Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
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• Updated: 2017-12-12 02:40:07.443134Z

  1. Dear Andrea,

    Yes, the big black hole story is interesting. There is a small anecdote related to it. MIT’s press release writes “…the black hole took shape just as the universe was undergoing a fundamental shift, from an opaque environment dominated by neutral hydrogen to one in which the first stars started to blink on.” ‘Opaqueness’ here refers to opaqueness in hydrogen Lyman alpha wavelength, not optical, but the press release does not mention this fact. Consequently, the story was wrongly publicised in some Finnish news outlet, which I corrected to them. In optical, the situation is the reverse because neutral hydrogen is transparent and ionised hydrogen scatters light to some extent.

    Concerning the topic, my colleague Peter Johansson published earlier this year a model that tries to explain such fast growth of black holes. See https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/uoh-nme031417.php . The key is that in the early universe, only molecular hydrogen was available to cool compressing gas clouds radiatively. If hydrogen molecules were split into atoms by radiation of another nearby galaxy, a large gas cloud can stay warm while undergoing gravitational collapse, and consequently it may collapse into a large black hole directly. If star formation manages to take place, collapse stops because a “star fluid” has no viscosity (the individual stars move in ballistic trajectories without friction with other stars or interstellar gas). Thus such mechanism can only work in the early universe where the universe did not contain heavier elements, and even then requires special conditions (existence of two nearby galaxies). Which suits in the picture because although they exist, the massive early black holes seem to be rare.

    regards, /pekka

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Very interesting, almost fascinating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your recent reply which prompted me to do some brief study on the Wikipedia web site regarding Systemic systems, Time Crystals and Symmetry regarding physics. As you stated you are seeking a mathematical formulae for the LENR process. In the Time Crystal section there is mention of Experiments October 2016 Christopher Monroe in which a formulae is provided and maybe this could help you in some way. In 2016 Mikhail Lukiu did more research and maybe both your information and theirs could shed some light on the LENR process. In the meantime I wish you and your colleagues well and successful with your technology.
    Best Regards Eric Ashworth

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea, thank you for the fantastic developments you and your Team showed us in Stockholm.

    To Emilio “Fox” Volpe, I like to remember some years ago, when I asked Andrea more or less the same question, and he answered that, when the huge amount of work for the industrial product will be firmly on track, he will consider to write or co-write some memories, and surely (!!) he will tour the world with conferences and similar well deserved rock-star shows and hologram-televised appearances. I feel that all the material collected in these years should be preserved and organized to enter in science annals and “the social media supporters” too and also the orsobubu will have a role too in the history-telling of this epic fight.

    Situation is way worse in regard to the actual condition of Leonardo Corp. institutional landing page; I fear that not only the super-massive black hole ULAS J 1342+0928 is going back 690 million years in time, but also the dear old twin galaxies image as we remember it:

    https://web.archive.org/web/20160303165715/http://ecat.com/

    is fading and shrinking into the obscurity of the Dark Ages of the Universe where the revolutionary information is hidden:

    https://ecat.com/

  6. Andrea Rossi

    orsobubu:
    he,he,he…
    Well…if the waiting will remain permanent, at least something permanent happened in the History! You wouldn’t mind, I suppose.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  7. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    You know that I always respond as a friend, and admire your work and art.

    Yet some critical remarks that rage through my mind.

    I think that the operation of an Ecat-QX between 30% and 100% of its power is very interesting:
    It is your own words that once declared that this invention generated direct propulsion and direct electric current.
    I would like to see the oscilloscope on the Ecat-QX itself, keep a compass on it, and see the bottom plate with the test set up on four marbles on a flat surface.

    Finally, I do not know whether the temperature formulas of a black body can be applied to a nuclear reactor.

    Curious regards,
    Koen

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    We are working also on the measurement of the electricity directly produced in the reactor, but it is not easy. So far we just let it be thermalized. About the direct propulsion I suppose you mean jet engine: it is another pet project of us. But presently we are focusing on the massive industrialization of the product that is ready to go, which is the fluid heater.
    About ” temperature formulas of a black body “: do not exist specific formulas for the black body, exists the Boltzmann equation, that measures the thermal energy irradiated from a body independently from what it is. What changes for the different kinds of body is the Epsilon, which is the value of the emissivity that appears in the equation. A black body has Epsilon = 1 and this value does not depend from the nature of the source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    This question came up on E-Cat World and I thought I’d pass it along to you”

    “Would like to ask Dr Rossi if the control box in the demo of 60W cooling is suitable for the control of an array ( series / parallel) of QX of 1kW heat output?”

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I don’t follow this forum contineously, and I only visit it from time to time, but as I just read your post about the super-massive black hole in the early universe, I can give you a link (from the popular website ‘space.com’) with more explanation how it could happen:

    (It’s the mysterious dark matter that steers the cosmos, and that let them grow much quicker than previously thought. The mechanism is explained in the article below):

    2 Bizarre Ancient Galaxies Found in a Colossal Sea of Dark Matter (space.com):

    https://www.space.com/39008-bizarre-ancient-galaxies-in-dark-matter-sea.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20171207-sdc

    When the universe was in its infancy, the very first galaxies were tiny “dwarf galaxies” that clumped together to form the larger galaxies seen today. Known as hierarchical formation, this theory suggests that galaxies form in a step-by-step process as smaller galaxies are pulled together by their mutual gravitational attraction.

    But now, the recent discovery of two distant galaxies that are abnormally huge has led astronomers to rethink that theory because it suggests that those dwarf galaxies assembled into large galaxies a lot faster than previously thought.

    Astronomers at the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile were surprised to find that these gigantic galaxies existed when the universe was only 780 million years old, or about 5 percent of its current age of 13.8 billion years. Because the light from those galaxies takes about 13 billion years to reach Earth, astronomers observing those galaxies are looking back in time at how the galaxies appeared 13 billion years ago…

    … Around that same time in the ancient universe, dark matter — a mysterious, invisible form of matter that accounts for about a quarter of the universe’s mass — also began to form clumps. As gravity pulled together clumps of both visible matter and dark matter, galaxies were born inside “halos” of dark matter. In a way, dark matter acts as scaffolding for young galaxies as they form by providing the gravity needed to pull mass together.

    In this case, astronomers saw that both giant galaxies reside inside one even more enormous dark-matter halo. The researchers said that this is one of the largest examples of a dark-matter halo ever discovered…

    …”This discovery provides new details about the emergence of large galaxies and the role that dark matter plays in assembling the most massive structures in the universe.”…

    At het end of the article there’s also a beautiful video that shows/simulates how these galaxies quickly merge by the influence of massive dark matter. But sometimes, smaller galaxies are protected by dark matter, as is explained in this article ( https://www.space.com/6407-galaxies-protected-dark-matter.html ). And as long as we don’t understand it fully, dark matter and dark energy behave as an hidden hand that steers the cosmos, like if it’s a living entity… 😉

    See also:

    Galaxies Protected by Dark Matter :

    https://www.space.com/6407-galaxies-protected-dark-matter.html

    P.S. This phenomenem was predicted by the theosofical master Koothumi in 1881-82, where he wrote of ‘invisible matter’ as ‘invisible omnipresent omnipotent Proteus with its unceasing motion which is its life’ See:

    http://www.theosophy-nw.org/theosnw/evol/ev-kh.htm

    …Then what do we believe in? Well, we believe in matter alone, in matter as visible nature and matter in its invisibility as the invisible omnipresent omnipotent Proteus with its unceasing motion which is its life, and which nature draws from herself since she is the great whole outside of which nothing can exist. For as [d’Holbach] truly asserts “motion is a manner of existence that flows necessarily out of the essence of matter; that matter moves by its own peculiar energies; that its motion is due to the force which is inherent in itself; that the variety of motion and the phenomena that result proceed from the diversity of the properties of the qualities and of the combinations which are originally found in the primitive matter” of which nature is the assemblage and of which your science knows less than one of our Tibetan Yak-drivers of Kant’s metaphysics….

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  13. kenko1

    I just posted the following on the E-catworld website about an hour or so ago. Thought I’d share it with you, and you might get a chuckle out of it.
    Yours,
    kenko1
    *****

    A quarky Christmas carole.
    Sung to the tune of “Santa Claus is coming to town.”

    Ya better not pout
    Ya better not cry
    Ya better listen up
    And I’m telling you why
    Cold fusion IS coming to town.

    It runs when you are sleeping,
    It runs when your awake.
    It runs for years on just one charge.
    It’s a quarx for goodness sake!

    Soooooooo…..(repeat chorus)

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko1:
    Soooooooo…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    In an article published on Nature on December 6th ir reported a very important discovery made by the team of the astronomer Eduardo Banados of the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile: they discovered a super-massive black hole, dubbed ULAS J 1342+0928, 800 million times more massive than our sun. The importance of the discovery stays in the fact that it existed only 690 million years after the Big Bang, which means at the very dawn of the formation of the Universe. This timing does not fit with the supposed amount of matter that was ready at that time. This puts in crisis the existing knowledge about the matter. It appears that in the Dark Ages of the Universe revolutionary information is hidden.
    Fascinating, isn’t it?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    To solve a problem, it typically helps a lot to understand precisely why it is happening before you can come up with a way to mitigate it.
    Do you currently understand exactly why your controller is generating so much heat?
    Best regards,
    Patrick

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Emilio Volpe;
    Thank you for the suggestion and Merry Christmas also to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  19. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    You are right. I have yesterday afternoon reviewed that video of the presentation. And between 02:26 and 02:28 where you formally discuss the point it is fully clear there.

