Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2018-09-26 02:50:08.741887Z

  1. Ken Kocher

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    If I am invited, and attend, your January presentation, should I bring a catsoup?
    Yours
    Kenko

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to questions related to the secrets of the charge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am not sure it has been asked, if so, I apologize:
    Will your partner in business be introduced during the presentation in January 2019?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    In your heat-exchanger, is water the exchange medium?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    It can be also water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Letko

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the schematic of the cat SK a closed loop, wherein the energy that feeds the Ecat is made recycling the energy made by the Ecat itself, or will it be an open loop?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    All the best,
    Letko

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Letko:
    Open.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. C

    Dear Andrea:
    Will be made the January presentation from the factory of a client of yours?

  10. Andrea Rossi

    C:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Jean Vanleer

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you confirming that the January presentation will be made only in internet streaming?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jean

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Vanleer:
    Probably, but a final decision has not been made yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you have your presentation of the E-Cat SK, will you be showing your new heat exchanger also?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Michel

    I watched on youtube the November 24 2017 demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm: very convincing measurements.

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information, but, as it happened to me in the tear 1999, the Seebeck effect does high efficiencies until you are at lab level, but when you try to industrialize to make costs acceptable, the efficiency falls down. I wish this new invention will have a luckier destiny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Anonymous

    Is the Ecat SK able to produce directly current without necessity of an energy converter, in a measure that is worth the while?

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, to produce electricity it is necessary to turn the thermal energy into electric energy by means of some apparatus or cycle. About the electricity that is formed in the plasma, we calculated that it is more efficient to thermalize it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some weeks ago you said that you would be testing a heat exchanger which you hoped would be close to 100 per cent efficient. What can you tell us about how the testing went?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The heat exchanging system we adopted is working well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Elisa

    In the direct streaming you will made for the presentation of the SK will it be possible to see an Ecat SK in operation?

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Elisa:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Hello Andrea,
    You wrote in your blog some time ago that you are using air and water for your turbines.
    I guess that your partner is working with issues like optimizing such things.
    If they use the existing fuel pumps for the water, they will probably sooner or later get lubrication and/or corrosion problems in the pumps. Must be investigated separately.
    Always keep in mind to use the best material also for secondary processes around the SK like the heat transfer from air/steam to a secondary medium.
    A rule of thumb says that if the cost to solve a problem is $1 on the drawing board it will be $10 to try to fix it in production by modification and increases to $100 if the product has left produktion and you must take it back and rebuild it. If the product allready has been installed with a costumer the cost will rise to $1000 to fix the problem. The type of problem I mean is not to use stainless steel components.

    If your partner is a company for consumer products the mindset of the engineers is always to use as cheap components as possible.

    I wish you all the best with your health and the E-Cat development.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    The injection of water in a combustion room to upgrade the efficiency is a well known technology. Our system is based on a different configuration.
    I agree with you with your considerations about the thumb rules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Anonymous

    Is it continuing the series of tests with the Ecat SK?
    In which Country?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The tests are continuing on daily base here in the USA where I am presently working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. F

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can the Ecat plants operate ourdoor, or must be installed indoor to work properly? If outdoor: are they designed to resist to hurricanes and flooding?
    F

  29. Andrea Rossi

    F:
    It is better if our plants operate indoor. To operate outdoor, if it is necessary in specific situations, we have to study the external protection on the base of the situation.
    I am not an expert of the matter, therefore in front of a problem like this we’d have to help ourselves with a certified engineer specialized in the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Sharlene

    Dr Rossi,
    The presentation of the industrialized SK will be made only by internet streaming or also in a conference room like you made for the very convincing presentation of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on Nov 24 17?

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Sharlene:
    We are thinking about this issue.
    The Stockholm November 24th event had a scientific purpose, while this presentation will have only commercial purposes dedicated to a worldwide public.
    Probably we will make only an internet direct streaming with a public debate.
    This is where we are presently oriented, but ideas can change.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    1- I correctly understood that the E-Cat QX will be used in domestic installations, with the core temperature much lower than that of SK?
    2- QX and SK have serious differences in reactor design and control system or are they just different modifications?
    3- I understand that the main forces are busy preparing the industrialization of SK. Household reactors while “lie on the shelf”? Or are they still working on them?

    Thank you.
    I wish you a triumphant success!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- yes
    2- serious differences
    3- Household appliances are in the certifications limbo.
    Thank you for your kind wishes to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Obscenely less.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I hope that the industrialisation of the 40Mw SK plant is going well. One question please to better understand the paradigm shift, what is the volume of your fuel necessary for 1 year production compared to a classic 40 Mw gas turbine ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  37. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    If I understand correctly your customer will make electricity with the heat you sell him.
    Are you going to buy him some of his production to run your boiler?
    All my support for your team and all my wishes for success
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. keV

    Hi Andrea,

    I’m sure you have designed the security model of your remotely managed, on-site control systems well – and I’m certainly not asking for any details of that here :¬) But I think you should consider baking the security directly into the hardware, as this is something that may fit your specific security needs well. This is called “kernel to edge security” and will prevent the system from booting/running if any code change occurs. Looking at the new BlackBerry Spark Communications SDK might be a good starting point for ideas.

    Wishing you all the best for the launch of your pay for heat service,
    keV

  40. Andrea Rossi

    keV:
    Thank you for the suggestion, I passed it on to our Informatic Guy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m hoping that the earliest versions of the E-Cat are so fundamentally primitive and outdated compared to the SK that you would feel at liberty to talk openly about them without having to “keep your guard up” while describing aspects of them that years ago you would need to keep confidential – because at the time they were your state of the art masterpieces utilizing critical IP. You see, so far, since the opening of this blog, I would dare say that not once have you been able to have a discussion about a single version of the E-Cat without having to mentally “check” you’re words (please correct me if I’m wrong here) to make sure you do not divulge sensitive details. If it’s possible that the earliest low-temperature, powder based systems are now such an anachronism that you can document their evolution at total ease without such concerns, we may have our first true look into the inventive mind of Andrea Rossi.

