Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Dear Andrea,
    Are you suggesting that all the long range particle interactions are due to entanglement rather than overlapping of their EM fields?
    Wondering regards.

  2. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    entanglement is a quantistic phenomenon that does not belong to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    when you work with companies that generate electricity for the grid
    you will have the following problems
    1 make a large number of devices
    2 learn to combine them into a single system
    Are you ready to solve these problems?
    With deep respect, Victor

  4. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    I think we will be,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    It will be beneficial for the E-Cat SKL’s entry into the market, to have scientific experiments take place seeking conformational evidence for any part of the theoretical basis sequence underlying the E-Cat SKL’s energy production, theoretical basis and experimental findings published in a paper prior to a product launch, is there any scientific experiments ongoing, planned or intended in the near future?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  6. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We will not separate the theoretical bases from the presentation of the product.They are two faces of the same coin.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Tim

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you tell us which is the Country where the first plants will be sold ?

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Tim:
    Probably USA
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. C.

    Do you think that the Ecat SKL besides electricity and heat will also emit light ?

  11. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    Theoretically by means of optic fibers that would be possible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Au197 + N14 ->Au198 + N13
    which is the reason why this reaction is so important to be cited in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because it takes place at energies between particles that do not come in contact, giving evidence of long distance particle interactions, that are the core of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Joachim

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    do you know when the coming out of your licensees will be?
    From which countries are they?
    Best regards
    Joachim

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Joachim:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you working with companies that are involved in generating electricity for the grid?

    Thank you if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it important the spectrometry of the plasma for the efficiency of the Ecat SKL ?

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Yes, it is fundamental,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Alice

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Reading your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed you made a dramatic progress in the theoretical field, respect your first publication of ten years ago. Did you get benefit from the experiments for this theoretical progress, or, on the contrary, the theoretical progress has enhanced the evolution of the Ecat during these 10 years ?
    I wish you success for the incoming presentation of the Ecat SKL,
    Alice

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Alice:
    It has gone both ways.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Calle H

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your reply on your latest progress is fascinating. Could it so that in your lab you are now producing E-Cat electric power that you feed into a small inverter connected to the mains of your building so that you provide your own lab with electric power?

    All the best for the future success,
    Calle H

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Chris

    Hi Dr Rossi,

    your answer to Gerard McEk stated clearly, that the first products will be solely for industrial use.

    Is this only valid for Leonardo Corp, or for partners, too?

    Do you expect products on the shelf, either by Leo Corp or partners, for domestic use in 2021?

    Warm regards,

    Chris

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    I am almost sure we will deliver in 2021 the industrial plants, but I am not able yet to respond about the domestic products.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the last statistics of your publications I found today reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings 56 027
    Recommendations 3 379
    Total Research Interest Index 968.5
    Citations 21
    And counting…

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Dear Andrea,
    When you determine a date for the presentation, will you give us a heads up for the demonstration or surprise us by just doing it?
    Forward looking regards.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I surely will give a pre-advice, but very close,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of December 1st 2020:
    EIA: Hydroelectric Plants Have the Fastest Start-Up Time of US Electric Generators
    Rod Walton

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    May I ask a follow-up question to the questions raised by Gerard McEk. You kindly indicated that the first E-Cat application would be 1. Electric energy supply for industrial use. Does that mean that the E-Cat electric energy

    A. will be consumed in the particular industry where the E-Cat is installed
    B. will be sold the grid (the industry is a power station)

    Thank you and best wishes to you and your team.
    Calle H

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Both
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    From the small grains of information you give us I think that commercialization of the Ecat SKL is finally in sight. Congratulations with your ‘excellent progress’.
    Can you give us a hint in what type of Products it is being integrated first?
    1. Electric energy supply for industrial use
    2. Electric energy supply for domestic use
    3. Automotive and heavy mobile equipment
    4. Agriculture
    5. Water supply (desalination)
    6. Another product area
    7. Is your intention to produce in first instance only one type of Ecat able of producing say 5 kWe or
    8. Will you immedeately produce a range of Ecats of different levels of output power?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard ‘

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1
    8
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned that you “dare to define the progress excellent, both under the experimental point of view and under the theoretical point of view”. That is very exiting to hear. But how about under commercial and under fabrication point of view?

    Wish you and your team the very best,
    Calle H

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    From the commercial and the manufacturing point of view we are substantially ready and also the supplyers chain has been defined, although it is necessary to know exactly the final design of the product before fixing all the particulars.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Robert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us something about what are you doing with the Ecat SKL during these days ? Has the Covid 19 caused delays ?
    Robert

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    The Covid has caused delays, but not in the measure necessary to create relevant damages.
    Preesently I am working in remote with all the Team and I work in a laboratory testing the Ecat to consolidate the reliability of the device.
    I dare to define the progress excellent, both under the experimental point of view and under the theoretical point of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. K

    Can you confirm that the Ecat SKL will be manufactured in the USA ?
    K

  42. Andrea Rossi

    K:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Antonia

    Are you continuing to find the peak of the wavelength 4.372 x 10^-7
    as we saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and as you wrote in par. 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Antonia:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Andrea

    Following up on KeithT’s comment, you can easily check circular polarization with a spare pair of Real3D glasses which are most common for 3D movies in theaters. Both lenses are circularly polarized, one left and one right.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RealD_3D

    They appear to be readily available for a few dollars.

    https://www.ebay.com/b/RealD-3D-TV-Glasses-and-Accessories/175719/bn_737317

    Kind regards
    Donald Chandler

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on your finding that the light is polarized. All these discoveries help in understanding the total process. Now that your new partners know everything that you know about the E-Cat SKL are they helping your team make those discoveries or are they more concerned with production and deliveries? Congratulations to you and your team and partners. Awaiting the presentation.

    Bernie Morrissey

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    The collaboration is global.
    Thank you for your kind congrats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Jack East

    Dear Dr Andrea Ross,
    can you suggest where can I study light and photons ?
    All the best,
    Jack

  51. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the plan for what you will show at the presentation been decided yet?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    moreless yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. G.H.

    Dr Rossi,
    Where do you think the point zero energy has its primary source ?

  54. Andrea Rossi

    G.H.:
    I think it could come from the low entropy of the “matterwaves” derived from the Zitterbewegung of electrons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Koen Vandewalle

    In today’s newspaper:

    “The French-Belgian energy company Engie Electrabel has started preparations to build four large gas-fired power stations, De Tijd reports on Saturday. Four sites in Belgium have been selected and the permits have been applied for.
    The gas-fired power stations together would have a capacity of 3 gigawatts. According to the newspaper, this is the same as the total of the four nuclear power stations that Electrabel operates in Doel or as its three large nuclear power stations in Tihange.

    Nuclear energy supplies half of the electricity in Belgium. With a full nuclear exit, Belgium will need five new large gas-fired power stations to ensure that the light continues to burn. Electrabel wants to build most of it. The company aims at sites in Vilvoorde, Les Awirs near Liège, Charleroi and at the chemical company BASF in the port of Antwerp.

    With the four projects, Electrabel wants to make a bid for the million subsidies that will be allocated in October next year. ”

    The people with the billions in their pockets go for the subsidies. This is only possible because our politicians, cabinet employees and government officials are all lawyers and economists who don’t understand a word about “Zitterbewegung, Aharanov-Bohm and Casimir”, let alone about the Rossi Effect, which the name letters “E-Cat” stand for. And so they choose when a choice has to be made for something they know and trust. Also the CEOs and the main shareholders do not understand the scientific spells – purely written with words and papers, and will never put their money into it if they have alternatives from which they can certainly make money.

    Weeks, months, years ago I asked you to make a 3D film of the processes and effects that occur in the E-Cat. Such that every layman can more or less understand how it works and where the energy comes from.

    For every year that you have a patent, your enemies will make billions available to thwart you.

    Their armies are larger and their arsenal is now inexhaustible because, through the politics and policies of the central banks, they now have direct access to the money printing presses of, for example, the European Investment Bank. Those people don’t need taxpayers to rule the world!

    At this level there is no such thing as “the market”. I think you’re getting late. If I were in your place, I would already be producing for small customers in a small, manageable workshop. Even if only one device went out a day, it would still be better.

    If I could put one working E-Cat device in the trunk of my car and demonstrate it live, in combination with a comprehensible 3D video support, I could convince any politician of any color or purport to choose this route. Believe me, I can even provide any school teacher with an explanation that helps them understand where the energy comes from and why it is safe. And once they understand it, they cannot possibly go back to being ignorant and incomprehensible. Insight is irreversible.

    But no, apparently you choose to hide somewhere deep in a bunker to further tinker with unprecedented and invisible perfection.

    A product can only be successful if its opponents decide they want it. And according to the newspaper article quoted, Engie-Electrabel have decided that they want gas-fired power stations.

    Impatient greetings,
    Koen

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight and the implied suggestion, but all this does not change the facts that are designing our path to the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How long do you think it
    will take to receive ECat SKL
    safety Certification.

    A :1 to 6 months
    B: 6months or more.
    C : How ever long it takes.

    Regards
    Sam

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    C
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Will Safety Certification for the ECat-SKL
    be a long process and hold you back
    from getting it to market?

    Regards
    Sam

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    It is a process on course, no reason to think it will block our path,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Perfection can never be achieved. The search for perfection will never lead to a concrete and real result.

    Why can’t you make the presentation of the Ecat NOW, even in the current non-perfect operating conditions?

    Kind regards,

    ItaloR.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Perfection is relative, not absolute. In this specific case “perfection” means shielded from the missiles that are aimed at the Ecat and that will be shoot as soon as it will appear in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the light emitted by the E-Cat SKL circularly polarized?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  65. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Congratulations, you have understood how the Zitterbewegung is supposed to work in the Ecat. I am not sure, but I think the answer is yes, albeit I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is it a client who constantly delay the presentation or is it you who want to wait?
    Or is it maybe because of the coronapandemic?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    No, the culprit is all of the Ecat SKL. I am thinking to file a suit against her for “obstruction of perfection”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Dear Andrea,
    The presence of polarized photonic energy as you know, indicates stimulated emission is the main mechanism for producing the energy. Perhaps, if you chose one of the more intense frequency emissions and add further stimulation by injecting a beam of that frequency into your plasma, you may achieve results helpful in creating your energy output.
    Thanksgiving regards.

  69. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Kaul Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Joanna Marotz

    Dr Rossi,
    I studied carefully your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    In your four proposed theoretical threads
    1 charge clusters and the Casimir force
    2 charge clusters, Lorentz force and Zitterbewegung phase coherence
    3 space charge, vacuum polarization and virtual particles-antiparticles
    4 neutral picometric aggregates
    although you said all of them are integrable in your theoretical system, did you, after all the experiments you made so far, mature a preference among them ?

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Joanna Marotz:
    After the discovery of the polarization of the plasma light anfd the peak at the wavelength of 4.372 x 10^-7 m seen also in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    we think that the preponderand effect is the #4.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Gerald

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    can you give an indication on the startup time of the e-cat until a stable SSM can be reached?
    I assume you do repeated on/off tests as well – how is the reliability in this regard?

    Best wishes to you and your team,
    Gerald

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Gerald:
    should be several minutes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    a Happy Thanksgiving to you, your wife, Team Rossi, and all the partners in this fantastic journey.

    It is certainly hoped that your recent sharing about “we are preparing something important” goes well as a symbol for the coming new year. Is the assessment of this important thing occurring relatively soon?

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind wishes, that I am delighted to return.
    Answer: surely within the next year.
    This is a promise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Very important the fact that you got evidence that the light from the plasma of the Ecat SKL is polarized: actually this is a signature of the formation of clusters in coherence of phase.
    Prof

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Anonymous

    I am convinced that you will make no presentations also in 2021.

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which do you think will be the first field of utilization of the Ecat SKL ?
    Norma

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Industrial,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Andrea Rossi

    To all our American Readers,
    Happy Thanksgiving Day
    from all our Team,
    Andrea Rossi

  85. Freddie Fornier

    Dr Rossi,
    Where can I find a description of the electron and the Zitterbewegung coherent with your effect ?

  86. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    This is a bit off topic… at least on the surface if things.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03201-8

    I sometimes wonder if this “quintessence” is due some kind of superposition coupling of light or causal space time and with what we call matter. I know it’s easy to say these kinds things though.

    But regardless of that thought. You seem fascinated by the cosmology and meaning of things so ti thought you or other readers might find it interesting.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you, interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    A few days ago you replied to Xavier Pitz that the Ecat SKL has risen to the level ‘insane’ and ‘extremely expensive’.
    Does this ‘insane’ mean that the Ecat SKL has improved in
    1. reliability?
    2. output power?
    3. efficiency?
    4. usability?
    5. scalability?
    6. simplicity?
    7. complexity?
    8. producibility?
    9. ability to integrate in 3rd party products?
    10. market value?
    11. another aspect?
    12. But also that it has become very expensive to buy, or is it the development cost you are referring to?
    I hope you soon will reach the moment to openly show and present your baby!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1
    Development cost
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Joachim

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    here in germany the cost of a kwh is about 30 €ct. Just 3 ct for the power, 7 ct for the electric grid plus aplenty of taxes. Therefore I want to quit the grid! An E-Cat with 10 KW would be enough, even including a reasonable electric central heating instead of oil central heating.
    Would a lithium power storage with 400Wh, 300W and 230V (available for ca 400€) enough to start an E-cat?
    Or will you publish that only at the presentation?
    Best regards
    Joachim

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Joachim:
    You got it: we will talk about these issues at the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. ALINE

    Dr Rossi,
    did you find any evidence of the creation of clusters in coherence of phase as hypothesized in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    during your experiments and tests ?

  93. Andrea Rossi

    ALINE:
    Yes, we have discovered with polarizing lenses that the light emitted by the plasma is polarized: the emission of polarized light is very rare and is typical of lasers and electron some kind of accelerators; when our theoretical Team has discovered this fact, after repeated experiments, we deem this a signature of the creation of clusters of electrons in coherence of phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I suspect that a grid-tie inverter similar this one; https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B076KBCHBM/ref=as_li_tf_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B076KBCHBM&SubscriptionId=AKIAIPFZKKNXUR5ABTTA&linkCode=as2&tag=bestprodtagl12658-20 would be an economical and practical approach for integrating the ecat in a grid-tie configuration for low power applications.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    i) In the best electrical version of the E-Cat SKL, what percentage is electrical and what percentage remains thermal? For customers who are only interested in electrical energy, do they have to dissipate a lot of heat? Or is the E-Cat SKL only interesting for customers who use both (heat + electrical energy)?

    ii) As I didn’t follow this forum for many months, what is the situation of the third party testing? Was it not possible due to covid-19?
    Or do you first want to solve some stability problems (if any)?

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    i) the heat will not be an issue
    ii) tests are on course as well as the R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 25th 2020:
    Wet Scrubber Chemistry to improve heat rate and efficiencies in coal-fired power plants
    Rod Walton

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Has your team researched what equipment will be required to connect the ecat in a grid tied configuration. My annual power requirement for last year was 5540 kWh which could be supplied by a 0.633 kW source. So I think I see why you have recommended this configuration. This amount of power could easily be supplied by a single ecat module.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I was very busy, I did not follow this forum for a long time, but maybe the anniversary of the E-Cat SKL unconsciously woke me up to come and look again?

    In the past some of your Readers discussed the use of the E-Cat SKL in electrical cars, so that EV’s (Electrical Vehicles) don’t need big and expensive batteries anymore. I also thought it would be a big improvement.

    But maybe a smaller, simpler and first step would be a 5kWe E-Cat SKL as a wallbox loader? My small electrical car has an actiradius of 300km and a battery with a capacity of 41kWh, so it will only take 8 hours and 12 minutes to load it from zero to full capacity (with a 5kWe E-Cat SKL wallbox loader). But as EV’s will be used more and more in the future, simultaneously loading many EV’s (from the grid) would create enormous peak-loads on the grid, so the electrical distribution companies intend to increase the price of peak-load, so they can pay for the necessary expansion of the grid. Here, where I live, they intend to increase the price of peak-load from 2022 on, I think. But to avoid this, and to avoid loading from the grid, a 5kWe E-Cat SKL wallbox loader would be a very good solution.

    Avoid Peak-Loading Regards,

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Good point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    In Sweden there are projections that there will be a power capacity deficit in the national grid of 1700 MW at periods this coming winter. 1700 MW corresponds to 340,000 E-Cat SKL rated 5 kWel. Is it in the pipeline to mass produce and erect modularized E-Cat power stations to meet such capacity
    1) as soon as possible
    2) maybe some other winter in the future
    3) large modularized power stations are not foreseen

    Kind regards and best wishes to the success of you and your team.
    Calle H

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Premature to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Jitse

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    of course the 1200 m3 gas for heating and cooking (= 10500 kWh per year) has been included, and can be closed completely.

    with kind regards Jitse

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea

    Congratulations on Bidens choice of John Kellen.
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  109. Jitse

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    An E-cat of 2 kWh delivers about 8 times as much as 10 solar panels max 2300 kWh (2 x24 x 365 = 17,520 kWh per year). An isolated house (150 m2) can then be released CO2 free. A 12 kWh electric central heating + 2 electric flow units for kitchen and bathroom is then feasible (priority controlled),
    During the summer an air conditioning can also be used to keep the house cool (central Europe region)

    Andrea I hope that your invention can be certified quickly, that will be the glorious results of your and your team years of working.

    best regards jitse

  110. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the German translation of your paper reported in the comment of Quinto.
    Prof said in a recent comment that your publication is the first for number of readings of the 16 millions of papers published on Researchgate, but he made a mistake: 16 millions is the number of the Authors of papers published on Researchgate, not of the papers; since the average number of publications per author is 5, your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most read of the 80 millions of papers published on Researchgate !!!
    That’s some success, my friend,
    All the best,
    Physicist

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for the update: I am stunned, but this is a success not just of mine, it is a success of all the Great team of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for the links and for your insight: maybe interesting for some of our Readers. The whole has nothing to do with the E-Cat technology or hypothesized theories.
    The E-Cat SKL thanks you for the birthday wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Stephen

    Hi Andrea

    I just was this intriguing article:

    https://newatlas.com/drones/ion-propelled-drone-undefined-technologies/

    I know it’s a bit off topic as you are not considering flying vehicles at the moment for a number of reasons but If this works it could be interesting in years to come.

    I wonder about other applications of this kind of technology though? Could it improve acoustic pollution issues for example with other machines and technolog where perhaps thrust of some kind is needed?

    Who knows maybe once chemical pollution is dealt with sound pollution might be the next thing.

    If you still have colleagues back in Miami this could be interesting to them I guess.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your suggestion, perhaps useful in future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I saw this article a few days back and thought it was interesting.

    https://phys.org/news/2020-11-previously-unknown-mechanism-electron-emission.html

    I haven’t really thought it through but I can’t help wondering about this and if it’s something that can be useful to E-cat devices or perhaps some other technology that might interest your readers.

    It brings to mind a set of rhetorical questions that I don’t expect answers too but might also be interesting to some.

    I couldn’t help wondering about what would happen in the case where we combine this technology with Moire effects and twisted graphine or other materials such as boron nitride? I wonder if it would be possible to generate localized effects and if that would be useful in some technology.

    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.4863661

    Could this for example enhance cluster generation in a localized way? Or would the energies 3.5 eV be too high in this case? Or is it useful in some way I recall that you take advantage of energies in the eV range I think?

    Would there be AB effect implications? From these effects combined with the Moire patterns? If so could this also bring some advantage for cluster formation etc?

    As always my best regards to you and your team. And Happy Birthday to e-cat SKL! Wow what a year!!!

    Stephen

  116. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would suggest that a residential application of an eCat-SKL should be similar to residential solar panels. Solar panels produce varying amount of electrical energy using in-grid technology. Because the amount of sunlight illumination changes over the day, sometimes more power is produced by the solar panel array and the excess power is fed to the electrical grid. Other times, the solar panel array produces insufficient electrical energy for the residential home and power is supplied by the electrical grid to the home.

    If an eCat-SKL were to replace the solar panel array, then the eCat-SKL could, conceptually, provide a constant level of power. Many states in the United States limit the residential solar panel production to about 15kW. So if such a bidirectional system could be developed that would feed excess electrical power to the electrical grid when the residential power demand was low and then accept electrical power from the grid when the residential electrical demand was high, such a system would be very useful.

    Examples of high demand applications include: an electric vehicle (EV) home charger units which can consume up to 100 Amps at 240 VAC. Although most home EV chargers can be setup to limit their electrical draw to a lower value. Seasonal illumination, i.e., Christmas home displays, can also be high usage examples. And all electric homes where electricity is used to heat the home and hot water are other examples.

    I would suggest an electrical output in the 8 kW range might be a good level to design to. An eCat-SKL outputting 192 kW-hrs per 24 hour day would be useful in reducing coal-fired electrical plants when the majority of residential homes have such a unit.

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    One year ago, you posted the following message :
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=892&cpage=463#comment-1417348

    Today, it is the E-Cat SKL 1st birthday !
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgPRR41BkgA

    Looking back at the previous 12 months of evolution, on a scale from “too easy” to “insane” (see previous video), which level did the E-Cat SKL reach 1 year after its birth ?

    Musical Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for reminding me this ! Yes, I remember that day very well.
    The answer is: “insane”. And extremely expensive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Quinto:
    Thank you for the link !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to hear you are making progress. How difficult are the problems you have to deal with?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I do not see problems we cannot resolve. We are preparing something really important. The work is hard, the important is to stay calm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Bill Conley

    domenico canino:

    Note that Chuck Davis did not say that he needed “200 kilowatts for a house.” He actually said “200 A” with the “A” no doubt indicating Amps. Energy for a residence providing 200 Amp service is not that unusual or excessive in the US.

    Bill

  124. Chuck Davis

    Dear Domenico Canino,
    I bought my current home two years ago with the goal of powering it from an ecat when it becomes available so I selected all electric appliances. It is wired to accommodate a 200 A load or 44 kW (not 200 kW). When sizing an energy source you must consider a scenario that includes all of the appliances working simultaneously because most people won’t hesitate to consider “Am I going to overload my circuit breaker?”. If your villa is all-electric I seriously doubt that 6 kW would be sufficient to operate it. You must consider the worst case instantaneous load, not the average power usage reflected on your electric bill and you should include some margin. It is my hope that the ecat will be less expensive than Maxwell’s unit, if not I will probably have to consider converting my appliances to gas (a dreaded fossil fuel).

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  125. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    A few weeks ago you said you possibly have a solution to make the Ecat more reliable.
    Have you made any progress in the reliability or are you still working on that?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The work is in progress, and day by day we are eliminating the weak points.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Where did you find the ground for the role of the Casimir force as described in paragraph 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks for your patient answers
    CC

  128. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    See “Demonstration of the Casimir Force in the 0.6 to 6 Micrometers Range”, S.K.Lamoreaux, Phys. Rev. Lett., 78:5-8, 1997
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. domenico canino

    Dear Chuck Davis,
    do you really need 200 kilowatts for a house? To me in Calabria (South Italy) 6 kilowatts would be enough. Less than 5000 dollars to be free from bills for ever. Or so much. The real key question to ask yourself about
    Maxwell’s technology instead is: does it work or does it not work?
    frequency regards

  130. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Maxwell Chikumbutso wants $880 per kW for his generator so a generator for my 200 A rated home would cost $38720 plus shipping and installation! Ha, Ha, Ha! At my age I would never even break even! Oh, and it is only warranted for 2 years! He has quickly come up to speed with predatory US marketing!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis,
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regrds,
    A.R.

  132. Roby

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for the information you gave on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Roby

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Roby:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    How are going the tests of the Ecat SKL during these days ?

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working well and hard. Right now is on course a momentous experiment that could be very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Kashayar Shatti
    Thank you for resending your comment.
    1- My former answer was related to your former comment. Perhaps I had to better explain that it is unthinkable to connect a plasma driven reactor with a portable mask, my fault: I thought it was some sort of fooling and now I understand I was wrong, therefore I apologize. Anyway: the answer to your original question is that no, it is not possible to make an Ecat applicable to a mask, whatever kind of mask it might be. That kind of job can well be made by a small battery at an irrelevant cost.
    2- This blog is a forum where I give all the publicable information about the Ecat.
    3- I never have been frustrated about discussions on the Ecat ( this blog published so far more that 54 000 comments, most of which related to questions and answers about the Ecat ) and I never related any breach of any governmental regulation to my work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Mr Rossi
    In response to your recent comment of: November 20, 2020 at 5:34 AM
    You made this false accusation, so I replied accordingly.

    ******************************************************************************
    Andrea Rossi
    March 21, 2020 at 6:02 AM
    Khashayar Shatti:
    I REPEAT: THE ECAT IS NOT A DEVICE THAT CAN HELP IN ANY WAY THE FIGHT ON COURSE AGAINST THE CORONA VIRUS.
    PLEASE STOP THIS FAKE INFORMATION,…

    Khashayar Shatti
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.
    March 27, 2020 at 3:47 PM
    Dear Dr Rossi
    Apparently you didn’t reply to my request. Could you Please clarify:
    1- WHO SAID YOUR ECAT IS GOING TO BE USED DURING THE CORONA VIRUS PERIOD?
    Within the last 7 years no ecat device has become available and may not be available within the next two years to be very optimistic. So one must be stupid to think that your ecat could be used in general, let alone against coronavirus within coronavirus period.
    So, would you please STOP MAKING FAKE INFORMATION?
    I agreed with you such that no one should make fake information, but you did it.
    2- Please reply accordingly: A forum on “Ecat Engineering developments”. What is your opinion?
    Just say your opinion and don’t mix it and relate it to coronavirus period in order to bypass your answer and mix it with governmental regulations?
    3- Why are you so frustrated about discussions on ecat and relate it to breach of governmental regulations on coronavirus?
    ********************************************************************************

    It is like a kind of falsification, diverting the main subject.
    Please note that the type of active hot air face mask That,well before, I proposed to WHO, has now been designed by MIT.
    https://news.mit.edu/2020/heated-face-mask-coronaviruses-1021

    I wanted to discuss possible future engineering developments for a portable 24 hour power supply of this kind of face mask under the title of “engineering developments”.
    It means that your device when certified and available in future, could be a good heat or eletricity supply for it.
    Fortunately they have made it to work for 4 hours(1 charge).

    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  138. Rocco

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    can you suggest me a reading to understand better and thoroughly the Aharonov-Bohm effect ?
    Thank you for your help,
    Rocco

  139. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    For a while I have been curious concerning why the 5kW 100cm^3 reactor size was selected for the SKL design. Was it:

    A) The optimum size for the reaction (Rossie Effect) considering electrical input/output and heat management? or

    B) The best modular sized building block to achieve various total energy levels anticipated for SKL applications?

    Thanks as always for your thoughts,

    Bill

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    A
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Sam

    The Presentation of Maxwell chikumbutso
    invention.

    https://youtu.be/R0CvyfIuoGU

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your three links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Keith Thomson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Good news to hear that you are investigating a replacement for the lead shielding of your E-Cat’s.

    Currently many countries around the world are trying to remove or reduce lead content of products placed on the market, for example there is the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) for electronic and electrical equipment placed on the market within Europe, this restricts 6 hazardous materials, lead is one of them.

    For individual E-Cat units to be sold for use in cars or in the home as domestic boilers, many countries would require extensive periods of safety testing, with lots of official / political debate about the advisability of the general public getting access to this technology, (also how to tax it as there will be less cash revenue from fuel duties as petrol / diesel is gradually replaced by E-Cat powered cars). For both cars and boilers you can expect impact testing requirements with examination of what would be exposed to atmosphere / environment if the E-Cat was ruptured (toxic nickel particle powder), you can expect curious people to dismantle them to inspect / fix them themselves or for them to be stolen and opened up. The use of lead as part of the construction will just slow the progress of getting E-Cat units onto the market.

    E-Cats or their descendants with or without lead shielding are likely to be readily adopted in industrial heating units, centralised power generation, shipping, trains and many other large regulated and controlled applications, but the uncontrolled use of individual E-Cats by the public in Europe and America may be delayed for a long time by safety / political concerns, things like use of lead will be one of the many excuses.

    Higher density materials like carbon steel, stainless steel, copper, nickel, nickel alloys, cupronickel, could all be alternative gamma ray absorption materials for surrounding the pressurised active nickel particle core, they would require to be at least double and more the thickness of lead for the same gamma ray halving distance. Heavy wall steel pipes are commonly available; they can have wall thicknesses up to 25% of the pipe outside diameter, in Europe DIN 2448 is a heavy wall heat exchanger pipe available in a variety of pressure quality steel grades. Copper heavy wall pipe can be produced; it’s just an engineering / sourcing exercise. Copper and nickel could be recycled from E-Cat spent nickel powder.

    The use of alternative shielding materials may be seen as expensive but you may find there are advantages, higher melting temperature for shielding with possibly higher operating temperatures, better heat transfer, combining the pressure containment component with the shielding, more readily available and acceptable materials to meet the market requirements.

    Best regards, Keith.

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Keith Thomson:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    At Ecat.com I read that “LENR technology is the basis for the reactions occurring in the
    ECAT core”
    Do you now plan an update of this including a modified description of the Rossi Effect?

    Kind Regards
    Sven B

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    You are right, we must update the text of our old website, that mirrors what was I thought years ago. I did not dedicate much of my time to the website, and this is surely my fault.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    After your answer to Ruby, I have another query. Does the Rossi effect conform to E = M.C^2
    If so, what has lost mass?

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    The theorretical hypothesis in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    crosses the field of Relativity in so far the ZBW has the speed of light, therefore there can be the deformations foreseen by the well known equations of the curvature of the space-time. But still I have convinced myself that there are not nuclear reactions, either cold or hot, and I derive this convinction of mine from my experiments, after 10 years of work on the Ecat and its evolution. Obviously, I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Dr. Rossi,

    Regardless of where you are currently residing, are you planning on enjoying an American-style Thanksgiving dinner next week?

    Warm regards,
    Greg Daigle

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    Of course yes, and I will surely celebrate in remote with all my American friends and members of our team !
    Happy Thanksgiving Day also to all our American Readers,
    Andrea Rossi

  151. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In the news recently there was a report that Deutsche bank research recommends an extra 5% tax on people working from home due to Covid, as they will not be using and hence contributing to the upkeep of the country’s infrastructure. This gives an indication of how governments are likely to react to a reduction in tax revenue from changes in the energy economy.

    Those who can afford to will purchase E-Cats and opt out of the electrical and gas distribution infrastructures, these infrastructures will be left with people on low income and on government benefits, the distribution infrastructure becomes effectively used and supported by government. For their own use and to support the low paid, governments are likely to require the continued existence of distribution networks, initially it will likely be a lower cost for them to maintain and upgrade existing infrastructure rather than convert all existing national and regional government buildings and facilities. So, maintenance of distribution infrastructure and centralized power production will still be required for many years, likely gradually converted to E-Cat SKL’s but still mostly centralized. Governments will find ways to tax those who go off grid to pay for what will likely become many separate reduced distribution networks.

    People probably favour E-Cats for transport as they believe they will pay far less in fuel and maintenance, however part of the fuel cost is tax, governments still require the tax monies so will probably transfer taxation to the vehicle.

    A significant part of national and regional government costs are for energy; lighting and heating of buildings, operation of electrical equipment, and transportation, with the prospect of lower cost energy there is the possibility that government taxes can fall, we can only hope, it is more likely that the people in control of governments will try to maintain the level of taxation and divert the money to other uses.

    Throughout the production, sale and consumption of energy within the current energy economy there is taxation, taxation of peoples earnings, company taxes, sales taxes, in time as the E-Cat devices dominate worldwide, as government taxes fall from existing sources they will seek new sources, the question to be debated within governments will be; what is fair and representative taxation and where should it be targeted.

    “in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes” – Benjamin Franklin

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  152. Sam

    Thomas Florek and DR Rossi

    This inventor takes Physics and
    God quite a few steps further.
    With only grade 7 education he
    claims by Praying and hard work
    he has invented a free energy machine.

    https://youtu.be/Jz82qRfPxjw

    https://youtu.be/M9nCzRsZ1cI

    Regards
    Sam

  153. Ruby

    Dr Rossi,
    1) Are you still convinced, as you said, that the so called Rossi effect is not based on nuclear reactions ?
    2) Are you still convinced that your work does not imply LENR or Cold Fusion ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Ruby

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    1) yes
    2) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    For a while I have been curious concerning why the 5kW 100cm^3 reactor size was selected for the SKL design. Was it:

    A) The optimum size for the reaction (Rossie Effect) considering electrical input/output and heat management? or

    B) The best modular sized building block to achieve various total energy levels anticipated for SKL applications?

    Thanks as always for your thoughts,

    Bill

  156. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Mr Rossi

    Apparently you refused to publish and add my comment.
    Khashayar Shatti
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.
    March 27, 2020 at 3:47 PM

    For clarification purposes, I think it would be better if you allowed others to reply to your statements.
    Please add it to the comments.

    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    Thank you for your comment, because it allows me to explain to all the Readers that do not find their comment published, that the reasons can be either that their comment has gone erroneously in the spam, or that we spammed it because not decent.
    Therefore, I invite all the Readers that do not find their comment published to send their complaint here, as you did. Normally I am able to recover comments erroneously spammed by the robot, but I know many of them get lost. The reasons why the robot spams comments are commonly due to the fact that comments can contain something that it deems like a virus. Rarely happens that I spam a comment: when it happens is because it contains insults to somebody , or unpolite issues.
    So, Mr Khashayar Shatti, I am delighted to invite you to send again your comment, that will be published and responded to as soon as I will receive it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi, You said to Tim that “The Ecat QX is inside the Ecat SK and both are inside the Ecat SKL”.

    Does each Ecat SKL contain a single Ecat QX, or are there multiple Ecat QXs inside the Ecat SKL unit?

    Thank you if you can answer.

    Stay Safe until this Coronavirus nightmare is over.

    Best Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Single, but evolved,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    How much are the probabilities that you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL in 2021 ?

