Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2020-12-05 11:40:06.244555Z

  1. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    A few days ago you replied “not yet” to the question if you were generating E-Cat electric power in your lab feeding an inverter connected to the mains of your building for providing your lab with electric power. This installation may be of little value from research and development point of view but it has a symbolic value in demonstrating the E-Cat as a money making machine. Does the “not yet” answer mean

    1. the installation in your lab is on its way
    2. something else will demonstrate E-Cat money making

    Best wishes and thank you for all the excitement you give us
    CalleH

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Dear Andrea,
    Are you suggesting that all the long range particle interactions are due to entanglement rather than overlapping of their EM fields?
    Wondering regards.

  4. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    entanglement is a quantistic phenomenon that does not belong to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    when you work with companies that generate electricity for the grid
    you will have the following problems
    1 make a large number of devices
    2 learn to combine them into a single system
    Are you ready to solve these problems?
    With deep respect, Victor

  6. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    I think we will be,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    It will be beneficial for the E-Cat SKL’s entry into the market, to have scientific experiments take place seeking conformational evidence for any part of the theoretical basis sequence underlying the E-Cat SKL’s energy production, theoretical basis and experimental findings published in a paper prior to a product launch, is there any scientific experiments ongoing, planned or intended in the near future?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We will not separate the theoretical bases from the presentation of the product.They are two faces of the same coin.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. C.

    Do you think that the Ecat SKL besides electricity and heat will also emit light ?

  11. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    Theoretically by means of optic fibers that would be possible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Au197 + N14 ->Au198 + N13
    which is the reason why this reaction is so important to be cited in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because it takes place at energies between particles that do not come in contact, giving evidence of long distance particle interactions, that are the core of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Joachim

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    do you know when the coming out of your licensees will be?
    From which countries are they?
    Best regards
    Joachim

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Joachim:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you working with companies that are involved in generating electricity for the grid?

    Thank you if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it important the spectrometry of the plasma for the efficiency of the Ecat SKL ?

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Yes, it is fundamental,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Alice

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Reading your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed you made a dramatic progress in the theoretical field, respect your first publication of ten years ago. Did you get benefit from the experiments for this theoretical progress, or, on the contrary, the theoretical progress has enhanced the evolution of the Ecat during these 10 years ?
    I wish you success for the incoming presentation of the Ecat SKL,
    Alice

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Alice:
    It has gone both ways.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Calle H

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your reply on your latest progress is fascinating. Could it so that in your lab you are now producing E-Cat electric power that you feed into a small inverter connected to the mains of your building so that you provide your own lab with electric power?

    All the best for the future success,
    Calle H

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Chris

    Hi Dr Rossi,

    your answer to Gerard McEk stated clearly, that the first products will be solely for industrial use.

    Is this only valid for Leonardo Corp, or for partners, too?

    Do you expect products on the shelf, either by Leo Corp or partners, for domestic use in 2021?

    Warm regards,

    Chris

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    I am almost sure we will deliver in 2021 the industrial plants, but I am not able yet to respond about the domestic products.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the last statistics of your publications I found today reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings 56 027
    Recommendations 3 379
    Total Research Interest Index 968.5
    Citations 21
    And counting…

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Dear Andrea,
    When you determine a date for the presentation, will you give us a heads up for the demonstration or surprise us by just doing it?
    Forward looking regards.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I surely will give a pre-advice, but very close,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of December 1st 2020:
    EIA: Hydroelectric Plants Have the Fastest Start-Up Time of US Electric Generators
    Rod Walton

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    May I ask a follow-up question to the questions raised by Gerard McEk. You kindly indicated that the first E-Cat application would be 1. Electric energy supply for industrial use. Does that mean that the E-Cat electric energy

    A. will be consumed in the particular industry where the E-Cat is installed
    B. will be sold the grid (the industry is a power station)

    Thank you and best wishes to you and your team.
    Calle H

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Both
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    From the small grains of information you give us I think that commercialization of the Ecat SKL is finally in sight. Congratulations with your ‘excellent progress’.
    Can you give us a hint in what type of Products it is being integrated first?
    1. Electric energy supply for industrial use
    2. Electric energy supply for domestic use
    3. Automotive and heavy mobile equipment
    4. Agriculture
    5. Water supply (desalination)
    6. Another product area
    7. Is your intention to produce in first instance only one type of Ecat able of producing say 5 kWe or
    8. Will you immedeately produce a range of Ecats of different levels of output power?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard ‘

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1
    8
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned that you “dare to define the progress excellent, both under the experimental point of view and under the theoretical point of view”. That is very exiting to hear. But how about under commercial and under fabrication point of view?

    Wish you and your team the very best,
    Calle H

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    From the commercial and the manufacturing point of view we are substantially ready and also the supplyers chain has been defined, although it is necessary to know exactly the final design of the product before fixing all the particulars.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Robert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us something about what are you doing with the Ecat SKL during these days ? Has the Covid 19 caused delays ?
    Robert

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    The Covid has caused delays, but not in the measure necessary to create relevant damages.
    Preesently I am working in remote with all the Team and I work in a laboratory testing the Ecat to consolidate the reliability of the device.
    I dare to define the progress excellent, both under the experimental point of view and under the theoretical point of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Antonia

    Are you continuing to find the peak of the wavelength 4.372 x 10^-7
    as we saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and as you wrote in par. 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Antonia:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Andrea

    Following up on KeithT’s comment, you can easily check circular polarization with a spare pair of Real3D glasses which are most common for 3D movies in theaters. Both lenses are circularly polarized, one left and one right.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RealD_3D

    They appear to be readily available for a few dollars.

    https://www.ebay.com/b/RealD-3D-TV-Glasses-and-Accessories/175719/bn_737317

    Kind regards
    Donald Chandler

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on your finding that the light is polarized. All these discoveries help in understanding the total process. Now that your new partners know everything that you know about the E-Cat SKL are they helping your team make those discoveries or are they more concerned with production and deliveries? Congratulations to you and your team and partners. Awaiting the presentation.

    Bernie Morrissey

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    The collaboration is global.
    Thank you for your kind congrats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Jack East

    Dear Dr Andrea Ross,
    can you suggest where can I study light and photons ?
    All the best,
    Jack

  49. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the plan for what you will show at the presentation been decided yet?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    moreless yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. G.H.