    The full description of the historical “incident of the burnt finger”, the first slapped together nickel-hydrogen tests you performed, the source of the inspiration to test nickel of enhanced surface topography, the testing of various hydrogen sources (electrolysis vs. tanked hydrogen), the search through the literature for possible catalysts, the first person you communicated with after a test with a catalyst that worked, the first communication you had with Focardi, the test that transpired which totally failed beyond belief in some bizarre way you couldn’t have predicted (there must have been at least one), the next series of changes you made, the performance improvements, the first period of total self sustained heat production, the small cot in the corner of the laboratory that you must have occasionally fell asleep in after working through the night until the early morning hours, and the final combination of parameters that you chose before announcing the technology to the world: a flow of consciousness from your mind to the attendees of the presentation about that era of history that must be documented by no one except yourself.

    I hope that is an adequate description of what I mean by unfiltered. Maybe it’s not possible. However, if the SK represents the leap I think it does in my mind, there may be a grain of hope that this period of time can be documented from your perspective.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    The technology of 2010 is not archeology, it is the first step of an evolution that contains the seeds of what the Ecat is now.
    But the idea to make an excursus of the non confidential aspects is good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. P

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is there an opportunity for you to release the rights to your patents in the near future? (Probably you will earn big money quickly so that you and your family will be financially independent) Or are you stuck in a partnership with venture capital companies that want to earn more and more money?
    It would be a good deed for humanity to accelerate the reduction of oil, coal and gas and make sure that different spin effects are achieved around your technology. Such a decision could accelerate new technologies around your patents and speed up new technologies for vehicles, aircraft, ships and solutions to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
    I wish you all the best and look forward to the presentation in January.
    Kind Regards,
    P

  44. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Iggy Dalrymple

    God phoned Satan, “How’s it going down there?”
    Satan, “Thanks for asking, God. It’s going great. We now have an engineer and he has installed central air-conditioning and escalators. It’s much more comfortable here now.”
    God, “Somethings wrong! Engineers are not supposed to go to Hell. Send him back immediately.”
    Satan, “No way, the engineer has brought great improvements to Hell.”
    God, “This is an obvious clerical error. Send him back, or I will sue!”
    Satan, “Yeah right, God, and where do you expect to find a lawyer?”

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Ha, Ha, Ha !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Dear Andrea,
    Will the industrial experience that you will gain from the SK plant enable you to get a domestic license for the QX, or would you need industrial applications specifically for the QX in order to reach the domestic certification goal for it? If the latter, are such QX industrial applications being considered?
    regards, /pekka

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I think the statistics from the SK will help the household appliances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Rick Marley

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Whatever you will do, be sure your enemies will find the way to disparage your work. Be prepared.
    All the best,
    Rick

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Marley:
    I don’t care the Rock and Trolls.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the answers.

    If you were to give such a presentation in honor of Focardi about the early systems you tested together, I think it would be extremely well received. Finally being able to hear you express how you dream, think, create, and then improve upon your ideas WITHOUT a filter in place would not only teach us more about the technology but you as a person. Such a presentation could be reference material that future generations go back and research when they investigate the genesis of the E-Cat technology.

  52. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    What do you mean exactly with “Without a filter”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) By the time of your presentation in January, will your partner have been given the opportunity to independently test an individual SK unit, and, furthermore, will they be allowed to report on such testing?

    2) Is the greater output of the SK predominantly due to an increase in the overall size of the reactor?

    3) After extended use, does erosion of the electrodes take place?

    4) Does your partner currently manufacture gas turbines?

    5) How long do you guess that an SK could operate on a single fuel charge?

    6) Have you performed any tests to determine the quantity of direct electrical output that an SK can produce? What were the results?

    7) At the presentation, since by that time the original powder based systems that you originally launched will be stone age dinosaurs compared to the SK, would you consider providing a short historical account of the trial and error process that led to their creation? I’m speaking of the pre-Lugano systems such as those Focardi tested. The talk could be a tribute to his legacy at the launching of far more enhanced systems. With all the excitement that will be present due to the SK, these early breakthrough systems shouldn’t be forgotten. They far exceeded every LENR device that came before them.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow
    1- They are allowed to do what they want and they obviously will be able to test the modules installed in their concern
    2- no
    3- no
    4- I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    5- 6-12 months
    6- no, we thermalize it
    7- I like this idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You replied Yes to Frank Acland’s questions 1) “Will Leonardo and the Partner work together to build a plant utilizing these turbines” and 2) “Will The first plant be installed at your Partner’s facilities to provide heat and electricity for their own operations”.
    If you can aswer, my questions are:
    a) will your Partner sell the electricity produced by this kind of plants to their clients ?
    b) if a), then Leonardo and your Partner can keep their own IP ?

    Longing for next January.
    Warm regards
    FM

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    a) I cannot answer
    b) yes, but this fact is independent from a)
    Warm Regards,

    A.R.

  57. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It has been interesting to read your comments lately regarding your plans for using a turbine with the E-Cat SK. I think I am beginning to understand the situation a little better, but I would like to see if I am thinking correctly.

    Are the following assumptions of mine correct – please correct me if I am wrong.

    1. You have developed the E-Cat SK to what you consider to be a point where it is stable enough to be used in a commercial industrial product.

    2. Your business/industrial partner agrees with you about 1.

    3. The E-Cat SK needs to be combined with a turbine in order to operate in a stable, effective manner.

    4. You personally are not an expert in turbines, but your partner is, and has the resources to develop a turbine that will work with the SK.

    5. Leonardo and the Partner will work together to build a plant utilizing these turbines.

    6. This plant will be built at your Partner’s existing facility.

    7. The first plant will be installed at your Partner’s facilities to provide heat and electricity for their own operations.

    8. Your presentation in January will be to announce to the world that you have a technology ready for industrialization, and you are ready to start working with prospective customers and making contracts.

    Many thanks, and best wishes for your work.

    Frank Acland

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. not necessarily
    4. yes
    5. yes
    6. yes
    7. yes
    8. probably
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It had been a long time since you tried to experiment with the turbines, looking for the right model without finding it. In the meantime, you were trying to perfect the E-Cat to make it more and more reliable and powerful.
    Now it seems that the latest SK product is the one that can finally realize the dreams of a lifetime and reap the rewards of so much work and effort.
    Now you have a winning combination: a powerful reactor that can supply a large amount of high temperature heat and an associated Company that is working with you to use this energy on a turbine they own. And this company, if it is what we are thinking in many (its name should start with “A”) has a long experience in turbines.
    And this is the right choice: let them do the job they are able to do.
    Surely great things will soon be born with this coupling.
    I look forward to following your presentation in January. It will be exciting.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your attention to our work, but , as I said, I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any hint about the name of our Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Barry

    Dear Andrea:
    Is the passive cooling system described in the paper of Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova interesting for you, in the sense of utilizing it for applications to recover the heat from the Ecat SK? From what I understand, also in that case there is a high density of heat to deal with.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Barry

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Barry:
    Interesting question.
    I would like an answer from Dr Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikova.
    I am considering the issue for our major installations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. EH

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How can be reconciled with the Standard Model the interactions between elementary particles at very short distances, that are strongly repulsive, and the interactions with an exchange of 2 or more pions and of mesons with mass higher than pions?