  161. > This is a lecture by DR Arnold
    > Sikkema about Quantum Physics
    > and Quantum Physics.

    >https://youtu.be/wqJ8c57Nfl0

    > Regards
    > Sam

    Sam, thank you for sharing this lecture. It is refreshing to be reminded that being religious does not require one to reject science. Indeed science can give us a better understanding of all things, even the divine.

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. CC

    where can I find explications of electrons ZBW models ?

  164. Tim

    Dr Rossi,
    I remember the Ecat QX, and its presentation ( I googled “Ecat QX presentation Stockholm 2017 ).
    Is the Ecat QX still alive, or has it been made obsolete by the SK presented in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    ?

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Tim:
    The Ecat QX is inside the Ecat SK and both are inside the Ecat SKL. This philogenesis can be seen in the theoretical development in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. P

    Dear Andrea,
    Lately, it has not sounded so promising that there will be a presentation this year. Maybe this event can be a good opportunity to inform the world about your progress:
    https://energiforsk.se/konferenser/kommande/small-modular-reactors-enabling-the-technology/
    Kind regards
    /P

  168. Andrea Rossi

    P
    The “small” nuclear fission plants (200 MW) have the same issues of the “big” ( > 1000 MW ) and have nothing to do with our progress, because an integration of all the convenient technologies is necessary at least in the middle term, if we want to be realistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Heriberto Maditz

    Dr Rossi,
    Will enter the markes first the industrial Ecat, or first the domestic, or all together ?

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Heriberto Maditz:
    First the industrial,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Milva

    Dear Andrea,
    Watch this video when you have time.
    https://www.byoblu.com/2020/11/12/covid-19-i-retroscena-piu-inquietanti-chi-ci-guadagna-sonia-savioli/
    Surely you too will have already received, pressure and certainly
    you are “under observation” by someone who controls everything is necessary to check.
    Sounds weird that they haven’t stopped you yet, to tell the truth !?
    But maybe they see that the process goes ahead very slowly and then
    they find it more useful, at the moment, to remain and observe.
    They will do it in due time, rest you assured.
    This, however, makes us understand how extraordinary men are able to do extraordinary things are often blocked by “entities” much less extraordinary, totally cynical and selfish.
    Let’s hope that this time, at the right moment, they are distracted and that inventions like yours manage to emerge and improve our life.
    We urgently need it now!
    A warm greeting.
    Hi
    Milva

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Milva:
    You are not wrong. This is why we must be very careful before facing the market, notwithstanding the fact that in my lab we can see something that looks like a miracle: but, as Jesus said, we must not throw the pearls to the porks, and, as you say, there are many porks around. We must be very shielded before going in the line of fire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea,

    I am hoping your testing is all going well. I am also hoping for many many partners and licensees to promote the E-cat SKL. My question is do your partners and licensees share your thoughts on pricing? I’m hoping everyone in the world will be able to have their lives improved by all your hard work.

    Bernie Morrissey

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Good point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 17:
    “Small modular nuclear technologies get big lift lately”
    Rod Walton

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you enlisting the considerable resources and expertise of your partners/licensees to reach your reliability goals for the SKL?

    Thanks,

    Bill

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    Yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    The readings of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached the number of 51000 (and counting…)
    Cheers
    Prof

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a lecture by DR Arnold
    Sikkema about Quantum Physics
    and Quantum Physics.

    https://youtu.be/wqJ8c57Nfl0

    Regards
    Sam

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea, at Xavier Pitz

    It’s not my fault.
    Andrea has been waiting a long time for Amazon to deliver his crystal ball.

    Perhaps he wants to go to the future and see when the dann thing actually gets delivered…

    Best wishes
    Dan C.

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    He,he,he…maybe, thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the output of the SKL device require filtering for the DC output to be usable and is the AC output waveform a pure sine wave or at least close to it? Hopefully you are able to answer, if not I understand.

    As always, stay vigilant. We appreciate your tireless effort.

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    Sorry, Icannot answer this question. The charcteristics of the Ecat will be published at the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Norma

    Dr Rossi:
    Where can I find how is it possible that the Zitterbewegung makes the electron have a radial speed of c while conserving a lower speed of directional speed ?

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    You can find it on references 14,7,8,9 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Dan, dear Andrea

    “Aha, now I get it.
    You’re building a freaking Time Machine.
    he he

    Dan C.”

    Don’t give Andrea more ideas of new features to implement in the E-Cat, otherwise we will never see it been released :)

    Joke aside if mass/matter affects the curvature of spacetime, and if e=m.c², extracting e from ZPE may also have an effect on spacetime, hence on time…

    Futuristic Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    He,he,he,
    maybe you are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m sorry to say but someone is marketing an E-Cat before you got yours ready:

    https://tinyurl.com/y4x4fdso

    Happy Thanksgiving,

    Robert Dorr

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    He,he,he,
    Happy Thanksgiving to you and all our American Readers,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  193. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    Could it be that the improvement in stability also results in an improvement in efficiency?
    I still hope to get 96.2% in order to then possibly forego active cooling.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I do not think so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You think to know how to improve the reliability of the Ecat SKL.
    1. Can you tell: is if is the controller or is it the reactor where the improvement must take place?
    2. In the reactor there exists electron clusters (EV). Do you believe that they stay only in the plasma, or can they travel/move outside the plasma?
    3. If moving outside the plasma is possible, can they travel through metal of e.g. the electrodes?
    Hopefully the improved Ecat SKL can soon be tested and shown to work!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- both
    2- what I can say about this issue has been published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3- see point 2
    I share your hope,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you give a little more information about the reliability problem?

    A) We are still looking for the cause of the unreliability.
    B) We know the cause of the unreliability, but still don’t have a solution.
    C) We know the cause and also have a solution. But this still has to be implemented.
    D) We have just implemented a solution and are testing it again.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    C
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    ScienceNews
    A new, theoretical type of time crystal could run without outside help

    Long-range interactions between particles may create a structure that regularly repeats in time

    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/new-theoretical-type-time-crystal-could-run-without-outside-help

    Aha, now I get it.
    You’re building a freaking Time Machine.
    he he

    Dan C.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- not major, but still
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Dear Andrea,
    I assume you have switched your efforts from mostly inventing to mostly engineering. In my experience you must have switched from a few developers to many developers. Have you assembled your critical path plot for the future completion of your introduction of the device into the commercial market? Do your commercial partners agree with it?
    Planning regards.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    1, Would it be safe to say that at bench top level(lab setting) the SKL appears to stable reliable ?

    and

    2, You are now running/testing the SKL in various conditions & situations to confirm/prove it is stable & reliable including longevity ?

    3, If the answer to #2 is yes, have you had any major issues to date to deal with ?

    4, Have you had any minor issues to date to deal with ?

    Best wishes to your team and you.

    Dan C.

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Since Pons & Fleischmann reliability is one of the biggest problems in LENR-related fields and hot-fusion. While the SKL seems to be most advanced it is still not completely solved.

    a) Is this the reason that it is still not the right moment to test in self-sustain-mode?

    b) If the SKL is interrupted by a reliability issue, can it automatically recover with a back-up battery?

    c) If there is enough redundancy, let’s say three instead of one SKL, does this solve the reliability issues for customers? If ‘yes’ I’m convinced there is already huge market potential for the SKL.

    Thanks a lot if you can answer this questions,

    Brice

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    a) no
    b) yes, provided the battery has enough energy stored in the specific situation. Better a grid back-up
    c) I prefer to resolve all the problems, not launch a ship counting on the safety vessels. There will be around carriers ready to shoot if they will see weak points.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. John atkinson

    Dr. Rossi,
    I can’t understand that if the e-cat is certified for industrial use how can it also be ,in your words, unreliable? Thank you for your and your teams hard work.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Because I have more stringent parameters,
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    reading again
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching again the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I arrived to the point to think that your theoretical path through the process that leads to your effect is this:
    step 1: point zero energy
    step 2: dV/dt with high dV
    step 3: increase of ZBV value and Aharonov- Bohm effect
    step 4: electrons phase change
    step 5: formation of clusters of electrons in phase
    step 6:

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    I think you gor the essence,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the E-Cat SKL able to produce a stable electrical output, that can be used by normal products that consume electricity?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    So far we are using only resistive loads. We aim to universal applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    For your eventual household E-Cat do you think that water heating would be better performed by utilizing waste heat or by E-Cat produced electricity?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Depends on the situation and on the numbers involved in the specific situation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Here are the last stats of your publications on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings 55000
    Recommendations 3266
    Citations 21
    Total Research Interest Index 939.5
    …and counting ! No comment
    Prof

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    To clarify, when you told Frank Acland that all you needed was a “reliable product” were you referring to:

    A) A product that you believe is currently of reliable design, but needs to be proven reliable through a battery of tests of various types and durations, or

    B) A product that needs further R&D to achieve a more reliable design which can subsequently be proven in testing.

    Thanks for your response and for your groundbreaking work.

    Bill

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    “A” has not been completed yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Please confirm for us that you will in the first wave of deliveries the ‘ecats’ to those of us that have commercial grade product needs, (ie home heating and cooling systems, large commercial cold storage facilities, green houses that need heating and cooling, etc…) and not send us to the back of the line for deliveries.

    1) I Andrea Rossi promise to ship to all pre-orders that confirm …
    — or —
    2) No, all of the pending pre-orders will be delayed until the corporate orders are filled.

    We have waited a decade, we deserve to have our orders respected.

    Warm Regards,
    Tom Conover

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    As I always said the pre-orders will be respected in their order of arrival as soon as we will put in commerce the household Ecats. Also for the industrial plants, the pre-orders will be respected, as well as their order of arrival.
    Very likely, we will be able to supply industrial plants before we will get the certifications for the households. We already have the certifications for the industrial applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You stated recently that your presentation will occur once you have a reliable product.

    a) How would you characterize your progress towards this goal?
    b) When you make a presentation will it be of a commercial product, or an experimental prototype?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) I think we are very advanced
    b) I think it will be a commercial product
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Anonymous

    So you will not make the presentation in 2020. I think you will never make any presentation

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Maybe this new super battery is the answer to getting the ecat to market quickly! With the battery supplying power to the load and the ecat as a battery charger the occurrence of a reactor shutdown would be mitigated. For example, charging could be accomplished while a car is not being used. Then of course you could continue to work on resolving the reliability issue with no stress.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I found this on the internet this morning. https://banyanhill.com/exclusives/the-12-million-mile-battery/?z=1672797

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Dave Haws

    Dr. Rossi, thank you for your tremendous effort to bring this technology forward. Regarding current and potential partners, what is the primary criteria for selecting partners? Is it location, scientific skill, available resources, funding, etc.? And, how does an entity make application to become a partner? Thank you in advance for your response.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Haws:
    Thank you for your support.
    The due diligence to accept a partnership implies all the issues you listed. To ask for a partnrrship the sole thing to do to start is asking for it writing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Paul

    Andrea,

    V/R means “Very Respectfully”;
    thus V, V, V, V / R means “Very, Very, Very, Very Respectfully”.

    When the E-CAT-SKL reaches maximum open circuit voltage (no load), does it turn the reaction off?

    ||: V,V,V,V/R :||

    Paul

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes, that is read from the A.I. like a short a short.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for V.V.V.V/R versus our Team !

  234. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    This article about hotfusion might interest you: “Advancing fusion energy through improved understanding of fast plasma particles” (“Unlocking the zig-zagging dance of hot, charged plasma particles that fuel fusion reactions can help to harness on Earth the fusion energy that powers the sun and stars. Two theorists have developed a new algorithm, or set of computer rules, for tracking volatile particles that could advance the arrival of safe, clean and virtually limitless source of energy.”).

    https://phys.org/news/2020-11-advancing-fusion-energy-fast-plasma.html

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it likely that the following types of tests will be carried out before any presentation?

    A. Long duration tests of multiple numbers of single E-Cat SKL’s at full load.

    B. Cyclic on of testing.

    C. Tests where the load is variable either random or cyclic.

    D. Tests at elevated or low ambient temperatures.

    E. Control of two or more E-Cat SKL’s linked together.

    F. Do E-Cat SKL’s have to complete specific tests and minimum individual duration time to determine that the E-Cat SKL design is reliable?

    Is reliability determined by you, or is it a group decision, or is reliability determined by a testing authority?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  237. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A,B,C,D,E, F: yes
    The tests are made by us and by independent entities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the ideal range for the working load resistance, would you consider the E-cat SKL a current source (power out increases with in increasing load resistance) or a voltage source (power out decreases with increasing load resistance)?

    V,V,V,V / R

    Paul

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    a current source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    Just curious: what stays V.V.V.V/R for ?

  240. Rick

    Dr Rossi,
    Where can I find a description of the electron that fits with your theoretical hypothesis ?
    Rick

  241. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You honestly replied to Frank that all you want is a reliable Ecat.
    In the past you have more often had reliability issues with the Ecat and a major step was taken by the introduction of a AI controller, if I remember well. No doubt the process is extremely complex and many parameters contribute to the stability of the plasma and energy production, the reason why you choose the AI controller.
    There are many reasons for not telling us what exactly is going on, but giving us some idea or aspect may lead to an reaction that can help you further. Just one reaction of your followers may blossom in your inventive brains to a solution. Just wanting to help.
    Kind regards and great success, Gerard

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your generous suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I feel your angst, it is frustration mixed with the taste of success. If it were I, could I still concentrate, I would at least consider allowing my progress to backtrack to a prior development level that is STABLE.

    I truly hope of your previous versions is in fact stable, and that you kept detailed records to “back up” and restore the stable version.

    God speed, sir.

    Warm regards
    Tom Conover

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    this quick note is simply to express an appreciation for you, Team Rossi, and your many new partners in what amounts to a +10 year long marathon soon coming to a culminating milestone . . . .

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind support to our Team !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    In Canada, today it is our Remembrance Day holiday.
    I have a few questions I hate to bother you with, and if you prefer not to answer now I’ll patiently wait until the demonstration :) :
    1- Does the certification of the Ecat SKL involve two separate certifications : one for the control unit and one for the E-cat reactor itself?
    The certifying agency might be accustomed to certifying electrical control units of various kinds, but certifying something like the E-cat reactor must be a novel experience for them.
    2- Are they aware that the E-cat reactor is a power generator, and are they treating it as such? They have to have access to some of your schematics, which presumably would involve signal power input into the E-cat reactor and also power output.
    3- From your recent reply to Frank about a reliable product, is it the output of the E-cat that is the hardest to procure as reliable / consistent?
    4- Is this the most problematic aspect in obtaining a certification?

    The closest household thing to the E-cat and controller that comes to mind is a home stereo setup. One has a digital music source including a dac and preamp. This corresponds to the control unit. The resultant electrical music signal is sent to the amplifier (which corresponds to the E-cat module), which amplifies that signal and outputs lots electrical power to the power hungry speakers.
    But a critical difference : In a home stereo setup, both the music source and the amplifier are connected directly to the mains. In the case of the E-cat only the control unit is connected to the mains ; the E-cat reactor is connected only to the controller! (As I understand it.)
    Anyway, may you and your team and the E-cat SKL continue to make great music together.
    Mark

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- also
    4- no
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Bill Conley

    Most agree, that one of the most compelling applications for which the SKL is both well suited and can offer an immense environmental impact is Electric Vehicles (EVs). Preliminary analysis indicates that perhaps 4 – 6 SKL 95/5 reactors could offer sufficient power for most EVs and allow an 80% to 90% reduction in the batteries required (forecast to be in short supply) and thus allow unlimited EV range without requiring battery recharges (the two big impediments to EV adoption). It also appears that current EV cooling system are more than sufficient to disipate the minimal SKL heat load.

    Of course to work in the EV application, the SKL must be able to start-up and run without a mains connection. Your JONP interactions of late seem to indicate limited development and testing of the SKL so far in autonomous start-up (ASU) and running in self-sustain-mode (SSM). A few questions related to this area if you will:

    1) Are you confident the SKL can achieve the ASU/SSM features to support the EV application?

    2) Are the ASU/SSM features fully engineered into the current SKL design?

    3) If not (no to #2), how much effort is required to to engineer ASU/SSM into the SKL?
    a) Minimal effort
    b) Moderate effort
    c) Substantial effort

    4) Will the ASU/SSM engineering (#3) be performed by Leonardo of a partner?

    Thanks as always for considering our questions.

    Bill

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    Sorry, it is premature for me to answer your questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What tasks do you need to accomplish before you can hold the public presentation?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  252. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To have a reliable product: that’s all I need.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  253. W.T.

    Dr Rossi,
    Watching carefully
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I noticed that, during the phase in which there was in the spectrometer the peak at 4.372*10^-7 m, the spectrometric curve was close to a Maxwellian, which would confirm the calculation in the paragraph 6 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    My question is: is the phase with that peak normal during your experiments with the series Ecat SK ?

  254. Andrea Rossi

    W.T.:
    Yes. By the way, in the same par. 6 you can see the coherence with the calorimetric calculations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  255. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. In a previous comment you said that you have not demonstrated a self looped (SSM) Ecat SKL to Partners or the certification agency. Was there any particular reason not to do that?
    2. Are tests on self looped Ecats being planned for Partners?
    3. Do your foresee that self looped Ecats will be the main way in how Ecat SKL’s will be operated as opposite to mains supplied Ecats?
    4. How long has an Ecat SKL been in self looped operation without interruption until now?
    5. Any important test coming up soon?
    5. How happy are you?
    Thanks, great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  256. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- not yet
    3- no
    4- several short tests
    5- yes
    6- I am confident in the work of our Team
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  257. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    I am wondering if “self looped SKLs” are irrelevant for testing / certification, because of its possible triviality?

    Best regards,

    Chris

  258. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    Good point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  259. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 10 2020:
    Trump names Danly as new chair at Federal Energy Regulatory Commission after Chattergee carbon pricing comment
    Rod Walton

  260. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  261. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    It must be possible for Ecat users to deliver the energy they do not use to the regular grid.
    This will provide major economic benefits for the first to acquire Ecat and of great environmental significance in most parts of the world.
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  262. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  263. Greg Leonard

    Dear Thomas Florek and AR,
    Your question and answer lead me to another naive question – from an engineer rather than a nuclear scientist.
    If the energy in space is causing particles (with mass) to appear and disappear, then at any moment there will be transient mass throughout the Universe. So the question is: is this ‘dark matter’?
    regards
    greg leonard

  264. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  265. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are there advantages in operating the E-Cat from the grid, rather than in closed-loop mode? If so, what would they be?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Theoretically, the grid can be a back-up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Pierce

    Hi Andrea,
    I watched with great attention the video in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    About this paper, why do you call in the Abstract “exotic” the dense electron clusters whose formation is investigated ?

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Pierce:
    Because that is a theoretical speculation: their existence has not been proved yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. Dear Dr Rossi
    Will your partner be manufacturing a basic Ecat box that other companies can use to make products they intend sell to the public? I am not sure if you can answer, but it is getting exciting

  270. Andrea Rossi

    manuel cilia:
    that also should be an option,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  271. Dr Rossi,

    Before your presentation, please do include a photograph of you and your entire team so that we can see the full brain power at Leonardo!

    Best regards,
    Greg Daigle

  272. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    Thank you for your insight and your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  273. Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for you answers about the batteries, I am impressed.

    Can I conclude that one just needs one suitable battery and use this one to start an arbitrary number of e-Cats which on their turn can be used to feed any number of batteries required for a certain application, among which the start-up batterie. Right?

    So, an application would be feeding electric cars such that they can drive for any amount of miles. Right? Or are there other issues preventing such an application?

    Thanks again for your answers.

    Rinus

  274. Andrea Rossi

    rinus:
    Nothing is arbitrary, everything is quantized. About automotive applications, I am not ready to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  275. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the initial production of the SKL by your partners allow operation in:

    A. Units will only operate in self-sustaining mode
    B. Units will only operate in non self-sustaining mode
    C. Units will be able to operate in both self-sustaining mode and non self-sustaining mode, depending on what is required

    Thank you for your indefatigable efforts on your production of the SKL.

    Robert Dorr

  276. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    C.
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. Hello Andrea,

    I am still enjoying and thinking about your excellent publication on research gate. Zero-point energy and the discussion of virtual particles that come into existence are a fascinating part of quantum mechanics. So I have a question that I hope is not overly naive. If energy exists in a vacuum (from virtual particles), is space itself simply a kind of stored energy, (just as mass is)?

    Looking forward to your continued success!

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    I think so.
    Thank you for your permanent support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. The United States may potentially be facing a split government the next four years. In this article: https://prospect.org/day-one-agenda/277-policies-biden-need-not-ask-permission/
    several energy policies are elucidated which do not require going through Congress. Among them are these recommendations:

    • Address barriers for low-income families to access programs that enable home energy efficiency.

    • Establish federal task force for coal and power plant communities to set up jobs and aide the clean-energy transition.

    • Facilitate private-sector and state investment in clean energy and environmental justice.

    • Increase transparency and fairness for clean energy in power markets.

    • Ensure that Department of Energy-funded innovations are manufactured in the United States.

    • Launch a federal “Buy Clean” program by 2022 that mandates government procurement of clean energy and industrial products with high labor standards.

    • Engage in a Tribal Needs Assessment to gather data on the needs and goals of Tribes in the energy transition.

    • Promote American clean energy exports worldwide.

    My question is whether you have contemplated engaging with the U.S. government on potential initiatives such as these should a new administration be in place next year?

    Gratefully,
    Greg Daigle

  280. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Rather than using two ecats to supply 120V and 240V for residential service, maybe it would be better to run the output of an ecat through a 180 degree phase shifter and then provide a 3 wire output that mimics the 240V power source currently in use, where one wire would be connected to the ecat output and a second wire would be connected to the output of the phase shifter and the third wire is the common. That would make the conversion from the utility source to the ecat transparent.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You’ve replied: ” I never said how much is the power necessary to start an Ecat”.

    But to Rinus’s question “Would a standard 12 V, say 600 A start capacity, car battery be sufficient to start-up the ecat in self contained loop?” you replied: “maybe”. So, I don’t know how to understand your reply, can you clarify this?

    Thanks a lot,

    Brice

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    I answered it is sufficient, not that it is necessary.
    I am not going to give the data of the Ecat SKL before its presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You informed us that the E-Cat draws energy from a vacuum.
    I am surprised that some of your supporters talk about “combustible” incorporated into the reactor. Personally, I deduced from your comments that the reactor did not contain any fuel but that the latter was made up of elements that promote the reaction. I concluded that they were more of catalysts.

    Can you confirm my thinking?

    All my support for your work in this difficult time.
    Best regards
    Raffaele bongo

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Sorry, I cannot give this kind of information.
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    I would recommend that you postpone the presentation until more or all of your licensees are ready to come forward with their products and solutions.
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. fabrizio sgorlon

    Salve Dr Andrea Rossi
    Mi rendo conto di essere fuori luogo.Non sono uno scienziato.Aspetto solo con Entusiasmo, da molti anni ,la comercializzazione di E-cat home , per uso domestico..Notizie fresche,,ZERO..da nessuna parte.Mi rendo conto dell argomento MOLTO SCOTTANTE..!!!
    .ma diavolo questi politici e militari,non si rendono ancora conto che la TERRA e’sull”orlo di una era Glaciale…molto prossima? e che LEI e la SUA TECNOLOGIA capitate al momento giusto? Glielo dica ai militari del mondo cosa se ne faranno di un milione di carri armati che corrono con 10 grammi di nickel e idrogeno se poi la terra sara inondata di 10 metri di acqua.mi fermo qua.
    Le chiedo solo, se puo,dove poter attingere notizie fresche sulla prossima comercializzazione di ecat home in Italia..ho letto che il vicepresidente della Defkalion, il chimico fisico Christos Stremmenos doveva essere il responsabile in Europa per il commercio., ma forse le cose sono cambiate ancora.
    Sono fermamente convinto che questo mondo politico,militare,non si meriti il SUO GENIO e la SUA ECCEZIONALE SCOPERTA SCIENTIFICA.
    Il grande Ettore Majorana nel 1938 non e’ scappato per nulla.
    Cordiallissimi saluti
    fabrizio sgorlon jesolo lido venezia ITALIA

    Hi Dr Andrea Rossi
    I realize I am out of place. I am not a scientist. I have been looking forward to the commercialization of E-cat home, for many years, for domestic use .. Fresh news ,, ZERO .. nowhere. VERY HOT topic .. !!!
    .but the hell these politicians and military, still don’t realize that the EARTH is on the brink of an Ice Age … very near? and that YOU and YOUR TECHNOLOGY happen at the right time? Tell the military of the world what they will do with a million tanks running with 10 grams of nickel and hydrogen if the earth is flooded with 10 meters of water.
    I just ask you, if you can, where to get fresh news on the upcoming marketing of ecat home in Italy .. I read that the vice president of Defkalion, the physical chemist Christos Stremmenos was supposed to be responsible in Europe for the trade., But maybe things. have changed again.
    I firmly believe that this political, military world does not deserve ITS GENIUS and ITS EXCEPTIONAL SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY.
    The great Ettore Majorana in 1938 did not run away for any reason.
    Best regards
    fabrizio sgorlon Jesolo Lido Venice ITALY

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrizio Sgorlon
    Thank you for your opinion and for your kind support.
    News about updates related to the commercialization of the Ecat will always and immediately published here, when it will be time.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  290. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1- I’m surprised by the heavy capacity you need to start the SKL.

    2- You still haven’t had the opportunity to carry out a long duration test of the reactor fuel so you’re not entirely sure if it will last 6 to 12 months. Does it make sense to carry out an accelerated test with only 50% or 10% of the fuel?

    3- Is the amount of fuel in the reactor critical?

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    1- I never said how much is the power necessary to start an Ecat
    2- it is not possible
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the E-Cat SKL produce DC or AC electricity?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It can produce both
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Mike Phalen

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I know you said that the E-cat electric output is programmable. In households with devices that use both 110 and 220 volt devices will two E-cats be required to make both voltages available where needed?

    Thanks, Mike

  295. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  296. sandy r

    Apologies, Doctor Rossi (I thought i’d finished my questions at the moment, but I found one more going around in my head!)

    Just to clarify, please – is it the case that the first types of eCat products (from partners and from Leonardo) will need to have some external power supply, either battery or AC-to-DC supply?

    Thanks again, stay safe

  297. Andrea Rossi

    sandy r:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  298. Dear Andrea,

    I was wondering,

    1. Would a standard 12 V, say 600 A start capacity, car battery be sufficient to start-up the ecat in self contained loop?
    2. If not, is it possible with more of them?
    3. If one ecat has been powered up, can it start a second one?
    4. Is any of your partners aiming for stand alone off the grid applications?

    Thanks for answering.

    Looking forward to the presentation in Q1 2021,

    Rinus

  299. Andrea Rossi

    Rinus:
    1- maybe
    2- maybe
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  300. Heinz Sause

    Hello ! dear Andrea Rossi, i associate hope and fear with an introduction to e-cat technology. The fear relates to the challenges facing the societies of peoples in social terms. I see challenges here comparable to the introduction of steam power or electricity. Doesn’t it make sense for social and societal research? to draw attention to the challenges? With best wishes to you and your team!

  301. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  302. Jude

    Dr Rossi:
    I have been particularly impressed reading the par. 4, 5 and 6 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    What impressed me have been the peak at 4.372*10^-7m and the calorimetric coherence with the spectrometric calculations
    All the best,
    Jude

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Jude:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  305. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Some questions about progress, if I may:
    1. Are the certification tests finished now?
    1b. Is the agency ready to write the Certification Report and certificate now?
    2. If so, what happens after receiving these?
    3. Do you expect any public happening (publication, presentation, paper) regarding the Ecat this year?
    4. Were most or all tests done by the certification agency done on a self looped Ecat SKL?
    5. Were self looped Ecat SKL(s) in operation witnessed by Partners the certification Agency?
    6. Was also an Ecat demonstrated that has a electricity-heat ratio of around 95% or more (so the latest version where we heard of)?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  306. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- I am afraid not
    4- no
    5- no
    6- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  307. Lakenya Brautigam

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that your work does have similitudes with the work of N. Tesla ?
    Lakenya

  308. Andrea Rossi

    Lakenya Brautigam:
    Yes: our commitment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  309. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, non conosco il luogo in cui si trova ma in ogni caso il problema del covid-19 sta esplodendo con la seconda ondata in Italia. A marzo di quest’anno fui contagiato dal virus e vista la mia età (62 anni) rientravo fra le categorie a rischio per cui presi immediatamente gli opportuni provvedimenti e in tre giorni guarii completamente. In sostanza ho assunto un cucchiaio di soluzione idroalcolica di Artemisia Annua (che è un potente antimalarico) dopo i tre pasti principali, mentre per idratarmi durante il giorno assumevo acqua tonica. Contro questo virus è essenziale la rapidità di intervento perché se comincia a replicarsi all’interno delle nostre cellule può diventare molto pericoloso, anche per persone senza pregresse malattie. Recentemente dei virologi tedeschi hanno condotto delle ricerche su questa sostanza e ne hanno confermato l’efficacia contro il covid-19 https://www.dw.com/en/germany-scientists-test-artemisia-plant-against-coronavirus/a-53944514

    Cordiali Saluti

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  310. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for the suggestion. I am glad you healed from this damn virus. Thanks to God, we all are safe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  311. sandy r

    Apologies for my previous ambiguous question, Doctor Rossi

    In addition to those parts which are expected to get warmer or hotter than ambient, during operation of the eCat, have you found any evidence of parts or areas which become cooler than ambient?

    Thanks in advance, good wishes for success

  312. Andrea Rossi

    sandy r:
    no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  313. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    If you could indulge my curiosity by answering a few more questions:

    1) Will the SKL licensees be responsible for maintaining and supporting the SKL’s they manufacture and sell including recharging them?
    2) Will some or all of the licensees be able to produce SKL’s for sale other than as a component of their own products (e.g. sell standalone SKL generators)?
    3) If yes to #3, will licensees be able to sell SKL’s that can be incorporated (as a sub-system) into the products of others?
    4) Is it possible that one or more of the licensees will participate in your public presentation?

    Thanks, Bill

  314. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- yes
    2- depends on the situation
    3- see 2
    4- maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  315. Wilfried Babelotzky

    @WaltC:

    My suggestion is:
    E-Cat -> Superstring Conversion
    Indeed, there is still a gap between string theory and quantum theory, but in my opinion it is this gap which makes it so difficult to understand.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  316. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I was watching an old television program of Star Trek Next Generation and I noticed the same blue glow from the Enterprise nacelles as that coming from the eCat SKL. More proof that your power source involves dilithium crystals.

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    If you say so…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Dear Andrea,
    Concerning the issue of the energy source, one point of view is the question whether or not Casimir forces are conservative. I seem to find only one paper explicitly discussing this issue (DeBiase, R.L., Are Casimir forces conservative?, Phys. Procedia, 38, 18-33, 2012, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875389212024960/pdf?md5=d61ed91f47323fd7a053f4d09fa35d46&pid=1-s2.0-S1875389212024960-main.pdf&_valck=1). The author leaves the question unanswered.

    Already in 1984, Robert Forward (Extracting electrical energy from the vacuum by cohesion of charged foliated conductors, Phys. Rev. B30, 1700-1702, 1984, https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.30.1700) proposed a thought experiment how Casimir force could be harnessed to do work by using a capacitor stack with net positive (or negative) charge that nearly cancels the attractive Casimir force between the plates. In 1993, Cole and Puthoff came to the conclusion that extracting energy from vacuum in systems like these should be in principle possible (Cole, D.C. and H.E. Puthoff, Extracting energy and heat from the vacuum, Phys. Rev. E 48, 1562, 1993, http://calphysics.org/articles/CP93.pdf ). (This paper you have seen already earlier.)

    If the Casimir force could be turned on and off, extracting energy could go like this: one lets the Casimir force pull together a cluster of electrons, then turn it off whence the cluster explodes by its Coulomb repulsion, and repeat the cycle. This would be an example of a non-conservative Casimir force field. Non-conservative Casimir forces would seem to enable a quantum perpetuum mobile.

    regards, /pekka

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank your insight and for the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    Even though the underlying science might be complex, it’s possible to describe the power sources of often complex, modern-day, self-powered objects quite concisely:

    – Nuclear Submarine –> Nuclear Reactor — Nuclear Fission Reactions
    – Electric Vehicle –> Batteries — Chemical Reactions
    – SpaceX Merlin 1 Engine –> LOX/Kerosene Propellant — Chemical Reactions
    – Voyager 1 –> Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator — Alpha Decay — Nuclear Fission Reactions
    – The Sun –> Nuclear Fusion Reactions

    So my question– For example, if someone wanted to buy an “E-cat SKL-Powered, Portable Genset”, would you expect the concise description of its power source to be:

    a) “Read Rossi’s 17,000 word science paper, ‘E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions’ “?
    b) “Rossi-Effect Reactions” (Hoping that eventually the phrase will become well understood)?
    c) Something else– that you can say now?
    d) Something else– that you will say later?

    Best Regards to you and your team,
    WaltC

  321. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    If someone wanted to buy an Ecat the last question that he should ask would be ” which is the energy source ” ?
    And, yes, my answer in that case would be ” If you are interested to this, you can read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I do not have an answer like the ones you listed, also because our source is much more complex and anomalous if referred to the other existing systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. sandy r

    Greetings Doctor Rossi

    (And thank you for previous answers!)

    I realise that there will be heat generated at various locations in your eCat assemblies, but have you detected any evidence of cooling in or near the devices?

    Thanks in advance, and all good wishes for a successful outcome

  323. Andrea Rossi

    sandy r:
    Sorry, I did not understand your question: can you kindly rephrase it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For the first products, will the E-Cat SKL’s control system be on site, or will it be operating the E-Cat remotely?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both, depending on the specific situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you believe that only a Zitterbewegung model of the electron can explain the sequence of events between the initial electrical signal input and the final electrical output?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  327. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No: if you read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and go to the “Conclusions” there you find a synthesis of the different theoretical threads.
    See also Reference 14 in the same publication.

