Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

This page is generated once a day.

Back to the most recent entries.

Comments to Webmaster

  1. Michelangelo De Meo

    April 10: US Navy recognized technological potential of radiation-free ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs) by awarding 2nd prize in 3rd-annual NAVSEA-Leidos disruptive technology essay contest to paper re future use of LENRs in naval power generation – see image & caption

    https://twitter.com/lewisglarsen/status/987351188801773570/photo/1?ref_src=t

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Alexander Parkhomov produced a program that looked at all of the stable element isotopes and calculated nucleon exchange reactions and fission reactions that lead to stable products with a net energy yield.

    It took 10 days to calculate the more than 500,000 possible outcomes and their respective energy output.

    Dr. Alexander Parkhomov agreed to sharing his nucleon exchange / Fusion+Fission table which can be downloaded from the following link

    https://goo.gl/91fQVX

    A HUGE thankyou for his hard work and openness.

    He adds:

    “I believe that making it public will be useful for the development of LENR research. It is also useful to have a public program that allows the consideration of combinations of not only two nuclides, but also a larger number.”

    It the latter part of the sentence, he is recognising that the table as provided is only the first step and that knowing what a larger number of interacting nucleus would result in would be helpful. Due to the vast computational requirements akin to hash code breaking, distributed computing with a common database might be a way forward.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDgybzJ8Ryk&feature=youtu.be

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your answer to Raffaele Bongo:
    “I do not choose the T: it is the T that comes out of the process as the Ecat is made now”
    Does that mean that different processes occur in module E-Cat QX 80 W and module E-Cat SK 10 kW?

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    No, it does mean that we are more capable to control the process. We are working very hard and investing heavily to reach our target.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov has made again a very good work of replication and experimentation after your effect: see here
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDgybzJ8Ryk&feature=youtu.be
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov’s Fusion Fission table overview

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov has made years of magnificent scientific work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    During my last message I probably mispelled my question. I was wondering what are the likely significant benefits of running the quark 1 ev against ¼ ev?
    All my support for your great team.

    cordially

    Raffaele

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I do not choose the T: it is the T that comes out of the process as the Ecat is made now.
    In general, a higher T makes wider and more efficient the field of applications.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  11. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that the equivalent temperature of 1 eV is 12,500 K. Please check and see if my Physics is correct?

    1 eV = 1.602… x 10**-19 J — (one electron charge moving through a potential of 1 Volt)

    Boltzmann’s constant is 1.38065… x 10**-23 J / K

    So the equivalent temperature of 1 eV is:

    1.602 … x 1-**-19 J / 1.38065… x 10+++-23 J/K = 11,604.5… K.

    So should not the equivalent temperature of 1eV be 11,604.5K?

    Note: this is the equivalent temperature, not the actual operating temperature.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, the equivalent T of 1 eV is 11,604.52 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Physics Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the video of the November 24th Stockholm Ecat presentation.
    As an expert of the matter, I can confirm that your application of the Wien and Boltzmann equations to calculate the energy of the plasma in the Ecat is correct.
    Godspeed,
    Physics Prof

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Now that you have resolved the problem of the overheating of the circuitry of the Ecat QX, is the COP higher?

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No. What has improved is the reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    On the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published the paper “The Interactions of Acoustic Phonons and Photons in the Solid State”, by Ian Douglas Winters, Bachelor of Science in Material Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Mario

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I understand that you produce very high energy in very small space: did you find the right heat exchanger in the market, or had you to design a new one?

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    We had to design it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You had to overcome enormous difficulties to move from an operating temperature of 2700 K to 12700 K. I suppose that these very difficult changes are aimed at improving the performance of the reactor. I have a hard time imagining that one can reach such temperature without confinement.
    Can you tell us a few words about these new performances of the reactor?

    All my support for your entire team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    About how the heat is exchanged, it is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Ernest

    Dr Rossi:
    Still on schedule to introduce in the market the Ecat QX within the end of the year?

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Ernest:
    I still have this hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Daniel

    Dear Andrea,
    Watching the video of the full demo you made in Stockholm on November 24th with the Ecat QX, I saw that when you calculate the temperature of the plasma by the Wien equation and eventually you calculate the energy by the Boltzmann equation you consider the plasma to be a black body and consequently you apply the value 1 to the epsilon (emissivity).
    Is that correct?

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel:
    Theoretically the plasma is a perfect black body, but since a perfect black body is not supposed to exist, we calculate epsilon= 0.9
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Fighter

    So, if I have correctly understood, the hot fusion is more “impossible” than the LENR. At least from your point of view. Correct?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Fighter:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Also: 1 electron-volt = 11,604.52500617 Kelvin

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- In my comment I made a typo with a consequent error, obviously K= C + 273, not the other way. Corrected.
    2- 1 eV= 12 500 C degrees, then 1 eV = 12 500 + 273 = 12 773 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Maja Berken

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your answer to the magnificent comment of Beata Chowen.
    Don’t you think Prof Marica Branchesi should be more shown and interviewed by the media, to make her inspiring figure be more widespread?
    Cheers,
    Maja

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Maja Berken:
    Yes, I do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Beata Chowen

    The Astrophysicist Prof Marica Branchesi has been recognized between the 100 persons most important of the world.
    She is a Prof of the Gran Sasso labs of the INFN and works on the observation and the instrumental development to understand the gravitational waves utilizing multiple data sources.

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Beata Chowen:
    I am glad to apprehend this, not only for the importance of the scientific achievement, but also for the inspiring model that Prof Marica Branchesi offers to the future women.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Bill Tufts

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi, Dear Readers of the JoNP,
    Today is the Earth Day: let us hope it is be the Earthday of the year in which the Ecat QX enters the market!
    Godspeed,
    Bill

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Tufts:
    Thank you for reminding us this recurrence,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    12,500 Celsius = 12,773.15 Kelvin

  37. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What impresses of the video of the Stockholm demo of the Ecat QX is the number of so high level Professors that have observed the set up closely during all the test, approaching the Ecat and observing all the particulars of the Ecat and of the measurements.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It has been a so big honour for all us of the Ecat Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The article from Aftenposten may require from some users a subscription to access it from your link on ECAT.com/news. Workaround shown below.

    Great work from the team, thanks to all of you!

    Respectfully yours,

    Tom
    Works but bypasses aftenposten’s subscription advertisement:
    https://www.fvn.no/digital/Unknown-energy-source-with-enormous-potential-10899b.html

    (Won’t allow reading without required subscription)
    https://www.aftenposten.no/digital/Unknown-energy-source-with-enormous-potential-10899b.html

    Totally legal method shown below:
    Google search words: “Unknown energy source with enormous potential” AND click the first link.
    Even on google, if you copy and paste the link to a new tab instead of clicking the article in their list, it goes to a subscription notice – so it requires entry through google.com directly, or the alternative work around shown above.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestions, but when I go to Ecat.com and click NEWS and then click on the link to Aftenposten, I can read the article of Kristian Bjorkeng without any problem!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Eike

    When do you think we will be able to see in operation the Ecat SK?

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Eike:
    I hope within the year 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    About the comment of Jean, the link to article of Per Kristian Bjorkeng on the Aftenposten can be found on http://www.ecat.com selecting “NEWS”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    When the temperarture is measured in eV the conversion is in Celsius degrees or in Kelvin?

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1 eV can be converted, obviously, either in Celsius degrees or in Kelvin. 1 eV= 12 500 Celsius degrees and 1 eV= 12 773 K, albeit when you measure a T in eV the difference between the two scales is not as relevant as it normally is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Jean

    @Abe Vincent:
    I totally agree with you. Being a nuclear engineer, I too was a sceptic, but the video of the demonstration of the Ecat QX made at the IVA of Stockholm has been very convincing.
    Impossible to ignore the precision of the measurement of the flowrate, the diagram of the oscolloscope with the measurement of voltage and the unipolarity of the current across the resistance of 1 Ohm, the measurements of the dummies and of the calorimetry made by neutral engineers. The team of Rossi has made a masterpiece, giving evidence of the enormous potential of this new source of energy, as written by Per Kristian Bjorkeng on the Aftenposten, the major newspaper of Norway.

  47. Abe Vincent

    ​Dear Mr Rossi, Thank you for the convincing demonstration in Stockholm. I wasn’t convinced before the demo, but after seeing the 6min video I was definitely convinced. The measurements of the output power of the reactor was particularly convincing.

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Thank you: I appreciate your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    For the Readers: the link can be found either googling “youtube summary of the ecat demo of Stockholm Nov 24 2017” or on http://www.ecat.com

  49. Sandro

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I bought by Amazon the book of Vessela Nikolova ‘Ecat the new fire’.
    Do you confirm that what is written in that book is true?
    All the best,
    Sandro

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Sandro:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Google “Popular Science New Alloy Can Convert Heat Into Electricity”
    Cheers
    Chuck Davis

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link. It is another thermoelectric device, working with the Seebeck Effect. Due to the experimental status it is too soon to know if it has enough efficiency. I have a big experience in the field, because I worked very much in it also for the DOE in the nineties and made a patent in the USA with Leonardo Technology Incorporated. But what I experienced is that when you make by your hands a prototype ( very expensive ) you get a good efficiency, but you have to spend hours and hours with the directional fusion, necessary to achieve a geometry that puts in line the atoms; when you, for necessary economical reasons, pass to a bulk production and you have to speed up the directional fusion of all the components of the alloy, whatever it is, the efficiency drops dramatically.
    We’ll see: if they have resolved this problem, that I have not been able to resolve, this is a good fiance’ for the Ecat, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for the clarification– so in the case of “Carnot cycle is made by steam that makes a turbine turn a magnet inside a copper coil”, let me rephrase my question:

    1) Do you plan to build that device yourself?
    2) Or, have you found a supplier for such a device, either for Research purposes or for Commercial operation?
    3) Or if not, are you currently looking for such a device?

    And– I apologize for what must be an odd sounding question:

    4) Am I wrong to think of this device as an external heat source (steam) that powers an Engine (turbine) that then drives a generator?

    thanks again,
    WaltC

  54. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- no
    2- the Carnot cycle components are well known and on the traditional market
    3- no, we will make steam, then our Customers will use the steam to do what they want, as, for example, electricity my means of the Carnot cycle
    4- you are not wrong
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you say if the Ecat SK of 10/100 kW has a hope to arrive in the industrial market before the hot fusion?

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  57. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    You mention using the Carnot cycle to produce electricity– presumably based on an engine that can operate from an external heat source– have you found a supplier for such a device, either for Research purposes or for Commercial operation?
    If not, are you currently looking?

    thanks,
    WaltC

  58. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    No, in our case the Carnot cycle is made by steam that makes a turbine turn a magnet inside a copper coil.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  59. Dummy Physicist

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How can the Ecat QX sustain a temperature of 1 eV? Is it not the same T of a hot fusion ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Dummy Physicist

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Dummy Physicist:
    Hot fusion temperature in a plant like the one ENEA has invested in is above 12 keV ( more than 150 000 000 – say onehundredfiftymillions- of Celsius degrees ).
    To maintain stable magnetic fields at this temperature is more difficult than allow an elephant pass through a needle eye. Non maintaining a stable magnetic field in a plant like that means not just melt, but vaporize any kind of material or alloy exposed to such a radiation in matter of fractions of second, making happy a lot of people around. But the good news for the “financers”, funded by the taxpayer, are that all this stuff justifies any kind of expense without bids and without control, because nobody understands what they are buying and why… not that it counts too much, though.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  61. Rita

    @Aninumous of the comment 2018/04/19 at 7.52 PM: you are an imbecile. Even if Andrea Rossi will delay, it will be anyway a masterpiece, made by his own money. Compare to the “work” of the hot fusion, that is stealing money of the taxpayer by the billions since more than 50 years and the sole thing they produced is the request of more money, without any serious accounting control, like what happened few days ago with ENEA, that is wasting 50 millions to make the usual nothing they make.
    You know why these smartasses can continue this clownerie? Because of imbeciles like you, that look at the straws not seeing the pillars.
    Rita

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Rita:
    He spoke his opinion: ” I do not agree with you, but I will give my life to allow you to speak your opinion”
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  63. Rupert

    I googled “Ecat QX video of the November 24th demo in Stockholm”
    Fantastic, well done, it seems to be there during the whole convincing presentation of the Ecat QX
    Thank you for this magnificence
    Rupert

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  65. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I understood that a quark X operated at a temperature of 2700 ° k. Now it seems that this temperature is 1 EV which is totally different.
    Have you made any improvements to the reactor, or have the control system parameters changed?
    With such temperatures can you explain how you measure fire risk?
    All my support for your team
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The system has been totally changed.
    The particulars are confidential.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  67. Bobby Ellery

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still keeping your hands dirt making tests and prototypes, or now you leave this part to others of your team?
    Godspeed, Bobby

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Bobby Ellery:
    I still need to wash my hands many times a day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Pietro

    Bentrovato sig. Rossi,

    la seguo ormai da anni
    una domanda, da chi poco capisce di fisica,

    mi puo’ spiegare, in parole molto povere, se sia possibile collegare un ecat ad una turbina e produrre più elettricita di quanto ne consumi, e, se non fosse possibile, il motivo.

    Grazie e buona salute

    Pietro

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro:
    It is possible, by means of the Carnot cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Bernard

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I enjoyed the video on Google of the Stockholm demo at the IVA and I am grateful for the openness of this very convincing test.
    Thank you,
    Bernard

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Bernard:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Elena

    You said in a recent comment that in your team there are women at high level: can you give us examples of their duties?

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Elena:
    CFO, physicist
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Jeremy Cobane

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you think that the weak force can be involved in LENR phenomenons?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Jeremy Cobane:
    No, because weak forces would emit much stronger radiations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Anonymous

    Do you think that hospitals could use the Ecat to generate heat?

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I think so, but it has to be clarified if the safety certification we have for industrial applications is valid also for hospitals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Anonymous

    I did bet one thousand Euro that you will not succeed to start the sales of the industrial Ecat QX within the year 2018.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    This is easy: YESSS !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Prof

    Do you confirm that the temperature of the core of the Ecat QX is higher than 1 eV?
    Cheers
    Prof

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I confirm,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Albert Ellul

    The promise of (hot) fusion energy is one of the biggest scams ever.50 years ago scientists had described nuclear fusion energy as the energy of the future, and in a way they were correct, because it will always be the energy of the future. After 50 years of sucking up billions of tax dollars, hot fusion is still cold and the truth is that it will take another 50 years for the first nuclear reactor to go on stream.

    Meanwhile cold fusion is getting hot thanks to you Andrea Rossi. Looking forward for the first E-Cat QX to roll out of the robotic line, hopefully this year, but 2019 will be OK too.

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Italian Taxpayer

    Dear Andrea:
    The ENEA 500 millions investments in the hot fusion is the usual fraud to the taxpayers: ENEA in 38 years of existence has spent billions in totally useless R&D. It has produced nothing, not a single patent that has been turned into a real manufacturing. It has been born in 1980 to park the sons of the ENI managers that could not be placed in ENI because not able to perform a real work .
    Now these 500 millions that the Italian taxpayer has been minted of will produce nothing, along the tradition of this totally useless entity named ENEA. Where the money they got is gone is a “mistery”.
    IT (Italian Taxpayer)

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Italian Taxpayer:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,
    While I recognize that your efforts are predominately focused on the Ecat QX development to achieve first production in this year. However, there are undoubtedly many other issues requiring your attention to achieve this goal. If it is not confidential, can you please advise on the progress in the development of the US manufacturing facility?
    1. Has physical work commenced on the construction and installation of manufacturing equipment?
    2. Do you feel that the US plant will be able to perform a pre-production run by the end of the third quarter of this year?
    3. What do you consider to be the most significant obstacle in getting the plant on line this year?
    4. Are you able to disclose the state in which the plant is located?
    5. What is the planned annual production capacity after the plant is fully on line?
    6. Will this plant be used only for US markets or will it also ship to global clients?
    I hope you are also able to find other domestic and international venues to satisfy the immense demands that already exist.
    Thanks for the intensely hard work by you and all of your team.
    Harvey

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    1- not yet
    2- no
    3- unforseen obstacles ( “dark obstacles” )
    4- no
    5- n.a.
    6- will also ship abroad
    Thank you for your attention to our work
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Ugo

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you have some activity of yours left in Italy, related or not to the Ecat?
    Cheers,
    Ugo

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Ugo:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Paolo

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you are still well, even in this period of strong pressure.
    Look at this link:
    http://e-catworld.com/2018/04/18/italy-invests-500-million-euros-in-hot-fusion-research-enea/
    As usual, this big money coming from the taxpayer will be wasted: I hope you will be enough fast to save this waste of money.
    May God help you in your so difficult job,
    Paolo

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:
    Thank you for the link. It starts with a lie: Tokamak is not a patent of ENEA and this R&D is going on about half century since, as an R&D made by the European community; it already costed tens of billions without positive results so far.
    Any further comment is fairly useless, but, as I always said, all the potential energy sources can and must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andréa Rossi

    Is there a significant difference in mass between the high power reactor (100 Kw) and the small reactor (40 W) or is it only the parameters of the control system that are different?
    Thank you for your answers to our questions
    All my support and encouragement
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Good question: there is a difference, but not proportional. The weight/kW id much less in the bigger reactors. In other words, the power density is much higher.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Cardano

    Dr Rossi,

    * Green Bitcoin mining is huge now and growing.

    http://bitcoinist.com/bitcoin-miners-cutting-costs-by-going-green/

    * Bitcoin News Link:

    https://news.bitcoin.com/

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Cardano:
    I already said what I think about this issue.
    Thank you anyway for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Tiberio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Regarding the heater of Viessmann that makes the cogeneration with the Stirling engine, did you get information useful to the Ecat technology?

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Tiberio:
    Yes, I got the due information. They severed the production line of the heaters coupled with Stirling engines to make cogeneration. It has not been possible to collect information about the real reasons. Officially they say that it happened because of new restrictions of regulations related to the emissions, but this sounds strange to me, because the Stirling engine does not affect the pollutants in the emissions of a gas burner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I wonder, how many OEM‘s is contacting you every week in seek for information of the possibilities the Ecat may represent as a heat source in their product?
    And how many companies using heat in their manufacturing are asking for information’s?

    Warm Regards, Svein Henrik.

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I have a pending NDA with all the contacts with potential Customers, therefore I cannot refer to any of them in positive or in negative. This will remain always our policy.

  101. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, Elon Musk has trouble producing large quantities of his Tesla model 3 cars because he says that there are too many robots slowing down the production.
    He says that inserting more men in place of robots could increase production.
    Do you think that a similar problem may also occur in your case?

    Kind regards,

    Italo R.

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I never criticize the work of others. I cannot make observations about a problem I do not know. If you are asking if I too can make mistakes, the answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it worthwhile for you to get an industrial product into the market as soon as possible, even if it may soon be replaced by superior models that you have in R&D?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Ask General Motors the same question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. G

    Dear Andrea,
    Googling ” Youtube Ecat QX demonstration at the IVA of Stockholm” i found the magnificent video with the 3 hours of demo. Question: the measurement with the spectrometer has not been possible because of the light emitted by the big screen wherein the spectrometry diagram was visible. Do you normally use the spectrometer to measure the temperatures of the plasma?

  106. Andrea Rossi

    G:
    Yes, it is the sole way to measure the temperature of the plasma body. There are not thermometers that can work above the melting point of platinum and rhodium. We reach T well above 1 eV.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Isabel

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Is the module of the Ecat SK with a power of 10/100 kW improving, or you are stuck in the mud of the difficulties and have not time for it because you are focused on the 100- 1000 W Ecat QX?

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Isabel:
    We are working on all the line, but the main focus is on the prototype that has best odds to be ready within this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you can say, was the contract you signed in Chicago connected with the US global food company you had mentioned?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I read with some interest on you visit to Chicago.
    Presuming you signed a contract with your global customer, is your customer on the following list?
    Link>> https://www.luc.edu/law/career/practice_areas/publically_held.html

    My best to you and your team,

    Buck

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The name is global, but I cannot answer in positive or in negative, because I am under NDA. Obviously with a series of lists, by exclusion, it would be easy to individuate the name.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Daren

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Yesterday a friend of mine has spotted you at the airport of Chicago: was that person really you? Can I ask if your concern or partner is in Chicago?

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Daren:
    He,he,he…yes, I was in Chicago yesterday to sign a contract.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Giovanni

    Andrea,
    About the superficial comment of Irka: you are making a work that without you could never happen. If there is a person in the worls that can accomplish the mission to bring in the markat this product, this person is you sustained by your magnificent team.
    Thank you for what you are doing and for dedicating your life to it.
    Giovanni

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Irka has expressed an opinion, nothing wrong with this fact.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Alexis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched on http://www.ecat.com all the three links to the event of Stockholm for the presentation at the IVA of the Ecat QX. Very impressive and very convincing.
    Now I hope your enormous work will soon end up with the introduction of a product for sale.
    Godspeed,
    Alexis

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Alexis:
    Thank you, we are working hard on it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    In Israel a company claims to be able to hack a computer not connected to the internet, via a power connection, but it has to be infected by a virus before.
    I wish you a fast success with the Ecat SK 10/100,
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A.Kranz:
    I know it is possible. In fact the computers I use for IP never have seen a plug in their life.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Irka:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Elias

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    I googled: ‘Youtube ecat Stockholm test of the ecat qx’ and found the magnificent video of the whole test.
    Thank you for your work.
    Elias

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Elias:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Yrka

    I bow to your genius!
    But!
    Progress should move young. You need a young, energetic, courageous person who does not follow the old rules, but creates new rules! Sorry, but you, like an old grandmother, are laying out brand new threads and needles on old pots.
    Sorry, I understand everything, I’m not young myself, it’s the costs of wisdom and experience.
    You need a battering ram that will break the old system and create a new one, and not try to stick the Autopilot into the horse cart.
    Sorry again for your emotionality.
    Thank you for your work!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  125. Anonymous

    Did you control the radiations emitted by the Ecat QX during the Stockholm demo of November 24th?

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Joleen Plateros

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    As we can understand from your comments, the 80 W Ecat QX module is ready, or close, and its industrialization will be not impossible within the year 2018; the 1 kW module is still pending, while the SK of 10/100 kW are in early R&D stage. Did I understand well?
    Godspeed,
    JP

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Joleen Plateros:
    I think you are not distant from reality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Goran

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What does mean ‘strangeness’ in Physics?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Goran

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Goran:
    Strangeness is given by mass and emilife respectively bigger and longer than normal. It is always conserved, except in the weak interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Wade Grotzinger

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    About Viessmann: I have spoken with an engineer of Viessmann and he told me they could apply the Ecat to their products.
    Do you think this could happen?
    Wade

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Wade Grotzinger:
    This is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Bobby

    Andrea,
    What do you think of the Weissmann heater that makes the cogeneration with a Stirling engine published here in the comment of Luca Galli 2018/04/12 at 2.29 PM?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Bobby

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Bobby:
    It is a very intelligent product, that makes efficiency close to 100%. I like the way they realized the Stirling engine, very compact and cheap. Congratulations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Elenor

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are there women in the Leonardo team and with which role?

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Elenor:
    Yes, at the highest level.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Fox

    Dear Rossi
    Are you a physicist or a philosopher?
    I am a philosophical physicist and I am convinced that we do not even know a millionth of the reality that surrounds us.
    You are discovering another little piece called LENR
    With love
    Fox

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    With a small editing, I would cite the statement Plato wrote Socrates said: ” The sole thing I know is that I do not know enough of both” ( the editing consists in adding “enough of both” ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Gerald Belfort

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you suffer of anxiety in this difficult period and, if yes, how do you menage it?

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Gerald Belfort:
    Yes, I suffer of anxiety: time passes too fast and every hour I calculate if I am in time. Weeks seem to be days, months seem to be weeks, so fast they elapse. I am not managing it, just I have to stand anxiety. The work to do is huge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Giorgio

    Dear Andrea,
    in a discussion with friends I sustained that obviously elementary particles with a small mass, not having air inside, are smaller than elementary particles with a bigger mass: am I right?
    Cheers,
    Giorgio

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Sorry, you are wrong. Elementary particles are waves quantistically defined. The size of a wave is given by its lambda ( wave length ). From lambda depends also the energy and a shorter lambda makes the e.p. need more energy, because it has less time to complete its sinusoid, so you can say that the shorter the lambda, the higher the energy. From E=mc^2, we know that mass is a form of energy: for this reason, the shorter the dimension, the higher the mass: exactly the contrary of what you said. To give you solace, though, I can tell you quantum physics is counter-intuitive. For example, when your mind sees waves you would watch particles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Sean

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you say what are you doing in particular today, if you are working?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Sean

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Sean:
    In this very moment I am working on the SK project.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Teacher

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    About the issue raised by Chuck Davis: will it be possible for a college to buy an Ecat for educational purposes?

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Teacher:
    Presently the safety certifications allow us to install the Ecats in industrial concerns. It is necessary to specify in which kind of laboratory the Ecat would be installed: it is a safety issue. Obviously in a lab where there are the same safety structures as in an industry, there is a possibility to have the necessary authorizations. I think that specific considerations will have to be done in this field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you have any expectation about how long it make take to complete the certification of the domestic Ecat?
    Chuck Davis

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not before the diffusion of the industrial plants in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Jane

    Looking for a great time, when your Ecat QX will develop all the potential I understood watching the video of the Stockholm event of November 24. I watched on http://www.ecat.com both the complete video of 3 hours and the summary of 6 minutes: very impressing the ability of your IT guy to put in the 6 minutes summary all the essential you need to know.
    Godspeed,
    Jane

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you: we worked a lot to make a short version that in max 6 min could say all there was to say. It was not easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. P

    Hello Andrea!
    I really hope you succeed.
    Regarding electricity and Stirling, I think Inresol AB is a good alternative. The Swedes have a long experience in this technology and have many spin-offs from Kockum’s submarine production.
    http://www.inresol.se/
    https://youtu.be/CIkE6eDRTiA
    https://www.nyteknik.se/automation/inresol-varvar-upp-200-ar-gammal-stirlingteknik-6903616

  152. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Luca Galli

    Hi Dr Rossi:
    Is the electricity production still under focus?
    If yes, please take a look to this link about the use of the Stirling motor:
    https://www.viessmann.it/it/riscaldamento-casa/miglior_sistema_di_riscaldamento/cogenerazione.html
    Real Congratulations for your job,
    Luca

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Luca Galli:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Joella

    Dear Andrea:
    I strongly appreciated the 6 minutes summary of the Event of the demonstration of the Ecat QX on Stockholm on November 24th. Extremely interesting the cameo about the theory.
    It will be very interesting to read about the follow up of it.
    All the best,
    Jo

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Joella:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I’m not very familiar with radiation detectors, nonetheless I am curious– since hot fusion scientists commonly believe there’s no fusion without neutrons:

    1) With respect to the radiation detectors you use, are they responsive also to Neutrons?
    2) Both high energy (e.g., fast) and low energy (e.g., thermal) Neutrons?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  158. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We have made many times measurements with neutron detectors during our experiments and never found a relevant difference from the background, albeit we always found a difference in excess, but always within the margin of error of the instrumentation, which means no danger. Anyway, we always make the measurement with the Sievert counter, that measures the ionizing radiations and the ionizing radiations should be generated by neutron emissions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Albert

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you still think you will be able to start the sales of the industrialized Ecat or its energy by the end of this year?

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    So far, we are inside the scheduled timing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Miles Gleich

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Why did you not show the instrumentation to measure the radiations in microSievert during the Stockholm demo of the EcatQX?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Miles

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Miles Gleich:
    Good point, I forgot to do it. For us it is absolutely normal to keep close a radiation detector when we work, so it is nothing we usually talk about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andrea

    Are the SK 10 and 100 KW developments encouraging? This would probably reduce the volume and mass of the plants and thus be able to envisage applications in transport.

    Note: I live in France and I do not speak well the language of Shakespeare. In “former retired pensioner” I meant that I worked in the manufacture of concrete structures. Today I do not work anymore because I am too old.
    Your old supporter

    Raffaele

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The R&D of the 10 and 100 kW modules is on course. It is too soon to express opinions about their reliability.
    Thank you for explaining your expression’s meaning,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Based on a structure defined as 30 feet in length with 8 foot height and 8 foot width, I would assume the following:

    a. Two sides approximately 2 feet in thickness with an internal 3 – 4 foot walkway between the two sides. So there would be a total of four surfaces: Left Side, exterior, Left side, interior, Right side, interior and Right side, exterior.

    b. Each side would contain 250 eCat 1kW units. It would likely be on a grid of 10 units vertically and 25 units horizontally.

    So horizontally, each eCat 1kW unit would be centered at about 14 inches, recall they are 10 inches wide.

    Vertically, each eCat 1kW unit would be 8.5 to 9.5 inches, recall each unit is about 7.2 inches in height.

    The difference in grid spacing and unit size would be for structural support, interconnections and piping, and access.

    Thoughts?

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, this is a possible configuration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andrea

    The use of concrete and the manufacture of cement is very energy consuming, the required temperatures are of the order of 1450 ° C. Is it possible to consider E-Cat ovens for this industry that has a significant carbon footprint?
    A curious thing, we get to know the lifetime of the atoms of our solar system but no one has managed to date to determine the life of the concrete.

    Your supporter and former pensioner

    Raffaele

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes, that too is a possible application.
    Thank you to be a nice supporter, but I do not understand ” former pensioner “: in which sense?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Anonymous

    How are positioned now to start the sales within this year? Are the probabilities stable?

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, when we make tests we always measure the microSievert outside the Ecat and compare with the background.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Plus the volume to have operative room, so that you need about a 30 ft container all included with the heat exchanger.”

    Could you please provide estimates of the other two dimensions for a 1MW thermal output unit?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    8′ x 8′
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The US global food company you mention, have they verified for themselves the performance of the E-Cat QX, and are satisfied it could be useful to them?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This will happen when we will be ready to start the sales of the product ready for industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Tamal

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    when E-Cat hits the market, its not gonna be just very profitable – soon it might become a symbol of a contemporary lifestyle and of “modern, high tech, top notch” companies… therefore hard to get. Please consider reserving a “fast” production line for customers with just a few E-Cats in their bag.
    It’s exciting to watch and support your team on the way up, not so much having your final match seat taken over with a bag of money. After all your Cat has a ball to score with.

    Kind regards and best wishes,
    Tamal

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    Our goal is a wide diffusion of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Regina

    Did you make any progress with the gas or jet engines?

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Regina:
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  179. Jason Bagent

    Andrea:
    From the dimensions you said a 1 kW Ecat has volume of about 30 liters, so that an assembly of 1 MW needs a volume of 30 cubic meters: about 2.5 x 2.5 x 5 meters: correct?

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Jason Bagent:
    Plus the volume to have operative room, so that you need about a 30 ft container all included with the heat exchanger.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Andy

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can you explain why Bosons carry forces and Fermions do not in few words?

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Andy:
    Bosons do not respect the Pauli exclusion principle, therefore can pile up to reach big force in the same point at the same time: 2 Bosons occupy the same space at the same time as two trillion Bosons do. Fermions, on the contrary, respect the Pauli principle, therefore even two Fermions cannot be in the same point at the same time. This fact forbids Fermions to make up a force in the same place at the same time and consequently cannot break the Simmetry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Elliott Wilcher

    Dr Rossi:
    It is clear after your answers of yesterday that you are partnering with an important company in the food business. Can you say where is it located?

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Elliott Wilcher:
    It is a US global company.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Jag bara undrar?

    If the e-cat can come up with any normal temperature in the industry. Then the cement industry must be interested and there sells / manufactures ABB control systems and more.

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Jag bara undrar?:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Where has been made all this work with the Ecat QX reported in the answer to Frank Acland of EW?

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I was interested your comment about the food industry being reactive to the E-Cat. It is a huge market that uses massive amounts of heat. Think of all the baking, boiling, heating, steaming, sterilizing, etc. that takes place in all kinds of food and drink processing plants.

    Here is one example, a Frito Lay factory for making potato chips: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ws_K9Cxs-uE

    Interesting they use co-generation in their plants — their natural gas powered deep fryers also generate electricity so the whole plant is off grid.

    What do you think about applying the heat of the E-Cat for plants like this?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think there will be important developments in the food industry sector related to the Ecat. Their strong need of heat to process their products makes them the ideal match for the Ecat. So the Ecat will say, like a poet: ” M’illumino di mensa”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I have only a limited, intuitive, view of the Rossi/Gullstrom theory as currently proposed– so I’m on very thin ice– but my question relates to the “wave, anti-wave” portion: Borrowing from the concept in Quantum Mechanics of Wave-particle Duality,

    1) Is it possible that the “wave/anti-wave” aspect can also be thought of as “particle/anti-particle”?
    2) If so, what might the particle/anti-particle be?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  192. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We are studying and experimenting about this and we are not ready for a publication, that is preliminary to any discussion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From the information you have provided, do I understand that your early adopters will be able to build plants of any size by combining 1 kW E-Cat modules in parallel only (not in series)?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I understand that the heat transfer medium into and out of the Ecat Box could be a one of a number of different fluids at different pressures and starting temperature depending on the needs. I wonder if the maximum temperature at the out let is already defined?

    Is it currently limited to say high pressure steam at 100 deg C?
    Or could it be higher in the day 400 deg C
    Or perhaps at temperatures even above 1000 deg C?

    Obviously the heat capacity is probably the important factor for most uses initially but I’m curious if there is an upper limit to the temperature -as well.

    Would yo be able to give this kind information regarding the unit? Or is it something for later?

    Another curious question. You mention the over all box is plastic. But I wonder could it also be made of other materials such as metals or ceramics for uses in places where plastics might not be able to be used?

    Best Regards .

    Stephen

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    We can go up to any T used in the existing utilization in the world.
    The box could be made by any convenient material, but plastic is the lighter and the more cheap.
    Further details are premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You had posted that the dimensions of one 1kW eCat unit complete is 25cm x 25cm x 18cm. Let’s take a look at the implications of that sizing…

    For a 1MW thermal output system, you would need at least 1,000 eCat 1kW units.

    Within the USA, the maximum size of a unit being shipped is about 40 feet long, about 8 feet wide and about 8 feet high, assumes the interior of a large shipping trailer.