  64. Andrea Rossi

    EH:
    As far as I know, these are intaractions strongly phenomenological, but not derivable from the Standard Model.
    So far I am not able to say more.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the SK turbines:

    1. How many SK reactors are needed to drive each turbine?
    2. Are the turbines you are using off-the-shelf, or are they custom manufactured?
    3. Will there be significant noise from your plants with turbines running (dangerous levels of noise)?
    4. Will you be showing an E-Cat SK with the turbine at the January presentation?

    Thank you for answering our questions,

    Frank Acland

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- depends on the turbine power
    2- a mix
    3- that is a problem of acoustic insulation, not difficult to be resolved.
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your reply that you deliver heat to turbines has started many discussions. In essence it comes down to these possible designs:
    A. You deliver steam to the turbine?
    B. You integrate the SK in the turbine and use air or another medium to drive the turbine?
    Both can be used in an open or closed cycle.
    Is the cycle:
    C. Open?
    D. Closed?
    E. Last question: did you already successfully test a turbine with the SK?
    Thanks for keeping us up to date with your very intriguing developments!
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    A. we can supply water
    B. both versions are possible
    C. confidential
    D. confidential
    E. experiments are on course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Very speculative, but I think that the relativity can resolve the apparent paradox, since the time cannot reverse due to the fact that nothing can reach overcome the speed of light. This makes the “same time ” concept a nonsense. These paradoxxes are just speculative hypothesis without effect in the reality, loke the famous paradox of turtle that ” can never be reached from the fast-footed-Achilles ” of the famous paradox of the Greek phylosopher Zenone on the fifth century B.C.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your opinion and links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi
    After long time without having news from you and your work I have revisited your site. Aside of the new versions of E-Cat I am glad to know that you are in good health. That is the most important thing we can aspire to.
    Could you write an extensive article giving more clues about your recent progress? I mean, without disclosing undisclosable details but more explicit than the laconic yes/no responses.
    Greetings
    Alexvs

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Welcome back!
    My health, thanks to God, is OK: thank you for your care.
    What you are asking for will be done when we will introduce to the world our service and product in January in an internet streaming.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Rudolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After your very convincing and impeccable demonstration of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm on November 24, which sense can have make another demo in january? Is it not a waste of time and money, since now you already have customers that are buying heat? Isn’t it better just some advertising?
    Cheers,
    Rudy

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    Thank you for your opinion. We will just show an Ecat SK module in operation, explain it and answer to the questions of the public during the internet streaming.
    I do not think it will be a loss of time, on the contrary it will be a generator of useful critics and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In an answer to Domenico Canino you recently wrote:

    Andrea Rossi
    September 12, 2018 at 8:40 AM

    Domenico Canino:
    I have a very good opinion of Milena Gabanelli as an investigative journalist, but I think that, to make a complete analysis of the factors that determine the global warming, we must consider that the geothermic cycles have a time-span of hundred thousands years, if not million years, not of tens or hundreds of years. For example, what today is the Sahara desert once was a forest the like of the Amazon forest today and surely this event has not been caused by the mankind activities.
    I think that the time-span taken in consideration in this interesting report is too short to be reliable for conclusions. It has not been analyzed the duration of events happened in million years, I mean the integrals of such durations, comparing them to the integral considered in this report. Maybe such analysis could give support to the thesis sustained in the report, maybe not, I do not know, but such an analysis has to be done, before drafting conclusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    My answer: As I’m not good reading articles in Italian, I didn’t read the article of Milena Gabanelli, but I can say that some sixteen years ago, when the discussion about human influence (of human activities) in the present climate change was very hot, I participated in discussions about it, and therefore I studied very well ‘The Scientific Basis of Climate Change 2001 (IPCC)’, and could refute most of the arguments of so called ‘climate sceptics’. The scientific basis of the reports of the ipcc is very sound, and i agree with it. More precisely, where you refer to big climate changes (not caused by humans) in the past, many of them can be explained, but they all are slower than present climate change. Most ice ages and interglacial periods, especially those of the last 500.000 years, can be explained by the theory of the Serbian scientist Millutin Milankovitch, who calculated the change of incoming solar energy caused by changes of the parameters of earth’s orbit around the sun (precession, obliguity and eccentricity vary in time and with different periods). (See, for instance, this graph: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Milankovitch_Variations.png ) (the period of precession is about 22.OOO years, that of obliquity about 41.000 years, and that of eccentricity has components (probably by Fourier analysis) of 95.000 years, 125.000 years and 400.000 years, and this is a valid explanation of recent ice-ages and interglacial periods. A general and good readable summary of his work, you can find here: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Milankovitch ) So this explains why about every 100.000 years, there’s an ice age. And, of course, the continental drift also changes general climate on drifting continents, but of course at a much slower pace. But present climate change is much quicker, and most of it can be attributed to human activities. The work of the ipcc is very high level, and I agree with its conclusions.

    So we need your E-cat SK asap to counter it! (Lucky we are that its tests so far are positive, and I wish you all success with it!)

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  76. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Maybe this article could be of interest to you?

    https://www.livescience.com/63595-schrodinger-uncertainty-relation-temperature.html?utm_source=ls-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20180917-ls

    Bizarre Physics Phenomenon Suggests Objects Can Be Two Temperatures at Once

    (By Meredith Fore, Live Science Contributor | September 17, 2018 07:32am ET)

    The famous thought experiment known as Schrödinger’s cat implies that a cat in a box can be both dead and alive at the same time — a bizarre phenomenon that is a consequence of quantum mechanics.

