Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2018-11-16 20:20:07.991095Z

  1. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you show these microSievert readings in the test you will broadcast on January 31st?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Kelly

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    which valuein microSievert do you read close to the Ecat SK when it is operating?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Kelly

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Kelly:
    Background 0.05-0.07 microSv/h, operation 0.12-0.16 microSv/h at 1 cm of distance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Alvina Tiedemann

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    how is going the work you scheduled to be done with your theoretical consultants this week?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Alvina Tiedemann:
    Very well, yesterday we have been able to calibrate the spectrometer to obtain a definition of 0.5 nm and this allows us to read much better the wavelengths, that obviously are at the base of our theoretical R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will at the presentation of January 31st attend some privileged person?

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, because it will be made in our factory, where for safety and security reasons nobody can have access.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea your comment to Brokeeper November 15th is wonderful news and I wish you and your team all the success that you deserve Regards Eric Ashworth

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    There are scientists in your team who have insight and experience in the mechanisms of those temporary and imperceptible elementary particles.

    Is it on their advice that you have chosen to mainly sell heat, and not the reactors?

    I can imagine that competitors also have to deal with the same circumstances and problems. Of course you can work together better in that area.

    Or does it have more to do with geopolitical choices or other interests?

    I will certainly look at your presentation on January 31st. Hopefully we understand something about it. Do you provide a kind of explanation that allows a medium technically trained audience to understand it properly? Something should be done to transcend the hocus-pocus story and make the process plausible from classical school knowledge of chemistry and physics.
    I would rather see that than a repeat of the history of the E-cat and cold fusion.

    It is not because the product is good or excellent, that people will automatically appreciate it. Sometimes you have to educate the clientele. For example by explaining to which of their daily needs and concerns it will offer a solution. As you know, electricity and heat have been around for a long time, and they are also cheap and an achievement for anyone who has money ….. I suppose you do not want to go down in history as the man who made them even cheaper.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The choice to sell heat , not reactors is a strategic choice derived from commercial and IP defense issues, not from scientific issues.
    I think that during the presentation of the SK the attendance will see something they never saw before. I hope.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you opened up the E-Cats for their open heart surgery, did your detectors inform you that there was danger?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    i) yes
    ii) no
    iii) N.A.
    iv) I do not know about this, can’t comment
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    The Rock and Troll Forum says the Ecat SK does not exist, the factory does not exist, the robots do not exist… the presentation of the industrialized product will not exist.
    Question: do you exist?
    Godspeed,
    CC

  17. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I am not sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    i) If I understood well, do you need the concept of resonances and of virtual particles to explain what happens and where the energy comes from?

    ii) Is this because you apply an oscillating current that causes the desired resonance in the E-Cat?

    iii) And if yes, is there any similarity with what Bearden-Bedini do with their experiments with oscillating electronic circuits, that extract ‘energy from the vacuüm’, as they say? (And of course, I know, I move far from official science now, but esoterically, this makes me think of what was written in the Alice Bailey books (Theosofy/Esoteric Christianity/Esoteric Boeddhism), where, inspired by the master DK, she wrote that in the future scientists would discover the existence of the fourth (= lowest) ether, and extract energy from it?)

    If yes, than it will be a difficult job to convince mainstream science… 😉

    iv) If I remember well, John Bedini once had an experiment where he used an oscillating electrical/electronic circuit, loading a battery, while the environment became colder (!) instead of warmer. (Normally, because of the Joule effect (R*I²) in electronic and electrical conductors, they should heat up when current passes).

    I know, this is far from official science, but just consider it as a brainstorm message.

    Kind Regards and a lot of success with your scientific investigations.

    Daniel.

  19. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea with regards that many physicists regard many resonances i.e. virtual particles to not exist, they obviously are totally unaware that many irritants cause sneezes to exist. As my father use to say and he was an engineer “you cannot put sense where sense won’t go”. It is frustrating but we have to put up with it for the time being. Wishing you all the best, Eric Ashworth.

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    If we take off the concept of resonances and consequently of virtual particles, the Standard Model collapses upon the energy conservation law.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you very much for your candid response. It is this very characteristic of integrity that caught my attention to the person behind the ‘impossible invention’.

    Like you, the fury within, Madam Curie had delved into the physical unknown and courageously accepted the risk to investigate the unknowns for scientific and human advancement. Sometimes risks require action over prudence as the Wright brothers often discovered. With this said, don’t do it again! We, as your wife, wish you to enjoy the fruits of your labor.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your concern, but this work IS my life. Anyway, we arrived to a point that does make no more necessary to get this kind of risks. The SK is a magnificence. While writing this comment I am working with top US engineers that are helping me to upgrade the measurement system to better penetrate the theory: the next 5 days we will work full time on this side. Gullstrom is arriving here, we are in an important moment. Monday Prof Vassallo will work with us in conference and eventually also the Prof of Physics that teaches in Japan but wants to remain behind the curtain will be fully involved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for citing the book of Mats Lewan

  23. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sorry to read that labouring your QX- baby had so much impact on your health. I do hope your are fully recovered now.
    Would you be willing to write into your memoirs all details of this incident like how this could happen and how you came to the idea te develop the QX, so future generations may learn from it?
    Was one of the reasons to develop the QX that it produces less radiation?
    Please be careful, the world needs you!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes, I am fully recovered and working very hard. Thank you for your concern. I had to open the reactors and look at them while operating and this has been crucial to arrive to the QX first and the SK now. You will understand what is the SK when you will see it on Jan 31st. It is unbelievable.
    We made a masterpiece.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Emery

    Seriously loads of beneficial knowledge!