    A likely design would be a rack style with access to the individual units from the front and back. Allowing 1 foot (30cm) vertically between eCat units to allow for maintenance access means the maximum number of vertically stacked units is 8 — to keep the vertical size under 8 feet.

    To ship a iMW unit efficiently within such a shipping trailer, I assume 2 500kW units, combined after delivery to equal 1MW system, which, with tie-downs, would occupy the 8 foot trailer width.

    So each 500kW unit would be 8 feet in height (or less), be about 3 feet in width (2 eCat units plus room for plumbing, electrical and support structure) and would be about 32 feet in length.

    After the transportation was complete, the 2 500kW units could be connected, end-to-end, to form a 64 foot long, 8 feet high and 3 foot deep 1MW system, or two rows of 32 feet each and likely separated by 4 feet. Thoughts?

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Jack

    Congratulations for the summary video of 6 minutes of the Ecat QX-demo made in Stockholm on November 24th. It condensates all in short.
    Godspeed,
    Jack

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    For the Readers: please find the link to it on http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The manufacture of E-Cats 1 MW will generate energy consumption that is called in France “gray energy”. Have you evaluated this energy consumed per E-Cat unit and how long will it take for the machine to clear its energy debt?
    For example the voltaic dear to the ecologist must work a good decade to pay off its energy debt and provide the first KW useful and more if we take into account the decline in profitability over time.
    For the wind I’m afraid it’s the same

    All my consideration and all my support to your team.
    Best regards
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    You are correct. Not to mention the electric cars, about which has not been sufficiently calculated that the electricity they consume comes mainly from plugs that receive the electric energy from generators mainly fueled by hydrocarbons. I suspect that the global warming source, in this case, is not eliminated, but transferred from one place to another.
    In our case the grey energy, which is the energy necessary to produce out Ecat, is supposed to be irrelevant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Buck

    Good Afternoon Andrea:

    thank you for sharing about the 5Sigma testing of the 10kW and 100kW reactor modules. All I can say in response to what you appear to have shared is . . . . BRILLIANT ! ! !

    I believe this because of your opinion expressed to Martin Aubrey (see your April 7, 2018 at 2:47 PM post) that you see the joining of the reactors in series as being useless. For me this suggests one manner of how you intend to scale up the Ecat: when a customer wants a power output beyond what a 1kW can reasonably achieve, then the customer may upgrade, replacing the 1kW with a 10kW, and when needed a 10kW with a 100kW.

    This implies that the box as you have described it, is being specifically designed for this sort of progression, minimizing the footprint of the total purchased Ecat reactor, and enabling a smooth progression using your already proven ability to vary the actual power output of a single reactor from sub-1kW all the way up to 100kW.

    AGAIN, BRILLIANT . . . A customer may choose to be an early adopter, purchase an Ecat reactor to provide say 5% of the heat for an existing operating unit, design the necessary plumbing for the given unit, test the Ecat performance for 6-12-18 months, and upgrade the boxes to the desired new power output level with relatively little redesign of the necessary plumbing because the footprint hasn’t materially changed.

    Of course, if I have misunderstood please correct my error.

    my best regards,

    Buck

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your attention toward our work. All these issues are in progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Buck

    Good Morning Andrea:

    You shared with Frank an expectation that the 5Sigma testing on the 1kW reactor module should be completed by year-end.

    Are you also testing the 10kW and 100kW reactor modules within the 5Sigma discipline and when do you think that testing might be completed?

    my best regards,

    Buck

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    yes I am and I hope to be ready with them within 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  207. Mitch

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think that the food industry is the one that mostly can take advantage of your technology, what do you think?
    Mitch

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Mitch:
    Yes, I think that the food industry will be among the most reactive , at least initially.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    I note those who talk of cascading. E-cat to E-cat,to E-cat.
    It occurs to me that once the power of an E-cat is used to power another E-cat, You have already reached the lowest common denominator. The cost of the fuel that provides the energy.

    To continue cascading would be like spending a dollar to save a penny. You’re a dollar ahead if you just keep that dollar in your pocket.

    Kind Regards,

    Dan C.

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Yes, the increase is logarythmic if the Ecats are at full power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you expect to have Sigma 5 testing complete on the 1 kW E-Cat QX by the time you hope to go into production?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Buck

    Andrea,

    My apologies for not being clear about the benchmark used to determine payback period.

    Yes, purchasing/investing in an Ecat means that $$$ will be saved: the $$$ purchase of the customer’s original energy source will be avoided as the Ecat QX is now this customer’s new energy source. My question is this: what original energy source did you assume so as to determine the $$$ difference between original and Ecat energy?

    If you are unable to share because this information is too specific, then I understand and appreciate your position.

    my best regards,

    Buck

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Sorry for not having understood well at first attempt.
    The Ecat does not produce electric energy, it produces heat. Our Customers pay a certain bill to generate the heat they need to make whatever they produce. That is the term of comparison with the cost of our thermal energy. Example: our Customer spends 100 $ per hour to make the heat he needs. We make his heat at ,say, 10 $ per hour. This is the paradigma. What is the source from which his provider gets the energy is not our business, as well as it is not the business of our Client: our business is how much the Client pays to buy the energy from our competitor compared with how much he has to spend to use the Ecat. If his energy provider that competes against us gets his source energy from oil, wind, sun , cows and donkeys breath, you name it-you get it, this is not our business.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The costs listed in your link are superficial. They do not take account of the difference between power and energy, which is between kW and kWh. The produced kWh are normally 1/4 of the theoretical kWh allowed by the kW of power, because the wind is not constant, as well as the sun. The real cost of the energy of windmills and PV cells is 4 times as bigger and couldn’t be sustained without the funds arriving from the taxpayer. The price paid for the energy made by the solar and wind generators is sustained by the green certificates that are paid by the taxpayer. So, this is a technology that depends on political will not on intrinsic competitivity.

  215. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted essentially the same operating characteristics between the 1kW single reactor unit and the one made up of 13 80W reactors. (A) Is there any benefit of one configuration over the other? (B) Cost? (C) Reliability? (D) Dynamic Output range? (E)If both perform identically well, would not the simpler unit be the natural choice?

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The 80 W has completed the Sigma 5. The 1 kW did not yet. Therefore I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    this is to recognize and share an appreciation for your good mood as well as to ask for clarification.

    I am astounded at the rapid evolution of the Ecat from the days of Warm Cat and Hot Cat to the current Ecat QX with its 1kW singlet reactor in addition to the Ecat SK currently being assessed at its 10kW and 100kW singlet reactor power rating. It is no wonder you are in good mood.

    My request for clarification centers on your assertion of a better than 2-year payback period. What are you using as the benchmark source of energy your future customers are investing away from?

    I ask as it is becoming apparent that the LCOE (Levelized Cost of Energy) is rapidly changing due to changes in the costs for different technologies. See as a reference the linked Forbes article on current economic analysis; page 2 of the piece shares relevant LCOE comparisons. Can the upcoming Ecat QX clearly out-compete these lowest LCOE technologies?
    Link>> https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikescott/2018/04/03/power-shift-anything-coal-and-gas-can-do-renewables-and-energy-storage-can-do-cheaper/#3d255f1e300b

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    To pay back in two years the plant means that the money saved to make that amount of energy in two years is more than the money spent for the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Dorie Carwile

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will it be possible to command the Ecat plants in remote?

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Dorie Carwile:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Jerome Ailor

    Dear Andrea:
    I know you play tennis with passion and you are a Physics student; I think tennis is a sport wherein a lot of Physics is involved: does this help you in one way or the other?
    Cheers
    Jerome

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Jerome Ailor:
    The results are not much encouraging in either way: I am experiencing a gravity field strong vibration, though ( or exchange of gravitons, if you prefer ), between the Earth and my feet, with gravitational waves rippling toward my legs. But this does not help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I have a few more questions about the Ecat-QX unit configuration, if you are able to answer.

    1. Can the output of one 1kW unit be connected to the input of a subsequent unit, forming a cascaded multi-stage heat amplifier?

    2. If so, is there a practical limit to the number of cascaded units?

    3. Have you tested this configuration yet?

    4. Do you think that the industrial plant will be made up of 1kW units connected serially and then some of these multi-unit cascades connected in parallel?

    Many Thanks again,

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1- yes
    2- it is an integral related to the flow
    3- no, because it is useless
    4- no, just parallels
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that the E-cat will pay itself back in two years. That sounds very good.
    I assume you did not include also replacement of one or two units and the work and sending cost for exchanging ‘recharged’ units? I am assuming this because to do that efficiently you would need a very efficient organization in each country, and that will take a while.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The payback of 2 years should be comprehensive of all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video that gets a person thinking.

    https://youtu.be/5b9PssoJfLg

    Regards
    Sam

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the inspiring link. I agree with its content and I think that to assume everything has been made so harmonic casually is against the entropy law. This means that the faith in God has more rigorous scientific affinity than the Faith in Atheism, that has no proofs at all and is not subject to falsification in any situation; the disrespect of the entropy law, I think, is the strongest scientific proof against the gurus of the religion of atheists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Claud

    Dear Andrea, you mention a payback period for the e-cat, shorter than two years.
    You mean before or after the taxes that users pay for the power delivery ?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    After taxes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Jim Rosenburg

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    A- is the 10 kW module being rested?
    B- is the 100 kW module being rested?
    C- is your partner assisting with these modules?
    Thank you,
    Jim

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    A- no
    B- no
    C- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    during the process of refueling will the customer remain out of service, or the issue has been assessed by a redundance of modules?

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The issue can be resolved with a redundance of modules or with a refueling scheduling that suits the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    You indicated that the water/fluid flow is through a pair of pipe connectors– is it your plan that these pipes handle:
    1) High Pressure Steam (greater than 75 psig)?
    2) Medium Pressure Steam (16-75 psig)?
    3) Low Pressure Steam (below 16 psig)?
    4) Hot Water?

    Also, would this design work with other fluids, such as:
    5) oil?
    6) pressurized air?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  236. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1,2,3,4: depending on the specific situation and design, every case is possible
    5,6: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Your rapid development of the Ecat-QX is quite amazing. The presentation of the new industrial plant will be a World changing historical event.

    I have a practical question about the form of the 1kW module, if you can answer at this stage in its development.

    You have said that the 1kW unit will be a 25x25x18cm plastic box which will contain multiple individual reactors, the heat exchanger and the single control unit.

    How will the water/fluid flow as it is being heated?
    1. It will flow over the external surface of the box.
    2. It will flow through gaps/slots in the box and then over the individual reactors inside the box.
    3. It will enter and exit the box through a pair of pipe connectors.
    4. Some other way.

    Many Thanks for your answer.

    Kind Regards
    Martyn Aubrey

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    3
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted about two different internal configurations of a 1kW output reactor: (a) one made up of 13 each 80W units and (b) one composed of a single 1kW unit.

    Do both units have the same:

    1. Maximum sustained operating temperature?
    2. The same efficiency or effective COP?
    3. The same dimensions?
    4. Are they made of the same materials?

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels,
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. EB

    Which will be the price of the Ecat X, ballpark moreless 20%?

  242. Andrea Rossi

    EB:
    We would allow a payback time shorter than 2 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think about the commercial and cold war on course? Do you think it will affect the diffusion of the Ecat?

  244. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    My humble opinion is that the best way to avoid wars, of any kind, is make good business together. I hope and think that good sense will allow to find solutions to make good business together between all the nations of the world. Whatever the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat Box you plan to industrialize, does it have 1 or 13 QXs inside?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    One.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to a interesting video.

    https://youtu.be/0TrLKZr1E2k

    Regards
    Sam

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for this interesting lecture!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry Sharrad:
    Anti-gravitons cannot exist. This comes from the fact that gravity is a 2-spin field. Oh, I beg your pardon..they can exist, in science fiction ( “Back to the future” ).
    This said, obviously we cannot observe gravitons at our temperatures, anti or straight as they might be supposed to be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Jerry Sharrard

    During the experiments you made with the Ecat in the last 10 years did you experience, suspect or consider antigravity effects?

  251. Reyes Garavelli

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- Where can I find a list of the most important replications made by third parties on your Ecat?
    2- Will you offer also the Ecat QX to third parties to test its performance?
    3- If yes, can you anticipate the identity of such third parties?
    Godspeed,
    Reyes

  252. Andrea Rossi

    Reyes Garavelli:
    1- http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    2- yes
    3- our Customers
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  253. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The impossibility to perform reverse engineering exists also for the Ecat QX prototypes, as the ones that you already made, or it is contingent with the massive production and distribution of the Ecat QX?
    Cheers,
    Rupert

  254. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    The annihilation of any possibility of reverse engineering is contingent with the industrialization and the start of the massive sales of the Ecat QX. As strange as it might seem, it will be easy to understand when we will introduce the industrialized product to the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  255. Eric Ashworth

    Harvey, Good post, some people think physics is a known subject, nothing else to know. Obviously it is not as physics is a recognized subject of study in academia but seems to have certain restrictions within, regards certain phenomena. LENRs seems to fall into this category although it is no alone. I believe, the reason why this knowledge is most important is because knowledge reveals mysteries i.e. the understanding will reveal a systemic system of integration with regards to mass defect between two close yet dissimilar systems of an integrated whole. If you access wikipedia ‘Emergence’ You will learn that through out the ages it has been known that the whole is more than its parts. The formula being W=P+1. With regards physics it is the certain parts of the whole that control the mystery. Consequently, only the intelligent parts knows what is going on and for what reason with regards an evolutionary mass defect that maintains the mystery. Regards Eric Ashworth

  256. Harvey

    I’m hoping you, other hard working scientists like you and your avid followers will enjoy this refreshing article by Adam Bower, appearing in today’s edition of Aeon Magazine. The final paragraph says it all with the quotation from Wolfgang Pauli: ‘Only those who wager can win.’ Godspeed to you and your team.
    https://aeon.co/essays/a-fetish-for-falsification-and-observation-holds-back-science

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Thank you, very nice insight in this link. I would suggest to compare the work of Fermat and Popper ( strangely not cited) on the same issue of the falsificability as a fundamental component of any theory in any scientific field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which is correct?

    a) You have a 1 kW module that is made up of 13 80W QX reactors
    b) You have a 1 kW module that is made up of a single E-Cat QX reactor
    c) You have both a) and b)

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I have both, a) and b).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Does the approval file of the domestic E-Cat progress?

    The domestic E-Cat will upset the order of the world in which we live and my feeling is that the powerful of this order are exerting pressure for this approval and the domestic E-Cat never to see the day. How to imagine our houses without a meter? This very attractive vision for the individual is inconceivable for electricians, tankers, gas and even states that collect taxes.
    Best regard
    Your support Raffaele

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Leave to each day its own battles, in the due site, in due time, depending on specific situations, focusing on it all the available force.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Elias Rapaport

    I watched the complete video of the Ecat QX demo of Stockholm of November 24. Why did you put the Ecat out of the white plastic box instead of inside it, as you now say the Ecat has to be?

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Elias Rapaport:
    Because that was a demonstration, therefore I had to make the Ecat observed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Karisa Sedrakyan

    Which material will be made with the box that will contain the Ecat QX?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    K.

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Karisa Sedrakyan:
    Plastic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the 1 kW modules:

    1. Is the control system inside the box?
    2. Is the heat exchanger inside the box?
    3. Is the box sealed? If so, will opening it prevent it from working?
    4. When you replace the box at the end of the E-Cats’ useful life, will you recycle the old box, or dispose of it?

    Thank you and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- recycle
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea, could you please say how many conductive wires lead out from your 1kW module to the active controller? Thanks again for your continued communication with many of us out here on the sidelines….

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have just been investigating ‘ultraviolet catastrophe’ on the Wikipedia site which I found most interesting and which mentioned an unpublished law of Stokes and the ‘photoelectric effect’. This I believe could be of interest to both yourself and Carl if you are unaware of this effect with regards to light. However my own thoughts regarding light is that it is a transfer of a vibration and that dependent upon the vibration it is able to entangle, isolate or dislodge with regards an electron/electrons, dependent upon the configuration of the electron/electrons involved and as mentioned earlier I believe magnetic fields resonate due to being on an event horizon. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am following your work years since and I can’t wait your revolutionary product.
    Question: how long can the Ecat QX remain shut down without losing power and efficiency?

  273. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    The Ecat QX can remain shut down for as long as you want without losing any power or efficiency.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Don Gillmer

    Dr Rossi:
    Today for several hours it has been impossible to navigate through http://www.ecat.com

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Don Gillmer:
    We had an attack from some hacker and the security system has disconnected all, but our IT guy has ripristinated the service.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi:
    there seems to be confusion over the terme reactor and reactor module. Are the 10 kW and 100 kW configurations comprised of 80 W modules?
    Thank you,
    Jimr

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    When I write “module” means that it is a fundamental component, not made with smaller modules. A “reactor” can either be a module itself, or an assembly of modules. This for the semanthics.
    In substance, we can make a 10 or 100 or 1000 kW plant made by modules of 1 kW, or modules of 80 W, or we can try, as we are, to realize fundamental reactors – which means modules- of higher power, like 10 or 100 kW. Whereas the assembly of smaller modules option has already been achieved, this is not yet true for bigger modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When the 1 kW E-Cat modules need recharging, will you replace the QX reactors inside the box, or will you simply replace the box?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will change the box.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. Sean

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you making new patents after the Ecat QX?

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Sean:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Jacinto Elerick

    Can you give the dimensions assumed for the module of 1 kW?

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Jacinto Elerick:
    cm 25 x 25 x 18 all included.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I totally agree with what you wrote about the hot fusion proposal made by Lockeed Martin.
    Prof

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Anyway, we’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Hal

    Is a better theoretical understanding at the base of the impressive progress of the Ecat QX?

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Hal:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I suspect the increase in output power is likely due to the following two areas:

    a. Better control understanding and implementation. Correct?

    b. Better thermal transfer (so the delta temperature is about the same). Correct?

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. also
    b. at the very edge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  290. DT

    Dear Andrea,
    here is the last paper of Dr Alexander Parkhomov:
    http://www.unconv-science.org/pdf/e2/parkhomov2-en.pdf
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  291. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Thank you for the information and the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Robert

    The Ecat could be employed in exotic situations where normal generators of heat are of difficult deployment, like for example to make air conditioned in a desert village.
    Why don’t you start from these particular situations where the Ecat has more competitivity?

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    First: the Ecat can compete in almost every field of application.
    Second: to start from exotic applications would be an error, because this strategy could put the Ecat in a ghetto. I am not saying that exotic applications are wrong, I am just saying that the Ecat must be launched in the core of the mass market, then can be diffused also at the edges of the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I understand that your technology is evolving exponentially. It is difficult for you to imagine today what will be the definitive characteristics of the E-Cat 1 MW. There is still a trend that is emerging. It was probably less bulky and lighter.
    Do you have an idea of ​​the shielding weight / total weight ratio and the power per unit mass and volume of the E-Cat boiler?
    Tough wishes for success and all the best for your team

    Your support Raffaele

  295. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    In our case the shielding is light, because we do not use radioactive materials and our radiations are not ionizing, due to the low energy inside our Ecat.
    In all the experiments we made ( tens of thousand hours now, with me as the Guinea pig ), we never found ionizing radiations exit the Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  296. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your post to Domenico Canino, you dismissed hot fusion for aircraft, presumably because of the weight of shielding. Your exclusion assumes manned aircraft. UAV (unmanned aircraft vehicles) might be able to use that technology although I think eCat technology would be a better choice. Please keep up the R&D.

  297. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    To shield an operating reactor like the one proposed by LM you need tons of lead with at least three zeros… the ionizing radiations exiting from there would be in the range of MeVs, not to mention what could happen in case of an accidental fall of the aircraft. Think to the fun about permissions and certifications from all the Countries such aircraft is supposed to fly the skies of, manned or unmanned as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  298. domenico canino

    dear Andrea,
    you usually do not comment about your competitors. But i would like to know your thoughts about last Loocked work about fusion. Hot fusion or LENR?
    https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-03-30/lockheed-martin-patents-nuclear-fusion-powered-fighter-jet

  299. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    This patent is related to a hot fusion classic application, nothing new there, apart the small dimensions. The patent covers some particulars, not the core of the process, that is well known.
    It is a hot nuclear fusion reactor that would work at millions Celsius degrees, using highly radioactive fuel that does not exist in nature and is produced by nuclear reactors after decay of Uranium 235 and Plutonium.
    The very weak point consists in the impossibility to harness the plasma produced by nuclear fusion by means of a magnetic shielding: this confinement has been impossible so far in big reactors- that every 10 years get 10 years delays 70 years since – therefore it will be by orders of magnitude more difficult to be obtained in small reactors like this. It was foreseen ten years ago to become a working prototype by the year 2019, now delayed ten years, so it appears to me that its destiny will be an endless series of delays, getting along with the tradition of hot fusion.
    To light up this device is extremely dangerous and the emission of strong ionizing radiation will require many tonns of lead all around, for example a PET positron accelerator used in hospitals, that is by orders of magnitude less powerful, needs about 20 tonns of lead as a shielding, so the perspective to use this hot fusion reactor in an aeroplane or in a vehicle is ludicrous. Good for funding, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  300. Kerry Beck

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you use magnetic circuits to confine the plasma in the Ecat QX?

  301. Andrea Rossi

    Kerry Beck:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  302. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    It is great to see your progress toward the industrialization stage of eCat. As you getting closer, have you settled yet the dimensions of various units? What will 1 KW, 10 KW, 20 KW, 1 MW units be in terms of (L x W x H)?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Not yet, but it is realistic to assume that the model shown in Stockholm on November 24th will be the 1 kW module dimensional point of reference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I hope you as your team had a very good Easter. It seems to me you gave been working very hard with huge progress from a he start of this year.

    I while a go you I think you replied to me that it might be possible to run the Ecat QX at say 20% of power for may be 5 times as long. Is this correct?

    If so is this possible also for the higher powered Ecat SK’s?

    If so this could be interesting I think for suppplying a stingle maybe complete fully self contained package for say for 5 years operation.

    I wonder if that could help witg the domestic boiler certifications at least with the initial units.

    Most boilers need to be replaced after say 10 years due to parts wearing out, obsolescence of equipment and expertise, or new technology developments.

    May be a complete tamper proof unit tgat lasts 10 years with out replacements would fit very well with that time frame.

    Perhaps such a unit could safely be made in a self contained tamperproof way that meets the immediate concerns of the certification bodies.

    On a separate point regarding your testing with Carl Oscar Gulstrom. May I ask:

    1. How this testing is progressing?
    2. Has this testing results or test method itself led to insights that helped you develop the E-catQX?
    3 did this testing also give give insights that led Ecat SK?

    Looking forward to what comes up this year both the science and the devices production

    All the best for the way forward

    Stephen

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A- yes
    B- premature
    1- it is a work in progress
    2- not yet, it is purely a theoretical R&D so far
    3- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Michel

    Do you think the treasure of the Ecat is in the investors?

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    No, the treasure of the Ecat are the People that need the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Dr. Mike

    Dr. Rossi,
    I believe achieving 1KW of power with 13 E-Cat QX’s in a box the size of the one used in the Stockholm demonstration is extremely encouraging. Congratulations on your and your team’s progress!
    Dr. Mike

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    We are working very hard to arrive to sell an industrialized product this year. I am not sure we will succeed, but the effort is brutal under every point of view and very risky too.
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Dr. Mike

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It was certainly good to hear that the output power of an individual E-Cat QX device has been increased from 20W to 80W. What calorimetry method did you use to measure this higher output power? Did you measure the output power using a water flow rate and delta temperature as was done in the Stockholm demonstration? How many E-Cat QX devices were used in the output power measurement?
    Dr. Mike

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    1- yes
    2- 13, to make 1 kW in a box as big as the one you can see in the Stockholm demo video.
    Warm Regards

  312. Dr. Rossi, about Rocky P.S.
    That goes for this Italian too.
    My Grandparents were born in Italy, they came to this Country in 1903, and ended up in Archbald PA about 140
    miles from New York City
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida USA

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you and Happy Easter to you to and again to all our dear Readers ,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Gustavo

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Enjoy this day of Easter to take some rest in your quest to give us a product by the end of the year. Also in Italy we are proud of you.
    Happy Easter to you and all the readers,
    Gustavo

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Gustavo:
    Thank you and Happy Easter to you and all our Italian friends,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea Ross,

    Your reply to Frank Acland made my day:

    Frank Acland:
    Enormous. Exponential for what concerns the development of a module industrializable and the industrialization itself. Now our module is very close to be ready to be reproduced massively.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

    Happy Easter to you, your family and to all the members of your team. I am so eager for Christmas 2018, when hopefully we will be seeing your E-Cat in full production and on sale. Till then, may you stay healthy for your own sake and the world’s.

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your kindness and Happy Easter to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Rocky

    Dear Andrea:
    I watched the video of the full demo you made at the IVA of Stockholm on Nov 24th: impressive attendance, impressive demo, very convincing. Now we wait for the product.
    Enjoy your single-day of Easter Holidays tomorrow!
    Cheers
    Rocky
    P.S.
    We Americans of Italian origins are proud of you

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Rocky:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for your inspiring P.S.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. Dudley

    I am seeing in all the world a strong research in the LENR field: this all could never happen without your enormous work.
    Happy Easter,
    Dudley

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Dudley:
    It is true.
    Happy easter to you,
    A.R.

  322. S.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    If you really will be able to present a product ready for industrialization, that will put a tombstone on all your detractors.
    Happy Easter,
    S.

  323. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    I agree.
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  324. Rolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The theoretical intuition I saw on the 6 min summary of the Stockholm demo is very interesting. Does it sustain the maths?
    Cheers,
    Rolf

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Rolf:
    That’s what we are working upon,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat has gone through several astounding innovative turns since the November Stockholm presentation.
    • Control system improvements with less heat lose.
    • Industrialized E-Cat QX has increased from 40W to 1kW output
    • Anti-reverse engineering
    • Creation of the E-Cat SK of 10kW-100kW outputs passing improvements to the QX
    • Other unpublicized achievements
    • “Now our module is very close to be ready to be reproduced massively”.
    All contributing to the E-Cat’s long-awaited commercial realization.
    Increasing individual QX reactors power will certainly increase production proficiency, thus increasing the number of modules with less time and cost past onto the customers. Congratulations!

    If you can answer, because of E-Cat’s increased output, have the modules made up of grouped individual reactors increased its Power to Total Volume ratio?
    Wish you and your team a very Happy Easter!
    Brokeeper

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Yes.
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  328. Sean Vogel

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Happy Easter to you, your Team and the readers of this blog so rich of positive vibes. Will you work also during the Easter holidays?
    God bless you all,
    Sean

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Sean Vogel:
    Yes, but not during the day of Easter, that I wish great also to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Stanley

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has your demo of November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm been endorsed from somebody or from some institution?

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Stanley:
    No.There were not endorsements. We made a demo and the invitations to the attendees were selected by me. I invited tens of Professors and industrial operators among the most important of the world: from the USA, Brasil, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Spain, Russia, China, Australia, Ethiopia. I conducted the demonstration, while the measurements have been made by a very senior engineer of the second oil refinery of the USA, totally independent from us,specialized in thermal plants. The demo has been what it has been and everybody can watch it going to http://www.ecat.com, where are the links to the full demonstration of 3 hours, where the demonstration is shown in all its clearness, to the summary of 6 minutes and to the theoretical lecture of Carl Oscar Gullstrom about the theory we are elaborating about the effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting to learn of your ‘enormous’ improvements. Some questions if I may:

    1. Has your testing of the large E-Cat SK reactors helped you improve the E-Cat QX?
    2. I would assume it is critical for you to get everything fully prepared and planned before you start trying robotic production. Is this what you are doing at the moment?
    3. When you are ready to start production, will you start small, in order to ensure the system is working well?
    4. What is the likelihood now of production starting in 2018?
    5. What is the likelihood now of the product presentation in 2018?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  333. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- stable
    5- stable
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How much of the production of an Ecat will be made manually and how much by robots, in percentage?
    Happy Easter to you, your team and the readers of this blog,
    DT

  335. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    manually 20%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your last answer to Frank Ackland sounds very optimistic, some questions if I may:
    1. Have you already produced a QX automatically?
    2. Have you tested this device and did it work?
    3. Do you intent to produce also the control system yourself?
    Thank you and kind regards, Gerard

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Have a good Easter.

    https://youtu.be/Q7EPZV56PuA

    Regards
    Sam

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the delighful link.
    Happy Easter to you!
    A.R.

  340. Ron

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Happy Easter to your team and thank you for the magnificent work you all are making for us, with impressive determination,
    Ron

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you, likewise to you!
    A.R.

  342. Anonymous

    Will you have also a module reactor of the Ecat QX with a power of 1 kW?

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    In the USA
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand about not giving specific details, but can we assume you have made improvements in the E-Cat QX recently?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  345. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Enormous. Exponential for what concerns the development of a module industrializable and the industrialization itself. Now our module is very close to be ready to be reproduced massively.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  346. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your answer to anonymous mean that the 1 kW will be the standard rating of the QX reactor now? Or will there be different QX sizes? If so, which will be the first one you will produce?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  347. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will give detailed information on this issue at the presentation of the product.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  348. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There are four conditions that affect your transition into Production:

    a. Known – Knowns: Issues that you know about and must plan to handle.
    b. Known – Unknowns: Issues to which you have identified but do not have the answer to – research and experimentation will solve them.
    c. Unknown – Knowns: Things that you should have known about. Careful Management and review will eventually identify these and then you can solve.
    d. Unknown – Unknowns: There was no way you could have known about them and their solution is unknown.

    Of the four, the Unk – Unks are the worst and add the most amount of risk. Allocate some time and resources to address these when they arise, as they surely will.

    Good luck with Production.

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a- yes
    b- no
    c- yes
    d- no
    E- unforeseeable things: yes, as always
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your Easter-Wish.
    Easter the moment of renual and hope, a hope for humanity that you and your team may be able to enforce. I hope you will bring limitless clean energy to our World this year.
    I wish you all the wisdom and energy to do that, but take a day off to enjoy Easter with your family.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  351. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind wishes that I am delighted to renew to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  352. Anonymous

    Can you give us an idea, after the first quarter of 2018, what is the percentage of accomplishments of:
    1- perfection of the module to industrialize
    2- industrialization system

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Andrea Rossi

    TO ALL THE CHRISTIAN READERS OF THE JoNP:
    OUR TEAM WISHES A HAPPY EASTER TO YOU ALL AND YOUR FAMILIES!
    ANDREA ROSSI

  355. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Being 40 per cent of the way to industrialization at this point in the year is quite encouraging in terms of meeting your goal for a presentation in 2018, however only if you continue at the current rate.

    At this point, is your work becoming easier, or getting harder?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  356. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    In these very days we have resolved many problems that, theoretically, should make easier to succeed, but, you know, we are cutting our path through an unexplored territory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  357. Sam

    Dear Andrea,
    Concerning the so called “Dark Matter” issue: today the journal Nature has published a paper with a photo of the galaxy NGC 1052- DF 2 speeding around something that cannot be seen and that corresponds to what the Dark matter is supposed to be: no other entity can explain the gravitational attraction that causes this orbit.

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting. The paper is by the astronomer Prof. Pieter van Dokkum of the Yale University.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  359. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Lot of R&D is done around the world with plasma after your demo at the IVA in Stockholm and some already replicated your effect, even if with small cop.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  360. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, I know, but I prefer not to comment, albeit experimantal replications are always a positive thing.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Positronium is a virtual couple of electron-positron waves,obviously with a T of 511 keV each, that immediately annihilate normally emitting two gamma rays of 511 keV in opposed directons whose axes form an angle of 180°. When an electron and a positron annihilate, what results is not the emission of a wave with the T of their “bond” ( that in reality does not exist, it is just a resonance ), but waves generated by the annihilation, that normally are two gamma rays of 511 keV or, rarely, three, depending on the spin of the bosons that are generated, but the law of conservation of energy imposes that the radiations emitted from the annihilations will have values that at our T are not conceivable ( their sum must be 1022 keV ).
    When we made a measurement of gamma emissions, we never detected such radiation values.
    What I said in my former answer to you was just the same as here, just condensed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Skilled

    I am talking about Positronium and it’s binding energy (not of Electron–Positron annihilation energy), an energy in the range of few eV like T you measured.

    Regards

  363. Skilled

    Did you detect ortho-Ps or para-Ps or di-Ps in the reactor?
    (Ps means Positronium)

    Regards

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Skilled:
    The T of an electron is 511 keV. Please do the math,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  365. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    New Mathematical Models:

    These looked interesting, hope your team understands more than I do.

    http://newinflow.ru/eng.htm
    http://newinflow.ru/theory_eng.htm

    Regarding the details about the design, just getting to market would be my idea of the best solution, and a principle I find helpful for prototyping is known as “KISS”.
    https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/kiss-keep-it-simple-stupid-a-design-principle

    1 ev? 11604[K]? Nice!

    What do you suppose the probability of manufacturing by the end of 2018 is now? About a month ago, you were thinking about 80-90%.

    11604 regards,

    Tom

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Very interesting, thank you!
    My odds remain unchanged, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you think about all the other R&D that is made in the world about plasma and condensed matter?

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- 40%
    2- 40%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Herbert

    Dear Andrea,
    In the evaluation of the hot fusion you must consider also the value of the science from its R&D: “fatti non foste a viver come bruti, ma per seguir virtute e conoscenza”. Same consideration that has been valid for the search of the Higgs boson.
    Cheers
    Herbert

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Herbert:
    Good point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You still believe your idea of waves raised at the temperature of 1.5 eV make up an annihilation between virtual particles with the same temperature?
    Prof

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What are the main things you have left to accomplish before you can begin the production and sales of E-Cat plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I prefer not to enter in these particulars, but what is troubling us more is the definition of all the particulars of the modules before a bulk production: if you make an error in this issue you get the errors in all the modules, with the consequences you can imagine.
    But many other issues remain and I want not to disclose them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. Mel

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Don’t you think that the research on the hot fusion can be useful, if not to obtain a hot fusion, to induce a cascade of information to improve other technologies for immediate utilization? For example, the supermagnets R&D could spin off new practical applications in the electromagnetic technologies. Isn’t it true? Consequently, the money invested could induce jobs in other fields.

