Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2020-01-26 18:00:06.583158Z

  1. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Today, reading your hit
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I watched also the links to the stunning stats of your publications on Researchgate:
    43160 full readings
    1833 recommendations
    584.8 total research interest
    15 citations
    I have been stunned also tracing the readers and the recommendations, most of them being very high level professors and researchers in scientific fields and active in all the continents.
    Ad majora!
    Roberto

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    Yes, it is unbelievable also to me. Probably it is due to the experimental coherence shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. PlasmaFan

    Italo R.

    I think that if the ballerina or plasma ball has multiple striations or sheathes (double layers) of positive ions and electrons, then it would be possible to put electrodes into two points. However, I suspect that in a high powered system where everything has been tuned to achieve the greatest level of self organization, there’s a very good chance of such electrodes vaporizing. Instead, I think that what’s more likely to work is to optimize the setup so that the plasma ball produces ion acoustic oscillations that travel through the circuit. These types of plasma balls almost literally breath (inhale and exhale) electrons and ions from the plasma. The definition of electrical current is moving charged particles, so the plasma ball is actually producing electrical current with every breath. If the plasma ball is basically self sustaining itself due to producing heat from LENR reactions which is being transformed into electrical energy, these currents should be able to be tapped into. I think one issue is that the output isn’t going to be clean, straight DC. It’s going to be “dirty” and will need to be cleaned up to be re-used to close loop the system.

    I think the whole key here is to treat the plasma ball like an animal that can already perform everything you want it to. Instead of artificially inserting electrodes, you should adjust the environment, fuel composition, electrode distance, atmospheric pressure, electrode shape, any external magnetic fields applied, and so forth to get the animal to produce the kind of output you want.

    This is both very simple and complex at the same time. I think getting tremendous excess heat is pretty easy. However, taming the beast is probably as difficult as teaching a lion to play fetch.

    Dear Andrea,

    The literature cites that once established via one of many means, these plasma balls act like resonance cavities because of the external spherical membrane of electrons that constitutes one side of the double layer. Papers say that they can be fed with not only the heat of the reactor but also RF or microwave energy. Are you using any such method to feed the ballerina?

  4. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for your insight.
    All the information I can give is published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I think the possibility is high that the E-Cat SKL is going through a process of optimisation.

    The current development is likely targeted to obtain then verify the best ratio of electricity to heat possible from the E-Cat SKL, to not just establish existing operational boundaries but to push boundaries as far as practicable in the time span available. What innovation can be applied to push the boundary, what works, what does not, it’s a team effort.

    As the E-Cat SKL charge contains a plasma zone, there will always be some element of heat, so a cold SKL is not possible. There may be attempts to minimise the plasma operating temperature, and probably adjust the stimulation signal for energy production rate, but at some point there will be a structural lower phase transition, below this it will not start, the process inside the plasma at a large scale will appear constant but at a very small scale the timing of the energy production events may be random and in bursts, the control process requires active feedback, hence the advantage of an AI program trained to self-correct from deviations in output, even with AI, in attempting to reduce the heat output at some point a large deviation drop out will occur with shut down then automatic restart.

    To target the optimal parameters that will produce the best electricity to heat ratio that can be tested as robust and reliant is a full research and development project, but in the case of the SKL may be limited to a period of weeks. It is likely that a good working version of the E-Cat SKL is ready, but can a better version be developed within the timespan before a third-party test then presentation.

    An exciting time of discoveries but stressful to you and the people around you, this period may be regarded as the quiet before the storm, best wishes to you and your team.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  6. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I appreciate your empathic comment,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  7. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Are there areas in the ballerina with different electrical potentials?

    If so, it should be possible to draw electricity by simply placing two electrodes in appropriate points.

    Sincerely

    Italo R.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I wish it was so simple !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear WaltC,

    You here asked about elements in “reactor”.

    We, technicians under term “reactor” understand a hardware – some vessel inside which are running reactions.

    Here Dr. Rossi probably under term “reactor” understand something different: a plasma or dense cloud of electrons itself.

    So answers to your queries have something different means.

    Please next time ask about “elements/isotopes inside wider vessel”.

  10. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Sorry to hear you are demoted.
    Please tell the AI CEO of Leonardo that he must be careful with you and that the LENR community thinks you are too valuable to sack.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I surely will pass it on, but I have not yet been demoted by the AI System: I have just been warned for dummyness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I think that even if Ecat SKL is still not perfect, it would be worth showing it immediately to the world.

    Perfection does not exist and I fear that the pursuit of perfection in the SKL would require biblical times.

    Even though your product is now somewhat imperfect, it can still be showed to the world with its disruptive potential.

    Defects can be resolved later in the future, it should be easy using the right R&D and the immense funds that would certainly come.

    What do you think?

    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Please take a look at this book that discusses the self organization process that creates natural and man made ball lightning.

    https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/11190-ball-lightning-book-lozneanu-pdf/

    It discusses how during certain portions of electrical discharges complex space charge configurations (plasma balls) with an exterior membrane of electrons and an interior of positive ions start to form. They end up feeding on the thermal energy in the reactor converting it to electrical energy that they use to sustain themselves. As they self organize even further, they start to exchange energy and matter rythmically with the environment of the reactor. This shows up as ion acoustic oscillations. When certain levels are reached, the plasma ball will become “free floating” and no longer tethered to the electrode. Interestingly, the cavity inside the exterior shell of electrons of the plasma ball is said to be resonant and capable of absorbing RF and other types of electromagnetic energy. Moreover, it’s claimed that as long as there is heat and electrons for these plasma balls to absorb, they will continue to exist.

    I think this book explains a great deal about the E-Cat SKL. When thinking about the QX that you demoed in Stockholm, it seems like the initial high voltage pulse was to establish the plasma ball (fireball, macro-EVO, etc). Then, due to having a favorable fuel mixture in the reactor and having everything tuned well to make sure it would detach from the electrode, LENR reactions start occurring. The heat produced sustained the plasma ball even when the input power was almost zero. However, since the plasma ball would have been continually converting heat and ions and then sending them back out again into the circuit, you may have needed active cooling to prevent the power supply from over heating. Back current and spikes that can destroy power supplies are a common occurrence in system that utilize the negative resistance regime and produce self organizing plasmas.

    I also find it interesting that according to this book in high pressure (such as atmospheric) the plasma balls produced would be small (perhaps like the tiny plasma ball Frank Acland saw in the QX). I suspect that you are using somewhat lower pressure in the SK and SKL to produce larger plasma balls.

    Most interestingly, there’s a comparison of these plasma balls to black holes. In one example provided a plasma ball (in this case created by sub-atomic particles accelerated to near the speed of light which then collided with each other) produced absorbed particles, processed them, and emitted energy. This could be analogous to Hawkings radiation.

    I’m very excited after reading this book, because although I’ve read a lot of similar information in the past, this book puts a lot of information. I can now understand how the QX, SK, or SKL could produce a constant electrical output while the input is almost nothing. There would be no need to convert electromagnetic emissions from the reactor into electricity with a pick up coil or to use a thermoelectric device: because the plasma ball itself would be converting the heat energy into electrical energy. A portion of this would be used to sustain the plasma, a portion would be used to produce heat/light, and another portion would produce electrical current that would be sent through the circuit!

    I’m super excited!!!!

    I can’t wait until the presentation in February.

    Any thoughts, suggestions, or comments would be appreciated.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the link and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    1) Based on your current theory, do you think that it’s the near-depletion of a single element/isotope within the reactor charge that would ultimately cause the E-Cat SKL to stop working?
    2) Or multiple elements/isotopes?
    3) Or something else?
    4) If it’s a single element/isotope, can you speculate about which one you think it would be?

    Thanks, WaltC

  17. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1 no
    2 no
    3 yes
    4 n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    That’s my boss !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Anonymous

    Here is a book with the black list of all the scientists and researchers that have been subjected to ostracism for violating the commandments of the so called official science:
    http://editionsassailly.com/dissidents_english.htm

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you still ‘training’ the AI system for the EC SKL?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No it’s the AI system that is training me. He said I could be fired if don’t do well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Randy Miller

    Thx for the quick reply.

    Do You already have a developed graph and the necessary functions, to let the AI learn ?

    Sincerely Yours

    Randy.

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    She gets an A every day. Is more intelligent than me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Does the Ecat need gravity to work properly ?
    Szymon Blachuta

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    No
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  27. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko,
    In reply to your last communication I can inform you that I refer to the fact that I am an independent researcher as I wish to inform readers that as a researcher I am not constrained by outside control or influence into what I research, as I consider this to be my God given right, of course being independent has required me to finance my own research and raise capital by conventional means i.e. be self sufficient and from what I have gathered I would advise anyone who seeks to understand energy at the level of wave/material interaction to remain independent i.e. free of shackles because this subject definitely upsets certain individuals within institutions and even certain industries but I do not consider this to be a problem, just a life learning experience.

    In your country you refer to, I believe, free thinking which I think is healthy and which accounts for a state of all considerations being taken into consideration i.e. proper investigations and not having a dogmatic mind.

