me inviting me in Russia, where I will go as soon as I will have completed the 1MW E-Cat test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Paul

    Andrea,

    Is it safe for you to travel to Italy?

    (Or am I being paranoid on your behalf?)

    Paul

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Of course it is safe for me to travel in Italy, as it is for anybody, as it is in all the Countries of the world, with obvious exceptions for the Countries where there is a war on course!
    Italian Territory is well and efficiently controlled by our Police, Carabinieri and Guardia di Finanza and anybody can go there with absolute safety.
    I am not travelling for the simple reason that I have to stay 16 hours per day, every day, no exceptions, inside my 1 MW E-Cat, which is working here, in the USA.
    Update: She is working nicely, stable in these days. The work on the Hot Cat here is going on also, with a R&D that is substantially improving its efficiency.
    In the meantime I am re-reading again the book of Prof Norman Cook “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” ( last edition, Springer 2010). Anytime I read it I add notes handwritten of improvements of the IP inspired by it. There are so many notes, that I think nobody could be able to read the text through my notes… I really strongly suggest to read it and to the professionals I suggest to read it in parallel with the boook of Greiner-Maruhn “Nuclear Models” ( Springer 1996), to integrate the collective model calculations with the single particle’s.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Andrea Rossi

    Quinton Heri:
    Yes, I have been informed about Dr Parkhomov and it confirms my impression that the work of Parkhomov is very important. He has in common with me the fact to be a hard worker.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  287. Paolo

    Dear Andrea, I would inform you and your readers about the article on the Third Party report just published in Italy by “Repubblica”, which as you know is the most important national newspaper together with “Il corriere della Sera”, and had been traditionally skeptic on the cold fusion. The article is well written and balanced. Here is the link: http://www.repubblica.it/scienze/2013/05/22/news/forbes_la_fusione_fredda_italiana_funziona_da_test_indipendenti_ok_all_e-cat-59379551/

  288. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:
    In a comment didn’t pass the filter of the robot, you asked me why I was not in Padua together with Tom Darden at the ICCF 2015.
    As well known, I am 16 hours per day inside the 1 MW E-Cat, every day. Notwithstanding my endeavours to get the faculty to be everywhere at the same time, trying to exercise in the experimental application of a personal global symmetry, I am still unable to be in two different places at the same time; I am sorry to disappoint you, but I am not ubiquitous…yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  289. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Can we eventually expect a paper that discusses the role of iron in the Lugano device?

  290. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  291. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Aside from collecting data for the overall COP of the 1Mw plant, do you have the means to monitor the individual reactors. I was just thinking that if you had some reactors that perform very well & some that perform poorly, They could be analyzed at the end of the test to determine the cause. This would be useful for quality control when mass production begins.

    Another question I’m sure everyone wants to know. This is Really Important. :-)
    Do you have a macro key like pressing F9 that automatically inserts the following to all your responses here at JONP.

    “I must add that the results could be either positive or negative.”

    Wishing you grand results.
    Kind Regards,
    Dan C.

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    1- yes
    2- he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.

  293. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I can’t help but wish you could discuss a few of the properties of the Ni-LiAlH4 (also known as the E-Cat) technology. You probably can’t say anything, but the more is revealed in documents such as your theory paper the faster my limited, amaterish armchair researcher-wannabe mind races with thoughts and questions. Here are a few of the issues I’ve been wondering about. You or anyone else is welcome to comment on any of them. If you cannot, thanks for tolerating more of my ponderings!

    1 – What seems to make the reaction rate jump so fast around the boiling point of lithium compared to lower temps in which lithium is probably only a liquid – perhaps in an alloy with aluminum? Ikegami suggests and demontrated that particles such as protons have a greater chance of inducing nuclear reactions with lithium when the metal is in the liquid state. The greatest rate enhancement is when the lithium is very close to the melting point. Could there be another rate enhancement near the boiling temperature?

    2 – At the ignition temperature (the term Cures used on the Cobraf forum to describe the temperatures at which hot cats started producing excess heat which he though might be related to phase change temperatures of various additives) of lithium the excess heat production seems to soar. By carefully controlling the input power with automatic regulation schemes, some replicators have been able to post pone the destruction of their thermocouples and reactors. I am curious about the dynamics of this spike if it was allowed to proceed through out the reactor (not only in one small hot spot). Is there a temperature at which the reactions become self limiting? With a robust enough container, maybe Tungsten, would the reactions reach a limit?

    3 – A large percentage of the fuel in the Lugano reactor was iron; there was far more iron in the powder mix than LiAlH4. I wish the theory paper would have addressed this component of the fuel. It seems to be slightly less than complete to specifically define the E-Cat as a Ni-LiAlH4 system when a huge amount of iron was in the mix. Atomic hydrogen generator, sintering prevention agent, catalyst to lower hydrogen release temperature in LiAlH4, oxygen absorber, stabilization agent, possible minor nuclear reactant: the function of is mysterious and speculation abounds. Probably, most of the guesses are totally wrong. A couple of sentences in the theory paper would have helped resolve a bit of this mystery.

    Enough for now.

    Thank you for all your hard work. Even though you have had assistance at times, you have made all this happen via sheer will power. Researchers in many fields could learn from your dedication and work ethic.

    Hank

  294. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Really Fe had a role?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. orsobubu

    Uh-oh! It seems fossil energy sector is not scared at all of ICCF people… quotes for crude oil have never been so high since december, soaring 9% higher than last week prices… or, at least, oil men are sure all energy sources will be integrated, as always Rossi said. Let’s wait for the last days of the meeting.

    I don’t buy the story of peaceful integration, I’m a smart guy that look ahead and just previously of ICCF I sold my house, my MTBike, my mother and my little brother and bet heavily all what I’ve got on the fall of oil. It is only a temporary loss, I’m pretty sure some clamorous bombs will be dropped during next sessions in Padua. I’ll keep you updated :)

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he…
    Please try to buy back at least your mother and your little brother!
    As a matter of fact, I agree that LENR did have no effect at all on the price of oil: LENR “aficionados” that say the price of oil is dropped for the LENR seem to me like a child that pees in the bed during the night and, when in the morning wakes up and from the window sees it’s raining, thinks it is his fault. About the other issue you raised, I insist on the fact that all the energy sources will be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Dr Rossi:
    Congratulations for your important achievements: you are changing the world.
    Please take a look to our production and see if it can be useful for you.
    Regards,
    Eduard

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Eduardmag:
    Thank you for your kind words; about your products: a translation in English could help!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Andrea Rossi

    To our Readers:
    Today at the CERN of Geneva has been published the discover of anomalous quantities of positrons and antiprotons in the Universe that could give indirect evidence of the “dark matter”.
    Very interesting indeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Nickolay Kazakov:
    Thank you, I agree: Dr Parkhomov has made an important work. I would like to work also in Russia. Probably it will happen, sooner or later. The domestic E-Cats in the Russian winters could be vital.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. #nickolay_kazakov

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Our Russian Alexander Parkhomov has replicated your effect and also has found similar isotopic shifts.
    This is very important for you.
    In Russia you have many persons that esteem you.
    I hope you will come in our Country.
    See you
    Nickolay Kazakov

    .

  302. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi:
    When do yu think the new paper with more mathematical calculations related to the reverse Mossbauer effect, about which you wrote here yesterday, will be published ?

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    I suppose in several months. We are studying.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you think of the speech of Tom Darden?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    He made a paramount presentation of the programs of Industrial Heat and explained nicely and clearly his ideas about LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Dear Andrea,

    If one sets mass to zero in the Mössbauer effect formula, the formula blows up. That regime is interesting because it corresponds to effectively massless electron fluid whose plasma frequency is so high that not even gammas can propagate (my earlier comment http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=861&cpage=10#comment-1018797). Gammas are then attenuated (or reflected, if coming from the outside) in the same way as low-frequency radio waves cannot pass through the ionosphere. Another side of the coin is that cross sections of those nuclear reactions that normally produce gammas are enhanced, because creation of gamma is no longer suppressed by the relatively small electromagnetic coupling constant. Hence reactions such as D+D->He4+Gamma or p+Li7->Be8+Gamma become possible, where “Gamma” does not represent a real gamma, but symbolically represents coupling to plasmons at typical gamma frequencies.

    A friend of mine pointed out the following cold fusion theory paper by Lutz Jaitner from 2012: http://www.cfcr.de/chain_reaction_dec_2012.pdf . The paper proposes an “L-shell trapping” model which is interesting, although I do not quite believe in it. But the paper also suggests that LENR has characteristics of a chain reaction mediated by moderately energetic hydrogen nuclei. In particular, he shows how the chain reaction assumption may explain why the phenomenon occurs at metal-hydrogen interfaces and why the geometric shape of the interface can play a role.

    In my opinion, a synthesis might be the following. For some chemical reason, a sub-population of the Ni-H valence electrons becomes effectively massless (while exotic, such phenomenon is not unheard of because it happens in graphene, although in a 2-D way). This enhances the fusion cross section of p+Li7->Be8+Gamma a lot (a bit later the Be8 decays to two 46 keV alphas as an unrelated process). The 17.26 MeV Gamma (plasmon wave packet) heats the matter locally, which emits, among other things, a cloud of energetic protons. At some probability, an energetic proton can cause more than one new fusion reactions so that a chain reaction may be possible. The chain reaction does not work in bulk metal, because there too much of the energy goes into ionising the heavy nickel atoms. The chain reaction also cannot work in hydrogen gas for obvious reasons. But the chain reaction can work at a metal-hydrogen interface, especially if the interface has a complicated shape (see Fig 5 on page 9 of Jaitner’s paper) so that energetic protons created in the gas have a high probability of hitting the metal surface again. Optimally the spatial scale of the surface features should be similar to the mean free path of said energetic protons (perhaps ~1 keV protons plus minus one order of magnitude) in the used hydrogen gas. Concerning the HotCat specifically, perhaps(?) one should consider the Al-Li-H liquid density rather than hydrogen gas density.

    regards, /pekka

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the insight.
    More calculations regarding the reverse Mossbauer are in line to be published.
    The mathematical calculations so far confirm the Cook-Rossi theoretical paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Andrea: congratulations, Tom Darden, the President of Industrial Heat, has said at the ICCF 19 in Padua that thanks to you LENR are arrived to a tip .
    Any comment?
    Steven

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Steven:
    If he said so, I am delighted of it. He is my Customer !
    Anyway, we have a long road to go through before being satisfied, because until the test on course has not be completed, the risk that the final results will be negative exists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Your theory paper specifies that the Ni + LiAlH4 combination is the essence of the hot cat. From what we are learning from replicators – in addition to the Lugano results and statements from yourself – the properties of this nuclear technology seem to be overwhelmingly favorable. The power density is extremely high (at a minimum over 1 kilowatt of nuclear heat production per gram of fuel), the radiological profile is favorable (no radioactive fuel, no emission of radioactivity into the environment, no nuclear waste), fuel cost is practically zero (pennies per gram), temperature range is high (1400C even allows for thermal-photo-voltaic systems to be considered), and the energy content is enormous (who knows how many months the Lugano device could have continued operating).

    Of course there is a gigantic difference between replicating a basic test setup using this combination of fuel and the massive effort and expense of bringing a product to the market. But the fact the essence of this technology is now loose for professional scientists and engineers in laboratory settings to test and measure for themselves is thrilling. The “Rossi Effect” that can be produced by Ni+LiAlH4 is not simply another in a long line of setups with puny, miniscule output, but a massive leap forward. Literally speaking, it’s like a technology from a few hundred years in the future has been dropped into the present.

    Very often I read about the efforts of nations to build and test hugely expensive (sometimes planning to spend hundreds of millions or billions of dollars) nuclear reactors – both fission and hot fusion based. These highly experimental systems almost all have several things in common: the use of radioactive fuel, a large size, and an unknown completion date. In many instances, they are not even expected to be constructed for decades. Then there could be years of testing. Actual useful power production could take even longer. So in the best case considering many of these systems, infants born this year may see a benefit when they are in their twenties, thirties, or maybe never.

    The E-Cat is producing useful low temperature steam for a manufacturer producing a product today. The usefulness of this technology has already begun – we don’t have to look decades into the future. Soon, I expect the hot cat will be used to build a plant suitable to produce electricity using higher temperature steam. From there, once thousands of plants start being sold, the sky is the limit. Home heaters, portable electrical generators, batteries, vehicles, aircraft, spaceships: they are all coming. There is an enormous amount of work that must be performed to make this happen; fortunantly, I think the significance of this technology will push it forward.

    Photovoltaic panels are being further developed by dozens of companies, and have improved dramatically over the years in reliability, efficency, and cost. But even an impossibly 100% efficent solar panel at a fraction of current prices will pale in comparison to what the E-Cat will evolve into. The inherent properties of the E-Cat , the communication tool called the internet, and the level of scientific knowledge we have today (far greater than in the early days of solar panels in the 1970s for example) will combine to boost the evolution of the E-Cat into overdrive.

    All of this is apparent to some of us who are closely following this saga. I’m ready to watch – sipping on a chocolate Atkins lowcarb weight loss shake instead of munching on high carb popcorn – the waves of awareness about the reality of the E-Cat start crashing into the shores of the “mainstream” media and scientific community in the near future. The show should be exciting as so many minds realize a near limitless source of dense, cheap, clean, and safe energy exists.

    As I sit here in my chair, unable to sleep, I can’t help but wonder how everything is going to start changing, moving forward, and accelerating in the months to come. I know it will be worth following – the E-Cat is a thousand times more significant than the next iphone or electronic gizmo.

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your kind words and for your insight.
    I cannot answer to your questions, but I really appreciate your enthusiasm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In case you have not seen it, here’s the transcript of Tom Darden’s speech at ICCF19 in Padova today: http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/04/13/tom-dardens-speech-on-lenr-at-iccf19/

    He seems positive about LENR, saying: “We’ve reached a tipping point. The potential of your work is so great. The signs of progress are now so significant.”

    I am assuming he is basing his optimism on what he is learning from the 1MW plant.

    Kind regards,

    Frank

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Paul

    Andrea,

    Assuming the one year test is positive, do you see the current design becoming the production model, or do you think a redesign based on lessons learned (to make the system more robust, cheaper to manufacture, etc.) will be the best path?

    V/R,

    Paul

    p.s. It is not easy coming up with questions you can answer.

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The basic design will not be touched, because we did not have major troubles, so far, provided the situation will go on as it is gone fo far.
    Minor changes will be made, many of them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    In earlier interviews with teachers who had experienced Nickel-hydrogen experiments, it was said that “after a period of time, the half of the periodic table was to be found in the reactors.”

    You write occasionally that there are answers to come after closing the R & D.

    That closing may be way ahead.

    The longer the e-cats work, the more complex the reactions can be. That way, there can be done after each test a new test again with new potential. With potential, I mean the ability to achieve greater efficiency, or at worst, a self-destructive reaction that ends the functioning of the e-cat, where a solution must be found.

    This may take years or even decades to explore all that.

    This may cost millions or even billions.

    These vulnerabilities demand all who is involved to be strong, rich, fast and wise.

    My hope is that A.R. and I.H. are all four.

    That’s why I asked if everyone knew before.

    A.R. often responds: “all energy sources should be integrated”. That makes me very afraid. We should be past the point right now to decide wether we can or we cannot ever replace conventional energy sources with LENR. And we should start the transition.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The R&D and the test on course of the 1 MW E-Cat will finish between December 2015 and February 2016 and the results, as I always said, could be either positive or negative.
    After this period, if the results will be positive, the expansion of the technology in all the world will be strong. If negative, the work of R&D will have to continue.
    About the integration of all the available energy sources, this is an obvious and necessary issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Bob K

    Andrea, We all know that you have an awesomely powerful invention in your custody. Why do you think that Tom Darden spoke with such guarded vagueness at ICCF 19? No mention of the 1MW plant now performing beneficial work for many months. I would think that this would be excellent news.
    I am grateful for your endless work and communicating with us. Thanks, Bob

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Bob K:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    As we always said, the data regarding the 1MW plant will be published after the end of the test of 1 year and the R&D on course in the factory of the IH’s Customer will have been completed. I must add that the results could be either positive or negative.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  320. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read today on the Internet that in Sicily ( Italy) a group of researchers is making a plant to turn wastes from the orange-treatment facilities into energy: has this to do with your waste-into-oil Rossi process of the late seventies?
    Cheers,
    Vanessa

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Vanessa:
    No, it has noting to do, because the Rossi-Process was based on thermolysis, while this is a system to make biogas by means of organic matter fermentation. Probably they have discovered a bacterial additive. There is a link to me, though: these scientists are from the University of Catania, where in 1973 I engineered, manufactured and supplied a plant to make energy with the wastes of the hospital of the University, one of the most important of Italy. In those times I worked during the day, while during the night I prepared my exams for the doctorate in Phylosophy; in this sense, between then, when I was 23 years old, and now ( unfortunately already 64) there is not much difference: now I use the day for the R&D on the 1 MW plant and the nights inside the plant ( whae She is calm) to study upon the reconciliations of the Lugano Report with Prof. Norman Cook; he is in Japan, I am in the USA, so when here is night there is day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- It is more complex, but you got the essence of the reverse Mossbauer, which is the core of the Cook-Rossi Theory-in-the-making. What we use is not the Mossbauer, but the Mossbauer equation to explain the reverse of the Mossbauer effect as the source of heat and the bar of the high energy photons emission. A paper is close to be published with all the maths of this.
    2- No, the issue is more complex
    3- Same as in 2: we have much study to make on this issue, to give a mathematic substrate to fix it: this is what the nights in the plant are useful for ( when She does not bring troubles).
    4- I jog outdoor or bike 1 hour per day, to store D vitamin…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  323. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The Mossbauer Effect requires nuclei to be embedded in the lattice so they cannot recoil when they absorb or emit gammas.

    1: For the Reverse Mossbauer Effect to occur, is it correct to say that nuclei have to be less firmly embedded in the lattice so they can vibrate? Then nuclei/(the lattice) can absorb gammas and emit “phonons” also known as heat.

    2: Is it correct to say that nuclei are less firmly embedded in the lattice when they are on or near a defect in the lattice or near its surface? Or perhaps, nano-clusters of one element are embedded in another substrate?

    3: Are the regions where nuclei can vibrate and the Reverse Mossbauer Effect (can) occur be considered as the Nuclear Active Environment (NAE)?

    Go outside the plant for a few hours and enjoy the Spring and the Sunshine!

    Springtime (Vernal) regards,

    Joseph Fine

  324. orsobubu

    Hi Andrea!! I’m following all your achievements and in general all new progresses in the experimental and theoretic aspects of the field and I’m very pleased especially for you and your team!! WOW all that’s happening is great and all the people scattered through the world involved in the research are heroes!!

    Now I propose a new and very good method to anticipate and evaluate the results of the ICCF19 meeting!

    Mmm it is not really new and I don’t believe really in it but it is interesting anyway: knowing that oil investors are well ahead of all the geopolitic scenarios, I will follow the price of the crude oil future: if it tanks, the meeting is going well under a business perspective, if it soars, the meeting is a delusion for potential LENR investors. On the basis of this method (which thinking better to it now I personally absolutely don’t endorse) at 9.15 – Padua time – the hopes were very high among the oil community because the index rallyied vigorously, but after 10.30 something is going to obfuscate their enthusiasm

    How well is going your COP calculation inside your plant beetween 9.15 and 10.30 Padua time?? :)

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Welcome back!
    Thank you for your insight.
    The COP this morning is constant . Not bad.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. JCRenoir

    Why the President of Industrial Heat decided to participate to the ICCF 19 ? Will you be with him? Do you agree with his choice?

  327. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Yes, it is. We are not going to give up. You bet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  328. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us what time is it now, where are you and how is going the E Cat of 1 MW?
    Thank you
    WG

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Yesterday, at 2.35 a.m., a nasty leak of steam. Fixed. Particularly nasty because interrupted me while I was reading the draft of a very important paper, that will be soon published, written by mainstream scientists, not belonging to the LENR “aficionados” echelons, that have confirmed with rigorous mathematic cacculations of Physics equations that the reverse Mossbauer effect can reconciliate the theory published in the Cook-Rossi paper.
    It is a very, very, very interesting paper. I suppose will be published shortly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi. You have written:
    “…also to prepare the industrial production of the other versions; the roots are the same…”

    You mean, I suppose, another plant using Hot-Cats instead of low temperature E-Cats.

    If it is correct, I think that this new plant could be dedicated to production of electric energy.
    Am I right?

    Hot Regards,
    Italo R.

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    As I said many times, we will give data regarding the 1 MW plant after the test and R&D on course will have been completed. The results,as you know, could be either positive, or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    Is the certification process for the domestic E-Cat still in progress?
    JCR

  333. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    1- We thought it was opportune to take a look at what is happening around.
    2- I will not attend because I have to stay 16 hours per day inside the 1 MW plant in operation in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat in the USA.
    3- Obviously I agree: we are a Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. Curiosone

    Another question: can you “confess” us which has been the last problem you had to fix in the 1 MW plant, and when?
    W.G.

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    In this moment inside the container of the E-Cat where I am the time is 08.40 pm, the plant is working well, thanks to God, and I will spend here the night.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Herb Gillis

    Andrea Rossi:
    In the Lugano test it appeared that the composition of the nickel ash was predominantly Ni62, the most stable isotope. Do you think Ni62 (if appropriately reprocessed into fuel) would catalyze the Li7 + H reaction? This might provide some more clues as to what the role of nickel is in the overall process.
    Kind regards; HRG.

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gillis:
    Sorry, I cannot give this kind of information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  338. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I was pleased to learn that Tom Darden will be speaking at the ICCF conference in Padova next week. Is he well briefed on the performance level of the E-Cat plant? — I am sure he will be getting plenty of questions.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    of course he is briefed.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  340. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, I know I am getting ahead of myself.
    But when you get an E-Cat to produce electricity for the home.
    I live in a Condo, 5 Buildings, about 100 Apartments in each Building.
    Can you install one Unit for each Building ?
    Each owner can pay for the electricity they use.
    You are aware, if a home owner produces more electricity then they need,
    in many States, I think 43, they can sell it back to the Grid.
    So if one Unit produces more electricity then then 100 Apartments need,
    There is a possibility that the electricity will not only be less expensive,
    but after after the cost of the Unit is recovered, and the small fuel cost,
    it will be free, for the life of the Unit.
    Is this possible ?
    The Grid could pay the home owner 50% of what they charge customers.
    They could make 50% profit on what they sell to their customers.
    Every year the Grid would get smaller, after a few decades, they would go out of business.
    Just like the Horse and Carriage did when the Auto took over.
    Robert Curto

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    I am not able yet to know when the domestic E-Cats will be for sale.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  342. Robert Curto

    DTravchenko, Thank you for your response.
    I also am not an expert in cancer, but I am in contact with Doctors who are.
    Robert Curto

  343. domenico canino

    Tom Darden monday 13 April will be in Italy in Padua for a LENR conference; will you be there too?

  344. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    No, I cannot leave the 1 MW E-Cat untiol the test and R&D period is completed. It is necessary for me to stay insite the plant 16 hours per day, let alone going to Italy!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. DTravchenko

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    the tests that you are making on the Hot Cat installed in the compuer-container of the 1 MW plant will bear a domestic apparatus ?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  346. DTravchenko

    Robert Curto:
    I am not an expert of cancer, so I can’t be useful to you in it, but I agree with you about what you say of the work of our Andrea Rossi.
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  347. To all blog readers.

    I am now old, and my accurate recall of the early 60s when I was a young technician in a chemical factory is now a bit in doubt. However, I recall the following names and their meanings;

    1) A catalyst is a substance that changes the rate of reaction without being modified itself.

    2) An accelerator is a chemical that changes the rate of reaction but does become modified by the reaction.

    From these two recollections I propose that ,in the Lugano test, if Andrea had added a catalyst to the fuel powder as
    his magic ‘sauce’ then it would have come through the reactions unscathed and been detected easily. This would not have been the case with an accelerator.

    If the magic ‘sauce’ was not an accelerator but a catalyst, then it seems reasonable to assume that the catalyst was the lattice itself ,which, presumably, came through the reaction unchanged. No added powder catalyst was detected.

    Perhaps my musings are flawed because the above ideas are rooted in old chemistry and not advanced nuclear considerations. Comments humbly and gratefully received.

    Thank you in anticipation. Jean Pierre

  348. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Gills:
    Under a probabilistic point of view, it is likely that other elements will be discovered to be useful in some form.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Herb Gillis

    Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think that practical LENR (Rossi effect) devices could be developed using other nuclear systems which are similar to Li7 + H combination? For example, the B11 + H combination?
    Kind regards;
    HRG.

  351. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Cook-Rossi Paper, page 9: “Again, neglecting details of the energetic mechanisms, the main possibility for augmenting 62Ni34 abundance is reaction (13). Reaction (13) entails the direct uptake of a proton by 61Ni33(mechanism unknown), leading to 62Cu33 (9.7 min), the decay of which would result in the desired isotope, 62Ni34. Problematical here is the small abundance of the precursor 61Ni33, which accounts for only 1.14% of the Nickel isotopes.”

    Lugano Report, page 29: “From the ICP-AES analysis we find that there is about 0.011 gram of 7Li in the 1 gram fuel. If each 7Li nucleus releases about 17 MeV we find then that the total energy available becomes 0.72 MWh. This is less than the 1.5 MWh actually produced in our 32 days run, so more energy has to come from other reactions, judging from this very rough and speculative estimate.”

    The total fuel mass in the Lugano report was 1.0 grams. The LiAlH4 is around 0.038 grams. If the remainder of the fuel mass was nickel, the nickel content would be 0.962 grams. (This leaves no mass left for the Rossi Catalyst)
    With an average nickel amu of 60, the total number of nickel atoms would be 0.962/60 moles = 0.0160 moles. Multiplying by 6.022E+23 atoms per mole gives the total number of nickel atoms as 0.966E+22 atoms. The total number of 61Ni33 atoms available for the reaction is 1.14% of the total nickel or 1.10E+20.

    One amu of mass converted to energy is equal to 931Mev which is equal to 4.1434E-20 MWh. The mass defect for the 61Ni + a proton going to 62Ni is 0.0027109 amu, so the energy per 61Ni atom is equal to 1.123E-22 MWh

    The amount of MWh released by one 61Ni + one proton going to 62Ni is 1.123E-22 MWh. If all the 61Ni were converted to 62Ni, the additional energy release over that of lithium would be 0.01236MWh.

    The computed energy difference from the Lugano report of total energy (1.5MWh) from that assigned to the lithium reaction (0.72MWh) is 0.78MWh. Therefore, there must be some other reaction besides the 61Ni + a proton becoming 62Ni.

  352. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. DTravchenko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you know that he paper Cook-Rossi has been translated and published in Russian, Chinese, Indi, French, Spanish, French… has been read all over the World, you know?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  354. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    The reference to the work of Dr Alexander Parkhomov was due. He made a very important work, talking the necessary and working very hard, as usually do Russians when they are engaged in something they have trust in.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  355. A Bhatt

    Just wanted to say thank you for your hard work Dr. Rossi. Been following your works closely for over 4 years and think this technology could help save the world from the massive debt and currency crisis that I see looming in the near future. (Not to mention change the world for the better.)

    ~A Bhatt

  356. Andrea Rossi

    A. Bhatt:
    Thank you, I am delighted to share your thanks with my great Team of Industrial Heat, without which I could not be where I am now: inside a 1 MW plant that , thanks to God, is working not bad.
    So far.
    Thank you for your precious words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  357. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Did you see this from the CERN of Geneva?
    “The large Hadron Collider is back and stronger than ever”
    http://www.engadget.com/2015/04/05/large-hadron-collider-returns/
    W.G.

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    OK, in a nutshell ( even if the mathematics are very much more complicated and will be object of a specific publication, in due time): what we use is the Mossbauer effect at its reverse, to reconcile the Lugano results. The Mossbauer effect is based on the equation
    Er = Ey^2/2Mc^2,
    wherein:
    Er = recoil energy
    Ey = energy of the photons
    M= mass of emitting or absorbing body
    The principle is that during a reaction the elementary particles involved recoil and this recoil energy absorbs the energy of the photons, so that the energy is not yelded as gamma rays, but as heat.
    In reality Mossbauer has discovered the effect by which the energy can be yelded as photons, but what interests us ( and this is the pillar of our theory) is the reverse, which is the fact that photons lose their energy which is turned into heat.
    Now, look well the equation above: as you can see, if the mass M of the particles involved is very low, the recoil energy is very high. In the E-Cat the particles involved in Li + p reactions ( the ones that made the depletion of 7Li) have a very low mass, because alpha rays are gaseous, Li is in form of vapour, so that the value of the denominator is very low, which makes very high the recoil energy. This is why, we think, we do not have high energy gamma producion, while we have high ratio of heat.
    Remember: all this has the potential to be wrong.
    I am spending part of the nights here insite the 1MW E-Cat to calculate this. It is not as easy as it seems. The mathematics must take in account the lattice stucture which brings with it all the complexities of the collective models ( Greiner Maruhn) integrated with the behaviour of the single particles ( Cook). But I got time… and I am learning from all the Prof I have the luck to interact with, personally or through their books.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  359. A Bhatt

    Just wanted to say thank you for your hard work Dr. Rossi. Been following your works closely for over 4 years and think this technology could help save the world from the massive debt and currency crisis that I see looming in the near future. (Not to mention change the world for the better.)

    ~A Bhatt

  360. Robert Curto

    DTravchenko,
    They are talking about Dr. Rossi all over the World. Even Bill Gates is getting
    involved.
    I am pleased to see the two men in the World, that I admire the most.
    Drs. Rossi and Matsumura, after an uphill Battle getting the recognition they deserve for their outstanding achievements.
    Dr. Rossi in the energy World.
    Dr. Matsumura in the cancer World.
    I am proud to say they are both my email buddies. We have exchanged
    2,859 emails.
    How many people can say that BOTH of these men are their email buddies ?
    How lucky can you get ?
    If you are interested in cancer or cancer research, you may email me at:
    BOBBYCURTO@WEBTV.NET

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  361. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travhenko:
    Unbilievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. DTravchenko

    Andrea Rossi:
    I have seen that in the Cook-Rossi article is dedicated strong citation to our Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov: thank you!
    DT

  363. Andrea Calaon

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I have read the recent article you and Prof. Cook wrote.
    It considers in detail only the energy contribution of Li7. I remain convinced that the primary role of Li is in increasing the number of superficial vacancies in the Ni grains and in lowering the hopping energy of these vacancies (NAE) by working as interstitial at the surface.

    The reaction you propose, namely:
    Li7+p -> Be8 -> 2He4 + 17.26 [MeV],
    is similar to reaction 11 of the theory I am proposing:
    11 :Li7+ep -> Be8 + e + 16.74 [MeV] – Gp
    Be8 -> 2He4 + 0.09184 [MeV]
    With Gp probably equal to 1.754 [MeV].

    Since the elements are the same the energies should be the same. I quickly checked the contribution of the first part (from Li7 to Be8) and I do not get your 17.17 [MeV]. I use data from the iaea database:
    https://www-nds.iaea.org/relnsd/vcharthtml/VChartHTML.html

    It would be interesting to know if you have ever measured the 1.745 [MeV] gammas from an unshielded charge, similarly to what Iwamura does. It would confirm the presence of at least one emission mechanism that is independent from the metal matrix used (he uses Pd).

    I have also a question about the COP. Are you now tapping hot vapour from the collector and using it to heat the reactors back?

    Congratulations for your high COP!
    Hot regards,
    Andrea Calaon

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Andrea Calaon:
    I cannot give further information after what we wrote, so far. In next papers new issues will be taken into consideration.
    Information regarding the 1 MW E-Cat will be given after the test and the R&D on course will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  365. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I have a physics question for you that I am perplexed about. The question is laid out in more detail at the following page, but I will give a short
    version here.

    http://pesn.com/2014/10/24/9602555_Late-Night-Speculative-Raving_From_Hank-Mills/

    I’ve done a significant amount of reading online, and I cannot find a reference to answer the following question: what is the source of energy that creates the magnetic field of a changed particle – such as an alpha particle?

    Many references state that the amount of kinetic energy of a changed particle is exactly equivalent to the binding energy released in the nuclear reaction. So if you were to run the reaction backwards, you could transform 100% of the kinetic energy into binding energy. But no reference discusses the source of the magnetic field which seems to just appear. I may be totally wrong, but it seems the magnetic field seems to be something extra that cannot be thermodynamically accounted for.

    At the link above there are links to a resonant nuclear battery that was claimed to produce huge amounts of electrical power by harnessing not only the kinetic energy of charged particles emited by decaying radioactive isotopes, but also the magnetic energy. By absorbing the magnetic energy as well, the electrical output of the battery was increased dramatically.

    I’m curious if the magnetic field of a charged particle is indeed seperate from the kinetic energy, and, if so, can it be extracted. If this is possible then your technology could be an ideal alpha particle source emitting a thousand times as many charged particles as Strontium. Maybe not only their kinetic energy but magnetic energy could be harnessed and converted to electricity.

    Thank you.

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  367. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As I study your latest publication (“On the Nuclear Mechanisms…), it appears the hypothesis is that the energy comes from conversion of 7Li4 into helium and the conversion of 61Ni33 into 62Ni34. A quick energy calculation shows that there is insufficient 7Li4 and 61Ni33 in the one gram sample to release the energy observed and reported in the Lugano test. This is based on the amount of 7Li4 produced energy suggested in the Lugano report (0.72MWh), the total excess energy produced (1.5MWh) and the small natural abundance of 61Ni34 (1.14%). Total nickel content in the one gram fuel sample is assumed to be between 0.55 and 0.989 grams. I suggest there must be another energy producing reaction to account for the total excess energy observed.

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please read better the Lugano Report and the Cook-Rossi paper.
    I cannot add information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  369. Dear Andrea,

    After reading your article with Cook, On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat, I just had a reflection on the Lithium 7 problem in Cosmology.

    I do not know if you are familiar with the Lithium 7 problem in cosmology but the problem is that from all known processes of nucleosynthesis there should be 2-3 times higher concentrations of Lithium 7 in the universe than what is observed.

    Mystery over apparent dearth of lithium 7 in universe deepens
    Measurement at Big Bang conditions confirms lithium problem

    Cook-Rossi theory might be able to shed new light on this problem if one can explain how the Cook-Rossi(LENR) Li+p->Be->2He process might appear in stars as well at higher rates than expected by classical nucleosytnthesis models.

    Very interesting theory.

    Kind regards,
    Magnus

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Magnus Holm:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are the improvements you are currently seeing in the COP of the 1MW plant (not known with certainty until the end of the trial period) possibly transferable in whole or in part to the Home E-Cat?

    It must be very difficult to be quietly working in your shipping container office whilst witnessing these potentially world shaking results. I would like to add I really appreciate the news you are giving us. Thanks!