  376. Andrea Rossi

    Mel:
    Yes, it is possible. At a very high price, but maybe the spinoff demands such prices. You made a point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  377. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Still on schedule for the presentation of a product in operation by the end of the year?

  378. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I study all that I am informed of in the field, but I prefer not to comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  379. Herbert

    Suggestion: if I was you, I would make modules of 1 kW: enough powerful to reach easily any power, enough small not to create problems.
    I am among the ones that bet on your success to start selling industrialized Ecats within 2019.
    Good Luck.
    Herbert

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Herbert:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. orsobubu

    Hi Andrea, I know you already made clear you are not convinced at all about exploring blockchain technology introduction in wealth production and distribution system. I have many doubts too about cryptocurrencies, which is an early application, but blockchain could be a game changer, above all in anticipation of a future switching to a superior form of economic and social relationships. Anyway, maybe this link could be interesting for your next role of industrialist in the energy sector:

    https://www.cbinsights.com/research/blockchain-energy-applications/

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for your interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Jean Jobert

    You said that the hot fusion is impossible to realize for the impossibility to stabilize the magnetic fields that confine the plasma at million C degrees. Don’t you think the super magnets will be able to contain the trajectories of the particles in fusion?

  384. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Jobert:
    I did not say that hot fusion is impossible, I just said that if they will be able to stabilize magnetic fields in that situation, they are damn good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A ramjet design requires output temperatures of about 2,160C. Can eCat technology support that temperature?

  386. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  387. Betsy

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you know that there are a circuit of betting that offers to bet on the odds of the probability that you succeed in putting for sale the Ecats by the year 2019?
    How much would you bet that you will succeed?

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Betsy:
    He, he, he…
    I already bet my life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Disclaimer: I hope I will succeed, but I am not sure of it.

  389. Prof

    Does the Ecat QX reach temperatures that could be sufficient to give a thrust to a jet engine?

  390. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  391. Mary

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Curiosity:
    Is your Team working today, Palms Sunday?

  392. Andrea Rossi

    Mary:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  393. Dawn

    Dear Andrea:
    I watched the whole 3 hours video of your convincing demonstration with the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm on November 24th.
    I notice your body language: you appear shy, humble, most of time keeping low your head, while saying things of momentous importance and giving a strong demo in front of one of the highest scientific echelons of the world: this all has been born after more than twenty years of hard work of studies and experiments that made you the undisputed number 1 of the world in this sector.
    What a contrast between what you are and what you are doing and the shy attitude you show.
    Good luck to you and your team for your important job.
    Dawn

  394. Andrea Rossi

    Dawn:
    I am always aware of all the difficulties of this work and of how thin is the space between success and failure in this field at this stage. Our job is very, very, very difficult. Sometime I have the sensation that the more I study, the less I know. At the IVA of Stockholm I was terrorized by the possibility that something could go wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    And now from the Dark Side. An interesting application for eCat technology. A fleet of eCat power ramjet nuclear-tipped cruise missiles. Each autonomous but under the control of the sponsoring nation. It gets launched by an aircraft or by a rocket assisted booster and then cruises at relatively low speed for up to a year before either automatically landing for eCat refueling or it is used to deliver a low-yield nuclear detonation to a commanded GPS-based location. During its deployment, it “hides” at low altitude, in a remote, relatively unpopulated portion of the world, such as: the artic; deserts; Wyoming, etc… During the attack mode, it flies hypersonic at low altitude, rendering the enemy’s defenses ineffective. It becomes the fourth element of what we currently call our nuclear triad. It uses the long, continuous characteristic of nuclear power but without the troublesome spewing of radiation in the exhaust of a more conventional nuclear powered aircraft.

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    …and after the script “The End” appears this ad: ” Please drink responsibly”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here is another interesting interview
    about LENR by Ruby Carat.

    http://coldfusionnow.org/mahadeva-srinivasan-on-the-cold-fusion-now-podcast/

    Regards
    Sam

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the link and a hug to Ruby Carat,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. What is the current upper limit on operating temperature for eCat technology? I use to think it was the melting point of nickel but I understand you have surpassed that.

    2. Have you tried other metals beside nickel? Tungsten?

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- Enough to reach in the primary any need related to existing heat eaters.
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. John atkinson

    When you are up and running with your first client ,how many up start clients do you see by the end of the year 2019. Thank you for you determination and spirit.

  402. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    I prefer not to give numbers before realizing them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I thank you for the little course on “electron capture” by the atomic nucleus. While searching on the web I found that this phenomenon could occur with Li 7 which gives Be 7. I even saw the opposite phenomenon on heavy atoms having a significant surplus of neutrons resulting in a emission of a Beta radiation.

    On Ecat.com I saw the characteristics of the 1 MW power plant. With an average input power of 167 KW we would have a cop of about 6. Have you since this publication made any modifications that could significantly improve the cop?

    Sincerely and all my support

    Raffaele

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    About electron capture I have already answered.
    About the second question the answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I maintain my offer for testing in real live conditions, reporting and openly publishing performance data for a domestic sized E-cat. I am sure this will also be very helpful to for promoting the industrial E-cats and the future domestic units.

    For the usage of an E-cat, do you require anything special for the room in which it is located in excess of what a normal boiler room would require?
    If ‘yes’, can you mention those?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I take advice of your offer and confirm what I said in my former answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. JW

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The Ecat you are going to present industrialized will be only industrial, or also domestic?

  408. Andrea Rossi

    JW:
    The Ecats we will introduce will be only industrial applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. Ernst

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read on http://www.ecat.com the long series of replications of your effect, after your patent, made in all the world by high scientific institutions and also by some competitor of yours, like, for example, Brillouin (its HHT seems to me a 3D copy of your 2013 Hot Cat). It is very interesting to study the evolution of the Ecat from the beginnings to the very convincing IVA demonstration of November 24.
    Now we wait for the industrialization and the presentation of an industrial plant: if you will succeed to do this within 2018, it will be a veritable miracle.
    Godspeed,
    Ernst

  410. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Thank you for your consideration about our evolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Rafal Krych

    Hi Andrea,

    I see that Mats Lewan decided to postpone his New Word Energy Symposium:
    https://new-symposium.org/2018/03/16/the-new-energy-world-symposium-will-be-postponed/

    Reason stated here is:
    The main reason is that several people, including some of those who are working with the development of LENR based technologies which is the main focus of the symposium, have asked me to wait until there’s a product in the market. This would make the event more relevant given that it turns to a wide audience wanting to get a better understanding of the consequences of such a disruptive energy technology—clean, compact, carbon-free, cheap and abundant.

    Since there are good reasons to believe that a commercial LENR based energy product could be launched within a year or so, I find it reasonable to listen to this argument, and I will be looking forward to continuing the planning for the event while a product launch is getting closer.

    My question is if “commercial LENR based energy product could be launched within a year or so” is related to your E-CAT?

    I’m asking because I’ve added myself to non-binding list of potential E-CAT buyers and just checking chances of having market delivery.

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Rafal Krych:
    I cannot answer for Mats Lewan, but I think he is referring to what I told him and I am also writing on this blog. My Team is working on this issue and we hope to succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  414. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Just evolution and a lot of work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. domenico canino

    dear andrea,
    How can you handle all that heat (1ev=11.000)? New materials or a totally new method to confine it?

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    This issue is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  417. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If work on the E-Cat SK continues to go well, is it possible that you will use the E-Cat SK instead of the E-Cat QX in your first industrial plants and in the 2018 product presentation?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  418. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    As I said, in Physics nothing has zero probability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Now that reverse engineering is impossible, if a research Institut offered you to conduct an independant test, would you accept the challenge?
    If not, how do you expect to obtain full recognition of your work by the scientific community? (I must tell you that the physicists with whom I work every day have never heard of you or your work except through me.)

    Another question if i can, have you planned to conduct any long-term test (~ 1 year) on a partner’s site (as you did with the old version of the 1MW reactor)?

    Regards,

    Michel

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    The defense from the reverse engineering is bound to the industrialization of the product.
    We now are focused on the industrialization and the introduction of our product in the market. What you are asking for is our past, not our future and we have not time for further demos.
    We have not planned any “1 year test” with any Client, also this phase belongs to our past. Obviously we will give to our Clients the due guarantee.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    From the orginal 100W E-CAT QX, the power of your 10kW and 100kW prototype is a huge achievement, is it due to a technological breakthrough ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint François

  422. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    It’s exciting to hear about all of the industrialization and Research efforts you have underway currently. That’s clearly the sign of a strong and diverse team of contributors. You and your extended team deserve to be commended.

    I’m not sure if you can speak to any of this or not, but in terms of your current plans and thinking, in the industrial product:

    1) If a reactor fails and needs to be replaced, what is the size of the “replaceable unit”?
    2) If a unit needs to be replaced, does the entire plant need to go off-line, or just a section?
    3) If it’s a section, what is the size of the section?
    4) If you can say– what is the current minimum COP that you’re offering customers? (I assume it would be a conservative lower bound.)

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  423. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    Answers:
    1- it depends on the kind of the reactor.
    2- just a section
    3- depends on the kind of reactor and of the kind of the problem
    4- I prefer to delay this information to the day we will introduce the Ecat. The COP will be enough, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  424. Peter

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give an update about the development of the 10/100 kW reactors?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Peter

  425. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    We are advancing with our tests and the results we got so far are encouraging.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  426. DT

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you see any competitor that can be considered a match for the Ecat so far?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  427. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    None that I am aware of. But I know only all that is published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  428. Whistle Guy

    How would you consider the status of the industrialization progress now that we are close to the end of the first quarter of the year?

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Whistle Guy:
    I am very satisfied. We made enormous progresses. With the help of God, we are marching on, working very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  430. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    As a client and an electrical engineer I would be willing to test a 20 kW unit for heating my home and give it all the professional care it would need (after being educated by the Leonardo Corp.). I would also be willing to report to you and openly to ECW and others about its performance and host visitors once and a while. Would this be an idea?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    When we will sell domestic Ecats it will be possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have a client who is willing to host a public presentation of an industrial E-Cat plant?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope one of our Clients will accept this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Elvin

    Dr Rossi,
    When you will introduce the Ecat as an industrialized product, will this be in operation in the industry of a client, or in a conference site?
    Cheers,
    Elvin

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Elvin:
    I think and hope in the industry of a Client,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. F.S.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are the components of the powders described in your patent still used in the EcatQX?

  437. Andrea Rossi

    F.S.:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. John

    Dear Andrea
    Thank you for the very well done summary of the demo of the Ecat at the IVA of Stockholm on Nov 24th.
    Godspeed,
    John

  439. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  440. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How you can start the industrialization within this year is a mistery to me: if you will succeed, you are damn good.
    We’ll see

  441. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    Since we are trying acronyms, how about:

    Advanced
    Nuclear
    Development &
    Research
    Engineering
    Activity (ANDREA) LOL.

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he…Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is morale among those who are working with you on the industrialization. Frustrated? Energized?Optimistic? Exhausted, or …. ?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  445. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Energized with a high COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. Ramona Jordan

    Dear Andrea,
    again thank you for the very convincing demo at the IVA of Stockholm; very beautiful the summary linked on http://www..ecat.com.
    Today I also read on Ecatworld this:
    http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/20/hot-hot-cat-sk-reaches-11000c-1-eV
    It seems to me that from November 24th to now you made another progress as impressive as the progress you made before. You don’t even rest, do you?

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Ramona Jordan:
    Time is flowing too fast.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree with “Electro Nuclear Reaction Generation”, abbreviated to “ENRG”. Creative, descriptive, and easy to remember acronym for at least one of the Quark Series. Thought I would step into the name play fray for a moment.

    E-Cat the new fire. E-Cat ENRG. It takes my breath away. 😊

    Tom

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Enea Romagnoli

    Caro Andrea, ti sto seguendo a partire dalla depolimerizzazione dei pneumatici a Lacchiarella.
    Nella mia pagina Facebook io descrivo ai miei amici l’ Effetto Rossi come una reazione elettronucleare, perchè a mio avviso coinvolge sia forza elettromagnetica che forza nucleare.
    Da qui vorrei suggerire anche io un nome per il Quark-X.

    E-Cat ENRG

    Electro Nuclear Reaction Generation, cioè ENRG, che si può pronunciare Energy

    Buon proseguimento

    Dear Andrea, I am following you from the depolymerization of tires in Lacchiarella.
    In my Facebook page I describe to my friends the Rossi Effect as an electronuclear reaction, because in my opinion it involves both electromagnetic force and nuclear force.
    From here I would like to suggest a name for Quark-X too.

    E-Cat ENRG

    Electro Nuclear Reaction Generation, ie ENRG, which can be pronounced Energy.

    Good continuation

  451. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your attention to my work and for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Dear Andrea,
    Although using eV as a unit of temperature is correct and is frequently done, there is a potential source of confusion. For example, the Sun emits mostly about 0.5 micron photons whose energy is about 2.5 eV. Yet, the Sun’s surface temperature of 6000K is only about 0.5 eV i.e. five times less than the photons. How can this be? The reason is the nonlinear nature of the Planck radiation law spectrum. It is mathematically explained e.g. in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wien%27s_displacement_law ; there the quantity x whose numerical value is about 5 explains the difference. The quantity x is the root of a nonlinear equation involving the exponential function and a rational function.
    regards, /pekka

  453. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I am using eV in this period because that’s the unit we use in the context of the theory we are working on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. orsobubu

    > what do you think about the ITER project for the hot fusion, in which ENI has put 50 millions of the Italian taxpayers? Ciao, Fabio

    I don’t know the contribute by ENI company, but if the estimate for ITER construction totals to 15 billions euros until 2020, and the european quota is 45%, and the italian quota is 13%, you can calculate that already 858 millions have been already spent by italian taxpayer (data from july 2017). You also have to consider the alternative project called DTT (divertor tokamak test facility) that already plans an amount of 135 millions for Italy. You also have to consider the alternative project Satellite super advanced tokamak JT-60SA, with an italan esbourse already of 90 millions.

  455. Jazz Maker

    Dear Andrea:
    Which recent book would you suggest to a dummy with a high school diploma that wants to understand the fundamentals of Physics? Is it useful “Physics for dummies”?

  456. Andrea Rossi

    Jazz Maker:
    I suggest ” Physics and Our Universe: How It All Works ” of Prof Richard Wolfson ( Ed The Great Courses, USA, in books and DVDs ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  457. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Could you please elaborate on the temperature measurement in eV ?
    I’d like to understand how “hot” is 1eV, and I’m only used to °C or K.

    Is 1eV really equals to 11604.5250061657 kelvin [K] like I could read here :
    https://www.translatorscafe.com/unit-converter/en/energy/11-65/electron-volt-kelvin/ ?

    If it is really is so hot (that’s hotter than the average (5778 K) temperature of the Sun when excluding solar flares), I think those who are still calling it “cold” fusion really have to find another name for it :)

    eV Regards,

    Xavier

  458. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Yes, 1 eV=~ 11 600 K ( 11 873 C )
    The T of our sun is between 15 and 1 millions K, with cold areas at ~5-6 000 K
    I agree on the fact that ” cold fusion ” is not a proper definition, LENR is better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  459. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, with regards your comment to Yrka March 19th inst. I know for a fact (and I know this is a bold statement) that with regards your battle to get the E-cat and its technology recognized, has for you gone, far beyond making lots of money or even becoming famous. It’s more to do with knowledge regarding the real world and how it works for the minority and not the majority. Not many people are aware that unless, like yourself, they have something that some people do not want because for such people there is, for them, a very good reason to suppress knowledge/specific technologies. The exciting part is why they do not want it. Unfortunately money can corrupt some people, especially those without vision. My guess is that your technology when fully understood is able to throw light on a present day mystery that is obviously very important and one that must not, at this present time, be recognized, financed or investigated by main stream academia and as I said, without experiencing having something that some people do not want, it is difficult to fully understand why such unrelenting resistance should continue. I think you have and are giving those in opposition a hard time but the more the value is, the greater is the victory. All the best, Eric Ashworth.

  460. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    to be more precise: to those in opposition I am not giving hard time: I am giving nothing. Only one thing counts: industrialization. All the rest is cellophane.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  461. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I read a strange thing for me in a physics popularization article for Dummies. It is said that the probability that an electron of an atom passes through its nucleus would not be zero. Can you confirm this fact? If so, for example, what can become and what could a hydrogen atom do when its electron passes, hits or parks in its nucleus?

    All my support and thank you for the time you give me.

    Raffaele

  462. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Theoretically, in Physics no event has probability zero, but every event is associated to a probability number, bigger or smaller as it might be.
    The probability that an electron can pass through the nucleus of its atom are very, very, very, very small, because the electron is a Fermion, therefore it has half number of spin which makes it respect the exclusion principle of Pauli. About the possibility that it “hits or parks”, as you say, upon the nucleus of its atom, this phenomenon, called “electron capture”, has been observed in particular isotopes of heavy atoms with a strong excess of protons: in this case the event probability number is just very small and in fact it has been observed, albeit rarely and only in heavy isotopes with an excess of protons. By the way: forget “parking”, as soon as the electron nears the nucleus what happens is a disaster, worse than if you park your car inside the main door of the Duomo di Milano on a Sunday morning during the Mass.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  463. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    If I have understood, watching the 6 minutes summary of the Ecat demo made at the IVA in Stockholm, since you have a temperature of 1 eV in the Ecat, by the laws of Physics in that field should be raised waves and anti-waves with the same T. Did I understand well?

  464. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, that is the hypothesis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Can you tell if you are making progress with the 10 and 100kW SK units?
    2. Have you already started the 5 Sigma tests with them?
    3. If so, do you expect that to take a similar time as for the QX units?
    Although you must be extremely busy with all these tasks like bringing the ECat QX to the market, developing the high power units and the theory of the Rossi effect, you still can find time to tell about it in a school class, WoW! I would have loved to be one of these yougsters!
    All the best and kind regards, Gerard

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- they are the future
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. Cecilia

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am a teacher: would you be available to make a lecture about your effect in Miami?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Cecilia

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    Yes: please send detail to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I will do it for free.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Anonimous

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you tell us which books are you presently reading now during the long nights inside the computer container, when you have not troubles with the plant?
    Thank you,
    Anonymous

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Anonimous:
    yes, probably up to a power of 100 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    If you are attacked by bad guys, there is no broad public opinion for protection.
    I think it is necessary to tell the press about your great achievements. This is important for protection. Only broad support of the people can protect from corporations!
    I wish you success!

    Was there tennis on Sunday?

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Our work has never been damaged by the trolls, therefore I don’t care. On the contrary, the common reaction is this: ” If there are all those paid trolls to make false information, blatantly false information, about Rossi, this means that Rossi has something very important going on “. Somebody asked me if I am the one that pays the trolls to say stupidities about me…I cannot answer in positive, or in negative… ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. DT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the temperature you are reaching now in the big reactors of the Ecat ?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  474. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    1 eV (circa), measured by means of the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will the Ecats be mobile, I mean will it be possible to change place for them like, for example, a TV set? If yes, within which power limit?

  476. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that the most developed aspect of your current work is the industrialization in the USA.

    Can you hold the presentation in 2018 if you reach your goal in the USA, even if the work in Sweden is not completed?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  477. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. And the vice versa too is still possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  478. Fabio

    Carissimo Andrea:
    what do you think about the ITER project for the hot fusion, in which ENI has put 50 millions of the Italian taxpayers?
    Ciao,
    Fabio

  479. Andrea Rossi

    Fabio:
    To stabilize a magnetic field of those dimensions at a temperature of 1600 eV is more difficult than to make an elephant cross the distance above the Niagara Falls in equilibrium on a rope with a diameter of 1 inch.
    If they will succeed, they are damn good !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  480. Jacques

    Dr Rossi,
    You wrote you are sure that the reverse engineering on the Ecat will be impossible:
    1- does this mean you have not anymore the necessity to adopt very low prices to make the Ecat very competitive economically?
    2- can you explain how you resolved the problem of the reverse engineering?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Jacques

  481. Andrea Rossi

    Jacques:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  482. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I agree with you: the sole way not to be hacked on confidential issues is not to make use of internet with any confidential issue.
    By the way: are you sure you are already tapped?
    All the best,

  483. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  484. Anonymous

    Mr Rossi:
    We are already beyond the half of March and you still have done nothing: is it not arrived the time for you to confess that the presentation of an industrialized product is a bluff? Come on, show us the cards!

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Thomas

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the fantastic six-minutes video with the summary od the convincing demo made at the IVA of Stockholm.
    Godspeed,
    Thomas

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  488. M. Murray

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    I have been a supporter of you from the beginning because of your dedication to your work and your moral character. Always being a true inventor and Scientist. Because of the new vulnerabilities that exist in all modern computers I implore you to safeguard your electronic data. I am a cyber security researcher that is aware of many threats to some one like you. Please understand that all operating systems are compromised with back doors that spy on the user. I wish I was of the level to give you a solution but I am not quite there yet. I am sure a man of your means can find a cyber security processional that will be loyal to your cause. As soon as I am able I will gladly help in anyway I can.

  489. Andrea Rossi

    M.Murray:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for your concern about the vulnerability of the internet. My opinion on this issue is that whatever you do, it is useless, because if there is not left a backdoor, there will be screwed a backhole. Amen.
    My defense is a very simple system: the computer where I have serious things is not connectable with the internet and never has been connected with the internet. All the rest…I think is already tapped all around the world, but it is not a big issue. There is not even a possibility to get information to blackmail me: I respect the law, have not lovers, apart my wife.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Daniel

    Dr Rossi,
    Are all the components described in the patent of the fluid heater applied also to the Ecat QX?
    Cheers
    Daniel

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  492. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If eCats work with diatomic hydrogen, I see no rational reason that eCat reactors should not work with Helium-3. Of course, it may only be economically possible for lunar operations as Helium-3 is much more abundant there than natural hydrogen. Still, I find it significant that you tested eCats with Helium-3. Likewise for deuterium. It should work at least as well as natural hydrogen but the economic cost may be prohibitive compared to natural hydrogen.

  493. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. As I explained, I cannot comment on this kind of questions in positive, or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  494. Ken

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You said you are directing 4 teams, one for the industrialization of the Ecat in the USA, one in Sweden, one for the theoretical studies and one for the new prototypes of 10 and 100 kW of power. Which of these teams is more close to the realization of the final target?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ken

  495. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    The industrialization in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you comment further on the results with:

    A. Deuterium
    B. Helium-3

  497. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I never give this kind of information, in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  498. Nelson

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Have you resolved the problem of the overheating of the Ecat QX electronic components?
    Cheers
    Nelson

  499. Andrea Rossi

    Nelson:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Steben N. Karels:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand that your current approach uses common hydrogen plus nickel and other elements. Have you re-visited or tried what happens when you use:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?

  502. steve

    Dear Dr rossi I spotted this while surfing the web, and thought it may be of interest to you.

    https://engr.source.colostate.edu/in-csu-lab-laser-heated-nanowires-produce-micro-scale-nuclear-fusion-with-record-efficiency/

    regards and Godspeed with the production lines.

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Steve:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  504. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I hope you find all going well.

    An interesting topic arose at ECatWorld. Do you see a resonance between your work and the work described in the SAFIRE project described in the associated video? FYI, the first 30 minutes is background. The LENR related topic begins at the 33 minute mark. And, there is an interesting 20MW energy discharge at 1:03:18.

    LINK>> https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=keJAQIWEyzY
    LINK>> http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/16/lenr-is-occuring-in-safire-axil-axil/

    Again, my best to all

    Buck

  505. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  506. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    My college studies are seriously out of date with respect to your current theory. So I can better understand the scope of your proposal:

    1) Are there other physical phenomena that are believed by current-day science to be explained by “the annihilation of low energy virtual waves”? (If so, what? (so I can read up on that also.))

    2) Is “the annihilation of low energy virtual waves” commonly accepted in current-day science as (a) real or (b) mathematically possible but still unproven?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  507. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Nothing of all, it is just a pure guessing now under mathematical and experimental investigation. Experimentally, this is the sole hypothesis that can make equations sustainable. Still, it could be wrong. The white part of me says it is wrong. The black part says it is right. Hopefully, they will settle somewhere.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  508. Mario Marini

    Dear Andrea,
    Did you see this interview published on the blog of Ecat-thenewfire?
    Did you really release it?
    In English: http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/rossi-replies-part-serious-part-ironical/
    In Italian: http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/rossi-vi-risponde-serio-faceto

  509. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  510. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Just a few thoughts. Although the standard model is no doubt accurate, the very basics of nuclear interactions ,if misconceived, with regards the structuring process could, in theory, create an ongoing problem with regards the coulomb barrier and an ability to over come it. If the atomic structure is not an instantaneous construction process but involves distances/time dimensions to form the required structural potentials then to safely deconstruct, I would think, requires a reversal of the process. As an example if a rope is constructed of x3 strands it would require more energy to snap it instantaneously than if each strand was unwound and snapped individually over a period of time i.e. releasing the same quantity of energy but in quanta proportions into the environment. This is how I believe LENRs overcome the barrier. Hydrogen, I believe, is ( the product of a second stage reaction That I shall describe later) constructed over a period of time whereby paired quarks (due to one becoming a positive charge and the other a negative charge) are drawn into a zero point of gravity in a synchronized sequence of events. (the mechanical mechanism as previously mentioned is designed with regards several factors, geometry and sequence being time dimensions of angular degrees). The radius of a circle is an important aspect of material manufacture from quarks and 90 degrees is the other important factor. The locus being the zero point of gravity is the common denominator. Without mass deficit no occurrence would take place i.e. no initial fusion and no subsequent energy release i.e. heat. This takes place within the systemic reactor of our systemic system with regards a percentage of released energy from constructed neutrons which by reduction produces an amount of heat and hydrogen. I intend to explain this process and more in detail but it requires considerations at every step. I believe that by understanding the dynamics of the E-Cat a new understanding in physics can be achieved that would lead into new territories of discovery. Wikipedia deals with electricity, both static and kinetic. It explains the phenomena aspects but not the mechanics of the interactions that creates the phenomena. It is known that silver is the best conductor of current and copper is second. Both elements have a single electron in there outer shell providing a greater degree of manipulation/distortion of the electron. Silver being softer than copper has more ability for its electron to be compressed/expanded/distorted than copper (graphite 3rd). Electricity, I believe, is nothing other than the distortion of an electron quark (conduction is a transmission of the distortion). Thereby silver is the best substance by which to produce an electric current due to possessing a greater manipulation property with regards its outer electron. To generate a continuous kinetic electric current (as is known) a coil of copper wire/single atomic substance is rotated between the poles of a magnet. [A magnet with regards its x2 poles contains two opposite static pressure densities that thereby provides interactive force potentials, capable of distorting an outer electron]. This rotating of the coil expands the outer electron to become more negative but between the magnetic poles the outer electron, when in the presence of the north field, is attracted (the north field potential is in a static contacted state of locked compression with its south). Maximum compression within inner central field position, transforming it into a greater volume negative charge by its expansion and alternatively when in the presence of the south field, is repelled (the south field potential is in a static contacted state of locked expansion with its north). Maximum expansion outer field central position, transforming it into a size positive charge by compression. One atomic substance is unable to support two unequal electron charge potentials simultaneously. Centrifugal force acts as a separator with regards an opposing force interaction within the coil. (A magnetic centroid formed by centrifugal force is able to demonstrate the directions of these magnetic forces). Outside of the coil these two created unequal potentials continually readjust when in close enough proximity. The size positive electron potential expands into the volume negative electron potential which being in an expanded state collapses thereby both potentials become two equal potentials and by which a vibration/shock wave is produced within the environment which transmits the shock wave as a detectable unit of energy. Magnetic fields could in theory be condensed quarks, due to the structure, that respond in accordance to the magnetic atomic poles of the central locus/zero point and thereby able to interact with an outer electron of a structure. There are two types of magnetic fields. Those of metal formed of micro atomic substance which has been formed within a structure by fusing quarks and by which a magnetic field is produced as a bi product. The producer of the micro substance is a macro structure that has its bi product of a magnetic field. The micro substance can be either a semi or fully closed system involving quarks, whereas the macro structure is a contained open reaction system involving the fusing of quarks. A system which is a product of the macro is thereby unable to produce anything other than its magnetic field. Two very different systems. Also when fields are none directional but vibrational they provide a degree of defined static space between structure ie. reduce the gravity factor. More explanation is needed with regards structure in these instances. In the meantime, all the best Eric Ashworth.

  511. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  512. Jean

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    So you think your effect could be made by annihilaton of low energy virtual waves?
    Genial, but very audacious…
    Jean

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    This is what we are studying upon. This is the sole hypothesis that allows us to reconcile all the equations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Do you think that a phenomenon of resonance of the hydrogen ion could be at the origin of the crossing of the coulomb barrier in the Rossi effect?

    Thank you if you can answer me, all my support to your team and sorry if my question is stupid because I only have a few basic notions in nuclear physics

    Raffele

  515. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Questions are never stupid.
    The answer is: I do not think so, albeit I think that resonances are at the base of our effect, as explained in the summary of 6 minutes of the demo we made at the IVA of Stockholm: you can easily find the link to it on
    http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  516. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response. Do you have factory locations secured for production in the USA and Sweden yet?

    I see you have the initials SK for Sven Kullander on the new E-Cat you are testing – you must hold him in high esteem!

    Best wishes,

    Frank

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We already have a secured situation in the USA, not yet in Sweden.
    Yes, we decided to dedicate to Sven Kullander the high energy reactors. We are strongly indebted with him and I will never forget that he, while fighting for his health in the last days of his life, still helped our work with his priceless suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The 80W cats still have a very valid position in the marketplace, especially for small appliances. Large groupings of the 80W units also have industrial significance, but the fully automated manufacturing costs and support costs of the 80W INDUSTRIAL UNITS costs would logically be at least ten times more than the 10k/100k units. These units are difficult if not impossible to recharge without recycling them. The 80W cats would be obsolete before they get to market.

    A) Have you therefore already changed your plans over to the 10/100 cat line for the primary manufacturing, pending Sigma 5 on these units?

    B) Are the existing 80W Sigma test results that currently exist able to be used to reduce the time it takes to achieve Sigma 5 results with the 10K and 100K cats?

    C) Can sigma validation for the 10/100 line be completed by July or August of 2018?

    I would rather see the 80W cats soon, instead of waiting longer for the 10/100 series. I would rather see the 10/100 units manufactured THIS YEAR instead of the 80s units. I would rather see the 80w units THIS YEAR than wait longer for the 10/100 series manufacturing to begin.

    Thank you in advance for your answers to A,B & C if you can reply, and thank you again for you and your awesome teams (Plural!) work efforts!

    Warmest Regards,
    Tom

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    A- no
    B- yes
    C- I do not know, yet
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Teams,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you say what part of your work is consuming most of your time and attention these days?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  521. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have now three teams I am working with:
    1- industrialization in the USA
    2- industrialization in Sweden
    3- theory elaboration
    4- Ecat SK (high power modules)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  522. Arch. Gianvico Pirazzini

    The name of a product is important … sometimes it is a private gift to someone. For the next e -cat whT about the ame of a relative?
    Ciao, Gianvico

  523. Andrea Rossi

    Arch. Gianvico Pirazzini:
    Thank you for your toast to the greatness of Prof Stephen Hawkings,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Gian Luca

    Buon giorno Andrea,
    Will there be other demonstrations or presentations (like in Stockholm) before the market starts? Given the political result of the recent elections, could Andrea Rosi review his relationship with Italy?
    Would a presentation in Italy be possible?

    Thank you
    Gian Luca

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Before the presentation of the product ready for industrialization we will not make other demos: they woudn’t make any sense.
    Surely we will sell our product also in Europe.
    Thank you for your kindness,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. Today we heard the news of Stephen Hawking’s passing. I have great admiration for his work, and also his sense of humor and humility. Stephen Hawking also wrote children’s books (with his daughter Lucy), and it was only six years ago that he declared that the greatest mystery that he wishes he could solve are “Women..they are a complete mystery.”

    I spend a lot of time thinking about his assertion that time (like space) is related to matter and energy. Without matter and energy there is no time. As a result, I have given up trying to live forever, and I now am trying to take up the entire x-axis in the universe instead. :-)

    Stephen Hawking was also fond of pointing out that science is a set of questions, not answers, and that our understanding of reality changes and that some things we thought were true turn out to be more complicated (or less complicated) than we thought they were.

    All of this happens on Einstein’s birthday.

    Perhaps it would be great to toast, Stephen Hawking, and Einstein and everyone who is not afraid to study science because “to learn” can be courageous, especially when what we learn is not what we expect to learn.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXUN1Nh15u8

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Thank you for this precious cameo of yours.
    The lesson Stephen Hawkings gave to all of us goes beyond his immense scientific work in the field of the Black Holes. His lesson has been the inspiration he gave to all of us about resiliency after personal tragedies. Nobody like him has been as resilient as he has been after confronting a the terrible illness he had to like his cross in this world, in this life. Now when we are discouraged for something we can just think about his resilience to understand that we have just to shut up and go on..
    I thank you very much for your comment and for the art of your link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Gianvico Pirazzini

    Stephen Hawking one of the world’s greatest scientists is in the sky.
    Good travel
    G.

  529. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Where are you working in this period and where the impressive progress during the aftermath of the IVA-Stockholm event has been made?
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    1- in the USA
    2- in the USA
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Jude

    Dear Andrea,
    Brilouin has made a replication of your effect with a reactor that reproduces your Hot Cat of 2012. The report is published on EW. Are you glad or worried?

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Jude:
    Replications are always welcome.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Verity

    Dr Rossi,
    Which Country are mainly of your suppliers for all the components of the Ecat?