    Now, physicists at the University of Exeter in England have found that a similar state of limbo may exist for temperatures: Objects can be two temperatures at the same time at the quantum level. This weird quantum paradox is the first completely new quantum uncertainty relation to be formulated in decades…

    …The new quantum uncertainty, which states that the more precisely you know temperature, the less you can say about energy, and vice versa, has big implications for nanoscience, which studies incredibly tiny objects smaller than a nanometer. This principle will change how scientists measure the temperature of extremely small things such as quantum dots, small semiconductors or single cells, the researchers said in the new study, which was published in June in the journal Nature Communications…

    And here is the Nature-article they refer to:

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04536-7

    Energy-temperature uncertainty relation in quantum thermodynamics

    (H. J. D. Miller & J. Anders)

    Nature Communicationsvolume 9, Article number: 2203 (2018)

    Abstract

    It is known that temperature estimates of macroscopic systems in equilibrium are most precise when their energy fluctuations are large. However, for nanoscale systems deviations from standard thermodynamics arise due to their interactions with the environment. Here we include such interactions and, using quantum estimation theory, derive a generalised thermodynamic uncertainty relation valid for classical and quantum systems at all coupling strengths. We show that the non-commutativity between the system’s state and its effective energy operator gives rise to quantum fluctuations that increase the temperature uncertainty. Surprisingly, these additional fluctuations are described by the average Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew information. We demonstrate that the temperature’s signal-to-noise ratio is constrained by the heat capacity plus a dissipative term arising from the non-negligible interactions. These findings shed light on the interplay between classical and non-classical fluctuations in quantum thermodynamics and will inform the design of optimal nanoscale thermometers.

    Kind Regards,

    Daniel.

  77. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    You have been maintaining that you, initially, would only be selling heat and, assuming a customer wants to generate electricity, you
    would leave the design and fabrication of a turbine driven generator to your customer.

    Questions

    1. Have you changed direction and let your team become involved in the design and fabrication of such a turbo-generator.

    2. Is your business partner involved rather than your team?

    3. Have you found a customer willing to do the job them selves?

    A “gas turbine” refers to a turbine that compresses air, mixes air with fuel, continuously burns the fuel to heat the air, and expands the heated air through the turbine to create mechanical power. A gas turbine driven might be adapted to use E-Cats to heat the air instead of burning fuel, but it would no longer be a called a gas turbine. Gas turbines are open cycle because they must exhaust the products of combustion to the atmosphere. A turbine driven by E-Cat Heat would not necessarily have to be open cycle, it could use a gas other than air including steam. The key to high efficiency is heating the gas to a high temperature prior to expansion. The design of the heat exchange mechanism that transfers heat from the E-Cat to the gas is critical to achieving high efficiency.

    Questions

    4. In the short term, is the adaption of an existing gas turbine to E-cat heat under serious consideration.

    5. If so, would the gas expanded in the turbine still be air?

    6. Would the turbine still be open cycle?

    7. In your opinion, in the short term, would an overall efficiency of > 30 % be achievable?

    Warm Regards

    Dan Galburt

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- could be
    6- could be
    7- I suppose you mean the efficiency of the turbine: it will depend on the turbine. I am not an expert of the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Chris Olson

    Dr Rossi:
    Please put a secondary communication method in your Ecat plants: a client could cut off your remote control system and make the reverse engineering.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Olson:
    Thank you for your suggestion. The case has been analyzed, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea
    Are you concentrating on micro-grids?
    Warm Regards
    JJ

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J.:
    I am just focussing on making heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will your turbines be driven by
    1) steam
    2) hot air
    3) or other gases

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    The fluids utilized will be air and water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting about electricity generation, will the customer also be using heat for production purposes, i.e. your plants will be co-generation plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Dear Andrea:

    For clarification: may I ask whether the 40 megawatt unit customer and your industrial partner are the same organization? Thank you if this is something you feel able to answer.

    Rodney.

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The gas turbines you will be building to be used with the SK reactors, will they be used to generate electricity by the customer?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Jeff

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us if the supply of the 40 MW heat will be generated by means of multiple gas jet kind of turbines?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jeff

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Maurizio

    Dr Rossi,
    The presentation of the industrialized Ecat will surely be made by streaming in the internet?

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Maurizio:
    Surely yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    someone is wondering if your partner could be Boeing.
    That is for your works on jet engines using E-Cats.
    Confidential?
    Best regards,
    Italo R.

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The name of our Partner will not be disclosed until our Partner will deem it opportune.
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any questions of the like.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Dear Dr Rossi

    Is your business plan just to sell heat to customers and owning the plants or will you eventually be selling plants to individual companies.

    Thank you

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    So far we just sell the heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will your industrial partner be using E-Cat heat for its own operations, or just helping you make E-Cats?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Will use the Ecats for his production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    The old adage is to always keep an “ACE” up your sleeve in negotiating with the opposition. I would have thought that your “SK” would have been that ACE. Now that you have decided to go forward with the SK as your lead product, do you have an additional “ACE” up your sleeve”
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    No!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Carlo Sarcone

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you have any client in Italy, or have you already scheduled the installation of a plant in Italy?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Sarcone:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Steven N. Karels

    Dr. Joseph Fine,

    For those dimensions (D = 4cm and L = 40cm), assuming 10kW thermal output for a horizontal cylinder in air surrounded by a 100C environment would yield a surface temperature of 1,140C. Since the geometry was not exactly specified by AR, the surface temperature can vary but this estimate gives a representative temperature for consideration.

    The actual temperature will depend on these assumptions (and other) and will likely be much different in practice.

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Alessandro Coppi

    W Leonardo is intended to distinguish the American Leonardo corp from the Italian Leonardo spa

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Nobody has ever confused these two companies in 24 years of our existence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Joseph Fine

    Stephen N. Karels:

    I do not know the dimensions of the 10 kW SK Module. If the Volume is 1/2 Liter or ~500 cc, for a cylinder that would be about 160 PI.

    Since the Ratio of Surface Area to Volume of a Cylinder scales as 2/R (or: 2*PI*RL / PI*(R^2)*L ), it would be ‘Easy’ to halve the radius and increase the length by a factor of 4. Then, for example, the Radius would be 2 cm, and length would be 40 cm. While the Volume remains the same, the surface area would be twice what it was when R = 4 and L = 10 cm. It is intuitive that the heat source should have as much surface area as possible.

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  110. orsobubu

    > No, it is inspired by the name of one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind.