    Dr Rossi,
    Where do you think the point zero energy has its primary source ?

  52. Andrea Rossi

    G.H.:
    I think it could come from the low entropy of the “matterwaves” derived from the Zitterbewegung of electrons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Koen Vandewalle

    In today’s newspaper:

    “The French-Belgian energy company Engie Electrabel has started preparations to build four large gas-fired power stations, De Tijd reports on Saturday. Four sites in Belgium have been selected and the permits have been applied for.
    The gas-fired power stations together would have a capacity of 3 gigawatts. According to the newspaper, this is the same as the total of the four nuclear power stations that Electrabel operates in Doel or as its three large nuclear power stations in Tihange.

    Nuclear energy supplies half of the electricity in Belgium. With a full nuclear exit, Belgium will need five new large gas-fired power stations to ensure that the light continues to burn. Electrabel wants to build most of it. The company aims at sites in Vilvoorde, Les Awirs near Liège, Charleroi and at the chemical company BASF in the port of Antwerp.

    With the four projects, Electrabel wants to make a bid for the million subsidies that will be allocated in October next year. ”

    The people with the billions in their pockets go for the subsidies. This is only possible because our politicians, cabinet employees and government officials are all lawyers and economists who don’t understand a word about “Zitterbewegung, Aharanov-Bohm and Casimir”, let alone about the Rossi Effect, which the name letters “E-Cat” stand for. And so they choose when a choice has to be made for something they know and trust. Also the CEOs and the main shareholders do not understand the scientific spells – purely written with words and papers, and will never put their money into it if they have alternatives from which they can certainly make money.

    Weeks, months, years ago I asked you to make a 3D film of the processes and effects that occur in the E-Cat. Such that every layman can more or less understand how it works and where the energy comes from.

    For every year that you have a patent, your enemies will make billions available to thwart you.

    Their armies are larger and their arsenal is now inexhaustible because, through the politics and policies of the central banks, they now have direct access to the money printing presses of, for example, the European Investment Bank. Those people don’t need taxpayers to rule the world!

    At this level there is no such thing as “the market”. I think you’re getting late. If I were in your place, I would already be producing for small customers in a small, manageable workshop. Even if only one device went out a day, it would still be better.

    If I could put one working E-Cat device in the trunk of my car and demonstrate it live, in combination with a comprehensible 3D video support, I could convince any politician of any color or purport to choose this route. Believe me, I can even provide any school teacher with an explanation that helps them understand where the energy comes from and why it is safe. And once they understand it, they cannot possibly go back to being ignorant and incomprehensible. Insight is irreversible.

    But no, apparently you choose to hide somewhere deep in a bunker to further tinker with unprecedented and invisible perfection.

    A product can only be successful if its opponents decide they want it. And according to the newspaper article quoted, Engie-Electrabel have decided that they want gas-fired power stations.

    Impatient greetings,
    Koen

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight and the implied suggestion, but all this does not change the facts that are designing our path to the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How long do you think it
    will take to receive ECat SKL
    safety Certification.

    A :1 to 6 months
    B: 6months or more.
    C : How ever long it takes.

    Regards
    Sam

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    C
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Will Safety Certification for the ECat-SKL
    be a long process and hold you back
    from getting it to market?

    Regards
    Sam

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    It is a process on course, no reason to think it will block our path,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Perfection can never be achieved. The search for perfection will never lead to a concrete and real result.

    Why can’t you make the presentation of the Ecat NOW, even in the current non-perfect operating conditions?

    Kind regards,

    ItaloR.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Perfection is relative, not absolute. In this specific case “perfection” means shielded from the missiles that are aimed at the Ecat and that will be shoot as soon as it will appear in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the light emitted by the E-Cat SKL circularly polarized?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Congratulations, you have understood how the Zitterbewegung is supposed to work in the Ecat. I am not sure, but I think the answer is yes, albeit I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is it a client who constantly delay the presentation or is it you who want to wait?
    Or is it maybe because of the coronapandemic?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    No, the culprit is all of the Ecat SKL. I am thinking to file a suit against her for “obstruction of perfection”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Dear Andrea,
    The presence of polarized photonic energy as you know, indicates stimulated emission is the main mechanism for producing the energy. Perhaps, if you chose one of the more intense frequency emissions and add further stimulation by injecting a beam of that frequency into your plasma, you may achieve results helpful in creating your energy output.
    Thanksgiving regards.

  67. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Kaul Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Joanna Marotz

    Dr Rossi,
    I studied carefully your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    In your four proposed theoretical threads
    1 charge clusters and the Casimir force
    2 charge clusters, Lorentz force and Zitterbewegung phase coherence
    3 space charge, vacuum polarization and virtual particles-antiparticles
    4 neutral picometric aggregates
    although you said all of them are integrable in your theoretical system, did you, after all the experiments you made so far, mature a preference among them ?

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Joanna Marotz:
    After the discovery of the polarization of the plasma light anfd the peak at the wavelength of 4.372 x 10^-7 m seen also in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    we think that the preponderand effect is the #4.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Gerald

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    can you give an indication on the startup time of the e-cat until a stable SSM can be reached?
    I assume you do repeated on/off tests as well – how is the reliability in this regard?

    Best wishes to you and your team,
    Gerald

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Gerald:
    should be several minutes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    a Happy Thanksgiving to you, your wife, Team Rossi, and all the partners in this fantastic journey.

    It is certainly hoped that your recent sharing about “we are preparing something important” goes well as a symbol for the coming new year. Is the assessment of this important thing occurring relatively soon?

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind wishes, that I am delighted to return.
    Answer: surely within the next year.
    This is a promise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Very important the fact that you got evidence that the light from the plasma of the Ecat SKL is polarized: actually this is a signature of the formation of clusters in coherence of phase.
    Prof

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Anonymous

    I am convinced that you will make no presentations also in 2021.

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    To all our American Readers,
    Happy Thanksgiving Day
    from all our Team,
    Andrea Rossi

  81. Freddie Fornier

    Dr Rossi,
    Where can I find a description of the electron and the Zitterbewegung coherent with your effect ?