    I would say the point regarding the size of the reaction zone was raised to Energy 2.0 as a question to try clarify this point due some misunderstanding about its size being in fractions mm being mentioned by other people elsewhere and being widely quoted as the actual size in the blogs. I’m sorry if that caused unintended confusion.

    I think you clarified the point here in response to that question perfectly. And it makes total sence now too.

    My overwhelming amazement about the E-Cat QX comes from how all these things fit together once they are correctly understood. Especially when some insight pice of the puzzle comes later which fits perfectly It’s remarkable.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Matt

    Could you please give some explanation for the fact that your Boltzmann calculation is for the surface area of one QX, but at the demo you said there were three of them inside?

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Matt:
    The calculation made by means of the spectrometer and the equations of Wien and Boltzmann that I described corresponds either to three QX at 30% circa of their potential rating, or one QX at his full rating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Raf

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the clear and correct explication of how to calculate a temperature by means of a spectrometer.
    Godspeed,
    Raf

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Raf:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Emilio Volpe

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You have repeatedly said that your IP is in good hands and this is a guarantee for the future of LENR.
    It would also be interesting to have a detailed history of all the work you have done including failed attempts, abandoned roads, interesting ideas and speculations but which not developed for the most varied reasons. In short, a laboratory diary, or a scientific biography that collects and transmits all the work and experience you have done.
    The field of LENR seems very varied and seems to have many different aspects and may have unexpected developments, perhaps for something that you could not investigate today and that perhaps in the future for someone else could be valuable.
    Best wishes for your work and a friendly Merry Christmas
    E. Fox

  26. Silent Majority

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We appreciate your intellectual honesty and your self-irony (Dr Jeckill…ha,ha,ha)

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  28. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    It seems to me that NASA is confirming you are right:
    NASA establishes that X-rays of between 65-200 keV trigger nuclear FUSION reactions – Patent published
    https://steemit.com/steemstem/@mfmp/nasa-establishes-that-x-rays-of-between-65-200-kev-trigger-nuclear-fusion-reactions-patent-published

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    thank you for sharing the Stockholm demonstration and “complimenti” for the result.
    I have some question:
    1- Can we assume that when we see the flash light every some of seconds is the only moment when the reactor is active and he rest of the time it is self sustained?
    2- Are the reactor dimensions you comunicated (0.08 x 0.6) the minimum possible to activate the system avoiding the melting of components?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    To be honest, I must report that this morning Frank Acland has told me that during the interview with him they put a question asking if the numbers I gave (0.08 x 0.6) were mm, but I understood cm, because the audio for me was very bad and I understood cm because for me it was obvious that we were talking of cm…I answered “yes” because I believed we were talking of cm and this has created the ambiguity.
    I understand.
    By the way, yesterday night when I wrote my comment I was very nervous and tired and my comment was full of errors and typos that I corrected this morning when I woke up and read it again: Dr Jeckill has corrected Mr Hyde.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Stephen

    Hi Andrea,

    Thanks very much for clearly clearing up the question about the Stefan Boltzmann equation.it completely makes sense now.

    To me that it is cm rather than mm fully reconciles the issue. Calorimetry always clearly and definitely showed 20W output. So the original discrepancy when we were thinking in mm was clearly missing something.

    The point about the size was hinted at very early in the presentation and returned to several times during it

    When talking about fractions of a cm and being amazed by how small that is it’s easy in conversation for one person to get confused between mm and fractions of a cm and fractions of a mm.

    I have made the same mistake myself.

    I have a suspicion that early in the conversation possibly even during the presentation that Andrea Rossi mentioned fractions of a cm then this got reinterpreted by someone in mm and then by someone else in fractions of a mm and this then got propagated. Andrea was acknowledging it was really small in his later response with out realizing people had changed cm for mm.

    I have a suspicion that early in the conversation possibly even during the presentation that Andrea Rossi mentioned fractions of a cm then this got reinterpreted by someone in mm and then by someone else in fractions of a mm and this then got propagated. Andrea was acknowledging it was really small in his later response with out realizing people had changed cm for mm.

    Anyway it’s fully explained now and makes total sense

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    BUT: it is very strange that an expert of the matter makes a mistake like this, because when I repeated by heart the Boltzmann equation during the demo of Stockholm, it is obvious that I spoke of cm, not mm, from the fact that in the Boltzmann equation I calculated Sigma with 10^-12, instead of 10^-8: it is a cm^2 that is equal to 1/10^4 m^2, not a mm^2 !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Luther

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for your precise explication about the Wien and Boltzmann equations. In the blogs guys who have no education in a matter can sell themselves as experts to persons that do not know the matter. The diffusion of false information is facilitated by this fact.
    Godspeed,
    Luther

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Luther:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information and for the links.
    Same best Wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Great 2018 to you and to all our Readers!
    A.R.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland ( second answer):
    I checked your link and read that a guy has written that, based on the surface of the reactor, he has “calculated” that by the equation of Boltzmann the energy emitted by a reactor is 0.4 W.
    I think your Readers merit a serious application of the rules of Physics and of Mathematics, to avoid to assume wrong scientific information.
    First of all, it is opportune to remember that the measurements at the IVA of Stockholm have been made by means of calorimetry, not by means of spectrometry and following Wien and Boltzmann equations.
    Nevertheless, it is interesting to compare the results obtained by calorimetry ( based on the delta T and the flow rate of water) vs the theoretical energy produced by the reactor using spectrometry and the equations of Wien and Boltzmann.
    Here are the numbers if we respect the rules of mathematic:
    The first step is to calculate the temperature of the plasma. Since do not exist thermocouples able to resist to temperatures above the melting point of platinum and rhodium, to measure the temperature of a plasma is necessary to measure the wavelength of the radiation from the plasma in microns; the measurements I made give a wavelength between 1 and 1.1 microns.
    Now we can use the equation of Wien
    T = 2900/lambda
    wherein
    T= temperature in K
    2900 = Wien constant
    lambda = wavelength in microns
    By substitution we have
    T= 2900/1.1 ( to be conservative we take the longest lambda )
    Therefore T= 2636 K
    Now that we have found the T, we can proceed to calculate the power using the equation of Boltzmann, whose definition is:
    W = Sigma x Epsilon x T^4 x A(in m^2)
    Wherein:
    Sigma = 5.67 x 10^-8 BUT ATTENTION: we will use 10^-12, because the Area will be calculated in cm^2, not in m^2 and 1 cm^2=10^-4 m^2
    Epsilon= emissivity: being plasma a black body the emissivity is = 1
    T^4= fourth power of the temperature of the surface in K = 4.8 x 10^13
    A= area of the surface of the plasma= 2rPiL= cm 0.08 x 3.14 x cm 0.6 = cm^2 0.15
    Now, we have all the data necessary to resolve the equation of Boltzmann per W:
    W = 5.67 x 10^-12 x 1 x 4.8 x 10^13 x 0.15
    Make the series of multiplications, apply the rules of the exponentials and find the result:
    W = 40.82
    This result is the theoretical thermal power of our plasma. As we have seen from the demo of Stockolm, the calorimetry has given a result that is about the 30% of the total power, because I was afraid of errors and kept the E-Cat QX at low profile.
    Besides, the spectrometry is an immediate measurement that gives the theoretical power, while the calorimetry is made on the actual production of heat through a heat exchanger whose efficiency obviously is not 100%. It is interesting, though, to note that the order of magnitude is reconciled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for the time you took to speak with the Energy 2.0 Society today. There are some more questions that got posted on this page on E-Cat World here: http://e-catworld.com/2017/12/09/energy-2-0-society-to-hold-webcast-with-andrea-rossi-as-guest-december-9-2017/

    This question was sent to me, but I did not see this morning, but I thought I would post it here for your consideration:

    “If Rossi is hit by a bus is there currently some other group of people or a person that can bring the information to light or will it vanish with Rossi?”

    Thanks again!

    Frank Acland

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thanks to you and the team of Energy 2.0 Society for hosting me and thank you for the link.
    Answer: if I die the IP is in solid hands.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There are significant worldwide efforts toward replacing electric power generation based on steam turbines (Rankine Thermodynamic Cycle) with Natural Gas-fired Turbo-generators or Super-Critical Carbon Dioxide (S-CO2) based Turbo-generators (Brayton Thermodynamic Cycle).

    Natural Gas Turbines (essentially, Jet Engines that produce electricity) have high conversion efficiency (50-60%) and are replacing power plants currently using steam turbines heated by fossil fuels.

    http://www.powermag.com/market-challenged-ge-continues-to-improve-gas-turbine-efficiency/

    Nuclear reactors and Solar Thermal Plants (e.g SunShot Initiative) do not use fossil fuels but still need a working fluid.

    https://energy.gov/eere/solar/sunshot-initiative

    Heat Sources such as the E-CAT QX also need a working fluid to produce electricity.