    Andrea, now I think you are exaggerating, I understand you are satisfied for the visibility of the name of the corporation, I understand you like biographical movies about great US industrialists, I understand you can think he is a sexy Hollywood actor, here too it is a matter of your tastes that I do not discuss, but thinking of Di Caprio as one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind … well, I am very puzzled about this

    Anyway, this last TIME cover inspired me on this:

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1C-MTk7-L-AOL6vAmjGbei7kpt28T9IaL/view?usp=sharing

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He he he
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  112. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear DT!

    I would like to give some explanations to the answer of Andrea Rossi to your question. Energy production as a rule assumes the transformation of thermal energy into electrical energy. But unfortunately, in fission reactors, despite the relatively low cost of energy production, this process is accompanied by the accumulation of radioactive products (waste) and the risks of accidents with severe environmental consequences. That’s why gradually nuclear power plants will be replaced by power plants that use the Rossi effect. However, in addition to power reactors, there are also experimental and research reactors whose purpose is to produce large neutron fluxes for experimentation and production of isotope products, used, for example, in medicine for diagnostics and treatment of diseases, non-destructive testing in engineering, and also in many other industries. In such reactors, heat is a by-product that interferes with the achievement of optimal parameters of such reactors, so it is desirable to remove heat as efficiently as possible from the core, most often without worrying about its useful use. This is because the thermal parameters of the active zones of such reactors (relatively low pressure and temperature) and the mode of operation (frequent start-up and shut-down) often make the use of heat unfavorable or impossible, therefore in research reactors one of the main tasks is efficiency and reliability removal of heat from the reactor core into the environment. The heat sink system described in the article is aimed at solving this particular problem.
    Since research reactors will be in demand even after replacing nuclear power plants with Rossi power plants, special attention should be paid to improving safety and non-susceptibility to external factors, for example, such as Blackout.

    Yours faithfully,
     Vitaly Uzikov

  113. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I want to inform your readers that the new updated version of the paper “Passive Cooling Systems for Research Reactors” of Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikova has been published few minutes ago on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  114. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Exactly: I was going right now to communicate this.
    Thank you for the notice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video
    about Leonardo da Vinci technology.

    https://youtu.be/uzPKEO-0y0k

    Regards
    Sam

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. DT

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think the technology reported in the paper of the Russian scientists Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova can be useful for your experimental reactors?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  118. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    I think it is possible, but, as you have seen, they are stidied mainly fpr nuclear fission reactors. By the way, the Authors will publish soon an updated version of their paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. W.B.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The article published on the Aftenpost whose link is in the News of ecat.com is very interesting. Do you share the whole content of it?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    W.B.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    the 40 MW plant will be delivered complete from the beginning, or in lots?
    JimR

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    In lots.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    All my support for the industrialization of E-Cat SK.
    Do you continue SK experiments with gas turbines where do you devote the resources of your team only to the industrialization of the E-Cat 1 MW?
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The work on jet engines is in progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    just one follow on question to the interesting questions of Frank Acland:

    Did your industrial partner participate in the final testing of the e-cat SK ? If yes, how was his reaction on the results (luke warm, satisfied, enthusiastic) ?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    Positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response about the partner. Can you say in what ways is your partner helping you:

    a) Providing expertise of persons with manufacturing experience?
    b) Providing building space in which you can build your E-Cats?
    c) Providing equipment with which to build the E-Cats?
    d) Providing other financial resources to support the industrialization?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have stated that your partner is mainly an industrial partner. Does this mean that they are helping you to prepare for the mass production of your E-Cat SK reactors?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “We do not use radioactive materials and do not emit ionizing radiations outside the Ecat.”

    The previous message stated that the reaction you must be utilizing is nuclear-based, not chemical-based. I posted nothing to suggest which elements you were involved nor did I suggest that there was ionizing radiation emitted.

    If you are able to demonstrate 6 months (or more) of continuous operation at 10kW output with essentially no or little input, then the mechanism must be nuclear for the stated mass of the reactor.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    In years of operation with the Ecats we neved has ionizing radiations out of the Ecat. Also, we never used radioactive materials.
    The theoretical R&D that we are doing concerning the theoretical bases of the effect are aimed to explain this. See the video of the Stockholm presentation of November 24th, in partucular the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Alessandro Coppi

    W. (western) Leonardo

    best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Meaning?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I never thought about it before your recent exchanges here.

    Is the name Leonardo inspired by a “lions passion” ? If so really great! I really like that.!

    It’s really appropriate.

    Best Regards

    Stephen.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    No, it is inspired by the name of one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. JPR

    Dr Irina and Dr Vitaly Uzikov:
    very interesting paper.
    Do you think this cooling system could be applied to the Ecat plants?
    Jean Paul

  138. Kirk Rosberg

    @John Johnson:
    I too agree on the fact that the article of Aftenpost is very interesting.
    Cheers

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    On the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published today the paper ” Passive Cooling System for Research Reactors “, by Dr Vitaly A. Uzikov and Dr Irina V. Uzikova,
    Dr Uzikov is responsible of the maintainance of Russian nuclear power plants and his daughter, Dr Irina Uzikova, is a nuclear physicist of the Russian Academy of Science.
    I had the honor to meet them both on November 24th 2017 in Stockholm during the demonstration of the Ecat QX.

  140. orsobubu

    Ok ok, Pekka and Andrea, now I understand the choice better…

    BUT NOW LET’S LAUNCH A REFERENDUM ON THAT DAMNED LOGO!

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    not forgetting the LDC back up!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Dear Andrea,
    Concerning the company name, just a small remark. While there are many Leonardos among corporations as you say, I never heard of Albert Corporation or Enrico Corporation. Overall, using the first name of a famous scientist seems to be rare, among corporations. But Leonardo seems to be an exception, for some reason. Maybe just because his first name is rather rare.

    When I hear the name “Leonardo Corporation” (for the first time, let us pretend), I read it as saying that the owner of the company wants to tell, by his choice of the name, that the company puts strong emphasis on being inventive, perhaps even having a portfolio of different inventive products. So, in my opinion, while criticism is always possible concerning any name choice, the name that you have chosen seems to serve its purpose at least relatively well. Also, there is a point that if the company name would be very fancy and a product of a unsurpassed poetic talent, it might to some extent steal attention away from the actual product what the company is selling.
    regards, /pekka

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight about the choice of the name. As a matter of fact, the choice was inspired by the scientific innovation incorporated in the name “Leonardo”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. John Johnson

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have found on http://www.ecat.com in the section NEWS the article of Kristian Bjorkeng published on Aftenpost, one of the major Scandinavian newspapers: I think it is one of the most important articles written about of work since your first presentation of the Ecat in January 2011: do you agree?
    All the best,
    John

  145. Andrea Rossi

    John Johnson:
    Yes, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. orsobubu

    This is just a PERSONAL OPINION, probably very wrong: I do not really like the choice of Leonardo as the company name:

    1- it is going to be confused with Leonardo SPA, formerly Fimneccanica until 2016, an Italian global high-tech company and one of the key players in aerospace, defense and security. Headquartered in Rome, the company has 180 sites worldwide. It is the ninth largest defense contractor in the world.