  82. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    This is a bit off topic… at least on the surface if things.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03201-8

    I sometimes wonder if this “quintessence” is due some kind of superposition coupling of light or causal space time and with what we call matter. I know it’s easy to say these kinds things though.

    But regardless of that thought. You seem fascinated by the cosmology and meaning of things so ti thought you or other readers might find it interesting.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you, interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    A few days ago you replied to Xavier Pitz that the Ecat SKL has risen to the level ‘insane’ and ‘extremely expensive’.
    Does this ‘insane’ mean that the Ecat SKL has improved in
    1. reliability?
    2. output power?
    3. efficiency?
    4. usability?
    5. scalability?
    6. simplicity?
    7. complexity?
    8. producibility?
    9. ability to integrate in 3rd party products?
    10. market value?
    11. another aspect?
    12. But also that it has become very expensive to buy, or is it the development cost you are referring to?
    I hope you soon will reach the moment to openly show and present your baby!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1
    Development cost
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Joachim

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    here in germany the cost of a kwh is about 30 €ct. Just 3 ct for the power, 7 ct for the electric grid plus aplenty of taxes. Therefore I want to quit the grid! An E-Cat with 10 KW would be enough, even including a reasonable electric central heating instead of oil central heating.
    Would a lithium power storage with 400Wh, 300W and 230V (available for ca 400€) enough to start an E-cat?
    Or will you publish that only at the presentation?
    Best regards
    Joachim

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Joachim:
    You got it: we will talk about these issues at the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. ALINE

    Dr Rossi,
    did you find any evidence of the creation of clusters in coherence of phase as hypothesized in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    during your experiments and tests ?

  89. Andrea Rossi

    ALINE:
    Yes, we have discovered with polarizing lenses that the light emitted by the plasma is polarized: the emission of polarized light is very rare and is typical of lasers and electron some kind of accelerators; when our theoretical Team has discovered this fact, after repeated experiments, we deem this a signature of the creation of clusters of electrons in coherence of phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I suspect that a grid-tie inverter similar this one; https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B076KBCHBM/ref=as_li_tf_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B076KBCHBM&SubscriptionId=AKIAIPFZKKNXUR5ABTTA&linkCode=as2&tag=bestprodtagl12658-20 would be an economical and practical approach for integrating the ecat in a grid-tie configuration for low power applications.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    i) In the best electrical version of the E-Cat SKL, what percentage is electrical and what percentage remains thermal? For customers who are only interested in electrical energy, do they have to dissipate a lot of heat? Or is the E-Cat SKL only interesting for customers who use both (heat + electrical energy)?

    ii) As I didn’t follow this forum for many months, what is the situation of the third party testing? Was it not possible due to covid-19?
    Or do you first want to solve some stability problems (if any)?

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    i) the heat will not be an issue
    ii) tests are on course as well as the R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 25th 2020:
    Wet Scrubber Chemistry to improve heat rate and efficiencies in coal-fired power plants
    Rod Walton

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Has your team researched what equipment will be required to connect the ecat in a grid tied configuration. My annual power requirement for last year was 5540 kWh which could be supplied by a 0.633 kW source. So I think I see why you have recommended this configuration. This amount of power could easily be supplied by a single ecat module.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not yet,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I was very busy, I did not follow this forum for a long time, but maybe the anniversary of the E-Cat SKL unconsciously woke me up to come and look again?

    In the past some of your Readers discussed the use of the E-Cat SKL in electrical cars, so that EV’s (Electrical Vehicles) don’t need big and expensive batteries anymore. I also thought it would be a big improvement.

    But maybe a smaller, simpler and first step would be a 5kWe E-Cat SKL as a wallbox loader? My small electrical car has an actiradius of 300km and a battery with a capacity of 41kWh, so it will only take 8 hours and 12 minutes to load it from zero to full capacity (with a 5kWe E-Cat SKL wallbox loader). But as EV’s will be used more and more in the future, simultaneously loading many EV’s (from the grid) would create enormous peak-loads on the grid, so the electrical distribution companies intend to increase the price of peak-load, so they can pay for the necessary expansion of the grid. Here, where I live, they intend to increase the price of peak-load from 2022 on, I think. But to avoid this, and to avoid loading from the grid, a 5kWe E-Cat SKL wallbox loader would be a very good solution.

    Avoid Peak-Loading Regards,

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Good point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    In Sweden there are projections that there will be a power capacity deficit in the national grid of 1700 MW at periods this coming winter. 1700 MW corresponds to 340,000 E-Cat SKL rated 5 kWel. Is it in the pipeline to mass produce and erect modularized E-Cat power stations to meet such capacity
    1) as soon as possible
    2) maybe some other winter in the future
    3) large modularized power stations are not foreseen

    Kind regards and best wishes to the success of you and your team.
    Calle H

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Premature to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Jitse

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    of course the 1200 m3 gas for heating and cooking (= 10500 kWh per year) has been included, and can be closed completely.

    with kind regards Jitse

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea

    Congratulations on Bidens choice of John Kellen.
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  105. Jitse

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    An E-cat of 2 kWh delivers about 8 times as much as 10 solar panels max 2300 kWh (2 x24 x 365 = 17,520 kWh per year). An isolated house (150 m2) can then be released CO2 free. A 12 kWh electric central heating + 2 electric flow units for kitchen and bathroom is then feasible (priority controlled),
    During the summer an air conditioning can also be used to keep the house cool (central Europe region)

    Andrea I hope that your invention can be certified quickly, that will be the glorious results of your and your team years of working.

    best regards jitse

  106. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the German translation of your paper reported in the comment of Quinto.
    Prof said in a recent comment that your publication is the first for number of readings of the 16 millions of papers published on Researchgate, but he made a mistake: 16 millions is the number of the Authors of papers published on Researchgate, not of the papers; since the average number of publications per author is 5, your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most read of the 80 millions of papers published on Researchgate !!!
    That’s some success, my friend,
    All the best,
    Physicist

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for the update: I am stunned, but this is a success not just of mine, it is a success of all the Great team of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for the links and for your insight: maybe interesting for some of our Readers. The whole has nothing to do with the E-Cat technology or hypothesized theories.
    The E-Cat SKL thanks you for the birthday wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Stephen

    Hi Andrea

    I just was this intriguing article:

    https://newatlas.com/drones/ion-propelled-drone-undefined-technologies/

    I know it’s a bit off topic as you are not considering flying vehicles at the moment for a number of reasons but If this works it could be interesting in years to come.