    Sincerely,
    Peter Metz

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    Now I have more time, can answer better:
    Yes, but not in the same measure, because in small units we have not the synergies we get with the 1MW E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Valery Tarasov

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    No doubts, the experiments have priority in the research/developing of working devices, and a theory can come later. Nevertheless, the theory can help in experiments design. I would like to suggest to you a general theory comprising a section with possible explanation of LENR. I hope it can help you in your practical work. If you are interested, at which e-mail can I send the pdf file?
    Best wishes,
    Valery

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Valery Tarasov:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  375. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I would like to share some information, which can potentially explain disappearance of 58Ni (and the observed Ni isotopes ratio change in Lugano report) by appearance of Fe in the ash, hided by the presence of Fe already in the initial fuel (from Lugano report: “From all combined analysis methods of the fuel we find that there are significant quantities of Li, Al, Fe and H in addition to Ni.”).

    First, the interaction of 58Ni with alpha particles (generated from the reaction of protons with 7Li) can result in formation of 56Ni, 57Ni, 55Co, 56Co, 57Co, and 58Co (http://journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.134.B783). Then, second reaction, the electron capture for 56Ni, 56Co, 57Co, and 57Co will result in the formation of stable isotopes Fe56, Fe57, Fe58. Thus, 58Ni will disappear and Ni isotopes ratio will be changed.

    Best wishes,
    Valeriy Tarasov

  376. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the COP of the 1MW is say 6, will you not know that the result will be positive (as far as energy use goes) after 2 months? Are we there yet??? :)

    Regards,
    Peter Metz

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    Thank you for kind words.
    The answer to your question is:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. claudio ciani

    Caro dr. Rossi,

    ho appena visto ed ascoltato con attenzione la conferenza della
    dott.ssa Judy Wood [1]

    L’evidenza scientifica (non ipotetica) che le due torri siano crollate
    per “fusione fredda”, vale a dire con un processo implicante la
    “fusione fredda”, che la dott.ssa Wood definisce “polverizzazione”,
    credo debba prendersi in considerazione.

    Lei che ha studiato la “fusione fredda” nell’applicazione al concreto,
    cosa ne pensa? Cosa pensa di ciò che la dott.ssa Wood afferma?
    Il processo di “fusione fredda” è in grado di “polverizzare” la
    materia e dunque anche le torri gemelle?

    La ringrazio per la disponibilità.

    Buon lavoro per le sue ricerche.

    Claudio Ciani

    Links:
    ——
    [1] http://www.drjudywood.com/

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Claudio Ciani:
    Your comment in Italian substantially asks what I think about the assumption made by Dr Judy Woods that the Twin Towers could have fallen for LENR she calls “pulverization process” started by the energy released by the airoplanes.
    I am not able to answer, because I have not found the necessary data. Without precise calculations, based upon precise equations, you can say everything and the contrary of everything.
    This reminds me the Fermat theorem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Please let me stress something from the start: your hot cat reactors – capable of exceeding 1400C – are completely safe devices for experts such as the employees at Industrial Heat to work with. They have proven to produce no gamma radiation, emit no neutrons, produce no nuclear waste, and simple cease functioning when pushed to rupture in torture tests. Most importantly, you have built and tested hundreds or thousands of them and are in good health.

    However, the recent paper published and statements about steel vaporizing in torture tests indicates that the nuclear reactions may continue when nickel is in the molten form. This may not have been the case in the low temp E-Cat, but it seems to be the case in the hot cat.

    There are currently arguments and chattering between individuals who insist such reactions when the nickel is in the molten form are impossible – due to your previous statements saying that all reactions cease when the nickel melts – and those who are more open to the idea that the reactions may continue.

    Could you please clarify this issue? I don’t think you would need to risk any IP to end this debate.

  381. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Sorry, but your theoretical question is based upon assumptions fundamentally wrong and I cannot answer, maybe some Reader will answer you.
    You also can try this:
    FF Chen, MD Smith 1984, Wiley Online Library.
    About the use of the so called Rossi Effect as a source for the production of charged particles, the equations you imply are barred.
    Thank you anyway for your very, very personal insights, perhaps somebody will be inspired by them: it sometimes happens that wrong assumptions have generated right consequences…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Oeystein Lande:
    This issue will be the object of the continuation of the theoretical work I am making with Prof. Cook. I prefer not to give any information before complete publication on this part of the R&D: probably you have noticed that I prefer not to talk about an issue until the related work is completed. Inside the computers container of the 1 MW E-Cat we are continuing the experiments and the R&D regarding the Hot Cat and its future applications also to domestic appliances and our theoretical work grows up in parallel with a synergetic interdependence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Øystein Lande

    Dear Rossi,

    Can you reveal anything more on the important issue of He measurement?
    Equipment used? He isotopes?
    How much He was measured (ppm?) related to what level of energy production?

    With Regards

  384. WaltC

    Steven N. Karels:
    I was wondering the same thing. According to their paper, you’d need some sort of lattice.

    Speculating: the lattice might need to act somewhat like a “hydrogen sponge”. They also talk about NAE (nuclear active environment– a term used by Edmund Storms (his LENR book is interesting)) which could imply certain lattice characteristics, like free electron availability.

  385. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Also your comment, as many others, have been unspammed by me from the spam where our robot has sent them, for reasons I do not know. Randomly I check some spam page and fish out good comments I find unproperly spammed.
    As I already said, the Readers who send a comment and find it spammed, can email their comment to
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    It will be recovered. It is rare that I spam comments, unless they contain insults of any kind against any person or blatant falsities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    After a cursory reading of your paper (very interesting I might add), it seems like it is possible to have the “Rossi Effect” with only lithium (no nickel). Can you comment on your paper in this regard?

  387. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot add anything to what has been published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Now we are working on the calculation of the He produced, that we have already found.” So you have experimentally verified the production of helium in the eCat operation?

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. Hugh DeVries

    Dear Andrea

    The LENR field continues to get more and more interesting. Now if we can select the right fuel maybe we can produce energy and element ash that is of high value as well.

    Best regards,
    Hugh

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh De Vries:
    Maybe in future
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  392. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Just some small remarks/typo’s:

    i) About my previous remark: Concerning the description of isotopes, I was used to give the number of protons (= Z = Atomic number) and the number of nucleons (= protons + neutrons), so I write 3Li7 in stead of ’7Li4′, but the notation used in the paper is right when we take into account that the first number is the total number of nucleons, and the second is the number of neutrons. Then 3Li7 is 7Li4, because 3Li7 has, indeed, 4 neutrons (and 3 protons).

    But if we follow the notation in the paper, I have a remark about the last line of page 8: where is written (between brackets): (58Ni30 + Alfa -> 62Zn32 -> 61Cu33 -> 62Ni34)

    In this line, 61Cu33 should be 62Cu33, because, in electron-capture, the total number of nucleons remains the same (a proton becomes a neutron), while the number of neutrons increase with one unit.

    ii) Your remark that Ni should be N on page 3: Yes, and there also is a reference to it on page 6

    iii) Some references (to the list in the last page) are wrongly indicated in the paper: For instance on page 5, where there is a reference to Parkomov: in the list at the last page it has reference number [2], but in the beginning of page 5 it is numbered [4], which is wrong.

    (I think this was the case with other references also, but I did not note them all).

    But, of course, this only are small details (typo’s).

    Kind Regards,

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    We asked due corrections of all the typos we found: should be made asap.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. Dear Andrea,
    There exists an endothermic reaction Li7(alpha,n)B10 which has cross section 0.03 barn at 5 MeV and 0.25 barn at 7 MeV. I also read in wikipedia (article Neutron_source) that there exist americium-lithium neutron generators based on this reaction. If there are energetic alphas (energy about 17/2=8.5 MeV) in the reactor as per your paper’s suggestion, then there should also be some free neutrons generated from lithium-7 by this reaction. But Bianchini saw no neutrons. This looks like a dilemma.
    With mysterious regards, /pekka

  395. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    About the alternative reaction you suggest, I think they are unlikely and the reason is explained in the article: unlikely does not mean impossible, though. About the report of Dr Bianchini, there is one particular that noobody observed: if you do not consider the Sigma, neutron have been produced. The Sigma is a statistic datum, and there is no evidence that it has necessarily to bear a positive sign, statistically speaking. As a consequence of this consideration, should the Sigma be negative ( 50% of probabilities) we had a neutron emission in small measure. Speaking with Dr Bianchini, he told me it is a possibility and he said that more detailed measurements had to be done on this issue, but the aim of his measurements was related to the safety, so his work has been limited to verify that there was no danger regarding the radiations emitted from the Hot Cat in the environment of the laboratory the Professors were working in.
    When you toss a coin, the chance that it will be always head are pretty unlikely.
    Probabilistic Regards,
    A.R.

  396. Dear Andrea,
    Concerning your answer to JC Renoir. “Re-percussion” is probably a drummer’s delight!
    Best regards, /pekka

  397. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    We found that calculating properly the Mossbauer effect the understandable dilemma you propose ( that obviously was clear to us from the beginning) could be resolved. I underline “could be”.
    We are still studying on this. I think the keys are 7Li3+p -> 8Be4 -> 2 Alpha -> Mossbauer Effect-> Heat + (2 Alpha + 2e)-> 2He
    Maybe we are wrong, but this is the reconciliation we propose. And this is the core of the Rossi Effect, we suppose. Now we are working on the calculation of the He produced, that we have already found.
    This will be the object of a next Cook-Rossi paper. The nuclear model of Prof. Norman Cook suits perfectly my effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Stan Lippman:
    Thank you for your attention.
    Your considerations are understandable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Stan Lippmann

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I enjoyed reading your paper. Although it doesn’t help with the mystery of start-up, I wonder if the alphas can transfer enough kinetic energy to the protons to sustain to reaction.

    it would seem easy enough to measure the He outgas with a mass spectrometer, this would get the attention of a lot of people if the saw proof that the right amount of helium were produced.

  400. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea,
    in the ArXiv paper I read, among others, Li7+p=Be8, Ni61+p=Cu62.
    This suggests an old question.
    What lowers the Coulomb barrier, between the atomic nuclei of Hydrogen and Nickel? Or Lithium?
    I just read “If the high temperature, high-pressure conditions within the E-Cat provide sufficient energy to allow Hydrogen nuclei to overcome the Coulomb barrier and to approach Lithium nuclei, then….“
    Are there any idea on this issue?
    Nuclear regards,
    Giuliano Bettini.

  401. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    If you read carefully the paper, you will find what explains the reason of the limits regarding the disclosing of these issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwè:
    There are typos that we are correcting. Not just this, but also others, like Ni instead of N on pag. 3-4 and some other evident typos derived from a wrong trascription, like, for example, wrong numbers of the references, so that some reference is related to the wrong number…We are sorry for this inconvenience and we are making the corrections.
    Thank you for your attention and for your kind words.

  403. Hank Mills

    Dear LENR – Cold Fusion – Rossi Effect Community,

    Alexander Parkhomov’s most recent test report and oral presentation clearly indicates he has once again replicated the basic Rossi Effect. Although additional replications from qualified experts utilizing all safety precautions would provide even more corroboration – his evidence seems very strong.

    This post is not to dispute his positive findings; actually, it’s purpose is to discuss further evidence in support of the Rossi Effect that could have been captured but was not. His test – even though it has detected massive excess heat – did not measure heat after death. Both his report and oral presentation fail to mention any heat messurements taken after the point at which the resistor failed. Multiple groups and individuals have contacted him to ask about this issue. Parkhomov has answered.

    I’ve personally read two email responses from Parkhomov that he sent to other researchers. I have forwarded one of them to Andrea Rossi in order to show the information I am sharing is authentic. Parkhomov states in the email that no data exists from the time period because he was not present and temperature data was not being recorded.

    This does not negate his overall positive findings. But it makes determining if heat after death took place impossible. This represents a flaw in his experiment. This flaw does not impact the results that have been released, but the flaw allowed key data that could be used to measure HAD to go unrecorded.

    We know his system was designed to keep the reactor at a constant temperature of 1,200C. This is factual according to his report. If this was the temperature at the moment the resistor failed, then we would need to know the drop in this value over time to create a slope on a graph. If the graph showed a constant temperature being maintained (self sustaining) or a slower drop in temperature than that of a control unit, then HAD could be detected. Since the temperature over time after the resistor failed is unknown, there is no way of determining id HAD was produced.

    Inital Temperature + Unknown Temperature / Time = No Proof Of HAD

    I am not attacking Parkhomov. I think he has done a great work by replicating when others were simply talking. However, I hope the entire community can learn the importance of setting up a data acquisition system so temperature data can be recorded even if a resistor fails. An amazing opportunity to possibly detect HAD was lost, and I hope this does not happen again.

    Maybe this flaw in an otherwise tremendously successful experiment will be a wake up call for the community.

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your continue and kind interest to our work.
    Please read with attention the Cook-Rossi paper and the Lugano report: I am sure you will find the answers you need.
    I cannot add anything, so far, to what has been written already.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I didn’t read your paper ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1504.01261 ) in detail yet, but in it and in its summary, is mentioned 7Li4, but shouldn’t that be 7Li3, as Z = 3 and not 4? So, 7Li3 + p -> 8Be4 -> 4He2 + 4He2?

    Anyhow, if I’m right, this is just a detail, but for the rest: april 7, 2015 as the date when you announced the presence of your paper, will be a historical date in science! The paper looks impressive and close to the truth, but as I was not following this forum for a while, I didn’t read it in detail yet.

    Kind Regards,

  406. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: To follow up on my question about being explicitly able to show your customers savings. There are many historical examples of productive products being delayed or eliminated because of negative advertisement. It has been proven negative advertisement simply works. This negative advertisement can be overcome by you being able to show in a simple straight forward way your customers savings. Is your set up in your customer’s factory able to show a skeptical future customer who has been subjected to negative advertisement that your reactor can save him money?

  407. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Negative advertising is very positive for products that give evidence of the falsity of the negative advertising itself: I call it ” compression”: when you make a negative compression of a product that is positive in itself, you produce the explosion of its diffusion. Snakes are useful. Snakes are precious. If you resist to their attack.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  408. Valery Tarasov

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I just would like to give you some ideas to consider for an explanation of the energy source in e-cat like devices. From my theory (it is out of mainstream physics) the energy is coming from the fission of the protons. Effective conditions for such fission process are likely to be connected with the formation of cavities between the packed Ni particles, having size of micrometers. These cavities serve as the rooms where protons, emitted from the surface of Ni particles, are colliding with each other. In such process, one proton will decay into one positron and a pair of electron-positron. The produced positrons interact with electrons of Ni particles and gamma rays are produced. As side effects, all possible transmutations should be registered from interactions of protons decay products with Ni. Of course, all above does not fit to theoretical modern physics, but only experimental data and predictions leading to positive experiments are counted.
    Best wishes,
    Valery

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Valery Tarasov:
    Thank you for your attention.
    I will answer to all the issues regarding the paper in a next publication.
    Obviously I will not answer to questions that could lead to breach of IP
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  410. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations with your paper!
    I have a related question. Since the interaction of 7Li with protons is the main LEN reaction producing two alpha particles in your Cats, I suppose even more effective can be to use LiBH instead of LiAlH. This is because, interaction of boron with proton (500 keV) results in generation of 3 alpha particles (in addition 2 alpha particles from 7Li + p): 1p + 11B → 3 4He + 8.7 MeV. Thus, it will be interesting to try Ni + LiBH in the same setup as it was for Ni + LiAlH. Have you tried this combination?
    Best wishes,
    Valeriy Tarasov

  411. Andrea Rossi

    Steven:
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  412. Stevennig

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your theoretical paper written in collaboration with Prof Norman Cook, the Author of the book “Models of the Atomic nucleus” !
    What has impressed me is the progress you made in these last 3 years also under the theoretical point of view. It appears clearly the enormous effort you put in the study of Physics.
    Godspeed,
    Steven

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers of the JONP:
    After due peer reviewing, has been published on Arxiv the theoretical paper written by Prof. Norman Cook and Andrea Rossi:
    Please find it here:

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1504.01261

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: There are so many super skeptics ready to discredit your results (should they be positive (: ) what steps have you taken to insure the results are “iron clad” showing your customer has saved x amount of dollars during your year long test?

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    The rules of the market are totally strange to the chattering: if the test on course will confirm that the E-Cat works and the Customer is satisfied, the E-Cats will invade the market.
    I give you a simple example: when cars have been invented ( late XIXth Century) most of experts said that those things could never substitute horses, for a lot of reasons, theoretical and experimental.
    But cars worked, people bought them when the industrial manufacturing made an accessible price available and from then the contrary opinion of the experts counted nothing.
    This is how things go: what is important is not what sceptics say, what is important is the product works properly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. Dear Andrea,

    Now that Hank Mills has slightly prepared the floor I dare to say the following. Warning: may look sentimental to some.

    It is probably no accident that especially you, Andrea Rossi, succeeded in developing the E-cat. The work has seemingly required an enormous, almost but not quite superhuman, amount of dedication and commitment, humbleness in front of nature, and relentless willpower to utilize the possibilities it offers.

    Typically it is 100 times more laborious to make new R&D, compared to repeating something that has already been done or doing reverse engineering. Other groups are now beginning to slowly succeed with reverse engineering. That gives some small indication of the magnitude of the original effort involved.

    I could be wrong, but it is my guess that in general such amount of willpower and dedication can only stem from a most genuine love of humans and of mankind by fundamentally altruistic motives.

    End of sentimentality warning.

    Best regards, /pekka

  417. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Musically speaking, yes ( he,he,he)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    From the article published on the April 2015 issue of Science & Vie, it seems your 1 MW E-Cat is considered something that sounds as a mockery toward the multi-billion ITER and NIF, because you succeeded to make with small money what they didn’t with enormous funds paid by the taxpayers… are you afraid of repercussions from this?
    JCR

  419. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I mock nobody and respect the work of everybody who works seriously, as the scientists of ITER and NIF.
    I am not worried of any repercussion, I just am worried to do well my work, together with my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  420. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have recently mentioned improved self-sustained mode operation for your plant.

    1. Is this something you are continually trying to improve with this plant, or are you satisfied with what you have achieved so far?

    2. Will you eventually publish data about ssm improvements over time with this plant. It would be very interesting to see a history of the performance of this plant.

    3. Have you been able to transfer the ssm improvements in this plant to the Hot Cats you are testing?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  421. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- I hope what is happening now will continue for the whole test.
    2- probably, after the test will have been completed
    3- we are working on it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  422. DTravchenko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why do you think the LENR are so fought against from the mainstream science?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  423. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    First and foremost, many scientists of the “mainstream” Physics community are approaching LENR unbiased after the enormous work that has been done in the last four years, mainly by me and my Team ( honestly and sincerely, without hypocrisy). For example, all the Professors that made the ITP Lugano Report belong to the mainstream as well as the scientists of NASA, Airbus, Lockeed Martin, Boeing, DOE, DOD, MIT, the Nobel Laureate Brian Josephson, the Russian scientists Alexander Parkhomov, Irina and Vitaly Uzikov of the Science Academy of Moscow,etc. that started at various levels a serious R&D program on LENR. This said, the so called LENR community did its best to transform itself into a sect in a ghetto, writing a lot of stupidities ( think to the electron capture saga) among some very good paper ( Mizuno, Ikegami, Ahern, etc). Most of all, what made ghettized the so called LENR community is the attitude to write a lot, talk a lot vociferate the most, working and studying as less as possible and over all not spend their own money to make R&D, but only search for money of others ( which shows that they are the first not to believe to what they say; I do not know of any of them who sold his house to finance themselves, as I did in 2012 ) . I calculated in 1:100 the mean ratio between pages of Physics studied and pages of Physics written by most of the wannabe scientist self defined “nuclear physicists” inside the so called “LENR” community. As my friend Sergio Focardi said many times: ” The problem is that they are searching for new physics without studying the existing physics before”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Maestroviejo:
    Arguments “ad Hominen” ( character assassitations attempts) against me will continue forever, and I am used to them since the year 1988. They are not worth my time to react anymore. I have to work with my Team in the 1 MW E-Cat. All the rest is nothing.
    Who wants to know the story can go to
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    and to
    http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Curiosone

    Can you inform us about when your paper will be published in a peer reviewed magazine?

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Yes, very interesting. They will find new horizons in the subatomic universe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Gherardo

    Dott.Rossi,
    Buona Pasqua
    Gherardo

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Gherardo:
    Thank you, likewise to you and again to all our Readers
    A.R.

  429. Dr Rossi:
    How is going the 1MW E-Cat today, in the moment you will answer to this text?

  430. Andrea Rossi

    Travis Boge:
    Today, Easter, She is going well, stable, with long ssm. We fixed a water leak few minutes ago: we have km of pipings and leaks are not rare. It is a trivial issue, but the consequences can be relevant if not immediately detected and fixed: as paradoxical as it may seem, plumbing can compromise science… I can’t stop thinking ( to be careful to the particulars apparently trivial) to the tragedy of the Space Shuttle ( cost several billions) that exploded because of a 100 $ “O-Ring” made with a wrong kind of rubber. We must be focused to the extreme on this first industrial E-Cat, to take notice of all the errors, even the apparently trivial, to correct the future production. This piles up anxiety, of course, because you can never relax.
    Again, Happy Easter, from inside the plant, to you and all our Readers.
    A.R.

  431. Dear Andrea Rossi:
    The financial world is really impressed from the fact that you made a 1 MW plant working seriously in the factory of a customer and not the usual laboratory toy. We think you are ready to enter in the financial environment, because there is a strong interest from institutional investors regarding your work.
    Do you think your technology will be open to such developments?
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.
    Rose

  432. Andrea Rossi

    Rose:
    To look for public money before having a consolidated technology and evidence of it given by at least one year of full production of energy by means of our industrial plant is premature. Now we have to think only to work and to consolidate our technology. I am here, inside the plant, working in it to build up real experience also today, eve of Easter, as well as I will be tomorrow, Easter: this is what we have to do now: real, industrial work. Without this structural work done, the only thing to think about is to complete this work until it will have been completed. This is time for facts, not words and mirrors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  433. Desmondet

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you describe the measurement instrumentation of the 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat?

  434. Andrea Rossi

    Desmondet:
    The measurement system of the 1 MW E-Cat is made by:

    56 thermocouples to measure the temperature of the water steam in different positions

    56 thermocouples to measure the temperature of the liquid water that flows toward the reactors in different positions

    1 PCE 830 to measure the consumption of electric power, which has been installed between the container of the reactors and the electric power source of the Customer’s Factory, plus

    the Wattmeter of the Customer’s factory installed by the electric energy provider

    56 pressure gauges to measure the pressure of the steam in different positions

    All the data are taken by the certified registration system made by the referee, who has placed the certified gauges to calculate the COP, and collected in his computer. All the referee’s gauges are certified and sealed.
    Besides all this, there is the master Gauge, which is the manufacturing plant of the Customer, which needs 1 MWh/h of thermal energy carried by steam: if they receive this energy they pay for the plant, provided we give the granted COP, otherwise they do not pay. They measure with their instrumentation the amount and quality of the steam, but most of everything, they check the amount and the quality of their production and compare their costs using the E-Cat VS their costs with the traditional heaters. Their plant is the universal gauge and is, under a commercial point of view, the only one that really counts. So far the Customer is satisfied. Nevertheless, I have to add that it is soon to assume final considerations and we are aware of the fact that within the end of the year the results could be positive, but also negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  435. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    April 11, I head to Guatemala to install three Village Water Purification Systems as (VWPS) part of my church’s mission trip. Looking forward to the day when I can include village-level eCat units to reduce the cost of electricity and to increase availability of electricity. Each VWPS is designed to provide potable water for 200 persons at very low cost per person (less expensive than boiling to purify the water).

  436. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your important social endeavour. I will help you as soon as we will be able to.
    You have chosen the best possible way you could to celebrate Easter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  437. Paul Swanson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Has the customer for the 1MW plant specified an input water rate and an output temperature?

    Warm Regards,
    Paul Swanson

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Swanson:
    all the reactors of the 1 MW E-Cat have been manufactured in the factory of IH.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Paul

    Andrea,

    What are the people who manufactured the e-cat reactors for the 1 MW plant doing during the one year of testing?

    Idle hands are are the hallmark of someone else’s workshop.

    Paul

  440. paolo edmondo

    hi
    I’m interested to using an e-cat in Italy, this is possible?
    For the energetic use of a communal swimming-pool, thanks

    P.E.T

  441. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo Edmondo:
    The E-Cat is certified only for industrial applications.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  442. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Happy Easter. I am going to take this opportunity to thank you for answering our questions and letting us watch important history unfold in real time. It feels to me like you are headed down the home stretch to a Nobel Prize.

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    We all are making History together.
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  444. Hi Andrea,

    Wishing you well during this most Holy of all Holidays. I hope you get to have an enjoyable time this weekend.

  445. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Thank you, likewise to you and all our Readers.
    We will spend Easter inside the plant, with the occasion asking God to help us as He did so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. Hi Andrea,
    Your idea of changing out 10 modules at a time so that there will be no cessation of 1mWh/h to inconvenience the customer is a valid idea.
    However, I am not convinced that the customer will appreciate there being a continuous 24 hour maintenance going on for about two weeks. Also, using a more practical 12 hour day would mean extending this to about a month.
    It would seem to me to be a better idea to lease the plant for a year (assuming it will run for this time before maintenance) and then bring in a replacement that can stand close to the old plant and be run up to full power and then switched in to replace the old one . Of course, thought must be given to the necessary associated hardware that will need to cope with this switching.
    The advantage would be that the old plant can be taken to a central refurbishment factory where all the expertise would be concentrated and the plant worked on at leisure.
    Thinking ahead into the future when many customers will be involved , then it follows that there will be a large number of trained maintenance men spread all over the country rather than far less in one central place where perhaps robotic repairs might be feasible to assist. There would be greater quality control via this method and greater safety too?
    Best wishes. Jean Pierre

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    There are many different systems of maintainance, depending on the specific situations.
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. What do you say of the article on Science & Vie n. 1151 of April 2015 about the fact that you are in competition with ITER and NIF ?

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Zabudowa:
    Yes, I read it. It is an intelligent article of the scientific journalist Mathieu Grousson about nuclear fusion, well equilibrated and with reasonable critics. I found it interesting, objective and well done.
    As far as I know, the article is not yet available on the internet, therefore to read it is necessary to buy Science & Vie, but I think it is worth the price. By the way, Science & Vie is a top level scientific magazine, probably the most important of the kind in France, where there is always to learn something, independently from the specific topic of nuclear fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Andrea Rossi

    TO ALL THE READERS OF THE JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS:
    WE WISH YOU ALL HAPPY EASTER HOLYDAYS !
    THE JONP TEAM

  451. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you have more ash analysis than what was published by the 3PT? If you do, was it important for development of your theory to be published in conjunction with the professor? If you do, will it be disclosed in the paper to be published?
    Regards and good luck with the referee.

  452. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your wish and for your consistent attention to our work.
    I prefer not to talk of the paper I wrote with the Professor before its publication. I said it is based upon the work of the ITP. You know that I do not like to talk of things that did not yet happen. The paper is under peer reviewing. When it will be published ( if it will be published) we will talk of it. I cannot add anything to what I already said.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  453. Pierre Clauzon

    Dear Andrea,

    I was very impressed by your 28th of October 1MW successful test . You will find within this link what I publish in the blog of the french magazine Capital:

    http://libresechanges.blog.capital.fr/

    I would like to be among your first customers for the small e-cat in 2013 !

    Warm regards Pierre

  454. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre Clauzon:
    Can you kindly send us the link to see the article about LENR published on the French mainstream scientific magazine Science et Vie on the April 2015 issue ?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  455. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Note the Eagle defeating the Snake,
    With a feet on the italian fico d’india,
    Over the hot-cat tube showing the resistor coil and the energy irradiated…
    And the Italian flag in background
    :-)

  456. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  457. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    It’s all symbolically explained in this hermetic image:
    http://www.bandiere-nazionali.it/media/flags/flagge-mexiko.gif
    :-)

  458. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    nice thought!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  459. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “…since we expect that the charges will consume moreless equally; the maintainance will not involve only the charge replace, but many other issues, so it will be less time consuming a global intervention presumably of a week.”

    It sounds like the maintenance options are:

    Replace an entire 1MW eCat unit at the end of some period of time (6 months, one year, or as detected or estimated fuel runs low). Shut-down the old 1MW eCat unit. Disconnect the plumbing and electrical connections. Move in a newly refurbished 1MW eCat unit to replace the old unit. Re-connect plumbing and electrical and Turn-on the new 1MW eCat unit. I assume this could be done in a day.

    Or

    Shut-down the old 1MW eCat unit. Replace the expended eCat reactors. Do other maintenance actions to the 1MW eCat unit. Turn-on the refurbished 1MW eCat unit. This would take about a week.

    Or in the case of an eCat reactor sub-unit failure

    Leave the 1MW eCat unit running. Remove and replace the defective eCat reactor sub-unit with a replacement unit and continue to run. Perhaps run the replaced unit more to effect fuel consumption. Probably done in a few hours. Hopefully, this is a rare occurrence.

    Is this essentially correct?

  460. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Same answer I gave to Marco a minute ago.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  461. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    the questions about the possibility to change only one moudule made me think a strategy to have zero stop time for a big plant: changing progressively the modules without turn off the plant.

    If you provide a 110 10Kw module plant for a nominal 1Mw plant, you can turn off for maintenance up to 10 modules at once (e.g. a day) without going out of nominal output power and so doing a progressive module substitution. The maintenance cycle will last e.g. 11-12 working days and only the first maintenance cycle will give you different aged modules (anyway the difference in age is less than two weeks between the older and the younger module).

    If the time to substitute a module is low, even the current 6 module overprovisioning (as far as I remember) can be enough, since you can turn off and replace only 1-2 modules at once in a couple of hours and in an entire day you can reach the 10/day (or even more) replace rate, to achieve a total maintenance period less than 2 weeks: even if it is without power interruption, a maintenance cycle is better to be kept as fast as possible…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  462. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your insight. We have various combinations for the maintainance scheduling, depending on the situation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  463. Pietro F.

    Se ama scherzare, oggi é il 1° aprile,
    le suggerisco un piccolo scherzetto; potrebbe far credere che qualcuno, stanotte, si é introdotto nel sito dove provate l’ecat, ed ha sotratto alcuni moduli e i pc che li controllano. Arrestati nei pressi cittadini di nazionalità russa…. poi farcisca Lei come desidera.
    Buon lavoro

    Pietro F.

  464. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:

    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. Andrea Rossi

    Gio 51:
    I must confess that this information is correct. Valid from 1.00 a.m. of April 1st 2015 through 12.00 p.m. of the first day of April 2015. I suppose you will celebrate this scoop with a fish based feast.
    Sobby Regards,
    A.R.

  466. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Many people are trying to duplicate the hot cat. I have not heard of many attempts to duplicate the cool cat. Am I missing something or are those attempts being kept secret(DOD, NASA etc).
    Regards.

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  468. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea and team in your containers.
    You really are an example for many, the way you work and why you work.

    Congratulations whith the enhanced SSM ! A giant leap, it seems.
    The principle of this improvement can also be applied to the driven mode?

    I have a question that arises from your answer to the previous question of Nils Fryklund:
    The answer is: yes, it is possible, if opportune.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. I preferred to answer here because your question maybe of interest also for others.

    What do you really mean with: “If opportune” ?

    Kind Regards
    Koen

  469. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    in this case, “if opportune” means that we do not expect that will be necessary to make the maintainance to one or few modules per time, since we expect that the charges will consume moreless equally; the maintainance will not involve only the charge replace, but many other issues, so it will be less time consuming a global intervention presumably of a week. But this is an opinion, not based upon experience, that’s why I said “if opportune”. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards, from all our team “in our containers”.
    A.R.

  470. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In you answer to Nils Fryklund you indicated it is possible to stop a single module of the 1 MW E-Cat and perform maintenance of the single module, change the charge while all the other modules are in operation. This suggests to me that:

    a. The eCat modules are individually controlled (as opposed to belonging to a group of reactors).
    b. I would further guess that you may be doing load balancing between eCat reactors to obtain maximum useful working time.

    Comments?

  471. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  472. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Egregio e stimatissimo signor Andrea la seguo da molti anni per dove posso e mi pare assodato pure che Lei mi conosca, perché mi sono presentato a Lei più volte e pure di persona a Pordenone ad esempio dove Lei teneva una conferenza su divulgazioni relative alle LENR , oltre che aver più volte aderito allo acquisto di 4 E-CAT di qualsiasi tipo . Mi sono pure espresso epistolarmente anni fa , quale Suo possibile aiuto per qualsivoglia bisogna (senza assolutamente tornaconto ) . Leggendola in continuazione sul Suo sito JoNP mi immagino pure nei miei pensieri , relativamente alla Sua persona , una qualche forma di simpatia parecchio consolidata . Complimenti . Ora io leggendo la Sua Risposta al sig, Nils del 30-03-15 , dove si esprime : “ e-mail privato “ , e pure : “ Ho preferito rispondere alla Tua domanda , in una sede diversa “ Le chiedo gentilmente se posso avere un suo recapito di posta privata . Amorevolissimi e cordialissimi saluti da Giannino di Udin , Suo fans assoluto !

  473. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    You are asking how to contact me personally, here is the address:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Gianino Ferro Casagrande:
    You are asking how to contact me personally, here is the address:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. mark saker

    Dear Andrea,

    when did you decide to make a peer reviewed paper (to possibly publish in May). Will this help you to be granted a patent or are the two not connected?

    Did the scientist get full disclosure of the Rossi effect and will there be new pictures :)

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    I decided to publish a theoretical paper after a discussion with the scientist I wrote it with, five months ago.
    Theory has nothing to do with patents. The theory is based on the results of the Lugano Report, not on the industrial secrets, for obvious reasons.
    For the rest, let’s wait for the publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Steven N. Karels

    Hank Mills,

    Since Dr. Parkhomov’s experiment was controlling the power based on the sensed temperature, then by definition he was sensing the temperature and he was using a computer. If he had periodically recorded the temperature and the input power, then all needed information would be present for the analysis. The missing piece could be resolved by deliberately interrupting power for both the control (no fuel) and the fueled versions to observe the temperature decay at different stable temperature settings. So I see this as a procedural issue, not an experiment design issue.

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    In your private email to the JoNP you asked if it is possible to stop a single module of the 1 MW E-Cat and make the maintainance of the single module, change the charge while all the other modules are in operation.
    The answer is: yes, it is possible, if opportune.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. I preferred to answer here because your question maybe of interest also for others.

  479. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever ran an E-Cat for a period of time, removed the fuel, and then successfully used the fuel in another reactor?

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your insight. In the last experiment it seems to me that Dr Parkhomov has addressed the issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the extended SSM. It sounds like you have found where to rub the belly of your eCat to make it Purr.. It sounds like a non-linear control problem where there may be several “sweet zones” where optimal behavior occurs. Good luck as you map out these zones.

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your kind words and for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    Apologies if I was not clear.