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Emery:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting indeed about the open heart surgery you did, but I am sorry to hear of its consequences. I hope you can have a full recovery. What are the implications of all this in terms of safety in commercial E-Cat applications? I am sure that potential customers and regulators will be wondering about this.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The implications are zero, because the Ecat is supposed to operate closed, not open.
    All the measurements made in many years now upon our Ecats have always shown that outside the Ecat there are not ionizing radiations. Measurements have been made by University laboratories as well as Governmental healthcare control institutions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    1- You mentioned the broadcast would be from the factory where it is produced. Is this the same factory by which the E-Cat SK will be mass produced? This would be an ideal time to demonstrate the power of the E-Cat providing heat and/or electricity to its production facility.
    2- Would this be possible during the broadcast?
    3- Also, could you shed some light on how your recent illness may have been affected by the yearlong test inside the container? Some are concerned it may be due to some ‘Strange Radiation’. I am very glad to hear you are recovering.
    Thank you. God be with you.
    Brokeeper

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- yes
    2- no, we will not give any particular related to the factory, at least for the time being
    3- during the year long test in Doral I covered the shift from 5 PM through 10 A.M. and during the night, when I was alone, many times I opened the shielding to look inside to understand things. The Ecat does nor have emissions of ionizing radiations out of the Ecat body, but the inspection I made “open heart” were a risk and I knew it, but these inspections have allowed me to understand important things and this knowledge has born the QX and the SK versions of the Ecat. I spent a dear price in terms of health, but I could work very well and now I am healed. Also the voice returned. The fury to know I had was stronger than the good sense to be prudent, also because I was alone, the risks were all upon me. The Ecat SK you will see on Jan 31st is the son of this decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Many physicists assume that resonances- virtual particcles do not exist, only real particles exist. Which is your opinion about this issue?
    Cheers
    Prof

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    If we assume that virtual particles ( read: resonances ) do not exist, then many nuclear reactions like, for example, the Beta Decay could not exist, due to the energy conservation law, since the boson W is far more energetic than a neutron and than p+e+antineutrino. Only equations based on Feynmann diagrams within which we have resonances can resolve these problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Gilda

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Where will be broadcast from the video of the operating Ecat SK?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Gilda

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Gilda:
    From the factory where we produce it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Yuri

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you still working in the area of Miami, Florida?
    Congratulations for your progress,
    Yuri

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Yes, also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 44 000 of this blog

  37. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Between the production of heat from the Ecat SK 20 kW Modules, and the supply of usable heat to an end user, there is the issue of heat exchangers.

    For heat transfer there is a variety of mediums that can be used; air, water, steam, and a wide range of industrial thermal fluid oils, each targeting specific markets, each of these heat transfer mediums will require specific heat exchanger designs, each requiring specific thermal ratings, operating temperatures, pressures and flow rates.

    Will your company Leonardo seek out expertise to design and manufacture all these types of heat exchangers, then incorporate all necessary pipework, instrumentation and controls in a structure, keeping all supply under your control, to then sell the heat output to the various market sectors?

    Or would you consider transfer of Ecat SK module outline specifications and operation profile to third parties under agreement, for them to develop, code design, build and maintain the heat exchangers and infrastructure, with Leonardo as the main contractor who has the contract with the end user, supplying, monitoring and maintaining the Ecat modules.

    Or would you consider joint ventures with industry leading companies, there would be sharing of profit but also sharing of development / certification costs and risks.

    Is it possible to describe at the January demonstration the commercial route you wish to pursue for the immediate future?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes, in the January 31st presentation of the Ecat SK we will indicate the commercial route that will be privileged for the time being.
    We supply a throw of heat, that you will observe very well; the Customers will decide how to make the best use of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your kind sustain, but let me say that to ask to a nuclear power operator or business investor what he does think of LENR is like to ask a lion what does he think of veggies ( with some exception, though ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I know about your breaktrough technology since 2011, and although I often got a lot of negative feedback (probably because I referred to your technology as the solution to eventually replace our old nuclear power plants), I from time to time (not too often 😉 participated in discussions about our Belgian energy strategy (and its many problems) in the fora of our major newspaper ‘De Standaard’, that is (like Aftenposten in Norway) the major newspaper in the Flemish/dutch (also my native language) speaking part of Belgium.

    Here some links to these discussions (only in Dutch):

    (Everyone who wants to read the discussion has to click on the button ‘Reacties’ (dutch) = ‘Reactions’ (english), but unfortunately, I’m afraid that most of these discussions probably are only accessible for subscribers who pay for it. Nevertheless, I here give a restricted list of discussions where I referred to your technology as a possible solution):

    In 2012: (reactions posted with my userid ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20120815_00259016

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20120823_00268516

    In 2017: (reactions posted with userid ‘Angela H.’, who is a direct family member and who from that time owned the subscription to the newspaper, but I always signed my messages referring to my own initials ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20170806_03005983

    2018: (Same remark as above: reactions posted with userid ‘Angela H.’, who is a direct family member and who from 2017 owned the subscription to the newspaper, but I always signed my messages referring to my own initials ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20180806_03651599

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20180806_03651604

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20181002_03802905

    also today, I posted a message on this forum: (and maybe I have to add a reference to the January 31st presentation?)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20181111_03934252

    As I mostly got very skeptical reactions, I do not know if I succeeded to influence and convince the public, but as I am convinced that your technology is very necessary to solve our energy problems, it certainly was worth a try. Hopefully, some young people of Flanders found their way to your website?

    Kind Regards,
    Ir. Daniel De Caluwé
    Flanders (Belgium)

  41. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    At what time will be broadcasted the direct streaming of the Ecat SK on January 31st? Where will it remain to be seen from those which will not attend the direct streaming?
    JPR

  42. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    1- the streaming will begin at 9 A.M. US Eastern Time and will last 2 hours
    2- the video will remain on youtube and a link will be maintained in our website http://www.leonardocorporation.com or http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    1- yes
    2- there is a consume, therefore we project a duration of one year of the charge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am glad to hear that you have recovered your voice, do you think that your health problems come from the one year test inside the container ?

    One question please did you notice if the reaction inside your E-CATS “eats up” the materials of your reactors ?

  46. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    On January 31st we will watch your demonstration from many places in the world.
    In the information you will deliver a few days before could you include GMT in addition to local time?
    All my encouragement to your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Of course!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have confirmed that the January test will demonstrate a production line produced Ecat SK.