    I wonder about other applications of this kind of technology though? Could it improve acoustic pollution issues for example with other machines and technolog where perhaps thrust of some kind is needed?

    Who knows maybe once chemical pollution is dealt with sound pollution might be the next thing.

    If you still have colleagues back in Miami this could be interesting to them I guess.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your suggestion, perhaps useful in future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I saw this article a few days back and thought it was interesting.

    https://phys.org/news/2020-11-previously-unknown-mechanism-electron-emission.html

    I haven’t really thought it through but I can’t help wondering about this and if it’s something that can be useful to E-cat devices or perhaps some other technology that might interest your readers.

    It brings to mind a set of rhetorical questions that I don’t expect answers too but might also be interesting to some.

    I couldn’t help wondering about what would happen in the case where we combine this technology with Moire effects and twisted graphine or other materials such as boron nitride? I wonder if it would be possible to generate localized effects and if that would be useful in some technology.

    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.4863661

    Could this for example enhance cluster generation in a localized way? Or would the energies 3.5 eV be too high in this case? Or is it useful in some way I recall that you take advantage of energies in the eV range I think?

    Would there be AB effect implications? From these effects combined with the Moire patterns? If so could this also bring some advantage for cluster formation etc?

    As always my best regards to you and your team. And Happy Birthday to e-cat SKL! Wow what a year!!!

    Stephen

  112. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would suggest that a residential application of an eCat-SKL should be similar to residential solar panels. Solar panels produce varying amount of electrical energy using in-grid technology. Because the amount of sunlight illumination changes over the day, sometimes more power is produced by the solar panel array and the excess power is fed to the electrical grid. Other times, the solar panel array produces insufficient electrical energy for the residential home and power is supplied by the electrical grid to the home.

    If an eCat-SKL were to replace the solar panel array, then the eCat-SKL could, conceptually, provide a constant level of power. Many states in the United States limit the residential solar panel production to about 15kW. So if such a bidirectional system could be developed that would feed excess electrical power to the electrical grid when the residential power demand was low and then accept electrical power from the grid when the residential electrical demand was high, such a system would be very useful.

    Examples of high demand applications include: an electric vehicle (EV) home charger units which can consume up to 100 Amps at 240 VAC. Although most home EV chargers can be setup to limit their electrical draw to a lower value. Seasonal illumination, i.e., Christmas home displays, can also be high usage examples. And all electric homes where electricity is used to heat the home and hot water are other examples.

    I would suggest an electrical output in the 8 kW range might be a good level to design to. An eCat-SKL outputting 192 kW-hrs per 24 hour day would be useful in reducing coal-fired electrical plants when the majority of residential homes have such a unit.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    One year ago, you posted the following message :
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=892&cpage=463#comment-1417348

    Today, it is the E-Cat SKL 1st birthday !
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgPRR41BkgA

    Looking back at the previous 12 months of evolution, on a scale from “too easy” to “insane” (see previous video), which level did the E-Cat SKL reach 1 year after its birth ?

    Musical Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for reminding me this ! Yes, I remember that day very well.
    The answer is: “insane”. And extremely expensive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Quinto:
    Thank you for the link !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to hear you are making progress. How difficult are the problems you have to deal with?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I do not see problems we cannot resolve. We are preparing something really important. The work is hard, the important is to stay calm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Bill Conley

    domenico canino:

    Note that Chuck Davis did not say that he needed “200 kilowatts for a house.” He actually said “200 A” with the “A” no doubt indicating Amps. Energy for a residence providing 200 Amp service is not that unusual or excessive in the US.

    Bill

  120. Chuck Davis

    Dear Domenico Canino,
    I bought my current home two years ago with the goal of powering it from an ecat when it becomes available so I selected all electric appliances. It is wired to accommodate a 200 A load or 44 kW (not 200 kW). When sizing an energy source you must consider a scenario that includes all of the appliances working simultaneously because most people won’t hesitate to consider “Am I going to overload my circuit breaker?”. If your villa is all-electric I seriously doubt that 6 kW would be sufficient to operate it. You must consider the worst case instantaneous load, not the average power usage reflected on your electric bill and you should include some margin. It is my hope that the ecat will be less expensive than Maxwell’s unit, if not I will probably have to consider converting my appliances to gas (a dreaded fossil fuel).

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  121. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    A few weeks ago you said you possibly have a solution to make the Ecat more reliable.
    Have you made any progress in the reliability or are you still working on that?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The work is in progress, and day by day we are eliminating the weak points.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Where did you find the ground for the role of the Casimir force as described in paragraph 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks for your patient answers
    CC

  124. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    See “Demonstration of the Casimir Force in the 0.6 to 6 Micrometers Range”, S.K.Lamoreaux, Phys. Rev. Lett., 78:5-8, 1997
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. domenico canino

    Dear Chuck Davis,
    do you really need 200 kilowatts for a house? To me in Calabria (South Italy) 6 kilowatts would be enough. Less than 5000 dollars to be free from bills for ever. Or so much. The real key question to ask yourself about
    Maxwell’s technology instead is: does it work or does it not work?
    frequency regards

  126. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Maxwell Chikumbutso wants $880 per kW for his generator so a generator for my 200 A rated home would cost $38720 plus shipping and installation! Ha, Ha, Ha! At my age I would never even break even! Oh, and it is only warranted for 2 years! He has quickly come up to speed with predatory US marketing!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis,
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regrds,
    A.R.

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Kashayar Shatti
    Thank you for resending your comment.
    1- My former answer was related to your former comment. Perhaps I had to better explain that it is unthinkable to connect a plasma driven reactor with a portable mask, my fault: I thought it was some sort of fooling and now I understand I was wrong, therefore I apologize. Anyway: the answer to your original question is that no, it is not possible to make an Ecat applicable to a mask, whatever kind of mask it might be. That kind of job can well be made by a small battery at an irrelevant cost.
    2- This blog is a forum where I give all the publicable information about the Ecat.
    3- I never have been frustrated about discussions on the Ecat ( this blog published so far more that 54 000 comments, most of which related to questions and answers about the Ecat ) and I never related any breach of any governmental regulation to my work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Mr Rossi
    In response to your recent comment of: November 20, 2020 at 5:34 AM
    You made this false accusation, so I replied accordingly.