    2- since Leonardo-Finmeccnica has a history of state control, the name may be associated with that of a public bandwagon, of which Italy has a sad experience (even if not in the case of Finmeccanica)

    3- about the beauty and pleasure of the name to hear (euphoniousness), in addition to the fact of being difficult to understand by a non-Italian, I’m sure it could be found a much more fascinating name, given the cutting edge production sector, like a great part of pharmaceutical companies did in the last decades.

    4- it’s a name that evokes images of long gray beards (like mine) instead of activities projected towards the future like yours; it is such a marxist, historicist, philosophic name, no too much sexy and marketable

    On the opposite side, also other LENRs competitors have not so good company names in my opinion.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I respect your opinion, but the name of Leonardo has been chosen 22 years ago and surely I am not going to change it! By the way:
    1- nobody has ever confused us with another Leonardo company ( there are many )
    2- never happened such a confusion
    3- this is a matter of personal opinion. My opinion is different, but not necessarily the best one
    4- yes, but luckily it can be confused with Leonardo Di Caprio! ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I like your choice of Leonardo as a trade mark of your company. It commemorates one of the Italian biggest geniuses and you merit the luck it brought to your work.
    Cheers
    Giuseppe

  149. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If we assume 4 kg reactor mass, consistent with density of nickel, 10 kW output and operation for 6 months, or ~4,000 hours), We get a Power density of 2,500 W/kg and an Energy density of 1.1E+7 Wh/kg. Plotting on a Ragone graph indicates a nuclear-based fuel.

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. We do not use radioactive materials and do not emit ionizing radiations outside the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations on the successful test of the SK and the decision to build more for commercial use.

    Can you answer these questions without breaking confidentiality?

    1.What is the fluid that will be used with heat exchangers in initial use?

    a. Air

    b. Some other gas

    c. Water

    d. Some other liquid

    e. Depends on the customer’s application.

    2. Is light produced by the SK?

    3. Is light is produced is it used in intended operations or is it a byproduct of the reaction without a present use?

    Thanks to you and your team for the information you generously provide in this blog.

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to our work.
    Answers:
    1- water
    2- yes
    3- it is thermalized
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Esco

    Dr Rossi,
    Which color will be the body of the Ecat SK?

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Esco:
    Cyan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Christen:
    Thank you for the link to Nature: very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Christen

    This article may be of interest to you and your readers: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0502-7
    It talks about a new quantum state of matter.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    I have a very good opinion of Milena Gabanelli as an investigative journalist, but I think that, to make a complete analysis of the factors that determine the global warming, we must consider that the geothermic cycles have a time-span of hundred thousands years, if not million years, not of tens or hundreds of years. For example, what today is the Sahara desert once was a forest the like of the Amazon forest today and surely this event has not been caused by the mankind activities.
    I think that the time-span taken in consideration in this interesting report is too short to be reliable for conclusions. It has not been analyzed the duration of events happened in million years, I mean the integrals of such durations, comparing them to the integral considered in this report. Maybe such analysis could give support to the thesis sustained in the report, maybe not, I do not know, but such an analysis has to be done, before drafting conclusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    some questions about the control box:
    1) Is the SK control box still of the same size of the QX control box? What is the external size of the SK control box?
    2) What is the SK control box weight?
    3) You once said that a single control box could operate many QX’s. Is this still true for the SK? How many SK can drive a single control box?
    4) How many watts draws the control box in standby, SSM, and operating mode, with the SK? Does it change with more than one SK per control box? How many?
    5) What is the percentage of time of drive/SSM with the SK? Does it change with more than one SK per control box? How many?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1) No, it is bigger
    2) several kg
    3) 100
    4) confidential
    5) it is not fixed
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Assuming a horizontal 10cm x 4 cm cylinder inside a heat exchanger whose temperature is 100C and filled with air, the surface temperature would be about 1,735C.

    On your just completed testing, was the testing done inside of one or more heat exchangers or open to the room environment?

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot disclose our heat exchanging system.By the way, you are right: to exchange the heat in a so small dimension is a problem, but it is also an asset.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Dear Andrea,

    first of all thank you so much for working so hard to make the LENR dream every day more and more possible.
    I guess it’s not easy to continuously move your mind from the study of the Standard Theory to the management of a lawsuit, from the investigation of matter behavior to the definition of an effective commercial strategy (by the way, my best congratulations on having decided to sell steam). Nevertheless you keep progressing, showing a not usual attitude to look at the world as a whole. It is not by chance your company is called Leonardo….

    After saying that, I’d like to raise three questions concerning the control system:
    1) in COP calculation, do you include the energy used by the control system ?
    2) at logical stage, do your steam plants include as many control systems as reactors ? If so, is any kind of hierarchy/communication among control systems performed, to make them aware of each other ?
    3) from the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm video I see the control system signal is modulated. Would it be possible to observe some kind of Rossi’s effect (I mean a weaker effect proving a lower COP) if such a signal was continuous ?

    All the best,
    Massimo Matarazzo

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Massimo Matarazzo:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    I called the company “Leonardo” when I emigrated in the USA in the winter of 1996: when I arrived to Boston, MA, at the Science Museum there was an exhibition dedicated to Leonardo Da Vinci that I visited. I thought it was good omen, so I called my company Leonardo Corporation. To complete the good omen, the same day, during the night, I have gone to the astronomic observatory of the Museum, where they allowed to see the comet Halley.The name Leonardo brought good luck, and still brings, only it carries a problem: when I talk with call centers, to give the spelling of our name I say ” Leonardo, like in Leonardo Da Vinci “, but many times their answer is ” Like in what ? ” and I have to repeat ” Just like in Leonardo Di Caprio”, and that is immediately got.
    Answers:
    1) No
    2) No, one control system governs all the modules and its energy consume is not relevant
    3) I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. TH

    Suggestion to all: go to http://www.ecat.com, choose NEWS and watch the video of the Stockholm demonstration of the EcatQX. A masterpiece and very convincing.
    Best to all,
    Tawana

  165. Andrea Rossi

    TH:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- yes
    2- in the transitory of the shut down cycle, somewhere along the integral this point should be there, but a vending machine is more practic
    3- you mean…if nobody buys the Ecat we could survive selling T-shirts? This idea has not to be trashed, thanks!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for yoyr and your team’s work, that reminds be this movie:
    https://youtu.be/-58QDDBtNpM
    Quite enlightening!