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Verity:
    USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your demonstration at the IVA of Stockholm has been very convincing, so I am sure that you will succeed to introduce an industrialized product by this year.
    Cheers
    Silent Majority Member

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working at the maximum of our firepower.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    to present a product based on Ecats that works and is able to produce energy is the best thing you have to do now and very fast.
    I m sure you will use the best strategy, if possible anyway i would like to make a suggestion:
    on my opinion, once you demostrate the capacity to make energy you have not to work to a finished product but only on the core of the reactor and to a as cartrige recharge part and sell only it.
    This give you many vantage:
    You can stay focused developing your ‘creature’ increasing COP and Endurance.
    You can produce milions or bilions of peaces.
    Each customer can apply to it the best tools and use it in the best conditions that satisfy theyre needs, this avoid you developing a lot of produts with differents output.
    Doing this you can satisfy the market in a fast way and all the world industry can grow and take opportunitys.
    You can make money sooner delegating a lot of R&D to customers.
    Best wishes, Giuseppe

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  540. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  541. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you able to tell the size of the 10 kW and 100 kW E-CAT QX prototype ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Charlie Sutherland

    Andrea,
    Hope all is well with you. Would love to be more involved with studying your progress, but I’m busy playing aviator. I just got word from Italy that my Zigolo Motor Glider MG-12 is being shipped this week. Looking forward to some sight seeing and soaring in it here in Northern NC. By the way, I just got a note this weekend from my wife’s first cousin, Dr. Jim Irby from MIT fusion research, about his participation in their new experiments and a copy of the MIT News article. He and I have had several discussions about his work and yours. Interesting to have two different points of view to ponder. I’m rooting for and betting on you. Don’t let me down and I’ll share my winnings. :-)
    Charlie Sutherland

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you for your insight: say good luck from me to Dr Jim Irby.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. DT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I think that the suggestion of Svein Henrik to use direct current by a battery or a thermoelectric device is interesting, but you need an AC source for your particular control system, am I correct? Probably you ried to use DC power sources, but you had problems of reliability, am I correct?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  546. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Interesting, thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. arjen

    new developments turning heat into light…(skipping of course light into heat)
    Maybe something to keep in mind…

    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/603497/10-breakthrough-technologies-2017-hot-solar-cells/

    But a team of MIT scientists has built a different sort of solar energy device that uses inventive engineering and advances in materials science to capture far more of the sun’s energy. The trick is to first turn sunlight into heat and then convert it back into light, but now focused within the spectrum that solar cells can use. While various researchers have been working for years on so-called solar thermophotovoltaics, the MIT device is the first one to absorb more energy than its photovoltaic cell alone, demonstrating that the approach could dramatically increase efficiency.

    kind regards Arjen

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I think that Svein Henrik made an interesting suggestion regarding using a thermoelectric device to make electricity from the E-Cat’s heat in order to drive the E-Cats, thus realizing infinite COP.

    1. How feasible is this from a technological standpoint, and is it something you think you will pursue?
    2. Currently, are you able to run a QX from a battery source?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe in future, now we cannot make modifications, we have not time if we want to prioritize the presentation of the product. By the way, the gain is not relevant, due to the actual COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The following links/articles describe the insulating performance and mechanical strength of ‘Nanowood’.

    It probably would not be suitable at an output temperature of 600 degrees Celsius, but perhaps may be helpful in combination with other materials for thermal insulation and or structural strength compared with other materials.

    http://aero.umd.edu/news/news_story.php?id=11148

    http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/3/eaar3724

    I think Nanowood may seem unusual for an E-Cat, but if it is a good insulating material, perhaps you may find a way to use it.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

    “Anisotropic, lightweight, strong, and super thermally insulating nanowood with naturally aligned nanocellulose”Nanowood exhibits anisotropic thermal properties with an extremely low thermal conductivity of 0.03 W/m·K in the transverse direction (perpendicular to the nanofibrils) and approximately two times higher thermal conductivity of 0.06 W/m·K in the axial direction due to the hierarchically aligned nanofibrils within the highly porous backbone. ”

    It seems unusual that wood could be useful in an LENR device.

    ……..”

  553. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    The Ecat makes heat and plenty of it. As the Ecat also need a small amount of electricity from a source like a battery, why not charge the battery by solid state thermoelectric generators based on the Seebeck effect for units to be used in remote areas?
    These may be built in as a part of the heat exchangers and their frames and shell. The heat of the Ecat itself will be a far more reliable source than PV elements depending of sunshine. This operation will not be more unreliable than in a car as the batteries there always are charged by the cars motor.
    The COP may by this be regarded as infinity.
    Regard Svein Henrik.

  554. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  555. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Regards the link put forward by Frank Ackland March 11th inst. regarding fusion. As you correctly point out fusion requires too high a heat to keep magnets stable with regards the required field. Totally unrealistic, also they say the dream of clean energy is about to become true. Must be living on mars or locked in a very dark room. All the best Eric Ashworth

  556. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  557. Dear Dr Rossi

    Will the Ecat have a heat exchanger built into it. I am looking at using an ORC generator using thermal oil rather than steam as the statutory requirements for high pressure steam generation is too strict and will make smaller systems less than 5Mw too complicated if steam is used. I rather lose efficiency and create a simpler system that will not require specialised people to run the generation system. The ORC generator I am looking at using is make by Turboden which is an Italian company, it can use thermal oil up to a temperature of 250deg. I am looking at the Ecat just as a black box that creates heat and leaving your genius to create the black box.

    Thank you

  558. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The Ecat makes heat. The heat exchanger is a separate component whose structure depends on what the heat is for.
    Thr Rankyne cycle is interesting, but has a very low efficiency, unless you raise the T, but in that case the Carnot is more efficient.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  559. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I thought you might find this article from the New York Post interesting: “Scientists say the dream about unlimited clean energy is about to come true”. It is about the MIT-ENI fusion plan.

    Link: https://nypost.com/2018/03/09/scientists-say-the-dream-of-unlimited-clean-energy-is-about-to-come-true/

    The first demonstration plant is supposed to be ready in 15 years time. I’m hoping the E-Cat will be on the market well before then, and at a much lower cost.

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  560. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Did you note the last two lines of the article? They have to maintain stable the magnetic fields during a fusion at millions of Celsius degrees.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Jonathan Elsner:
    Yes, it is the most convincing we have elaborated so far and the unique that reconciles the experimental data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. Robert Radlet

    I think that in this period your work is the most important thing that is going on in the world.
    God bless you,
    Robert

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Radlet:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Johnathan Elsner

    Dr Rossi,
    In the 6 minutes summary of the November 24 demo at the IVA of Stockholm there is short mention to the theory you are working on with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom, where waves and antiwaves with the same T of the reactor are formed and annihilate. Are you still working on this theory?
    Thanks,
    JE

  565. Alexander Bohan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    ENI and MIT are getting public money to make the hot fusion: they are paying the trolls to discredit you, not to honour you.
    I prey that you will be able to complete your “impossible invention”, as the title of Mats Lewan’s book goes.
    Cheers
    Alexander

  566. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander Bohan:
    Yes, I understood, after reading the article, that they are working on hot fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  567. Filippo

    Dr Rossi,
    ENI has already copied your technology to turn wastes into oil, but this time they are not copying you: their agreement with the MIT is about the hot fusion, wherein the taxpayers have already payed tens of billion dollars and euro for nothing and will continue to spend billion dollars and euro for nothing. You alone are more worth than them all put together, considering that you have used not a single cent of the taxpayer. The sole guys that have made money with the hot fusion stuff are the managers of that B.S. and the politicians behind them. The consortium that is trying the hot fusion is called ITER, eventually pronounced EATER.
    In this moment you are the most important mind of the world for what you are doing, don’t lose time with this B.S.
    Godspeed,
    Filippo

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Filippo:
    I read the story on EW, but that thing has nothing to do with LENR, it seems to me they are making R&D in hot fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  569. Dear Dr Rossi
    I am looking at running the Ecat directly from solar PV via a regulator and batteries. Does the ecat control require AC or Dc input

    Thank you

  570. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I prefer AC, but DC can be easily inverted into AC.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  571. Svein Henrik

    Jean Gluck.
    The new collaboration between MIT and Eni seems to be a research for fusion power based on high-temperature superconducting magnets to hold the plasma at temperatures of millions deg. Celsius, not LENR.
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  572. orsobubu

    Sorry Jean Gluck, by my understanding, Andrea Rossi will not be so much honorable from fierce MIT competition, after all, it seems to be another one of the same, oldie, very hot fusion radioactive prototype ready in 15 years they hope, at COP 2

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/11/mit-goal-fusion-plant-in-15-years/

  573. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I found the link to the 6 minutes summary of the demonstration you made on November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm in the site http://www.ecat.com

  574. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Compared to the 20W eCat modules, are the 80W eCat modules approximately:

    a. The same size?
    b. Doubled in linear dimension?
    c. Tripled in linear dimension?
    d. Some other multiplier (if so, can you tell us the size of the 80W module_/

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N, Karels:
    a- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    My understanding is now that you can produce individual modules with any effect between 20 W and 100 kW. Is this correct? Can you also produce modules designed for longer continuous use than 1 year? May the modules have other shapes than cylindrical? What is the size of the 80 W module?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Yes to all.
    The dimensions of the 80 W Ecat QX are the same of the Ecat of the demo at the IVA of Stockholm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Jean Gluck

    Dear Andrea
    ENI and MIT made an allegiance to copy your technology by means of a spin off of MIT. Are you afraid of their competion?
    Jean Gluck

  580. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Gluck:
    On the contrary, the fact that ENI and MIT are copying , or trying to copy, the Ecat QX gives evidence of the importance of our enormous work: both of them until few years ago used to say that LENR do not exist, today they are allied to compete against us. The stronger the competitors, the highest the honour.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  581. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the procious 6 minutes summary of the event of Stockholm,
    CC

  582. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thanks to you for your attention to our work. Curiosity: did you find it randomly on Google, or clicking the link published on http://www.ecat.com ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  583. Birba

    Mr Rossi,
    Time is running out and you made nothing so far: do confess that you will have no product within 2018!

  584. Andrea Rossi

    Birba:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  585. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you speak of the first plants being made up of “80 W Modules” is that an individual E-Cat QX of 80 W, or a combination of smaller QXs?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  586. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Individual 80 W modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  587. Dear Eng. Rossi,

    Have you experienced any gravitational / antigravity effect whilst experimenting with your Ecats?

    Apologies if this question had been answered already.

    Keep up with the good job!

    Kind regards

    Sam

  588. Andrea Rossi

    Sam Sequi:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  589. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Little did we know your world is a cat:
    https://laughingsquid.com/the-world-is-a-cat-playing-with-australia/
    Brokeeper

  590. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    He,he,he…very nice, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  591. Sean Lear

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I spent 4 hours to watch the full videos with the demonstration of the Ecat QX made on November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm and I did not even realize how long has been the time, so much I was involved in it. Fantastic presentation and stunning results, under the eyes of the highest echelons of the related science.
    You made an unbelievable progress.
    I sent you to info@leonardocorp1996 my pre-order for a 100 kW industrial Ecat.
    Godspeed,
    Sean Lear

  592. Andrea Rossi

    Sean Lear:
    Thank you for your recognition of the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  593. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    I do not write much anymore, because your level of expertise has increased with orders of magnitude, and we as a public can no longer contribute.

    Except for a little moral support. I fear that you can still continue to use it.

    A small suggestion: have a 3D scan made of yourself. This will come in handy later for the statues. Perhaps the heat of the early industrial commercial E-Cats can be used to melt bronze.

    Would you like to distribute a photo of a test setup of the E-Cat Enigma? I mean the version that can not be reverse-engineered. I always find your test setups much more fun and tangible than the pictures of the shiny devices of the competitors.

    Kind Regards,
    K.V.

  594. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your kind words related, obviously, to the work of the entire Team of us. Yes, your sustain is important too.
    We will not deliver information or images until the presentation of the industrialized product, but the artist representation you can find on ecat.com are not distant from what the reality will be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Addrian Ashfield

    Dr. Rossi,
    I understand you have too much on your plate already with planning the production of the QX and developing new larger capacity E-Cats. I was wondering if anyone was still looking at a QX turbine, or whether you could farm that out to a turbine manufacturer.
    Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Addrian Ashfield:
    We did not yet decide on this important issue. In this moment we are focused on the fluid heater industrialization. The issue is open.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Tamal

    Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,

    would I be able to purchase an E-Cat QX (let’s say 2x10kW) on my company’s name, to produce heat for manufactoring purposes and heat my office with it as well?

    Kind regards and good luck,
    Tamal

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    Please forward your request to info@leonardocorp1996.com to register your pre-order.
    Attention: a pre-order is not binding for both parties, we are not able to make an offer yet. When you will receive our offer, you will be free to accept it or refuse it without refunds.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  599. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have made significant progress in R & D in a few months. Your technology is very young and will evolve further as the theoretical and experimental understanding of the LENR process increases.
    The Quart X tomorrow will certainly perform much better than the image of the first aircraft that has never managed to leave the ground, then it flew a few tens of meters, today thousands of kilometers.

    All my support to all your collaborators for the work done.

    Raffaele

  600. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    You got the right spirit, I agree.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Chuck Davis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Would you reccommend to couple a domestic Ecat with a genset?
    Thanks,
    Chuck Davis

  602. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    That is a possibility, but first we have to resolve the safety certification issue for the domestic apparatuses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  603. Sean Gougouniani

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is progressing your work?
    When the QX will be industrialized?
    NASA has confirmed, among others, that your work is positive.
    God bless you,
    Sean Gougouniani

  604. Andrea Rossi

    Sean Gougouniani:
    1- well
    2- we hope within this year
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  605. Pietro Beltrame

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the telephonic companies can be among your clients? I work in this field and I know these companies have issues in the areas where the grid is insufficient.
    Regards,
    Pietro Beltrame

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro Beltrame:
    Maybe, but we now are producing heat and I suspect the Telcos have difficulties to menage Carnot cycle dependant generators. Honestly, I do not know.
    Maybe in future or indirectly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I am a bit confused. Referring to the answers March 8, at 1.53 to me, and 1.54 to Frank, it seems that the answer to me is that the first plants will be based on 80 W QX reactors?
    I do understand that any Big-Cat is not actual in this phase.
    Regards, Svein Henrik.

  608. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    You must make a distinction between what I am sure of, what is possible and what I am not sure of.
    While the 80 W QXs are a reality that works and we are industrializing, the big reactors ( 10 kW and 100 kW ) are prototypes far from being ready for industrialization NOW. Therefore I answered to you on the base of future possibilities, while to Frank Acland based upon the situation related to the year 2018.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I own and operate a Chevy Volt — an electric car with gasoline backup. The capacity of the battery is a function of the average battery temperature. Living in the Northeast (of America) means the car is subject to cold temperatures, especially during the winter months. The cold decreases the battery capacity. Many times, the car will activate the gasoline motor to heat the battery unit. The goal is to use a minimum, or no gasoline.

    Why not a distributed eCat reactor system whose sole function is to heat the battery pack to keep its capacity high during charging and while driving? As an example, my range is about 29 miles in the winter but 40 miles in the summer. While a simple application, there are a lot of electric cars being produced and the numbers will likely increase. As long as the effective COP was very high (an efficient controller), it might make energy and economic sense. Thoughts?

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Very intelligent.
    You are right!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I do not bet — not even on sure things. I have been viewing JONP for about 8 years. It looks to me that you are proceeding in a careful and thoughtful manner. ASSUMING the technology is real…. you should do well. I say assuming because I have not personally seen the technology work in my presence. On the other hand, I have not personally seen the detonation of a nuclear device (Thank God). LOL. I foresee at least two major hurtles for your technology, as I understand it.

    One – increasing the thermal output level of a single reactor while maintaining reliable control at all times of the reactor. Needed to decrease the system level complexity and to assure system level reliability/maintainability. It is better to have 1,000 reactors all working then 1,000,000 reactors from a system viewpoint.
    Two – improve the Controller — size reduction, consumed power (also known as parasitic power) reduction, environmental range to at least industrial range, and cost reduction to a “throw-away” price range. My two cents! That is the limit of my gambling!

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels,
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  613. Gunnar

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    I read today about your calvary on http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    What you became seems to be a miracle.
    Now I understand where you found the guts to do what you did in the LENR field.
    Godspeed,
    Gunnar

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Gunnar:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So will the first industrial E-Cat plants be built with combinations of 80 W E-Cat QX reactors?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andera.
    It seems there have been a tremendous evolution concerning power of the single units since the Stockholm meeting.
    For the first robotized industrial production planned at the end of 2018, is the decision of output of the single reactors already made? If so, what is this to be? If not, witch alternatives are actual?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    No, the decision has not yet been made, because we have much more R&D to make on the tigerized Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congrats on the reactor progress. May we assume significant developments are occurring on the Controller design?

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You can bet all you have on this !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Perhaps I did not make myself clear… The question was not of a production of power but of mechanical packaging. Instead of producing 20W eCat reactors and externally tying them in series, all controlled by a single Controller, have you considered a single enclosure containing 100 compartments. Between the compartments would be a conducting electrode. Each compartment would contain the fuel.

    The alternative would be to remain with your current 20W design and electrically connect them in series and then to enclose them in an overall container. You probably don’t want to exchange eCat reactors at 20W reactor sizes.

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We have now 80 W modules, that can be assembled in series and parallels. We are testing prototypes of 10 kW and 100 kW single reactors.
    I cannot give information about the control systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Bud

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Can you tell us about your health in this period?
    Cheers
    Bud

  624. Andrea Rossi

    Bud:
    Just made all the medical checks, it’s all right.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I think the two new HyperCat models with 10kW and 100kW will make it easier to build plants much greater than 1 MW, because they will need less single reactors and the piping and wirings will be more simple.
    Am I right?

    P.S. I like the name “HyperCat” as it resembles the extraordinary “Hypercars”

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Yes, you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. John Atkinson

    I have been following your work now for many years. I thank you for your grit and willingness to share your amazing journey with the rest of us,throughout the world. I have two question for your concideration. The first, when do you see e cat QX changing the everyday persons lives? One year,two or up to five. I mean this by heating ,cheaper power, cheaper manufactured good etc. My second question, when you roll out the e cat QX will it be made by man or your new robot assembly. Thanks for your determination and bull headedness, with out those attributes, concidering your trash talk adversaries, one of less grit would have faded away by now.. Thankyou

  628. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Thanks to you for your kind attention to our work.
    We are working to sell the first industrialized units by the end of 2018. They will be made also by means of robots.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My understanding of the eCat reactor is that up to 100 reactors may be connected in series electrically and all of them controlled from a single eCat controller. Have you considered creating a single reactor group which contains 100 20W eCat reactors within a single enclosure electrically connected in series? With an understanding that the active depth of each reactor is only about 1mm in thickness, you could build individual cells about 3mm in length. With 100 such units in series, the reactor group would be about one foot in length and could produce around 2kW of thermal power.

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The Ecats make heat, not electricity. The production of electricity is made by a single generator after the Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Dwayne

    Dr Rossi,
    When you have to measure temperatures above 1500 Celsius, which is the max temperature that thermocouples can measure, how do you resolve the problem?

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Dwayne:
    With a spectrometer to measure the wavelength of the radiations, eventually resolving with the Wien equation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here is a link to some interesting
    interviews.

    http://coldfusionnow.org/cfnpodcast/

    Regards
    Sam

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Ernest

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still working with Gullstrom on the theory?

  636. Andrea Rossi

    Ernest:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  637. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    He,he,he… I am not convinced of the formula, though.
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    about the impossible reverse engineering of E-Cat, are you already applying it to the robotized industrial production?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  639. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The robotized industrial production has not been started yet. I hope to be able to start it within the end of 2018.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  640. Jenell Laferriere

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the 6 minutes summary of the Stockholm event.
    Cheers
    JL

  641. Andrea Rossi

    Jenell Laferriere:
    Thank you for your attention.
    For the Readers: it is linked to http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  642. paranoic

    Dr Rossi:
    There is no way you have avoided any possible reverse engineering

  643. Andrea Rossi

    Paranoic:
    Believe me: it will be impossible. Beyond any possible doubt.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  644. Moshe Borland

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Still on schedule to present your product by the end of this year?
    Cheers
    Moshe

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Moshe Borland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    God and Science?
    https://mashable.com/2018/03/05/stephen-hawking-video-before-big-bang/#9zz6.ZKq3aqI
    (Gen 1:1)
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  647. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Marcus Haber

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are there hazardous operations to do while changing the charges of the Ecats?
    Thanks,
    Marcus Haber

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Marcus Haber,
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Will the new anti-reverse engineering system change your estimated production timeline?
    2. Will it make E-Cats more expensive?
    3. Will it make E-Cats more dangerous?
    4. Will it make E-Cat dissemination faster?
    5. Will it mean that plant owners will be able to change their own e-cats (like we replace printer cartridges for example)?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- No
    2- No
    3- No
    4- Probably yes
    5- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Milford

    Mr Rossi,
    Can you anticipate how much time will be necessary to your customers to pay back their investment to get an Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    M.

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Milford:
    Probably shorter than expected. Very, very, very short.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. Rudolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will your system to protect your intellectual property change your commercial strategy?
    Cheers,
    Rudolf

  655. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    It has revolutionized our commercial strategy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Magnum:
    So far it is just a white plastic box with our logo, with a plug cable and two pipe gates, one to convey the fluid to be heated in, one out.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the # 41 000

  657. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you describe the shape of the “Tiger” cited by Tom Conover?

  658. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Looks like you let the elephant into the room again today with your post that a single reactor Qx module @ 10kW and a single reactor @100kW are being tested. That is off the star chart. Sounds to me like you found the ultimate throttle that has full control to train these kittens with, and keep them from getting over zealous and going into meltdown.

    You are resurrecting the Tiger-Cat concept then, good sir? Move over 1MW plants. Enter 10MW modules less than 5′ x 5′ x 5′ in size? Enter Jet Engines, which means turbine generators. Tasty.

    Here kitty, kitty, TIGER! Better wear leather gloves, these cats have CLAWS! Feed these kiddos some Sigma food so they can get to market next year.

    Thank you for posting about this progress, Andrea!

    Ch33rs t0 y0u and T0 Y0UR T3AM!

    Tom

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Sigma food is exactly what we need now.
    As a matter of fact, this is a fertile period in our lab, not to mention the thread that led us to discover the way to make reverse engineering practically impossible.
    Thank you for your constant attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    About the larger prototypes, you wrote: ‘we are testing prototypes trying 10 kW and 100 kW of power. It is premature to say if we will succeed or not.’

    My Question: Do you mean single units of 10kW and 100kW, or are these prototypes each made of several units, built together to make the prototypes of the appropriate size? (And if yes, what’s the unit size used in each of the prototypes? If confidential, I apologize)

    Kind Regards,

  661. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    They are one-single-reactor Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  662. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you really implying that, after you put the device on the market, it will be impossible for any entity to financially benefit from reverse engineering efforts?
    Regards.

  663. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    We found a system that will make reverse engineering practically impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    At the october E-CAT QX presentation, will there be some guests invited ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    It will make it easier.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Dr.Rossi,
    The name E-Cat is well known and most important. Why not simply add a number for each generation. ie. E-Cat 1 (first generation) E-Cat3 (third generation QX) E-Cat 4 (new larger model.) You could also add a letter for small variation to each model.
    Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  667. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    thank you for the clarity of your response yesterday about R&D testing of both a 10kW and 100kW reactor.

    I appreciate your caution about predicting success for either module. In support, I have to point out a simple basic problem with your cautionary assessment: you learn. Only you know how many iterations your original 2010 Ecat has gone through to arrive at the now in production development Ecat QX. The simple truth, you learned from every single new piece of information. With this in mind, I support the perspective of your success at developing these two new reactors as you will learn from every new piece of information . . . it may take a little longer, but so what.

    One question, if the Ecat QX singlet reactor is the size of a small wooden match, what is the approximate size of the 100kW reactor? The size of a thumb?

    my best,

    Buck

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. I prefer not to give information about the characteristics of prototypes that change by the day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Now that you have find a way to make reverse engineering impossible, will have the effect to accelerate the commercialization of your product ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  671. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting comment regarding the impossibility of reverse engineering your E-Cats.

    1. Do you think it will be impossible to reverse engineer both controller and reactor?
    2. Does this mean you now feel more confident about wide sales and distribution?
    3. Don’t you think maybe another top rank specialist might be able to discover the secrets with enough time and resources?
    4. Does this mean you would feel comfortable sending an e-cat for testing to others, and you would not have to be there in person to protect the IP?
    5. Do you worry now that by saying it is ‘impossible’ to reverse engineer you have now laid down a challenge for people to ‘crack the code’?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- I consider it impossible
    4- when we go commercial this point makes no sense. Customers will use the Ecat independently
    5- crack the code will be the favorite sport of all our competitors anyway
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Conception Perez:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  674. Concepcion Perez

    Dr Rossi,
    To make all the progress you are making you must work like crazy: thank you for your efforts,
    Godspeed,
    Conception

  675. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Relative to reactor stability… Is the fundamental problem that as the dimensions of the reactor (same design, just larger) is increased the power produced grows as the cube of the dimensional change while the heat transfer grows as the square? If this were the fundamental issue, then larger reactors, by definition, would be more difficult to control, however, not necessarily impossible to control.

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    It is not so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Aren’t you not worried about the fact that your competitors will probably be the first ones to buy your industrial plants to make the reverse engineering of your IP?

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Not at all: we have found the way to make reverse engineering impossible. Believe me: impossible.
    Learnt from a top rank specialist of the field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Viktor Shipacev

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    are you already manufacturing reactors with robots?

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipacev:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    The reactor used in the last public presentation had an aspect very green, not very different from the first protype, I believe It is a precise choice to mantain covered the actual state of the art, but It Will be great if you could show some images of the real reactor, probably a compact array of qx with its heat sink.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  682. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    We will do it when we will make the presentation of the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  683. Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I too enjoyed the 6 min summary of the Stockholm event published on http://www.ecat.com
    Cheers
    Irving

  684. Andrea Rossi

    Irving:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bong
    This information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    I have just read your interview with Mats Lewan, now it is time for the lunch of the E-CAT QX rocket !!

    Exciting time ahead !!

    I wish you great sucess !!

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  688. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems that your Research and development on the prototypes are on steroids is it due to your enhanced Team ?

  689. Raffaele Bongo

    Dear A. Rossi Hello

    A physicist who attended the demonstration last November rightly says in my opinion that inside the E-Cat in operation there is production of radiation. You yourself said that the reactor was shielded which seems to confirm radiation.

    Can you tell us what are the different rays present in the reactor core in activity?

    All my support for your R&D and the industrialization of the E-Cat 1MW

    Raffaele

  690. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    please forgive my repeating a question already asked and answered.

    Yesterday you asserted that the new Ecat SK will be a 100kW reactor. To clarify, just as the singlet reactor within the existing Ecat Q 4kW unit is rated at 40W, are you saying that the singlet reactor within the prototype Ecat SK will be rated at 100kW and not 1000W which is already 25x the rating of the Ecat Q singlet reactor? You are testing a singlet reactor 2500x the rating of the Ecat Q 40W reactor?

    If so, I am dumbfounded by your revolution within a revolution. I can only imagine the far more stringent requirements encompassing the control module, reactor materials, reactor super-structure materials, the heat transfer fluid, and the rate of heat transfer.

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    we are testing prototypes trying 10 kW and 100 kW of power. It is premature to say if we will succeed or not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    Couple questions regarding the 10 KW eCat:

    1. What is the approximate size of the unit?
    2. Are you looking to couple it with an electricity generation system?
    3. Is it significantly easier to maintain and control then previous units?
    4. Is this going to be bases for a home unit?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    1- premature
    2- it is destined to be coupled to anything that uses heat for something
    3- premature
    4- also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the larger reactor under test 100 kW or 10 kW?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. For the name how about “ROAR Reactor” for a 10k Ecat.

    ROAR stands for:

    R eaction
    O f
    A ndrea
    R ossi

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. Jeffrey Khalaf

    Dear Andrea,
    …a 10 kW single reactor? Fantastic, if you succeed it is another masterpiece.

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Jeffrey Khalaf:
    We are working hard on it, but we are far from a product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Becki Regal

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched on http://www.ecat.com the link to the video of 6 minutes with the summary of the IVA-Stockholm event; very well done, in few minutes we can get all the essentials.
    Godspeed,
    Becki

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Becki Regal:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  702. Gianvico Pirazzini

    The name of a product is important, you made well asking help to the Readers of the JoNP.
    Cheers
    Gianvico

  703. Andrea Rossi

    Gianvico Pirazzini:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  704. Andrea Rossi

    Decarbinization:
    No, even if isotopic shifts happen
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  705. Decarbonisation

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think it is lucrative to use the “Rossi Effect” to produce isotopes or to turn atoms in other atoms?
    Cheers

  706. Ammie Bawa

    Mr Rossi,
    Will we see your products also in South Africa?
    A.B.

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Ammie Bawa:
    The Country of the great Nelson Mandela? Of course! By the way, we have patented our technology also in South Africa.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Kristofer Kubert:
    Absolutely not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  709. Kristopher Kubert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there any Country or area of the world where you will not try to diffuse the Ecat?

  710. Gary

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    For the bigger reactor I suggest as a name “E-Kratos”, being Kratos the name of the god of power in the ancient Greek mythology. It fits with the fact that this apparatus will allow the world a new sustainable energy, improving our way of life.
    Have a wonderful incoming weekend,
    Gary

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Gary:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  712. Bill Hayes

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Here is a suggestion for naming the individual QX reactors and the integrated reactor modules:

    Individual QX Reactor Units:

    a. E-Cat QX-20 (20-watt QX reactor unit)
    b. E-Cat QX-40 (40-watt QX reactor unit)
    c. E-Cat QX-100 (100-watt QX reactor unit)

    d. E-Cat QL-1K (1-kilowatt QL reactor unit)
    e. E-Cat QL-10K (10-kilowatt QL reactor unit)

    Integrated Reactor Modules:

    a. E-Cat 4K Reactor Module (4-kilowatt integrated reactor module)
    b. E-Cat 20K Reactor Module (10-kilowatt integrated reactor module)
    c. E-Cat 100K Reactor Module (100-kilowatt integrated reactor module)

    Thank you,

    Bill Hayes

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  714. W

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you answer if the Ecat QX has vacuum inside?

  715. Andrea Rossi

    W:
    I cannot answer this kind of quastions, in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  716. Sam North

    Hello DR Rossi

    Another suggestion for your new product
    is Ecat KF the last name initial of the fine
    men Sven Kullander and Sergio Focardi
    you collaborated with to invent the Ecat.

    Regards
    Sam

  717. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Or we will dedicate to Prof Focardi another product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  718. Frank Acland

    “This is my interpretation of what is going on.

    “Rossi went small with the QX because the control was easier and he needed to get something stable to make commercial plants with. He did the approx 1 year Sigma 5 test to prove its viability and this got his new partner on board to help with commercialization. THey have designed and prototyped the first generation of plants around the QX and they are now preparing to build them.

    “Meanwhile, as Rossi always does, he tries to make improvements. Obviously it would be less complex to build plants out of larger reactors (fewer individual items to build, faster refueling of plants, etc.) but it sounds like they are harder to keep stable. So now Rossi is long-term testing a larger reactor with a new control system. If it is a success these controllers and reactors will likely be used in the second generation of the commercial plants, and might be used to replace the QX controllers/reactors in the first generation of plants when the time for recharging comes around.”
    How correct is my interpretation?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  719. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, your interpretation is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    From your comment of yesterday I understood that the new big reactor has a power of 100 kW: did I understand well?

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    That’s the prototype we are testing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations that you found a way to improve the output power of the E-cat QX, mainly by improving the control. I have some questions about this:
    1. Does it mean that the usable output temperature has increased?
    2. Is the COP also improved?
    3. If the QX reactor size stays the same, does a higher output imply also a shorter operational time?
    4. Can the operational time be compensated by changing the fuel mix when the reactor size stays the same?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- maybe, to be tested
    2- no
    3- the size is not the same
    4- N.A.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Karl

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think your products will be also sold in internet?

  725. Yrka

    P.S. About the discussion about the name.
    The term “The energy catalyst of Andrea Rossi” in recent years has spread throughout the world, in thousands of publications. It seems to me logical to somehow fix it in the names of future products, or better as a general name for all products using the “Rossi Effect”. (as an example – “The engine of Sterling”).
    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  726. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    We preserved the prototype of any reactor produced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Irka:
    About the name: thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How has your R&D on this new, larger E-Cat affected your focus on your goal for E-Cat QX mass production in 2018?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Absolutely NOT !
    They big reactor is in the R&D laboratory, the QX is in the industrialization development process. Different places, different guys involved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Massimo Ginepro

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Obviously when we refer to ‘Godfather’ we refer to a person relevant in the field!
    Cheers
    Massimo Ginepro

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Massimo Ginepro:
    Of course, I was joking!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    During many years of work on the Energy Catalyst, you have gone through many stages.
    You are anxious to leave the main prototypes for the future museum of Andrea Rossi? I think this is important for future generations.
    The first 1 MW installation is apparently irretrievably lost when dismantled for research?
    Are the laboratory installations used for the demonstrations in Bologna and Lugano still preserved?

    Good luck to you!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  733. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    How about ??? F9

    You and your partner can sponsor Formula 9 Car Racing powered by QX-F9 Turbines. Wings are optional. he he he

    Joking.
    Dan C.

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    We are not ready for this.
    Thank you all the same for your enthusiasm,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  735. Christos Stremmenos

    Dear Andrea:
    Congratulations for the progress with the QX reactor with higher power.
    As a name, I suggest “Polydynamic QX”, or “Plus Dynamic QX”.
    Ad majora!
    Christos Stremmenos

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Christos Stremmenos:
    Thank you for your continuous attention to our work !
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Your Customers need to know from the name of the model its core characteristic, which is essentially the power. On the other side, Ecat is a strong trade mark, therefore I suggest you as a name “Ecat” followed by the power in kW, e.g. “Ecat 100 kW”. I can’t wait to see i the market the new product with the plate dedicated to Swen Kullander, as you did with the Doral plant.
    All the best,
    Sture Andreasson

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    Great suggestion: the name could be ” Ecat SK 100 kW “, wherein SK stays for Sven Kullander, as explained in the plate that will be attached to every Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It is good to hear your R&D continues.