    Is the increased SSM because it runs for longer periods in SSM or the periods when electrical input is applied have got shorter. For example, where previously it might have been 120mins SSM then 60mins control, perhaps now it is 120mins SSM then only 10mins control

    Thankyou

    Mark

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    It is the SSM that has increased and, consequently, the driving time is decreased.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. JCRenoir

    Andrea:
    You say you stay in the container of the E-Cat 16 hours per day: can I ask you what do you do in the remaining 8 hours?
    JCR

  486. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    1 hour to eat ( I am Italian). I eat once a day.
    1 hour to go with my bike or to make jogging.
    5 hours in bed.
    30 minutes to wash.
    30 minutes for shopping.
    If called for an emergency, I run anytime to the plant, as does anyone of the Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    I wonder how can you obtain similar extensions in the ssm periods on a working device. One can’t change a tire in a running car. In my mind the only things you could change are some software parameters, to be propagated to a hundred of microcontrollers.
    Are theese great results in terms of long ssm sons of your “actions” on the devicea or are you simply discovering a potential of your baby that you didn’t know yet ?
    Scaramanzia a parte, do you still realiatically believe that the final results of the test could also be negative ?
    I don’t. And I suggest humbly to start to think to the mass production. I predict a very large demand.

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  488. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Good question. The improvements are due mainly to the fact that for the first time we can operate for a very long period, 24/7 the 1 MW E-Cat Lady. We are learning to know Her better, using Her. We can operate changements using the regulation of the control system; surely, as you correctly say, we cannot make major modifications with the E-Cat in operation.
    About the final results: honestly, I think that the final results could be positive, but also negative, even if the more we advance through the test path, the more the probability of a successful output increases; at the moment I give 50.1% positive chance, 49.9% negative.
    I am 64 years old, working from more than 40 years, made about 1,500 plants of various kind, seen too many problems arise from new plants not to be worried of what from the next future will come. My foreseeable future is tomorrow: beyond that I need a cristal ball. That’s why I stay with Her 16 hours per day, included Christmas and Easter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since you work so many hours inside the 1MW unit, can you tell us something about the human experience?

    a. Hot/Cold temperature – is the unit air conditioned or heated for personal comfort?
    b. Lighting – LED, CFL?
    c. Communications – telephone, computer, television?
    d. Furniture – desk and chair? Bed?
    e. Drinking water, refrigerator?

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. we have air conditioned in the container where are the computers to operate the control system and wherein we mostly stay
    b. High Efficiency Fluoreshent Tubes, Mod. General Electric Ecolux WM ( made in China).
    c. we got cell phones, wi-fi, obviously computers ( enough to set up a computer shop…); no television ( so I will have not to suffer looking at the Red Sox).
    d. desk and chair, standard office furniture. No bed.
    e. drinking water, of course, refrigetator.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it that the SSM periods have got longer or the periods that the electrical input is required has got shorter? for example perhaps you have a 1hour SSM period followed by a 5minute control period or an even better ratio? :)

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Can you rephrase your question? It is not precise enough to give an answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Andrea Rossi

    The E-Cat this week has been good, with very, very extended ssm periods. I prefer to give data regarding the COP after the end of the test.
    From inside the plant,
    A.R., with Warm Regards

  494. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone: No, I prefer maintain this information undisclosed until the publication is made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. Curiosone

    You said that you are writing a theoretical paper about the Rossi Effect in collaboration with a mainstream scientist: can you tell us who he is?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  496. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    I think May, but I am not sure. At the moment it is under peer reviewing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  497. DTravchenko

    …also: are you worried in general that patents of others steal your technology ? After all the wonderful work you made are not you afraid that the fruits go to the gorillas?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  498. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Same answer as few minutes ago.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. DTravchenko

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read the patent application of Airbus, it is obviously copied from your publications and the reports of the Independent Third Party. Are you worried that they can steal your technology?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  500. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    No, I am glad that Airbus is working on LENR inspired by our work: this gives evidence that all the ” I-Know-Everything” guys that aprioristically define LENR impossible to be sustained in serious concerns are wrong. I am honoured of the fact that our work has moved seriously Airbus, Shell, Lockeed Martin, Bill Gates …and many others I can’t say. In all the World. This happened because we made facts, not words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    How did work the 1 MW E-Cat this week ? What is the COP?
    JCR

  502. Dr Rossi:
    Do you think that your technology could help the improving and therefore the surviving of the coal plants? That would be important for the tens of thousands of jobs linked to coal minimg and coal fired power plants.

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Eddie:
    That is my pet dream. If the test on course with the 1 MW plant we supplied to our Customer will be positive at the end of this year, certainly we could integrate our technology inside the coal fueled power plants, reducing in proporon their pollution. The problem here risks to be more boureaucratic than technological, because, as I already had occasion to wtite here, we already discussed this issue with a director of a coal fired plant and he explained to me that our integration means to change all the authorization system, whic is a very unpredictable path. As a matter of fact, the new regulations imposed by the Obama Administration should encourage the integration of new not polluting technologies ( see Power Engineering, March 2015).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  504. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I recall your much earlier postings suggested that the so called Rossi effect required around 100 – 200 Bars of pressure for the non-catalyst nickel-hydrogen reaction. Yet Dr. Parkhomov indicates a COP of 2 – 3 at 5 Bars. Is this consistent with your experience?

    His pressure profile of 5 Bars then decreasing to a vacuum of 0.5 Bars suggests perhaps loading (of the nickel?) is occurring. Also after the reaction start, additional hydrogen is drawn into the nickel or consumed? Any thoughts?

  505. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting insight about the work of Dr Parkhomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  506. Steven N. Karels

    To all JONP readers,

    Analysis of the Parkhomov Experiment – Gas Pressure

    The Parkhomov reactor is described a cylinder 29cm in length. From the pictorial diagram, I estimated the inner diameter at 1 cm with an effective length of 7cm. Filler rods were used to decrease the air volume but there were some additional volume for test equipment. I therefore estimate a gas volume of 20cc.

    Working Volume = 20 cc. = 0.02 liters

    How much hydrogen is needed to support a pressure of 5 atm at 1473K (1200C)?

    Using the ideal gas law P * V = n * R * T, where R = 0.082 liter * atm / ( K * moles)

    n = P * V / ( T * R) = 5 atm * 0.02 liters / (1473 K * 0.082 atm * liters / (mole * K)
    n = 8.3 * 10 ^-4 moles

    2 grams of hydrogen in one mole, therefore hydrogen mass = about 1.7 milligrams

    Assumption: LiAlH4 was used to supply both the hydrogen and the lithium to the eCat.

    What was the required LiAlH4H mass?

    Assume LiAlH4 can yield about 25% of its hydrogen when heated above 700C. So the hydrogen portion of the LiAlH4 must be 6.8 milligrams.
    Total molar mass of LiAlH4 is 37.95 so the LiAlH4 mass = 6.8 milligrams * 37.94 / 4 = about 64 milligrams.

    Dr. Parkhomov’s report indicated 60 mg so this is generally consistent with his reported results.

  507. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot give information about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  508. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    PARKHOMOV”S 3rd PAPER, TEXT

    Conclusions.

    1. The apparatus worked continuously for more than 3 days, producing more than twice as much as the applied electrical energy. 50 kWh or 18MJ were produced in excess of the electrical energy expended. This amount of energy could be obtained by burning 350g of petroleum products.

    2. The reactor chamber pressure during slow burning was relatively low (in this experiment up to 5 bar)

    3. The used fuel had the appearance of soft droplets of golden color mixed with grey powder.

    4. The resultant used fuel mixture was sent for analysis of atomic and isotopic composition. But the results, unfortunately, have not yet been received.

    http://egooutpeters.blogspot.it/2015/03/parkhomovs-3rd-paper-text.html

  509. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Again thank you for this thread of very interesting links to the work of Dr Parkhomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  510. Ian Walker

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) In Alexander Georgevich Parkhomov’s recent replication of the Rossi Reactor he noted some step changes in temperature, might you shed some light on the matter?
    2) Have you also recorded such step changes in temperature?

    Kind Regards Ian Glen Walker

  511. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Walker:
    1- No, I can’t, because I never attended the experiments of Dr Parkhomov. I just am taking notice of his very interesting work.
    2- Yes, we had temperature changes before finding the way to stabilize the operation, but I cannot know if the causes of this effect are the same in different situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  512. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you seen this report by Dr. A G Parkhomov?

    https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B5Pc25a4cOM2WWVmdHRjVmVHMDA/edit

    He has shown the Rossi Effect in action for about 3 days.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very interesting,
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  514. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi:
    Dr Parkhomov presented the results of his experiments , it seems that talks of a COP 3,3. What do you think: is he on the right track ?

    https://youtu.be/iAgvs9-tbsA

    https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0Bz7lTfqkED9Wfll6bDlfWE5lbnVSRW53RHYxU0hqYkI5VE9kYldJWDdmekF0WnZaMW43ZlE&usp=sharing

  515. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you! Interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  516. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi ,
    Also the giants in the LENR field:

    Airbus Files Patent for LENR ‘Power-Generating Device’

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/03/22/airbus-files-patent-for-lenr-power-generating-device/

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Fro what I can read and see in the internet, Alexander Parkhomov is making a good work. Thank you for the new link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Wow!! Are you working on a propulsion system, a water desalination system or a direct hot cat to electricity system? Any of the three would instantly be useful to a large degree.
    Regards

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    As I said in my last answer to you, I cannot talk of the lines of our R&D regarding the Hot Cat. We talk of our products when they are ready for operational work. Thank you for your continue attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. Dr Rossi:
    Will you attend the ICCF of Padua on April this year? Will you present there the paper you are writing with a mainstream physicist?

  521. Andrea Rossi

    Dorthy:
    I will not attend the ICCF of Padua: I have to stay 16 hours per day in our 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the USA.
    The paper we are writing about the theoretical base of the so called Rossi Effect will be published in a mainstream science context.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  522. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    This sounds like an ideal application for a new thermal production system… A constant load is an easier requirement than a highly varying load. The input electrical power is always there (as long as commercial power is available or while the UPS batteries last). You have either chosen very well or are very lucky in this application (or both).

    Still it is a difficult task transitioning from a laboratory system to a commercial system. I doubt many readers really appreciate the technical challenges your team is addressing and have addressed. I trust your customer is flexible and a pleasure to work with… It would appear so by your work history with them.

  523. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On your current 1MW eCat system, can you reveal the dynamic information for your customer’s load?

    a. The range of power requirements (e.g., 1 MW maximum load; 0.01MW minimum load)?
    b. Does the thermal output load presented to your unit remain relatively constant days at a time or is there a daily cycle (e.g., maximum during some hours, minimum during other hours)?
    c. How quickly is your system required to respond to changes in demand (minutes or hours)?
    d. Does your customer provide uninterrupted power service (UPS) for the input to your system? If not, are their any issues with your system should electrical power be lost?

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. We must deliver 1 MWh/h. There is no minimum: if we get short of it, they back up
    b. If there are not problems, the output is constant
    c. The question is too generic to answer. Depends on the cases and the reasons of the demand variations.
    d. Our Customer provides UPS
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    You have stated that a test line for the hot cat has been established in the customers facility. I assume the tests are to determine if the hot cat can reliably produce electricity. If this is the case, does this mean the customer is also interested in using electricity along with the heat generated by the cool cat in its production process, or is it just allowing you to use its facility as a bonus to you?
    Regards

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    No, your assumption is wrong. We already know that we can apply the Carnot cycle. Our Customer is not interested to the producion by the E-Cat of electric energy, because he needs heat to make his industrial production.
    Our R&D on the Hot Cat is aimed to other issues I cannot disclose.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    The energy generated by the 1Mw plant during 1 year test being

    E = 31.536 Terajoules = 7.54 Teracalories (Am I wrong?)

    is really impressive. How do you evacuate such an enormous heat amount?

    Greetings

  529. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    The Customer does not pay the 1 MW E-Cat plant to “evacuate” the thermal energy produced: the Customer uses the thermal energy for his industrial production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  530. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    1 – Does refueling a reactor in a low or high temperature E-Cat require replacing any part other than the fuel powder?

    2 – Are the reactors in the one megawatt plant showing any sign of wear, corrosion, or fatigue that could eventually result in a need for replacement?

  531. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Yes, but we have to work on the charge before using it in another reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  532. Paul

    Andrea,

    I hope you are not using the customer’s power to run the hot-cat tests. That would negatively influence the performance metrics of the 1MW plant.

    Stay Self-Sustaining,

    Paul

  533. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The 1 MW E-Cat has a specific and independent electric cable that supplies the energy, along which is measured the energy consumed by the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  534. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some posts on eCat-World.com reveal that during a test of the Rossi Effect reactor performed by Dr. Parkhomov, he measured a significant drop in internal gas pressure. This drop in internal pressure seems counter-intuitive to me. A sealed vessel should maintain the same pressure or elevate as temperature is increased. It seems the magnitude of the change cannot be adequately explained by additional adsorption into the nickel.

    a. Can you explain what is happening in the Rossi Effect that might allow such a drop?
    b. Do you attribute the decrease to a break in the “seal” of the reactor?
    c. Have you measured the internal pressure in your testing?
    d. If so, have you observed a similar effect?

  535. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  536. carloluna

    Andrea.You can let us hear the voice of the E-Cat putting a clip on YouTube?

  537. Andrea Rossi

    Carloluna:
    He,he,he,he…good idea, I will ask permission for it to the Customer!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  538. Fyodor

    Mr. Rossi

    Can you tell us anything about the work that others at your company are doing while you live inside the container? Has there been additional experimentation on the Hot-Cat? Electricity generation?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer my question.

  539. Andrea Rossi

    Fyodor:
    As I already said, the R&D on the Hot Cat is going on here where I am working with the 1 MW E-Cat, where a test line for the Hot Cats has been set up. About the electric power generation, we decided for the Carnot Cycle, made possible by the temperatures we can reach with the Hot Cat.
    We are making R&D also for other systems of electric power production, about which I must hold confidentiality, but not reached so far acceptable efficiency and reliability. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What does the voice of the machine tell you these days? Is it agitated, calm, unpredictable, angry . . . something else?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The voice of the E-Cat during these nights is constant and stable. But unpredictable too, as always!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  542. DTravchenko

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Airbus has made a patent application on LENR basically copied from your work: reading the text of the application appears they too have replicated your effect!
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  543. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    Yes, I too infer from the application that they have replicated the effect in their laboratories.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Quadrupole deformations are types of multiple deformations of the atomic nucleus and belong to the area of collective models. You can find a rigorous description of them on:
    “Nuclear Models”, Greiner- Maruhn, Springer 1996, pp 99- 206 ( see in particular pp 108- 135).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. PeterMetz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You mention that you hope the fuel will last 1 year. When you charged the E-Cats, for how long did you charge them for?

    Also since there are 100 E-Cats in 1MW plant, this provides a wonderful opportunity to compare the performance and operation of the E-Cats. Assuming they are all the same, how closely would you say they are they performing so far? (It may be too early to ask this question–my apologies if so.)

    Sincerely,
    Peter Metz

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    Before giving any kind of answer to these kind of questions we must complete the cycle of tests. It will take at the least until the end of the year.
    We want not to publish any intermediate result. Let me remind you that the final results could be positive, but they could also be negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. Dima Redko

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is LENR a Low Energy (fission) Nuclear Reaction or Low Energy (fusion) Nuclear Reaction?

  548. Andrea Rossi

    Dima Redko:
    LENR should descibe any kind of nuclear effect observed in the order of magnitude of temperature within the thousands Celsius degrees instead of in the millions degrees.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Renoir:
    Tell to your physicist friend to read Cole A.J. ” Statistical Models for Nuclear Decay”, IOP Publishers, Bristol 2000, pp 155, 156:
    “Understanding the low energy fission process has proved so difficult that, even 60 years after the Bohr Wheeler liquid drop statistical model , which provided a qualitative understanding of fission, there does not seem to exist a well defined and universally accepted theory”. Note: this has been written in the year 2000! If he does not understand this, try this other one: ” Nobody has been able to detect gravitons so far, therefore how can you be sure that you can crash if jump from the window of a 10th floor apartment?”
    But your friend could still have his vindication, if the test of the 1 MW plant, from the inside of which I am writing this answer, will turn out to be negative after one year of operation. You never know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you address me to find where I can get good information about the quadrupole deformations ?
    Thank you for your patience,
    W.G.

  551. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    During a discussion, a physicist asked me how can exist the Rossi Effect if there is not a well defined theory about it.
    Answers?

  552. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    dear Dr. Rossi:
    the work of prof . Alessandro Parkhomov continues to make progress …

    http://kb.e-catworld.com/index.php?title=Alexander_Parkhomov%27s_E-Cat_replication_experiments

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    One thing is certain: Dr Parkhomov is a strong worker, like me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    dear Dr. Rossi , from Russia arrive good news …

    Russian Press about Parkhomov

    1) A.G. Parkhomov succeeded to build a long-time working reactor with measurement of pressure. From March 16, 23:30 hour the temperature is maintained till now (March 19, 10:00 hour)
    Photography of the reactor
    http://lenr.seplm.ru/novosti/ag-parkhomovu-udalos-sdelat-dlitelno-rabotayushchii-reaktor-s-2330-16-marta-temperatura-derzhitsya-do-sikh-por

    http://egooutpeters.blogspot.ro/2015/03/fast-issue-lenr-parkhomov-news-from.html

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Also Airbus, after Lockeed Martin and NASA, has made a patent application inspired by our work: well, sounds our work has been taken very seriously from very serious concerns.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    Have these very long periods of self sustain (via changes of the charge and control system) also transferred over to the individual hot cat reactors you are testing?

    Thank you.

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    1- no
    2- not so far
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. I am thinking to the application of a 1 MW E-Cat to give heating to hospitals: if it will work as I think is working now the plant installed by IH in a factory of their customer, it can save money useful for research in medicine. Did you think about this?

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Medicine:
    If the test at the end of the year will result to be positive, you will have been right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Respected Andreea Rossi Sir

    Dear Dr. Eernie1 sir,

    Regarding “galaxy growth rate”, I humbly request you to please see sections (8) and (9) of ‘this’ published paper.

    http://pubs.sciepub.com/faac/1/1/2/index.html

    thanking you sir,
    yours sincerely,
    U.V.S.Seshavatharam.

  561. eernie1

    Dear U.V.S. Seshavatharam,
    Are you saying that the reason we can observe objects having superluminal velocities such as the movement of the spiral arms of galaxies is due to the change in mass densities of their black bodies and the subsequent expansion of the Hubble radius?
    Regards and good luck with what I consider one of the most complex scientific fields.

  562. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, you and your Readers may be interested in a Book written by Stephen Hawking’s wife.
    It was made into a Movie, that won many Awards.
    Google:
    Traveling to Infinity: My Life With Stephen
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the reference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Respected Andreea Rossi Sir

    Dear Dr.Eernie1 sir,

    I would like to bring to your kind notice that, for the cosmic black hole, if mass density suddenly falls down to thermal energy density, Hubble radius increases by a factor of 27 and similarly if mass density suddenly falls down to the mass density of elliptical or spiral galaxies, Hubble radius increases by a factor of 5. With these two points, one can suspect the existence of currently believed “dark energy”. First of all, from particle physics point of dark energy and dark matter must be addressed. Then only it is possible to think about the other applications dark energy.

    thanking you sir,
    yours sincerely,
    U.V.S.Seshavatharam.

  565. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi:
    what do you think of the electron capture at low energy ? See the link:

    https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Ntgj0_CUo2U9Ic0lgoHEFgezpXZq6vIcbkD1LP2zLuk/edit?pli=1#gid=1904317063

  566. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for this important link.
    The work of Dr Alexander Parkomov is getting all the more important.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  567. eernie1

    U.V.S. Seshavatharam,
    IMHO I think many of the questions in cosmology can be answered by the Dirac theory of epos. As an example the sea of epos that constitute space are in a ground state that cannot be detected because they are not luminal but exhibit gravity interactions with the epos that are excited into the sensible portion of our space. Thus they can be the entities that we call dark energy.
    Can I ask your opinion of the possibility for application to your theory?
    Regards and perhaps we can emerge from this dark period of science.

  568. Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the photos of your plant on http://www.andrea-rossi.com
    Do you know that it could be also considered also a contemporary art masterpiece, due to its importance for mankind? Do you have abandoned models of it ? We could be interested !

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Arthop:
    That’s quite a bizarre proposal…I could never think such a thing. When I was in high school I was very bad in art and ornamental drawing…the teacher unserstood that there was nothing to do with me and allowed me to use the hours of her matter ( 2 hours per week) to rehearse in other matters. Whatever I tried to make “artistic” always resulted in something obscene: it was a gift.
    Now I discover to be a contemporary artist: what a nemesys!
    For intellectual property reasons I am afraid my artistic career will have to wait…
    Thank you for your very funny proposal,
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  570. Respected Andreea Rossi Sir

    Dear Dr. Alexvs sir,

    I would like to bring to your kind notice that, Galaxy rotation curves can be considered as key supporting item for black hole cosmology. But the main problem is with “finding the cosmic center”. We are working on this. For the time being I humbly request you to see section (7) of this published paper.

    Title: “On the Evolving Black Holes and Black Hole Cosmology Scale
    Independent Quantum Gravity Approach”

    “so far many models have been proposed for understanding the real picture of ‘quantum gravity’. But none is successful in interpreting the observed cosmological phenomena. By going through this revised paper as a review article, many concepts on evolving black holes, black hole radiation, black hole cosmology, scale independent cosmological quantum gravity, CMBR isotropy and anisotropy, ordered galactic structures, galactic rotation curves, observed galactic redshifts, present and future cosmic rate of expansion etc. can be understood. The three heuristic concepts are: 1) Evolving universe is a scale independent quantum gravitational object. 2) CMBR temperature is a quantum gravitational effect of the (evolving and light speed rotating) primordial black hole universe and 3) Observed cosmic redshift is the result of a characteristic light emission mechanism of the cosmologically evolving hydrogen atom and is inversely proportional to the cosmic temperature”.

    I humbly request you yo please see this link.

    http://www.sciepub.com/reference/85162

    thanking you sir,
    yours sincerely,
    U.V.S.Seshavatharam.

  571. U.V.S. Seshavatharam

    Respected Sir/Madam,

    Till today there is no reason for the question: why there exists 6 individual quarks? Till today no experiment reported a ‘free quark’. Authors humble opinion is – nuclear charge (either positive or negative) constitutes 6 different flavors and each flavor holds certain mass. ‘charged flavor’ can be called as a ‘quark’. It is neither a fermion nor a boson. A ‘fermion’ is a container for different charges, a ‘charge’ is a container for different flavors and each ‘flavor’ is a container for certain ‘matter’. If charged matter rests in a ‘fermionic container’ it is a fermion and if charged matter rests in a ‘bosonic container’ it is a boson. The fundamental questions to be answered are : what is a charge? why and how opposite charges attracts each other? why and how there exists a fermion? and why and how there exists a boson?

    Here interesting thing is that if 6 flavors are existing with 6 different masses then a single charge can have one or two or more flavors simultaneously. Since charge is a common property, mass of the ‘multi flavor charge’ seems to be the geometric mean of the mass of each flavor. If ‘charge with flavor’ is called as a ‘quark’ then ‘charge with multi flavors’ can be called as a ‘hybrid quark’. Hybrid quark generates a multi flavor baryon. It is a property of ‘strong interaction space – time – charge’. This is just like ‘different tastes’ or ‘different smells’ of matter. Important consequence of this idea is that- for generating a baryon there is no need to couple 3 fractional charge quarks.

    In this paper authors tried to implement the super symmetry concepts in quark and sub quark physics. The basic idea is that for each and every quark fermion there exists a corresponding super symmetric quark boson. Proposed quark fermion and quark boson ratio is Obtained top quark boson mass is 80523 MeV and its assumed charge is (±e). This is close to charged W mass (average with CERN UA2 data) = 80.454 ± 0.059 GeV. This may be a coincidence or there is some mystery behind the charged weak boson! In this way if one is able to predict the existence of (quark) bosons, there is no need to assume that – any two quark fermions couples together to form a meson. Note that till today no experiment reported the existence of a ‘fractional charge’. Thus it can be interpreted that nature allows only ‘integral charges’. Hence it can be assumed that quark fermions and quark bosons possess ‘unit charge’. This is the beginning of integral charge quark super symmetry.

    Due to strong interaction there is a chance of coupling any two quark bosons. If any two oppositely charged quark bosons couples together then a neutral quark boson can be generated. It may be called as a neutral meson. Due to strong interaction by any chance if any quark boson couples with any quark fermion then a neutral baryon or baryon with ‘±2e’ can be generated. This idea is very similar to the ‘photon absorption’ by electron. When a weakly interacting electron is able to absorb a boson, in strong interaction it is certainly possible. More over if a baryon couples with two or three quark bosons then the baryon mass increases and charge also changes. Here also if the system follows the principle– unlike charges attracts each other – in most of the cases baryon charge changes from ‘±e’ to neutral and neutral to ‘±e’. In rare cases baryon with ‘±2e’can be generated.

    Thanking you,
    yours obediently,
    UVS.Seshavatharam.

  572. Andrea Rossi

    U.V.S. Seshavatharam:
    Thank you for your answer to Joe. I found your paper very interesting, even if I am not an expert of the matter related to Black Holes. I am just a staunch reader ( not student) of the books of Stephen Hawking.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  573. Respected Andreea Rossi Sir

    Dear Dr. Joe sir,

    I would like to bring to your kind notice that, so far no theoretical model proposed a solution for the origin of ‘rest mass’ of nay elementary particle. Newtonian as well as Einstein theory both could not address the ‘origin of mass’ of matter or ‘origin of mass’ of the universe. One should not forget the fact that stars, galaxies, black holes and plasma etc all are composed of elementary particles. If one is considering any celestial object – it means – knowingly and unknowingly one is considering the elementary particles whose massive origin is still a mystery. So far no world laboratory detected the dark matter.At utmost fundamental level, current physics is very silent. So far no astrophysicist knows the composition of a black hole! In this context, I humbly request you to please re-think. With black hole cosmology, we are trying to link the known and unknown physical quantities of the observable universe with accurate data fitting. Something is better than nothing. I request you to please see the following link. http://pubs.sciepub.com/faac/1/1/3/index.html

    yours sincerely,
    U.V.S.Seshavatharam

  574. Joe

    Concerning the paper “To Understand the Basics of Black Hole Cosmology,” the following three issues come to mind:

    1. The factor M – the mass of the Universe or of a black hole – should not be used with the certainty shown in the paper since it is almost guaranteed to be wrong. All the other factors are derived from lab experiments, so they are trustworthy. The mass of the Universe is a very rough estimate.

    2. Today, we know that most matter in the Universe is composed of plasma. And so the laws of EM will necessarily need to make their presence known in calculations concerning phenomena out in Space. Since EM forces are 39 orders stronger than gravity, having a gravity-only approach like in the present paper guarantees a failure of conclusion.

    3. Even if all phenomena out in Space were gravitational in nature, we must ask which definition of gravity – Newton or Einstein. With Newton, mass can be deduced from observing phenomena. With Einstein, gravity is geometry of space. And geometry is influenced by both mass and energy. So how do we decide which phenomena are due to the presence of mass and which are due to the presence of energy? By ignoring energy, the present paper takes the Newton approach by default. But the Newton Universe is obsolete, thereby negating any conclusion reached by the paper.

    All the best,
    Joe

  575. JR

    I’m truly impressed, I didn’t realize that Wladimir was famous/infamous enough to get a Nobel Prize winner to correct his basic physics misunderstandings. I guess all of those spam emails finally paid off.

    Of course, this simply follows from what Wladimir has been told on numerous occasions: the magnetic moment is by definition zero for spin-0 nuclei. Wladimir claims that there’s no need to define some things, and that the definition that “feels” right to him is better than the formal definition used in physics. That would be fine if he actually shared his own definition and stuck to it, but he simply changes it in his head and then makes false claims that HIS version of the magnetic moment has been measured to be zero. It appears as zero in tables for spin-0 nuclei, because it’s zero by definition – the real definition not Wladimir’s. I hope it’s obvious (at least to people other than Wladimir) that you can’t simply redefine what some quantity means and then plug in numerical values that come from a different definition.

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Guglinski, Prof. Brian Josephson:
    I totally agree with Prof Brian Josephson.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    Did you read the above article “To Understand The Basics Of Black Hole Cosmology”?

    If so, what is your opinion about it? I mean precisely paragraph 11. I think that following the reasoning, the probability of isotope existence at least for even N nuclei could be deduced. For most of even N atoms the stable isotopes follow the pattern: STABLE-UNSTABLE-STABLE…..STABLE-UNSTABLE-STABLE.

    Greetings

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Stimulated by your comment, I read the paper of the Professors Seshavatharam- Lakhsminarayana on the JoNP.
    It is intriguing and very interesting, besides is well sustained under a mathematical point of view. I cannot criticize it, because I am not an expert of black holes, but I think the paper is worth a reading. I am fascinated by the idea that the Universe could be the internal of a super massive black hole generated by the collapse of stars…I am not able to understand if this is possible or not, because I am not a student of the matter. About your question, I do not think I have understood what do you mean regarding the existence of even N isotopes related specifically to the paragraph 11.
    Maybe the Authors are more qualified than I am to give you a satisfying answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Wladimir Guglinski

    Comment by the Nobel Prize in Physics Dr. Brian Josephson in Amazon.com, on the book The Evolution of Physics- from Newton to Rossi’s eCat:

    Dr. Josephson sent me the following email:

    ————————————————————–
    Subject: Re: The Evolution of Physics: The duel Newton versus Descartes
    From: bdj10@cam.ac.uk
    Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2015 10:22:50 +0000
    To: wladimirguglinski@hotmail.com

    Hmmm. I suppose your spamming people had a good result in the end, in that people will now be warned of the deficiencies of your friend’s book, which they otherwise would not have been. See review page at

    http://www.amazon.com/review/R23H8JJ5NJU48

    A system with an even number of fermions can be in an S state, which is spherically symmetrical and so must have zero magnetic moment.

    Brian J.
    ————————————————————–

    .

    And his comment in the Amazon.com:

    ————————————————————–
    By Brian
    This review is from: The Evolution of Physics: From Newton to Rossi’s eCat (Kindle Edition)
    The book summary says “any nuclear model proposed according to Standard Model cannot explain a nuclear property of the even-even nuclei with equal quantity of protons and neutrons: those nuclei have null magnetic moment. As the atomic nuclei have rotation, those nuclei cannot have null magnetic moment. Such puzzle cannot be solved by any nuclear model based on the Standard Model”. The author is right to think that rotating nuclei should have a magnetic moment, but seems not to have realised that even-even nuclei don’t necessarily rotate. So his conclusion that the data cannot be explained by the Standard Model is incorrect. His elementary failure in this regard must raise doubts as to the accuracy of the rest of the book.
    ————————————————————–

    .

    And I sent to Dr. Josephson the following reply:

    ————————————————————–
    From: wladimirguglinski@hotmail.com
    To: bdj10@cam.ac.uk
    Subject: RE: The Evolution of Physics: The duel Newton versus Descartes
    Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2015 09:06:59 -0300

    Dear Dr. Josephson,

    you wrote in your comment in the Amazon.com:
    “The author is right to think that rotating nuclei should have a magnetic moment, but seems not to have realised that even-even nuclei don’t necessarily rotate”.

    So, I would like you give me a good reason why nuclei with odd number of fermions rotate, while the nuclei with even number of fermions do not rotate.
    For instance, 6C11 has rotation.
    But if 6C11 captures a neutron, it transmutes to 6C12. And the rotation of the 11 fermions of the 6C11 stops, because the 6C11 has transmuted to 6C12 ????
    How can one unique neutron get to eliminate the kinetic energy of rotation of 6 protons and 5 neutrons with fast rotation????

    Besides,
    you are wrong because of the following:

    1- A paper published by Nature in 2012 had shown that even-even nuclei with Z=N have non-spherical shape:
    How atomic nuclei cluster
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v487/n7407/full/nature11246.html

    2- I sent the following email to the journal Nature:
    Dear Martin Freer
    With that distribution of charge of the 10Ne20 structure shown in Figure 1, how to explain that 10Ne20 has null electric quadrupole momentum ? That structure shown in Figure 1 is not spherical, and therefore 10Ne20 could not have null electric quadrupole momentum (detected in experiments concerning nuclear data)
    Regards
    WLADIMIR GUGLINSKI

    2- Martin Freer sent to me the following answer:
    The nucleus is intrinsically deformed as shown, but has spin 0. Consequently, there is no preferred orientation in the laboratory frame and thus the experimental quadrupole is an average over all orientations and hence is zero. Experimentally is is possible to show that the deformation of the ground state is non zero by breaking the symmetry and rotating the nucleus.
    Martin

    Therefore, Dr. Josephson,
    your hypothesis that nuclei with even number of fermions have no rotation is wrong, because if they had no rotation the experiments would have to detect non-null quadrupole moment for the even-even nuclei with Z=N.

    Sorry, but you are wrong, Dr. Josephson.
    There is no way to solve the puzzle from the principles of the Standard Nuclear Physics

    regards
    Wladimir Guglinski
    ————————————————————–

  580. Alexvs

    About the last paper published on the JoNP “To understand the basics of black hole cosmology”: good tentative. It does not explain the anomalous galaxy dinamic.

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    I am not the one who made the peer reviewing of the paper. I did not read it, yet. If you have questions regarding it, please put them to the Authors. I am sure they will be delighted to answer you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  582. kenko1

    If the results are positive for your customer, do they plan to use even more ecats for production of their products?
    TIA
    kenko1

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko 1:
    I do not know. It is too soon to know: we are now focused on the test of the 1 MW plant and of the Hot Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Mr Rossi:
    The Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov today has replicated LIVE your effect, getting COP >3 !

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Maximina Ilagan:
    Thank you for the very interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Hi!
    What do you think of all the scientific evaluation that is made in the world after the Lugano test?

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Nida Kerkhoff:
    I value scientific testing and the important work that comes with validating those theirs through independent evaluation. I also think it is important to show how we can use science to solve problems. The existing tests for applied workof the E-Cat will be a considerable effort. It is important for both to continue, but the applied Research is now my focus.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your fantastic work, but we think you could need help in management issues, for example concerning how to handle the patent problems.
    We could help you.

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Management Consultants:
    The patents matter is being carefully reviewed. This matter is business strategy and I cannot comment in these matters in positive or negative. I must continue to focus, together with my team, on the 1 MW E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Grazie per il Suo durissimo lavoro, di cui tutti beneficeremo. Solo voglio dire: Grazie!
    Thyank you for your work that will be important for all of us. I want just to say: Thank you!

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Mei Sweeney:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. Andrea Rossi

    Piero Mongioj ( so you are Nero!):
    Also today your message arrived in the spam, but today I have been able to recover it!
    Next time you better change the address from which you send the comments.
    Thank you anyway for your comment: I wait to know the results of this new experiment of Alexander Parkhomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    In the ancient Rome there has been another Nero: he too was an experimanmtalist of heat production systems…

  593. Piero Mongioj

    Grazie… Have you seen the test “in fieri” by Parkhomov today? Comment! Buon lavoro… Con affetto, Nero

  594. john Atkinson

    I would like to thank you for your devotion and iron will in developing and improving your invention the e cat. I have no dought that after you are satisfied that the e cat meets your clients and investers performance exspectations the world will be a better and differnt place.Considering the unprecedented progress you have had in the past five years,what is your vision five years from now of realistic applications for the e cat? Thank you

  595. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    My vision ( and hope) is that we will have a mass production and utilization of the e-Cats.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Tiède fusion Pourquoi Comment Combien
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I think it is important to differentiate the Lugano tests and the Parkhomov tests from your commercial work. These tests characterized the relatively long term performance of the basic eCat design and the so-call Rossi effect. COP was relatively low and testing was conducted for long periods of time to produce statistics on average heat generation.