  328. Sarah

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    from what I understand in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the primary source of energy in the Ecat SKL derives from the Zitterbewegung of electrons: am I correct ?
    Sarah

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah:
    I think this can be true, at least indirectly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    It is great to read that the testing and licensing has been proceeding positively and rapidly. A question, if I may. Have any of the companies that have licensed your SKL produced test units that have operated properly, without any input from you other than the knowledge that was transferred to them in the initial licensing agreement? Also does licensing include the licensees production of the SKL control unit?

    I wish you great success in your endeavor to produce, what will surely be one of the most earth changing, energy producing products that mankind has ever been witness to.

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    Not yet.
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. Gian Luca

    Gentile Andrea,
    Did you remember to tell your partner that the first 5000 CATs are already booked for the first hour believers? :-))
    Thanks a lot for your work….
    Cheers from Lake Major

  333. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Do not worry, the pre-orders will all be respected when we will sell the domestic version.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. RobW

    Dear Andrea,
    Would you agree that the energy released by your technology is mostly caused by annihilation?

  335. Andrea Rossi

    RobW:
    Please find what I have to say about this issue in paragraph 3 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I think creation-annihilation of virtual charges pairs happen, but I am not sure that this fact is the main cause of the effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Joachim

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    would you licensee partners also in Cuba if a manufakturer from there ask for? (i hope so)
    Best regards,
    Joachim

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Joachim:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 54000 of this blog

  338. Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    It appears from your answers over the last couple of weeks that your multiple license agreements have no restrictions on the products or applications to which the partner-produced SKLs will be put or the geographical areas in which they can be sold. Is this correct?

    Thanks,

    Bill

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I suggest you set up a non-profit foundation with a community that will decide on the further development of the E-Cat. In this way you can withdraw a little from responsibility and still accompany your life’s work. If at all possible, all future E-Cat developments should not suffer from patent trolls and still capture and integrate global creativity. Anything that slows down rapid dissemination and rapid further development should be avoided.

    Even if, as I suspect, it goes against your own humble personality – please make sure that the historiography adequately recognizes and respects your person, your perseverance and ultimately your success. It is absolutely appropriate to mention your name along with Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Nicola Tesla and other well-deserved scientists in energy and electrical engineering.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your suggestion and for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 3 2020:
    Is flow-accelerated corrosion damaging co-generation steam generators ?
    Rod Walton

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations with the huge achievements you have made this year.
    The specs you have revealed so far are incredible.

    Some questions.

    1. Will your partner produce ecat units in mass?
    2. When will they start?
    3. When can products be expected on the market? 2021?
    4. Will the ecat units be used for their own products, or are they intended for products made by others?
    5. Are there other manufacturers envisioned?
    6. Will Leonardo also produce units?
    7. Can we expect a presentation of you in Q1 of 2021?

    Thanks for your answers.

  346. Andrea Rossi

    Rinus:
    1. I suppose
    2. I can’t answer
    3. I strongly hope so
    4. both
    5. yes
    6. yes
    7. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. Chris

    Dear Andrea,

    is the device Leonardo Corp is going to build an energy generator?
    Is it for domestic or industrial?

    If it is not an energy generator – can you share what kind of device it will be? A heater?

    Warm regards,

    Chris

  348. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    The Ecat SKL makes electricity, what will be electricity used for does not depend on us
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  349. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Do you give any of your licensees exclusive privilege for a particular application (for example licensee is guaranteed that only they can use E-Cat for powering remote cell towers for a period of time)?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  350. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  351. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I would have liked to see your partner’s reaction during the first demonstration of the ecat skl.

    When the initial disbelief and skepticism turned into the wonder of seeing a “miracle”.

    And then during the subsequent checks and tests, when they realized how lucky they were to be able to use, develop, apply the ecat.

    And they became aware of the historic revolution for mankind.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  352. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    The developments regarding market introduction for the Ecat seem to accelerate. We are all very hopeful to see the first Ecat-product on the market soon.
    No. doubt exiting times for you too!
    Some questions, if I may:
    1. Your Partner, that has been licensed to produce Ecat SKL’s, have they already made a working Ecat?
    2. Has more than 1 Partner been licensed yet?
    3. If not, do you expect to license other parties soon?
    4. When do you hope that the first Ecat driven product comes to the market? a: this year, b next year, c: in two years?
    5. Has all testing been finished yet?
    6. Are you still happy by what has been tested so far?
    Great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  354. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we are working together
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- b
    5- testing will never end
    6- yes
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  355. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    After many iterations you have created your masterpiece and I do not doubt that you will continue your research. You seem to be more confident of the licensee, but what will happen when the licensee himself can make improvements or additonal features so that a reactor of the licensee is superior to or different from those that will be produced at Leonardo, making them redundant:
    – new x-catalyst
    – less heat generation (cooling?)
    – more compact
    – better reliability
    – cheaper
    – greater industrial capacity (for energy facilities)
    – small mini capacity (e.g. for laptops, wrist watches)
    – …

    I hope your invention is completely safeguarded now…

    Exciting times, success!

    Brice

  356. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    It will be a team work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  357. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Are the generators to be built by the licensees for industry, domestic use or both?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Initially for industrial concerns,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  359. Lars

    If the licensees will be independent, does that mean they will know the secret how you make the E-Cat work?

  360. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  361. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Based on your comments, it appears clear that DARPA, DOD, or another similar branch of the USA Government is your first client. Congratulations.
    Is the above observation: a)True or b)False?

    2) If so, they may require you to delay manufacturing for a period of time.
    Is the above observation: a)True or b)False?

    3) Do they also have a say in when you can be “allowed” to start your own manufacturing?

    Thank you for your willingness to communicate on the blog with us!

    Warm Regards,
    Tom Conover

  362. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- I am not going to give this kind of information in positive or in negative
    2- see 1
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  363. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for answering my previous question. So am I right in concluding that your manufacturing licensee will have all the information and technology required to build the E-Cat SKLs independently of Leonardo Corp.?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  365. Paul Dianno

    Dead Andrea, Is your partner a well-know, famous industry ? Best regards

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Dianno:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please will some of your licensees will be able to buid by themselves a complete SKL ?

    Kind Regards

    Toussaint François

  368. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINT:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Calle H

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For sure, when the E-Cat is available to the public it will be met with enthusiasm and astonishment. It is like magic and will raise the question “Where does the energy come from”.
    – Do you have that answer ready?
    – Can you share it now?

    Wish you and your team all the luck.
    Calle H

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    1- yes
    2- you can find it here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    What type of products are your licencees producing?
    Regards SHV

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Energy generation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Harold

    Dear Andrea,

    As promised a google-maps view link to the photo of the monument for Hendrik Antoon Lorentz in his birthplace.
    This just as a nice gesture towards your work, because the Lorentz-force is an important issue in your paper.

    https://www.google.nl/maps/@51.989603,5.903122,3a,75y,40.11h,83.97t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1sAF1QipM3PmLj-5pfcQrzinYMuHGTnSxNMNK_XMUbXv_o!2e10!3e11!6shttps:%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipM3PmLj-5pfcQrzinYMuHGTnSxNMNK_XMUbXv_o%3Dw203-h100-k-no-pi-0-ya52.537308-ro-0-fo100!7i10232!8i5116?hl=nl

    Kind regards,
    Harold

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Harold:
    Magnificent monument to a monumental scientist,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your response to Bill Conley today, I was not quite sure what your answer meant. You stated ‘they will be independent’.

    a) Do you mean that the fuel charges will be manufactured by a different manufacturer than the rest of the E-Cat SKLs?
    b) If so, will it be Leonardo Corp manufacturing the fuel charges, or someone else.

    Thank you for any clarification you can give.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  376. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) no
    b) see 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  377. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    your last comments about your licencees are very encouraging. Two questions:
    1- With the initial licence fees do you have the money to finance your first own e-cat factory?

    2- Do you have an agreement with your licencees, that they don`t compete with you in the same market you want to serve?

    Thank you and best regards,

    E. Hergen

  378. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  379. Nicole Vind

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I saw today on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you updated the par. 5 with the instrumentations to measure the emissions

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Nicole Vind:
    Yes, thank you for noticing,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I assume that the licensing agreement with the manufacturer to produce E-Cat SKLs was made after they had performed tests with the SKL, and were satisfied with its performance. Am I correct?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    A quick question for you:

    Will the licensees be able to manufacture their own eCat/SKL fuel along with building their building reactors/controllers or will Leonardo retain that sole right?

    Thanks,

    Bill

  384. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    They will be independent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    It is excellent news that your new licensee partner is moving forward with building a manufacturing facility for SKLs.

    This positive decision and movement towards “broad and rapid global deployment” opens me towards a questioning attitude.

    How do you think the public in the many different countries would change their view of the ECat SKL if truck/train-loads of SKLs where stationed at the many large industrial solar and wind farms, say in Sweden and Germany for example, thereby quickly boosting the ~20% utilization of the respective connections to the national grid to +100%?

    Would they associate the SKL with the positive thoughts and reputation associated with clean renewable energy? Would the members of and investors in the wind/solar industry come to think positively towards the SKL? Would the government’s views about the SKL be positively impacted?

    My best to you, to Team Rossi, to all your new partners, and of course your patient tennis coach.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  386. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    I do not know.
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  387. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Today you confirmed to Frank Acland that your partner already started to build a facility for making Ecat SKL’s. Congratulations with that very promising progress!
    Are you still convinced that the Leonardo Company will have an Ecat SKL on the market first, as you replied to me a few weeks ago?
    Thanks, Kind regards, Gerard

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Convinced yes, sure not,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  389. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the partner you have licensed E-Cat manufacturing rights to already in process of building the capabilities to manufacture E-Cat SKLs?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  390. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  391. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SCHIPACHEV:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Never before has an area the size of South Australia been supported by solar power alone. At the same time, we should note that the share of solar systems on the roofs of consumers was 77%, ”said Audrey Siebelman, Executive Director of AEMO

  393. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    you say that you use the time factor to understand if the charge has to be changed. Does this indicate that you plan to disable the charges after a specified timespan or do you plan to just give strong advice via, lets say per display, to change the charge?

    Warm regards,

    Chris

  394. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    We will give instructions and among them will be also the demand to change the charges every a specific operation time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. sandy r

    Greetings Doctor Rossi

    Thinking back over your whole career:

    1) Was there ever a time with eCat evolution when you became close to giving up your ‘mission’ (if so, which version)?

    2) Has there been a continuing technical/physics link between all eCat versions? (Y/N)

    3) If eCat technology becomes a successful product in the marketplace then the hydrocarbon-based economy will change – would you ever consider revisiting petrolDragon (or similar) (Y/N)?

    As always, thank you for your consideration

    Safe journeys for you, your family, and your team, through the 2nd Wave of CV19

  396. Andrea Rossi

    sandy r:
    1- never
    2- yes
    3- no: see http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1- Will Leonardo furnish their licensees with E-Cats
    2- or will your licensees build their own E-Cats?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Both
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible to tell from the appearance of an E-Cat charge, say discolouration, whether it has been used or not?

    If it was possible, it may be worthwhile to have a visual means of identifying whether a charge has been used, also for how long, a tell-tale indicator, possibly using a spot, a line or a coating, utilizing some chemical that reacted to heat, that changes colour based on temperature attained or length of time at a temperature, or a chemical that reacted to length of UV exposure, possibly colour change calibrated so that if required an instrument could determine from the colour the actual used lifespan.

    For transportation and storage of fragile / sensitive goods, it is common for packaging to have tell-tale indicators, i.e. anti-tamper indicator, shock sensitive indicator, temperature sensitive label that records the highest temperature reached, or records if there is a period of greater than a specific length of time at a temperature. One battery manufacturer has a visual indicator on the side to check if the battery still has a charge. Visual tell-tale indicators can be low cost and provide vital information. A visual indicator on the E-Cat charge may be useful for maintenance, especially if you pull an old charge out and place it down next to a new one then look away and forget which is which as they both look the same.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  400. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No, it is not possible to read the color or other cosmetics to understand if the charge has to be changed.
    Thank you anyway for your insight, but we use the time factor and eventually, with experience of statistics, the supposed lifespan will be updated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The company that has a license to manufacture products with the E-Cat SKL, would you consider it a necessary carrier to help diffuse your technology?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have any of your partners been licensed to manufacture e-cat in their factory for use in their own products?

    Warm Regards
    To you and your team
    Sture Andreasson

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Nicolette

    Dr Rossi,
    During the Experimental Setup described on par. 5 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you did not describe any measurement system of the ionizing radiations; my question is: did you make also such measurements ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    N.A.

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Nicolette:
    Good point, I have to update the paper with this information.
    The answer is: yes, we always measure during our tests and experiments the ionizing radiations emitted by the E-Cat and never found differences from the background radiations above the margin of error of the instruments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. Dear Andrea,
    You say you believe that global climate temperature increase is happening. Some people say this would result in catastrophic changes in human existence. If it is correct, shouldn’t you be making your device available today with no regard to how it would effect your financial situation?
    Wishful regards.

  408. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    The Ecat will be fully available when it will be ready and when its diffusion will have the necessary carrier.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Excluding charge lifespan, would the hardware lifespan of an E-Cat SKL be comparable with the lifespan of a domestic gas boiler, say 10 to 15 years?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  410. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Maybe more, but obviously I do not have proof of it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    You can foresee the product release in the near future. I can’t find my glasses. This year or next year perhaps? Maybe longer?

    Thanks in advance for your patience with us.

    Sincerely,
    Tom Conover

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    This year is not impossible, but time run more fast than I expected…I strongly hope within next year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Apologies for my previous way of questioning. I tried to put some humor in it, but reading it again,I understand it was very unclear.
    What I intended to ask:
    1. I guess that when you say that the end of testing is in sight, it is in fact quite nearby and you know the end date?
    2. How long will it take before we (privately) can actually have an Ecat SKL ourselves and use it?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  414. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    You have not to apologize, I just did not understand. Now I do:
    1. not yet precisely
    2. I cannot give a date I am not sure I am able to respect
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, So it sounds like production could possibly start sometime next year.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  416. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I appreciated that you confirmed to me in a previous comment that the end of testing is in sight.
    Just a few questions about that, if I may:
    1. I take it that you do not need a binoculars to spot that end?
    2. If we were to have a ‘long range’ capabilities, would you think we would be able to interact with it?
    Thanks and kind regards with a smile, Gerard

  417. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. correct
    2. sorry, I do not understand your question. Can you kindly rephrase it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    As I see it are the prices on the charge refueling units, the most relevant price!
    Regards: SHV

  419. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Not in the case of the Ecat,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  420. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    please do consider an EMP attack!
    An EMP gun can be made with a home microwave device:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CWF-2Z508j8

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  421. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  422. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    The report from Researchgate shows that you do not have to spend money on marketing, but you have to invest in a “queue organizer”
    I also have a question about the price ratio between a complete unit and a refueling part?
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  423. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your trust.
    The charge refueling has an irrelevant price.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  424. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have you considered vulnerability of E-Cat to EMP attack?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  425. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  426. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your paper alone
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached well above 50 000 readings ! I am not aware of any of the fifteen million publications on Researchgate that has reached such a record.
    Prof

  427. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  428. Jitse

    hello Chuck, Andrea

    Toddy I heard what really happened during the lightning strike: about 150 m from my house, lightning struck an apartment building, elevators and all electrical equipment broke down (TV, computers, etc.), that violent blow even at a great distance still had that effect on my panels and inverter. the earthing of the system was OK, so it was not that problem. Lightning security must be a problem to think and cleared.

    With regards Jitse

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Very well,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  430. Chris

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    many people urged you to contact Tesla or other EV manufacturers to integrate the E-Cat into the cars. But this would require a very long and complicated certification phase.

    Nevertheless the EV market could be a very huge opportunity for your company: Not integrated into the cars but for a widespread charging station network. There are several new EV companies coming to market soon who will push the market further: Rivian, Nikola, Bollinger, Lordstown and others and “the old companies” like Audi, Ford, GM, BMW etc etc.

    An E-Cat driven widespread charging network which would be open to all these car manufacturers. E-Cat charging stations could be build even in the most remote places. No need for massive solar cell parks, no need for power plants nearby.

    This network would give EVs a massive push. And with Teslas satellite internet there would be no problem to bill the customers even far away from standard mobile networks or stationary internet.

    In my humble opinion that would be an important and smart move for Leonardo Corp.

    We all hope to hear good news regarding certification soon.

    Best regards,

    Chris

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    Good point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How long approximately does it take you to build a single SKL unit these days?

    a) hours
    b) days
    c) weeks

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Sorry, this information is restricted
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Jitse

    Thanks Chuck I discuss it with the service man I will contact to day
    Jitse

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Jitse

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I am also not a specialist in solar panels, but I checked it and it should be technically possible if the Ecat DC output volts max and min is in the same bandwidth and the kWh (of the ecat does (not tolled what it is called)) output is not too large. It is a big advantage that the solar panels can then be removed and the inverter can be moved to the ground floor together with the ecat. An DC + AC network can be targeted the 100% CO2 neutral homes like policy is reality.

    With regards
    Jitse IJtsma

  437. Chuck Davis

    Dear Jitse, I recommend that you check the grounding of your solar system, I suspect that you have a faulty grounding system and that the installers are responsible. The grounding should have protected your system.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Both
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    A couple of days ago, you told Franco that you would publish a calendar soon that would inform as to when SKL pre-orders would be possible. Assuming the calendar will contain more than that one item, might I inquire if you will also be sharing timeframes for any of the following:

    1) Conclusion of Client Testing?
    2) Conclusion of Certification Testing?
    3) Issuance of Certification?
    4) Date/Location of Public Presentation?
    5) Availability of SKL photos, videos and/or specifications?
    6) Start of SKL Manufacturing?
    7) Completion of Leonardo/Client SKL-based Prototype?

    Also on other subjects:

    8) Have longer duration partner-site tests begun?
    9) Will partners who have tested the SKL be free to share the results if they so choose?

    As always, thanks for generously entertaining our questions.

    Bill

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    It is premature to answer to all these questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I like your description of the process; “E-Cat, Shoulder’s charge clusters, UDH”, condensed and concise.

    In my mind I visualise an expanded version, some of the process steps in the sequence of interactions between electromagnetics and electrons being as follows;

    E-Catalyst + plasma > Aharonov-Bohm effect > Casimir effect > Rossi effect > proton-electron aggregates (UDH) + energy > reverse Aharonov-Bohm effect > electricity.

    Is the “Rossi effect” to be used in academic journals as a description of a specific critical part of the overall sequence, or do you view the “Rossi effect” as describing the complete energy production sequence, E-Cat > Rossi effect > electricity?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  442. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Sorry, I am not able to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  443. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions, while I am expectantly waiting for the presentation to come:
    I assume an early product can be a home heating and electrical power source. Obviously the power demand changes all the time. The Ecat should be able to cope with that.
    I assume the delivered power is not interrupted by on-off control.
    1. Can the Ecat SKL output power be modulated depending on the load connected?
    2. If yes, is the efficiency affected by the modulation?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  444. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  445. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you expect that ecat production will commence soon after A. Completion of certification or B. Your presentation.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  446. Jitse

    hello Andrea Rossi,
    Last night my solar system was hit by lightning, the 10 solar cells and the inverter (2.2 kW) are definitely broken. Is it wise to buy a larger inverter and the same cells, for example the 5 kWh or the 15 kWh or the 20 kWh? As soon the Ecat can be installed I hope can buy one and install it as the first in The Netherlands and publish the result via internet and television.

    With regards
    Jitse IJtsma

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    I am not an expert of solar cells, but it seems to me that the power of the inverter can remain the same of the power of the solar cells; I don’t see how a more powerful inverter could protect the cells from a lightning, that has a power by orders of magnitude higher. Anyway, take advice from your provider, that surely is more expert than I am. I would suggest to install urgently a proper protection against lightning, independently from the solar cells, to protect everything you have on site, life included. The broken solar system sounds me like a warning.
    Thank you for your trust in our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    here is the stunning update of your publications I checked today on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings: 54 000
    Recommendations: 3 137
    Citations: 21
    Total Research Interest index: 902.9
    Your stats are at the top of the 15 millions authors of Researchgate

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update. I could never expect these numbers: they say that the work of our Team is followed with strong interest and we are proud of this fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Bruno

    As far as I know picometric electron structures you mentioned in your paper have never been verified,
    Bruno

  451. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno:
    The picometric electron structures have been vastly experimentally verified and studied: please see references 4,17,3 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    In the same paper Prof Holmlid recognizes the electron Zitterbewegung as the underlying rationale for these aggregates ( see ref. 6 in the same paper)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Richard B Fox

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on your progress, which is of great importance.

    I participated in a political parade today here in Silicon Valley that must have had 150 cars and trucks in it, quite a sight!

    For your commercial roll-out of the Ecat SKL you might wish to consider a similar parade; led by an electric car, such as a Tesla, powered exclusively by one or more Ecats to demonstrate the range and reliability of the Ecat-powered car. Coast-to-coast without re-fueling, stopping only briefly for driver changes, would be quite a feat, highly visible and convincing, like the Wright brothers first flight at Kitty Hawk. Your website could show the car’s progress in real time which, I think, would draw many spectator “chase cars” to join the caravan, perhaps in the hundreds by the end, increasing the event’s visibility. The chase cars of interested members of the public that choose to join could attest to one and all that there were no pit stops for refueling. I, and many others, would love to be at the finish line.

    Best wishes,

    Richard

  453. Andrea Rossi

    Richard B. Fox:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I previously posted “In your effect, is there a mass conversion that releases energy?” to which you replied “No.”

    So, the eCat-SKL generates energy without transforming matter into energy, is neither chemical nor nuclear energy based (fission or fusion), and generates large amounts of electrical energy (kW levels). It also can run on its own generated energy.

    1. Since it apparently consumes no fuel, is it not likely to run “forever” until some unrelated breakdown occurs?
    2. How does this differ from an apparent “Perpetual Energy Generator”?
    3. If this is correct, does not the eCat-SKL violate established laws of thermodynamics?

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no, charge has to be changed
    2- how can I make a comparision with a thing that does not exist ?
    3- No, it does not, because there are cases in which the SPT can’t be applied, like also, for example, in catalyzed reactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your reply yesterday to Franco you mentioned the opportunity to make preorders.
    This triggered me to some related questions:

    1. When are you going to ask for new confirmations of the preorders you already received via ecat.com?
    2. When confirmed again, will you honor the original first time of the preorder when setting up the waiting list for SKL deliveries.
    3. I made a preorder 8 years ago, do you think it will be delivered before the end of 2021?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  457. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1- the preorders already sent are registered
    2- yes, but they do not need to be confirmed
    3- I am not able to answer this question,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Rod Walton

    On the issue of October 27th 2020 of Power Engineering:
    Covid-19 impact on workforce challenging Vogtle nuclear completion date
    Rod Walton

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Dr. Rossi,

    If you are not familiar with the work of Peter Rowlands, his paper makes for an interesting read, “Physical Interpretations of Nilpotent Quantum Mechanics” (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45911043_Physical_Interpretations_of_Nilpotent_Quantum_Mechanics)

    Rowlands talks about the zitterbewegung as a vacuum effect, and how the zitterbewegung can be taken as an indication that the vacuum is active in defining the fermionic state. Further, he states that the Zitterbewegung describes the switching between dual vector spaces, a kind of gauge invariance based on their acting as carriers of the same information.

    If I understand, in your paper “E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions” you view me^2/h(bar) as the cutoff frequency for electron vacuum interactions, where h(bar) is spin.

    Rowland considers the 1/2 h(bar)c spin term an expression of the dipolarity of the weak vacuum, and a physical representation of the weak interaction as a link between the fermion and vacuum, or between real space and vacuum space.

    Cheers.

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Gregory Daigle,

    some consideration regarding your interesting post of 2020/10/24 at 10.27 PM:

    In my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is hypothesized that electron spin can be hbar only in very peculiar environment (E-Cat, Shoulder’s charge clusters, UDH). This is strictly related to a specific zitterbewegung electron model where the charge orbit circumference is equal to the electron Compton wavelength and charge is not point-like. The fermionic character (spin=hbar/2) of the electron is a consequence of the electron precession.

    Consequently we disagree with this affirmation present in Peter Rowlands paper “If we take bosons as products of fermion interactions, then fermions are the only known fundamental structures in nature, and experimental evidence to date suggests that they are point-like, and in this sense singularities”

    It’s however important to highlight the importance of nilpotent QM.

    An electromagnetic interpretation of nilpotent Dirac-like equation has been presented in reference 14 of my paper. In this equation (eq. 27) the electromagnetic four potential A seen/generated by the electron’s charge is always a nilpotent (light-like) vector (i.e. A^2=0)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. Franco

    dear andrea I have been following your blog for years, my company produces an innovative water desalination system, combining it with your ecat would be fantastic, is there a waiting list to get your product? thank you, best regards.

  463. Andrea Rossi

    Franco:
    Thank you for your trust in our Team.
    Soon I will communicate our calendar: in that occasion you will be free to make a preorder.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    How far have you come in achieving stable and regular operation of the reactors?
    1. Ekselent now.
    2. Not there yet?
    3. Good enough?
    4. Missing a bit?
    5. Still something to improve?

    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  465. Gabriel Berra

    Dear Andrea. I believe Joe Biden has announced a $1.7 trillion clean energy push if he wins the election. Hopefully your SKL will be ready for demonstration soon so that some of the $1.7 trillion heads your way and doesn’t get wasted on technology that isn’t as good as the SKL. All the best.

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will your new product, produced by Leonardo and your partner, be powered by a single reactor or stacked reactors?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    stacked reactors
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you explain what is the “space charge”?

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Please read the paragraphs 2 and 3 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us how testing is progressing:
    1. Is the end in sight?
    2. Based on the tests until now: Do you believe that the general outcome of these tests is positive?
    3. Is covid 19 hindering progress at this moment?
    4. Have you already planned to build a combined prototype in a product with a Partner?
    Please, stay healthy, kind regards, Gerard.

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- surely it does not help
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dr. Rossi.
    Did you manage to get acquainted with an unprinted article by Langmuir of 1927?
    Warm Regards

  474. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Not yet, sorry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper ” Disputable Issue of Matter and Antimatter Simmetry ” by Dr Aleksei Savchenko ( A.A. Bochvar Institute of Inorganic Materials- Moscow, Russia )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Christan:
    Not necessarily.
    warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Christian

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    I have a follow-up question about the stackable SKL´s:

    Does your answer mean that you plan to sell E-Cats with Control unit and plain E-Cats without so that they can be easily connected to an already existing control unit?

    Best regards,

    Christian

  478. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOE SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Christian

    Hello Dr Rossi,

    I am curious about a few totally different aspects of the E-Cat SKL:

    1. Are you using some sort of induction to harness the energy of the SKL´s plasma?
    2. How many power outlets are you planning on the device?
    3. Can you stack the SKL´s? Can you stack SKL´s (95/5 %) to get a power output that accumulates? Let´s say two stacked SKL´s can give a power of 9.5 kwh/h? That would be very nice to power a car at home to keep charging times low…

    Best regards,

    Christian

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Christian:
    1. I cannot answer in positive or in negative
    2. same as in 1
    3. The Ecat SKLs can be connected in series and in parallel
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Dr Rossi,

    A Level 5 (full automation) autonomous vehicle may employ hundreds of millions of lines of code and more than 1 TB of storage and trillions of operations per second for its driving platform. Even a Level 2 or 3 “narrow” AI may require the driver’s continuous attention yet may operate at trillions of operations per second.

    Assuming the AI for the SKL is fully autonomous:
    1. Would your AI experts consider your machine learning system controlling the SKL: a) a “reactive machine” or does it employ: b) a “limited memory” so that it learns from its experience?
    2. If it learns, are inputs limited to: a) controlling its own operation, or is its architecture configured more openly to: b) include other parameters (e.g. ganging together more than one SKL, connections to the grid, etc.)

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    no less fantastic is that Irving Langmuir could have become one of the discoverers of cold fusion 60 years before Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons. This became known recently from a private correspondence between Langmuir and Niels Bohr, which was discovered in the archives of the Copenhagen library. These letters discuss Langmuir’s inexplicable experimental results, which he obtained back in 1909 while working at General Electric to develop the technology of atomic hydrogen welding. When creating an electrical discharge between tungsten electrodes, Langmuir discovered excessive heat release. A thorough check of the phenomenon dragged on until 1927. Finally Langmuir decides to publish a result of which he was already confident. However, Niels Bohr discourages him from publishing, since, in his opinion, this result contradicts the law of conservation of energy, and if an article appears, Langmuir will ruin his academic career and reputation.

  484. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you able to heat the premises where you are working solely with the power from the E-Cat SKL during this autumn?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Koen Vandewalle
    (October 23, 2020 at 3:11 PM)

    Dear Koen,
    Thank you very much for your kind letter where you express your position as a scientist and a person. I fully agree with you and I apologize for my previous remarks, which now seem too harsh to me.
    Your approach: “trying to explain something complicated in a simple way” is similar to my and I always try to follow this rule. Now there are too many unnecessarily complicated mathematicians concepts exist devoid of any physical meaning, which also applies to the theory of relativity, which, oddly enough, despite its some erroneous ideas, does not contradict the theory of the ether – the Universe that filled with the energy. And one can find more simple explanation of these experiments with mass at speed of light. As well as the structure of proton and neutron. Quarcks theory is not only wrong, this theory is just funny.
    But even more I like your civil position to try to make the world better. And although I practically do not know Andrea Rossi, it seems to me that he adheres to the same position. I feel it intuitively.
    Thanks again for your frank and sincere letter.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  487. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Interesting article on
    Space Travel.

    https://phys.org/news/2020-10-spacecraft-titan-years-fusion.html

    Regards
    Sam

  488. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think it is possible that strong nuclear force has a magnetic origin ?

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    this is what has been suggested by Norman Cook, Paolo Di Sia and Valerio Dallacasa: see references 1, 20, 23 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Paul Swanson

    Andrea,

    What kinds of loads have you powered with the E-Cat SKL?
    (Light bulbs, motors, fans, cell phone chargers, etc.)

    V/R,,

    Paul

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Swanson:
    Heaters
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Dear Chuck Davis,
    The last Bolshevik revolution got 30,000,000 people killed. The last Chinese Communistic party revolution got 30,000,000 people killed. I guess that is one method of reducing the population.

  494. John atkinson

    I have been a follower of yours and the e-cat for many years now. I would like to thank you for your staying power and determination to get it right.. my question focuses on the questions and answers given to Rick 57. It appears that you have enough partners and that several test have taken place among some of those parters to move forward. The question concerning the % of certification was answered not applicable and that the presentation date is premature. I Can only guess the reason being -completing the long term test first. If this is true, will they both happen fairly close together. Thank you and may the wind be at your back. John

  495. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    We are working very, very hard to make it all soon. We are making strong progress, but I still cannot make a date.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko,
    First of all, thank you for your correction!
    High speed would be a more appropriate phrase. I do mean speeds at which the mass of the particle increases significantly, and other characteristics are likely to change as well.

    Unfortunately, there are few people who can explain all this comprehensively.
    An example that stunned me when I was ten years old was when my teacher explained relativity as follows: “if you go faster than the light, and you look at a clock that you leave behind, you see it running backwards.” A few years later, another teacher: “If you have two clocks, and one clock you keep still, and the other you make a few revolutions around the globe at a speed approaching the speed of light, you will see that they differ.”
    My parents’ dated encyclopedia in fifteen volumes was about the only resource I could try to learn from, other than what they told us at our school.
    That way you cannot fascinate young people, so that they are no longer interested in this matter at all.
    After that I only became an engineer in electromechanics, because of a fairly good spatial mechanical insight, but in the meantime the realization has grown that real evolution no longer plays at that level, but at the level of biotechnology and particle physics. In my younger years, “quarks” were a revolutionary concept, but they were represented as “spheres of two colors in a larger sphere”. Such representations are a crime against humanity.
    In the meantime, the sponge has shriveled somewhat and it no longer absorbs new knowledge and insights so easily.
    But trying to explain something complicated in a simple way so that the essence of the concept is preserved, and the public can apply this knowledge as a further building block, is still one of my favorites. Especially when I see that engineers are seen as being unimportant in decisions about the future of the world, I think it’s important that we can explain important technical and scientific concepts to economic heavyweights and policymakers.

    Solar panels and wind turbines were fantastic in the 1980s. But with the news from Pons and Fleischman, I sat half a meter from the TV just to get a glimpse. We did not have a VCR. So the news came ….. and went again.

    Today the new generations have access to fantastic resources and sources of information, but I cry when I see their attention diverted.

    Many comments here assume a desire for an electric car as the main application of the E-Cat. Can you imagine how little imagination people have left.
    Growing an entire biotope on the top of a mountain, under a bell jar on the bottom of the sea, in a deep cave under the ground of the desert, I would find a much more interesting application. It would prove that we have attained mastery.

    To avoid wars, violence, death, extermination and disease – as they have always existed – we urgently need a better energy source. The current ones are just to give our generations the time and resources to take the next leap.
    Ten years ago I saw the future of my children very gloomy. And then, Andrea arrived with his E-Cat. Since then there has been hope that part of humanity will survive.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  497. Chuck Davis

    Dear Eernie1, We are in agreement on overpopulation! Every opportunity I get, I try to make our government understand that we need to reduce the population which unfortunately falls on deaf ears. Recent data shows that pollution has reduced significantly since covid has restricted transportation. But government operates on a basis of greed, higher population = more taxes, they care not about anything else. I fear nothing will change until people revolt.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  498. Dear Andrea,
    Almost all the warnings about eventual global catastrophic events issued by doomsday prognosticators corresponding on this blog are about global warming. So the main thing they relate your device to is the possible decrease in CO2 it will create, although these events are not in my opinion at this time, very noticeable.
    However what they should really worry about is the effect on global stability by population growth which is a much more visible happening than global warming. We see its effect in the number of third world individuals attempting to flee their country. Also in the unrest and disruption of these countries caused by their governments. Shortages of basic requirements such as food and energy play a big part in the unrest.
    If I am asked what is the most important aspect of your device, I would answer by far, providing the necessary energy to alleviate these shortages and should command more attention than anything else.
    Humanitarian regards.

