Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2019-03-22 02:00:10.192959Z

  1. Alain

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The http://www.ecatskdemo.com video is the most spectacular thing I ever have seen in the LENR world.
    I am not surprised it has been among the most successful.
    I think this is happening because it brings evidence of the probable value of your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that is the most read nuclear physics publication of the world among the publications of the last 4 months
    Did you expect it?

    Alain

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Alain:
    No.
    Thank you for the attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  3. Aurelio

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When do you think the major company you are partnering with- I suppose it is the same you will dedicate most of your production- will make a communication about the Ecat operated by them ?

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Aurelio:
    Maybe sooner that expected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I don’t like the definition “LENR” because the energy is not low at all, if anything (relatively)low temperature could fit better.
    It is the time to use an acronym that better fits, because the success of a technology depends also from the name that stimulate the imagination.
    So, the name could be turn in something like “AMAR” (anti matter annihilation reactor)

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    When you talk of nuclear fusion for Hot Fusion it is intended a temperature of at least 1 million Kelvin.
    This is why to define cold the T we work at is proper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been publishe on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “Magnetism from Iron’s Nuclear Structiure”, by Alan Folmsbee.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    I am honoured, together with all my Team, of your words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a recent article on
    LENR that mentions you.

    http://mathscholar.org/2019/03/lenr-energy-science-or-pseudoscience/

    Regards
    Sam

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Sam,
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We are delighted with your new success in promoting revolutionary energy technology. In today’s world, you are a worthy successor to the Nikolo Tesla case and an example of a real scientist breaking stereotypes on the development of world power engineering.

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  13. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, can you tell us the preliminary performance (till now) of direct extracting electricity from the reactor, thank you:
    1 – less than 10%
    2 – between 10% and 20%
    3 – between 20% and 30%
    4 – over 30%

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The scale, as explained in http://www.ecatskdemo.com , was to confront the weight of the Ecat SK through the time of operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You wrote to Raffaele Bongo in an answer: “Ships and aircraft have a very long certification process. Honestly, I think these applications will be allowed after the domestic applications.”
    It made me happy! I look forward to this product.
    Can you name any timeline for reference?
    Can we recall the hopes of 14 – 15 years for “E-Sat in every home”?
    I’d like to hear an optimistic answer.
    Thank.

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Crystal ball demanded.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    may I ask what was the use of the scale put under the E-Cat SK?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    Goebbels (1897-1945), the propaganda right-arm of Adolf Hitler, used to say that repeating a lie many times it would be considered truth. It seems to me that the trolls paid to disparage your work are following this goebbelism.
    Comments?

  20. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Arthur Schopenhauer ( 1788-1860): “All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident”. We are at the second phase. The third will be when our products will be put in widespread evidence and the guys that now are paying the trolls will try to copy them ( it will take years ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Megan

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you notice attempts of interference in the remote control system of the Ecat that is making heat?

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Megan:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Rod Walton

    In the issue of March 19 2019 of Power Engineering I present the latest stories on power generation , renewable energy and smart grid.
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. kenko1

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Are any of your new customers mass producing French Fries

    with the heat your E-cats provide?

    bye for now, Kenko1

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko1:
    he,he,he…no. We serve only industries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Benjamin

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you see the last comments on ecat-thenewfire.com
    Very interesting…
    Cheers
    Ben

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Benjamin:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. CC

    Dear Andrea
    About the par. 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_paricle_interactions
    is the Zitterbewegung effect polarized around the cathod ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    CC

  31. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I suppose so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations to you and your team in making innovations for the direct production of electricity from the ecat.

    1. Is the ecat apparatus you are using for this work the same size as the unit shown in the skdemo?

    2. Does the apparatus employ any new materials you have not used before?

    3. If yes, did you develop any new materials for this apparatus.

    Thank you

    Bob Belovich

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    A container ship sank off our French coasts and we are unfortunately waiting for a spill in a few days because of the heavy propulsion oil that escapes from the ship. A new and not rare ecological disaster of this type.
    Do you think that in the near future you could provide E-Cats for the propulsion of these ships on the same principle of current nuclear aircraft carriers?
    So we would not have oil spills and the ships would no longer emit polluting gases that are dangerous for human health.

    All my support for the placing on the market of boilers and all my wishes of success for the R & D of the electric E-Cat.
    cordially
    Raffaele

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Ships and aircraft have a very long certification process. Honestly, I think these applications will be allowed after the domestic applications.
    Your idea is not wrong, though.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say ‘between next May and June we’d have solid results’ regarding direct electricity production. Do you mean 2019 or 2020?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    2019
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you and your team will succeed in developing the Electric E-cat. I look forward for the results in the coming months!
    1. If the results are positive, would you then consider stopping the development with the turbine, or do you see other applications for the turbine?
    2. Can you tell anything about the sales of heat?
    3. Are you happy with the orders so far?
    4. Is there any chance a customer will openly publish data, or just that he is happy with the performance, in the near future?
    5. If so, about when?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- they are two different applications, not alternative
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- I do not know
    5- I do not know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Jean Barrigan

    Hi, this is a great site. I have shared it in my facebook. Thank you.

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Barrigan:
    Thank you for your attenton to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Nicola Herklotz

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    When will you have precise idea if the direct production of electric energy from the Ecat SK can work on industrial scale?
    Godspeed,
    Nicola

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola Herklotz:
    between next May and June we’d have solid results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Angela

    Dr Rossi,
    In tha paper of Dr Menichella what is stunning is the display of the photos of the evolution of the Ecats.
    The next will have a cable coming out leading electricity, right?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Angela:
    I hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Germain

    Dear Andrea,
    What do you think of the Greta girl, the Swedish ambientalist?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Germain:
    Really impressive. I love her answer to the trolls: ” if they are attacking me means they are afraid of me “. Holy words !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Prof

    I too read “The Physics Delusion” of Dr Johan F. Prins.
    After this reading, which do you think are the most basic laws of Physics ?
    I know, it is a quite difficult question.
    Prof
    P.S. Congratulations for your comments after the reading of the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo da Vinci

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    From Richard Feynman lectures vol II, chapter 25:
    ” Let us show you something interesting that we have recently discovered.
    All the laws of physics can be contained in one equation.
    That equation is
    U = 0
    This ‘law’ means, of course, that the sum of the squares of all the individual mismatches is zero, and the only way the sum of a lot of squares can be zero is for each one of terms to be zero. So the ‘beautifully’ simple law is equivalent to the whole series of equations that you originally wrote down.
    It is therefore absolutely obvious that a simple notation that just hides the complexity in the definitions of symbols is not real simplicity. It is just a trick “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    See also “Lorenz gauge,scalar field and the R.Feynman concept of ‘Unworldliness’ ” by Giorgio Vassallo, March 16 2019

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. eernie1

    Dear Gian,
    Thank you for your information. My fathers birth certificate indicates he was born in Basilga de Pine. He would talk about either Sternigo or Basilga depending what he was doing. As I understand it the two were villages on opposite sides of a mountain lake about a mile apart. Both are now summer resorts and possess beautiful lake side beaches. As a youth he lead an idyllic life swimming, fishing in the lake and playing the trumpet in the town band. Since his father was the town banker he had no money worries. This lifestyle was destroyed by the beginning of WW1 and the following 4 years were completely horrible experiences when he was made to serve in the army. May I ask how you know this much about my father?
    Curious regards.