    Regards 1. Regards matter and anti-matter. I personally do not like the term anti-matter as it conveys thoughts of only two states comprised of complete opposites i.e. an Absolute something and an Absolute nothing whereas I prefer to think of two states, the material and the wave in which within both states, pockets of vacuum energy exist. Your reply to Tom Frazer is without doubt for me the most advanced thoughts on this present topic. Again this is why I like the JONP over other web sites.

    Regards 2. Entropy. As you are aware entropy refers to the measure of an amount of energy unavailable to do work. In simple terms for me, this refers to a loss of energy when attempting to extract energy out of a system. In mechanics entropy is easily understood because of friction due to material substance having density. You know this but at the nuclear level, no friction, no material substance with regards the activity until that which is none material from the material strikes some other material and deposits a degree of energy equal to that put into the object that disintegrates i.e. a gain in energy for one object but a loss of energy for the other. This whole subject is bound up in a very deep understanding that is not that difficult to understand when you understand the formation of the material world. This is a direct reference to the God concept i.e. that motivating force throughout nature that involves geometry and maths.

    You mention. ‘If you want to cover the wider problem’. I have to inform you that I have no need to cover a problem as I am fully aware of the present problem and know exactly how to overcome it.

    This I realize you will find difficult to believe but there is no subject on Earth that cannot be understood, it merely requires a persons forte which is an individuals gift at birth i.e. individual not collective and is recognized by a persons intuition which is nothing unusual.

    Regards 3. I agree on most points but as with any article people have their own thoughts which only add to the richness of the topic.

    My P,S. referred to the JONP for a very specific reason. It deals with one important topic i.e. it is not generalized . There are simply too many side subjects to get involved in for me. My time is limited like everyones. Your comment regarding being able to separate the ‘seeds from the chaff’ is of major importance, especially in physics where wild imaginations can take hold. I prefer the phrase that ‘the proof of the pudding is in the eating’ because there can be no dispute as to the worth of the pudding. As you must be aware you can rumble around a problem until doomsday and take it as a learning curve or you can join the curve together to form a circle in the same fashion that God joins the energy circle in nature i.e. wave into structure and structure into wave. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  28. Dear Andrea,
    I thought you might be interested in a program I lead in the 1960s involving the development of a more efficient source of infrared energy. It was to be used in countermeasures against infrared seeking missiles one of which was used by Russia to bring down the U2 spy plane in which the American pilot was taken prisoner.
    Previous attempts to provide a countermeasure, used a mercury vapor plasma lamp as an infrared source, but it did not provide enough energy to combat the missile’s course.
    We proposed using a mercury lamp encased in an Aluminum oxide chamber which allowed longer wavelengths to pass, with a small amount of Cesium added to the mix. Cesium was chosen because of its low ionization potential which would favor emissions in the longer wavelengths and enhance the plasma density.
    When the lamp was ignited, the amount of infrared energy measured was more than the meter used for detection was capable of measuring it because it was overwhelmed. In field tests using a countermeasure device containing the new lamp, it completely destroyed the missiles ability to track the target.
    The characteristics of the lamp seems to me to be different from yours in only the material used to create the physical quantum structures(electron clusters resonating with nuclear energy levels) to achieve greater than unity energy outputs. The generated plasma was also subjected to high energy pulses in the kilocycle region corresponding to the frequencies used in the infrared tracking missiles.
    Because the further development of the countermeasure devices was subsequently given to the low bidder, I lost contact with its development because of security reasons.
    If I was allowed to continue my study of this lamp I would have taken measurements of input energies verses output energies. At this stage of development we were only interested in providing enough energy to accomplish the deviation of the missile track which we showed to be enough to do the job.
    I moved on to, for me, more interesting studies.
    Coincidental regards.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I have a copy of the book, interesting reading.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  31. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Randy Miller

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    1) You once said, that Your control box is using AI with the deep learning approach.

    2) Why Did You not choose simple machine learning approaches instead ?

    3) I think they would be enough to serve the purpose of a simple “energy
    input control system” controller.

    Sincerely Yours

    Randy.

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    1 yes
    2 the specialist of our team has chosen AI
    3 I passed it along: thank you for the suggestion
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Arnold

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am reading
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Extremely interesting: a paradigma of resiliency that brought to the most important invention of the century
    Godspeed,
    Arnold

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Arnold:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Tom Frazer January 23, 2020 at 2:37 AM, and Andrea Rossi
    Dear colleagues,
    Sorry to enter into the discussion, but Andrea Rossi noted an interesting approach to the catalysts, “which implies an increase of the energy system”, and which he probably uses in his designs.
    It is known that from a chemical point of view, the catalysts themselves do not react, but from the point of view of physics, this is not entirely true. They are concentrators of energy – surface energy, internal energy if one of the reactants, for example, hydrogen diffuses into nickel, promotes dissociation of compounds, etc. In my opinion (only partially described in the articles), this leads to a densification of the energy density of the Physical Vacuum in this zone, and the use of additional exposure – temperature, electromagnetic and other effects further strengthen this effect. Therefore, the atoms of the used fuel due to diffusion into this zone can change both electronic states (electron orbits) and intranuclear states (provoking nuclear reactions), as well as acquire kinetic energy. When leaving this zone and returning to a normal state, atoms (hydrogen in our case) return energy, but not to the Physical Vacuum, since outside this zone Physical Vacuum is in a normal equilibrium state and is not able to give or take energy, but to the surrounding space. That is, we get a double energy effect.
    Naturally, the correct selection of catalysts for each chemical reagent, the use of electromagnetic effects in the desired wavelength range (everything is quantized and you need to guess the wavelength), and also to find the resonance state for each system, is naturally important.
    I apologize for having climbed into that area in which I myself do not really understand (my bad habit), but often in the end I come to the correct understanding. Commenting on what you know very well is simply not interesting.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Interesting approach,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Chuck Davis

    @Keith T,
    I have read about a ubiquitous plasma: I wonder if it could be used as a communication media…the cable companies wouldn’t be so happy, though !
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  39. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your comments regarding the status of your experiments with the E-Cat SK. You are obviously sailing in uncharted waters and learning as you go along

    What do you think the biggest obstacles in the way of having the SKL working in a satisfactory way?

    1) Imperfect theoretical understanding
    2) Lack of technical expertise on your Team
    3) Insufficient materials for the EC SKL
    4) Lack of time
    5) Or something else ?

    Many thanks and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

    From what I have been reading it seems that you are still resolving problems that perhaps you did not anticipate initially.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The launch of E-Cats will over time be recognised to have a vast impact on the worldwide provision of energy.

    Possibly an understanding of the underlying physics of the E-Cat will also have a large impact, currently physicists understanding of the world around us is based on the many decades old standard model, can the existing known physics accommodate the nuclear fundamentals of the E-Cat, or is just a deeper understanding of the existing physics required, or is a model modification required, or is a new model required. The E-Cat and its technology may provide new tools for probing deeper into the nuclear realm, carefully constructed experiments providing definitive conformation or rejection of currently untestable theories.

    In October 2019, David Hestenes published a paper “Zitterbewegung Structure in Electrons and Photons”, based on a reinterpretation of the Dirac equation, this gives a similar description of the electron as in the Tommaso and Vassallo paper in JCMNS Vol29, within the discussion in these non-standard model papers is often clues that give indication of potential technology, Hestenes identifies a possibility of “a universal vector potential permeating the vacuum of all spacetime, much as proposed by Dirac”, what if a device can be built with electromagnetics that can interact with this universal vector potential to produce even a small level of thrust, a new thruster for space, (or Roger Shawyer’s EmDrive explained). Hestenes views all fundamentals as being electromagnetic in nature and is investigating the linking of gravity to electromagnetics.

    A new model of physics may lead to new un-dreamed of technology and new products, who knows, hopefully new science and technology will fire the imagination and dreams of a younger generation.

    Have you found any indicators in the physics you are studying that may possibly lead to new technology beyond the E-Cat?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I also suggest you the book
    “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor:Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” ( Amazon, 2019 )
    by Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco celani, Dawei Wang
    About your question, I think it is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “we always have problems coming up.”

    Please clarify. Does this mean:
    1. New problems are arising and must each be solved?
    2. The SKL has problems getting started?
    3. The SKL has reliability problems?

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    We are working hard as usual and I still am optimist . Really optmist.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  45. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for your answer to Tom Frazer: really interesting,
    All the best,
    Prof

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Very interesting the comment of Aleksei Savchenko about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Gavino Mamia

    Ecco il video della pala eolica esplosa in Sardegna
    https://notizie.tiscali.it/video/articoli/pala-eolica-brucia/

  48. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I imagine that you now have a huge amount of data from the e-cat SK that has now been in operation fir over a year.

    It will be interesting as time goes by to see what trend analysis and deep investigation of that data shows both from a scientific point of view and from an engineering point of view l

    You have mentioned I think that there is effectively no change in performance as such but due to aging if the device but apparently an improvement In reliability due to lessons learnt perhaps.

    This is good news from an engineering perspective as in addition to the implications with fuel use, it implies no significant degradation of the device and no significant leakage of important elements from the device (such as hydrogen or others) over more than a year. Which is very good news.