    1. Will a customer who buys an early E-Cat QX plant be able to get an ‘upgrade’ if the plants with larger E-Cats are better. (For example, in software many customers get free upgrades for new versions)

    2. When it is time to replace E-Cats, do you think it will be possible to replace small E-Cats (QX) with your larger E-Cats if they prove to work well, without replacing the plant?

    3. Do you anticipate the control system for the small QX reactors work for the larger E-Cats, or will a different control system be needed.

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- it will be substantially different, because it is in it the core of the difference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Very interesting, mainly in this period when from many source is raised scepticism against the existence of the Dark Matter.
    Thank you for the informatin and the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the search for Dark Matter, Judd Bowman at Arizona State University and others have detected signals at 78 MHz which may be the Hydrogen Line at 21 cm or 1420 MHz “redshifted” to a lower frequency and longer wavelength ( of approx 385 cm.). The claim is that this may be a signal of a detection of dark matter. If so, dark matter particles may only have a mass of several protons (instead of a much higher mass). This may lend support for the theory of Tresinos developed by Frederick Mayer and the late John Reitz. There are many papers by Mayer and Reitz on the subject of Tresinos. Perhaps, these particles are also part of the theory of LENR.

    Joseph Fine

    https://www.space.com/39837-first-stars-universe-fingerprints-dark-matter.html

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1110.0034.pdf

  743. Arch. Gianvico Pirazzini

    Un abbraccio.
    Gianvico

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Arch. Gianvico Pirazzini:
    Thank you for the suggestion
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. XForce

    Dear Andrea

    I don’t like the name “Dawn”, because of assonance with “Down”….. which is not very nice for a device…

    My suggestions could be “Extra” or “Force” or “XForce”

    My best regards

    XForce

  746. Andrea Rossi

    XForce:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Fox

    Dear Rossi
    you had a hard experience with Petroldragon.

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    Yes, but my failures have been the pillars of what I eventually did. Survival made me stronger.
    See
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  749. Sam North

    Hello DR Rossi

    What about Ecat SK for a name
    for the new product you are researching.

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/in-memory-of-sven-kullander/

    Regards
    Sam

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Good Idea!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  751. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    For the Jet engine version call it the E-Cat Dragon series in commemoration to your previous pioneering Petroldragon company. Display a special E-Cat logo of your cat with dragon scales on his back and setting the red ball on fire with its fiery breath. :)
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Could you tell us the weight of Nickel needed in each individual Ecat-QX ?
    Thanks if you can answer,

    FM

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    The characteristics available will be put in the data sheet of the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Not bad indeed. NewDawn.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  756. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My suggestion for the name of the next generation E-Cat is ‘Sunrise’ or ‘Dawn’, or in Italian, the E-Cat “Alba”.

    The Latin word for Dawn is Aurora. (That also would be an interesting name.)

    The name indicates a New “Dawn” with its hope of a better future for all the world.

    Renewed regards,

    Joseph Fine

  757. Andrea Rossi

    Alessanfro Coppi:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but the first industrialized model will be the Ecat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  758. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    i have a suggestion for the name of the new ECat. Ecat QXL , with nnnn equal to the number of rated watts. XL stands for eXtra Large. If you will provide an ample range of single module power, consider also the use of QXXL, QXXXL and so on, with each power range in the ratio of 10. E.g.: QX for p<100W, QXL for 100W<p<1000W, QXXL for 1000W<p<10000W and so on…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  759. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. Italo R.

    >Name: suggestions?

    HyperCat

  761. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the suggestion. I am conserving all of them, like seeds on a cropping field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  762. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    as for name suggestion: Years back there was Lancia HPE models, so I think

    E-Cat HPE

    as High PErformance, sounds cool.

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    There is a problem with you being a genius. The problem is that you never stop being inventive, and creating better technology. That, of course, has a downside – the product is never static enough to go into mass production, and potential customers will be waiting for the next big development.
    The world needs your Ecat NOW.
    Can you come up with a Quark based product, designed so that the smaller composites could later be swapped for the more powerful unit.
    If you were able to do that, and promise a FREE UPGRADE for early adopters – that would get the money flowing, and please me and the rest of your followers.
    regards
    GL

  765. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Attention: as I said, the bigger reactor does not interfere with the process of industrialization of the Ecat QX.
    Thank you for your critic, anyway, I will treasure it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  766. Massimo Ginepro

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Here is my suggested name: Ecat Junior, so the next one can be Ecat Father, then Ecat Grandfather etc
    What do you think? ( Just joking )
    Good luck!
    Massimo Ginepro

  767. Andrea Rossi

    Massimo Ginepro:
    That makes “family”: I got an idea: since the Ecat has Italian origin, after Ecat Father and Ecat Grandfather, we could arrive to ” Ecat Godfather ” ( still joking ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  768. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    as a name for the new Ecat, I would suggest Ecat-BX where B stays for Big.

    Another suffix could be BJ like Big Jim, the toy hero of the 70s !

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. > Name: suggestions?

    How about “the Ecat: Concert” (inspired by the film).

    Alternatively “Ecat: Stockholm” or “Ecat: Puppet” (as in “combing the hair”)

  771. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Concert and Stockholm are inspiring.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  772. Stephen

    Hi Andrea.

    About the name how about tying it to its rating?

    QX for 10’s if Watts
    QL above 50 Watts
    QC, QM etc…

    And maybe if it’s rated for Electricity someday

    EX , EL, EC etc?

    But a catchy name could be cooler 😉

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Well, so nobody will be allowed to say that the Ecat is illitterate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. C.D.

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I visited the website ecat.com
    Congratulations, very well done.
    I have been impressed by the article on Aftenposten, that is the major newspaper of Norway
    https://www.aftenposten.no/digital/Unknown-energy-source-with-enormous-potential-10899b.html
    Godspeed,
    Carl

  775. Andrea Rossi

    C.D.:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. Dear Steven

    My company builds off grid system up to 200kw SOlar PV and grid feed systems from 1-5Mw

  777. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    Name: suggestions? Simply: e-cat 1
    Probably will be the first commercial product available.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  778. Vikram

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the new high power single reactor demand at least one year of tests to reach Sigma 5 as it happened with the QX? By the way, does it have already a name?
    Godspeed,
    Vikram

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Vikram:
    Yes.
    Name: suggestions?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  780. Greg Vogtman

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think it will possible to see in operation the big single reactor within this year?
    Besides: did you already find a name?

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Vogtman:
    Hard to know.
    This morning we had important results, but we are very green.
    About the name, it will be Ecat followed by a suffix: suggestions?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  782. Steven N. Karels

    Manuel cilia,

    What output ranges and costs do you project for small and medium size solar farms?

  783. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will it be possible to drive one of your industrial E-Cats from a PV solar source?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, PV is a source like any other for the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    Following up on the Feb 25th Steven N. Karels questions and your responses. I can see the potential to replace the coal fired energy production but in a gradual progression with your modular designs. Take our local TVA production plant as an example, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingston_Fossil_Plant . It has 9 modules operation between 175mw and 200mw. Do you foresee your quark-x units replacing such coal fired units one by one over time?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  786. Andrea Rossi

    John C.Evans:
    I think all the existing sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Dear Steven N. Karels

    Sorry about getting on my high horse but my specialty is small to medium solar farms with storage. The economic case for solar as the primary input to the Ecat is very feasible.
    If we assume a 30% efficiency for a small steam turbine and a COP of 200 for the Ecat a 1MW eCAT thermal output will generate 300kw of electrical power. Therefore we would need a solar/battery option the can produce 1Mw/200 x 24hr/day = 120Kwh energy from a solar PV system and a battery. As an example using a software program called HOMER if that system is in Sydney Australia (where I live) you would need a 42Kw PV system with a 450Kwh lithium battery, this will give you sufficient power 365 days per year.
    Of course these number will change according to where you live on Earth. The total cost for a system like this would be approx $400k to $500k

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    I prefer for now not to give this number, because we are trying to raise it. But if it works, the improvement is substantial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  789. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you able to tell the power output of this new E-Cat QX prototype ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  790. Steven N. Karels

    Manuel Cilia,

    I agree that a smaller power generation with more distributed locations to reduce transmission loss, and other effects are beneficial and the ultimate way to proceed. However, there are 1GW electrical power generation plants in existence burning coal, etc. One needs to think how those units will be converted to eCat technology. As Andrea has pointed out many times, an integrated approach is required.

    I analyzed the 1GW plant hypothetical because that is the worst case in terms of maintainability – a large amount of heat generated in a relatively confined area and the need to perform periodic maintenance while it is operating. I am also attempting to have Andrea consider solar as the source for his input and control power needs. But a more detailed economic analysis is needed. Something, I alone, cannot do.

  791. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So is the larger E-Cat QX prototype you are testing:

    1) Part of ongoing R&D?
    2) A possible next-generation industrial product?
    3) A possible next-generation domestic product?
    4) Will its testing be long-term, as with the Sigma 5 testing you did last year?

    Thank you if you are able to answer,

    Frank Acland

  792. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  793. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    So let’s look at a down-sized version…

    A 240kW steam powered turbine producing 200kW of electrical power. Assuming a Carnot efficiency of 40% means eCat reactor thermal power generation of 600kW. This requires 30,000 eCat reactors each capable of generating 20W. Assuming a module of 100 eCat reactors, each module produces 2kW of thermal power. So 300 modules would be required to produce the 600kW of thermal power (300 x 2kW = 600kW). Assume you distribute them into groups of 25 modules. So each group produces 50kW and there are 12 groups. The groups could be located on a 3 x 4 grid horizontally and maintenance done on a single group at a time so the overall output is only reduced by 8%. With twelve groups, it is likely the scheduled maintenance would be one group per month – remove and replace an entire group, likely a few hour task that could be done during non-peak load hours or scheduled downtime periods.

    Solar Analysis:

    Assume a COP of 100. 600kW times 24 hours per day / 100 = 144 kW-hr of storage. Call it 200kW-hr to accommodate inefficiencies. So, a solar farm around 40kW would likely provide enough energy to fully charge and supply the 200kW-hr capacity of the battery units, assuming only 5 hours of full sunlight per day (clouds, weather, latitude). The likely size of the solar array would be around 250 square meters.

  794. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  795. It must be remembered that what makes a device like the Ecat so important is to decentralise the electricity network and produce power where it is needed. We need to stop thinking like the big power company, as they still have the mentality of coal fire and nuclear power station which create network concentration and create weak spots in the distribution of electricity. Keep the Ecats small and nibble, 1-10mw Ecats can change the way we distribute energy around the world. Sorry but I feel it is important.
    Again Dr Rossi thank you for your effects so far

  796. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  797. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From what you have commented regarding testing a higher power E-Cat QX, does this mean you will be abandoning the plans for the smaller reactors, thus requiring you to restart your designing of a commercial plants, and losing time?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  798. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  799. Jerome

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you already testing a bigger module with a single reactor of at least 1 kW or more of power, or is it still on the paper?
    Godspeed,
    Jerome

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Jerome:
    We started recently testing a prototype.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Steven Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regards to larger eCat rector modules, I think this would be a mistake. Given your current eCat rectors produce somewhere around 10kW of thermal energy and you have previously stated a linear response and SSM, we can say that each module can be turned-on, turned-off and controlled in output power to some limited range(say 8kW to 12kW). When incorporated into a 1MW combined unit where there are 100 eCat reactors, this allows you to control the generated total power from 10kW to 1MW in 1% steps (of full output) by simply turning-on or turning-off individual reactors. I think this is an important feature when the user demand can change with time, such as an intermediate electric power generation plant. Even in baseload electric power generation applications, the thermal energy must be controlled within limits. Your eCat works best in long term (months) of operation with static or slowly changing loads (time periods of change in minutes or hours)

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Steve N.Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    I am not designing plants with 2.5 GW of power, therefore I am not able to detail dimensional issues for such concerns; I am sure that for that order of magnitude it is not just a summatory we have to deal with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your maintainability concept, as I understand it, for customers who use a large number of eCat reactors, say in excess of 10,000 20W reactors, is to have groups of them changed out for maintenance (once a year, refueling, failures, etc.).
    1. Is this substantially correct?

    Given the high operating temperature, nearby groups of eCat reactors would make maintenance activities on a nearby grouping difficult and perhaps hazardous because of heat.
    2. Does this suggest a physical separation requirement for the various grouping to allow maintenance activity?

    If this is essentially true, and for a hypothetical 1GW electrical power generation station, about 2.5GW of thermal power would need to be generated (assuming a Carnot efficiency of 40%). Allowing an additional 10% capacity to accommodate simultaneous full power output operation and maintenance activities to occur, then about 138 million eCat 20W reactors would be needed. If the eCat 20W reactors were fabricated 100 each in a service module, each service module producing 2kW of thermal power, then about 1.38 million such service modules would be needed. And if grouping of 125 such service modules were within a group container, each group container would produce about 250kW of thermal power and there would be 11,000 such groupings. Conceptually, this would occupy a 2 dimensional matrix almost 110 x 100 of such groupings.
    3. Undoubtedly way too many assumptions but is the concept essentially correct?

    With 11,000 (or some similar number) of groupings, and with an annual maintenance call to each grouping unit, a typical day would see replacement of about 30 groupings or less than 1% of the total capacity down for scheduled maintenance at any one time. This level of scheduled maintenance suggests the 10% excess capacity to accommodate other maintenance activities is about correct.
    4. Is this consistent with your planned scheduled maintenance philosophy?

    Assuming the 110 x 100 matrix configuration, and assuming 1 cubic meter per grouping, assuming a 1 meter cube and with allowing 2 meters for service access between groupings suggests the entire 110 x 100 matrix would take up about 330m x 300m of land space or about 0.1 square kilometers of land or about 0.04 square miles or about 20 acres.

    Solar Cell Power for Driving the eCats: The eCat reactors are producing 2.5GW times 24 hours per day or 60GWhr per day of thermal energy. Assuming an effective COP of 100 means the average input power to run the plant will be on the order of 25MW. A 1MW solar farm requires about 4 acres of land so a 100 MW solar farm (assume the 100MW solar farm only operates about 1/4 of the time due to battery efficiencies, daylight and weather effects) would need about 400 acres. Assuming suitable battery capacity to store during darkness (night and storms) could be accommodated, you could have a 1GW electrical generation plant with zero average energy consumption (and a ton of assumptions on my part).

    Since you are feeding electrical power to a national grid, you could easily draw the control power from the same grid. This could be done all the time or you could draw power and store the power in local batteries to take advantage of lower electricity cost during non-peak hours. But it may make more economic and environmental sense to generate the control power from a different technology (gas, coal, wind or solar) as it makes little sense to divert your produced electricity or to buy someone else’s electricity to control the eCats.
    Your thoughts?

  804. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe it was during the Stockholm test, you said that Gullström was preparing tests to check the theory. Did those tests take place and if so, did it confirm the theory?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  805. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Gullstrom and I are still working on this issue and preparing new tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  806. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible that if you get larger higher power reactors working well, that they will be standard for powering E-Cat plants (instead of using small ones like used in the Stockholm demo)?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  807. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is where we are aiming to.
    This afternoon we are going to make a test of paramount importance in this direction. We are working very, very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  808. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you applying for more patents after the new features of the Ecat QX?

  809. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  810. Olga

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I am a nuclear engineer and I admire what you are doing, but I do not understand how you can shield ionizing radiations in a so small device as the one we saw during the IVA-Stockholm demonstration. Also Prof. Elizabeth Rachlew, chairman of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences- who attended the demonstration and, as I saw, observed very carefully your demo and eventually said in the interview published on the Aspenpost that you worked correctly- said that in those conditions necessarily radiations were emitted.
    Good luck for the industrialization and remember that in Russia your work is strongly appreciated: by the way, I saw that your technology has been granted a patent also in Russia: does this mean your intention is also to work in our Country?
    All the best,
    Olga

  811. Andrea Rossi

    Olga:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Please go to the video of the Carl-Oscar Gullstrom lecture from the ICA-Stockholm demo. You can also watch the 6 minutes summary of the whole presentation ( find both on http://www.ecat.com ). In both you will find the hint of the theory we are formulating. maybe it is wrong, but it fills up all the apparently gaps difficult to reconcile emerged from all the tests.
    By the way, the heat exchanger was shielded.
    Russia: can an object so important as the Ecat could be not be diffused in a Country as important as Russia? Yes, we had a patent granted from the Patent Office of Russia, and I am very proud of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  812. C

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still trying to male single reactors with a higher power, respect what we saw in the video of the Ecat demo at the IVA of Stockholm?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    C

  813. Andrea Rossi

    C:
    Yes, with very important progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the recharging:

    1. Will a Leonardo Corp. employee always have to change the E-Cats, or will it be possible for operators to do so (like we change our printer cartridges when they are depleted)?

    2. How long would a complete recharge of a 1MW plant take — (minutes, hours, days)?

    3. What do you expect to be the cost to refuel a 1 MW plant?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- it will be possible for operators certified by us to do so
    2- several days
    3- low enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  816. Vladimir

    Dr Rossi,
    Dr Parkhomov not only has repeatedly now replicated the Lugano experiment in Russia, but also has measured analogous isotopical shifts.
    Vlad

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Vladimir:
    I know, I read his reports.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. Raffaele Bongo

    Dear A. Rossi Hello

    How long will a technician need to change the used combustible of the future E-Cat 1 MW with 25000 units?

    Sincerely,thank you and all my support for your wonderful work

    Raffaele

  819. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We will change the Ecats, not the fuel, in the Customers’ factories. The reactors will be changed by lots, to maintain the the production. The plants will have an excess of reactors corresponding to the lots quantum. The charge will be changed in our closer point of assistance and eventually recycled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  820. DT

    Dr Rossi:
    After the replication of Dr Parkhomov and their own replications of replications, the interest in Russia for your technology is growing up, as you have seen from the comment of Dr Uzikov. Somebody is warning about radiations: are you working in safe conditons?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  821. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    I am honored from the replications and the attention from Russia.
    I work in safe conditions and the ionizing radiations emitted outside the Ecat do not overcome the safety limits beyond the background.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  822. SK

    Mr Rossi,
    Did you consider that the COP you chime about is against the 1st principle of thermodynamics?

  823. Andrea Rossi

    SK:
    E=Mc^2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  824. Marco

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The 6 minutes summary of the Stockholm event linked on http://www.ecat.com is a jewel.
    Cheers,
    Marco

  825. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you: we made it because not all have the pationce to go through the 4 hours of the global videos of the demo and the Gullstrom’s lecture…so a specialist made a 6 min summary with the core of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  826. C.

    Dear Andrea,
    Will the Ecat QX be able to operate outdoor?

  827. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  828. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you keep to your schedule will you have a product launch event in 2018?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  829. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    That’s my dream.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  830. To Larry J:

    Coca Cola is a very poor analogy.

    In order to start a new beverage to compete with Coca Cola would cost at least $100 million just to set it up. And in order to be successful, at least a billion dollars: The cost of entry is huge. And the risk of failure substantial. So the risk of competitors sprouting in that industry is negligible. And Coca Cola has established itself as successful only after many decades in business.

    With new crypto currencies the cost of entry is comparatively trivial. So it is likely there will be thousands of cryptocurrencies developed over the next 20 years, all competing with each other as being the most convenient to use. Should BitCoin get to the million dollars you predict, there will be tens of thousands of new cryptocurrencies developed. The great majority will, after a flurry of interest, simply disappear from existence swept away in a deluge of competition, with owners holding a handful of worthless Bytes.

    Why would anyone bet a significant amount on BitCoin, specifically, being one of the survivors?

    But if you know the answer, please tell us, what is the incremental cost of producing a new cryptocurrency unit? (Not just a BitCoin unit. A ‘generic’ cryptocurrency unit.) In a competitive environment the unit price is likely to settle eventually not a very great distance above that level.

    I also have gained the impression that the posts I have seen lately on various discussion groups around the internet, pushing BitCoin in particular, are not being done by people keen the help their fellow man with a great investment suggestion. I have never seen anyone else here, for example, pushing ANY other type of investment. So it looks indistinguishable to me from a coordinated promotional effort (just like the ‘boiler room’ stock promotions of the old days where, when the sucker says to the promoter, “Thank you, I’d like to sell now”, the answer comes back: “Who to?”

    But please have fun with it on money you can afford to lose. A lot of people have lost a lot already.

    Rodney.

  831. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is your current best estimate of the probability that you will begin E-Cat QX production in 2018?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    So far we are within our schedule.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Tristan

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Did you already reach an agreement with a strong financial partner?

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Tristan:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. LarryJ

    @Rodney Nicholson

    ==============================================================
    When enough new crypto currencies have emerged and the supply of them rises to exceed demand, their values will all fall to the incremental cost of producing more of them. Which is negligible.
    ==============================================================

    I would compare your argument to cola soft drinks. Although there can be any number of cola drinks in the world there is only one Coca Cola. It is still not cheap and Warren Buffet would argue that it was a good investment. Bitcoin is the Coca Cola of crypto currencies.

    Throughout the world people are bedevilled by the hyperinflation of their fiat currencies. At present the US dollar is widely regarded as a safe store of value by both individuals and governments. As a result many of the dollars printed are never spent but are hidden in bed mattresses and bank vaults. But all good things come to an end and if those dollars should ever find their way home then the US too could experience serious price inflation as does any country that seriously inflates its fiat currency. People throughout the world desire a stable store of value so where might they look.

    Bitcoin is the Coca Cola of crypto currencies and IF technology is developed that allows its safe, stable, fast and easy use for everyday trade it could easily replace all world fiat currencies since it cannot be inflated and it cannot be controlled. In my opinion a single Bitcoin could easily exceed a million dollars in today’s terms if adopted as a worldwide currency. A Bitcoin can currently trade down to one 100 millionth of a Bitcoin (0.00000001 BTC).

    LarryJ

  836. Anthony

    Dr Rossi,
    About the global warming: many sceptics have changed idea and now convinced themselves that it is caused by mankind activities; did you too change idea?
    Anthony

  837. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony:
    No, I did not, but to believe it is useful to limit the global pollution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  838. Olaf

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Have the data we saw during the demo at the IVA of Stockholm been confirmed during your R&D in the aftermath of it, so far?
    Best regards

  839. Andrea Rossi

    Olaf:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  840. ANDREA: This is, of course, off-topic. Please handle as you see fit. Thank you.

    REGARDING:

    = = = = = = = = = =

    Matthew Browder
    February 22, 2018 at 9:20 AM

    Hi, You probably saw how Bitcoin increased over 900 over the course of last year. It was wild – but not totally unprecedented if you’d been watching cryptocurrency over the last several years. And here’s the crazy thing; There are many other coins that still have tons of room to grow. You may have heard of Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, and others… …but there are more coins – and many more opportunities – Follow this link to get the full story. http://bit.ly/-cryptocurrency Best regards

    = = = = = = = = = = = =

    In economics terms the explanation is simple: The recent rise in crytocurrency values has occurred purely because demand for them has recently exceeded supply. When enough new crytocurrencies have emerged and the supply of them rises to exceed demand, their values will all fall to the incremental cost of producing more of them. Which is negligible. It might be under one dollar. I bet the inventor of BitCoin has already cashed in, and is sitting in his newly-acquired mansion on the IntraCoastal Waterway laughing.

    Buying them at these prices is participating in what in investment circles has long been known as “The Greater Fool Theory”. That refers to the situation when a belief arises that if you buy something at a totally silly price today, an even bigger fool will be happy to buy it from you, at an even more ridiculous price, later.

    Have fun.

    Rodney.

  841. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    I agree with your analysis.
    Not to mention the black side of that moon…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, electric cars use battery energy not only for locomotion, but also to condition the temperature inside the car.
    In summer they have to cool off, and on cold days they have to heat the cockpit.
    All this reduces the battery charge.

    When in the future the E-Cat will also be certified for private use, it could be installed on all electric cars (an immense global market).
    The heat generated by E-Cat could in fact be used to heat the car and, in summer, it will be able to power an air conditioner to cool the car.

    Moreover, if the E-Cat could also generate electricity, it could supply the car battery, considerably increasing its charge and autonomy.

    Is this hypothesis a dream or do you think it could happen in the future?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    It appears Nissan made something in this direction while replicating my effect.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  844. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the work with the robotics progressing? Have you started programming them yet? If not, when do you expect to do so?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. Hi, You probably saw how Bitcoin increased over 900 over the course of last year. It was wild – but not totally unprecedented if you’d been watching cryptocurrency over the last several years. And here’s the crazy thing; There are many other coins that still have tons of room to grow. You may have heard of Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, and others… …but there are more coins – and many more opportunities – Follow this link to get the full story. http://bit.ly/-cryptocurrency Best regards

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Matthew Browder:
    Sorry, but my opinion is that bitcoins are a frame for a ponzi scheme that will defraud the massive last wave of the persons that will buy them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Jerry

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the “Dark Matter” exists?

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry:
    There are theoretical issues that make its existence probable, but we do not yet have a proof of its existence. It is a pity that the project of NASA to launch an observatory in the space specifically focused on the search of the DM has been now put on hold for financial issues, but…as they say, a project is not serious until its financing is put on hold.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Those who propose desalination by distillation using the E-cat either do not consider or are not aware of the mineral scaling issues of the boiler vessel. Maintaining and descaling these vessels is an ongoing labor intensive process without which they become inefficient and soon fail. Scaling of reverse osmosis membranes is much cheaper and manageable.

    The cost of water by R.O. in the latest plants has dropped to less then 50 cents to produce 1 cubic meter of potable water or 264 gallons. That’s less then 0.0018 per gallon. This is still about double traditional potable water, but they continue to improve the process.
    —————————————————-
    New way to purify water could have you drinking from Sydney Harbour
    “Graphair”
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKAIHBw_ex8

    This New Graphene Invention Makes Filthy Seawater Drinkable in One Simple Step
    https://www.sciencealert.com/graphene-film-water-filtration-drinkable-seawater?perpetual=yes&limitstart=1
    —————————————————-
    They are also working on extraction of minerals from the R.O. rejected brine. It was estimated that the market value of just Na, Ca, Mg, and K, if successfully extracted from the rejected brine of a desalination plant in Saudi Arabia, would be approximately $US18 billion per year.

    Note R.O. is still energy intensive for operating equipment such as the pumps etc… Should E-cat technology provide cheap electricity, the cost would decline further.

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C,:
    Very interesting. Thank you for your explication. As I thought, reverse osmosis is very competitive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Steven N. Karels

    Raffaele Bongo,

    One of the disadvantages of using an oscilloscope for voltage measurements is the display of higher voltages is limited by the screen. For example, if I have 10 vertical divisions on an oscilloscope and the zero voltage setting is in the middle, and the scale factor is 1V per vertical division, then the maximum voltage I can display is 5 Volts. The plasma could be formed by a very short pulse with very high voltage and the oscilloscope would only show a vary narrow vertical line to +5 Volts. I do not know this for a fact as the information is confidential to Andrea Rossi. But this could address your question.

  853. Jundt

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the very convincing test at the IVA of Stockholm, I found it on http://www.ecat.com
    Godspeed,
    Jundt

  854. Andrea Rossi

    Jundt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    At the November 24 presentation the observed voltage was less than one volt and the intensity also lower than the ampere.

    Can you explain how plasma is obtained with such low value?

    All my support for your work and forgiveness if this information is confidential.

    Raffaele

  856. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No, this is a confidential information. No reason to ask for forgiveness: curiosity is allowed, confidentiality is demanded, both are legitimate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  857. Sandra

    Dr Rossi,
    In the 6 minutes summary of the Stockholm video at last I found the core of the Gullstrom-Rossi theory: much easier to understand in the summary than in the full video.
    Very interesting,
    Cheers
    Sandra

  858. Andrea Rossi

    Sandra:
    Thanks for your attention,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  859. Eric Ashworth

    Rodney Nicholson, Very interesting information with regards the dynamics of the system/systems and the two opposing camps. The expansion theory I am doubtful of but the existence of the two camps I am well aware of by experience and I agree the study has nothing to offer for the possible existence of dark matter. For me one camp prefers theory alone whereas the other camp prefers theory with demonstrable principles Regards Eric Ashworth

  860. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    I wrote an article in the Russian magazine “Atomic Strategy” and on the website “ProATom”, in which I cited an analogy with the development of your invention with the work of the Wright brothers in creating an airplane. The magazine should be out soon, but for now I am sending you a link to the article. I can say with confidence that the attitude towards your great work has begun to change in the direction of trust and recognition.

    http://www.proatom.ru/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=7884

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you, I am deeply honoured to be taken in consideration by the Russian ProAtom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. John Scott

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you use a magnetic field to protect the materials of the reactor from the high temperatures reached by the QX?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    John

  863. Andrea Rossi

    John Scott:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to this question, but it is true that around the plasma a magnetic field is generated
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Enrico

    Dear Andrea,
    The perfect module would be an Ecat QX of 10 kW, easy to combine to reach industrial needs, but ready for domestic use.
    Do you agree?
    Cheers
    Enrico

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Enrico:
    I agree
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. SK

    Mr Rossi,
    February is gone, you got 9 months then it will arrive December: come on, confess your promise to start the sales within this year is a bluff!

  867. Andrea Rossi

    SK:
    Please keep me informed of the timing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Regarding:
    = = = = = = = = =
    R.M.Santilli
    February 19, 2018 at 6:20 AM

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The forum http://www.galileoprincipia.org/no-universe-expansion.php has received a number of posts suggesting that the Dark Matter is fake science.
    Maybe this can be of interest for the readers of this blog.
    R.M. Santilli
    = = = = = = = = =

    My understanding is that a team at Oxford University started a project a couple of years ago to measure the red shifts of distant galaxies ten years apart. If the universe’s expansion is truly accelerating – as proposed by those postulating the existence of dark energy – then the equipment being used should be sensitive enough to detect the change in red shift ten years later. But I don’t think this study will have any relevance for dark matter.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Henrik

    To All:
    By googling ”reverse osmosis water temperature” I came across this link: https://www.aquaticlife.com/blog/how-temperature-affects-ro-water-production-/
    Here, the author clearly makes a connection between the efficiency in smaller plants, and water temperature (up to 100F).
    If correct, Your product would definately be of interest to owners of R-O plants.
    Since there are a number of bright inventors/entrepreneurs out there, I’m sure they’ll take notice once your product is introduced.
    B R, H

  871. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    Thank you for the information.
    Maybe we can be useful also in this important field.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  872. Greg Leonard

    Italo R,
    The current energy industry would love AR to make all his IP available. The result would be the fragmentation and delay in developments – Big Oil would continue to make its millions for years to come.
    The parallels with Elon Musk are not valid, as electric cars are so much more expensive to make – the real drive there is to develop common standards to which all manufacturers can work towards.
    AR’s proposal of massive production at a price which makes copycat development not worthwhile,is the way most likely to get the results we all want at the earliest date.
    regards
    GL

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    I totally agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, did you read Elon Musk’s biography book?
    He is an exceptional and admirable man.
    Among the various things that have struck me is his desire to do good to humanity.
    Here on Earth with electric cars, and in space to make the man multiplanetary aspiring to colonize Mars.
    He managed with Tesla to compete with all the automakers who are now trying to do the same things but without the same success, since they are about 8 years away, especially in the production of electric batteries.
    However, Musk decided to make Tesla patents open source. He did it because he wants electric cars spreading more and more, even if they are manufactured by others.
    And this is admirable. He did not want to think only about his personal gain, but he really wants to do good to humanity.
    And even so doing, he is still getting great riches and honors, and his name will be anyway written on the History books.

    I was thinking about your E-Cat. Have you ever thought that if the E-Cat were open source there could be a faster development and an easier diffusion in the world, so starting to alleviate so much suffering in humans?

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    If I put my IP in open source my technology will lose all the financing partners present and future. Nobody invests seriously in techs without IP in our sector.
    I cannot speak for the choices related to situations that I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. John Hawthorne

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    can this article be useful to suggest Ecat applications related to water scarcity?
    https://businessconnectworld.com/2017/11/16/water-scarcity-problem-thats-destroying-countries/

  877. Andrea Rossi

    John Hawthorne:
    As I said before, I am not an expert of water depuration or desalination. The key question is: how much costs per liter the desalination of water with the existing widely employed technologies, like for example reverse osmosis?
    Knowing this, I could answer properly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Musicist

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your story and the words Prof Sergio Focardi said in an interview- google “Focardi: why Andrea Rossi made what all the others did not”- make me think to the character of Wagner’s Parsifal.
    Godspeed,
    M.

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Musicist:
    You mean “The Pure ( Par s ) and Fool ( i Fal )?
    Well, this could be generated from the Epoche’ ( Husserl ) that is fundamental in my thinking procedure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Bertold

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still teying to make a single reactor of the Ecat QX with a high power?
    Thank you if you find the time to answer,
    Bertold

  881. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Follow up to my previous information.

    Mass Defect = Economy Force = force of an organized system). The mechanism as previously explained has an internal flow that I referred to as an ‘economy flow’ that I now realize is due to a mass defect. The mechanism organizes a system of flow unlike anatomic/sub atomic physics whereby potentials of energy are organized into systems of force. This phenomena, regarding force potentials, I believe is within every system whether micro or macro. The E-Cat being an artificial system cannot produce hydrogen but is able to reduce it to its base components. However when within the micro world of the macro state the phenomena of fusion is induced in a contained environment/planet unlike when in the macro state, that which has been fused is introduced/neutralized with a reaction opposite to that of fusion being fission and thereby producing neutrals with a release of a quantity of energy.

    The following requires a novel understanding that applies to many situations notably the LENR process but, why, the resistance it seems to incur?. Also the mechanism is subjected to the same resistance.

    Quarks I consider to be the building blocks of all matter. Neutrinos and the Higgs are integral to the quark but should not be considered vital at this stage of intro understanding. Lets assume that free quarks, unbound in matter, have a very weak gravity value, are a neutral unit of x6 component parts and that fill all empty space in our solar macro system. The system being systemic of nature could be referred to as a ‘time capsule’ when related to distance as a value of time i.e. distance between the integral parts/planets. Earth is an integral part of a system in a state of evolution thereby an integral part of the capsule and if so, I believe, we are not alone, if not, then fission and fusion are processes that can be understood as energy cycles of an interacting system whether it be micro or macro. Both a micro and a macro interaction involving mass defect are required to maintain a neutral/gap between all structures. A fission state can be artificially induced because this state is within nature of which we area part. The fusion state is not possible as it requires the internal pressures of a planet. It is the natural state of the process with regards recycling in the macro system that is important to being able to project the process into the micro so as to understand a concept whether it be artificially induced or of a natural phenomena. Thereby the LENR conundrum may be able to be explained as an artificially induced recycling natural process with regards quarks into hydrogen and hydrogen into quarks (LENRs being a part of the natural reaction omitting the fusion process).