  499. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I hope the Ecat will give a substantial contribution. Surely, if it will work it will not have emissions of sort.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Koen Vandewalle @ “where the energy comes from: a charged particle that moves at (almost) the speed of light, and thereby taps zero point energy”

    Dear Koen,
    Please, read carefully what you have written above. I respect any unusual point of view, since I myself sin with it. But the particle cannot be accelerated to the speed of light, its mass increases and this is EXPERIMENTALLY proved. And your zero point energy is the same as the Physical Vacuum energy.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  501. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    can you give us an update about the activities on course:

    a) Number of Partner Tests already accomplished
    b) Number of Partner Tests to be completed yet
    c) Certification Tests Status (% complete)
    d) Presentation date forecast

    Thanks a lot and best wishes for (y)our success.

    Riccardo

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    a- enough
    b- several
    c- n.a.
    d- premature
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Gian Luca

    Carissimo A.R.
    Pensi che una nuova Amministrazione (USA), diversa da quella attuale, possa aiutare
    o influenzare l’ingresso nel mercato del tuo (nostro) ECAT?
    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS:
    Do you think the nest USA administration will make more for sustainable energy ?
    Regards,
    Gian Luca

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    As I always said, I prefer to stay away from politics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Enea Romagnoli
    Dear Enea,
    Thank you for your interest.
    To your note, please see the last Chapter published in JoNP in July, as well as in future (November) publication.
    Best regaeds,
    Aleksei

  506. Koen Vandewalle

    @Enea Romagnoli,

    Andrea recently explained where the energy comes from: a charged particle that moves at (almost) the speed of light, and thereby taps zero point energy.
    This concept is a bit counterintuitive because most of us first learned about how matter and particles exist from a non-relativistic approach, and around which the laws of thermodynamics were written by people who needed to master other techniques.

    Please correct me where I am wrong.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  507. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea
    I think the laws that govern the universe are few and very simple,
    as Heinstein taught us with E = MC2.
    I am sure that even the law that governs the E-Cat SKL, when it will be definitively confirmed, it will have a simple and understandable aspect.
    Otherwise how do you explain that starting from the little amateur for pleasure as I am
    (October 20, 2020 at 3:37 AM)
    up to Aleksei Savchenko very experienced person
    (October 21, 2020 at 2:41 PM)
    and many others, no one has yet correctly interpreted where the energy emitted by E-Cat SKL comes from, as described in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.

    I think it’s just a matter of time!
    Regards
    Enea

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    The way how I perceive the SKL is that it is a real spectacular device, correct me if I’m wrong:

    *a charge lasts 6 to 12 months continuously
    *needs only a battery for the initial start
    *can be used stand-alone at remote places
    *probably a very long life expectancy
    *can be easily switched on and off
    *95% electricity, 5% heat only
    *generating a mass of energy
    *modifiable energy output
    *compact and flexible
    *no harmful radiation
    *greener than green
    *maintenance-free
    *no EVOs created
    *affordable

    That this is your masterpiece is an understatement. If everything is true, then IMHO you deserve the Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry and Economy… And if they don’t owe you this prizes then you deserve at least the Nobel Prize in Literature for the most read scientific publication on ResearchGate ;-).

    I agree with the people who think that you don’t need advertisements and marketing for the SKL. You already have a long waiting list of buyers and once they are convinced of the SKL the big problem will that you can’t keep up with the orders.

    The SKL is everything the world needs now. Notwithstanding that you are a very positive and enthusiastic person, yet I have the feeling that you are still reluctant, for unknown reasons you prefer to postpone an official publication, demonstrations, photos, market introduction… Of course I can be wrong. What do you see as possible obstacles to release preliminary specifications and mass produce the SKL:

    a) reliability
    b) competitors
    c) old enemies
    d) copycats
    e) possible patent issues
    f) sigma-5-test (6-12 months)
    g) fear of failure
    h) being a perfectionist

    All the best for you and your team!

    Brice

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Thank you for your insight and your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. Physic

    Dr Rossi:
    in the tgheoretical system you proposed in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it is not clear to me which magnetic flux the electron is associated with: can you explain ?

  512. Andrea Rossi

    Physic:
    The electron is associated to a magnetic flux
    h/e
    wherein h is the Planck constant and e is the elementary charge .
    See also references 11,12 in my paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  513. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Andrea

    Further to my recent comment, I note your succinct definition of energy:

    Energy = information density in the space-time

    Compare with Wolfram’s description:
    “By the way, it’s important to note that in our models the hypergraph isn’t something static—and it’s in the end knitted together only through actual update events that occur. And the energy of some region of the hypergraph is directly related to the amount of updating activity in that region (or, more accurately, to the flux of causal edges through that portion of spacelike hypersurfaces).”

    Maybe you will see parallel thinking here.

    Kind regards
    Donald Chandler

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    The definition of energy I proposed must be considered in the context of the observations made during my experiments with the E-Cat and could be wrong, but I think it is not wrong. Your reference is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea,

    Maybe some “Dilithium Crystals” (from an old Star Trek episode) that you use in the eCat-SKL? LOL

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You got me ! (Damn)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. Donald Chandler

    Dear Mr Rossi
    This might interest you. New results on crystalline structure of Li under various temperature and pressure regimes, plus superconductivity.
    Good luck in court!

    https://phys.org/news/2017-06-peering-crystal-lithium.html

  518. Andrea Rossi

    Donald Chandler:
    Thank you for your insight: it is not a time-waster.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. Christian

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    in your effect, do you use induction to harness electricity?

    Best regards,

    Christian

  520. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Andrea

    Could I recommend to you this recent post by noted entrepreneur/mathematician/physicist Stephen Wolfram?
    https://writings.stephenwolfram.com/2020/10/faster-than-light-in-our-model-of-physics-some-preliminary-thoughts/
    While the subject of faster than light travel may seem peripheral to your work, I’d suggest simply skim-reading Wolfram’s first few sections which review his highly alternative formulation of the universe as a graph computation. It will get more relevant as you come to the fourth section on “Negative Mass, Wormholes, etc”. By the third paragraph of that section, Wolfram is into the Casimir effect, screening of vacuum fluctuations, the Higgs, etc. And by the fifth paragraph, Wolfram makes this fascinating claim, “ By the way, our paper #1 computed Casimir effects for boxes of different shapes, and had the surprising implication that by changing shapes in a cycle it would in principle be possible to continuously “mine” energy from the vacuum. ” And here he references two of his papers from 1981. I have to admit it’s a bit above my head to connect this directly to your thoughts in Section 1 in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    but maybe you and your colleagues will see what I can not. I hope this is interesting to you and apologies if it is a time-waster.

    Kind regards
    Donald Chandler

  521. Chuck Davis

    @ Willfried Babelotsky, I had a solar system on a previous residence where I made more electricity than I used and SDG&E paid me a small percentage of the rate that they charge for the excess electricity so if you are planning on making money on excess electricity from the ecat I suggest that you look very closely at the fine print about how this is handled by your utility.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Stefen:
    1- directly to mass production
    2- what do you mean ?
    3- premature
    4- nothing is easy and quick. I am not able to answer
    5- same as 4
    6- specialozed skills are demanded
    7- you are asking numbers where integrals are necessary
    8- too early to answer
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your effect, is there a mass conversion that releases energy?

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. Dear Dr Rossi
    I think the best way to get a product like yours into the market is to do something similar to Tesla EV’s and let people sell the product for you. Tesla does not advertise and the power of Word of Mouth has been multiplied now with the internet and such things as twitter, facebook etc. If people can see other people using the product and then rave about it because it works so well then people will seek you out. So my advise for what it is worth is to start with a small production line and get the Ecat out into the market and let customers sell it for you and then as demand ramps up then increase production, if the product is good then people will wait.

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Aleksei Savchenko

    To Raffaelle Bongo, Steven N. Karels (questions of 19 October) and others, concerning the issue “where the energy is coming from” and “There were element transmutations in old Ecat-2012 versions”.

    Dear colleagues,
    Many similar above mentioned questions were addressed to Andrea Rossi in various forms.
    I took the courage to answer instead of him, summarizing, first of all, his numerous brief answers to these questions, as well as information in his articles. It is quite possible that my opinion does not coincide with his opinion, as, this is my free interpretation, nevertheless, it seems to me, it gives a general idea of ​​these processes.
    Naturally, everything is based on the law of conservation of energy and the interconnection of all processes in the Universe, a kind of Lenz’s rule – an effect on some part of it causes a natural response that reduces this interaction. Basically, the answers to these questions can be partly found in two my articles that he posted in his JoNP – one came out in August, the other is about to appear.

    Briefly all of these can be discribed in THREE STEPS:
    1. Energy impact on the medium Environment — ether, or more precisely, structured ether — Physical Vacuum (PV) by impact on the matter connected with him using various methods (Ni-H generators, plasma torches, cavitation etc) that will cause intensifying the oscillations of the PV’s energy lattice, compressing the lattice and increasing the PV’s energy density.
    Here we must take into account the quality of the acting energy and what quantized levels of PV energy it stimulates (arouses). Depending on this, the response from PV to matter will go mainly according to scenario 2 or scenario 3, or both at the same time.

    2. Response from PV on the matter leading to absorption and release of anti-neutrino by an electron during the change in PV density around him. Electron receives an impulse from anti-neutrino, like in beta decay — kinetic energy. It is only excess of heat energy, generated in old Ecat version. The Andrea Rossi go further and by imposing a field – magnetic or electric or something else – the chaotic motion of the electrons turn to a directional moving with the formation of a direct current. The degree of orderliness of the forced movement of electrons determines the quantitative ratio of the released electricity in relation to the released heat, 80/20 or 95/5 as in the latest version. The total energy of the anti-neutrino in the Universe decreases in this case.

    3. The additional response from PV on the matter leading to formation of super slow neutrons due to the k-capture by a hydrogen nuclei (this process is facilitated due to the weighting of the electron in the medium of a denser PV and, as a consequence, the approach of its orbit to the nucleus) and its further interaction with the nearby surrounding substance with the formation of new elements with possible release of additional heat energy. Due to neutrons low speed, cross-section capture of various nucleus considerably increases that leads to the easy formation of new elements.

    In the old Ecat version, scenario 3 was dominated, although excess heat was also generated in scenario 2. In the novel version, Andrea changed the the impact energy method on the PV, felt the resonance frequencies and, most importantly, managed to transform the chaotic motion of electrons into a directional one. These are all his technological aspects and KNOW-HOW

    This is my theoretical vision of the processes, how it really happens, Andrea Rossi knows better than me, at least experimentally. He already manage to generate electric current, and I, despite past successful developments, are still waiting for permission to start in this direction.

    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. By the way, you can find the necessary quantum leaps using a simple device. It has already been created, but I have not yet tested it, so I do not disclose its operating principles yet.

  528. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    May I ask a few questions about production once you have the go ahead to start it?

    1. Will you start with a small production with one Pilot production line or move directly to large scale production?

    2 Do you already have an idea of what the production rate from a production line would be possible?

    3. If so could you give us an idea of the production rate per day from a single production line. Would it be 10s, 100s, 1000s or perhaps much more maybe millions?

    4. Would it be easy and quick to set up a production line for example a few months?

    5. Could multiple production lines also be easily angled quickly installed within a year?

    6. If I recall correctly not all processes are automated. So I wonder if the manual processes are time consuming and require specialized skills. And the impact if any if that in the production rate.

    7. If so is the necessary training difficult or can it be achieved already with currently skilled work force.

    If a significant percentage of the currently consumed power is someday to be generated by e-cat SKL’s It’s a mind boggling amount of e-cats?

    8. Is that amount of production possible in say 4, 5 or 10 years?

    I can see that targeting where it goes at the beginning is something important to consider.

    If it’s too early to answer these questions I understand. It would be interesting though to have some kind of handle of what is involved when considering these issues.

    I hope you find a way that captures people’s imaginations and inspires hope and resolution for all who see it.

    Thanks and best Regards as always to you and your team.

    Stephen

  529. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I assume that all stationary e-cats will be connected to the internet. In doing so, they take part in the Internet of Things. Please inform yourself about the Tangle network IOTA and the MIOTA Coin. Messages can be securely exchanged between devices via IOTA. It will be part of autonomous driving. With MIOTA, microservices between the devices can be paid for. MIOTA will be the money of the devices and systems that work together over the Internet, for example Industry 4.0.
    My suggestion for marketing:
    Give away the E-Cats for free, in the order of the incoming orders.
    Every E-Cat contains an Internet interface that makes contact with an electricity exchange via the supply network.
    If energy is not consumed itself, but fed into the supply network, then the energy is sold at the respective exchange price. The great thing is that two thirds of the proceeds end up in your wallet and one third of the proceeds in the owner’s wallet. Regional taxes are deducted in advance so that the owner has a direct source of money (the E-Cat). So he receives three gifts. He receives the E-Cat as a device, he receives the energy for his own purposes, he earns money when he does not need the energy himself. And you as a manufacturer become an energy supply company that sells two thirds of the energy, 100% decentralized and environmentally friendly, on the market.
    Why is something so ingenious possible? – Because the E-Cat can supply energy so cheaply that everyone who has to do with it will get rich!

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    To publicize your new invention may I suggest an endurance run in an electric E-Cat powered vehicle from coast to coast?
    Best regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Dear Andrea,
    Why are you looking for more customers? Without any advertising look how many pre-orders and interested parties you have? I think that just displaying your device would be enough to obtain more customers than you could handle. You should in my opinion, be thinking of methods for filling the requests for the device.
    Marketing regards.

  534. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. WaltC

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    With respect to your advertising brainstorm– If one of your initial customer products represents a “killer app” (an application that is exciting and can’t currently be done any other way) then you will very likely have more customer requests than you can handle.

    For instance, transportation–
    1) if one of your customers produced and sold a vehicle (car, truck or bus) that only needed recharge once every 6 to 12 months.

    Or, failing that–
    2) If you created a personal demonstration car by buying an electric car with 100+ mile range and having it modified to continually maintain a threshold battery charge level via an SKL. (And if the SKL failed for any reason, you could still drive it home on battery.)

    Or,
    3) Work with a well known car collector/customizer to do the same as (2). For example, Jay Leno has many unique, first production run and/or custom made cars. He might enjoy becoming an owner of one of the first two Rossi-effect demonstration cars that he personally helped produce.

    As they say, “the proof is in the pudding” (or the true worth of something can only be judged when it is put to its intended use); surely one of the key intended uses of the SKL will be in transportation because of the SKL’s inherent compactness and portability.

    Best Regards,
    WaltC.

  536. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Hmm, how to marked the e-cat on the internet.

    Here are two suggestions.

    I’d like to create a list of 50 more to work on.
    Dramatic ecosystem changes are possible by changing human behaviour:
    ==========================================
    Case Study #1: https://abcnews.go.com/International/venice-canals-clear-fish-coronavirus-halts-tourism-city/story?id=69662690… Use the E-Cat to clean up pollution!
    ==========================================
    Question #1: How can human behavior be changed using the E-Cat, and are dramatic ecosystem changes possible to synthasize?
    Answer #1: Convert a “continent of plastic” into new coral reefs, using power from e-cat power sources.
    ==========================================
    Question #2: Can E-Cat be promoted by creating powerful architecture?
    Answer #2: Convert more waste plastic into a monolythic talisman that competes with the pyramids.
    ==========================================

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your Q/A
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I think that once you have made your presentation of the ecat you won’t have to worry about finding customers, they will find you! Anyone would have to be pretty naive to not see the potential of ecat energy. In fact I think that you will have to start making your own gigafactory to keep up with the demand! Put on your seat belt, it’s going to be some ride!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  540. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I wish you should be right…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  541. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    After a careful reading of your paper, I would understand that you are suggesting particles are fusing under the electron condensates.

    1. Is this a correct understanding?

    Are you suggesting the hydrogen fusion process is occurring — protium becoming deuterium becoming helium-3 and finally becoming helium-4?

    2. Is this also correct?

    Alternatively, are you suggesting that protium is fusing with some other nuclei in the eCat-SKL?

    3. Is this also correct?

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    In my effect there is no fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    If you make a continuous live feed at YouTube and show something ‘impossible’ and spectacular I guess a lot of people will talk about it and see it.
    For example showing a small ecat skl powering something big.

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your business strategy, how do you intend to get the attention of potential customers who might benefit from the E-Cat SKL?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Good question. We are brainstorming about this issue. The choice of a correct advertising. To make things more complicated are the distorsions caused by the Covid 19.
    We have not decided yet, but internet will be the carrier.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    If the AI fails, do you apply an automatic shutdown to the specific component? This could result in saving other “sections” or “components” of the power unit. The continuation of production of power for the remaining could continue, if you are able to isolate failed sections.

    Thank you for your diligent work. I hope that I might gaze upon it during my time of life.

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

    (I suspect you already are aware of this need, but we just try to offer constructive comments when they possibly could assist.)

  548. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  549. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1- Do you believe the source of the energy in the eCat-SKL could be the disassociation of neutrons in the fuel into protons and electrons caused by the electron condensates?

    I am trying to understand where the energy is coming from.

    My simple math suggest the disassociation of a neutron into a proton-electron pair will release the mass equivalent of 0.000839 amu of energy.

    2- If this is true (probably it is not), then the natural hydrogen fuel would exhaust when the deuterium amount approaches zero.

    If this guess were true, then the eCat-SKL would not function with pure hydrogen (no deuterium). Have you run the eCat-SKL on pure hydrogen (no Deuterium)?

  550. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- It is the contrary: the E-Cat works with Protium, not with Deuterium: please read carefully the paragraph 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and also the spectrum of the plasma in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  551. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea
    Hypothesis on the time-life of the clusters of electrons on coherence of phase.
    In the long chain of events leading to the production of an electric current, we consider the moment in which the clusters of electrons on coherence of phase are formed, it is the moment in which the electrons release a part of their zero point energy.
    These clusters will then be in a lower and more stable energy state.
    To allow the E-Cat SKL reaction to continue over time these clusters should no longer interfere.
    After this simplistic exposition some questions arise:
    1 Where these clusters are spatially positioned
    2 With which interaction they will reabsorb energy to return to the initial state
    3 How and after how long will they intervene in the end-of-life phenomenon of the E-Cat SKL reaction
    If something of what I have just written contains something real and commentable, can you give your improvement (in my heart I hope they are not just lucubrations!)
    Regards
    Enea

  552. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    What you have written does not contain “something real or commentable”, to cite you… They are not just lucubrations, though: they are your free interpretation of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.
    I’d suggest you to read carefully the paragraphs 2 and 3 of my paper: I think there is a specification of what the primary source of energy could be, along the hypothesis I have formulated, without presumption of rightness.See also references 11,12,13,14,1, 20, 23, 8 of the same paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  553. Rod Walton

    On the Power Engineering issue of October 20 2020:
    Orlando Utilities Vowing closure of Coal-Fired Units Within Seven Years.
    Rod Walton

  554. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for your update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  555. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Your theory is that the E-Cat draws energy from a vacuum through the interaction of electrons, and there are no nuclear reactions. This probably explains the absence of ionizing radiation.
    If I remember correctly, there was a time when the hypothesis of a transmutation of Ni was raised.

    1-Did you find traces of these possible transmutations in the user reactors?
    2-If yes, could you explain to what extent the electron aggregates promote these transmutations?

    All my support in your testing work.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  556. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I cannot extend so far what I already have disclosed in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interaction
    and shown in the video on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  557. arjen

    Dear Rossi

    I am curious what compelling arguments prevents you still from displaying the working SKL ecat to the public

    So many inventions made it public, when not 100% reliable, it won’t delay your development.
    it will just give more media attention, people can start preparing for a paradigm shift in energy usage. It’s just I can’t seem to understand or think of a valid compelling argument to keep delaying the public exposure. SO many ways to prove to the large public you have made a scientific breakthrough.. the most interesting idea i read on your blog so far is to drive an electric car from north to west without fueling up down the road, with a live stream…

    you sure to raise interest.

    as always thanks to you and your team for all the hard work, and best wishes to you and your family

    Arjen

  558. Andrea Rossi

    arjen:
    Thank you for your insight and for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. john yates

    Dear Andrea:
    Can the Clifford algebra simplify also the 4 Maxwell equations ?
    JY

  561. Quinto

    Pekka Janhunen:

    Using natural units the reduced Planck’s constant has a unit value (ħ=1) and is DIMENSIONLESS. It is a bit-like, pure number/information.

    See also par. 2 (“Energy, Mass, Frequency and Information”) of Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions

  562. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    As the E-Cat SKL can start and stop relatively quickly, the time from signal to activity must be relatively short, so a continuous sequence of activating, every second, minute, hour, day, 24/7 for months, as there is activation of a material that is likely not homogeneously structured at a micro / nano scale, the energy production over time is likely to have peaks and troughs, this is managed with active feedback and the AI controller.

    Ultimately peaks and troughs reflect quality control, in operation the electronics controller, E-Cat SKL and the energy extraction mechanism must be highly stable over months with no drift, again quality control. Starting from sourcing of ultra-pure chemicals, manufacture of consistent quality fuel, likely small volume so far, so bench top, small laboratory, kilo-lab scale batch production by hand, preparation has to be meticulous, but there can still be variation, likely there is a small automated production line for the charges to get consistency of manufacture, but modified and adjusted occasionally as the charge is developed, so unlikely so far any large volume runs that are adjusted to extreme precision, with the input and output electronics / electrical parts having to handle a fluctuating situation, high quality high precision components are currently required, there is likely a learning cycle of what components require to be strengthened or replaced with a higher precision. (E.g. in performance electronics there is preference for capacitors from certain sources as poor quality versions are known to eventually swell and pop).

    You are likely in a catch-22 (paradoxical) situation, to get consistent high quality that would dampen down peaks and troughs in the SKL’s activation sequence you require volume manufacture, to get to the stage of volume manufacture you have to develop the control system to get past the current developing quality situation with its peaks and troughs.

    Also, although the mechanism of energy production has been proven to work, and you likely have early indicators that your theoretical basis is correct, at this stage it is still just theory. You are continuously creating low entropy Pico-metric structures, you are likely still investigating all the parameters that control the formation of the structures or the disruption of the structures formed, likely continuous adjustments of the high precision signal are required just to keep the process moving forward, but how precise, how tight do the electronic signal tolerances have to be, is there a full understanding of all influencing parameters.

    For mass production there has to be quality control with tolerances, low quality wide tolerances may lead to a low manufacturing cost and a wide range of suppliers but a high failure rate, high quality tight tolerance manufacture comes at a high cost with a small number of qualified suppliers available, all to attain a low failure rate, so what is the minimum quality and widest tolerances for cost benefit volume production requirements.

    Keeping to a small scale and utilising AI with active feedback you have created a potentially stable energy production system, the question now is how reliable is it over how long a time period, how long can a SKL be run until for no obvious reason there is a trough or peak that the AI cannot cope with, hits a trough and the process just stops, the AI cannot get the process to restart, hits a momentary peak and some component is damaged and the system is shut down until repaired, or maybe it’s so stable it can run for years, only long term tests can provide answers.

    As you and your partners fully understand, the E-Cat SKL requires cumulative run time to establish base line statistics, building a large number of preproduction units, then tests, tests and more tests, pinpointing and solving any problems, establishing what is overbuilt, requires strengthening or modification, establishing what parts require strict quality control, what tolerances are required, this is product development, this is the difference between prototype, preproduction and a product ready to launch in quantity.

    Your marathon continues, likely with potholes or speed bumps in the road still to come, the end is now in view, I cheer you onwards.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  563. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Dear Andrea,
    Do you have anything to do with the all electric GM SUV Hummer that is going to be disclosed on October 20?
    Rumer has it that the car will have much more extended mileage capability as well as power.
    Travel regards.

  565. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Dear Andrea,
    I substantially agree with your energy definition, but thinking of the dimensionalities of energy and Planck’s constant, I think that it should actually be:

    energy density = information density in the space-time = number of bits or events per volume and per time

    and

    energy = information density in time = number of events per time = event frequency

    Planck’s constant is what relates energy E and event frequency f: E = h*f.

    By the way, concerning business strategy and all that, it seems to me that you are on the right path. Just an opinion, though.

    regards, /pekka

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your contribution and sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    unfortunately my knowledge of physics and mathematics is not enough to understand your paper. Therefore I try to give a trivial description of the origin of the energy.
    At the beginning of the universe there was the big bang. Before the Big Bang, everything that existed in this universe was united in a pseudo singularity. Pseudo, because the spatial extent was zero, but the “information” already existed. I would call it a breakthrough from another dimension. According to my thesis, what we call energy did not exist before the Big Bang, and certainly not what we call matter. It was much denser than energy, it was pure information. I like your definition of energy (= information density in space-time) and it goes with the fact that there was no energy before the Big Bang, because there was no space-time either.
    After the Big Bang, the information begins to crystallize and space-time is formed. First energy is created and then increasingly matter. What we must not forget is that the information existed before the Big Bang. Information is what gives form. Form is another word for structure. So there was already structure before the Big Bang. This structure has an impact on what happens in and after the Big Bang. Namely to the extent that our energy, matter, laws of nature have evolved. This original structure is still there, but its density is decreasing; the information density in spacetime decreases. In the middle, the energy is distributed more and more and is thinned out.
    Now we come to the energy source for the E-Cat.
    Information density in space-time also has a special characteristic, which we call entanglement. Entanglement can be gradual, which has already been proven in recent years. With quantum computers one tries to increase the entanglement to 100% and to keep it. I would describe the state of 100% entanglement as related to the information density before spacetime, i.e. before the big bang. In this entanglement, there is a very high density of information, including the basis of energy. However, it only becomes energy when the entanglement is lifted and thus passes into space-time, including e = m * c2.
    What the E-Cat does now is nothing more than to lower the degree of remaining entanglement (information density that is not yet in space-time) that was still present from the Big Bang and thus transfer the energy. Mathematically, it is certainly extremely difficult to describe and understand. However, my trivial execution makes it a bit understandable for the layman.
    From this approach I also understand that there is no change in matter, and thus there is also no waste in our worldly sense. However, the residual entanglement is limited, so the material is used up and has to be replaced at some point. However, it could be that the density of information contained is so great that we no longer experience the consumption.

    Can you do anything with this approach, or does it seem incomprehensible to you?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I am not able to comment it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A standard definition of energy is “the capacity for doing work”. Today you gave a definition of energy as: “information density in the space-time”.

    Can you explain why you have such a different definition of energy than is normal?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    “capacity for doing work” is a definition of an attribute, not of the intrinsic being. It is like to say that the definition of a car is ” capacity to move “: it is not a definition of a car, it is an atrribute of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Recently you said that certification of the Ecat SKL is not required to allow for a presentation.
    Some questions about that:
    1. Is it still likely that the presentation will be in 2020?
    2. Can you say what is the main issue that needs to happen before organizing the presentation?
    a. Certifying agency willing to testify
    b. Some tests that are crucial
    c. Partner who must agree
    d. something else
    3. Is the certification testing progressing well?
    4. Are you happy with the results of the tests?
    5. Were any unexpected issues found?
    6. If so, do you value these issues?
    Thank you for answering our relentless questions and good luck to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- I do not know
    2- b
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- yes
    6- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,
    A number of mediums and psychics experience, during violent thunderstorms with lightning, the impossibility to connect with passed away souls with whom we sometimes wish to make contact again.
    Intuitive people also seem to have connections that we would call supernatural, and which are not yet detectable with our modern means.
    People who are separated from the omniscient universe by living in disharmony to a serious degree, eventually experience complaints on a physical or mental level.
    Since the E-Cat makes use of very high energies that are quite certain to be adjacent to all kinds of fields in the universe, I wondered if you were already confronted with that? And if so, whether you are considering measures or adjustments for this?
    With best regards,
    Koen

  575. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Sorry, that is a matter I am not acquainted with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  576. sandy r

    Greetings Doctor Rossi

    Would it be correct to think that the SKL could be directly useful in the remediation of nuclear waste?

    We wait patiently, and in the meantime wish you good health and focus

  577. Andrea Rossi

    Sandy R:
    Absolutely not.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  578. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    how would you describe the term “energy”, like “energy =…” ?
    Cheers
    Norma

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Energy = information density in the space-time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. Joachim

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    if the certification testing is completed till April and the production line is already designed: Can we expect to buy an E-cat maybe already in 2021 ?

    Your invention will make a tremendous impact on the energy market.
    Even the production of efuel would be possible because of the cheap energy.
    20 kwh are enough to produce 1 liter of petrol or Diesel.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOawGXRRJFY (engl subtitles)
    So trucks, air traffic, farm tractors.. could be provided immediately with fuel without an oil concern and without oil ressources in the own country.

    Houses don’t need hot water boiler or heat pumps for heating. Just cheap electric resistance heating. No costly maintenance, no costly sweep, lower standards for house insulation…
    Also no costly catenary for trains, no tram wires..therefore cheaper transport between China and EU (belt and road initiative).

    Hence there will be also many enemies of this new energy. Countries which have great conventional energy ressources, countries who control these ressources (USA) and their vassal countries (f.e. EU) who are submissively dependent on the USA.
    To be in the safest possible hands, i reckon, you and your company need to work in a country who can really defend itself and a country without significant energy ressources. This could be the PR of China. At least a production line should be placed there because sabotage is unlikely, the Chinese government will foster the progress.

    Sincere regards
    Joachim

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Joachim:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  582. Dear Andrea,
    The only useful reason for certification I can think of, is to use it for marketing purposes. However your device, in my estimation does not need anything more than disclosure to allow you to sell as many as you can produce. I feel that your effort to certify may be a waste of time and money.
    Good luck regards.

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I do not agree: certification is important also under a legal point of view in case of fraudolent sabotages that we expect from hostile forces.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, By “utility” I am referring to the electric power received from the electric supplier. If I remember right you formerly stated that it would be advisable to keep it as a backup for the ecat. Maybe we could use a portable battery bank as a backup. They are both expensive. The electric utility company has a large overhead expense that it charges the customers whether or not they use any energy!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Good point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Franz

    Dr Rossi,
    What is, in your opinion, the primary source of the hypothesis of the virtual particles and antiparticles in the space charge talked about in paragraph 3 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Franz

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Franz:
    My main hypothesys is based on the self-organizing Zitterbewegung electron phases in vacuum and Lorentz force,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Sailmenn

    Hello Andrea

    With the ongoing certification of the E-Cat SKL, how would you value the device?
    1 Prototype
    2 Pre-production which needs some adjustments
    3 Production ready

    regards

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Yesterday you wrote that you hoped that the certification testing would take in the range of 4-6 months. Does this mean that we should not expect a presentation until that is completed?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Andrea Rossi

    is it possible to make a presentation without waiting for the completion of certification
    Good luck to you and your team!

  593. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, What would be your guess about 1. when a domestic ecat will be available and 2. do you still believe that the utility should be maintained as a backup.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  595. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1. I am not yet able to answer
    2. I do not understand what you mean by “utility”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie:
    We must put a distinction between a presentation and the introduction in the market. I am sure you understand why,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Dear Andrea,
    I hope you do not think I am facetious, but I cannot understand why you insist on having your invention certified before introducing it to the world. I cannot think of one important invention that had to be certified before its use in society. Starting with fire, cars, airplanes, steam engines, firearms, atom bombs, etc. Also none of your competitors are talking about certification although talking about their patented devices coming onto the market.
    I am sure you have your reasons for taking this path, but for me it is beyond my ability to understand why.
    Dumbfounded regards.

  598. MikeAC

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have followed your progress since I saw your 2011 demonstration. I am interested in the history of your thought process. How has your understanding (as reflected in your paper in archivcex) changed since that time period?

    1) incrementally, in small steps
    2) by large changes at various times
    3) as a result of collaboration with others

    Was there any particularly significant insight(s) that occurred at some point in time since 2011? If so can you share it/them?

    Thank you!

  599. Andrea Rossi

    MikeAC:
    A mix of 1+2+3
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Andrea Rossi

    Is it possible to start arbitrariness and sale without waiting for the completion of certification

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Theoretically possible, but strategically wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Echoing commenters like Yrka, Enea Romagnoli and Vincenzo Bonomo, this reflects the diverse levels of comprehension among your followers over the SKL plasma interactions.

    The coming global public presentation will also comprise a similar audience with a wide spectrum of scientific insights. Although having electronic and some nuclear physics education, I consider myself a layman with a very rudimentary understanding of particle and quantum physics.

    Personally, I cognitively visualize the SKL plasma, as ancient it may be, is to relate it to the electrical properties of a vacuum amplifier tube with the cathode electrons enhanced by a catalytic fuel and a tuned pulsed frequency, and the grid (being the thousand wires) controlling the amount of electron current passing to the anode. (Ha – showing my age)

    With all this in mind, will the SKL presentation address the processes that have been described in your paper ‘E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions’ that are understood by the ‘experts’ can also be explained in a simpler level forum for most listeners to grasp?

    As a thought, perhaps (as discovered from past presentation deliveries), illustrations and animation embedded within challenging concepts could aid to the novices’ and intermediates’ understandings.

    Also, have you considered operating an E-Cat SKL at its full potential and maximum load doing work everyone would recognize (washer/dryer, range/stove, refrigerator/freezer, AC/heater, etc.) for a “very strong” visual effect? Just picking your thoughts.
    Thank you!
    As always, very respectfully yours,
    Brokeeper

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your insight and your suggestion.
    About the comprehention issue: simpler than I have been on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is not possible without making it trivial. I can answer to specific questions, as I am doing, but not be trivial. The matter itself is not easy and cannot be banalized.
    The different level of comprehension depends on the background of the Readers and always try to make my answers proportioned to the kind of the specific questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    Very excited in anticipation for the demonstration.
    A quick question: Does the success of the SK-L mean that the earlier jet engine applications have been stopped?
    regards
    Greg

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Nothing will be stopped, but now the focus is not there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    Two questions if I may.