    From the scientific angle it seems to me that you now have accumulated a a lot of data and information from the spectrum from that e-cat SK device. I’m curious if:

    1. Have you seen any ling term evolution in that spectrum over the year?
    2. If so if those changes indicate any classical element spectrum changes?
    3. If the evolutions due to molecular changes such a free radicals in the system?
    4. If there are classical plasmonic effect changes on micro particles or other similar sources?
    5. If there is some change due to some other potential cause?
    6. if 5 is so is this helping I form your theory?
    7. No significant change in the spectrum?

    If it’s difficult to answer these now I understand. If so when it is ready it might make an interesting study and input for a future presentation though.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  49. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea:
    It is of today the news that in Sardegna ( Italy ) a wind generator has exploded because it turned at too high speed: does it make sense?

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    This sounds quite strange: the wind generators are designed to spin also at speeds whatever the speed of wind in the specific location. Perhaps there was something spinning the windmill, which would be strange anyway: unless the green certificates make more profits than the expenses of some energy source to spin the rotor…just joking.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Tom Frazer

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you think that the second principle of thermodynamic is always applicable in the context of energy generation systems ?

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Frazer:
    No, it is not. For example in the case of catalisys. Catalizers, like for example the ones that improve the emissions of cars accelerating the chemical reactions, which implies an increase of the energy system, do not produce any difference at the end of the chemical reactions respect the results of the same combustion when it is not catalized: the catalizer is exactly the same as before the reactions as well as the molecules after the combustion: this is a typical example of case in which the second PTD is not applicable. As a matter of fact the name “Energy Catalizer” of which E-Cat is a contraction, under the semantic point of view has an ermeneutic function, albeit the context is completely different.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Dear Andrea,
    I am not surprised that the group you have chosen has not yet decided to go ahead with the presentation of your device. Showing a device that exhibits SSM is an event that would equal the magnitude of the one that proved that SSM fission occurred in Uranium in the 1930’s as Hahn and Strassmann claimed. Any group that attempts to verify your discovery will have to face the scrutiny of the scientific community and the skepticism of those who will think it will not be beneficial for their purposes. It took Einstein to convince the US government to start their nuclear program that ended WW2.
    If any little factum can be disputed it will be pounced on as was the case in your previous presentations. Your presentation group will not agree to present until they are sure that their case is watertight. Their reputations are on the line.
    Presentable regards.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thaqnk you for your suggestions and sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    John Maccini:
    I hope too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    it seems to me that recently you sound more reserved concerning the surplus electricity production by the E-Cat SKL, after you were extremely optimistic after your first big tests.

    1. Have any major problems come up?
    2. Do you think there could have been an error or misinterpretation of data in your first E-Cat SKL Tests?
    3. If you would estimate, what is the probability that there will be a working E-Cat SKL product?

    Best,
    Milan

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    1- we always have problems coming up
    2- no
    3- high enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you make the presentation only after all the problems with the SKL have been resolved?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat SKL appears to be a derivative of the E-Cat SK, you have taken the 22kW heat output of the SK and developed this into a low kW electrical output for the SKL, it would appear impossible to convert the produced 22 kW of heat into low kW electrical making energy disappear, so something else is happening.

    In a previous reply to my question; would the main source of the energy be formation of proton-electron aggregates, you replied “that is one of the component”, another component could be where you recently referred to equation 49 of the Vassallo paper in JCMNS Vol 29.

    So possibly through developments in the composition and quality of the electrical input, (an orchestrated complex electronic symphony), you are now gaining insights and ability to target the change in nuclear state of the energy production component that leads to electricity and avoid the energy production components that lead to heat.

    Through this ongoing progress in the development of the E-Cat SKL, have any new signature(s) been identified that point to theories that would align with the observations and insights.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    When we will make the presentation, we also will introduce the theoretical improvents that have been born by the experiments and that have improved the experiments, albeit all the problems have not yet been resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Brady Slachter

    Youi still think the Ecat will be able to generate more electricity than it consumes ? This device would really change the world.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Brady Slachter:
    That’s we are working for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Donna

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think of the intervention of Greta at the event of Davos ?

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Donna:
    Greta is very effective in making the Countries aware of the environmantal risks we are confronting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi il nuovo reattore SKL espelle campi magnetici durante il funzionamento come i predecessori o ha un comportamento diverso?

    Cordiali Saluti dall’Italia

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    All’esterno non abbiamo trovato campi magnetici oltre le tolleranze di background.

    Outside the Ecat we have not found magnetic fields above the background tolerances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 21st 2020:
    Wartsila handles EPC, commissioning and training for 132 MW fuel oil plant in Bahamas
    Rod Walton

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    I could be wrong, but I have the impression that you haven’t run one, or multiple, E-Cats all the way through to exhaustion-failure, to figure out what the range of possible exhaustion failure modes (EFM) are?

    Human nature being what it is, once the E-Cat becomes massively produced, it seems likely that there will be a large amount of that– especially for applications that aren’t fully connected with the Ethernet. I also believe that at some point certification will require that level of knowledge.

    We’ve all experienced batteries dying benignly, although sometimes corrosively. Similarly, light bulbs, water filters, gasoline engines are often run to exhaustion with minimal ill effect. I once experienced a mercury vapor lamp exploding within a piece of equipment– glass everywhere, but presumably that was a rare occurrence.

    The point is that until tested for, it’s impossible to know if the E-Cat’s EFM would be as uneventful as a light bulb’s, or as significant as the Fleischmann/Pons “Meltdown” (4-inch hole in a concrete floor).

    1) Anyway, if you have fully tested and characterized the E-Cat’s EFM, I apologize for “belaboring the point” and could you comment somewhat on the resultant behavior?

    2) And if you haven’t, is that sort of testing on your radar screen at any point?

    3) Also, related– wouldn’t it be interesting, and possibly informative, to learn the isotopic makeup of the EFM ash?

    Thanks, WaltC

  72. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your insight and for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  73. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Steven N. Karels January 20, 2020 at 7:52 AM to Andrea Rossi
    Dear Steven N. Karels,
    I beg you a pardon as I decided to make some comments regarding technical issues, although this may seem impolite, since you addressed your question to Andrea Rossi.
    I would like to clear situation concerning your note of the appearance of odor of Sulfur at ball lightning due to two oxygen atoms fusion process and possibly the same process can occur in ECat.
    I agree with you that two oxygen atoms can combine (only theoretically) to form Sulfur in this process with the smell of sulfur and we need to use perfume to neutralize it. But I have never heard of sulfur formation in any LENR processes, including Aleksander Parhomov experiments with similar ECat design (old version). As you probably know he received the formation of a lot of Ca from Al and Oxygen (Al+O=Ca) outside the fuel (in the corundum tube), but never sulfur by oxygen combination. Nobody can explain this effect.
    By the way, the smell of sulfur means the appearance of evil spirits and it is necessary to invite a priest in this case. If in the Hall during the ECat presentation there will be a strong smell of perfume it will only mean the presence of a beautiful women, but not the sulfur formation, that needs neutralization by perfume.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. I apologize for the humorous tone and somewhat rude formulations – these are the costs of translating from Russian into English. If I wrote in Chinese, my letters would be very correct and polite. By the way, do you happen to know why there are no comments on the forum from China, India, Arab countries, Africa, Asia and Latin America?

  74. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Eric Ashworth
    January 20, 2020 at 8:17 AM
    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    I agree with you, though I have another opinion on many points.
    Only two notes. First, what do you mean by the concept “independent researcher”? If you receive salary from anybody you are not independent.
    Second, in our country there are another type of contracts, than the one you mean. We are more free in decisions and live not according to the laws, but according to the concepts. For example, today the Earth is considered flat, tomorrow – cubic, and so on, as ordered by our scientific Superiors. You can have another opinion, but meet difficulties in publishing and conducting the research and some your fundamental research can be unknown for many years. In this respect I can recommend you to look through two papers:
    1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315739585_Disputable_issue_of_matter_and_antimatter_symmetry_-English_version
    2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318227372_Energy_Nature_of_Configurational_mixing_Entropy_its_Interconnection_with_Matter_and_Physical_Vacuum_and_the_Possibility_of_Generation_of_entropy_and_Anti-entropy_flows_-English_version

    They are simple and readable and partly devoted to LENR effects. If you want to cover the whole problem I recommend reading my alternative physics review:
    3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317581130_Brief_review_on_alternative_physics_An_alternative_opinion_on_physics_-_English_version
    This is a custom article written in 2014, made at the initiative of our previous General Director with the aim to interest ROSATOM with alternative developments in Russia. It is easy to read, as it has a popular scientific and even philosophical character, as it was written for officials. It is a little naive with it faith in a brighter science future in our country and is not very outdated, although now I would write much better. But the vector of science in our country turned in the other direction, and, as a result, we now depend not on our achievements, but on the successes of the Andrea Rossi team.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. Answering your question in your P.S: ”where else could such conversations be conducted other than the JONP?.“
    There are many web-sites in particular, devoted to so-called alternative physics, LENR included, for example http://www.proatom.ru (in Russian). Practically every other day there appear new articles of different quality, and comments on them, causing discussions, often more interesting than the articles themselves. But there is one unpleasant feature – comments are not filtered. And if someone didn’t like your article or comment (scientific inaccuracies or a lot of idle talk), you can immediately find out in the comments about yourself, and sometimes about your nationality, so much novel information, that you will recover for a long time. There you need to be able to separate the seeds from the chaff and have strong nerves. But at the same time you can also get some absolutely fantastic ideas.