    This will require a degree of consideration: Quarks as mentioned are neutrals that contain a degree of gravity because they have a composite vital structure. Thereby there is no empty space except at zero points within structure. If there is no exterior empty space we must exist in a solid system of a low density structure that exhibits mass defect. Planets are solid bodies with there central point of zero gravity between two gates that supply the zero gravity with a constant supply quarks from each gate. When quarks compress they glow. Within a planet they are in a contained environment. Around the zero point under extreme pressure they form into hydrogen structures containing potentials as previously described (maybe I have overlooked this point, if so I shall deal with it) and undergo mass defect. Thereby x2 quarks within one section of 120 degrees of the hydrogen atom overlap to a degree gaining mass defect and so too does the other x2 120 degrees. The mass defect represents two potentials of two quarks that because of unequal potentials form a neutral with a degree of binding between two neutrinos (the unequal potentials are due to the inner quark having more size than the outer quark that’s more volume. The neutral represents a stable potential between two points of zero gravity within the two quarks. Any quarks that descend deeper within than the hydrogen quarks form neutrons that display a more intensive reaction, when unbound, due to containing more mass defect. Hydrogen formed within theEarth is formed by the zero point of gravity within the Earth. Any hydrogen formed within another planet within the same 120 degree section section as planet Earth but deeper within the ‘time capsule’ will be more positive due to its dimension differential and thereby produce hydrogen of a more positive potential from the quarks of the outer system. Thereby the interaction of these two planetary systems will produce a mass defect with regards there individual exterior potentials. The Earth because of its more negative position displays a majoring.minor neg exterior whereas the more positive planet will display a major neg/minor pos exterior. Thereby the mass defect of the interaction between two gravity masses/planets would be able to fission any hydrogen from planet Earth back into quarks but not the hydrogen from the more positive planet, its hydrogen would require the body/planet in front ie. deeper within and being more positive to provide its potential spas to fission its hydrogen into quarks.

    The E-Cat has its two potentials of empty vessel and stable cubic neutral. Hydrogen is introduced. Hydrogen is fused from paired quarks into a 120 degree segment, one segment at a time i.e. over a period of time. The empty vessel within the E-Cat strips of the outer Major neg/minor neg potential of the hydrogen. As the potential approaches the empty vessel it becomes Major neg/minor pos. its paired partner the Major pos/minor pos. follows its partner becoming Major pos/minor neg creating a potential of a neutral between two quarks. 240 degrees is not a stable neutral so a chain reaction occurs. The reaction is a controlled break down over a period of time in a sequence of events. Thereby a low energy recycling process.

    Because there is no such thing as empty space, because of quarks, the entire system/’time capsule’ can be considered as a solid displaying a minute degree of mass defect. If mass defect is a phenomena of compression then a vibration must be a neutral activity that involves both time and space. The positive is the compression force, the neutral is the product/mass defect and the negative force is the readjustment which being within a solid translates as a positive force of transmission i.e. a reflective force producing an identical mass defect at the target area. Thereby does light travel within a space over a distance in a period of time? Maybe it is a transfer of force within a solid object that impacts a receptor producing amass defect of equal force. Sonoluminescence could demonstrate the thereof mass defect with regards quark matter vibration and reflex force.

    With regards the E-Cat. The production of quarks creates a pressure from the readjustment of the mass defect of the hydrogen. When quarks readjust they impact the quarks in the surrounding material substance and create pressure. The pressure can be measured as a degree of heat. The reason why LENRs create no harmful energies is because the reactions occur on the sub atomic level in a low impact controlled process over a period of time. In the opposite way in which the hydrogen atom was formed. I believe the hydrogen atom needs an explanation with regards its manufacture of potentials within each 120 degrees. In the meantime I hope this information is useful, if only for consideration. Regards Eric Ashworth

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. Leonid Alferovich

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Please let me send this link to my paper on Non Postulated Physics that could help applications on LENR: maybe you or the readers of this blog are interested:
    https://drive.google.com/open?id=1rJ5PFrcu-0II0CqKIKK1zJlhu_KyCszq
    All the best,
    Leonid Alferovich

  884. Andrea Rossi

    Leonid Alferovich:
    Thank you for your paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  885. R.M.Santilli

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The forum http://www.galileoprincipia.org/no-universe-expansion.php has received a number of posts suggesting that the Dark Matter is fake science.
    Maybe this can be of interest for the readers of this blog.
    R.M. Santilli

  886. Andrea Rossi

    R.M.Santilli:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  887. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: I still think Cyclone Power is a good match for your
    current E-Cat. Below is the latest from them. Of course with your
    E-Cat there would be no need for the “sun” or the “storage” 😰
    POMPANO BEACH, FL, February 16, 2018, CYCLONE POWER TECHNOLOGIES
    INC., (OTCPK: CYPW) The heart of the Microgrid system is the new Mark 10 engine producing 1500 plus horsepower at 7′ X 7′ footprint. We are currently in
    discussions with a few OEM’s to manufacture and supply customers with
    the new systems. Our Microgrid system will allow customers to generate
    their own power from the sun. They can then store the heat for a
    longer period of time than is currently available in the marketplace
    through our new thermal storage unit. The stored heat is used in the
    Mark 10 engine to produce power to the generator which can then be
    used or sell it back to the grid using the latest technology
    available.
    Cyclone is introducing a Pioneer program for the first Microgrid
    systems and generators. Please watch for the details and updates.
    Distributors and Original Equipment Manufacturers who are interested
    please email Scott@Cyclonepower.com
    Bernie Koppenhofer

  888. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  889. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    do you plan to build residential electric generators and vehicular propulsion engines, or just heat for ohers to integrate them for those applications?
    Chuck Davis

  890. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    This will depend on the agreements we will make with our Customers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  891. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Any machine induces risks related to its use. I remember the problems that occurred during the Apollo 13 mission. Nuclear power stations, which were very secure, unfortunately caused some dramas.
    Can you tell us what are the possible incidents and accidents related to normal use of a 1 MW E-Cat? breakdowns, malfunctions, fire, poisoning, etc.

    All my support for your work

    Raffaele

  892. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The issue is very complex. We got the certification for the industrial applications, based on the respect of all the items listed in the manual of operation.
    To answer I’d have to enter in details that are reserved to the Customers. Obviously for the domestic units the problem is exponentially more difficult, because the apparatus has to be safe even if the Customer does not read the operation manuals: remember the case of the company that has been held liable, together with the certificator, because a Customer put a cat in the microwave oven sold by that company to dry the cat after a shampoo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Karl

    #Colin Watters + Andrea Rossi:
    Is it not better the Rankine cycle for the Ecat, respect the Carnot cycle?

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Karl:
    No, the Rankine cycle can turn useful at low temperatures, but thoroughly studies we made years ago have convinced us that the Carnot is always more efficient if the primary is water steam.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will Leonardo Corp be selling plants, selling heat (i.e. Leonardo retains ownership of the plants), or both?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi,
    about the answer to Daniel G. Zavela Feb 16 at 8:43 P
    I don’t think you answered his question:
    What is holding up the certification of the home unit ?
    My answer is:
    When a device is ready to use in a home, this means that anyone that lives in a home can buy this device.
    This will include Joe SixPack.
    As a safety measure it must pass tests by UL.
    They have to make sure no matter what dumb thing
    Joe SixPack does, it will not harm him.
    Is this correct ?
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    I confirm my answer, but thank you for your interpretation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  900. Sam North

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting interview for you
    and the readers of your blog.

    https://youtu.be/dgz0bHHrDOE

    Regards
    Sam

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Earlier you mentioned the reactor could run with a secondary temperature of 600C.

    Will the industrial reactor be rated for 600C or is that just a theoretical limit for the QX reactor in general?

    I think 600C equates to over 250 bar if water is used.

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    It is a technological suggested limit.
    600 C can yield 55 Bars, that can give an efficiency of 35-40% by means of the Carnot cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    I am puzzled about the delay in certifying home units.
    Previously you stated that the need for a skilled operator is why industrial units could only be certified now for sale. Recently you stated “interventions are not made during a normal operation of the Ecat QX, during which the Ecat is completely autonomous.”

    What is holding back certification of home units?
    I would like to see your venture successful on a grand scale.
    Wishing you continued good luck with your product work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  905. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    During a normal operation is one thing, but you have to make a distinction between a normal operation and an emergency operation or a wrong operation. Anyway this chapter is not depending on my decisions.I sympathyze with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. Frank Zamburro

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,
    >
    > My name is Frank Zamburro, I am Italo Australian, my family are
    > Sardinian, I have been in touch with you previously with regard to
    > electricity production,
    >
    > You graciously replied to my inquiry about steam production and
    > Carnot
    > cycle .
    >
    > I have been following your progress , and abstained from contacting
    > you, to avoid wasting your precious time, I felt when, as by your
    > comments and your
    >
    > announced progress , the finish line is imminent, I would get back to
    > You.
    >
    > Initially my inquiry was re. desalination, the electricity was an
    > adjunct which I thought might help the project. The project is now
    > only desalination, please
    >
    > Help with the following, How many Liters of water at ambient
    > temperature, can be vaporised per 24 hours?
    >
    > Expected total for a twelve month period?
    >
    > Running costs ( aprox ) for 12 months?
    >
    > Cost of One Mega Watt E-Cat unit, and is there any bulk order
    > special
    > pricing?
    >
    > As you have deducted, the steam requirement is to achieve the maximum
    > for the least energy use, and the greatest conversion to potable
    > water.
    >

    > Your work , achieved in spite of all the odds you faced, intellectual
    > and personal,
    >
    > is the greatest step forward our planet has ever witnessed, no other
    > comes close to the scope and effect for the benefit to humanity, our
    > environment,
    >
    > and the longevity and well being of our planet and all it’s
    > creatures.
    >
    >
    > God bless you and yours,
    >
    > Best regards Frank.

  907. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Zamburro:
    Tank you for your kind support to the work of my Team.
    To vaporize 1 kg of water at room pressure you need about 0.7 kWh of energy.
    I am not an expert of water treatment, therefore I do not know if this is competitive. I have been told in past that desalination is performed with reverse osmosys, that appears to be more competitive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  908. Sven

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The theoretical experiments with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom are made in the USA or in Sweden?

  909. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    In Sweden.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Tamal

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,
    do you think it will be possible to buy just a few units of QXs to warm one’s office and home? I can imagen big whales taking the whole pool for themselves.
    Thank you for all the effort with your answers, kind regards.
    Tamal

  911. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    We have the certifications only for industrial applications. Initially we will surely sell only industrial plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  912. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Here is the latest from Cyclone Power, it still sounds like a fit with the current E-Cat. Forget the “sun” and “storage unit”.

    POMPANO BEACH, FL, February 16, 2018, CYCLONE POWER TECHNOLOGIES INC., (OTCPK: CYPW) The heart of the Microgrid system is the new Mark 10 engine producing 1500 plus horsepower at 7′ X 7′ footprint. We are currently in discussions with a few OEM’s to manufacture and supply customers with the new systems. Our Microgrid system will allow customers to generate their own power from the sun. They can then store the heat for a longer period of time than is currently available in the marketplace through our new thermal storage unit. The stored heat is used in the Mark 10 engine to produce power to the generator which can then be used or sell it back to the grid using the latest technology available.
    Cyclone is introducing a Pioneer program for the first Microgrid systems and generators. Please watch for the details and updates.
    Distributors and Original Equipment Manufacturers who are interested please email Scott@Cyclonepower.com

  913. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  914. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, During your earlier explanation of LENR theory both yourself and Prof. Focardi mentioned the interior of stars as a comparison and I believe you to be right. Having considered the reaction, if as I previously outlined with regards ratios of Na/Li andPd/Ni, there could be a correlation between your micro LENR process and the exterior macro reaction of our system. This explanation does require a degree of consideration as it is based upon a hypothesis with regards a new understanding of mass defect and if we consider the Earth to be a fusion reactor and the sun to be a fission reactor. It has been proven that oil is not from surface decay but is a manufactured product of an inner Earth reaction known as abiotic oil. Thereby if correct, the sun may not be making helium, it maybe breaking helium into hydrogen and then down to quarks. This hypothesis I will submit later.

    The cubic neutrals as described earlier i.e. Ni/Pd = 6.8 – but 280 divide by 6 = 46.666666 thereby 1/2charge cannot fill, thereby the Ni/Pd cubic neutral remains a constant empty vessel. The cubic neutral of Na/Li is a stable six.

    If as described: The micro system of the e-cat has a vessel that cannot be filled representing the sun and the stable neutral six representing the Earth. Same effect but different dynamics due to e-cat being micro using an existing manufactured substance, hydrogen and the other being the macro system that manufactures and recycles.

    The hydrogen has to be introduced allowing the Na/Pd cubic neutral to gravitate the major neg/minor neg from the hydrogen atom towards. This could transform the hydrogen potential into a major neg/minor pos putting it into a state of flux. Its positive partner is displaced becoming a major pos.minor neg and these two paired quarks set off a chain reaction creating plasma that involves the other x2 120 degrees. 240 degrees is not neutral.

    I use the phrase paired quarks because this I believe can answer a problematic area with regards mass defect and sonoluminescence. Regards Eric Ashworth

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply to Elliot about the max temperature you can reach on a secondary circuit, specifically, you replied that the max temperature is 600 C degrees on a “secondary circuit”.

    (Q) Does your prototype design include this “secondary circuit”?

    Perhaps you whispered a secret to us, and I would like to thank you for the bold statement above, I was somewhat concerned that the industrial prototype might be limited to a very low temperature as demonstrated in Sweden.

    I found some very interesting encouragement recently, in Romans 16:25-27, that I would like to share about the “sacred secret” that has been disclosed to those that have faith (including you!).
    I hope you enjoy this information. It warmed my heart.

    Regards,
    Tom

    ///////////////////////

    Romans 16:25-27 Now to Him who can make you firm according to the good news I declare and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the sacred secret that has been kept in silence for long-lasting times but has now been made manifest and has been made known through the prophetic Scriptures among all the nations according to the command of the everlasting God to promote obedience by faith; to God, who alone is wise, be the glory through Jesus Christ forever. Amen.

    https://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/study-bible/books/romans/16/
    … other than jw for those that like diversity …
    https://faithalone.org/magazine/y1993/93july3.html
    https://www.desiringgod.org/messages/command-of-god-the-obedience-of-faith

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    The secondary design depends on the use the Customer wants to make of the heat. I Sweden at the IVA I preferred to avoid change of phase to avoid the usual chatters about the steam quality. Our primary’s T is 2600 C and over.
    Thank you for the inspiring links to the Bible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    At the November 24th presentation, the E-Cat demo did not seem autonomous yet. It seemed to me that you were adjusting some parameters.
    Can you tell us if the E-cat 1MW will work in self-monitoring without supervision or human intervention outside the combustible change?

    Best regards

    Raffaele

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    As a matter of fact, it was autonomus: I just had to stop it and restart it when we had to prepare it for the spectrometer or to substitute the Ecat with the dummies; the other intervention has been made when I opened an air intake window to change the air inside during the interruptions to keep it cool.
    These interventions are not made during a normal operation of the Ecat QX, during which the Ecat is completely autonomous.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Dario

    Hi dott. Rossi,
    I want to inform you that there is a blog on Facebook in Italian language that every single day sustains your efforts in the LENR field. If any of your Italian readers wants information about LENR in Italian language, this is a group on Facebook called
    E-Cat del dott. Andrea Rossi (LENR)

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/235806719875659/

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Dario:
    Thank you for the link. Ing Michelangelo De Meo is an Italian high level engineer specialized in environmantal engineering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. A.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How much long you think will be the payback period of an indistrial Ecat?

  923. Andrea Rossi

    A.:
    less than 2 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Elliot

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the max temperature you can reach on a secondary circuit?
    Cheers
    Elliot

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Elliot:
    600 C degrees.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Andrea Rossi

    To all our Chinese Readers:
    Happy New Year Of The Dog!
    Andrea Rossi

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Martin, Ruby:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Martin

    @Ruby:
    probably this is the reason why Dr Rossi cannot give away the IP of the old Ecat.

  929. Gus

    Dr Andrea,
    Did you see this blog?
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com
    There is also a conference you made in Italian from Sweden after the IVA event in Stockholm on Nov 24th.
    I like it.
    Ciao,
    Gus

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Gus:
    Thank you for the link. Yes, I saw it, I would like to make that conference, organized by Dr Vessela Nikolova with Prof Vassallo of the University of Palermo and Prof Neri Accornero of the Univesrity La Sapienza of Rome, who participated to the Stockholm event.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Ruby

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the technology of the Ecat QX an evolution of the technology of the classic Ecat of 2011, or it is a revolution after it?
    Ruby

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    The QX is strictly bound to the 2011 E-Cat. The know how related to it brings to the know how of the Ecat QX as a logic evolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Claudio

    @Gus:
    Thank you for the link, very interesting conference and blog.
    Claudio

  934. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I am pleased to learn you are making progress. Would you say that your faster progress is due to:

    a) Having more people with relevant expertise to work on the issues at hand?
    b) Having more resources (funds and equipment) at your disposal?
    c) The prototype is completed, and now you are dealing with standard engineering?
    d) Having more experience with the E-Cat QX?
    e) Problems being less difficult to resolve nowadays?
    f) Having the support of a cooperative partner?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  935. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a- also
    b- also
    c- yes
    d- also
    e- do you have a ctistal ball at hand?
    f- also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  936. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Four days ago you said you were 70% sure that you would start the commercialization of industrial E-Cat plants in 2018; today you say you are 80-90% sure. Can you explain why your confidence has increased?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am progressing at an exponential speed in these days, because issues that needed months to be resolved a couple of months ago now need less time. I give you a model from Dan Brown: to pass from the discovery of fire to the invention of wheel has taken millions years, but to pass from the invention of the wheel to the invention of an internal combustion engine it has taken thousands of years, and so on.
    Obviously I can be wrong and find some unforeseen obstacle, by I am optimist: if you are not an optimist guy, you cannot be either an inventor or an enterpreneur, while I am both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Very stressing and difficult, but necessary. We need facts, not talks and facts are real mountains to climb, while words in our case are virtualities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  939. Sven

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    How is proceeding the development of your work in Sweden?

  940. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    Well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  941. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    You are progressing fast in the industrialisation of the E-CAT QX , in the past it was more complicated how does it feel to be running at your pace ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  942. Priscilla

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    As of today how many probabilities you think are there, that within this year the first industrialized product will be put in the market?

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Priscilla:
    Today I think between 80 and 90%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Kira Grau

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    In the video of the Stockholm event at IVA of November 24 I noticed that the Ecat QX had a sticker with a black cat silhouette and a red ball: is that the trade mark that will be put on the Ecats?
    Cheers
    Kira

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Kira Grau:
    Yes, that is our registered trade mark.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Lindsey

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Where do you foresee the first presentation of the industrialized product will be made?
    Godspeed,
    Lindsey

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Lindsey:
    As things have developed now, I think the first presentation of the product will be made in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Would a jet engine driven by E-cat QX make less noise than one driven by combustion?

    Bernie Morrissey

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    All I can say is that the Ecat does not emit noise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote: “we are working with assemblies and they act just as an aritmetic summatory.”

    1. Does this mean that when you combine individual E-Cat QX reactors together in an assembly, the heat from one or more individual E-Cat(s) does not interfere with the performance of others E-Cats in the same unit?

    2. When you have multiple E-Cat QXs operating inside one assembly, is the operation of the control system that drives them adversely affected (compared to when only one E-Cat QX reactor is driven)

    3. Do you mean that if you have 100 E-Cat QX reactors in one assembly, and each is rated (hypothetically) at 40W, that the overall output would be 4000W?

    Thank you if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

    4. Do you mean that

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Dino

    Caro Rossi,
    In the blog 22 Passi of Daniele Passerini in a comment is said that the probability that you will be able to start the production of the Ecats within the year 2018 is non real.
    Can you comment?
    Dino

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Dino:
    22 Passi, the Italian blog of Daniele Passerini, is an honest and equilibrated forum, wherein Mr Passerini publishes pros and cons. I think it is among the best Italian generalistic blogs that deal also with LENR issues, because it is driven without an agenda.
    Obviously, any comments author is free to give his opinion, but when a marathon runner is racing, the opinions of the spectators are not going to change the results of the race for better or worse.
    We ( my team and I ) are running to succeed to start the delivery of industrialized industrial plants within the year 2018 and if I will succeed it is not a matter of opinions, it is a matter of facts that will be done or not. The target is difficult, the effort is brutal, but I hope to win this marathon, while the sceptics can enjoy the race sitting on comfortable sofas, munching on pop-corn and sipping Coca-Cola.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Andrea Rossi

    Phiilip Tolson:
    USA, Canada, Mexico, Chile, Brazil, Europe, Russia, China, Japan, Australia, Africa, India.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  955. Raffaele Bongo

    Dear A. Rossi

    Thank you very much for the humorous little nod on my recent remarks. I am a fervent supporter and as such I can not imagine anything other than your success. So like any supporter I make predictions and dreams. It would be a nice success 76 years to the day after our great countryman Enrico Fermi.
    Is an E-Cat radiator with one or two KWs economically feasible in the future to replace the current electric radiators of our homes?
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your support.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Philip Tolson

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You wrote your intellectual property has been patented in the world by 39 attorneys: can you disclose which Countries are they in?

  958. L.MD

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    You are right to focus on heat production, which is the real duty of the Ecat, and leave the customers make with the heat what they need.
    Stay focused on the presentation of the product by end 2018.
    All the best,
    Leonora

  959. Andrea Rossi

    L.MD:
    Thanks, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You replied to Frank Ackland that you do not yet develop Ecats for generating electricity, but if a customer wants to use an E-cat QX for generating electricity, would you be able/willing to deliver one with the right properties (i.e. High pressure steam/ 500 deg C) in relatively short terms after you have industrialized the QX modules?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  961. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  962. Luann Luers

    Dear Andrea,
    I read on EW that both the patents of Piantelli have been revoked by the European Patent Office upon request of Leonardo Corporation. Is such revoke useful to your company?
    L.L.

  963. Andrea Rossi

    Luann Luers:
    The issues of the defense of our intellectual property is left to our patent attorneys. Our patents have been worked upon by 39 ( Thirtynine ) patent attorneys.
    My role in regard of the patents is just to give a detailed description of my inventions, all the other issues are up to the attorneys.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Angelo V.

    Dr. Rossi, did you already try to assemble a large number of E-Cat QX together? Beyond the problems related to heat dissipation and temperature management, did you note if the operating parameters of the individual units are influenced by the proximity of the others? Thanks.

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Yes, we are working with assemblies and they act just as an aritmetic summatory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Alan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still working on the jet engine fueled by the Ecat QX?

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Alan:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Key

    I’m impressed, I must say, after watching the video of the IVA-Stockholm demo of Nov 24 on http://www.ecat.com

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Key:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Bedy

    Dear Andrea,
    How many women have worked with you during the last 10 years on the LENR in percentage respect men?
    Bedy

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    About 30%.
    But qualitatively their importance is 50%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. SK

    Mr Rossi,
    I think the Ecat does not exist.

  973. Andrea Rossi

    SK:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. Dr Rossi, consider this:Bitcoin has increased in value by over 3000 in the last few years alone. The Crypto World is exploding with potential right now – this is the time to start and profit! Find out more; http://bit.ly/-cryptocurrency

  975. Andrea Rossi

    Nila Nikirk:
    I am convinced that bitcoins are a ponzi scheme vehicles. Sorry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  976. Merlyn

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the Stockholm event videos published on http://www.ecat.com
    Probably the most important demo on LENR of the last 20 years.
    Godspeed,
    Merlyn

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Merlyn:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the E-Cat QX plants, will it be possible to use the output of the E-Cat to drive a generator which will produce electrical power to drive the E-Cat plant itself? In other words, have a self-looped system, with no external electrical supply necessary.

    If not, can you explain why not?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To make electricity we need the Carnot Cycle, then we can use the electricity to run the Ecat. Theoretically possible, but economically useless and complicated, so far.
    What counts is the COP, with or without longer or shorted SSM. In future, after the launch of the product, we will spend time on this possibility, but I think in the short term our core business will remain to make heat, with which our Customers will make what they need.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Harvey

    Dr. Rossi,

    Have you considered using 3D printing in your manufacturing process. The following article posted today in phys.org discusses 3D printing of nanoscale nickel lattices. Not sure if this would apply in your process.

    https://phys.org/news/2018-02-d-nanoscale-metal.html

    Best Regards,
    Harvey

  981. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    I have consulted many 3D printing presumptive manufacturers, but the prices are not competitive yet, either for what concerns the cost of the manufactured objects or for the cost of the 3D printers. They still cannot be taken in considerations for manufacturing processes and not even for the cost of prototypes. The technology is in evolution, though, therefore maybe eventually it will become competitive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. Attilio Gandi

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    When will you start to sell the Ecats in France?

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Attilio Gandi:
    The sales will probably start within 2018.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I was reading the report sent in by Prof David Shea January 13th 2018 regarding Prof Atiko Takahashi.

    I understand physics from a geometry/maths perspective and have recently been investigating mass deficit because of the mechanism which I referred to as a compressed atom, being not aware of mass deficit. It has therefore been for me a curiosity. My understanding is that six is a cubic number and therefore related to octahedral cavities. In the report Prof Atiko mentions that ratios are important to COP. My understanding is that six is important to stability.

    Stability: Nickel 28 x 10 = 280 divide by Pd 46 = 6.086 10 x .086 = .86 of gap

    Lithium 3 x 22 = 66 divide by Na 11 = 6.00

    Therefore two cubic neutrals of opposite potential.

    Thereby each Pd electron is surrounded by x 6 Nickel electrons and each Na electron is surrounded by x6 Lithium electrons providing two cubic neutrals of differing potentials.

    Thereby Pd – major neg/minor neg (periodic table) is connected to Nickel being major neg/minor pos (periodic table). Every Pd electron is surrounded by x 6 Nickel electrons that are more positive than the Pd electron. This creates a cubic neutral with outside potential of negative major/positive minor. The inner potential is negative major/negative minor.

    Thereby Na – major pos/minor neg (periodic table) is connected to Lithium being major pos/minor pos (periodic table). Every Na electron is by x 6 Lithium electrons that are more positive than the Na electron. This creates a cubic neutral with outside potential of major positive/minor positive. The inner potential is major positive/minor negative.

    360 degrees represents a neutral. Therefore 22 parts of Lithium with one part Na provides a neutral 33 degrees. 280 parts of Ni with one part of Pd provides a neutral 326 degrees. Thereby there combined combination represents a neutral of 359 degrees. The 359 degrees requires two half potentials of positive and negative. The only way to provide such is one potential that resonates between the two cubic potentials i.e. hydrogen atom. What in theory the hydrogen atom would do is expand and contract with regards to its space, in a given time between the cubic neutrals because of being unattached. This activity in theory could shake the hydrogen atom to pieces by transforming its latent energy into kinetic energy that would produce plasma and thereby the heat without strong radiation.
    Hoping this information is helpful. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. Maybe gas pressure alone will start/control the reaction without electrical input.

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Chu

    Dear Andrea:
    On the New York Times has been published today an interesting report about the fact that in China the government has prohibited the use of coal in households and small businesses, to comply with the requirements to reduce pollution and comply with the anti-global warming policy. The result has been that in places like Qiaoli, in the Shanxi region, where coal was the paramount fuel for everything, after it became an outlaw gas is too expensive and/or not sufficiently distributed, so that people suffers for insufficient heating. In China your Ecat could be really important.

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Chu:
    Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Fox

    Dear Rossi
    In 1972 the famous book “The limits of development” of the Club of Rome came out. In recent years, these forecasts have been verified and updated with very worrying results.

    I give you two references
    in English: Is Global Collapse Imminent? -Turner_
    http://www.sustainable.unimelb.edu.au/files/mssi/MSSI-ResearchPaper-4_Turner_2014.pdf

    and in Italian: I veri limiti dello sviluppo (The true limits of development)
    http://www.aspoitalia.it/index.php/articoli/archivio-articoli-italiano-1/339-il-vero-limite-dello-sviluppo

    Although much criticism has been made of these forecasts, it is undeniable that they are the result of serious scientific work and that there are many confirmations today on their correctness and that the forecast that in the next 20-50 years there will be a serious global crisis must be taken seriously. The first crunches are already evident.

    If you do not already know these articles I hope you will read them and I am sure they will be important to you too because the ENERGY voice conditions these predictions a lot even though it is neither the only nor the most important element that will determine the future of humanity.

    Best wishes to you and your work
    Fox

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    Thank you for the links and the insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    It sounds like you have made very good progress. Congratulations on your recent successes! One question for you this morning …

    How are you holding up lately? Do you get enough sleep?

    Will (some, none, all) of the sales this year from the automated line have NDA non disclosure agreements as in the past?

    If there will be “some”, about what percentage of the sales do you think will have NDA agreements?

    Thank you for your replies,

    Tom

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I am working very hard, but sleep enough. Luckily, God is allowing a good health to all of us.
    About the NDAs: surely some will allow us a presentation, also because the presentation will be better if made where a plant is working. We’ll see what we will be able to do.
    We will try to present 100% facts, 0% chatters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  992. Albert

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I strongly suggest you to make the basic industrial module with a power of 100 kW, not 1 MW: you will enlarge enormously the market.
    Godspeed,

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    Thank you for the intelligent suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I hope and think the cristal ball of our friend Raffaele is a good one, that’s why I asked to borrow it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Joseph Fine

    Dear Raffaele and Andrea Rossi,

    Raffaele, you said – “It is December 2, 1918, at 3:25 pm, Rossi pressing button “On” reactor LENR indistrual. Without any harmful radiation and without noise the boiler is gaining power. A new energy area is born.”

    As far as I know, E-Cats have not yet become Time Machines. However, LENR Industrialization (or Industrialisation) may very well begin during December 2018. Perhaps, even November of 2018 in time for Thanksgiving.

    Hopeful regards,

    Joseph Fine

  996. DvH

    Hello Mr. Rossi,

    posts in this blog indicate that you are working on the manufacturing of some E-Cat QX.
    Is it public, what that device will deliver? Hot water? Steam? Electricity ?
    While working day and night on the manufacturing, you should not forget to setup a sales-network…

    In the last few years, whenever an Ecat-device or module or prototype was in action, Andrea R. was not far
    away to keep watch, turn the knobs and explain things. Somewhen quite soon after you have manufacturing and running plants, there will be Ecats running without Andrea Rossi in the vincinity. It will be like kids leaving the parent’s house.
    Are you prepared for this??

    Greetings from freezing Hamburg
    DvH

  997. Andrea Rossi

    DvH:
    I am resolving the problem taking lessons from an Indian Guru to be ubiquitous.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Raffaele Bongo

    dear Andrea
    It is December 2, 1918, at 3:25 pm, in a secret place so far.
    76 years earlier in Chicago Enrico Fermi launches the first chain reaction of the uranium reactor.
    It is December 2, 1918, at 3:25 pm, Rossi pressing button “On” reactor LENR indistrual. Without any harmful radiation and without noise the boiler is gaining power. A new energy area is born …
    I hope to be part of the first earthlings to thank you
    Thank you very much for this Christmas gift to humanity.
    Thank you
    Thank you

    Raffaele

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Can I borrow from you your cristal ball?
    Warm Regards

  1000. Caleb Warf

    Hi, Caleb Warf again here, with another question: can the Ecats reach a production of 3 GigaJoules per second?
    Thank you so much: you inspired me to study Physics. When I will reach a PhD will I be able to work with you?
    Thank you Sir

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Caleb Warf:
    3 GigaJoules is an enormous amount of energy! To produce this amount of energy you need a power of 3000 MW !
    Nonetheless, theoretically you can reach any number, so far you put enough modules in series and parallels to reach that number. Practically, things become more complicated and not convenient.
    When you will be a PhD in Physics contact me.
    Again Good Luck!
    A.R.

  1002. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you still working on the theoretical issues with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom?

  1003. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, of course. We are preparing a series of experiments in Sweden.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1004. Robert

    Mr Rossi,
    How many probabilities are there that you will start the sales of the industrial plants in 2018?
    Cheers,
    Rob

  1005. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    70% now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1006. Patrick

    Dr Andrea,
    Did you already cheese the suppliers for the parts you wil outsource? If yes:
    1- which Countries are they of?
    2- which are the parts you will outsource?
    Godspeed,
    Patrick

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick
    1- USA, Europe,China, India
    2- confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Yes, very interesting. We are not far from there, preparing the sales of the industrial plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. Julian

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Why are you not giving more information or demos before the product presentation?

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Julian:
    Read carefully all the presentations, demos, publications made by Leonardo Corporation, all published on
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    and tell me who has given more information than 1/100 of the information we published.
    Let’s be serious.
    No more information or demos will be given before the presentation of our products for two reasons:
    1- protection of our IP
    2- lack of time, because we now are exclusively focused on the industrialization
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Andrea Rossi

    Decarbinization:
    Thank you for the link, but after what I read I am convinced that cryptocurrencies are a Ponzi scheme system, if not worse.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1012. Decarbonisation

    Dr Andrea Rossi,

    Blockchain Technology and Energy – Two Peas In a Pod.

    https://cointelegraph.com/news/blockchain-and-energy-two-peas-in-a-pod

    * energy production to tokenization of energy.