    Your commercial work, I gather, is dealing with maximum energy efficiency, and short term control issues — keeping the Cat from becoming the Tiger. I would assume the emphasis on the commercial work is to demonstrate how much cost savings can be obtained while still keeping operation under total control. Comments?

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    R&D, tests and industrial/commercial work are strictly bound.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  599. When do you think your domestic product will be for sale ?

  600. Andrea Rossi

    Pedro Griffis:
    Surely not before the end of the tests and R&D on course with the 1 MW E-Cat. It is difficult to give an answer now, but we are working on it. The problems are:
    1- safety certification
    2- mass production to make pointless reverse engineering
    3- completion of the R&D on course on this specific model
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Ciao a tutti, sto facendo un progetto universitario su questi argomenti e ho bisogno di qualche informazione aggiuntiva che può aiutarmi nel mio lavoro. vuoi aiutarmi?
    Hello, I am preparing a project on LENR in my University. Can you help me?

  602. Andrea Rossi

    Theo Muratore:
    You must be more specific about what you want to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Nero:
    I unfortunately did not succeed to recover your comment from the spam where it wrongly is gone, because I made a wrong click.
    But I read your question that was: why have not the measurements of the Lugano test been made with calorimetry as Parkhomov did?
    Answer: I did not choose how to make measurements during the Lugano test, nor I did make such measurements. In the Report of the ITP it is clearly written the reason of the choice of the Professors. The important work of Parkhomov, who used a calorimetric system, has confirmed independently the results.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  604. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    After the disclosure of the ash analysis and your confirmation that as far as you know it is correct, I think that there are a number of conclusions that can be made. First, there must be a source of thermal neutrons generated in the reaction. Second these neutrons must be generated by using relatively low energy sources(LENR). Thirdly there must be a large cross section for interaction with an atom for capture(most of the neutrons are then absorbed therefor not detected). Any generated Gammas must be of low energy and capable of interacting with the surrounding media to produce thermal energy.
    There is a source of thermal neutrons available in the 7Li atom. They are the Halo neutrons located 7fm from the nucleus center and almost completely free from the strong force holding the other nucleons together. They should be able to be dislodged by a relatively small force such as a free electron passing near the atom colliding with it. since the neutron would be a relatively low energy neutron, it has a high probability for encountering an atom such as Ni in a lattice and entering its nucleus.
    There are many other atoms possessing Halo neutrons(37Mg has two)available along with others that have not been explored. Perhaps neutrons captured by other atoms remain as Halo neutron, thereby much more volatile and capable of interacting further in the reaction. Because all these occur at low energies, the generated photons would also possess relatively low energies thus enhancing their probability for interaction with lattice configurations.
    Many of these conjectures of course depend upon the ash analysis presently available to us. We look forward with great anticipation to further refinements of the analysis information
    Regards and enjoyable analysis.

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting to hear about your long Skype meetings with the physicist. Is this someone who takes your work seriously, and is able broaden your understanding — or are you trying to convince them of the validity of your work?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  607. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    He is a mainstream scientist, a University Prof of Physics, with whom I am writing a paper regarding the Lugano results and the possible reconciliations, to which is also interested in. I am learning from him more than he is learning from me, for sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  608. JCRenoir

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think the liquid drop model can explain the functions of the atomic nucleus?
    JCR

  609. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    The liquid drop model implies a sharp drop of nuclear density at the surface of the nucleus, like would happen with a billiard ball. But the experiments show this is not true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Paul

    Andrea,

    I have just purchased a high voltage self-charging capacitor to simulate the output of the photo cat. It is called a Van de Graaff generator. Playing with this 10pF 100 KV capacitor, it becomes obvious to me that, in the photo cat, the spacing of the electrode plates and the break down voltage of the gas between the plates determine the maximum voltage across the plates. In theory, the maximum possible voltage of the photo cat should be the maximum eV of the captured x-rays.

    Stay Self-Sustaining,

    Paul

  611. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  612. DTravchenko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After your answers to April and Ing. Michelangelo De Meo, what do you think now of the work of Dr Parkhomov with the replicas of the Hot Cat?
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  613. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    The work of Dr Alexander Parkhomov is professional. He did not involve himself in fields he is not expert in and made a mastery calorimetric measurement. His system was apparently simple, but every particular has been made with professionality and a lot of work. He is a guy that for every page that he writes has a background of 100 pages studied. I do not know him, I did not work with him, but this is the idea I thought up about him reading what he did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  614. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea:
    About your Effect: are you going to publish some theoretical interpretation of it?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  615. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    I am studying together with a major nuclear physicist the results of the Lugano test. Long Skype conferences, he from his University, me from inside the 1 MW E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers of the JoNP:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “To understand the basics of the Black Hole cosmology” by Proff. Seshavatharam and Laksminarayana ( Dept. Nuclear Physics- Andhra University, India).

  617. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Three researchers are working in Acton, Massachussets (USA): Jeff Driscoll, Andrew Anselmo and Brian Ahern sealed two alumina tubes with Ni-255.

    Both tubes contained 1.0 grams of Ni-255. The second tube also had 0.1 grams of NaAlH2. This compound liquefies at a lower temperature than LiAlH4.

    The tubes are mounted side by side in a tube furnace with a 30mm ID. Thermocouples (K) mounted on the outside will give continuous reading similar to a DTA system. They will be able to detect phase changes by differentiating the TC output.

    They hope to run on Sunday.

    If will see something interesting, will load a third tube with 0.1 grams of LiAlD4. That could result in a BANG!

    http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1181-Parkhomov-replication/

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    I repeat the answer already given to the comment of “April” few hours ago.
    I could also add:
    E = BSc^2
    where BS stays for Bull S….
    Should this equation be true, with the theories I read regarding electron capture in LENR we could move all the high speed trains of the world for millions of years.
    Not to mention the tragicomic reference to ” very fast changes of pressure”: what does mean very fast ??? Where are the numbers? Where is the Math ? In these reactions one second is an eternity: the average halflife of a virtual particle is 10^-23 s !!! Who controls if a reaction is faster or slower? It appears clearly that these guys have no idea what is a real experiment, what is a real machine, what is real work…in this paradisiac condition of virtual reality ( sort of mental masturbation) they can say whatever theoretical BS they want, provided they have not to make real work that forces them to pay hard if make mistakes.
    I suppose to have made clear my opinion.
    As my friend Sergio Focardi many times said: ” To understand LENR is not necessary to make exotic Physics, is enough to study seriously the existing Physics”. And I add: ” Without bias”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Paul

    Andrea,

    How often do you meet with Industrial Heat’s management team?

    IH’s hands off management style seams a little too good to be true.

    Paul

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Our Team is always in close contact, the flow of information must be exchanged in real time as things happen. As for the management, everybody has his specific role and I do not belong to IH’s management.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think electron capture can explain the so called “Rossi Effect”?

  622. Andrea Rossi

    April:
    The electron capture happens ( very rarely) only when the atomic nucleus contains a superabundance of protons, which is not our case. The theories that try to explain LENR with electron capture contain basic errors, about which I already have written, due to lack of knowledge of elementary Physics laws and can only add confusion to an already complicated matter. My sensation is that among most of LENR “experts” ( either positively or negatively biased) is maintained the following equation:
    Physics pages written : Physics pages studied = 100 : 1
    This does not help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Pietro F.

    Dovrebbe (Lei ma soprattutto il legale che si occupa del brevetto) dare un occhiata al commento che ha postato su facebook il gruppo Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project:

    Should (but mostly the lawyer in charge of the patent) take a look at the comment posted on facebook by the group Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project:

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject?fref=nf

    Buona domenica e si riposi!! ;)

    Pietro F.

  624. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    I want to add that we trust the USPTO and I am confident our appeal will be taken in due consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. Pietro F.

    I’m sorry I did not see the answer to KeithT.

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    Our attorney is preparing a strong appeal.
    We’ll see.
    I can’t take rest this year.
    Warm Regards from inside the plant.
    A.R.

  627. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    You stated, “The ssm of the 1MW E-Cat is very long.”

    To be clear, are you using the acronym ssm for self sustain mode (long periods of constant temperature without input) or start stop mode (excess anomalous power but with a slowly falling temperature)?

    Long periods of either would be very significant, but I think long self sustain periods are preferrable if control can be maintained.

  628. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    For the small units the situation is more difficult, because the control system does not have the same synergies. We are working on it, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. Dear Dr Rossi Andrea:
    About the action of the USPTO what is your position ? Can you make a statement in this blog?

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Stewart Dahlquist:
    It is very premature to talk about this issue, because the application is well alive. Obviously we are convinced that there are many errors and also a good slice of bias in the text of the refusal, but we have 60 days to appeal. My Attorney says we have wide room for a very strong appeal, also because in the text of the action there are evident mistakes. We believe we will arrive to a positive result.
    This said, it is totally premature to speak about this issue. Anyway, we can get the patent or not, but in either case our commercial strategy will not change. With a massive production we will make useless the reverse engineering. Obviously, a patent could make easier for us to give more information, because without a granted patent we must count only on the industrial secret for the time being before the mass production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Andrea:
    Where are you NOW?
    Cheers,
    Chantal

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Chantal:
    Now is exactly 7 p.m. where I am, which obviously is inside the plant. I’d say that NOW everything is all right. I am testing the new version of the Hot Cat while the voice of the 1MW plant is delightful. In this moment he is in harmony with itself.
    ( Frank: what about my mental health? Please take it under control through what I write).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Your plant is using more ssm than you predicted thanks to the preciseness of your control system. Based on your theory, does this mean it might ‘burn’ through the fuel faster than the originally calculated 1 year? Or is there no correlation?
    Regards,
    Patrick

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    The upgraded ssm is not due only to the control system, even if it allows more synergies. Also the charge is changed after an intense study of the Lugano report analysis. If the fuel will last less, more, or uneffected has to be experienced. Good question, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Has your understanding of the mechanism (theory) behind the Rossi effect changed significantly since your study of the Lugano report?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  636. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. The Professors of the Independent Third Party are scientists from whom there is really to learn and I have taken advantage of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  637. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeper:
    Sorry, I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you surmise yet during the plant’s operational time if the resulting added isotopes influence the catalyst’s reactions either positive or negative and whether it affects its ssm and/or life span? Have you or will you analyze periodically a sample of the plant’s E-Cat ash in stages for isotopic change?

    With much respect, BK

  639. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, you and your team are making by yourself the whole jobs of primary research, practice experimentation, and industrialization of the devices.
    Now you can say: the cop is beyond what we hoped.
    The oil price is dropping, and I believe your work is a factor.
    In this situation what is that still keeps out of this business in a massive manner the main stream research laboratoryes, and the real jant top firms?

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    We are not waiting Godot.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  641. For your fans during 2015

    Hi Andrea,
    I believe that it would be appreciated by your fans if you could give, at the end of each month, a very brief summary of how the 1MW unit has performed ; something like ‘This month has seen no problems that were difficult to solve’.

    If a difficult problem had occurred you would not have to be specific, but you could indicate a flavour/flavor of how it impacted on all of you. For example you could say that there was a difficult problem that taxed us for a while but we are happy to say that a satisfactory solution was found and everything is functioning now in a way that pleases us.

    What would you think of this suggestion?

    Warmest regards as always. Jean Pierre

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Pierre:
    It is basically what I am trying to do within the constraints due to the fact that I cannot give data before the end of the tests.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  643. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    History repeats itself. Fermi solved the questions about fission through ash analysis. It seems to me that the ash analysis of the 3PT is going a long way towards solving the LENR questions at least in the case of your device.
    Regards and good hunting.

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra (2):
    1- We have to test this, because we cannot apply to a single E-Cat the same control system and synergy we can with the 1MW E-Cat.
    2- Everybody is free to use our publication to try to replicate whatever he wants. Patents ( when granted and if granted) protect commercial use of an invention, not its scientific experimentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra (1):
    We hoped that an increase of COP was on course, due to evolution after the Lugano Report, but not in the measure we got it, SO FAR: don’t forget that at the end the results could be positive, but also negative: we are opening our path through a jungle with a machete: don’t know what is beyond.
    Only at least one year of experience will give us a reasonable certainty about the reliability of the technology.
    Thank you for the blessing: we all need it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    I’m very curious about the positive surprise of your customer but understand your committement to not release any number until the end of the test. But let’s try to not broken any secret.
    The customer certainly has evaluated the $COP measure, which is defined as:

    $COP = (gas cost for the same amount of thermal energy) / (cost in the electric bill to produce it).

    In ITP setting (with no SSM) the COP was around 3. The unofficial COP with SSM was very roughly estimated to be 10 or more (I don’t remember where it was said, maybe i’m wrong).
    Is the $COP, the customer evaluated and be surprised of, in line with the estimated COP with SSM or is it a positive surprise also for you ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  648. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    It’s a great joy to me to listen that the current electric feeded 1MW ECat could compete in costs with the, not yet ready, gas cat. It means that NOW you are really ready for the market. The positive surprise of your customer is a confirmation that your ECat can be sold NOW, as it is, and spread world wide. It would be a good news for planet earth that has broken this month the threshold of 400 ppm CO2 in the atmosphere.
    I have theese questions:

    - Is this long SSM achievement already replicable in a single reactor HomECat ?

    - what kind of application does your applied for patent cover ? I mean, are Dr Parkhomov, Dr Ahern current experiments in conflict with it because they are based on nikel powder too?

    God bless you

    Marco Serra

  649. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    A reactor operating for a year without refueling would be phenomenol. How many grams of fuel are in each reactor?

    Sincerely,
    Hank

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    “ssm” means to me self sustained mode.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. Paul

    Andrea,

    Does the improved ssm of the electric e-cat reduce the priority of developing the gas cat?

    Paul

    p.s. Sharpening pencils is not a pointless pursuit.

  652. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Grand good question! We’ll see. Depends on how gas price goes, too.
    Anyway the gas fueled version has to be developed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. he,he,he

  653. Monash j

    Andrea,
    If your control system is unique to maximise the Rossi effect, a patent on that control system alone would stop any serious open commercial competition.

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Monash J:
    I agree upon the fact that also the control system is worth to be patented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s encouraging to learn of your pleasant surprises! Did the Lugano test report contribute anything to the evolution of the charge that you mention?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, the charges have been modified studying very carefully the results of the analysis made by the Independent Third Party. For us that report has been a gold mine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. Paul

    Andrea,

    Will you be submitting run data to-date of the 1 MW plant in your reply to the patent office’s “Final” rejection?

    Paul

  658. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Now we have 60 days at our disposal for the appeal.
    I fully trust my patent Attorney. He told me we have wide room for a strong appeal. He will decide what to do. I have to think to the 1 MW E-Cat. Everybody has his role. I cannot be distracted from my job and the patent Attorney knows what to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  659. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    How long is the SSM?

    a. Less than 5 hours?
    b. Less than 10 hours?
    c. As long as a day (24 hours)?
    d. Longer than 24 hours?

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The ssm of the 1MW E-Cat is very long. It has been a terrific surprise, due to evolution of the charge and to the control system. I am not permitted to publish numbers before the end of the test, but I must say that the final results can be positive, but also could be negative, so we retain the data until the test is finished. One thing is for sure: I do not stay here 16-18 hours per day to sharpen the points to the pencils. We also have a new kind of gauge, which is the bill of the electric provider to our Customer, wherein are written the MWh he consumes per month ( the electricity source that feeds the plant has been insulated from other loads): the Customer makes a ratio between the thermal MWh we deliver and the MWh he pays for to the electricity provider and has the real COP. This is a measuring system not very sophysticated, but brutally true: the Customer is positively surprised from the results, so far, after a troublesome initial period. We hope the situation goes on likewise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, i enjoyed your response to Jackie.
    I guess Jackie wanted to know why you don’t give away your invention free,
    so other people could make a profit on your lifetime of dedicated work.
    Then you could live in poverty, with your kind heart.

    Alexander Graham Bell got a patent on the telephone.
    He went on to great wealth. He helped many other Scientist’s with their work, he also did many other great things, including helping the Deaf, with their problem.

    I predict Dr. Rossi will go on to great wealth, and will be a tremendous help
    to the Cancer World.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  662. Wesley

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    thank you very much for your hard work!
    I believe that in the following months we will see revolutionary discoveries.
    I truly hope in your success.

    On the other hand, if you want be sure that all your hard work will be helpfull to the whole world, you may consider if it is really worth to patent it.
    Patenting may be very profitable for you, but there are other forces, that can arrange that it will be hidden for many years.

    You are fighting with Oil companies and people that can do everything, at least make your patents invalid or secret – unusable.

    There is only one, correct solution – make your work open to all as fast as possible, until it is possible.

    Yes, you can be very rich and proud. Nobody can imagine your hard work.
    But you can also make life much better to our planet immediately, with zero cost. You can do so faster, than anybody else can register patents and/or hide the truth for Army usage.

    Remember, even that something is open or open sourced, it can be still very profitable.
    But for what are money? The most important thing, people’s life can’t be bought for any amount of money.

    You can change the world overnight.

  663. Andrea Rossi

    Wesley:
    Thank you for your comment.
    1- we will continue to try to have the patent, there is room for it
    2- we will continue our R&D and tests on the 1 MW plant and on the Hot Cat to arrive to a massive production of them that will defend the competitivity independently from the patent policy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    I read the rejection reason of your patent application. A sad joke in my opinion. You are very smart, and I trust you will find a way to market the ECat with or without a patent.

    Keep going

    Peter

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Thank you for your kind comment.
    The rejection is not the end: we have 60 days to present our reasons and the effort to obtain a patent will continue. Our Attorney says there is wide room to contrast the rejection. In the meantime I continue my work, together with my Team in the plant of 1 MW that has been installed in the factory of the Customer, patent or not patent. Surely our work will proceed also without a patent protection, but there is no reason not to try to have also a patent. Anyway: with the patent i have to work 16-18 hours per day. Without the patent I have to work 16-18 hours per day. There is not much difference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. The plant is going well. Very long ssm periods. Very long.

  666. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi, do you not believe that the benefits of your Wonderful work with Cold Fusion should belong freely to the World.

  667. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    Of course I do ! And to make it real, and not just sitting room chattering, it is necessary defend the Intellectual Property, to allow the strong investments necessary to make my work properly distributed around the World.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers of the JoNP:
    We received the USPTO action against our patent application. The action is negative and we have 60 days to make our counter- considerations. Our patent attorney is working on it, because we think our application is worth a defense.
    Any consideration is premature, being on course our due action.
    Andrea Rossi

  669. Carlo Marcena

    To Michelangelo De Meo: NI-255. Do you know what is this 255 about?
    CM

  670. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Marcena:
    I can answer to you: Nickel 255 is a particular Ni powder produced by Vale ( Brasil). The index defines the granulometry around 1 micron. I too have tested it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  671. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m only now starting to realize the challenges you faced and the almost incalculable number of tests you must have performed to produce stable E-Cats that do not destroy themselves. You, as an individual with minimal assistance, achieved so much due to your huge sacrifice to test these systems continuously and regularly for years. Right now, there are dozens of part-time scientists and others working to replicate, but no individual or team seems willing or able (perhaps do to a lack of money, resources, other commitments, family issues) to perform the type of rigorous testing you did.

    You cannot talk about the inside of the reactor. Also, you cannot talk about wave forms, magnetics, pulse width modulators, etc. But one problem is that in the replications you indicate are taking place, the tests seem to be ending quickly due to mechanical failure. Sometimes, reactors only seem to last seconds after excess heat may be showing up. If you cannot talk about basic structural issues, I will understand. But if you have a tip or two about enhancing the durability of these reactors so the nickel-LiAlH4 reaction (Rossi Effect) can be slightly better observed after the anomalous heat starts being produced, any information would be appreciated.

    Of course, maybe that information should be earned by trial and error testing. However, I think having the Rossi Effect (which you indicate is already being replicated) made a bit easier to examine and show the world could have some value to you and industrial heat.

    Thank you.

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. Achi

    Mr. Rossi,
    I apologize if this question has already been asked, but do you believe that the process that heats the earth’s core and forms the earth’s magnetic field to be a variation of the Rossi Effect?
    Thanks – Achi

  674. Andrea Rossi

    Achi:
    I read an interesting article on Europhysicsnews ( vol 45, #4, pp 16-19) regarding this issue: ” The Earth Magnetic Field”, by Henri Claude Nataf, CNRS Research Director at ISTerre in Grenoble, France.
    Maybe you can be interested to it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo D Meo:
    Thank you for the important information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. Achi

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    I would like to thank you for all the hard work you and your team are putting in to bring LENR to the world. It feels good knowing that such a revolutionary tech is just on the horizon.
    I would like to ask you about the different modes your ecats have.
    I know of the start stop mode where power is cycled, and self sustained mode where there is no power supplied to drive the device, and I would also assume that there is a mode where power is constantly being supplied.

    Of these modes, which do you believe the LENR effect to be the most powerful? Most able to sustain a load?
    Do you believe that the reaction changes effect with the different modes?
    Do you think that could be more than one type of reaction occuring?
    Are there other “modes” in which the ecat runs?

    I understand if you cannot answer my questions but I appreciate your reading them.

    Thank you,
    Achi

  677. Andrea Rossi

    Achi:
    No, it has nothing to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How important is the performance of your 1MW plant year-long run for the certifications of the domestic E-Cats?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very important, because statistically gives the safety performance of more than 100 modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Timcelyn:
    It is quite difficult to foresee the future, but I do not see the point of it. I do not see any advantage in making bigger reactors respect putting smaller modules in parallel. Not even in terms of space.
    Thank you for your constant attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. timycelyn1

    Dear Andrea,
    like many others, I am hopefully following and watching the progress of your team at this critical time, and can only wish for the very best outcome to your current work, with the 1MW unit. In your recent reply to Mike L you explained that you could go beyond 1MW by adding additional parallel 10kW units, to make (in future) a unit with output power >1MW.
    Having followed your progress carefully since 2011, I have read your explanation of how the difficulty of running a reactor increases rapidly (exponentially?) with size, and you would much prefer to work with 100 cats than 10 tigers!
    My question is, do you see this as a long term fact of life? Will devices using this technology – say in 20 years – still be based around arrays of ~10kW units? Can you imagine any possibility of a further breakthrough that will ease this module size restriction, taming the tiger?

    With very best wishes

    Tim

  682. jackie

    Dear Mr. Rossi if you were given safety certification now for your small domestic E-cat, how long would it take you to put it on to the market?
    Is everything ready to go?
    Best wishes

  683. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    The product is close to be ready, the mass production line is organized. From the granting of the certification to the start of the production my guess is that it will be matter of months, not of years. But this is my guess and the output also depends on the behaviour during this year of the 1 MW plant, whose modules are , essentially even if not totally, made by means of the same reactors that will make work the small units.
    I must remind you that the final results of the test on course could be positive, but it could also turn out to be negative. It is always better first do things, eventually talk about them. In Italy we have a saying: ” Non vendere la pelle dell’orso prima di averlo preso” ( “Don’t sell the fur of the bear before getting him”).
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  684. I saw the new book about the E-Cat on http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com : is the writer, Ing. Ventola an employee or a consultant of your Company, to be so well informed?
    Thank you for the answer,
    Anna

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    As I said in my first answer to you, having read it, I return on the book E-Cat 2.0 written by Eng. Roberto Ventola and Dr Vessela Nikolova.
    It is composed by series of comments related to the reports published regarding the tests made with the E-Cat. The book has been written without we had any knowledge of it, without any discussion with us before publishing it and we have been anaware of this publication until the book has been available for sale. The comments made in it have to be considered totally independent from us; we never worked with Eng. Ventola; his innuendos regarding the charges and how the E-Cat “really” works have been speculated by the Authors without any collaboration with us, or suggestion from us, therefore must be considered totally independent from any kind of connection with our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Peter Metz

    Andrea Rossi,

    A recent comment indicated that the E-Cat will consume 1.2kWh/h on the average over a 24 hour period. If I understand this correctly this implies a COP of over 8. Even though you only guarantee a COP of 6 are you saying we might expect to see higher COPs, i.e. 8?

    Thanks,
    Peter

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    We charged for 1 year, supposedly. I say supposedly because we have not experience about this and based the calculation on theory. Therefore we are not sure how much the charge will last. I think at least 1 year, but I will be sure of this after 350 days of operation.
    Your question regarding the different behaviour of every single E-Cat respect the others is very interesting, but, as you correctly say, it is too soon to know, even if we have already collected many data also related to this issue. The results, obviously, will be communicated when the test will have been completed.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  688. Mike L

    Dear Andrea,

    I have followed your story for years, and am very excited with your progress. Congratulations!

    I am curious to know what control system you are using if you can disclose this information? Is the basic process control similar to that of a once through steam generator, or do you have a steam drum? How many Inputs and Outputs (IO) are there for the 1MW plant? Is the eventual plan to scale up the 1MW plant to a larger capacity, or will additional capacity come from parallel 1MW modules?

    I work in the process automation industry, so am very interested in how your technology will impact my industry both positively and negatively.

    Regards,

    Mike Lieberg

  689. Andrea Rossi

    Mike L:
    Thank you for your attention.
    Answers:
    1- The control system has been entirely designed, manufactured and programmed by our electronic engineers, because it contains information that we prefer not to deliver to a supplier. I cannot give you information about it, but it is very complex and sophisticated, because the central computer has to armonize the computers of every single module. It has nothing to do with existing systems, bacause the characteristics of the E-Cat are unique.
    2- I cannot give information regarding the IO
    3- We think that we will be able easily to put the E-Cats 1 MW in parallel to reach higher power
    4- I don’t see why our technology could impact negatively your industry !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A few questions if you don’t mind.

    1. How many members of your team, beside yourself, are assigned full time to manage the production of the 1MW plant?

    2. If the plant passes the year-long test, how many people will be required to manage the plant?

    3. Have any of the reactors in the plant received a replacement charge so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- here are two persons fix plus me. They work 8 -10 hours per day, I prefer to stay here 16-18 hours per day. When necessary we call reinforces.
    2- none, the control system will make it all, but will be necessary the presence in the factory of a specialist certified by us.
    3- no and I hope the charge will last 1 year.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  692. Dr Rossi:
    How is going today the 1 MW plant?
    Godspeed,
    J

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Jordan 10:
    Today is stable, we are proceeding our test and R&D work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. gaby de wilde

    Hello Andrea Rossi,

    I would like to point your curiosity at the [forgotten] Nitinol engine ( memory metal / Nickel-titanium )

    It could be interesting as such engines run amazingly efficient even on small heat gradients. The original idea [back in the days] was to use waste heat as a source.

    The video here gives some historic perspective.

    http://blog.go-here.nl/8652

    Hope this helps!

    Good luck!

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Gaby De Wilde:
    Thank you for the information and the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Many companies in the world are trying to compete against you after the report made by the independent third party. Are you worried of this looming competition?

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Adrienne:
    We know that there are competitors looming, as you say. This is positive for the LENR market under a general point of view. This said, we have to think to put our products in the market. We will have real competitors when a competitor will be able to sell a plant and put it in operation . My sensation is that Brian Ahern is close to that, I have not the same sensation about others, but I am also aware of the fact that possibly there is somebody working in silence, without talking, as I did until 2009, that will present a valid product unexpectedly.
    We have to ignore all this, anyway, and think only to work hard, as hard as possible, to complete the test of our 1MW plant and our small E-Cat to be manufactured massively. We must do our race at the maximum speed possible, independently from the work of the competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. My Dear Dr. Rossi

    Congratulations!!

    Some business considerations I hope will be helpful:

    You may already know this…
    Large e-Cat building air conditioners
    Chiller input energy/temperature specifications:
    http://geoheat.oit.edu/pdf/tp51.pdf

    Max Palevsky, SDS founder, observed (for computers in 1964) that as much expense is spent in construction as in maintenance over the lifetime of the installation. 50% to build and 50% to maintain.

    We (in engineering procurement) now try to figure life cycle costs for a system.

    I am sure you have someone modeling this for your business.

    I have some painful personal experience as a user of a new BOSCH tank-less water heater, where in the field it is very hard to find effective and affordable field service persons. BOSCH has a miserable reputation for dependability and unhelpful customer support, and they are a ‘successful’ global company, with mature designs.

    I am trying to imagine how you might design a small low-duty-cycle spa water heater that will run, problem free, for the life of the spa. For 20 years, and so very dependable that there is no need for maintenance for many years and using very low electric input.

    It could open up a huge market for tiny e-Cats and re-start the spa industry that is today uneconomic.

    So, I am sure you are wrestling with the problem of providing the necessary affordable organization to do the field support. Six months replacement time is not very attractive for the consumer. Unless he can do this himself, safely, with common tools. So I hope 6 months to replace is not the figure for a low-energy, low-duty-cycle design.

    The specification for minimum guaranteed number of restarts, and Min/Mean/Max time to replace all need to be high and known from the start by the consumer.

    A conservative specification sheet needs to be published. Duty cycles, Availability percentages, on/off cycle-times, output life degradation curves, and efficiency lifetimes need to be conservatively specified and guaranteed by over design.

    Safety factors and control requirements need specification. Appropriate sensors, actuators, displays and computer programmed control units need to exist, and have backup power for graceful emergency shutdown.

    Seismic/vibration specifications and safety-certification testing needs to be developed and performed.

    So you might expect to first sell to organizations that will do the safety engineering and certifications at their cost and they will sell to the public and do the field support.

    To start up, and to avoid bankrupting your company, you must manage the growth carefully, keep the production scale small, highly predictable, and at first geographically concentrated, close to the factory.

    Beware, there was and may still be a US law that enables the government to buy, in a self declared emergency, any number of just-finished units off your production line for any (DX-priority) government project. This causes you to breach your contract delivery schedules to your regular customers. So if you make things in USA, you might want to plan to have some units uncommitted for emergency shipments. You may also need some clause in your contracts to revoke schedule dates for any force majeure or government preemption actions. http://www.bis.doc.gov/dpas/default.htm

    Every sale must be at a profit that is high enough to sustain growth. Field support must also be ever profitable.

    The unknown unknowns will come from ‘knowhere’ to bite.
    Never ship problems to the field. Field ‘costs-to-fix’ cascade.

    Never promise a schedule that you cannot conservatively meet.
    [You are doing this splendidly to date, and I salute you for this.
    You are amazing!]

    Start with a high-cost product and a small production structure that is initially and continuously profitable and maintain slow profitable, balanced growth of your support organization. This enables continued improvement in design with little cost to retrofit.

    If you publicly let it be known that you are going to grow your business slowly and in a controlled, always-profitable, never-borrowing, business-like way, you might disarm the snakes that are fearful of too rapid a change.

    They can adjust over time if their plans can be gracefully revised to include low-cost, appropriate scale, dependable (99.999 Availability) steam energy a few years out.

    As an investor in Husky Energy (Canada)I am aware that they are starting to exploit tar sand oil extraction and shale oil extraction, both that consume a large amount of steam, generated from burning extracted oil that they could otherwise sell profitably if they had your inexpensive steam energy.

    Seems like a natural for the e-Cat in a larger scale installation. The company is controlled by Li-Ka Shing en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Ka-shing
    Hopefully he is not one of the snakes.

    My best wishes to you and your team for your continued successes.

    Karl Poehlmann

    BA, Physics, 1958 San Diego State College,
    Retired Electronics/Aerospace/Computer Scientist

    I am doing medical research now, and not looking for employment.
    But if I could help you in any confidential and thoughtful way,
    based on over 50 years of
    science/business/computer/investment/management/procurement experience,
    please let me know offline.

    You may delete this message, unpublished, from the blog if you wish.

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Sorry, the comment of yours has been lost in the spam, but let me resume its core you described in your email:
    you are informing us that California Resources Corporation (CRC) uses a huge amount of steam for its steam flooding to get oil from sands.
    You suggest us to verify if this activity can get advantage from the use of E-Cats.
    Answer:
    I do not know this particular technology, but if it needs steam and if our test on the 1 MW E-Cat will be successful, our technology can be convenient for any industrial activity that uses steam.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Marc Ellenbroek

    Dear Andrea,

    When I read that you work nearly day and night in the office container next to your plant and also spend quite some time in the E-cat container, while enjoying the infant sounds or your new born baby, I wonder where you can find the time to also develop the E-cat, the Hot-cat and the domestic E-cat further?
    Also, if you need to spend so much time on your plant, do you still believe we will ever have a plant which will be reliable enough so that it can run without your constant attention?
    Nevertheless, I hope you will succeed and wish all the luck and success with your plant.

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Marc Ellenbroek:
    1- I stay here 16-18 hours per day, so there is time for everything, also because I am focused exclusively on this.
    2- Of course! My Team’s work is now is necessary because this period of R&D and tests is aimed to make the plant reliable with a control system that allows operators with a certified preparation able to menage it.
    This is the first plant and we have to learn many things; after one year of operation we will have consolidated the reliability of our 1 MW plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  702. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever been woken up in the middle of the night to come back to the factory to deal with a problem with the plant?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  703. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it happened twice, so far. Luckily, I sleep in a motel not far from the plant and at 2 or 3 a.m. there is no traffic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  704. Marc Ellenbroek

    Dear Andrea,

    Just a few questions.
    Recently you said you are working nearly day and night in your control container next to your 1MW plant. Quite often you are also in your plant, enjoying the infant sounds of your new born baby. I just wonder that if you are so very occupied by that work, how you find the time to also further develop the E-cat, the hot-cat and also the domestic E-cat. Besides that, as you need to spend so much time on your plant, do you believe it will ever be so reliable that it can run without your close attention?
    I do hope you will succeed with this enormous task and wish you all the luck and success with your plant.

  705. Paul Atkinson

    Andrea:

    I wonder if you have kept up with Dean Kamen’s progress in creating a low-maintenance stirling engine? I am a big fan of Kamen due to his commitment to student robotic competitions. Kamen’s team now has a production-ready generator that can convert any heat source (cow dung, natural gas, etc) into electricity. Here are links to 7 short videos where he gives a detailed demonstration of a 2.5 kW stirling generator that has been installed at his home in Connecticut:

    1) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1901&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%202)

    2) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1902&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%203)

    3) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1903&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%204)

    4) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1904&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%205)

    5) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1905&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%206)

    6) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1906&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%207)

    7) http://oninnovation.com/videos/detail.aspx?video=1907&title=Stirling%20Engine%20Demo%20(part%208)

    If you haven’t seen this demonstration yet, then I hope find it helpful. Similarly, Forbes magazine has a feature article about Kamen’s 10 kW commercial generators, which can be manufactured and installed for approximately $10,000 per unit. Here is a link to the article – http://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2014/07/02/dean-kamen-thinks-his-new-stirling-engine-could-power-the-world/

    I hope you find this intriguing and useful. Keep up the good work!