    Will you also be demonstrating a market ready control panel that has been sourced through your supply chain?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  49. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    your gas turbine 20 kW Ecat SK looks fit for a residential generator.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Could be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno ( Wease ):
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Bruno

    Do you think the video of the Ecat SK in operation will be really interesting? I mean, will it contain something never seen before?
    Cheers
    Bruno

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno:
    Yes, it will be possible to send emails, we will read the questions and give the answers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Bruno

    Dear Andrea,
    Sad to read you had lost the voice and inspiring the fact that you did not stop your work.
    Thank you for your tremendous work, we need it.
    Cheers
    Bruno

  56. Francisco Alspaugh

    Mr Rossi,
    Will it be possible to send you questions during the direct streaming and have answers still in direct streaming during the Ecat SK presentation on January 31st?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    All the best,
    Francisco

  57. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the gas turbine combustion chambers that you are developing, how much thermal kW will be installed in a chamber?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  58. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The module of the Ecat SK now is 20 kW. There is potential to grow up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. JPR

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I suggest this measurement on Jan 31st: jet water inside the reactor of the SK, measure amount of water and temperature of steam at the output, collect under the reactor the non vaporized and condensed water. If I have understood how the Ecat SK works, this is the best way to measure the energy produced. This is what we did where I worked.
    Best regards,
    JPR

  60. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Daron Wirebaugh

    Dear Andrea:
    How is your health?
    Today tennis with your wife?
    God bless you for the work you are doing,
    Daron

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Daron Wirebaugh:
    Health is better, voice is returned. After my last surgery in July I lost the voice and was afraid not to recover it; I communicated with my collaborators writing, not being able to speak and this was a problem. Luckily after an intense logopedy the voice returned two days ago and now I can speak again. Fortunately this did not stop my work.
    No tennis today: unfortunately in this period my wife has to be in Italy, while I am here in Miami. She will be back soon.
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Your theory explaining the processes that create the Rossi Effect will, to some extent, change nuclear physics.
    1. In your opinion, exactly these processes occur in the core of the planet and in the depths of the sun?
    2. In addition to obtaining energy, it is possible in the future, using the reactions you have discovered for obtaining elements and isotopes?

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- I do not know
    2- I got oscilloscopes, spectrometers, thermochambers, lasers, frequency generators and other parafernalia, but not cristal balls
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Toby

    Are you aware of the patent about nuclear fusion reactor by Lockheed Martin?

    See https://www.siliconrepublic.com/machines/lockheed-martin-nuclear-fusion-jet-fighter

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Toby:
    Bizarre: to keep alive the pilot after the ionizing radiation emitted from this hot nuclear fusion reactor would be necessary 20 Tonns of lead around him. Besides the reactor, as it is described, can’t work because the electtromagneric shielding of the walls could not be stable at those energies and the reactor would sublimate in fractions of second, if it ever could be able to start.
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Sam

    Thought this article would interest you
    Dr Rossi

    https://phys.org/news/2018-11-two-atom-quantum-duet.html

    Regards
    Sam

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Dr. Mike

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I agree 100% with the recommendations made by Steven N. Karels in his 11/11/2018 postings on the instrumentation that should be used for your January demonstration. My guess is that you have already taken measurements exactly as he is recommending. Are there any differences in how you are measuring the performance of the SK E-Cat from what he stated? If there are differences, what are those differences?
    I am certainly looking forward to seeing the results of your January demonstration!
    Dr. Mike

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Our presentation will be known on January 31st.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Italo R.

    “…About the pond: we are looking for the oceans…”

    I like it! To be written in history books.

    Kind regards,

    Italo R.

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand the January 2019 event will not be a scientific demonstration but a commercial service demonstration. Consequently, the purpose is not to demonstrate and validate the technology but to show a potential customer or customers how well the system performs (output thermal power versus input electrical power).

    The electrical input can be measured using a single phase AC power meter. A means of demonstrating that it is reasonably accurate would be advised. Possible ways include one or more switchable dummy loads of known or calculated power dissipation. You might also include an analog AC Ammeter and an analog AC Voltmeter to show the AC power meter results are consistent.

    I understand you are using flowing water with no phase change. This requires a measurement of the flow rate (e.g., liters per minute) and input and output temperatures. Some form of independent temperature measurement is suggested.

    I recall in your early demonstrations you used a container and a scale to capture water flow and weighed the output water over time to compute the water flow rate, by knowing the water density. A simply thermometer(s) to measure the input and output water temperatures in addition to your digital temperature sensors would form an independent means of verification.

    I suggest that all cabling be visible and nothing is hidden from sight. Water comes from the “house plumbing”, perhaps an additional faucet to dump water into a container to allow a independent temperature measurement. The output (heated) water should be directed into a storage container and independently have its temperature measured and, periodically weighed. The container would need to be occasionally emptied but keep in mind the water will be hot, perhaps 40C to 80C, so safety is a concern.

    Most of all, keep it simple. Measure the input power. Measure the output power. No secrets, no configuration changes during the demonstration. Best luck on the demonstration.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Isidro

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you see the last publications of Dr Alexander Parkhomov and his new Team? If yes, what is your opinion?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Isidro:
    Yes.
    I think Dr Parkhomov and his team are making a serious job.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Abe Vincent

    So the primary purpose of the event in January is to advertise the launch of your heating service to the world? Or will marketing be limited to just the USA/Canada initially? Energy costs in the UK (and the rest of Europe) are higher than in the USA so there might be more interest this side of the pond.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    For the time being we will limit our action to the sale of heat, with remote control of the plants made by us, to maintain full control of the technology and be responsible of the operation in this initial phase. About the pond: we are looking for the oceans.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    May I ask if the event in January will demonstrate it he operation with higher temperature outputs greater than 100 deg C for example 400 or 600 deg C? Or if like the Stockholm event use a fluid output below 100 deg C?

    I don’t want to pre empt the purpose of the event so if you prefer to leave the release of information to the event it self I understand.

    Similarly I wonder if you can tell us more regarding the device parameters and thermal exchange fluid usage parameter constraints either before or during your event?

    If you prefer to wait until the event. Can we raise the questions directly during your presentation. Or would you prefer us to use an intermediary for efficiency? Or both.

    Thanks and Best Regards.

    Looking forward to it now.