  1013. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I think it was a missunderstanding of my question about the audiences silence after the demo in Stockholm. I wondered if they were skeptic or chocked of that the whole world´s energy supply will be both simplier and cheaper.
    It was even sent viral on internet but nothing was written or sent in media.
    It was only the norwegian newspaper Aftenposten who reacted.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I think what we really need is a product in the market.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. Caleb Warf

    My name is Caleb Warf from Evans, Georgia and I am currently in high school.
    I have been studying LENR since 2013 and have a massive passion for this subject. I admire and respect Andrea Rossi for his revolutionary work.
    For a high school research paper I am making, please answer this question: is it possible to miniaturize the Ecat also below the dimension of a home reactor?
    Please answer me: your response means so much for me.
    Caleb Warf

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    Caleb Warf:
    First of all, the answer: yes, we are working on the miniaturization.
    After the execution of my duty to give you the answer, allow me to give you a suggestion. The education that you are getting in your high school and the education that you will get in a college afterwards are the most important pillars of your future. During this education period what is extremely important is that you study as well as you can what your Professors teach to you. In this period it is more important that you learn very well the fundamentals of Physics and Mathematics. LENR are a complex matter, also very controversial: it is fine that you read about them, but this is a matter that has to be studied seriously only after you will have full intellectual property of the fundamentals of Physics and Mathematics, otherwise you risk to build constructions upon the surface of an ocean. Don’t loose too much time with LENR and Andrea Rossi, spend most of your time to study as well as you can what your Professors teach to you. This is very important.
    Good Luck!
    Andrea Rossi

  1017. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I realize you cannot give precise values yet, but when you say a 1 MW E-Cat QX would cost “much less” than the old plants quoted at $1.5 million each, which of the following would be closest:

    a) 1/2 the cost
    b) 1/4 the cost
    c) 1/10 the cost

    Thank you if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Still confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. Liam Johansson

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    It is good news that the design of the first industrial E-Cat is now settled. Might we be seeing a specification sheet for the ECat QX shortly?

    Respectfully,
    Liam Johansson

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Liam Johansson:
    Depends on the definition of “shortly”: if you mean within 2018, that’s what I am struggling for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Dear Elfried:

    I predict only one Tesla Roadster will ever be sent beyond earth orbit. But I would also be prepared to bet a large sum on the proposition that, eventually, there will be a large number of E-cats out there, powering all kinds of space vehicles.

    Rodney.

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Did I understand well that a star war is in preparation?
    He,he,he…thank you!
    Warm Regards

  1023. Elfried

    Dear Andrea,
    Elon Musk has sent in the space a Tesla car with a rocket: will you send in the space an Ecat too?

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Elfried:
    I prefer to send the Ecats on the Earth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. MH

    Mr Rossi,
    Will the 1 MW plants cost less that 1.5 million $, as they were offered for until now?

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    MH:
    Yes, much less.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Gaetano

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for publishing the fantastic video of the Stockholm event of November 24 2017 on your website http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Very convincing.
    Cheers
    Gaetano

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Gaetano:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. DD

    Dr Rossi,
    I noticed in the video of the demo at the IVA of Stockholm that between the two sides of the Ecat Q there were two alumina pipes about 2-3 mm large and as long as the width of the plexyglass base: what were they for?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    DD

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    DD:
    Barriers to avoid a water bridge in case of spill.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, we all witnessed ecstatic at the launch of Falcon Heavy and full of wonder as the Roadstar were flying in space with the wonderful view of the Earth in the background.
    Only a few men in the history of mankind have been able to perform such immensely great deeds, showing that they are capable of fulfilling man’s wildest dreams.

    Elon Musk is undoubtedly one of these men.

    And I hope that at the end of 2018 there will be another that will give mankind unlimited, cheap and green energy.

    And he will be put among the greatest men of History.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    He,he,he…thank you for your esteem for our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1033. Andrea Rossi

    Decarbinization:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1034. Decarbonisation

    Dr Rossi,

    Interesting article for your readers –>

    Rethinking the Utility Business Model:

    https://www.renewableenergymagazine.com/interviews/rethinking-the-utility-business-model-an-interview-20180129

  1035. Torbjorn Johnsen

    Honored Andrea Rossi,
    Is this something useful for you?
    https://www.academia.edu/s/e822a404de/light-can-stop-electrons#
    Nature’s own energy for the world’s people
    Tornbjorn Johnsen

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Torbjorn Johnsen:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the design of the first industrial E-Cat now settled (speaking of the technical specifications, not aesthetics)?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland,
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. Hey Dr. Rossi, Relax you still have 10 and one half months left in 2018. You will succeed well before the end of 2018.
    Because you and your Team have already done all the heavy lifting,.
    Take a day off once in a while, do whatever you enjoy the most. You will go back to work with more strength then ever.
    What is the worst that can happen ?
    You will not succeed until January 15, 2019.
    So sue me.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    He,he,he… impossible, the horse is harnessed, now must pull.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. tommydipietro3

    Dear Andrea,
    you said that the first plant will be sell within 2018…but after the last strong progress can you
    tell us in wich month of 2018?

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Tommydipietro3:
    I do not know, but would say December.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Stefano

    Dear Andrea,

    In the demonstration of last November the “weak” point was the cooling system inside the power regulator for the reactor.

    I said “weak” meaning that most of the energy consumed by the power supply/regulator went for cooling. To my eyes, it is like to have a super-technological electric car with all the best instrumentation and driving assistance inside but powered by batteries large as a truck. it is like an electric Ferrari pluged to a truck on the back.
    I am following with enthusiasm your work and I really hope you reach all the targets you aim to. I need to ask a few questions:

    1) is there any better control system (less volume, less need for cooling)?
    2) if a better control system is available, why you did not show it at the presentation?

    3) if the control is difficult and no better controller is available, why the power of the reactor was limited at its 30% or so? In other words, why you did not show the full power of the reactor, then making the measurements of COP simpler. In fact, if the reactor would have been pushed at its 100%, the output power would have been much higher than the input power EVEN considering the enery wasted for cooling. In this case, also the measurements of the input could have been simpler. In asking this, I assume that the output power of the reactor is by far much higher as compared to the power adsorbed by the cooling system, that it could have been neglectable as respect to the power output of the reactor

    5) Following my considerations on the cooling system, it seems to me (I hope to be wrong) that QX, as presented, is not really ready for the industrialization. Therefore, as I assume you have a cleaver plan, I expect you did not show (on purpose) the best of the QX. Then my question: why not showing QX at its best (avoiding any scoop of course)?
    6) As the cooling is not needed for cooling the heat coming from the reactor, I assume the cooling is needed to cool some electronic components going to fry when high frequency pulses are given to the reactor. Could you prepare a different power supply with more passive dissipation of the heat? It seems to me that inside the power supply there must be some overheating similar to the processor working at high frequencies in the domestic personal computers. So, most of the times a fan is applied on the top of the processor for dissipation. However, for silent computers, there are passive dissipators. I do not think the frequencies I saw in the oscilloscope for the reactor were so high in frequency as compared to those inside a PC (a PCs goes easily to 1, 2 o 4 GHz), so I assume the passive cooling should work very well as the frequencies in the oscilloscope were not in the order of GHz for sure. I would appreciate some comments on the frequencies and the related heating showed on the oscilloscope at the demo.
    Thank you very much,
    Cari saluti,

    Stefano

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Stefano:
    We have resolved in toto the issue of the overheating.
    We did not present it at the IVA because it was not yet resolved.
    Thank you for your insight and for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. Hubert

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for your total dedication to this unbelievable target to start industrial sales within 2018. You are lightyears ahead of your global competition, that, by the way, is just trying to copy in part or in total your patents.
    Godspeed,
    Hubert

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    Hubert:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. If you have defined exactly what the robots will have to do, are there robots already available that can do the job, or do custom robots need to be made?

    2. Has your workforce increased in number since the beginning of 2018?

    3. Has your prototype been performing in a satisfactory way?

    4. How would you describe the mood of your team these days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- the software is custom, the robots are off the shelf
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- under strong pressure, because I am very nervous to succeed to sell the industrial plants within 2018. We re all under strong pressure, because every day that passes is a day less at our disposal. Time is not reversible, unfortunately. This is a race against time and relax is not an option
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1049. Jim

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the highly professional 6 min summary of the Stockholm event whose video is linked in your website http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    All the best,
    Jim

  1050. Andrea Rossi

    Jim:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1051. Luisa

    Dear Andrea,
    Today on the New York Times has been published an interesting article about a solar plant to make electricity…in the Country with the biggest oil reserves of the planet! Odd, isn’t it?

  1052. Andrea Rossi

    Luisa:
    It is an intelligent demonstration of the fact that all the energy sources can and must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1053. K.W.

    Did you already define exactly what the robots will have to do?

  1054. Andrea Rossi

    K.W.
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1055. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You have stopped responding to all technical and commercial issues.
    I understand it.

    You have a business plan, share what is planned in the coming months and until the end of the year (in the context of the calendar plan).
    Give some time frames, not dates but months.

    1. When do you plan to start assembling the robots on the assembly line?
    2. When do you plan to manufacture the first unit?

    I think that’s what’s worried about all your supporters now.

    Sorry, may questions distract you from work, but for years we’ve got used to reading your answers, they then get into blogs and forums. They are read by thousands of interested people.

    Thank you, good luck and health.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Russia, Tyumen

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- within 2018
    2- within 2018
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    I want to apologize for the previous misleading question in response to an earlier question about the “material the reactor that contains the plasma” (not the plasma itself), which may have confused a few readers. I was thinking about the pill size fuel, once used in the past, that released the hydrogen within the catalyst. I guess a sign of ageing. 😊
    This helps me appreciate some of what you are having to deal with especially in this crucial time of industrialization. Your patience is exemplary that must come from another source: “Pro Christo Omnia in Deo” (your quote from ‘An Impossible Invention’ by Mats Lewan). Thank you!
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thanks to you for your attention to the work of our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Tyson

    @Nils Fryklund,
    I think you live in another planet. The Stockholm IVA event is viral in the internet. Perhaps you mean that the critics are very difficult because of the high level of the measurements made and the top level of the attendance.
    I suggest you to take a look at least to the 6 minutes summary: find it on http://www.ecat.com
    All the best,
    Tyson

  1060. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    What happened with the audience at your Stockholm-demo?
    It is completely silent. Are they still skeptical or asleep?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1061. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    To me results the contrary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1062. M

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the very convincing demo at the IVA of Stockholm,
    Godspeed,
    M

  1063. Andrea Rossi

    M,
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1064. Steve swatman

    Dear dr Rossi,

    Are the robots that you plan to use a standard ABB model?

    Do they require anything other than programming to manage the job in hand?

    Which Robot model/s seems most suited to your requirements?

    I cannot see that any of these answers should be confidential as they give nothing away at all.

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Swatman:
    This information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. Petr

    Mr Rossi,
    When you will start the sales of the industrial plants will you inform us also on this blog?

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    Petr:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Do the wires taking power into the plasma electrodes also have to be made of a similar high temperature alloy? Did you need to invent one for those as well? Thanks.

  1069. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1070. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rosii.

    On this photo the streets of Manhattan in 1900 and 1913.
    https://photos.app.goo.gl/7RaRZjOMSlr5xeRp1
    I am sure that the E-Kat cause as much explosive development of engineering and technology.
    Do you think we are already in the “1900” year?

    And another question (I think this should not be a secret, because in the previous experiments you have repeatedly called), the number (weight) of the “fuel” loaded in the Quark QX.
    And the second question (the actual variation of the first), what is the specific energy intensity of the “fuel”?
    (E = TC2 I know He, he, he …)

    Thank you.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Russia, Tyumen

  1071. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    These numbers will be defined in the proposals of the actual products.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1072. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    As you open first automated factory to produce 1 MW eCat QX.

    1. How many units are you anticipating to produce per day, week, month, year?
    2. Also, since the units are going to be much smaller than original container size, what is the pricing that you anticipate per unit?
    3. What would be the cost of recharging a unit on the annual bases?
    4. Do you also have a forecast of the total cost of operating a unit per year (human operator, maintenance, input energy, etc)?

    Regards,

    Gennady

  1073. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    1- confidential
    2- premature
    3- irrelevant
    4- this information will be defined in the proposals when we will be ready to sell
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1074. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    It is fascinating that you have invented a new alloy as the QX plasma catalyst. Was this alloy essential for the need to resist the melting point of the high temperatures required for full operation or melt into a plasma state when a required temperature is met. Could you explain further if neither? Will you patent the alloy if within patent criteria or would that be too risky with patent rogue nations? Thank you.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1075. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    I cannot give more info about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1076. Mitch

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I must tell you I am very sceptic about the possibility to put in commerce an industrializad product within this year, but if you succeed we can talk of a miracle.
    All the best wishes to succeed,
    Mitch

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Mitch:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1078. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Watched the video of the Stockholm event on http://www.ecat.com
    Very convincing.
    Cheers

  1079. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1080. Courtney Kissinger

    Dear Andrea
    Can you explain the material the reactor that contains the plasma is made with?
    All the best,
    Courtney

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Courtney Kissinger:
    I cannot, it is an alloy we invented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Harry

    Mr Rossi,
    Will you also outsource part of the components of the Ecats?

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Harry:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If you really will be able to start the industrialization of the Ecat within this year, this will be a so big achievement, that you will really be a game changer in the world.

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1086. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m sure you’ve considered this long ago and figured out the answer:
    1) is there any commercial value to be gained as a result of the byproducts of transmutations that occur within the E-Cat– that is from reselling rare, more valuable, elements that are produced by the transmutation of common, less valuable, elements?
    2) Or would the net quantity produced– even with large numbers (I’m thinking ahead) of Multi-MW commercial installations– still be too small to consider?

    Thanks,
    Walt C.

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC,
    Small amounts, small niche of market. Not a relevant source of profit. Nevertheless, we could sell the isotopes too, as secondary as they might be.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1088. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say you are “studying the robots”, does this mean you now have robots in the lab that you are working with?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet, but I have all their characteristics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It is so exciting that you are getting closer to the massive industrial production. You have said that there is a waiting list for the Ecat QX. How will you pick a company that will get the first order? Second order? Have you already made the choice?

    Bernie Morrissey

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    We have a list of Pre-orders, not of orders.
    In due time we will send to the companies that sent a pre-order a precise offer that they will be free to accept or not.
    Let me remind you that we are talking only of industrial plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Carla French

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you working today Saturday?
    Doing what?
    Where?
    Just curiosity,
    Carla

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Carla French:
    1- yes
    2- studying the robots
    3- in Miami
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, this is not a serious subject, so please reject it if you do not think it is appropriate.
    As you know, Elon Musk is earning millions of dollars by selling online tens of thousands of gadgets such as hats and flamethrowers to fund his “The Boring Company”.
    And these items are all sold in a few days having a great success.
    Could it be possible in the future to buy from you gadgets QuarkX branded?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Well, this is not a bad idea! He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1096. Donald Anderson

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are all the components of the control box off the shelf, or you had to invent something that is not already ready for sale?
    Cheers
    Don

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Donald Anderson:
    Some of them had to be invented and made from scratch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. Bill Hayes

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I wonder if you could tell the spacing between each of the 100 QX reactors on a 4 KW module?

    1. 1-2 diameters of a QX reactor?
    2. 3-5 diameters of a QX reactor?
    3. 6-10 diameters of a QX reactor?
    4. 11-20 diameters of a QX reactor?
    5. Much larger spacing?

    Thank you for allowing your readers to understand a little more about the remarkable E-Cat.

    Bill Hayes

  1099. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    Sorry, so far this is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1100. Raffaele Bongo

    Dear A. Rossi

    We can pricize for Mr.Gennady the following thing. Steam tubines have a 60% efficiency and alternators 95%. The conversion of heat into electricity shows a loss of 45% and that without counting the energy expenses of the condenser, pumps etc …
    I guess with an E-Cat as a heat source, a 45% yield would already be a good performance, 50% is unlikely and 55% impossible.

    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The COP of the Ecat comes from the ratio between the thermal energy made and the electric energy consumed. After that, all the conversion efficiency are common.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1102. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    there is nothing more enjoyable than seeing you in such a positive mood after the Stockholm demonstration. You appear to have a clear path to your goal: the E-Cat QX in the marketplace.

    You’ve suggested that your expanded complex team has substantially modified the QX in preparation for market release. You’ve shared with Frank Acland the ‘new’ E-Cat QX will be a highly adaptable heat source capable of meeting the needs of many industrial applications. And, of course you’ve stated that the IPO of E-Cat company would come on the initial success in the industrial marketplace.

    All of this suggests a business development plan that will greatly and positively impact the IPO’s acceptance by investors: You can and will work with different OEM’s supplying E-Cats to different industries having very different performance requirements. These OEMs will then configure and build the ‘interface’ between the E-Cat and the particular industrial application’s heat/steam requirements.

    Does this fairly represent your path to your IPO? If it is, I think the market for your IPO will be enormous and you will easily obtain the financing for the massive attack upon the “heat source” market you envision.

    Of course, my best to you, your complex team, and your tennis coach.

    Buck

    ps. Does your tennis coach still feel that you don’t bring enough heat to your game?

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your sustain and insight.
    About the tennis coach: nemo propheta in patria.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1104. Jackie

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has the Ecat QX been already substantially modified in direction of the industrialization?
    Cheers
    Jackie

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    Yes. In this period we already made an enormous work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro:
    Interesting, but I think the authorization process either for this or for the suggestion to use thorium have still a big problem to resolve for what concerns the authorizations, since there they are talking of radioactive fuels that will still remain as nuclear wastes for long periods. They have a solution to the problem of the global warming that could turn out to be worse than the problem they resolve.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1107. Lance

    Dear Andrea,
    You still on schedule at the beginning of february? Still think the sales will start this year?

  1108. Andrea Rossi

    Lance:
    Yes.
    Waqrm Regards,
    A.R.

  1109. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Will the first E-Cat Plants be equipped with heat exchangers and plumbing that will allow them to produce easily hot water/steam?

    2. Will customers be able to easily attach the plant to existing hot water/steam systems?

    3. Will the first E-Cat Plants be capable of delivering supercritical steam?

    4. Will it be possible for plant operators to adjust the temperature of the plant to meet their needs?

    5. What will be the approximate cost of a 1MW plant?

    Many thanks for being willing to answer questions on the JONP,

    Frank Acland

  1110. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- depends on the utilizations they are deployed for
    2- yes
    3- see 1
    4- yes
    5- t.b.d.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1111. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Today it was concluded that the production of natural gas in the Netherlands must be halfed. It caused increasing Earthquakes in the north of the country. As non of the buildings in tha large area can withstand these Earthquakes this decision will be taken. This has a huge consequence for the heating of houses (and the industry), because almost all the houses are heated with this gas from our National resource.
    You can imagen that this will cause a huge change, because it is nearly impossible to change the boilers to another type of gas overnight. There is a large market waiting for you there.
    I know you are working as hard as you can to bring the Ecat QX on the market ASAP, but can you tell us if in your view the QX is, apart from getting the licenses, also ready for the domestic market if your production factory is ready to go?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I am working to industrialize the industrial plants now. For the domestic I am not able to to give precise answers yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    It is an extended and complex team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Dear Andrea,

    Oggi sono stato all’ Accademia dei Lincei a Roma dove si è tenuto un convegno sulle “Grandi Imprese Italiane “. Era prevista una sezione sull’energia alla quale avrebbero dovuto partecipare le presidentesse ENEL ed ENI che invece sono state sostituite da due rappresentanti di alto livello delle due società. Come prevedevo gran discorsi su oleodotti, gasdotti, molto su petrolio e carbone e un pò meno su nucleare (fissione), fotovoltaico ed eolico e assolutamente nulla sulla fusione fredda. Ma quel che è peggio che costoro parlano del futuro, i prossimi 50 anni, come se nulla dovesse cambiare se non nella modalità di distribuzione dell’energia e negli accordi tra i paesi per gestirla. Nel pubblico tra varie personalità accademiche e governative ho notato Prodi e Rubbia. Purtroppo nonostante abbia sventolato la mano per intervenire mi è stato fatto osservare che non era prevista alcuna discussione ( ipse dixit !). Tornato a casa davvero disgustato ho scritto questa mail, che trovate in calce, al professor Alberto Clò, economista, ex ministro dell’industria nel governo Dini, che ha moderato la sessione con sagacia ma allineato con quanto riferito dalle due suddette società.

    Cari saluti a tutti

    Gentile Professore Clò

    Ho ascoltato il suo discorso all’Accademia del Lincei oggi 1° febbraio, le faccio i miei complimenti per la quantità e qualità delle informazioni che ha trasmesso e per la sagacia del suo discorso. Mi spiace però che non ci sia stata la possibilità di un dibattito perché, dopo gli interventi dei due rappresentanti ENEL ed ENI, avrei voluto intervenire sul fatto che ancora in ambienti così prestigiosi nessuno voglia parlare di Fusione Fredda che è già una realtà commerciale.

    L’argomento è trattato da almeno un centinaio di laboratori nel mondo e tra questi la NASA, l’ MIT, e la NISSAN che hanno depositato brevetti internazionali. Andrea Rossi poi, in US Florida nel 2016 ha fatto funzionare ininterrottamente il suo sistema ECAT da 1 Mw termico per un anno consecutivo senza interruzioni. Il sistema è brevettato internazionalmente ed è già commerciale per cifre di gran lunga inferiori, a parità di produzione, ai sistemi attuali (nucleare fissione, eolico e fotovoltaico). Occupa lo spazio di un container, consuma quantità irrisorie di Nickel Litio e Idrogeno per un anno intero senza ricarica, senza emissioni radioattive né scorie. Nel 2017 Rossi ha reso modulare e miniaturizzato il suo dispositivo che ha presentato presso la Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences il 24/11/2017 al cospetto di una settantina di fisici ed ingegneri di tutto il mondo, tra i quali la presidentessa del comitato per il premio Nobel.

    Ho avuto l’onore di essere invitato alla presentazione durante la quale Rossi ha messo in funzione, davanti a tutti, il suo micromodulo da 20W delle dimensioni di un fusibile elettrico, che ha aumentato la temperatura di un litro d’acqua da 20° a 40° in circa un ora con COP di 500 , 500 volte più energia in uscita rispetto a quella in entrata per mantenere la reazione !

    Rossi afferma di essere prossimo alla commercializzazione su larghissima scala nel corso di questo anno. Ovviamente più moduli possono essere connessi in parallelo per raggiungere la potenza termica richiesta dall’utente, anche oltre 1 Mw.

    Informazioni inconfutabili sulla fusione Fredda sono in rete già da parecchi anni, non credo possibile che in ambienti come ENEL ed ENI nessuno ne abbia sentito parlare, credo piuttosto che non se ne VOGLIA parlare per paura del profondo cambiamento dell’economia mondiale che sta per avvenire, ma fare gli struzzi certo non giova. In una prospettiva molto prossima le uniche reti che sopravviveranno saranno quella idrica e quella fognaria, niente TRASPORTO di energia !

    Da qualche anno ho cercato di coinvolgere autorità accademiche, personalità governative e giornalisti senza il minimo riscontro. Se l’argomento interessa, e dovrebbe…, posso fornirle della bibliografia internazionale o metterla in contatto con Andrea Rossi, che avrà capito essere il più avanti di tutti, ma talmente scoraggiato in Italia da essersi dovuto recare all’estero per proseguire il suo lavoro.

    Lei dirà perché un neurologo parla di queste cose ? Semplicemente perché nonostante in pensione non mi sono ancora fritto il cervello.

    Cordiali saluti.

    Neri ACCORNERO

    Prof. Ordinario di Clinica Neurologica
    Università di Roma “Sapienz
    neri.accornero@gmail.com
    http://www.neurosoft.it

  1115. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1116. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    based on the status of the art at this moment, what can be, approximatly, the dimensions of the 1MW plant with and without heat exchanger and the electricity generator.
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  1117. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Premature to abswer. Much smaller that the former one, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1118. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems that you and your team are working and progressing at a very fast pace, are you able to tell how many people are working for the E-CAT QX ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint françois

  1119. Matt

    For the robotic mass production will there also be used plastic garden hose fittings and duct tape?

  1120. Andrea Rossi

    Matt:
    No.
    Obviously you have no idea what robotic mass production means and implies.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1121. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Summing up,
    Which will be the min power of the Ecats QX assemblies you are going to sell?

  1122. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1 MW to begin with.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1123. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    are you still hoping to be able to sell the industrial plants within this year?

  1124. Andrea Rossi

    CC,
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1125. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    If I understood it correctly, the question from Raffaele Bongo was about efficiency ratio of converting heat to electricity. Do you mean that the 1 MW eCat QX plant will have a higher ration than 40%? Is it going to be 45%, 50%, 55% …?

    Regards,

    Gennady

  1126. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    The transformation of heat to electricity is the same of any other source.
    Our gain is on the source of energy, not on its conversion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1127. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Further to my previous explanation that I believe incomplete due to an exclusion of Lithium I shall now attempt to complete it. Also I think I should mention that I believe Hydrogen in the periodic table is in the wrong position. It is a unique pure neutral withers zero point of gravity, central to its proton, providing its proton with an absolute maximum size positive potential (absolute by being not off centre) and its negative with an absolute maximum volume negative potential. This provides the Hydrogen atom with its superior bonding properties. In the periodic table, I believe, Hydrogen should be positioned above Nickel inline with Helium.

    Lithium is a size positive element in comparison to Nickel which can be considered as the volume negative element. T diagram the LENR process, as I see it, Draw a small circle for Lithium, leave a gap and draw a bigger circle for Nickel. Draw a series of smaller circles attached to the Lithium, these being the Hydrogen atoms, attached by there electrons which distorts the Hydrogen atom by pushing the proton off centre. Do the same for the Nickel, except these are attached by there protons which are pulled off centre by attraction and which also distorts the Hydrogen atom in an opposing direction to that of the Lithium. In the exact middle position between the Lithium and Nickel draw a small circle, this is an undistorted neutral Hydrogen atom. Then using two chains of Hydrogen atoms connect the central neutral hydrogen atom to the Nickel and Lithium by distorted atoms. One more thing is needed, I believe, to get the reaction started and this is photons. To generate the photons you need current to jump gaps between metals. Once the photons are generated by the current they are neutrals that stick to mass and acquire the charge of the particular mass, becoming charge particles (my previous explanation describes photons). The photons of the Nickel are stemless goblet shaped being negatively charged (its base facing the Nickel). The photons of the Lithium are pyramid shaped being positively charged (its apex facing the Lithium). The base of the stemless goblet and the apex of the pyramid are both of positivity but being of differing neutrals are of different charge dimensions. Thereby, to become equal in neutrality both charges travel to the middle position on there hydrogen chain where they neutralize as a potential of a photon. This activity creates an event horizon of a gravity value at some point around the central undistorted Hydrogen atom causing it to display a degree of kinetic energy which throws the proton into its electron cloud whereupon plasma is manufactured, creating photons that sustain the LENR process. If indeed this process is correct, or almost, there is, I believe, a back up method to demonstrate in a different way how a LENR process is produced. Your method uses gas which is highly energized. Flieshchman and Pons used a liquid which is less energized. Take the set up that Flieshchman and Pons used and activate the process in the dark for a duration of time then expose both the cathode and the anode to photons at the same time. This in theory will displace the absorbed Deuterium from the two plates simultaneously and create heat. I would suggest various durations regarding process and photon stimulation. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  1128. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1129. BIA

    Hello Dr Rossi,

    Your readers would enjoy watching this documentary.

    This documentary explains the formation, chemistry,
    variations and allure of the most notable gemstones;
    diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, rubies, jade and opals.

    Treasures of the Earth:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW61kCMQRlA

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    BIA:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Torbjorn Johnsen

    Dr Rossi,
    Thanks to your stamina we are going to reduce the global warming .
    Godspeed,
    T.J.

  1132. Andrea Rossi

    Torbjorn Johnsen:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1133. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andera.
    A. Will the robots be able to complete the E-Cat module consisting of 100 QX reactors, the controls and the heat exchanger of the basic fluid heater version?
    B. May the robots also be able to connect the 4 kW modules to bigger assemblies?
    C. How many minutes of manual effort require å 40 kW unit of the basic version?
    D. How many of these will the production capacity you now are installing handle each hour?
    E. What will be the approx. weight and volume of a 4 kW module?
    F. Witch pressure on the fluid side will the modules withstand?
    All best, regards Svein Henrik.

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    A- yes
    B- no
    C- depends on the production system
    D- I do not understand the question, please rephrase
    E- premature
    F- depends on the function
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1135. Raffaele Bongo

    dear A. Rossi

    Current power plants have a 40% efficiency and a little less for nuclear power plants 36%.
    Do you think that with a E-Cat 1 MW coupled with a steam turbine you would get a similar or better performance than these plants?

    Hope a big success for 2018
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I think better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. Dear Dr Rossi

    Will you be introducing industrial sized system first, also what electrical output device do you think you will end with (e.g steam turbine, stirling etc).

    Thank you

  1138. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    All the options are possible, sepending on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1139. Brian

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the convincing test of Stockholm. I appreciated also the fact that the base of the Ecat QX was in transparent plexiglas, which eliminated any conjecture about ” what’s there?”: same thumbs up for the fact that you gave to Mats Lewan both the water pump and the base of the resistances. Well done.
    Cheers
    Brian

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Brian:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Ulrich F. Sackstedt

    Mr Rossi,
    Is the new Russian technology based on the use of thorium reactors a possible competitor of the Ecat?
    Ulrich

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich F. Sackstedt:
    Thorium is a radioactive product from the decay of Uranium. We do not use radioactive materials.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Oystein Lande

    @Marco, Regarding

    “……characteristics in a scientific theory?”

    In my opinion the most important thing in a new theory of any sort is that it makes predictions that can be proven by physical experiments.

    When the various predictions are confirmed by several experiments we may conclude that the theory is right.

    So for any LENR theory to be valid, it must be able to make some predictions that can be confirmed by experiments.

  1144. Marcellus Cheram

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In this period where are you working?
    Cheers
    Marcellus

  1145. Andrea Rossi

    Marcellus Cheram:
    I am in Miami, focused in the industrialization of the Ecat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1146. Chuck Davis

    @Frank Acland:
    Andrea is working to reach as fast as possible this paramount achievement to industrialize the cheaper and cleanest energy source of the history. He is achieving this goal with modest funds, absolutely not comparable to the immense funding at disposition of the most powerful concerns of the world.
    There is no other feat the the mankind history comparable to what Andrea is doing.
    Chuck Davis

  1147. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Why is it so important to you to start the mass production and have the product presentation in 2018?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Speaking seriously: I want to present the new industrialized E-Cat as soon as possible. There is not a particular reason about 2018, problem is that I am impatient to start.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is your satisfaction level with the prototype you have made, so far?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Because the 2018 comes earlier than 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. Dear Andrea I hope that in the next production of quark X “industrial” are also expected systems of 500 or 250 thermal Kw that certainly would have greater market than those of 1 Mw. I know that is a dangerous topic to be treated but we know that the goal is to to obtain autonomous generators of customized dimensions allowed by the modularity that you have achieved, not networks from large generators.
    Best wishes
    Neri

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1153. Marco

    Hello ,anyone knows here what are characteristics in a scientific theory? grazie

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    I leave the answer to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. orsobubu

    Italo R., James:

    > The Kilopower by NASA uses radioactivity for generating heat, then converted to electricity using a Stirling system. It could use a QuarkX for heat instead of radioactivity

    Yes! And again about space news, SpaceX will attempt the first launch of its new giant rocket, the Falcon Heavy, on Feb. 6, from the historic Launch Pad 39A — the same one used for NASA’s Apollo moon missions and space shuttle flights — at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, window opening 1:30 p.m. EST (1830 GMT). For its debut flight, the Falcon Heavy is carrying Elon Musk’s Tesla Roadster into space. If successful (not easy), will deliver a Tesla Roadster into a heliocentric orbit that will eventually send the midnight-cherry-red electric car by Mars.

    It seemed Andrea and Musk were in contact

    http://e-catworld.com/2015/05/07/rossi-on-telsla-motors-and-elon-musk-we-are-in-contact/

    so i wonder if Andrea will take the time to go to the show…

  1156. Bill Hayes

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You recently used the term: “Fluid Heater Basic Version” in a response to a question. I was wondering if the fluid heater is your prototype industrial product (basic version) and that it consists of the integration of 100 QX devices mounted on a heat-exchanger platform and electrical wiring connections to the QX devices, plus a cable that connects to an external electronics controller?

    a. Is this an accurate description of a Fluid Heater Basic Version?

    b. What will you call individual QX units: QX Reactor, QX Module, QX Unit, or QX device?

    c. What will you call the integrated array of 100 QX reactors mounted on a heat-exchanger and associated wiring: Fluid Heater, Fluid Heater Module, or Fluid Heater Assembly?

    d. Are you planning to call these system components by different names in the future?

    Thank you for taking the time to answer these questions, if you can at this time.

    Bill Hayes

  1157. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    a- the description will be given at the presentation of the product
    b,c,d- the name will be for all the Ecats followed by the number in Watts of the power
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1158. Rupert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will Leonardo maintain also in the USA the manufacturing process of the Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Rupert

  1159. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1160. Craig

    Dear Andrea,
    What about the jet engine R&D?
    All the best,
    Craig

  1161. Andrea Rossi

    Craig:
    It is on course, even if now my focus is in the launch of the fluid heater basic version. I want at any cost to present the product within this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1162. Laun

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think of the “hydrinos” theory?

  1163. Andrea Rossi

    Laun:
    “hydrinos” do not exist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1164. S.

    Dr Rossi,
    In the new context of Leonardo, after the intervention of the new partners, will you conserve the direction of the industrialization process? I think it will be fundamental.
    Godspeed,
    S.

  1165. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1166. Jack the Ripper

    Mr Rossi,
    Will internet play a fundamental role in the sales organization for the Ecat?

  1167. Andrea Rossi

    Jack the Ripper:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1168. Prof

    dr Rossi,
    When you will retire, would you like to teach LENR in some college?

  1169. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I woudn’t mind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1170. Nahm

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    You are doing nothing of all you say and we will never see any industrialized prodict: am I right or am I right?