    Take good care,
    Paul Atkinson

  706. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Atkinson:
    Thank you for your very interesting links. I did not know them. Very interesting status of the art for the Stirling engine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  707. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    could you tell us what kind of evolution have you performed on the hot cat? COP? Stability?

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    These data will be published after the end of the R&D on course.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  709. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: You stated your contract states the reactor must run 355 days out of 400, leaving 45 days for “down” time. Could you tell us how many “down days” you have used to this point. Thanks.

  710. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Sorry I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  711. Curiosone

    Yesterday appeared on E-Bay a Hot Cat for sale at 900 $: I suppose is a fraud, just want to inform you.
    W.G.

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Yes, I saw it, I had been informed immediately, made a complaint and the announcement has been deleted.
    I remind to our Readers that any offer of domestic or small E-Cat or Hot Cat can only be a fraud, because we do not sell them. When they will be put for sale we will make official announcement, obviously.
    Therefore DO NOT GIVE MONEY TO ANYBODY PROMISES YOU OUR APPARATUS. Anybody can ask us information on this matter writing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I have been informed that strange interviews made by you and members of your team, like Eng. Fabiani, are proposed to some blogs. The language and the contents of the interviews are stupid and surely fake. Just beware of this. Now that all the attempts to destroy your work have failed, your enemies are trying the dirt play.
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  714. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Yes, I know, I have been informed of this also from an important Italian blogger. Obviously I can do nothing about this; I can just invite our Readers to check with me if the interview is genuine if they find around some interview in which some of my fellows or myself say strange or anomalous things.
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. Wladimir Guglinski

    Andrea Rossi
    March 8th, 2015 at 8:40 AM

    Wladimir Guglinski:
    Good luck for your book; obviously I have to remind that from my point of view the E-Cat has absolutely nothing to do with your theory; thak you anyway for the kind attention you always reserved to our work.
    This said, again, Good Luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R
    ——————————————————-

    Dear Andrea,

    actally the book The Evolution of Physics – The duel Newton vx Descartes has nothjng to do with aetheric questions.

    The scientists and the people in general suppose that along the 4 centuries of the development of Physics the scientists have used the Newtonian quantitative method.

    However,
    in the book it is shown that the development actually occurred by alternation between the Newtonian quantitative method and the qualitative method of Descartes.

    For instance, the discoveries made by Bohr were made by the use of the Descartes method. And while Einstein used both the methods, Heisenberg used only the Newtonian method (that’s why the Standard Nuclear Physics was develooped from the Newtonian quantitative method only), and this is the reason why the nuclear theorists have failled in the development of the theory.

    The book also shows that the development of Physics has 5 Stages. And nowadeyas we are in the 4th stage.
    The 5th Stage will begin in the next upcoing years.

    The eCat is mentioned only in the last chapter of the book, but it actually has nothing to do with the subject of the book, since the eCat is an experimental discovery, while the book deals with theoretical discoveries.

    The questions regarding cold fusion have connection with the subject of the book only when we consider the cold fusion from the theoretical aspect: the theory for the explanation of the phenomenon.

    regards
    wlad

  716. JCRenoir

    Bert Abbing:
    Thank you for your comment, precise and to the point. I heard you and your group are from CERN: can you confirm?
    Cheers,
    JCR

  717. Monash j

    Andrea
    SCADA simply gives you the pleasure of controlling things remotely, you still are the pilot. I guess, “to be there ” immediately is necessary for plant number 1,however after this you will need SCADA AND RTU for plant number 2,3,4…or clone Andrea Rossi 1,2,3,4….which is improbable.

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Monash J:
    You are right.
    Of course we can control things remotely, and this will surely be useful when we will have many plants working with a consolidated technology. But in this situation we cannot rely on remote control, because if it is necessary an immediate intervention we must be here. To activate the remote control is simple thing, but in this specific situation it is not much of use.
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  719. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    …and for a very interesting coincidence, today is also the birthday of Prof Sven Kullander !
    The same day of the recurrence of the invention of the General Relativity Theory!
    Odd, isn’t it?

  720. Monash j

    Andrea
    Why don’t you have SCADA and RTU relaying the encrypted information to your headquarters, instead of staying in the contener 18 hr a day?

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Monash J:
    Because if something goes wrong SCADA and RTU cannot substitute the intervention of my Team and me and anything can happen anytime. Is like to ask to the teams of Formula 1 why instead of the pilots they don’t put robots to drive the race cars. Interventions must be immediate and competent, sometimes also creative, since this is the first plant in real operation of this kind ever installed.
    Encrypted Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Wladimir Guglinski

    Wladimir Guglinski
    March 6th, 2015 at 7:47 AM

    To the readers of the JoNP:

    My book “The The Evolution of Physics: From Newton to Rossi’s eCat” is available as ebook in the Amazon.com:

    http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00UDU8978

    Regards,
    Wlad

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Guglinski:
    Good luck for your book; obviously I have to remind you that from my point of view the E-Cat has absolutely nothing to do with your theory; thank you anyway for the kind attention you always reserved to our work.
    This said, again, Good Luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Andrea Rossi

    To the Readers:
    Today is the birthday of the General Relativity Theory: its existence has made the hundredth ride around the Sun!
    It is celebrated in the last issue of Science, which also reports the last confirmation of the GRT by the explosion of the supernova which has been “replicated” 4 times, due to the distorsion made on the light by the interstallar mass, so that the light emitted by the explosion followed multiple paths, which appeared, from different positions, respectively in 1964, 1995, 2014, 2015.
    The Science issue also contains an explication of the relativity explained in layman language.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  725. Dear Andrea Rossi:
    If you are working inside the containers of the 1 MW plant that is operating in the factory of the customer, how can you be able to continue the R&D on the Hot Cat as you answered to Frank Acland?
    Cheers,
    Wiecej

  726. Andrea Rossi

    Wiecej Tutaj:
    Because I have the capacity to be at the same time in two different places! ( Ha,ha,ha!)
    Talking seriously: in the container of the computers, from where I am writing now this answer to you, we made in a corner the set up of the Hot Cat that will be the core of the mass production E-Cats. So it too is under R&D in the same place of the 1 MW E-Cat. As you can see, here is not much to be bored about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Again Marco Serra:
    But I want to add that Alexander Parkhomov has made a highly professional work, due to his strong experience in the field of nuclear engineering: the difference that made succesful his replication is in the high level of professionality, even if he has used very simple things, not sophisticated instruments: you can compare his work to the Jazz of Louis Armstong: very simple, but made masterpieces thanks to his top level professionality in music. You can make with few simple notes a masterpiece like ” When the Saints go marching in”, but you must be a real Master in music and, in his case, in trumpet technique. Professionality cannot be improvised. It is not a matter of funds, it is a matter of knowledge and experience of hard work and this is the background of a scientist like Parkhomov. And is the background Russian scientists are normally grown up in.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. LENR-to-Market Digest — March 7, 2015 – Highlights include: photos of 1 MW E-Cat with 30,000 components; rudimentary direct-to-elec. achieved; Parkhomov replication acclaim; new replication attempts by Benoit Schillings and by Jean-Paul Biberian; Hot-Cat 2.0 book; Current Science issue on LENR; explosion of MFMP “dog bone”; LENR-Cinderella analogy; $4 trillion BlackRock looking; fraud fundraiser (PESN)

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Sterling Allan:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Dr Rossi:
    When do you think the Rossi Effect will be applied to aviation purposes?

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Pro flight simulator:
    In the short and middle term it is easier that a camel passes through a needle eye than the E-Cat gets a certification to be applied to avionics. To forecast the long term I need a cristal ball.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    We all know that Dr Parkhomov claims to have replicated the Rossi Effect and it is likely he really did because he was driven by data from your works.
    Is the Rossi Effect all there? I mean, is his settings the same as yours or have you added some extra “things” that make a significant difference in the core reaction ?

    God bless you
    Marco

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Parkhomov has replicated the so called Rossi Effect with remarkable skill, using the information contained in the Lugano Report and in the literature. Obviously a totally different thing is to make an industrial product, I mean a product that works reliably and without interruptions, with stability, to produce energy. For that things are quite different.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Roman Rodiovov:
    Yes, we made also that kind of check. All the radiation measurements we made gave OUTSIDE the E-Cat the same results published on the Lugano Report.
    For what cincerns the measurements we made INSIDE the E-Cat, the data are confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. Roman Rodionov

    Dear Andrea,

    Did you check for possible e-cat radiation using detection of photo emulsion tracks? As far as I know multiple LENR experiments in Russia had some “strange radiation” that does not detected by usual radiation detection devices such as Geiger counter, but which produced tracks in photo emulsion.

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Prof. Bert Abbing:
    I think you are right, but I prefer not to participate to this discussion, because the measurements of the Lugano Test have been designed and made by the Independent Third Party. I was away for most of the time and I never participated to the measurements. I did not participate at all to the work of analysis, evaluations, discussions about the measurements that the Professors of the ITP made after the test in Lugano and before the publication. As a consequence of these facts, I do not think it is proper for me to participate to this discussion.
    Thank you for the important attention of yours and your group.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. BertAbbing

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    maybe you are interested about the short email note that we have sent today to Mats Lewan, Frank Akland and daniele Passerini. We can’t stand that a work like yours is denigrated in a blog I have discovered today in the most possible unscientific way. Here is the thread.

    Dear Dr. Lewan I have written this letter to Daniele Passerini and in CC to Frank Akland regarding the horrible blog page by “GSVIT”

    https://gsvit.wordpress.com/2015/03/02/tpr2-calorimetry-of-hot-cat-performed-by-means-of-ir-camera-2/

    appeard today. I think that this short considerations could interest also you.

    Regards,

    Bert

    Dear Danele, Dear Frank

    I ( we ) write here some observations about the disgusting blog page you ( and Levi ) have have indicated to me.

    Those pages ( and all the site ) are purposely designed to appear as scientific to a layman so to divulge disinformation and ill formed concepts.

    They pretend to be written by an “official institution” that should appear seroius and scientific for the outsider and the common man.

    In fact the “institution” ins NOT a research institute and does non have any contact with internationally recognized research institutions or any University.

    No surprise if they received NO answer from any of the research group.

    The most disgusting thing is that their page appear purposely written in a way, mixing up real information from literature, omitted information and absolutely FALSE statements so to “demonstrate” a ( false ) conclusion. This demonstrate that the group that have written this pages is far to be scientific but has an agenda and a precise goal.

    Let us review just some of the points:

    The main FALSE information they try to transmit is that when measuring a temperature with a non contact thermometer one should use the “Spectral emissivity” and NOT the total normal emissivity.

    This statement is absolutely WRONG. Due to the fact that detector sensitivity is far to be a flat function and usually differs from pixel to pixel in an IR camera all that information is handled by the internal software of the instrument and to the user is requested ONLY to input the value of the TOTAL NORMAL EMISSIVITY which is “the ratio of the energy radiated by the material at a temperature T and the energy radiated by a black body at the same temperature” over ALL wavelengths. ( you can find that in ANY textbook ! eg:G. Gaussorgues Infrared Thermography )

    So all the argumentations in the blog page about integrating only in the “measurement window” are ILL-FORMED, wrong and misleading !

    Note also that is just by chance that Allumina has a constant spectral emissivity in the window of sensitivity of the detector. Many other materials have not ! And the “spectral emissivity” is NOT available for many materials. This would limit tha use of non contact thermometers just to few special cases, and this is not true ! Total Normal Emissivity tables for materials are available from many vendors showing similar values independently from the detector!

    The authors of the also MISS to explain WHY if the AA of the TPR2 would have done such a tremendous error ( they have NOT ) all the measures done with the DUMMY ( uncharged ) reactor match the input power ! THIS was in fact a calibration and a confirmation that the method was good.

    Another point they MISS to cite is that when they have measured the emissivity of the with the reference dots of the external allumina pipes the have found a values ( 0.69…. 064 ) that are in PERFECT agreement with the literature. Note that is even possible for the TPR reader note that the reference dots have a higher emissivity then the pipe because the are much britgher that that.

    Is NOT surprising on the other hand that MFMP have obtained different values. Cement materials, even if they have a high percentage of alumina can have a very different emissivity because the presence of metals ( Mg ).

    The TPR authors have analyzed the material by X-ray spectroscopy and found that was pure alumina, so they applied correctly the data for that material.

    Is quite WIERD that the blog page authors have found an emissivity near to 1 ( in contrast to any emissivity table ! ) at that low temperature. Or the material was not pure or they have done an error ! ( bad thermal contact of the PT100 or K probe could eventually lead to that ! )

    In conclusion.

    We have found that blog page far to be scientific and probably part of a “disinformation plan”. They make evident theoretical and experimental errors probably on pourpose.

    We will ignore it and go on working.

    Bert Abbing

  738. Dr Rossi:
    Perhaps nobody understands that you could stop working and enjoy a golden retire, at your age, but you are burning all the remaining of your life, after a hard life so far, for this cause.
    Thank you, Andrea, for your hard work.
    Adrienne

  739. Andrea Rossi

    Adrienne:
    Thank you for your simpathy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi,
    Frank Acland March 5 at5:50P

    In reply to your question about your mental health.
    You show the World every day that your mental health is in excellent condition !
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Wait….
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr. Rossi , I send a very interesting document of Dr Parkhomov entitled:

    Investigation of the heat generator similar to Rossi reactor

    “This paper describes development and tests of a device that is similar to the well-known high-temperature Rossi reactor. The experiments confirmed that at the temperature about 1100◦C and more this device produces more energy than it consumes. Performed measurements demonstrated no ionized radiation above the background level from the working reactor.”

    VII. Conclusions
    Experiments with the replication of the high-temperature Rossi heat generator loaded by a mixture of Ni and lithium aluminum hydride demonstrated that these devices produce more energy than they consume at the temperature about 1100◦C and more. There was no ionized radiation above the background level observed while operating the reactor. Neutron flux density was not larger than 0.2 neutron/cm2·s.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/03/05/alexander-parkhomov-paper-published-in-journal-of-unconventional-science/

  743. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you: Dr Parkhomov is continuing a very important work.
    He doesn’t talk too much, works hard, makes results: a real Russian.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Yes, we are continuing the R&D of the Hot Cat. And we are working also on the safety certification of it. Very important evolution has been made after the Lugano test results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have any time to do R&D on the Hot Cat?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  746. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I saw the following Editorial in Arab News, a 39 year old newspaper (in English) with a circulation of about 51,000, coming out of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It is owned by a member of the House of Saud.

    I find it interesting that the editor chose to cite Cold Fusion in this piece extolling the importance of Saudi businesses’ need to strongly consider funding R&D in the pursuit of improving their businesses. My first thought is that if the House of Saud wanted people to ignore Cold Fusion as a disruptive technology then it would likely choose to exclude it. However, they chose to end their point on the attainability of Cold Fusion by saying “never say never”.

    Being on the LENR side of the fence, I think it a reasonable policy for Arab News (House of Saud) to point to the importance of elevating the importance of R&D in preparation for the day when Oil does NOT drive the economy.

    What are your thoughts?
    ——

    “Some answers today seem frankly unreachable. The issue of Cold Fusion, generating a nuclear reaction at room temperature, rather than with the immense heat currently required, is one such inquiry. Just as medieval alchemists sought the Philosopher’s Stone that would turn base metal into gold, so Cold Fusion currently seems unattainable. But never say never.” (See the 4th paragraph)

    Link>> http://www.arabnews.com/editorial/news/714186

    Link>> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_News

    Link>> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turki_bin_Salman_Al_Saud

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Interesting. Thank you.
    I am sure, as I always said, that all the energy sources will be integrated, with advantage for all. The approach of the Arab News is intelligent, though, and the skepticism is in the right and smart measure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  748. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    If you were to sell a 5MW low temp plant in the future, would you still only need one control room container to 5 reactor containers.

    How many 1MW plants could one control container look after?

    I really enjoyed reading your description of the noises the reactor makes. Would there be any possibility of you making an audio recording of the reactor or do you think that would possibly give away important information? Perhaps you could edit certain noises you think are too revealing? If you could record with a stereo microphone that would be AMAZING. I could listen to it at work for relaxation :)

  749. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    1- yes, I think, but must be tested
    2- I am not able to answer this question now, but I assume several
    3- Not now, maybe in future. An expert could get sensitive information
    4- Good idea!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  750. flesheatingemu

    Dr. Rossi, if you are only getting 4 hours of sleep a day, it sounds like you could use a lab assistant or ten. Surely you deserve some help on such an important mission. Where should we email our CVs? :)

    Bion Alex Howard

  751. Andrea Rossi

    Flesheatingemu:
    I am here with my Team, of course and I have all the help I need. It is my choice to overstay, to give all I can.
    Communications can be sent to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  752. Wladimir Guglinski

    To the readers of the JoNP:

    My book “The Missed U-Turn – The duel Heisenberg vs Schrödinger” is available as ebook in the Amazon.com:

    http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00UBGN93I

    Regards,
    Wlad

  753. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think of the MFP and the independent particle model?
    Thank you,
    W.G.

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    The MFP ( Main Free Path) is supposed to be the space a nucleon has inside the atomic nucleus to orbit independently along the “independent particle model”. Good sense says that there is not MFP in a nucleus, because strong forces would force the nucleon to react with other nuclea. To defend the independent particle model, it has been pulled out the exclusion principle of Pauli, which forbids any interaction that puts particles into states that are already occupied. Yes, but the Pauli principle is not a force, therefore cannot eliminate the strong forces, so it seems to me that the MFP is an error.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. DTravchenko

    Dear Andrea:
    During this test of the 1 MW plant have you and your Team made modifications to the technology after the experience of the work of the E-Cat?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  756. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    Yes, we did, and substantial too. Obviously I cannot release particulars. Inside the container where are the computers, we have also a small electronic laboratory where our electronic engineer can modify the boards of the computers of the reactors to make them follow suite the requested operative modifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Yes, I am worried about you more than ever now (hehe)!

    You mention 2 containers. In the photos you released on your web site, it seemed that there was one container containing the reactors, etc., and people working inside another container. Is this second container a workshop/factory for you?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  758. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    One container contains the E-Cats, pumps heat exchangers and the satellitar informatic system of every E-Cat. The second container contains the central control system, the general electric panels, general switches etc, plus the computers to read all the data and, obviously, the chairs and the desks. One of the desks is mine, from it I am writing this comment to answer to you, as well as all the comments I sent and will send in 2015. I make the trip from one container to the other not less than 100 times every day, but for the 60% of time I am in the container where are the computers. Together with me are several components of the Team. Both containers are installed inside the factory of the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  759. JCRenoir

    During the nights do you have security in the factory of the customer where the 1 MW plant is in operation ?
    JCR

  760. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    Here is a strong private police security 24 hours per day. The factory is filled by cameras and many signs which say ” Smile: you are on camera”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s interesting (and a bit painful) to read about your high anxiety levels surrounding you work with the 1 MW plant. I hope it does not affect your mental and physical health!

    Is the E-Cat such an unpredictable machine to cause you so much anxiety? Or is your anxiety more about the reliability of the controllers breaking down?

    I hope you are able to sleep well!

    Frank Acland

  762. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To obtain statistics about predictability you need experience. We cannot have experience, since this plant is the first of industrial size ( 1 MW) to be observed in operation 24/7/350. This is also why we prefer not to publish data before at least one year of operation. I sleep 4 hours per day, but very well. This life will go on for all this year and possibly a slice of the next. But it is worth. During the long nights I can hear the voice of the plant ( just speaking of mental health….-he,he,he): the voice of the plant is a blend of huge bubbling of water, pumps tictocs, bips of computers and blinking leds, bzzzzs of electric stuff…all this is not constant, but is dynamic, it’s an integral. I get data also from it. Obviously the gauges of the control system make the job, but the voice raises my instinct. I invented him, not the gauges. ( Whattaya think about my mental health, after this? He,he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Ecco Liberation

    Dr.Rossi:
    Which aspects of Dr.Parkhomov’s work do you find particularly worth mentioning?
    Regards, EL.

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Ecco Liberation:
    The whole of the work of Parkomov is very interesting; obviously, I do not know the particulars, beside what I have read and seen in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  765. Brandon Hurd

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Thank-you very much for all the answers you provide to readers’ questions on this forum. I believe such openness on your part is greatly appreciated by all the readers. I think your spirit of openness together with the daily sharing of news and opinions regarding LENR by people like Franck Acland, Mats Lewan, Vessela Nikolova, Peter Gluck, the MFMP and many others, is what gives a lot of readers, hope for a better future – one in which LENR will play a very big part.

    There are many people who wait patiently for that better future to take a big leap forward. The wait is occasionally rewarded with news, such as, for example with your recent publication of the photo’s of the 1MW plant. Let me say, it looks very impressive – a true “work of magnificence.” Also, may I say congratulations on the release of your official website. I think probably, the release of the photo’s of the 1MW plant over-shadowed the fact that you had just put up a very professional and informative website. Well done – it looks great.

    I have a question for you with regard to the 1MW plant. What will happen when the testing phase of your 1MW plant is complete, assuming the results are posisitve?

    Will Industrial Heat “announce” the technology to the world? By that stage, it should be well considered to be a “proven” technology, especially if your results are positive and your customer confirms that fact.

    I guess the alternative approach would be a more “low profile” next step towards mass manufacture. I think many people would be very dissapointed with a low profile approach since people want this technology to be “announced” to the world. After all, this technology will eventually benefit all mankind and that will be something, which you will be very proud of I am sure.

    Warm regards
    Brandon Hurd
    Cape Town, South Africa

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Brandon Hurd:
    Thank you for your delightful words. I gave all the possible information, with exception of issues that we deem critical to pass from a laboratory replication to an industrial manufacturing. I have been enchanted by the work of Dr Parkhomov: simply genial, as for what I could see in the internet. Also the work of Brian Ahern merits to be observed with great attention.
    The persons you cited have helped us with their honest sustain; in particular I have appreciated the intellectual honesty of Peter Gluck: he started hostile, because his opinion regarding our former work was not positive ( but he was sincere and did not have an agenda); eventually, with remarkable honesty, he published his change of opinion; maybe in the future he will again turn into negative his mood toward us, but he gave strong evidence of his intellectual honesty.
    About the future: the commercial strategic decisions are totally premature, because all will depend on the results and we need to wait the end of this test period. Every moment here we do not know what will happen the next moment. I am in the plant ( inside the 2 containers wherein is everything) from 5.30 a.m. through midnight and there is no moment without anxiety. I understand it is difficult to imagine how difficult this is.
    For now my future is in the next 10 minutes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  767. You wrote that during the self sustained mode the consume of electricity is 40 kWh/h: this sums up a COP 25.
    You and your team have really made a masterpiece if you are stable and working like this. We have seen how difficult is to perform from the replication attempts. It seems to me that the best replication is the one made by the Russian scientist Parkhomov. What do you think?

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Masaj Antalya:
    Yes, I agree: Dr Parkhomov has made the best replication job, so far. He is very, very skillful, from what I read.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    No, Eng. Ventola is a skillful engineer, I never knew him personally and he did not work with us. I read in the preface of Vessela Nikolova that he is a professional expert in computer science. I ordered the book, of which I have been informed yesterday ( I never knew before about it), and after reading it I will be able to comment; in the meantime, from the introduction published in the blog you saw, I understand that Eng. Ventola has collected many papers related to the Hot Cat and made personal considerations. The guy is skillful and intelligent, nevertheless what he writes is totally independent from us.
    This said, I like to renew my wishes of good luck to the Authors!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    This is the release of a new book related to the E-Cats:

    “Hot-Cat 2.0: How last generation E-Cats are made”

    http://fusionefredda3.com/novita/un-nuovo-libro-ci-racconta-lultima-generazione-degli-e-cat

  771. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  772. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, a very sad story.
    Google:
    THE DEATH OF GUIDO GHISOLFI
    Click on:
    Beth Renewables CEO Guido Ghisolfi dies in apparent suicide
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, FL
    USA

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    I knew him, when in Italy I manufactured biomass fueled power generators: they manufactured esterification plants. I was interested to to treat the vegetables to make fuel oil. He was a very decent person.
    Depression is a very dangerous enemy and can hit anybody. He was a hard worker. I am very sorry, for him, fir his family, for his employees. But his company is very solid.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting response to Hank Mills. May I ask in what areas has work on the E-Cat progressed by an order of magnitude since 2014?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  775. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    in all the areas, because we now have to maintain in stable operation for ever a 1 MW plant, giving to a Customer all the energy he needs to make his production. Here the anxiety is exponentially higher and all the particulars go to a stress. We are learning, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. Dr Andrea:
    I saw in the blog of ecat-thenewfire.com that there is an interview to Prof. Nagel: do you know if he is a parent of Ernst Nagel ?
    Thank you

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Vernita:
    Curious question: I put the same years ago, in 2010 to be exact, during a meeting in NRL Dr Nagel attended to, because Nagel is a rare name.
    It is worth, at this point, to explain who Ernst Nagel was and why he connects with us.
    He wrote an important book: ” The structure of science, problems in the logic of the scientific explanation” ( Cambridge, 1961): I studied throughly this book, because it was the basic text to sustain the exam of ” Filosofia della Scienza” with Prof. Ludovico Geymonat at the Università degli Studi of Milan ( Italy), where I got my doctorate in Phylosophy. I sustained this exam, a very difficult one and I loved this book, because it was the positivistic and structural counterpoint of the Husserl’s phenomenology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Dr Rossi:
    Can you update about the safety certification for the domestic units?

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Melanie Lisk:
    The safety certification for the domestic units is on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. On January 28, a link to paper by U.V.S.Seshavathara was given on this blog (http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/paperinfo.aspx?journalid=169&doi=10.11648/j.ijrse.s.2015040401.11). If I understand the paper correctly, they propose the following reaction to explain the energy production of the E-cat:

    Li7 + Ni58 –> Ni62 + 3p

    and they claim that the reaction is 3.64 MeV exothermic. However, when I compute the energy balance of this reaction, I obtain that it is -0.44 MeV endothermic. Either I calculated wrong or I misunderstood the paper or the paper is wrong.

    I just want to bring this to attention of readers of this blog.

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you. When I stay idle not working I feel guilty. I do not know why, but that is it. It has always been so. Probably my mother instilled this in me in my first years of life: everywhen she saw me doing nothing, sitting in an armchair, she used to say: ” Are you a parasite?”. This sank in my brain: in this period I work in the plant from 5.30 a.m. through midnight, but when I return in the motel to sleep I feel guilty to leave the plant. In any case, the work I made has been born also by the books I studied: this is why I am fond in particular of “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” of Norman Cook and its rigorous companion “Nuclear Models” of Greiner-Maruhn ( both published by Springer and available by Amazon). The first, I learnt by heart, the second I study every day and both gave me an enormous help. It has been a process of trial and error, but directed by a theoretical strategy, wrong or right as it may be. This is why I reccommend to everybody, mainly young people, to study with rigor. If it is true what Edison said, that an invention is composed by 10% inspiration and 90% perspiration, it is also true that the brain weights less than 0.5% of a human body: this means that quantity is not proportional to importance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. Wladimir Guglinski

    Again, Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity is denied by a new experiment

    According to the Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity, the photon cannot manifest its wave and corpuscular nature at the same time.
    According to that principle of the Quantum Mechanics, the photon manifest its wave feature in some experiments, and its corpuscular feature in other experiments, but never the two features at the same time.

    The first experiment was made by Ephraim Steinberg in 2011:
    http://www.zpenergy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=3295

    The new experiment was published in the Journal Nature:
    http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2015/150302/ncomms7407/abs/ncomms7407.html

    So, new experiments are proving that some principles of the Quantum Mechanics are wrong.

    This new experiment corroborates (again now in 2015) the photon model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory.

    regards
    wlad

  783. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,
    While on the road today, in order to go and solve someone’s tech troubles, I just had the same thought as Hank Mills, you just answered to.
    Do you have knowlegde if millions (or better: many billions)are being spent in LENR research by hundreds (or better: (ten thousands) of scientists and engineers worldwide to harness the Rossi Effect ? Maybe by competitors of yours ?
    My opinion is that there should be such investments. Urgently.
    If this does not happen, this has also a reason: they have no idea how and where to search. In that case, Billions and trillions are worth nothing for the world.
    My honest and humble opinion.
    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the recently published book “Hot Cat 2.0″ the e-cat evaluated in the Lugano report is considered a “Type 4 design”. Based on this designation what number design is the current Hot Cat?

    Paul

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    The book “Hot Cat 2.0″ has been a surprise for me: I heard about it this morning, after it has been signaled to me. I didn’t yet read it, I bought a copy this morning, so I am not able to answer, I do not know how the classification has been made.
    I take the chance you give me to wish “good luck” to the Authors of the book!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    You have stated that you think the results of A. Parkhomov are valid and interesting. That is significant to me, because according to his data he achieved several minutes of self sustained operation at around 1200C with no input power when the resistor burned out. Of course the difference between his setup and your reactors are night and day: his are test rigs that burn out quickly, but yours have been designed to operate for months at a time. However, can you clarify if his results – specifically including short lived self sustain – should be achievable by qualified expert scientists using the same basic setup and fuel? Or are his results interesting because they were a random event that should not have happened?

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your sympathy. As I said many times, to give away the IP would mean to stop any serious investment. We aleady disclosed a huge amount of information along the Lugano test.
    By the way: the work made until 2014 has been less by an order of magnitude respect the work we are making now on the 1 MW plant in operation in the factory of the Customer of IH.
    Fortunately, now I work with a strong team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  789. Joe

    Wladimir,

    I gave the example of bending light. Photons have no mass but are affected by massive objects. The scientists had to re-define SOMETHING, otherwise their system would look inconsistent. So they concluded that light still travels in a straight line but in a space bent by objects’ mass. And this new definition of gravity affects both massive and non-massive particles. That would be similar to a re-definition of rotation that accounts for both null and non-null nuclear magnetic moments.

    All the best,
    Joe

  790. Wladimir Guglinski

    Dears Joe and Eernie,

    beyond the puzzle of the null magnetic moments for the even-even nuclei with Z=N, there is other puzzle impossible to be solved by the Standard Nuclear Physics.

    The nucleus 6C12 has spin 0 and magnetic moment zero. It means that:
    a) each proton has a symmetric proton and they cancel each other their magnetic moment and their spins
    b) each neutron has a symmetric neutron and they cancel each other their magnetic moment and their spins

    But the excited nucleus 6C12 has spin 2 and magnetic moment zero.
    This means that one deuteron in the excited 6C12 changes its spin, but the magnetic moment does not change.

    It is impossible to explain the spin 2 and magnetic moment zero of the excited 6C12 by considering any nuclear model of the Standard Model.

    Such puzzle can be solved only by considering the flux n(o) crossing into the protons and neutrons within the nuclei, as shown in the figures 28 and 29 of the paper Stability of Light Nuclei:
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/files/Stability%20of%20light%20nuclei.pdf

    Joe,
    how do you think the nuclear theorist can solve this puzzle?

    Eernie,
    do you think is it possible to solve the puzzle by considering the statistical viewpoint?

    regards
    wlad

  791. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in March 2nd, 2015 at 11:06 AM

    Wladimir,

    In the distant past, rotation was only classical. We could change the rate of rotation by altering the amount of energy in the system. In the recent past, we discovered a new type of rotation – intrinsic spin – whose rate of rotation does not vary with the energy of the system. Logically, this new type of rotation is considered non-classical. Therefore, the concept of rotation was re-defined and a new theory of intrinsic spin was created.
    —————————————————————

    Joe,
    I know that in quantum theory the concept of spin is non-classical. In my Quantum Ring Theory the non-classical spin of the electron is composed by the intrinsic-spin of the electron plus the spin due to the helical trajectory of the electron.

    However the spin of a nucleus considered in Nuclear Physics is classical. The total spin of a nucleus is composed by the addition of the spins of protons and neutrons. For instance, the spin of 3Li6 is 1, resulted from the spin zero due to 2 protons, 2 neutrons, and a deuteron.

    As I already said,
    in the case the nuclear theorist try to explain the null magnetic moment for the even-even nuclei with Z=N through a non-classical rotation, however the same solution must be applied for the other nuclei.
    They cannot propóse a solution only for the even-even nuclei.
    The solution must be applied to all the nuclei. And the magnetic moment of the nucleus 3Li6 (for instance) must be explained by considering a classical rotation.

    regards
    wlad

  792. Gil

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    I found yesterday a site where it was reported that in Lugano Report scientists were not allowed to check the control tool (control-box?) of the electric current incoming and outgoing.
    Then I reread the Lugano Report but I have found no trace of such a statement which reported a direct statement of one of the signatories of the Test .
    It ‘possible that physicists were subject to any other restrictions than that of not opening the reactor?
    Warm regards.

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Gil:
    We supplied the apparatus and the Professors of the ITP made the measurements as they wanted. I was not present for most of the test and the instrumentation for the measurements was of their property. I do not know what they inspected and what they did not. Obviously they could not open the reactor’s containment body.
    For all the rest, you have to read the report: the set up of the electric measurements has been described in detail and there is nothing I can add because I had nothing to do with their measurements.
    On the same subject: the Russian scientist Alexander Parkomov has independently replicated repeatedly the apparatus made by us as descripted in the report of the Professors and the tests made by the ITP:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TsdewHQxW4
    and also see
    http://coldfusion3.com/blog/more-details-of-russian-e-cat-replication-available
    That’s quite interesting, isn’t it?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Dr Rossi:
    What is the COP of the 1 MW plant when it is in self sustained mode?

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Vivian:
    When the 1 MW E-Cat in operation in the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat is in self sustained mode we have to spend an energy of about 20- 40 kWh/h necessary for the reactors. But it is soon to give numbers, because we have to experience the endurance and the reliability at the ssm status. We are collecting data systems every 10 seconds, so we have not lacks of matter to study…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. eernie1

    Wlad,
    That shrinkage would really be drastic. Right now they are puzzled by an apparently measured shrinkage of .035fm. A measured shrinkage of .2 to .5fm would indeed send everyone back to the drawing board looking for possible answers.
    Regards.

  797. Joe

    Wladimir,

    In the distant past, rotation was only classical. We could change the rate of rotation by altering the amount of energy in the system. In the recent past, we discovered a new type of rotation – intrinsic spin – whose rate of rotation does not vary with the energy of the system. Logically, this new type of rotation is considered non-classical. Therefore, the concept of rotation was re-defined and a new theory of intrinsic spin was created.

    Another example is the following. Scientists claim that the trajectory of light bends in the presence of massive objects. But photons have no mass to account for this phenomenon. But due to re-definition, light trajectory is still considered straight but in a space that happens to be bent by the gravitational fields of massive objects.

    All the best,
    Joe

  798. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for this important updating about the 3D printing of the Swedish company ARCAM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  799. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi , prof . Parkohomov was the best of all the scientists who are seeking LERN !
    Parkohomov has achieved results similar to those that the independent third party has achieved in the test at Lugano, Switzerland published in October, 2014.

    http://coldfusion3.com/blog/more-details-of-russian-e-cat-replication-available

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Very interesting video, thanks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi to send a report Russian very interesting !