  75. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know you have not provided a date, or have made any announcement about the expected E-Cat SKL presentation, but have you been making any plans about it?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A little off-topic. Ball lightning antidotes describe ball lightning exploding leaving the odor of Sulphur. Do you consider it possible that two oxygen atoms combine to form the reported Sulphur?

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We give one year for prudence and we are sure it is enough, at this point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I posted “can you tell us what is the limiting factor (maintenance, stability, etc.)?”
    and you responded “prudence”

    Would not a better metric be operating hours or cumulative energy produced, as well as time since original manufacture and/or installation?

    You need to display (either directly or remotely) to the user what is the lifetime status of the device.

    Another obvious display must be a unique identifier so maintenance can perform a function on the correct unit. A unique identifier such as a serial number or visual indicator to show positive identification. Obvious things but easily overlooked in the heat of development.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We do not notice any odor of anything and we do not have sulphur.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for your stunning success with your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net(publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noted that recommendations and full readings are totally traceable and many of them are really prestigious, while all of them have been made by tens of thousands of researchers and scientists. I also noticed that most of them are from America and Europe, but there are readings and recommendations from all the Countries of the world.
    Unbeliavable.
    Licia

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi
    True.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko
    I appreciate your response to my comments and find your information most interesting. With regards to (b) I could not agree more and I presume you are under contract and unable to publish.

    I am an independent researcher and as such not shackled by academic protocol. Science and technology is a very prickly subject and unless a person is involved they have no idea as to how controlled certain subjects can be. The JONP is an unbelievable breath of fresh air whereby information can be exchanged freely without upsetting people who have secrets to hide because there are, sensitive subjects that are strictly taboo and are unable to get out into the mainstream. LENRs is one of them i.e. no mention in the press, unifying field oscillation technology is another and I know there must be more. It is the technologies with far reaching effects i.e. those capable of knocking out certain industries and expanding knowledge into related areas of research that are suppressed. This is no revelation as I believe many people are now aware of this present situation but this represents one hurdle of many.

    Another hurdle and this involves many industries, is the intellectual property law whereby the property of a persons intellect is protected from theft (Wikipedia has a in depth article for people unfamiliar with its far reaching consequences) by various means. Few people realize that the intellect is the means by which an idea comes into being whereas the intelligence is the means by which the idea is used for whatever purpose is most fitting. This as you can guess provides an issue should the idea be that needed by a third party. Under normal circumstances such an issue is usually ratified by means of a none disclosure agreement (N.D.A). whereby should the idea be useless the N.D.A maintains protection of the property for the owner of the property and the prior agreement is cancelled. It provides a win, win situation to both parties, especially if the idea is brilliant and is just what is needed to overcome a problem. N.D.As are used throughout industry and although they have their drawbacks with regards secrecy they do allow information to be shared between various industries, groups and individuals so as to further the advancement of knowledge.

    However, in reply to (c) I do not agree that it is not known regarding the physical nature of LENR processes. LENRs like everything else rely upon specific conditions to attain success but one mans success is another ones failing. Depends on how high you set the bar. From my own experience the experts set the bar at maximum height in other words nothing short of perfection will do. You mention nuclear transmutations and strange radiation and bring to my attention special forms of bacteria that have the same effect (I know nothing of bacteria) but I can assure you the mystery that Andrea is seeking runs throughout nature. I will even say and many people may disagree that to keep a secret and maintain a mystery, one must divide to conquer i.e. subjects and language and I agree that by scientific explanation problems can easily be solved. Your line of research for me explains your interest in the LENR technology. My interest is exactly the same as yours, only my angle is different not being involved in bacteria. In a nutshell what you Andrea and myself are fascinated with is energy and energy is all that exists.

    Consequently to unlock the mystery of energy is to unlock the mystery of that which physicists seek. Every physicist has this same fascination but on their own unique degree of their intellect which I have come to believe is directly related to God and thereby it is true to say that by the grace of God all things eventually become known. I suppose epiphany to some people means very little or nothing at all but in the chain of human evolution that word becomes fully understood as a reference to the self and ones true purpose in life. But I would agree with all that you say except when you use the word ‘we’ as I take it, you are speaking for other people not just yourself.
    Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. where else could such conversations be conducted other than the JONP?.

  84. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you very much for quick response and full answers in spite of the fact that I trouble you with technical issues that could be treated as confidential. To mitigate their effect I tried to soften the wording.
    The other method I implement is to give the variant of “possible answers” that to my mind is far from the reality but promote (provoke) you with answers using your great hence of humor. Now I have a difficult task to decode your answers. Earlier, in November, I formulated questions more directly and received a direct answer: “Dear Aleksei: Yes, you are right. Congratulations”. Now I tried to act diplomatically and got what got. I forgot the proverb:” if you do not know what to say, tell the truth”.
    But despite this I have understood (and this is important information for many people) that you are in a good mood now, which means that you and your team have practically solved technical problems and will soon set a presentation time.
    I still hope that you do not change your mind and invite me to the presentation despite my suddenly revealed poor scientific qualifications. You need such people in the hall that cannot fully understand your ideas, hence cannot do the same or better, but at the same time have good scientific international reputation (this is common, especially among experts), and fully support your activity. This is a rare combination.
    Best wishes to you and to your team.
    Bonne chance!
    Aleksei

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko:
    On the contrary, I have a solid convinction that you have solid and extended scientific skills, probably at a higher level than mine, but, as you correctly write, I have confidential concerns that I sometimes flavour with humour.
    Obviously you are and will remain invited !!! My considerations about the stats of the supposed answers was, obviously, a joke.
    For the rest, I agree with you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    If the plasma ball or “ballerina” of the E-Cat SK and E-Cat SKL are related to ball lightning and ball lightning is a system derived from quantum fluctuations, does this indicate that once source of power in this systems could be from collecting/gathering/harvesting quantum fluctuations?

    If the E-Cat SKL is not an LENR device, then this seems like one of the few remaining possibilities. Could you please expand at least a little? For example, could the “ballerina” be sustaining itself via the collection of virtual particles as they fluctuate?

    Thank you for any information you can provide.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    So far, I have nothing to add to what I wrote on the paper of Researchgate and the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    The stats of your publication on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    are more stunning than ever: as of today you gor 40034 ( fortythousandthirtyfour ) Full Readings, all traceble, and 281 Recommendation, all traceble, all from Professors and Researchers. Unbelievable.
    Prof

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Honestly, on Researchgate there are publications I deem more important than mine. I absolutely do not find a reason why my paper is the most read by orders of magnitude.
    Maybe the coherence between theoretical suppositions and experimental results and the sinergy with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Could you kindly answer some questions?
    A) Do you still use hydrogen in fuel in any form (metal hydrides, gas under pressure, etc)?
    B) As you have noted, ECat SKL is practically irrelevent to decrease in the power at operating and fuel consumption. Does it mean that fuel is needed only to start the process?
    C) Does the operating time limitation depends mostly on degradation of applied design materials? In this connect are you looking for novel materials, may be metal-ceramic type with improved properties?
    D) Does your novel ECat SKL version needs any fuel in general or its work based on another similar to NiKolay Tesla developments?
    E) Do you use additional high frequency electromagnetic exposure and what is it parameters?
    F) If yes, do you implement a phase shift up to the full compensation of the maximum and minimum oscillations (synphase oscillations with a phase shift of 180 degrees)?
    G) Do you measure the temperature outside ECat SKL cube and has it distribution wave effect?
    H) Advice. Please, take into account that generated by ECat SKL entropy and untientropy flows can influence on instrument readings. One of the best solutions of this problem that I use in the experiments
    is to check instrument readings by touching thermocouples with your finger (if it possible, of course).
    I) Do you consider the possibility of preliminary discussion of novel effects outside your group in order to bring the presentation date closer?
    Possible answers: A) Confidential, B) Yes, C) Yes, D) I think so, E) Yes, F) No, G) No, H) Thank you for your insight, I) It is not impossible.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. Usually. if we want to get something very strongly and make every effort, we usually don’t get it, because from the master we gradually turn into a slave of our desires. This is the law of the Universe (God rules). We must not depend on our desires. It is necessary to catch a state when you do not give a damn about everything.
    It helps for a couple of days to get distracted and go to France or Italy to touch something eternal.
    Bonne chance!!!

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    A Yes
    B No
    C Maybe
    D It depends on the meaning we give to the word “fuel”
    E Confidential
    F See E
    G Yes, but no distribution wave effect
    H I agree. We do.
    I Too late for this, but I can foresee future opening to external contributions
    Rating of suggested “possible answers”: 0 out of 8 ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you agree that ball lightning is likely a self organizing plasma construct?