  168. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the SK module volume is 1/2 Liter and its geometry is cylindrical, its dimensions might be: radius = 4 cm and length = 10 cm.

    Total Volume would then be 160*pi cubic centimeters or 503 cc. I chose these numbers so an SK module could be held in one hand (if the module was cooled down). It is remarkable that a module of this, or similar, size can operate nearly continuously for 12 months or longer. Or more correctly, the ensemble of modules would operate nearly continuously, with intervals while several modules could be in self-sustainment mode, standby or be temporarily shutdown (?).

    1) In the future, will you be able to replace one or more modules of an ensemble (e.g 100 modules = 1 MW), while the larger system is still operating?

    2) During your demo of the single SK module, can you lower the output temperature to make a batch of hot water for tea?
    3) At the Demo, would you or someone else be interested in selling T-shirts that say: ‘I drank a cup of tea heated by the E-Cat SK. ‘

    (Just a suggestion.)

    Best regards and wishes for continued health, productivity and success.

    As you know,

    “Success comes before Work only in the Dictionary!”

    Joseph Fine

  170. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    So the new SK reactor is about 50cm x 50cm x 36cm?

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The reactor is 1/2 liter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Congratulations to your great success.

    You said you have already found the right partner. Is this only a financial partner (money giver), or will this partner be an industrialization partner, too?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    Will be mainly an industrial Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    A hearty congratulations on your recent breakthrough with the SK reactor. It’s beginning to look like there is light at the end of the tunnel and it doesn’t appear to be a freight train.

    I am now retired but have had a life long interest in technical matters and a career involving business/logistics on large complex projects around the world. If you don’t mind a few questions:

    1. Assuming that the design of your factory automation systems has been on hold pending your decision on the QX vs SK reactors, are you still working with ABB on your automation systems? They have been a highly respected supplier on many of the projects I worked on.

    2. Since your reactors are apparently based on nuclear processes, is it likely that your heat plants might fall under the jurisdiction of the NRC?

    3. Its possibly too soon to ask this, but when you get to the point where you will begin delivering you systems to other countries, have you considered that there may be technology issues which might arise that could affect the export licensing or customs clearance processes?

    4. Assuming that your first few years heat production at multiple installations results in widespread confidence in the capabilities of the ECat, is it possible you will consider selling the systems?

    Godspeed to you and your team and thank you in advance for any answers you feel comfortable to provide.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    1- yes
    2- as far as I know, no, because we do not treat radioactive materials and we do not emit ionizing radiations. In Florida we have been permitted to make our tests for these reasons.
    In Sweden we obtained analogous permission.
    3- So far we did nor meet such obstacles. If we will meet them in future, we will deal with them
    4- It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Congratulations for the positive test of the Ecat SK.
    A New World of heat energy is opening for all the industries.
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A.Kranz:
    Thank you for your continue sustain from Germany.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Andrea:
    The most sincere congratulations on the siccessful test of the Ecat SK.
    May God give you good health to complete this roadmap, so important.
    With deep respect,
    Viktor Shipachev

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Frank

    I watched the very convincing video YouTube Ecat QX demo in Stockholm November 24 2017.
    Just one question: the reactor was inside the heat exchanger, while the white box with the logo of the Ecat contained only the electronics of the control system, correct?
    All the best
    Frank

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Aubrey:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the decision to go with the E-Cat SK for industrialization, and best wishes for success with this new project. Do you now have to find investors to raise funds for the industrialization process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We already found the right Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Gennady

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the successful eCat SK test. I am sure as a part of various test, you have data on the COP for SK. Would you share it with us?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    The COP is enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Many Congratulations to yourself and your excellent team on your successful tests of the Ecat SK.

    Your decision to use the Ecat SK for the industrial plant production is an extremely important milestone on your journey to bring the Ecat heat to the market.

    The coming months will still be hard work, but I have great confidence that you will achieve your goals.

    Supportive Regards,

    Martyn Aubrey

  188. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    The most sincere congratulations on the successful completion of an important stage in the development of your technology and the decision to start the production of E-Cat SK. You and your small team have a unique ability to perfect revolutionary technology with fantastic speed by historical standards. As an experienced entrepreneur, you have chosen the most difficult but most effective way of developing, improving and industrializing a revolutionary energy source based on your discovery – the Rossi Effect. In different countries a lot of people watch your fantastic work with great interest and attention and sincerely rejoice at your every success! And may God give you good health so that all the goals set by you have been achieved!

    With the deepest respect,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your sustain, that, coming from a high level of the Russian Nuclear Physics concern, I consider an honor for my Team and me.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  190. Dear Dr Rossi
    Are the control circuit for the 10kw the same as the 1kw modules or do they need to be redesgined as well.

    Thank you

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The control system has been completely redesigned respect the demonstration made in Stockholm of the Ecat QX on November 24 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As you now standardize of the SK variant, have the reactor dimensions changed since your last public test? If they have changed, can you tell us the new dimensions?

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The dimension of the SK reactor are about twice the dimensions of the QX shown at the demo of November 24th in Stockholm. Find the video on “youtube Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration November 24 2017”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your comments below:

    1) Is it correct that you have decided to start E-Cat production with the SK reactor?
    2) If so, what will the power rating for each SK reactor?
    3) What is the next step in your plan towards commercialization?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- 10 kW
    3- industrialzation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with the positive test outcome, very encouraging!
    I am sure this means that the production of the >>1M units becomes a factor 10 or more easier. I hope these units behave well in the long, long future.
    Does it mean that also the production is now started up and you will be able to deliver the first unit in in January 2019?
    All the success for you and your team!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your encouragement.
    We will begin to deliver in 2019, surely not in January. By January we would start the production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on your successful SK test.
    It is a challenge to test new technology this late in the year prior to the start of production. But is sounds as if your efforts were work the risk.