    1) What’s your best guess at how long the certification testing will go for?
    A) less than 1 month
    B) 1-2 months
    C) 2-4 months
    D) 4-6 months
    E) more than 6 months

    2) What else will you be focusing on while the certification testing is undergoing? Perhaps designing the mass production line?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  607. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    1- I am not able to answer exactly, but I hope D
    2- R&D and tests. The production line has been already designed, with exception of details
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  608. Dear Andrea,
    If we define a space vacuum as the absence of any form of matter or energy then there is no vacuum. We can measure, for instance microwave energy which is everywhere in space along with gravitational waves. We can detect visually all the stars, including our sun that fill space with large amounts of photons. We also do our part of adding photons to universal space by transmitting enormous amount of informational energy every second of time. Is there a portion that is being contributed by other alien sources?
    So the problem is how do we separate each contribution by the various sources from the EVO’s that are postulated to be existent in space, or are we just detecting the energy that is already there?
    Some investigators claim that they can extract this energy as a net gain and are ready to market their devices in the near future.
    It seems to me that a multitude of inventors are preparing to exhibit and market their units. Does this in any way change your plans to offer your device to society?

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    No.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  610. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea,
    in your article
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in paragraph 2 you describe very clearly the formation of a
    pico-metric aggregate formed by a coherent chain of bosonic electrons with protons located in the center of their Zitterbewegung orbits.
    My curiosity would be to know how these aggregates evolve over time and their average life.
    Can you provide, if it is in your knowledge, this information with clear and understandable words as you know how to do?
    Regards
    Enea

  611. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    The formation of bosonic electrons in par 2 of my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is proposed as an alternative possibility, that I like because the evolution they have in time is the creation-annihilation of virtual particles that may play a particular role as explained in paragraph 3. But attention, because in paragraph 2 you cited has been preliminarly explained the possible formation of electrons with spin +/- h-bar/2
    See in the same paper reference 14.
    The stability and consequently the lifetime of the picometric structures in the proposed models should be favoured by the strong Coulomb potential between the proton and the electron charges at picometric -0.38 pm- distances, but should also be hindered by their low entropy, which means highly ordered = easy to be destroyed.
    The concept of entropy used in the paper is an extension of the concept generally used in Physics that involves the electrons wave-function phase coherence, a condition totally absent in thermodynamics. At this moment it is not possible to give a precise value of the lifetime of such hypothetical structures.
    My hypothesis is that the formation of these structures is possible only in out of equilibrium- high dV/dt, low energy, high power pulses- strongly non-linear conditions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  612. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    I believe the E- Cat SKL will start selling soon. Hope the applications from 2014 and 15 are still valid.
    If you find it possible to explain it to me and to other “non-physicists”, it is difficult for me to understand your theoretical work.
    1. Is SKL not LENR, is there no Coulomb barrier in the SKL reactor because there are no changes in the atomic nucleus?
    2. The data from your early research, presented in early presentations with changes in the atomic number of nickel and the appearance of copper, are:
    and. Measurement errors?
    b. Was there a LENR reaction?
    3. Do many replications of your experiments (Parkhomov and others) that confirmed the change in the nuclear number of nickel have a different explanation, except for LENR?

    Good luck to you and your team!
    Happy tennis battles with your beautiful wife!
    And most importantly, I hope you have a lot of health to fight!
    We are all looking forward to triumph.

    Yuri Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen,
    Russia

  613. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1 this issue is more complex, must go to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    to understand what I say
    2- see point 1
    3- see point 1
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  614. Dear Andrea,

    You stated yesterday that regarding the E-Cat SKL, the applications it could be used for would be unlimited.

    Does this mean that your business strategy will be to try disseminate the E-Cat into every possible market throughout the world?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  615. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    That would be the destiny of the Ecat, sooner or later,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    This is how my wife charges her car with a 50kWh battery and a 7kW on-board charger.
    At home on an ordinary household outlet, the charge is at 2kw to preserve the installation of the house and it would take 25 hours for a full charge. This solution is sufficient for those who drive less than 60 km a day.
    Beyond this distance, a wallbox must be installed at home which can charge at 7kw, which allows a charge in 5:30. For some cars you can charge with a higher power, it depends on the power of the charger vehicle.

    Finally on the public terminals called “super chargers”, the charge is done at 100 kh in DC current. We charge 80% of the battery in 30 minutes then to avoid overheating the charging power decreases sharply and it would take 30 minutes more if we absolutely wanted to charge 100% but in practice we stop at 80%.

    I believe the electric car is eagerly awaiting an E-Cat under its hood.
    Good tests
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  617. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  618. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    The SKL you developed with a 20 × 20 × 20 cube and a power of 5 kW is the ideal product for driving electric cars, along with many other uses.

    Do you plan different products for other applications like

    1. The heating of factories, offices, private houses and apartments?

    2. The generation of electricity in the range of up to 1000 GW?

    Best regards and success for a fast the certification

    Ulrich

  619. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    The applications would be unlimited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, leggo che qualcuno ritiene superflua una presentazione eclatante della Sua tecnologia pensando che essa si affermerebbe spontaneamente nel mondo grazie alle sue straordinarie qualità. Questo sarebbe vero in un mondo perfetto ma in realtà assistiamo all’esatto opposto (guardate il recente caso della clorochina). Nello specifico basterebbe organizzare un finto incidente ad un Suo reattore (opportunamente riportato sulle prime pagine dei giornali complici) per decretarne un rinvio della commercializzazione sine die!!! Del resto lei ha già subìto dei sabotaggi nel passato e non credo che voglia ripetere l’esperienza, poi suggerisco ai lettori del Blog più ingenui di imparare a memoria un vecchio proverbio, il quale recita che “chi non conosce la storia è destinato a ripeterla”.
    Cordiali Saluti
    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS
    I think the presentation of the Ecat SKL must be very strong, not “soft”: Historia docet

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  624. jitse

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    To be prepare for the purchase of the Ecat versions, it is important to know the ranges / specifications of the DC output characteristic:
    The voltage Max and min, Amps min and Max. (If possible in a graphic).

    This is necessary to prepare the interface developments between the user environment and the Ecats.

    with kind regards,

    Jitse.

  625. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. Gloria

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you confirm that all is written on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    is true ?
    Gloria

  627. Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  628. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    It is the magnetic flux generated by an elementary charge that moves parallelly to another elementary charge at light speed at a distance vector d orthogonal to the charge velocity vector.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. Greg Leonard

    Vassily Zyryanov I think.

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Donald G Chandler

    Vassily Zyryanov is the English

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    the Russian name is
    Wassili Zyryanov.
    You can translate it with google.translate.com

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your suggestion and for the translation of the Russian name,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I know my suggestion will be very unpopular in your community:
    The E-Cat SKL does not need a presentation at all, and neither does you or the company!

    You have so many options to market the E-Cat that the media and hype are just a hindrance and risk. Yes, I would also have liked to see a media announcement with a great effect – it’s just fun – but seriously, stop this showmanship!
    Just write dryly in your blog where and how you can buy E-Cat products, that’s it. If the price and the ability to deliver are right, you can’t keep up with production like that. The E-Cat should be spread before the politicians and the non-involved industry even notice it.
    It’s a shame that I’m spoiling my own fun here, but I think that would really be the best!

    Kind regards and send me an E-Cat too :-)
    Wilfried

  636. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You can use Google translator:

    https://translate.google.it/?hl=it&tab=TT#view=home&op=translate&sl=ru&tl=en

    Василий Зырянов -> Vasily Zyryanov
    Андреа Росси -> Andrea Rossi

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  637. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Reader from Russia:
    Sorry, I am not able to translate from Cyrillic to English your name…
    Maybe some other Russian Raeder can help me…
    Answer: until our product will not be well diffused in the market, we will not become a public company. I want not to put at risk the money of public investors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Now, after the instruction arrived from our Readers, I know you are Vassily Zyryanov: welcome in this blog !

  638. Andrea Rossi
    Where can you buy your company’s shares. Or how to invest in your company? Are you going to open a joint stock company and place shares on stock exchanges to exaggerate investors ???

  639. Андреа Росси
    Where can you buy your company’s shares. Or how to invest in your company? Are you going to open a joint stock company and place shares on stock exchanges to exaggerate investors ???

  640. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, With aviation gas as high as $10/g in the US the desire to develop ecat energy for flight will be huge!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  641. Anonymous

    I think you have a tremendous opportunity to launch your technology in the world circumstances of today.

    World leaders see a crisis and are looking for a way out of the current dependence on fossil fuels. You know you have technology that can replace these sources of energy.

    The United Nations has published “The human cost of disasters: an overview of the last 20 years (2000-2019)”

    https://www.undrr.org/publication/human-cost-disasters-overview-last-20-years-2000-2019

    Quote by UN Secretary-General, “If we do not change course by 2020, we risk missing the point where we can avoid runaway climate change, with disastrous consequences for people and all the natural systems that sustain us.”

    Many would welcome the E-Cat SKL with joy if it made its appearance. The time is right, I think.

    Anonymous

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your insight and your trust in the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  643. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I think it would be interesting to see the reactions if you were to make your presentation just prior to the US election day! People probably wouldn’t even talk about the election! 😀

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    He,he,he…I don’t think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Rod Walton

    On the issue of Power Engineering today:
    US, Romania working together on nuclear plant modernization, expansion
    Rod Walton

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As a Tesla Model 3 owner, I follow Tesla developments and some of their “future envisionments” One idea suggested by Tesla is to use the energy stored in the Tesla car battery to provide energy back into the electrical grid. One example would be a solar equipped home that charges the Tesla car during the day and can provide any excess energy back into the electrical grid at night. The Tesla car owner could specify to the Tesla car how much energy was available to be sent to the grid and when it should be sent.

    Now consider a Tesla car equipped with an eCat SKL. Assuming a reduced battery size because the SKL provides most of the average power needed to move the car (the battery being required for peak demand and for regenerative braking). When the car is stationary and connected to an appropriate charging system (at home or at work), after the car battery is filled to the desired level, the excess electrical energy is sold back into the electrical grid. The eCat SKL operates almost continuously when it is connected to an appropriate Charger which is connected to the electrical grid. The Tesla car communication system relays the amount of transferred energy for billing purposes.

  648. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the information. May I ask you: where do you recharge the battery of the car ? How much time dies it take to make a full recharge ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Gavino Mamia

    Salve Dott. Rossi
    Credo che se il prodotto è valido e rispetta le promesse e sopratutto lo presenterai facendo capire quale sarà la il cambiamento per il mondo intero, sicuramente i POTERI FORTI e i GOVERNI non potranno nulla contro il popolo.
    Se la gente si renderà conto che questa invenzione salverà la terra e porterà benefici a tutta la popolazione, anche la più povera, non esiterà a ribellarsi e fare la rivoluzione, anche con asce e forconi se necessario.
    I colossi dell’energia e del petrolio non potranno nulla contro il popolo in rivolta.
    Fai una presentazione globale ben fatta, semplice da capire, più avanti ne potrai fare una più tecnica per gli scienziati.
    Il popolo aspetta, me compreso.
    Buon lavoro
    ENGLISH SYNAPSIS
    Make a convncing and well done presentation, and the common interest will overcome oppositions

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. Paul Dianno

    Dear Andrea, WHEN there will be a mainstream announcement, the final evidence of your Invention ? We are all waiting for that moment. We want to see you and the SKL in the first page of every newspaper. Please tell Us WHEN this will happen.
    One week, one month, one year , ten years ? I still waiting for that moment since 2010. That’s too much ! PLEASE

    best of all

  652. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Dianno:
    We are working hard to make it as soon as possble, without risks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  653. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I warmly invite you to make a presentation that leaves no doubt to the citizens of the World!

    To do this, leash one of your “Cats” to a solar panel, and sell it as a “Tiger” Solar Panel, that works even in a dark room.
    HOOK IT UP TO A SOLAR PANEL – you don’t need to, but it will allow the world to “sip a taste” of the new E-Cat “Tiger”.

    Then refer to the Beatles Lyrics below:
    [Paul McCartney]

    If you want it, here it is
    Come and get it
    Make your mind up fast

    If you want it, any time
    I can give it
    But you better hurry because it may not last

    Did I hear you say that there must be a catch?
    Will you walk away from a fool and his money?

    If you want it, here it is, Come and get it
    But you better hurry because it’s going fast
    If you want it, here it is, Come and get it
    Make your mind up fast

    If you want it, any time, I can give it
    But you better hurry because it may not last

    Did I hear you say that there must be a catch?
    Will you walk away from a fool and his money?

    You’d better hurry because it’s going fast

    Woo, a fool wastes his money

    If you want it, here it is! Come and get it
    But you’d better hurry because it’s going fast!

    Warm (Solar) Regards,
    Tom

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, condivido le preoccupazioni di Babelotzky sulle condizioni politico/economiche in cui potrebbe ritrovarsi dopo il lancio del Suo reattore, per cui La invito caldamente ad effettuare una presentazione che non lasci alcun dubbio agli scienziati (sperando che sia possibile) ma soprattutto che non lasci alcun dubbio alle persone comuni che non conoscono la Sua tecnologia. Per far questo dovrebbe prendere spunto dalle presentazioni di invenzioni che furono fatte in passato, dove la spettacolarizzazione dell’evento era una componente essenziale per il lancio del trovato e che suscitava l’interesse dei mass media dell’epoca. Intuisco che Lei è una persona riservata e che non ama il clamore mediatico ma creda che in questo contesto è quantomai opportuno accendere quanti più riflettori possibile sulla Sua invenzione, non solo per diffonderla ma anche per proteggerla ed impedire a qualcuno con interessi contrapposti di sabotarla.
    Cordiali Saluti.
    Vincenzo Bonomo
    ENGLISH SYNAPSIS:
    It is important that the presentation you are going to do of the Ecat SKL will be convincing, but over all that it will be made with a strong participation of the mass media.

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    In Jan. 12 2020 the following was asked:

    Nils Fryklund
    January 12, 2020 at 5:59 AM
    Dear Andrea!
    Some questions about E-catSK, 22kW, which was been installed at a customer 19 november 2018:
    1. Is it still giving 22kW at the customer?
    2. Is the customer satisfied or has there been much problems?
    3. How much fuel powder weight do you guess it has consumed?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund
    ————————————————
    And this was your answer:

    Andrea Rossi
    January 12, 2020 at 10:31 AM
    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- satisfied
    3- still the original charge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    May I ask it the same questions again, what is your reply now, 3//4 of a year later?

    4. I assume that the principles of the SK do not dramatically differ from the Ecat SKL. Can similar operation times be expected of the SKL?
    5. Obviously the operational time does not only depend on the ‘fuel’ or charge but maybe also on wear and tear of components. But only looking to the ‘fuel’: Have you ever ran a SKL so long that the ‘fuel’ was exhausted?
    6. When that happens, is then the fuel a. exhausted or b. saturated or c. something else
    Thank you for replying on our questions!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  658. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1,2,3- same answers
    4- yes
    5- no
    6- t.b.d.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  659. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    please be prepared that once the SKL is launched, governments will have to make a decision.
    Either they support you 100% or they fight you 100%. Attention – a fight would not be fought in public. It would be run by intelligence agencies and the media would not report anything. People, data, equipment simply disappear, and even the disappearance would not be reported.
    I sincerely hope it will go well, but be prepared for the impossible to happen. I hope you are in contact with at least one country, a government that will really support you and which, if necessary, offers exile for research, development and marketing.

    Best regards and good luck and success
    Wilfried

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried babelotzky:
    When you dissipate electricity by a resistor the efficiency is almost 100% ( Joule effect ). Obviously cannot be 100%.
    After that,there will be a loss of efficiency of the heating system, that is intrinsic of the system, independently from the kind of the heat source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I would like to come back to the efficiency.
    You will never be able to achieve an efficiency of 100%, the theory forbids that.
    If the E-Cat SKL actually achieved 95%, then an improvement to 96% would be an increase of 20% in relation to what has been achieved so far. The result would be 20% less waste heat.
    With 96.2% the E-Cat SKL would have achieved a performance quality of 2 Sigma. That would be world class and on the level of extremely sophisticated DC / DC converters. Passive cooling without a fan is then also possible at this level.
    For a detailed examination of the efficiency, you should therefore use the energy obtained without consuming the control box and cooling. Because the control box is separate anyway and only scales logarithmically and the cooling could also be fed via external sources.
    96.2% efficiency could be a factor at which you could perhaps also mentally let go of further development.

    Hence my question: Did you investigate the dependency of the efficiency on the operating temperature and the energy consumption? If so, can you tell us something about it?

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Patrick

    Dwar Andrea,

    Two questions if I may.

    1) What’s your best guess at how long the certification testing will go for?
    A) less than 1 month
    B) 1-2 months
    C) 2-4 months
    D) 4-6 months
    E) more than 6 months

    2) What else will you be focusing on while the certification testing is undergoing? Perhaps designing the mass production line?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  664. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    you mentioned in the past that for the E-CAT SKL
    It is possible to vary the electrical / thermal performance of the E-CAT SKL to get 100% thermal performance and the SKL will replace the E-CAT SK.

    Will the SK now replaced by the SKL?

    Will the ability of the SKL to produce a high percentage of heat part of the certification?

    best regards
    Ulrich

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    I think that the Ecat SKL will make obsolete the Ecat SK, because while to turn thermal energy into electricity you have an efficiency at the best of 35%, if you turn electricity into heat you have an efficiency almost of 100%. You do not need a certification to confirm the Joule’s effect. If the Ecat SKL will maintain what is promising… the SKL will get it all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A question about SKL guarantee if I may ask. We know that EV battery guarantee may be defined as 80% capacity left after 8 years or 100,000 km whichever comes first. Do you think the SKL guarantee be
    1. age limited?
    2. energy limited?
    3. both of the above?
    4. none of the above?

    Thank you for your work and good luck to your success.
    Calle H

  667. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Premature to answer. This kind of issues must be experienced. Theoretically there is not a reason for a limitation, but practically we must see if it is true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I read in your answers that there is progress in testing.
    1. Are the Partners are enthusiastic about the Ecat SKL?
    2. If so, what aspect of the Ecat SKL do you think appeals most?
    3. What will be first on the market for everyone to buy: a: a product of a Partner; b a product of Leonardo Corp.
    4. At this moment Certification Tests (CT’s) are being done, is it true to say that they are the most important of all tests?
    5. Are all subjects of these CT’s (like conformation of specifications, safety, duration) equally important for you and your Partners and important in the decision to put it on the market?
    6. If not, what aspect would stop it?
    I wish great success and a positive end results soon, also with your tennis game with your wife today.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- efficiency
    3- b
    4- yes
    5- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I like the idea Tom Conover had about the Beatles it is time for an Ecat Revolution.

    Bernie Morrissey

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Thank you for yor sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    thank you for your report on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thanks for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  674. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    At the initial placing of an E-Cat product on the market, which of the following would be the most likely;

    A. A complete E-Cat Leonardo Corporation product.

    B. A complete E-Cat Leonardo Corporation product that is in turn embedded in a partners product.

    C. A partial E-Cat Leonardo Corporation product that is in turn embedded in a partners or consortium completed E-Cat product.

    D. A complete E-Cat product that is a consortium product.

    E. A complete E-Cat product that is fully manufactured under license by a partner.

    F. At the initial placing on the market you intend to launch more than one product so there may be a combination of the above.

    G. Some other contractual agreement.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  675. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    F
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    Your recent communications make it clear that the results of long-term testing represents a major hurdle for wide-spread SKL manufacturing and adoption. If you could enlighten us on this by answering a few questions:

    1) Is this essential long-term testing to which you refer:
    a) In-house testing (your lab)?
    b) Partner testing (not yet begun)?
    c) Certification agency testing (now under way)?

    2) Is this testing essential to determine and/or demonstrate:
    a) Fuel/recharge timing and requirements
    b) Stability and reliability of SKL
    c) Reactor durability
    d) Saftey
    e) Other considerations

    3) Are the partner agreements you are making contingent on the results of this long-term testing.

    Thank you for your response and best wishes to you and your team on these tests.

    Bill

  677. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- a+b+c
    2- al of them
    3- some already signed, other on course of testing
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your invitation to send my plan to you at info@leonardocorp1996.com. I have sent the plan to you.

    Warm Regards,

    Tom Conover

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Andrea Rossi

    1- 0
    2- yes
    3- SK and SKL are two different things
    4- not yet estabilished
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    1- as of October 7, 2019 you stated to Sven B that there were more than 5 and less than 25 SKs installed. Have more SKs been installed since that time? Are you able to say how many more?
    >5
    >10
    >20

    2- You have shared previously that you and the respective SK customers are positive about the SK’s performance. Is this still true?

    3- One measure of their positive judgement and interest is their participation in the recent Skype-facilitated testing of the SKL earlier this year and the more recent on-premise 3rd-party testing of the SKL. Are you able to say whether some, many, most, or all participated in this testing of the SKL?

    My best to you, Team Rossi, and your wife.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,

    Mason

    ps. do you have a sense of the Sigma rating for the 5kW SKL, rated for 6 months cumulative use? Or, are you in process for establishing such a parameter of the 5kW SKL?

  682. jitse

    Dear dr Rossi
    The Netherlands has a large-scale CO2 problem that cannot be solved via current policy, a (better) approach is for example: After installing the E cat SKL with DC and AC converter to 230 volts and an e-boiler with DC for power, each house can be adapted so that there is no longer a CO2 problem. A DC boiler can be connected to the heating pipes parallel to the gas boiler without a direct connection to the electrical network. This saves an average of € 1000 per year per house, selling this combination is not necessary in the beginning, renting out privately is a good option or solution. The Dutch government has established in its policy that the Netherlands must be rid of gas within 30 years, halved or in 10 years is possible so that the gas network emits much less CO2 (45 – 55% can be achieved by providing the 8000000 houses with 1 Ecat ).
    With Renards Jitse

  683. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for your insight and the information in it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I have recently developed a strategy to amplify by 1000 (1,000,000?) the sales technology to distribute the home E-CAT. It litterly would make the ecat home unit an industrial product in less than 1 year. Drop me a note if you are interested please. The Beatles, a popular british band in the sixties, even wrote a song about it. The song could be licenced to use with the launch. I will look forward to your comment.

    Warm Regards,
    T.C.

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Please explain your ideas sending an email here: info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I will read carefully your proposal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In general terms, which of these approaches would most accurately characterize your business strategy:

    1. Focused, working with select partners in narrow range of applications, limited geographical reach.
    2. Broad ranging, trying to build market share quickly across multiple industries in many countries.
    3. Something in the middle of the above two options.

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  688. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you mention the readiness of the E-Cat, do you mean:

    1. It needs refinement to improve its operation
    2. It needs further long-term testing
    3. You are building a new model
    4. Something else

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  689. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How well-developed is your business plan at this point?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The business plan is decided, now we are waiting for the readiness of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  692. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    In fig. 1 in a logarithmic scale the Casimir force between two electrons is plotted together with Coulomb and a magnetic force computed considering the electrons as two parallel aligned current loops.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  693. Mark Saker

    Hi Andrea,

    I think you should apply for this award

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-54435638

    Looking forward to the presentation!

    Thanks

    Mark

  694. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  695. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    At which distance the Casimir force balances the Coulomb force ?

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    You can find a complete answer in paragraph 1 and Figure 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    obviously related to my opinion, that could be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Could the 1940s’ jitterbug have been life imitating zitterbewegung?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  698. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Sorry, I do not understand your question: can you kindly rephrase it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  699. Calle H

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    We have noted that throughout the years of disire for a pollution free atmosphere there has only been marginal success by solar cells, wind turbines and alike to actually combat the climate changes. The most successful happening, without any doubt, is the Corona virus emerging from Wuhan in China. This single happening has reduced emissions by the lockdowns and reduced travelling to a fraction to what it used to be, far more than all previous climate change efforts. My question is: do you think the E-cat will have a similar effect on climate change as the Wuhan virus.

    Thank you for what you have done and wish you all success in the future.

    Calle H

  700. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    He,he,he…nice point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  701. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From the Celani, Di Tommaso and Vassallo, electron and hydrogen models, my understanding would be; that for a stationary electron the charge travels in a circular orbit path at light speed, for a moving electron the charge travels in a spiral path still at light speed, the charge is described as a sphere orbiting about the spin axis that has a poloidal counter rotation so that the charge sphere surface always remains in the same orientation and all points on the sphere surface travel at light speed.

    In the scenario where the electron spin axis is pivoted, say through electron deflection by a magnetic field, hydrogen spin axis alignment during nuclear magnetic resonance, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, or within the E-Cat’s re-alignment / re-orientation of electron spins, the electron charge sphere poloidal rotation axis would also have to pivot, during the combined poloidal rotation plus pivot period no point on the surface of the charge sphere can travel faster than light, therefore during the pivot something has to counter for the charge sphere surface speed not to exceed light speed at any point on the surface.

    It’s like trying to mentally picture a coiled spring that has a curvature, the charge sphere centre following the pathway of the spring at light speed but the sphere never changes its X, Y, Z orientation.

    For the Celani, Tommaso and Vassallo electron model, the implication is that all electron charges stay locked in the same surface orientation forever (with respect to local space curvature), regardless of the pivoting of the spin axis or direction of travel of the electron over time.

    In the electron model the moving charge sphere is linked to a vector potential, it is not clear during the pivoting of an electrons spin if the vector potential is effected or not.

    Maybe it would be worthwhile (if you have not done this already) to take a complete E-Cat SKL assembly and pivot it while it was operating to see if any change can be observed in the output characteristics while it was moving.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  702. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    A few more questions of curiosity if you can:

    1) How many partners have completed tests in your lab so far?
    2) Have all results to date been positive with continued interest of testers?
    3) Have you supplied SKLs that are currently in longer-term off-site tests?
    4) Have you concluded any partner agreements as a result of testing?
    5) Is the certification testing actually under way (beyond preparation)?
    6) Are you in frequent communication with them to support their testing?

    Thank you for your kind indulgence of our questions.

    Regards,

    Bill

  704. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- enough
    2- yes
    3- not yet
    4- yes
    5- yes
    6- yes
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  705. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I find your answers to the runtime of the E-Cat SKL illogical.

    Either the runtime is due to the wear and tear of the reactor or other parts, then it is a question of material selection, construction and maintenance how long the E-Cat SKL can run. Or the running time is limited by the fuel, but then the running time would have to depend on the amount of electricity drawn. Operating hours dependency sounds more like a billing model or maintenance model to me than real wear and tear or consumption.
    1) How is it now?
    2) Could it be that your discovery is so ingenious, that the consumption is so low that the E-Cat SKL could theoretically run for decades under full load if you can get the wear under control over time?

    If you cannot or do not want to answer, I will of course understand.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  706. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    You made a good point, but the lifespan of the charge of the Ecat SKL depends on the operation time and this is coherent with the amount of electricity drawn from a module, since a module emits a constant amount of electricity. For the rest, theoretically there are no reasons why an Ecat has to die and I am not able to give a definite answer, since before having such an answer we need to wait and see what happens through the years. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  707. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Here is an update of today about the statistics of your publications I found on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Reads 53062
    Recommendations 3003
    Citations 21
    Total Research Interest index 870.6
    And counting…
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  709. Deborah

    Dr Rossi,

    you wrote here that the electrons are not puntiform entities: so, which are their dimensions ?
    Deborah

  710. Andrea Rossi

    Deborah:
    By the Zitterbewegung model the electrons diameter should be equal to the reduced Compton wavelength: see also the references 5, 8, 2, 12 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  711. Martin

    Dear Andrea,
    Suppose the production cost is 100 € for a E-cat SKL Home 5kW.

    1. For how much you will sell for ? ( Belgium / Europe )
    200 € ? 500 € ? 1000 € ? or more ??

    2. Is it supposed to make big profits ?
    Or do you want to sell at a low profit margin to produce CO² free energy worldwide for everyone ?

    I hope we can buy an Ecat SKL soon.
    Good luck with your progress.
    Kind Regards
    Martin.

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Martin:
    We will try to maintain a reasonable equilibrium. I am not able now to give numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The energy establishment continues to ignore the disadvantages if centralized power generation and continue to pour billions of dollars into an estimated 10 year program for which there will be no market by the time it is completed. https://www.yahoo.com/news/mit-scientists-nuclear-fusion-energy-230000427.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    If I understand correctly, the wear and tear of the reactor does not depend on the amount of electricity it is asked to provide, but only on its uptime. This wear will be visible via an hour meter which will indicate when the reactor should be replaced.
    With six months of continuous operation, an E-Cat car that runs an average of one hour a day would have a range of a dozen years.
    Can you confirm ?
    I look forward to this car.
    All my best wishes for your work.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Dave Haws

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As your invention progressed, in particular the development of the SKL, I am interested in knowing in general how often or at what pace were you able to think of new ideas and then apply them to the plasma/reactor? For example, were you able to reconfigure and adjust the plasma/reactor with in minutes, hours, days, or weeks to achieve a new idea?

    Thank you for your response.

    Dave Haws

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Haws:
    Ideas come out like sparks when focused on an issue, most of times while working and encountering obstacles; the timing depends on the difficulties: normally are failures to generate solutions and innovations: flowers come from manure; solutions come only from errors, or, at least, this is my experience. Time: maybe years, maybe hours, depends on the situations. The important is never give up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. sandy r

    Greetings Dr Rossi

    Thank you for your previous answers

    Have you been able to confirm that a radial electrical field is necessary in order to extract energy from the vacuum?

    Good luck and good wishes to you and your team

  720. Andrea Rossi

    Sandy R:
    I think it is not necessary, but it is useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  721. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 6 2020:
    Europe announces first- ever Renewable Energy Institute
    Rod Walton

  722. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Deborah

    Dr Rossi,
    I noticed you added “dV/dt” after “zero point energy” in the diagram of the theoretical bases of the Ecat SKL operation you explained in your comment related to the theoretical system published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Can you explain ?
    Deborah

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Deborah:
    It was a lapsus of mine, I forgot to write that essential passage.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Joseph

    do you think the certification will go through ?

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    Based on some recent communications here, I’m afraid many supporters of your work are a bit confused as to the status of a public SKL presentation that we all eagerly await. Perhaps I could ask a few questions to clarify:

    1) Is it possible that SKL certification testing may take 6 to 12 months to complete?

    2) Is the timing a public SKL presentation dependent on the completion of the certification testing (#1)?

    3) If answer to #2 is NO (we hope), then what factor(s) will determine the timing of a public SKL presentation?
    a) Partner(s) permission
    b) Completion of partner testing
    c) Your personal availability (away from test support, planning, partner negotiations, etc.)
    d) Selection of venue, host, invitees and communications medium for presentation.
    e) Other considerations

    4) Is the public SKL presentation still possible in 2020?

    Thanks as always for your willingness to entertain our queries.

    Bill

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- it does not depend on me
    2- not necessarily
    3- readiness, depending on a mix of factors
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    I am concerned about the current situation for the reliability of SKL as an energy source in vehicles.
    What is now its percentage situation in relation to the following known alternatives?
    Fuel tank with ditto engine.(As 100%)
    Electric batteries. (As 100%)
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Sorry, I do not understand your question: can you kindly rephrase it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie:
    Good point. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  733. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea,
    I have to thank you because your response
    October 3, 2020 at 3:03 pm
    to Robert Degrazia
    finally allowed me, after several fruitless reading of your article
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    to start understanding how the E-Cat works:
    where does the energy come from, how the electronic clusters are formed, how they give energy to free electrons and consequently the production of an electric current.
    It is also possible to understand how after a certain time of operation the E-Cat begins to become saturated.
    To better understand I made a parallel with another physical phenomenon:
    the LASER “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”,
    and to write the first acronym for the E-Cat:
    the SEECES “Stimulated Electrons Emission by Controlled Electrons Synconization”.
    Or, as they say in Italian, I understood “Fischi per Fiaschi”
    Regards
    Enea

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    I think these link related to Dr Myron Evans are important for you: there are strong connections with your work made by a great scientist:
    https://drmyronevans.wordpress.com/2017/11/26/first-presentation-of-andrea-rossis-ecat-qx/
    http://aias.us/documents/uft/a226thpaper.pdf

  736. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for the links: Dr Myron Evans has more than 400 publications, each of them to be read carefully. Just Google “Dr Myron Evans”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. Dear Andrea,
    If you cannot obtain a suitable certification from an agency, will you still present your device? Almost every new device I have seen in my lifetime such as the Laser was demonstrated before any certification. In fact, I built the first laser in the Chicago area and operated and displayed it at a scientific show in 1960. I then upon demand, demonstrated the device to high school and engineering groups.
    I don’t think the airplane or any version of the computer waited for certification before it was displayed.
    Anticipative regards.

  738. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Based on your answers to Gerard McEk today, are we to expect that no presentation will be made until at least a year from now?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  739. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I did not say that,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    I appreciate your capsule summary of your paper:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions .

    Is it possible for you to similarly summarize the source of the energy released by the E-Cat SKL?

    For instance, at one time I thought the released energy to be associated with increased nuclear binding energy of some elements within the charge as a result of isotopic shifts caused by the Rossi-Effect (I probably phrased that poorly), however I believe your current thinking is different?

    Perhaps there is a proprietary business-related reason why you don’t want to reveal that information currently?

    Thanks, WaltC

  741. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I did !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. jitse

    Dear dr Rossi
    Do you use the same plasma core 1.1 cm and 0.3 cm with 21.942 kWh

    With regards
    Jitse

  743. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  744. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Your paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has broken another record: today it reached 49000 (fortyninethousand !) full readings…and counting
    All the best,
    Prof

  745. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  746. Giov

    Gerard McEk, October 4, 2020 at 5:37 AM
    3. …..Do we need to wait that long before certifications are signed (assuming no dangerous situation might occur) and the Ecat is presented?
    A.R.: surely we have to wait the end of the certification process before presenting a product
    4. Or is half a year of safe operation enough for final certification?
    A.R. no
    5. Is the Ecat presented before the final certification has been received?
    A.R. I don’t think so

    When do you suppose we will see the ECAT SL in a presentation? 6 months, one year, two years…???