    That working fluid, someday soon, may be compressed (Supercritical) Carbon Dioxide.

    Here are some links describing some recent work in Korea and the US in the S-CO2 area.

    http://waet.org/downloads/15/papers/17uk120103%5B1%5D.pdf

    http://online.acts2017.org/wp/pdf/P00317.pdf

    http://www.sco2symposium.com/www2/sco2/papers2016/Testing/049paper.pdf

    http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=2650551

    http://www.orc2017.com/uploads/File/Presentations/234.pdf (Includes fossil fuel heat sources)

    In the next several years, perhaps you and your team could work together with one of the SCO2 turbine developers to prototype a system in the 20 kWe -40 kWe range that would be operationally compatible with the QX.

    Best wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy and Healthy New Year,

    Joseph Fine

  42. Jean Bourguignon

    Dear Andrea,
    A naif question: when the temperature reaches 2,600 K all the metals of the charge melt, so Ni is no more in powder; but powder is necessary for the Ecat to operate. Am I right?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jean

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Bourguignon:
    Apparently you are right, your logic is true. But the technology is more complex than that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    We hope to be able within 2018 of start the massive industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Is it correct to say that your new partners have invested with the specific goal to make the industrialization?

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Pietro Bisignano

    Dear Mr. Rossi, have you ever think to develop a new crypto-money (like bitcoin or something similar) that could be grows following the development of your ecat…? The energy production given from any device could be logged using its blockchain and making its performances auto-self-certified (but even public)… The system could be useful to support the development of the ecat in a new, rapid and most unconditionated way. Your project could also resolve, totally or partially, the problem of the extremely high costs of the ‘mining activity’ that is typical of the crypto-money creation. Anyway, most of people, or better ‘all the people’, that follows your project can’t wait to put their hands on your device. What do you think about? Wish you all the best so your dream will come true (as soon as possible).

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro Bisignano:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Michelangelo De Meo

    Energy 2.0 Webcast with Andrea Rossi
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YSwrHNJEvo

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link: I just finished that interview organized by Ecatworld.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, how long do you estimate the time to build and delever the first industrial E-CAT QX plant?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  53. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Can you tell me if Carl-Oscar Gullstrom’s theory explains why your reactor has to be at a certain temperature? Does it explain why it doesn’t work at room temperature or colder? Thank you.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    You do not need a theory to answer this: the E-Cat is a fluid heater, therefore it is the E-Cat that makes the heat, not the heat that makes the E-Cat.
    The E-Cat starts at any temperature, then it heats up everything it is in contact with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Is the time spent waiting for the certification of the old domestic version (10KW) is included in the domestic QX certification process, or do you have to completely start the certification process from the beginning ? Do you have a plan in order to accelerate the process for the domestic reactor?
    The fact is that the certification of the old domestic E-cat (10KW) has never been successful after 4 years, including the 1 year test of the 1MW industrial version.
    On the certification of the domestic version, perhaps i am wrong, but i do not believe you, i am sorry. You probably do not say everything to us for a reason I do not know.
    If we have to wait for new long-term tests for the industrial version of the QX, I’m afraid that the certification of the domestic version of the QX, the one we are interested in, does not happen for years, if it ever happens.

    Best regards,

    Michel

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    I respect your opinion. Also in this case, facts will speak. The domestic Ecat certification process is on course. I think until the industrial applications will have built up positive statistics we will not complete this process. All the experience of operations so far has been done upon prototypes attended to by our specialists every day: this opens the door of industrial applications attended by certified operators, but it is not sufficient for domestic applications, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Eve

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the successful demonstration at the Royal Academy of Engineering of Stockolm. I watched several times the video on http://www.ecat.com: I appreciated also the simplicity of the test and your humble way to explain what was going on. The result is shocking.
    Godspeed,
    Eve

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Eve:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Just to be clear on nomenclature–
    – Do you expect that it is the “reactor” that will be the replaceable unit when it comes time to refresh the charge (say, at the end of 1 year) or will it be a sub-component of the reactor (for instance, an assembly or cluster) that is replaced and recharged?

    – Or put another way, if your current goal for the reactor is $10/KWt, do you have a lesser goal for the recharge cost?

    thanks, WaltC

  60. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The recharge cost should be 1/10 of the cost of the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe marine propulsion will be the most likely Quark technology application for commercial use in transportation. Marine propulsion requires long duration operation with incentives to minimize fuel costs while taking advantage of higher operating speeds. Output powers of 100MW to 1,000MW may be needed for marine propulsion of large cargo ships. Imagine a cargo carrier that could maintain 30 knots without significantly increasing fuel operating costs. The same ship could transport 3 to 4 times the cargo in a single year, only needing to be refueled once per year. Thoughts?

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your in depth reply regarding the possible mechanisms behind the LENR process and you links. I find your thoughts most interesting and as many people are aware you are dealing on a subject at the sub atomic level. I have limited knowledge with regards atomic physics but have you considered gravity a a constituent of the LENR process. We all know the effect of gravity but very little about its cause. I believe there are two types of gravity with regards its manufacture, there is the static standing form as found in a lattice created by the surrounding units of gravity and a mobile fleeting form produced by the breaking of molecular bonds/waves which creates a fleeting type of gravity due to the break in the waves that form the bond and which in turn, upon being broken produces a gap or a zone of gravity which then draws within that which is without which are the long and short wave makeup of the original molecular bond. These waves being drawn together into the gravity zone are first transformed into virtual particles of substance This transformation of wave into particle could be the result of the wave making itself neutral with regard the two exterior gravity masses that have broken apart, a particle can spin and by doing so remain neutral. The short wave transforms into a positive virtual particle, the long wave transforms into a long wave negative particle which upon there eventual contact neutralize that generates a repelling force that enables both virtual particles to escape from the gravity zone. These being soft virtual particles of artificial origin that create chaos in the surrounding area measurable by a degree heat. I suspect that once the virtual particles lose there gravity by imploding due to there ability to raise both temperature and pressure they transform back to there original wave format. If so, it could be said gravity is responsible for electrical phenomena, atomic phenomena, solar and LENR phenomena. It was your mention of virtual particles that got my attention. I believe all you need are two dissimilar charges to create a zone of gravity and thereby produce energy by a neutralizing of that which is brought together by the action of the produced gravity. My own thoughts are that wherever energy exists gravity is the key ingredient. Energy as is well known can be latent or kinetic. Energy requires a degree of disturbance to transform itself from latent to kinetic, thereby if gravity is produced kinetic energy must be manufactured. Just some of my own thoughts. Hope you get the maths to solidify the LENR theory.
    All the best Eric Ashworth

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight, but gravity is too weak a force to have any relevance in LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Alexander

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is your target price per kW of power, when you will reach a massive production in the future factory of the Ecats?

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander:
    For the reactors 10 $/kWt. For the plants, depends on the specific characteristics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Mike

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If we have understood correctly the industrial Ecats massively produced will possibly enter the market by 2018, while for the domestic more time will be necessary due to the authorizations, is this true?
    Mike

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Mike:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Michelangelo De Meo

    Letter to the Editor: Major advance in cold fusion touted as energy solution

    It is hard to overestimate the effect LENR will have on our civilization. First use will be supplying industrial heat. Probably 10 years to start getting vehicles powered by LENR. That will be everything: cars, trucks, trains and ships. Imagine being able to drive a car continuously for a year without refueling or 2.4 hours a day for 10 years. Robots will be fully mobile. Airplanes will take longer but Dr. Rossi is already looking at the possibility of LENR turbines. Don’t throw away your household furnace and water heater yet: it will take years to get UL approval.

    http://www.delcotimes.com/opinion/20171206/letter-to-the-editor-major-advance-in-cold-fusion-touted-as-energy-solution

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Luke

    Dear Andrea:
    Did you make the national phase of your European patent in all the 38 Countries of Europe, or you have selected only some of them? I know that the taxes combined of all the Countries are very high.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Luke

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Luke:
    Of course we have paid the taxes for the national phases in all the Countries listed in the allowance of the European Patent Office, with no exceptions. A hole would be very dangerous, because in most of Europe merchandise have free circulation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Sylvie

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you still hoping to present the product within 2018?
    God bless you,
    Sylvie

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Sylvie:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think of this invention? Can it be useful for the Ecat?
    The basic idea of ​​the EM Drive, on the other hand, is to convert electrical energy into a thrust, without propellant expulsion.
    the magnetic propulsion engine that could take humans to Mars in 70 days.

    http://www.repubblica.it/scienze/2016/11/13/news/fermi_tutti_il_motore_impossibile_funziona-151941253/?refresh_ce

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. E questa la conoscevi?
    ENGLISH:
    Did you read this?

    http://www.delcotimes.com/article/DC/20171206/NEWS/171209754

    L’Italia ti segue sempre con tutto il suo Cuore.

    Con Stima e simpatia.

    Che Dio ti Aiuti

    Gian

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for the link and for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a Documentary film
    I thought you might enjoy watching.

    https://youtu.be/Q2w_lNAW5zY

    Regards
    Sam

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, also our readers can enjoy this movie. Thanks also for the innuendo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Rodney Nicholson

    Dear Andrea:

    In case you have not noticed, it seems many messages posted at

    http://www.rossilivecat.com/

    seem to be missing when I access the site today.