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you to share with us your experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    very interesting pages written by Dr. Mario Menichella about your work:

    https://www.esperimentanda.com/e-cat-sk-nel-cuore-del-reattore-delle-meraviglie-lenr/

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the information nd the link to the publication of Dr Mario Menichella.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Sono più di 8 anni che seguo la tua incredibile attività.
    Voglia Iddio premiare i tuoi sforzi con il successo.
    La Terra ne ha urgente bisogno.
    A Te, ai Tuoi famigliari, al tuo team auguro ogni bene.
    Gian

    P.S. Please Andrea inform eernie1 that his father was born in
    “Frazione Sternigo, Baselga di Piné, Trento, Italy”
    Very beautiful place. Wonderful mountains.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your kind words
    Eernie1:
    Here is a message for you from your Italian friend Gian !
    Warm Regards to both,
    A.R.

  58. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Does your new method of generating electricity involve a charged energetic particle moving in a magnetic field?

    2. Such as an alpha particle?

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    This week I noted that the name E-Cat showed up in several weapon-related posts on Twitter.
    e.g https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1107124688843489281
    https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1107119442960375808

    Maybe you should act on this to protect your label?

    Sven B

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    It is very, very well done and extremely interesting. You gave an enormous amount of information, considering the combined publication on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Godspeed,
    Rupert

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Orsobubu, I could not agree more with your comment regarding the importance of this blog in providing freedom of expression regarding alternative viewpoints on scientific explanations. I agree entirely. Regards Eric Ashworth

  65. Carlos Nighbor

    Real fantastic information can be found on this blog. Great video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Carlos Nighbor:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    It is amazing how the spies continually attempt to squeeze proprietary information from you!
    Chuck Davis

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The great-great majority of the questions I receive in this blog are not malicious, it is normal some curiosity. When I can, I answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Barbara

    Dr Rossi,
    I am very interested to your reading of the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo Da Vinci. Can you tell me more about his study of a highest efficiency of machinery?

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Barbara:
    What is very interesting indeed in the Atlantic Codex about the concept of efficiency is mainly the Foglio 754 r, wherein we find a drawing od a machine to draw water from wells. You must consider that efficiency at the times of Leonardo da Vinci was even more important than today, because men in the sixteenth century had to lift, displace dig tonns of materials, liquid and solid, only with the force of humans or animals, so for them was very important to invent apparatuses that could ease the effort.
    Leonardo professional lifespan happened between the year 1467 and the year 1518 ( he has been born in 1452 and died in 1519 ).
    Returning to the Foglio 754 r: it is a rotating wheel that balancing the series of buckets it bears eases the rotation making very easy for one man to make it turn. In this Foglio Leonardo da Vinci writes, with his characteristic writing from right to left: ” If you make this design you will obtain the perpetual motion”. Later, in ms.Madrid I he writes: ” The idea of a motus perpetuus is absurd ” because he discovers experimentally that it is impossible: we could consider Leonardo da Vinci the proto-discoverer of the first principle of thermodynamic…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I know that your team has explored the effects of magnetic fields on the plasma you create in the device. One property that you may have noticed is the MASER effect that can be created by the magnetic field. For the benefit of the readers who asked “why impose a magnetic field on the plasma”, one answer may be to study the result of imposing fields on an electron system contained in a microwave structure. Since the plasma has dimensions(centimeters) that correspond to those of microwave frequency cavities, we may assume that any microwaves generated by the plasma may be enhanced by the structure. Electrons of course possess spin qualities( frequency, polar orientation), which can be effected by other factors in the plasma to the extent that they are free from the influence of neighboring forces. In a plasma the electrons are relatively free in comparison to electrons found in atoms or molecules. In general, the spin of the electrons about their axis can be designated up or down dependent upon the direction of the axis pole. In most systems statistically, there are as many up spins as down spins because of thermionic noise stimulation of the frequency of the electron spins. In a system of relatively free electrons, an imposed magnetic field can orient the poles much more in one direction up or down absorbing energy from the magnetic field. Imposing a microwave frequency corresponding to the spin factor of the electrons stimulate the system to reverse the axial orientation with the emission of spin frequency energy as we see in the optical stimulation in LASERS. I was privileged to observe this phenomenon in a series of experiments I conducted in 1955 at the university of DePaul graduate school in Chicago.
    Magnetic regards.

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Alain

    Can you give us a general schematic of your control panel, without particulars?

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Alain:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Bedy

    Dear Andrea,
    we understand that the way you are working on the direct production of electric energy from the ecat SK (www.ecatskdemo.com) id not a photovoltaic system, but something totally new, correct?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Rodney Nicholson

    @Orsobubu

    “ps @ Rodney: your post was very useful, thanks.”

    Thank you for the compliment. But I should warn you that I had hardly gotten started ;^)

    As regards wasting trees, my plan is to sell more books than you will. You may find you can sell a few copies to libraries in places like Zimbabwe and North Korea. I hope to sell a few more than that :^)

    Incidentally, many thanks for that extraordinarily interesting link you posted:

    https://www.iceagenow.info/stop-the-anti-climate-science-totalitarians/#comment-403958

    It is so interesting I have saved a copy of it for future reference.

    Rodney.

  78. eernie1

    Dear Orsobubu,
    My father was born an Austrian in Sternego DE Pine up in the Alps, north of Trento and fought for the Austrian army during the first world war. He migrated to the US in 1930 because he knew that WW2 was on the brink and he did not want to be involved in another conflict. In my lifetime I was informed by various scare tactic groups that I would be destroyed by another world war, Atomic bombs, Various diseases, y2000, religious apocalypses, comets, volcanoes and now Global warming. Its a miracle that I am still alive 88 years later. Must be my Alpine character.
    Nervous regards.

  79. Cecilia

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    You have mentioned that you have the required safety certification for the E-Cat. Does that certification include the control system? That is, has the control system (Concerto) been developed and certified according to functional safety standards such as IEC61508 or similar? I guess that some clients may have that as a requirement.