  747. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    The ECat is a very unusual device, especially for certifying agencies and probably also for industrial Partners.
    1. Is/was it difficult to convince the Partners of the claimed operation of the Ecat SKL?
    2. The Ecat SKLe is not based on accepted sources of energy (ie renewables, chemical and nuclear). Was it difficult to agree a protocol for certification with the certifying agency?
    3. I assume that this agency also wants to explore the ‘borders of operation’, ie they might want to know what happens when the Ecat runs out of ‘fuel’. You have indicated that the Ecat might continue to operate as long as a year before that might happen. Do we need to wait that long before certifications are signed (assuming no dangerous situation might occur) and the Ecat is presented?
    4. Or is half a year of safe operation enough for final certification?
    5. Is the Ecat presented before the final certification has been received?
    Thanks, great success with the certification tests!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- No, because I accept to work only with potential Partners that contact me, therefore they have already positively biased for an “impossible invention”.
    I do not waste time to convince negatively biased or indifferent concerns. I start to engage only with persons that search me and, consequently, do not knock at closed doors.
    2- the certification is based on measurements and numbers are just numbers
    3- surely we have to wait the end of the certification process before presenting a product
    4- no
    5- I don’t think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    I thought you and your readers might find this article about using graphine for harvesting heat at room temperature for electricity generation interesting:

    https://news.uark.edu/articles/54830/physicists-build-circuit-that-generates-clean-limitless-power-from-graphene

    It’s also discussed a bit on e-cat world:

    https://e-catworld.com/2020/10/02/physicists-build-circuit-that-generates-clean-limitless-power-from-graphene-university-of-arkansas-news-release/

    There are a couple of points with it that I thought might interest you. And some rhetorical questions that I don’t really expect answers too but just express my thoughts in some ways.

    1. I wonder if this technology could be used to harvest the waste heat in your device?

    Clearly the e-cat SKL is already very efficient so perhaps the electricity gain is minimal.

    But If I understood right since it is converting heat to electricity that is heat that does not need to be radiated. This perhaps could to allow a smaller cooler allowing denser configuration with relatively easy heat management also perhaps allowing more compact configurations.

    Perhaps ultimately we only need to put it in a warm room to trickle Charge a battery or capacitor sufficiently to start a e-cat SKL. If that was useful or needed.

    2. The the process is interesting I think using phonics to generate electricity and also the historic back grounds with this process. I wonder if there are processes there that can be analogous to your process perhaps the transfer of energies to the electrons. Perhaps the extraction of the ZPE itself.

    I think I understand conceptually your explanation of process whereby the Aharanov Bohm effect encourages cluster formation. It makes sense some how that electrons are corralled in this process and are perhaps encouraged into coherent clusters. And that this couples with the potential and I suppose ZPE as a kind of framework of structure.

    I’m curious though how ZPE energy it self is transferred. And I wonder if this process described here along with the earlier paper you once linked to me on ballistic resonance:

    https://phys.org/news/2020-07-scientists-physical-paradox.html

    And theses concepts on quantum Boost energy

    https://phys.org/news/2019-03-quantum-power-boost.html

    Might help explain the process. At least analogously. As we are dealing with quantum scales and quantum considerations here.

    My intuition after reading more broadly around Bohm’s work suggests that where energy is extracted from ZPE there must be a sink in the causal space. Perhaps Superposition collapse of unexploited states in that causal space or something. I wonder if you see macro scale effects as a result of this kind.

    Whether or not you see such effects this must be absolutely fascinating for scientists workin in this field.

    My one real question:

    Do you have such scientists who study and investigate this kind of phenomena on our team?

    Thanks and thoughtful regards

    Stephen

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your insight and the annexed information I was not aware of. Our focus now is on other issues, though. But your comment is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Robert Degrazia

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you explain in few words the leading theory that you think is at the base of the effect you reached with the Ecat SKL ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    R.D.

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Degrazia:
    My opinion , that could be wrong, is extracted from the long series of experiments we made: I think the theoretical thread is this:
    Zero point energy always present-> dV/dt with pulses of high dV -> increase of ZBW and Araronov-Bohm Effect -> electrons phase change -> formation of clusters of electrons on coherence of phase -> lower entropy, lower thermal capacity, less freedom degrees -> transfer of energy to electrons not in phase
    This schematic emerges from par 1,2,3,4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    A few more questions if you would be so kind:

    1) Will the SKL be able to warn its owner when it needs to be charged (like a low battery warning) or will replacement be on a strict schedule?

    2) Does the external cube housing the SKL reactor measure 100 cm^3 or is that the internal reactor’s volume?

    3) Since the 20x20x20 SKL enclosure was mostly for cooling the 80% efficient unit, will the 95% version (producing only 1/4 the heat) require a smaller enclosure?

    4) Since the SKL “reactor can be recharged without being disassembled” does it have some kind of port that allows for the recharge?

    5) Will the recharging process be totally automated?

    Regards,

    Bill

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- there will be a warning based on amount of hours the Ecat will have operated
    2- it is the internal volume of a module
    3- no
    4- yes
    5- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Kay

    hello Andreas,
    ask about your answer to VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1 will there be a presentation for us?
    2 in the next 3 months?
    3 via the internet or from Stockholm?
    thank you very much Kay

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    1- yes
    2- maybe
    3- to be defined
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Harold

    Dear Andrea,

    Since 2011 I follow your developments on the E-Cat from the sideline, consuming various news every now and then. A few years back I decided I just had to wait on a serious change that made you feel comfortable enough to reach out and start with a verifiable product.
    In that sense last period I feel something is really going to happen, reviewing your reactions to various readers here gives me the idea that you and your team are in the phase of setting things right once and for all. This Website (JONP) is a great tool for that, to facilitate in publishing research that can trigger others to dive in and develop their own hypotheses.

    What you are doing and how you’re a doing it is therefore really remarkable. On one side the Energy Catalyzer SKL is a product that needs to be produced while on the other side it is a so completely paradigm changing product that when your partners start producing, it can (and probably will) send a shiver over this planet!
    On the day that your work over the past 10 years will hit the road it will be an event of historic proportions.

    I am waiting in anticipation of that day.
    Leaving me wondering on what is inside the E-Cat SKL may best to be compared with harnessed lightning!?

    Kind regards,
    Harold

  758. Andrea Rossi

    Harold:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our team !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  759. Salvatore Boi

    In the case of printers, the cartrige could cost more than the printer itself, can you tell, in terms of percetage, how much can will cost the ECAT SKL and how much it’s energy cartrige (for exemple 90% 10%…)?

    Thank you in advance for your kind answer, warm regards.

    P.S. Still the ECAT SKL in our dreams.

  760. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    <1%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Cecilia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You have mentioned that the Casimir effect possibly is involved in the operation of the Ecat. Is the Schwinger effect also involved? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schwinger_effect

    Kind regards
    Cecilia

  762. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Andrea Rossi

    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regaards,
    A.R.

  764. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    in your last answer you say the volume depends on the power.

    Imagine you have an important customer who asks for a module with 20 kw electricity output. You can meet this demand simply by adjusting the volume of the module. Is this right?

    Second case: You have a module with 10 kw electricity output. The maintenance period is 6 month. Now you use a 20 kw module, you use only 50 % of the power and double the maintenance period to 12 month. Is this possible?

    Thank you for your answer.

    With kind regards,

    E. Hergen

  765. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Is the volume of the reactor 100 cubic cm?

  766. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    The data sheet of the Ecat SKL will be published during the presentation of the product. The volume depends on the power, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  767. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    During the presentation of the Ecat SKL will you exhibit also the safety certification ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    CC

  768. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Salvatore Boi

    So we can assume that the change of the charge will be so easy like the change of the printer cartrige, or more easily?

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Something like that,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the certification of the EC SKL:

    1. Is the certification entity currently testing the SKL?
    2. Do you think that the certification process will be completed during October?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    I stand in awe at the 95% electrical efficiency of the SKL currently under test and understand you are trying to push the percentage even higher. Along with direct electrical output, this is a most momentous achievement. As I recall, you had inspiration during your recent holiday that led to the improvement from 80% to 95%.

    Can you give us a general idea what was involved in making this large jump in efficiency?

    a) Controller software/parameter changes
    b) Controller hardware/interface changes
    c) Reactor hardware/fuel charge changes

    As always, thank for you kind indulgence of our questions and best wishes on continued success with the SKL testing.

    Bill

  774. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    A mix of all,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  775. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    When the E-Cat SKL reactor is depleted, will the cost of the newly charged
    replacement reactor cost substantially less than the initial purchase?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. P

    Dear Andrea,
    How will the reactor change take place?
    1. The change takes place when the reactor stops working.
    2. The control box will indicate in good time when it is time to change based on how it has been used?
    3. After a fixed time interval.
    How is recycling done?
    4. The reactor must be disassembled
    5. The reactor can be recharged without being disassembled.
    With kind regards,
    /P

  778. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    3,5
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  779. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the certification process still going on ?

  780. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  781. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Some household white goods or industrial devices repeatedly switch on and off during operation, or the power draw can be irregular depending on conditions encountered during operation. Can the E-Cat SKL be connected directly to an erratic fluctuating load?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  782. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    There would not be problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I assume that your discouragement against the use of ecat in aircraft is to avoid any liability associated with a reliability issue in the ecat however once you release it for commercialization I am confident that you will disclose the procedure for overcoming the issue and once you do that every single person interested in air travel will begin working on a method to overcome the issue for aviation. Possible solutions may be redundant ecats, battery backup or maybe something as simple as automatic restart by the controller. The advantages of the ecat over batteries is so great that you will have an army of troubleshooters working to resolve the issue!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    You got the point in the first two lines of your comment.
    Thank you for the suggeston, but now I have other priorities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I think I an earlier post you mentioned that only the charge would need to be replaced every 6 months or so.

    I wonder if when replacing the charge

    1. The whole 100 cm^3 reactor Would be replaced?
    2. A replaceable component of the reactor?

    3 If case 2 is correct can you say how large this replaceable component is?

    4. Would Replacing that component or reactor need to be done by a specialist engineer or could the user do this relatively easily like replacing a bulb, fuse or battery?

    5. When you say the charge is recyclable does that mean you can reuse the charge after re processing in the e-cat SKL’s or the use it for other purposes?

    6. If you can reuse it in the e-cat SKL is there any loss in efficiency after reprocessing?

    7. Great to hear the test went well. Do you already have more in the pipeline?

    Best Regards

    Stephen.

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1. yes
    2. no
    3. n.a.
    4. easy to do by the Client
    5. can be reused in the Ecat
    6. no
    7. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Andrea Rossi

    It has been made yesterday and has been positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Valentin

    Dr Rossi:
    Last week you said this week another test was scheduled in: how is it going ?
    Valentin

  789. Andrea Rossi

    The presence of this line in the Ecat plasma spectrum is a possible indication of the existence of this type of pico-metric aggregate. A strong clue in this direction comes from observing that the amplitude of this spectral line is a clear function of the H isotope present in the plasma: the line is strongly reduced when deuterium is used instead of protium. This consideration is supported observing that D has a much smaller magnetogyric ratio than proton:
    gD = 41.066 x 10^6 rad x s^-1 x T^-1
    Consequently, considering the strong chemical similarity of deuterium and hydrogen, this macroscopic difference in spectral emission under the same conditions reveals its nuclear origin.
    See also
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    paragraph 4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information, but I repeat that in this phase the deployment of the Ecat in flying objects is the last of our problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  791. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Here is my attempt to calculate the cost per
    kWh generated by a possible E-Cat SKL-Household unit
    (2 pcs SKL modules, 10 kW electric power)
    during 15 years.

    My assumptions:
    1: SKL factory cost per kW: 200 $
    2: Yearly “recharge” cost per kW: 50 $
    3: Running time: 15 years

    Calculations:
    Total SKL hardware cost: 10*200 = 2000 $
    Total recharge cost: 15*10*50 = 7500 $
    Total SKL running cost: 9500 $
    Total running hours: 15*365*24 = 124830
    Total generated kWh: 124830*10kW = 1248300 kWh
    Result:
    Cost per kWh: 9500 $/1248300 = 0.008 $

    Would you say your calculated cost per kWh is:
    A: in similar range
    B: more than double
    C: less than 50%

    How would you like to correct my assumptions?
    1: ?
    2: ?
    3: ?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  792. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Thank you for your analysis. I prefer to elaborate these data during the presentation, when we will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  793. CC

    Why is it so important the 4.372 x 10^-7 m wavelength peak in the spectrum visible on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    ?

  794. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Ltd. is working on a test aircraft that will use a 500 HP engine (composed of 3 ‘YASA’ 750R axial motors) to break the electric airplane speed record.

    Is it possible to replace a significant fraction of the batteries used on the Rolls-Royce ‘ION BIRD’ so as to optimize range, cargo capacity etc. That is using E-CAT SKL Technology.

    It doesn’t have to fly around the world. (For now)

    See:

    https://techxplore.com/news/2020-09-rolls-royce-plane-technology-electric.html

    https://www.yasa.com/yasa-750/

    https://magneticsmag.com/axial-flux-permanent-magnet-motor-from-yasa-at-center-of-rolls-royce-project-to-set-all-electric-flight-speed-record/

    Do you think this is a possibility? I thought this was 20 years in the future.

    Uplifting regards,

    Joseph Fine

  795. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within Europe there is a push for the “right to repair”, the intention is to expand the Ecodesign directive 2009/125/EC to require manufacturers to supply spare parts for up to 10 years, supply maintenance manuals, to design equipment to allow third parties to repair, i.e. avoiding sealed for life components, glued or welded closed, filled with cement or sealants, stop driving especially electrical and electronic parts to be thrown away rather than repaired, the expanded directive initially targeted at household electrical and electronic products starting 2021, some groups are already advocating for a wider coverage of product types.

    There is also the waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) directive 2012/19/EU regarding the supplier taking back used equipment ensuring it is disposed of and treated properly.

    You will likely launch products that are conservative in design, within a few short years these will likely be superseded by more advanced versions, similar to most consumer electronics the early versions are unlikely to see their full design life, customers are always eager to upgrade, especially if the new version is say lighter and more compact, more energy dense, more versatile in its use, this will lead to a need for recycling from an early stage, or refurbishment and resale to a different market.

    Even though the existing and proposed regulations are unlikely to impact your E-Cat’s, you will eventually face pressure from consumer organisations and others regarding recycling, even from an early stage you will likely have to evolve a system of taking back equipment to repair, upgrade, or recycle. Is it possible to design in from an early stage the ability to separate parts and materials for recycling or to even incorporate recycled materials from the start, perhaps also plug in modular in some way with the ability to upgrade parts like say electronics, to build in a target of recycling as high a percentage as possible for all parts over the full lifespan.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  796. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  797. Nick

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, the first meaning is the closest to the classic Greek.
    Best
    Nick

  798. JFI, according to the Oxford Dictionary, these are the current definitions of the word ‘Myth’.

    1. A traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining a natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events: ‘ancient Celtic myths’

    2. A widely held but false belief or idea: ‘the belief that evening primrose oil helps to cure eczema is a myth, according to dermatologists’

    2.1 A misrepresentation of the truth: ‘attacking the party’s irresponsible myths about privatization’

    2.2 A fictitious or imaginary person or thing: ‘nobody had ever heard of Simon’s mysterious friend – Anna said he was a myth’

    2.3 An exaggerated or idealized conception of a person or thing: ‘the book is a scholarly study of the Churchill myth’

  799. Salvatore Boi

    I believe the ECAT SKL only exists in its laboratories and test sites.

    How much do you benefit from our encouragement and good wishes?

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Your encouragement and good wishes are important for our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently seeking to build contacts with new potential partners?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Rod Walton

    On Power Enfineering issue of September 29 2020:
    Nuclear, flexibility needed in future renewables-led powergen sector
    Rod Walton

  804. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    With all the effort you describe in fabricating your current SKL/controller assembly, I am curious as to what impact limited prototype SKLs may have on testing. A few questions related to that if you are able:

    1) Is your decision to bring partners in for testing sequentially related to;
    a) Limited SKL/Controllers?
    b) Limited support staff?
    c) Your personal availability?
    d) Desire/need to segregate partners from one another?

    2) Are you precluded from beginning longer-term off-site reliability and fuel consumption tests because of SKL/Controller availability?

    3) Will multiple partners be conducting the tests as described in #2 above?

    4) How many more weeks of in-lab partner testing do you anticipate?

    5) Will the certification test schedule be affected by the availability of SKL hardware (and current 3rd-party tests using it)?

    6) Are additional SKL/Controller prototypes currently being built?

    As always, thank you for your openness to our questions and comments and my very best wishes for continued success with the SKL and testing.

    Bill

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- none of all
    2- no
    3- I do not know
    4- I think tests will remain on course with somebody for ever, for many reasons
    5- no
    6- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Nick

    WaltC:
    Myth comes from ancient Greek, means mythical. Your version is a distortion of the original meaning.

  808. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that you are doing testing with multiple partners. Will it be possible for multiple companies to have agreements with Leonardo to use your technology at the same time, or will it be a case that the highest bidder can get an exclusive deal?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  809. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am looking for multiple agreements. A big global family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  810. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have indicated that the operational lifespan of the E-Cat SKL may be 6 to 12 months, is this lifespan for the charge only or is there other parts of the full E-Cat SKL package that are also limited to a similar timespan, parts that would be regarded as consumables requiring replacement during a refill / service / refurbishment?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  811. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Only the charges are going to be consumables, but entirely recyclable,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  812. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The ecat scenario is playing out just like I hoped it would with multiple clients working on the development of ecat driven products concurrent with the certification of the ecat! I will now admit to contacting several companies and countries urging them to do exactly that in order to get a jump on their competitors and to make products available for us all!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  813. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I am doing my best.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Gian Luca

    Dear Andrea,
    capital partner, technical partner or both?
    Another question.
    SKL do a noise?

    Thanks

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Both.
    No noise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  816. WaltC

    Nick,
    Based on context, perhaps you meant something like “Your resiliency is legendary”?

    Myth would mean ‘a longstanding falsehood’.

    WaltC

  817. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am fascinated by all these tests which are being done with your Partners and many on ECW wonder what is being tested.
    1. Now I assume that these tests may be under NDA, but can you say that in general they test the integration of an Ecat SKL into their product?
    2. Do in some tests they also verify your specified properties, showing that e.g. the ECat SKL produces more electrical energy than it consumes?
    A while ago you said that new ideas have lead to higher efficiencies, that may allow for higher electrical outputs.
    3. Have you made progress on that?
    4. How quickly can you produce a new SKL at this moment? Within: Hours, days, weeks
    All success with this new important test this week!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  818. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- it depends on the power
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  819. Anonymous

    Mr Rossi:
    I think the Ecat SKL does not exist.

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  821. Nick

    Dr Rossi,
    I read
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Your resiliency is a myth.
    Godspeed with the Ecat SKL,
    Nick

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Nick:
    Thank you for your attention to it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Best of luck with the next test! Can you say if this is the third party test with the certifying entity?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, it is with a Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    How can be created virtual particles in vacuum polarization, and which are the factors that obstaculate such creation ?
    CC

  826. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    The creation is favored by the high density of allowable energy states in vacuum, while it is obstaculated by the low number of permitted states in metals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Are gigawatt devices potentially configurable?

    Regardless, noting the “lack of pollution” is an imperative to communicate with those in power. These decision makers are not necessarily the brightest citizens in our money first regardless of pollution government.

    Thank you for your ongoing comments in this blog.

    Warm regards,
    Tom

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Theoretically there would not be limits to the number of modules that could be assembled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have any outside testing teams working with the SKL this weekend?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No. We will have another important one on the next week.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. James Rice

    Dear Dr. Rossi:

    Since you are now able to allow investors and partners to test your invention, have you considered allowing Tesla to do so? They are constantly looking for new technology, like yours, and have a very rapid innovation culture. This means that they could incorporate your invention quickly. Their company scope is energy in all its forms (mobile, grid, residential). And they have plenty of money.

    Looks like a perfect fit to me.

  832. Andrea Rossi

    James Rice:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I went to ecat.com today and noticed a couple of possible revisions, I noticed that your list of features does not mention the lack of pollution which I believe is one of the most important features of the ecat and you indicate a 10 kW home unit. My home is all electric and is rated at 200 A which gives it a 44 kW rating, my electric heater alone is rated at 17 kW, the tankless water heater is 13 kW.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but I think that the lack of pollution is put in evidence. Maybe we must make it better ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    when you open the engine bonnet of a sports car, you first try to understand how many cylinders there are and then you observe all the other wonders that together make its power. It is very intriguing the idea that in the future we will first observe how many ECats there are and these will be clearly visible, perhaps each one will be inside a cylinder that emits light and each one will emit a beam of light upwards.
    Non vedo l’ora, Giuseppe

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    He,he,he…Maybe !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your moving forward with your long held plan of “in mercatu veritas”. I have to say that your success is leading to some confusion. Now, it seems that you have a mysterious global partner, the partners that are constituted of the +5 operating businesses having +12 months of experience with the SK, the partners arising out of the SKL Skype-facilitated testing as well as the current 3rd-party testing, and the potential partners currently participating in the current 3rd-party testing. This is a good sort of confusion given the goal of “in mercatu veritas”.

    A few days ago, you said that the certification testing has been scheduled. As such, it seems right that the protocols have been agreed to with the certifying agency, otherwise what is the point of scheduling the testing.

    Logic says this mean that the purpose and goal of the certification has been defined. If this is so, are you able to share whether the certification is for industrial use, household use, or both?

    My best to you and your team.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Both.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. MIKE PHALEN

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    In the next 20 years 3d printing may reach the nanoscale level resolution for printing objects. If you could build an E-cat on the molecular level how small do you think an E-cat could be built and still function.

    Thanks, Mike

  840. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Anonymous

    Do you really think that electron-proton pico-metric aggregates ?

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The evidence of electron-proton at picometric scale has been verified: see references 4, 17,6, 3 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I see on the internet that …

    Toyota 5K-C engine in a 1991 Liteace
    5K engine in a 1993 Toyota Kijang
    The 1.5 L (1,486 cc) 5K was produced from 1983 through 1996. Typical output is 53 kW (71 hp; 72 PS) at 5600 rpm. Bore and stroke is 80.5 mm × 73 mm (3.17 in × 2.87 in). It was available with either 4- or 5-speed manual transmissions. Like the smaller 4K model, it uses hydraulic lifters as well as solid lifters for the pushrod.[clarification needed]

    Is the new model similar in output, ie combining together for up to 2kW 3kW, or maybe 10dW?

    Thanks if you can answer …

    Warm Regards,

    Tom

  844. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    It depends on the choice of modules, which depends on the specific situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. Tom Conover

    Hi Andrea,

    The modules you are working with, that connect together as modules, what power output does each module contribute?

    1K, 5K, 10k, 25k, 50k?

    I see on the internet Toyota quoted at “The 1.5 L (1,486 cc) 5K was produced from 1983 through 1996. Typical output is 53 kW (71 hp; 72 PS) at 5600 rpm. Bore and stroke is 80.5 mm × 73 mm (3.17 in × 2.87 in).Toyota K engine – Wikipedia”

    Thanks if you can answer,
    Warm regards,

    Tom

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I am not able to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Roy

    Dr Rossi,
    Will Leonardo Corporation continue to be a US company and the Ecat to be made in the USA ?
    Roy

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Roy:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Thanks for the answer to my last questions. It’s good to hear that you have several e-cat SKL under test at the same time.

    May I ask a few questions about this.

    1. Is it now Easier to construct these additional devices than first one?
    2. Have you been testing these all together with the controller? To demonstrate it could control multiple devices?
    3. If so was this able to demonstrate the devices in parallel and/or sequential connection?
    4. Can you say how many devices you used in these tests?
    5. Have you found ways to simplify the manufacture and connections in these devices now that the prototype is shown to be working well?
    6. Do you plan to run tests with much larger arrays of e-cats 10s, 100’s ,1000sin the near future?

    Best Regards

    Stephen.

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- enough
    5- not yet
    6- I think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the “mobile” partner also involved in the manufacture of industrial robots?

    Best,
    George N

  853. Andrea Rossi

    George N.:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  854. Teppo

    Dear Andrea,

    does E-Cat SKL make any sound when operating?

    BR,

    Teppo

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Teppo:
    We measured less than 40 dB(A) at 0.5 m of distance for one module and assembling more modules the sum is logarithmic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    In our previous conversation you said that you are ‘advanced’.
    May I ask in what you are advanced?
    1. Integration in a product?
    2. Plant to manufacture Ecats?
    3. Development of a reliable Ecat?
    4. Testing, which is coming to an end soon?
    5. All of them?
    You are now working together with partners of whom you said are willing to use it for integration in their products.
    Some questions about that, assuming al certifications are received:
    6. Do all these partners have the intention to integrate the Ecat SKL into their product?
    7. Or is one or more willing to participate in the Ecat production?
    8. Is it still the intention of the Leonardo Corporation (possibly with partners) to also bring an Ecat products on the market? (E.g. a domestic unit that produces 5KWe electricity).
    Thanks for answering our questions and success for the certification tests.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    A mixture of all of them with a series of Partners.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    how would you define the “space charge” cited in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    All the best
    CC

  859. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    This name is related to the spontaneous formation of an electron cloud around a cathod heated in vacuum.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I came across this
    interesting product.

    https://thehardwareacademy.com/

    Regards
    Sam

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    something like “e-cat inside” should be a good strategy?

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Sorry, I do not understand your question. Can you kindly rephrase ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    It’s good to hear the testing is going well. I get the impression that quietly you are getting a lot of work done these weeks that will have a strong baring in what happens going forward.

    I hope it is going well for all the teams involved.

    I think you mentioned that there are multiple tests going on with several third parties.

    Can I ask

    1. if some of these are going on concurrently? Or are they all held sequentially 1 after the other?

    2. Do you also have several e-cat SKL under test at the same time?

    3. Are all those third parties potential manufacturers?

    4. Or also other organizations including Academic groups, national or international research groups, and organizations potentially interested in the distribution etc (such as environment impact and benefits) etc?

    I hope any way that it is going well and that any questions they raise are giving you insight into the best way to present the product later this year.

    Best Regards to all involved
    Stephen.

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- sequentially
    2- yes
    3- not all
    4- no
    Thank you for your hopes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you schedule the public presentation after the testing of the certifying agency is completed?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I know you are an optimist and when you watch the ongoing tests, how optimistic are you on the scale of Andrea Rossi about the outcome?:
    1. Extremely optimistic
    2. Very optimistic
    3. Standard AR optimistic
    4. Optimistic
    5. ‘W’ll see’ optimistic
    I believe also your followers are optimistic from nature, so they already assume a positive result. If that were the case when can we expect the first products with integrated Ecat SKLe(s), assuming 3?
    I wish you alle the best for the rest of the tests.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Your assumption is correct: 3.
    I cannot yest give a date, but we have advanced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    You said to Rick 57:
    3- with that specific partner the tests have already been completed.
    How many partners are still involved in the ongoing tests?
    Regards: Svein Henrik.

  871. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Several.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Are crash tests carried out or planned on E-Cat in order to include it in future nomadic systems?
    I wish you great success on these tests after your multiple losses in tennis.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Not yet.
    Thank you for considering that important balance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. P

    Dear Andrea,
    I have followed your work for many years and am very impressed with your progress and have always hoped that ECAT will be a big part of slowing down global warming.
    In January 2012, it created a request to purchase E-CAT Home devices on ecat.com. Is this request still valid? If so, when do you think it is likely that a delivery can take place? within…
    a) 1-2 years
    b) 2-4 years
    c) 4-7 years
    d) more than 7 years

    I understand that this question can be difficult to answer and depends on which partners you choose in the future, but it would be interesting to hear your opinion / desire.
    Sincerely
    /P

  875. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    All the pre-orders have been recorded and will be always valid. I am not able to schedule a date.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the test with the certifying company been scheduled yet?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, If you decide to go public with your company I hope that you will notify your readers of the event. I believe that it will be the investment opportunity of a lifetime!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1. Is the manufacturer someone who will produce the SKL only for his own market or will he produce the skl on your behalf for your market or for both?

    2. Will there initially be one model on the market which can be used for any application (domestic, cars, trucks, aeroplanes…)? Or is this the decision of the manufacturer?

    I ask this because many readers of this forum – like me – had already placed orders in the early years. Those supporters very much hope that they won’t be the last to be supplied by that manufacturer.

    Success with all tests!

    Brice

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    1- the specific situations are different
    2- a basic one will fit all
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    a few questions, if I can:

    – The important test planned last Friday has been successful ?

    – Can you tell us a little bit more about it ?

    – By when do you expect the tests with your partner will be completed ?

    I look forward to a quick and positive conclusion to this crucial phase.

    Riccardo

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- with that specific partner the tests have already been completed
    We have other to make.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Artie

    Dear Andrea,
    the year 2020 is coming to an end. Have you already decided a date for the presentation?
    I’m not asking the actual date, just have you decided it? :)
    There must be a lot of preparations to do and I wish you strength to carry on!

    Best Regards,
    Artie

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Artie:
    We did not yet decide, being still focused on multiple tests,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    A few more questions if you would be so kind:

    1) Will you limit SKL production to one manufacturer?
    2) Will you limit SKL production to one country?
    3) Will IP protection be a factor in choosing a country (or countries) in which to manufacture?
    4) Are you planning to grant exclusive SKL licenses by:
    a) Industry
    b) Country
    c) Geography
    d) Application (e.g. EVs, Residential Power, etc.)
    e) None

    Thanks for your indulgence and best wishes on continued success in the testing.

    Bill

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1. this is not my plan
    2. no
    3. yes
    4. this information will be given in due time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    are among your partners/potential partners/testers already carmakers or truckmakers?

    With kind regards,

    E. hergen

  889. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    I prefer not to answer
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. P

    Dear Andrea,
    I’m a little thoughtful / worried about your choice of partner. Sounds good that it is a partner who has the conditions to mass produce but it worries me that it only applies to “Mobile” applications.
    1. Does your partner also have plans to manufacture E-CAT SKs for use in areas other than “Mobile” applications?
    2. After the presentation in Stockholm, will you open up for collaboration in the near future with other partners who are focused on other areas of use? For example, energy for concrete production, heating / cooling of buildings ….?

    Looking forward to an exciting autumn.
    Sincerely
    / P

  891. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    1- I do not know
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering September 22 2020:
    “Post-pandemic, here is why efficiency matters now more than ever for the energy industry”
    Rod Walton

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you also be marketing the product, ie taking orders, at the presentation? Will the presentation be for companies interested in potential markets you can provide for? For example, companies that use batteries. Automobiles, flashlights, computers, etc.

    Will your partner also give a witness that you are “market worthy”?

    Thank you if can answer this inquiry. It’s been many years in the making.

    Warmest Regards,
    Tom

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- no
    2- also
    3- this does not depend on me
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    You said, “The Aharonov-Bohm effect makes a rapid, collective, and simultaneous variation of the zitterbewegung phase, catalyzing the creation of coherent systems, therefore causing a transfer of energy to the electrons not in phase.”

    Would the following explanation fit with your above statement.

    “The abrupt acceleration and deceleration of charged particles in the plasma (produced either by external pulsing or the ion acoustic oscillations produced by the complex space charge configuration) produces a changing magnetic vector potential that induces ions and electrons to self organize. The electrons of the resulting structures have lost a portion of the individuality (overlapping waveforms) to become more like cooper pairs. When this occurs, there is a transfer of energy from the coherent condensate of cooper pairs to the electrons in the plasma that have not made such a transition. Since the self organizing structures repeatedly de-organize and reform, the coherent cooper pairs have the opportunity to temporarily become ordinary electrons again and absorb energy from the vacuum. As this process repeats thousands of times a second, a useful quantity of energy is extracted.”

  897. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    No, but thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You confirmed that your third party tester makes mobile devices.
    1. Do they have their head office in Sweden?
    2. Were they present in Stockholm demo 2017.

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B.:
    1. I cannot answer in positive or in negative
    2. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  900. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    When will we be presented the units: power- / weight ratios?
    And the: energy- / weight ratio?
    Regards: Svein Henrik.

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    When we will make the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you still have our orders for product on file? Would our orders be filled when production first begins?

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Does the third party tester, today, produce energy-changing products for use in:
    1. Stationary devices?
    2. Mobile devices?
    3. None of the parts?
    Best Regards: Svein Henrik.

  905. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    What is that the Aharonov-Bohm effect makes to enhance the Ecat SKL operation ?
    CC

  907. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    The Aharonov-Bohm effect makes a rapid, collective, and simultaneous variation of the zitterbewegung phase, catalyzing the creation of coherent systems, therefore causing a transfer of energy to the electrons not in phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  908. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the current third party tester an entity that is already established with the ability to mass-produce products?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  909. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the third party currently testing the SKL a potential manufacturer of the E-Cat SKL?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  911. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  912. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Are any of your clients planning on manufacturing residential power generators?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  913. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Could be,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  914. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    So very glad the testing continues to go well. Best wishes on continued success with the 3rd-party tests.

    Many of us are eagerly awaiting a picture of the SKL in all its glory, but it appears we need to be patient a while longer. Are you able to at least reveal the general shape of the reactor: Cylinder, Sphere, Cube, Other?

    I understand if you cannot say yet but had to ask.

    Best Wishes,

    Bill

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    The external box is a cube.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Respectfully,
    1. Did the 3rd party testing result in the client requesting additional changes?
    2. Can you resist making additional changes that would delay manufacturing?
    3. Does the 3rd party request to schedule now to the manufacting?
    4. Is the manufacturing plan already (flow charted, or scheduled) to being within 60 days?

    Thank you if you can answer these questions.
    The Earth herself cries out with birth pangs for this technology to be delivered to cure her cancer.