    One on 5 December, than the next showing, only 17th November.

    Just to let you know.

    Rodney.

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the information, that I pass on to our friends of http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    How much is the energy consumed by the E-Cat QX and for what is used the energy consumed by the control system that is not consumed by the E-Cat QX itself?

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Let’s take the numbers obtained during the Stockolm test.
    To produce 20 Wh/h the E-Cat QX consumed 0.16 x 3/7 = 0.07 Wh/h, operating at about the 30% of its continuous operation rating. This is the amount of energy that the control board supplied to the E-Cat QX. Actually, considering the integrals of the waves, the consume is considerably less, but this makes things complicated, so just forget the integrals.
    The control box produces also heat, the amount of which varies depending on many factors and this heat can be fully recovered for other uses, with a COP close to 1 ( it will be 1 minus the energy consumed by the E-Cat, circa). The by product obtained will be heated fluid, for example air or water, that can be used for other purposes not necessarily connected to the E-Cat. For example ( just one example among an endless series) : the E-Cat, with its COP, supplies energy to make electricity or steam, while the control box supplies heat to help a heating system or an air conditioned circuit.
    The energy by-produced by means of the control box, anyway, is destined to fade in time, because the engineering we are developing for the industrialization will reduce dramatically the heat dissipation of the components.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Nils Elkstrom

    Carl-Oscar Gullstrom:
    Very interesting your paper, I saw also the video of your presentation at the IVA of Stockolm. Very impressive the theoretical work you are doing with Dr Andrea Rossi. The answer that few hours ago Dr Rossi gave to Eric Ashworth has disclosed to us the important intuition at the base of your theoretical effort.
    Thank you for your collaboration with Dr Rossi, I think great things will come from it.
    All the best,
    Nils

  86. Enzo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi’
    Very important the heat recovery of the thermal energy generated by the control box with COP 1: this makes the power source energy cost nothing, while the COP of the Ecat QX is a stunning 500.
    Godspeed
    Enzo

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Enzo:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, With regards the mechanisms that activate the LENR process, do you believe that it can eventually be fully explained by the current understanding of atomic physics or will a better understanding be a necessary requirement. That is to say an aspect not yet recognized by mainstream academia. I believe that you know more than you are giving away, just curious.

    Best Regards, Eric Ashworth

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Good question.
    Please go to the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom ( video available also on http://www.ecat.com and paper published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics) and there is a crucial point of our theoretical work, where we write that when the temperature in a field raises the mass of a particle, waves are formed that correspond to virtual particles with the mass corresponding to that temperature. Such waves, at our temperatures, can have a mass of 1-2 eV and must be waves and antiwaves. When I suggested to Carl-Oscar this model, we decided to put it under the proof of mathematical calculations in the context of the mechanism of the spin polarizability; it could result to be wrong: it is borderline, but still inside the Standard Model if we consider that we are talking of virtual particles, that are not actual elementary particles, but resonances of waves with a lifespan in the order of 10^-18 to 10^-23 s. Their low mass could justify the absence of strong radiations, while the waves-antiwaves annihilation could explain the effect. It will be very difficult to proof, but we are studying on this. It is something that could reconcile the behavior of the E-Cat QX and I believe I am right, but I know that probably I am wrong. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,
    about customer service can you say something? I imagine that the device can not be replaced by the customers themselves.
    thanks and good job

    Gian luca

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    You are correct.
    We will organize the necessary assistance in all the areas wherein we will sell our products,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No, it is irrelevant to the COP of the E-Cat QX. The COP of the E-Cat QX is given by the ratio between the energy that enters the E-Cat QX and the energy that the same E-Cat QX generates.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the very high COP of the E-Cat QX reactors, what is the reason you are working so hard on recovering heat from the control system, which I would assume would be somewhat insignificant compared to the heat produced by many E-Cats powered by the controller?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Because I hate to waste the warm air that exits from the control box. It is not a fundamental issue, but still there is energy to recover at COP 1, easy to be recovered, whatever the power of the plant and whatever the utilization, just preheating the fluid before it enters the reactors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please,when you will optimise the recovery of the energy consumed by the cooling system, do you think it will increase the COP of your E-CAT QX ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  97. JPR

    Can we have an update of your present activity and where is it on course?

  98. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    In these days we are in the USA doing work related to the control system, to miniaturize it and also I am making measurements related to the recovery of all the energy consumed by the cooling system.
    Both in the USA and in Sweden we are working on the industrialization issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The more I watch the video of the Stockolm demo, the more I consider the Ecat QX a masterpiece. By the way, the energy consumed by the control system to cool the component and the heat dissipation of the components is almost totally recoverable by means of a heat exchanger.
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, the energy consumed by the control system is entirely recovered with a heat exchanger. We are measuring the thermal energy recovered by means of an air/air heat exchanger and we are recovering almost totally the energy consumed by the circuitry and the fans of the control system. Obviously the same energy can be recovered by an air/water heat exchanger, preheating the water at the inlet of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the interesting link and for your kindness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The science journal NATURE reports that lightning can trigger nuclear reactions and create isotopic changes in the atmosphere.

    https://www.nature.com/news/lightning-makes-new-isotopes-1.23033

    Teruaki Enoto, an astrophysicist at Kyoto University in Japan reports:

    “On 6 February, the detectors sensed an unusual event. A double lightning bolt just off the coast shot out an initial, one-millisecond spike of γ-rays, with relatively high energies of up to 10 megaelectronvolts. This was followed by a γ-ray afterglow of less than half a second. Then there was a telltale signal — γ-rays concentrated at 511 kiloelectronvolt ??s of energy, which lasted for about a minute. Physicists say this is the unmistakable signature of positrons annihilating in a puff of energy as they hit electrons in the surrounding matter.”

    You have not reported production of high energy gamma rays (10 MeV) in the E-Cat QX (or its previous generations).

    If lightning can produce isotopic changes or even electron-positron reactions in the atmosphere, it is even more remarkable that the E-Cat can do so on a much smaller scale. Of course, there is little if any Nickel or Lithium in the air.

    Besides the existing Trade Mark – “The New Fire”, what do you think of the terms “Bottled Lightning”, “Leonardo’s Lightning” or even “Rossi’s-Lightning”?

    Congratulations on your successful demonstration at the IVA on Friday, Nov 24th.

    I/(We) wish you and your team success in the build-up of the Industrialization phase.

    As you already know, ‘SUCCESS’ only comes before ‘WORK’ in the Dictionary.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  103. Thomas

    Dr Rossi,
    We are still shocked for what you have given evidence of in Stockolm. When will we be able to buy a domestic E-Cat QX?
    Thomas

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    Whereas we are sure of the industrialization of the industrial E-Cat QX, for the domestic we still do not have a certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Celestina

    Dear Andrea:
    Congratulations for the convincing demo you made in Stockolm at the Royal Academy of Engineering.
    When the next demo?
    Cheers
    C.

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Celestina:
    We will make no more demos. Now our work is totally focused to industrialization. The next “demo” will be the presentation of our product, after it will be available for massive sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. George Dvorak

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Some questions:
    1- how long is the charge of the QX enough for?
    2- how will be made the recharge?
    3- how much will it cost?
    Thanks,
    George Dvorak

  108. Andrea Rossi

    George Dvorak:
    1- from 6 to 12 months
    2- we will change the modules ( as it happens when you change batteries )
    3- a price irrelevant to the worth of the energy produced, to be determined
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Andrea:
    I think that to put many modules of the Ecat QX in parallel is better than making one big module.
    Cheers
    Adrian

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you explain better what did you mean saying that the Ecat industry will go public?

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The strategy is proceed to the industrialization process immediately, put in the market a product and, after its success, make an IPO for a worldwide rapid expansion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hi dott. Rossi, the electronic engineer who gave you the interview on the e-cat in 2014, has moved into another dimension, so he used to say.

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/engineer-salvo-mandara-interviews-rossi/

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    I knew yesterday that Salvo Mandara’ is passed away after a long time with a bad ill. I remember his intelligent interview he made to me and I am very sorry. I send my deepest condolences to his family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on a very persuasive demonstration!
    With the advent of new interests from corporations, the launch of industrialization of the product and industrialization of the production, do you currently have plans for future facility expansion beyond the two plants?

    You have mentioned previously that once the E-Cats will be on the market, “very likely there will be made all the necessary financial operations to have an exponential diffusion of the product”. My thought is, once that happens competition for the E-Cat QX will be fierce vying for the obvious profit margin advantage and will stress production demand beyond the current two plants.
    Would doubling of the production output per year reasonably reflect its massive exponential distribution?
    Thank you and God bless.
    Brokeeper

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind expressions.
    The production, as well as the financial expansion, will follow the demand from the market. Surely local manufacturing concerns will be necessary, but iit is opportune not to put the cart ahead of the horses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you comment on the flashes of light coming from the reactor about once every 8 seconds? I noted that the time between flashes varied between a minimum of about 3 seconds to a maximum of 11 seconds.