    Kind regards,
    Cecilia

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    The control system of the Ecat SK does not modify the situation related to the safety certification.
    Anyway, if some client will request a certification specifically for the control panel, it will be simple, because the control panel is entirely composed with certified components, while the connection issues are the same of the certified Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    How about E-Cat SF for a name in
    honour of Sergio Focardi.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergio_Focardi

    Regards
    Sam

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    about the name, why not E-CAT SHE ?

    “she” referring to the Ballerina and also like:

    S Sven Kullander
    H Heat
    E Electricity

    Warm and Magnetic Regards,

    Riccardo

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As the basic unit is still the same I propose to keep honoring Sven Kullander
    by just adding E for electric, like E-Cat SK-E or E-Cat SK/E.

    Sven B

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he..nice!
    About the space energy distribution, I think that it is not quite serious…can you imagine the consequences deriving from electromagnetic fields in the environment ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you anticipate the conversion efficiency for electrical power generation to be in excess of:

    a. 40%,
    b. 50%,
    c. 60% or greater?

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I prefer not to answer before having solid results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    How about “e-Cat CHP” for Combined Heat & Power.

    I can’t take credit for the name– “CHP” is used in the Cogeneration world, and it provides for other variations if other types of Cogeneration are eventually supported.

    WaltC

  92. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Elisa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    the paper http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the videos on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    show the enormous progress you made in these last years both on theoretical interpretation of the Rossi effect and on the development of an industrialized and reliable product. Certainly, if you find also the way to make direct elecric energy from the reactor you’d reach the perfection.
    Godspeed,
    Elisa

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Elisa:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    my comment was a nod to a Phillip K. Dick novel, called “Do androids dream of electric sheeps” on which the Blade Runner movies are based…

    Electric regards,
    marco.

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Oh, I had not understood it…very cute!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Eenie 1 and Collin Waters, Regards NASA report and climate warming. A very interesting report regarding actual facts. Zwally states “The good news is that Antartica is not currently contributing to sea level rise but is taking 0.23 millimetres per year away”. Zwally said “But this is also bad news. If the 0.27 millimetres per year of sea level rise attributed to Antartica in the IPCC report is not really coming from Antartica, there must be some other contribution to sea level rise that is not accounted for”. Now this is where I am aware that I am going to lose you and other readers of this blog. But I feel it necessary to give this explanation although no doubt controversial. The very word physics, I believe, produces a problem when investigating energy. Kinetic Energy requires a transition to take place and therefore it is a binary activity involving two distinct dimensions. These two dimensions can be either distinct as in a battery or indistinct as a neutral because a neutral has mass defect providing it with potential energy i.e. a displacement with regards its positive and its negative. So whats the difference between a positive and a negative charge. this is where geometry comes in. A positive is condensed charge whereas negative is rarefied charge. thereby, by recognizing a centre of a periphery one can assume that the positive must be at the central position and the periphery must be at the negative position. Thereby it is possible to say the negative periphery represents the volume of the mass and the central positive represents the mass of the volume. Any transition between these two units of charge is calculated as a unit of energy, the strength of which is dependent upon the defect of the two masses. transitional energy is occurring constantly whether it be between two independent neutrals or between two independent charges of a neutral. Whether this energy is exterior to the neutral or interior within it, it can be referred to as a life force. Thereby exterior transitions occur between physical neutrals involving exterior environmental transitions, an important point not to be glossed over and likewise interior transitions occur that involve the two units of the neutral being that of size and that of volume, think of a physical mass. The Earth is an evolving neutral contained within a complete cycle but being incomplete is thereby a degree of its cycle. This cycle involves four major stages or four major transitions. These transitions involve defined definitions brought about by incremental increases in the mass defect of planet Earth. Subsequently its size dimension becomes more distinct and so too does its volume dimension or to put it another way its physical mass shrinks and its none physical mass expands both on the micro and macro levels of existence. Considering the Earth originated from a nebulous cloud on a periphery being the base of one pyramid and descending into the apex being the central position, the Earth transitions with regards its two potentials of charge. The material aspect shrinks increasing in its size dimension, producing volcanic activity and its negative potential expands i.e. increases in its negative potential which produces more distinction regarding its two dimensions. Evolution involves a system of refining that, which is indistinct, over a given period of time and thereby also involves distance due to a helical trajectory motion of descent within a pyramid. Does Earth originate from a nebulous cloud?. Were the dinosaurs larger creatures of a negative dimension?. Did the ice age occur because of a major transition at the midway point within Earths cycle of existence/evolution or you could say a cross over from its negative field of origin into its positive field of endurance?. Such questions I find intriguing especially if sea levels are rising without any plausible explanation. Maybe a major flood will occur in the not too distant future or could it be that a carbon tax will save the planet?. Also could this evolutionary process involve the human mind with regards an ability to recognize binary transitory situations that could explain various levels of comprehension between the species. This information is put forward as simply considerations within our modern world. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. An increase in size is a diminishment of a volume. Thereby oscillations of charge with regards distance and time dictates the label of the charges involved in their classification. As time progresses and the distance increases from origin to destination the two dimensions become more distinct i.e. defined and more able to communicate. In a binary system one activity produces two simultaneous results i.e. ones loss is anothers gain.

  98. orsobubu

    @ eernie1:
    coincidentally, I was born a couple of kilometers from the coldest place in Italy, a fairly remote area in the Alps, and since the surveys were carried out scrupulously, since 2006, the record was reached in 2013 with -49.6 ° C, but between 2011 and 2019 the minimum temperature has always remained stable on average at -48.3.

  99. orsobubu

    @Rodney Nicholson, Eric Ashwoth, eernie1, Steven N. Karels

    it is very interesting what you wrote about global warming, and I agree with all the described doubts. It is also possible (see the works of M Mathis) that the variation of photon interferences and other particles encountered by the planet during its trajectory in the solar system and in the galaxy are more important for the terrestrial climate than human factors; and also the heat coming from the interior of the Earth should be better considered. But we must recognize that the matter is complicated, and that even the version of the deniers could be exploited by particular interest groups. On the other hand, even the warmers’ version can respond to specific agendas, as suggested; one of these, my favorite, is linked to environmental ideologies in general.

    Obviously the problem of the environment in danger exists, but it cannot be solved within the current capitalist relations of production: hence these ideologies are useful for imperial policy purposes, in the clash between powers and in the recruitment of the respective popular support, in the same way that they returned useful to Hitler in the last century (which was in fact one of the fathers of environmentalism). In addition, both supporters of the two factions have also been involved in scandals due to the alteration of scientific data, which makes it difficult to believe in either of them.

    In any case, whether the temperatures are rising or falling, and whether these changes are worrying or they are nothing more than natural excursions, human society may decide that it is good to maintain the stable ecosystems we know today. A human terraforming intervention in this sense would still require a lot of energy, in both the directions, and this blog is the right place to talk about it.