    Warmest Regards

    Tom Conover

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- not so far
    2- it depends on the importance of the changes
    3- partly
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. Heinz Sause

    Dear Andrea,
    What about the collaboration of female physicists in your projects?
    I know about a woman pysicist called Angela Merkel.
    Conceivable contact with her?
    Sincerely, Heinz Sause

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    1- Yes, in our Team thera are female physicists
    2- he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. So far, are you satisfied with the performance of the E-Cat SKL during the time of the third party testing?

    2. Does the testing continue through this weekend?

    3. Do you still think you will do the presentation within the year 2020?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems congratulations are in order at this way-point of the 3rd-party testing.

    It seems that a great deal of preparation has gone into this testing, especially as it is an extension of the Skype-facilitated remote testing for all those interested during the early part of this year.

    This preparation suggests a question you may or may not be able to answer: is the current 3rd-party testing made up of only one potential partner, or is this current testing a coordinated testing by and for several of those who participated in the Skype-facilitated testing and now stand with you as potential partners?

    Again congratulations and my best to you, and your great team.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Every test is made with one specific partner or potential partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Dear Andrea,
    I am somewhat confused as to the time of your presentation. Is it before or after the results of the third party testing or is it after certification of your device? Or is it independent of these dates?
    Quizzical regards.

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    It is independent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a video
    about Nikola Tesla school days.

    https://youtu.be/rucb_e0RrpY

    Regards
    Sam

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. sandy r

    Greetings Dr Rossi

    After your journey of discovery with the SKL, how do you now view reports of early attempts to tap into novel energy sources, such as the T.H. Moray Valve circuit?

    Best wishes for good health …and a successful outcome for your business partnership and the associated testing
    sandy r

  929. Andrea Rossi

    Sandy R:
    Sorry, I do not know what the T.H. Moray Valve is.
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    I am delighted to continue to enjoy your kind sustain, coming from important echelons of the Russian nuclear physics school.
    Your comment is intelligent, I can answer, though.
    The answer is: quite surely yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Dear Andrea!

    For almost 10 years, watching your fantastic successes in the development of E-Cat technology and having the good fortune to personally witness your success at the physical demonstration of the reactor in Bologna (October 2011) and in Stockholm (November 2017), we are certainly confident in the success of testing and certifying your revolutionary energy source. We are also fully aware of the importance of maintaining trade secrets in order to attract the required investments in order to successfully develop the industrial technology and quickly solve the problem of entering the global energy market.
    You may find that in the first phase of reactor manufacturing, it will be commercially safer to sell not the E-Cat units themselves, but the electricity they produce. But at some point, E-Cat reactors will openly enter the energy market and be available for use in a variety of industries and transportation.
    Can E-Cat reactors be expected to be available on the global market in the next 5 years under favorable conditions?

    PS: We understand that a direct answer to this question can cause an undesirable reaction on the part of many participants in the energy market, therefore, based on your strategy, we will fully understand and support you if you consider it premature to answer it and if you do not publish this question.

    With the greatest respect
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  932. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Can you tell us if the important test today goes well?

    Will the Third party testing continue at your lab next week?

    Or will it move on to a new phase?

    It must be inspiring seeing your work going into this testing.

    We tend to ask about the testers but. I wonder how your feeling is during this important period? Happy, proud, nervous… even more focused? Having more new ideas?

    All the best
    Stephen

  933. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    The test of today, that was very important, has been positive.
    The next week we will continue to work.
    In this period I am very focused, but I don’t feel happy, proud of nervous: just taking extremely seriously what we are doing, every particular of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  934. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    When can we see a photo of of the E-Cat SKL that you earlier said was a possibility?

  935. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    I am not able to give a date now, but I think it will not take long.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  936. Anonymous

    From your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understand that the Ecat needs the charges to be in the same light cone. How is it possible ?

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The condition that the charges must be in the same light cone can be satisfied if the electron distance is an integer multiple of the Compton wavelength while the rotating charges have the same zitterbewegung phase.
    See ref 16 in my paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand that the people doing the test must be a combination of scientist and/or engineer. With respect that they have a scientific background, before the test began, I would think that they must have been a bit skeptical that your device would work as well as you had described. During the test have they expressed their surprise that, yes indeed, it does work just as you indicated? Have they ever expressed amazement that someone has been able to construct such a device? People, including myself, are getting very excited with your success so far. Keep up your fantastic work, I have a feeling you will be totally successful.

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    I’d say yes to your questions, that make sense.
    Thanks for the kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi, may be that this link can be interesting for you:

    https://www.reccom.org/2020/09/17/proprieta-sorprendenti-delle-catene-di-atomi-di-idrogeno/

    Warm “testing on going” regards

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Very encouraging news in your recent posts about the testing.

    It’s a huge step already. Yet you say you have an important tests tomorrow. I imagine this test is a very significant one if you mention it in the context of what is already ongoing.

    Good luck to you and all teams involved tomorrow.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Dave Haws

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for keeping us informed of such wonderful progress.

    I have been following and enjoining the ecat for many years. I am a novice to science so forgive me if my thoughts are unclear. My questions are: Does the SKL reactor require hydrogen to operate? If yes, is it a one time injection when manufacturing the device or must it be continuously injected during operation?

    Thank you in advance for your response and wishing you the best success.

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Haws:
    Yes and it is in the chatge, as you can see in my patent published on
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  946. Andrea Rossi

    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  947. Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    I’m very encouraged by the current testing going on in your lab and wish you continued success with them. A few questions if you can:

    1) Do the current 3rd Party tests include the replication of tests they previously viewed remotely via Skype?
    2) If so, did the 3rd Party bring their own instruments to perform these tests?
    3) If so, have the results of the remote and in-person tests been consistent so far?
    4) Do any of these tests involve examination of the reactor core before and after operation (or will it remain sealed)?

    Thanks for your indulgence as always,

    Bill

  948. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    How are going on the tests today ?
    Cheers
    CC

  949. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Well. Tomorrow will be made an important test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andras,

    I find your model of the electron describing a rotating current loop very interesting. Have you ever thought about whether you could use it to describe other leptons or even quarks? This could then perhaps lead to a new standard model of physics.

    Best wishes
    Wilfried

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your latest reply to Anonymous you speak about a ‘charge distribution rotating at the speed of light that causes a current loop’, which I think is quite fascinating.
    Until now I always believed that currents are facilitated by electrons, lack of electrons (holes) or ions, in fact moving particles. Now I believe you are saying that currents can also be caused by a ‘charge distribution’.
    Some questions of this electrical engineer:
    1. What carries the ‘Charge’ ? Is it just the local EM field strength or maybe a photon?
    2. Can these non-particle currents only run at very small (‘attometer’) scales or is it also possible at macro (m) scales?

    Then something quite different:
    I very much hope that the testing going on will be enormously successful. Your Partner is now doing the test, but you said that the presentation will only be after the certification company has done their testing als well. However, will you give us some idea of how the testing of the partner has gone after they have finished like:
    3a. That it was successful,
    3b. That excess energy is confirmed
    3c. That SSM is confirmed
    3d. That e.g. 5 kW of electrical output power is confirmed?
    I am sure that you are very much aware of the situation of global warming and I personally believe that people will not be able to reverse that situation. However if there is one apparatus that is able to dramatically reduce the exhaust of CO2, then it is the Ecat in relatively short term. A positive answer to all the number 3 confirmations would give many people hope that the tide can be changed, so I hope that you will be able confirm these before the presentation later this year.
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- based on the theoretical lines presented in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    charges are not “carried: they are integral part of the electromagnetic four potential that characterizes the electron
    2- “Non particle currents”: ??? Please read better the par 1 of my paper cited here above
    3 ( all of them )- I think so, we’ll see
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Are you in Sweden or in Florida now?
    2 Is E-catSK 22KW working more stabil now or is it shut down?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- I am in Europe
    2- we work with it every day
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The electron can be modeled, as described in my paper, by a current loop, generated by a charge distribution that rotates at the speed of light, wherein such current loop is proposed as the origin of the electron’s mass, inertia, angolar momentum, spin, and magnetic momentum.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you characterize the mood of the SKL testing team that is visiting after some days of testing? (e.g. bored, excited, confused, etc.,)?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  959. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Today is my name again abused by someone else!
    I would not ask about the same you recently had answered, nor about NDA topics.
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  960. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    I spammed the comment of the impostor and my answer to him. Anyway, his comment contained nothing bad, plus I can anyway answer to the question I see in the hypertext of your comment: the NDA topics demand to all parties not to diclose any exchanged information related to what we are doing together and our relationship without the permission of both parties.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  961. Chuck Davis

    I think that Carbon capture is a band aid, ecat is a solution!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Every contribution is useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    E-Cat’s for household / domestic use; what type of product will be the most appropriate / applicable / easily utilised?

    A large proportion of UK households are connected to the national grid for electricity supply, usually an underground cable enters a house and connects to a meter then distribution junction boxes all mounted within usually a wall recess / cupboard / cabinet / closet / storeroom / under a staircase, a large proportion of electrical meter installations occupy small confined spaces with cable runs hidden away under floorboards inside walls in foundations and roof spaces. Similarly, a large proportion of households have gas heating, underground connection to the gas grid, piped into a house connected to a boiler, the boiler with its water pipework pumping hot water around a house to heating panels and or other domestic use. Some households have electrical heating panels with thermal mass heat storage all cabled back to separate distribution and metering for lower cost off peak electrical usage. Many household installations around the world are likely of a similar complexity, many of the people living in these households being totally unaware of the complexity and cost of the built-in infrastructure supplying the day to day services.

    How do you upgrade a household replacing existing energy supplies with E-Cats; possibly replace the boiler with a combined heater and electrical supply E-Cat unit, cap off the existing gas supply, modify the water pipework, run electrical cables to the electrical distribution board, reconfigure the distribution board and disconnect from the electrical supply and metering.

    The upgrading of a household to a built in configuration is likely an expensive undertaking, the E-Cat unit and on-going replacement charges may be cost effective but installation costs will incur the time of trained qualified personnel for gas fitting, electrical installation, water plumbing, occasionally some building work required repositioning installation spaces, woodwork / plasterwork, then redecoration, assuming you can even find sufficient space to install, not forgetting all the paperwork as you apply then wait to be physically disconnected from the gas and electrical grids, final readings then meters removed. To do this over many households in the UK will likely require far more qualified trades people than is currently available, even with a large program of training up more trades people it is likely there will be potential customers waiting years to get an installation.

    For built in household / domestic use you may be in a situation where sales of E-Cats will be limited by available installation capacity not your production capacity. The people that have signed up with you for a domestic E-Cat boiler can purchase them and take delivery, but will they be able to find the qualified / trained people to install and reconfigure their households.

    The likely way forward for household use will be in parallel with longer term built in installations, the use of portable E-Cat electrical power packs to plug in existing equipment, self-contained E-Cat powered portable heaters or floor / wall mounted heaters to replace heater panels, mass production of one size fits all products designed and targeted at the most common household use, products that allow people to buy off the shelf and install / use directly by themselves.

    It may be that centralised electricity distribution and portable power packs are the fastest and lowest cost routes forward for market penetration, you your partner and business advisors are likely involved in on-going discussions and investigations of the economics of many different business models to find a way forward.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  964. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It depends from specific situations. Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  965. Horst Ludwig

    Will we get to know which third party entity is doing the test?

  966. Andrea Rossi

    Horst Ludwig:
    it does not depend on me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  967. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of September 15 2020:
    Defining the potential future for carbon capture technologies
    Rod Walton

  968. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Anonymous

    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in par. 1 how do you concile the reduced electron Compton wavelength with the fact that the electron is a point-like particle ?

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Electrons cannot be considered point-like particles.
    Shouls they be so, the associated magnetic fields would be infinite.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Am I correct in assuming that if the E-Cat SKL was not working, that the testers would have packed up and gone home by now?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  973. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. Propagation of gravity

    The propagation of gravity will be done in an instant. For this, here are two reasons. One reason is that two-body problem, many-body problem are true for celestial bodies. The other reason is that the whole solar system is in an uniform linear motion and planets are in elliptical revolution on their revolution planes.

  975. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the third party tests continuing at the moment in your lab?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  977. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Here is a dandy little town car that would be great for that weekly trip to the grocery store propelled by a single ecat module. 😁

    https://newatlas.com/zev-t3-1-micro-enclosed-3-wheeler/48906/

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  978. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Salvatore Boi

    6,28 like 2*π?

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Eric Ashworth

    @ Alexei Savchenko:
    This article is extremely informative and should be posted in every university in the world so as to help explain to students why physics as an important subject remains as it were ‘ in the Middle Ages’ as according to Ch Stemmenos of which I agree.

    Only since the Academy of Science (AS) became an institution did the emergence of alternative physics become a reality. What this article infers is but for the (AS), physics would be a lot further along the road to understanding both the physical and the physical vacuum together with that of gravity. In other words the (AS) has been a detriment to the advancement of scientific discoveries and this I can only but support as my own theoretical understanding and practical applications have been peer reviewed and rejected as not suitable for present day understanding i.e. considered before their time.

    One part of the paper that caught my attention was its reference to a peculiarity of alternative physics (AP) regarding its cheapness being its strength and weakness. One obvious strength being that the (AP) physicist cannot waste a ton of taxpayers money being independent and thereby has to be more sure of his scientific reasoning due to a limited budget. I do not think it hard to get necessary results if what is required has been fully understood but I do agree that the understanding is most important but not impossible as to contemplate does not require finance. Research equipment and meticulous studies do feature in most (AP) programmes. However, regarding the alternative physicist having neither the time, opportunity nor experience I cannot agree with due to my own personal experience in my own line of research. To demonstrate is to prove but the (AS) has no interest in the proof of an (AP).

    ‘A non-final conclusion’ in the paper is absolutely correct as it states that todays most active opponents of pseudoscience will manage to switch sides to that moment and take the lead of then recognized (AP) because of privileges bestowed upon them. So the future sciences will occur but when is anybodies guess unless you are the instructor of the programme.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  982. Anonymous

    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the reduced Compton wavelength is repeatedly cited as the crucial distance for to obtaining long range interactions. Can you give us the exact value of it ?

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The value of the reduced Compton wavelength is the product of the electron wavelength divided by 6.28.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Was the business partner who is
    doing the third party testing at the
    2017 E-Cat test and presentation?

    https://www.aftenposten.no/digital/i/QogdXq/unknown-energy-source-with-enormous-potential

    Regards
    Sam

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Please google
    “Ecat sk demonstration Stockholm November 2017”
    There you will find the details
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    so far the test seems to be a success. Congratulations.
    Some questions to the long term test:

    In order to get reliable results conerning durability and reliability it will be necessary to test not only one, but a lot of modules. How many modules will be used in the test?

    How many modules can be controlled by one controller?

    Kind regards,

    E. Hergen

  987. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    1 one
    2 hundreds
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  988. Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    We are very excited that the 3rd Party tests of the SKL have started and kicked off the march toward commercialization of this most important invention. A few questions about the testing if you will:

    1) Have you known that the 3rd Party testing would require 6-12 months?
    2) I assume the longer (6-12 month) endurance and fuel consumption testing will not commence until the tests move to the alternate location?
    3) Do the current tests at your location include instructing the 3rd Party on SKL operation and control?
    4) Are the tests currently being performed at your location performance-oriented (e.g. electric and thermal output measurement, etc.)?
    5) Have you provided multiple SKLs to the 3rd Party for different types of testing?
    6) What will you and your team be doing during the 3rd-party testing?
    7) Will the certification testing be run concurrent with the third-party testing?

    Thanks,

    Bill Conley

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1 I never said the test will endure 6-12 mo
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 yes
    5 no
    6 nothing
    7 yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  990. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on getting your partners to finally test the E-Cat, despite the pandemic!

    Do you expect they will stay with you for the long-term 24/7 testing, or will it continue somewhere else?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will continue somewhere else.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  992. Brice

    @ Frank Acland:

    The whole LENR-like road from Pons & Fleishmann till the SKL is paved with (huge) unreliabilities and low power output. For the first time the SKL is a device that is probably ready for production. What ‘unreliability’ could mean to the SKL is largely unknow to us. I believe that some cases of unreliability will be largely accepted by many users. I think the most important questions are:

    – can the SKL recover automatically or does it need a service engineer?
    – can a user have some tools/spare parts to repair his/her SKL?
    – what is the average down time / duty cycle…

    An SKL with small output fluctuations won’t be a problem. But other unreliabilities will be perceived in a different way depending on the purpose: home / charging Tesla home batteries at night / car / truck / plane / power plant / use in remote places / hospitals… And if you have five SKLs it probably doesn’t matter so much if one of them is defect.

    In my case I would immediatelly buy an SKL if the reliability is better than 50%, it still has a tremendous value with that power output. I think a poll will be very interesting for Dr. Rossi. We all know that he is a perfectionist and now that he told us that a 3rd party test will take 6 to 12 months, followed by a certification test… And every new iteration of the SKL could add an extra 6 to 12 months delays in starting the production of the SKL. If there is a market for acceptable unreliabilities then Dr. Rossi could be convinced to already start a first production line.

  993. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    Your answers of ‘confidential’ to Plasmafan were like mouth watering appetizers for this AR fan. This is because I take them as possible hints that the specific subject matter was indeed of some relative importance to the functioning of the Ecat!

    Some questions about the current testing and also the certification:
    1) Is the third party on the premises where you are, or are they content to dictate the testing procedure and view the results remotely? Or perhaps it is a mixture of both?
    2) I assume that the certification process, which may start next month, is with another E-cat device, not the one under 24/7 testing. Given it is another E-cat device, will it also be an SKL 95-5 version?
    3)If so, have you made it already?
    4)Have you found out efficiencies to somehow reduce the work required to make what was those 10,000 connections? (I hope so!)

    All the best wishes from Canada,
    Mark

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- so far in the premises we are
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- no, but this is not a problem for eventual industrialized production.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is written (quote): ” The fact that nuclear reactions of the type Au197 + N14 -> Au198 + N13 take place at energies at which colliding nuclei do not come in contact is an interesting though little-advertised discovery”.
    Now, since you say the E-Cat has nothing to do with nuclear reactions, why these reactions are relevant to your effect ?

  996. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    That reaction is a paradigmatic example of long range interactions, independently from the specific systems in which they happen.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  997. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, In my previous comment I mentioned the “million mile battery” because no one needs the aggravation and expense of replacing a dead battery so it appears to be a preferred addition for a reliable power source. Since the ecat has no moving parts I expect that it will have a long lifetime and it would not be wise to add components that will diminish that feature.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  998. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  999. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    I wish that better you will get the novel price!

    Have success with the third party testing.

    Ulrich

  1000. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1001. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m excited to hear about the upcoming testing of the E-Cat SKL 95. The truth is that although I expected you to further develop the technology, I did not expect such a high ratio of electrical output to thermal output. Combined with the extremely high COP (allowing for infinite COP in closed loop mode) this truly makes for a revolutionary technology. However, as always, when I hear of such breakthroughs my mind always drifts towards how it is possible to make such an improvement. There is a plethera of information on plasma formations in the scientific literature and I think certain concepts from them may possibly be involved.

    1) Were you able to produce a “dark mode” plasma where the temperature is reduced but the electrical gradients and double layers of the self organizing plasma is still intact? If so, did this help in boosting the electrical efficiency?

    2) Since anything that attracts electrons together may also induce phonon resonance and other conditions that can allow for the formation of cooper pairs (such as the positive ions in a complex space charge double layer), could it be that the phenomenon of superconductivity could be helping produce an efficient collection of electrical current? Nikola Tesla and others working with electrical discharges that would transiently produce self organizing structures have detected a type of strange current that flows through conductors without heating them in the same manner as conventional current.

    3) Did you add a new additive to the gaseous mixture that allowed for the increase in efficiency?

    4) Can you confirm that with the E-Cat SKL 95 that you are still using one cathode and one anode like in the previous plasma based E-Cats? (This is of course not counting any “pick up” electrodes you may be using.)

    5) Have you tried to wirelessly collect energy from the E-Cat SK 95? For example, plasma balls are generators of not only traditional EMF but also longitudinal waves. With a tuned antenna you should be able to pick up these signals.

    6) Is there any chance that you could build a very crude, inefficient model of a plasma based E-Cat for educational purposes? For example, I could imagine a model that could be used in universities to show students how the Rossi Effect can produce excess heat and electrical output. It would not need to be extremely efficient – only enough to show undeniable excess.

    Thank you.

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Plasmafan:
    1- no
    2- confidential
    3- yes
    4- confidential
    5- confidential
    6- not now
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1003. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINTS:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1004. Sailmenn

    With the new ECAT SKL you made a big progress with the generation of electricity and less heat.
    What about the endurance of the ECAT SKL is there also a lot of progress? Refuel only after?

  1005. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    6/12 mo ( hope )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1006. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    How long will the current test last? A few hours, a few days?

    Can you tell us, when it’s done, if it’s done?

    We don’t want to know the result. We already know it.

    Obviously positive!

    Good luck!

    Italo R.

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R:
    Theoretically from 6 months to one year, 24/7. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1008. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My best wishes of success for the third party test.

    May I share you this link https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfaefl5KpdM&feature=youtu.be&fbclid=IwAR1yohD913pNS2bfT54jwng4pEW9sCPHED2UIhWqtcvBfumy-lSMEnipHIQ

    Kind Regards

    Toussaint françois

  1009. Gary Heatherly

    Dear Andrea,
    May the force be with you on your third party testing.
    I have all the faith in the world with your dream and the dream that will benefit us all.
    We need hope in this world of turmoil.
    Take care my friend,
    Gary

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Gary Heatherly:
    Thank you for your very kind wishes to our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Is it your partners third
    party testing that has started?

    Regards
    Sam

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this commemoration of Prof Norman Cook, author of the best existing atomic nucleus model, by my humble opinion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1013. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I came across this article
    An Apprecation of Norman D Cook
    by David J Nagel.

    https://www.infinite-energy.com/images/pdfs/CookMemorial%28Nagel%29.pdf

    Regards
    Sam

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1015. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Here is a link to info on the “million mile battery”. https://grist.org/energy/million-mile-batteries-are-coming-are-they-really-a-revolution/

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link: it seems to me it is an R&D on course, not a product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. Rob

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you confirm that most energy generated by your latest Ecat version is mainly caused by transmutations rather than fusions?

    Rob

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    Rob:
    No: I never said that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    For your information, the “million mile battery” to which Chuck Davis refers, has to do with its ability to endure enough charge/discharge cycles to allow the vehicle in which it is installed to travel a million miles in its useful life. It does not refer to its range.

    Tesla is hosting a “Battery Day” on the 22nd of this month and is widely expected to announce a “million mile battery” at that time. Of course an SKL powered Tesla would be a much more important announcement. September should be a historic month for Tesla and Leonardo!

    Bill Conley

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Dark Matter Matters

    Published on Science on September 10 2020:
    “Dark Matter Warps Galaxy Clusters More Than Expected, Shaking Up Cosmic Theory”
    A team of researchers led by Prof Massimo Meneghetti, an astronomer at the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Bologna (Italy) found that the dark matter subhalos are far denser than computer simulations predicted.
    This discovery starts a crisis in the interpretation of the evolution of the universe.

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Dark Matter Matters:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1023. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Andy Gosserhand:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Calvin Lipani

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I think your most important achievement is not the Ecat SKL, but the immense mass of R&D that your work unleashed in the world in the field of the LENR and other anomalous energy generation systems. It is unbelievable the attention that has been put on your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that is the most read physics paper of the last 18 months.
    All the best wishes for the tests you have on course,
    Calvin

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Calvin Lipani:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team and for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Koen Vandewalle

    I am very impressed with this publication.

    The author manages to describe incredibly succinctly and comprehensively about what others need a whole series of books.

    This deserves to be read several times. The younger generations, in particular, would benefit greatly from knowing about censorship in science.
    Kind regards,
    Koen

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I agree.
    In October we will publish the third paper we received from Dr Aleksei Savchenko.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Andy Gosserand

    Read
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Understood why you are so conservative about the presentation of the Ecat SKL.
    Andy

  1030. Mason

    Good Day Andrea,

    Has the testing begun?

    Respectfully,
    Mason

  1031. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1032. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Brice, in a recent comment, has suggested a wide range of possible reliability issues that could affect the SKL. Can you identify which of his concerns are realistic?

    For example, with his point 7(b), I can’t imagine having to take the SKL out of an electric vehicle and shake it as a way to recover from a failure.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1033. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Brice himself has put a question mark after the 7(b) solution. He made a wide spectrum of possible events that are imaginary, hypothesizing solutions that can be right or wrong. Obviously the situations that will emerge will have to be resolved on the base of the specific parameters. He just wanted to warn about possible situations, not fix solutions, just making hypothesis. The hypothesis all have dignity of attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1034. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, If the reliability issue involves unscheduled shutdown of the reaction there are many applications where this issue could be resolved with a combination of Tesla’s million mile battery and the ecat where the battery size would be a function of the applicable load and the worst case duration of a shutdown. In this scenario the battery serves as a buffer which would supply the necessary power while the reaction resumes operation. I feel confident that all of the readers are on the edge of their seats in anticipation of the upcoming tests as I am!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1035. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but such battery does not exist, as far as I am aware of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1036. Dear Andrea:

    Regarding safety issues, including the possible emission of dangerous ‘radiations’ – strange or otherwise – perhaps you need to set up some mice, and perhaps rats too, very close to one of your units in operation. You would also have carefully randomized control groups, located a considerable distance from your operations. The purpose, of course, would be to see if the animals very close to your apparatus suffer any negative consequences. (Who knows? It might turn out that the animals closest to your E-cat live forever, although that does not seem likely!)

    And the experiment should go on through at least two more generations to make sure there are no negative effects that only show up much later. I suggest the latter because I believe historical Swedish data appear to prove that acute starvation of human teenagers results in very long lifespans in their grandchildren. So there can be delayed effects.

    For what it is worth.

    With my kindest anticipatory regards,

    Rodney.

  1037. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    We have safety certifications made by specialists about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1038. Drew G.

    Dr.Rossi:

    What is the scheduled date for the testing to begin by your industry partner?

  1039. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    September
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1040. MIKE PHALEN

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I have two questions.

    1. To clarify your answer to Tom Conover on Sept 7. You said the testing certification will be global. Does that mean:

    a. This certification will allow you to sell home units in the US?

    b. Home units in the US will require additional safety certification tests before they can be sold.

    2. If everything goes as you have planned, when do you expect to have a mass production E-cat prototype in operation?
    a Six months or less
    b 12 months or less
    c 18 months or less

  1041. Andrea Rossi

    MIKE PHALEN:
    I am not able to answer now to your intelligent, but premature questions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1042. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I personally think that the interest in the SKL will be enormous even when the reliability is not guaranteed for 100% of the time. When an electric car can extend its range virtually limitless in even less than 80% of the cases, I think that many people, certainly early adopters, will still be very happy to have such a great opportunity. But it will depend on what ‘reliability’ means here. Here in case of an electric car what are the possible reliability issues of the SKL:
    1. The skl needs some restarts and gives you a small delay (like starting a car in winter time).
    2. There are some small fluctuations of energy output, which you are not aware of while driving a car with some lithium batteries.
    3. The user is often hindered by short periods of SKL hiccup/stuttering.
    4. Overheating issue: wait some time till the SKL has cooled down.
    5. The SKL can’t recover immediately but it can within a reasonable time: 5 – 60 minutes (a period that can be bridged by the ‘back-up’ lithium batteries).
    6. The SKL can fail but will always recover automatically.
    7. The user can always intervene by:
    a. changing the fuel
    b. shaking the fuel or the SKL(?).
    c. changing the electronics
    d. adding hydrogen
    e. other
    8. The user needs to connect the SKL to the internet, a service engineer will analyse and solve the problem.
    9. The SKL needs to be brought in to a reparation centre.

    I think that early-adopters are much more interested in a fast market introduction than in high reliability. You – or Frank Acland(Frank…?) – could organise a poll to know if people can deal with different reliability issues.

    Thank you for your reply!

    Brice

  1043. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1044. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    A year ago, I met entrepreneurs in the solar business. They told me that they were able to achieve a cost of sub $1,000 per 1 kW of installed capacity.

    Currently, our government and the concrete lobby are pushing forward a pointless project of a new nuclear power plant, where the cost (planned) is over $5,000 per 1 kW of installed capacity.

    My question: Now that your newest control module is 40 times larger (and probably more expensive) than your 2 month old control module, can the newest version of E-Cat SKL compete with the system price per 1 kW (of installed capacity) of solar installations?

    With Best Regards Ivan Samec

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    With the advent of testing for the 95:5 SKL and subsequent introduction to the world, I have been thinking about various applications for your tremendous innovation. In this context, I wondered how much noise the SKL generates when in operation. Could you address this, both with and without the cooling system.

    Best wishes on the eminent third-party tests. If you can at least confirm when they are underway, many who follow your progress would be grateful.

    Thanks,

    Bill

  1047. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    The Ecat SKL is noiseless.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1048. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    You mentioned “price and sustainability” as two things which will give you competitiveness vs. existing technologies. Those are key but don’t forget also “portability and energy density”. Those are areas that can warrant a higher price premium because portable and energy dense fuels are more costly and need frequent refilling (gasoline, diesel, propane, …).

    Example applications would be things like transportation, off-grid power/heat, and portable/emergency power generation.

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Hopefully the certification of any forthcoming safety tests will in time allow for robustly designed mobile / portable E-Cat power pack products, either built into new tools / equipment or capable of charging existing portable battery powered tools or plugging older power tools / equipment directly into. If limits have to be applied, E-Cat power packs possibly limited to human controlled / motivated / carried traveling at up to 1.0 metre/second while operating.

    The uses for small kW, mobile power packs for portable tools / equipment are extensive, especially if existing older power tools / equipment can be just plugged in, for domestic use in and around the house, household maintenance and gardening, for commercial use in factories, retail units and on building sites, isolated domestic or commercial premises, in and around farm buildings and fields, isolated cultivated small holdings, forestry, and maybe offshore fishing or fish farming. The possible market is extremely large.

    Over the years, peoples imagination of what can be achieved has often foundered on what was possible with available power sources, I think we are now headed towards a time of rapid innovation, portability of equipment that is currently fixed, smaller more compact equipment, equipment that currently has a short duration of operation, specialist equipment becoming smaller, lower cost to buy and operate, and widely available.

    With low cost high density portable power sources there will be greater scope for a higher standard of living outside of the main industrialised population centres.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Dear Andrea,

    Once the E-cat has been 3rd party validated and with that “going public” there will be questions from common people where the energy comes from. Surely Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, or Cold Fusion or Dark Energy or Vacuum Energy or Zero Point Energy, means nothing. Media, who probably will not understand the E-Cat technology, may laugh giving it negative publicity. Worst regard it as scam. Do you have a description ready for how to explain the E-cat energy so that the E-Cat will be taken seriously by common people?

    West wishes for this very exiting month.
    Calle H

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    When you have a product that makes cheaper and cleaner energy I do not think the market will give any damn about how it works, provided its safety is certified.
    I gave the theoretical bases of the Ecat’ SKL in my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is not easy to understand, but who wants to understand the energy source must have the capacity to understand the matter, as interesting as it might be to him.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have stated that you consider the E-Cat SKL to be a potentially revolutionary technology. What do you think it will take for you to successfully launch this technology into a world with many established energy sources already in place.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Price and sustainability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_particle_interactions
    Today your publications on Researchgate have reached new records:
    Readings 52 000
    Recommendations 2 841
    Citations 21
    Total Research Interest Index 826.5
    And counting…
    Prof

  1057. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update: by the way, you forgot to put your name on the comment signed “Prof”. I think it was you, so I added your nickname, because you are the one that usually sends the updates about the Researchgate stats. By the way: I double checked and the stats you wrote are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1058. Ruby

    @CC
    I strongly approve your comment,
    Ruby

  1059. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    you may find the linked video about electric jet engines driven by plasma as something to pique your curiosity, assuming you are not already informed of this development.
    Link>> https://youtu.be/zreTrshsg-c

    My best to one and all while we wait,

    Mason

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within the E-Cat SKL assembly are there any moving parts?

    Will the first products require the current design to be re-engineered and developed to withstand rough handling or dropping on the floor during say installation prior to operation?

    Will it take extensive re-engineering and development to make an E-Cat SKL product sufficiently robust to withstand high G forces while in operation and mobile, i.e. say vehicle rapid acceleration, deceleration and change of axis orientation in a tight corner?

    If the upcoming safety test is performed on a stationary device, will the certification state that it is only valid for a stationary device?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    1- no
    2- maybe
    3- I don’t think so
    4- I don’t think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,

    i am looking forward to your presentation in the near future. However I am still puzzled by the reason you are so kind as to give us, the general public, a look into your discoveries and development unless you think we can contribute some possible insight from your disclosures.
    The only other reason I can think of is that you are looking for venture capital, but you should be able to get all you need from the sources you are presently working with. I can understand that these sources would like you to keep all relevant information under ND policy to protect their interests.
    No matter what the outcome of your program, for me it has been a interesting and pleasurable trip during my retirement period and has forced me to think and review all my past experiences with scientific inquiry.
    Educational regards.

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your comment. This blog for me is a delighting source of information and human contacts. I am learning much from this exchange of comments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of September 8 2020:
    “Nuclear Facility in Scotland Restarting Despite Retirement”
    Rod Walton

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Gian Luca

    Caro A.R.
    l’assenza di radiazioni ionizzanti, anche quelle strane, agevolerà certamente
    l’eventuale omologazione del dispositivo per uso domestico. Non le pare?
    ENGLISH:
    The fact that the Ecat SKL does not emit any kind of ionizing radiation should ease the safety certification, am I correct ?

    Grazie

  1069. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1070. CC

    I suggest all the readers of the JoNP that still didn’t it to read
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Breathtaking.

  1071. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Cook:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- it does not depend on me
    4- this will be shown at the presentation
    5- maybe
    6- this does not depend on me
    7- I will present all we deem useful and possible to present
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1072. Tom Conover

    Greetings, Andrea!