    Stephen

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    The T will be higher.
    For all the rest, let’s wait for the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you expect that the January demonstration will be a validation of your work with enough coverage to excite the alternate energy community? Should this happen are you prepared for the media circus that will follow?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  82. Andrea Rossi

    John C Evans:
    Thanks to you for your kind attention to the work of our team.
    The aim of the January 31st presentation is not to get a validation. We are presenting a service that is based on an industrial production, not on a prototype that needs to be validated. The goal of the presentation is commercial, not scientific and has to be object of clear distinction from a work of R&D, that we continue to do, and of theoretical study, that we continue to do.
    We are prepared to answer the questions we will receive: any kind of questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Prof

    Can you give some information about the main events relate to the Ecat from now to the January 31st presentation?

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Next week a thoroughly series of experiments oriented toward the theoretical bases of the effect, and the results will be communicated to all the members that are working with me upon theoretical issues; the last week of November and during December our Clients will visit us to see the SK in operation and define details.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Robarto:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majotity Member:
    Thank you for your sustain from our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will it be possible to put questions to you during the presentation you will make on January 31st in streaming?
    Carissimi saluti,
    Roberto

  88. Silent Majority Member

    Dear Andrea,
    I just want to tell you that we are inspired by your unbelievable progress made in these last years, notwithstanding all the force employed against you and your team by your enemies and their trolls.
    Godspeed,
    a silent majority member

  89. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible that we might see a formal introduction of your partner at the January presentation?

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    This does not depend on me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    All of your supporters and I are looking forward to seeing the SK run on January 31 and wish E-CAT a great commercial success.
    Can you tell us if the E-CAT assembly of your first customer has started? If not, can you tell us when the assembly will begin?
    All my support for your work and long live E-CAT
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind support.
    The assembly will start at the beginning of the year 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video about producing electricity
    from waste heat.

    https://youtu.be/1W8ruajbrGY

    Regards
    Sam

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Nicole Mawrey

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did your oscilloscopes have damages caused by the electromagnetic fields exiting the Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer, it is an information that is useful for my job, if you can.
    All the best,
    Nicole

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Nicole Mawrey:
    No, but I suggest you to put a barrier between the O.S. and the source of e.m. fields.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Ruby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will you make other validation tests on the Ecats?
    All the best,
    Ruby

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    No, because now we are at the industrialization phase. The “validation” is made by the Customers. This said, our R&D activity obviously will continue, as it happens for any industrial product, as well as we will continue our strong effort in the theoretical field related to our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Do you show the Ecat SK in operation to the clients before they sign an agreement to buy from Leonardo Corp the heat?

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Of course, even if normally they are more interested to the price than to other issues, apart the safety issues.
    As I wrote, we command from remote the operation of the Ecats, to protect the intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which industrial sector do you think will be the first to use your E-Cat heat service?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is not a particular sector: any application wherein heat is a significant costs source is fit for the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you do not employ a phase change (liquid water to steam) in your January demonstration but only do a temperature change in liquid water, I compute that for a reasonable temperature change, say 20 degC input to 60 degC output, and a 20kW thermal output eCat, you will need to run about 7.2 liters per minute of water flow. How will you control and measure the mass flow of the water?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I want not to describe now what we will show on Jan 31st.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    its a deal with the government for small business to pay for the first 170.000m3 only 3 cents per m3 natural gas
    any m3 above this 170.000 m3 , will be charged the normal rate of 19cents per m3 natural gas

    My question is can you compete with natural gas for either 0.03 cents per 1m3 natural gas or if not , compete with the normal rate of 19 cents 1m3 natural gas used for heating purposes in the green house sector ?

    Kind regards Arjen

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Diego

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Very interesting the article on Aftenposten by Per Kristian Bjorkeng. I found the link to it on http://www.ecat.com in the News, while looking for the video of the very convincing demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24th 2017. Aftenposten is a major newspaper of Norway.
    All the best,
    Diego

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Diego:
    Thank you for your attention to our demo of Stockholm,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Hipolito Nies

    Can the Ecat SK operate at 110 V 60 Hz, 400 V 60 Hz 3 P, 200 V 50/60 Hz 1 P or 3 P?

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Hipolito Nies:
    The Ecat SK can work in all the existing characteristics of the available power sources. Obviously we will make the control system fit for every power source we have to deal with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Stephen

    Hi Andrea.

    May I ask if you or your customer would be able to
    Make a small presentation in the e-cat SK production.

    Maybe the production process (What is not too confidential), forward plans and maybe a production road map. I think it could be interesting to many. For more serious customers could give them an idea of development capacity, production bottlenecks and other constrains that may help in their planning and scheduling. I appreciate that part could be done privately with customers too but some broad overview if possible could be interesting.

    Best Regards
    Stephen.

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Sorry, we deem confidential this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. arjen

    Can you compete with a 0.03 euro for 1 m3 gas for the first 170.000 m3 , now payed for by the dutch greenhouses business.
    They have a special deal with the government for cheap gas prices but of course for environmental purposes they can greatly benefit of your ecat technology but pricewise it will determine if they will use ecat technology or not.

    how do you penetrate the market where they use natural gas for heating purposes? Even for the normal rate 19 cent per 1 m3? Which offer you can make to get them to use the ecat?

    kind regards Arjen

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    19 cts/m3? 3 cts/m3? I am confused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Stephen

    It’s amazing the progress made in the last year and the would say the last few years too the device you describe now seems to be a huge step forward. An industrial mass device that simply plugs in to a socket! I’m sure there is much complexity in the build and control. But from the description it’s looking like a product now.

    I’m feel really fortunate to be able to follow your story here. Looking forward to January and the video presentation a lot now.

    May ask if you will be presenting the input electrical parameters as well as thermal and flow rate ones. Such as the input current and voltage and if it is single phase or 3phase? I appreciate the fact it’s using s normal socket is already quite something.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Yes, we will publish also the data related to the current supplied to the control system.
    The Ecat SK can be supplied in both versions, 1 P or 3 P
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. YM

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the presentation of January 31st will be published the video on Youtube and on http://www.ecat.com for those who will not be able to attend the streaming?