    ******************************************************************************
    Andrea Rossi
    March 21, 2020 at 6:02 AM
    Khashayar Shatti:
    I REPEAT: THE ECAT IS NOT A DEVICE THAT CAN HELP IN ANY WAY THE FIGHT ON COURSE AGAINST THE CORONA VIRUS.
    PLEASE STOP THIS FAKE INFORMATION,…

    Khashayar Shatti
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.
    March 27, 2020 at 3:47 PM
    Dear Dr Rossi
    Apparently you didn’t reply to my request. Could you Please clarify:
    1- WHO SAID YOUR ECAT IS GOING TO BE USED DURING THE CORONA VIRUS PERIOD?
    Within the last 7 years no ecat device has become available and may not be available within the next two years to be very optimistic. So one must be stupid to think that your ecat could be used in general, let alone against coronavirus within coronavirus period.
    So, would you please STOP MAKING FAKE INFORMATION?
    I agreed with you such that no one should make fake information, but you did it.
    2- Please reply accordingly: A forum on “Ecat Engineering developments”. What is your opinion?
    Just say your opinion and don’t mix it and relate it to coronavirus period in order to bypass your answer and mix it with governmental regulations?
    3- Why are you so frustrated about discussions on ecat and relate it to breach of governmental regulations on coronavirus?
    ********************************************************************************

    It is like a kind of falsification, diverting the main subject.
    Please note that the type of active hot air face mask That,well before, I proposed to WHO, has now been designed by MIT.
    https://news.mit.edu/2020/heated-face-mask-coronaviruses-1021

    I wanted to discuss possible future engineering developments for a portable 24 hour power supply of this kind of face mask under the title of “engineering developments”.
    It means that your device when certified and available in future, could be a good heat or eletricity supply for it.
    Fortunately they have made it to work for 4 hours(1 charge).

    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  130. Rocco

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    can you suggest me a reading to understand better and thoroughly the Aharonov-Bohm effect ?
    Thank you for your help,
    Rocco

  131. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    For a while I have been curious concerning why the 5kW 100cm^3 reactor size was selected for the SKL design. Was it:

    A) The optimum size for the reaction (Rossie Effect) considering electrical input/output and heat management? or

    B) The best modular sized building block to achieve various total energy levels anticipated for SKL applications?

    Thanks as always for your thoughts,

    Bill

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    A
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Sam

    The Presentation of Maxwell chikumbutso
    invention.

    https://youtu.be/R0CvyfIuoGU

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your three links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Keith Thomson:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    At Ecat.com I read that “LENR technology is the basis for the reactions occurring in the
    ECAT core”
    Do you now plan an update of this including a modified description of the Rossi Effect?

    Kind Regards
    Sven B

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    You are right, we must update the text of our old website, that mirrors what was I thought years ago. I did not dedicate much of my time to the website, and this is surely my fault.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    After your answer to Ruby, I have another query. Does the Rossi effect conform to E = M.C^2
    If so, what has lost mass?

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    The theorretical hypothesis in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    crosses the field of Relativity in so far the ZBW has the speed of light, therefore there can be the deformations foreseen by the well known equations of the curvature of the space-time. But still I have convinced myself that there are not nuclear reactions, either cold or hot, and I derive this convinction of mine from my experiments, after 10 years of work on the Ecat and its evolution. Obviously, I can be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Dr. Rossi,

    Regardless of where you are currently residing, are you planning on enjoying an American-style Thanksgiving dinner next week?

    Warm regards,
    Greg Daigle

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    Of course yes, and I will surely celebrate in remote with all my American friends and members of our team !
    Happy Thanksgiving Day also to all our American Readers,
    Andrea Rossi

  142. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In the news recently there was a report that Deutsche bank research recommends an extra 5% tax on people working from home due to Covid, as they will not be using and hence contributing to the upkeep of the country’s infrastructure. This gives an indication of how governments are likely to react to a reduction in tax revenue from changes in the energy economy.

    Those who can afford to will purchase E-Cats and opt out of the electrical and gas distribution infrastructures, these infrastructures will be left with people on low income and on government benefits, the distribution infrastructure becomes effectively used and supported by government. For their own use and to support the low paid, governments are likely to require the continued existence of distribution networks, initially it will likely be a lower cost for them to maintain and upgrade existing infrastructure rather than convert all existing national and regional government buildings and facilities. So, maintenance of distribution infrastructure and centralized power production will still be required for many years, likely gradually converted to E-Cat SKL’s but still mostly centralized. Governments will find ways to tax those who go off grid to pay for what will likely become many separate reduced distribution networks.

    People probably favour E-Cats for transport as they believe they will pay far less in fuel and maintenance, however part of the fuel cost is tax, governments still require the tax monies so will probably transfer taxation to the vehicle.

    A significant part of national and regional government costs are for energy; lighting and heating of buildings, operation of electrical equipment, and transportation, with the prospect of lower cost energy there is the possibility that government taxes can fall, we can only hope, it is more likely that the people in control of governments will try to maintain the level of taxation and divert the money to other uses.

    Throughout the production, sale and consumption of energy within the current energy economy there is taxation, taxation of peoples earnings, company taxes, sales taxes, in time as the E-Cat devices dominate worldwide, as government taxes fall from existing sources they will seek new sources, the question to be debated within governments will be; what is fair and representative taxation and where should it be targeted.

    “in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes” – Benjamin Franklin

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  143. Sam

    Thomas Florek and DR Rossi

    This inventor takes Physics and
    God quite a few steps further.
    With only grade 7 education he
    claims by Praying and hard work
    he has invented a free energy machine.

    https://youtu.be/Jz82qRfPxjw

    https://youtu.be/M9nCzRsZ1cI

    Regards
    Sam

  144. Ruby

    Dr Rossi,
    1) Are you still convinced, as you said, that the so called Rossi effect is not based on nuclear reactions ?
    2) Are you still convinced that your work does not imply LENR or Cold Fusion ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Ruby

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    1) yes
    2) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    For a while I have been curious concerning why the 5kW 100cm^3 reactor size was selected for the SKL design. Was it:

    A) The optimum size for the reaction (Rossie Effect) considering electrical input/output and heat management? or

    B) The best modular sized building block to achieve various total energy levels anticipated for SKL applications?