    Russian Reportage on Cold Fusion (Alexander Parkhomov)

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lTsdewHQxW4

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you: Dr Parkhomov has definitely made a valid job.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Wladimir Guglinski

    Dears Joe and Eernie,

    in the case the experiments of the MUSE Project measure in 2016 a value for the proton’s radius between 0,3fm and 0,6fm, as I expect, what do you think the scientists will change in the concepts of Physics so that to save the Standard Model?
    Proton’s radius to be measured by MUSE Project (2015-2016)
    http://www.zpenergy.com/

    They can re-define the concept of radius, by proposing a new non-classical concept of radius.

    Or perhaps they can allege that proton’s radius changes due to statistical causes.

    What do you think?

    regards
    wlad

  804. Wladimir Guglinski

    eernie1 wrote in March 1st, 2015 at 6:14 PM

    Wlad,
    That table has already been revised a number of times including a decrease of the reported moment of the proton and other reported moments as other refined adjustments are made.
    As a suggestion,your conversations would be more enjoyable if you were not as defensive.
    ———————————————————————

    Eernie,
    but the spin never changes by refinments or adjustments.

    The magnetic moments have refinments and adjustments because new methods are invented, and the technology advances.
    But magnetic moments different of zero had never be detected form the even-even nuclei with Z=N.

    regards
    wlad

  805. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi, Frank Acland, JYD, Navdrew,

    ARCAM (Sweden) can not yet print an entire airplane, but they can print turbine blades.

    Some assembly required. ;)

    http://www.arcam.com/wp-content/uploads/Arcam-Q20.pdf

    http://www.additive3d.com/

    http://www.additive3d.com/news1/inr2969.htm

    The Arcam series of additive metal printers are products.

    There are also a number of other manufacturers. This area deserves further attention.

    Additive Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  806. Navdrew

    Mr.Rossi:

    I agree that 3D printing is now primarily useful for non=metal parts but work is progressing. GE is pursuing R&D in 3D printing for jet engine parts. See: http://www.ge.com/stories/advanced-manufacturing. I believe E-cats will be in production long before we see 3D printed high temperature structural metal parts in GE engines. But never say never. DoD has a major initiative is this area.

    Drew

  807. Andrea Rossi

    Navdrew:
    I totally agree. Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  808. JYD

    Dear Andrea Rossi, dear Franck Ackland

    Concerning 3D printers and industry, I found this :

    http://www.lemonde.fr/sciences/article/2015/02/26/deux-reacteurs-d-avion-reproduits-par-impression-3d_4583403_1650684.html

    Sorry, it’s French paper, and my english is so poor!
    Thanks and good luck for your works

  809. Andrea Rossi

    JYD:
    Thank you for the information. Still it is a prototype, anyway its development will be worth the while of a strong attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Yes, but this is an experimental prototype: they are not ready to sell a production system. It is very interesting and when in the market we will react.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    3D printing with metals is becoming more sophisticated.

    Here’s an example: “Forget food and guns, the first 3D-printed jet engines have arrived” http://mashable.com/2015/02/25/3d-printed-jet-engine/

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you, very interesting, but still prototipal. Not ready for the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. Joseph Fine

    There’s more out there on 3D Metal printing, but here’s an interesting link. If you can print a Jet Engine, you probably can print an E-Cat.

    Joseph Fine

    http://www.computerworld.com/article/2890313/researchers-make-a-3d-printed-jet-engine.html

  814. eernie1

    Wlad,
    That table has already been revised a number of times including a decrease of the reported moment of the proton and other reported moments as other refined adjustments are made.
    As a suggestion,your conversations would be more enjoyable if you were not as defensive.
    Regards.

  815. Wladimir Guglinski

    Dear Eernie,

    perhaps you are right, and the nuclear theorists will solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei by proposing nonsenses (as a non-classical rotation suggested by Joe, or by claiming that the influence of the statistics in the results of the measurements is responsible for the null magnetic moment of those nuclei).
    Maybe they even prefer to keep silent, in order to avoid to propose nonsenses, as they did up to now.

    The physicists are not interested in the discovery of the scientific truth.

    I posted a comment here in the JoNP, speaking about he lack of honesty among the scientists, but Andrea Rossi had spammed it because in his viewpoint I was insulting the work of the scientific community.

    But I have a different viewpoint.
    I think the physicists are insulting themselves, since they are betraying the scientific method by rejecting experiments which deny their theories.

    regards
    wlad

  816. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What part do you think 3D printing might play in the future development and production of E-Cats?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    That’s an interesting question!
    Obviously we have considered carefully the 3D printing technology. It appears to me that it is mature for objects made by paper, cardboard, plastic et similia, but still it is not mature for apparatuses made by steel or by other metals. Please correct me if I am wrong. Without any doubt 3D Printing can be a very interesting system to produce the E-Cats, provided it works with steel.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. Wladimir Guglinski

    eernie1 wrote in March 1st, 2015 at 12:27 PM

    Dear Wlad,
    What complicates the problem of nuclear magnetic moments is that since the nucleus is relatively massive, the magnetic moments are relatively small(1/1000th)of the moments of an electron. When I did electron spin work I was able to obtain significant effects with a relatively small magnet using a relatively high microwave frequency energy. Nuclear spin requires a much larger magnet along with much lower frequency energy for effect. Since the statistical treatment at the atomic level produced usable results for the SQM scientists, they would look at a statistical solution to your question and consider the question answered.
    ——————————————————————-

    Eernie,
    I suggest you to advise Dr. N. J. Stone telling him that his nuclear table is full of errors

    http://www.psi.ch/low-energy-muons/DocumentsEN/nuclear-moments.pdf

    Tell him there is need to change all the values of the nuclear spins measured by the experiments

    regards
    wlad

  819. Wladimir Guglinski

    eernie1
    March 1st, 2015 at 12:27 PM

    Dear Wlad,
    I did not say the solution of the null magnetic moments was easy. On the contrary what I am referring to is the difficulty of mathematically solve the problem.
    —————————————————————

    No, Eernie,
    it is not difficult.

    If statistically the mangetic moment of even-even nuclei with Z=N should be different of zero, then statistically the nuclear spin would be different of zero too.

    Very simple.

    regards
    wlad

  820. eernie1

    Dear Wlad,
    I did not say the solution of the null magnetic moments was easy. On the contrary what I am referring to is the difficulty of mathematically solve the problem. What we are dealing with is a multi-body interactive situation(rotating nucleons and fields possessing charges)within a rotating nucleus interacting with each other. As you know mathematically solving a multi-body problem is impossible when the number of participating components are numerous. This is what drove the SQM scientists into a statistical treatment to obtain solutions. What complicates the problem of nuclear magnetic moments is that since the nucleus is relatively massive, the magnetic moments are relatively small(1/1000th)of the moments of an electron. When I did electron spin work I was able to obtain significant effects with a relatively small magnet using a relatively high microwave frequency energy. Nuclear spin requires a much larger magnet along with much lower frequency energy for effect. Since the statistical treatment at the atomic level produced usable results for the SQM scientists, they would look at a statistical solution to your question and consider the question answered.
    Regards.

  821. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 28th, 2015 at 10:48 PM

    3. You state,
    “Even if the scientists re-define the concept of rotation to suit to their needs, however a new concept of non-classical rotation cannot solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z =N.”

    Of course it can. The whole purpose behind re-defining is to actually solve problems. Otherwise, why bother doing it?
    ————————————————————————

    No, Joe, it cannot solve the puzzle
    I already proved it to you.

    And I repeat again:

    1) Suppose the nuclear theorist re-define the rotation, proposing a non-classical rotation

    2) The difference of 10% in the magnetic moment in the 3Li6 must be credited to the non-classical rotation (Hans Bethe said to be due to clasical rotation, but the nuclear theorists will say that it is due to non-classical rotation).

    3) Therefore the non-classical rotation is able to induce magnetic moments

    4) So, the non-classical rotation must induce a magnetic moment due to the non-classical rotation of the protons in the even-even nuclei with Z=N. And those nuclei cannot have null magnetic moment, even by considering the non-classical rotation.

    CONCLUSION:
    The non-classical rotation is not able to solve the puzzle

    regards
    wlad

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Guglinski:
    I have spammed your comment whose title was: ” The standard nuclear model is dead”.
    Useless to explain why.
    Please moderate your language within acceptable limits. Make your points, but do not insult the work of the scientific community, and, please, take in consideration the possibility that you could be wrong. I always do this. I know my limits.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. You state two categories: one of cause and one of effect.

    CAUSE:
    “Rotation is a phenomenon which you can detect with your eyes: a body having rotation.

    “You observe the rotation by the CAUSE of the rotation: a body moving with rotation.”

    EFFECT:
    “Unlike, you cannot see the gravity. The existence of the gravity we DEDUCE only through the EFFECTS of the gravity.
    Therefore, we have to measure the effects of the gravity, in order to define it.”

    Question: is intrinsic spin “cause” or “effect”?

    2. You state,
    “There is not any theory of rotation.”

    Question: does standard physics have a theory of intrinsic spin?

    3. You state,
    “Even if the scientists re-define the concept of rotation to suit to their needs, however a new concept of non-classical rotation cannot solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z =N.”

    Of course it can. The whole purpose behind re-defining is to actually solve problems. Otherwise, why bother doing it?

    All the best,
    Joe

  824. Wladimir Guglinski

    eernie1 wrote in February 28th, 2015 at 7:42 PM

    Wlad,
    1) —————————————————–
    Then there is rotation about an object(moon around the earth),the time rotation of an occurrence(once a day) the statistical rotation of events such as the appearance of an electron within a sphere about the nucleus at any given time.
    ————————————————————

    Eernie,
    in a previous comment I already mentioned the other sort of rotation, posting a link of the Wikipedia.

    The nucleus has not any sort of rotation like the moon around the earth and rotation like an electron within a sphere etc.
    The nucleus has only a rotation about its central axis, and so there is no need to consider other sort of rotations.

    2) —————————————————–
    Not to forget that fields can intertwine and rotate(Spinors) which produce particle spins which interact with other spin fields energetically. Your nucleons spin creating the magnetic moments which can add or subtract depending on the number of nucleons and their distribution(protons vis neutrons). SQM attempts to explain the observed values by statistical methods. They would say the null values observed in even-even nucli are a result of the large number of created individual moments statistically adding up to the null values overall.
    —————————————————————————

    Eernie,
    obviously you did not understand the puzzle.

    The null values observed in even-even nuclei are ( as you said ) a result of the large number of created individual moments statistically adding up to the null values overall.

    However,
    as the nucleus has rotation, an additional magnetic moment is created due to the electric charge of the protons moving about the center of the nucleus.

    In order to explain why even-even nuclei with Z=N have null magnetic moment, the following hypothesis would have to be considered:

    a) the large number of created individual moments statistically results in a negative moment with value +X.

    b) the rotation of the protons of the nucleus induce a positive moment with value -X.

    Such a “coincidence” of having +X and -X equals in absolute values, for all the even-even nuclei with Z=N, is statistically impossible to occur, because:

    c) the rotation of the nucleus is responsible for 10% of the magnetic moment of the nucleus. For instance, I already had explained to Joe that 3Li6 has magnetic moment +0,822, while the magnetic moment of the deuteron is +0,857.

    d) the even-even nuclei with Z=N have spin zero.
    Therefore, statistically, each proton has a symmentric proton and they cancell each other their magnetic moment, while each neutron has a symmetric neutron and they cancell each other their magnetic moment.
    If, statistically this would not occur, then statistically the spin of the even-even nuclei with Z=N could not be zero.

    e) Therefore in even-even nuclei with Z=N the result of the large number of created individual moments statistically cannot create a positive magnetic moment with value +X, as supposed in the item “a” above.
    They have to create statistically a magnetic moment ZERO, since statistically the spin of those nuclei is ZERO.

    f) And as the statistical moment due to indivifual protons and neutrons is ZERO, then the even-even nuclei with Z=N must have a non-null magnetic moment -X due to the rotation of the positive charge of the protons.

    Besides,
    dear Eernie,
    if the solution of the puzzle would be so easy to be solved as you think, I am sure that all the nuclear physicist (who I had already invited to come here to solve the puzzle) would feel themselves very glad to come here to explain it.

    regards
    wlad

  825. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 28th, 2015 at 12:15 AM

    Wladimir,

    Here is another example of re-defining:
    Classical (Newton) gravity has been replaced by General Relativity (GR). Force has been re-defined as geometry (of space). Scientists believe that this is an improvement. (See “Tests of General Relativity” in Wikipedia.) But the most emblematic gravitational phenomenon – attraction between objects – can not be explained by GR. (Geometry does not impart impulse to objects.) So how can GR be an improvement in gravitational theory over classical?
    ——————————————————————–

    Joe,
    all the re-definitions were proposed with the aim of solving puzzles.

    But the re-definition of the classical rotation cannot solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z=N, as I had showed to you yesterday:
    —————————————————————-
    But let us suppose that those scientists who had re-defined the concept of rotation claim the following:
    The non-classical rotation proposed by us is also able to induce magnetic moments.

    Then we reply to them:
    In this case, the non-classical rotation also induces magnetic moment in the even-even nuclei with Z=N, due to the rotation of the protons.

    Therefore,
    dear Joe,
    even if the scientists re-define the concept of rotation to suit to their needs, however a new concept of non-classical rotation cannot solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z =N.

    As you may realize, dear Joe,
    it is impossible to solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z=N even by a solution proposed from a pseudoscientific attempt, as you had supposed to be possible
    ——————————————————————-

    Therefore,
    it makes no sense to re-define the classical rotation, since any non-classical rotation is not able to solve the puzzle.

    regards
    wlad

  826. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    All that expensive equipment to produce 1MW heat.
    I hope that you have an awsome COP on the Rossi Effect.
    Do you still have ideas and plans for improvements “orders of magnitude”, or do you have allmost the final product ?
    Both can be true, of course.
    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  827. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    You are right: both are true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  828. eernie1

    Wlad,
    Your arguments about the meaning of rotation appear to be circular(little joke). When I think of rotation there are a number of scenarios that for me define rotation. There is the one you have discussed with Joe, rotation about an axis. Then there is rotation about an object(moon around the earth),the time rotation of an occurrence(once a day) the statistical rotation of events such as the appearance of an electron within a sphere about the nucleus at any given time. Not to forget that fields can intertwine and rotate(Spinors) which produce particle spins which interact with other spin fields energetically. Your nucleons spin creating the magnetic moments which can add or subtract depending on the number of nucleons and their distribution(protons vis neutrons). SQM attempts to explain the observed values by statistical methods. They would say the null values observed in even-even nucli are a result of the large number of created individual moments statistically adding up to the null values overall.
    Regards please do not think I am attacking your theories. I think they are well thought out.

  829. Peter Forsberg

    Well, my main field of expertise is computer science and artificial intelligence; not pandas.

    I wish you good luck with the 1 Meg plant.

    Regards

    Peter

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Computer science is strongly present in the 1 Meg.
    Thank you and, from inside the E-Cat,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 28th, 2015 at 12:15 AM

    Wladimir,

    1) ————————————————————
    You stated,
    “Rotation is NOT DEFINED.

    Rotation is a physical phenomenon: a body moving around an axis.”

    Your first sentence contradicts your second sentence. You actually defined rotation.
    —————————————————————–

    No, Joe,
    I did not define rotation.

    Rotation is a phenomenon existing in the Nature.
    There is no need to define it.
    The Earth has a rotation about the axis which crosses its center.
    Such rotation of the Earth exists, and nobody needs to define it.

    What the men did was only to give a name to that phenomenon existing in the Nature. They called it ROTATION. Nobody had defined it.

    2) —————————————————————
    Here is another example of re-defining:
    Classical (Newton) gravity has been replaced by General Relativity (GR).
    ——————————————————————-

    Joe,
    you cannot compare ROTATION with GRAVITY.

    Rotation is a phenomemon which you can detect with your eyes: a body having rotation.

    You observe the rotation by the CAUSE of the rotation: a body moving with rotation.

    .

    Unlike, you cannot see the gravity. The existence of the gravity we DEDUCE only thorugh the EFFECTS of the gravity.
    Therefore, we have to measure the effects of the gravity, in order to define it.

    The concept of gravity was defined as follows:

    1- Newton defined gravity by making experiments, when he measured the universal constant G of the gravity.

    2- Einstein re-defined the gravity because he realized that Newton theory of the gravity was not complete.

    Unlike,
    you cannot re-define rotation by claiming the following:
    The phenomenon of the rotation of a body is not complete. We need to re-define rotation in order to get a complete theory of rotation.

    There is not any theory of rotation.
    Rotation is a phenomenon observed in the Nature.
    You cannot re-define a PHENOMENON existing in the Nature.

    3) ————————————————————-
    Force has been re-defined as geometry (of space). Scientists believe that this is an improvement.
    —————————————————————-

    You cannot compare FORCE with ROTATION.

    Rotation is a PHENOMENON observed in the Nature.
    Rotation is a phenomenon existing in itself a priori. Rotation is INDEPENDENT of any theory and any concept.

    Force is a CONCEPT defined in the Newton’s theory.

    The concept of force was proposed by Newton, according to which F=m.a

    You can re-define the concept of force, since force is defined in the equation F=m.a, because the concept of mass was also re-defined by Einstein.

    Unlike,
    you cannot re-define rotation, because rotation is INDEPENDENT of any concept and any theory.
    Rotation is a phenomenon observed: a body moving about its axis. And this phenomenon does not depend on any other concept.

    regards
    wlad

  832. Kay

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    2016 it will be the revolution from Sunfire http://www.sunfire.de/en/
    because they will go in big business to produce fuel and to reduce the CO2 !

    maybe it is possible the ecat combination with it.

    best regart
    Kay

  833. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morissey:
    It is not me who gave names to all the reactors, have been the workers of the Team.
    Some name is from their fiancèe, some from the movie stars…Windy and Cindy you already know, then we have Rambo, Angiolina and so on. Officially every reactor is listed by a matrix ( like EC 1, EC 2,…) but they preferred give real names, for fun. One that had given a lot of troubles at the beginning of the operation has been named “Mothersucker”. So it is not rare hear some of the Team say “how’s going Mothersucker?” and the answer ( presently) “not bad”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Bernie Morrissey

    With so many Cats in small space it must be hard to keep them all purring. You have given them all names. Can you list them?

  836. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I have seen the photos published on your personal website http://www.andrea-rossi.com and what I saw is impressive. Really impressive. Enlarging the photos I saw a remarkable number of connections , wiring, electronic and informatic components probably by the thousands. All this work has been made internally by your Team, or you had external specialists ? Is this gigantic amount of components reliable when in operation at high temperatures, humidity, etc?
    I hope you can answer, thank you for your patience.
    W.G.

  837. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    All the boards, the informatics, the programmation, the electronics have been made inside our company by our Team. We just buy the elementary components and the microchips. We decided to do this to avoid to give to potential competitors the advantage to know the very complex regulation and control system. As I always said, the E-Cat is a much more complex system than it appears to be from outside.
    All the control system is designed to resist to attacks from temperature and humidity, within tolerable limits, and is designed to make not too difficult the maintainance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  838. JCRenoir

    Dear Andrea:
    Take more rest, you cannot resist one year working 16-18 hours per day; sorry to say this, but you are 65 years old… you risk a heart attack. I am a phisician ( not a physicist) and I suggest you not to work more than 10 hours per day, in that situation of stress.
    Gog bless you,
    JCR

  839. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    I am delighted by your very kind attention, but, to make it short, it is easier I get a heart attack if I stay far from the plant. I am taking advantage of the physical resistance I cropped being a marathonete when I was 45 years younger: that is a kind of training that lasts, as everything gained with hard work.
    Again thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  840. DTravchenko

    Dr Rossi:
    Here is the new story of the General Spaziante that in the nineties had started, organized and directed the action that put you in jail for crimes you have cleared of after years and in the meantime destroyed your life and your business: got it today from my informants:
    http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2015/02/28/confiscati-4-milioni-spaziante-usava-ufficiali-gdf-come-prestanome/1463319/
    He was corrupted. He pleaded guilty for corruption and is in prison.
    Comments?
    From Russia, with love,
    D.T.

  841. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    I have no comments related to the person, but, as an Italian, I want to state this: Italian Guardia Di Finanza (Custom Police) is a glorious military Corp that for more than a century has defended our Country fighting and working with honour and sacrifice. We have 60,000 military of this Corp and at least the 99.9% of them are heroes that for a wage not proportional to their sacrifice risk their life to defend us. It is unavoidable, under a statistic point of view, that among 60,000 persons there is somebody not good, but I can assure you that in my career, when I worked in Italy, I have known many of them, and they were very, very, very decent persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. Joe

    Wladimir,

    You stated,
    “Rotation is NOT DEFINED.

    Rotation is a physical phenomenon: a body moving around an axis.”

    Your first sentence contradicts your second sentence. You actually defined rotation.

    Here is another example of re-defining:
    Classical (Newton) gravity has been replaced by General Relativity (GR). Force has been re-defined as geometry (of space). Scientists believe that this is an improvement. (See “Tests of General Relativity” in Wikipedia.) But the most emblematic gravitational phenomenon – attraction between objects – can not be explained by GR. (Geometry does not impart impulse to objects.) So how can GR be an improvement in gravitational theory over classical?

    All the best,
    Joe

  843. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    I have two very oddball questions, if you’re willing:

    I assume the plant design for a hot E-cat based plant will be different than the one you’re working on today because of things like water/steam temperature and pressure–

    1) If a 1MW hot E-cat customer came along next (after this current plant is delivered), is the 1MW hot E-cat plant design something that is ready to go?

    In the past I worked with people called “Manufacturability Engineers” (I was in R&D at Bell Labs, they worked for Western Electric). Their job was to make things easier & faster to manufacture and repair– e.g., by reducing part counts, assembly/disassembly steps, increasing mean time to failure, etc.–

    2) Does your team have anyone who’s experienced with Manufacturability of hot water/steam systems somewhat like yours?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  844. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- I think yes, because we have already the single modules and the control system is practically the same, “mutatis mutandis”
    2- Yes
    Anyway, I got what you want to say: send a detailed CV and your address, if you want, to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I am curious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I have to apologize for extending the discussion on the aether(the devil made me do it). I know that the time you spend replying to our blogs detracts from the time you can spend on your main project. However having spent time on an extended time test(continuous one month duration), I know that when the test is proceeding well, it becomes very boring just monitoring the instruments. My only excuse for doing it is that it may fill some time for you and your readers who religiously follow the JNP at this time when there is little new news published because of your commitments to your customer. These discussions do entertain me greatly while I wait for the good results of your program.
    One experiment I forgot to add to the discussion was the double slit results that seem to require a medium for the electrons to display the interference patterns they display as they pass through the slits. some theorists claim that only a mediating space field can explain the results.
    Now I will keep silent on this subject and await the positive results I am sure will be forthcoming.
    Regards with anticipation.

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    First and foremost, I am delighted to receive your comments as well as all the comments sent to this blog, and I learnt many things from all of you, so that many of you are part of our Team, even if they don’t know. I read very carefully the comments I receive, also when I do not answer.
    This said: some theorists claim that only a mediating space field can explain the results, some do not. Let me make up a model: Relativity and Quantum Theory are enormous and very massive buildings, wherein live and work thousands of persons since decades, but some nostalgics of the old times, before the construction of these enormous and massive buildings, insist to say that the buldings are not real, that the area is still as it was before. In the quest for evidence of their “theory” they search, search, search until they find a hole in a wall; they take picture across the hole to show evidence of the fact that in that very place, where the building was supposed to be, there is nothing, ” look at the photos!!!”.
    The problem is that a hole is not enough to give evidence of the non-existence of the buildings.
    About the 1 MW plant: positive results could be forhcoming, as well as bad results. Let’s put down at work: when I got important results it has happened only because I worked at the maximum of my possibilities. Now I am strongly helped by my magnificent Team, which makes things less difficult.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree.

    Regards

    Peter

  848. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    You are precious: persons who agree with me are as rare as Chinese Pandas. I will propose you for an international protection apparatus organized by environmental experts. Do you mind?
    ( sorry, but I am on the plant today since 19 hours straight, because we had some problem and I need to joke, obviously not at you, but with you. The plant now is a magnificence, though).
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  849. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    You might have already seen these or similar Electron Microscope photos of fuel for e-cat like reactors.

    Here is the link from the Martin Fleischmann Memoria lProject Page: https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject/posts/929920440371989

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    I must say that all these replications are totally independent from us and made with materials that have not been supplied by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  851. Wladimir Guglinski

    Even the pseudoscience cannot save the Standard Nuclear Physics

    Joe wrote in February 27th, 2015 at 12:54 AM
    ——————————————————–
    Scientists can define concepts in any way that works for them. Rotation can be re-defined to suit a scientist’s needs.
    ——————————————————–

    Joe,

    the nucleus 3Li6 has spin 1. This means that two protons cancel each other their spins and magnetic moments, and two neutros cancel each other their spins and magnetic moments.

    So, the unmatched proton and the unmatched neutron have parallel spins, responsible for the spin 1 of the 3Li6.

    The proton has magnetic moment +2,793 , and the neutron has -1,913.
    The difference is +0,880
    But the 3Li6 has magnetic moment +0,822

    Therefore, if the 3Li6 had not a classical rotation, would be IMPOSSIBLE to explain the difference between +0,880 and +0,822.

    If you consider that the proton and the neutron form a deuteron within the structure of the 3Li6, we have the following magnetic moments:
    3Li6 = +0,822
    1H2 = +0,857
    So, again there is a difference, and it is IMPOSSIBLE to explain the difference if we do not consider a CLASSICAL rotation of the nucleus.
    After all,
    we know that magnetic moments are induced by CLASSICAL rotations.

    This is the reason why the Nobel Laureate in Physics Hans Bethe said that the nuclei have CLASSICAL rotation. He said that about 10% of the magnetic moment is due to the classical rotation of the nucleus.
    So the difference between +0,857 and +0,822 in the 3Li6 is due to the CLASSICAL rotation of the nucleus.

    But let us suppose that those scientists who had re-defined the concept of rotation claim the following:
    The non-classical rotation proposed by us is also able to induce magnetic moments.

    Then we reply to them:
    In this case, the non-classical rotation also induces magnetic moment in the even-even nuclei with Z=N, due to the rotation of the protons.

    Therefore,
    dear Joe,
    even if the scientists re-define the concept of rotation to suit to their needs, however a new concept of non-classical rotation cannot solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z =N.

    As you may realize, dear Joe,
    it is impossible to solve the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z=N even by a solution proposed from a pseudoscientific attempt, as you had supposed to be possible.

    Sorry,
    even the pseudoscience cannot save the Standard Nuclear Physics.

    regards
    wlad

  852. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 27th, 2015 at 12:54 AM

    1) ———————————————————-
    Scientists can define concepts in any way that works for them. Rotation can be re-defined to suit a scientist’s needs.
    ————————————————————–

    Joe,
    this is not Science

    this is not Physics

    By distorting the Laws of Physics a charlatan scientist can prove anything he wishes.

    By the re-definition of the rotation we can prove that Galileo and Copernicus were wrong, and Ptolomeu was right.

    What the scientists are doing nowadays is pseudoscience.

    A scientific theory is that one which can be proved or disproved by scientific experiments.

    A theory which cannot be disproved by scientific experiments (because the authors of the theory introduce changes and distortions in the well known Laws of Physics replacing them by ad hoc hypothesis so that to fit the theory to new experimental findings) is not a scientific theory, it is actually pseudoscience.

    regards
    wlad

  853. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 27th, 2015 at 12:54 AM

    1) ————————————————-
    Scientists can define concepts in any way that works for them. Rotation can be re-defined to suit a scientist’s needs.
    —————————————————-

    Joe,
    rotation is NOT DEFINED

    Rotation is a physical phenomenon: a body moving around an axis.

    Only a PHYSICAL rotation is able to produce rotational spectra:
    http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp/26/2/10.1119/1.1996107

    Phantasmagoric fantasy rotation cannot do it.

    2) ————————————————————–
    You asked,
    “I don’t understand why there is need to name a rotation by the name classical rotation.

    After all, what a hell can be a non-classical rotation???”

    You answered your own question later.
    “[...] of course the scientists will solve the puzzle by proposing a phantasmagoric rotation, like Heisenberg proposed the phantasmagoric concept of Isospin.”
    ——————————————————————–

    No, Joe
    I did not answer.
    If you did not understand, that is only irony.
    I only showed how crazy are the theories of Modern Physics.

    The Standard Nuclear Physics is a scientific fraud

    regards
    wlad

  854. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting that you bring up infinitesimal calculus. No doubt this has been a useful invention, but I think that it will come a day when it will be regarded as a big mistake. In reality there is nothing infinite or infinitesimally small. It is an approximation that violate reality, and it really is the root cause of the problems physics is in now in my opinion.

    Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    I think that we must make a relevant distinction between Mathematics and Physics. In Physics, after the Relativity and the Quantum Theory, the “infinite”, as you correctly say, is an error. In Mathematics the infinite exists, as well as the infinitesimal, because Mathematics can be based upon pure conceptual theory, while Physics has to confront with reality through experiments and in reality infinite and infinitesimal do not exist. Conceptually you can divide an apple by half infinitely, and Mathematics can help you to sustain this; in Physics you have to give experimental evidence of what you say, and you discover that you cannot divide infinitely an apple by half, so if in an equation from a Physics theory you end up with results that contain the infinite, you are in error.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Giovanni Guerrini

    Andrea Rossi

    It could be,certainly it is something.

    Regards G G

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Guerrini:
    I suggest to avoid the word “certainly”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you discuss what some of the challenges are in going to a gas-fueled eCat compared to an electricity heated eCat?

    For example:

    1. The difference in time constant between the application and removal of heat between electric heating and flame?
    2. The difference in heat transfer for gas-fired versus direct electric windings?
    3. The difficulty in providing adequate ventilation for gas-fired system (incoming air)?
    4. The difficulty in exhausting the exhaust products?
    5. The energy efficiency of gas-fired (how much energy goes up the chimney)?

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    None of them.
    The problem is deeper and has its roots in the core of the know how. It is not a problem of heat exchange or of heat conservation. Otherwise, it could have been already resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Giovanni Guerrini

    I’d say:
    between two objects there is space,space is “something”,but it does not mean that it is filled by something else.

    Spaced regards G G

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Guerrini:
    It doesn’t mean that it is not either…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea,

    You are learned in the field of philosofy. What do different schools of philosofy say about empty space? Is it not a contradiction of terms to consider space empty? When two object have a distance between them, must it not be something between them that separates them from each other? If there is nothing between the objects, should the distance between the objects not be zero as well?

    Regards

    Peter Forsberg

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    ” The only thing I know is that I do not know” (Socrates).
    This said, in Philosophy there is not a distinction between empty space and filled- with- something- space. If in a certain space there is something, also between the components of this something there will be some space: remember the paradox of the turtle that will never be reached by the fox ? This brings to the infinitesimal calculus, that has been invented by philosophers. My personal opinion is that space and time are anthropocentric concepts: our brain needs the concept of space and time to formulate models that bring to new understandings.
    But again: ” The only thing I know for sure is that I don’t know”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Joe

    Wladimir,

    Scientists can define concepts in any way that works for them. Rotation can be re-defined to suit a scientist’s needs.

    You asked,
    “I don’t understand why there is need to name a rotation by the name classical rotation.

    After all, what a hell can be a non-classical rotation???”

    You answered your own question later.
    “[...] of course the scientists will solve the puzzle by proposing a phantasmagoric rotation, like Heisenberg proposed the phantasmagoric concept of Isospin.”

    All the best,
    Joe

  865. Paul

    Andrea,

    How is the gas-cat doing?

    Paul

  866. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We are making R&D on it and I am convinced that soon we will have a gas fueled E-Cat.
    Thank you for the queston,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  867. Wladimir Guglinski

    ERRATA:

    Joe,
    I think the solutions 4 and 5 are best if they were the following:

    4- The scientists can avoid the classical zero (any zero value in the Standard Physics sometimes is not zero).

    5- The scientists can avoid the classical null magnetic moment (a null magnetic moment in the Standard Physics sometimes is not null).

    NOTE:
    SOMETIMES means: always when the theories of the Standard Model are contradicted by experiments.

    .

    And I also would suggest to add the 6th and 7th suggestions, Joe:

    6- The scientists can avoid the classical experiments (in the Standard Model a scientific experiment sometimes is not a scientific experiment)

    7- The scientists can avoid the classical scientific measurement ( in the Standard Model a measurement obtained by experiments sometimes is not a measurement).

    regards
    wlad

  868. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 26th, 2015 at 1:55 AM

    Wladimir,

    But scientists would then devise methods that would avoid classical rotation.
    ————————————————————-

    Dear Joe,
    I guess your suggestion is so much radical.

    There are other solutions not so radical as you suggested.
    For instance:

    1 – The scientists can avoid the classical monopolar nature of the electric charge

    2- The scientists can avoid the classical equal quantity Z of protons and N neutrons.

    3- The scientists can avoid the classical even-even nuclei

    4- The scientists can avoid the classical zero (any zero value in the Standard Physics is never zero).

    5- The scientists can avoid the classical null magnetic moment (a null magnetic moment in the Standard Physics is never null).

    .

    All the five solutions above make sense, and all they are more acceptable than to avoid the classical rotation.

    Dont you think so ?

    regards
    wlad

  869. Could you make a guess how much money you will save for the customer who is using the heat? And could you share how many candidate companies were considered for the first installation? Thank you and bets wishes for future success.

  870. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    In the debate between advocates of an empty vaccum space and a space filled with some sort of existing entity, the advocates of an empty space(Einstein Relativists)continually try to negate any evidence used by the advocated of a filled space. There are many experimenters who have offered evidence of a filled space such as the Casimer Effect, Quantum entanglement(requires a medium to effect instantaneous connection between particles and waves), detection of superlumininal energy from distant galaxies and for arguments to explain dark matter and string theory. Dirac for one postulated a space filled with his famous epos each connected to every other existing entity to explain some of the mysteries of an imperfect quantum theory.
    Whatever the case, I’m afraid this debate will go on for a long time since each side has many intelligent scientists and the means to produce unquestioned experimental evidence is with the present day technologies not obtainable. The secret lies, IMHO, within the scope of a unassailable theory of gravity.
    Regards and keep an open mind.

  871. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I agree upon the fact that it is necessary to maintain an open mind and give room to all the opinions. There is always to learn, also from mistakes. I learnt a lot from my very mistakes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 26th, 2015 at 1:55 AM

    Wladimir,

    Without the mechanisms of variable aether density and gravitational fluxes n(o) that are found only in QRT, all nuclear models that include a classical rotation of charged nucleons will find it difficult to describe even-even Z = N nuclei which exhibit a null magnetic moment. But scientists would then devise methods that would avoid classical rotation.
    ——————————————————————

    Joe,
    I dont understand why there is need to name a rotation by the name classical rotation

    After all, what a hell can be a non-classical rotation???