  118. Andrea Rossi

    YM:
    Yes, as we did for the November 24th video of the Stockholm presentation of the Ecat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    which is the margin of error of the spectrometer you are utilizing to measure the lambda?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Several nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Lanfranco

    Can we have the instructions how to attend on internet the direct streaming of the presentation of the Ecat SK?
    Thanks
    Lanfranco

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Lanfranco:
    Several days befor we will publish here all the instructions to attend by internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your answer,

    1. So by a “regular plug-in outlet”, you mean a regular domestic socket you would use for a computer, TV, etc.
    2. Would any regular domestic socket in the USA, Europe, Asia, etc. (they differ slightly in voltage and amps depending on country) be able to operate a single 20 kW E-Cat SK?
    3. Would the E-Cat SK be able to operate with AC at either 50 or 60 Hz?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes, it is very easy to convert
    3- we make the control panels fit for the voltage and frequency they have to operate with
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. KeithT

    When you state “presentation of a service supplied by means of an industrialized product” does this mean the Ecat SK being demonstrated in January will be one maufactured by your automated production line for Ecat reactor units.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Bob

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Whatever will be ( que sera’ sera’) the presentation of january of the Ecat SK, the fact that now we have industrial plants operating with LENR is a miracle: the “impossible” is no more impossible.
    Thank you for your enormous sacrifice, also in terms of health, to arrive to this point.
    Bob

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the controller to the E-Cat SK plug into a regular AC wall socket, or is a different kind of connection required?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It ia a regular plug-in outlet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you and most of your readers are aware the energy sector, made up of many institutions are well aware of your technology and their tentacles have a complete coverage of all large scale business operations. They control the vast majority of companies with regards their major decisions and allegiances. Should these companies step out of line, which they cannot due to board member decisions i.e. deciding to go totally green and abandon conventional energy sources they would be outlawed and suffer the consequences i.e. put out of business which would never happen because they are well aware of why they must never make a rash decision. The private sector, is I believe the only means by which your technology can be taken up. It will require private discussions behind closed doors with special deals and incentives. Once one or two private companies are using your technology and making exceptional gains on their profitability a chain reaction will occur whereby your success will come about by your insistence regarding the keeping of a secret but as you know and I know there is know such thing as a secret and thereby success will surely come. No need to totally convert an entire system, an initial integration of say either the boilers or furnace to start with together with an incentive thrown in, plus the verbal mention of best not to tell anyone of how you are saving money should give your technology the recognition that it deserves and its success in the energy sector. Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Onto:
    Yes, we did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on the success of your Energy Catalyser!

    Since there’s not going to be a live audience on the January presentation,have you personally invited any potential business clients to watch it on the Net? I’m sure a lot of your admirers will be watching it,but if there are not any tentative clients among them, I’m afraid the presentation will be pointless.

    I wholeheartedly wish you success!

    Regards,
    Obro

  135. Mark Saker

    Dr. Rossi,

    For the presentation in January you have said that you will show the Ecat SK in operation.

    Do you mean

    a) A single Ecat SK heating some water with digital display of the water temperature on both ends
    b) Multiple ecat SK heating some water with temperature readouts
    c) Multiple Ecat SK driving a turbine?

    Something else?

    Many Thanks and I wish you success

    Mark Saker

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    a
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Anonymous

    In this case your presentation is gonna be very boring. I will not waste my time on it

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Maybe you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Robin

    If I have understood , the presentation you will show on January 31st in direct streaming will not be a validation test, as the one made in Stockholm (youtube demo of Ecat QX Stockholm November 24 2017), where an independent engineer has made measurements, but it will be just the presentation of your heat sale service, am I correct? Will you show videos of the Ecat SK in operation?

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Robin:
    Yes, you are correct and yes, we will broadcast also a video of the Ecat SK in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the size of the 20 kW E-Cat SK? Will this be shown at the upcoming presentation?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will be shown at the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may have already answered this question so forgive me if you previously did so. Will you have an independent engineer present at the 31 January industrialization demonstration responsible validating the accuracy of all the test and measurement equipment utilized as well as the resulting measurements? I’m sure all your followers on this website can suggest one if you haven’t already done so. Continued success and I look forward to 31 January after following your progress since 2011.

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    No, we will not have any engineer to validate anything. It will be a presentation of a service supplied by means of an industrialized product, not a validation test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Steven N. Karels

    Jim Rosenburg,

    The residual heat going into the atmosphere is a little environmental significance. The Sun produces on the Earth approximately 1kW of power per square meter. The combined power output of millions of eCat reactors cannot match the effect of the Sun on warming our atmosphere. Mankind for centuries has used fire to warm themselves, cook their meals and do their work. The eCat technology will, potentially, have a very small carbon footprint, probably smaller than hydroelectric dams and conventional nuclear reactor based generation plants. If it works, to be demonstrated and adopted as a commercial standard, eCat technology can change the environment, especially in countries like China where air pollution is a significant problem.

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    are you prepared for the environmentalists that will complain of the heat dissipated by the Ecats into the atmosphere?
    All the best,
    Jim R.

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    The Ecats are not made to dissipate heat, they are made to generate heat for industrial utilization, not for dissipation; besides, the Ecats do not generate carbon dioxide or any other kind of pollutant in the environment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Can you give an estimation of the ratio service of the Ecat?

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    5-10 days per year for maintenance, if there are not unexpected problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    I had submitted the following question:

    “What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?”

    For which you had kindly answered:
    “I think that the best system will be a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK.”

    Obviously the gas turbine you have recommended is a closed cycle one, which I wholeheartedly agree with for many technical and environmental reasons. But my curiosity is in the set up and size (MW electric) of the best arrangement incorporating your technology, (you have recommended the Ecat SK) supplying heat to a market-ready close circuit gas turbine-alternator system.

    For example, will your factory be able to construct a multi Ecat SK module unit supplying 1 MW thermal energy to run, let’s say, a 300 kW gas turbine? What is the maximum power (thermal) that can be constructed in your factory?

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    The highest rated module we are able to make now is the 20 kW Ecat SK, which can be combined with as many modules you want to reach the power you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Mary Coore

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The progress you made in one year is impressive: you reached several KW of power with the industrialized Ecat SK in 2018, one year after the 20 W Ecat QX shown in Stockholm in the convincing video published on youtube (November 24 2017). Do you still spare the time to play tennis with your wife?
    Godspeed,
    Mary

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Coore:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    The weekly tennis match with my wife is a must!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you find in your spectrometry measurements of the T of the Ecat also peaks in the range of 430-440 nm?
    This would corroborate the hypothesis of Prof Giorgio Vassallo related to your intuition of the virtual Fermions that could raise from their field when the T of the field reaches the mass of the same elementary particles.
    Cheers
    Prof

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, we got peaks in that area,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Are utilizing some method of preventing the electrodes of the device from experiencing any degree whatsoever of sputtering by charged ions and neutral atoms striking them?