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Ruby

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you also in contact with military entities concerning the E-Cat?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Should it be so, I would be under NDA.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  121. Sailmenn

    How long can a QuarkX operate before a “refueling”?

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    We can guarantee an autonomy of one year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Jan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched today the video of the demo in Stockolm and I am shocked: the E-Cat, the clear simplicity of the measurements, the honesty of the use of the oscilloscope, the geniality of the dummies, the high profile of the attendants, all these factors have made your demo a masterpiece. I believe within one, two years the Ecat QX will be in the market.
    Excellent.
    Jan

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Jan:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Koen Vandewalle

    It would be nice if there were small factories and workshops around the world that build devices and applications with the technology.

    Instead of waiting, chatting and buying later, we could all work and be creative.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The first step is a massive production, the second will be a series of small and big derivations in specific fields that possibly will be developed by small, middle and big businesses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    Is there merit in this argument?
    http://e-catworld.com/2017/12/01/rossis-e-cat-and-big-oil-mason-ainsworth/

    Congratulations on Stockholm to you and your team

    Happy Holidays

    Buck

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Opinions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Considering the size and nominal power output of the Quark reactors, I suggest a 100 Quark unit could be of the dimensions of 50mm x 12mm diameter, cylindrical tube. Conceptually, this would consist of 4 grouping of 25 Quark reactors located along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder. Each 25 Quark grouping would be equal distance from the longitudinal axis of the cylinder near the outside and equally distributed, located just below the surface of the cylinder.

    A thermal modeling of such a unit, producing 2kW of thermal power, as a horizontal cylinder in air would result in a surface temperature of about 2,000 degC, assuming 100C ambient and convective and radiative transfer only.

    This roughly 2″ by 1/2″ cylinder would be relatively easy to handle, produce a reasonable amount of power and could allegedly be controlled by a single control unit.

    So, as an example, for a 1GW electrical power generating plant, assuming 50% Carnot efficiency, you would need 1 million of these cylinders to power the plant. Thoughts?

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Erik

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us who will make the robotized lines of the E-Cat factory? Are you still working with ABB?
    Cheers
    Erik

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Erik:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    Some more questions.

    You said that the temperature of the ecat was 2600K, I imagine derived by spectrometry, because few material and I think no termocouple resist at this temperature.
    Melting point of the nickel is about 1600C, but certainly below 2600K.
    So this is the temperature of a plasma.

    Plasma of what?
    How did you manage to not melt the reactor fuel?
    What is the maximum temperature that it reaches?
    How far is the discharge from the fuel?
    Have you tried to get a clean spectrum to infer the plasma material from the peaks emitted by the plasma?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Yes the T has been obtained by spectrometry.
    The max T it reaches is about 3,000 K.
    We try to obtain a clean spectrum, but it is very difficult. Obviously impossible in the situation we were in Stockolm, due to the light from the big screen.
    Sorry, I cannot give information to the other questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    congratulations for the great demo you did of your invention. The world is no more the same. I was waiting this moment for years and now that it’s happened it seems to me impossible that everything still go on the same way. I was expecting a great emphasis and a global media coverage. First pages in newspapers and TV news and things like that. But …. nothing! Mah?! We must be patient Andrea, the world don’t really understand the relevance of this event. Wasn’t there scientific reporters attending the demo in Stockholm ?
    Another technical question, you stated that the QuarkX was at 30% of its potential and it was reported a COP near 500. Does it means that the COP con be over 1500 when QuarkX operates at its full power ?

    God Bless you
    Marco Serra

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    We want not to have a great emphasis while the product is not on the shelves. Then we will apply the necessary force to the emphasis.
    Yes, the COP raises proportionally with the percentage of power.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Italo R. “That the power of the E-Cat is proportional to the number of modules. The heat dissipated by the control system decreases. In a nutshell: increasing the number of modules the heat produced by the E-Cat increases proportionally, while the heat to be dissipated ( or recovered ) from the control box decreases substantially.”.

    ASSUMING THAT:
    1. The cross-sectional area of the electrical conductor from the control unit to the E-Cat QX cluster remains the same.

    2. The temperature difference between the QX reactors and the control unit actually remains the same (in the region of 2600 degrees C), even though more power is generated in the cluster.

    3. As you increase the number of QX elements in the cluster, you will also increase the size of the surface area of the heat exchanger between the QX reactors and the load,

    THEN:
    4. The ratio of the sizes of the two heat conducting surface areas, (Heat Exchanger:Control Unit Conductor X-section) becomes greater as you add more QX elements, more so as you add a very large number of elements.

    5. This has the effect that even though the level of heat in the control unit would remain the same, the proportion of heat travelling back to the control unit would decrease with respect to the total heat generated by the whole E-Cat QX system.

    6. However, if you do then manage to cool down the control unit, the temperature difference will also increase again and the flow of lost heat will increase proportionately. So, would it still be best to try to prevent the heat being lost from the E-Cat at source, or as you said, to utilize any lost heat usefully?

    7. Is this roughly how you see the situation?

    Thoughtful Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for you insight. I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Colin Watters

    Dr Mr Rossi,

    Just for information it takes about 3 years to design a new car and put it into production. Details here..

    https://www.quora.com/Automobile-Design-How-long-does-it-take-to-develop-a-car-design-from-scratch

    Timescales are much shorter in the electronics industry. For something as complicated as a DVD player or TV box it’s possible to go from prototype to automated production in under 1 year.

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    You must distinguish the specific situations if you want to make a serious analysis.
    One thing is to make a new car or a new electronic device in the context of an already well consolidated industry that already produces massively cars or electronic devices. A completely different situation is to make an industry to produce massively a new apparatus starting from zero. By the way, your information is very particular, because the CEO of one of the major car manufacturer of the world told me that to put on the road a new concept car it takes between 10 and 20 years ( from a consolidated car manufacturer ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your invitation to the IVA demonstration, sorry that I
    could not attend. The results are astonishing!
    Congratulations! Even more exciting, the industrialization that
    you now arrange, with an accelerated schedule. The choice of venue
    for the presentation was of an exceptionally high caliber, world
    class. The attendees were very respectful during the
    presentation, your best presentation ever (but we still love Sergio
    Focardi). The response to the IVA presentation you described as a
    reactor chamber is a delightful illustration.

    Your team rocks!

    Tom

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your very kind words.
    I have the feeling that the spirit of Sergio Focardi was there, together with Sven Kullander.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    What you have achieved so far with the Quark seems phenomenally amazing: thank you for all the work you have put into the device! Moreover, I expect that the E-Cat QX has far more potential than mentioned in the presentation.

    Are you familiar with the phenomenon of EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects) intensely studied by Ken R. Shoulders, a holder of many patents, a man who was once named scientist of the year, and is known as the “Father of Micro-electrons” for his earlier work?

    Ken Shoulders

    http://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue61/chargeclusters.html

    http://www.keelynet.com/shoulders/pdfs.html

    Paper on Ectons

    https://hal.inria.fr/file/index/docid/255563/filename/ajp-jp4199707C407.pdf

    The same phenomenon he studied is also referred to by other names such as high density charged clusters, ectons (by several Russian teams), micro-ball lightning, condensed plasmoids, and a few others. Basically, they represent a well documented phenomenon in which electrons can overcome their mutual repulsion and cluster together in close proximity. They exist throughout nature and are at the heart of many different phenomena. A simple explanation of one method by which they can be produced is by a discharge between electrodes. The ultra high electrical gradients that occur at surface irregularities and protrusions on a cathode produce very high fields and current densities. A series of events take place, over a precariously short time-frame, that leads to a sudden temperature rise and a micro-explosion of the region of high field density. This releases not only a spray of particles but also a high density of electrons in a small volume. A portion of these electrons can cluster together, overcoming their repulsion, and form an EVO or “charged cluster.”

    These charged clusters can behave quite anomalously. For instance, they often pull in and encapsulate positive ions from the environment or particles from their creation. Ken R. Shoulders and others have been able to document that for no additional input kinetic energy beyond what would be required to accelerate the electron cluster, the “screened” or “shielded” interior heavy ion (such as a number of protons as one example) can be hurled onto a target anode at high speeds. Upon impacting the target, the transported heavy ion can possess millions of electron-volts: enough energy to produce nuclear events and transmutations. Ken Shoulders and other teams were able to document such transmutations. In addition, the passage of the EVO or charged cluster through metals can leave a path in which matter seems to be de-molecularized, as if the electron bonds holding the lattice together had been disrupted. SEM images of these boreholes and resulting slag are available on the net.

    There are two additional mechanisms I’ve came across that could allow these charged clusters to produce nuclear reactions.

    First, is that when these EVOs (which can assume different geometric configurations) orient themselves into torus shapes the electrical attract to pull exterior ions inwards can become intense, to the point that the pull can impart millions of electron volts to the tractored ions. Basically, these torus shaped EVOs could be considered atom grinders as new ions are smashed against those already present in the interior. The very nature of the EVO shields any hard radiation from escaping this electric “singularity” and the KE produced by the interior nuclear reactions is released upon impact on the anode.

    Secondly, is that an EVO (perhaps with a proton at the core) could take the place of an electron in the orbit of a typical atom, reduce the barriers that inhibit nuclear reactions, and trigger LENR.