    In this commentary there are interesting references to the behavior of atmospheric CO2
    https://www.iceagenow.info/stop-the-anti-climate-science-totalitarians/#comment-403958

    ps @ Rodney: your post was very useful, thanks. I warn you that we have started to publish the first of over 50 books planned in Italian on the Marx-Engels complete works, so we have overtaken you on the line… (and if instead of economics you devoted yourself to climatology ???? :) The respective 50 books in English of the entire work by Marx and Engels are already published, but another 64 are planned… can you imagine the damage to forest ecosystems??)

  100. Norma

    Dear Andrea:
    I Propose Ecat LDV, from Leonardo Da Vinci.
    By the way: did you find other drawings of Leonardo Da Vinci related to the energy efficiency on the Atlantic Codex?
    Cheers
    Norma

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Yes: in Foglio 754 r and in Foglio 1061 r there is another hydraulic system to displace water with the maximum possible efficiency, very close to 1 ( Leonardo tried to reach 1, because at his time the principles of thermodynamic were not known ). At the end of this study he concluded in a line, written with his characteristic writing from right to left, that “the attempt to reach the perpetual motion is absurd” [the translation is mine].
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    How about simply e-Cat+

    Gennady

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Thank you for your suggestion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  104. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I would estimate that the electrical output of the eE-cat has now already exceeded the power that is needed to control it. That would make self supporting, maybe with a small battery based back-up to enable safe switch-off in case the eE-cat output fails.
    Do you agree?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  106. Rick Meisinger

    Name suggestion: E-Cat Electra with Electra being the name of the ballerina for her revenge of the rock and troll naysayers.

    Godspeed
    Rick

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    Good suggestion, but I like Elettra for a different reason: this name remembers me the name of the ship in which Guglielmo Marconi made his experiments with the radio-waves.
    The Rock and Troll music is just fun.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Dear Andrea,
    For the naming: E-cat EB, as Electric Ballerina.
    r:/pekka

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Eernie1,
    I agree with you on the subject of Climate Change. Assuming the Climate Change alarmists are correct, ecology scientist, Allan Savory, offers a novel solution. Be sure and watch Savory’s entire talk because he reverses his theory. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpTHi7O66pI
    Regards,
    Iggy

  112. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For your information there is a link to the new video about the E-Cat on E-Cat World here (along with discussion):

    https://e-catworld.com/2019/03/12/summary-of-andrea-rossis-e-cat-the-mother-of-all-black-swan-events-video/

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Italo R.

    Tor the new name:

    E-Cat EH (Electricity, Heat)

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Here are a couple:
    eCAThode (where it all resides)
    eCat SKY (reflects: positivism, innovation, sky is the limit, futuristic, space travel, universe, eternity, divinity)
    You bring the fun. Thanks!
    Brokeeper

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    In response to your challenge to Gerard, by using the same naming method used for E-CAT SK could become E-CAT AV.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You new development on an electricity producing eCat-SK:

    1. Is this technology different from a Carnot cycle or Photovoltaic based solution?
    2. Is the reason for pursuing it improved conversion efficiency, compared to Carnot or photovoltaic efficiencies?

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In response to your challenge to Gerard, here is an idea: EE-Cat (Electric E-Cat)

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “what’s the potential name for an Ecat supposedly yielding electric energy ?”

    eCat-SK Spark

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For a great source of magnets, See:

    https://www.translatetheweb.com/?from=&to=en&ref=SERP&dl=en&rr=UC&a=https%3a%2f%2fwww.magnetportal.de%2f

    I have watched a YouTube video of their strong magnets. This is a firm based in Germany.

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Mika Vonfelden

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Please encourage your readers to watch the very well done video of Mike Phalen about LENR published also on Ecatworld!
    Best Regards,
    Mika

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Mika Vonfelden:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Casbon;
    Theoretically yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Marco

    Do androids dream of electric cats?

    Electric regards,
    Marco.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Ask Freud.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Mke Casbon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is it theoretically possible to scale up volume and proportionally power of the Ecat SK from 1 liter to 1 cubic meter ?
    Thanks,
    Mike C.

  134. Rick Meisinger

    A curiosity, is the “head” of the ballerina any way related to the mouse concept discussed in past years?

    Godspeed
    Rick

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    To follow the answer to Frank’s third question, “two is better than one”, do you hope to provide both electricity and heat from a single E-Cat SK?
    Thanks!
    Brokeeper

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Now you are researching direct electricity production, you might also consider direct H2 production out of moisture in the air. This development may be suitable for the E-cat: https://www.differ.nl/research/cepea
    It needs UV to be efficient. Re-fueling may not be needed anymore?
    Just a few questions:
    1. You said you are ‘on the eve to a solid expansion’. How long does the eve last in Florida?
    2. To Frank you said that you have not enough results of your direct electricity producing E-cat yet. Are you happy with the results so far?
    Remark: I suggest to call the that electricity producing E-cat SK: eE-cat SK
    Kind regards, Gerard

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1-I feel good in Florida
    2- yes
    Thank you for the suggestion and here is another quest: what’s the potential name for an Ecat supposedly yielding electric energy ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I am excited about your R & D on E-Cat Direct Power Extraction which if the completed project will give great prospects to your invention.
    What performance should it achieve to make this machine commercially profitable?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Impossible for now to answer. We need a substantial output to make it worth and we are in a good direction, I think. We worked after the 3 mT found as shown on http://www.ecatsk.com
    That was a signal, we followed through.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your efforts to produced electricity directly from the E-Cat

    a) Are you using the same SK reactor launched on January 31?
    b) Are you able to obtain an efficiency which would make the E-Cat a cost-effective means of generating electricity?
    c) Do you expect this product, if successful, will be more popular with customers than the heat-only SK?
    d) Are you working with a client that can help you not only develop this product, but also market it to customers?
    e) How soon do you think this product will appear on the market?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) I hope
    c) you know, my Friend: two is better than one…
    d) yes
    e) we still are in the R&D phase. Can get ready this year, potentially, but still I do not have enough results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Whitney

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching entirely
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I can’t ignore this famous statement of Albert Einstein: “Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds”.
    Godspeed,
    Whitney

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Whitney:
    Thank you for your attention to the hard work our Team is making,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This video about the E-Cat has
    been posted by Mike Phalen.

    https://youtu.be/GJz0T7lCWRg

    Regards
    Sam

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this link !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.:
    your comment is the No. 46 000 of this blog

  149. Anonymous

    If you do not show the Ecats working in yoyr customers means the Ecat does not exist.

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Deana Lasasso

    In the paper
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_paricle_interactions
    it seems that the 437.2 peak plays a crucial role for the generation of the particles-antiparticles: am I correct?