    2) If you are utilizing a surface protrusion on the electrodes to enhance the electric field to reduce the voltage required to initiate the plasma, is this protrusion self-regenerating?

    3) Could one QX device fitting inside one closed cylinder utilize multiple emitter tips to produce multiple columns of plasma to maximize the output energy?

    4) At the upcoming demonstration, would you be willing to introduce anyone who can testify that they built a QX themselves and achieved the same results as yourself? I think this would go far to countering some of the vitriol from the imbeciles that will be screaming that it only “appeared” to work because you “rigged” it to do so. If there is even one person that works for your client that you would trust to build a QX and share their results as well at the demonstration (even if only during a brief slideshow of the data), I would urge you to allow them to do so.

    Thank you.

  158. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- confidential
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- no and I don’t care the Rock and Troll rants
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. “Electricity being the most practical source for distributing energy through a grid, it is my opinion that E-Cats will be mostly used for such a purpose. Hence my question: What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?”

    My hope is that the SK/turbine combination will be found to be competitive with current grid sources of power for communities of a size of, say, 5,000 or more households. If so, then the present grossly inefficient, monolithic, centralized, monopolistic power providers will be forced to compete (just as participants in nearly all other industries are) and radically reduce their waste of resources if they are to remain in business.

    The benefits to the economy and to living standards would be appreciable.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say you are looking for helium in the E-Cat SK, did you find any?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This is part of the theoretical work we are working upon. It is premature to give answers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I recently survived Hurricane Michael in the Florida Panhandle. We lost many public buildings in the storm. This experience motivated me to research stronger structures. The strongest and most economical structure appears to be the “Monolithic Concrete Dome”. It is earthquake-proof, hurricane-proof, and tornado-proof up to F-5 category. It is cheaper to build than traditional box-type construction. It is so energy efficient that the cost of the foundation, floor, and outer shell will pay for themselves in 15 to 20 years in energy savings.

    The round footprint may not be ideal for straight-line assembly line manufacturing. It seems to me that you could overcome the round footprint by using an elongated tubular (hemi-tubular) structure connected to two half-domes.
    https://www.monolithic.org/domes
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the interesting suggestion. I take advice of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations for the progress made. May I wish you more successful years in the advancement of the E-Cat and its derivatives.

    The time of industrialisation of your technology is very close. I have been following your progress, successes, attempts at derailing your progress by others, and finally the imminent rollout of industrialised E-Cats designed to provide a modular, reliable and controllable source of high temperature heat that can be utilised for most applications currently in operation but heated by conventional fuels.

    Electricity being the most practical source for distributing energy through a grid, it is my opinion that E-Cats will be mostly used for such a purpose. Hence my question: What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Answer:
    I think that the best system will be a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  167. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the SK variant of the eCat technology — is Hydrogen a required element for the reaction? Would Deuterium, Helium-3, one or both isotopes of Lithium or one of more isotopes of Boron suffice for an exothermic reaction with Nickel?

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot answer these questions.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  169. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video on the legacy of
    the Kepler space telescope.

    https://youtu.be/_V7J05fK5e0

    Regards
    Sam

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this link.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  171. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In your recent theoretical work are you searching also the presence of helium ?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  173. arjen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Just curious based upon your theoretical work, will your explanation how the ecat works open up a total new industry of discovering new technology even outside of lenr? what I try to say, electricity was the driving force behind all the discoveries made afterwards, like telephone, electronic microscope, will your theorie once proven to be correct have a similar effect and open up a whole new era of scientific discoveries to be made just based upon your theory?
    sorry if I am just a dummy , I would love to hear your opinion or simplified answer.

    all the best.
    Arjen

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    It is possible.
    We all are dummies, the difference between us is that we are dummies in different matters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    To find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  176. Yoko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the Ecat SK fit to be coupled with a turbine?

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Yoko:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said your main Client has high ‘firepower’.

    a) Is this client currently involved in preparing to produce E-Cats?
    b) His this client been involved in testing SK reactors?
    c) Have you been spending time working at this client’s facilities?
    d) In terms of firepower, would this client be one of the top companies in its business sector?

    Many thanks and best wishes for the upcoming presentation.

    Frank Acland

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a- yes
    b- yes
    c- not yet
    d- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Yuri

    @ Rod Walton:
    The real game changer is the Ecat!

  181. CC

    Svein Henrik:
    Probably Dr Rossi will increase the productivity proportionally to the amount of orders.
    Cheers
    CC

  182. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I’m referring to the new automated production-line for E-Cat-SK.
    What will be the capacity for the SK-10 per day?
    How many such production lines are you planning to acquire over the next years?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Enough to satisfy the demand and fit to get along with the demand increase.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  184. Rod Walton

    Here is a game changer: just google ‘Power Engineering October 30 2018- Optimizing natural gas generation with energy storage’
    Rod Walton

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Elvis Kinzie

    @Martin Himpe:
    we must remember that Andrea Rossi told us that the COP he got in Doral during the test of the 1 MW plant has been reached thanks also to the fact that he operated the plant personally every day, 16 hours per day, while his team operated the plant during the remaining 8 hours, so that the plant has ben attended to by the men of Leonardo 24/7 for one year, a situation that is unthinkable for the plants he will install in the factories of his customers. I expect the COP will have to be reduced to make the Ecat reliable in normal situations.
    Elvis

  187. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    When the installation of the plant will be completed at the customer and will be started, will it be necessary to leave on site technicians for maintenance and monitoring in addition to remote control?
    Good health and all my support for the project
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No, the Customer will have certified operators trained by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. >> are you going to retire?
    > Of course! When I will be 99 years old.

    I assume that you will then re-start your musical career!