    Thanks as always for your thoughts,

    Bill

  147. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Mr Rossi

    Apparently you refused to publish and add my comment.
    Khashayar Shatti
    Your comment is awaiting moderation.
    March 27, 2020 at 3:47 PM

    For clarification purposes, I think it would be better if you allowed others to reply to your statements.
    Please add it to the comments.

    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    Thank you for your comment, because it allows me to explain to all the Readers that do not find their comment published, that the reasons can be either that their comment has gone erroneously in the spam, or that we spammed it because not decent.
    Therefore, I invite all the Readers that do not find their comment published to send their complaint here, as you did. Normally I am able to recover comments erroneously spammed by the robot, but I know many of them get lost. The reasons why the robot spams comments are commonly due to the fact that comments can contain something that it deems like a virus. Rarely happens that I spam a comment: when it happens is because it contains insults to somebody , or unpolite issues.
    So, Mr Khashayar Shatti, I am delighted to invite you to send again your comment, that will be published and responded to as soon as I will receive it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi, You said to Tim that “The Ecat QX is inside the Ecat SK and both are inside the Ecat SKL”.

    Does each Ecat SKL contain a single Ecat QX, or are there multiple Ecat QXs inside the Ecat SKL unit?

    Thank you if you can answer.

    Stay Safe until this Coronavirus nightmare is over.

    Best Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Single, but evolved,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    How much are the probabilities that you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL in 2021 ?

  152. > This is a lecture by DR Arnold
    > Sikkema about Quantum Physics
    > and Quantum Physics.

    >https://youtu.be/wqJ8c57Nfl0

    > Regards
    > Sam

    Sam, thank you for sharing this lecture. It is refreshing to be reminded that being religious does not require one to reject science. Indeed science can give us a better understanding of all things, even the divine.

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. CC

    where can I find explications of electrons ZBW models ?

  155. Tim

    Dr Rossi,
    I remember the Ecat QX, and its presentation ( I googled “Ecat QX presentation Stockholm 2017 ).
    Is the Ecat QX still alive, or has it been made obsolete by the SK presented in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    ?

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Tim:
    The Ecat QX is inside the Ecat SK and both are inside the Ecat SKL. This philogenesis can be seen in the theoretical development in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. P

    Dear Andrea,
    Lately, it has not sounded so promising that there will be a presentation this year. Maybe this event can be a good opportunity to inform the world about your progress:
    https://energiforsk.se/konferenser/kommande/small-modular-reactors-enabling-the-technology/
    Kind regards
    /P

  159. Andrea Rossi

    P
    The “small” nuclear fission plants (200 MW) have the same issues of the “big” ( > 1000 MW ) and have nothing to do with our progress, because an integration of all the convenient technologies is necessary at least in the middle term, if we want to be realistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Milva

    Dear Andrea,
    Watch this video when you have time.
    https://www.byoblu.com/2020/11/12/covid-19-i-retroscena-piu-inquietanti-chi-ci-guadagna-sonia-savioli/
    Surely you too will have already received, pressure and certainly
    you are “under observation” by someone who controls everything is necessary to check.
    Sounds weird that they haven’t stopped you yet, to tell the truth !?
    But maybe they see that the process goes ahead very slowly and then
    they find it more useful, at the moment, to remain and observe.
    They will do it in due time, rest you assured.
    This, however, makes us understand how extraordinary men are able to do extraordinary things are often blocked by “entities” much less extraordinary, totally cynical and selfish.
    Let’s hope that this time, at the right moment, they are distracted and that inventions like yours manage to emerge and improve our life.
    We urgently need it now!
    A warm greeting.
    Hi
    Milva

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Milva:
    You are not wrong. This is why we must be very careful before facing the market, notwithstanding the fact that in my lab we can see something that looks like a miracle: but, as Jesus said, we must not throw the pearls to the porks, and, as you say, there are many porks around. We must be very shielded before going in the line of fire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea,

    I am hoping your testing is all going well. I am also hoping for many many partners and licensees to promote the E-cat SKL. My question is do your partners and licensees share your thoughts on pricing? I’m hoping everyone in the world will be able to have their lives improved by all your hard work.

    Bernie Morrissey

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Good point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 17:
    “Small modular nuclear technologies get big lift lately”
    Rod Walton

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you enlisting the considerable resources and expertise of your partners/licensees to reach your reliability goals for the SKL?

    Thanks,

    Bill

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    Yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    The readings of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached the number of 51000 (and counting…)
    Cheers
    Prof

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a lecture by DR Arnold
    Sikkema about Quantum Physics
    and Quantum Physics.

    https://youtu.be/wqJ8c57Nfl0

    Regards
    Sam

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea, at Xavier Pitz

    It’s not my fault.
    Andrea has been waiting a long time for Amazon to deliver his crystal ball.

    Perhaps he wants to go to the future and see when the dann thing actually gets delivered…

    Best wishes
    Dan C.

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    He,he,he…maybe, thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the output of the SKL device require filtering for the DC output to be usable and is the AC output waveform a pure sine wave or at least close to it? Hopefully you are able to answer, if not I understand.

    As always, stay vigilant. We appreciate your tireless effort.

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    Sorry, Icannot answer this question. The charcteristics of the Ecat will be published at the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Norma

    Dr Rossi:
    Where can I find how is it possible that the Zitterbewegung makes the electron have a radial speed of c while conserving a lower speed of directional speed ?

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    You can find it on references 14,7,8,9 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Dan, dear Andrea

    “Aha, now I get it.
    You’re building a freaking Time Machine.
    he he

    Dan C.”