    There are two sort of rotation:
    “A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation. A three-dimensional object always rotates around an imaginary line called a rotation axis. If the axis passes through the body’s center of mass, the body is said to rotate upon itself, or spin. A rotation about an external point, e.g. the Earth about the Sun, is called a revolution or orbital revolution, typically when it is produced by gravity”
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotation

    There is not such a thing named non-classical rotation

    A body can have rotation, or not.
    Experiments have shown that nuclei have the CLASSICAL ROTATION:

    Rotation of Elongated Atomic Nuclei
    http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp/26/2/10.1119/1.1996107

    In the Abstract is said:
    “Many nuclei exhibit rotational spectra much as molecules do.”

    Rotational spectra cannot be produced by some PHANTASMAGORIC “non-classical” rotation.

    .

    But I can understand that,
    as all the nuclear models based on the Standard Model are wrong, and therefore it is impossible to explain the puzzle of the even-even nuclei with Z=N by those models, of course the scientists will solve the puzzle by proposing a phantasmagoric rotation, like Heisenberg proposed the phantasmagoric concept of Isospin.

    .

    In resume,
    the Modern Physics is actually a scientific fraud.

    regards
    wlad

  873. Michael Schneider

    Dear Mister Rossi,

    I was wondering about the realistically achievable compactness of Ecat devices in the future. Today the production of 1 MW heat takes up the space of one shipping container. There probably is no need to rationalise space this beeing a fixed device in a probably rather big facility, and it is rather acessability for easy maintenance that matters.

    But have you started thinking about mobile applications and their inherent need for compactness ? Could a setup for electricity production (for mobile use with batteries and or ultracapicitors) or an ecat harnessed to a steamengine have the same order of total volume as today’s explosion engines ?

    Kind regards,

    Michael S.

  874. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Schneider:
    The E-Cats are more compact than it appears. The reactors of the 1 MW plant have a combined volume of 1 cubic meter. All the remaining space is necessary for the heat exchange and the control system.
    For 10-20 kW units I think the volume will be smaller than in traditional heating systems, while the volume necessary for the heat exchange is the same of any other kind of heaters, since it is a matter of heat exchange surface calculations, independently from the heat source.
    All these problems are on the table of the R&D. The combination with ultra capacitors is interesting, but I do not think it will be something doable in a middle term.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  875. JCRenoir

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you say now if the 1 MW plant is working? Is it already producing heat in the factory of the Customer ? Is the Customer making its production using the heat made by the 1 MW plant?
    Now, months after when you said the first time it has been delivered, I hope you can answer to this.

  876. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  877. DTravchenko

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am very sorry of the fraud made by “indiagogo”, the fraudsters that put fraudolently for sale youe E-Cats. They are not real Russians, believe me, they are trash.
    Continue your important job, we all sustain you.
    Warm Regards,
    D.T.

  878. Andrea Rossi

    D. Travchenko:
    Fraudsters are everywhere: the mother of the imbeciles is always pregnant: this is a global symmetry and, as such, does not lead to new forces..
    I have enormous esteem for your Country, for Russia.
    When I was a teen ager I have plasmated my brain reading Tolstoj and Dostojevsky, Majakowsky…my mother introduced me to them. You have scientific schools correctly deemed to be among the most prestigious of the world.
    I worked with Russian scientists on the Seebeck effect in the nineties, and there was really to learn from them; I am in contact with top level Russian nuclear physicists and I had the delighting surprise to be informed of the very important work made by Dr Alexander Parkhomov.
    From Andrea, to Russia, with love.
    A.R.

  879. Curiosone

    After the Lugano test results many industries, governments, laboratories and universities have invested in R&D for LENR. Before your work LENR were considered from everybody not worth investments. Thanks to you LENR have got the headlines. How do you feel about these facts?
    W.G.

  880. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    I would say that thanks to our Team also the official scientific echelon has got a grip on the LENR issue, as the test of Lugano shows: consider that the scientist who made the independent third party test in Lugano belong to the scientific mainstream, as the history of their life gives evidence of.
    Yes, I agree: our Team does have the merit to have revitalized a sector that had been put apart and reduced to a sect. Honestly, this is the truth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  881. Jack

    Hello again Mr. Rossi,
    one more question for you.

    Assuming the best scenario for your 1MW plant, at the end of the tests and the R&D, do you think the Customer will come out of anonymity with a public statement?
    Do you have any agreement with the Customer about this?

    I ask this because having a big Customer supporting you and saying publicly that your 1MW plant actually saved them money would be a huge push for the adoption of your E-Cats.

    Thank you again.

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Here is the issues hierarchy:
    1st: work
    2nd: complete the work
    3rd: make the plant confirm for at least 1 year that it works properly, reliably, continuously, without chattering too much, or, better, without chattering at all: our work needs working plants, not chatters.
    LENR will not be launched by sterile chatters moreless theoretical: they will be launched exclusively by a commercial breakthrough. Without it every imbecile will continue to chatter for nothing and theorize about nothing and stupidities said by guys that have nothing better to do will fill up thousands of void theories and innuendos.
    4th: ” assuming the best scenario”, at the end of this year during which I will have sustained work shifts of 16-20 hours per day, I will get rest.
    5th: all the following operations cited by you are the turf of commercial guys, not of me. Obviously we cannot talk on behalf of the Customer and cannot know what he will do about the issue you raised. All I know for sure is :
    a- if the plant will respect the guarantees, the Customer will pay all that is due
    b- if the plant will not respect the guarantees, the Customer will not pay and the plant will be returned.
    All the rest is TDA ( Tongue- Displaced- Air).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. Joe

    Wladimir,

    Without the mechanisms of variable aether density and gravitational fluxes n(o) that are found only in QRT, all nuclear models that include a classical rotation of charged nucleons will find it difficult to describe even-even Z = N nuclei which exhibit a null magnetic moment. But scientists would then devise methods that would avoid classical rotation.

    All the best,
    Joe

  884. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe,
    tell us your opinion:

    1- do you think is it possible to solve the puzzle of the null magnetic moment for the even-even nuclei with Z=N, by considering any nuclear model based on the principles of the Standard Nuclear Physics?

    2- In the case your answer is NO,
    do you think there is chance to be correct any nuclear model based on the Standard Model?

    regards
    wlad

  885. Jack

    Hello Mr Rossi,
    you said that “The Customer has a back up, just in case we’d have interruptions”,
    I am a bit curious… did any such interruption happen so far? If yes, how many times and for how long?

  886. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    I cannot give information about the particulars of this issue.
    When the tests and the R&D related to the operation of the 1 MW plant supplied to the Customer will have been completed we will give the due information.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  887. Steve H

    Dear Andrea,

    I have followed and admired your work since early 2011. I am interested in the role of electro-magnetic fields with respect to the Rossi Effect and wondered if you could elaborate on the following questions:-

    1. Do the magnetostrictive properties of Nickel play an important role in the Rossi Effect?
    2. If so, is 3-phase power preferred to single phase – in creating the magnetic field?
    3. If a/c magnetic field, do you see any difference when using European 50Hz to USA 60Hz?

    Best wishes,

    Steve.

  888. Andrea Rossi

    Steve H.:
    I cannot give information regarding what happens inside the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  889. Paul

    Hello Dr Rossi and am glad to report that the fraudulent eCat Funding website has been removed!

    https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/e-cat-energy-catalyzer

  890. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Very good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  891. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    As you continue your year-long production testing on your customer’s site, is the customer able to carry on operations normally, or are you interrupting their production activity with your work?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  892. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The Customer has a back up, just in case we’d have interruptions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  893. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 24th, 2015 at 4:29 PM

    Wladimir,

    2. Are you saying that the central area of the proton’s body-ring might have radius r = 0 in order to account for the lack of a varying aether density in Sp?
    ————————————————————

    No, Joe,
    obviously the central area cannot have radius r=0.

    I mean to say that there is a central area with radius in order of 3 or 5 fm along which the density of the aether is practically constant.

    A central area with radius r = 0 is shown in the figure ahead (the red line).
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Core_with_10fm_in_the_center_of_nuclei.png
    A density variation of the aether shown in the by the red line makes no sense.

    There is need to have a central area with radius different of zero like shown by the blue line

    regards
    wlad

  894. BroKeeper

    Dear Wladimir,

    Thank you for clarifying the infinite conundrum within theoretical
    physics equations versus more common mathematical equations (I think).
    Again on behalf of us normal’s, Thank you!
    BK

  895. Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. How did you determine the exact distribution of Q between Sp and Sn?

    2. Are you saying that the central area of the proton’s body-ring might have radius r = 0 in order to account for the lack of a varying aether density in Sp?

    All the best,
    Joe

  896. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe,
    even if the fields Sn and Sp´have charges with the same value, X=-Y= +1,6×10^-19C, the charges of Sn and Sp will not cancel each other.
    Because the charge of Sp is concentrated in a region with radius in the order of 1fm, while the charge of Sn is distributed along a radius in the order of 10.000fm.
    As the electric charge decreases with the square of the distance, the charge of the field Sp will be very very weak in a distance of the order of 10.000fm.
    So, the electric charge of the proton is q = _1,6×10^-19C.

    The same happens within the nuclei.

    Two charges with the same value and contrary signals can cancel one each other only when they have the same distribution.
    For instance, the field Sn of the neutron is formed by the overlap between the fields Sn of the electron and the field Sn of the proton.
    As the two fields Sn of the proton and electron have the same size (R= 10^-11m), then the charge of the neutron is null.

    regards
    wlad

  897. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, Google:
    WORLD’S LARGEST WIND FARM
    Click on:
    Forbes, World’s would be largest offshore wind farm takes another step forward.
    Robert Curto
    Ft Lauderdale, FL
    USA

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the interesting information.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  899. BroKeeper

    An infinite thank yous to you. :)
    BK

  900. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    You are infinitely welcome!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. Wladimir Guglinski

    Andrea Rossi wrote in February 24th, 2015 at 12:10 AM

    BroKeeper:
    In Physics the situation is dramatically changed with the Relativity and the Quantum Theory: both made of infinity a nonsense when you are working with equations to resolve problems of Physics.
    ————————————————————————–
    Dear BroKeeper ,
    as Relativity and Quantum Theory are two incomplete theories, since they do not consider a structure for the space (aether), the infinity sometimes appears in the equations.
    In order to solve the puzzle, the theorists introduced a mathematical artifice known as “renormalization”

    The mathematical artifice actually makes no sense, because the quantum theorists use to make subtraction between two infinite quantities..
    For instance:
    5 infinite – 2 infinite = 3 infinite

    Such arithmetic obviously makes no sense, because infinite is infinite. And so 5 infinite is not greater than 3 infinite

    regards
    wlad

  902. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 24th, 2015 at 2:13 AM

    Wladimir,

    1. —————————————————-
    In your new scenario of

    Q = (q of Sp) + (q of Sn)

    Q would have to be measured as +8 for 4Be, for example. But this is obviously not the case in reality.
    ——————————————————————

    Joe,
    you did not understand.

    Sn has charge X = +1,9×10^-19 C
    Sp has charge Y = -0,3×10^-19 C

    The charge of a proton is Q = X + Y = +1,6×10^-19 C

    4Be has 4 protons, and therefore its charge will be +4×1,6×1,6×10^-19 C
    Therefore 4Be has charge +4

    2. ———————————————————-
    Did you not originally have Sp and Sn as having opposite electric charges? If so, the Q of every nucleus would be equal to zero, which is obviously not the case in reality.
    ————————————————————-

    explained in 1

    3. ————————————————————
    Why does only Sn have a varying aether density (in order to always cancel magnetic moment) but not Sp? In your F(M) paradigm, Sp has an aether just like Sn. (Of course, if Sp had a varying aether density too, it too would have a canceled magnetic moment. That would mean a total magnetic moment of zero for every nucleus, which is obviously not the case in reality.)
    —————————————————————

    Joe,
    probably there is a central very small core around the body of the proton (with radius in order of 5fm, where the density of the aether is practically near to constant.
    This can be explained as consequence of the fact that around the body of the proton there is a very high dense field of permeabilitons (see Fig. 2.2 in the present paper).

    Consider a central region C in the center of the proton’s body-ring.
    The density of the aether at the right of the region C and at the left of the point C cannot decrease if the region C has radius zero, because if the radius is zero there is a singularity in the center of the region C.

    regards
    wlad

  903. Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. In your new scenario of

    Q = (q of Sp) + (q of Sn)

    Q would have to be measured as +8 for 4Be, for example. But this is obviously not the case in reality.

    2. Did you not originally have Sp and Sn as having opposite electric charges? If so, the Q of every nucleus would be equal to zero, which is obviously not the case in reality.

    3. Why does only Sn have a varying aether density (in order to always cancel magnetic moment) but not Sp? In your F(M) paradigm, Sp has an aether just like Sn. (Of course, if Sp had a varying aether density too, it too would have a canceled magnetic moment. That would mean a total magnetic moment of zero for every nucleus, which is obviously not the case in reality.)

    All the best,
    Joe

  904. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    All my life the concept of ‘infinity’ has been part of everyday mathematical certainty. Now reading your comment “In Physics when you have an equation that contains the “infinite” means you are in error”. I am now confronted with a paradigm mind-busting concept infinity does not exist. I stumbled across on the same day an article titled “Infinity Is a Beautiful Concept – And It’s Ruining Physics” by physicist Max Tegmark: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2015/02/20/infinity-ruining-physics/. It is a philosophical argument viewing infinity as the “greatest crisis facing modern physics” and appears to mirror your recent comment. Having a Doctor’s Degree in Physics Philosophy yourself, could you shed more light on this controversial principle? Is the infinite time/space concept a convenient way for our limited physical minds to accept this universe? Thanks.
    With much respect, BroKeeper

  905. Andrea Rossi

    BroKeeper:
    The concept of infinity could need infinite time to talk about it.
    You can find infinite papers talking of it. We must make a distinction related to the field of application of the concept of infinity: it has completely different meaning in Philosophy, in Religion, in Mathematics and in Physics.
    Infinity is an important religious and phylosophical concept, and under a phylosophical and/or religious point of view infinity can help to formulate hypotesis. In Mathematics, obviously, infinity exists and is at the base of mathematical pillars: it is not a case that one of the inventors of the infinitesimal calculus was a philosopher. In Physics the situation is dramatically changed with the Relativity and the Quantum Theory: both made of infinity a nonsense when you are working with equations to resolve problems of Physics.

  906. Robert Curto

    Thanks Steven, for the detailed explanation, I really appreciate it.
    Robert

  907. Wladimir Guglinski

    Andrea Rossi wrote in February 23rd, 2015 at 1:31 PM

    Wladimir Guglinski:

    When in SSM the E-Cat, obviously, in terms of Physics has a consumption that makes a nonsense the infinite. During the SSM the COP is quite high. To put a zero below the line of fraction is a nonsense.
    ————————————————————-

    Dear Andrea
    actually the definition of COP in terms of Physics is wrong (or insatisfactory, if you prefer this word), because the COP is defined regarding a close system, where the energy stored in the space is not considered.

    In order to get the correct COP for the eCat working in the self sustained mode there is need a new definition of the COP, by considering the energy stored in the space.
    The zero below the line of fraction becomes non-zero

    regards
    wlad

  908. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 23rd, 2015 at 2:17 PM

    Wladimir,

    Sn can not act as a Faraday shield to Sp since electricitons are not the equivalent of electrons. With the Faraday shield, an electric field induces a flow of electrons, preventing the electric field from extending further beyond the shield. But an electric field could not induce a flow of electricitons since an electric field would actually be composed of electricitons. Therefore, the electric field of Sp could not be prevented from extending beyond Sn.
    ———————————————————-

    Joe,
    suppose the following:

    1- The outer field Sn of the proton has charge X
    2- The inner field Sp´of the proton has charge Y
    3- The total charge of the proton is q = X+Y = 1,6×10^-19 Coulomb

    A nucleus with Z quantity of protons has:

    a- the outer total field Sn with charge Z.X
    b- the inner total field of protons with charge Z.Y
    c- and therefore the total charge of the nucleus is q = Z.(X+Y) = Z.(1,6X10^-19)Coulomb

    Therefore,
    what the experiments measure is actually the the total electric charge composed by Sn and Sp.

    When the proton is moving about the central 2He4 of a nucleus, the magnetic moment induced by the proton depends on the direction of the flux n(o) regarding the z-axis:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Two_protons_symmetric_captured_by_central_2He4.png
    The flux n(o) crossing the proton in the side Douglas is UP, while in the side Ana the flux n(o) crossing the proton is DOWN.

    .

    In the case of the electron, its charge is q = X+Y = 1,6×10^-19 Coulomb, where X is the charge of the outer field Sn, and Y is the charge of the inner field Sp.

    regards
    wlad

  909. Steven N. Karels

    Robert,

    I will try to answer your questions.

    a. How much does 8000 gallons of diesel cost? Assume the price is around $3.00USD per gallon. $24,000USD
    b. Fuel cost per hour: $24,000USD / 8 hours = $3,000USD per hour.
    c. Type of fuel eCat needs for heating: See Andrea Rossi – natural gas or electricity or maybe something else.
    d. How much energy is needed (excluding heat losses): heat of fusion for water plus heat needed to raise the thawed water to “warm water”. Convert the 180 tons to metric and apply heat of fusion and heat to raise the temperature. This will be how much energy per hour is needed. Then convert it to Watts. I estimated around 3.3 MW of heating was required.
    e. Next assume a design COP: e.g., 3, 6 or some other number. Divide the power level obtained in d. by the COP. This tells you how much input energy is needed (e.g., natural gas or electricity).
    f. Regardless of COP, some additional electrical energy will be required for control, display and running pumps, etc.
    g. Cost to operate: Add the fuel replacement costs (eCat) plus the input energy costs and compare it with the costs in b.
    h. Operating time: depends on the city location and the amount of snow. eCat works best when operated continuously (days, weeks or months at a time). But the city will want the snow removed quickly so the operating time may be very limited. A detailed cost analysis is needed before applying this technology.
    i. External energy type: It is probably more convenient to use diesel or other portable fuel rather than electricity. Where do you plug in for 3.3 MW/COP of electricity? Control electrical power could be provided by a portable generator.

  910. Joe

    Wladimir,

    Sn can not act as a Faraday shield to Sp since electricitons are not the equivalent of electrons. With the Faraday shield, an electric field induces a flow of electrons, preventing the electric field from extending further beyond the shield. But an electric field could not induce a flow of electricitons since an electric field would actually be composed of electricitons. Therefore, the electric field of Sp could not be prevented from extending beyond Sn.

    All the best,
    Joe

  911. Wladimir Guglinski

    Andrea Rossi wrote in February 23rd, 2015 at 5:53 AM

    Steven N. Karels:
    In Physics when you have an equation that contains the “infinite” means you are in error. I agree with you and Robert that this field of application could be particularly fit.
    —————————————————–

    The equations get infinite, of course, when we consider the space as empty.
    Because as an empty space cannot store energy, the equation gives infinite.

    But when we consider the space filled by aether, we get a value different of infinite, since energy is being supplied by the aether.

    But I am curious, dear Andrea:
    when the Ecat is working in the self-sustained model, what is the value of the COP?

    regards
    wlad

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Guglinski:
    You consider the space filled by aether, not me, therefore our conclusions follow a different logic.
    When in SSM the E-Cat, obviously, in terms of Physics has a consumption that makes a nonsense the infinite. During the SSM the COP is quite high. To put a zero below the line of fraction is a nonsense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Robert Curto

    Steven, first I want to thank you for your response.
    Snow Dragon is the name of the company I am talking about.
    You can go on their website, They are very good at responding to emails.
    We have exchanged 17 emails, Jennifer has responded to all of my emails in about one hour.

    The snow melt machine that can melt 180 tones per hour ( 600 to 1,800 cubic yards ) per hour has a 3,000 gallon Tank for diesel.
    It lasts 8 to 9 hours !
    It does not require very hot water as I said, it talks about warm water.

    If you have time to help me with my limited knowledge, I would appreciate it.
    I understand you need electric power for the pumps etc.
    I THINK you said you need diesel or national gas to run the E-Cat ?
    This is what I THINK I know about one E-Cat.
    It’s fuel is a small amount of low cost nickel, hydrogen gas, and a secret catalysis. The fuel is replaced after 6 months.
    I understand it will take hundreds of E-Cats to warm the water to melt the snow.
    But I am trying to compare the cost of the fuel.
    How much does 3,000 gallons of diesel cost…..every 8 hours ?
    Robert Curto

  914. Steven N. Karels

    Robert,

    That is not correct. I was suggesting that, perhaps, Andrea Rossi might find a way for the eCat reaction to only require an energy source during initial start-up and then either none or minimal additional thermal energy during continuous operation. This is effectively the same as having the so called COP become very high (or infinite). There would still be a need for some electrical input for pumps, controls and indications, etc.

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    In Physics when you have an equation that contains the “infinite” means you are in error. I agree with you and Robert that this field of application could be particularly fit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Robert Curto

    Steven, am I correct ?
    The E-Cat does not need natural gas or diesel to produce heat.
    It produces heat with it’s own fuel.
    Robert Curto

  917. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 21st, 2015 at 2:09 PM

    Wladimir,

    1. You state,
    “The charge of the field Sp of each proton is not detectable.”

    But this can not be true in your F(M) model which includes electricitons (and magnetons) within Sp. Since magnetic moment due to the magnetons of Sp is detectable, electric charge must logically also be detectable due to lack of symmetry in the distribution of electricitons within the Sp of nuclei that are not even-even Z=N.
    —————————————————————-

    NO, Joe,
    there is difference between the way of the electricitons and magnetons be captured.

    Look at the fields of the proton:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:FIGURE_1-_3_fields_of_the_proton.png

    In the magnetic fields M(+) and M(-), the magnetons are bound thanks to the their interaction with the field of permeabilitons involving the body-ring of the proton (see Fig. 2.2 in the present paper).
    So, the magnetic field is able to spread in the space, without being blocked by the outer electric field Sn of the proton, formed by electricitons e(+) captured by the flux n(o).

    But as the outer electric field Sn is formed by electricitons e(+) captured by, the electric charge of the inner electric field are blocked.
    The phenomenon happens similar to the Faraday cage:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faraday_cage
    “A Faraday cage or Faraday shield is an enclosure formed by conductive material or by a mesh of such material. Such an enclosure blocks external static and non-static electric fields by channeling electricity through the mesh.
    Faraday cages cannot block static or slowly varying magnetic fields”

    The Faraday cage cannot block magnetic fields because the magnetons of the magnetism are spread in the space thanks to the permeability given by the permeabilitons of the aether.

    Therefore,
    the electricity and the magnetism spread in the space via two different mechanisms.

    .

    When a nucleus is aligned by an external magnetic field (produced in experiments), the outer electric field Sn of the nucleus takes the non-spherical shape shown in the figure:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Calaon-guglinski-FIGURE1.png

    When a nucleus is not aligned by an external magnetic field, due to the chaotic rotation of the nucleus the outer electric field Sn takes the shape of a spherical field, as shown ahead for the 2He4 nucleus:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Calaon-guglinski-FIGURE2.png
    All the inner electric fields Sp of the protons wihin a nucleus are blocked by that outer spherical electric field Sn involving the nucleus.

    In the case of the even-even nuclei with Z=N, as they have null magnetic moment, they cannot be aligned by an external field, and therefore their outer field Sn is spherical and involves completely the nucleus, and it works similar to a Faraday cage, blocking all the inner electric charges Sp of the protons.

    regards
    wlad

  918. Steven N. Karels

    Robert and Andrea Rossi,

    My rough calculations indicated that 3 or 4 MW eCat units could melt the 180 Tons per hour of snow to water. So the sizing is not too distant from your current machine. Probably should use natural gas or diesel as the heat source (assuming the eCat is not self-sustaining). Probably a very good candidate as the application would be a slow start-up and long duration – ideal for eCat technology. Trucks would bring the snow to a location near a natural river and the melted water returned to the environment. Please consider it.

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Could be an interesting field of application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 21st, 2015 at 2:29 PM

    2. A neutron does not necessarily need to be bound by the gravitational flux n(o). It can also be bound by a spin-interaction as is the usual case in the F(M) paradigm.
    ————————————————–

    Joe,
    in the 3Li7 of the figure:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:FIGURE-8-substitute3Li7-28Ni.png
    the neutron is bound by spin-interaction because it is the unique possibility, since as the neutron has no electric charge, it cannot have interaction by the magnetic F(M) force.

    But in the case of a 3Li7 having possibility to be bound by strong force and by spin-interaction force, the neutron must be bound by the stronger of the two forces, which is the strong force.

    regards
    wlad

  921. Dr Rossi:
    When in the academic world will be possible to have a paper regarding the theory behind your effect?

  922. Andrea Rossi

    Remona:
    I am working also on that with a major nuclear physicist. With all the limitations due to the restricted matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  923. Robert Curto

    Steven, February 22 at 4:23A
    I agree with you 100%
    The snow melting machines today run on Diesel fuel, or if it is available on natural gas.
    The last thing you want to do is add more emissions in the middle of a city,
    24 hours a day.
    They heat water very hot, that is used to melt the snow. They have to keep the water very hot.
    Some of the large machines can melt 180 tons per hour.
    Plus i believe the fuel cost of an E-Cat will be a lot less expensive.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, FL
    USA

  924. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A self-sustaining eCat heating unit to melt snow would be very useful here in the Northeast of the US. We have had so much snow that our snowblowers can barely move the snow to the high snow mounds. Perhaps another future consumer product?

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Well, this is an application that could fit the E-Cat, as every situation in which you need heat. Nevertheless, plowing apart, snow is what gives to New Hampshire part of its beauty. I used to make jogging on the iced surface of the Massabesic Lake in this season: so fascinating…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Sverre Haslund

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) has this article & presentation of the JTEC on their website:
    http://www.parc.com/event/713/high-efficiency-solid-state-engine.html

    Best regards

    Sverre Haslund

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Sverre Haslund:
    Got it.
    Interesting, but still at a very “green” stage: we need consolidated, reliable and available technologies, with economy scale prices and operative costs. The invention of Lonnie Johnson is still at the beginning of a process that will take at least 5 years ( as I see it, on the base of my experience) before generating a full scale working prototype and at least 10 years before producing an industrial product. Provided it works, as I wish to the Inventor. When a product will be ready, we will be enthusiast to test it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Sverre Haslund

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you aware of the Johnson Thermoelectric Energy Conversion System (JTEC) ?
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnson_thermoelectric_energy_converter

    With a heat to electricity energy conversion efficiency of as much as 60%, would not this invention, if commercialized, be a perfect match with the e-cat ?

    Best regards and godspeed.

    Sverre Haslund

  929. Andrea Rossi

    Sverre Haslund:
    Thank you for your important information, that I stupidly had missed to get.
    I surely study it. If it is as you say, is important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  930. Andrea Rossi

    AlainCo:
    Thermionic generation is very interesting, but we did not find yet an industrialized product ready to work with acceptable efficiency.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  931. Joe

    Wladimir,

    2. A neutron does not necessarily need to be bound by the gravitational flux n(o). It can also be bound by a spin-interaction as is the usual case in the F(M) paradigm.

    All the best,
    Joe

  932. Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. You state,
    “The charge of the field Sp of each proton is not detectable.”

    But this can not be true in your F(M) model which includes electricitons (and magnetons) within Sp. Since magnetic moment due to the magnetons of Sp is detectable, electric charge must logically also be detectable due to lack of symmetry in the distribution of electricitons within the Sp of nuclei that are not even-even Z=N.

    All the best,
    Joe

  933. Dear Dot. Rossi,

    Did you study, at least on paper, the idea to use Thermionic converters. It seems Soviet used rugged thermionic converters (like in TOPAZ).
    The temperature of Lugano’s E-cat are inside the usual working temperature (1500-2000K), but like for steam it is probably not so simple …
    Are there reasons to reject that idea?

  934. Andrea Rossi

    IMPORTANT MESSAGE TO ALL OUR READERS:
    ATTENTION: ANOTHER FRAUDOLENT SALE OF E-CATS HAS BEEN PUT ON THE INTERNET.
    THE BOGUS WEBSITE IS:

    https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/e-cat-energy-catalyzer

    THEY PROPOSE THE SALE OF E-CATS AND ASK MONEY IN ADVANCE TO PRE-BUY THEM.
    THIS IS A TOTAL FRAUD.
    WE DO NOT KNOW THEM, WE NEVER HEARD OF THEM BEFORE ( I HAVE BEEN INFORMED RIGHT NOW OF THIS FRAUD), THEY HAVE NO AGREEMENT WHATSOEVER WITH US, WE ARE NOT SELLING DOMESTIC ECATS, THE PHOTOGRAPHIES PUBLISHED IN THIS FRAUDOLENT SITE ARE TOTALLY INVENTED AND NEVER PRODUCED BY US. WE WILL NEVER SELL THEM ANY OF OUR PRODUCTS, THEREFORE IF YOU GIVE THEM MONEY TO BUY OUR PRODUCTS YOUR MONEY WILL BE TOTALLY LOST FROM YOU.
    IN GENERAL, DO NOT GIVE MONEY TO ANYBODY THAT SAYS THAT HE CAN SELL YOU OUR PRODUCTS BEFORE INFORMING US WHO HE IS: WE WILL IMMEDIATELY INFORM YOU ABOUT THE REALITY. ANYBODY WHO ASKS YOU MONEY IN ADVANCE TO BUY A DOMESTIC E-CAT IS A FRAUDSTER: WE DO NOT ASK MONEY IN ADVANCE TO MAKE A PRE-ORDER AND WE DO NOT SELL DOMESTIC E-CATS.
    IN CASE OF INDUSTRIAL PLANTS, ALWAYS ASK US CONFIRMATION THAT THE PERSON THAT IS OFFERING YOU ANYTHING IS AN AUTHORIZED LICENSEE.
    YOU CAN PUT YOUR QUESTIONS TO
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I BEG ALL THE BLOGGERS THAT TALK OF OUR WORK TO REPRODUCE THIS MESSAGE, TO HELP TO AVOID THAT HONEST PERSONS GET THEIR MONEY STOLEN FROM THESE FRAUDSTERS.
    WARM REGARDS
    DR ANDREA ROSSI, LEONARDO CORPORATION (CEO)

  935. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    thanks for the photos of the plant of 1 MW published on your Official Web Site.
    If possible we would like to see more …
    http://andrea-rossi.com/

    http://fusionefredda3.com/novita/andrea-rossi-ci-regala-nuove-foto-dellimpianto-da-1mw

  936. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Those photos have been allowed because taken months ago in the factory of Industrial Heat.
    Photos from the plant in operation will not be available until the end the tests and R&D we are making on it inside the factory of the Customer of Industrial Heat.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 20th, 2015 at 6:10 PM

    1. ——————————————————-
    Do not worry about specific calculations. It is important that the theoretical foundation is logical.
    ———————————————————-

    Joe,
    by considering gravity (strong force) interaction between nucleons introduces some phylosophical inconsistences.

    For instance, the 3Li7 has only one neutron, and it is weakly bound.
    If you consider the binding energy due to strong force, the neutron and the deuteron of the 3Li7 would be bound to the central 2He4 with the same force.
    But the neutron is weakly bound.
    See the structure of the 3Li7:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:FIGURE-8-substitute3Li7-28Ni.png

    If the neutron were bound by strong force, the 3Li7 could not have the structure shown in the figure.

    4. ———————————————————
    A possibility might exist where the gravitational fluxes n(o) are actually color charges. In standard theory, there are three colors and three anti-colors.
    ————————————————————

    Joe,
    in the case there is need to consider the color charges for explaining how quarks are bound, then there is need to introduce three additional particles to the structure of the aether, beyond those proposed in my present paper.
    Beyond the particles e(+), m(+), p(+), P(+), g(+), G(+), and their antiparticles, there is need to introduce more the particles R(+), Y(+), B(+), and their antiparticles (red, yellow, blue).

    The structure will be:

    e(+), m(+), p(+), P(+), g(+), G(+), R(+), Y(+), B(+)
    e(-), m(-), p(-), P(-), g(-), G(-), R(-), Y(-), B(-)

    regards
    wlad

  938. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 21st, 2015 at 2:27 AM

    Wladimir,

    1) ———————————————————-
    You state,
    “[...] only the outer secondary field is detected in macroscopic experiments.”

    If that were true, why would we be detecting magnetic moment emanating from Sp and only from Sp? The problem here is that you have organized your model in order to account for a null magnetic moment in the case of even-even Z=N nuclei, ignoring that in non-null cases, an electric charge would then also necessarily be detectable even within your paradigm of fluxes-influencing-charge-at-the-level-of-Sp.
    —————————————————-

    No, Joe,
    I am not ignoring them.
    We are not speaking about charges, we are speaking about magnetic moments.

    There are two sort of magnetic moments generated by each proton within the field Sp:

    1- The magnetic moment induced by the rotation of the charge of the proton about the z-axis of the nucleus.
    In the case of even-even nuclei with Z=N the total magnetic moment is zero, because two symmetric protons cancel each other their magneti fields (but not in the case of other nuclei with Z different of N, and they contribute for the total magnetic moment of the nucleus).

    2-The magnetic moment induced by the spin of each proton (equal to +2,793). It is the magnetic moment which contributes for the total magnetic moment of the nucleus.

    2) ——————————————————–
    And since that electric charge at the level of Sp would be detectable, it would also necessarily be added to the electric charge found in Sn to give a final electric charge that guaranteed is wrong by empirical standards. In short, in order to save magnetic moments in your F(M) paradigm, you have unknowingly sacrificed electric charge.
    ————————————————————–

    The charge of the field Sp of each proton is not detectable.
    The outer secondary electric field Sn is induced by the rotation of the flux n(o) of the principal field Sp of each proton.

    regards
    wlad

  939. Joe

    Wladimir,

    You state,
    “[...] only the outer secondary field is detected in macroscopic experiments.”

    If that were true, why would we be detecting magnetic moment emanating from Sp and only from Sp? The problem here is that you have organized your model in order to account for a null magnetic moment in the case of even-even Z=N nuclei, ignoring that in non-null cases, an electric charge would then also necessarily be detectable even within your paradigm of fluxes-influencing-charge-at-the-level-of-Sp. And since that electric charge at the level of Sp would be detectable, it would also necessarily be added to the electric charge found in Sn to give a final electric charge that guaranteed is wrong by empirical standards. In short, in order to save magnetic moments in your F(M) paradigm, you have unknowingly sacrificed electric charge.

    All the best,
    Joe

  940. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe,
    I drew a picture, in order you may understand easily my explanation in the previous comment:

    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Two_protons_symmetric_captured_by_central_2He4-1.png

    regards
    wlad

  941. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 20th, 2015 at 6:10 PM

    Wladimir,

    3. Magnetic moments that are induced by the rotation of electric charge are independent of the gravitational fluxes n(o). We see this clearly at the macroscopic level where the direction of rotation is the only factor deciding the orientation of magnetic moments. Gravitational fluxes n(o) do not exist at this level.
    ———————————————————–

    Joe,
    the situation in the macroscopic leve is different. The charge is monopolar in the macroscopic level.

    In the microscopic level, there is need to consider two fields produced by each proton in that nucleus 4Be6 shown in the figure:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Two_protons_symmetric_captured_by_central_2He4.png

    The two fields are:

    1- The outer total secondary electric field of the nucleus 4Be6:
    It is formed by the overlap of the 4 secondary fields of the 4 protons. It is responsible for the Coulomb electric charge of the 4Be6.
    The direction of the flux n(o) of the protons has NOT influence in this total field of the 4Be6, and this is the reason why the electric charge of the 4Be6 is monopolar.