    I expect that the Quark is producing EVOs via one of many mechanisms: including emission from the cathode during “ecton” explosions, in the plasma itself due to pumping with waveforms, or in the nickel cathode when a high loading of nickel results in the production of interior cracks/fissures in the lattice triggering fracto-emission. Moreover, the bombardment of the cathode by protons and other ions could not only produce the high loading ratios but also the physical impulses required to produce interior cracking. Basically, several of these mechanisms could work together, self re-inforcing each other, to produce the enormous COPs produced by the Quark.

    Then, again, there could very well be other phenomenon at play: there could be more than one energy producing phenomena. But if EVOs are at play, it could explain some issues and yield even more possibilities. For example, the abnormal heating of your power supply (requiring active cooling). Also, if EVOs are being continuously created and destroyed, I expect a great deal of “longitudinal” — rather than traditional transverse — impulses to be emitted from your reactor. Instead of being idealy received by a traditionally oriented antenna, a long antenna positioned coaxially to the vector of propagation would optimally receive them. Or, with an antenna similar to what Nikola Tesla utilized, a circular metal sphere may intercept them. After reception, the power could be rectified in a number of ways and added to the output total.

    My guess is that there’s more of this longitudinal impulse “power” being emitted (which travels through virtually all matter without producing a counter EMF via Lenz Law because of a lack of a magnetic component) than the heat you are able to produce. I expect these impulses may be most intense directly behind the electrodes where EVOs may be impacting, on either side of your reactor.

    Again, if you’re not familiar with EVOs (charged clusters, ectons, charged plasmoids, etc) then please let me know and I can provide you with a multitude of links and papers.

    Thank you and have a wonderful day.

    Hank

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your kind words and for the links to this phenomenon, that I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you say what was the average power output of the reactor you did the 5 Sigma testing on? And for how long it ran in total?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    single module 20 W average, but we were alone and could repair any inconvenience: can you imagine the consequences should something go wrong in front of that audience?
    I did not sleep for the three nights since when I arrived in Stockolm on the 21st. Yesterday I came back to Miami, now the focus is exclusively on the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    You say the E-Cat QX worked at limited power during the Stockolm event at the IVA (20 W). What is its real power?
    Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Average 60 W, max for continuous operation 100 W
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “The heat dissipated by the control system decreases. In a nutshell: increasing the number of modules the heat produced by the E-Cat increases proportionally, while the heat to be dissipated ( or recovered ) from the control box decreases substantially.”

    Are you saying that for the same module power setting, increasing the number of modules from 3 to 100, the total power consumed (and dissipated or recovered) from the Control box will decrease?

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I am saying exactly what I said.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Julian

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Again about the Stockolm test at the IVA of Nov 24th:
    The fact that during the operation with the dummy with the 1 Ohm R instead of the Ecat the voltage of the circuit remained moreless the same indicates that the Ecat did not have resistance, therefore to measure the energy consumed by the Ecat finding the voltage across the 1 Ohm R also during the operation with the Ecat and eventually apply the Ohm equations is correct, because that is a way to measure indicated in all the manuals.
    Godspeed,
    Julian

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Julian:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. kenko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    If you win the lawsuit, will it help bring any E-cat products to market any faster?

    Kenko

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko:
    I think that after the product will have been put in the market we will become a public company.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Enrique

    Dear Andrea
    The dummy with the resistance of 800 Ohms had the duty to give evidence that the power source was not one with fixed amperage, correct?

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique:
    Yes, also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Mattias Anderson:
    We are working on this with our specialists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you at a point in your Qx development where the optimum output of heated water parameters can be disclosed? If so are you defining them by the output of various size clusters of Qx’s or is the output consistent varying only in volume as more Qx’s are brought on line?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  159. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    We have arrived to that point, but I cannot disclose these data. By the way, it depends also from the specific applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Steven N. Karels,

    I think the energy dissipated by the control system will remain more or less the same, independent of the fact if only 3 E-Cats or up to 100 are controlled by it, so the net produced useful energy of the E-cats increases proportional to the number used, while the energy dissipated by the control system will remain more or less the same (not reduced I think). But, of course, this means that the ratio of dissipated energy by the control system per net energy produced, decreases when the number of E-cats increases.

    Kind Regards,

  161. Mattias Andersson

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems to me that a substantial amount of R&D involves the development of the controller unit. Do you anticipate that this will be an area that needs to be explored further within the scientific research community?

    Kind regards,
    Mattias

  162. kenko1

    Will there ever be a time when the little guys, like myself, will ever be able to invest with you in the development of your e-cat line of products?
    Yours,
    Kenko1

  163. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you wrote:

    “…The increase of power is proportional to the quantity of modules…”

    in the Stockholm demo the controller produced about 60 watts of heat to be dissipated for feeding 3 modules.
    But does it mean that feeding 100 modules, the power to be dissipated would be about 60/3 * 100 = 2000 watts?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    No. I said that the power of the E-Cat is proportional to the number of modules. The heat dissipated by the control system decreases. In a nutshell: increasing the number of modules the heat produced by the E-Cat increases proportionally, while the heat to be dissipated ( or recovered ) from the control box decreases substantially.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Remember that all the heat dissipated by the control box can be recovered with COP 1.

  165. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    As you move toward industrial applications of the Qx have you defined the optimum output, x volume of water at a given temperature or x volume of dry steam at a given pressure and temperature?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  166. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  167. Robert Dorr

    Andrea,

    You mention that you can control up to around 100 of your QX devices with the same controller that you used in the demonstration. If you were to drive that many devices would your power supply produce appreciably more heat or would it be roughly the same amount of heat as was produced driving the three QX ecats in the demo. I am very happy to hear that your demonstration has produced potential associations or partnerships that will accelerate the industrialization of your technology.I can only say, the sooner, the better. Congratulations!

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    The increase of power is proportional to the quantity of modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. John

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When the E-Cat QX will be industrialized, how much do you the COP will be affected by the consume of the control box?
    Cheers
    John

  170. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    The COP will not be affected by the control system by means of a heat recovery system. The recovery system can recover the heat dissipated by the circuitry. Without the heat recovery system not more that 10%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Claud of Silent Minority

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for sharing with us the domo of the E-Cat QX: priceless!
    Godspeed,
    Claud

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Claud of Silent Minority:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. J.U.

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If you will be able to put the product for sale in an industrialized feature within 2018, that will be another miracle.
    Godspeed,
    Jim

  174. Andrea Rossi

    J.U.:
    True, but we are working hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. JPR

    Aftermath update?
    JPR

  176. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Now we are focused on the robotized lines and on the miniaturization and design of the E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The important agreement you speak of, was it a direct result of the demo you did in Stockholm, or did it come from some earlier contact?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It has been a direct result of the Stockolm event: it has been attended by very high level persons, either from the scientific and the industrial point: the IVA conference room acted just like a reactor containing strongly reactive elements…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    The COP of 550 you demonstrated at Stockholm with the E-Cat QX at 30% power was amazing!
    Do you anticipate running the commercial E-Cat QX units at greater than 30% power or will you limit their operation to 30% for safety reasons? Does the internal fuel last significantly longer if the E-Cat QX is run at 30% power versus 100% power?

    Looking forward to more good news from the Leonardo Corporation in 2018.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    During the test at the IVA I put the power at 30% to put the probability of breaks at zero point. The product will perform better, also because now we are focusing on the industrialization and this means also eliminate the overheating problem. We are working along two lines: 1- industrialization of the product, 2- industrialization of the production. These two processes normally are completed up to 10 years ( the CEO of a car industry told me up to 20 years), but we think it will take less than 2 years in our case. I hope one year, but it will be rude.
    The charge was standard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Giorgio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Here is the link to the Italian conference made in Italy just after the Stockolm event at the IVA:
    http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/laudio-della-conference-call-rossi/

  182. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you have written:

    “…From now on the focus will be on the industrialization.
    Probably today we reached a very important agreement toward it…”

    Is there any news you can share with us if possible?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Several days after the Stockholm demo we made a very important agreement, that will make faster the start of a massive industrial production. These few days have been momentous.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  184. Roberto M

    Rossi
    Dear Andrea,
    Whith this presentation you made the “New Fire” more closer to everbody. Congrats to you, your staff and to Mats Lewan for the great meeting management. Have a big future.
    May me ask some questions:
    a) are you working on international certification for the QX ?
    b) if yes, have you any idea how long does it take ?
    b) you mentioned now you are focused on industrialization, what is the first market you will approch ? Industrial or Consumer ?

    Many thanks in advace. I whish you big things.
    Yours sicerely
    Roberto

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto M.:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Answers:
    a- yes
    b- industrial: done; domestic: couple of years
    c- industrial
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Tamerlano

    Dear Andrea,

    how many ECAT-QX (maximum) is it possible to feed with the controller you used during the demo?

    5, 10, 100 ?

    Thx
    Tamerlano

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Tamerlano:
    With a controller used in the demo we can control at least 100 systems.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  188. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Congratulations, great demonstration and convincing measurement.