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    At that age I will be able to rival the Rock and Trolls! With you, we will invent the “Rock the Trolls” music, characterized by strong accents on the cymbals. I have ready the first title: “Cymbals vs cymballs”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Dan Martin

    @Verena Bretenstein:
    Which kind of advanced steam engine are you thinking about?
    Dan

  192. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Take care of your health. We need you on this planet for decades to come! I’m unsure of your medical history, but there are a ton of great supplements to try. One that’s a virtual panacea is broccoli extract due to the sulforaphane content.

    1) Do you think that atomic hydrogen and lithium atoms in a plasma can interact in such a way that the atomic hydrogen transforms into a form that’s more effective at inducing nuclear reactions with other elements?

    2) If such a transformation of H can take place (regardless what it transforms into) do you think that the resulting product can be absorbed by nickel in Ni-H systems such as the E-Cat?

    3) Have you ever ran a QX until it became depleted of hydrogen/lithium and stopped working?

  193. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your kind words and the panaceic suggestion…
    Answers:
    1- I cannot answer in positive or in negative to this question
    2- same as in 1
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is there a technical reason why eCat technology could not be used with a heat to electricity generation unit (solid state, no turbines)? If the effective COP is sufficiently high, even the relatively low conversion efficiencies (5 – 8%) could be overcome. And suitable circuitry and energy storage (battery or capacitor) can overcome safety (feedback) concerns. Can an “eCat Battery” be realized. I imaging applications such as drones and remote applications (the moon) would be possible. I would guess that if your effective, long-term COP averaged over 50, it should be doable.

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion. Obviously more efficient systems will have priority.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Verena Breitenstein

    Is the heat exchanger which you are using for the Ecat SK able to produce supercritical steam (P=250 Bar, T=500°C) for an advanced steam engine?

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Verena Breitenstein:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Martin Himpe

    It was previously claimed that the COP was > 100. Is it still true? Or is it more?
    Martin Himpe

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Himpe:
    The COP will be communicated during the presentation of January 31 2019.
    I promise it will be enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Judy

    Dear Andrea:
    Your last answer to Frank Acland of Ecatworld is alarming: are you going to retire?
    All the best,
    Judy

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    Of course! When I will be 99 years old.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to report by Director
    posted on ECat World Blog.

    https://e-catworld.com/2018/10/28/no-mystery-the-e-cat-qx-explained-by-lost-technologies-the-director/

    Regards
    Sam

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to hear you are healing! Could your main Client now carry on the development of the E-Cat without you if you decided to retire?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Roby

    I agree with you, the efficiency of the Ecat must be calculated as a ratio between the energy generated by the Ecat and the energy that is consumed by the reactor, all the rest depends on the system of which the Ecat is part.

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Roby:
    I agree, but anyway the so called “overall” COP is not very much affected by the difference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is your health, after the surgery you got in July 18? As you are the sole man able to develop the industrialization of the Ecat, your health is important also for us, not only for you.
    Godspeed,
    CC

  209. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I am healing well, and, what is most important, I am working very well. Besides, the firepower of our main Client will make soon my person less important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us an estimate of the cost to build an Ecat in $/kW?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I cannot publish your comment because its link contains an error. Can you correct? I am not able to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Dear Andrea,
    I hope you enter the industrial energy market within a couple of years.
    Are you also working on minimizing your device and the necessary control / cooling equipment?
    In other words do you consider possible, in a not too distant future, the use of ECAT QX or SK as power supply or as a sort of very long-lasting battery in industrial and portable devices?
    I see in inverse temporal and size order the following possible applications:
    Military forniture
    Scientific missions
    Naval and industrial vehicles
    Automobiles and other elettric vehicles
    Electric tools and laptops
    Smartphones
    If this isn’t only a list of unfounded dreams, any obstacles are more technical (and / or security related) or rather bureaucratic (certifications needed)?

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Answers to your three questions:
    1- yes and we have already reached a satisying level
    2- yes
    3- I knoe that we are starting with selling heat, all the other are steps to be reached one by one, directly or indirectly: for example, once the ecat generates electricity, it is indirectly charging laptops, smart phones etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    When the Ecat will reach a high level of diffusion, we will see if it will affect positively the environment.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    This information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Adeline Morfee

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I think that the COP of the Ecat is much higher than 1 even considering the energy consumed by the control system, otherwise there would be no point to sell the heat as you are doing, am I correct?
    A.

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Adeline Morfee:
    Yes, you are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You state that the “overall” COP of the E-Cat-QX is obviously greater than 1, but no measurements where taken to show that this is true. I understand that measurements that were taken provide evidence the E-Cat reactor itself has a high COP and I agree that the energy dissipated by the control system can be recovered with a COP of 1 but that energy still has to be supplied by a source of electrical energy which costs money. For a heating application where all of the control system power dissipation may be usefully recovered the cost of the electrical energy still increases the overall cost of energy provided by the E-Cat reactor.
    For electrical power applications the energy dissipated by the control system would probably not be useful.

    Question:

    At your January demonstration will measurements of both overall electrical input power or energy, and thermal output power or energy be taken to provide evidence that the E-Cat-SK has a usefully high overall COP?

    Best Regards

    Dan

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    The heat recovered from the control panel is always recoverable by preheating the fluid to be heated by the Ecat and this specific recovery has COP 1 and the amount of energy consumed for it is the same in quantity as in any electric heater. It is true, though, that the efficiency of an electric heater is lower than a gas fuelled heater, but this fact does not affect substantially the “overall” consume.
    Yes, at the presentation of end January it will be calculated also the “overall” COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. JPR

    @Frank Acland:
    To calculate the efficiency of the Ecat only based on the energy that enters the reactor is correct and the way the measurements have been done is absolutely correct. Nonetheless, it is useful to know also the overall consume, even if I agree with Andrea Rossi on the fact that the heat dissipated from the control system can be recovered with COP 1 and therefore it pays for itself.
    Best Regards
    Jean Paul Renoir

  221. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At the Stockholm demonstration in 2017, the COP of the E-Cat QX was calculated to be around 500, however, we did not find out the power consumption of the control box, and so it was not clear if the COP of the whole system was >1.

    With a single E-Cat SK reactor, and including the power consumed by control box, is the overall COP >1?