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Deana Lasasso:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog today

  154. Dear Dr Rossi
    If you can get the plasma in the Ecat to start to rotate I would presume you could produce a magnetic field and thus enable you to produce an external electric field just like a generator.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Rodney Nicholson

    Please do what you want with this, Andrea (!)

    THOUGHTS ON CLIMATE:

    This is a topic I have been interested in seemingly for ever, and, like everyone else, look forward to the planet remaining habitable indefinitely into the future. So, over the years I have ‘conducted’ a few minor investigations of my own to try to clarify my understanding. Those that immediately come to mind I make note of below:

    First: Around 1980 the ‘El Nino’ effect was first discovered – or at least first became widely publicized – so, as an economist, I set up a meeting with the leading climatologist at a large local university to discuss El Nino with him to try to determine if the phenomenon might have material economic effects I should know about. The discussion evolved into one about climate in general, and the climatologist said – as was the conventional wisdom at the time – that we are now very gradually moving in the direction of a new ice age, so temperatures will be very slowly cooling.

    I asked him how it was possible to know that, because the ice age cycle is so long that the changes in temperature, even from one century to the next, must be minuscule. He answered: “It is easy to tell if the climate is in a warming or cooling phase. The long term historical record clearly shows that during a warming phase the climate is remarkably stable, with no records being set at either end of the scale. But cooling periods are quite unstable, and are marked, not only by records being set at the lower end of the scale, but at top end also.” In the past few decades we have seen a more unstable climate which, then, is usually associated with a cooling climate. Indeed, within the past year, right here where I am now, we have had all time records at both the high end and – in the past two months – low end also, with apparently clear implications. Presumably ‘the long term historical record’ has not changed since 1980?

    Second: everyone knows, presumably, that many thousand years ago the very great majority of Canada and an appreciable proportion of the northern United States was covered with an ice sheet that varied in depth in Canada from 3,000 feet to 12,000 feet of solid ice, representing an accumulation of between 50,000 feet and 200,00 feet of unmelted snow. What is sometimes not appreciated is that almost all this accumulation had already melted many thousands of years before the start of the industrial revolution: Taking Toronto as a specific example, discussions I had with the geology department at the University of Toronto revealed that at the peak of the ice age, ~21,000 years ago, the ice sheet extended south of Toronto about 700 miles into the United States. At Toronto itself, the ice at the peak was 5,000 feet thick. The ice front had retreated all the way to Toronto by 12,000 years ago – to be clear, all that 5,000 feet of ice at Toronto had melted ~11,800 years before the industrial revolution had started. And the retreat did not stop then. Since the peak, the ice front has retreated at a rate averaging between 200 yards and 300 yards per year. So, if you happen to know of a glacier that is retreating faster than that, then it is retreating faster than the very long term average. If it is retreating more slowly than 250 yards per year then it is retreating more slowly than the long term – 21,000 year – average rate.

    Where I am sitting right now (In Alberta) the ice was 3,000 feet deep 21,000 years ago. It had, similarly, all melted several thousand years before the start of the industrial revolution. The point of this paragraph is simply to point out that to attribute the melting of glacial ice to human activity is clearly ridiculous. And also to point out that if someone believes they need to quote melting glacial ice to support their view that this has been caused by human activity, then they must have very little other worthwhile evidence or they would be stating their more sensible evidence instead. It may be significant that I have never seen anyone in the ‘anthropological global warming’ lobby ever point out that the melting of the glaciers is not evidence supporting their case. And if they were honest about the whole topic, they would. Which is one of many issues that causes me to suspect their motives.

    Third, is the satellite measurements of earth’s atmospheric temperatures which I believe measure radiation emitted by oxygen at an altitude of about 20,000 feet. (Correction of this will be appreciated). Many years ago the news had been that the satellite data indicated a very very slow cooling of this part of the atmosphere, but that the cooling had been so slow the change was not statistically significant. Later, I had heard that finally there was a sufficient accumulation of observations to confirm that the very small cooling trend had now achieved statistical significance. I have not seen or heard anything more about this for some years. Hopefully someone here will have more up-to-date information on this. However, it is of great interest to me that when this satellite data was shown to indicate cooling, not warming, the response of the climatology fraternity was not to say something like: “Wow, that seems to conflict with our theory”, but instead were saying: “Well, obviously there is an error in their equipment, and we must now set out to find it.” Again, evidence, in my judgment, of a lack of objectivity. But the point is that these data, showing a very slight cooling trend, are consistent with the Milankovitch Ice Age Cycle model – showing a 100,000 year cycle the result from a combination of three factors: changes in the tilt of earth’s axis of rotation relative to the sun, the gravitational effects of Jupiter on earth each time earth passes closest to Jupiter, and precession. Melting of glacial ice is a function of the ice age cycle, of which this particular cycle is just one of about twenty in the past two million years. Very long story.

    Fourth: interested in climate issues, I spent some time years ago taking a look at the annual average temperature data for a small sample of weather stations with historical records extending back at least 100 years. I plotted these data and observed pronounced cycles in almost all of them over that period. Generally speaking, IIRC, they showed a cool period in the late 1800s, a warm period in the late 1930s, a cool period in the 1970s and a warmer period in the 1990s. But what I found most interesting about this data was that when you looked at 100-year trend, while some stations showed a gradual uptrend (higher peaks, higher troughs), in several of them the long term trend was FLAT: temperatures were no higher than in the 1880s to 1930s period. Now that seems odd, if we are supposed to be undergoing GLOBAL warming. I need to do more work on this issue sometime, but I have other more important priorities for now.

    Fifth, the disingenuous nature of the ‘science’ was well demonstrated to me by an observation platform and ‘museum’ at a well-known glacier not far from where I live. The information displayed says that “the glacier peaked in extent in 1846 and has been in retreat ever since.” On reading this I went into the museum and asked to speak to someone thoroughly knowledgeable about the geology of the area, and when he appeared I asked him: “where was the glacier 21,000 years ago?” His reply: “Oh. It was about 3,000 feet above our heads and above, even, the tops of the surrounding mountains.” So I asked him why his display gave the erroneous information that the glacier had peaked in extent in 1846, when in reality it had peaked 21,000 years ago and been receding almost continuously since then. He shrugged his shoulders and said that he had not put the display together.

    The display made no mention of the ice age, nor of the fact that well over 99% of the ice had already melted long before the start of the industrial revolution. It is difficult not to come to the conclusion that there is ‘an agenda’ here, and that the agenda is NOT the communication of the whole truth.

    There is a saying that goes something like: “Cheat me once, shame on you. But cheat me twice, shame on me.” When I find people being intentionally deceptive about the facts, my reaction is to think: “So now I know I cannot trust anything you tell me.” That doesn’t mean that everything he says will be false, but that it is very possible much of it will be. It has made me realize that I simply cannot trust anything I hear from these people with such a clearly dishonest agenda.