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  190. Virginia W.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Now the IVA demonstration is past. Are you already working on the industrialization or you think you will make further public tests?
    Cheers
    Virginia

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Virginia W:
    We are working now exclusively on the industrialization of the E-Cat QX. No more public tests will be made before the launch of the product in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    congrats for the astonishing results presented on Nov 24th.

    A COP over 500 is really an achievement I couldn’t expect even if I am following your work since the beginnings !

    In order to solve the issue of the control system cooling did you consider (or think it is feasible) to use other means to ignite the plasma like a pulsed laser beam ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    We already are working toward all the issues connected with the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Virginia W.:
    Yes, we now are focused on the industrialization, which means factories and a product ready to be produced in million pieces ( miniaturization of the control box and other connected problems, robotization etc). No, we will not make further public demos of prototypes. The next presentation will be the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. W.Y

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I viewed all the videos of the event of Stockolm at the IVA. The demo is very convincing for the measurements. The use of the two resistances of 1 Ohm and 800 Ohms as dummies has been genial: did you invent this solution?
    W.Y.

  196. Andrea Rossi

    W.Y.:
    No, it has been proposed to me from Mats Lewan, and I accepted.
    Thank you for your attention to the demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear dr. Andrea Rossi,

    A self-critical attitude can be stimulating and can produce a high level of self-correction.
    But still I think that sometimes you really exaggerate. I would expect a bit more mildness from a scientist and entrepreneur with your track record.

    The negative reactions and the attacks in all possible ways, were also a form of respect: they see you as an avid opponent.

    Your presentation was a hit.

    Now it’s up to the radar technicians and the microprocessor experts.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Mistakes can be a patrimony, provided you accept to analyse them brutally against yourself to print the experience in the brain; I experienced that self frienship is more dangerous than an enemy.
    Thank you for your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why the spectrometry did not work?
    Cheers,
    Jack

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    My fault. I did not consider that a giant screen would have spread too much light to allow the spectrometer focus on the eye of the E-Cat. I never experienced this situation and stupidly did not understand it by myself. The light from the big screen interfered with the optic line between the reactor and the optic fibers end.
    I had to bring with me some black cover to hide the light of the screen from the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,

    oltre ad averla vista in ottima forma e molto attento a tutto quanto succedeva intorno al “SUO” QX
    ho avuto l’impressione che in realtà ciò che Lei (Voi) sapete sul Qx sia già ben oltre a quello mostratoci
    nel video girato a Stoccolma. Quanto detto deriva anche dall’estrema sicurezza con cui l’ing. Fabiani si muoveva
    e commentava.
    Sono sicuro che presto ci saprà stupire con altre grosse novità.

    Grazie e buon lavoro.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Yes, we operated with the E-Cat QX about at the 30% of its power.
    I was afraid.Sincerely.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Sifferkoll report
    E-Cat QX Demo in Stockholm Results = COP ~550

    http://www.sifferkoll.se/sifferkoll/andrea-rossi-e-cat-qx-demo-in-stockholm-cop-550/

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Silent Majority Member

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been moved to watch at you during the fantastic demo of Stockolm.
    Now we wait for your product.
    God bless you,
    SMM

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Member:
    From now on the focus will be on the industrialization.
    Probably today we reached a very important agreement toward it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am the CTO of an important company in the aerospace field. I am following your publications and tests since the Bologna event of January 2011 and I think the test at the IVA of Stockolm has been a masterpiece. The measurements made are all fully satisfactory to us and it is clear to me that you made a technological miracle. I am reading in the blogosphere many comments of amateurs lecturing about this and that without knowledge of the matter, but I can assure you that our experts I am talking with are extremely impressed, even shocked, by what they saw in the video, that we scrutinized second by second.
    We can help you to resolve the overheating of the control box easily.
    We will contact you next Monday, so you will know me. I cannot expose myself in a blog.
    Godspeed, Andrea and see you soon.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your attention to our work…waiting for your contact on Monday!
    You know that to contact me you can email
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the complete text of the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstroem that has been presented in Stockolm on November 24 in the IVA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is part of a comment from
    Thomas Kaminski on ECat World.

    It is clear that the controller is pretty fancy — however, over the years, I have seen large motor control racks be replaced by small devices as high voltage IGBT’s replaced older components. The efficiencies have also gone way up, reducing thermal cooling requirements. I suspect that the power electronics industry could help Rossi with the controller size and efficiency. He needs to find the right partner. He might try this consortium:

    https://wempec.wisc.edu/

    I have taken courses from them — excellent content in power electronics.

    Thought it might interest you.

    Regards
    Sam

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link and for your goodwill to give us suggestions. The more we know, the better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Vladimir

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What has impressed me more about the test made in the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering is the consumption of electricity actually supplied to the E-Cat. The dummies gave evidence that the E-Cat has a resistance more or less equal to the resistance of the copper- actually plasma is a very good conductor- therefore your measurement system is correct. You got a stunning COP of 500 or more.
    Fantastic.
    Infinite congratulations.

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Vladimir:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. DT

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am still shocked by the ratio between the energy produced by the E-Cat and the energy consumed. This invention of yours is probably the most important thing happened in the last 100 years.
    I hope we will see its development also in my Country.
    From Russia, with love,
    Dimitri Travchenko

  215. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Your Country is very important for everybody!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    What I gather from the Nov.24 presentation is, that there is still some R&D work to be done on the Hot Cat. Can you give a time estimate, even tentative, of when the E-Cat QX is finally going to be ready for mass production?

    Kindest regards,
    Obro

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Obro:
    I will do all my best to make it happen within 2018. I hope my optimism will become truth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Chris Johnson

    Congratulations on a successful demonstration! In your presentation you mentioned that the controller has cooling problems. Have you thought about submersing the entire control system in 3M’s Novec cooling fluid? See https://www.3m.com/3M/en_US/novec-us/applications/immersion-cooling for more info and http://multimedia.3m.com/mws/media/65495O/3mtm-thermal-management-fluids.pdf for properties of the different coolants. The liquid coolants are high voltage compatible, with a 0.1″ gap breakdown of around 40Kv. There is a video of a PC motherboard running fully submersed in the liquid at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqptp3buRM0 .

    Chris Johnson

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Johnson:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the two videos of the complete demo of Stockolm and I think you made a very convincing test. It has been very convincing for the water flow, for the measurements of the temperatures and for the measurements of the electric energy consumed.
    I think you have made a masterpiece and all the experts I have spoken with agree with me.
    Congratulations.

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    In our website are now available the 2 links to the integral transmission of the Stockolm event:
    https://ecat.com/news/ecat-qx-presentation-in-stockolm
    https://ecat.com/news/carl-oscar-gullstrom-working-with-theory-about-the-rossi-effect

  223. Dear Andrea,
    The standard way to create a short high-voltage pulse (to ignite a plasma arc) is to load a capacitor to the wanted high voltage and then discharge it. Loading of the capacitor can be done slowly so it can be done by a small high-voltage source (commercial manufacturers: Picoelectronics, EMCO, or use custom-made “charge pump” systems https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge_pump ). Another benefit is that the energy of the “shot” i.e. the energy of the capacitor, is precisely known (=0.5*C*V^2 where C=capacitance, V=voltage).
    regards, /pekka

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    That system, that obviously I know, is not useful to us. Our situation is more complex by orders of magnitude.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi, Many congratulations to yourself and your excellent team on reaching Sigma 5. You have worked extremely hard for a long time to achieve this landmark event. Now you can fully concentrate on preparing for your very important demo of the E-Cat QuarkX which we have all been waiting to see. Well Done Sir! Kind Regards, Martyn Aubrey.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Q1- It was also so, eventually resolved
    Q2- We are working on the miniaturization and heat elimination of the control circuitry system. I am hiring specialists.
    Thank you for your attention to our work and for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I very much enjoyed following the reports of and watching your presentation of the E-Cat QX.

    As always with these things a lot of answers were answered and of course also new ones arise. But it’s definitely moving forward incredibly.

    As a bystander and observer in this story It’s amazing to think some years back I would have been amazed to see a basic large device Even produce COP 3. Whoever produced it. Even a cop of 1.001 would have made me smile from a scientific curiosity point of view. But now we are talking about devices that can produce COPs in the hundreds and thousands. and thes are tiny devices tat can be combined and scaled an all kinds of concievable ways. It’s astonishing. And easy to forget where we were in our hopes and expectation even a few years ago. And you talk about a Moores Law for LENR devices… My mind boggles where we wil be in a few years time.

    About the presentation may I ask you about the spectra measurements? If they are confidential at this time I understand.

    1. Was the spectra measurement of the 0.08mm * 6mm plasma in the reactor itself?
    2. Or was it from a Secondary plasma around the reactor.
    3. Or was it from a separate component in the device tharpt surrounded the reactor that radiated the heat.
    4. If 3 did the secondary component generated its own plasma in surrounding gas.

    5.Are the dimensions of the reactor given the dimensions of the plasma in the reactor gap.
    6. Or the whole device. (I suppose is correct)
    7. If 5 is correct can you give some dimensions of the whole device… Is this the same as those previously mentioned here and elsewhere before the presentation.

    A lot of questions, which I must apologise for. I don’t want to swamp you in questions.