    Thank you and your team for your unending persistence in research and development work!

    Will testing certification be for

    A: Industrial market only ?
    B: Worldwide ?
    C: Home units ?
    D: All of the above?
    E: None of the above?

    Thank you if you can reply.
    Each day is a gift from God,

    Warm regards,
    Tom Conover

  1073. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    It should be global.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1074. Norma

    Dr Rossi:
    Which relationship is there between the electromagnetic waves described in 1865 by Maxwell in his paper “Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field” and the Clifford algebra ?

  1075. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Maxwell equations can be reinterpreted by the Clifford algebra using the “electromagnetic four potential”, which synthesizes all the conceptual entities in the Maxwell equations in a common origin. This way, it is assumed a function that links a vector of four components to each point of the space-time as the UNIQUE source of Maxwell’s equations entities.
    See ref 12, par. 1.3.1 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1076. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I understand that there are at least 2 tests In the pipeline:

    1. A characterization and performance test by a potential customer. That we will not have details about.

    2. Certification test which I suppose will certify
    A) it’s safety
    B) it’s applicability
    C) it’s reliability.

    Is this correct in each case?

    3. In the test case 1. Will we hear any basic results of that test above whether it was successful or not?

    4. In the test case 2. Will that certification include performance information such as reliability at full out put power etc?

    5. Will there additional third party tests going forward I. The near future from other customers or independent test groups and can you say in what time frame?

    6. In the case that test the performance of first test on the the e-cat SKL is not to be made visible. Would one of the other testing bodies likely make these test results public?

    7. I suppose you might want to present this information in your public demonstration though.

    Anyway it sound like it is progressing. This is a big break through given the restrictions that everyone has been under these last months due to Covid.

    All the best for these important tests.

    Stephen

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today on the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published the paper
    “Brief Review of Alternative Physics- An alternative Opinion on Physics”,
    by Dr Aleksey Savchenko, A.A. Bochvar Institute of Inorganic Materials, Moscow, Russia

  1078. Mason

    Good Day Andrea,

    In your exchange this morning with Brice, you affirm an important shift in the testing schedule: the inclusion of a 3rd-party testing of the SKL for a potential future business partner prior to the already described 3rd-party certification testing. This opens the door to several questions that I hope you are able to respond to.
    1. Will this next 3rd-party test be on the 80:20% or the 95:5% SKL with a power rating of 5kW? Or, the 20kW SKL?
    2. Will this next 3rd-party testing be “short” or “long”, for example, less than a week in duration or 2x-4x that duration?
    3. Will you be present for this 3rd-party testing strictly as an advisor, and to ensure the security of the SKL?
    4. Has the certification 3rd-party testing been scheduled? If yes, can you share for which of the upcoming months?
    5. Is the certification 3rd-party testing still meant to provide certification for household use as previously stated? Or, has it been scaled back to only industrial use?
    6. Has it been determined which version of the SKL will be certified? The 80:20%? The 95:5%? The 5kW or 20kW?
    7. Do you still hope to present and demonstrate the SKL in Stockholm this year to the public and world press?

    Best of luck for this pending 3rd-party testing, though as an optimist I am not inclined to think it is needed, only wanted.

    As always, my best to you, to Team Rossi, and to your wife.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason

  1079. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    1- the basic module 95-5
    2- they will decide when the time with be enough to make a certification
    3- yes
    4- September – October I suppose
    5- to be defined
    6- 95-5
    7- I hope so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1080. Gloria

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you still find in the spectrum of the plasma the pick at wavelength 4.372 x 10^-7m cited in par 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Gloria

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    Very exciting end to 2020 coming up, it seems, for you.
    Regarding the certification agency, will it just certify the safety of the device, or will it certify the power input/output of the device, or something else?
    Best regards
    Patrick

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    It would be a full certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Let me see if I understand correctly:

    1. The test scheduled for September is with a third party which is a potential business partner, not an independent certification agency.

    2. Another test will be done by an independent certification agency.

    3. Will this second test be done also in September?

    4. Will the results of both tests be made public?

    5. Do you still expect a public presentation will be made this year?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- probably in October
    4- only the results of the certification agency
    5- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The US energy corporations are determined to maintain control of a centralized power generation system despite the recognized disadvantages of transmission losses, fire danger, frequent power blackouts and escalating overhead costs! https://pamplinmedia.com/but/239-news/479192-387118-nuscale-mini-nukes-approved

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    “The water that flows is never the same” ( Heraclitus )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1088. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Will the successful 3rd party testing in September be followed by another testing by an official certification company? Is the 3rd party tester a future business partner?

    Wish you success!

    Brice

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Recently you mentioned a paper by Hanno Essen; within this paper he indicates that correlated coherent electrons are important in superconductivity. As within the E-Cat SKL there is a condition created where electrons are; axis aligned, spins orientated in the same direction and with charge orbits in phase, is formation of a coherent superconductive state possible?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I am not able to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Dear Andrea,
    Can you answer this question? :
    Where will the tests expected in September take place?
    Sweden, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, or another country?
    Warm greetings and best wishes
    Gian

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    I cannot answer now,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. Patrick

    Dear Andrea.

    “Momentum-exchange current drive by electrostatic waves in an unmagnetized collisionless plasma”
    ABSTRACT:
    “For a planar electrostatic wave interacting with a single species in a collisionless plasma, momentum conservation implies current conservation. However, when multiple species interact with the wave, they can exchange momentum, leading to current drive. A simple, general formula for this driven current is derived. As examples, we show how currents can be driven for Langmuir waves in electron–positron–ion plasmas, and for ion-acoustic waves in electron–ion plasmas.”

    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/5.0011516

    Do you think this effect is related at all with your SKL?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    To summarize the output of the Rossi Effect, recent comments on your blog suggest that the quality of the plasma produced by the E-Cat devices sets your invention apart from LENR/”Cold Fusion” devices that demonstrate excess heat primarily?

    Would you be comfortable with the following description, or requiring additional/different elements?

    Rossi Effect output = sustained high energy plasma in the form of knotted skyrmions from dense electron clusters.

    Happy Labor Day weekend.
    Wishing you the best of luck and a positive result from the independent testing in September.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel Zavela:
    The answer to your question is no: I think that my theoretical bases have been described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thank you for your kind wishes, and I take advantage of your comment to wish
    Happy Labor Day
    to all our American Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. Physicist II

    Dr Rossi,
    After reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    , in particular in reference to paragraphs 1,2,4, can you explain which system do you use to calculate the zitterbewegung changes during the dV phases ?
    Thank you for your answer,
    Physicist II

  1100. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist II:
    The Clifford algebra related to thr reflection and rotation of vectors.
    See ref 12 of the paper you cited, pp. 11-12
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1101. Ruby

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you think the tests phase will be completed in October ?
    Thanks,
    Ruby

  1102. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1103. Roberto

    @Sam:
    The link you sent seems to suggest that the SKL of Dr Rossi has unleashed everywhere, even at the highest echelons, a research about the electricity exploitable directly from plasma.
    Roberto

  1104. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You stated to Frank Ackland that the testing is scheduled but not yet started. Are they scheduled to begin in

    A: September
    B: October
    C: November
    $: November

    We all look forward to the successful results of these tests.

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    September
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1107. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Have you been in touch with
    people that are doing the testing
    of the E-Cat-SKL?

    Regards
    Sam

  1108. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1109. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    1) Have you analyzed the ash of any of the recent SKL devices?

    2a) If yes: Is it significantly different from earlier E-Cat ash analyses that you’ve done?

    2b) If no: Do you expect that it would significantly different from earlier E-Cat ash analyses?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  1110. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- yes
    2- no and we do not expect it will
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1111. Tien Cookson

    Dr Rossi:
    I am sending this link to an interesting theoretical theorization that seems to me connected with the concept of electron you adhere to:
    https://kowalski-physics.blogspot
    All the best,
    T.C.

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Tien Cookson:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So would you consider the coming test to be the most important E-Cat test you have done so far?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1114. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1115. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    In your paper, http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions, you describe possible phenomena which together form your “Rossi Effect”.

    1. Are these phenomena:
    a. Each distinct and separate, but combine together in a synergy to produce the over-all Rossi Effect?
    b. All required together in specific proportions to be effective?
    c. You are still not totally sure, and are continuing to work to deduce exactly how much the different phenomena each contribute towards the Rossi Effect?

    2. In Figure 1: “Trends of Casimir, Coulomb and magnetic forces as a function of distance”, you show, and then explain the calculations of, the two separate values of “Distance as number of reduced Compton wavelengths” at which the Magnetic force and the Casimir force each balance the Coulomb repulsion.

    Does having these two distinct balance points at different positions on the Coulomb repulsion plot imply that different frequency external signals (or signal components) are required to bring each of the Magnetic and Casimir forces to their individual balance points with the Coulomb repulsion?

    Thank you again, if you can answer these questions.

    I wish you all success in the third party test, and I am looking forward to watching your virtual presentation of the Ecat SKL.

    Best Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  1116. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1a. yes
    1b. yes
    2. no: the comparision of the Casimir force with the Coulomb repulsion force have independent trends from the comparision between the magnetic forces and the Coulombian repulsion force, as you can see in Fig. 1 of paragraph 1 of the paper you cited, where are reported the trends of Casimir, Coulomb and magnetic forces as a function of distance.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1117. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your work on the E-Cat SKL are your major priorities in the current period?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am curing all the particulars to avoid errors in the test that will be made soon. It will be very important for a technology I think is a revolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. Cecilia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the reaction of the Ecat SKL related in some way to the phenomenon described in the following link?

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180302144835.htm

    Kind regards,
    Cecilia

  1120. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1121. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Your single paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached the stunning record of 48 000 full readings ( and counting…)
    Best,
    Prof

  1122. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1123. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Eernie1,

    Thank you for your kind response. Civilized people never need to excuse themselves for humor. On the contrary…
    Where perception and measurability cease, fantasy or clairvoyance will necessarily take over.

    I just wanted to represent the concept idea of interference of the dimensions perceptible to us with other, discontinuous dimensions, with discontinuity in all kinds of variations.
    The question is whether humans and mankind can ever understand and do something with such a discontinuous system.

    Curious greetings,
    Koen

  1124. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    An electric car that catches fire is a huge thread because the fire can’t be extinguished, the whole car must be put in a container filled with water! https://www.thedrive.com/news/28420/parked-teslas-keep-catching-on-fire-randomly-and-theres-no-recall-in-sight

    This is also true for the few electric aeroplanes which already exist. An important disadvantage of electric aeroplanes is besides its very short flight autonomy that the weight of a full or an empty battery keeps the same (while an aeroplane with kerosine weighs much less at the end of its flight). So, I believe we need to get rid of lithium batteries, I believe that a few SKL-reactors, improving safety, are the right solution. They’ll make transportation much safer, they’ll diminish the risks of a huge fire (less heat needs to be dissipated or can be located away from the batteries) and they make cars and aeroplanes much lighter, thus safer again! And be aware that a car that weighs much less thanks to some SKL-reactors will increase action radius and acceleration power of cars and planes (shorter runways).

    Some people on some forums mention that there might pose a risk of what they call ‘strange radiation’. Is this possible?

    Success with the third party testing!!!

    Brice

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    I studied carefully the work of Dr Parkhomov about the “strange radiations” that I decided to take care of seriously and we made the same measurements he published to check if we have any similar result. We did not have any strange radiation, and it is to us obvious because of the structure of the Ecat SKL. We will be able to give a certification that the Ecat SKL does not emit any kind of known noxious radiation.
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea

    Do your recent comments saying that ECAT SKL is not readily suitable for use in aircraft mean that there are one or more issues with its crashworthiness?

    Is this a reason for your focus on stationary uses initially?

    I thank you and all the commenters (eernie1, Koen, physicist et al.) for your recent exchanges. The many viewpoints expressed are beneficial towards developing an understanding of what is an electron

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Thanks to you for your reading of this blog: our readers are the essence of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Dear Andrea,
    When a normal airplane crashes, the worst-case scenario is that the entire load of its fuel (kerosene) catches fire and burns in a big firestorm. I would be surprised if the E-cat can behave worse than that.

    Similar consideration applies to cars (tank full of gasoline, versus the E-cat). Any vehicle can crash, so the worst-case scenario is always a relevant question. Airplanes crash less frequently than cars, but both do crash.

    That said, my advice to you, if any, is to concentrate on the E-cat itself. Others will find proper applications for it, once you start selling them, with whatever conditions you choose to do it. Intel makes processors and Microsoft makes software that runs on them. Intel does not care so much what Microsoft and its users do. You are the most upstream producer in energy world, like Intel is in the world of IT.
    With best regards, /pekka

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    What you say is reasonable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, There are plane parachutes available for small planes that would make it possible to integrate ecat propulsion. In the event of propulsion failure the parachute will permit safe landing and failure analysis to determine the exact cause of failure. This configuration will provide a safe configuration to enable the early integration of aeronautic ecat propulsion. Somebody said, “Where there is a will there is a way”!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I understand, thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Dear Andrea,
    When I submitted my description of the Caesium discharge lamp I assembled back in the 1960s, the outer chamber was a material opaque to all visible photons except infra red. I therefore could not visualize the interior. But discovering the unexpected large amount of infra red when the plasma was subjected to a high wattage pulse of RF would make me believe a similar column, to your device, of visible energy was present.
    All the other criteria for producing excess energy was possibly provided by the free electrons donated by the low ionization potential of the Caesium atom, with the RF pulse somehow concentrating the free electrons into a reaction volume.
    Looking at the dancing column of visible photons when you presented your program in 2019, also indicated to me that other similarities between my lamp and your device were possible.
    I look forward to your next presentation with the hope that it will provide more hints about the physical functions of the device.
    Discovery regards.

  1133. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you share whether the third party test of the E-Cat SKL is:

    a) Still in the planning stages
    b) Scheduled but not yet started
    c) Already started

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    b
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1135. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    As ardent followers and supporters of your and your team’s amazing contribution for the answers to our planet’s and societies challenges; to be honest, everyone enjoys some competition to maintain minimal costs and demands. Here is what may be your closest contender, out of several, to date:

    “Self-Charging Nano-Diamond Batteries” That Can Run an Electric Car For 90 Years? https://medium.com/@glennrocess/self-charging-nano-diamond-batteries-that-can-run-an-electric-car-for-90-years-57b0a9aa803a
    Note the negative reference to Cold Fusion.

    My question (if not premature) is, does Leonardo Corp and its partners have contingent business plans in place to meet or exceed consumer requirements if such advance technology soon exists?
    Here are some to consider: (pricing, power density and response, manufacturing production demands, cost and ease of fuel/replacement, public safety, reliability, domestic installation, adaptability to devices, climate locations including space, price for the less advantaged ….). Any reply would be appreciated.

    How is the testing of the latest version going?
    Thank you!
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    I never comment the work of our competitors, existent or just supposed as they might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen, thank you for your insight and the second comment with the link.
    I will think about that, but now I am grounded.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1138. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I know at the moment you are stating grounded with your think for e-cat SKL.

    And think it’s good to take that approach. When we first get on a horse it’s best to first walk or trot rather than cubit a good kick and go straight to a flat out gallop!

    I couldn’t help finding this article interesting though. I guess Pekka will find it particularly I intriguing like me. it’s years away so maybe by then e-cat SKL will be a good match as the required electrical energy source.

    But the main reason I include it is as because the science of the effect is so interesting. It might be interesting to people here or on your team who are interested in the physics.

    I hope things are going well for the plans this September. Is it still looking good for achieving the third party test in this time frame and the concerns here about Covid are not getting too serious. Obviously safety needs to take precedence.

    Good luck with all

    Stephen.

  1139. >Flying is not in the point of our spear, honestly. Too dangerous.

    Flying is generally considered to be the safest mode of transportation.
    r:/pekka

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Imagine what could happen should an aircraft fueled by an Ecat fall, even if the Ecat should’nt be the cause of the fall…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    I don’t understand why you are so reserved about the use of the E-Cat SKL in aircraft. In an airplane with a battery, you can of course charge it with the E-Cat SKL during the flight to extend the range. What would be more dangerous about it than flying without the E-Cat SKL? Of course, flight operations should always be designed so that you can land safely with the remaining charge in the battery.

    OK, nobody have to expect that you have flight operations in focus from the start, but if you deliver the E-Cat SKL as a module, others could take care of certification for flight operations.

    Best wishes
    Wilfried

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Because should an aircraft fall for any reason, even not caused by the Ecat, we’d have terrific troubles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Ron

    Dr Rossi:
    I agree with the introduction of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    “The E-Cat technology poses a serious and interesting challenge to the conceptual foundations of modern physics. Particularly promising, for understanding this technology, is the exploration of long-range particle interactions”
    All the best,
    Ron

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you.
    Another very interesting paper dealing with long range particle interactions, is
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334679765_Magnetic_energy_superconductivity_and_dark_matter
    by Prof Hanno Essen.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Dear Koen Vanderwalle,
    If you will pardon a little bit of humor, I think your model has a lot of holes in it.
    We are all hindered by the lack of capability to prove our models because of the difficulty to verify necessary facts about this subject, due to the inherent nature of it’s physical form, which we cannot absolutely measure.
    Your model is as good as any other because of this factor. Until science is capable of providing these measurements we all are in a sense compiling possible models based on our past observations of physical properties. If a device can be absolutely confirmed to be undeniably providing the energy gain, more effort would be expended in obtaining the underlying physics.
    Keep up your thinking, we all can use different views of this intriguing question.
    Hopeful regards.

  1146. Dear Andrea,
    I forgot to mention another possible conversion of space potential energy. That is the existence of lightning fire balls. This observed phenomenon occurs after a large lightning bolt is observed with the subsequent appearance of a highly luminescent ball which travels through space for a significant time before it disappears.
    In my view this ball consists of energy created by the high density of free electrons existent in the lightning bolt which subsequently creates more energy conversion as the concentrated electrons travel towards a grounding source.
    The lightning bolt is a duplicate of your device created by nature.
    Striking regards.

  1147. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight, I think also the light ball you see on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    can give information about your observations. You are saying interesting things.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1148. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,

    in Japan the flying electric car with driver on board has become a reality:

    https://www.money.it/Auto-volante-in-Giappone-test-drive-con-pilota-Video

    The limitation, as we can imagine, is in the flight range: the batteries on board run out too soon.

    What do you think of using one or more ecat SKL to power these batteries?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  1149. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Flying is not in the point of our spear, honestly. Too dangerous.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1150. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    A few years ago, you indicated that you would be able to make electric power very affordable. You were talking about an electric kWh at around $ 0.03.
    Over the years, your technology has evolved a lot and currently appears to be very close to commercialization.

    1-At this stage can you confirm 0.03 $ per Kwh?

    If not
    2-Should we expect, with the technology you are currently developing, at a higher cost per Kwh?
    3-Can you publish an approximate price?
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1151. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- premature
    2- premature
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1152. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Eernie1

    The nicest thing I had forgotten was: Gravity fits perfectly in this model, because it is the sum of all fluid that disappears in the collective of holes in a certain region with a lot of matter.

    Interested greetings,
    Koen

  1153. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Eernie1

    I read your comments and suggestions regarding the zero point energy with great interest.

    For the construction of the universe, I make the visual comparison with an inelastic fluid that disappears in miniscule holes.
    As it were, the reverse effect of your reasoning. These tiny holes then create all kinds of eddies and vortices that eventually form loops that whirl and shake.
    A large bathtub from which you suck water with a vacuum pump, and where cavitation vortices are formed. These vortices are like snakes that eat their own tail.
    Broadly speaking, you end up with three types of vortex, where two forms of “three-loop knots” and a “ring” are possible. Because each knot and ring is attached to its own miniature black hole, they cannot merge, but they can still be linked with their vortices and twists.
    Rings can get bigger or smaller. The “loops of the knots” can also become larger or smaller.
    In this way, all these small eddies form clusters that we call matter, but actually they are more moving cavities in the sea of ​​incompressible fluid.
    Now you can make those vortices move very quickly, decreasing their efficiency in resisting the disappearance of the fluid (in their own black hole), thereby having a greater influence on the vortices in their environment.
    They then operate like a mini-turbine that draws energy from the flow of the disappearing fluid in the black hole they are attached to.
    Any form of vortex instability causes more fluid to disappear into each hole, each turbine to gain energy, thus creating additional energy visible to us.
    Comparisons of this kind make it all very difficult to write this down in formulas and absolute statements, because it all gives interactions of highly mobile matter that interacts with other highly mobile matter and changes through the interaction itself into several of the derived and integrated functions .

    When Archimedes drained his bath, and saw the whirlpool at the drain, he must have also thought that he should stick to concepts he could explain.

    Interested greetings,
    Koen

  1154. Dear Andrea.
    What I call dark energy is better described as potential EM energy, and is what remains from the initial large amount of potential energy that existed before the conversion into the particles that constitute our material universe. There is a substantial amount of potential energy remaining in our space vacuum and possibly available as useful energy if we can convert it.
    I think you are tapping into this source by creating a dense volume of free electrons in a confined space which provide energetic spinning magnetic fields that interact with the potential EM fields remaining in the space of your device thereby converting the potential energy into usable energy.
    Other methods could be the use of the electron in transition metals which contain highly volatile electrons which can be manipulated by external sources. Or electrons that can be manipulated by electro chemical means as done by the early experimenters.
    Good luck regards.

  1155. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Always interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1156. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of September 01 2020:
    Feds give approval to small modular 50 MW nuclear reactor design.
    Rod Walton

  1157. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1158. Kay

    Dear Andrea,
    American realized in turning his dreams into real business.
    Europeans research without business.
    Could the American dream be combined with the European?
    Elon Musk has so many ideas that he lets others convert and he is making great progress with them.
    I think his dreams would go a little faster with those of the Ecat.
    And he has enough money, money, money too!

    Best regards K.

  1159. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    I do not think that there are substantial differences between the USA and Europe for what concerns the dialectic between R&D and business.
    We are open to collaborate with whomever wants us, wherever his location might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1160. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    A person can only build a vision based on what he knows. One additional piece of information may create the need to turn 180 °. To war, or not to war? That’s the question!

    I know your view of open source, and I think at least all of your competitors and opponents share your strategic choices and are well prepared for them.

    Wellington knew very well that his troops were no match for the cannons of Napoleon’s army, and that he had no chance in Waterloo. Until he came up with the bright idea of ​​using that silly asymmetrical fold in the landscape to deploy his troops. All the cannonballs just flew over it, regaining the classic number strength and classic combat tactics that the amateur and folk army could not win against.

    What surprises me in a negative sense throughout history is that people are still throwing away plenty of subsidy money to build gigantic wind farms. It must be that a lot of people at a higher level do not do their homework, which gives me the impression that it will not have to come through the people at a higher level.

    Not to mention I am very curious about the further rollout of your plans, and I will be on the first line to implement it. Good luck and a big thank you for the tremendous achievements that you and your team have achieved with the potential to make a thriving world possible for our children and all subsequent generations.

    I have no doubt that you will succeed, but it would be more fun if your invention causes a second spectacular “big bang”, rather than a gradual introduction to the market of purely industrial applications.

    You deserve something with spectacle and recognition.

    With best regards,
    Koen

  1161. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1162. Physicist

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I too think that under the particular conditions you described in paragraph 2 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it could be not impossible for electrons to form Bose-Einstein condensates.
    Best,
    Physicist

  1163. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for reading my paper,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1164. Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea , a Frank Acland spieghi che hai gia trovato la via che consentirà una rapida espansione degli E-CAT . Io come altri sono come molti nel Tuo archivio ordini gia da molti anni . Noi avremmo la precedenza per l’acquisizione degli E-CAT da 4kWh/h di energia elettrica e 1 kWh/h di energia termica ? Ti prego di spedirmene almeno uno il prima possibile ! Cordiali Saluti. giannino
    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS
    In your answer to Frank Acland you said you found the way to start sales: please do not forget all the persons that, like me, pre-ordered the Ecat

  1165. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande:
    I will forget nobody, but I did not say that I already found a marketing solution, I said we are working on it, and that probably we got a good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1166. Ronald Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Someone just asked you about your jet engine project. I found this article today and hoped it might be of interest and use to you.

    Jet propulsion by microwave air plasma in the atmosphere.
    AIP Advances 10, 055002 (2020);
    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/5.0005814

    If only someone had a source of electricity that could supply such a machine…

  1167. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald Stringer:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1168. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,
    For what it’s worth: why not throw the first or second generation E-Cat into the world via open source, which was already semi-publicly demonstrated in 2011?
    And, for example, offer schools a working model (with repair kit or reloading kit)?
    New minds must be shown the right path in time.

    That’s a business model that has already been proven when it comes to intellectual products.

    With best regards,
    Koen

  1169. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    open source would be the end of all. I explained many times why.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1170. Dear Andrea,
    I noticed that a number of people are puzzled by the values given by theories about ZPE. The values vary from 10 t0 the power of 113 joules/cm and 10 to the power of -9 joules/cm. Both of these values in my opinion can be correct if we assume that space consists of potential EM energy of the larger value when undisturbed, and of the smaller number when converted to energy which forms and is stored in our material universe.
    The smaller number comes from measuring the Casimir force within the depleted residual space energy. The larger from the cosmological constant of Einstein. However I think the lower value is too small because the rest of the energy cannot be measured since it is still potential energy.
    We need to find a way to measure this potential dark energy.
    Good hunting regards.

  1171. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I am not sure the dark energy exists. What you write is interesting, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1172. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I believe that those Countries that are not part of the oil mafia will be more receptive to the ecat and after deliveries increase in those countries and with the widespread publicity that follows the pressure to convert to ecats in the oil producing countries will become so great that they will no longer be able to resist! This year will mark the beginning of “The Rossi ERA”! A salute to Andrea Rossi, a REAL superhero!

    Warm regards’
    Chuck Davis

  1173. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    You are very kind, but we will proceed more realistically: humble, but aiming to a proliferation strong and safe. We got some good ideas.
    Let alone heores, we are strong workers, not heroes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1174. Alessandro Coppi

    With regard to get fast expansion and the due power of fire on planetary scale, I see the model of business already operative by Elon Musk as the better as possible.
    The mobility area covered by Tesla, the space enterprise covered by Space x, Internet area covered by Star Link, artificial intelligence area covered by Neuralink.
    How good would be to add energy area covered by “Power Link” operated by E-CAT SKL controlled throug StarLink?
    Such a scenario is quite disturbing, concentrating such a control power over the mankind, in a single man, but as way to go would be perfect.

    Linked regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  1175. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1176. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is your overall business plan for commercialization of the E-Cat SKL decided upon yet? Or is it still under development?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1177. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are thinking and brainstorming on this issue. I think we found the way that will allow us a fast expansion and the due power of fire on planetary scale.
    We’ll see,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1178. Marcus

    @Patrick
    Don’t forget Dr.Rossi is selling already since one year HEAT. There is a steady income.
    Rossi, am I correct ?

  1179. Andrea Rossi

    Marcus:
    Patrick was referring to a completely different issue, which is the sale of the Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1180. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    First, congratulations on the most recent results achieved.
    I have 4 questions:
    1. Is it possible for the latest edition to deliver stepless, the desired amount of power from 100% and down to 0%? or to witch lowest limit?
    2. Is the electrical efficiency maintained at downregulated power?
    3. Is the stability of the latest edition equal to ecat SK, or better / worse?
    4. At a down-regulated capacity, will the charge life be correspondingly longer?
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  1181. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- still working upon this issue
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1182. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Do you still think that the Ecat SKL will be presented within this year ?

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1184. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I would hope to be wrong, but I fear that the largest obstacles to a full rollout of E-Cat’s will be regulatory and political.

    It is likely that nuclear regulatory authorities will seek to gain authority over the E-Cat’s, even if the E-Cat technology falls outside existing regulations and is proven by multiple testing to be completely safe (the authorities will become obsolete if they do nothing). As the E-Cat technology involves energy production at the scale of atoms and electrons the authorities will declare that they should be the judges of safety and should be the ones to licence use, they will favour fixed secure installations that can be inspected and regulated. It is possible that academia will also take this position, and research in this new scientific field may be limited to government sanctioned research facilities.

    After proof of existence and as government officials understand the potential for significant advancement in strategic technologies, it is likely that E-Cat technology (and in general all LENR technologies) will be added to the various dual-use goods lists in existence i.e. in the USA this would be the Commerce Control List within the Export Administration Regulations, after this it is likely that export control will be enforced for goods and technology transfer outside of the USA, it is possible that the publication of technology details and the underlying science of the energy source is then restricted.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1185. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We do not have nuclear reactions in the Ecat, we never detected ionizing radiations emitted by the Ecat, after thousands of measurements , among which measurements repeatedly made by the Government of Florida and by radiology departments of important universities. Our technology is based on electrons, not on nuclea, as explained in my theoretical paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interaction
    About the other issues, I deem them groundless.
    Thank you for your advice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1186. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems that now you are shifting your focus more towards your “go to market” approach, and you understandably say that you need money, money, money for the fire power of the first attack to make sure you make the most of the “first mover advantage”.

    What’s the order of magnitude that you think you need committed before launch?

    a. $10,000,000’s
    b. $100,000,000’s
    c. $1,000,000,000’s

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  1187. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I will answer this intelligent question in due time. We are reasoning in this direction.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1188. Bill Conley

    Andrea,

    If you could please consider another question.

    To date you have been noncommittal as to whether the 3rd Party tests will be conducted on the latest 95% electric SKL or a prior version. Can you give us some sense on how this decision will be made.

    1) Who will make the decision?
    a. You
    b. Third Party
    c. Joint Decision

    2) Is the decision dependent on further in-house testing?
    3) Is demonstrated reliability a factor?
    4) Is a desire to wait to fully develop the maximum electrical percentage possible a factor?

    Thanks in advance for any information you can provide.

    Bill Conley

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    1- I will
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1190. Dear Andrea,

    It is easy to understand the impact the E-Cat will have on our society. On one side the elite will lose power when they no longer can control world energy flows. On another side the poor and energy dependant population will bear fruit for not having to pay the high price for energy as governed by the elite. On a third side the E-Cat will put a stop to the very source for climate change. Which of the three sides do you think will be most important when the E-Cat is introduced?

    Thank you for your very impressive work.
    Calle H

  1191. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    We will fight for the second and third way, but we will meet more bayonets than flowers and our foes will not be several idiots from some fora, as it happens now. At the beginning. This is why we are so prudent to start the battle. It will be a war, not a triumph. And to make a war you need three things:
    1: money
    2: money
    3: money
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1192. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    If I understood right the 20 kW e-cat SK that you were testing a while back is still in operation at some customer site.

    1. Is this understanding correct?
    2. How long has it been in operation now? Has it already 2 years or more?
    3. Has it been necessary to refuel the reactor of that unit I’ve this duration?
    4. Can you say if the energy produced exceeds that the amount that could potentially be explained by nuclear processes such as nucleon decay of the fuel? (I suspect it would well exceed normal fission and fusion Processes).

    5. Incase the answer to 4 is Positive is this part of the reason you consider the energy must come from another source such as ZPE and why you are developing theories on this?

    On a separate point.

    6. Could you also apply some of the recent improvements in efficiency to a smaller device like the original e-cat SKL. Or are there construction limitation constraints in putting this also in a smaller device?

    I hope all goes well with your plans for September

    I wonder what comes next.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  1193. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- no
    4- the operation of the Ecat SKL is totally strange to nuclear fuels and I do not have knowledge of nuclear fuels
    5- our theoretical research is totally independent from nuclear fuels concerns: see carefully
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    6- we are working on this issue
    What comes next ? Lavolale, lavolale, as used to say an Italian phisicist friend of mine ( Dr Enrico Billi ), who works in China.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1194. Saju Abraham

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Do you think that all sort of land transportation vehicles will become expensive and obselete because of the aircrafts powered by your invention in near future.
    Regards
    Saju Abraham

  1195. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    I do not think that in the near future we will have any form of aircraft applications.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  1196. Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your very impressive work. On the road towards commercialisation it is believed there are many obstacles that have to be passed.

    1. Is the operational stability of the E-Cat SKL an obstacle?
    2. Is material durability an obstacle?
    3. Is operational or personnel safety an obstacle?
    4. Is the lack of proof for the physics and science an obstacle?
    5. Is mass manufacturing an obstacle?
    6. Are commercial issues an obstacle?
    7. Are political issues an obstacle?
    8. If none of the above, then are there obstacles?

    Best wishes for a successful future,
    Calle H

  1197. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- no
    4 no
    5- yes
    6- yes
    7- yes
    8- necessity of diffused and massive power of fire to start massively the distribution and defend the development and growth of our concern. I have an idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1198. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Did you have input on who your
    partner picked for the 3rd party tests
    of the ECat-SKL?
    Did you have the right to okay who
    your partner picked for the test?

    Regards
    Sam

  1199. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1200. Dear Andrea,
    It is a beautiful morning here in Chicago and I have nothing better to do. So I thought that I could elaborate on what I perceive as the physical form of our universe.
    Space is infinite and is made up largely as an infinite plane of an EM force without any kinetic force(infinite entropy). We cannot detect this property because there is no existent energy.
    However if an external energy such as particles from an existing universe in an adjacent part of space enters another space, they can cause this EM field to begin to spin and trigger similar movement in surrounding EM forces. This then can cascade rapidly into what we consider a big bang event creating a new universe such as the one we exist in (much lower entropy).
    There has to be, in my logic, an infinite number of existing universes in this infinite space. Dark energy is really dark forces not converted into energy(no kinetic motion).
    Thermodynamic regards.

  1201. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Thank you for your interesting ideas,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Jean Pierre

    Hi Andrea.
    A couple of questions, if I may.

    1) What has become of the jet engine that you were experimenting with?

    2) Is the E-cat SK still in operation in the outside world?

    It has been quite some time since you have mentioned anything about both of the above items.

    Hoping that all goes well for you in September 2020 and that your dreams will come true. Jean Pierre

  1204. <