    Sixth, there is the very recent paper, a heads-up for which was posted here several weeks ago, indicating that the surface temperatures of all rocky objects with atmospheres in the solar system could be explained very accurately using just two parameters neither of which is the carbon dioxide content of their atmospheres. Based on this analysis the earth’s surface temperature is exactly what you would expect it to be even though the atmosphere’s CO2 content is a mere 0.04%. Similarly, the surface temperature of Venus is exactly what would be expected, even though its atmospheric CO2 content is 94%. The quantity of solar irradiance at the top of their atmospheres, in combination with the adiabatic pressure effects (based on the total density of the atmosphere, irrespective of its molecular composition) appear to explain, according to this extraordinarily detailed paper, the near surface temperatures of all these bodies to within a couple of degrees. To anyone a bit familiar with adiabatic temperature effects (for reasons I will not go into I am much more familiar with this than probably 99.9% of the population) this is obvious. It had of course never occurred to me that the surface temperature could be predicted accurately with just these two variables, but as soon as it was pointed out I immediately realized it is ‘intuitively obvious’. (Of course ‘intuitive obviousness’ does not guarantee correctness.)

    Seventh, I believe there are known 1500 year temperature cycles thought to be related to a cyclical upwelling of the oceans, the underlying causes of which are not understood. It is clear that there is a great deal that is not understood. And in my judgment there is more than enough that is not understood to make making definitive judgments about where the climate is headed is a fool’s game. A few climatologists are predicting the onset shortly of a new ‘Little Ice Age’. But few if any of the ‘conventional wisdom’ climatologists have predicted it or seem to understand it at all. If it turns out to be true than they will deservedly become a laughing stock. Let’s wait and watch to see what happens on this one.

    There are other issues I could raise also. But I have gone on much too long already. Suffice it to say that none of the efforts I have made to try to come to a personal conclusion about this issue convince me that the cycles in climate we know about are caused by human activity. The paper mentioned above is very well worth reading, even if you only understand half of it. The ‘anthropological climate change’ groups have responded to it by attacking it. That is not the behaviour of people who are confident in the validity of their own work. They would be more convincing if, instead, they were to explain very carefully where, precisely, it is wrong. (As I noted it is intuitively obvious to me.) And if they are unable to demonstrate the errors, become a little less strident in the way they express their opinions.

    So, I am not persuaded from the evidence I have seen – and especially for the data in the paper described – that there is enough evidence to come to a firm conclusion in either direction on this issue.

    Rodney.

  157. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Brokeeper, Good point, I also pray that the $150 million power plant in Texas succeeds together with an added prayer for a $150 million grant towards the proven E-Cat technology being included into the D.O.Es. current innovative energy programme because clean, cheap, safe energy seems to be a top priority throughout the world and climate change being such a big issue should if nothing else help the prayer to be answered. As an interesting piece of information carbon capture is a Canadian innovative technology with lots of problems and as far as I am concerned should not be mentioned alongside LENRs just as wind and solar should not they are none comparable with regards efficiency, sustainability and cleanliness. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  158. eernie1

    Dear Colin Watters,
    I forgot to mention that I enjoyed your British humor about London snowfall. It is a good example of statistics used for directed purposes since snow occurs about once a year in London.
    Humorous regards.

  159. Rod Walton

    Power Engineering March 11 2019
    At the ABB convention on energy emerges important perspective for future blue collars dealing with robotics and A.I.
    Rod Walton

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update from the last issue of Power Engineering
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Dominick:
    In Folio 25r there is a very interesting drawing with a study for a machine to displace water with an efficiency very close to 100%, very advanced in those times.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    You and your team have our prayers.

    Hope this link works:
    https://www.inc.com/kevin-j-ryan/net-power-zero-emissions-plant-global-warming.html

    God Bless,
    Brokeeper

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R

  164. Dominick Navarete

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read here that you are reading the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo Da Vinci: do you know if there is anything related to energy generation?
    Thanks,
    Dominick

  165. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    https://www.inc.com/kevin-j
    ‘A $150 Million Power Plant Was Just Built in Texas. Humanity Should Pray It Succeeds’.

    For 5,000 homes in La Porte, Texas will equate to $30,000 per home. Imagine the cost savings a direct electric/heat generating domestic E-Cat would cost per home? ‘Humanity Should Pray It Succeeds’.

    Brokeeper

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    We are working very well and I think we are at the eve of a strong expansion.
    We need your prayers too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. eernie1

    Dear Colin Watters,
    Thank you for your information about snow fall days in London. Again in my empirical observation it appears that here in Chicago, the colder the winter the less snow fall we get. The two largest snow events( Jan 1969 and Jan 1999) occurred right after record warmth due to the moisture brought up from the Gulf of Mexico by low pressure systems passing south of the city. Have you noticed any discernible change in temperature levels since your childhood?
    Snowy regards.

  168. Heinz Sause

    Dear Andrea,
    Does it matter if the reactor of the Ecat is positioned in vertical ot in horizontal position?
    Thanks,
    Heinz

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    No, the position is irrelevant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered a future application for the eCat-SK of space travel via photon thrust? Consider an eCat-SK emitting light which then reflects off a concave mirror to direct the eCat-SK generated light to the rear of the spacecraft. This would be similar to a solar sail but the force would be independent of the distance away from the Sun. Conceptually, a band of photovoltaic cells around the transverse axis of the eCat-SK would generate the power to control the eCat-SK reaction while longitudinal axis generated light would be directed to strike a highly reflective mirror to reflect the light to the rear of the spacecraft and thus generate forward thrust. The eCat-SK generated light provides the momentum change needed to accelerate the spacecraft and would result in an exceeding high specific impulse. The radiation pressure is related to the intensity of the light being emitted divided by the speed of light. The effective pressure can be doubled by perfect reflection over absorbed or open emission. Thoughts?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Michael

    Dear Andrea,
    Why didn’t you considr the Van Der Waals force in your paper http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Car_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Cheers,
    Michael

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    Because I don’t find a link between the so called Rossi Effect and the Van Der Waals force. I must say that I had taken it in consideration, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Red Shields

    Dr Rossi,
    I did not inderstand: are you working to invent a new kind of P.V. or to invent a new system to generate electricity directly from the reactor we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Red Shields:
    We are working on producing directly electricity from the reactor with a new system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea,

    @eernie1 asks for readers experiences of climate change. Here in southern England we have about half the snow days now compared to when I was a child in the 1960s and 70s. This is supported by data from the UK Met office.