    Best of luck with your industrial production process and your future unlimited domestic applications.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you very much for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success with this first 40 Mw plant, and there will be many more to come !
    Is there still an important test this august with the SK E-CAT ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    That means that we have chosen to make the industrial plants with the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us if you saw any positive or viable results with:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?
    c. Boron?
    d. Florine?

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the SK successful test and your decision to use it in production! This is not only great news for you and your team but for all those following you through this great journey.
    God Bless,
    Brokeeper

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    Maybe, but the SK has remarkable advantages. The QX has got the Sigma 5, though…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    Would make sense to combine in industrial plants QX and SK Ecats?
    Thank you,
    Jimr

  208. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations for the successfull SK 10 Kw test, does this mean that you will now start to assemble the 40Mw plant ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  209. JL

    Dr Rossi,
    SK test completed?

  210. Andrea Rossi

    JL:
    We decided to use it yesterdy night.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Gino

    How is going the SK test?

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    Extremely well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you tested eCat technology with:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?
    c. Boron?
    d. Florine?

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. yes
    b. yes
    c. yes
    d. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the Sigma 5 testing with the QX have any relevance to the SK, or are they very different technologies?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is an affinity, therefore the Sigma 5 reaches with the Ecat QX helps the trust in the SK version.
    By the way: the test is very encouraging.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  217. James C Yates

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Your decision to sell “heat”, not the reactor, was a wise step.
    If you can perfect electrical output via E-Cat, and then
    sell electricity to the industrial market, then you will
    rule the world’s energy market. Not that that was your
    goal, but you have a good heart and then you could assert
    your goodness.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  218. Andrea Rossi

    James C. Yates:
    We are focused on making heat and heat can be surely useful to electric energy providers. I want to rule nothing, all I want is to make a useful work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered (or experimented with) the elements of Boron and Fluorine in LENR? It seems that they might function in an LENR environment with Nickel and Hydrogen. Reference the paper “Chemical Aspects of LENR” (2012) by Dr. Pike.

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. H.V.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you update about the test on course with the Ecat SK?

  222. Andrea Rossi

    H.V.:
    With pleasure, because we are going very well.
    Obviously I will take some risk, because we did not have the time for a Sigma 5, but maybe I will accept the risk and if something will go wrong I will take the responsibility. We’ll see. So far so good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is really E-catSK as reliable as E-catQX as you have tested a year according to zigma5?
    Is it possible to choose the E-cat type så easy to manufacture?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    That is why I am continuing to work on tests. Your concern is not groundless.
    Tomorrow will be a very important Saturday. Next week the decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Jean

    Dear A.R.,
    what do you think of all the theoretical papers produced so far to explain the LENR? Do you think there is some that could prevail among what has published so far?

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    All that has been published so far is either groundless ( like the story of the electron capture ) or weak.
    I doubt that it will not be possible to reach a global explication, more likely will be reached theoretical explications for specific effects.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the excellent demo I watched on youtube on the November 23 demo of the Ecat QX.
    Cheers
    Norma

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Wendy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you decide already if the presentation of the industrial production will start with the Ecat QX or the SK?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    Probably next week we will take a decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is your summary of the state of the SK testing so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    So far I am satisfied, I will have a clearer view my next tuesday. These next days will be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Eric Ashworth

    Abe Vincent, I agree that without a widely accepted theory of how LENRs work and how it can be controlled posses a problem especially for insurance purposes and this is why I have emphasized the importance of the theory and using analogies to gain acceptance. LENRs is no different other than on the nuclear scale i.e. using an event horizon to store the energy, that’s to say unable to distribute energy at the time of creating a mass defect i.e. a compression which at the none nuclear level simply disperses the energy as heat into the environment because heat is an expansion. Heat is simply anything that expands. Anything that contracts creates cold. It is not difficult to understand unless you you want to make it difficult i.e create a huge complicated technology out of something that is something not difficult to understand unless you use a lot of complicated language i.e. see wikipedia its a prime example. Regards Eric Ashworth

  234. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your decision to provide heat instead of selling standalone eCat units is brilliant from legal aspects. Under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), the standalone eCat system delivered to the customer would inherently include an implied warranty of merchantability and all the problems that the “goods” requirement under Article 2 entails. By selling a “service” of heat, you avoid all of the legal entanglements. A good decision by your corporate legal staff/management.

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Abe Vincent

    Tom,

    If you design a product to meet UL from the outset then getting UL certification shouldnt significantly delay any product development. It’s typically weeks or months not years and you can do a lot in parallel with other things you need do for any mass produced product.

    In the case of LENR the issue will be proving it’s safe. That might be very difficult without a widely accepted theory of how it works and how it can be controlled.

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    The theoretical bases have nothing to do with the safety certifications.
    We obtained the safety certifications for the industrial plants.
    Thank you for your suggestion, but UL does not work only upon designs.
    We have specialists working on this issue. The same that obtained the certifications for the industrial plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Willie Heather

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the magnificend video on youtube “Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24”.
    Perfect measurements, very convincing.
    Willie

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Willie Heather:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Chuck Davis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does the Ecat have to be connected to the grid to operate?

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your first day of testing the SK module results!

    Warm regards,
    Tom

    PS: Might you be willing to consider UL testing for home safety parallel to industrial installations so you won’t have to wait even longer than you think is required?

    Perhaps you could consider sending a 1kw Unit to UL for safety testing and perhaps even announce the submission at the presentation?

    Big Money will never “authorize” home units. UL might though.

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Your decision of only selling heat is the smartest you may take at this moment.
    By selling heat you are now presenting a possibility for all industries and activities that needs steam as energy carrier.
    This may cover 50% of the worlds energy consumption. By only buying heat and keeping their existing energy sources intact as a utility system, the customers takes a minimal risk.
    A lower energy price and the value of marketing their products as more environmentally friendly will benefit their business without any costly and risky investments.
    This will function as if I was offered to be transported by a nonpolluting car to my office every day to a price of 80% of my own gasoline cost, and I keept my car as a reserve.
    For yourself, the ultimate control over a new product with a new technology will also minimize the risk for catastrophically failures.
    When your product has proven a steady and trustworthy function, your biggest problem will be the queue of customers. Good luck with the important SK tests today!
    Regards Svein Henrik

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work. I agree with what you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How did the first day of SK testing go?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yesterday we made a very good job, with excellent output.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.