    Don’t give Andrea more ideas of new features to implement in the E-Cat, otherwise we will never see it been released :)

    Joke aside if mass/matter affects the curvature of spacetime, and if e=m.c², extracting e from ZPE may also have an effect on spacetime, hence on time…

    Futuristic Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    He,he,he,
    maybe you are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Robert Dorr

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m sorry to say but someone is marketing an E-Cat before you got yours ready:

    https://tinyurl.com/y4x4fdso

    Happy Thanksgiving,

    Robert Dorr

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    He,he,he,
    Happy Thanksgiving to you and all our American Readers,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  182. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    Could it be that the improvement in stability also results in an improvement in efficiency?
    I still hope to get 96.2% in order to then possibly forego active cooling.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I do not think so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You think to know how to improve the reliability of the Ecat SKL.
    1. Can you tell: is if is the controller or is it the reactor where the improvement must take place?
    2. In the reactor there exists electron clusters (EV). Do you believe that they stay only in the plasma, or can they travel/move outside the plasma?
    3. If moving outside the plasma is possible, can they travel through metal of e.g. the electrodes?
    Hopefully the improved Ecat SKL can soon be tested and shown to work!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- both
    2- what I can say about this issue has been published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3- see point 2
    I share your hope,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you give a little more information about the reliability problem?

    A) We are still looking for the cause of the unreliability.
    B) We know the cause of the unreliability, but still don’t have a solution.
    C) We know the cause and also have a solution. But this still has to be implemented.
    D) We have just implemented a solution and are testing it again.

    Best regards
    Wilfried

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    C
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    ScienceNews
    A new, theoretical type of time crystal could run without outside help

    Long-range interactions between particles may create a structure that regularly repeats in time

    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/new-theoretical-type-time-crystal-could-run-without-outside-help

    Aha, now I get it.
    You’re building a freaking Time Machine.
    he he

    Dan C.

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- not major, but still
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Dear Andrea,
    I assume you have switched your efforts from mostly inventing to mostly engineering. In my experience you must have switched from a few developers to many developers. Have you assembled your critical path plot for the future completion of your introduction of the device into the commercial market? Do your commercial partners agree with it?
    Planning regards.

  191. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    1, Would it be safe to say that at bench top level(lab setting) the SKL appears to stable reliable ?

    and

    2, You are now running/testing the SKL in various conditions & situations to confirm/prove it is stable & reliable including longevity ?

    3, If the answer to #2 is yes, have you had any major issues to date to deal with ?

    4, Have you had any minor issues to date to deal with ?

    Best wishes to your team and you.

    Dan C.

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Since Pons & Fleischmann reliability is one of the biggest problems in LENR-related fields and hot-fusion. While the SKL seems to be most advanced it is still not completely solved.

    a) Is this the reason that it is still not the right moment to test in self-sustain-mode?

    b) If the SKL is interrupted by a reliability issue, can it automatically recover with a back-up battery?

    c) If there is enough redundancy, let’s say three instead of one SKL, does this solve the reliability issues for customers? If ‘yes’ I’m convinced there is already huge market potential for the SKL.

    Thanks a lot if you can answer this questions,

    Brice

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    a) no
    b) yes, provided the battery has enough energy stored in the specific situation. Better a grid back-up
    c) I prefer to resolve all the problems, not launch a ship counting on the safety vessels. There will be around carriers ready to shoot if they will see weak points.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. John atkinson

    Dr. Rossi,
    I can’t understand that if the e-cat is certified for industrial use how can it also be ,in your words, unreliable? Thank you for your and your teams hard work.

  197. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Because I have more stringent parameters,
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    reading again
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching again the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I arrived to the point to think that your theoretical path through the process that leads to your effect is this:
    step 1: point zero energy
    step 2: dV/dt with high dV
    step 3: increase of ZBV value and Aharonov- Bohm effect
    step 4: electrons phase change
    step 5: formation of clusters of electrons in phase
    step 6:

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    I think you gor the essence,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the E-Cat SKL able to produce a stable electrical output, that can be used by normal products that consume electricity?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    So far we are using only resistive loads. We aim to universal applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    For your eventual household E-Cat do you think that water heating would be better performed by utilizing waste heat or by E-Cat produced electricity?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Depends on the situation and on the numbers involved in the specific situation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Here are the last stats of your publications on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Readings 55000
    Recommendations 3266
    Citations 21
    Total Research Interest Index 939.5
    …and counting ! No comment
    Prof

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    To clarify, when you told Frank Acland that all you needed was a “reliable product” were you referring to:

    A) A product that you believe is currently of reliable design, but needs to be proven reliable through a battery of tests of various types and durations, or

    B) A product that needs further R&D to achieve a more reliable design which can subsequently be proven in testing.

    Thanks for your response and for your groundbreaking work.

    Bill

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    “A” has not been completed yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Please confirm for us that you will in the first wave of deliveries the ‘ecats’ to those of us that have commercial grade product needs, (ie home heating and cooling systems, large commercial cold storage facilities, green houses that need heating and cooling, etc…) and not send us to the back of the line for deliveries.

    1) I Andrea Rossi promise to ship to all pre-orders that confirm …
    — or —
    2) No, all of the pending pre-orders will be delayed until the corporate orders are filled.

    We have waited a decade, we deserve to have our orders respected.

    Warm Regards,
    Tom Conover

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    As I always said the pre-orders will be respected in their order of arrival as soon as we will put in commerce the household Ecats. Also for the industrial plants, the pre-orders will be respected, as well as their order of arrival.
    Very likely, we will be able to supply industrial plants before we will get the certifications for the households. We already have the certifications for the industrial applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You stated recently that your presentation will occur once you have a reliable product.

    a) How would you characterize your progress towards this goal?
    b) When you make a presentation will it be of a commercial product, or an experimental prototype?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) I think we are very advanced
    b) I think it will be a commercial product
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Anonymous

    So you will not make the presentation in 2020. I think you will never make any presentation

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Maybe this new super battery is the answer to getting the ecat to market quickly! With the battery supplying power to the load and the ecat as a battery charger the occurrence of a reactor shutdown would be mitigated. For example, charging could be accomplished while a car is not being used. Then of course you could continue to work on resolving the reliability issue with no stress.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I found this on the internet this morning. https://banyanhill.com/exclusives/the-12-million-mile-battery/?z=1672797

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Dave Haws

    Dr. Rossi, thank you for your tremendous effort to bring this technology forward. Regarding current and potential partners, what is the primary criteria for selecting partners? Is it location, scientific skill, available resources, funding, etc.? And, how does an entity make application to become a partner? Thank you in advance for your response.