  93. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Ball lightning is a lower entropy system deriving from quantum fluctuations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Sam,
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andre Rossi,

    Gian posted “Can you provide us with information on the decrease in the power supplied by the E-CatSK at the expiration of 3-6-9-12 months?” and you replied “Practically irrelevant.”

    1. May I properly assume that “Practically irrelevant” means “no significant drop in output power was detected”?
    2. If that is correct, then are you saying depletion of fuel is not the reason for the 12 month limit on the eCatSK time of operation?
    3. If the above is correct, can you tell us what is the limiting factor (maintenance, stability, etc.)?

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 prudence
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can the plasma seen in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    be someway comparable to the so called “ball lightnings”?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Prof

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I’d say possibly yes. Ball lightning is a model I looked to when I had the initial idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Karl Poehlmann

    Here is a link that I think can be useful to the work of your team:
    https://scitechdaily.com/incredible-material-is-both-heat-insulating-and-heat-conducting-at-the-same-time
    Best Regards,
    Karl Poehlmann

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Dear Andrea,
    I find the indications provided in response to my questions on 13 January very positive.
    Most of the 65 interventions that appeared on the subject in Ecat World appreciate the results obtained so far.
    Can you provide us with information on the decrease in the power supplied by the E-CatSK at the expiration of 3-6-9-12 months?
    Always grateful for your courtesy in satisfying our curiosity.
    Warm greetings
    Gian

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Practically irrelevant,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are your theoretical findings (on which you say the experiments have had a major impact) helping you improve the performance of the E-Cat SKL?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    This major impact on the theory obviously does tickle my curiosity. Just one more question:
    Do you consider this impact being positive or negative?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I suppose positive.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  108. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It must be very exiting discovering new aspects while testing the E-Cat SK Leonardo.
    You said that it may lead to an update of the latest paper on ResearchGate or a new paper.
    1. Do you consider these findings as major impact or just as small additions/tweaks to this ResearchGate paper?
    2. Do you believe that a demonstration and presentation of the Ecat SKL is still feasible in February?
    I wish you and your team great succes with these tests and verification of its properties and hope everything goes well!
    Thanks. Kind regards Gerard

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 major impact
    2 I still hope
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    in a reply to Frank Acland you say, your focus of you and your team now are experiments with the e-cat skl and the theoretical consequences.

    Is the e-cat-skl ready for the third party test or do you still hve to solve problems?

    Kind regards,

    E. Hergen

  111. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    We’ll see
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. JD Sweeney

    Good morning Dr Andrea Rossi:
    All is quiet in Stockholm waiting for your SSM demo. Prepare for a harsh war in case of success.
    All the best,
    JD Sweeney

  113. Andrea Rossi

    JD Sweeney:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Are you refining your theory based on the results of current experiments?
    2. Will you publish a new paper based on the results of current experiments?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 yes
    2 either this, or updating http://www.researchgate.net/publication/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Nigelk Sanders:
    Thank you for the suggestion, in some situations it could be useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Nigel Sanders

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will a battery be needed for load change cushioning, to allow a smooth variation ?
    Total respect and wishes for you and your Team,
    Nigel Sanders

  118. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    In your comments you told us that once the E-Cat’s reactor has run out of combustible, it charges like you change a battery.
    Is it possible, that the customer may one day, change the reactor he would have in stock?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What aspect of your work is occupying most of your time and attention in this period?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Experiments with the SKL and theoretical consequences are the focus of our Team now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it possible that sooner or later the Ecat will be sold in the internet, for example by Amazon ?

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It is not impossible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Steven N. Karels

    Sven B,

    Solar plants have a couple of disadvantages (at least two):
    1. They only operate when the light is available (daytime, cloud cover, clean window, etc.)
    2. They degrade about 1% per year in their efficiency.

    On the other hand, an SKL-based unit potentially operates 24/7 for a 6 month or 1 year period. Then “remove and replace” maintenance is needed. Likely, the planned maintenance could be scheduled during non-peak demand hours and separately from adjacent units. For example, for an ensemble of 365 SKL-based units, one might schedule maintenance services of one SKL-based component each day, etc.

    Shipment could be by conventional means as the replacement SKL component is small and relatively light weight. An Electric Vehicle would suffice — it could be charged during non-duty hours and it would be environmentally friendly.

    The major application for SKL-based energy production, in my opinion, would be baseload power generation, running 24/7 for months at a time. Solar and other technologies have their place in an integrated energy production effort. An integrated approach will likely be implemented as the new SKL technology moves into the commercial marketplace. Early adapters will likely be the initial customers. If they are successful, it will then spread as economics dictate.

    Andrea Rossi must have a mechanism to produce and support a variable growth demand. This is not a trivial problem. I suspect production of SKL components will be a secondary problem or limitation. Human resources (sales, maintenance, management) will likely be a more difficult task to perform optimally.

  125. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I have no doubt you have read and seen how the Ecat SKL nurtures a great deal of thought and discussion at E-CatWorld, by many remarkable people from around the world.
    The following may be seen as a view for what your team now re-imagining your Business Strategy has had to face and how your audience during the February/March presentation might imagine about the future.

    Link>> https://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/SKL-Economics.pdf

    You face the great challenge as you artfully expressed in your exchange with Salvatore Boi on November 29th, 2019: “to break the cage”.

    As always, I wish you, your team, and your wife well.

    Sincerely,

    Mason Ainsworth

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I forgot to add that my comparison was based on 25 years lifetime.

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Sorry, I do not agree. Just remake the math.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Gloria

    Dear Andrea:
    I too want to thank you for the link to Dirac you put in the answer to Listenbetter. It is very important.
    Best Regards,
    Gloria

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I will expect that one of your biggest concerns at this moment is how to present E-Cat SKL with the most favorable lifetime climate footprint.
    It must be a real challenge.
    Comparing a 20kW solar power system to a 20kw SKL system ( 24/7- 1-year fuel) the customer is facing 50 times more transport logistics with the SKL.
    To minimize the financial and environmental costs of this significant logistics you need at minimum an exponential expansion of local SKL factories and full control of the logistic chain including using only SKL-powered vehicles.
    Do you agree?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    OK

  133. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is another video about Paul Dirac
    and how he fits into the big picture
    of Physics.

    https://youtu.be/PmKhvpBZQCM

    Regards
    Sam

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Rod

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I appreciated your answer to “Listenbetter” and most of all I appreciated the lecture of Dirac of which you gave us the link in your delighting comment.
    Cheers
    Rod

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Keith Thomson:
    I cannot comment so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    The marijuana industry needs the E-Cat SKL!

    https://www.zerohedge.com/energy/cannabis-industrys-dirty-energy-secret

    They can use the light, electrical output, and waste heat!

    This could be a gigantic market for the E-Cat SKL. I believe you should contact one of the leading growers ASAP.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    This is a kind of industries I will never deal with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. On Njewje-Nic

    Mr. Rossi.

    1) Approximately, how many ecat-sk’s were produced in Your robotic factory
    until now ?

    2) When did the official production start ?

    3) How many factories are operating ?

    Best regards

    On

  141. Andrea Rossi

    On Njewje-Nic
    1- confidential
    2- we already produced Ecats
    3- one
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Burt

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the link to the lecture of Dirac. It also helps to better understand your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Stephen

    Hi Andrea.

    May I ask… if and when a device needs recharging. Will it be necessary for the user to replace:
    A. The whole 10cm cubed device?
    B. just a smaller component or components from the device?
    C. Both options will be possible?

    D. If B is the replaceable component is it much smaller than the whole device?

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a video about Paul Dirac
    who like you made Florida his home.

    https://youtu.be/fWo010EsiYk

    Regards
    Sam

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    On 23rd November 2019 you announced that a test of the E-Cat SKL had “Obtained permanent self sustaining mode with production of strong excess of electricity, generating more excess of electricity than of heat.” and “we got more electric energy that the electric energy necessary to make the Cat work. The increase is strong”.

    This breakthrough was almost two months ago, following this you have indicated that the work was so important that you and your team have worked constantly over the Christmas and new year festivities without break, in this period the original E-Cat SKL has been working 24 hours, 7 days a week presumably requiring constant supervision, also in this time several additional E-Cat SKL’s have been produced, it is likely that each has included some refinement, and in this short time you have likely observed benefits and possibly even discoveries during tests.

    I would expect that you are trying to improve the output ratio of electricity to heat / power density as this will have benefits for how the E-Cat SKL can be used, the multiples in difference from having to deal with 30%, 20% or 10% of output in the form of heat has large implications, if heat is a major output it has to be treated as an asset to be recovered, if it becomes minor it may be possible to dissipate as a waste, (like a desk top computer).

    Of the following what is closest;

    A. In the short time since your breakthrough, have you observed sufficient incremental benefits or important discoveries as to require more time for further improvement / testing / validation, before submitting an E-Cat SKL to the testing authority.

    B. You have selected an E-Cat SKL to put forward but need more time for reliability testing

    C. Although time is tight you are on schedule and will try to keep the presentation within February.

    D. You cannot comment.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    In my comment of yesterday in response to Listenbetter there was a typo in the link to the important paper of Dirac with his Nobel Price lecture. The link now has been corrected.
    Sorry, my mistake.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How much advance notice will you be able give about the planned E-Cat SKL presentation? I would think it would be an event that you would like to publicize as much as possible, so it will be important for people to prepare for it.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will give this information when we will be ready. At the moment the situation does not allow a date.
    Thank you for your important attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. L. Listenbetter

    It is NOT in light speed.