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    This appears to be in contradiction with the comment about New England…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea, the NASA report @eernie1 refers to can be found here.

    https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/nasa-study-mass-gains-of-antarctic-ice-sheet-greater-than-losses

    In some parts snow fall is increasing but in others it’s decreasing. They point out that the overall it’s increasing but perhaps not for much longer.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Juliana McOwen

    I like this blog very much so much great information about LENR.
    Thank you,
    Juliana

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Juliana McOwen:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    NASA data showed that world temps dropped by 1/2 degree C from 2016-2017. Antarctica ice mass increased. This due to solar activity. We may need your heat sooner than we thought. Little ice age on its way. Empirically I have noticed, in my 88 years, no obvious change in climate direction. People who are crying wolf should rethink their stance on global warming. If any of your readers have noticed any change in climate temperatures during their lifetimes, I would appreciate telling me their experiences for my information. This is off topic but may have some bearing on your decision for future development of your device.
    Regards

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    This is intriguing. I hope our Readers will contribute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    If I remember well you wrote you had a customer with an order of a total of 40 MW to supply with heat.
    1) is this power already partialy ou fully supplied to this customer ?
    2) if partialy or fully supplied, is your customer happy with the qualty of what is supplied ?
    3) are they happy with the financial savings ?
    4) is there any chance they will openly publicize their satisfaction before one year ?

    Many thanks if you can answer,
    Best wishes and good luck
    FM

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    1- partially
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- maybe
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You will appreciate this recent report from “Dr Gabe Mirkin’s Fitness & Health Newsletter” that states that of all forms of exercise, tennis players live the longest.

    http://www.drmirkin.com/fitness/how-exercise-prolongs-your-life.html
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Please go to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    There is well explained why this peak is very important . See in particular the par. 4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Marco

    Regarding the question of Katia Spruel,
    maybe you are putting RF pulses into the charge and you hope to have a rf pulse back of higher energy? The normal magnetic resonance behaviour would be having back an RF pulse of lower or at least equal energy, but maybe the ECat can act as an energy amplifier?

    Magnetic regard,
    Marco.

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your insight, I cannnot comment in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Carrol Osvaldo

    I watched http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    What does the 437.2 peak mean?

  194. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    in your recent posts, you are saying that you are already working with your Customers and that you are under NDA therefore, rightly, you can not give any information about them.
    I am sure you are aware of how much interest there is on this whole affair by all those who are following you for so many years.
    There are many blogs in which some write: “So much chatter, no visible results, so the E-Cat does not exist.”.
    Others say: “It is necessary to wait for at least one client to show up, and it can also take a long time.”
    I know that these opinions do not interest you at all, while you are working according to your plans.
    But here, in the world of those who follow you, there is all a ferment of impatient expectation.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    What the rock and troll music says is not an issue. I understand that our friends and sustainers are anxious to know more about our Clients and sooner or later this will happen.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Whilst looking at and trying to understand the spectrum from the January Presentation ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ) I had some probably wild thoughts about what signatures it might contain. I respect you maybe can’t talk about the details about that spectrum. However it led me down a path that gives me some ideas that are maybe for use of PV technology..

    Since those thoughts originated with your spectrum I thought I should share them with you.

    1. The first of these is what I mentioned yesterday about integrating with metal halide curing lamp technology these lamps shift the UVA spectrum for mercury vapor lamps to more useful and manageable longer wavelengths. And include compounds such as Iron Halide, Galium Halide etc. they are used to stimulate certain frequencies useful for curing. I suppose the UV from the e-Cat SK could be similarly converted.

    2. Vanadium is apparently very responsive in the region of interest.

    3. Vanadium doped Titanium Oxide can be used to further extend the spectrum down to optical wavelengths particularly useful to agriculture etc.

    4. Vanadium Oxide is a known material used for smart glass that can insulate from IR. Is reflective above a certain temperature and transparent bellow that temperature. This reflective/ transparent property can be switched on an off by applying an electrical current!. It very interesting.

    5. Yesterday I suggested putting the Metal Halide and perhaps by implication the nano particles Vanadium doped Titanium Oxide in a bulb surrounding the e-cat. But if the concept works then perhaps it could also be enabled with coatings on the PV cells.

    Rather than finding a PV cell that’s sensitive to UV it would then just be a matter of matching the fluorescence with the optimum sensitivity frequency of the PV cell.

    Perhaps rather than a flat PV surface say textured surface of micro rods would be optimum at capturing fluorescent light generated at the surface. Perhaps a reflective surface would transparent to UV but reflective to longer wavelengths would trap and reflect the fluorescent light radiated set from the coating back towards the cell. It would also maybe insulate the cell from heating from IR.

    Thanks for sharing the spectrum and allowing the thoughts it provokes. I hope these thoughts give something back

    Another idea would be to approach companies making OV cells for satellites. These are used out side the atmosphere do may be better suited to UV environment. I have no idea what optimisatiind they make but they may have some good ideas.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    I have noticed lately more comments are answered either “it is NDA”, “please refer to/read, I can’t answer now or .… etc.”. I know you enjoy answering most of these comments perceiving many are new followers to your technology or, like myself, unaware the answer may be found elsewhere. Being as busy as you have been (always), would it be more effective to avoid redundancy by providing a few guidelines at the top of the comment section a list of criteria, suggestions or directions to follow prior to entering one’s comment? Or, as in the past, ‘F8’ (auto reply function key) may work. 😊
    I’m constantly amazed of your and your team’s progress to give this world hope and a better place to live. God bless.
    As always with much respect,
    Brokeeper

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind comment: unfortunately there is information I cannot give and I’m sorry for that. I always try to give as much as I can, as clearly put in evidence by my last paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You acknowledged Woman’s day and
    say you are working with smart people.
    This is a link to ten smart woman.

    https://www.wired.com/story/10-women-science-tech-household-names/

    Regards
    Sam

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your smart comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you working on the PV E-Cat by yourself, or with people who have experience expertise in the photovoltaics field?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am working on the production of electricity with the help of very good brains and I am learning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Dave Gothier

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    So you confirm you have on course a deal with a major global company for the global distribution of your technology?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Congratulations also for your momentous paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Gothier:
    I am under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Marco

    Caro Andrea…
    A proposito dei magneti attorno all’E-Cat… Mi fischiano le orecchie…
    Saluti…

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    It is just another way to study.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Katia Spruel

    Dear Andrea,
    From your answers I understand that what you are doing to make electricity is not a P.V., but something that makes e.m. directly from the core of the reactor. Am I right?
    Katia
    P.S.
    I appreciated your wishes of yesterday

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Katia Spruel:
    Maybe,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Steven N. Karels

    Sailmenn,

    The corollary to your question is whether the photovoltaic could be fine tuned to match the output of the eCat-SK?