  1171. Andrea Rossi

    Nahm:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1172. John

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it true that your US Patent has been granted also by the European Patent office and from the Canada Patent Office? The success with all these three patent offices would make your patent very solid, because they are the most selective patent offices of the world and it is very difficult to be approved by all of them…it is a veritable “Triple Crown”!
    Cheers
    John

  1173. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    Yes, it is absolutely true. Many other Countries have granted the patent: the area where our patent has been approved covers the 90% of the world’s GDP. The investments in this sector of our IP have been intense, as well as the work to arrive to this result, but at the end we got it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1174. Labor

    Dr Rossi
    Are you still on schedule to start to deliver the Ecat QX 1 MW within this year?

  1175. Andrea Rossi

    Labor:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1176. orsobubu

    Yes, in general it is absolutely like a ponzi scheme, but some part of this critique could be made nowadays for the value of a large number of other financial assets, like hyperinflated currencies or stock shares. It is evident that in these days, ie, the fall of dollar, the institutional purchase of bonds and suppression of gold price are instrumental to artificially inflate wall street and sustain the debt financing. In my opinion, this is also a dangerous scheme where many people will enter the market and eventually be burned.

    About bitcoin, usually, they answer that there is an intrinsic value due to the “scarcity” of the mined cons (after a projected amount, it is not possible extract coins any more); this is ridiculous, because the inflation of countless coins is there to show the absurdity of that supposed ingrained “deflation”.

    If you run through my post, I think that there are some applications, linked to the blockchain concept, that could some day bring some, very few of these coins to be adopted in market exchanges. I could not exclude at all, that there is some possible application in your market sector too. There were some people discussing it also in Frank Acland’s site.

  1177. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1178. Dear Andrea:

    Most of my background is in economics, but I do have some basic background in the sciences …… Dr. Gullstrom is functioning at a level a few orders of magnitude above my capabilities.

    Nevertheless, here is a thought: The conventional wisdom appears to be that E=MC^2 is the ultimate source of energy. As if it is believed there could not be a better way of generating energy than H + H = He, simply because that is how the sun is believed to generate its energy. But it is known, for example, that quasars produce(d) huge quantities of energy by some method or other, and it is not clear to me that the method by which they produced energy is fully understood.

    Previously it was posted here (I forget who it was) that the energy claimed to be produced by the E-cat QX in one year appears to be the equivalent of converting 20% of the mass of the E-cat’s tiny fuel charge into energy which, the poster suggested, seemed surprising high.

    So here is my point/question: Is it possible that the mechanism by which the E-cat produces energy might be unrelated to the conversion of mass to energy, and is by a completely different, new, process.

    So in summary, perhaps your E-cat LENR isn’t fusion at all. Perhaps it is a method far superior to mere fusion. If this were the case it would, among other things, explain the absence of harmful radiations.

    Thank you for tolerating dumb questions like this one on your blog!

    Rodney.

  1179. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    The core of what we are theorizing is simpler to be understood in the video with the Summary of 6 minutes of the 4 hours of the 2 videos combined of the event of Stockholm.
    You can find it also on
    http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1180. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The 1MW plant orders in your portfolio, can you say if the number so far is

    a) 1-10
    b) 11-50
    c) 51-200
    d) 201+

    Thanks if you are able to answer,

    Frank Acland

  1181. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1182. orsobubu

    And also, needless to say, when you Andrea note that “what is the principal of their value?
    A currency incorporates work and assets of the Countries it is coined from, but a bitcoin what incorporates, apart the algorythm it comes from?”, as usual you’re focusing the exact, most important issues of all in a very short and condensed sentence, as only you are capable of doing. The “incorporated assets of the countries” is the key to understand why these coins could make some people very rich, but will surely fail their original supreme purpose of democratize society in a capitalistic, imperialistic-centered economy.

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for the explication, but allow me: if I run like crazy around a pillar with enormous efforts to reach the distance of 10 thousand miles remaining in the same point, this has too an intrinsic value, because this is made by an enormous expense of Joules. Think how many steaks, spaghetti, you name it, I eat it, to complete 10 thousand miles around the circumference of a pillar, not to mention the shoes. Problem is that this incorporated value has no worth because does not incorporate any value of use, therefore its objective value of exchange is purely virtual. To me it looks like a ponzi scheme: the ones that will remain with the bitcoins in their hands at the end of the speculation process, will be able to sell to nobody their bitcoins, as expensive to be made as they might have been.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. orsobubu

    Hi Andrea, as usual I’m flattened for the huge progress of your work! Fantastic, I’m very optimistic!

    About bitcoin, perhaps I can help you to understand it a little. I have some friends who left their work to dedicate to these cryptocurrencies exchanges instead (!). Imagine you deciding overnight to leave the Ecat project forever and starting trade in digital coins with your little laptop in your bedroom, closing this blog and saying goodbye Fabiani, ABB and all of your team!! Crazy!!

    When some reader suggest you bitcoin as a financial system, this is interesting, think about it in this way.

    Start assuming there are more than 1500 digital coins today, with at large the same concepts, so when I say bitcoin I intend any coin of them. First there is bitcoin as a storage of value, like gold. Really, the system of “extracting” them by very complex calculations is similar to the huge effort of mining gold, so you have an intrinsic value of the needed human work (computer construction, computer running, etc). Then, the value floats up and down like gold in the market. And similarly you have moments of wild speculation, so that in december cryptocurrencies hit an highest price 30 times the peak of the biggest previous speculation bubble in history, the famous Tulip bubble in 1637, which was itself at least double in size of the previous biggest, the NASDAQ dot com bubble in 2001. Apart from this, on the long time you can consider valuable or not bitcoin as a storage value like any other financial asset.

    Then there is the blockchain function, a really interesting concept I’m sure it will adopted in infinite cases in every sector of human activity in the future (also in energy production) because it is a virtual register where all types of transaction can be written down forever without any mean of frauds, errors, corruption, etc. It is a game changing technology and it will wipe out numberless of manual clerk workers in the same way of Ecat, robots, automation etc will wipe out countless old wage workers around the world. It is, intrinsecally, an absolute “communist” instrument of production, it generates enormous quantity of user value, intended as usefulness for mankind, but containing absolute thin quantities of human work (it needs a programmer and a very small staff to create and run a blockchain), so having the potentiality to destroy huge quantities of exchange value (money, in averaged cycle, is only produced with human work).

    This is very good for a communist society (no more 8 hours daily work shifts, only robots, no more scammers, thieves, every sector of human activity planned and controlled by blockchain nodes around the world without need of market, banks, money, etc, only the efficiency and correctness of transactions and scientific procedures for everybody. But this is also useful in capitalism of course. Imagine ie the mechanism of payment of ecat consumption. With a blockchain you are in perfect control of the process of production and distribution. Or imagine Andrea Rossi making a donation of some million dollars in bitcoin to charity and to the orsobubu. No more fear of being stolen or mismanaged by thieves or boureaucracy.

    Of course, you will ask what is the need of bitcoins if we can use blockchain marxistically without need of money at all. But this is another fantastic example of contradiction in our capitalistic societies. So, bitcoin was born as a reaction of some very clever people to the economic crisis due to subprimes in US in 2008: no more banks, state centralization, taxation, etc, a sort of rebellion, also mistakenly called a revolution, against these enemies of the people, in need to reappropriate of their finances. But they invented blockchain inside a capitalistic economy, and they ruined it at all. Because with bitcoin, which is money, you replicates all the faults of fiat money, dollar, euro, etc. and you can clearly see the financial bubbles, the bitcoin robberies, the scams in cryptocurrencies, the speculation, the extreme social inequality in favor of whealthy people after they collected hundreds of bitcoins without having any merit for this. Not to mention the obvious fact that banks and states are organizing to reinstall the control over the digital coins.

    Bitcoins are designed to work hand in hand with blockchain, but obviously we could imagine an analogue system without the need of any coin at all. In this sense, bitcoin, as money, reflects the same concept of any other real world coin, because it is the transformation of surplus value – exploited surplus human work – in capital. Exactly for these reasons, in these months new astonishing capitalistic applications of bitcoin and blockchain are rising. There are literally hundreds and hundreds of new startups in this field. There are start ups also in the energy sector.

    I will make an example. Take indahash, it is a new coin based on a blockchain, working this way. There is a firm wanting to advertise his products via an “influencer”, a well known guy appearing on social media, facebook, etc; the influencer is no more contacted, hired and payed in dollars directly by the firm; instead, the firm contacts indahash, which contacts the influencer: and both of them are payed in indahash coins so there is a circulation of indahash coins between 3 different users: the influencers, the brands and their audience. Brands use indahash coins for marketing campaigns. When an influencer receives the indahash coin, he has the possibility to exchange them for products of a brand, to get discounts on the purchase of the product and to be always informed about the news. The influencers can also create their own coins and use them to increase their number of followers through the use of prizes and games. The influencers’ audience can use thecoins received and exchange them for exclusive prizes, such as gadgets signed by influencers, meetings and social activities. The blockchain assures the absolute correctness and intangibility of all these transactions.

    You can only start to imagine the infinite, parasitic variety of – in my opinion – absolutely useless ways (I call them the degradation of a rotten, imperialistic society) of application of this system in overall markets, with the absurdity of a duplication of money systems instead of a unique medium such the dollar. Nations grew through centuries of wars and millions of deaths to centralize the markets and the respective coins, to create a geographical space with an uniform profit rate, and now some programmers, thinking they are semi-gods holding the key to create worldwide distributed wealthness , aim to decentralize everything and duplicate the procedures. Very weird and perverse!

    But why some one of your readers propose cryptos as a way of finance your corporation? You could find incredibly creative ways to apply them to such an important industry as yours, but in strict regard to financing, I see it this way. In the “old” system, a company needing to collect big funds, needed to go public in stock markets, with all the difficulties and problems with it. A more modern way was the concept of crowdfunding, collect fund from voluntary sustainers, or ask business angels, like in your case with IH. With cryptos, you can make a Leonardo corp digital coin (symbol: ECAT, you always have to design a symbol and a 3-4 letter shortcut for your coin hehe) based on a public blockchain, then start “mining” it in the millions, then start a public sell of these undervalued coins to the public. Since your business model is light-years ahead of the generality of other cryptocurrency startups, and based on ultra-solid products, your coin will capitalize in very short time billions of value: the sustainers will be rich (not the orsobubu, because he is marxist and dont collects coins – but accepts donations), Leonardo corp will have all the funds it needs without going public, and all of your customers will have extra premium services, ie to pay their heat without any glitch (for example, there is a coin designed to make micro-payments on a fly, such consumption going into electrical bills, where the system is embedded inside bulb lamps without the need of an electric company, since the production of electricity could be decentralized as well, thank to the ecat of course!).

  1185. Andy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you already design the 1 MW QX?

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Andy:
    Yes, apart the external design that has to be done by a stylist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. Chantal

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Is there among your clients for the industrial plants a heat provider for industrial or domestic use?

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    Chantal:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1189. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    thank you for the openness of your reply to my “stress test” question. I appreciate the guiding force of “speed to market”.

    To me, this suggests that the post-Stockholm enhanced QX might be “over-engineered” as I, a non-engineer, understand it . . . where the materials and specifications include a margin of comfort of say 25%, or 50%, or 100% to ensure speedy extraction of 40W heat and inordinate durability of materials over a specified time frame, such as 2 years for the singlet module, or 10-15 years for the super-structure of heat transfer materials of the 100QX 4kW unit and/or miniaturized controller module.

    Am I suggesting too much about the decision to delay “stress testing”?

    As always, my best to you and the team.

    Buck

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Suggestions are always welcome.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1191. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the prototype you built currently being tested?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Pre orders d.
    Confirmed orders will be made when we will be able to guarantee a delivery time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Mattias Andersson

    Dear Andrea,

    I wish for you in 2018 success with bringing a product to the market. However I also wish for you some time for relaxation. It seems to me that you’re working with some limited resources under a lot of pressure. Chronical stress is not the solution, however bright the invention might be!

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Mattias Andersson:
    The horse has been harnessed, now has to pull. Thank you for your concern!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I can imagine you are very encouraged with the enhanced design of the QX reactor + controller arising after your successful Stockholm demonstration. That and the decision to rate and run the QX at 40W for the singlet, for the unit configuration of 100 QX’s, and for the 1MW plant configuration.

    Do you and your partner see it as prudent to “stress test” all this redesign work for the different configurations so as to confirm expected operational limits? All this before you go through the expense of programming the robots? Who knows what you and your engineering team might observe during this stress test . . . certainly refinements to software and hardware may spring from this experience.

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your suggestion, but at this point we have to deliver first, eventually we will stress test the evolution.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. Dan Jonsson

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am following your work from the year 2011.
    I think I found a base for a theory. I think the reaction is about exponential contact surface exposure due to micro cavities in the Ni compound structures (nucleation sites).
    All the best,
    Dan Jonsson

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Jonsson:
    Thank you for your hypothesis,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Ian Coderre

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I just finished to read “An impossible invention” of mats Lewan: how inspiring is your life!
    Godspeed,
    Ian

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Coderre:
    Thank you for your attention to our work!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. C

    Mr Rossi:
    three months are passed after the Stockholm show, but in tis timeframe you made absolutely nothing, so that if you made zero in 3 months, you will make 3 x 0 = 0 in the rest of the year. Is the math correct?

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    C:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Corey Neitzel

    Dear Andrea:
    The engineer that independently measured the performance of the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm is a senior engineer of the second refinery of the USA, after Exxon: will they use your technology? This would make sense, for them to give evidence of their effort to reduce the impact of refineries on the global warming.
    Cheers
    Corey

  1204. Andrea Rossi

    Corey Neitzel:
    I am under NDA about this issue and I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1205. Bart

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you already have an orders portfolio for the 1 MW plants when you will begin to stock them in your factory?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Bart

  1206. Andrea Rossi

    Bart:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1207. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that you have a made a prototype, and you have already chosen the ABB Robots. What kinds of work do you need to do before you start programming the robots?

    Thank you if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

  1208. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1209. Stephen

    Regarding applications in space: Actually a 1MW ECat QX power plant on the moon in a moon base or some or some other deap space application could be immensely useful even just as a thermal source during the long nights or dark periods or in deep space at or beyond mars orbit. Even more so if it could provide electrical power or support propulsion etc especially if it was small and light enough to launch could be configured to run at say 50kW for 20 years.

    I know at this time the focus is on the product and it’s early to think of these kinds of applications. But once the product is released some of these organizations and new space technology companies should be really considering the E-Cat-QX for future mission planning. These missions can take a decade or two to plan design and build. In that time frame these applications could be really viable I think.

    I see the focus now is on the product and your past presentation was focused on this and it’s eventual presentation as a product. I wonder will there be some point in the future where you will be presenting the product more generally after the initial product release with a view to find and develop its use in specific potential applications or its development and optimization to fulfill these particular uses like this and others?

    I think that will be an important moment for many could generate huge interest ion people who are quitely waitin for that moment and could be the next key milestone once the product itself is released.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  1210. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your interesting insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1211. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you started programming the robots yet?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  1212. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1213. Neuberger

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think you also will enter the Chinese Market with the Ecat ?
    Cheers
    N.

  1214. Andrea Rossi

    Neuberger:
    Of course! In China there is one billion People that need to heat up with a cheap and environmentally friendly thermal energy: the Ecat is exactly the product that fits their needs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1215. Dr. Rossi, Your Readers may want to Google:
    ABB ROBOTICS
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  1216. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thanks for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1217. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Kinetic energy etc. with regards LENRs. This explanations complex regarding neutrals and photons but I am giving it a go from my unacademic understanding of a mechanism and I hope it can help explain LENRs in some way. Tried to condense it as much as possible.

    We all know that kinetic energy is that which keeps a body in motion even when the force that moved it is removed but what is the mechanism that induces kinetic energy into an object?. My understanding is simply displacement of the internal structure of the object, brought about by an object travelling over a distance in a given time. One attribute that all structures contain is gravity being the binding force that maintains the structure over a given period of time with regards a change in environment. [The mechanical mechanism previously described contains an inner binding force that can be considered as an economy flow. This flow circulates as two helical trajectories produced upon contact of the two unequal oscillating masses of structured air that rotate in the same direction but do subsequently come into contact in the centripetal position of the mechanism. Thereby two vibrating helical trajectories of flow return back across the inner flow and combine within the inner oscillating mass of the inner structure. The two unequal masses, that create the helical trajectories upon contact, readjust becoming of the same dimensions and these also oscillate around a common axis as they exit the mechanism, only to return on a macro loop that surrounds the mechanism and that because of a vibrational frequency of the manufactured circuits they insulate the manufactured structured field by creating a push/pull force of neutrality (this frequency could be responsible for a valency value) prevents the mechanism from having an attractive force. This information is relevant to the explanation. To create any structure a binary activity has to exist either between two masses of size/volume dimensions, or multiples such, such as a proton or electron or two particles that constitute a structure of no mass (I refer to a photon). Hydrogen has a weak binding force between its proton and electron bond. The proton and electron rotate in the same direction and thereby maintain a necessary given distance within its atomic structure. The electron circumnavigates the proton by an oscillating activity that maintains separation by an undetectable neutral force. Every structure with mass has the potential to become neutral. In the LENR process, it could be that this distance between the proton and electron is increased creating a more distinct void/point of gravity to occur between these two masses. One comprised of particles of size/positivity and one of particles of volume/negativity. The proton being of size dimension could be drawn into a fissure of nickel by gravity created by an applied current. The created void/gravity value between each mass i.e. proton/electron, creates a structure comprised of an admixture of charges of size and charges taken from the two hosts. This manufactured structure is a neutral between two hosts/masses of opposite charges. The neutral, can be considered as one event horizon between two gravity masses, that contains an inner point of zero gravity and an outer environmental gravity value. The donated charges being within an event horizon that is a constructed neutral, are mobile charge potentials that over a distance in space and time continually alternate to become size positive, volume negative and intermediate neutral (this configuration I shall explain later). The hydrogen atom at this time does not exist as such. What exists is a size mass of a proton, volume mass of an electron and a neutral mass that rotates counter to that of the proton and electron, vibrates and pulsates because it is a neutral between two potentials. All current produces interregnums whether artificially induced or not. If the fissure suffers an interregnum of current, it loses a gravity value. A neutral is a structure of photons only, so when the proton is released from the fissure the neutral collapses due to a lack of necessary space releasing photons into its volume negative environment causing the negative cloud to expand because photons have no mass but do take up space (explanation later). The proton because of its release incurs velocity that displaces its gravity, inducing kinetic energy allowing the proton to penetrate the electron cloud and reacts by producing neutrals on its now 360degree event horizon. I suspect plasma is formed by the condensing of neutrals formed around a zero point of gravity within a negative environment. Neutrals are formed of photons, therefore when the neutrals are discharged from the manufactured plasma, the integral photons are released into the negative environment where they take up a degree of space. With regards the self sustain mode of a LENR, it could be that if a photon lodged itself within a fissure, it could in theory set up a pulse/vibration creating heat then cold due to the activity of the two neutrals within a restricted area, this could pull in a proton and propel out the proton to maintain a continuous reaction without the need of an applied current.
    Photons are massless. To have mass, I believe, you need a minimum of one proton and one electron. Photons are comprised of just two particles that in space and time alternate to become size positive, volume negative and neutral intermediate. They are closely associated to the pyramid being within the event horizon of a neutral. Photons could be visioned as such. Draw a triangle, cut off the apex, make it flat because of it being of a zero point of gravity. The base being an environmental gravity value. The sides of the triangle represent the tangential forces within the horizon. Only one of the sides should be considered because of particle activity. The volume negative particle descends on the outer slope of the wall towards the apex its tangential curve, at the same instant from the apex a size positive particle ascends on the inner side of the wall towards the base on an inner tangential curve. The volume and the size of each charge will adjust in accordance upon its position with that of the wall. Consequently at the midway point both charges are of the same dimension of neutrality and occupy two spaces, that equal that of half the area of that of the base of the pyramid,( being geometrically balanced) this causes an outward pressure of one particle and an inward pressure of the other particle (this activity occurs in the mechanism). The two particles are on helical trajectories of a structure with no mass (Mass is definitive, alternating charges are neither one thing or another). Because the two helical trajectories are both spinning around the same central axis of there pyramid, an illusion of shape is produced. Thereby the photon in time and space would alternate its shape between that of a stemless goblet and that of a pyramid. The goblet would appear when the two neutrals exist. The pyramid would exist when the two opposite charges exist out of there midway position. Thereby in time and space the photon would vibrate to maintain its two shapes. It could be said that the zero point of gravity and the environmental gravity value are connected by an intermediate gravity value being an event horizon. The two charges never lose contact because they represent the neutral value of a given space. Resistance of a structure to expand when subjected to an influx of positive and negative potentials of neutrals or photons constitutes as a measure of a containment of energy in degrees of measurable heat. When a charge is occupying a large area like on a circumferential dimension, a charge is active and free to move over its area of existence as a negative. When a charge is occupying a confined area like in a central position around a point of zero gravity, a charge is restrained in its movement within its area of existence as a positive. Thereby when a positive increases its velocity by entering a larger area and the negative decreases its velocity because of less space due to an uninvited guest, two displacements can register as a value of electrical energy, heat energy or light energy dependent upon the value of the attained neutral and that of resistance. This subject could be said to be endless but one thing is certain, LENR do occur and they occur by means of an induced process. Lets hope that one day this process will be explainable and comprehensive.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  1218. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1219. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1220. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In terms of your goals for industrialization of the E-Cat, would you say at this point you are:

    a) Ahead of schedule
    b) On schedule
    c) Behind schedule

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1221. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have already chosen the Robots of ABB, but not yet programmed them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1222. Charles T Sutherland

    Andrea,
    I hate to bother you with silly stuff, but my curiosity has led me in a lots of different directions. This, however, might be interesting to you and very well may give your enterprise a new purpose.

    I have been following solar activity for about 11 years now – just as a hobby. It is now beginning to appear that our sun may be heading into substantially less activity and subsequently we are very likely heading into much cooler times.

    I was introducing a friend to another of my interests (David LaPoint’s theory of primer fields) and stumbled upon some more information that has been added (Part #4) to his series of arguments:
    http://www.ice-age-ahead-iaa.ca/h264/Ice_Age_Startup_45.mp4

    If you are familiar with all of this and have discounted it, I apologize for taking your time.

    Charlie

  1223. Andrea Rossi

    Charles T Sutherland:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1224. Italo R.

    The Kilopower by NASA uses radioactivity for generating heat, then converted to electricity using a Stirling system.
    It could use a QuarkX for heat instead of radioactivity
    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  1225. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1226. Bongo Raffaele

    maestro Rossi

    The field of application of the E QX reactors is immensity and if the profitability is acquired the demand will be considerable.
    Do you plan to build partnerships with specialized groups in particular areas of concern (heating, electricity generation, transportation, etc.)?

    Raffaele

  1227. Andrea Rossi

    Bongo Raffaele:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1228. Crypto Currency Miners

    Dr Rossi,

    great prospects for eCats also powering BitCoin miners.

    https://www.coingape.com/canada-hydro-quebec-cant-fulfil-cryptocurrency-miners-energy-demand/

    Best,

  1229. Andrea Rossi

    Crypto Currency Miners:
    As a mater of fact they consume a lot of energy!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1230. James

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    are you aware of the “Kilopower” project at NASA? They are realizing a very small scale (about 10-40Kw) fission reactor coupled to heat pipes and a stirling generator for producing electricity. It has many similarities to your technologies and/or it has potential synergies. Note that the thermal and conversion parts of that reactor are ready, and they are made of commercially available parts.
    Please check out the project site for more info:
    https://www.nasa.gov/directorates/spacetech/kilopower

  1231. Andrea Rossi

    James:
    It is a mini nuclear reactor that uses uranium and plutonium.
    For obvious reasons, it is destined to be employed in Space or in planets like the moon or Mars…certainly not in populated areas. Can you imagine the probability to obtain the authorizations to disseminate our planet of mini-nuclear reactors working with Uranium 235 and Plutonium? The similarities with the E-Cat are zero. We do not use radioactive materials and do not generate radioactive materials.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1232. Daisy

    Dr Andrea Rossi.
    Do you think that sooner or later you will try bigger reactors, or you think the solution of fwe Watts per module will remain on course for ever?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Daisy

  1233. Andrea Rossi

    Daisy:
    I think that sooner or later we will test bigger reactors, but not now, we cannot disperse energies in view of the industrialization of the QX as it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1234. Peter

    Dear Andrea,
    Will Leonardo remain an American corporation?

  1235. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Forever.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1236. Osvaldo

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think the bitcoins could be a financing source for the Ecat?
    Cheers
    Osvaldo

  1237. Andrea Rossi

    Osvaldo:
    Today I read an interesting article on the New York Times about the bitcoins and about their monstrous consumption of electricity, such to make them a potential significant source of global warming. But I have not knowledge of them, so I prefer to suspend any opinion. I think the bigger question is: what is the principal of their value?
    A currency incorporates work and assets of the Countries it is coined from, but a bitcoin what incorporates, apart the algorythm it comes from?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1238. Robert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The drawings to manufacture the 1 MW Ecat QX have been already done?

  1239. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    The designing process is on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1240. Daryl

    Mr Rossi,
    when you will launch the Ecat after completing the industrialization process, will you involve also the main media?

  1241. Andrea Rossi

    Daryl:
    Our company will, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1242. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    FYI, heat to electricity; 10 nanometer materials enable three times the conversion of heat to electricity

    https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2018/01/10-nanometer-materials-enable-three-times-the-conversion-of-heat-to-electricity.html

    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  1243. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1244. >> Some time ago you had mentioned that eventually Leonardo would become a publicly traded company.
    > Yes, it will happen

    I am wondering if it might be worth considering to make Leonardo a not-for-profit corporation. I have worked for a very large not-for-profit with many many patents and products. The advantage (as an employee) are that there are no stockholders to cause problems and instability. Also it appears that Leonardo is focused on science and discovery as much as it is on profit. It appears that Leonardo has done well so far without needing a huge influx of stockholder cash.

    Perhaps something to consider, perhaps not.

  1245. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Now Leonardo is projected toward a massive industralization and nobody would invest enough in a non profit company. So far we have been a boat, now we must become a carrier. At least, it is what we are thinking of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1246. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Some time ago you had mentioned that eventually Leonardo would become a publicly traded company. Is this still on the cards and what would need to happen beforehand?
    Regards
    Patrick

  1247. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Yes, it will happen after the industrialization and the sales of the Ecat QX will have been started.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1248. Luke

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the article linked by Gianfranco Regalzi on his comment of 2018-01-18 at 05.48 A.M., there is a photo taken during the Stockholm event wherein you have a plaster stuck on your forehead, but in all the other photos you had not it: what happened?
    Cheers
    Luke

  1249. Andrea Rossi

    Luke:
    After the demo i have fallen on the floor and hit the head, just a scratch,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1250. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    About the prototype that you have made:

    1. So far is it a single QX reactor with a controller

    OR

    2. Is it multiple QX reactors connected to a single controller. If so, how many QXs?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1251. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    On schedule
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1252. Chuck Davis

    It is exciting to imagine our homes, cars, boats,planes fueled by the Ecat QX. I don’t think it will take too much after the beginning of the industrialization process and the sales on the market of the QX.
    Godspeed,
    Chuck Davis

  1253. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Let’s start making heat, albeit after the industrial plants will be on the market I too think there will be an exponential development, if all goes well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1254. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    Could a 1MW plant be configured in such a way to supply say 100kW over 10 years or 50 kW over 20 years for example?

    I’m curious if it could be used in remote locations with a suitable external power supply over long durations.

    If it is also quite small and light this would potentially be quite useful in some applications.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  1255. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Yes, theoretically it is possible. In reality, it has to be done to be verified. We can say whatever we want, but at the end what will be real will be what will have been made and sold and it will be sold only if it will be economically convenient and environmentally sustainable. I am optimist, based on what I am seeing, but what count are facts, not words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1256. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    I know that I am repeating Toussaint Francois’s question, but do you have a design set for a new 1 MW e-cat QX standalone plant size (width, height, length, weight)?

    Regards,

    Gennady

  1257. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Yes, I have. But we will give the data only at the presentation of the product. What we still do not have is a definite design aesthetically speaking. All I can say, it will be surprisingly small.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1258. Dewey

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Why the assembly of 250 control circuits is easier that the realization of one control box for a 4 kW unit?
    Cheers
    Dewey

  1259. Andrea Rossi

    Dewey:
    Because it is easier to put in series and parallel modules whose structural problems have been resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1260. Hubert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you foresee what will be the standard size of an industrial plant?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Hubert

  1261. Andrea Rossi

    Hubert:
    1 MW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1262. R

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will be the dimensions of the 1 MW plants smaller than the container-sized 1 MW Ecat tested in Doral?

  1263. Andrea Rossi

    R:
    Much smaller.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1264. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Much smaller than the 1 MW plant of the frmer generation.
    We will give the numbers when ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1265. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Welcome Volvo to your customer prospect lists, if they are not already on the list.

    Quoted from Rossi’s E-Cat Production Plans E-Cat World website:

    roseland67 • an hour ago

    https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/219208/swedish-engine-plant-is-volvo-cars-first-climate-neutral-manufacturing-site

    Another customer for Rossi and heat only,
    this one is in Sweden.

    Tom

  1266. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1267. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations for the fast progression of your E-CAT QX towards industrialization.

    What would be the size of a 1 Mega Watt E-CAT QX ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint François

  1268. Buck

    Good Day Andrea

    Your recent comments suggest a modularization of the QXs into several larger standard configurations: 1 QX @ 40W = singlet, 100 QXs @ 4kW = unit, 250 units @ 1MW = ?, 25 ? @ 25MW = ??

    Have you and your engineering team come to an understanding that there are rational sizes for the E-Cat product line from the customer perspective, ie, the marketing perspective?

    Best regards to you and your growing team

    Buck

  1269. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1270. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand that the QX is integrated with the controller(s), but theoretically if you consider both of these components at the same time for a moment, which of the two is more complex, the cluster of 100 QX modules or the cluster of 250 controllers that could each run 100 QX? (25,000 QX units)

    Great progress!
    Thank you for your updates.

    Tom

    ………….

    It would probably be more exciting to know that you are moving into perfecting the controller master-boxes at this point, and that the QX modules are “simply stable” at this point.

    Hopefully, you are not having issues with both the QX and the Controllers …

    As I wrote this, it occurs to me to wonder if you are writing the code for controllers in machine language instead of compiling a high level language into a much larger unit of logic. Machine language would run very much faster, and frequency control would be simplified… The physical management of larger code blocks would also be slightly more expensive to manufacture – unless done very professionally.

  1271. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    The cluster of 100 QX is more complex.
    Thank you for the insight,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1272. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I suppose that the 100 QXs inside the cluster are electrically connected in parallel. Is it right?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1273. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.,
    Correct
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1274. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Dear Andrea,

    In your answer to Frank Acland you mentioned that each 4 kW unit or “section” has its own control system. A heater of 1MW therefore consists of around 250 smaller “sections” with their own seperate control systems.
    Is this correct?
    I am a Little bit puzzled of the number of controllers?
    Could you comment, please.

    Warm regards and thank you for your important work,
    Mats Heijkenskjold

  1275. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    You are right, but the 250 circuitries will be contained in a single box much smaller that 250 x the box you saw in the Stockholm event at the IVA.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1276. Piccola curiosità.
    Può far sorridere e al tempo stesso riflettere.
    E in ogni caso l’importante è che se ne parli.
    Tu ricordi certamente di quello che scrisse Plutarco del cane di Alcibiade!…

    https://planetsave.com/2017/12/20/nikola-tesla-zero-point-energy-cold-fusion-tin-foil-hats/

    Con stima ed affetto dall’Italia che segue i tuoi progressi.
    Che Iddio ti aiuti.
    ENGLISH nutshell:
    In this link there is an intriguing guess about the intuitions of Tesla and your efforts
    Gian

  1277. Andrea Rossi

    Gianfranco Regalzi:
    Thank you for the interesting link. Stephen Hanley is a sincere and honest journalist, without bias and with adherence to facts more than words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1278. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. From your recent comments, it seems that your large E-Cat QX plants will be made up of smaller “sections” of approximately 4kW — is this correct?
    2. Will each section be driven by one control sytem?
    3. Does this mean that one section could one day be used independently as a small domestic heating unit?
    4. Is there any limit to the number of sections that could be combined to make a heater of any rating (e.g. 1MW, 10MW, etc.)?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1279. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- no
    2- yes, 100 QX modules with one controller
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1280. Dear Andrea,
    I forgot to mention that the Early Bird discount for the New Energy World Symposium, valid until February 17, is EUR 195.
    Delegates can register here: http://new-symposium.eventzilla.net/
    Looking forward to more news from you that we might discuss at the conference!
    Kind Regards,
    Mats Lewan

  1281. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan:
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1282. Stan

    Dear Andrea:
    Is there a factory under construction in the south west of Sweden?
    Sture Andreasson

  1283. Andrea Rossi

    Stan:
    I am under NDA and cannot answer to these questions in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1284. Bongo Raffaele

    Dear Andrea

    You have solved the overheating problem of the control module and therefore reduced the energy consumption of the control module. Can you tell us what is the COP of a 4 Kw unit including the consummation of the control module?

    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1285. Andrea Rossi

    Bongo Raffaele.
    It has been increased, but we will publish the numbers at the product presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1286. Michelangelo De Meo

    The Protocols for Creating ASTOUNDED States in LENR Systems; or, The Beauty of Lithium Doped Nano-diamond Spheromak Emitters

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/01/17/the-protocols-for-creating-astounded-states-in-lenr-systems-or-the-beauty-of-lithium-doped-nano-diamond-spheromak-emitters/

  1287. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1288. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply, may I ask what is the power rating of the prototype E-Cat QX that you have decided upon?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  1289. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1290. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which will be the production of the first Ecat QX that you will introduce at the commercial launch?

  1291. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1292. Dear Andrea,
    I’m happy to announce that the New Energy World Symposium, focusing on the consequences of LENR based technologies, for society, industry, and financial systems is now open for registration, with an Early Bird discount until Feb 17: http://new-symposium.org
    The symposium will be held in Stockholm, Sweden on June 18-19, 2018.
    For your readers, I’d like to clarify that, as you know, the symposium has no connection with you or with Leonardo Corporation, and that you will not be part of the program.
    I also want to poi