    The “C” appears just in the formula.

    The electrons DO NOT wiggle in lightspeed.

  153. Andrea Rossi

    L.Listenbetter:
    This comment answers to both your comments of today.
    You should “listen better” when you read my paper, so maybe you can understand what I wrote, albeit I think you are not paid to understand, but for other kind of things. I discovered who you are ( it is not very difficult ), but I want to answer anyway, because the stupidities you write must be “listened better” to be duly exposed.
    As I wrote on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ZBW is the movement at speed of light on a circular or helicoidal trajectory of a massless elementary charge that has a pure electromagnetic momentum
    p = eA
    equal to the product of the elementary charge e time the vector potential A associated with the ZBW current.
    THE SPEED OF THE ELECTRON IS ALWAYS SUB LUMINAL, WHILE THE SPEED OF ITS CHARGE IS ALWAYS AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT !!!
    P.A.M. Dirac in his Nobel lecture wrote:
    “It is found that an electron which seems to us to be moving slowly, must actually have a very high frequency oscillatory motion of small amplitude superposed on the regular motion which appears to us.
    As a result of this oscillatory motion,the velocity of the electron at any time equals the velocity of light.”
    Reference here ( not for you, a paid character killer, because you are, so to speak, ‘differently able to understand’, but for the Readers ):
    https://www.nobelprize.org/uploads/2018/06/dirac-lecture.pdf
    Dear Readers: I strongly suggest this reading, to better understand my paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think that the phenomena theorized in the following paper could help explain some of the energy gain in the E-Cat QX/SK/SKL?

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0207046.pdf

    Since you claim your system is no longer utilizing LENR as an energy source, I’m curious where the power is coming from.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 14th 2020:
    DOE launches fund challange to accelerate US energy storage supply chain, development

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    based on your knowledge, would the E-Cat-SKL work in the absence of gravity and outside our atmosphere?
    Regards, Giuseppe

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I do not know precisely, but gravity should not have any effect on the Ecat, as far as I know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Eric Ashworth
    January 11, 2020 at 6:24 PM
    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    I accept your point of view and treat it with understanding. There is no contradiction between these groups of questions, but on the contrary they complement each other.
    a) For example, Rossi’s response to my second group remark once again helped me to understand that his new ECat SKL design has little in common with the previous version, well-known to all that he referred everybody to his paper.
    b) Third group is of great importance to me but from the other point of view. The matter is that in many countries these studies are considered unscientific by authorities that are incompetent in scientific matters and their decisions are based only on the opinion of the corrupt scientists engaged in expensive projects such as ITER, CERN, etc. And this is despite the fact that the LENR effects obtained by dozens of different methods, and one of them – Ecat of the Andrea Rossi team is already close to commercialization. Therefore, the presentation of Rossi and the release of new products to the market will force our authorities to change their attitude. And if even they do not support these scientific activity, then at least not to interfere with them. For example, I had to stop partially the experimental part of my work and cannot publish new results accumulated during this time under my name even on the Internet. Therefore, many thanks and respect to Rossi and his team and it would be nice if he presented the results, even if they are intermediate.
    c) The first group of questions is important to everybody for all readers, not only engaged in research. The matter is that we do not know the physical nature of LENR process as they can be produced by many various methods with receiving different final results, as I mentioned in my in previous comments (January 10). Most likely we are interacting with energy Physical Vacuum (PhV) or ether and do not need addition portions of fuel. Therefore various unrepeated nuclear transmutations, found in LENR processes is a side effect of another unknown process, that lead to the formation of so-called “strange” radiation, discovered experimentally and accompany LENR effects. That is why special forms of bacteria in water liquids can transform elements (these data was many times confirmed experimentally before E-Cat started). These processes also refers to LENR effects and need scientific explanation. Moreover, in our Institute engaged in developing novel materials and technologies for atomic application we transformed r/a Cs into stable Ba showing the way for diminishing of r/a waste accumulated by atomic stations as well as for cleaning Chernobyl, Fukusima and other dirty regions.
    And this gives a chance for atomic energy electricity generation to survive partly in the future under development of LENR technology. But usage of bacteria is very complicated technology as they are very moody and inefficient. Using more simple ECat technology we can more easy solve this problem Moreover, if we manage to control the ”strange” radiation (in some my experiments weak antigravity effects appears) we can alloyed any metal by distance and receive any alloy composition and structure. But on the other hand not all novel received elements will be safe and can be used for dirty purposes. It is depends on us and as Andrea say ”all in God hands”. Even a harmless reaction like turning lead into gold can cause financial collapse
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  161. Anonymous

    Is the “zitterbewegung” a phenomenon related to some form of luminescence ?

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Luminescence is a spontaneous emission of light not caused by heat.
    What is “Zitterbewegung” is described in my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is related to the nature of electron and consists on the “tremor” of the electron that makes the electron have two speeds: the speed along its direction and the speed of the trajectories made by such “tremor”, a vibration that has the speed of light.
    If you are referring to the Ecat: the light of the plasma, that you can see well in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is obviously not a luminescence, being made by the heat inside the reactor.
    To understand well what is the ZBW the best publication I know is:
    “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions”, Amazon 2019, by Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. L. Listenbetter

    Claire
    January 13, 2020 at 8:24 AM
    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What I appreciated most in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the understanding of the fact that even if the electron is a fermion, and therefore cannot travel at c, it is possible that it has a zitterbewegung ( vibrations ) with the speed of light, maintaining its fermionic translation speed.
    This is a revolution in the electron’s potentials concept

    This is nonsense.
    Zitterbewegung is nothing else than a movement.
    And therefore never can be luminal.
    It is forced to by subluminal.

    Best regards

  164. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Please find hereunder a link to a very interesting paper of Donald Reed that involves also your work:
    “Bose-Einstein Condensate:Bridge between Matter-Non Matter- Potential for Revealing New Physicsand Inner Nature of Reality”
    pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f7a6/fd0b3beab174ad78f90975c5d3b99766ca_g

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the reference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. carlo

    our Readers are independent parties that can convince me I am not sleeping and I am really writing this.now please convince us that we haven’t been dreaming for 10 years

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. We are working at the maximum of our possibilities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Are your existing SK customers also interested in the SKL device (with direct electric output) or are they mainly interested in a heat-only ECat application?

    Thanks, WaltC

  169. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    When ready, it might fit all of them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe you posted a 70% availability on the eCat running since Nov 2018.

    1. Is this correct?
    2. If so, is that averaged over the last roughly 14 months?
    3. If also so, are you seeing an improvement over the last month or so?
    4. What is the availability over the last month or so?

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 yes
    2 roughly one year
    3 yes
    4 roughly 80%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    If you can say–assuming the appropriate certifications, what’s the smallest sized appliance/device that you think the current generation of ECat-SKL might fit into and power?
    – a toaster?
    – a portable room heater?
    – a clothes dryer?
    – a furnace room water heater?
    – an electric motor bike?
    – an electric car?

    Thanks, WaltC

  173. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I think they will be interested also to the electricity, when we will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    the article in the link below will provide support to the Ecat during storms bearing blackouts:
    https://news.yahoo.com/more-100-000-homes-still-232200982.html
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Claire

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What I appreciated most in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the understanding of the fact that even if the electron is a fermion, and therefore cannot travel at c, it is possible that it has a zitterbewegung ( vibrations ) with the speed of light, maintaining its fermionic translation speed.
    This is a revolution in the electron’s potentials concept

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Claire:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,
    I apologize for this impertinent question of mine.
    Not interested in receiving recognitions from the mainstream science ?
    To obtain this honor, a good working time of 70% on E-Cat SK (but also 5% of a good work) would be more than enough.
    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I am working to get results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Fox

    Dear Andrea
    In all hypothetical and theoretical terms, will it be possible in the future to produce single SKL cells much more powerful than the current one?
    For example from a Giga W?

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    I do not think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Dear Andrea,
    while I always follow with interest your Ecats for the joint production of electricity and heat, I would be pleased to have information on the only heat production systems that you have rented to some users.
    You can synthetically – with grades from 1 to 10:
    1) Express your satisfaction with the services provided so far;
    2) Express your perception of users satisfaction?
    Can you provide a percentage of the ratio between regular operating time and the time required for stops due to assistance interventions carried out by you personally and by your team?
    Warm greetings.
    Gian

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1- 7
    2- 8
    3- 70%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Chuck Davis

    Will the consume of the charge decrease if the Ecat works at 50% of its power ?
    Chuck Davis

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Christian Scholl

    For the possible presentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo, I think there are two dates fit: 02 02 2020 and 2 02 2020: four 2 make 8, infinite energy.
    Christian Scholl

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    51%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    The ECat installed in November 2018 has still the original charge because of intermittent usage by the customer or because the charge lasted longer than predicted?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    It is lasting more than expected,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My best wishes of succes for 2020.