  212. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    Maybe here you can find interesting technology:
    http://www.novasolix.com
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Sailmenn

    You think about PV, is it something like a mini sun surrounded by PV.
    The minisun fine tuned to the most optimal wavelength for the PV electro conversion?

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    The impact of climate change will grow, with all the consequences that everyone knows well now. There is little time left for humanity to avoid reaching critical thresholds:
    Dr. Rossi, do not you feel a certain duty, to deploy your technology massively and quickly?
    From my point of view, the best way to achieve this goal would be to sell your patents to a leading manufacturer as it is done every day in the world of biotechnology.
    Regards,

    Michel

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Thank you for the suggestion. I think we are doing well and as fast as possible.
    Obviously I cannot give information about the agreements on course, because I am bound by NDAs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Stephen

    If so and it can be down converted to optical wave lengths it could enable a wide range of other technologies too. From agriculture to conventional lighting sources etc.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Again thank you for the second suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Stephen

    I wonder if you put the ECat SK in side another larger bulb that contains metal halides if it would act as a stimulating UV source in that bulb that could be down converted to managegable or specifically matched or useful wave lengths by the metal halide.. Perhaps this could be better matched to existing PV technology and also perhaps allow its usage for UV curing lamps and screen printing technologies.

    Just an idea. Maybe a wild one.

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea

    Congratulations to you and your team for undertaking research in the production of electricity from an ecat.

    1. Does the ecat you employ for this effort operate at

    a. a higher temperature

    b. a lower temperature

    c. the same temperature

    as the commercial ecat sk?

    2. Are you working on developing an e-cat sk

    a. smaller in size than the one shown in the demonstration video?

    b. lower in power than the 20kw ecat sk

    c. Is a hand held ecat (exclusive of heat shielding) feasible?

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    We will not change the dimensions of the modules for the time being.
    It is not possible to make a hand- held Ecat so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The direct eCat-to-Photovoltaic conversion is very appealing for the following reasons:

    1. No moving mechanical parts in the energy production portion of the system.
    2. Conversion efficiency approaching or surpassing that of the Carnot cycle.
    3. Simpler concept – implies better reliability.

    The engineering challenges I foresee:

    a. Obtaining of high efficiency photovoltaic cells matched to the eCat-SK output spectrum.
    b. Adequate and simple thermal control to keep the photovoltaic cells sufficiently cool for high efficiency operation.
    c. Output stability/interactions between the eCat-SK and the photovoltaic cell electrical power generation.
    d. Packaging/geometry issues – size, shape, maintainability, etc.

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    Reading your comments you look very positive versus the direct production of electric energy helped by PV cells and probably preferring it to the Carnot Cycle.
    But, what about dimensions?
    I can image the 20 KW SK you showed in January just a little bit bigger if coupled with a turbine and generator; in the same time I can image it very bigger if coupled
    with PV cells that has standard Quantum Efficiency.
    One other doubt is ‘efficiency’; is it correct to talk about efficiency (regarding Direct production vs Carnot cycle) regarding something that you have almost for free ( I mean the thermal output)?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    We are still in an early, albeit very promising, phase of our R&D on this issue. I am not able to answer your questions so far.
    Your considerations maybe right, but may also be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain what is the purpose of putting magnets around the E-Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To study the effects of magnetic fields on the behavior of the Ecat, plus another purpose that is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Today, March 8th, is the Women Day and I am delighted to offer to all the women that read the JoNP and write comments in it a virtual mimose; I also want to thank all the women that worked and work in our great Team for their magnificent and indispensable contribution.
    Ad majora!
    Andrea Rossi

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Whoa

    Dear Andrea,
    1- is the schematic published on http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com with the seal of Leonardo Corporation and your signature authentic?
    2- if yes, is it complete ?

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Whoa:
    Yes, it is authentic.
    Recently we added magnets ( two poles, four poles ) with adjustable positions around the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Elizabeth

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_ECat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed that the mathematical structure is derived from the Clifford algebra and from the Aharonov Bohm effect. Can you suggest a simple text where to understand more about these issues?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Elizabeth

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Elizabeth:
    For the Clifford algebra this is an introductory paper, well done and simple to read:
    “A brief introduction to Clifford algebra” by Silvia Franchini, Giorgio Vassallo, Filippo Sorbello. February 2015
    For the Aharonov- Bohm effect:
    “Significance of electromagnetic potentials in the quantum theory”, by Aharonov Y.and Bohm D. August 1959
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea, I like hanging out at street markets to look for and buy illustrated books for childs with animals pictures and other naturalistic and technical themes, they were widespread in Italy in the 50s, 60s and 70s (when I was a child, Edizioni Piccoli, AMZ, ecc); they are worth between 1 and 5 euros each; an original nineteenth century edition of the explorer Von Humboldt, with scientific color renderings of birds and other Amazonian animals and plants, I could dream it costs several thousand euros. I smile at the idea that you can have an original by Leonardo, if things actually work out well…

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he…original is prohibitive, also because that kind of money must be spent for mankind…but my precise reproduction is still very beautiful: it is the exact reproduction in real dimensions, exactly as the original, with very intelligent comments. Got many ideas hyperwatching the drawings and the explications written first hand by Leonardo Da Vinci.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This link has ten interesting facts
    about Codex Atlanticus.

    https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/rwKy3jZHwWiyJA

    Regards
    Sam

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Felix Meyer

    When will we have the Home Ecat?
    Cheers
    Felix Meyer

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Meyer:
    For many reasons now we are serving only big industries with high power plants. Besides, we have the certifications problem, as I explained. This said, surely the time of the Ecat Home will arrive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    talking of P.V.: who has been in the world the first man to think to turn solar energy into work?

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Intriguing question!
    During these days I am re-reading “Il Codice Atlantico” ( The Atlantic Codex ), the immense book that collects all the main folios of Leonardo Da Vinci: I am among the fortunate fellows that own an integral copy of it. Well, I found in this wonderful book evidence of the fact that at the beginning of the 16th century Leonardo Da Vinci made a project to use solar energy to make work for industrial purposes ( around the year 1510 ). I love this book, all the six thousand pages of it, because it spurs clouds of ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Jerry

    Dear Andrea,
    About your answer to Enea Romagnoli,
    I think the high loud of rock and roll is not due just to fear, but also to envy.
    Godspeed,
    Jerry

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry,
    Hard to disagree,
    he,he,he,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My “secret dream” is an eCat-SK coupled with photovoltaic cells and a battery/inverter, suspended by cables off the ground, generating heat and/or light for months with a continuous output and no input. A test to show the “trolls” the technology.

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I have nothing to show to any troll, an entity I value zero, either paid for an agenda or useful idiots for the agenda makers as they might be.
    But I agree with you if we talk to show to Clients of all the world a useful thing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.