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Haws:
    Thank you for your support.
    The due diligence to accept a partnership implies all the issues you listed. To ask for a partnrrship the sole thing to do to start is asking for it writing to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Paul

    Andrea,

    V/R means “Very Respectfully”;
    thus V, V, V, V / R means “Very, Very, Very, Very Respectfully”.

    When the E-CAT-SKL reaches maximum open circuit voltage (no load), does it turn the reaction off?

    ||: V,V,V,V/R :||

    Paul

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes, that is read from the A.I. like a short a short.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for V.V.V.V/R versus our Team !

  223. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    This article about hotfusion might interest you: “Advancing fusion energy through improved understanding of fast plasma particles” (“Unlocking the zig-zagging dance of hot, charged plasma particles that fuel fusion reactions can help to harness on Earth the fusion energy that powers the sun and stars. Two theorists have developed a new algorithm, or set of computer rules, for tracking volatile particles that could advance the arrival of safe, clean and virtually limitless source of energy.”).

    https://phys.org/news/2020-11-advancing-fusion-energy-fast-plasma.html

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it likely that the following types of tests will be carried out before any presentation?

    A. Long duration tests of multiple numbers of single E-Cat SKL’s at full load.

    B. Cyclic on of testing.

    C. Tests where the load is variable either random or cyclic.

    D. Tests at elevated or low ambient temperatures.

    E. Control of two or more E-Cat SKL’s linked together.

    F. Do E-Cat SKL’s have to complete specific tests and minimum individual duration time to determine that the E-Cat SKL design is reliable?

    Is reliability determined by you, or is it a group decision, or is reliability determined by a testing authority?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A,B,C,D,E, F: yes
    The tests are made by us and by independent entities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Paul

    Andrea,

    In the ideal range for the working load resistance, would you consider the E-cat SKL a current source (power out increases with in increasing load resistance) or a voltage source (power out decreases with increasing load resistance)?

    V,V,V,V / R

    Paul

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    a current source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    Just curious: what stays V.V.V.V/R for ?

  229. Rick

    Dr Rossi,
    Where can I find a description of the electron that fits with your theoretical hypothesis ?
    Rick

  230. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You honestly replied to Frank that all you want is a reliable Ecat.
    In the past you have more often had reliability issues with the Ecat and a major step was taken by the introduction of a AI controller, if I remember well. No doubt the process is extremely complex and many parameters contribute to the stability of the plasma and energy production, the reason why you choose the AI controller.
    There are many reasons for not telling us what exactly is going on, but giving us some idea or aspect may lead to an reaction that can help you further. Just one reaction of your followers may blossom in your inventive brains to a solution. Just wanting to help.
    Kind regards and great success, Gerard

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your generous suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I feel your angst, it is frustration mixed with the taste of success. If it were I, could I still concentrate, I would at least consider allowing my progress to backtrack to a prior development level that is STABLE.

    I truly hope of your previous versions is in fact stable, and that you kept detailed records to “back up” and restore the stable version.

    God speed, sir.

    Warm regards
    Tom Conover

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    this quick note is simply to express an appreciation for you, Team Rossi, and your many new partners in what amounts to a +10 year long marathon soon coming to a culminating milestone . . . .

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind support to our Team !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    In Canada, today it is our Remembrance Day holiday.
    I have a few questions I hate to bother you with, and if you prefer not to answer now I’ll patiently wait until the demonstration :) :
    1- Does the certification of the Ecat SKL involve two separate certifications : one for the control unit and one for the E-cat reactor itself?
    The certifying agency might be accustomed to certifying electrical control units of various kinds, but certifying something like the E-cat reactor must be a novel experience for them.
    2- Are they aware that the E-cat reactor is a power generator, and are they treating it as such? They have to have access to some of your schematics, which presumably would involve signal power input into the E-cat reactor and also power output.
    3- From your recent reply to Frank about a reliable product, is it the output of the E-cat that is the hardest to procure as reliable / consistent?
    4- Is this the most problematic aspect in obtaining a certification?

    The closest household thing to the E-cat and controller that comes to mind is a home stereo setup. One has a digital music source including a dac and preamp. This corresponds to the control unit. The resultant electrical music signal is sent to the amplifier (which corresponds to the E-cat module), which amplifies that signal and outputs lots electrical power to the power hungry speakers.
    But a critical difference : In a home stereo setup, both the music source and the amplifier are connected directly to the mains. In the case of the E-cat only the control unit is connected to the mains ; the E-cat reactor is connected only to the controller! (As I understand it.)
    Anyway, may you and your team and the E-cat SKL continue to make great music together.
    Mark

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- also
    4- no
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Bill Conley

    Most agree, that one of the most compelling applications for which the SKL is both well suited and can offer an immense environmental impact is Electric Vehicles (EVs). Preliminary analysis indicates that perhaps 4 – 6 SKL 95/5 reactors could offer sufficient power for most EVs and allow an 80% to 90% reduction in the batteries required (forecast to be in short supply) and thus allow unlimited EV range without requiring battery recharges (the two big impediments to EV adoption). It also appears that current EV cooling system are more than sufficient to disipate the minimal SKL heat load.

    Of course to work in the EV application, the SKL must be able to start-up and run without a mains connection. Your JONP interactions of late seem to indicate limited development and testing of the SKL so far in autonomous start-up (ASU) and running in self-sustain-mode (SSM). A few questions related to this area if you will:

    1) Are you confident the SKL can achieve the ASU/SSM features to support the EV application?

    2) Are the ASU/SSM features fully engineered into the current SKL design?

    3) If not (no to #2), how much effort is required to to engineer ASU/SSM into the SKL?
    a) Minimal effort
    b) Moderate effort
    c) Substantial effort

    4) Will the ASU/SSM engineering (#3) be performed by Leonardo of a partner?

    Thanks as always for considering our questions.

    Bill

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    Sorry, it is premature for me to answer your questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What tasks do you need to accomplish before you can hold the public presentation?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To have a reliable product: that’s all I need.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.