    May I ask you one question please, what is the percentage of probability that you will make the presentation of the SKL in February?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  193. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Readers of the Journal of Nuclear Physics blog:
    Many of you think that as soon as the independent testing has been done and the E-Cat SKL is verified it is just to press a button and out come the E-Cats from a factory!

    If we think of a standard product development process it is like this:

    1) Prototypes (magnitude of 10), that are handbuilt, are veified, tested and used for further product development and adjustments. (Here we are now).
    2) Preseries units (magnitude of 100) that are made semiautomatic. Maybe the computerboard with the necessary transducer conditioning comes from one subcontractor´s small series assembly line. The output inverterelectronics come from another subcontractor´s small series assembly line.
    The reactor parts come from secret places and everything is assebled by hand. Units are tested in labs and with special costumers. The design is improved and adjusted for better automatic assemly.
    3) First serial production (magnitude of 1000). The automatic production line is adjusted. All units are thoroughly tested and what is within or out of specification is decided.
    4) First serial production line works perfectely. More production lines are added.
    5) Production in several factories.

    All of this will take its time, much depending on Leonardocorps partners (especially steps 3-5).

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik, Sweden

  194. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting info about the E-Cat SK installed in November 2018. Is this the only E-Cat SK operating at a customer site? If so, why has it not been deployed more widely?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, it is not.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If your Ecat SK Leonardo will work, it will be a potential tombstone for the oil business in the long term: somebody has been killed for much less.
    Take care of yourself, maybe the assassination can not necessarily made physically, maybe they will use their power of fire to assassinate your character and dwarf your work.
    I wish you all the best,
    Roberto

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    I am dedicating all of myself and my time to a work I believe is useful. All the rest is in the hands of God.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Some questions about E-catSK, 22kW, which was been installed at a customer 19 november 2018:
    1. Is it still giving 22kW at the customer?
    2. Is the customer satisfied or has there been much problems?
    3. How much fuel powder weight do you guess it has consumed?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- satisfied
    3- still the original charge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Let me try to interpret Steven N. Karels question.

    Let us say you have 2 black boxes both weiging 6 kg.
    One black box contains an E-Cat SKL complete with control and inverter electronics.

    The other black box contains a Li Ion battery.

    Assuming the testers are not allowed to open the boxes how can they tell which contains the E-cat SKL and which contains the battery?

    Answer: Knowing that the maximum battery energy capacity for Li Ion is 265 Wh/kg and applying an electrical load for 265 W to the battery means that the battery is empty after 6 hours.
    This means that the testers must run the test for at least 6 hours with a 265 W load to be shure that it is not a battery in the E-Cat SKL box.
    To be really shure they should at least run the black box with the E-Cat SKL 10 times this, 60 hours if the black box weighs 6 kg and can give 265 W electrical power output. If it can give more output than 265 W the test time can proportionally be shorter. If it weighs less than 6 kg, the testtime can proportionally be shorter.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik (testengineer)

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    R. Leckt Lummel:
    Enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say when the third
    party tests of the E-Cat SKL
    will be completed.

    Regards
    Sam

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea Rossi and Chuck Davis,

    To differentiate chemical-based versus nuclear-based power sources, one must look at the specific power (W/kg) and the specific energy (Whr/kg). By plotting each, as in a Ragone plot, one can differentiate the type of underlying specific power. Implicit in the specific energy measurement is that one runs the device long enough to either begin to run out of fuel or to clearly eliminate a battery or similar chemical source.

    For example, assume the SKL has a mass of 1kg and a power output of 1kW. The specific power is 1,000 W/kg. The specific energy is the specific power times the duration of the test (hours). So the observation must be of sufficient time to preclude the use of a battery or chemical source, if the purpose is to negate the Troll’s claims of a battery or fuel cell being hidden within the SKL. A Li-ion battery has a specific energy of around 200 Whr/kg. So to preclude the SKL demonstration unit from being powered by a battery, one would want to show at least a 10X time greater than that provided by a Li-ion battery, or about 5 hours.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. R. Leckt Lümmel

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.
    Can You tell us, how far the robotic assembly lines are developed?

    Best regards.

  208. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko,
    I found your articles most interesting especially the scientific issues (1) Obviously this is your major interest in the LENR process which is mine also. The other two groups you refer to are for me and as you imply less important i.e. group (2) speculative questions driven by curiosity which could be considered as an unnecessary distraction to an important project but which I find of equal interest and group (3) those readers not involved in research who are understandably impatient to get the technology out because of its extreme importance in providing cheap, clean, safe energy. It is each of these groups that I find refreshing in the annals of scientific research and technology. I have mentioned this many times before regarding the fact that science and technology is not a subject for the chosen few but merely involves a curious human mind of which many people possess and you have to accept each aspect as we all function on our own unique wavelength of thinking. I am one that would never use the word ‘we’ when referring to a phenomena whether it be understood or not understood because we each have our own individual thoughts and ideas i.e. a none understanding in one department does not necessarily include all, otherwise the individual human mind would be considered useless. This for me is the strength of the JONP as it represents an open channel for discussions to take place between academic minds and those of lay persons but I do understand your concerns.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  209. Frank Acland

    @Chuck Davis

    I think the question about running the SKL for a long time is in response to people who will claim that the E-Cat SKL has a hidden battery inside it, so it is nothing special.

    If it can run for longer at a given power than is possible with the best battery, this may address this claim.

    Best regards, Frank Acland

  210. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels:
    It seems to me that it would be only necessary to operate the Ecat at the maximum output until it reaches steady state to estabilish the power density. It is not going to change over time.
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  211. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You asked for a clarification on “2) Would I be correct in assuming that although the team performing the current or upcoming test may want to run the E-Cat SKL for days, that in only several hours or less the total electrical output (factoring in the weight of the device) would mean that it had exceeded the energy density of the absolute best chemical batteries on the planet?”

    I understand the question to be how long of a run time is necessary to distinguish SKL’s source of power from chemical compared to nuclear. Reference my previous postings on Ragone plots. I suspect at approximately several hundred Watts of electrical power output, it will take days of continuous operation to distinguish the source of energy, assuming the mass of the SKL.

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I still do not understand the sense of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Jane

    Dr Rossi:
    If the Ecat SK Leonardo will work, it will stop the wars caused by the quest for oil, which is equal to say that it will stop all the wars around.
    God bless the work of your team,
    Jane

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    OxiCool uses only pure water as refrigerant to cool homes.
    Uses heat and only 1/10th the amount of electricity.
    https://techxplore.com/news/2020-01-oxicool-pure-refrigerant-cool-homes.html?utm_source=nwletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-nwletter

    Best regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have developed the E-Cat SK maximising heat output, you have taken the E-Cat SK and developed the E-Cat SKL from this targeting electrical output minimising the heat, is it theoretically possible to develop another E-Cat variant where you maximise Ultra Violet light output with minimal heat.

    Whether this is worthwhile pursuing would also depend on the market, UV is widely used for disinfecting water supplies for example.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  218. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It is not possible.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    OPlasmaFan:
    1 what you can see is shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    2 sorry, I do not understand clearly the question. Can you kindly rephrase it ?
    3 yes
    4 it depends on many factors
    5 confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Anonymous

    Which is the percentage of time you dedicate to the theoretical issues vs the experimental activity ?

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    They go together, each one is part of the other.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which technology will be used for the soldering of the components of the Ecat SK Leonardo in the industrial production phase ?

  224. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    Robots
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) Can you see plasma sheathes or double layers in the ballerina of the E-Cat SKL?

    2) Would I be correct in assuming that although the team performing the current or upcoming test may want to run the E-Cat SKL for days, that in only several hours or less the total electrical output (factoring in the weight of the device) would mean that it had exceeded the energy density of the absolute best chemical batteries on the planet?

    3) Are you in negotiation with a major company with experience in manufacturing to produce large numbers of E-Cat SKL units?

    4) If you believe the electrical output could end up being 70%, what percentage of the output do you believe will be in the form of visible light?

    5) Does whatever process that produces anomalous energy output (heat, light, electrical output) take place within the area of the ballerina or also in other portions of the internal volume of the reactor?

    Thank you.

  226. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Curiosity: are you reading a paper right today? If yes, which one?

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    This:
    http://isinn.jinr.ru/past-isinns/isinn-22/progr-27_05_2014/schaeffer.pdf
    Suggested by a mamber of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Aleksei Savchenko

    3. Dear Andrea, we are tired to wait. When will you finally set the day and invite us to the presentation and what will be shown there.
    Nice and very emotional demand for those, who was never engaged in developments especially referring to breakthrough. Andrea many times mentioned, that “we are proceed through unknown territories so, surprises, negative or positive as they might be, are always possible”.
    In defense of Andrea I can ask everyone (including me). What have I done to promote development and help Rossi? Maybe he spends a lot of money on research taken from the taxpayers of my country? For comparison, take the same ITER program, which has pumped hundreds of billions of dollars from the budgets of many countries over 50 years. By the way, its current status can be viewed on https://tnenergy.livejournal.com/147900.html (you can see only pictures – it is enough for understanding). And they plan to complete its industrial implementation only at the end of this century. Here is a feeding trough for scientists. We need to find a likeness of Greta Tuborg and launch it with a call to clean the world from unscrupulous scientists.
    Please, be patient and wait. To my mind Andrea could show to us only intermediate results (presentation) with output electricity in February, and then, no rush, bring everything to a commercial product.