    All the best with the way forward. I hope have fast progress with resolving the thermal control issues and miniturisation of the controller. I have the feeling it is remarkable in its own right and may have other intersting uses in power control and distribution for all kinds of reactive devices in the future… May be even how how power is distributed. who knows…

    Good luck to all the team… I was happy to see Fabiani taking part again… It’s a good team

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- yes
    5- yes
    7- confidential
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Damian

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the demo: clear, simple, evident. A genial masterpiece. In the audio I heard that you gave the pump and the board of the resistances connections to Mats Lewan, to allow him to check their integrity, with nothing hidden inside: did you actually donate pump and connectors board to Mats?
    Godspeed with the industrialization!
    Damian

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Damian:
    Yes, Mats Lewan has retrieved the water pump and the wooden board with the connectors for the 1 Ohm and 800 Ohms resistances at the end of the test and he can do with them whatever he wants, I do not need to have them back.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Ing Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your readers can find here the publication of the acts of the 2016 conference on the condensed matter.
    JOURNAL OF CONDENSED
    MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE
    Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion
    Proceedings of the 20th International Conference
    on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Sendai,
    Japan, October 02–07, 2016
    VOLUME 24, October 2017

    ICCF 20 Conference 02–07 October 2016, Sendai, Japan

    http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedw.pdf

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Michelangelo De Meo

    Reflections on the Nov 24 E-Cat QX demo in Stockholm
    Mats Lewan
    http://animpossibleinvention.com/2017/11/26/reflections-on-the-nov-24-e-cat-qx-demo-in-stockholm/

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find hereunder the link to the reflections of the scientific journalist Mats Lewan related to the demo of Stockolm:
    https://animpossibleinvention.com

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew ( second answer ):
    You made me curious and now I had the time to watch with focused attention the part of the video you refer to. Please you too watch with attention the segment between 2h30′ and 2h32′: it is very interesting about your issue. Before I open the air window, that is on the side of the control box in front of me, Fabiani says to me absolutely nothing either before or during the action of opening the air window; after the action is finished and the box has been lowered in normal position, Fabiani says me to turn the switch, and at that point I go to the side of the box at my right, where the switch is, and make the switching action.
    Just to be clear and precise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    It has been published on youtube the last part of the demo of Stockolm, with the theoretical presentation by Carl-Oscar Gullstrom: please go to
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ud6-KRbvKqE&feature=youtu.be

  237. andrew

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You said you opened an air Window to help air circulating, but Fabiani clearly tells you to push a Switch. It’s clear from the audio… Can you clarify?

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew:
    When Fabiani is saying me to turn the switch, he refers to the switch that turns off and on the power. We had to turn off/on the power when we passed from calorimetry to spectrometry, and when we passed from spectrometry to dummy 1 Ohm and when we passed from the dummy with 1 Ohm to the dummy with 800 Ohms. It is obvious that when we had to substitute the components of the circuit we had to turn the power off, make the substitution and, after that, turn the power on again. The switch is in the right side of the control box from my point of view, left side from the point of view of the public. The air window is in my side of the box. The window gives access to the circuitry.
    When I opened the air window, obviously, Fabiani said nothing, because in that moment I was not operating with any switch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Andrew

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    There are so many people following your story, cheering for you, supporting you, praing for you, and yet the only thing you have given back in these last years are some ‘Rossi says’ that most of the time are followed by ‘someone says not ‘ . And I mean.. you don’t owe them anyhing, you are not supposed to satisfy the general public curiosity just in exchange of some sort of cybernetic support. But seriously, we are not talking about telenovelas curiosity, we are talking about people worried about the future of energy, the future of this planet, the future of their children, because hey, don’t try to give me the ‘all energy sources will be integrated’ joke, your tech. is kind of last hope.
    And I understand your worries about the competition, I understand the very long time needed to a such unconventional tech to be developed properly.
    But there are soooo many ways you could put an end to the skeptics chatters, that you could prove without any doubt that your tech does what ‘Rossi says’ . And yet you don’t do it.
    Once again it’s just Secret customers secret deals, secret results of reports..
    You are a good man I’m sure of that. Just think that it would cost you nothing to give something back to those that have been defending your name for this long time

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew:
    When Fabiani is saying me to turn the switch, he refers to the switch that turns off and on the power. We had to turn off/on the power when we passed from calorimetry to spectrometry, and when we passed from spectrometry to dummy 1 Ohm and when we passed from the dummy with 1 Ohm to the dummy with 800 Ohms. It is obvious that when we had to substitute the components of the circuit we had to turn the power off, make the substitution and, after that, turn the power on again. The switch is in the right side of the control box from my point of view, left side from the point of view of the public. The air window is in my side of the box. The window gives access to the circuitry.
    When I opened the air window, obviously, Fabiani said nothing, because in that moment I was not operating with any switch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. SG

    Hello Andrea,

    One question about the cooling system: have you considered using Peltier cells?

    Thanks.

  242. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I seen this comment from E48 on ECat World
    Blog.
    Engineer48
    11 hours ago
    Just before Mats starts the tests with different resistor values, Rossi lifts the cover on the White control box and apparently switches a switch or two:

    E cat QX presentation 24 November 2017 — disq.us
    Which to this observer casts a big shadow over the validity of the tests Mats conducted.

    Apparently Mats did not see this occur as he was looking at the data from Hurley.

    As Rossi did not explain what he did nor why he did it, to me this killed any credibility on the input power claims.

    Could you comment on it?
    Enjoyed your QX demonstration.
    Regards
    Sam

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I checked what you say, it is between the time 2h 30′ and 2h 31′.
    I opened an air window to help the air circulation since when the E-Cat has been turned off the cooling system was disconnected. After 2 hours of work and after the operation of the spectrometer without cooling circulation in the heat exchanger I wanted to help the hot air out.
    This has nothing to do with the measurements we were making.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. George Hogan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the successful E-Cat QX demo! You have mentioned in the past possibly partnering with third party heat-based engines. Have you considered Cyclone Power Technologies, Inc.? They have developed an efficient heat-based engine that has won several awards from prominent science magazines and have contracts in the defense industry. They claim that their engine can use any heat source as fuel such as solar or syngas, and they have talked publicly of leveraging LENR in the past. http://m.marketwired.com/press-release/cyclone-power-technologies-delivers-engine-militarization-fsds-releases-2017-q1-worldwide-otc-pink-cypw-2229112.htm

    V/r
    George Hogan

  245. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Some questions:

    – Is the output of the “black box” supply floating ? (=not connected to Earth). Inputs of TBS1052B oscilloscope are not isolated, then probe’s ground makes the 1 Ohm resistor to be refered to the Earth.

    – Can we summarize the situation by saying that a roughly 10mW injected at the entrance raises progressively the temperature of the core to 2600 °C ?

    I take this opportunity to wish you a complete cure for your skin cancer, forza !

    Regards,

    Michel

  246. Gabriel Berra

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your reply to my last post. I am not here to make your life difficult or to discredit you, but what you have said in your last response to me is not possible according to my calculations and e=mc2 therefore I believe you have made a mistake – either the e-cat Qx reactor is bigger eg 0.8mm x 6mm, or it can’t release 20W or it doesn’t last for 1 year. We don’t know the density of your reactor but we know that it contains nickel – 9 kg/L and liAlH4 – density 1 kg /L. For argument sake lets assume the whole reactor is Nickel and has a density of 9kg/L. The reactor you describe is 0.08mm diameter x 0.6 mm = 0.003mm cubed in volume, even if it was pure nickel at a density of 9kg / L,= a mass of 0.003x 9kg x 0.000001 L = 0.000000027 kg of mass using E=MC2 then 0.000000027kg x 300,000,000 x 300,000,000 ( c2 ) = 2,440,000,000 joules if converted entirely to energy. 20 W x 3600 seconds x 24 hours x 365 days = 630,720,000 joules. So if the reactor was pure nickel 630,720,000 / 2,440,000,000 = 25.8 % of the mass would need to be converted to energy to work as you describe !! I don’t believe this is possible and this figure would go up if we take into account that the reactor is not pure nickel and has LiAlH4 which has a much lower density and thus the reactors mass is actually less than the mass in the calculations. Sorry if I have made a mistake. All the best.

  247. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    compliments

    E-Cat QX Picture Posted in New Rossi-Gullstrom Paper (COP of 2000 reported with Calorimetry)

    http://e-catworld.com/2017/07/20/e-cat-qx-picture-posted-in-new-rossi-gullstrom-paper/

    Nucleon polarizability and long range strong force from σI=2 meson exchange potential
    Carl-Oscar Gullström, Andrea Rossi
    18 july 2017

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.05249.pdf

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Michelangelo De Meo

    E cat QX presentation 24 November 2017
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nz0Z94Ix-kc

  250. Hi Andrea, congratulations on your demo. You state the actual reactor component is minuscule- 0.08mm diameter x 0.6 mm. In the past you have said that each ecat QX can produce energy for 1 year before being exhausted. My previous understanding was the Ecat QX was approximately 1 mm diameter x 20mm. Are you still claiming that the Ecat QX 0.08mm x 0.6mm is able to realease energy for approximately 1 year ? All the best !

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.