    2- The inner principal electric field of each proton:
    The signal of the magnetic moment induced by the rotation of this principal field depends on the direction of the flux n(o).
    Such property of the inner principal field cannot be detected, because only the outer secondary field is detected in macroscopic experiments.

    regards
    wlad

  942. Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. Do not worry about specific calculations. It is important that the theoretical foundation is logical.

    2. There is no reason why any neutron must necessarily be retained by gravitational fluxes n(o). You have already given examples of deuterons having spin-interaction with more than one neutron. I even asked you what the upper limit is for the ratio of neutrons-to-deuterons, and you replied that you had not considered it.

    3. Magnetic moments that are induced by the rotation of electric charge are independent of the gravitational fluxes n(o). We see this clearly at the macroscopic level where the direction of rotation is the only factor deciding the orientation of magnetic moments. Gravitational fluxes n(o) do not exist at this level.

    4. A possibility might exist where the gravitational fluxes n(o) are actually color charges. In standard theory, there are three colors and three anti-colors. These might correspond to three Douglas fluxes and three Ana fluxes. They would be responsible for holding the quarks together. And a spillover of these strong fluxes would be responsible for holding nucleons together; these would be the residual fluxes that you are always discussing. The orbiting nucleons would actually be continually relayed from one color/anti-color flux pair to another. The present calculations would remain unaltered.

    All the best,
    Joe

  943. Andrea Calaon

    Dear Andrea,
    I have a few questions about the electrical energy production:
    - did you use a Turbine, a Sterling Engine or a Steam Engine?
    - has the thermal energy been produced solely from the LENR source (E-Cat/H-Cat), or the LENR was added to a chemical source?
    - Have you used a series of E-Cat and H-Cat to heat the fluid (if any)?
    Warm/Hot regards
    Andrea Calaon

  944. Andrea Rossi

    Andrea Calaon:
    As I already said, I cannot give further information regarding this issue. We will talk about electric power when we will deem our R&D to be mature for the market.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  945. John

    Dear Andrea,

    Why publish the photos now, when there’s still possibly a year of testing to go? Can we expect some more news or updates in the near future?

    Best Regards,

    John

  946. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    I confirm that in our work of R&D we have also made experiments related to the production of electric power. I cannot give information of our R&D work, until we procuce something really working in a satisfactory mode.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  947. Wladimir Guglinski

    Monopolar nature of the electric charge

    Dear Joe,
    there is a serious problem with my present paper Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism.

    Because in the paper Stability of Light Nuclei I had considered the interaction between the nucleons via magnetic force. I made several calculations in that paper, the stability of the nuclei was explained very well, the calculations of magnetic moments were agree to the experimental data, that model was able to explain the halo neutron of the Be11, etc.

    By considering the nucleons bound via gravity (strong force) there is no way to explain the properties of the light nuclei (for instance, there is no way to explain why 3Li8 is no stable, since the eighth neutron would be bound via strong force.

    So:
    1- There is need to keep the hypothesis that protons are bound within the nuclei via magnetic force, as considered in the paper Stability of Light Nuclei

    2- The reason why the even-even nuclei with Z=N have null magnetic moment must be explained from another mechanism of that proposed in the present paper Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism.

    I was thinking about the question, and I think the puzzle must be solved as I explain ahead.

    Look at the figure showing two protons captured by a central 2He4. The proton in the side Douglas has spin-up, and the proton in the side Ana has spin-down:

    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:Two_protons_symmetric_captured_by_central_2He4.png

    But note that the flux n(o) crossing the proton in the side Douglas is UP, while in the side Ana the flux n(o) crossing the proton is DOWN.

    Then we have to conclude that a magnetic moment induced by an elementary electric charge (as the charge of the proton) depends on the direction of the flux n(o) crossing the particle, regarding the axis of rotation of the particle.

    Therefore, the two electric charges of the two protons shown in the figure induce two magnetic moments with contrary signals, and therefore they cancel one each other.

    .

    Joe,
    no matter what is the solution for solving the puzzle by considering a nuclear model working with the particles of the aether, however there is an important point to be considered:

    IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO SOLVE THE PUZZLE BY SUPPOSING THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE EMPTY SPACE, AS IS CONSIDERED FOR THE WHOLE NUCLEAR MODELS BASED ON THE STANDARD MODEL.

    The puzzle can be solved only by considering a structure for the space.

    regards
    wlad

  948. Italo R.

    @ all:

    Here there are various pictures and informations about the 1MW plant in Usa:

    http://andrea-rossi.com/

    They are great!!

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Probably
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  950. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for answering my question although I am still left a little unclear.

    1) During your R&D can you confirm that you have produced electricity using the e-cat?

    2) If so, have you recycled the electricity into controlling the e-cat creating a closed loop or is that in the future?

    Many Thanks – especially for the pictures, it gives us all something to chew over :)

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    1- yes, but still at R&D primary stage level.
    2- no
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  952. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: After the third party test showed amazing isotopic changes I am wondering if you have made similar isotopic tests on your research reactors or the industrial reactor. Of course I do not expect you to give us the results but just a confirmation that the isotopic changes the third party reported were not a fluke or error would help us E-Caters. Thanks again for this site and the recent pictures and answering our questions.

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    We re studying the theoretical issues deriving from the report, that obviously is correct.

    We are making intense theoretical work on the results and we are making a reconciliation, but so far we are not ready to give further information about this issue, which is also bound to restricted data.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  954. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    The 1MW plant at the customer is made up of the normal (low temperature) e-cats.

    When do you think you will have a hot-cat operating at a customer and what is the current hold-up for this to happen?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    This year will be spent mainly with the R&D and tests with this plant also to prepare the industrial production of the other versions; the roots are the same.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  956. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do the types of control systems you use in the 1MW plant in the photographs you published also work for Hot Cats?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  957. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Substantially, I would say yes, with some different particular.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Egregio e stimatissimo signor Andrea , mi complimento pure io per le foto che avete postato , in relazione al lavoro del mega impianto per la ditta Statunitense che darà il via , si spera presto , a tutta una serie di E-Cat , grandi e piccoli . Riconosco pure , dalle foto , il tecnico informatico che ho avuto il piacere di conoscere quando siete stati a Pordenone . Rimango pure particolarmente soddisfatto per il problema che Le avevo si da subito esternato al riguardo “ l’ELEMENTO “ di pericolosità , pure evidenziato dal TOM CONOVER . Sono sempre in attesa dei due E-Cat che ho in ordine ed anzi con questa mia vorrei poter aggiungere altri due in ordine !!!
    Saluti cordiali da Giannino di Udine ;-) )

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Thank you for your kind words; for the domestic E-Cats we are working very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, Google:
    consumption by fuel in 2035
    Click on:
    Fuel Fix US energy production will surpass consumption
    They expect Renewable Energy to be 8% by 2035.

    They have never even heard of E-Cat.
    Will E-Cat be ZERO 20 years from today ?
    I don’t think so.
    If E-Cat is less expensive then any of the others, has ZERO emissions,
    has ZERO waste, where will they put their money ?
    I will only give you one guess !
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale FL
    USA

  961. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Let’s work humbly to make our technology consolidated by means of the R&D and tests on course. After that we’ll see all the possible integrations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  962. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    I haven’t heard much mention of electricity generation in a while now you are concentrated on the 1MW plant. I wonder if you can answer the following question…

    Have you ever managed to generate electricity from an e-cat (either via connecting to a turbine or other forms of electricity generation, perhaps thermoelectric). Even if it was a small test on your own to confirm it could be done?

    Has there been any advancements you can speak of with regards to electricity generation now you have additional help? I know you were looking into jet engines

    Thanks

    Mark

  963. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Yes, electric power generation is one of the main R&D fields we are going through. We are oriented toward the classic Carnot Cycle, even if we are totally open to new commercial breakthroughs related to other systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Andrea Calaon

    Dear Andrea,
    were the pictures of the plant assembly taken around April 2014?
    Thank you for the pictures!
    Warm regards
    Andrea Calaon

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Andrea Calaon:
    I didn’t make the photos, so I do not remember well, but maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I am sending an interesting article on LENR.

    http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150000549.pdf
    The Application of LENR to Synergistic Mission Capabilities
    Douglas P. Wells*
    NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23602
    Dimitri N. Mavris†
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0150

    27 February 2015 in Milan will host a major event.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qO69VeHQT-0&feature=youtu.be

    Here is also a very well documented video broadcast on the Italian TV some years ago, also available on YouTube clicking here: in 2004 ENEL analyzed the opportunity to participate in the research program on LENR carried out, in Italy, by the ENEA (at the time, the Italian “National Agency for Alternative Energies”) at its laboratories in Frascati, near Rome, under the supervision of Carlo Rubbia, Nobel Laureate for Physics in 1984.

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/enel-early-refusal-towards-lenr/

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the interesting information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    maybe you heard of the rumors that Apple is planning to develop electric cars.
    Do you think they know of the possibilities of your technology?

    Thanks for you work!
    barty

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Barty:
    Maybe in future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Andrea Rossi

    Observer ( Paul):
    Now I understand what you wanted to say in your former comment; what you see in the photo is a work on course, the plant was not completed; the situation is much more complex and the position of the piping has precise reasons; nevertheless, thank you for your suggestion, that will be taken in due consideration: your experience is precious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  971. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea.

    The photographs are wonderful! Your team members look very happy. Thank you very much for these gifts. I am also glad to hear that you have removed the element of personal danger from the naysayers, who’s chatter has grown very distant lately. :-)

    100°C Regards

    Tom

  972. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you. Now we must make that magnificence continue to work well for a long time, to make it a real breakthrough. We are in front of an enormous work of tests and R&D; I am very hopeful, thanks mainly to my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  973. Observer

    Andrea,

    Not to be critical, but in the one photo with you standing in a walkway, an insulated pipe runs down the length of the walkway and appears to cross the walkway path in the back ground of the photo. The storage container seems to have plenty of head room. Placing a false floor in the storage container would increase routing options for both plumbing and conduit, and provide emergency drainage if anything sprung a leak.

    Paul

  974. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for the photos. They are indeed a wonderful gift and appreciated. I fully understand your position on information disclosure and as I have previously stated, I would have done the same if I were in your shoes. I would just caution you to be wary of other interested parties since some of them may not have your interests at heart.
    All the best regards

  975. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  976. curwin

    Andrea,

    The drawing of the cat silhouette & red dot shown in a couple of the photos is very pleasing somehow. New company logo or just a bit of fun?

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Curwin:
    It is our registered trade mark.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. eernie1

    Koen,
    Every day the E-Cat is delayed is worth billions to the oil industry. To them a few million dollars spent to achieve this purpose is chicken feed. The suppression of a product introduction is a common tactic in the auto industry. As an example, the introduction of seat belts and other safety features were delayed for financial reasons, causing needless loss of life.
    Delaying the introduction of a better product until the existing inventory of shelf product is depleted is a common practice. If I were an owner of fossil fuel of any kind, this delay is a welcome event.
    Regards.

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    It is necessary to complete the tests of the 1 MW plant operating in the factory of IH’s Customer. The final results could be positive, but also negative. For now we have just to work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. John

    Dear Andrea,

    Actually, I was referring to the photograph of the plaque that you sent to Frank Acland. It seems to contain no commas at all. Perhaps a stylistic choice? Also, I believe it is called “The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences” instead of “The Swedish Royal Academy of Science”.

    Minor nitpicks, I know. What I really want to see is a photo of the plaque on the plant itself, and maybe something for Professor Focardi as well?

    Best Regards,

    John

  981. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    I wanted to make a gift to our Readers. Obviously on course of the tests that we are making something will change, but the scope of the photos is not to disclose particulars that we deem critical.
    The plant is much more complex than appears in the photos, but they give an idea of the thing, though. No more photos will be produced until the tests will be finished.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. Paul

    Andrea,

    I congratulate you on your E-Cat 1 MW plant design.
    May I suggest, in the next generation, you use a raised grating floor in the shipping container so you do not have to step over your plumbing and cabling.

    Paul

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    What do you mean? We have not to step over plumbing and cabling with the plant in operation.
    Maybe I am not understanding. Can you rephrase? When the plant is operating all the doors are closed, nobody has to stay inside. We monitor everuthing from the computers.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  984. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you sharing these very interesting pictures! A couple of questions if you don’t mind:

    a)Is all the activity we see in the pictures taking place inside one large container?
    b) Two of the units shown have names written on them: “Cindy” and “Wendy” — does each reactor have its own name?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) No, the activity of manufactiring in the photos is taken inside a factory in Raleigh
    b) Yes, to make it easier our Team gave a name to every reactor. Some names are very funny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Peter

    Wow! The new 1 MW plant is a beauty! I like the red color!

    Is there a lot of more free space inside the container now (room for a small work shop?) or is it just that the photos were taken during assembly?

    By the way, do you still use a genset to power the new plant or can it run from the grid?

    Best regards,
    Peter

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    It was that the photo has been taken during the assembly, many hi-tech parts are missing in the photo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. eernie1

    Robert,
    Before the patent expired, a black market generic drug would be manufactured in limited quantities and could be obtained through foreign sources. When the IP(patent)expired many companies then began producing the drug much cheaper and in unlimited quantities.

  989. Mark Saker

    Dear Andrea,

    Is this the new 1MW plant?

    http://andrea-rossi.com/1mw-plant/

    How old are these photos? Did you agree to have them published?

    Looking Good!

  990. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    These photos, published on my personal website, have been made months ago in Raleigh’s factory, during the final phases of the manufacturing .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  991. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are these pictures of the plant you are currently working on? http://andrea-rossi.com/1mw-plant/

    This is from what is described as your ‘official’ web site — are you running this site?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  992. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    These photos have been made in the factory of Raleigh during the manufacturing of the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  993. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, what do you think about using tungsten tube filled with tungsten foam for containing the “fuel” for hot-cat?

    In the recent tests made by Parkhomov and MFMP, they have had several problems due to the fragility of alumina and for hot-spots.
    Using tungsten for containing the reaction, and a foam for having a great internal surface for the powder would help for a correct running with less problems.

    I have read it here:
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/02/15/the-ultimate-dog-bone-axil-axil/

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R:
    These photos have been taken in Raleigh during the manufacturing of the 1 MW plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Eernie1,
    Did you mean: A way to keep some revolutionary stuff off the market is to buy the IP and let time pass ?
    That happens with other value and businesses.
    We cannot be sure that this is untrue.

    In the 80′s, the Motorola 68000 was a fantastic product, but slow and unefficient if you compare it with todays Intel (and others) processors. Anyway it did not keep them from selling the product at their time.

    There is no strategy to win the unbegun war. First you have to start the war.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  996. Robert Curto

    eerine1
    You stated:
    Generic drugs accelerated because there was week IP protection or no protection at all.
    When a drug company develops a drug, they get a patent on it which is good for 20 years. When the patent expires, any company can make a Generic drug which must be exactly like the original.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale FL
    USA

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    That’s right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Wladimir Guglinski

    Proton’s radius to be measured by MUSE Project (2015-2016)

    Published in ZPenergy, going directly for the archives of the History of Physics
    http://www.zpenergy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=3603&mode=&order=0&thold=0

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie:
    Thank you for your opinion. I already made my point on the issue, but what you say will be taken in due consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I fully agree that, in your personal situation, the loss of protection for your IP would be detrimental to the task of your industrial partners for collecting development funds. However if the necessary information for development was not encumbered by protective legal measures, there would be a mad dash by many groups to take advantage of this in order to take part in the ensuing market for the devices if the information can show unequivocally that the device is feasible. Big corporations, big governments, big educational institutions would pour in funds to capture a segment of this market or for their own use, when unconstrained by requirements to adhere to provisions of a legally protected IP. As examples, the development of aircraft, nuclear power and generic drugs accelerated because there was weak IP protection or no protection.
    If I were in your situation, I would probably do exactly what you are doing. However I was never accused of being altruistic.
    Regards.

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie:
    Thank you for your continue and appreciated attention.
    We already have work on course for the purposes you described. It is not a matter of NDA ( NDAs give to intellectual property the same protection that an umbrella gives under the Niagara Falls), it is a matter of agreements for the expliotation of the technology. Nobody is going to make huge investments in a technology without a well protected intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 15th, 2015 at 9:33 PM

    Wladimir,

    1. ———————————————
    In QRT, do non-rotating particles exist? (These would obviously be lacking gravitational fluxes n(o).)
    ————————————————

    Joe,
    I think any elementary particle without rotation cannot exist

    2. ———————————————
    Perhaps there exist two varieties of F(g):
    i) strong
    ii) residual

    In the case of (i), at very short distances, F(g) is responsible for binding quarks together.
    In the case of (ii), perhaps a lack of perfect coherence (“friction”, as you call it) in the gravitational fluxes n(o) of strong F(g) causes an amount of gravitons g to be continually left out to extend into the immediate environment outside the nucleons. The density of these gravitons g within these outer fluxes n(o) would obviously be smaller, and therefore residual F(g) would take on the usual characteristic of a smaller force than strong F(g).
    ————————————————

    It’s a very interesting suggestion, Joe

    I did not propose a model of quarks because there are no experiments involving quarks, and so there is no way to compare the theoretical model with the results of experiments

    Unlike, there are many expeiments measuring the nuclear properties of the nuclei, and so a theoretical model can be confronted with the results of the experiments

    regards
    wlad

  1003. Wladimir Guglinski

    From: wladimirguglinski@hotmail.com
    To: randolf.pohl@mpq.mpg.de; aldo@phys.ethz.ch; t.w.haensch@mpq.mpg.de; franz.kottmann@psi.ch; graf@ifsw.uni-stuttgart.de; skarsten@phys.ethz.ch; paul.knowles@unifr.ch
    Subject: the puzzle of the proton’s radius
    Date: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 16:09:59 -0200

    To:
    Dr. Randolf Pohl, Max-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany
    Dr. Aldo Antognini, Institute for Particle Physics (IPP), ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Prof. Dr. Theodor W. Hänsch, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich
    Dr. Franz Kottmann, Laboratory for Particle Physics, Paul Scherrer Institut Villigen PSI, Switzerland
    Prof. Dr. Thomas Graf, Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge, Stuttgart, Germany
    Karsten Schuhmann, Institute for Particle Physics (IPP), ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Dr. Paul Knowles, Département de physique, Université de Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland

    Dear Professors

    Regarding the puzzle of the proton’s radius, in the page of the Paul Scherrer Institute it is written the following:

    “Very interesting proposals explain the discrepancies by physics beyond the standard model. Other explanations suggest a proton structure of higher complexity than assumed today which only reveals itself under the influence of the heavy muon.
    http://www.psi.ch/media/proton-size-puzzle-reinforced

    A model of proton with higher complexity is proposed in the book Quantum Ring Theory-QRT, published in 2006 by the Bauu Institute Press.

    According to the model proposed in QRT, the rotation of the three quarks of the proton induces a flux composed by gravitons with the speed “c” of the light. In the book it is named flux n(o).
    The rotation of the three quarks take the shape of a ring, and the flux n(o) crosses the ring formed by the three quarks.

    The flux n(o) becomes stronger when the proton interacts with other particles, because there is an overlap between the flux n(o) of the proton and the flux n(o) of the other particle. A free proton has the radius in order of 0,8 fm, as measured by the experiments of proton-electron scattering. The shrinkage in the proton’s radius depends on the mass of the other particle, because the intensity of the total flux n(o) crossing the ring of the proton depends on the mass of the other particle.

    Therefore, when the proton interacts with heavier particles, the flux n(o) becomes stronger, and this is the reason why the radius of the proton has shrinkage.

    In the article ANOMALOUS MASS OF THE PROTON published in the book QRT, it is calculated that the radius of the proton within the nuclei is 0,275 fm. From this radius of the proton it is calculated the electric quadrupole moment of the deuteron, and the result is the same obtained from experiments.
    The paper ANOMALOUS MASS OF THE PROTON is also published in the blog Journal of Nuclear Physics:
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=516

    As the muon is very heavier than the electron, then from this higher complexity model of proton we have to expect that in proton-muon scattering the experiments will measure a proton radius very shorter than 0,8 fm. I expect a a proton’s radius between 0,3 fm and 0,6 fm.

    In the case the experiments to be carried out by the MUSE project confirm my prediction getting a radius between 0,3 fm and 0,6 fm, I hope the theorists will realize the need of considering seriously my heavier complexity model of the proton, formed by a flux of gravitons crossing the ring formed by the rotation of the three quarks.

    Regards
    Wladimir Guglinski

  1004. eernie1

    Dear Andrea.
    Your development of the E-Cat, if it can be successfully integrated into the world’s power structure, would be a monumental achievement. However, IMHO a greater achievement would be the construction of a new basic understanding of Physics through defining the mechanisms of the device. This understanding could unlock nuclear secrets that can lead to even more efficient and useful energy sources for the good of mankind. There is no doubt in my mind that better materials and methods would be developed to assure an unlimited source for any human endeavor utilizing energy such as space exploration.
    I think you hold in your hands the best source of clues for achieving this understanding. That is the relatively large amount of nuclear ash that you must be accumulating through the operation of the past devices under a variety of operating scenarios. Perhaps, if you could have these ashes assayed by a trusted scientific group, under a NDA, you as well as society eventually can benefit greatly.
    Some questions I must ask. Was the assay conducted by the 3PT team and their results, mitigated by materials added to and not connected to your primary operative fuel composition? Were their results really indicative, as far as you know, of the reactions taking place in the device? Do you have more assay results that you cannot reveal and do they provide more clues to the process? If possible, a simple yes or no would be very helpful to those scientifically exploring possible solutions or verifications.
    Regards and be on the lookout for those who would try to divert your efforts, including those who seem to be friendly to your work.

  1005. Salve Dr Andrea
    Sono un suo Fan, la seguo da diversi anni giornalmente sia sul blog che sulle varie news. . . pensi che sono in lista per 4 e-cat domestici “spero per un futuro immediato” …
    la mia domanda è: a quando il cambio di era? non è curioso di vedere cosa accade pubblicando integralmente i progetti in rete? scavalcare ogni pregiudizio economico, prospettare un vero e proprio cambio di era, fine delle guerre, fine del petrolio… chissà come sarà la vita nel mondo..

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Sergio Caterina:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    So far let’s fly down and think to make our 1 MW plant work well and please remember that this technology will integrate, if it works well, in the existing system.
    About publishing the know how, it would stop any serious investment. I already commented many times this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know it is not in your nature to retire from your work on the E-Cat, and I don’t expect this to happen, but let me pose a hypothetical:

    If you decided tomorrow to move on to do something different with your life, could you leave feeling confident that your Team would have the skill and knowledge to bring the E-Cat successfully to the marketplace?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Absolutely yes: as I answered also to Mark Ellenbroek, I am very useful to the Team, but not indispensable as I was one year ago.
    This said, it’s quite unlikely that I will retire, at least not as long as God leaves me on this World.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. Jonjon

    Hi Andrea,
    Having seen the white hot glowing Hot-cat photos on the internet, have you ever tried to catch this energy by photo-voltaic cells?
    Some multi-wavelength capturing cells on high tech market offer remarkable efficiency.

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Jonjon:
    yes, but the efficiencies are low.
    Consider that in industrial applications the heat is exchanged and the heated medium takes away the energy, so that you have no more glowing surfaces, but steam.

  1011. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Ellenbroek:
    I am very useful to my Team, but I am not indispensable.
    Besides, this technology is not an either or and it will be a support, not an enemy.
    Thank you for your attention:
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1012. Marc Ellenbroek

    Dear Andrea,
    At this moment you are working on a device which may well become the most important invention of the century. More and more scientists are recognizing your work and it will not take long before the E-cat will enter the market, I hope.
    The E-cat will be disruptive to the energy market in the world. Many will profit by it, but also many (very rich) will be bankrupted. Those who will suffer will be forceful enemies of the work you are doing and they will try to stop you getting it on the market. They will use any means to do this, which may also be dangerous for you.
    Apart from the personal tragedy, it would be a catastrophe for your work when something would happen to you. I am sure you realize that.
    My question to you is: Have you taken action to avoid that if something would happen to you, your invention would ever be lost?

  1013. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    dear Dr. Rossi there are new groups that work on cold fusion reactors .

    Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Works group created widespread publicity in October 2014 with its claim that it would be delivering a working prototype of a fusion reactor within five years. It also created a wave of enthusiasm and excitement among science and technology enthusiasts. All this comes from the work of your team.

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. Joe

    Wladimir,

    1. In QRT, do non-rotating particles exist? (These would obviously be lacking gravitational fluxes n(o).)

    2. Perhaps there exist two varieties of F(g):
    i) strong
    ii) residual

    In the case of (i), at very short distances, F(g) is responsible for binding quarks together.
    In the case of (ii), perhaps a lack of perfect coherence (“friction”, as you call it) in the gravitational fluxes n(o) of strong F(g) causes an amount of gravitons g to be continually left out to extend into the immediate environment outside the nucleons. The density of these gravitons g within these outer fluxes n(o) would obviously be smaller, and therefore residual F(g) would take on the usual characteristic of a smaller force than strong F(g).

    All the best,
    Joe

  1016. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 15th, 2015 at 12:51 PM

    Wladimir,

    If you define the strong nuclear force as the interaction between gravitational fluxes n(o), then what is the force responsible for holding the three quarks of a nucleon together?
    ——————————————————

    I did not propose a model for quarks.
    There would need to study the subject, in order to verify if a quark has its own gravitational flux n(o), and it interacts with the other quarks via strong force.

    The rotation of the 3 quarks would induce the gravitational flux n(o) of the protona and electrons

    regards
    wlad

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Kors:
    Yes, I did.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1018. Joe

    Wladimir,

    If you define the strong nuclear force as the interaction between gravitational fluxes n(o), then what is the force responsible for holding the three quarks of a nucleon together?

    All the best,
    Joe

  1019. Dr Rossi:
    Did you find in the books of Norman Cook and of Greiner – Maruhn bases for your theoretical explication of the Rossi Effect?

  1020. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: It is long overdue for you to put some limits on Mr. Guglinski’s comments. Thank you.

  1021. Wladimir Guglinski

    My reply to Vlad in the ZPenergy

    Dear Vlad,
    I write herein in the ZPenergy not only for the readers of the present days. I write also for the readers of the future.
    When in the future the aether will be finally accepted by the scientific community, the science historians will be looking for the historical events that marked the rejection of the ether in Physics, and one of their sources for searching for historical records will be the pages of the ZPenergy.

    regards
    wlad

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Guglinski:
    You wrote in a recent comment you posted in this blog:
    “..there are some events you do not know and are forcing my silence” ( Sic !!!)
    Please do not be ridiculous.
    I gave you an enormous room in this blog, so that you had all the possibility to explain your theories, that I think are completely wrong, but nonetheless I wanted to publish them . I wanted to help you anyway to explain yourself, because I see that you are putting enthusiasm in what you say, wrong or right as it might be. I share the statement that Evelyn Beatrice Hall attributed ( wrongly) to Voltaire, which sounded like ” I do not agree with you, but I am ready to be killed to defend your right to speak”.
    This said, recently you tried to involve me in your discussions, and I warned you that I want not to be involved, therefore I am simply spamming all the comments of yours in which you try to involve in your theories me and Professors that never heard about you and are totally not interested in aetheric issues.
    I am continuing to publish all your comments, as I did today, and to spam any comment from you that tries to involve me in a discussion regarding your theories.
    The two Professors that you are insulting and bullying with arrogance do not know me, do not know you, do not have, I suppose, any intention to answer to all your stuff. I simply suggested to you ( very humbly, not having your tremendous nuclear Physics background) to read their text because I supposed you could learn more about photons, in a rigorous way. You, instead of studying that book, are insulting the Authors who are, I repeat, totally strange to whatever you do and do not know what I wrote to you in this blog and what you wrote everywhere. They teach nuclear Physics in one of the most important Universities of the world ( Institut fur Teoretische Physik der Johann Wolfgang Goethe – Universitat Frankfurt). The book we are talking about is “Nuclear Models” of W. Greiner and J.A. Maruhn. Conjugating the reading of this book with “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” of Prof Norman Cook I have improved my work.
    I will not return on this point, therefore, in a nutshell: do not involve me again in your comments, if you want me not to spam them. The only thing that ” is forcing your silence” (sic!) is that you force me to spam the comments that involve me in discussions regarding your theories.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1023. Wladimir Guglinski

    eernie1 wrote in February 14th, 2015 at 2:11 PM

    Wlad,
    You do not have to answer this blog, but I…
    —————————————————-

    Dear Eernie
    there are some events you do not know and are forcing my silence.

    Let me explain why I cannot accept Dirac’s theory.

    In the Quantum Ring Theory the electric and magnetic fields are formed by a flux composed by the motion of particles e(+), m(+), p(+), g(+), G(+) , and their antiparticles.

    The electric and magnetic fields of the proton and the electron are formed by the those fluxes. The electric and magnetic fields of the atomic nuclei is also formed by those fluxes.
    And there is no way to consider a flux composed by electrons and positrons in my model of proton, electron, and nuclear model.

    I am very sorry Diract is not alive.
    If he were alive, I am sure Dirac would be very interested in my theory, and he would realize that my theory is more complete than that proposed by he (after all , he never proposed a nuclear model formed by the structure of aether formed by electrons and positrons).

    regards
    wlad

  1024. Wladimir Guglinski

    Joe wrote in February 14th, 2015 at 3:26 PM

    Wladimir,

    In your new QRT, you replaced the magnetic force F(M) with the gravitational force F(g). Is F(g) created by the same gravitons g that create the gravitational fluxes n(o)?
    ————————————————

    Joe,
    Yes.
    Look at the Figure 5.1 at the page 10 of my paper.
    The flux n(o) of the central 2He4 rotates and has “friction” with the rotation of the flux n(o) of the proton, both the fluxes n(o) being formed by gravitons g(+).

    This “friction” of fluxes n(o) is the resposible for the strong nuclear force, as I show in the page 207 of my book Quantum Ring Theory, in the article Strong Nuclear Force as Consequence of Gravitational Interactions.

    Obvisously such “friction” is not in the sense of the ordinary friction known in the Classical Physics.

    regards
    wlad

  1025. Danielsen

    Dr Rossi:
    Are there any solar energy based plants you consider interesting in particular?

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Danielsen:
    Yes: the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System è [ 392 MW CSP ( Concentrating Solar Power)] in the Mojave Desert in California; another, analogous, is the Solara ( Arizona Solar One), 250 MW, near Gila Bend, Arizona: this is interesting in particular for the molten salt energy store system, the biggest in the world, that in future could be useful also for the E-Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, the nasty way of having treated you during all these years has surely been unpleasant but, as you say, in a certain way you have to thank all those people.
    We can note a sense of solace in your words. I can deduce that the 1MW plant is going very well, if I can say that…

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot give any suggestion regarding the technology to build a reactor resistant and reliable for long periods. As I already said, the manufacturing of the shielding of our Hot Cats is part of the IP know how. To know if a system works or not you have just to try it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Joe

    Wladimir,

    SR says that two clocks suffer the same time dilation due to a common relative velocity. Each clock sees the other clock as ticking slower. But if they meet, each clock would expect the other clock to be younger (a smaller elapsed time). This paradox invalidates SR. If there is no difference in age, an aether must then exist which acts upon both clocks dilating their proper time in such a way that keeps them the same age. And if there is a difference in age, SR is falsified since SR claims that each clock sees the other as younger – and not one younger, the other older. Of course, only an aether could allow for an age difference.

    NB. Although it does not apply to our discussion here, talking about relativistic velocities necessarily invokes the Composition Law for Velocities:

    s = (v + u)/(1 + (vu/c^2))

    (This is for the case of collinear motion.)
    We must be careful to avoid the simple Galilean addition of velocities.

    All the best,
    Joe

  1030. ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    I am sending to the JoNP these very interesting articles. What do you think of the theory of Carl Oscar Gullström – PhD at the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Uppsala ?

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/limits-gullstrom-theory-neutron-tunneling/

    Andrea Rossi Vindicated? Cold Fusion Takes Another Step Towards Credibility
    http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Andrea-Rossi-Vindicated-Cold-Fusion-Takes-Another-Step-Towards-Credibility.html

  1031. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for your links.
    I think that the papers of Gullstroem are worth to be studied.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1032. Joe

    Wladimir,

    In your new QRT, you replaced the magnetic force F(M) with the gravitational force F(g). Is F(g) created by the same gravitons g that create the gravitational fluxes n(o)?

    All the best,
    Joe

  1033. eernie1

    Wlad,
    You do not have to answer this blog, but I think Dirac was trying to describe more than the properties of light particles with his theory of the EPO. As an example, his theory suggested that the neutron was the primary cluster of EPOs that emerged from the sea of ground state EPOs when an external force was applied to space. This neutron then degenerated into a proton and electron thereby answering the question of why a proton and electron have the same amount of charge(negative and positive). This was his answer also to the question of why there seems to be much more matter than antimatter. The antimatter resides inside the neutrons and protons within the EPOs that constitute them. It also is an answer to why there are equal numbers of electrons and protons in the universe, and why the number of neutrons are not proportional to the other particles. He also suggested that gravitational forces arise from the attraction of the aligned bipolar EPOs. The electric and magnetic fields he used in his description arose naturally through his use of the spinor field base in his theory as well as the spin quantum number associated with the Fermions.
    For myself, his theory provides as close and acceptable a unified theory as any other I have studied. As you and others have stated there are questions that can be asked of any accepted paradigm, and as shown by the differences among other contributors to this site can lead to interesting discussions.
    Regards and happy hunting theory grounds.

  1034. Curiosone

    Can you give us an example of the operation of the 1 MW plant in operation? For example: what happened Yesterday ? Anything anomalous? And today?
    W.G.

  1035. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Yesterday we had problems with the control system, eventually fixed.
    Today ( Saturday) I can see that so far all is ok.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1036. JCRenoir

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    If in the geographic area where the 1 MW Ecat is operating happens a black out, what happens to the plant? I mean: safety systems, computers, etc, since I assume the reactors can also go in self sustaining mode.
    JCR

  1037. Andrea Rossi

    JC Renoir:
    We have a back up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1038. Dear Andrea,

    today i got this new replication news from Russia. Do we facing a new “Space Race”? Can we call it “Low Energy Nuclear Race”

    http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Andrea-Rossi-Vindicated-Cold-Fusion-Takes-Another-Step-Towards-Credibility.html

    LavoLaLe lavoLaLe
    Enrico Billi

  1039. Andrea Rossi

    M.Sc. Enrico Billi:
    Thank you for your information, very interesting and important. Of course the quest is on! Thanks to the great work of my Team, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Lavolale, Lavolale!

  1040. Joya del Sol

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am returning to your website/blog after a few years. Last time I was here, you were going to test the E-cat at your 1st industrial customer’s premises. However it seems your plans for commercial launch have slowed down. I am still curious though about the current schedule of your planned commercial launch for the general public and when the world at large can experience the wonders of your technology. Please share your current plans for the E-cat.

    Thanks and Regards,
    Joya Del Sol