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  230. Aleksei Savchenko

    2. Dear Andrea, if we assemble a more powerful device from the Ecat SKL small cubes and put it:
    into a bicycle, car, train, plane, helicopter, spaceship (then everywhere, as long as there is enough imagination), while it will be great to live, we will save the planet and how much it will cost (you have to pay for happiness – my comment).
    That is not the fact as ECat cube is complicated system producing not only electricity, but also heat. Concerning heat. Have you ever stood by an open oven heated above 1000 degrees? It is ECat cube. And if it will be 100 ECat cubes? The electric pipes from Cu or Al melted at below temperatures as well as most wire insulation. We need cooling systems.
    Concerning electricity. The output electricity should be standard – 220V and 50 hertz, so we need a system for converting direct current into alternating current and a transformer. And all these electric elements are situated inside a well-heated cube. Do you imagine this? Plus control devices.
    Of cause, all this will be modified by Andrea and his team but not in a short time as 23 researchers, as he mentioned in the blog is not enough on the stage of industrial-scale developments. To my mind just now he can put his ECat device, even the old version on a balloon to heat the air and make non-stop flights for advertising purposes.
    In the future he will certainly achieve all that you require of him now, but give him time and do not disturb with unnecessary questions.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight. We have resoved the issue of the cooling system and, by the way, heat is an asset, not a liability in most of cases. The former generations of Ecat made heat alone…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Aleksei Savchenko

    1. Dear Andrea, we are not fully satisfied with you published paper with theoretical explanation of the LENR effect you received earlier (in previous ECat version).
    The first question is simpler as it refers only to the scientific ECat issues and be in the frame of the scientific Journal. Unfortunately most of readers do not specify the unclear scientific issues. I think this comes from a lot of respect for Rossi. I also respect him and his promotion of LENR all over the world without spending our money. But I also believe that as a scientist, he himself is interested in the search of truth.
    Concerning his published papers I can only mention positive and controversial aspects.
    a) Positive aspects. Five versions of ECat device already exist and Andrea describe the theory for only one an old Lugano tested version and did not pretend to be a theory of all other LENR effects, as well as of the other ECat versions. For that type of device they (with coauthor Norman Cook) done this theoretical work more or less accurate based only on the isotopic changes of LiAlH4-Ni fuel (transformation Li7 through Be to He as well as Ni60 through Cu to Ni62. As rightly noted Alexander Prosvirnov – the creator of the website http://www.lenr.seplm.ru (to my mind, the best site in the world by its informational content), “now the number of theories and their authors (including me) is already more than a hundred, and they can’t stand each other strongly (excluding me). As an example, we do not know the physical mechanism of gravitation, but we use it well in our life. Though, on the other side we cannot create flying vehicles based on antigravity phenomena.
    b) Controversial aspects. We do not sure that in other experiments the final isotopic content was the same (including novel ECat version producing electricity), consequently the theory needs modification. Not clear aspects with gamma radiation release during both transmutation process (during Ni to Cu to Ni transformation – positron appears and annihilated with electron forming severe radiation – gamma quants. Not described the type of energy involved into the process and its influence on additional heat release. I mean hydrogen, adsorbed in Ni, nanostructure of Ni powder, (any surface, defects can accumulate surface energy of special type and promote process). I think Rossi also use fullerenes additions, as they can generate and accumulate electrons that can further participate in various reactions as well as increase electric tension – additional energy. Why power density of the device do not changed while fuel consumed. Moreover, Li vaporized and cannot find in the working zone of the fuel. How then it can work?
    Why Alexander Parhomov, who repeated Andrea Rossi experiments, did not find any changes in the same fuel composition? Moreover, in inner surface of ceramic tube outside the fuel he find a lot of Ca, forming by nuclear reaction Al+O=Ca.
    What kind of current he implement to heat fuel – may be with high frequency and voltage, or may be induction heating (practically the same) promoting the processes. And the main question, what about “strange” radiation, appearing in practically all LENR processes. He does not mentioned it. At the same time its formation that leads to LENR effects and fuel transmutation (nucleus transmutation is a side effect), therefore the isotopic composition of different researchers is different and we found different nucleus outside the working zone).
    How he can receive electricity following his theoretical model? It can only be produced if the LENR excess heat happens at the account of the chaotic pulse movement of electrons. Then just by applying a magnetic field to it, you can order the movement of electrons and get a current.
    c) Positive aspects. On the other hand Andrea should not open all his Know-How. He does a lot and shares his knowledge with other scientists all over the world. Thanks to him and his information Parhomov and others designed the similar devices and conformed LENR effects. He promotes novel knowledge all over the world. And we also should take into account that we only on the way understanding LENR effects.

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I agree with you.
    Only, I am more optimistic about the industrialization of the Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has any pre-test examination by the testing authority started?

    To have the product of years of your work examined in detail, scrutinised, questioned, sometimes having to amend supporting documents to the format and detail the authority requires, the authority with their own internal discussions and meetings that you will not be party to, taking whatever time that they feel they need to take, having to add supplementary information asked for by the authority that you may or may not see as being essential, generally doing whatever it takes to satisfy the authority without giving away proprietary information, and all this often before they will decide to examine the equipment or allow a test to proceed.

    A very nerve-wracking stressful experience, but worth it to get to where you want to be, I hope all proceeds well.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  235. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Information about the testing will be given at the presentation.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have published an electrical efficiency of between 70% and 80%.
    Personally I find that there is a very important difference between these two figures when it comes to performance.
    Can you specify which parameters depend on the variation in efficiency, environmental conditions: temperature pressure, power demand, etc?
    I look forward to your presentation
    All my support to your entire team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I hope those data will be conrirmed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Sture Andreasson

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    1 will the February presentation be delayed?
    2 will the manufacturing be made also in SwedenP
    Best regards,
    Sture Andreasson

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    1 so far, I can say noo
    2 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear colleagues,
    Thank you very much for your comments in the frame of the JNP forum with expressing yours scientific view on LENR problems. But over time, it turned into a question-answer system (only Rossi should be responsible for answers), and most of the questions are quite simple. It looks natural at first glance, after his statement on novel ECat SKL design, capable of generating electricity in addition to heat. I guess this situation is not fully satisfied those, who engaged in scientific issues and I believe that Andrea too – he would like to receive from us assistance, but not only demands and requests. as Koen Vandewalle accurately pointed out in the comments yesterday, that the blog of JNP transforms into «the blog about the progress of Ecat development”.
    In order to come back to scientific direction of the journal I would distinguish three main groups of questions, rather requirements for Rossi, try to analyze them, as well as try to answer from the point of view of an ordinary scientific researcher who is not a member of the Rossi team, (I know the LENR issues more or less as conducted experiments myself, which can partially be attributed to LENR), and therefore I can be more substantive.
    Conditionally, I could divide them into three groups:
    1. Dear Andrea, we are not fully satisfied with you published paper with theoretical explanation of the LENR effect you received earlier (in previous ECat version).
    2. Dear Andrea, if we assemble a more powerful device from the Ecat SKL small cubes and put it:
    into a bicycle, car, train, plane, helicopter, spaceship (then everywhere, as long as there is enough imagination), while it will be great to live, we will save the planet and how much it will cost (you have to pay for happiness – my comment).
    3. Dear Andrea, we are tired to wait. When will you finally set the day and invite us to the presentation and what will be shown there.

    Further I will dwell on each of these groups of questions.

  241. Roberto

    “They” are the two engineers that are working in Padova (Italy) on parts of the ITER. The broadcasting was on RAI TG 24 several days ago
    Roberto

  242. Alex

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I studied yor paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    watching at the same time the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Doing this, I discovered many things. I tink it is one of the most important publications of the last ten years.
    Looking carefully at the plasma, I think that there are different charge potentials inside it, between the center and the perimeter of the plasma sphere.
    Did you search in this direction?
    Cheers
    Alex

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Probably you are right.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Gerard McEk

    @ Roberto:
    I cannot imagine ‘they’ said this. Who are ‘they’?
    Anyway Andrea is right, they use Tritium which is radioactive and very dangerous for most lifeforms because it can form radioactive water. I guess it must be 30,000 million, not billion, although hot fusion has cost humanity maybe 50 billion already. Besides, the reactor will become also radioactive once they get it running, if that will happen ever. Also, the process is very inefficient. You need extremely cold nearly next to extremely hot and a lot of power to create the required environment. They should not force nature.
    It is better to use the process developed by SAFIRE. See safireproject.com and their last presentation, very interesting and entertaining, I can recommend! Or, maybe even better, the ECat SK Leonardo. Let us hope it arrives soon!
    Regards, Gerard McEk

  245. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In ten years of R&D you have not yet been able to show a product that everybody can buy.
    Why?

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because I need more time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Gina Frusciante

    Dr Rossi,
    You still think will be able to make a presentation within february 2020?

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Gina Frusciante:
    I still am optimist about that,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.