    If yes, can you tell us an average overall COP?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The “overall COP” of the Ecat QX shown in the demo of Stockholm obviously was >1, but to talk of “overall COP” is wrong, because the COP of the Ecat must be measured with the ratio between the energy produced and the energy consumed by the Ecat. It has been explained that the control system consumes energy to cool down the overheat of the circuitry of the control panel, but this heat dissipation can be recovered with COP 1 and its cost completely compensated. Anyway the technology of the control panel has improved remarkably in this year passed from the demo of November 24 2018 and what you define “overall COP” will be disclosed at the presentation of end January. It is enough, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    The President of the USA, Donald Trump, has said the same thing you said about the “Global Warming”: it exists, but it is not proven that it has been born by the human activities.
    Cheers
    Prof

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I think this is the sole correct position we can assume, based on the study of the geological history of the known million years of our planet as we know it.
    To take under examination the last 100 years to understand millions of evolution is wrong: it is like to look at a derivative instead of to an integral.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the heat exchanger you are using for the Ecat SK useful also for a gas turbine?
    All the best,
    CC

  226. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    I think yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Anonymous

    Is the COP of the Ecat SK on the same order of magnitude we saw in the video of the demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2018?
    Cheers

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Came across an article and video on the
    the incredible runner Kilian Jornet.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/24/magazine/creating-the-all-terrain-human.html

    https://youtu.be/gKaKtqf_Oxc

    Regards
    Sam

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The sole link I can find of your comment with the subject of this Journal is an invitation for me to be trained as well as this champion to escape as far as possible from my Clients if the Ecat will not work…is this what you mean? ( LOL )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Eric Ashworth

    @Dan C,
    With regards your post regarding the poles being able to flip over and the experts who predict the estimated date. I am not an expert and I do not think there is one with regards this subject regarding the evolution of the Earth. When making predictions it is best to investigate a subject on a broad basis. In other words look at at all forms of evolution, this is not difficult. We live in a binary system i.e two opposite states and rely upon two opposite dimensions to function. Positive and negative are two opposite dimensions, Masculine and feminine are another two, fission and fusion, night and day the list is endless. The Earth is an evolving entity that supports life and it too evolves through a binary system. The Earth is on a helical trajectory moving along a path, the sun is a product of the magnetic electro field between two planets i.e. the planet in front and moves forward in a systemic system of evolution in tandem with the Earth. The ice age within which animals of consciousness existed became extinct because of a crossover with regards the evolution of the Earth. It crossed from a negative potential position into its positive potential position which represents expansion of an environment with an increase of an intensity of light. The same thing happens with puberty when the intelligence overrides the consciousness, this represents the binary activity of life wherein the vehicle becomes more self sufficient due to an intelligent aspect being in control i.e. a more positive expanded mind. The Earth is now proceeding towards old age and I believe no more flips, just instability but a conflagration many years in the future, by which time we will have all the technology and close associates to transition to safe life supporting environments. No need for doom and gloom mankind controls his destiny as he becomes more intelligent, in other words you have to look forwards and not backwards. Regards Eric Ashworth

  232. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels:
    We are on the same wavelength!
    I had kitplanes in my mind in my comment, specifically the Velocity kitplane. But I was thinking of an electric motor supplied with electricity from the Ecat for all phases of flight; the power train would be sized to provide sufficient power for the take off with max load.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. WaltC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,

    Your inventions relating to “high T, small area heat exchanger” seem important and worthy of patent(s) independent of your LENR-related patents.

    Do you plan to make any “high T, small area heat exchanger” patent applications?

    thanks, WaltC

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Walt C:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    It is said the magnetic poles could flip at anytime. (This happens about every 25K years and is due.) It’s thought that this could reverse the ocean currents and no one knows what this would do to the climate, though probably not good.

    What I know is North would be South and East would be West. One may be in flight from New York to London and land in Brasília, Brazil.

    I recommend you take a universal language translator with you on your transatlantic flights. You never know what language you may encounter.

    Wishing you luck and good health,
    Dan C.

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Good point.
    I agree. The displacement of the magnetic poles is probably a “suspect” of interest if we are trying to find the “criminal” that is changing the global climate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    It is still cold, compared to the millions of Kelvin you need for the nuclear fusion. ITER and others are talking of hundred millions K and this is why they will never succeed, because it is impossible confine reliably such temperatures with an unavoidably unstable magnetic field, on a so big surface. Consider that a contact at this T even for a fraction of second between the plasma and any material would instantly sublimate the material the reactor is built with, whatever you use.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Kerlene:
    Yes, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read from your comment that the Ecat SK has very high temperatures: how can you avoid loss of efficiency?
    Thank you for answering every day to our questions,
    Marco Casadei

  241. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    You are right, heat exchanging with so high T and so small area of exchange is a big problem. We resolved it and I think we made a masterpiece.
    To answer the questions of our Readers for me is as much pleasant as useful. I learn from them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Karlene

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I agree with your diagnosis of the global warming: it is surely there, but there is no evidence of the fact that human activities are responsible for it. I agree also on the fact that, anyway, to say humans are responsible helps to better protect the environment from the pollution that is due to human activities beyond any reasonable doubt.
    All the best,
    Karlene

  243. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi, Scientist:

    A peak temperature of 24,000 K is very high. It should not be called ‘Cold’. (Except compared to the Solar Corona.)

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  244. Gil Baj

    Dear r Andrea Rossi:
    You repeated many times that you believe in the climate change on course, but you don’t think it is an effect due to the activities on mankind. Which you think can be the reason that is causing these changes? You are from Milan, Italy, so you can understand how strange is that in these days we have temperatures of 26-27 °C, with random flash floods: this is a tropical kind of weather…
    All the best,
    GB

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Gil Baj:
    I read that the magnetic poles of our planet have been subject of a significant displacement. This could be a credible cause. But, again, to think that human activities are the sole cause could be “realpolitically” correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Scientist

    From the wavelength you said, the temperature is about 6-7000 K. Can you say which is the peak T you reached?

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    The peak we reached is around 24000 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Eddy

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How can I buy the book of Mats Lewan about your invention?

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Eddy:
    Google “Amazon- An impossible invention- Mats Lewan”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Silvia

    Which is the definition of the spectrometer you are using to measure the temperature of the plasma in the reactors?

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Silvia:
    if we are careful, we can reach a definition close to 1 nm, which is redundant to measure the power, but is important important for the theoretical experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.